Many gardeners and gardeners in the arrangement of their sites are faced with the choice between shrubs and grassy plants. The former are often not suitable because of the large area required for full growth, and the grass does not always satisfy the aesthetic needs of the host. In such a situation, it is worth paying attention to the wolfbush stalker, which is also called plakun-grass. This amazingly beautiful plant is distinguished by its small stem size (when compared with shrubs), but it clearly stands out against the background of inconspicuous grass cover. In addition, plakun will be a good helper in the home first aid kit - healing properties are often the main reason for its growth.
Description of the silly stalker
This is a low herbaceous plant - a representative of the family Derbennikov. Unpretentiousness in the content contributed to the popularity of the wolfplate. In Russia it is grown even in some regions of the Far North, however, certain conditions for its development should be observed. According to the reviews of gardeners, the Ivolist boulder, the photo of which is presented below, can reach a height of 180-190 cm. Although the data from official literature indicate the maximum height of the bush only at 140 cm.
One of the main advantages of plakun is decorative. It blooms from May to September, showing pink-purple spike-like inflorescences. In urban flowerbeds and garden plots, stately bushes of the dervale stand out from the general number of plants due to their original shape and bright blooms.
What are the types and varieties?
There are about 30 plant species. For gardening, the stalker is considered to be the most favorable ivybibe and prutovidny stalker, which is grown both in house plots and in specialized farms. Prut-shaped representatives of the derbum in their decorative properties practically do not differ from the willow-like counterparts, but they have smaller sizes - in particular, they rarely exceed 120 cm in height.
In turn, the willowfish plakun also has several popular varieties, including Swirl and Blush. In the first case, the bushes are organically combined with roses and dahlias. This is facilitated by bright red hues that contribute to rich colors in floral arrangements. No less noteworthy is the silly stalk of Blush. The inflorescences of such bushes are distinguished by soft pink hues and contrasts the plantings with a predominance of aggressive flowers.
Plakun can be propagated by dividing the shrub, as well as radical cuttings during the early summer period. But more often gardeners practice planting seeds, which is done in the middle of winter or early spring. The first shoots are formed already 3-4 weeks after sowing. After 2-3 years, you can observe the full bloom. In spite of the fact that the silly stalk is a herbaceous plant, in preparation for reproduction in a vegetative way, one cannot do without an ax. This is especially true of old shrubs with a strong rhizome. If preservation of the main specimen is required, then the cuttings should be separated with the utmost care.
This procedure is best performed in May, when young shoots begin to grow and gain strength. The optimal length of the cutting is 10 cm. For further development, it is better to choose a process on which at least 4 leaves remain.
Where better to plant?
The initial conditions mean a lot to the growth of the cradle. Therefore, it is better to carry out planting in partial shade or sunny place. Although the silly stalker is a grass that does not require the special qualities of the soil composition, it is advisable to choose a moist and ventilated soil. The presence of nutrients in it will also not be superfluous. Some gardeners also practice planting in highly moist soils. Moreover, if there is a pond or reservoir in the area, then in summertime the shrub can be moved to a depth of no more than 30 cm.
Seeds of wuller are planted on a prepared seedling bed either in March or in the middle of autumn before the winter cold. With such a planting plant will begin to bloom in a year. In order for the wolfberry bush to start blooming in the first year of life, it is better to plant in early spring after the snow cover has disappeared. Sowing should be done superficially. Next, the soil should be sprayed with a spray bottle and covered with plastic wrap to ensure the greenhouse effect. This is provided if the plakun lands on open ground. In the greenhouse and the room to cover the seedlings is not necessary.
The temperature regime, which creates optimal conditions for germination, is 16-18 ° C. The appearance of three or four strong leaves should be a sign that it is necessary to seat the willow leaflet. The photo of this seedling is shown below. When the frosts will pass, you can plant ripening bushes to their former place with a distance of 40 cm from each other.
If the method of planting ready seedlings is chosen, then it is better to immediately take care of the place of their constant growth. Planting should be done as deep as possible - this will allow the plant to take root better. It is also necessary to observe an interval of at least 40 cm. To obtain a healthy and developed bush, it is recommended to fertilize the soil. In particular, the Ivistinum stalker eats well from compost and loves peat diluted with fertile garden soil. This combination of supplements will be the key to the full development of plakun-grass and will ensure an adequate supply of nutrients during drought periods. In addition, it is necessary to perform soil mulching with loose compost, and in summer to feed seedlings with mineral fertilizers.
Neighborhood with other plants
Derbennik is completely independent and can do without flower bed partners. But if there is a desire to diversify the planting, then the appropriate options will be iris, catnip, meadowsweet, roses and other flowers that are suitable for shade. If the practical benefits of combining with other plants are necessary, a host or soft cuff can be preferred - they will cover the stem of the weeping, providing reliable protection. This is important if the site contains an icy-leaved dredge whose height exceeds 160 cm. The load on a thin stalk in frost conditions can expose it to diseases, and in the presence of short growing companions, the stalker will safely endure the cold without a special shelter. In addition to flowers and ornamental shrubs, plakun goes well with cereals. Decorative grass makes a variety of monotonous range of such neighbors in the area, providing the contrast of the entire composition.
Caring for the Ivolithic Derbag
The plakun will not die from drought, but in order to obtain effective flowering and ensure longevity of this crop, watering should be taken care of. An abundant supply of water is particularly demanded by the wolffoot crater, which is planted and maintained in the southern regions. On average, watering should be done every week. Re-wetting should not be afraid, since it is a moisture-loving culture. Other plant care activities involve tillage. On hard and stony ground, it is necessary to regularly loosen and weed, in the process of which it will be useful to add fertile black soil. Compost and mineral additives will undoubtedly have a beneficial effect in the development of plakun, but they should not be abused. If the soil provides for good growth without additional feeding, it is possible to exclude the introduction of additives during planting.
To idlebird pleased with its flowering, can not do without the proper maintenance of its crown. One of the main tools to give the desired shape is the operation of plucking young shoots. Faded inflorescences should also be removed, as they can produce unnecessary self-sowing. After flowering stalk can be cut short and insulate for the winter with mulching or film.
From the point of view of medical needs, the derbum is a waste-free plant. Experienced gardeners use for these purposes roots, leaves, flowers and seeds. The greatest therapeutic effect is given by flowers, which should be collected immediately after blooming. Then they are dried, crushed and used for tinctures and decoctions. There are many diseases that the willow crater successfully fights. The medicinal properties of the plant are due to the presence of polyphenol and tannin. These substances are used for venous insufficiency, headache, respiratory diseases, as well as for removing harmful toxins and salts. Tinctures made from the above-ground part of the cravat are preferably used for the prevention and treatment of gastric diseases. In addition, extracts may be useful as a sedative for neuroses.
If we consider the positive qualities of the willow derbenum separately, then, of course, each of them will find an equally worthy alternative in another plant. But only in the case of grass-grass there is such a wide range of characteristics favorable for the gardener. This is a beautiful appearance of the bushes, which is most fully revealed in periods of flowering, and the ability to create hedges, as well as undemanding care, which is especially pleasing to the willow bush. The healing properties of the plant are completely separate. Not every flower, let alone a garden shrub, can be both practical and unpretentious in content. Place for landing can be found at every Russian country house. The main thing is to calculate the space for further growth. Neighborhood with garden crops and flowers will not be a hindrance. Derbennik fits perfectly into any garden composition, adding to them their own shades of tenderness and grace.
Conditions Required Derbenniki
Derbens are rightfully considered to be one of the most plastic perennial garden plants, capable of equally successfully growing in areas with different conditions. This plant feels good only with sufficiently bright light. It is better for him to pick up sunny or slightly shaded areas, open and warm places.
As for the soil, everything is much more complicated. Plakun grass will grow luxuriantly in any wet, nutritious and lightly composed soil, but will not grow in overly compacted, lean and all types of dry, dry soil. That is why when choosing a place for the sod first you need to focus on the water bodies in the garden. A pond, especially a landscape type, as well as streams, is the ideal choice for this plant. But with the compensation of moisture levels and the constant maintenance of its performance, the trash can also settle in ordinary garden soil. When choosing a growing place, keep in mind that plakun-grass during the summer takes out immersion in water to a depth of 30 cm, is not afraid in the hottest time of the year of stagnant overmoistening.
Landing Derbennikov carried out in the usual way. Before planting on the bottom of the pit or in the soil before digging it is desirable to introduce organic fertilizers, and after planting it is necessary to water the plants abundantly. The recommended landing distance is 35 cm for plants derived from seeds and about 50 cm for delenok.
Derbennik does not lose its decorative effect for many years, it is introduced into gardens for decades. He has no requirements for permanent or regular transplants, rejuvenation and separation. It is necessary to transplant plants as needed, then, when their sizes exceed the permissible norms or old curtains lose their decorative effect.
Features care derbennikom
Derbennik belongs to those garden plants that practically do not need care. The exceptions are crops that are planted in insufficiently moist soil. For these derbenikov need to constantly compensate for the evaporation of moisture and maintain stable soil performance. Regular and abundant watering, in particular, is necessary for all the crates growing on flower beds. But for those that grow near water bodies, watering is not required at all. But one should not be afraid that a short-term drought and a complete drying of the soil would have a pitiful effect on the attractiveness of the weeping grass: derbens really prefer wet conditions, but are so hardy that they will not suffer from their absence for a certain period.
Livistvogo lythrum, or Plakun-grass. © widnr
Top dressing for derbennik
In order for the lozenge to have enough nutrients in the soil for abundant and prolonged flowering, it is necessary to maintain stable soil characteristics annually using the method of early spring feeding. It is best to mulch the soil with compost or peat, which will play the role of not only long-acting fertilizers, but also means of maintaining a stable soil moisture. The first mulching is desirable to carry out immediately after planting, and then annually update it in spring. But you can replace the mulch and the incorporation of fertilizer into the soil.
From the beginning of the flowering period, it is desirable to use mineral fertilizers to further stimulate the formation of new flower stalks to achieve the greatest decorative effect of the cravat. Any mixture of fertilizers for garden flowering plants fit. The only requirement is the minimum content of nitrogen in them. Plakun grass, unlike all other perennials, responds to excess nitrogen by not actively growing greens, but lodging shoots.
Trimming is also an essential component of caring for this perennial. Traditionally, pruning is carried out only one, sanitary, removing ground parts left over from last year. Litter can be cut at the end of autumn, completely cutting off all the above-ground parts at the root or leaving dry shoots to decorate the winter garden and carry out such a full pruning in the spring.
The wolf is thick-skinned. © WhatsAllThisThen
Forming trimming is carried out depending on the quality of the crater and how important the shape and silhouette are for the beauty of the overall composition. In the gardens of the natural style, the woodbag does not need such trimming, but if you want to maintain a more accurate and architectural form of the plant, then during the summer it is desirable to carry out the formation, giving the bushes greater density and regularity of the forms.
Do not forget to cut off faded flower stalks before the seeds start ripening. This plant is prone to self-seeding and because of this, quite aggressively, the seeds germinate quickly and take root very well, so the timeliness of cutting the inflorescences will prevent the unwanted spread of the gravy in the garden.
Diseases and pests
These large perennials are considered resistant to pests and diseases. But in horticultural crops, especially on flower beds with roses, they are often attacked by aphids, which can be easily moved to thick garbage bags from neighboring plants. Therefore, in compositions with derbens, it is extremely important to conduct continuous monitoring in order to detect pests as early as possible and to prevent their spread. To fight with aphids on this plant is better immediately with insecticides.
Winter hardiness of weeping grass
Without exception, all the sticks are frost-resistant, hardy plants, which for a successful wintering in the middle zone there is no need to provide even the slightest shelter in the form of hilling with dry leaves, and even more so to create intensive protection.
The wolf is thick-skinned. © liz west
The easiest way to get new plants is through the separation of adult bushes, which can be carried out at any time convenient for you both in spring and in autumn. Since the rhizome of derbennikov is powerful, woody, for separation it is necessary to use a sharp ax or a spade. Bushes are divided into 2-3 parts with rather powerful roots and several points of growth. It does not make sense to separate small fragments of the cravine, because plants will adapt and recover for too long, they may not take root at all.
Livistvogo lythrum, or Plakun-grass (Lythrum salicaria). © Peter Hanegraaf
Since the process of digging and separating the rhizomes of the crib is very laborious, and the plant itself is large, the best method of reproduction from the number of vegetative is an alternative method - the separation of basal cuttings together with the heel. They are easily rooted in any wet conditions under the hood.
The color scheme of the plant
Gardeners can not deny themselves the pleasure to decorate their site with a beautiful plant, which has its own characteristics when planting and in the further care of it. He has several varieties:
Plants differ only in shades of upright stellate inflorescences and height. Depending on the variety, it grows from fifty centimeters to a meter and a half in height. Nature uses red and pink colors in different shades. The star-flower is only one centimeter in diameter, but it is so fragrant that the bees flock to it, collecting amber-colored honey. Seeds are in small boxes oblong shape.
The wolfberry vervil has the same lanceolate leaves as in willow. Почти все сорта этого вида отличаются зимостойкостью и относятся к многолетникам. Эти два достоинства очень кстати для многих садовых участков, которые подолгу не меняют своих ландшафтных композиций. Кроме того, само растительная культура отличается долгим цветением и невероятной приспособляемостью.
In many areas there are reservoirs that will look exquisitely if the willow dagger becomes their ornament. If the owner of a plot of land chooses him, he should know about the main features of the landing of the jig. Preference is best to give well lit or slightly shaded areasas this culture loves light, nutritious and well-moistened soil.
In order to provide the derbum with all nutrients, it is necessary to add peat to the soil on which the willow silt grows. The proportion of this additive will be 10 buckets of peat to 1 square meter of land. Best of all for this type of plant will be a reservoir near which it will be planted. But if there is no such possibility, and a pond, pool or other body of water is not provided in the garden, you need to purchase new hybrid varieties of mudstalk, which do not need a lot of moisture.
How to plant a plant
There is nothing unusual in the landing structure.. The pits should be spaced fifty centimeters apart. If gardeners first decide to grow seedlings of willow cravus, then this distance should be reduced by twenty centimeters. Fertilizers are added to the bottom, but only of organic origin. When the plant is planted and prikopano, to complete the process of planting it must be watered plentifully. Livolist derbennik, planting and caring for which will not cause much trouble, will delight all visitors to the garden area with abundant and long flowering.
The garden giant reproduces with the help of the usual division of the bush and seeds. Sometimes the plant itself can multiply from those seeds that fall to the ground on their own. But when collecting seeds and selecting the healthiest ones, it is hoped that the offspring will be strong and powerful.
Recommendations to gardeners
When the owners of the gardens want to see the placun-grass planted, blooming in the first year of their life, one simple condition should be fulfilled. Prepare seedlingsgrown from selected seeds. They are recommended to be sown in the seedling boxes in January, since the first shoots germinate for a very long time. Only in three or four weeks will the first shoots begin to make their way.
As soon as all the frosts pass, the dive seedlings are planted in open ground at a permanent place of growth. The simplest and most accessible way of breeding derben can be considered the division of the bush. With this method, there should be viable roots and growth points on the separated powerful process.
How to care for a plant
Plakun-grass requires the following care:
- regular watering
- soil loosening
- fertilizing with mulch, peat or compost,
- trimming a bush.
It is necessary to water a plant during the driest periods., since the insignificant lack of moisture in the soil is very good for the lander. Re-wetting should not be afraid, since it is a moisture-loving culture. The soil is loosened in order to provide it with oxygen in the right amount. It is possible to feed derbisker with mineral nitrogen-containing fertilizers, but in limited quantities. Otherwise, the shoots wilted. The shrub of the plant is capable of self-sowing, therefore undesirable shoots should be cut off. Bushes during pruning can be given any shape.
Stems are cut immediately after flowering. Some gardeners leave the entire bush until spring, as the plant is decorative and looks very attractive without flowers. In addition, the trash does not require shelter for the winter. It is recommended to do it only at high temperatures.
Should not forget that weeds must be removed. Although the plant is distinguished by its dominant ability, it is better to destroy all weed grass so that the appearance of the composition is not spoiled.
Brightness and Grace
For the overall beautiful picture of the entire landscape composition, you should combine Plakun-grass with other flowers and plants. In order to shade the colors of the junk, you need to create a company for him cereals, phlox and eryngium. The composition should look contrast, for which use as neighbors Siberian iris and pinpoint coli. A beautiful combination would be the yellow goldenrod, multi-colored lupine and bells.
There is no part in the derbennik that is not used for medical purposes. The flowers, which are collected after blooming, are dried and crushed, used for the preparation of tinctures and decoctions. Headache, respiratory diseases and many other ailments are successfully treated with the help of preparations made using plakun-herb inflorescences. Gastric diseases and neuroses are successfully treated with the use of the entire part of the lobar growing above the ground.
Infrequently, gardeners can boast that they have a plant on their land that combines the most positive qualities:
- flowering shrub that is effective for hedges,
- plant careless,
- therapeutic use
- does not require a lot of space for its growth,
- Litter - a wonderful neighbor for other crops in the garden,
- Plakun-grass creates tender and graceful compositions.
Derbennik in landscape design photo
Gadget, or plakun-grass, can grow in almost any conditions. But he prefers a bright sun and a lot of moisture. Derbennik loves to grow in open or slightly shaded areas near ponds or wells. This perennial will decorate with itself any decorative stream, a fountain and other places close to water. Derbennik can withstand up to 30 cm of flooding. This plant, even in the heat, is not afraid of excess moisture. At the same time, it was not at all scary for the dowser for a time of summer drought.
But if there are no “wet” places nearby, the garbage can be planted in an ordinary flower garden with sufficient watering.
A little more complicated is the situation with the choice of soil. Plakun-grass will grow well in light nutrient soil, and a very dry, loose or dense mixture will not work for it. That is why the loot is trying to plant near the water.
How to plant a junkie?
How to plant a loot in open ground photo
It is recommended to fertilize the soil before planting. Organic fertilizers can be applied to the entire area before digging or directly into the hole, just before planting.
- Leave the distance between the holes within 35 cm when planting seedlings and about 50 cm during reproduction by rhizomes. Next, you need to pour abundantly landing sites.
Over the years, bright and lush bushes of the junk will be pleasing to the eye. This plant does not need transplantation, separation or rejuvenation of the shoots. Plakun-grass should be planted only when the bushes become very thick. If you want to decoratively form a flower bed or change its design, you can trim the bushes and young shoots of the crater several times a year. Sometimes you need to remove old plants that have already lost their decorative effect.
This plant has many names:
- lake linnet,
- girlish beauty
- grandfather's beard,
- God's grass
- plakun-grass and many others.
Popular rumor has come up with many other names, but the most popular and common weeping grass. Let us deal with you in more detail the features of the wolfstalk stalker.
Willowbill Girdle - refers to perennial herbaceous plants of the family Derbennikovye (Lythraceae).
This species is distributed almost everywhere - Australia, Europe, North Africa, New Zealand, Ukraine, North America and Russia (everywhere except the Arctic).
Prefers nutritious and moist soils, as well as a lot of sun. Willowbill verdure is growing along ponds, rivers, lakes, swamps and in many other damp places.
The Legend of the Derbik
The legend is also interesting, that the plakun-grass grew out of the tears of the Virgin Mary, which she shed during the torments of Jesus.
But skeptics say that such a name comes from a natural mechanism for ridding the plant of excess moisture. That is, in the morning you can see water droplets (like tears) running down the grass.
Ivolist derbennik - has a long stem of about 80-150 cm, some varieties reach a height of two meters. The stem has a tetrahedral shape.
The root is woody, thick and creeping. The leaves are oblong, up to 10 cm long. The spikelike inflorescences consist of a large number of star-shaped flowers.
After ottsvetet, fruits appear in the form of a box, with small seeds.
Blooms pot from July to August.
The main advantages of the idiot
This is a medicinal plant
As mentioned above, it is not used on an industrial scale, but official and traditional medicine welcome the use of this plant. It should be noted that all parts of the plant are used. It is used for frequent headaches, urination problems, catarrhal diseases and dental problems.
Natural, resistant food coloring of yellow color is made of roots and flowers.
Tannery roots contain tannins. The use of these substances is widespread in the fishing industry.
Networks are saturated with substances and they do not rot.
Honey resembles amber. And the taste is pleasant and tart.
Lythrum salicaria - so in Latin, sounds wolf hawk. It is also called willow, due to the similarity of the shape of the sheets. A distinctive feature is a stalk covered with a hard down.
And the leaves in the summer are green, and in autumn they become red. This is the most unpretentious view, able to withstand the most severe weather conditions.
We will consider the most popular varieties of this species.
Robert - one of the most compact varieties in height reaches 50-60 cm. It blooms with unusual flowers - coral, closer to the salmon-red color.
Vortex (Swirl) - Designers love this brand for its lightness and translucency. Flowers have a gentle pink-lilac color. With the help of this variety they create volume in garden compositions.
Lady sackville (Lady Sackville). Textured and tall bush. Flowers purple-crimson. Gardeners usually use it in the background of the whole garden composition.
Blush. Similar to the previous variety, only the flower has a gently pinkish tint.
Gypsy blood (Zigeunerblut). The height of the perennial about 120 cm. Very bright and green foliage, and the flowers have a purple-pink color.
Morden pink. The cream shade of pale pink color creates an amazing atmosphere in the front garden. Plant height approximately 1 meter.
Fire candles (Feuerkerze). Dense foliage of dark green color, well combined with dark shades of pink.
As we understand, this is just a small part of the variety of varieties of ivolist green sticks. Breeders are intensively working on breeding new varieties, with a wide variety of color options.
Lythrum virgatum - so in Latin the rodent jerk sounds. More demanding on the soil, therefore, distributed in the Altai. Slightly lower than the silly stinker, but with all this more luxuriant and bright inflorescences.
Consider the most common varieties.
Pink gem (Rosy Gem). It is characterized by a high and beautiful inflorescence, bright pink.
Helen (Helene). The height of the plant is about 50 cm. The inflorescence has a purple shade of saturated color.
Purple drop (Dropmore Purple). This is the most frost-resistant variety of this representative. From mid-June to the end of August, it pleases with beautiful mandgent flowers.
This is a universal plant that blooms the whole summer. It is widely used in home gardens, and professionals in the design of landscape designs.
Creating favorable conditions for growth
Now consider each factor separately.
Derbennik does not tolerate dry and dense soils. As well as soil with a high content of nitrogen and alkali. Peat soils are ideal (10 buckets of top peat per 1 square meter).
Lavender plakun, preferably planted both on the banks of reservoirs and in shallow water (approximately 10-20 cm.).
But in the case of shallow water, humus and the upper dense layer of clay are used, which ensures the preservation of humus. Recently, new varieties have become less capricious to the composition of the soil, but it is desirable to prepare the soil.
It is advisable to choose lighted or slightly darkened places. The most important requirement for a landing site must be well protected from the wind.
If you planted a bush on the shore, watering is not required, and if in the front garden, you should water it as the topsoil dries. It is enough to water once a week. Loosen the earth around the derbens, it is necessary to carefully, so as not to damage the surface roots.
In the summer, it is recommended to fertilize with ashes, humus and compost. If these components are not available, use complex fertilizers with a minimum nitrogen content. In the spring it is also necessary to feed fertilizers.
Carry out the winter, when fully faded. Pruned or at the root, or leave the stems 10 cm high. During the season, you can pluck shoots that grow incorrectly. Also use the method of shaping the bush.
In the spring, cut off all the shoots at a height of 20-30 cm. As a result, you get a spherical bush. The plant is not covered for the winter.
Diseases and pests
The biggest danger is aphid. Insecticides are not recommended, as it is a honey plant.
There is a proven folk remedy. A decoction of onion husks, garlic, tomato leaves or citrus peel.
Ivolist green lythrum and its healing properties
You just can not imagine how this plant is rich in various substances and vitamins. So, the seeds contain glycoside Liturin and alkaloids.
They are collected in the fall. The roots contain saponins and tannins. Collect the same in the fall. Flower panicles contain anthocyanins, begin to collect during the flowering period.
Wide range of use in herbal preparations. Included in the herbal tea, which is used for depression and hysteria. Fresh leaves stop the bleeding within a few minutes after applying the cut.
Derbum broth is added to the water when bathing babies. It soothes and relieves seizures.
Connoisseurs use herbal with:
- Migraine and depletion of the body.
- Catarrhal diseases.
- Disorders of the stomach.
- Bowel disease.
Properly dried and timely harvested Ivistina stalker retains all its beneficial properties.
Medicinal herbs are never dried in the sun. For them use slow drying in the draft and in the shade. Drying should be about 2 weeks. Dry grass with proper collection and storage retains all the benefits for 3-4 years.
Recipe No1. Decoction for the treatment of skin ulcers and open wounds
We take the crushed dry roots (1 teaspoon), mix with a glass of boiled water. Boil the mixture for 10 minutes on very slow fire. After cooling in the pan for one hour. We filter broth. It is applied several times a day to wash wounds.
Recipe No2. Migraine tincture
We take a dry, crushed stalk of derbennik and pour 96% of highly pure alcohol in a proportional ratio of 1 to 10. Into a jar with a tight lid, inject a tincture, mix well, close. We remove the jar in a dark place. The bank should be shaken off several times a week. Six months later, the tincture is ready.
Half an hour before meals take 30 ml. tinctures. Only it must be diluted with water in the ratio of 1 to 3. If not diluted, it is possible to burn the esophagus, due to alcohol.
Recipe No3. Decoction of diarrhea
We take dry stalks and leaves of plakun-herbs (3 tablespoons). Pour into a metal container, pour 200 ml. boiled water and stir.
Prior to this, you should prepare a water bath, put the container and cook there, about 20 minutes. After that, remove the tincture, cover with a tight lid and wrap in a blanket. We leave, infuse a couple of hours.
The daily dose of this broth 250ml. We divide this dose into 3 equal volumes and use it 3 times a day. And at any time before, after or during the meal.
Recipe No4. Tincture of respiratory diseases
Pour dry finely chopped flowers of the cravat (1 tablespoon) into an ordinary cup and pour one cup of boiling water over it. Top cover with a plate or saucer and set aside for 1 hour. Then it should be filtered.
Consume 1 tablespoon before meals. The course of treatment is about 5-7 days.
You should be sure to know that the lymphum narrows the arterial vessels, which leads to an increase in pressure. The use of this herb is possible only after consulting a doctor.
Also at risk are people exposed to:
- Rapid blood clotting.
- Chronic constipation.
- The formation of blood clots.
What and how to feed the weeping grass
To plakun-grass was enough nutrients, it is necessary to replenish the reserves of organic and mineral substances in the soil. Plants will feel very comfortable if the soil around them is mulched with organic residues.
The best means for this would be humus, peat or compost. They will not only help to achieve a consistently high content of mineral substances in the soil, but also perfectly maintain stable soil moisture. Mulching is best done immediately after planting and every year in early spring.
You can feed and mineral compounds, observing the flow according to the instructions. Хороша подкормка сульфатной нитрофоской: берут 1 столовую ложку на ведро воды и поливают кусты под корень, разделяя ведро раствора на 4-5 кустов.
- To obtain the maximum number of flower shoots stalk can be fed with any fertilizer for garden flowering plants.
- This can be done in the summer, when the plants are already blooming.
- The only thing you need to remember is that the jig does not like a lot of nitrogen in the soil! Unlike other plants, the excess of nitrogen in the soil does not lead to growth stimulation, but to wilt shoots. Therefore, feeding must be chosen with a low content of this element.
Preparing the hob for winter
How the winter over the pot hangs up grass photo
Root is a frost-resistant plant. For wintering in the middle band, bushes of plakun-grass do not need to be covered. Horticating the idiot with dry leaves or sawdust is not a necessary measure to save the plant in winter. They perfectly maintain average frosts even without snow.
The division of the bush When to transplant the junk?
How to propagate the jerk by dividing the bush
The simplest way of breeding the junk is the method of dividing the bush. This work can be done in the fall and early spring. Root rhizome is quite powerful and woody. For reproduction, it is necessary to dig and divide the root into pieces with a sharp garden tool.
- It is necessary to divide the root into two - three large parts with roots and shoots.
- To divide the rhizome into small pieces does not make sense. These delenki are very weak, will adapt for a long time and may absolutely not be adopted.
Since the process of breeding the idiot by dividing the bush requires a lot of time and effort, they often resort to a simpler method - cuttings of root processes. The shoots are separated along with the heel-piece of the root. They are very well taken in wet ground, if covered with transparent bottles or cans.
Sowing in open ground
Gutlets are easily propagated by self-sowing. But you can help them in this. The easiest way is to plant seeds directly into the ground. Sow seedling is recommended in the fall to ensure better rooting of future plants. Sub-winter sowing allows the seeds to undergo a natural stratification, to wake up earlier and to rise in a friendly manner when the onset of heat.
- Prepare a bed, let the land settle.
- They make shallow rows, sow less often, embedding depth - 1-2 cm, distance in the row - 5-8 cm.
- Between the rows - 15-20 cm.
- Grown up plants are seated, leaving 30-50 cm between the bushes.
Growing seedling idlebot
Seedlings of Gadfly photo
If you need seedlings, you can plant seeds in the spring at home.
- Sowing is carried out from the end of January to the beginning of April.
- For this fit loose, nutrient substrate.
- Before sowing, the seeds can be held for a couple of weeks in the fridge, mixed in damp earth. Such stratification improves germination.
- Seeds are scattered on the soil rarely, lightly sprinkled with a layer of soil and covered with a film. Periodically the greenhouse must be opened and sprayed with water.
- The optimum temperature for germination from +15 to +18 degrees.
- Plants are germinated to this third leaf, and then transplanted into separate containers.
It is possible to plant seedlings in the ground only when the time comes for the complete absence of spring frosts. The distance between the bushes should be at least 30 cm, so that the grown plants do not interfere with each other. In addition, it must be remembered that plants grown in this way will bloom only in the second - third year after sowing.
Derbennik in landscape design: a selection of photos
Lythrum derbennik willow in landscape design photo
Lilter Ivolithic Plakun grass in the landscape photo
Lashbird in the garden photo mixborder
Blossom Idler grass weeping grass photo
Flowers lostrum planting and care photos of weeping grass
Planting and care for wolfbush stump
To grow a beautiful bush, provide him with:
Derbennik does not tolerate drought. In nature, it grows on the banks of rivers and lakes, it can easily withstand even temporary flooding of the roots. It can grow in partial shade, but will not look so impressive. And in the shadows will wither. The rest of the loot is very unpretentious. This is a great choice if your site is wet and wet ground.
Gadfly likes fertile rich soil. If your site has poor or too dense dry soil, add peat into it at the rate of 10 buckets per 1 square meter. m. So you:
hold water in it. Peat well accumulates moisture, giving it as needed.
Planted plants at a distance of 0.5 m from each other. After planting, each bush must be watered properly.
Caring for idiot is simple.
If the bush does not grow on the shore of the reservoir, water it more often. Grouch the ground in the basal circle to retain moisture in the soil.
Loosen the ground regularly, but not deep enough so as not to damage the roots.
Feed before the flowering and during it. The plant needs organic fertilizers, magnesium and potassium. Nitrogen loot does not like.
Trimming is optional. Derbennik does not overgrow, therefore it is enough to remove diseased and dried branches. Pruning is needed only if you want to give the bush a certain shape.
All members of the family Derbennikovye outwardly very similar. There are about 30 species, in Russia you can find no more than 10 species. Under favorable conditions, the grass stalk grows into a wide shrub. It prefers to sprout along the banks of rivers, on the wet soils of marshy places, flooded meadows.
Dark leaves of elongated shape sprout densely on a straight stalk. In the characteristic description of the flowers of the cravat, attention is paid to the stellate shape of small flowers of bright crimson and pink shades, which are located tightly on the paniculate spikelike inflorescence.
The root system is tree-like, creeping, surface, shallow.
The flowering period of the idiot is June - September.
The most widespread are the stalk of the ivolist and prutovidny, not having special decorative distinctive features.
Perennial flower idiot fits perfectly into various garden compositions. It is used as an ornamental plant for ponds and gardens. In its natural environment, the plant mainly grows along ponds and reservoirs. It prefers moist soils, but it also feels good when the soil dries out.
Derbennik has established itself as a grassy plant for open ground.
The special value of plakun - herbs are excellent melliferous qualities. Honey turns yellow, with an amber shade, transparent, fragrant, with a pleasant tart taste.
Types and varieties
The willow-wood stalker prefers wet meadows and fields in Europe and Asia. The height of the bush is 80-140 cm, the stem of the peduncle is straight, mostly vertical. The leaves are straight lanceolate, in the period of flowering green shade, and in the autumn period - red. Flowers - stars, small, up to 1 cm in diameter, collected in dense spikelike inflorescences, with a red and purple hue.
The flowering period is June-August. The seeds are small, formed after a period of flowering and are an elongated rounded box.
“Pink pearl” - one of the brightest representatives of the most common varieties of waddle. A distinctive feature of this perennial frost-resistant plant is dense erect paniculate and spikelike inflorescences of bright purple-pink star-shaped flowers. The leaves are elongated, densely germinate from the rhizome. The species grows to 100–120 cm. Under favorable conditions, it expands widely, forming large clumps. Feels comfortable, sprouting in one place. In the cold period of time does not require special care. At the end of autumn it is necessary to remove the entire above-ground part.
Derby “Pink Pearl”
Grade Derbennika "Robert" - a low compact shrub up to 60 cm in height. The color of flowers is bright red.
The variety of idiot stalker blanche “Blanche” has a high growth. The shade of flowers is soft pink. Compared with other species, inflorescences are not as bright and saturated.
Variety Derbennika "Lady Sackville" - a fairly tall plant, perfect for creating garden beds. Because of its height, it looks beautiful along fences of walls. Flowers crimson color.
Gumbo berth is a very unpretentious light-loving plant. Feels quite comfortable even in dry ground. The flowering time is July - August; it grows to 120 cm. The most widespread in the natural environment is observed in the temperate climatic zone of Europe and Asia. In comparison with the wolfberry idiot, the colors of the flowers are brighter, more saturated, pink and crimson shades prevail. The inflorescences are not so tight, the stem branches. It does not require special care in the winter time, it is sufficient to snow up tight enough to preserve the root system.
In comparison with the wolfberry idiot, the colors of the flowers are brighter, more saturated, pink and crimson shades prevail. The inflorescences are not so tight, the stem branches. It does not require special care in the winter time, it is sufficient to snow up tight enough to preserve the root system.
The most famous varieties:
- The Rocket - height of a bush is 60 - 80 cm, blossoms brightly - pink flowers,
- Dropmore Purple - bush height up to 1 m, flowers gently purple - pink color,
- Helene is a compact bush 50 cm tall with a purple-pink shade of flowers,
- Modern Gleam - bush height up to 90 cm, flowers of rich crimson color,
- Modern Pink - bush height up to 1 m, with fuchsian-pink flowers,
- Rose Queen - a small bush up to 70 cm in height, flowers of pink color, with a purple shade.
Prutovnik gadfly can be found in the steppes and meadows along the banks of rivers, on the edges of forests. The plant population in Russia is greatly reduced, and therefore, Derbennik is listed in the Red Book.
Care and cultivation
Special conditions for the active growth of the plant is not required, because the stalk is a cold-resistant, perennial perennial plant. It is able to take root on any soil, however, to form a lush and long-flowering bush, it is recommended to plant the plant in bright, wet places. For good growth and abundant flowering, a well-moistened soil enriched in nitrogen-containing fertilizers is suitable. The bush grows comfortably and densely in summer in stagnant water at a depth of up to 30 cm.
When the plant blossoms, the dry peduncles are cut, the green part is either removed or left until spring.
Because of its good frost resistance, the trash cannon does not require additional shelter for the cold period of time, it is good enough to cover it with snow. In winter with little snow, avoiding the possibility of frostbite of the root system, it is better to cover the plant.
When choosing a top dressing, preference is given to nitrogen-containing fertilizers, while its excess in the soil leads to the inhibition of the plant.
It prefers moist soil, therefore it is recommended to water the roots 2–3 times a month and to prevent the soil from drying out. Constant loosening and destruction of weeds have a beneficial effect on the growth and flowering of the bush.
Transplantation and reproduction
There are three ways of breeding stalker:
- vegetative division of the bush.
Cherenkov way the easiest and widely used. To propagate the shrub using radical cuttings, cut at the beginning or middle of summer. After planting the cuttings in the ground monitor soil moisture. In the period of growth in cuttings of the root system, they need constant care: watering, loosening, fertilizing. In the autumn, before frost, the stalk is planted in the place of the future flower bed.
When the vegetative method of reproduction will require considerable skill and patience, since the separation of part of the rhizome is a very difficult task. In an adult bush, the roots are stiff, therefore, in order to separate them, you will need an ax. Experienced gardeners are advised to resort to the method of vegetative propagation of plants only with young bushes.
Seeds of willow gumboa harvested after flowering season.
Growing seedling stalker
Growing seedlings from seeds is carried out in the middle of winter or early spring, by planting in the ground. Favorable temperature for sowing and germination of seeds is + 12 ... + 17 degrees. The first shoots will appear in a month. Creating young shoots of greenhouse conditions is necessary for a good growth of healthy shoots. Planting in open ground is carried out in May. When the seedbed is multiplied by seeds, the first arrows with flowers can be seen in 2 - 3 years.
The use of Derbum in traditional medicine
Willowbill sodden has long been known for its medicinal properties. It is actively used in the treatment of folk remedies. A wide range of medicinal plants makes it a truly unique and valuable natural resource.
The use of derbenum is recommended for diseases of the digestive system, nervous disorders, with the defeat of the skin. The plant is most in demand as a hemostatic, fortifying, wound healing, anti-inflammatory, soothing, antiseptic, diuretic. Well proven in the treatment of respiratory diseases, headaches, dysentery, epileptic seizures, toxemia, rheumatism and other diseases.
Drinks from leaves and flowers of the plant have tonic properties, as well as a pleasant aroma and slightly astringent taste.
As a therapeutic tool using all parts of the plant: roots, stems, flowers, leaves. The plant is rich in vitamins, flavonoids, glycosides, trace elements, essential oils, organic acids and other nutrients. In addition, the root system is rich in tannins (tannin).
The stem and leaves are cut off before flowering, the flowers are in the active phase, and the roots are harvested after flowering.
After collecting the roots of the plants are washed and separated from the rest of the bush. All components must be completely dried in a well-ventilated area.
Application in landscape design
Bright saturated colors, unpretentious temper and long flowering make the dongs a great companion in the design and creation of landscape design. Most often it is used in compositions with muted cold blue tones of such plants as agastache “Blue Fortune”, snow traps, catnies, mordovniki, geraniums of the varieties “Brookside” and “Rosanne”. Saturated colors look great with mountaineers, Chinese astilba, “Lemon Queen” heliantus, centered. Excellent garden solutions are obtained with a combination of various barberry shrubs, forelock, turf, bladder.
The use of the crater of different types, heights and colors in landscape design allows you to create excellent garden solutions. In combination with the Japanese spiraea, the garden will sparkle with bright hues ranging from soft pink to a rich crimson color. The highlanders, daylilies, asters of the varieties “Prince”, “Lady in Black”, “Horizontalis” will complement the flower garden well with the sodlet well.
Many garden landscape designers recommend diluting bright tones with more gentle, calm shades. A smooth transition from the bright spots of “burning candles” to calm pastel colors will give the flower garden a more serene, calm look. In this case, an excellent solution would be the use of the “Picta” and “Luteopicta” fararis, the Chinese “Purpurlanze” astilbe, the venice forest of the sharp-flowered “Karl Forster”.
Lovers of traditional medicine will be a good option to organize a “medicinal flower garden”, where, in addition to the jug, oregano, mint, valerian, tarragon, echinacea are planted, gorgeous, burned-dried, gravilat.
Excellent combination and attract many beautiful butterflies motherwort, lovage, horse sorrel, monard. These plants not only decorate the garden, but also bring amazing aromas, attract beneficial insects such as bees and bumblebees.