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German medlar (Mespilus germanica)

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  • Medlar. What are the benefits of its fruits?
  • Japanese quince
  • How are exotic fruits useful?

Medlar is a small red-brown fruit, the diameter of which does not exceed three centimeters. Despite the developed sepals, giving the medlar a hollow appearance, the fruits are hard. Inside, in the pulp are bones. Taste fruit astringent, sour. But if you keep it in the cold, then the loquat will be sweet and later it can be used in cooking.

100 g of German (Caucasian) medlar contains 525 kcal., 14 g of carbohydrates, pectin, vitamins A, C, and group B. At the same time, proteins and fats are completely absent. Among the minerals present are potassium, iodine, phosphorus, sodium, iron and others.

The medlar includes a large amount of vitamins and minerals, the lion's share falls on vitamin C. 100 grams of the fruit contains 17.8% of ascorbic acid from the recommended daily intake. Therefore, it is very useful in the offseason. Regular consumption of the medlar strengthens the immune system, helping the body to resist the effects of viruses and infections.

Potassium contained in the fetus has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system, prevents the development of diseases in this area, improves the condition of blood vessels and reduces the risk of blood clots. Medlar fruits can normalize blood pressure and affect the quality of blood clotting. By using the loquat, you can reduce the risk of strokes and heart attacks.

Organic fruits are present in the medlar fruits, they have a beneficial effect on the functions of the liver and blood vessels, and normalize the function of the endocrine glands. In the composition there are tannins with anti-inflammatory and bactericidal effect. The fruits of the medlar have an indispensable benefit in hypofunction, disorders of the nervous system, as well as in the prevention of cancer.

Medlar contains pectin. The main properties of the substance - cleansing the body of decay products, the withdrawal of cholesterol, improve blood circulation and normalize intestinal motility. Calcium, which by itself has a positive effect on the state of bone tissue, and in combination with magnesium, activates and normalizes the functioning of the muscle fibers of the nervous system.

Contraindications to the use of the medlar can be individual intolerance to the substances that make up. It is forbidden to eat fresh fruits suffering from peptic ulcer, gastritis and diseases of the pancreas.

After freezing, the fruits of medlar cease to be sour, lose astringent properties, become sweetish in taste. They can be consumed fresh or processed. Medlar brewed jams and preserves, made compotes and juices, added to the composition of a wide variety of desserts.

Broths are prepared as a medicine. They are useful in the inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, intestinal peristalsis and urolithiasis. Medlar pulp, infused with alcohol, helps to cope with respiratory diseases, is useful during the treatment of bronchial asthma, helps alleviate cough and sputum output.

In medicine

Loquat fruits are eaten and used in the confectionery industry.

The medlar is a very healing fruit and is used in traditional medicine, as well as in cosmetology. German medlar flowers are a good honey plant.

Contraindications and side effects

Fresh loquat is contraindicated in case of peptic ulcer, as well as gastritis with high acidity and pancreatic diseases (especially for unripe fruits). The medlar is given to children very carefully, starting with small doses, to eliminate allergies.

Medlar is introduced into the diet of a nursing woman also with caution, since this fruit can provoke allergic rashes in a child.

In cooking

The fruit of the medlar improve taste after frost or a long layo. Many describe the taste of loquat, similar to applesauce. Fruits can be eaten raw and wet. From the medlar you can make juices, syrups, jams, compotes, jam, stuffing for sweets and cakes, jam, fruit candy, and various soft drinks. German medlar is used as an ingredient in the compositions of various desserts. From the seeds of the fruits of loquat make coffee substitute.

In gardening

Despite the fact that the German medlar is quite hardy (it tolerates cold much better than the Japanese medlar), it still needs a mild climate for good growth. The plant grows best in sunny, dry places with slightly acidic soil, does not like excessive moisture, and from the close standing of groundwater may simply die.

The place for planting a medlar seedling should be well lit, as the amount of light greatly influences the future harvest.

Some gardeners use the medlar German as a low-growth drought-resistant stock for plants of other species - quince, apple and pear.

Under favorable natural conditions, the German medlar can grow up to 8 meters in height, but with artificial garden planting, its height usually does not exceed three meters.

Medlar care is quite simple: moderate watering, timely removal of dry and damaged branches, crown formation, feeding of an adult plant 2-3 times per season, young seedlings more often - 1 time in 3 weeks.

The fruits of medlar ripen in the fall, so pruning is carried out immediately after harvest.

Botanical description

Medlar German - deciduous fruit tree, reaching 4-8 m in height. The root system is powerful, superficial, highly developed. The krone is wide, spreading. The trunk is straight, with gray-brown bark, with a diameter of about 20 cm. The branches are curved. On the branches and trunk of the medlar are small spines. The leaves are elliptical, light green in color, up to 15 cm long, up to 4 cm wide. The leaf plate is smooth from above, slightly pubescent from below. In autumn, the leaves turn bright red, sometimes purple. The flowers are white and pinkish, 2.5-3 cm in diameter, similar to quince flowers. Formed at the ends of the shoots singly. Dissolve in May and June. The formula of the flower of the medlar of Germany is CH5L5T∞P∞ or CH5P5T∞P1.

The fruits of the medlar are of a reddish-brown color, rounded, with a dense skin, about 3-5 cm in diameter, have a peculiar sourish taste. The shape is similar to the hips. In the pulp of the fruit is 5 seeds containing seeds. The fruits are consumed slightly overripe or frostbitten, then they become soft and sweet.

The average lifespan of a tree is 50 years.

Spread

The native land of the German medlar is Northern Iran (Elbrus), southern and southeastern Asia Minor, in particular, a group of bushes was discovered in the Güek gorge (Kopet-Dag), Kolkhida, Girkan, forests of the North Caucasus. It grows in Western Europe (Bulgaria, Greece), Turkey, Iraq, Iran in the lower mountain belt. Most often it grows on open slopes, on forest edges and in the undergrowth of oak and oak-hornbeam forests along the coastal shaft of the Caspian Sea.

Wild medlar can be found on the southern coast of the Crimea, in Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Also, single plants are found in the central regions of Ukraine in garden plantings. Medlar can be found in the suburbs of the major cities of Algeria in the gardens of houses of the colonial time.

Preparation of raw materials

The ripening of the fruits of the German medlar takes place in October-November, and if they are not harvested they overwinter on the branches until the very spring. The loquat is harvested either in the winter after frost or in the spring. The loquat should be kept in a dark, cool place, if possible limiting the contact of the fruit with each other.

Chemical composition

The loquat fruit contains almost all the vitamins (C, A, B1, AT2, AT3, AT6, AT9), minerals (potassium, iron, magnesium, iodine, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, selenium, zinc, etc.) and organic acids (citric, malic). Fresh loquat fruits contain more than 10% of sugars.

Pharmacological properties

Phytoncides and tannins contained in the fruits of the medlar have a positive effect on the course of gastrointestinal diseases, normalizing the work of the intestines, and alleviate pain during the deposition of stones in the kidneys and urinary tract.

Due to the high content of vitamin C and provitamin A (the strongest antioxidant), the fruits of medlar have a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system, normalize blood pressure, improve tissue regeneration and blood clotting. Substances contained in the fruits of the medlar, improve the condition of blood vessels and prevent the occurrence of blood clots. Also medlar tones the entire body, stimulates the immune system, stops premature aging, prevents the development of oncology, the appearance of heart attacks and strokes. Calcium, which is contained in the medlar, has a positive effect on the condition of bones, hair and nails.

Use in traditional medicine

Traditional medicine uses the medlar Japanese to normalize digestion in various intestinal diseases. The slightly unripe fruits of the medlar strengthen, and fully ripened fruits, more precisely, their flesh, is a good laxative, as well as a cleansing organism.

Due to the high content of phytoncides, healers use the plant to eliminate the inflammatory processes of the respiratory tract. Also from the pulp of ripe fruit traditional healers make alcohol tinctures for the treatment of bronchial asthma and other respiratory diseases. The pulp of the fruit, crushed with honey, clears the lungs from sputum, relieves shortness of breath and pain in the heart and lingering cough.

Leaves also have valuable useful properties. For example, infusions and decoctions are also prepared from the leaves, eliminating inflammatory processes in the upper respiratory tract.

Pectins, which are part of the medlar, reduce the level of "harmful" cholesterol, help to bind and excrete toxins, radionuclides, salts of heavy metals and other harmful substances.

The high content of vitamins makes medlar especially valuable for people with hypertension and heart disease.

Literature

1. Bogolyubov A.S., Lazareva N.S., Vasyukova O.V., Zhdanova O.V. Color determinants of plants / Publishing house "Ventana-Graf", 2005, 2007

2. Borzova, IA, Samsel, N.V., Chistyakova, ON Plant morphology. Introduction to the definition of plants: a methodological guide to the practical course. Moscow, Publishing House of Moscow University, 1972.

3. Vekhov V.N., Lotova L.I., Filin V.R. Manual on the systematics of higher plants. Archegonial and monocotyledonous plants: Teaching aid. Moscow, Publishing House of Moscow University, 1986.

Medlar German (Caucasian): properties

Caloric content: 525 kcal.

The energy value of the product Medlar German (Caucasian):
Protein: 0g.
Fat: 0 g.
Carbohydrates: 14 g.

Medlar German (Caucasian) - A plant of the family Pink. Despite this name, Southwest Asia and Southeast Europe are home to these fruits. You can meet the fruit in Armenia, Algeria, Georgia, Crimea and in countries with a similar climate.

Fruits of brown color have a red tint and reach about 3 cm in diameter. The fruit has developed sepals that give it a hollow appearance (see photo). Hard fruits have a sour taste, slightly astringent. To get rid of the viscosity of the fruit must be processed cold. Inside the pulp there are 5 solid seeds.

Beneficial features

The medlar of Germany includes a lot of ascorbic acid, which helps to increase and strengthen the immune system. In addition, vitamin C helps the body resist the effects of viruses and infections. The fruits help to improve the condition of blood vessels and prevent the occurrence of blood clots.

Due to the content of tannins, the fruit of the medlar has an astringent and bactericidal effect. In addition, the fruit is used as a hemostatic and anti-inflammatory agent. There is a German medlar and pectin, which cleanses the body of decay products and removes "bad" cholesterol. Thanks to pectin, blood circulation and intestinal motility are improved.

In addition, there is potassium in this fruit, which has a positive effect on the activity of the cardiovascular system and thus prevents the onset of diseases of these organs. There is a medlar Caucasian and calcium, which has a positive effect on the condition of bones, hair and nails. Considering the magnesium content, the fruit favorably affects the functioning of the nerves and muscles.

Still worth saying that the fruits have the ability to normalize blood pressure and improve blood clotting. This reduces the risk of strokes and heart attacks, as well as cancer. There are Germanic and organic acids in the medlar, which favorably affect the activity of the liver, nervous system and blood vessels. In addition, the fruits improve the function of the endocrine glands, so it simply needs to be eaten during hypofunction.

Use in cooking

If the fruits of the medlar Germany to collect after the frost, the fruit will have a sweet taste. Given this, the fruits can be eaten fresh or in processed. From the fruit is prepared syrup, jam, jam, etc. In addition, the fruits are great for making various drinks, for example, juice, compote, etc. Another fruit loquat German is part of the various desserts.

The benefits of medlar German (Caucasian) and treatment

The benefits of the medlar fruit of the German (Caucasian) is due to the rich composition of trace elements and vitamins. Given this, it is recommended to include these fruits in the diet of people who suffer from hypertension, diabetes and asthma. Fruit is useful in the treatment of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. In addition, the fruits contribute to the removal of stones from the kidneys and improve the condition with colic. With regular consumption of the medlar fruit of Germany, digestion is improved, and the vessels and liver are cleaned.

They use Caucasian medlar fruit and in traditional medicine, for example, unripe fruits have a fixative effect, and ripe, on the contrary, laxative. Decoction made from unripe fruits and seeds, it is recommended to use for inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, bloody diarrhea and urolithiasis. The pulp of ripe fruit is used to make tincture on alcohol, which is useful during the treatment of bronchial asthma and other problems with the respiratory system. This fluid has the ability to alleviate coughing, phlegm and improve the overall condition of the body.

Plant description

Loquat tree has a beautiful wide spreading crown. The root system of this plant is superficial and well developed. The trunk of this tree is not thicker than twenty centimeters in diameter, covered with gray-brown bark. The leaves are oval-shaped, dark green in color, up to fifteen centimeters long and up to four wide. In autumn, the leaves change their color to red. The tree blooms with white flowers that have five petals and appear in late spring. Fruits appear several months after the start of flowering.

This plant needs a mild climate. Therefore, with the best frost-free conditions for itself, this tree can grow up to eight meters maximum, but in most cases it reaches four meters. The life cycle of a tree is fifty years.

The fruit of this tree is brown with red and red tinges, which have a diameter of about four centimeters. The fruit has a rounded shape. Inside the fruit is a lot of seeds. Bottom of the fruit attached attached sepals attached, giving the fruit a hollow shape. Externally, the fruits of this tree resemble the hips and hawthorn. By the way, the loquat is a close relative of hawthorn and has much in common with it in the food and medical sense.

The fruits of this tree are hard, sour and slightly astringent in taste.. These fruits become suitable for food only after being treated with cold or after long-term storage, after which they decrease slightly in size, begin to wrinkle, become softer and sweeter.

It was brought by the Romans to Germany. Therefore, despite its name, the medlar German originates from South-West Asia and South-Eastern Europe. In the wild, this tree is found on the southern coast of the Crimea, in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, South Ossetia. Also, this tree can be found in some central regions of Ukraine, despite the rather harsh climate.

The medlar German externally looks like ordinary cherry plum. There are more than thirty types of loquat, but usually only two are common in planting: the German medlar and the Japanese medlar. And although they are relatives, belong to different genera. These two types of trees are very different from each other.

Medlar japanese distributed in Southeast and South Asia, the Himalayas. Homeland - Japan and China, where the bush grows on the mountain slopes.

The medlar Japanese is an evergreen tree with large leaves and orange and yellow fruit. Its fruit is much larger than that of the German medlar. It blooms from September to November, and in June gives fruit. Japanese variety is not suitable for cold climates. Frost is destructive for her. The taste of its fruit resembles a pear.

Composition and medicinal properties

The fruits of this tree are very rich in vitamin C, which strengthens the immune system well and acts as an antioxidant. Дефицит этого витамина может привести к анемии, так как витамин С помогает организму усваивать такой микроэлемент, как железо, которое является важным компонентом крови. Также витамин С помогает препятствовать образованию тромбов.

Medlar is having preventive anti-cancer effect on the body. It contains vitamin K that promotes blood clotting. Vitamin A and E helps the health of the skin. Also in its composition is vitamin B. Vitamins of group B are involved in the metabolism at the cellular level and help the brain and central nervous system.

The medlar leaves are especially useful, as they contain a large number of biologically active substances that have a beneficial effect on the body. Useful substances in the leaves strengthen the body's defenses and help in the fight against diabetes, vomiting, diarrhea and depressive states.

The substance amygdalin has anti-cancer effect and promotes the removal of harmful substances from the body. This berry contains iodine, zinc, selenium and manganese, which are responsible for immunity, thyroid, adrenal glands and pancreas. As well as calcium, which strengthens the bone system and has a positive effect on the condition of hair and nails. The content of magnesium in this fruit has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the nervous and muscular systems.

In addition, this fruit contains tannins, due to which the berries have wound-healing, anti-inflammatory and hemostatic properties. The medlar fruit helps to improve the composition of the blood and remove cholesterol from the body due to the presence of pectin.

Medlar German is used in the treatment of diseases:

  • Hypertension,
  • Diabetes,
  • Asthma,
  • Urolithiasis disease,
  • Inflammatory processes of the gastrointestinal tract,
  • Bronchitis,
  • Diseases of the lungs.

Contraindications

Do not eat these fruits fresh with gastritis, when increased acidity, and with an ulcer. They are also contraindicated in diseases of the pancreas. Since they contain a large amount of vitamins and trace elements, they can cause an allergic reaction in children and adults.

Use in other industries

Medlar is used in cosmetology. Extract from the leaves of this plant helps in the fight against skin rashes, it copes well with various inflammations and perfectly tones the skin. Based on this plant, creams are made that increase the firmness and elasticity of the skin.

Medlar fruits have a fragrant apple flavor and are consumed not only fresh. They make delicious compote, syrup, jam, jam, marshmallow, jam, wine.

The unripe fruits, leaves and bark of the medlar of Germany are used for the manufacture of dyes for fabrics and for tanning leather.

This tree is a wonderful honey plant. And also it can be used in landscape design.

Ways to grow and care

This tree is not demanding on the soilbut does not tolerate excessive watering. The tree takes root in sunny places where it could be protected from winds. Medlar propagated by seed, cuttings and grafting hawthorn.

In the seed method of reproduction, the seeds of ripe fruit are used. Before planting, they are placed on the day in warm water, planted in pots of small size, filled with soil mixture. Depth - one centimeter. Caring for this plant is to regularly feed organic and mineral fertilizers several times a season. Also need to conduct regular watering and loosening the soil.

Planting of this plant is made in autumn or spring.. Trees are planted at a distance of four meters from each other. When planting it is better to use fertilizers and bone meal. Then it is necessary to soil the soil with a peat layer about 8 cm thick. When leaving, shallow loosening of tree trunks and regular mulching is recommended. Watering should be done every two weeks for several buckets on each tree. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the branches and cut dry. Pruning should be carried out in early spring.

Observing the necessary rules of planting and cultivation, after four years you can get a beautiful tree that will bear fruit.

As for the diseases of this plant, the main enemies for him are scale insects and black fungus. To cope with these problems is easy, this can help special chemicals. It is also worth carrying out insecticide treatment every season, as wood is often prone to disease.

Medlar German - very beautiful tree, the fruits of which contain a large amount of vitamins and minerals. They are used in the treatment of many diseases and in cosmetology. They also received widespread use in cooking. The bark and immature fruits are used to make dyes, and this tree is also used in landscape design.

Medlar japanese

The plant in the form of a spreading tree up to 8 m in height has rather thin branches covered with dark bark. Oval foliage up to 25 cm long and 7-8 cm wide has a pubescent leathery surface. Leaves grow on small stalks. Paniculata inflorescences bloom in September-October at the ends of the shoots. They consist of white or yellowish flowers with a diameter of 1-2 cm. The heat-loving variety absolutely does not tolerate negative temperatures. By the end of spring the fruits are round or pear-shaped. They are located in clusters of up to 12 pieces. The berries have a juicy, fragrant flesh and bright yellow skin.

  • Tanaka - orange-yellow pear-shaped fruits with pinkish flesh and sweet-sour taste,
  • Champagne - yellow fruits with a fleecy skin and tender pulp,
  • Silas - apricot-like fruits weighing up to 80 g,
  • Frost - variety for home and greenhouse tying large red-brown fruit without tartness.

Medlar German, Caucasian or Crimean

Deciduous plant in tropical conditions can grow up to 8 m in height. Its smooth, strongly branched shoots are covered with dark green oval leaves with a length of 8-15 cm and a width of 3-4 cm. In autumn the foliage turns red. In May, white flowers bloom. The fruits ripen in autumn. They have a rounded shape and reddish-brown color. Inside there is a small amount of seeds. Before the onset of frost, the pulp is tart, sour and hard, and then becomes soft and sweet. View winter hardy and suitable for open ground in temperate climates.

Landing rules

The culture is undemanding to the soil, however, it is better to choose a soil with a neutral reaction. If the groundwater level is higher than 1 meter, it is best to locate the plant on a hill. The level of illumination does not play a special role, but in the light the harvest will be greater.

The medlar Japanese does not require additional soil preparation. For poor soil, fertilizer must be applied. If the soil is rich, you can do without supplements. Since the medlar German and other varieties are not common in Russia, there are no special rules for planting. The only thing that can be noted: the area, which falls on one plant, must be at least 1,5x1,5 meters.

Care features

The medlar Japanese is often affected by the shield, which can be fought in several ways. She likes to live on the branches of shrubs and aphids. With a high content of nitrogen in the soil and frequent irrigation may be a bacterial burn of the roots. During flowering, the plant requires artificial pollination. It is recommended to remove damaged and dry branches and form a crown. Twice per season shrub sprayed with insecticides. You can use "Insegar", "Fitoverm" or "Lepidotsid". Cultivation involves fertilizing from May to September. Benefit bring organic fertilizer.

Growing at home

The medlar Japanese for a long time was used as an ornamental plant for greenhouses, winter gardens and other premises. It is called winter blossom. The plant can be put in a pot or a large rink. Young specimens are transplanted every 2-4 years, and over time they only replace the top layer of soil.

Medlar is very fond of light, so it should be placed in the most illuminated place, under direct sunlight. For varieties that bloom in winter, additional lighting is needed, otherwise the fruit may not tangle.

The optimum air temperature is + 18 ... + 25 ° C. In the summer the pot is exposed to fresh air. It is advisable to protect the plant from drafts and to bring in during cold snap. In winter, it is recommended to lower the temperature to + 2 ... + 5 ° C.

Watered the medlar room often and abundantly. It is desirable that the soil does not dry out at all. In winter, watering is reduced to prevent dampness and the development of rot. Between irrigated land loosened.

Since plants live in the tropics, high humidity is important for them. However, frequent spraying is undesirable for pubescent leaves. It is better to place pallets with water and wet expanded clay nearby. A warm shower is allowed from time to time.

In April-September, the bushes are fed twice a month with organic fertilizer. It is well bred and poured into the soil.

Houseplants often form in the form of a lush bush, tree or bonsai. To do this, hold the pinching and remove excess shoots. Lateral branches are formed weakly and only from the sinuses of the upper pair of leaves. For pruning, the period after ripening and picking is best.

Breeding

  • Medlar Japanese breeds in the spring. In this case, the ambient temperature should reach 16-22 degrees. First, the plant is grown in a greenhouse in the soil of a mixture of sand and peat, in special pots. Shoots can be seen after 10 days.
  • In August-September, the medlar Japanese breeds cuttings. Their length should be 15 cm. Rooting occurs in the sand during the month. You can then transfer to the pot.
  • During the flowering period, watering is often done - every other day. The soil should be wet all the time.
  • The medlar Japanese blossoms from November to January. At this time, appear on it cream or white flowers. In the summer in their place the fruits are tied.

Popular types of medlar for home cultivation

For cultivation at home, it is recommended to choose a varietal medlar, the seedlings of which repeat the best qualities of the mother plant:

  • Frost- the most suitable medlar variety for growing indoors, in a greenhouse or in a winter garden. Due to the low degree of fragility of wood, the plant can be given any shape. Large fragrant fruits, devoid of the tart taste, are colored red-brown and have a high content of vitamins.
  • Tanaka- large yellow-orange pear-shaped fruits reach a weight of 50–80 g. Juicy, fragrant pinkish flesh has a delicate sweet-sour taste.
  • Champagne- for this variety is characterized by large pubescent fruits rich yellow color. Light creamy flesh has a delicate, melting taste and a pleasant aroma.
  • Prime minister- creamy juicy flesh with a delicate sourish taste is peculiar to orange-yellow fruits of this variety.
  • Celes- it is distinguished by brightly colored orange fruits, reaching a weight of 80 g and resembling the taste of apricot.

The fruits of these varieties are not only characterized by high taste, but also perfectly stored and suitable for transportation. If all simple agrotechnical recommendations are observed, even a novice gardener can cope with a fascinating process of growing medlar at home, who in 4–5 years will be able to harvest exotic fruits without leaving home.

Diseases, pests and methods of dealing with them

The owners of this tree, growing it on their plots for many years, argue that the medlar is practically not affected by pests and extremely rarely ill. Possible insect pests (aphid, shield) is destroyed by bioinsecticide solutions (actofid, lepidocide).

Fumigations save the attack of the caterpillars devouring the leaves: sprinkle wet straw on the top with tobacco dust, set it on fire (it is necessary to ensure that the straw does not inflame).

Fungal diseases (spotting, black fungus), arising from excessive humidity in rainy summer and autumn, are sprayed with biofungicides (phytolavin, phytosporin, mykosan).

The prevention of 3% Bordeaux liquid or other copper-containing solutions in early spring (until the buds have dissolved) and in late autumn (after leaf fall) will prevent diseases. Processed trunk, branches of the tree and the soil pristvolnogo circle. Such preventive treatment is necessary for all neighboring trees and shrubs in the garden. Do not forget that fungal and bacterial diseases are carried by insects.

Medlar German unpretentious fruit tree, responding to the attention and proper care of rapid spring flowering, enveloping the garden with delicate aroma, decorativeness of healthy foliage in the summer and many useful fruits in the autumn that can support immunity, saturate with vitamins, to alleviate many ailments of the owner.

Medlar stuffing for pies

Medlar boil in water and rub through a sieve. The flesh is smoothed over low heat, stirring constantly (so as not to burn). Add sugar to taste and boil for a few more minutes (to dissolve the sugar). Cool and shift to a clean jar, close the lid. Keep refrigerated. Use as a filling for pies and pies.

Medlar with honey

This recipe is also very simple. Ripe soft loquat clear and rub through a sieve. Put in a clean jar and add honey to taste. To eat with tea in the bite. This is an excellent tool to strengthen the immune system and cold.

Medlar juice

Medlar juice can be cooked in a pressure cooker, then add sugar to your taste. If there is no pressure cooker, then make the juice for this recipe. Wash the loquat, put it in a saucepan and cover with water (1 liter of water per 1 kg of fruit). Boil until soft, then strain through a sieve, transfer the resulting pulp to the pan (in which it is boiled) and add sugar to taste. Boil another 5 minutes. Ready juice pour on clean banks and roll up.

Loquat and grape compote

Delicious and healthy drink can be prepared from the medlar with the addition of grapes. Wash the fruit and put it in a pot of water. As soon as you boil add sugar to taste and let it boil for 3-5 minutes. Cover the finished compote and let it cool. Pour it into a jar or jug ​​and serve it to the table.

In cosmetology

Creams based on extracts of boletus strengthens collagen fibers and thereby contribute to improving the elasticity and elasticity of the skin. Extracts of medlar leaves help fight skin rashes, tone and refresh sensitive skin.

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