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How many cherries and flowers bloom

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Prunus is a low tree from the genus Plum. It grows in scrublands and forests throughout our country, from the Sea of ​​Okhotsk, and through Asia to Western Europe. In Russia, its cultivation as an ornamental plant is very common.

Bird cherry tree is a tree or a tall shrub, from sixty centimeters to ten meters high, with an elongated thick crown. The bark of this representative of the family of pink black-gray, matte, with white lentils. Its branches have an olive or red-cherry color.

Cherry leaves alternate, simple. They have an ovate-lanceolate or oblong elliptical shape, length from three to ten centimeters. Petioles grow to one and a half meters. Stipules in bird cherry are awl-shaped, falling very early. But the biggest interest when considering this culture is its flowers - white, sometimes even pinkish. They are collected in drooping thick brushes, reaching a length of up to twelve centimeters. The flowers have so sharp aroma that it spreads throughout the district. Petals and sepals on a peduncle of five pieces, stamens - twenty.

When the bird cherry blossoms?

With the advent of May in nature there is a rapid growth of herbaceous plants. Along with this comes the widespread flowering. It is impossible, passing by a bird cherry, not to enjoy its aroma.

This representative of the Pink family is not for nothing called the Queen of Spring. Flowering bird cherry foreshadows the beginning of many agricultural work. It is believed that planting wheat and potatoes during this period contributes to a good harvest. The flowering of bird cherry for the villagers, therefore, means that it is time to sow. It has long been believed that by this very nature a kind of “signal” is given to the beginning of the harvest season.

The cherry blossom time is almost always at the end of April or the beginning of May. Our ancestors connected with this period two points. The first meant that nature was awakening, and the second - the beginning of summer.

As a rule, cherry blossoms bloom in the first week of May. However, depending on the weather, this time may move a week in one direction or another. Therefore, it is impossible to reliably name the date of flowering of this plant: it depends on the region in which the tree grows, on the climate and even on the variety.

How does the bird cherry blossom?

To date, there are more than twenty species of this member of the Pink family. Interestingly, its berries are literally saturated with useful elements. They contain a large amount of cobalt, manganese, zinc, copper, iron, a lot of vitamins of group P, C and E.

Many associate the flowering period of bird cherry with the time to start fishing in open water.

In the people this plant has many names, but the most remarkable, perhaps, "beautiful bride". Cherry blossom is a special sight. The trees are still only spreading leaves, and here, as if white explosions, fragrant buds of beautiful flowers, hanging in the environment of the first bee swarms, are striking. Wearing its elegant decoration, this tree symbolizes the transition to the hot summer season.

Rod Bird cherry has about twenty species. In the gardens of the middle zone of our country, an ordinary variety with black and astringent fruit is common. Often found and virginsky variety with red berries. The most pleasant aroma extends when blossoming of a bird cherry fragrant begins.

However, not all varieties distinguish this trait. For example, late-flowering cherry is not accompanied by smell. Its homeland is the forests of North America. You can guess what a name she was given for late flowering periods. This tree, growing to twenty meters, has a spreading crown and cherry bark. In autumn, its leaves turn bright red and yellow.

Application

The flowers of the bird cherry, like its fruits, are used as a urinary or choleretic agent. They are also used in the treatment of rheumatism and gout, enterocolitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, furunculosis, purulent wounds, conjunctivitis. It is believed that bird cherry helps with diarrhea and non-infectious origin, as well as the initial stage of diabetes.

In addition, this culture is easy to grow, it grows quickly and tolerates frost well. However, not only the early flowering of the bird cherry is its advantage. The plant has excellent decorative properties, and therefore widely used in landscape design.

It is interesting

Despite the fact that the bird cherry is popularly used by many people (many poets praised it, it will accept a large number of it), however, gardeners and gardeners do not really appreciate this plant and prefer not to plant it in their plots. For some reason, it is considered that this representative of Rosy attracts pests, becoming for them a kind of incubator. However, this opinion is fundamentally wrong. Rather, on the contrary, this tree is extremely useful. Flowers and foliage of bird cherry emit a huge amount of volatile phytoncids, cleaning the air around. Near the bird cherry there are practically no mosquitoes or ticks.

However, for the same reason it is better not to put bouquets with her flowers in the house: a strong concentration of volatile production sometimes causes a headache.

Prunus and its description

In appearance, the bird cherry is tree or tall bush. In height, it can reach up to ten meters and have a dense crown. It belongs to the family of Rosy and has a bark of black and gray. It is matte with white patches. The branches may be olive or cherry.

Foliage in bird cherry looks pretty simple. The sheets are oblong lanceolate or elliptical. In length, they can be from 3 to 10 centimeters.

Particularly interesting are the flowers of this plant. They have a white tint, but sometimes there are instances in which there is a shade slightly pinkish. Inflorescences are collected in drooping thick brush, the length of which can reach up to ten or twelve centimeters.

Flowers have a rather sharp aroma.which is difficult not to notice, passing nearby. There are five petals on a flower. The same number and sepals on the peduncle. And stamens - 20.

After flowering on the tassels berries are formed, in size they are similar to currants. As they ripen, they turn black and have a sweet-astringent taste. They are very useful and contain a large amount of vitamins and minerals. They contain a lot of iron, manganese, zinc, cobalt, vitamins of group P, C, etc.

When the cherry blossoms

In early spring, the buds are just beginning to swell, but from late April and early May there is a rapid growth of plants belonging to the grass. Just at this time you can see the flowering of the bird cherry. Sometimes she is called the queen of spring. Perhaps this is one of the earliest spring flowering trees.

The flowering of this representative of the family of pink is always associated with the threshold of agricultural work. It is believed that at this time it is time to sow wheat, plant potatoes, etc. And this suggests that there will be a good harvest. That is, the beginning of flowering for a long time for rural residents meant a time when you can begin to engage in sowing.

It should be noted that the bird cherry usually blooms in the first week of May, however, due to the weather, its flowering can be seen ten days earlier or later. Therefore, a certain number of flowering of this plant is not easy to say. Also, the flowering time depends on the region in which the tree grows. For example, in Siberia, its flowering can move right up to the very end of May.

In this wayThe cherry blossom depends on:

  • growing region,
  • spring climate.

How does a plant bloom

Bird cherry blossoms very beautiful and looks special. During this period, all plants are just beginning to wake up after winter, and on it buds are beginning to form, which will soon open and fascinate with the delicious aroma of passers-by. Soon, a bee will swarm around the falling flowers, gathering the first nectar.

However, despite all this magnificence, these should not be abused. The aroma of bird cherry, though pleasant, is quite sharp, and if you stay close for a long time, then for some people it can cause a headache and even a slight indisposition. Therefore, it is better to enjoy this fragrance in the open air, rather than cut off fragrant bouquets for the home.

Cherry flowers are very valuable and have a huge benefit:

  • They can be used as a diuretic,
  • They have a large number of different minerals and vitamins,
  • From the flowers make infusions that help in the fight against various skin diseases, and are also used to treat conjunctivitis,
  • Bird-cherry flower compresses can help with rheumatism, gout and edema,
  • They are used in the treatment of tuberculosis and the initial stage of diabetes, using as infusions or decoctions,
  • Add to various creams and ointments, which have a wound-healing effect.

Cherry varieties

Currently, there are about twenty varieties of this tree belonging to the family of pink. For the Russian area, the most familiar is the bird cherry, which has white flowers and black astringent fruits. However, we can also note the following types:

  • The bird cherry of Virginskaya, a tree that can reach a height of fifteen meters, has white inflorescences, but is distinguished by unusual red berries. By the fall of its foliage becomes burgundy. It can well tolerate both winter frosts and summer heat, so it can be found in our area.
  • Ordinary Colorata - in its form is more similar to the bushes and in height is no more than five meters. It has unusual pink-tinged inflorescences that exude a scent similar to the almond scent. Foliage is also quite unusual. In the spring, it has a reddish tint, which is closer to the summer becomes saturated green, and in the fall the leaves turn red again. It has black fruit that ripen closer to the end of August.
  • Antipka - looks more like a shrub that can grow for a very long time (up to 200 years). It does not impose special requirements on the soil, and it can be found on the rocky slopes of Europe or the Middle East. This variety is appreciated because it is well suited as a stock for cherries or plums, because the bird cherry belongs to the genus of plum.
  • Samoplodnaya and Sakhalin (it is also called Siberian cherries) - the variety was bred by breeders in Siberia. It is early ripening and gives a good harvest. Berries ripen in July. Well tolerated frosts.
  • Ploskokistnaya - variety distinguishes abundant flowering and brown shade of the fruit. It has high yields and is well acclimatized in the climate of middle and northern latitudes.

Category: Pen rascher 02

The bird cherry, or Prunuspadus L., is a deciduous tree that is quite popular in our country, less often a shrub from the Rosaceae family. This fruit and decorative culture is unpretentious and becomes a real decoration of the garden. When the bird cherry blossoms, the plot of land changes, and the flowering itself is accompanied by an incomparable scent.

Botanical features

Blossoming in the garden of bird cherry in recent years is becoming increasingly common. Like other stone fruit crops, cherry flowers are composed of five sepals and five rose petals. The pollen of a plant, ripening in anthers, at the stage of blooming of flowers consists of a multitude of pollen grains. The main advantage of bird cherry is considered to be the extraordinary beauty of the snow-white flowers of this deciduous perennial plant. In fact, cherry flowers are not white, but completely colorless. All petals are composed of colorless cells and voids that are filled with air. The light of the sun is reflected from the voids, which creates the effect of snow-white bloom.

As a rule, the bird cherry blossoms in the early spring period. The flowers have a characteristic and strongly pronounced odor, which can cause an aggravation of the disease in people prone to allergies. Also, bird cherry aroma often causes headaches and, in some cases, fainting. White flowers of late bird cherry, as a rule, do not have a strong odor, so the plant is very much in demand as an ornamental in home gardening.

Flowers have healing properties. They must be harvested during the mass flowering of ornamental and berry culture. The average shelf life of properly harvested and prepared raw materials is one year. When using flowers for medicinal purposes, it is very important to strictly observe not only the rules for collecting plant materials, but also the dosage. It should be remembered that the flowers contain the glycoside amygdalin, which can be broken down to glucose and hydrocyanic acid, which is very toxic.

Features and timing of flowering in Siberia, the Urals, in Ukraine

The flowering of the bird cherry tree is a true luxury of nature, an explosion of the dizzying aroma of white hanging floral brushes. To intensify the flowering process, the bird cherry needs a cool temperature, so the timing of the flowering of the bird cherry in central Russia, the Urals and Siberia can vary considerably.

The Ukrainian spring has significant differences from the Russian weather conditions, which somewhat shifts the flowering time. In the middle lane, the flowering period lasts from the last decade of April to the first decade of May, depending on the climatic conditions in the cultivation region. In the Siberian region, the plant blooms closer to the last decade of spring.

Usually, bird cherry in the suburbs begins to bloom in early spring. The earliest flowering of bird cherry is observed in early May. The latest bloom falls on the last days of May. Well-known cases of flowering bird cherry in March or April, as well as the flowering shift in June.

If this year the flowering was early, it does not mean that all subsequent years the plant will bloom in the same time frame. No data on how long the flowering period will last. Decorative culture blooms most abundantly in areas well lit by the sun, and fruiting often depends on weather conditions at the stage of ovary formation.

Why is the smell of bird cherry useful and harmful?

The flowers of bird cherry, although they are small, but very fragrant, they are collected in a decorative type of brush. The branch of flowering bird cherry in the room can destroy flies and mosquitoes. Bird cherry brushes are widely used to aromatize linen and prevent the appearance of moths. Removing bitter almond bird cherry fragrance very effectively frightens off ticks. A strong smell also repels flies well, so very often the bird cherry was previously planted in front gardens by the window. The flowers of this ornamental and berry culture are characterized by a huge number of phytoncides that are able to destroy pathogenic microflora.

In the flowers of bird cherry, in the cortex, seeds and foliage there is a significant amount of glycoside amygdalin. As a result of the cleavage of this glycoside, a toxic substance such as hydrocyanic acid is formed. The aroma is able to exert a poisoning effect on almost all living organisms, therefore it is not recommended to put a bunch of bird cherry in the living room.

Superstitions and Signs

In most regions of our country, the bird cherry blossoms with the arrival of nightingales. A large number of Old Russian and Slavic signs will be associated with bird cherry, the knowledge of which passes from generation to generation:

  • when the bird cherry blossom, you should wait for a significant cold snap,
  • if buds burst and bloom is very abundant and lush, then summer will be rainy and cold,
  • if the bird cherry blossoms early and the flowering is long, then warm summer is expected,
  • the longer the flowering period of bird cherry, the hotter and drier summer will be,
  • plant potatoes preferably at the stage of mass flowering of bird cherry,
  • if the plant does not fade for a long time, then the harvest of any cereal crops will be very rich,
  • bird cherry flowering period is best for planting wheat and millet,
  • at the stage of active flowering there is a wonderful bite of such fish as chub, pike and bream,
  • a plant that has grown out of the foundation of the house promises troubles and troubles in family relationships,
  • if the brute scratches itself to severe wounds, then a wreath of fresh cherry branches with swollen buds or fresh flowers should be put on the animal's neck.

When does it bloom?

Most of us are accustomed to consider cherry flowers as snow-white, less often pink, but in fact they are colorless. White-looking flowers acquire their whiteness due to the reflection of sunlight from voids and colorless cells that make up the walls of the petals.

As a rule, the timing of flowering bird cherry limited to a month, usually last two weeks. The periods and the beginning of flowering in plants in the same region change every year.

The plant blooms, as already mentioned, in May or June. Но этот этап может в некоторых регионах начаться раньше или позже этого срока, так как для цветения черемухе необходима прохладная погода. Вследствие этого время цветения в Подмосковье может существенно отличаться от времени цветения на Урале. В теплых регионах черемуха начинает цвести в апреле, а в северных регионах – в конце весны или начале лета.

The flowering of bird cherry coincides with the flowering of other similar shrubs. For comparison: the first flowers of lilac appear in mid-May - early June.

Since ancient times, it was believed that the month of cherry blossom is the time of sowing. Most often during this period wheat and potatoes were planted. There was a belief that if you do sowing during this period, then there will be a good harvest.

The benefits and harm of the smell of flowers

Basically, all the beneficial properties and therapeutic effect combine cherry berries, but they also have flowers. Thus, a freshly picked bird cherry branch indoors can disperse all midges and mosquitoes from it.

Cherry flowers contain special biologically active substances - phytoncides. They kill and inhibit the growth and development of bacteria and various microscopic fungi. Breathing the scent of cherry flowers is not only pleasant, but also beneficial for immunity.

It has been noticed that because of this property of the bird cherry, flies, gadflies and some other pests of domestic crops are rarely found near the bushes. Phytoncides are contained not only in flowers, but also in the bark of a plant. Some particularly experienced gardeners even sprayed raspberries or other fruit shrubs with a decoction of bird cherry bark to prevent pests.

It is important to know that the same phytoncides contained in the bone of a berry can be deadly for children and poisoning for an adult. This is the reason that you can not drink decoctions or infusions of crushed berries. It is necessary to get rid of the bones.

Bird-cherry flower extract is added to various creams and ointments, it helps speed up the healing process of wounds on the skin. A similar effect may simply have an extract from the flowers of the bird cherry. It will accelerate the healing of mechanical wounds on the skin.

In addition to all the above listed beneficial actions of the bark, leaves and fruits of bird cherry, bird cherry honey is especially valued. It consists of zinc, iron, various vitamins.

Dried flowers of bird cherry can be stored for a year, after they lose all their useful substances and smell.

Like any medicinal plant, bird cherry there are contraindications. One of the most obvious inconveniences that accompany each period of flowering is the exacerbation of allergies to the pronounced smell of flowers, and in rare cases, until fainting.

It is believed that the breathtaking smell of bird cherry creates an atmosphere of romance and lightness. However, it is not recommended to leave a fresh cut branch in your room for the night due to the general increase in the sensitivity of people to strong smells in recent years.

The practice of laying a fresh branch in wardrobes with clothes is quite popular. After that, all the clothes acquire the pleasant aroma of fresh cherry flowers. It should be noted that not only mosquitoes and flies are afraid of its smell, but also moths.

Folk omens

The first mention of bird cherry is the ancient Greeks. The ancient Greek botanist Theophrast wrote about her.

But since this plant traditionally grows on the domestic territory for several centuries, then, of course, it is obvious that in Russia there appeared beliefs and signs associated with its flowering.

Few people, especially those who live in megacities, have noticed that cooling begins with the flowering of the bird cherry. This is due to the fact that during the cooling, even if not strong, many insect pests are hidden, which allows the bird cherry to bloom in full color. As a result, the cooler the flowering takes place. From this observation, another belief occurred - rapid flowering is a sign of a rainy summer.

There is another sign that if flowering takes a long time, it means that the shrubs will attract many bees and other pollinating insects, which, in turn, will have a good effect on pollination of crops and you can expect a good harvest.

Due to the fact that cherry flowers like coolness, the sooner they bloom, the sooner the heat will come, which means there will be a hot summer.

It is believed that a good harvest of berries of bird cherry is a sign of the future good harvest of various cereal crops and fruit trees.

Almost all of these signs are considered inexplicable, but you can see that they all rely on attentive and long-term observations.

Other interesting facts

Cherry leaves are toxic, so you can not feed them livestock, but you can plant next to the barns, which will help ward off various rodents. Bark of a bird cherry color fishing nets, they give them a dark red color.

Berries are used in a variety of traditional alcoholic infusions.

The trunks and branches of the bird cherry are sometimes used to make small furniture drawers, as they are easily polished.

Prunus - a storehouse of nutrients, which we undeservedly forget. Each of its parts - leaves, stem, bark, berries and flowers are a promising resource for assimilation.

About what medicinal properties has a bird cherry, see the following video.

Allergenic plants: when they bloom

There are three main types of seasonal allergies.

  • Spring (flowering trees). It falls on April - May.
  • Summer (flowering cereals and meadow grasses). It falls on June - August.
  • Summer-Autumn (flowering weeds). It falls on August - October.

You can view the flowering calendar for allergy sufferers in the table below, after selecting your region.

  • South of Russia
  • Volga region
  • Central Russia
  • Ural
  • Siberia
  • Northwest Russia
  • Crimea

In spring, herbaceous plants almost do not bloom.

In summer, most plants are blooming that can cause allergies. Allergy calendar at this time is characterized by a large number of herbs.

In September, ragweed and weeds (sow thistle, quinoa and nettle) continue to plague allergy sufferers.

Around the end of September, a period of relative calm begins for a person suffering from allergies. Until next spring.

We have listed the main flowering plants, in fact there are much more of them: in the table below you can find out the full composition of the families of wind-pollinated plants that cause pollinosis.

Table: Related wind-pollinated plants within major families

How useful bloom calendar for allergies

Having information about the flowering of various plants in a particular area, having carefully studied the allergological calendar, an allergic person will be able to take preventive measures in time. For example, take a vacation, go for a “dangerous” period to another area where there are no allergic plants and their flowering has ended.

Before the start of the dangerous period you can start taking antihistamines, purchase nasal and eye drops, antiallergic sprays.

There is time to check the operation of the air conditioner, the state of its filters (if necessary, and clean them).

If you carefully analyze the data, it will become clear: the bloom calendar for allergic people differs quite strongly in regions. For residents of the southern regions, the duration of the “dangerous” period is longer than for northerners. Take, for example, one of the strongest allergens - ragweed. In central Russia, this plant blooms for 1.5 - 2 months: from about the beginning of August to mid-September. At the same time, for residents of the southern regions (Krasnodar Territory, Rostov Region), ambrosia blooms from July to October.

Flowering time and plants in the Crimea differ from Moscow or St. Petersburg. That is why it is so important that the calendar is adapted to the specific climate zone. Today, the Internet helps allergies. There is an opportunity to see the bloom calendar online.

Below you can see flowering calendars for some cities of Russia.

How many cherries and flowers bloom

Prunus is a fairly common plant in our country, which belongs to the family of plum. It is found in shrubs and woodlands. It can be seen in Asia, Western Europe and many more where. And in Russia it is planted as an ornamental plant. The tree likes to grow where it is more humid places, that is, on the banks of rivers, lakes and other bodies of water or in nearby forests.

Bird cherry blossom is an amazing sight

Prunus is a low tree from the genus Plum. It grows in scrublands and forests throughout our country, from the Sea of ​​Okhotsk, and through Asia to Western Europe. In Russia, its cultivation as an ornamental plant is very common.

Bird cherry tree is a tree or a tall shrub, from sixty centimeters to ten meters high, with an elongated thick crown. The bark of this representative of the family of pink black-gray, matte, with white lentils. Its branches have an olive or red-cherry color.

Cherry leaves alternate, simple. They have an ovate-lanceolate or oblong elliptical shape, length from three to ten centimeters. Petioles grow to one and a half meters. Stipules in bird cherry are awl-shaped, falling very early. But the biggest interest when considering this culture is its flowers - white, sometimes even pinkish. They are collected in drooping thick brushes, reaching a length of up to twelve centimeters. The flowers have so sharp aroma that it spreads throughout the district. Petals and sepals on a peduncle of five pieces, stamens - twenty.

Bird cherry flowering time

When the bird cherry flower begins to bloom, it simply cannot be missed, because you smell the smell from afar. Bird cherry blooms around the end of April - mid-May, but the exact time can not be called. It all depends on the region, the type of bird cherry, and whether late or early spring has arrived. If we talk, for example, about Siberia, then this is the end of May.

Due to the unpredictability of spring weather, the beginning of flowering may be a week later or earlier. But after the flowering bird cherry one can speak of the full onset of spring, which is accompanied by flowering of other trees:

For fishermen, cherry blossom blooms are a direct signal that the open water fishing season is opening.

Cherry blossom and fishing

As soon as the bird cherry blossomed, often in early May, pre-spawning begins:

The closer the fishing to the spawning time, the better these fish are pecking. If we talk about carp, then they spawn at all spawning zhor. Every year, at the end of April, I get a few kilograms of an ordinary float fishing rod.

My father often taught: “As the bird cherry blossomed, so is the time for the ide pike to catch.” Indeed, with the beginning of flowering of the bird cherry, the first catches of pike after spawning occur. At this time, the pike goes well to the snnuyu fish off the coast, where there are rising algae or snags.

But ide with the beginning of flowering bird cherry takes place on which will stay the entire summer period. While the water in the spring is muddy, you can catch the ide on the float fishing rod in and the daylight, but it is better to respond to the bait in the early morning. The gradual enlightenment of water forces the fish to switch to night-time feeding. That's when ide goes to sand and pebble shoals.

Those who were born or grew up in the 90s or early 2000s will surely remember the singer Tatiana Bulanova and her song about bird cherry. When she came out, I was a teenager, and in our winter school discos this song sounded several times in a row. In severe January, before the cherry blossoms were still far away, we, the teenagers, were looking forward to the time when the bird cherry blossoms.

When the bird cherry tree blooms

“The white bird cherry of spring,” Tatyana Bulanova sang, and our entire class counted the days until the warm May, when the bird cherry trees around the school were covered in white, and the streets of the city were filled with its fresh floral scent. Of course, at that time few of us understood botany, but the time when the bird cherry blossoms, everyone knew perfectly well end of april or the beginning of May. Of course, in every region this tree blooms in its own, “local” time. For example, in Siberia bird cherry flowering period the end of May, just when schoolchildren take exams. In Crimea, the bird cherry blossoms in the twentieth of april, in the Rostov region and in Ukraine - on may holidays.

In addition, there are about 20 species this plant, and each has its own characteristics. The most common, blooming in our area - bird cherry and virginian Ordinary bird cherry also has many of its subspecies:

  • weeping
  • with yellow spots on the leaves (variegated),
  • stunted
  • with pink (turquoise) flowers,
  • with pyramidal crown,
  • with double flowers,
  • with light yellow fruits.

Her flowers have a very rich smell, but unfortunately broken branches bird cherry in a vase don't last long and showered literally overnight.

Bird cherry in medicine, cooking

Very often the fruit of this tree is used in medical or culinary purposes. So, the infusion of cherry flowers is used for the prevention of eye diseases, and its leaves, dried and brewed - for problems with the lungs.

From the dried berries of bird cherry make syrup, and fresh use for cooking morse or kvass. Proponents of healthy eating use cherry in cooking, grinding its dried berries in flour Such flour can be bought in finished form at the supermarket.

It is believed that it is useful because it contains:

  • ascorbic acid
  • flavonoids,
  • vitamin P,
  • fiber

    However, suffering gastritis use bird cherry for food Not recommended because of its acid content.

    When the cherry blossoms.

    With the advent of May in nature there is a rapid growth of herbaceous plants. Along with this comes the widespread flowering. It is impossible, passing by a bird cherry, not to enjoy its aroma.

    This representative of the Pink family is not for nothing called the Queen of Spring. Flowering bird cherry foreshadows the beginning of many agricultural work. It is believed that planting wheat and potatoes during this period contributes to a good harvest. The flowering of bird cherry for the villagers, therefore, means that it is time to sow. It has long been believed that by this very nature a kind of “signal” is given to the beginning of the harvest season.

    The cherry blossom time is almost always at the end of April or the beginning of May. Our ancestors connected with this period two points. The first meant that nature was awakening, and the second - the beginning of summer.

    As a rule, cherry blossoms bloom in the first week of May. However, depending on the weather, this time may move a week in one direction or another. Therefore, it is impossible to reliably name the date of flowering of this plant: it depends on the region in which the tree grows, on the climate and even on the variety.

    How does the bird cherry blossom?

    To date, there are more than twenty species of this member of the Pink family. Interestingly, its berries are literally saturated with useful elements. They contain a large amount of cobalt, manganese, zinc, copper, iron, a lot of vitamins of group P, C and E.

    Many associate the flowering period of bird cherry with the time to start fishing in open water.

    In the people this plant has many names, but the most remarkable, perhaps, "beautiful bride". Cherry blossom is a special sight. The trees are still only spreading leaves, and here, as if white explosions, fragrant buds of beautiful flowers, hanging in the environment of the first bee swarms, are striking. Wearing its elegant decoration, this tree symbolizes the transition to the hot summer season.

    Rod Bird cherry has about twenty species. In the gardens of the middle zone of our country, an ordinary variety with black and astringent fruit is common. Often found and virginsky variety with red berries. The most pleasant aroma extends when blossoming of a bird cherry fragrant begins.

    However, not all varieties distinguish this trait. For example, late-flowering cherry is not accompanied by smell. Its homeland is the forests of North America. You can guess what a name she was given for late flowering periods. This tree, growing to twenty meters, has a spreading crown and cherry bark. In autumn, its leaves turn bright red and yellow.

    Application

    The flowers of the bird cherry, like its fruits, are used as a urinary or choleretic agent. They are also used in the treatment of rheumatism and gout, enterocolitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, furunculosis, purulent wounds, conjunctivitis. It is believed that bird cherry helps with diarrhea and non-infectious origin, as well as the initial stage of diabetes.

    In addition, this culture is easy to grow, it grows quickly and tolerates frost well. However, not only the early flowering of the bird cherry is its advantage. The plant has excellent decorative properties, and therefore widely used in landscape design.

    It is interesting

    Despite the fact that the bird cherry is popularly used by many people (many poets praised it, it will accept a large number of it), however, gardeners and gardeners do not really appreciate this plant and prefer not to plant it in their plots. For some reason, it is considered that this representative of Rosy attracts pests, becoming for them a kind of incubator. However, this opinion is fundamentally wrong. Rather, on the contrary, this tree is extremely useful. Flowers and foliage of bird cherry emit a huge amount of volatile phytoncids, cleaning the air around. Near the bird cherry there are practically no mosquitoes or ticks.

    Правда, по той же причине лучше не ставить букеты с ее цветами в доме: сильная концентрация фитонцидов порой вызывает головную боль.

    С приходом месяца мая в природе начинается стремительный рост трав, а также массовое цветение растительности. Проходя мимо черемухи, невозможно не насладиться ее нежным запахом и ароматом. Bird cherry is the queen of spring. Many agricultural works are connected with the flowering of bird cherry. For example, it is believed that planting potatoes and wheat during the flowering period will yield a good harvest. “The bird cherry blossoms means it’s time to sow,” i.e. cherry blossom is a kind of signal for the start of the harvest business.

    The flowering of the bird cherry tree comes at the end of April and the beginning of May, two periods have long been associated with this process: the first - flowering awakens spring, and the second - the beginning of the arrival of summer.

    According to statistics, the bird cherry blossoms in the first week of May, but depending on the spring weather, this time may move in one direction or another for a week. Reliable date of flowering is impossible to determine, since it depends on the region in which the bird cherry grows, the weather, as well as the variety. Today there are more than twenty species of bird cherry, which bloom differs in time.

    The color of bird cherry and its berries have very useful elements, they contain a huge amount of manganese, cobalt, copper, zinc, iron, as well as many vitamins of groups C, P, and E. The best time to catch fish is associated with the flowering period of bird cherry.

    The aroma of cherry blossom, reminds of the arrival of spring, its awakening, it is a smell that can not be compared with anything, you just need to enjoy it. Therefore, when the bird cherry blossoms, it attracts not only with its external appearance, but also with its smell.

    When does the bird cherry blossom?

    Bird cherry Ordinary dissolves its flowers in May, in some places at the turn of April, in colder areas - towards the end of May. But on average, according to statistics, the flowering period - the end of April - the beginning of May.

    With the flowering of bird cherry plant growers associate many agricultural work. It is believed, for example, that planting potatoes and wheat at that time will give a good harvest, that is, the flowering of bird cherry is a kind of signal for the beginning of the sowing season.

    Prunus begins to bloom in late April - early May, but since the spring weather is unpredictable, the flowering time may shift for a week and begin either earlier or later, depending on whether it is warm or cold spring.

    The flowering time also depends on the type of bird cherry and the area in which it grows, i.e. straight exact flowering date can not be called. And after the bird cherry blossoms, then they bloom their flowers: cherry, apple, acacia, lilac - i.e. Spring comes to the full and opens its doors to summer.

    By the way, according to folk signs, during the flowering of the bird cherry you need to plant potatoes and wheat - this will give a good harvest.

    I admit honestly - I do not understand why women are so waiting for the cherry blossom to bloom. Well, blossomed, the aroma is pleasant, beautiful, I do not argue. But I don’t see a really valid reason for such a sharp female interest. Another thing, when the beginning of flowering bird cherry fishermen are interested.

    Bird cherry flowering time

    When the bird cherry flower begins to bloom, it simply cannot be missed, because you smell the smell from afar. Bird cherry blooms around the end of April - mid-May, but the exact time can not be called. It all depends on the region, the type of bird cherry, and whether late or early spring has arrived. If we talk, for example, about Siberia, then this is the end of May.

    Due to the unpredictability of spring weather, the beginning of flowering may be a week later or earlier. But after the flowering bird cherry one can speak of the full onset of spring, which is accompanied by flowering of other trees:

    For fishermen, cherry blossom blooms are a direct signal that the open water fishing season is opening.

    Cherry blossom and fishing

    As soon as the bird cherry blossomed, often in early May, pre-spawning begins:

    The closer the fishing to the spawning time, the better these fish are pecking. If we talk about carp, then they spawn at all spawning zhor. Every year, at the end of April, I get a few kilograms of an ordinary float fishing rod.

    My father often taught: “As the bird cherry blossomed, so is the time for the ide pike to catch.” Indeed, with the beginning of flowering of the bird cherry, the first catches of pike after spawning occur. At this time, the pike goes well to the snnuyu fish off the coast, where there are rising algae or snags.

    But ide with the beginning of flowering bird cherry takes place on which will stay the entire summer period. While the water in the spring is muddy, you can catch the ide on the float fishing rod in and the daylight, but it is better to respond to the bait in the early morning. The gradual enlightenment of water forces the fish to switch to night-time feeding. That's when ide goes to sand and pebble shoals.

    Those who were born or grew up in the 90s or early 2000s will surely remember the singer Tatiana Bulanova and her song about bird cherry. When she came out, I was a teenager, and in our winter school discos this song sounded several times in a row. In severe January, before the cherry blossoms were still far away, we, the teenagers, were looking forward to the time when the bird cherry blossoms.

    When the bird cherry tree blooms

    “The white bird cherry of spring,” Tatyana Bulanova sang, and our entire class counted the days until the warm May, when the bird cherry trees around the school were covered in white, and the streets of the city were filled with its fresh floral scent. Of course, at that time few of us understood botany, but the time when the bird cherry blossoms, everyone knew perfectly well end of april or the beginning of May. Of course, in every region this tree blooms in its own, “local” time. For example, in Siberia bird cherry flowering period the end of May, just when schoolchildren take exams. In Crimea, the bird cherry blossoms in the twentieth of april, in the Rostov region and in Ukraine - on may holidays.

    In addition, there are about 20 species This plant, and each has its own characteristics. The most common, blooming in our area - bird cherry and virginian Ordinary bird cherry also has many of its subspecies:

    • weeping
    • with yellow spots on the leaves (variegated),
    • stunted
    • with pink (turquoise) flowers,
    • with pyramidal crown,
    • with double flowers,
    • with light yellow fruits.

    Her flowers have a very rich smell, but unfortunately broken branches bird cherry in a vase don't last long and showered literally overnight.

    Bird cherry in medicine, cooking

    Very often the fruit of this tree is used in medical or culinary purposes. So, the infusion of cherry flowers is used for the prevention of eye diseases, and its leaves, dried and brewed - for problems with the lungs.

    From the dried berries of bird cherry make syrup, and fresh use for cooking morse or kvass. Proponents of healthy eating use cherry in cooking, grinding its dried berries in flour Such flour can be bought in finished form at the supermarket.

    It is believed that it is useful because it contains:

  • ascorbic acid
  • flavonoids,
  • vitamin P,
  • fiber

    However, suffering gastritis use bird cherry for food Not recommended because of its acid content.

    When the cherry blossoms.

    With bird cherry will take a lot. One of them, the most famous and noticeable sign - "When the bird cherry blossoms, always cold lives." Indeed, most often the time of cherry blossom and cooling is the same. This year will not be an exception.

    Abnormally warm days are not over yet, but, looking into the future, weather forecasters of the Udmurt Hydrometeorological Center have already seen the cooling in the republic and in Izhevsk by the May holidays. And the fault here is, of course, not the bird cherry. The processes in the atmosphere are rearranged and a cyclone will approach from the northwest by April 28.

    If April 28 is still warm, then from April 29 in the rear of the cyclone, the flow of cold air masses will begin. The temperature background will be much lower. And on May 1 at night even negative values ​​of the thermometers are possible.

    The cyclone, in addition to lowering the temperature level, will bring rainy weather.

    In the meantime, only April 25 and ahead 2 serene, warm days. And even though these days are likely to have a small short-term rain, they will not bring inconvenience and discomfort. Otherwise, the weather in the coming days will not be in April summer!

    Press Service of the Udmurt Hydrometeorological Center

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