Rosa Bonika was able to get her wonderful life in 1981, she was engaged in selection at the time of Meiyan, since this plant has become one of the most popular and often used in the design of various gardens. It is simply incredibly popular, thanks to not only fairly rapid growth, but also abundant, very long flowering. If you try to describe the plant briefly, it is safe to say that Rosa Bonica 82 is a very unpretentious plant, it almost never affects pests.
Characteristics, the description of the Bonik rose is an important part of the knowledge that will be useful to you in the cultivation of this wonderful plant.
Rosa Bonica - plant description
The bush of the plant is relatively large, spreading, as a rule, the rose reaches a height of not more than 2 meters. This mainly depends on the climatic conditions in which it is planted. The rose looks very beautiful and attractive, especially after pruning in the spring.
If we talk about the period of flowering plants, it is quite long, it takes time from the beginning of summer until the very autumn inclusive. But abundant and long flowering is considered the first.
The leaves are usually located on very strong shoots, they are leathery, have a green tint, you can see a reddish tint at the very base. If the flowers dry up, they must be cut off, as a rule, a large number of fruits with a red tint are usually formed on them.
Depending on how you will be pruning, you can carefully form the plant itself, not only as a bush, but also a groundcover. The variety of roses Bonik is considered to be cold-resistant enough, and to cover it for the winter, you can prikopat only the lower part of your bush. Park reddish red roses - a great solution as a gift for a girl.
Lighting and location
The lighting and location is also one of the important factors that can affect the plant in the future. To bloom was exuberant, the plant itself just needs sunlight. The rose can bloom beautifully even in partial shade. Be sure to place a ventilated, the air in any case should not stagnate. If you plant a plant in a place where air stagnates, as well as high humidity is present, black spots may form on the leaves. And it hurts the decoration of your plant.
The choice of soil - take care of this. This plant is considered to be perennial, and the roots are deep enough to penetrate the earth itself, for this reason it is necessary to carefully prepare the soil for planting itself and thoroughly.
It is very important that the soil is light enough and also has low acidity. If we talk about the fertile layer, then it must be at least 50 centimeters. Good soil is ordinary loam. If there is a relatively large amount of clay in the ground, it is important to add a small amount of sand in time, this will make the ground lightweight and also breathable.
Beautiful bushes of a pinkish shade just perfectly feel themselves both as planted in whole groups, and one by one. And so that they develop further, it is important to consider the distance between the plantings themselves. Basically it should also depend on the size of your bush.
If the plantings look thick, various fungal diseases can appear, and if they are rare, the earth will simply overheat, and then a large number of weeds will grow.
Caring for Bonika Climbing, as a rule, does not take as much time as you might think at first glance.
Roses are considered quite moisture-loving plants, for this reason they just need careful watering.
Keep in mind that as soon as the buds and the leaves bloom, it is important to try to water the plants abundantly. The fact is that during this period of time, many carry out additional feeding, and water acts as a reliable conductor for various substances. It should certainly be for a long time to stand, and also to have a room temperature. Watering should be carried out once a week, it is enough to pour ten liters under a bush. Water should be poured very carefully, in any case not touching the leaves.
When rainy weather comes, watering should be carried out infrequently, otherwise young shoots will begin to grow. If autumn is very dry, you should water the flowers only once a week, and 5 liters of water for one bush will suffice.
Before the onset of winter, you should without fail pour out three liters of water under the plant. Be sure to carefully loosen the soil, otherwise a crust will begin to form that will simply block the access of oxygen. Do not loosen, you can simply mulch the soil using organic matter.
For a better development, as well as a decorative look, all plants simply need useful substances, and they must certainly receive them in a timely manner.
As the dressings themselves are perfectly suited to various organic fertilizers. These include dung, manure, and ready-made compost. It is enough to add a small amount to the soil in late autumn.
Mineral fertilizers are also an excellent option. It is enough to make water once in three months. They are usually made in the spring in early April, when only the growth of new shoots begins. At the end of summer, in order for the shoots to ripen and also the plants to winter well, it is important to use various fertilizers.
Shelter from the cold
Roses are relatively quickly able to recover after frosts, but if you want garden beauty for a whole year to please you with abundant flowering, and not just one year, you should cover it for the winter period. It is enough to remove all the buds and leaves from the bush, cut off the branches, to pile up the bushes with earth. It is also important to cover the plant in time with the help of oak leaves. As protection, you can use ordinary non-woven material. The necessary cover should be required.
Protection against diseases and pests
In rainy time, spots often appear on the leaves. They do not interfere with the flowering process at all, but are fairly capable of spoiling the look of the plant.
To combat this problem, you should try to remove thin branches that only thicken the bushes themselves. You should definitely add wood ash to the soil to prevent various diseases. The main pest of this variety is aphid. The plant must be carefully shed with warm water, and under strong pressure, and then simply be treated with liquid soap, as well as alcohol.
It is important to know that if you decide to plant lavender near the plant, such a composition will not only look interesting, the fact is that fragrant grass scares aphids perfectly.
We offer to watch a video about Bonika rose:
Bonica 82 - The Pink Dream
This strong long-blooming rose with unique pink petals was bred in 1981 thanks to breeder Meiyan. The abundance of flowering, excellent endurance, strength of growth and beauty helped her to earn the ADR prefix to the title.
From June to October, the Bonica 82 rose will delight you with its tireless flowering. From dark pink buds bloom bush-shaped flowers of double-shaped form of 6-8 cm in diameter. They are collected in thick arms from 5 to 20 pcs. A distinctive feature of Bonika is a rich pink color in the center of the bud and lighter petals at the edges. Gradually intense color fades, and at the end of flowering and completely burns to almost white.
The first bloom of Bonica 82 is particularly impressive and long lasting. Subsequent flowering continues until late autumn, and then the bush is covered with bright red fruits.
The rose forms a dense, rounded shrub up to 1.5 meters high. Straight strong shoots covered with brilliant dark green foliage, slightly reddish at the base. Leathery leaves are less prone to fungal diseases. Depending on the pruning, it can be used both as a shrub and as a ground cover rose.
The best place for bonica rose 82
This beauty only looks like a sissy, in fact, Bonica 82 is a very strong and cold-resistant plant. Therefore, it can be grown even in regions with a harsh climate.
Her pink flowers revive the rose garden. In this case, seedlings should be planted on 5-6 pieces. per square meter. In the mixed flowerbed, Bonika will become the main color accent around which other plants should be planted. Like a shrub rose, it looks great in a solo landing on a flower bed. Bonica 82 is also perfect for decoration of a hedge of medium height (distance between bushes 80 cm) and for framing garden paths.
Rose Bonica 82 can be called universal, because she gets along well with any partners. Herbaceous perennials (especially with silver and gray foliage), clematis, summer-flowering plants with blue, white and violet flowers will be great companions for her. No less impressive and charming, it looks in the company of evergreen shrubs and trees.
Planting rules varieties Bonica 82
In regions with a harsh climate, it is better to plant a rose in spring, and with a soft one - in the fall. Ideal planting conditions are sunny with permeable, nutritious soil. The distance between seedlings 60-80 cm.
- Make a hole size 50x50x50cm.
- Water the seedlings before planting.
- In the excavated land, add fertilizer for roses and compost. Put a little bit of this land in the hole.
- Remove the seedling from the pot and place it in the hole so that the earthen room with its roots is flush with the ground.
- Fill the void with earth and make a watering circle.
- Water the plant well.
The author of the rose is Maria-louise meian, representative of the famous family of French breeders. In 1981 she presented a flower with soft pink buds to florists. The following year, the new variety received the German quality mark ADR.
In 2003, the rose lovers community recognized Marie-Louise’s creation as the most revered flower in the world. Beauty and unpretentiousness allowed the plant to win many prestigious awards.
Perennial and frost resistant grade Bonika 82 belongs to the class of floribunda. The height of the bush reaches one and a half meters. Numerous short shoots with small dark green leaves create the impression of a dense plant.
Cup-shaped double flowers with a diameter of 8 centimeters grow with tassels of 10-15 pieces and have a rich pink color in the center and a pale shade at the edges. In the fall, the paints fade and become monochromatic white. Very impressive first blooming in late spring. After a rich autumn flowering bushes are decorated with numerous fruits of a bright red color.
Selection of seedlings
For breeding, seedlings are purchased in stores for gardeners or in specialized nurseries. When choosing bushes pay attention to the development of roses. The plant must have at least three strong, healthy shoots.
Bonika grows well on open and ventilated place Lack of sunlight will lead to poor flowering, and stagnant humid air will cause the development of black spot. In the wetland roses die. The perennial plant has a root system that penetrates deep into the ground. Land preparation on the selected site begins in advance.
It is necessary to ensure that the soil becomes “light” in its composition and has a reduced acidity.
To do this, use the turf ground, sand, clay and lime. Depending on the initial nature of the soil, increase or decrease the amount of one of the components. Permeable loam is a good fertile layer for roses. When planting adhere to a certain order:
- Dug out two days before planting a pit with dimensions 60x60x60 cm poured with water. This is done in order to achieve sufficient soil moisture.
- For the preparation of planting soil using peat and compost in the ratio of 1: 1. In the finished mixture add a special fertilizer for rose bushes, bought in a gardening shop.
- As a drainage material, a layer of expanded clay or small pebbles is poured on the bottom of the pit. A low mound of prepared soil is arranged in the center.
- The root system prepared for planting seedlings carefully inspect and remove damaged parts. The longest roots are shortened to 25 cm so that they fit freely in the pit.
- Before planting, a mash is prepared from clay soil and water into which seedling roots are immersed for some time.
- The plant is set on a mound, straighten the roots and fall asleep soil. To fill the voids the ground is compacted. The initial abundant watering nourishes the roots with moisture.
When planting consider the following nuances. Place inoculations bush bush 5 cm below ground level. If the rose multiplied by cuttings, the seedling is planted a little deeper to form additional roots.
Bonik Rose Growing Operations easy and take a little time. In the summer period - this is top dressing and timely watering. With the onset of cold weather plantations are prepared for winter. Heaped bushes covered with spruce branches and insulating material. If the rose is cultivated in the southern regions, where there is no strong frost, it is limited to laying brushwood around the trunk.
10 liters of water for each bush are considered to be the norm of watering. weekly. During the blooming of buds, as well as during flowering, the amount of fluid increases. If it is a dry summer, the roses irrigate twice a week. Abundant moisture is necessary for the plant also after fertilizing with fertilizers.
The best time of this operation is the first half of the day. In this case, the water should settle and have an ambient temperature. Watered the rose at the root, and the leaves are trying to leave dry. Earthen roller around the bush will not allow moisture to spread to the side.
Loosening after watering does not allow an earth crust to form that interferes with the air exchange of the root system with the environment. Mulching with organic matter replaces tillage. In the fall, the amount of water during weekly irrigation is reduced to 5 liters under a bush. This will keep the excess growth of new shoots. Before shelter roses for winter recommended to conduct intensive watering at the rate of 30 liters for one plant.
For rose bushes to be healthy and to delight the eye with violent flowering, it is necessary to feed up plants:
- Organic fertilizers - chicken manure, manure, compost - they lay in the soil in the fall. Over the long winter, these substances will saturate the earth, and with the onset of warm days, waking up rose bushes will receive additional feeding.
- Full complex of mineral fertilizers, which is applied to the soil in spring. It helps to form buds, promotes the development of shoots and provides colorful flowering.
Pruning bush spend in the spring. First of all, dry and frozen branches are removed. Shoots directed to the middle of the bush will interfere with the ventilation of the plant. They are also removed. The remaining stems are shortened by a third. The decorative pruning of Bonika 82 gives the bush the shape the gardener needs.
Fighting enemies of the rose
In the period of rainy weather on the leaves of a beautiful flower may appear dark pointsthat spoil the look. This disease, caused by excessively humid air, is called black spot.
The affected leaves are cut and burned, which prevents the further spread of the disease. Extra shoots are removed so that the inner space of the rose is ventilated. A layer of wood ash on the soil under the bush helps in the fight against infection.
The main pest that threatens Boniki’s health is aphid. The first thing the plants do is to organize a cool shower and wash the insects off the surface of the leaves. Then the roses are sprayed with a solution of liquid soap on alcohol. Seated among the bushes fragrant lavender, whose strong smell will scare away the pest. In addition to this, on the garden there will be a pleasant combination of two colors.
Experienced gardeners characterize the Boniku 82 as a hardy, pretty plant.
The French rose allows landscape design masters to give a fancy when designing gardens and flower beds. Beginning flower growers who do not have many years of practice, boldly begin to grow a wonderful plant and are not afraid to make mistakes. This flower will bring a lot of joy to people who want to create beauty with their own hands.
Posted by admin | Rubric: Roses | 09-04-2015| Rubric: Roses | 09-04-2015
This rose belongs to the group of Floribunda roses. It, like the Angela rose, combines beauty and longest flowering with health and frost resistance. Although of course, compared with Angela, it is not so resistant to powdery mildew, but in relation to black spot it needs constant supervision.
Gardeners Bonica rose 82 is used as a bush, and as a ground cover. The height of a bush, depending on climatic conditions, usually ranges from 80 to 120 cm. At a young age, the bush has a lower main tier, as it were, and during the growing season, long branches covered with flowers brush out of it. Со временем, по мере обрезки кустик выравнивается и приобретает округлую форму. Не отличается обилием листвы. Листья блестящие, кожистые, темно-зеленые.The buds of flowers are dark pink in color, collected in brushes of 5-20 pieces. The flowers are not large, with a diameter of about 5 cm. The color of the flower is in the middle of an intense pink shade, and the extreme petals are pale pink, almost white. As the bud opens, the petals gradually fade in the sun and the whole flower becomes light pink. Flowering begins in June, at first very abundantly, then there is a decline, and in this form the bush blooms through the month of September. If the faded flowers are not removed at the time, in their place there appear fruits of red-orange color, which stick to the bush until spring. In this case, the plant spends a lot of effort on the development of fruits and flowering of course weakens.
Rosa Bonica 82 loves sunny places. In the penumbra, it does not bloom so luxuriantly. The place should be well ventilated. This is one of the ways to prevent black spots, because in rainy weather with stagnant humid air, this disease progresses. The soil should be permeable, fertilized. Stagnant water plant does not tolerate. Twice a season it is useful to fertilize with fertilizer for roses. The first time in the spring after pruning, the second - before flowering. In August, you can make potash fertilizer to strengthen the young shoots before hibernation.
For the winter, the bush should be compacted and covered with brushwood or spruce. You can use covering material such as lutrasil.
Pruning of the bush is carried out in the spring, depending on the decorative purposes to a greater or lesser extent. It is usually recommended to cut the branches to about a third of the length, remove the dry and frozen, growing inside the bush.
For the prevention of black spot should avoid thickening of the bush. First of all, remove thin weak branches that still do not overwinter. The ground around the bush can be sprinkled with ashes. Shrubs for the prevention of processing phytosporin. If black or brown specks appear on the leaves, they should be immediately cut and burned. Sick bush will have to be treated with special copper preparations. And it is desirable to cure it before winter. A sick weakened shrub may not overwinter.
It happens that on the bushes appears pink aphid. This can happen not only with this variety. You can fight with aphids like cases of disease of other shrubs and trees. It is easiest to rinse with a stream of water and treat with a solution of liquid soap with alcohol.
Planting seedlings in open ground is better in spring. At the same time it is necessary to acquire seedlings in pots, so that there are at least three shoots, and not a stunted twig. A hole 50x50x50 cm in size is dug out at the chosen place. A sapling along with a lump of a pot should be buried level with the level of the soil. Cover with a mixture of soil, compost and fertilizer for roses.
Rose Bonica 82 can be used as an accent on a flower bed in the form of a single bush. You can plant a group with an interval of 70-80 cm. It can be used as a curb along the track or as a hedge. It is beautifully combined with clematis, lavender narrow-leaved, wormwood. Looks impressive against the background of boxwood, holly, and other evergreen conifers and deciduous.
Rose "Bonika 82" appeared in 1981. Bred her breeder Meiyan. After that, it became the most popular among gardeners and is often used in landscape design.
Such attention is caused by the fact that the culture grows surprisingly fast, it blooms long and magnificently.
Bonica is a culture belonging to the Floribunda group. All plants of this group are healthy, long-flowering and cold-resistant. Despite the tenderness of rose inflorescences, Bonika is hardy.
It adapts well to the harsh conditions and is not demanding on the condition of the site, even if it is not at all suitable for its healthy growth.
The growth of a bush is influenced by the climatic conditions of Bonik. It ranges from 80 to 120 cm. The base layer of a young bush is lower. In the phase of active growth, it throws to the sides weighty branches covered with flowers. Further, after systematic pruning, the rosebush begins to take a spherical shape.
Greens on a small bush, it is glossy, dark green. Inflorescences can not boast of size. Their diameter is only 5 cm. The middle of a bright pink color, the same petals, which are closer to the edges, are pale pink, almost white.
After full opening of the bud, the petals, fading into the sun, gradually turn white. Then all the inflorescence becomes delicate light pink color. In each brush is from 5 to 20 buds.
The flowering of Bonika is very abundant and occurs at the beginning of summer. By the end of the season, the number of flowers is slightly reduced, but the plant continues to bloom until the end of September.
Fading inflorescences should be immediately cut off.
If they remain, then red-orange berries will be tied out of them, which will last on the branches until spring. Then the flowering will not be so rampant, because the plant will put all their strength and sap on fruiting.
This culture is only at first glance sissy. In fact, Bonika is strong and frost-resistant of all known varieties of roses.
Bonika is a universal variety that gets along in any group of plants. She will make a magnificent tandem with grassy perennials (ideally, with silver and gray foliage). These are clematis, summer flowering crops with blue, white and purple inflorescences. It gives expression and charm to evergreen shrubs and trees.
This plant will bring a lot of joy into the lives of people who want to create beauty with their own hands.
Briefly about a rose
The queen of flowers belongs to the genus of wild rose. There are both wild and bred varieties bred. Grow roses for the first time began in ancient Greece. So, the mention of this plant is found in the "History" of Herodotus, written in the 5th century BC. er Subsequently, the rose became widespread in the gardens of various states. It was perceived as a decorative flower, which at the same time can be used for medicinal purposes. Since the end of the 19th century, roses have been grown all over the world.
History of the origin of the species
Bonik's groundcover rose is a relatively young variety - it was bred about thirty years ago, in 1985. This species belongs to the Floribunda family, obtained as a result of the crossing of tea, nutmeg and polyanthus roses in the early 20th century. In total there are more than sixty varieties of Floribunda.
The unusual name - Floribunda - means “blooming profusely”. It appeared in the middle of the last century and beautifully illustrates the flowers of this variety.
Features of the form
Do not count the enthusiastic reviews of the rose Bonik. Gardeners love her not only for her beauty, but also for the qualities with which this flower is endowed. Firstly, the variety is very resistant to frost, which means it can survive even the harsh Siberian climate. Secondly, it blooms for a long time and abundantly, which is also its undoubted advantage. In addition, Bonika has excellent health and looks equally harmoniously in flowerbeds and containers.
How does a rose bloom
All varieties of the floribunda group are characterized by continuous and abundant flowering. The rose “Bonika” forms a dense bush of rounded shape up to 1.2 m high. Terry flowers form on short shoots with tassels of 3–15 pieces, there can be up to 40 wavy petals in one inflorescence. Roses are small, up to 8 cm in diameter, with thick yellow stamens in the middle. The aroma is soft or completely absent.
The first wave of bright pink buds begins to bloom in June. Flowering lasts about a month. Through time the cupped flowers acquire a light pink shade. So that in the middle of summer red-orange fruits are not formed, it is necessary to remove faded buds in time. After pruning the plant, individual flowers appear that will adorn a spreading bush for a long time.
Closer to autumn, the petals fade in the sun and become almost white. At the root of growing young shoots that bloom all at once later. Fruits for the winter can be left. They will look great on arcuate shoots.
Gallery: Bonika 82 rose (25 photos)
Planting and care
The choice of landing site depends on the characteristics of the variety. Rose "Bonika" can grow and develop both in open ground and in containers. She beautifully draws borders, looks good in the background. Plants of the floribunda family love heat and sunlight. Suitable for planting two year sapling. Rose "Bonika" develops better if grafted on the stock.
Features and rules of landing
Planting plants produced in the spring. First, prepare a pit size 50x50x50 cm, which must be well watered. The soil should be fertile and loose. Shrubs are planted at a distance of 80 cm at the rate of no more than 5 seedlings per 1 square meter. m
To prepare the pit will need:
- half a bucket of fine clay
- 25 g of bone meal,
- 30 g of superphosphate fertilizers.
The rose is planted in a hole, evenly straightening the roots. The graft site is 5 cm below ground level. The roots are covered with earth and sawdust to keep moisture longer.
Watering and feeding
The future beauty of the rose depends on the care. In the first year, in order to form symmetrical branches, it is necessary to pinch the shoots above the fourth leaf. Such activities contribute to the rapid growth and increase in winter hardiness. After pinching the bush is watered with infusion of chicken manure. Before the first flowering, fertilizing with sodium humate is carried out.
In the first year, all tying flower buds are removed, and only by the end of summer, when the process of bush formation is completed, the plant is allowed to bloom. During this period fertilizers are applied, which contain potassium and phosphorus. In autumn, wood ash is useful for roses, in the spring - a solution of urea.
Watering is carried out as the soil dries out about 1 time per week. On one bush enough 10 liters of water. During watering to send water to the leaves and flowers is not recommended.
It is possible to improve the soil structure and avoid annual digging with the help of mulching. For this, a layer of mowed grass or rotted manure 8 cm high is poured. To improve the soil, infusion of nettle or marigold is used.
The main pruning performed in early spring and autumn. Spring pruning affects the formation of the bush, autumn - contributes to the rejuvenation of the plant. Sometimes summer pruning is done. Removed thin, dry and damaged branches. This will ensure continuous flowering throughout the season.
Pruning is strong and medium. It depends on the time for which the rose will recover and forms young flowering shoots. Medium pruning is done on 4–6 eyes.
Strong pruning in spring will lead to late flowering, medium - will help the shoots to develop evenly and, accordingly, lush flowers appear early.
Rules for cutting roses "Bonika 82":
- The upper part is always removed.
- On the bush must be left from 3 to 5 strong shoots.
- The height of the shoot must be at least 10 cm above the soil.
- Lateral branches are shortened by 15 cm from the base.
- Be sure to remove the branches, which are more than two years.
- Completely removed the strong growth of the old branches.