Sometimes beginners confuse the name of this variety and call it debarau, but such a variety is not registered anywhere and therefore does not exist yet. Now we are going to talk about the tomato variety De Barao, which has no flaws and has no flaws.
Characteristic varieties of tomato De Barao
This variety conquered gardeners in the 90s, and many have planted it so far. It has many subspecies of different color and shape of the fruit. The bush is indeterminate, powerful. Can say that bushes of this variety give rich yields stably regardless of weather conditions. Tomatoes are suitable for eating in salads and preservation. Seedlings are easy to grow and you can get up to 20 kg from one bush. tomatoes
The trunk is strong, not fragile, on which are located many leaf plates of tomato type of dark green color. On the bush up to 10 pcs. brushes, each of which has 7 fruits aligned by weight. A variety of late ripening. Cultivate the variety can be both in the greenhouse and in the open field.
Advantages and disadvantages
This variety simply has no flaws, the tomato has only positive qualities:
- Not demanding to care,
- Can be grown in partial shade,
- Frost resistant
- It has a high yield
- It has good resistance to diseases of the tomato type,
- It has a long shelf life.
Types - how do they differ
De Barao is a common name for the variety, but Our breeders have developed many types of these tomatoes, which differ in:
- Fruit shape
- Fruit color
- Flavoring qualities.
115 days from the first shoots are necessary for full maturing. At full ripeness, tomatoes have a pink color and a beautiful presentation.. Positive qualities - frost resistance, shade tolerance, amicable yield of the crop, resistance to diseases.
This subspecies differs from others only in the color of the fruit. They are dark purple-red color weighing 50 grams. The fruits of the Black giant ripen for 115 days. All positive qualities are the same as in other subspecies.
Subspecies variety gives a consistently high yield of up to 6 kg from the bush with proper cultivation. Fruits weigh an average of 110 grams.
Red De Barao
- Shadows well,
- Not sick
- Tolerates lower temperatures
- It has a good yield of fruits.
- Bushes require powerful staining and remove excess leaf mass.
This is a fruitful view of De Barao, since on average, 15-20 kg are collected from a bush in open ground conditions.
- Duration and yield yield,
- Resilience to diseases
- Long shelf life plucked fruit
- Universal tomato application,
- Suffers a slide temperatures.
- Powerful growth requires high and solid support,
- Need pasynkovaniya.
The bush will grow more than 2 m markThe average weight of tomatoes in this class is 150 grams, the color of the tomatoes is red and plum-shaped.
Tomatoes have a wonderful taste and have a golden color of their fruits. The ripening period is 115 days..
De barao golden
- Well tolerate partial rise in the shade,
- Stable big harvest,
- Disease resistance and low temperatures.
- Large bushes,
- A lot of leaf masswhich has to be partially removed.
The maturation period is an average of 125 days. Fruits leveled in shape orange. Productivity makes 12 kg from one bush. Fruits until frost and has the same positive qualities that are inherent in various types of De Barao.
Preparation of material for landing
Seeds should be prepared for planting. The first thing they check for germination. To do this, dilute a teaspoon of salt in a glass of water and carefully stir it in water. In this salt solution, seeds are dipped and those that have surfaced are not suitable for further germination.as there is no life in them. The remaining seeds must be decontaminated and for this they are immersed in a pink solution of manganese potassium for half an hour. Only after these procedures begin planting seeds.
Verification of tomato seeds for germination
When to plant
For sowing in the greenhouse, seeds are sown in prepared containers at the end of February. To get a good seedling at the exit should follow certain rules:
- The tank should be about 12 cm high. and have drainage holes to drain excess water after watering.
- Soil for growing seedlings must be nutritious and loose. It can be purchased at a specialty store, and you can make it yourself, taking everything in equal shares - peat, garden soil, land from a compost pile.
- Seeds are buried to a depth of 1.5-2 cm after which they cover with glass and wait for seedlings for 3-6 days.
- When most shoots are already above the ground, the glass is cleaned and the seedlings are grownby watering and turning it with different sides towards the sun.
- Dive seedlings I do when the sprouts will be on two true leaves and transfer them to 500 grams. cups.
Basic care requirements
This is a prerequisite for the cultivation of tomatoes. They are made weekly and with warm water.to avoid rotting root mass. It is better to water in the evening, so that during the night the plant will have time to drink water.
First dressing The bush is provided 10 days after transplanting - they are fed with nitrogen fertilizers. The second make the formation of buds in time, it should be phosphorus-potassium top dressing and preferably in the liquid state. Overfeeding tomatoes should not be, as it will badly affect the quality of tomatoes.
When and how to harvest
The fruits of De Barao begin to mature 4 months after the seedlings emerge. Fruiting is long and stops only when the temperature drops to minus. Tomatoes can be removed at the milky age, and they will reach normal ripeness during ripening.
Tomato "De Barao": description of the variety
There are a lot of subspecies of the “Be Barao” variety:
"De Barao" - non-standard, indeterminate plant, tall, sometimes up to 4 m. It has a strong powerful stem, a large number of large dark green leaves of an acute form. The number of brushes with approximately 5-7 fruits approaches 10, sometimes more. Fruits until frost nastuleniya.
This variety is late maturing. Resistant to most diseases, including late blight. The variety is frost resistant, suitable greenhouse cultivation and outdoor ground.
The variety was bred by our compatriots for a long time, it was included in the state register of the Russian Federation of varieties for gardeners only in 2000. The yield has been excellent and long, as mentioned above. From one square meter in the greenhouse collect up to 40 kg. In the open field - a little less, depending on the weather conditions at the time of fruit set.
You can compare the yield of a variety with others in the table below:
- It does not require special care,
- resistant to diseases
- fruits are stored for a long time.
There are no flaws. Celebrate neutral taste, with no enthusiastic reviews.
Fruit Description: Fruit weight 70-90 grams, they are oblong. The color of the ripe fruit depends on the variety variety (red, pink, yellow, black). They have a high dry matter content, 2 chambers and a large number of seeds. Stored well due to density, up to 2 months. Excellent transport handling. Green fruits at the end of the growing season can be removed, they will ripen quickly in a warm dark place and lie for a long time.
You can compare the weight of fruits with other varieties in the table below.:
It can be used raw, the shape of the fruit and the fleshy structure is suitable for preparing neat sandwiches, also good in fresh salads. Due to its small size it is used for pickling and salting. When preserved perfectly retain their shape, do not crack. For juice are not suitable, it is very small in the fruit.
Below are pictures of various types of tomato varieties "De Barao":
Features of growing
The variety "De Barao" due to its cold resistance and resistance to stamina can be grown in any regions of the country, both in open ground and in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
Seeds, soaked in a disinfecting solution, are planted on seedlings in a common container (a mini-greenhouse can be used) in mid-March, they pick a picking with the appearance of high-quality leaflets in separate cups.
Picking into separate containers improves the root system of the seedlings. If desired, you can use growth promoters. 60-70 days after planting can be planted in the greenhouse, a little later - in the open ground. How to prepare the soil in a greenhouse for planting tomatoes, read here.
Planting plants in open ground, take care of shelter in case of strong frosts. When flowering tomatoes, you need to decide on the shape of the stem - choose 2 strongest shoots, the remaining stepchildren are removed before the fruit appears every 10 days. At the top leave no more than 8 sheets.
And also about why tomatoes need boric acid.
"De Barao" is very tall plants, they just need tying in order to avoid cracks and damage. For such tomatoes, an individual support is better - stakes or wire (wood) constructions with tying near the root and additional garters as the plant grows.
Tomatoes are watered at the root, abundantly, the water should reach half a meter in depth. Frequent watering is not required, and the water should not be cold. Regularly loosening and mulching.
Also on our website you will find detailed information about fusarium wilting of plants, verticilli and ways to protect against late blight.
The yield and simplicity of tomato varieties "De Barao" is so high that the cultivation is available even for inexperienced beginners.
We offer for viewing a video about the yield of the tomato variety “De Barao”:
In the table below you will find links to other varieties of tomatoes presented on our website and having different ripening periods:
General characteristics of the hybrid
De Barao tomatoes are indeterminant hybrids, and therefore grow very high. Plants have strong and powerful stems, as well as dark green leaves..
The hybrid is perfectly adapted to our climate. These tomatoes tolerate cold and dry air. At the same time, they are able to develop normally even in the shade: they can be planted next to trees or, for example, near walls and fences.
De Barao tomatoes are quite resistant to parasites and diseases typical of tomatoes. But the main thing is their resistance to late blight, which gives gardeners the most problems..
The hybrid is mainly intended for greenhouses, but in warm regions it is grown even in open ground. However, he does not require any special care and gives the summer residents the least amount of trouble.
Most of the varieties of this hybrid belongs to mid-late. The period from sowing seeds to harvest takes about 120 days. During the fruiting period (about 3 months), brushes and ovaries continue to form in tomatoes, so the crop can be harvested until frost begins.
The yield from De Barao is very good. During the entire fruiting season, these tomatoes form more than ten brushes, with about 5–7 fruits forming on each hand.
With proper care, up to 5 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from each bush, and for some varieties, the yield reaches 9 kg from a bush. In the open field, the harvest will naturally be slightly less than in the greenhouse.
Fruits De Barao weigh on average 65−70 grams, but in some varieties the weight of the fruit may be 120 grams and above. Fruits are oblong, oval or egg-shaped. Their color depends entirely on the variety: they can be red, orange, black, and so on.
The fruits of De Barao contain little juice, so they are well stored (up to two months) and do not lose taste. They ripen well: it’s enough to lay them out in a warm room. Tomatoes perfectly withstand transportation, so they are often grown for sale.
De Barao tomatoes are often consumed fresh, for example, in the form of salads. They can also be easily marinated, as they do not crack and retain their shape.
However, these tomatoes have two drawbacks:
- They contain little liquid and are unlikely to be suitable for making tomato juice.
- The hybrid is mid-late and in the middle lane the crop sometimes does not have time to fully ripen. Therefore, the fruits of De Barao often require ripening indoors.
Tomat De Barao red: description
This is an indeterminate late ripe variety of tomatoes, reaching 2 meters in height. The maturation period lasts about 120−130 days.
The fruits of this variety are saturated-red, plum-shaped. The average weight of one fruit is about 90−100 grams, and the yield is about 4−5 kg per shrub. The red variety De Barao has all the advantages of a hybrid: it tolerates cold, drought and late blight.
This grade is suitable both for closed, and for an open ground. It can be grown from seed, but most gardeners prefer to take already prepared seedlings. The fruits are very well suited for preservation.
Tomat De Barao pink: description
This is the most popular in our days variety De Barao, known to our gardeners since the times of the USSR. His yield is not the highest (3-4 kg per bush), but it is compensated for by the excellent taste and aroma of the fruit.
Their average weight is about 70 grams. In this case, the skin of the fruit is quite thick, so tomatoes tolerate storage and transportation. Fruits are oval, differing in pleasant pink color. They can be canned or eaten fresh.
The grade is intended for greenhouses. The time from planting to the first harvest takes about 110−120 days. Plants reach up to 2 meters in height.
Pink De Barao, unlike other tomatoes, tolerates the loss of dew, so it can be planted even in lowlands.
Tomat De Barao black: description
Now it is quite a rare variety, but it is also known to our gardeners for a long time. It is distinguished by a stable and fairly high yield, as well as unusual fruits of black and burgundy color.
De Barao black continues to grow throughout his “life,” so he needs reliable support. It also requires regular pinching and the formation of bushes. With proper care, this variety can give up to 6−9 kg per bush.
The fruits of De Barao black oval, weighing about 70 grams. They are distinguished by dense pulp and sweetish taste. Fruits are suitable for use in raw and canning.
Tsar de Barao: description
This is a rather rare variety, which is famous for its beautiful pink-red fruits, weighing about 130-150 grams. The yield of these tomatoes can be up to 10−12 kg from one bush. Fruiting continues until the first frost. Tomatoes are suitable for preservation and for use in raw.
De barao gold: description
In the people, this variety is sometimes mistakenly called "yellow." The color of the fruit due to the high content of carotene, but because they are not only tasty, but also very useful. Their weight is about 80−100 grams.
Tomatoes are intended for greenhouses. They reach up to 2 meters in height and at the same time branch well. The variety is fruitful and allows you to collect up to 7 kg from a bush.
De Barao golden is well suited for raw consumption, home canning and cooking tomato paste.
De barao giant
The variety has large red fruits, from 80 to 200 grams. Another feature is a rather late term for De Barao. But if the weather is sunny in the fall, the crop can be harvested long enough. The variety is suitable not only for greenhouses, but also for cultivation in open ground.
In addition to these varieties, two more varieties of De Barao are sometimes grown in the middle lane:
- Orange. Like gold, it has a high content of carotene. Fruits are large (up to 100 grams), well suited for salads and home canning. The variety is suitable for both greenhouses and open ground.
- Striped. Ripe fruits of this variety are distinguished by red color and brown stripes on the skin. The main advantage of this variety is excellent resistance to late blight. Fruits are oval, weighing about 70 grams. They are quite dense and are usually used for preservation.
Growing De Barao
Hybrid is recommended to buy in the form of ready-made seedlings, which with the onset of the summer season is sold almost everywhere. This, of course, is a bit more expensive than growing tomatoes from seeds, but it gives the gardener less trouble.
Growing from seed is suitable for those who want to save on seedlings or plans to grow rare varieties of De Barao, the seedlings of which are not for sale.
Today you can easily buy or order almost any De Barao seeds by mail. It is best to acquire decontaminated seeds, which are covered with a layer of protective and nutrients. They can immediately be planted in the ground without prior preparation. It is easy to learn such seeds on a characteristic color cover.
If the seeds are not decontaminated, they need to be prepared independently. Do it like this:
- Cut strips of bandage and pour the seeds in the center. Then the bandages are folded into a tube, and their edges are fastened with a thread so that they do not unfold.
- The resulting rolls are placed in some container and filled for 15 minutes with a solution of potassium permanganate.After that, potassium permanganate is drained and the rolls are washed thoroughly with running water.
- Then the rolls are immersed for twelve hours in solution with some growth stimulator. They are all different, so you need to carefully familiarize yourself with its characteristics and instructions on the package.
- The bandages are filled with water, so that it reaches half of the roll, and placed in a warm place for 2 days. Be sure to make sure that the bandages remain wet all the time.
- Additionally, you can harden the seeds. To do this, they are placed in the refrigerator (not in the freezer.) For 12 hours. The temperature should be about 3-5 degrees of heat.
Ground and landing
To prepare the soil for the seedlings of De Barao, you need to mix equal parts of the earth and humus. Humus for soil should be loose and crumbly. In the mixture, you can add 30 grams of superphosphate and one glass of wood ash (for one bucket of soil).
Seeds can be planted in mid-March, when it begins to snow. They are planted to a depth of 0.5 cm, and then watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate through a strainer.
Drawers are placed on the window sills, preferably on the sunny side of the house. The ideal temperature for seeds is 25 ° C. It is necessary to monitor the soil moisture: if it is dry, it is watered with warm water.
If done correctly, the shoots will appear in about a week.
On how correct was the care of the seedlings, depends on the health and yield of tomatoes. Here it is important to observe the following rules:
- Regularly air the seedlings. However, you need to comply with the measure so that the plants do not slip through.
- Water the plants only with settled water and only through the sprayer.
- The seedlings should be lit 12-16 hours per day. If this is not possible, you need to compensate for the lack of light potash fertilizers.
- Feed the seedlings need twice a month. A superphosphate solution (at the rate of 2 grams per 1 liter) is suitable for feeding.
- When the seedlings have grown, it must be seated in separate containers. In this case, you need to increase the soil layer by 1-2 centimeters in order to increase the resistance of the plant.
Landing in the ground
De Barao planted in early summer. By this time, the height of the seedlings should usually be about half a meter. Often gardeners prefer to plant plants in the evening: it is believed that this is how they take root better.
The wells for tomatoes are dug about 0.9 meters apart from each other, while compost or humus is immediately added there. It must be remembered that De Barao grow quite tall. Therefore, they are better tied to the support even when disembarking, without waiting for when they begin to bend and break.
If the tomatoes are planted in open ground, it is advisable to secure yourself and prepare a film in advance so that in case of a cold snap, the plants can be quickly covered.
Care of adult plants
De Barao tomatoes relieve gardeners from the main headache - blight. However, they also require regular watering and proper care..
Water De Barao needs a lot. If the weather is very hot, then it is necessary to pour a bucket under each bush. Water should be at room temperature. Usually, the upper layer is slightly moistened first so that it is better able to absorb moisture, and only then everything else is poured.
The frequency of watering depends on the weather. If it is sunny, it is watered once every 2 days, and if it is overcast, then once every 5 days is enough. After each watering the land should be loosened.
De Barao are indeterminate tomatoes, and therefore they need regular pasynkovanie. Pasynka called side shoots of the stem. They take away nutrients from tomatoes and do not allow fruits to form, so they must be immediately removed.
The rules of staving for De Barao are:
- Shoots must be removed until they reach 5 cm in order for this procedure to be painless for the plants.
- Gotting is carried out in sunny weather, because on such days wounds dry out and heal faster.
- Cut the shoots need not under the root, and leave a small "stump" to this place did not form new stepchildren.
- The procedure must be repeated every 4−5 days, so as not to have time to develop new shoots.
- Shrub is usually formed from 2−3 stems. But this, above all, depends on the yield of the variety. The main thing is that the stems then bear the weight of the fruit.
In addition to pinching, you need to regularly pick off dry leaves and stems. Also, plants sometimes remove the lower leaves so that they are better ventilated.
De Barao belongs to medium-late hybrids, therefore in the middle lane the fruits often do not have time to fully ripen. Many gardeners start picking under-ripe tomatoes already in August, since De Barao ripens perfectly at home.
Green and white fruits can be stored for about a month. To prevent them from rotting, you need to thoroughly air the room.
Ripe fruits should not be stored for more than 5 days, unless there are special conditions for this. Most mature tomatoes are afraid of moisture and dampness.
Growing tomatoes De Barao often requires a gardener effort, but it is more than rewarded by good harvest and tasty fruits.
Appeared and fell in love: the history of the tomato
The tomato itself or the tomato is a peacock congener. As a vegetable crop first appeared in South America. Although cooks and traders consider it a vegetable, according to its biological characteristics it belongs to berries.
Note:the word “tomato” in Italian means “golden apple”.
Tomato came to Russia in the eighteenth century. People came to taste this nightshade, and over time, breeders brought out many different varieties of tomatoes. So, in 1998, a variety of “de barao” appeared, and in 2000 it was officially entered into the state register.
What is this grade?
This variety is tall (almost 3 meters), with a powerful stem. Brushes of inflorescences are formed, starting from the 10-12th leaf approximately every 3-4 leaves, and so on up to the crown itself. Up to 10-12 tomatoes can be picked from each branch. The fruits themselves are large, oval, with smooth skin (40-170 grams, depending on the variety). This culture can be called late-ripening, since its ripening period is 115-120 days from the moment of planting and before the onset of frost.
"De barao" has a powerful stem and grows high up
Table. Description of the variety "de barao"
Due to its characteristics, this variety is very popular.
The advantages of "de barao"
This tomato is good, first of all, because “de barao” is extremely easy to adapt to the conditions in which it is grown. Of course, it is recommended that residents of the middle lane and northern regions grow this tomato in greenhouses, but this does not prevent it from being a leader among its relatives. What is the reason?
- Stable and high yield: can reach up to 40 kg per square meter.
- Universality: its fruits are good both in fresh and in salted, pickled, dried forms.
- Presentable: tomatoes are almost the same, even, with a thick skin that allows them to maintain their presentation for longer.
- Durability: thanks to the skin, tomatoes are easy to shift and transport.
- Unpretentiousness: bears fruit easily with a small amount of light, stress and cold resistance.
- Storage time: may lie “in stock” for up to two months.
- Ability to ripen: in case of early harvest it is enough to put “de barao” in a warm place where the tomatoes will ripen and at the same time preserve their taste qualities.
Interesting: with all these advantages, this tomato is almost devoid of flaws. However, not everyone has to taste the sourness present in these fruits. Also, some gardeners are given the inconvenience of tall bushes, which must be freed in time from greenery and stepsons.
How to choose a variety of tomato seedlings: tips
"De barao royal"
The youngest of all varieties - developed in 2016, registered in the State Register in 2018. Mid-season, with fairly large fruits (150-170 g), rich crimson color. Incredibly fruitful: from each bush during the season you can collect up to 20 kg of tomatoes. Rare on sale. Good for making thick tomato paste.
"Tsarsky" variety of tomatoes
“De barao gold”
Launched in 1997. Russians love these rich yellow tomatoes for their taste and color. In terms of maturation refers to late. Its giant bushes need plenty of space, not only in height, but also in width. The peculiarity of cultivation is that “de barao golden” does not like the neighborhood with its “brothers” of other species. It contains a lot of carotene. Very resistant to late blight. Fruits are smooth, with a mass of 80-90 grams.
“De Barao Orange”
It was created a year earlier than its “golden” relative (1997). When ripe, tomatoes are saturated with orange color, which makes them adorn any dish and marinade. Refers to late-ripening, has excellent taste. Due to its good transportability attractive for farmers, sellers. It is rather cold-resistant, but in the northern regions, in the absence of a greenhouse, its yield will be much lower. Like the “de barao golden”, this red giant needs a lot of space around the bush, especially in height. Because of this, not all summer residents have the opportunity to grow it in their plots.
"De barao pink"
Same age orange tomato and also love gardeners and sellers. It, perhaps, is most often placed by buyers in their grocery cart. This is due to both personal preferences and excellent taste, the consistency of the fruits of this variety “de barao”. Smooth, dense tomatoes of small size (50-70 grams) are very convenient to preserve. The plant is practically not subject to disease, but it will be useful to feed it with minerals and fertilizers, which will significantly increase the yield.
“De barao black”
Known to gardeners and farmers since 1998 year. Can be grown both in greenhouses and in the open field. In addition to taste, interesting for its purple-brown color. Medium late, resistant to temperature changes. In terms of care unpretentious: to keep and trim it, of course, necessary, but not as carefully as other varieties. Tomatoes are small in size - 40-60 grams. They make delicious and beautiful canned salads, but pastes and juices are not made of them.
"Black de barao"
"De barao striped"
Its unusual color - red with yellow stripes or spots - attracts attention, so this striped fruit can serve as a wonderful decoration for any table. According to the term of maturation refers to srednepodnym, fruits ovoid, weighing about 70 grams. It is very resistant to climate change, which is a huge plus for gardeners of any part of the country. “De barao striped” is suitable for self-preparation of seeds for the purpose of its further planting.
Striped variety of tomato
"De Barao Giant"
We are loved and well known to experienced summer residents, and for beginner gardeners who want to grow tasty and large tomatoes, can be a real find. Late maturity And, although it is called a giant, good health does not shine, because it is suitable for growing only in a greenhouse or greenhouse! But its fruits reach a mass of 350 grams. In the open ground can grow only in the southern regions of Russia.
Giant "de barao"
How to prepare seedlings?
According to the time of ripening, tomatoes of the “de barao” variety are late-ripening, which means that it will be necessary to prepare the seedlings in advance. This is usually done in mid-March. The exception is the northern regions: it is better for their residents to disembark the landing not later than at the end of February.
How to grow tomato seedlings? For a detailed answer to this question, see the special article on our portal.
For sowing will require:
- seed material "de barao",
- water (small amount)
- container (it is most convenient to use special boxes for planting),
- soil (chernozem)
- nutritional supplement (humus),
- thick polyethylene film.
The earth must be mixed with humus (1: 1), fill the boxes with this mixture.
Tomato seedling "de barao"
Important: for convenience, the sown area should be divided into small grooves, and then water them a little.
Next, you need to lay out the seeds at a distance of 2 cm from each other and sprinkle with a small amount of earth (about 0.5 cm). The box is covered with film, but from time to time it should be removed so that air can flow to the seeds. Seedlings should have enough light and heat. After most of the seeds have risen, the film can be removed altogether. If the seed material will be of high quality, the sprouts will appear already after 5-6 days.
Note: on leaves of seedlings can remain the shell of the open seed. It will need to be carefully removed.
Next gardener to care for seedlings as follows:
- control temperature (about + 20˚С),
- periodically water the seedlings,
- begin feeding minerals a month after the seeds sprout,
- prevent the root rot process (sprinkle the earth with wood ash),
- When a 3-4 sheet appears, pick it up.
Important: the adult “de barao” tolerates the shadow well enough, whereas the sprouts need a large amount of light. To do this, use additional lighting.
How to grow a good "de barao"?
Around the end of spring, seedlings will gain strength in greenhouse conditions. But after the soil temperature at the site becomes suitable for the growth and development of tomatoes, it will be time to plant them in the ground. This should be done in the absence of direct sunlight, best in the evening.
The algorithm for planting and caring for “de barao” is as follows:
- Training. Make holes at a distance of about 60-70 cm from each other. Between the rows there should be at least 100-120 cm.
- The landing. Place the tomatoes in the wells, sprinkle with dry soil, it is good to pour with warm water.
- Top dressing. After 2 weeks after planting, you can begin to feed the plants with superphosphates or organic fertilizers.
- Watering. Given the weather conditions, it costs about 1 time in 7 days early in the morning. When watering is better to exclude the ingress of water on the leaves and fruits.
- Garter. The bush grows high upwards, which means that it cannot do without a support base. Sometimes gardeners plant this variety along the fence, which is then used as a support.
- Masking In order for the crop to be large, it is necessary to regularly remove unwanted shoots and sluggish yellow leaves.
- Prevention. From time to time spraying and airing (if tomatoes grow in the greenhouse).
- Collection Fruit “de barao” will be several times a season, tomatoes are harvested from the bush as they mature. The first frosts will not be a big problem: unripe tomatoes need to be removed and put away in a warm room. There from green fruits in just 2-3 weeks they will turn into juicy ripe vegetables.
Note: this variety is not too whimsical and not quite accurate following the instructions is quite acceptable, but if the goal is a big harvest, the plant should create all the necessary conditions.
In certain regions of Russia, where the climate is not warm enough or unstable, gardeners prefer to grow tomatoes in special greenhouses or cover them with foil. The second is not very convenient, given the particular growth of “de barao”, so the greenhouse is a good option for improving the conditions of growth and maturation of this variety.
Greenhouse will help protect plants from the cold climate of the northern regions of Russia
Grow preferable seedling method. Sowing time - the first or second decade of March, depending on the region. In early May, seedlings begin to harden, preparing it for transplanting. Young plants are transplanted to a permanent place at the age of 60 - 70 days. If in open ground the temperature drops below 10 ° C, then you need to make a cover of the film or agrofibre.
Given the tall and spreading variety, the planting scheme of De Barao is somewhat different from the standard one. Between the seedlings in the row leave 80 cm or more. Row spacing - 100 - 120 cm. Planting density - no more than 2 - 2.5 bushes per 1 square meter.
Watering is carried out about 1 time per week, taking into account weather conditions. Top dressing is also necessary, because a tomato spends a lot of effort on the growth and formation of fruit brushes. Mineral fertilizers can be alternated with organic.
De Barao is most often formed into 1 stalk, sometimes into 2. Rangers that form in leaf nodes are necessarily removed. Bush tie up to a vertical support and, if necessary, limit the growth, cutting off the top. Powerful outdoor crops are often planted along wooden fences, which are then used as a support.
Basic plant information
Sort De Barao has many advantages.
General characteristics of all species will help to make a complete picture of the cultivated plant:
- tolerates low and high temperatures
- endures drought
- minimum maintenance and normal soil is required,
- can grow in the shade
- a lot of pulp in the fruit,
- fruiting for a long time.
Harvest can be collected in 3.5 months after planting seeds. Observing the rules of care, with one bush you can collect about 5 or even more kilograms of fruit. Each tomato weighs about 80 grams. The shape is oblong, the color depends on the species and can be pink, red or even black.
Harvesting begins with the moment of reddening of the fruit, further ripening is carried out in a well-lit room. Stored for a long time, without losing taste. The taste, judging by the views of gardeners, is sweet and sour.
Сорт изначально был предназначен для выращивания в теплице, но многие дачники пробуют ухаживать за ними в условиях открытого грунта и получают хорошие результаты.
Variety of species
Среди огородников большой популярностью пользуются практически все виды томатов сорта Де Барао. Описание сорта поможет выявить отличительные особенности каждого из них.
Variety Tomato Black in height can grow up to 2 meters or even more, as the growth continues throughout the development of the plant. Refers to mid-late varieties. From the moment of germination of seedlings until the appearance of mature fruits, it can take about 125 days.
Oval-shaped black tomatoes weigh about 70 grams, the color is maroon, there is no sour taste in taste. The variety tolerates adverse environmental effects and is resistant to many diseases and pests. Pasynkovaya required (elimination of excess shoots that will interfere with the plant to develop normally).
Tomat De Barao Giant grows in good conditions up to 2.2 meters. It is resistant to many diseases. It tolerates low temperatures and shady terrain. Plant recommended only in the greenhouse. A variety of tomato De Barao Giant has oblong fruits of red color, ripen about 4.5 months, one tomato weighs about 140 g. From one planted bush some summer residents collect about 6 kg.
Among all the varieties of varieties De Barao Pink best takes root in the gardeners, initially requires placement under the film. The stem can grow up to 2 meters. De Barao Pink Tomatoes have a strong, wide root system, so frequent watering is required. Fruits have a rich pink color, oblong shape, few seeds inside. With good care from each bush you can collect 4 kg.
Pink tomatoes De Barao bring a rich harvest in different weather conditions. For a long time stored and transported well. The plant tolerates shading, heat or cold.
Tomat De Barao Tsarsky can grow up to 2.5 meters, the stalk is powerful, there is little foliage. Elongated tomatoes can weigh about 140 grams. If the rules of cultivation are observed, then about 12 kg can be collected from each bush.
De Barao red refers to the species when the fruits ripen late. From the day of sowing to the appearance of ripe fruits, 120 days can pass. The color of oval tomatoes is bright red, saturated. One fruit weighs about 100 g. The small size and dense texture allows you to use Red De Barao tomatoes for winter harvest. Fruits are stored for a long time, they tolerate transportation well and are resistant to shade, disease, and cold.
Seeds can be planted immediately in open ground, and you can first sprout seedlings.
Grade De Barao Golden can be grown only in a greenhouse. It has a thick, durable stem and thick foliage. In height the bush can reach 2 meters. The weight of each Golden Tomato De Barao is approximately 80 grams. Rarely sick and happy with high yields. The variety has a sweetish aftertaste and contains a lot of carotene.
De Barao Yellow, like all other varieties, has many advantages. The harvest is well stored, resistant to temperature changes, the plant is easy to care for. The yellow tomato has a sweeter taste and is contained in the same way as gold contains a lot of carotene. The fruits of yellow tomato De Barao are spiced late, the harvest is harvested only in autumn.
Orange De Barao tomatoes have medium late ripening. From the time the seeds are planted until the fruits ripen, about 110 days pass. New branches appear as the plant grows, so the crop can be harvested until the frosts. Brings a good harvest not only in the greenhouse, but also in the open field, provided that the care is correct. Up to 10 kg can be collected from one bush. Resistant to temperature changes, makes a shadow. Ripe tomatoes have a bright orange color, elongated small shape. The weight of one tomato is about 100 g.
All varieties of tomatoes De Barao can be used for winter preparations, add to salads and use fresh. The fruits are juicy and fleshy.
Secrets of landing and care
There are peculiarities of growing seeds of an amazing variety of tomatoes. Seeds begin to sow at the end of February. Soil is poured into the prepared container, a mixture of clay and sand is best suited, and the seeds are placed. The container is covered with a film to create a greenhouse effect.
The first shoots should appear in a week. As soon as several leaves appear, it is necessary to swoop down the plant. In the open ground is best to plant seedlings at the beginning of the summer period.
Each bush should be far from the other, the distance should be not less than a meter. Planted in the pits a depth of not less than 15 cm, preferably in the evening. After that, pour plenty of warm water. After two weeks, you need to sprinkle with fertilizer. By this time, the plant is already well rooted.
Cultivation in the open field or greenhouse requires some knowledge that will help preserve the health and productivity of plants. In a greenhouse, a plant can reach a large size in height.
Tomato de barao requires pasynkovaniya. As the plant grows, new side branches appear that need to be removed on time. As a result, you need to leave two strong, healthy stem. In order to keep the bush well, it is necessary to design a support.
The plant has a strong root system, high stem, so you need to water often enough. On one bush should take 2-3 buckets of water every four days. It is necessary to water only the basis. If water gets on the stem or leaves, it is more likely to catch the infection.
Variety De Barao is resistant to late blight, but fungal disease can overtake in the period of prolonged doge and low air temperature. First, the leaves are affected, and then the fruits. The disease spreads slowly, so you need to take action in time.
The best variety for conservation
De Barao appeared on the territory of Russia back in the 90s, he comes from Brazil. Today, different varieties of tomato have been developed that have similar characteristics, but differ in the description of the fruits (different weight and color).
The tall giant grows in greenhouses up to 2-3 meters, a powerful bush with spreading branches. Faceliness is medium, small leaflets, dark green in color.
In terms of ripening - late-ripe tomato, therefore, in regions with a harsh climate is grown only in greenhouses. The first tomatoes from the bushes of tomato are removed 120-125 days after the emergence of shoots, fruiting is long, until late autumn.
ON A NOTE! When growing De Barao tomatoes, consider high plant growth and select appropriate shelter height.
The first flower brush is formed after 9 leaves, then the inflorescences go through three leaves. In one brush - 7-10 oval-shaped fruits.
Coloring depends on the variety and taking into account the photo and description, choose for growing black, gold, red, orange or pink De Barao. The weight of each tomato is 80-100 grams, the skin and flesh are dense, inside - two cameras. The fruit contains a large number of seeds, so if you want in any season, gardeners gather seed for subsequent plantings.
Tastes are high, and unlike the hybrid forms of tomatoes, everyone likes this variety. They are ideal for preservation, pickling. In the marinade and brine do not lose their shape, do not crack, very tasty.
Use them for cutting, on sandwiches, for registration of festive dishes. Tomatoes are removed in a state of technical ripeness, they ripen perfectly well at home. Storage time - up to 2-2.5 months without loss of taste and presentation.
Varieties of De Barao
The De Barao family includes several subspecies, the description and characteristics of which are presented below.
The fruitful red tomato De Barao is one of the most famous varieties of the series, grown for whole-canning. Tomatoes in the form of cream, dense, saturated red color.
Fruit weight: 80-120 grams. Lying (up to 2 months) grade.
A powerful spreading shrub forms up to 12 inflorescences with beautiful oval fruits. Plant height - 2.5-3 meters. Tomatoes are pink, dense, weighing about 70 grams. The fruits are perfect for salting, fresh, in conservation.
The variety of tomatoes is fully consistent with the name, because tomatoes, indeed, have a lot of weight (up to 300-350 grams) and great taste.
Shrub up to 2.7-3 meters, the fruits are bright red, with juicy flesh. Used De Barao Giant for canning, as well as the preparation of sauces, ketchups, salads.
A variety of tomatoes De Barao, characterized by a beautiful pink color of the fruit.
Like the Giant, the Tsarsky tomato variety is a large-fruited tomato, which is used in canned, fresh, for cooking pasta and sauces. According to the description, the shape of the fruit is round-oval, the average weight reaches 150-170 grams.
Very tasty tomato Yellow De Barao, which is often marketed under the name Golden. Its fruits are oval, very dense, weighing 70-80 grams. The taste is excellent, it is best manifested when salting and in marinades.
An interesting sort of tomato De Barao with bright orange cream that looks great in various blanks. Fruits are oval, with a dense glossy peel, weighing 80-100 grams.
Fruits until frost, not afraid of phytophthora. Remarkable reviews of Tomato De Barao of this color, many gardeners note a special sweetness in the fruits of Orange.
Have a desire to grow an exotic tomato? Then pay attention to the variety of tomato De Barao black, with maroon fruits.
Tomatoes oval, weighing 50-80 grams, with sweet and fragrant pulp. Fruits are distinguished by high commodity qualities and are very good fresh, suitable for preservation, pickling, drying.
Up to 5 kg of tomatoes are removed from the bush.
Another subspecies is the striped De Barao, surprising everyone with the sweet fruits of unusual colors.
Tall bushes have a thick stalk; up to 12 brushes form on the plant. Tomatoes are small, oval-shaped, weighing up to 60-70 grams. Unripe fruits - light green with dark veins, when ripe tomatoes become red with burgundy stripes.
The value and disadvantages of the variety
Varieties of De Barao known to many, the variety is willingly grown in the south, in the middle lane, beyond the Urals. Indeterminant tomato has the following advantages:
- unpretentiousness (rare property in tall tomatoes),
- excellent taste,
- resistance to pests and diseases (especially late blight),
- high yield (from 1 sq. meter remove 8 to 12 kg of fruit),
- the versatility of the use of fruits
- resistance to temperature, shading,
- can be cultivated both in an open ground, and in the greenhouse.
The excellent productivity of the variety allows you to plant 2-3 bushes in the greenhouse and take a high yield at the end of the season. The main thing is to take into account all the features of agrotechnics of tall tomatoes and to provide complete care.
- late ripening, which is why it is recommended to grow a tomato in a greenhouse,
- the need to form a bush and pasynkovaniya.
Now you know all the advantages and disadvantages of a tomato variety, and it seems that the list of “pluses” still outweigh the “minuses”.
When to plant seedlings? Sowing of tomatoes is carried out in late February or early March, after having disinfected the seeds in potassium permanganate. They are sown in common boxes, covering them with glass, then, as soon as shoots appear, the containers are exposed to light.
Separate pots or cups (plastic, paper) are prepared in advance, in which, when seedlings have 2-3 real leaves, they spread out seedlings. Reception allows you to avoid pulling plants, improves the condition of the root system. Tomato seedling requires additional light, moderate watering with warm water.
Terms of planting tomatoes at a permanent place are determined by the weather, taking into account the region's climate and growing conditions (ridges, shelters).
The soil should warm up to +14 o C ... + 16 o C. In the greenhouses in the middle lane are planted from the beginning of May, on the ridges of open ground - already in the first decade of June. It is advisable for the first time to cover the tomatoes with non-woven material to protect from cold snaps, bright sunlight.
Very tall De Barao is planted in the wells of two plants per square meter. Prepare trellis or garter pegs in advance.
About 4-5 days after planting, the plants are not watered, then the usual care is carried out. It includes:
- top dressing
- prevention of diseases and pests.
Obligatory reception is the formation of plants, for which they are determined with the number of stems and remove excess shoots.
Watering the tomatoes regularly, focusing on the weather and the condition of the plants. Water is used warm (+22 o C), separated. During the flowering and fruit set, each bush requires up to 4-5 liters, then the volumes are reduced so that the fruits do not become watery.
Tomatoes need to loosen the soil, and you can replace it with mulching. For mulch fit grass, straw, humus. A layer of mulch is usually 4-5 cm. This will save you from weeding, also mulch retains moisture in the soil, eliminates drought.
Tomatoes do not like high humidity. Watering is carried out under the root, excluding the ingress of water on the leaves and branches. It is best to use a drip irrigation system, you can also make grooves or holes and pour water into them.
Form De Barao in 2-3 stems, leaving two of the most powerful escape. The stepchildren are removed in a timely manner, leaving a stump of 1.5 cm. It is advisable to cut off the stepchildren in the morning, so that the breaks on the branches could be delayed in the evening, and no infection could get into them.
Also remove the leaves - in the lower part of the stem under the first flower brush. By the time the fruit ripens in this hand, the stem below it should be "bare." It is allowed at one time to remove 1-2 sheets. This contributes to better ventilation of the air in the shelter, eliminates the thickening of the landings.
De Barao has a good disease resistance, but he also needs prevention. From diseases using spraying plants Bordeaux liquid, infusion of garlic, whey. If all the recommendations of agrotechnical diseases are observed, this variety with high immunity is not observed.
Fruits are removed in a state of technical ripeness (green) to enable all the tomatoes on the bush to have time to form. This variety is excellent at home.
Harvest tall De Barao has long been "registered" in the areas of summer residents and gardeners. So if you want to be always with the harvest, it's time to pay attention to this variety.
Care products: fertilize and feed
If the gardener sets a goal to get maximum fruit from the planted tomatoes of this variety, the soil should be fertilized regularly. This can be done every two weeks with one of the following solutions:
- Water (10 liters) + nitrophoska (1 tbsp. Spoon) + cow dung (0.5 kg). Consumption - 500 ml per bush.
- Water (10 liters) + cow dung (0.5 kg) or chicken droppings + superphosphate (1 tsp) + potassium chloride (1 tsp). Consumption - 1000 ml per bush.
The amount of ingredients can be changed at your discretion, watching the weather conditions: if it is overcast, it is worth adding potassium sulfate. For the prevention of fungal diseases of tomatoes is not superfluous to spray bushes with special means with a frequency of 1-2 weeks. These can be Ecosil, Fitosporin, Ridomil Gold MC, etc.
Attention: When using chemicals familiarity with the instructions is strictly required!
In addition to chemicals, traditional methods are also good for the prevention and control of phytophorosis:
- Iodine is a famous antiseptic. For the solution, you need to add 20 drops of iodine in a whole bucket of water and process the bushes with the resulting liquid by spraying.
- Kefir. Fermented milk bacteria contained in it, actively fighting fungi and infection. It is only necessary to dilute the kefir with water.
- Tobacco. This may be the contents of cigarettes or tobacco leaves. It does not matter - the main thing is that the mass was ground to the consistency of dust. It should be mixed in a bucket of ash and powdered the bushes of tomatoes.
- Salt (1 cup + 1 bucket of water). Green fruits are usually treated to protect them from fungus and rotting.
Tomatoes variety "de barao" have not only an aesthetic appearance, but also a dense structure. Consequently, the tomato juice from them turns out too thick. However, this does not affect their use either fresh or canned: tomatoes do not burst. Smooth identical fruits have high organoleptic characteristics.
Equally good “de barao” in salads, appetizers, sandwiches and marinade - as you like more
Gardeners satisfied: reviews
This variety is very popular among summer residents. Most of them like the quality of the fruits themselves and their taste properties. Many note their transportability (big plus). Together with a stable yield, unpretentiousness, resistance to stress, this makes the variety “de barao” popular among gardeners. They often give him priority over other varieties of tomatoes.