The Santolina genus belongs to the Compositae family (with other data from the Astrovs), its species are evergreen semi-shrubs, which will be an excellent decoration for gardens and rock gardens.
Representatives of this kind are grown not only in the garden, but also in indoor conditions. In addition, some species, for example, Santolina Rosemary, are used as food spicy additives, as well as to scare away moths from clothes.
Varieties and types
Santolina feathery - the bush is a little higher than half a meter, it has narrow foliage and a long flower stem on which white round flowers are placed.
View of Santolina greenish - generally similar to other species, but has cream-colored flowers and leaves more saturated green.
Santolina cypress - most often found in our gardens. This shrub is low, mostly not higher than 50 cm. Its thin foliage gradually changes color from green to silver. Flowers-balls of yellow color, smell good. Popular varieties Nana, Edward Bowers.
Santolina graceful - this species is distinguished by its small size with a stem, above which flower stalks rise with inflorescences of yellow color.
Santolina Rosemary - as well as relatives it has thin foliage, but in this species it contains more essential oils, so that it can be used as a spice.
Santolina planting and care in the open field
Care for santolina in the open field is not burdensome. Land for planting should be chosen well lit. If the sun is enough, the bush will grow lush enough and will not lose its silvery shade on the leaves.
If there is a lack of light, the stems will start to drag up too much, the smell will decrease. When growing a culture indoors, try to bring it out on the balcony or in the garden so that the flower gets a lot of sun.
The natural habitat of santolina is quite harsh, so it will grow even on poor soils, while growing on nutrient substrates can lead to the fact that the plant does not bloom.
Stony soils or supes with a neutral reaction are best suited, although in general this flower can be grown on any soil, so long as it is loose and there is drainage in the area. Also undesirable proximity of groundwater.
Asters are also representatives of the Asteraceae family, very beautiful flowers, but need to follow the rules of the content. Recommendations for planting and care of asters in the open field can be found in this article.
Watering santoliny spend when the soil is a little dry. This is a drought-resistant plant and a short absence of moisture does not hurt, but the stagnation of water is just the opposite.
The lack of water can be determined by the loss of turgor (elasticity) leaves, and if the water is in excess, then there is rot and shoots turn yellow.
At the end of summer, when flowering is over, they cut two-thirds of the length of the stems. This is done so that the bush does not begin to decay from excessive growth, it is also desirable to cut the flowers as soon as they begin to wilt.
Sanitary pruning, during which the broken and damaged branches are pruned, is done in the spring. And once every 3 years, santolina is rejuvenated by cutting off all the stiff stalks. In general, this culture lends itself well to the formation of a bush and, if necessary, it can be cut at any time of the year.
Growing up for a long time in one place, Santolina begins to degenerate and therefore it needs to be transplanted about once every 5 years, dividing the bushes.
There should be at least a little rhizome on the delens. Planting delenok carried out at a sufficient depth, down to the place where the stem begins to branch. Santolina, which is grown in indoor conditions, needs an annual transplant. The remains of the bushes that remained after division can prikopat in light soil and slightly moisturize it - over time, roots can also appear on such cuttings.
If you want to transplant in the spring, then in the fall you can pile up the plant, thanks to which new young branches will appear on the rhizome.
Santolina in winter
Since this culture does not tolerate cold, in the fall it needs to be covered with straw or dry foliage, and when snow falls, pile up a mound above the site.
This is especially true of those who live in central Russia, since in Ukraine and in the south of Russia and Belarus problems with hibernation are rare. With the arrival of spring, the shelter is gradually removed, so that the flowers do not grow, and when the snow comes down, you can cover the plot with compost mulch.
If the frosts are too strong, then the bush may even freeze through, problems also arise if the frosts change in winter with warm weather - then the roots begin to rot because of the water that remains inside the soil.
Santolina from seeds
The reproduction of santolins can be carried out using seeds, cuttings and dividing the bush, as mentioned above.
Seeds can be sown immediately into the soil - the main thing is that it is sufficiently heated, so usually they do not sow before June.
For seedlings, seeds are sown at the end of winter. Previously it is necessary to stratify (keep in a cold place, for example, a refrigerator) the material within a month. After sowing, the pots are kept in a warm room with good lighting.
Shoots usually appear in 15-20 days. From time to time the ground is sprayed with water. When sprouts appear on a pair of true leaves, they dive into separate containers. In the garden, young plants are planted in early summer.
Reproduction of santolina cuttings
Also santolina bushes can be propagated by cuttings. For this, fresh young twigs are better suited, which are cut with a “heel”, that is, with a part of the main shoot. They are easy to root, using drugs that enhance the root education.
Cuttings should be placed in a mixture of sand and leafy earth, or simply in the sand, and then covered with foil and watered and ventilated from time to time. When the material to take root the film is removed.
Diseases and pests
Santolina has a high resistance to pests and diseases. If you properly care for her, then problems are extremely rare.
Poor drought, which can lead not only to wilting, but also to the appearance spider mite. Stagnant water in the ground causes the rot, and when grown in the shade a plant loses decorative.
When sucking pests, such as aphid and mite, foliage begins to dry and roll. To combat them use soapy water, light infusion of garlic or bulbous peels. If there are a lot of pests or it does not help, then they resort to insecticidal preparations, for example, Actellica, Fitoverma.
With a lack of phosphorus and potassium, as well as with excess moisture may appear anthracnose. This disease manifests itself in the form brown spots on the shoots, leaves and in lethargy plants in general. Sick spots should be trimmed and treated with fungicides, for example, copper sulphate.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Landing
- 3.1. When to plant
- 3.2. How to plant
- 4. Care
- 4.1. Growing in the garden
- 4.2. Watering and feeding
- 4.2. Reproduction and transplanting
- 4.2. Santolina in winter
- 5. Pests and Diseases
- 6. Types and varieties
Planting and caring for Santolina (in brief)
- Bloom: June-August.
- Landing: sowing of stratified cold for 1-2 months seeds for seedlings - in late February or early March. Planting seedlings in the ground - in late May or early June.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: moderately dry, breathable, drained, poor, sandy or stony, neutral.
- Watering: regular, but moderate, after drying the top layer of soil.
- Top dressing: in the period of active growth once a week with a weak solution of a complex mineral fertilizer with a low nitrogen content. In August, feeding is stopped.
- Reproduction: seeds, cuttings and division of the bush.
- Pests: practically not affected.
- Diseases: root rot.
Santolina plant - description
Santolina flower can reach a height of 10 to 60 cm in height. The plant has simple (sometimes long) or pinnate leaves, often covered with grayish fluff. The flowers form in the upper part of thin stems exceeding the leaves by 10-25 cm, dense white or yellow spherical inflorescences up to 2 cm in diameter. The fragrance emanates not only the inflorescences, but also the leaves of Santolina, as they also contain essential oils. Blooms plant in June and August. This highly decorative plant is used for growing on crushed-stone beds, slopes, and rocky gardens.
When to put Santolina in the ground.
It is best to plant the santolina in the open sunny areas protected from the wind: in the partial shade it stretches out, loses its shape, its bush becomes sloppy and loose. The soil of the Santolina needs moderately dry, water and breathable, in which water will not stagnate, because the plant does not tolerate excess moisture in the roots and quickly dies on wet clay soils. The poorer the soil, the better Santolina blooms, and on rich soils, to the detriment of flowering, it only grows strongly. Sandy or stony soil of neutral reaction is optimum for a plant. It is very important that the groundwater in the area is deep. Before planting the site Santolina necessarily dig up. In heavy soils, sand or crushed stone of fine fraction is introduced under digging to increase drainage qualities.
Sowing seeds of Santolini seedlings carried out in late February or early March, but before that they must be stratified in the vegetable box of the refrigerator for a month or two.
How to plant a Santolina.
The seeds of santolina are sown in boxes with a light, slightly damp substrate, covered with a film and placed in anticipation of sprouting in a bright warm place. Seeds will begin to germinate after 2-3 weeks. Caring for seedlings, as well as for seedlings of any other plant, and in the stage of development of 2-3 true leaves, seedlings dive into individual cups or peat-humus pots. When the seedlings become stronger, after hardening procedures, they are transplanted to the open ground at the end of May or at the beginning of June, choosing an overcast day or evening after sunset. The holes are dug to such a size that the root system of the seedling fits in together with the earthy ball. After planting, the bushes are watered with a small amount of water so that the moist soil more closely adjoins the roots and fills the voids in the ground.
Growing santolina in the garden.
Planting and caring for Santolina is quite simple. You will need to water the plant regularly, but moderately, loosen the surface around the bushes, weed weeds, apply fertilizer, remove faded inflorescences and prepare Santolina for wintering at the end of autumn.
Watering and feeding santoliny.
Water Santanina regularly, but moderately. If it rains in summer, she will not need additional moistening, but if dry, hot weather sets in for a long time, even this drought-resistant plant can die without water. However, if the Santolina shoots suddenly became yellow in the middle of summer, this can be a sign of stagnant water in the roots. In this case, stop moistening the soil for a while. Water the plant should be when the top layer of soil dries under the Santolina.
Fertilize the plant during the period of active growth once a week: begin to make solutions of mineral fertilizers with a low nitrogen content in the spring, as soon as the Santolina grows, and stop feeding in August. The concentration of the solutions should be weaker than for ordinary garden plants, since the excess nutrients adversely affect the flowering of this crop.
Reproduction and transplanting Santolina.
With long-term cultivation in one place, the Santolina begins to degenerate, therefore, once in 5-6 years in the spring, it is transplanted, combining transplant with reproduction by dividing the bush. The plant is dug out and divided so that in each division, except for the shoots, there is a part of the rhizome. After processing the sections with coal powder, delenki are planted in prepared holes and buried to the point where the stem begins to branch. So that on Santolina, at the time of transplantation, new young branches have appeared, since the fall it is highly spud.
Propagated by santolin and grafting. To do this, in March, the shoots of the current year are cut from the plant, the sections are processed with a root formation stimulator and planted in the sand, covering the cutting board with a film. As soon as new leaves begin to appear on the shoots, the film is removed, the rooted cuttings are planted in separate containers, grown, and planted in June in a permanent place.
Santolina pests and diseases
And to the diseases and pests of Santolina is very resistant. It can suffer only from stagnant moisture in the soil, which often leads to rotting of the roots. Watch out for the color of the shoots: if they start to turn yellow in the middle of the season, this is a sure sign that the plant suffers from excessive watering. Pour the fungicide solution into the santolina and then stop moistening the soil for a while. Over time, the plant can restore health and attractiveness.
Problems with santolina may occur when grown in the shade. And no matter how drought-resistant a plant is, it needs regular moistening, and in dry soil without watering, the plant eventually dies.
Santolina Neapolitan (Santolina neapolitana)
- the tallest of all types of plants, reaching a height of almost 1 m, but this Santolina has dwarf varieties of Weston and Pritti Carol up to 16 cm tall. The plant blooms with spherical yellow inflorescences, contrasting with green dissected foliage. Most often this species due to its thermophilicity is grown in the Alpine greenhouse.
Santolina greenish or green (Santolina virens)
- the most enduring species that can withstand frost down to -7 ºC. This Santolina differs from other species in green pinnately cut openwork leaves, due to which the bush from afar looks like a clot of greenish fog. In addition to visual appeal, the value of this species is also in the fact that its leaves, like young shoots of a plant, can be used as a seasoning for dishes. The inflorescences of the Santolina are greenish spherical, milky white.
Santolina cypress (Santolina chamaecyparissus),
or santorina silver is the most popular species in garden culture and is a fragrant, luxuriantly blooming compact bush up to half a meter with arcuate shoots light green at a young age and silver-gray in mature feathery leaves and yellow spherical inflorescences that unfold in July-August. The species has dwarf varieties Nana and Small-Nelz, as well as a variety with creamy inflorescences Edward Bowers.
Description and general characteristics of the plant
Santolina is a bright ornamental shrub that has arrived in our region from the Mediterranean. It is well suited for use in landscape design, as its leaves and flowers are of amazing beauty.
In addition, another advantage of Santolina is that it blooms in the regions of Russia all summer and pleases all people with its appearance.
Usually the growth of this plant does not exceed one meter, the height varies from ten centimeters to half a meter. Over time, the stem of Santolina lignifies, and its crown takes an elegant spherical shape, which does not require frequent pruning. The leaves of this plant, depending on the species, have a certain shape and color.
Usually they are painted in silver or lime color and have a pinnate or cypress form. Flowers at Santolina resemble small tubules that are assembled in a "button." Most often they are painted in shades of yellow or beige.
The most common varieties and types of Santolina
Most plants have their own varieties and species, which are bred by all around the world. After spreading Santolina around the world, many gardeners thought about breeding new, more frost-resistant species, so over time the family of Santolina shrubs increased to several dozen different species.
However, in the modern world there are the most famous and beloved by most flower growers, among which the following are distinguished:
- Santolina cypress (One of the most common varieties of Santolina, whose height is usually about half a meter, and the width is one meter. The main distinguishing features of this variety are the characteristic olive flavor and unusual leaves that cover the entire stem of the plant. Usually the leaves are light green or silver. It all depends on the age of the plant and the conditions in which it grows.)
- Santolina Rosemary (One of the most common varieties in the culinary industry. Usually the leaves of this plant are used for pickling olives and other crops. The plant itself has the aroma of spicy herbs, so it is widely used in the preparation of gourmet dishes.)
- Santolina green (Small bush of a juicy green color. The plant has beautiful dissected leaves and belongs to the smallest members of the Santolina family. This bush has a characteristic spherical shape and blooms throughout the three summer months with beautiful yellow flowers.Although this bush is a “crumb” among its brethren, it easily transfers various temperature drops and a cooling that is characteristic of our regions.)
- Santolina Neapolitan (One of the largest varieties, characteristic features of which are one meter tall and bright yellow flowers that smell and bloom pleasantly throughout the summer.)
- Santolina silver (One of the most interesting shrubs, the characteristic features of which are small, usually half a meter, and unusual leaves, the color of which goes from light green to silver.).
Features proper landing
Proper planting is an important process on which the further growth and development of the plant depends. Due to improper planting, many novice gardeners cannot achieve the desired result and cannot get a bright and beautiful garden.
Although Santolina is a plant that easily endures temperature fluctuations and various weather phenomena, it should still be planted according to all the rules in order not to destroy the flower. Among such rules, experienced growers distinguish the following:
- It is necessary to plant the plants in open sunny places, otherwise, if the place is shaded and easily blown, the plant will not grow and develop properly and turn from a decorative shrub into a weed.
- In the first few years, the plant must be sheltered from the winds, so that the shrub does not die and is able to develop normally. By the time the stem of the plant is woody, it will be possible not to cover it and not follow it so closely.
- The soil for planting Santolina should be sandy and light, besides, the plant prefers rocky terrain, so it is widely used to create hedges.
- Before planting, it is necessary to lay a drainage layer in the hole, which should consist of sawdust, broken brick, gravel and many other available materials.
- You must first determine how you will plant this plant: seeds or cuttings. In the first case, it is necessary to grow seedlings that are planted in early summer, but subject to the availability of good weather. In the second, it is important to check the roots so that they are not damaged or infected with any infections.
- After planting, it is important not to forget about the abundant watering of the plant for its further development.
The main requirements for the care and cultivation of Santolina
For the cultivation of any culture requires a lot of patience and time. Every florist or gardener should take care of his plant, like a small child. In order to get a beautiful flowering shrub of Santolina, you must follow a number of established rules:
- Abundant watering is an important element of care only for the young bush of Santolina. An adult plant does not need abundant watering, it is only necessary to observe regularity in this process. It is important to remember that Santolina does not like a large amount of moisture, so watering it is necessary so that water does not stagnate in the soil.
- Making feedings is not so important in the life of Santolina. It is necessary to remember only that the plant prefers fertilizers for the first time after transplanting or planting it to a new place. In addition, the shrub does not tolerate certain fertilizers, including nitrogen-containing compounds.
- Pruning Santolina need to produce in spring or autumn, so that could quickly grow new shoots. In the summer, they carry out only decorative pruning, which is necessary to maintain a certain crown shape.
- A shrub transplant is produced when it loses its ornamentation and turns into a weed. It is necessary to find a sunny warm place during transplantation and to prepare the well much deeper so that the roots of an already elderly plant fit there.
- Plants should be covered for the winter with natural materials, for example, dry leaves of straw and many others. Thus you save the decorativeness of the shrub and will not regret the lost plants. All shelters must be removed by the beginning of March so that the plants could function normally and by the beginning of summer they would reveal themselves in all their glory.
Features of Santolina
The height of the Santolina varies from 0.1 to 0.6 meters. On the surface of the cirrus or simple (in some cases, long) sheet plates is a fluff of light gray color. Thin stems rise above the foliage by 10–25 centimeters, in their upper part there are flowers, gathered in yellow or white dense inflorescences of spherical shape, reaching about 20 millimeters in diameter. Inflorescences and foliage of this plant are fragrant, as it also contains essential oils. Flowering occurs from June to August. This culture, which has a high decorative effect, is grown on slopes, crushed stone beds, and even in rocky gardens.
What time to plant
For planting Santolina is recommended to choose a well-lit open area with protection from the wind. When grown in a shaded place, the bushes become elongated, lose their shape, they look loose and sloppy. Suitable for planting soil should be moderately dry, and still well pass water and air. If the soil is stagnant moisture, the bushes quickly die. Therefore, moist clay soil is not suitable for growing Santolina. On scanty soil, the flowering of this plant is the most magnificent. If you grow it on fertile land, the bush will grow strongly, but it will bloom poorly. The best for the cultivation of this crop is suitable neutral stony or sandy ground. It should also be noted that the groundwater in the area should lie quite deep.
Before embarking, the ground in the selected area must be dug up. If the soil is heavy, then during digging, rubble or fine sand should be added to it, which will increase its drainage.
Santolina is grown through seedlings. Sowing seeds produced in the last days of February, or the first - March. However, before proceeding to sowing, the seeds need to be stratified, for this they are placed on the shelf of the refrigerator intended for vegetables, where they must stay 4–8 weeks.
Seeding is done in boxes filled with light, slightly wet soil mixture. Crops on top should be covered with a film, and then they are removed in a warm and well-lit place. The first seedlings should appear 15–20 days after sowing. The seedlings need to provide exactly the same care as for the seedlings of other plants. Pickups of plants produced after they begin to form a second or third true sheet plate, for this use individual peat-humus pots or cups. After the seedlings get stronger, they need to be hardened, and then transplanted into open soil, they do it in the last days of May or the first - in June. Landings are made on a rainy day or in the evening after sunset. The size of the landing pits should be such that they fit the system of roots of plants, taken together with a clod of earth. Planted plants should be watered using very little water. After moistening in the soil all voids should disappear.
Caring for santolina in the garden
Growing Santolina in your garden is quite simple. To do this, bushes need to ensure timely moderate watering, loosening the surface of the earth near the plants, remove weeds, feed, tear off faded inflorescences, and also prepare the plants for winter.
How to water and feed
Watering should be systematic and moderate. Such a plant is highly resistant to drought. If it rains regularly in summer, the bushes can do without watering. However, during a long dry period, they will need to be systematically watered. If the stems of this plant in the middle of the summer period turned yellow, then this is due to the stagnation of moisture in the root system. To fix this, you need some time not to water the flowers. Also note that watering should be done only when the top layer of the earth dries out well.
Top dressing Santoliny carried out during intensive growth 1 time in 7 days. The application of a solution of mineral fertilizers with a small amount of nitrogen begins in the spring after the intensive growth of the bushes begins. In August, it is necessary to stop fertilizing the soil. The nutrient solution should have a very weak concentration, since the presence of a large amount of nutrients in the soil extremely negatively affects flowering.
How to propagate and transplant
If you grow santolina in the same place without transplants, then its degeneration begins. In this regard, the transplant bushes are required every 5 or 6 years in the spring. During transplantation should be carried out and the division of the bush.
Bushes should be removed from the ground and divided into parts, while it must be borne in mind that there should be stems and part of the rhizome on each plot. Places of cuts need to be powdered with crushed charcoal. Delenki put in the landing hole, which should be prepared in advance. They are buried in the soil to the point where the branching of the stem begins. In the autumn time, the bushes are recommended to spud high, thanks to which at the time of transplantation young branches are formed at the bush.
You can propagate such a culture by cuttings. Their harvesting is made in March, for this you need to cut off the shoots of this year from the bush. The slices are dipped into the solution of the root-stimulating agent, after which the cuttings are planted in the sand and covered with a film on top. After the growth of young leaf plates begins on the cuttings, they will need to be transplanted in individual containers. Until June, they must grow up and get stronger, after which they are planted in a permanent place.
When the plant ends blooming in August, the stalks will need to be shortened by 2/3 of the length. Due to this, the shape of the bush will remain neat, and it will not fall apart. When growing this crop as a leafy or spicy plant, its inflorescences should be cut off before they wither. Santolina has a low resistance to frost and when grown in middle latitudes in the frosty winter may die. To avoid this, the bushes necessarily cover. To do this, they should be covered on top of a large-sized wooden box, which is covered with a spanbond, roofing felt, lutrasil or film. Covering material needs to be fixed with something heavy, for example, with bricks, otherwise it can be carried away by the wind. However, before putting the box, the surface of the ground near the bush is covered with a layer of needles, lapnik or sand mixed with wood ash. In the springtime, the shelter should be removed, and after the snow cover disappears, the surface of the site is covered with compost mulch. Some gardeners in the winter extract the Santolina from the ground and plant it in a pot that is placed in a cool room. In the spring of her again planted in the garden.
Diseases and pests
Santolina has a very high resistance to diseases and pests. However, if water stagnates in the ground, this will cause rot on the root system. In the case when the shoots become yellow ahead of time, you can be sure that this is due to the stagnation of water in the soil. Bushes need to be shed with a solution of a fungicidal drug, then they are not watered for some time. After a while, the plants will again become beautiful and healthy.
If the bushes grow in a shaded place, this can also cause problems with them. Despite the fact that this crop is drought tolerant, it still needs to be systematically wetted, otherwise it may die in the dry soil.
Santolina elegant (Santolina elegans)
This species is distinguished by its capriciousness and demanding of air temperature. However, the compact and elegant bush looks very impressive. It is suitable for cultivation in room conditions or in a greenhouse. Inflorescences-baskets of spherical shape and yellow color are raised above the bush on long peduncles.
Santolina rosemary (Santolina rosmarinifolia)
Thin long pinnately dissected leaf plates have a spicy olive smell. In any of the parts of this type are essential oils, therefore, this Santolina is most often cultivated as a spicy and ornamental plant.
Santolina has “useful” beauty - the plant contains essential oils. Young shoots, leaves are used as seasoning for cooking. For this purpose, best suited varieties of greenish and rosemary Santolina. It enriches dishes with new flavoring colors and has a beneficial effect on the work of the digestive system.
Freshly squeezed juice from the shoots is used to eliminate itching, irritation from mosquito bites and midges. Dried flowers and leaves serve as an excellent means to scare away moths, perfume things in the closet.
Neat, rounded shrub up to 50 cm in height. The foliage is small, dissected, at the beginning of the growing season has a green tint, as it grows, the color changes to silver. The bush exudes a pleasant, olive scent.
The variety has a neat look. Stems thin, strongly branched. The height of the bush is about 60 cm. The leaves are light green, thin, up to 4 cm long. The flowers in the form of white or cream small pompons, are formed on the tops of the branches of the shrub. Santolina feathery leaves the impression of an airy green cloud.
The variety is much more often used for gardening. One of the advantages of the variety is the ability to survive a temperature drop to -7 ... -10 degrees. Branched bush, up to 80 cm high. It differs from other species in more saturated, bright green color. Leaves thin, pinnately dissected. The bush has an airy, fluffy look. Rounded cream colored flowers. Variety used for cooking seasonings.
The variety does not tolerate cold drafts and winters. Mostly it is grown in warm climatic zones. Stem and leaves of gray, silver color. Above the bush on high stalks bloom yellow single flowers.
Perennial belongs to the Astrovye family (Compositae). First appeared on the territory of the Mediterranean. The bush is resistant to Russian cold weather, temperature changes and absolutely not whimsical in growing.
Recently, the flower has generated great interest among landscape designers as well as gardeners. Moreover, unlike other plants, Santolina attracts precisely not flowering. When buds appear on the perennial, the bush begins to decay badly and loses its decorative effect. During the rest period, cypress grass creates beautiful spherical bushes. Great for forming flower beds, rock garden, as well as separate compositions on the lawn.
Evergreen silver perennial Santolina in height grows no more than one meter. Usually 50–60 cm. The bush is branched, which makes it easy to shape it into a ball. The leaves are small, strongly branched, thanks to them the plant resembles a cypress. Young shoots have a green color, as they grow older the color of the leaves changes to gray. The older the Santolina shrub, the stronger the stalks are aged.
In summer, abundant flowering begins. The buds are single, fluffy. Have a yellow tint.
- For the bush to grow healthy and beautiful, you need to choose the right place for planting. Santolina grows best in sunny areas. In the shady parts of the garden perennial begins to stretch strongly and forms a shapeless shrub.
- Sandy soil will be the perfect place for planting cypress grass. If there is none, then drainage in the form of sand or gravel can be added to the well. Favorable is also considered a rocky area.
- The distance between the planting pits from 30 to 50 cm, so that during subsequent pruning the bushes do not interfere with each other.
- After landing, Santolina needs to be constantly watered so that it quickly settles in a new place.
- Do not let the stagnation of water, from this perennial roots rot.
- Santolina is not afraid of strong heat, but is too sensitive to Russian frosts. Before the onset of cold weather young bushes must be covered with a dry greenhouse. Mature plants in constant care and protection do not need, after odesnevenia stems, they become adapted to the winter period.
- As the shrub grows it requires pruning, unless, of course, you want to give it a ball shape.
- Santolina need to constantly weed to prevent favorable conditions for the reproduction of bacteria.
- At the beginning of the vegetative period, the bushes are fed with fertilizers with a small amount of nitrogen, which provokes the rapid growth of the plant. Chalk, dissolved in water, has a stimulating effect on cypress grass.
This type of breeding Santolina has some features. Harvested fruits are soaked in a damp cloth for a week at room temperature. Then the seeds are frozen in the refrigerator for 4 hours, then laid out indoors until thawing. Such procedures should be carried out 5–7 times and left for some time at a temperature of 20 ° C.
В середине апреля хлопковая лаванда высеивается в контейнеры для прорастания, а в начале июня переносится в открытый грунт на постоянное место в саду. Полукустарник можно сразу высеивать в почву если заморозки закончились.
Самый простой метод размножения сантолины. Весной после образования почек растение нарезается на небольшие черенки. Each segment must have at least two buds. The upper part of the stepson is cut off. Ready escape is planted in the prepared soil, the surface is covered with a plastic bottle with holes for air. The cutting is constantly watered before the formation of the root system. Later, the greenhouse can be removed.
Popular types of Santolina
There are a total of 10 varieties of this herb. Due to the temperature difference in our country, the cultivation of some perennial representatives is impossible.
- Santolina cypress, or bluein height does not exceed 60 cm. The stems are arcuate with pinnate leaves. The bush has an amazing aroma, thanks to which this type is used for the preparation of essential oil. As they age, the color of the leaves changes from green to gray. Flowers solitary, spherical and have a yellow tint.
- Graceful grass It is a short branchy and very compact dwarf shrub. Unlike their relatives, they are too thermophilic. In Russia, it is rarely used as an ornamental plant, since it does not tolerate cold weather. If you plant a Santolina in your garden, then you should definitely clean it indoors or in a greenhouse for the winter.
- Neapolitan considered the highest perennial among their relatives. Growing this variety does not require care due to the unpretentiousness of the grass. Plant height 1 meter. The leaves have a light green shade, the flowers are yellow in color.
- Cirrus Santolina grows in the western Mediterranean. The height of the bush is 50–60 cm. The leaves are narrow, long. The inflorescences are white in color and located on a high stem. Perennial exudes a smell very similar to the scent of wormwood.
- Greening Santolinafrom a distance it resembles a bright green ball, because the leaves are painted in a rich lime tint.
All types of cotton lavender are practically the same. Just like other plants, they require minimal maintenance, favorable soil and full watering.
Description and types
Santolina cypress (Santolina chamaecyparissus). Reaches 50-60 cm, forming a compact dense bush. Openly pubescent leaflets at first light green gradually acquire a silver-gray tint. Due to the content of essential oils, the plant has a pleasant spicy aroma, similar to camphor or wormwood.
This type is often called "cotton lavender". Flowering begins in early summer and lasts almost until the end of August. Variety of this species - "Lemon Queen" with bright yellow large flowers.
Santolina green or greenish (Santolina virens). The undersized shrub looks like a green cloud with delicate creamy inflorescences. Flowering begins in late June. Like all species, it prefers dry rocky areas and is extremely resistant to drought. The magnificent varietal shape - “Lemon Fizz”, looks like a miniature needle-shaped bush of lemon color.
Santolina is ideal for hot, dry climates and sunny exposures. Perennial loves a warm and quiet bright-lit place. It needs stony-sandy barren soils. However, it will grow in any type of soil, provided there is a good drainage layer in the form of fine gravel or the addition of coarse sand.
The Mediterranean guest tolerates drought well and requires minimal watering. Regular moderate moistening is necessary only in the first few weeks after planting the Santolina, until it takes root well. Excess water and frequent rain contribute to the development of fungal diseases and can lead to the death of trees.
The culture is quite sensitive to frost, so in the middle of autumn you can dig up a bush and put it in a cool, bright room for wintering. If this is not possible, then create a warm shelter for the plantings of spruce branches, fallen leaves or straw. In the spring, at the end of severe frosts, the shelter must be partially removed in order to have access to air and light. It is completely removed in late March-early April.
Santolina tends to lose its compact and attractive shape over time, stretching and decaying in the middle of a bush. To maintain the decorativeness of the plant pruned in early spring. This haircut helps to rejuvenate and allows you to create fluffy bushes of any shape.
Application in landscape design
Ornamental shrubs are often used as miniature hedges. Silver foliage creates a magnificent contrast with blue tones, so it looks great in combination with catnip, sage, hyssop or lavender. The plant is ideal for creating rabatok, rock arias, herbal garden and Mediterranean style. It goes well with plants such as rosemary, chamomile, oregano or mint.
The name of the variety speaks for itself. Leaves narrow, long, pinnately dissected. Externally, the bush is a little like rosemary. The elevated part of the plant is fragrant. Many grow rosemary rosemary as a spicy food additive.
The tiny fragrant bush grows no more than 40 cm in height. The top of the compact plant is framed by numerous golden flowers.
Care for santolina after landing
The plant is undemanding to the content. The main care after planting Santolina is:
- in loosening the soil around the root neck,
- in weeding and removing various herbs,
- in periodic moderate watering,
- in the organization of the shelter for the cold season.
Santolina suffers from stagnant water in the ground. It is watered when the top layer of soil dries out. Water for irrigation take necessarily warm. With excessive watering, shoots turn yellow, roots rot. With a lack of moisture in the soil the bush loses its elasticity. These are the main signals to revise the mode and amount of watering.
During the growing season, the plant is fertilized 1–2 times per month for growth and lush bright flowering of garden Santolina. For these purposes, use of complex mineral fertilizers with a low nitrogen content. More frequent feeding affect the decorative appearance of the Santolina - the bush blooms less willingly, the flowers become smaller.
Spring and Autumn Trimming
Santolina - a representative of the garden flora, which is well tolerated pruning. With the help of a pruner or clippers, the bush is given the desired shape. Often form neat rounded bushes. Trimming Santolina can be anytime, but the main pruning is carried out in the spring - before the beginning of growth and budding, and in the fall - after the bush has withered.
Spring pruning removes old, damaged and stiff branches. In the autumn - the bush is shortened by more than half. The purpose of this procedure is to preserve the compact form of the bush.
The upcoming spring, after the autumn "haircut", the bush branches well. If this is not done, the plant will stretch, fall apart in the middle due to excessive growth, lose its shape, acquire an extremely untidy appearance. Pruning retains a decorative look, rejuvenates the bush. Throughout the growing season, dried, yellowed twigs are harvested.
When do you need a transplant?
As for transplantation, it is different for home and garden santolina. So, if a bush grows in open ground, then transplantation is carried out every 5 years. Otherwise, the plant degenerates, decays and loses its decorative appearance. Transplant advantageous to combine with the division of the bush. The main thing is that a small area with a rhizome remains on the plots. The separated parts are planted in a new place, in a moist, loose soil. “Room” Santolina transplanted annually.
Wintering in open field
In the climatic zone of the middle zone of Santolina is experiencing bad cold season. If the bush remains in the open ground all year round, then you should take care of a good shelter for the winter. With the first frost, the soil around the bush is mulched with sand, coal, or spruce needles. The greater the layer of mulch, the greater the chance to save the roots from freezing.
From above the bush is covered with spruce branches or straw, with a wooden box, and the covering material is pulled over it. With such protection from cold winds and frost, Santolina has every chance to survive the winter in the open field.
Planting Santolina in open ground
Proper planting in open ground and caring for Santolina will provide active growth, bright and lush flowering. The bush needs an open sunny place. In the shade of Santolina becomes shapeless, loose, the branches do not hold shape. The bush is gradually drawn out, loses a spherical appearance, falls apart, the aroma becomes imperceptible. The planting area is protected from drafts, because in the first year of life young saplings are weak. Bushes older than three years drafts do not interfere, although this does not mean that they need to be planted in a highly purged place.
In the area where Santolina grows, water stagnation is dangerous. Excess moisture in the soil adversely affect the condition of the roots, they will begin to rot.
The soil is picked up by a dry, loose, well flowing water. Before planting, it is desirable to organize a drainage layer to drain excess water. On fertile soil, the bush actively grows and branches, on poor ground, the Santolina flourishes luxuriantly and abundantly.
In spring, planting beds are dug up, loosened, and various roots are removed. If the soil is heavy, sand is added to the soil. Organize the drainage layer. Designate rows, digging shallow trenches. Young bushes reach from the pot, lightly shake the ground from the roots. Planted together by 2-4 pieces at a distance of 10-30 cm from each other. Roots are added, sprinkled with humus, tamped near the radical neck. In the next 3-4 days plentifully watered. As soon as the bush after planting “came to life”, watering is reduced.
Step-by-step seed and propagation instructions
Santolina propagated by dividing the bush, cuttings and seeds. Divide the bush in the spring and autumn when transplanting. By combining these two procedures, you can rejuvenate the shrub and get a few new ones. Santolina is easy to propagate by cutting and seeds. Each technique has nuances. Depending on the possibilities and desires, each gardener chooses the one that is more suitable. Having a Santolina bush in the garden, it is easier to use propagation by cuttings. Who wants to get acquainted with a plant, begin to grow a flower from seeds.
Best suited for small wide tanks, containers, with a sufficient number of drainage holes at the bottom. At the bottom of the pots lay drainage - expanded clay, small broken brick, crushed shells of nuts, etc.
Seeds deepen into the soil by 1–2 cm. The soil is moistened with warm water from a spray bottle.
The container is placed in a warm, bright room, kept at a temperature of + 18 ... + 20 degrees. The first shoots will appear after 1.5–-2 weeks. After the formation of 3–4 true leaves, young shoots are transplanted into separate containers. In summer, seedlings are planted in a permanent place in the garden.
In open ground, the seeds of santolins are sown in summer, when the soil is well warmed. Beds with seeds covered with greenhouse. June is the best time for sowing seeds. After 15–20 days, the first shoots appear.
Reproduction by cutting
For successful rooting cuttings adhere to the following algorithm:
For this method of reproduction in March - April, young twigs are cut from an adult bush. Old, stiff and last year's shoots for this breeding method are not suitable. Cuttings 8–15 cm long are cut with a part of the trunk.