Mountain ashberry is a great option for the owner who wants to decorate his site. The bush does not require special care and gets along in any garden area.
Shrub favorably feels when:
- Placed in shade or partial shade. Although planted in the sun.
- With severe drought or “overflow”. At the same time, the grasshopper loves frequent watering.
- With transplants. Quickly departs and "accepted."
- When shearing and shaping the bush.
All this makes him a welcome guest in any garden. Fieldfare quickly begins to grow and delight delicate flowers.
There are many varieties of mountain ash besides sorbaria sorbifolia (in Latin it is a mountain ash rybinolistny).
The rarest of the existing - felt variety shrub. Meet the felt bush can be in East Asia. In Russia, in landscape design, the felt view is not used - it does not tolerate cold and does not bloom. However, this is the tallest variety of the grasshoppers, which reaches six meters in height and grows in mountainous areas.
Mountain ash treelike like the field soldier felt, originally from Asia. Not common, but still used in landscape design, although rarely. It grows slowly, but, unlike the felt variety, is loyal to frost. The plant blooms beautifully from mid-summer to autumn.
It is worth mentioning about Pallas varietywhich differs in small growth, but large leaves and beautiful, white or cream flowers. This ornamental shrub has its advantages and disadvantages. Among the shortcomings is fragility, because after some time the trunk begins to bare, it looks ugly and the plant must either be rejuvenated, or other plants that can hide the disadvantage should be planted in front of the fact that the plant simply multiplies, and and seeds.
A common type of bush is a mountain ash, often used in landscape design, as it has a huge number of advantages with minimal drawbacks. A distinctive feature is the fact that in one season the shrub manages to change up to four leaves colors:
- Pink color appears in early spring,
- Green leaves in summer
- Blush and turn yellow from early autumn to frost.
A shrub in height is usually does not exceed two meters. Since the plant is unpretentious, it perfectly tolerates frost and transplant. In addition, the mountain ash ryabolistny attractive looks during flowering.
Since the fieldfare grows very fast, it is not planted where it can flood the territory. For landscape design, if you plan to make a high hedge, acquire the grade Sem (Sam). It is less aggressive and not high.
Rowanberry looks attractive in September, when he begins to delight with his bright yellow sheets.
Mountain ashberry (ordinary) unpretentious in planting, so it successfully grows in the shade and the sun. The plant is planted in a moist, organically rich soil.
Shrub should be planted in the spring - this is the most favorable time for its growth. The processes can be planted in early spring, as the plant tolerates frost well. If you do not propagate the plant with seeds, then seedlings are not needed.
Periodically, you need to improve the rank of a grass, cutting branches to the desired length. When the shrub ottsvetet, you need to remove the panicles of inflorescences. Garden shears can be given the shape of a fieldfare.
For the reproduction of shrubs using the vegetative method. You can plant just one root, and soon you will have a big bush in need of a haircut. A flowering can be observed on the shrub after a couple of years.
Shrub can be propagated with the help of seeds, which are located in the faded panicles. However, the vegetative method is easier and faster. From vegetative methods also practice reproduction by cuttings and layering.
In landscape design
Spiraeus is used for:
- Planting dark places in the shade,
- Accents as solo bushes,
- Compositions with herbaceous perennials,
- Landing in a group
- Single landings,
- Living green fences.
Due to the fact that the forest soldier grows very quickly, it is planted as a "living fence" along the fence. It is more often used for group plantings, but it looks just as presentable on a lawn in solitary form.
Fieldfare is a tall plant that can replace even a fence. Used as a living building in many houses and cottages. That is why the rowan can replace, for example, hawthorn, cypress, juniper or thuja.
As a hedge a spirea is planted with dahlias or skumpia. Miniature plant varieties can be planted in rockeries. And it is possible to combine several species of grasshoppers with a different flowering period in the flowerbed, making up unique compositions. So, the ryabyn ryabolonistny looks appropriate with yellow-leaved varieties of spirea.
The field is convenient to use as an early plant, pleasing its leaves in the spring. Yes, and it begins to bloom early - in early July. The photo shows how beautiful it looks. The plant is a real find and for beekeepers, as its flowers are melliferous, which allows attracting bees from the whole region.
In nature, the grasshopper grows near water bodies, and therefore, if you decide to establish a small pond in your area, then be sure to plant this shrub along its edges. Firstly, the mountain ash will feel great in such conditions, and secondly, it will be able to consolidate the soil at the edges of the pond thanks to its rich root system. As a result, you will receive not only beauty, but also “fortified shores”. The shrub will not need watering that he loves so much.
The fact that the plant is covered with beautiful soft white or cream flowers, allows you to play on its contrast, planting it next to coniferous plants. If you want to pay attention to some part of your site, you can do this with the help of flowering spirea.
However, spireas can be planted not only one by one, but also by mixing different varieties. For example, spirea rybinobolistnaya good looks next to plum spirea.
AT classic style bush planted near water. Due to its appearance, reflected in a pond or reservoir, it creates the necessary natural abundance. The bush is combined with other shrubs, flowering at the same time, fruit trees and exotic plants.
In a rustic style, fieldfare will also have to be in place, since it is combined with the riot of colors that the Provence represents. The plant does not require special care and everywhere it looks as if it was created by nature itself.
It looks good and Scandinavian style. That is why it needs to be placed next to large stones or wooden furniture in the garden. An interesting bush will look with garden flowers, dwarf trees (dwarf apple). Spirea is combined with variable relief, and therefore it is planted next to randomly scattered stones and stone steps.
Plant perfectly tolerates the shadowtherefore, it can be planted under trees (aspen, alder, birch), next to coniferous dark rocks.
The shrub tolerates excessive moisture and putrefactive soils, therefore, it also lands on wet areas.
Mountain ash can be replaced by coniferous plants or other varieties of shrubs. His counterparts are thuja, spruce, juniper, mountain ash tree and Palassa variety.
Description of the plant and varieties
Mountain ash is an ornamental shrub that has been cultivated for a long time in our country. It grows quickly and can take root in almost any garden area.
The plant got such an unusual the name is due to its beautiful leaves, which are very similar in appearance to the leaves of mountain ash. But if you look closely, then the bushes are more decorative. The plant has rather complex leaves that are unpaved and may consist of nine or thirteen petals.
The shrub is the most beautiful in springtime, then there are light orange leaves on it, and later by summer they become green. But, even changing the color of the leaves, the plant does not lose its beauty and attractiveness. During flowering, which lasts more than a month, the shrub attracts everyone's attention. In June, the plant begins to tie large buds, which later turn into large fluffy white flowers.
Breeders bred about ten kinds of shrubs, which are most often found in the gardens of our country.
Types of fieldfare:
The tree is a tall shrubwhich can grow up to six meters. It begins to bloom in early July and ends in late August
Pallas variety - a low shrub of this ryabinknkin in natural conditions grows on very steep slopes of the Alps. It differs from other varieties in that it does not change the color of the foliage depending on the season. It seems that this shrub has only one major drawback, it is an increased fragility of the shoots, as a result, it must be treated as carefully as possible,
Felt Fieldfare - it is a shrub that does not have flowers. Usually grows on mountain slopes in East Asia. It does not tolerate severe frosts, therefore, if planting is assumed in places where the climate is quite changeable and the air temperature can fall below the zero point in winter, it is necessary to take care of the bush warming for organizing wintering,
A mountain ashberry is a variety that is most often planted in summer cottages in Russia. The plant grows well in Siberia, so it is adapted to frost and feels comfortable in the open ground of the cold regions of the country,
The ashberry ryabinnik Sam is usually a low round-shaped shrub. Its height does not exceed one meter. The main feature of this kind of fieldfare - its high decorativeness. Variety called Sam, can serve as an ornament to any place. In the spring on the shoots appear leaves of copper color, which can further change the color to golden. Usually when comparing photos taken in the fall and spring, you would think that these are two completely different plants. Sam is just a unique variety bred by breeders.
Plant the shrub in open groundt pretty simple. In order for the plant to stick well in the new place and to please others with its appearance for a long time, it is necessary to follow some rules.
Mountain ash grows well in shady areas and in the sun. The most optimal landing option will be the eastern side of the site.
All kinds of fieldfare prefer to grow in very wet soil, so it is important to organize abundant watering. But it is also worth taking into account the fact that it is important not to overdo it, because if the site becomes swamped, the field-man will constantly hurt and eventually deteriorate.
Planting shrubs are organized as follows:
- It is best to plant the plant in early spring, when the leaves have not yet begun to bloom from the buds. But also the procedure can be carried out in late autumn, when the leaves begin to fall off. They dig a pit about forty centimeters deep in the open ground and place the roots of a field soldier there,
- The bottom of the pit must be prepared, using its special drainage material,
- On top of the drainage sprinkle a little earth, which is nitrogen-containing fertilizers,
- It is necessary to put a sapling in a dug hole so that the roots are not constrained by anything,
- After that, you need to gently sprinkle the roots with earth, which can be podtrambovat a little,
- After planting, a small hole is constructed near the trunk, so that during irrigation the moisture does not spread,
- When the planting procedure is over, it is necessary to water the sapling as abundantly as possible.
The main features are that:
- Should be organized timely watering plants
- Constant maintenance of the soil in a loose state, so that air gets to the roots,
- Perform regular pruning, best in the spring. This will help control the shape and size of the fieldfare.
Fertilizers and breeding methods
Quality care must necessarily include the procedure of feeding the plant, as it constantly requires various useful components. Fertilizers must be applied twice a year. –In early spring and at the end of summer, when the rowan blooms. Simultaneously with top dressing, it is necessary to water the roots of the plant abundantly.
Plant reproduction can be carried out in two ways:
- With the help of otsadivaniya root siblings,
- Reproduction with cuttings.
It is rarely practiced to cultivate the field soldier with the help of seeds, as using this method it is difficult to achieve a positive result.
It is best to use the cutting method., as the plant has all chances to quickly settle down on a new place.
Possible pests and diseases of the mountain ash
Grassy shrubs are rarely attacked by pests, but in rare cases it can be attacked by a virus mosaic. This is a complex disease that can completely destroy the plant and all its healthy shoots.
Of the pests that belong to insects on the mountain ash can appear aphid and spider mite. In order to eliminate them, it is enough to periodically process the plant with a special solution.
Combination of fieldfare with other plants
Mountain ash blends well on the site with plants that are below its bushes. For example, suitable hosts, geyhery and badan. The plant grows well with conifers.
If you plant several nearby fieldfares, you may end up with a picturesque fence that will decorate any personal plot. This plant also looks great in a single planting.
At any time of the year, the Fieldfare can be bright and attractive., delighting everyone who visits the country house, where it grows, with its appearance.
I always liked a ryabolivan ryabnik, the landing and departure of which seemed to me not very complicated. Armed with special literature and the necessary tool, I decided to try my hand. I bought a sapling - a mountain ash бин ryabnik and just planted it in a prepared hole. Constantly watering a bush, I noticed that it began to grow actively. After some time, my rowan ryabolistny in the landscape design of the cottage found a place intended for him.
A few years ago, I decided to plant a mountain ash, a photo of a mountain ash, a photo of which I accidentally saw in one magazine. I read a lot about the existing varieties of this plant, the rules of care and proper organization of landscape design. Finally, having decided on the landing, I chose the mountain ash and sorbinia sorbifolia and did not lose. This is just an amazing plant. Sorbaria met all my expectations.
Description of the species
Mountain ashberry is a shrub 1–1.5 m high, of the Rosaceae family. Excellent melliferous plant, in nature grows on the forest edges, river banks. Complex, pinnate leaves distantly resemble rowan leaves, for which the shrub got its name. The flowers are yellowish-white, fragrant, collected in pubescent pyramidal inflorescences, bloom in June.
Fruits of fieldfare have no nutritional and decorative value, so the inflorescences ("panicles") are removed after flowering. High winter hardiness allows the shrub to withstand temperatures as low as –30 ° C.
It can grow in dense clay and poor in composition soil. Demanding of moisture, short-term drought endure, but from the long may die. In hot weather, watering is required, because of a lack of moisture, the shrub becomes short, the leaves become shallow and lose their decorative effect.
Easily adapts to shading, can grow under tall trees. It develops quickly and easily withstand transplantation. It is possible to propagate the fieldfare by dividing the bush, cuttings and layering. Planting seeds does not give a good result.
Caring for a mountain ash ryabolistnom
An unpretentious shrub does not require special care and a lot of experience in gardening, the only condition is maintaining the necessary soil moisture around the plant.
- To the soil around the roots no longer dry, after watering it must be mulched with peat or compost.
- The plant prefers loose, air-permeable soil. At least 1 time per month, the soil around the shrub should be carefully loosened, being careful not to touch the deep layers of the soil, so as not to damage the roots.
- Many shrubs are responsive to digging up the soil around the roots, but this does not apply to the mountain ash. His roots are in the surface layers of the soil, and digging can cause the plant to die.
- For the same reason, the bush does not tolerate the neighborhood with weeds. They have a negative effect on the growth of the mountain ash, even if it is already an adult, large shrub.
- Organic manure, peat or compost are added to the soil as a fertilizer. Too often, it is not necessary to fertilize the shrub, it is enough to feed 2–3 times per season.
- It is necessary once a year to trim a fieldfare to regulate its size and shape. Pruning should be completed before the onset of cold weather. In the bush, the oldest side shoots are cut off and the crown is cut to a height of 1 m.
- После цветения необходимо удалять «метелки», тогда кустарник всегда будет выглядеть привлекательно.
- Mountain ash is a bush with high winter hardiness; no additional actions are required to prepare for severe frosts.
Planting and breeding
Mountain ashberry is planted in early spring or in autumn, after leaf fall. For planting a pit is prepared with a width of 70 cm and a depth of not more than 0.5 m. If the shrubs are planted in a group, it is necessary to observe a distance between them of at least 1 m.
The plant grows heavilywhen planting it is recommended to fence the pit with slate or metal sheets, creating a kind of “fence” for the roots.
Lay a layer of drainage at the bottom of the pit, then pour the soil mixed with humus. The seedling is lowered into the pit and carefully covered with earth. It is necessary to ensure that the root neck is 3 cm above the ground surface. After planting, 2 buckets of water are poured under the bush. When it is absorbed, the soil around the plant is mulched.
The reproduction of the shrub layers gives a good result. In spring, when the soil is saturated with moisture, it is necessary to choose a long shoot with several buds, tilt it and sprinkle it with earth, leaving the top on the surface. Layering must be abundantly watered all summer, and in the autumn it is separated from the parent bush and planted in a permanent place.
The method of propagation by cuttings is a bit more complicated, but with proper care of the shoots, it also gives a good result. It is necessary to choose a large, healthy shoot with several buds, cut off 30 cm (always with the tip), plant in a box with soil mixture. Top of the cutting earth does not fall asleep. Further, keep the substrate wet. The growth of new leaves on the top of the cutting will be a signal that the cutting has been successful.
Mountain ash rowan in landscape design
Gardeners wishing to settle an unusual plant on their land do not need to buy seedlings of expensive crops. The ashberry ryabinolistny its decorative appearance will decorate any landscape.
- The shrub can be made the main element of beautiful landscape compositions, placing around it various varieties in shape and color of ornamental plants (low-growing dahlias, viol, stonecrop, tulips).
- In the hedge, he can replace thuy, cotoneaster, hawthorn. Fieldfare quickly grows and easily tolerates a haircut, so many gardeners choose it as the main plant for the living fence. The only thing that needs to be considered is that the shrub grows heavily, so the distance between crops should be at least 80 cm.
- Shrub can be planted next to a large tree. With its beautiful, open-leaf foliage, a mountainfare will create a beautiful complement and will hide a long, unremarkable tree trunk.
- White flowers of mountain ash look very impressive against the background of coniferous plants. Often, for contrast, other shrubs (lilac, spirea) are planted next to it.
- Mountain ash is a honey plant and it can be a real find for those who are engaged in beekeeping.
- The fieldfare is surprisingly beautiful next to natural and artificial reservoirs. Here he will not experience a lack of moisture, and will also be able to hold the soil on the slopes with his overgrown roots with numerous lateral offspring.
- High winter hardiness, good endurance and ease of care allows the use of shrubs in urban landscaping. It is planted next to small motels, cafes, gas stations.
Whichever method of application of the grasshoppers in garden design is chosen, it is necessary to take care that its roots do not grow uncontrollably. For this, around the bush bury a protective ring.
Due to its decoration and unpretentiousness in the care, the ryabnik rybinolistnogo liked by many gardeners. This shrub pleases the eye withearly spring the richness of colors and fills the air with the finest aroma.
Types and varieties of fieldfare
There are quite a few varieties of this shrub, consider the most common:
This species is from East Asia. In landscape design it is practically not used due to cold intolerance, as well as the absence of a flowering phase. The shrub grows on the slopes of the mountains, and can reach a height of about 6 meters.
Originally from East Asia. This variety of streetfare is not great fame, but still used for decorative purposes. Trees can grow very slowly, but unlike its counterpart, it is immune to cold. This species is flowering, flowering begins in July and ends in late August.
A fairly common form of grassfly, actively used by landscape designers. This variety grows in several regions in Eastern Siberia and the Far East. The bush has characteristic features, in particular:
- large, dark green leaves up to 15 cm
- white or creamy white flowers,
- short stature
The only disadvantage of this species is the fragility of the trunks, as the aging of the bark on the trunks begins to flake off.
The advantages include rapid reproduction as seeds and with the help of the roots, and also easily tolerates a haircut.
Mountain ash in landscape design
For the most part, this plant serves as a hedge or fence, but in a single form during the flowering period the bush will look quite presentable. Thick shoots of the mountain ash reach about 2 meters in height, which is why this plant is so popular as a hedge not only among summer residents, but also among professional landscape designers engaged in the design of park areas.
With periodic cutting, the height of the bush can be maintained at the right level.
This plant begins to please the eye in early spring on the verge of a hot day and frosty nights. During this period, the first leaflets begin to appear at the grassy branch, while at its fellows only buds swell. The flowering period begins in July and lasts until the end of August.
During the flowering period, the bush is covered with a variety of creamy-white flowers attracting bees from all over the area. Since the bush is also honey-bearing, this plant will be a godsend for beekeepers.
Panicles of inflorescences do not fall off from the shoots after the flowering period, leaving the opportunity to admire the play of light on frosty days in winter, thereby decorating your garden all year round.
Care, reproduction and growing
This plant is not demanding and not capricious, it easily endures severe frosts (up to -50 degrees), a short drought or flooding. Feels comfortable on any garden soil.
Care consists only in timely ennoblement of a bush by cutting the branches to the desired length. Also, after the flowering of the shrub, all panicles of the inflorescences should be removed; this can be done in early spring by cutting the bush itself.
Breeding grasshoppers carried out by the vegetative method - transplanting a part of the plant root to another place. The bush itself grows wide enough quickly, so you certainly do not have to experience a lack of seedlings. The seedling begins to bloom in 2-3 years of planting.
The same plant can be propagated with the help of seeds that are in ottsvivshie panicles of inflorescences. But this is mostly impractical in terms of availability and time costs with respect to the first method.
The ashberry ryabinolistny in the landscape design of the garden is extremely popular. He pleases the eye with a riot of colors from early spring. Two varieties are common in Russia:
- Stellifila - is distinguished by increased winter hardiness, as well as brownish pubescence,
- Sem ("sam") - more often chosen for decoration of the hedge, as it does not grow very much.
Chaffinch in landscape design is used in a wide variety of combinations. It goes well with other plants:
- In a hedge, it can successfully replace thuja or hawthorn. Shrub perfectly tolerates a haircut. It is worth remembering that the bush grows quickly. Therefore, when disembarking at the dacha, it is necessary to leave the distance between the bushes at least 80 cm.
- White flowers of mountain ash look spectacular against the background of coniferous shrubs. Often, for a favorable contrast, other single plants are planted next to it.
- A shrub planted near artificial ponds looks good. It is not only decorative, but also able to hold the soil on the slopes overgrown roots with lateral processes.
- Shrub can be a major element of landscape compositions. It is recommended to place low-growing plants of different shape and color around it. It can be dahlias, viols, stonecrop, tulips.
- Mountain ash - early shrub. Green begins with the first rays of the spring sun. In landscape design it is used, perhaps, more often than others, since it is considered to be cold-resistant and unpretentious.
- Among other things, this is a real find for beekeepers. Bees from all around are flown on its honey flowers.
Choosing a landing site
Shrub absolutely unpretentious to the environment. However, to ensure rapid and productive growth, it is necessary to consider some features of planting in the soil:
- Mountain ash grows well in shady and sunny places. Optimal for him - partial shade.
- The plant needs moist soil. However, it is not necessary to fill it. Stagnant water in the soil leads to rotting of the root system. To avoid this, you need to create high-quality drainage.
- When choosing a land, the main thing to pay attention to is acidity. Shrubs prefer a neutral, loamy soil.
When to plant
In open ground, a decorative fieldfare is planted in the spring, before sap flow begins. However, this can be done in the fall, as soon as the leaf fall. The shade tolerance of a plant allows it to be planted even under large, shady trees. The shrub grows normally on dense clay soils and in soil with excessive moisture.
Despite the fact that the soldier is unpretentious in the care, it is recommended to follow some rules. Then the beauty of the plant will reveal fully:
Watering. Fieldfare easily tolerates even a small flood. Therefore, excessive moisture is not terrible for him. Much more dangerous than drought. In the first year after planting, the plant needs water in excess. Then it will be enough 2-3 abundant watering monthly. It is recommended to increase the procedure only in especially hot weather. But shrubs growing in sunny areas, additionally sprayed.
Loosening. Since the mountain ash has a not too deep root system, there is no need to deeply loosen the soil around it. In order to prevent the soil from drying out, after each watering it is recommended to conduct mulching with bark or peat.
Top dressing. The shrub requires constant fertilization of the soil due to abundantly renewing greenery. Organic matter - peat, humus or compost - must be made necessarily. You can add mineral dressings. Suitable carbamide, superphosphate and potassium nitrate. They are recommended to add to the trunk circle. Preparing for the winter. Due to the high resistance to frost, the shrub does not require the organization of a special shelter and insulation for the winter.
Crop. Biennial young shoots of a rybinobolnaya fieldfare do not need pruning. The exceptions are dry, broken and diseased branches that need to be removed. From the third year they spend forming a cutting of a bush - it is recommended to carry it out during the whole life cycle of a plant. At the same time cut off the shoots that violate the alleged shape of the bush. As a rule, there is enough 3-4 trim per season, when a hedge is formed.
Transfer. A change of place does not cause any harm to the plant. This is usually done in early spring or late autumn, but in winter and summer it is undesirable to touch the bushes. The process of transplanting a footberry is carried out in stages:
- prepare the pits - fill with drainage and fertilizer enriched with fertilizers,
- have a bush in a pit with a depth of no more than 70 cm,
- fill the free space with soil,
- water the plant.
Curative properties of fieldfare
The ashberry is widespread also due to its healing properties. Its leaves contain a huge amount of flavonoids. Description of the healing qualities found in many recipes of traditional medicine. The scope is diverse:
- leaves are used in the treatment of rheumatism,
- roots are used to prevent tuberculosis,
- inflorescence tea helps to cure throat diseases.
A mountain ashberry is a plant that can transform a garden at any time of the year. Considering that the bush is unpretentious, quickly grows and multiplies, it is ideal for any design plan.
Mountain ash (sorbaria) belongs to the Pink family. Its Latin name comes from "sorbus", which in Latin means "mountain ash". If we consider the leaves of a shrub, then the similarity with the leaves of a well-known tree is obvious. In length, they are 20-30 cm, pinnate, with 9-15 pairs of leaflets.
In my opinion, and they bloom similarly. Only mountain ash blooms in spring and has corymbose inflorescences, and mountain ash - in the summer and acquires panicles. The tiny flowers themselves are similar, looking a bit fluffy because of the long stamens with anthers.
Mountain ash and rowan. Photo author
In the genus 10 species that grow in Asia. The maximum height of the public velvet is 6 m, but those 5 varieties that are more or less common and used in gardening do not grow above 3 m.
Virtually all of the foot soldiers annually produce many root suckers, and thus create picturesque thickets. They bloom very abundantly for 30 days and attract a variety of insects in large numbers. Despite the available varieties, in gardening they use, as a rule, only a few species.
Mountain ash tree
This species (sorbaria arborea) otherwise called Kirillov's ryadnik. It is a lush but neat shrub whose foliage is elevated above the ground. It is the tallest of the ashthorns, it can reach 6 m in height.
Mountain ash tree. Photo from flickr.com
Blossoms white pyramidal paniculate inflorescences in July and August. Winter hardiness is quite high, can withstand temperatures down to -25 ° C.
This plant (sorbaria pallasii), on the other hand, the lowest of the rowpoints. Its height is not more than 120 cm, more often - up to 80.
Pallas's rowan flower is blooming. Photo by Galina Chulanova from plantarium.ru
It blooms with small, obovate-shaped tassels, ranging in size from 2 to 8 cm. Compared with other species of public velvet, individual white flowers of this variety are rather large - up to 1.5 cm in diameter.
Despite its endurance and precocity (seedlings bloom in the first or second year), the design is used infrequently. The main disadvantage is the fragility of the stem, which requires regular removal.
Cultivation of the mountain ash
Verily, a mountain ash rybinolistnyy - very simple in the care of the plant. Easily propagated by root suckers, layering and lignified cuttings, harder to grow from seeds.
The place of growth does not have a special importance, this plant will feel good in the shade and in the sun. However, preferably placed in the penumbra on moderately moist rich soils. It is best to plant a fieldfare in the spring. The first time requires attention: timely watering, weeding.
As a rule, this plant is not susceptible to diseases and attacks of pests, which is another plus in favor of having it on its own plot. However, there is a certain danger here. So, if the shrub is still affected, the owner does not always give due importance to it in time.
A six-year bush of a mountain ash rybinolistnogo in June. Photo author
Pests that can attack a mountain soldier create problems for many other plants. This aphid and spider mite. Detect aphid is easy. The spider mite manifests itself as white dots on the leaves. You can get rid of parasites by insecticides, of which many are offered for sale.
The disease, occasionally affecting the grasshoppers, is a viral mosaic. It is impossible to get rid of it completely, but there are means that minimize harm. In addition, it is worth remembering that such a disease suffers, as a rule, an oppressed plant, with low immunity.
Mountain ash rowan in the design of the garden
Given the above, we can conclude that this ornamental shrub is very beneficial to have in your garden. It has an attractive appearance, it blooms profusely and beautifully, propagates easily, is a good honey plant, and also has low tolerance and shade tolerance.
Flowering fieldfare attracts insects. Photo author
Mountain ash can be a bright accent in the garden. Usually it is used in group plantings, but it is possible and a single placement on the lawn. However, in this case it is necessary to take into account the active occurrence and spread of the growth This can be solved once and for all by burying a protective ring around the plant, since its roots are not very deep.
Root growth of the mountain ash. Photo author
From rowan ryabolistnogo turns out a great hedge. It can replace hawthorn, cotoneaster or thuja. Nibble grows quickly and tolerates a haircut, so many people choose it as a plant for a green fence or backstage.
Mountain ashberries. Photos from the site archiland.biz
This shrub is well suited to the neighborhood with a reservoir. С одной стороны, он не будет страдать от недостатка влаги, а с другой — поможет укрепить почву на берегу, так как корневую систему имеет плотную. С этой же целью его сажают и по склонам.
Growing up, this shrub well closes garden corners, even shady. In group plantings, a fieldfare looks interesting along with various types of sprayer, especially yellow-leaf. White panicles flowers shade coniferous plants. In general, the streetfare looks very natural, "natural", so it is suitable for any informal style.
Find a place on your site for this wonderful shrub, modest in its unpretentiousness, but able to become an excellent member of the garden "family" of ornamental plants.
Description of the plant: existing varieties and varieties of field fights
Mountain ash is an ornamental shrub that has long been grown in Russian gardens. With the help of offspring, he quickly grows and creates a picturesque picture on the plot.
The name of the plant was due to the presence of elegant leaves, very similar to the leaves of mountain ash. However, upon closer examination it can be noted that they are more decorative at the mountain ash. Difficult leaves are pinnate - consist of 9-13 pairs of lanceolate, with small teeth on the edge of the leaves. On top of each visible deep parallel streaks. They are always clearly visible on the photo of fieldfires taken from close range.
Especially beautiful shrub in the spring, when the whole is covered with leaves of unusual, orange-pink color. By the summer they become green, but the shrub does not lose from this decorative effect. The fieldfare is also attractive during flowering, which lasts about a month. In June, the plant is covered with large, fluffy inflorescences-panicles of white color, which, as it were, hover in zero gravity over the bush.
There are 10 species of grasshoppers. The following varieties are most common in gardens:
- Mountain ash tree - the height of the shrub reaches 6 m. The flowering of this variety begins in July and ends in August.
- Pallas is a small, compact shrub. In nature it grows on steep slopes in alpine terrain. Differs in colorless green leaves. Among the shortcomings can be identified fragility of the shoots.
- Felt fieldfare - this shrub stands out for its lack of flowers. Occurs on mountain slopes in East Asia. It does not tolerate severe frosts, so care includes a mandatory shelter for the winter.
- Ryabinolistnye Fieldfare - planting this variety is most often practiced in the gardens of Russia. It comes from Siberia, so it is frost-resistant and feels great in the open field of cold areas.
- Sam - low (1.2 m), rounded shrub. High decorativeness is the main advantage of this variety. In the spring, on light-green shoots, leaves of copper-colored bloom, which later become golden yellow. If you look at photos of shrubs taken in spring and autumn, then you might think that these are two different plants.
How to plant a plant
Planting a mountain ash in an open field does not present any particular difficulties. But in order for the plant to grow actively and look decorative, you should consider some details:
- Fieldfare, even if it provides minimal care, feels good in the sun and in shading. The ideal option for landing is the eastern side of the site.
- All varieties of streetfare like wet soil. However, everything should be in moderation. Growing plants on wetlands is fraught with its diseases, and even death. In any case, be sure to drainage device.
Council In the soil, in the place where the planting will be carried out, it is desirable to introduce organic fertilizer in advance. This will accelerate the growth of the streetfare.
Directly landing of a bush happens as follows:
- In early spring, when the leaves have not yet blossomed, or in late autumn, when they have already fallen, they dig a hole 40 cm deep and at least 80 cm wide in the open ground.
- The bottom is covered with any suitable drainage material.
- From above they pour in a little soil, into which nitrogen-containing fertilizer is mixed.
- Place the seedling in the fossa so that the root system is not constrained by anything.
- Carefully fall asleep the roots of the earth. Lightly rammed.
Cultivation of a mountain ash in the garden is not particularly troublesome. Basic care consists of the following stages:
- Watering should be so distributed that the soil around the plant is always wet.
- It is also necessary to constantly maintain the soil in a loose state. This will allow air to freely penetrate to the roots.
- Care includes pruning. Spend it in the spring. The procedure allows you to control the height and width of the shrub. In addition, the plant takes a well-groomed appearance. For example, if plantings of fieldfirth are used as a hedge, it is enough to leave shoots 1 m high. The flowers grow on new growth, so pruning does not affect their quality and quantity.
Council Cut off the shoots can be put on the reproduction of the bush cuttings.
- The ash-tree variety does not require any insulation before wintering in the open ground. It is hardy enough and does not get damaged even in very cold winters.
Possible diseases and pests of fieldfare
It is believed that pigeon "do not like" pests, and it is sufficiently resistant to disease. However, it is known that the shrub may be affected by viral mosaic. This disease can completely destroy the plant.
Of insect pests on the mountain ash can live aphid and spider mite. It is rather simple to cope with them - it is necessary to process the plant with the appropriate preparations in time.
Combination of the Fieldfare with other plants in the garden
Looks great combination of rowan ryabolistnogo with plants that are approximately half the height below its bush. These are various hosts, geykhery, badany. A shrub in the foreground in front of tall conifers looks good.
From a variety of forest ash, planted in one row, it turns out a great hedge. Very beautiful plant and in a single landing on the lawn.
A mountain ashberry is a plant that can decorate a garden at any time of the year. If you take into account its simplicity, rapid growth and reproduction, the shrub can be called the perfect gardener of any site.