For seedlings with a closed root system, purchased in containers or simply with an earthy clod, there is no strict time frame for planting. They can be planted all year round.
When planting a coniferous plant from a container, carefully remove it from the container.
If you have heavy chernozem or loamy soil, it is better to pre-cultivate it with the addition of sand and peat (or coniferous chips, small bark or litter). The soil must be made “light” and air- and water-permeable. If the site does not have at least a minimum slope, a drainage system should be made for conifer planting sites.
It is not necessary to dig big holes in heavy soils and lay drainage on the bottom - they will serve as accumulators of water from the site. It is better to arrange a small slope of the site, so that the water on rainy days is not delayed.
If you have sandy soil - you are lucky. Nothing extra should be done.
In the prepared ground, the hole is dug to the size of the pot (coma) and, after the earthen clod of the coniferous plant has been established, the air gaps are filled with soil to fill, trying to fill all the voids. It is very important not to bury the root neck of the plant; it must be slightly above ground level, otherwise the plant may die. After planting it is necessary to water the plant abundantly.
Pines are grown from seeds (species), and grafted decorative forms. These plants do not breed by cuttings.
Pine from the nut. It is better to sow the seeds in the spring with a preliminary stratification. Its duration for two-species is one month, five-coniferous (cedar) 4-5 months. Sowing, planting and growing seedlings are similar to the recommendations for spruce (see the articles on this). But there are some peculiarities.
For better rooting in the year of sowing in the second half of summer, it is desirable to feed seedlings with a weak solution of nitrate or boric acid. The seeds of most species of pine ripen in winter, at this time they need to be collected. But there is one subtlety. They ripen in the second and even in the third year after pollination. Cones with such nuts are opened, and a thickening in the form of a rhombus or a polygonal pyramid forms at the top of the scales.
Cultivation and care
During the first two years after planting, 30-40 g / m2 of total mineral fertilizer is applied to the tree circle. In the future, the pine need not feed. Falling needles, which do not need to be removed, will create a thick litter in which organic nutrition will accumulate. His pine is enough for normal development.
Pines are drought-resistant plants, so they do not need to be watered. Besides coniferous litter well retains moisture. The exception is the Balkan pine (Rumelian), which is moisture-loving, like a spruce, and needs watering 2-3 times per season (15-20 liters per tree).
Pines do not need to be trimmed, but the growth of trees can be slowed down, and the crown can be made more dense if you break off a young (light) growth by one third of the length.
The description of the pine gnome should begin with the characteristics of its appearance, since this is what most interests buyers. The plant is a coniferous shrub of a small size. It can reach a height of no more than 2.5 m, and its diameter is 1.5-2 m.
It should be prepared for the fact that the pine grows rather slowly. The young shrub begins to grow in width, creating the basis for future shape. Then he pulled up.
The plant is evergreen, has a dense system of branches that form a dense rounded crown. An already mature Dwarf pine tree changes its shape to a dome-shaped one.
The ornamental value of the plant is its short needles of a rich dark green color and miniature brown cones. They are round, up to 4 cm long. At any time of the year the shrub will be a worthy decoration of the site and will give the atmosphere to a small, but still coniferous forest.
Pine Dwarf is one of those varieties that are ideal for lazy gardeners. This plant itself develops without requiring constant watering, fertilizer, and other procedures to care for it.
Ripening pine in the second year after planting. Prefers places on the site where she will not be lacking in sunlight. Any soil will be suitable for cultivation. May settle down on well-drained soil, even on acidic and alkaline. Resistant to frost, tolerates cold winters. It develops well even in urban environments.
This type of pines, in comparison with others, is less demanding of light, although it loves it, and therefore one can find a place for it even in the smallest garden. That is why it is appreciated by those who are not indifferent to the plants, but live in the city and do not have the ability to create large-scale compositions of them.
Pine Dwarf resistant to winds. It has a developed root system. Perfect for sandy and sandy soils. Survives in places with minimal nutrients. However, if there is too much sand in the ground, then it should be diluted with a small amount of clay. Heavy soils for better growth should be drained. Sand or gravel can be used as a material.
It is recommended to plant pine in the soil in spring (end of April - beginning of May) or wait until autumn (end of August - September). If you plan to create a whole composition of stunted plants, then between them you must leave a distance of 1.5 m.
Susceptibility to disease
Pine is resistant to diseases and pests. In the process of growth a thick litter is formed, which helps to accumulate humus and retain the required amount of moisture. Pine tolerates soil compaction. Perhaps the manual formation of the crown. This type of pine is actively used to create garden bonsai.
Mountain pine Dwarf, the description of which was discussed in the article, is an excellent option for landscape design. It looks great as accents near garden paths and large flower arrangements. The plant will delight you all year round.
Mountain pine: description of the plant
The mountain pine (Pinus mugo) is a shrub species of thick pine, although it is trees that are more common in the wild. The height of the shrubs reach 4-5 m, and the trees - 7-8 m. Shoots at the mountain pine - short, creeping along the ground and curved to the top. The root system is superficial, strongly branched. The needles have a dark green color. The length of the needles is up to 4 cm. They are collected in bundles of two pieces, slightly twisted. Their lifespan is from 3 to 5 years. At six or eight, cones appear on a pine tree, which add decorativeness to the tree. They are cone-shaped, light brown in color, 3-6 cm in length.
Pine Pinus mugo has a number of advantages:
- has a good degree of winter hardiness
- drought resistant
- wind resistant due to strong root system
- has strong branches that do not break off under the snow cover,
- undemanding to the composition of the soil,
- tolerates pruning,
- fewer other types of pine trees are affected by diseases and pests,
- suitable for planting in urban environments, resistant to air pollution,
- long-liver - can live for 1000 years.
Mountain pine breeding occurs in three ways: cuttings, grafting and seeds. Slow growth rates are typical for the ephedra: the annual growth is 10 cm in height and 15 cm in width. At the age of ten, the tree reaches a maximum height of 0.6-1 m, with a diameter of 0.6-1.8 m.
Mountain pine has several subspecies and ornamental varieties, but we will now describe only some of the most interesting ones.Of the subspecies emit:trees, multilateral and elfin shrubs. In the gardens, the most common are shrub (mugus) and elfin (pumilio) forms. Both the first and second have many varieties. These are mainly dwarf and ground cover shrubs. They have different forms of crown (spherical, pillow, columnar, etc.), height (from 40 cm to 4 m), color of needles (bright green, dark green, gray, golden).
Variety "Dwarf". The shrub grows up to 2 m in height. It has a spherical crown. Needles - dark green. It is used in single landings and groups on the ground lawn, rocky areas. Also planted in containers, on the roofs.
Variety "Pug". Dwarf shrubs, reaching a height of 1.5 m. The height and diameter of the crown are usually the same size. The crown grows as a ball. Branches densely branched. The needles are dark green, straight, 2-4 cm long. Designers prefer to grow this variety as a tapeworm, in groups in rocky gardens.
Variety "Mini Pug". Presented by a dwarf shrub, 40-60 cm high. The crown grows up to 1 m in diameter and has a pillow shape. Needles - dark green, needle. Suitable for planting in light shade. Apply in single and group landings on stony hills.
Variety "Kolumnaris." The maximum height of the shrubs of this species is 2.5 m, the diameter of the crown is up to 3 m. The crown is narrowly coniferous, the needles are dark green, and needle-like. Suitable for planting soliter and groups, in rocky gardens, on the slopes.
Variety "Winter Gold." Dwarf shrub with a spherical crown. The needles change color depending on the season: in the summer it is light green, in the fall it is golden yellow. The plant reaches a height of 50 cm and a diameter of 1 m.
Variety "Compact". The original tree height of 4-5 m, multi-barreled. Crown in the form of a ball. The needles are painted in a dark green color, 2.5-3.5 cm long. Recommended for planting in alpine hills, singly and in groups.
Variety "Frisia". Reaches sizes up to 2 m. It has a dense, strongly branched crown and straight branches. It is used in single and group plantings on stony territories, and also as an interior plant.
Variety "Ofir." Interesting due to the shape resembling a pin. In size, this pine is miniature - 0.4 m high and 0.6 m wide. At the top, the needles are golden yellow, the branches located in the shade and the inside of the crown are bright green.
Rules for choosing seedlings
When choosing a tree for planting, pay attention to the fact that its appearance in general speaks about health and normal development. The tips of the needles should not be dry or yellow. Before you plant a mountain pine, decide whether you will buy a seedling with an open root system or with a closed one. The last option is a tree in a pot that can better tolerate planting and adapt more quickly to new conditions.
For planting, it is better to choose young seedlings, up to five years old. With special care you need to inspect the root system of the seedling, as it should be free from damage and rot. If you buy a tree in a container, then it is important that it be grown in this container, and not planted in it shortly before it goes on sale. A simple method will help determine this: if the roots look out from the drainage holes of the container, then the plant has grown in it.
What should be the ground for planting mountain pine
Mountain pine can grow on any soil, even very poor. It does not pay attention to the acidity of the earth, but the most decorative and well-developed plant will be when planted in sandy and sandy sandy soils, with a weak acid reaction. If the ground for pine contains too much sand, you can add clay to it.
Mountain pine description
Ephedra can be planted in a variety of places most often they can be found in country houses and country houses. In this article we will talk about one of the types of conifers - Mountain Pine, consider in detail care for the plant, methods of planting and reproduction, some species of mountain pine.
Mountain pine is multilateral shrub that is small in size. It grows in height by about 7–8 meters, sometimes it is also found 10 meters long. The bark is represented by a spherical type. It is formed by branched trunks ascending from the ground. Mountain pine has its own signs of difference from other types of conifers. One of them is the darker color of the bottom of the cortex.
The young branches of the branches of the shrub first have a light green color, later they acquire a dark brown shade, and then become purple-brown. As for the needles of the Mountain pine, it has a dark green color, shines a little, grows quite thickly on the shoots, and also has a slightly twisted shape inside.
Blooms Mountain pine in late May or early June. During this period, the plant becomes very beautiful and attractive. At the base, pink and yellow male spikelets begin to appear, which serve as a peculiar decoration of the bush. Female cones appear on the plant on a straight short leg. The seeds of the Mountain pine are small in size, presented in dark brown color, have a brilliant gray wing and an egg-shaped form. The length of the wing is 3 times the size of the seed itself.
Advantages of the Mountain pine:
- The plant tolerates cold and drought.
- It has a strong root system and that is why it is resistant to strong winds.
- The presence of strong branches that can withstand layers of snow.
- Undemanding to soil type.
- The plant is able to tolerate pruning.
- To a lesser extent compared with other types of pines, it is affected by various pests.
- Resistant to air pollution, therefore it can develop in urban areas.
- Lives for 1 thousand years.
How to care for pine?
Before planting a plant, it is necessary to add fertilizer to the soil with humus or a nitroammophoska. Within two years from the time a young bush is planted, the plant must be fertilized with mineral fertilizers. The desired dose of this fertilizer should be 35–45 g / m2.
The mountain pine is not afraid of any drought with them, it copes wonderfully, it does not need additional watering. And it does not need watering, since the pine has a thick coniferous litter, which retains moisture very well.
Realize watering Plants are recommended 3 times in one season. To do this, 15–20 liters of water per tree will suffice. If the soil is highly compacted, then it is necessary to loosen the soil. Periodically it is necessary to prune pine, it tolerates it well.
Young trees and saplings do not tolerate low temperatures, so for the winter they should be covered with lapnik branches. Mature plants do not need additional protection from frost, as they tolerate the cold season well.
How to plant Mountain pine?
It is best to plant Mountain pine on open because it loves a lot of space, it is also important for her to hit the sun's rays, since this type of pine tree loves sunshine very much. It is absolutely not important for a plant on what soil to grow, that is, it is not whimsical to soil types. If the ground where the tree grows heavy, then it is necessary to add drainage. To do this, you need to place drainage in the form of gravel or sand on the bottom of the landing pit, the drainage layer should be 5–20 centimeters.
When planting pine, it is important not to forget about the distance between plants, it should be 5-15 meters. Landing pit should be by the depth 1 meter while the root collar remains above the ground.
The Mountain pine has a developed root system for this very reason for it strong winds are not afraid of it and it is undemanding to frequent watering. Plants that are less than 5 years old are very well able to tolerate transplant. When transplanting an adult plant, the root system should be prepared in advance.
How to propagate Mountain pine?
Mountain pine can to multiply 3 ways:
- With the help of a seed.
- With the help of cuttings.
- With the help of vaccinations.
Often the plant is propagated exactly seed way, as it is the most successful. Double-coniferous species, as a rule, throw out their seeds in the spring time. Such seeds are able to germinate 1 month after the stratification process. If a coniferous plant of five-coniferous species, then it throws out seeds in spring or autumn. Such seeds can be planted after 5 months of stratification. Seeds ripen only after 2 years from the date of their pollination.
Attempts to propagate a plant with cuttings are almost always unsuccessful, therefore it is very rare to propagate the plant with this method. The cutting does not usually take root and disappears instantly. Highly decorative species are often propagated by plant grafting.
Types of Mountain Pine Varieties
Variety "Gnome". In height such a shrub can reach 2 meters. The crown of the Dwarf is spherical in shape, and the needles have a dark green color. Plant shrubs can be both singly and in groups. Dwarf grows well on rocky areas. Besides,
it can be planted in special containers on the roofs.
Variety "Pug". It is a dwarf shrub that can reach 1.5 meters in height. The diameter and height of the crown often have the same length. A pug is a densely bushy plant whose crown has a spherical shape. Pug needles are dark green in color and 2–4 centimeters long. This type of pine is often grown on rocky terrain.
Variety "Kolumnaris". Shrubs of this species can reach a height of 2.5 meters. The crown of pine has a narrowly conical shape. The color of the needles is dark green with needle-like ends. Landscape designers used for planting in gardens, mountain slopes and rocky areas.
Variety "Winter Gold". The pine of this grade has the small sizes. The crown of the plant is represented by a spherical shape. Главная особенность данного сорта в том, что растение способно менять свой окрас в зависимости от времени года.In summer, the needles of Winter Gold have a light green color, and in the winter - a yellow-golden.
Variety "Frisia". Frisia grows up to 2 meters in height. The crown of this plant is thick with a large number of branched branches. Pine is used in landscape design, grows well on mountain slopes and rocky terrain.
Variety "Pumilio". It is one of the most common type of mountain pine, which is often used in landscape design. In size, this variety is small. The crown of Pumilio is spread across the ground and has a light green color.
Mugo variety. Also, this plant variety is called Mugus. Mugo has bright green needles, which is densely located on the branches of pine. Mugus refers to the dwarf species. In landscape design, this sort of pine is used to create rocky Japanese gardens.
Planting and care of mountain pine Dwarf
Needles should be planted on shady or sunny areas. Sunlight is very important for the plant, which is why it is impossible for it to be blocked by tall trees with dense foliage. Variety Dwarf is unpretentious. Seedlings should be planted when they reach 3-5 years of age.
In the first years after planting it must be carefully fertilized. Mineral fertilizers are often used as fertilizer. For a plant, 35–45 g of a substance per 1 square meter will suffice. Periodically, plants of the Dwarf variety must be moistened with various growth promoters. In case of drought, the pine tree does not need to be watered in addition, as it tolerates it well. Coniferous litter of the plant retains moisture in large quantities. In one season it is necessary to carry out watering up to 4 times.
Pumilio landing and care
After the plant is planted in the ground for several days it is necessary to water and protect from direct sunlight. The Pumilio variety needs periodic soil fertilizer. In winter, the branches of the plant must be tied so that they will not break under the weight of the snow. Pumilio breeding is best done by cuttings or grafting. It is necessary to water a pine tree 3 times a season using 20 liters of water. If in the fall it often rains and increased humidity air, the plant should be treated for fungal infections.
Mountain pine Mugus planting and care
Growing and caring for Mugus is simple. Before planting a plant, it is necessary to prepare a planting pit. At the bottom of the pit you need to put drainage in the form of crushed stone or clay brick and sand. The depth of the pit should be such that the roots of the plant do not touch the drainage. In the prepared landing pit it is necessary to fill in 1 bucket of clean water. After 1 year after planting it should be watered 2 times a week in the summer time and 1 time in spring and autumn. The amount of water for irrigation is determined by the height of the pine. Mugus should be fertilized periodically.
Description of mountain pine
Dwarf conifers are quite popular today. They are often used in the creation of landscape design of the suburban areas of the country. Homeland of this plant are the central and southern European mountain slopes. Dwarf pine differs from other conifers in the high density of the bush with strong branching. At the same time, the size of the plant is quite compact.
Landing and maintenance information is very important to gardeners. Mountain pine Pumilio deserves attention. This plant adorns the garden not only in summer but also in winter.
Dwarf conifer has a dark green color. Needles needle-shaped, short, 4 cm long. Plant height reaches 1.5 meters. The crown of pine prostrate, dense. Branching plants at the ground can reach a diameter of several meters. This type of coniferous trees belongs to slow-growing. After all, the height of a 30-year-old tree reaches 1 meter in height and 2 m in diameter. The annual growth of the plant is 5 cm wide and 12 in height. Therefore, this plant is actively used in landscape design for the purpose of gardening and arrangement of hedges. They are ideal background plants for floral and leafy compositions.
The cones of this conifer have a dark brown conical shape. In diameter, they range from 1 to 5 cm. Most often the fruits appear in plants that have reached the age of 6 years. The shoots of the Pumilio pine grow straight up, forming an attractive crown dome.
Features of Pumilio Pine
Planting and caring for the mountain pine Pumilio requires basic knowledge of conifers. In this case, the ephedra will thank the owner with a chic green crown.
So, the plant must be on the sunny side of your site, because it belongs to the sun. Irregular watering does not harm the plant, as it can survive in arid regions. Pumilio belongs to the frost-resistant plants, which are not afraid of strong frosts.
The advantage of mountain pine Pumilio - planting and care. It is easy, there are almost no requirements. It is better to plant a sapling on unconsolidated acidic or alkaline soils. If the soil is healthy, then the plant will quickly take root. If your backyard has heavy soil, you can add peat or sand to it.
Mountain pine in landscape design
Mountain pine Pumilio is indispensable when designing gardens of stone, alpine slides. This plant fits perfectly into the classic landscape style.
In addition to suburban areas, the dwarf pine tree is well acclimatized in the central parks of large cities. Some species of conifers are used to decorate public and administrative buildings. Often they are planted in pots on the street.
This coniferous plant is used for decoration of hedges and borders, high multi-tiered compositions. They are often planted in hedges of various origins. Dwarf hvoyniki often used for decorating the barbecue area or terrace. Extensive use requires knowledge of planting and care. Mountain pine Mugo Pumilio not only visually changes the surrounding area, but also closes the rest area from prying eyes.
Dwarf pine is combined with almost everything. This tree, unlike other conifers, has no effect on neighboring plants. An excellent combination for this dwarf tree are various shrubs with large flowers and cereals. It looks attractive on the background of huge boulders and alpine slides.
Many designers use an interesting combination of pine with low maple saplings and heather gardens. In this case, it is necessary to properly organize the soil for the plants, because they require different acidity of the soil. Therefore, you should know the features of each plant, its planting and care. The mountain pine Pumilio with the right combination will always please the eye, not only of the owners of the country house, but also of the visitors.
Do you live in regions with heavy precipitation in winter? Then immediately purchase such conifers. They will be the best decorations of the winter garden. Due to good elasticity and strength, the branches of dwarf pine will not break under the weight of a large layer of snow.
Many designers love mountain pine Mugo Pumilio. Planting it can be carried out not only in open ground, but also in pots. This decoration allows you to originally arrange loggias, roofs, entrances to buildings.
Mountain pine is also an indispensable plant in steep areas. Thanks to an extensive root system, the plant is well kept on mountain steep slopes, loose soil or the banks of water bodies. Such a pine prevents landslides.
Planting and care of the mountain pine Pumilio simple. The main thing is to follow the basic rules described below.
Planting pine Pumilio
Want to plant on your site mountain pine Pumilio? Peculiarities of cultivation - this is what you should pay attention to. Therefore, this plant can not be planted in dark places. For landing it is better to choose a bright, sunny territory. The quality of the land for this plant practically does not play any role. Pine is actively growing, even on nutrient-poor land. Dwarf pine tree survives well in urban pollution.
Do you want a pine tree to quickly take root in a new place? Then pay attention to the conditions of the previous cultivation. The main task of each gardener is to repeat them as much as possible.
Conifers should be replanted in the middle of spring or early fall. In winter, only large, adult plants with a well-developed root system are transplanted. The ideal age of transplanting young seedlings is 3-5 years.
For landing should prepare a large pit. It should be twice the root system of the plant. Drainage should be laid at the bottom: gravel or broken brick, over which coarse sand is poured. If you want to build a hedge, a drainage layer must be laid along the entire length of a previously prepared trench.
If conifers are planted in a row, then a distance of several meters should be left between the seedlings.
During the transplantation of Pumilio pine, you should monitor the stem neck of the seedling. It must be level with the ground. It can not be deepened or raised.
Before planting a tree, it is advisable to sour the soil acid. Slaked lime is added to the landing pit.
Transplanted plants should be carefully watered with water and compact the ground around.
In early spring, when the soil is still frozen, the pine should be watered and sprayed with warm water. So the plant will quickly wake up after sleep and will again begin to actively grow branches. After leaving it consists in periodic moderate watering of the soil as necessary. Used in landscape design mountain pine Pumilio experts recommend watering 3 times per season. Under one tree, you need to pour about 2 buckets of water.
Fertilizers should be applied to the soil in the first few years after planting. To do this, use a special mixture of fertilizers, designed specifically for coniferous plants.
In the autumn should prepare a young pine. It is protected by spruce paws or sawdust to prevent burns. Some gardeners cover the plant for the winter with non-woven material or spruce branches. This cover is removed in April, when all the snow is completely gone.
At the end of winter, pruning is carried out, removing dried twigs.
As already known, with this plant, everything is simple: and use, and planting, and care. Mountain pine is extremely popular, because for a long time it pleases the eye, while requiring a minimum of care. In addition, Pumilio pine is resistant to various diseases, which cannot be said about other conifers.
The only problem is a fungal disease. Schutte's disease is characterized by blackening of the branches and quick drying of the needles. To cope with this scourge is easy - you should treat the plant with a fungicide.
But if this disease appeared in a plant in the first 3 years of its life, the sapling most likely will die. Therefore, you should purchase seedlings from proven gardening partnerships.
Dwarf Pumilio pine - an excellent ornamental plant, which is actively used in landscape design. They love him for his beauty and grace, minimal care and bright color. Having worked to create a unique project with dwarf pines, you can get a unique beautiful result that you can admire for many years.
- 1 How to plant a pine tree - simple instructions for gardeners, with photo examples, and secrets
- 1.1 When to plant
- 1.2 Where to get a seedling
- 1.3 Where better to plant
- 1.4 Landing hole
- 1.5 Landing
- 1.6 Photo examples of proper planting and maintenance of pine
- 2 Planting pine in the fall. How to plant a pine in the country
- 2.1 Mountain pine, description
- 2.2 Pine, description
- 2.3 How to care?
- 2.4 Use
- 2.5 Historical information about the fruits of cedar pine
- 2.6 Cedar pine, description
- 2.7 Cedar pine planting
- 2.8 The benefits of pine nuts
- 2.9 Pine from the forest: how to plant it?
- 3 Pine Pumilio mountain pine: planting and care, features of cultivation and reproduction:
- 3.1 Description of mountain pine
- 3.2 Features of the Pumilio Pine
- 3.3 Mountain pine in landscape design
- 3.4 Planting pine Pumilio
- 3.5 Plant Care
- 3.6 Pine Breeding
- 3.7 Pine Diseases
- 3.8 Conclusion
- 4 How to plant a pine on your site
- 4.1 When to plant
- 4.2 Where to get a seedling
- 4.3 Choosing a landing site
- 4.4 Landing pit preparation
- 4.5 Selection and preparation of seedlings
- 4.6 Landing
- 4.7 Care after landing
- 5 Pines in the country: mountain, cedar and ordinary pine. Features of landing, watering, top dressing and covering for the winter
- 5.1 Types of pine
- 5.2 Mountain pine
- 5.3 Cedar pine
- 5.4 Plain pine
- 5.5 Features of landing
- 5.6 Care
- 5.7 Watering
- 5.8 Feeding
- 5.9 Sheltering for the winter
- 5.10 Conclusion
How to plant pine - a simple instruction for gardeners, with photo examples, and secrets
Most likely, any summer resident or the owner of the suburban area was thinking about planting trees. Someone wants to settle a “neighbor” next to a lonely house, someone wants to smooth out a dull landscape, and someone needs to add a designer zest to their garden.
There can be a huge amount of reasons, but how to implement the practical part, the matter is completely different. The variety of trees is huge.
The plus of such a tree as pine is that it grows fast enough and pleases the eye with its green fronds all year round. In addition to this, pines, as well as all conifers, emit phytoncides, which have a positive effect on the human body and produce an excellent aroma.
Many are interested in the question: “Is it possible to plant a pine at home, and is it not dangerous?” To plant, of course, any tree can be, but each tree has its own rules and reservations.
Pine can not be planted close to buildings, as pine roots can enter into a "confrontation" with the foundation.
As well as pines grow huge sizes, which can lead to falling into the tree lightning.
When to plant
Planting seedlings absolutely any trees or shrubs in spring or autumn. There is also a landing technology in the winter in a dormant period, but it requires special equipment. It is better not to transplant in the period of active growth.
During this period, it will take a lot of water, and the lack of moisture to the roots has a detrimental effect on the plant. In the pines, this period continues until lignification of the shoots. When it is better to plant a pine tree, it is in the middle of spring.
In summer, the tree will gain strength, take root in a new place and will be ready for the onset of winter. How to plant a pine tree in the fall? Better to do it in early fall. Trees begin to prepare for the "wintering" and slow down the vital processes. This will make it easier to survive the transplant.
If you did not have time to plant in spring or autumn, then you can do it in winter, but you will need to cover the seedling with a heat-saving material. You can remove the coating after the last snow disappeared.
Where to get a sapling
There are three ways to produce a seedling: grow seeds, buy in any forest nursery, dig in the forest or in any other area of wildlife. Growing seeds is work, of course, fascinating, but time consuming. Have to wait from two to three years.
If there is a nursery nearby, it is best to take a sapling there. First, you get a sapling of the required age. Secondly, they will give you the necessary advice. It would seem that the easiest option is to dig in the forest, because this method requires minimal costs.
On the other hand, you need to choose the right sapling. It is better to dig a seedling that will die in nature due to the environment. Also, the tree must be very carefully dig along with a lump in order not to damage the roots of the tree.
Where better to plant
Pines - sun-loving plants. However, they need a shaded area for growth. Pines do not grow in a bare field, but they are given a shade by a number of growing plants. Pines grow well on soft soils. If the soil is solid, it is better to use drainage.
Under natural circumstances, pines grow on any soil, in virtually any environment. The main part of the root system is located in the upper layers of the earth.
The scheme of planting mountain pine seedlings
Here is a diagram of how to plant a mountain pine. To do this, you need to dig a hole a little larger than an earthen ball - optimally 7-10 cm wide. The depth of the pit should be 0.8-1 m. The bottom is covered with a 20-centimeter layer of drainage from gravel, small stones, broken brick, expanded clay, etc. This is necessary to prevent root rot. Drainage poured soil mixture.
For planting pine seedlings use a substrate consisting of:
- sod land - 2 parts,
- sand (clay) - 1 part.
Also in the pit you can make compost, rotted manure or 30-50 g of nitrogen (complex) fertilizer. The sapling, without destroying the earthy coma, is carefully placed in the recess and covered with earth, leaving the root neck on the surface. The ground must be slightly compacted, and the trunk circle must be mulched. Also do not forget to water the sapling plentifully. If you plan to plant several pines, they should be placed at a distance of 1.5-4 m from each other.
That's the whole technology, how to plant pine mountain in spring. The first time after planting a young bush will need to pritenyat from the sun's rays, using spruce branches or spunbond. Plants up to 5 years old usually easily tolerate transplantation, quickly take root in a new area, so for them you can change the planting place several times. Старшие экземпляры будут дольше и сложнее приживаться на новом месте, поэтому им необходимо сразу же подобрать зону для постоянного произрастания. В противном случае, перед пересадкой придетсяспециальным образом готовить корневую систему либо замораживать земляной ком.
Уход за горной сосной
Caring for the mountain pine will not make any special difficulties, because the plant is not demanding for irrigation and easily tolerates drought. The soil moisture level must be monitored when growing young plants. The first month they need to be watered once a week, using 1-2 buckets of water for one tree. In the future, watering will be required only in long, dry periods. With a strong compaction of the soil will need its loosening. However, it is necessary to take into account the factor that the root system of the plant is located quite close to the soil surface.
Rules for feeding mountain pine
Here's how to fertilize pine:
- nitroammofoskoy (40 g) or other nitrogen fertilizer during planting, is introduced into the pit,
- in the spring, in the first and second year of life, complex mineral fertilizers in the tree trunk circle (for example, “Kemira-universal”, at the rate of 30-40 g per plant).
Two years after planting, the pine tree will no longer need fertilizers, as it is able to use the nutrients that accumulate in the thick coniferous bedding under it.
Since the crowns of decorative pines are so beautiful, they usually do not require a special haircut. Neat form can be formed by trimming or pinching young shoots by one third. So the crown will become more dense, and the shoots will slow growth. In the spring remove frozen and dried branches. Mountain pine tolerates frost well, but young plants require shelter. Also in the first two years they should be covered from the sun, starting in February. Like all conifers, pine is subject to spring sunburn of pine needles.
How to breed mountain pine
Mountain pine propagated by seeds, cuttings and grafts. The simplest and most common way is to grow seedlings from seeds. These pines practically do not give in to cuttings. At least, so far it has not been possible to successfully plant a pine variety Mugus in a similar way. Therefore, when breeding plants, preference is given to other methods.
Seed propagation is the simplest and most acceptable way to plant a beautiful and healthy pine. With such planting trees completely retain their decorative. Briefly describe the process of reproduction of pine sowing seeds. They can be sown both directly in open ground and in boxes, and in the second case, the percentage germination will be large. Ripening of pine seeds occurs in the second year after pollination. Seeds of double-coniferous species would be better to stratify beforehand for 30 days, although it is possible to do without stratification. Planted better in the spring. Pyatikhvarnik sow in the fall, at least in the spring. Their seeds are amenable to longer stratification - for 4-5 months.
When sowing in closed ground, use boxes made of any materials. They pre-make drainage holes. The substrate should be light and loose. It is advisable to sprinkle peat on top of it in order to avoid the development of fungal diseases. Also, the soil must be kept in the oven for disinfection. Seeds are disinfected in a solution of "Fundazol" or "Fitosporin". In the boxes they are sown shallowly, at a distance of 5 cm from each other. Also, seed can be simply poured onto the soil, and then slightly loosened. Capacity cover with foil. Sprouts should appear within a month. After that they will need to be opened and watered regularly. In the open ground well-rooted seedlings can be moved in 1-2 years. When transplanting the root system is not exposed.
Mountain pine, however, as well as pine, reproduction by cuttings does not tolerate well. This happens due to the fact that with this method the tree is difficult to root. 7-10 cm long cuttings are taken only from saplings, from annual upright branches in late April. They are cut off along with a part of the bark of the trunk - the heel. Then for three days, it is advisable to hold them in a container with water and 12 hours in a solution that stimulates root growth. When breeding pines with cuttings, a container with a substrate of earth, peat and sand is prepared in advance. At the bottom is laid drainage. The cuttings go deeper by 4–5 cm. The distance between them is kept within 10 cm. Then it is necessary to organize a greenhouse with lower heating. At home, the temperature at the bottom of the tank can be maintained by placing it in a box with compost, manure or dry leaves. If the cuttings are planted in spring, then rooting should be expected only at the end of the autumn of next year. When grafting in open ground, the lower layer of soil is covered with drainage from gravel or gravel. The beds are laid in layers: compost, soil mixture, sand. The bottom of the cuttings is treated with "Zircon" or "Epin." Rooting occurs within 5-6 months.
High grades can be propagated by grafting, and four-year-old seedlings are taken for stock. It is quite difficult to carry out the inoculation, and one more article will be required for a detailed description of the process of how the pine reproduces by this method. The advantages of reproduction by grafting are that the young tree adopts all the varietal qualities of the mother plant. When used in landscape design, mountain pine is planted in rock gardens, when planting slopes, in hedges, and is also used to fix the soil. It looks beautiful both as a tapeworm and in group plantings. It goes well with birch, larch, spruce, Balkan pines.
This is a coniferous dwarf shrub, having a dense, green spherical needles. This decorative pine grows slowly, grows by 7–10 cm per year. The shrub of a dwarf grows in diameter to 1.5–2 m, and the height of mountain pine can be up to 2.5 m. The needles are dark green, shiny, tough, the length of needles - 4–5 cm.
The appearance of cones occurs in the second year. They are small, rounded, no more than 4 cm in length. During flowering small bumps appear on a thin stalk. Pine gnome grows well in drained soil. The tree will take root on sour, sandy, sandy or rocky soil. As a soil mixture, you can use the following composition: turf, sand, clay (2: 2: 1). On a heavy ground, a drainage layer of approximately 20 centimeters is laid out. Drainage can be sand, gravel, etc. Planting is carried out in early May or in the first decade of September.
- For a tree, it is recommended to choose sunny or somewhat shaded areas. It is important that sunlight is ensured. Mountain pine gnome is unpretentious, and therefore grows in urban environments with proper care.
- The seedlings should be 3-5 years old. Younger trees do not always take root. Before planting a pine gnome prepared about a meter pit. If a hedge is planned, a trench will be dug. The pit must be larger than the root system. The bottom is covered with a drainage layer: broken brick or pebbles, sand is poured on top.
- In the pit is introduced nitroammofoska or humus. Then a pine with an earthy clod falls into a hole and is covered with earth. The root collar does not fall asleep. When properly seated, the root neck is on the surface.
- When planting takes into account the distance between the pines. It should be 1.5 m. At the final stage, the soil around the trunk is compacted and shed with water.
The dwarf pine mountain gnome is predisposed to bubbly rust, characterized by the appearance of orange bloom at the ends of the needles. To prevent disease tree branches are periodically processed with preparations containing copper. It is recommended to remove the affected branches partially or completely.
Quite often, all mountain pines are affected by the fungal disease Schütte. The disease usually manifests itself in the youngest trees after winter: the needles are colored red-brown with black dots. The disease can even appear in the form of drying of the branches and the appearance of a raid on them, resembling a web. Due to illness, pine may lose its elegant crown.
Preventive measures against Shütte:
- sparse landing
- sufficient watering
- timely fertilizing.
In the event of infection, the affected branches and fallen needles are collected and burned, and the pine is carefully sprayed with copper-containing preparations, zineb or 1.5-2% solution of colloidal sulfur.
Frequent necrosis of the bark, accompanied by yellowing, drying out, the extinction of branches and bark. On dead areas, a rash appears like a fungus. Main causes - drought and severe frosts, damage by animals. For deliverance, regular sanitary pruning of dying branches to the first live kidney is arranged.
In the spring, early summer and autumn, the tree is treated with systemic fungicides and agents containing copper. Fungi before treatment is removed with a swab abundantly soaked in fungicide.
Mountain pine can be one of the main plants of the garden, capable of successfully shading decorative leafy and flowering perennials. Due to the unpretentiousness and immunity to frost and drought, thanks to the fluffy crown, the evergreen tree can please the eye for many years. This tree is great for a mixborder device, alpine slide or stone garden.
Before buying or digging a seedling, it is worthwhile to pre-dig a hole in order to plant a tree immediately.
The pit should be the size of a clod around the roots. For seedlings up to 70 cm, the hole will be about 60 × 60 cm, from 70 cm - about 80 × 80 cm.
It is better if the pit is in the shape of a pyramid or a cone.
Having delivered the sapling to the planting pit, the question will arise: “How to plant a pine tree?”. Everything is very simple. Fill the pit with half a bucket of water, then drop a ball into the hole. If necessary, trim the hole to the size of a coma.
Be careful with the root neck. The place where the trunk diverges to the roots must be above ground level, otherwise the tree will die. After planting is worth mulching sapling. And finally pour it. Watering is better from a watering can, so as not to blur the ground.
If you have plans to grow more than one pine tree, plant them four meters apart so that in the future they do not interfere with the "neighbors" growing.
Leaving Special care tree does not require. The main thing is to mulch the soil in the near-stem circle, remove high weeds, water in dry time and cut off diseased branches.
Pines grow to enormous size, and will always delight the eye with an evergreen robe.
Planting pine in the fall. How to plant a pine in the country
Coniferous trees have long been famous for their healing and decorative properties. The most popular representatives of this family are evergreen pines, which number 120 species.
Places of their growth in areas with a temperate climate are plains, and with tropical - mountain valleys. Pines have healing properties and serve as a worthy decoration of any landscape.
Bright juicy greens and elegant fluffy branches delight the eye. They do not cease to admire all year round.
Mountain Pine, description
This conifer is a very beautiful and useful plant. Currently, gardeners are passionate about this culture. It is increasingly planted in the backyard.
The most popular species is mountain pine. This type of coniferous plant has a variety of shapes and sizes. Grows fluffy bush or small tree. And it may be a cover plant form.
Characteristic signs of mountain pine are:
- Dark brown scales that cover the upper part of the trunk.
- Short, twisted, hard needles.
Cones of the small sizes have short legs and are painted in a gray-brown shade. This pine blossoms and bears fruit from the age of ten.
Mountain pine, the photo of which you see, has several advantages:
- It is very branched and compact. This is important when planning landings on the site.
- It tolerates low temperatures and drought.
- Grows on any soil.
- Not subject to disease.
- Tolerant to air pollution and soil compaction.
- Does not suffer from heavy and frequent snowfall.
The disadvantages include slow growth. Due to its excellent decorative properties, it is used for landscape design.
Planting mountain pine is carried out in the fall. The most favorable time is considered to be September, the middle of the month. If you plant a sapling later, he will not have time to settle down.
For the period of winter cold, young saplings should be covered with burlap or other suitable material. This will save it from frost, and later - from sunburn.
When the middle of April comes, the shelter must be removed.
Light-loving plant is a mountain pine. Planting and care are carried out in areas filled with the sun. In the shade the tree will grow badly. It prefers light soils. If the earth is not friable, you need to make a drainage to a depth of twenty centimeters.
To do this, sand, broken brick or expanded clay. It would be nice to fertilize the soil with compost fertilizer: 100-150 g per one seat. If possible, use for planting a mixture of earth, humus, sand and peat.
It is important to remember one feature of this tree - the roots that are not covered with earth die very quickly.
Planting pine seedlings in the fall is carried out in pits 60 cm deep, one meter in diameter or more, depending on size. The root neck is not buried, but must be flush with the ground.
After planting, abundant watering and soil mulching with sawdust, wood chips or peat is needed. Remember, trees of 4-5 years of age have the best survival rate.
If it is planned to plant several coniferous trees on the site, a certain distance between them should be kept. For this kind of two meters is enough.
This evergreen conifer grows in Asia and Europe. Can reach forty-meter height. The crown of young trees has a pyramidal shape, while in the old it is loose.
The pine is distinguished by a straight trunk and reddish bark. Planting pine in the fall is carried out in clay, peat or sandy soil. To them she is unpretentious. Can grow from a seed.
It is enough to collect the cones in the winter and process them with a special solution against fungal diseases.
Grow ordinary pine easy. The main thing is that when planting the roots are not exposed, they should be lump of earth. Otherwise, the seedlings will not take root and die.
The advantage of this type is rapid growth, and the disadvantage is the intolerance to gas pollution and air smoke.
That is why the forest beauty does not decorate the city streets.
How to care?
The unpretentious conifer is the pine. Planting and maintenance are carried out during the first two years. During this period, you need to feed the plant with mineral fertilizers.
In subsequent years, there is no need for this. A lot of pine needles always fall from the tree. It does not need to clean up. A thick litter is formed from the twigs, in which organic matter gradually accumulates.
By eating them, the tree will grow normally.
It tolerates drought well and does not need watering of pine. Planting and maintenance are carried out as needed. Moisturize need saplings and young trees.
Stagnant water tolerates poorly. This type of coniferous trees is resistant to winter cold. It is necessary to cover only young pine trees. This is suitable lapnik or burlap.
The conifer of this species looks amazingly beautiful in individual plantings. For the formation of a beautiful crown make a careful pruning and pinch the tops of the twigs.
A single tree does not require a large area, but it will not tolerate inconvenience due to the planting of a number of large plants of another species.
Pine is used as a supplement to create a hedge.
Historical information about the fruits of cedar pine
Thousands of years ago, the inhabitants of the Mediterranean countries were the first to appreciate the beneficial properties of the pine nut.
Even in ancient times, the large white seeds of the Romans used to make wine.
The ancient people realized that to quench their thirst, to get rid of heartburn, to overcome man's weakness, one should eat the fruits of the cedar tree.
Soon the fame of the wonderful healing properties of the nut spread throughout the world. During the reign of Peter the Great, Russia traded them profitably with Sweden, Persia, and France.
In nature, there are 28 species of this tree with similar edible seeds.
But despite this, it was the pine nuts from Russia that were of particular value, which are still the main treasure of the Siberian taiga.
Cedar Pine, description
The life of this conifer is measured in centuries. Individual specimens grow to 850 years, although the average age is 5-6 centuries.
Pine cedar is called Siberian cedar. In nature, it grows in the forest zone and occupies vast territories. They are called pine forests.
Sanatoriums are often built in these places.
Cedar pine belongs to large-sized conifer species. Planting and care is time consuming. But all costs are compensated when the tree grows and gives a bountiful harvest of healthy tasty nuts.
The height of an adult pine can reach 35 meters, and the diameter of the trunk - two. The dense crown of young trees has a conical shape, and in adults - ovoid.
The trunk is covered with cracked gray-brown bark, and the young shoots are covered with reddish fuzz. Long and soft triangular needles collected in five pieces in bunches. Через 4-6 лет старые иголки опадают, на их месте появляются новые.
Шишки светло-бурого цвета крупные, в их ячейках находится много кедровых орешков, которые являются главным богатством.
Сосна, фото которой вы видите, растет медленно. За год прибавляет в росте 25-30 см. For example: a twenty-year-old tree reaches a height of 2.5 meters. In their natural environment, cedar bears fruit from 40-70 years of age, and in gardens with good care - from 15-20.
Cedar pine planting
This tree is capricious, demanding on the composition of the soil. Although in the natural environment grows in different conditions. It can be sands, marshes and rocky slopes. Planting cedar pine on the site requires preparation.
The fact is that large cedars do not tolerate any interventions in the process of their growth. During a transplant, they experience stress: after all, they will have to get used to a different climate and different growing conditions.
Planting pine in the fall is carried out in pre-dug deep holes, taking into account the size of the roots of large trees. Cedar pine bark is very thin.
In order not to damage it accidentally, you need to carefully and carefully treat the transportation of wood.
When planting, be aware that the pine is pollinated by the wind. Therefore, at a distance of eight meters from each other, you need to plant a few trees, otherwise the harvest should not wait.
It is desirable to immediately determine the plant at a permanent place of growth. At first, systematic irrigation and fertilizing is carried out. So the seedlings will get stronger faster.
Planted trees should have dark green needles and grow by 10 cm in the first year. Pine-tree planting in the fall is carried out by 2-3 summer saplings. In the first years of pruning can not hold.
It is enough to break off several lateral buds on the central shoot.
The benefits of pine nuts
The fruits of the Siberian pine have a huge range of healing properties and have great nutritional value.
They are rich in balanced proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and trace elements. Pine nuts are eaten, widely used in cooking in different countries.
They are the raw material for obtaining valuable nutritious oil.
For a long time, pine nuts have been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of stomach, gastritis and pancreatitis. Cake in the ground form is contained in food vitamin supplements. Even walnut shells have valuable qualities: they are used for preparing anti-inflammatory and analgesic tinctures.
They help get rid of rheumatism, arthritis and osteochondrosis. Eczema, lichen and other skin diseases are successfully treated with wrapping and lotions from the decoction of the same shell.
Seeds of Siberian pine cones cope with avitaminosis, weight loss, contribute to the restoration of strength and increase immunity.
Pine from the forest: how to plant it?
Planting of pine in the fall from the forest is carried out healthy, unaffected by seedlings. The end of September or the beginning of October is the most suitable time for this. The sequence is as follows:
- Deep pits are dug. If you plan to plant several trees, the distance between them should be four meters.
- In the forest, the sunlit edge or the edge of the forest is chosen. If you take a tree from a darkened place, it will be weak and is unlikely to take root in the new place.
- Should be taken 1-2-year-old pine 40-70 cm tall.
- Be sure to remember or something to mark the landmarks of the tree relative to the cardinal points. On your site plant a pine in the same way.
- Next, dig a plant without damaging the roots, then remove from the hole. This should be done carefully so that the clod of earth does not crumble, and the roots are not bare.
- The excavated tree is placed in a bag and placed in bulk containers for transportation.
- A bucket is taken from the forest or more land from under the pine. It contains fungi in which the root system of an excavated tree has developed.
- If the roots dry out during shipment, they should be moistened.
- Before planting, the bottom of a dug hole is covered with forest soil. Mineral fertilizers are added to it and a bucket of water is poured.
- Planting of pine in the fall is carried out by sapling, which is placed in the hole, sprinkled first with forest land, and then with ordinary soil.
- After that, the ground around the trunk is slightly compacted and the plant is once again well watered.
- Direct sunlight can damage the seedlings. Therefore, they cover the sacking.
Planting pines in the fall from the forest is troublesome, but it's worth it. After all, your garden will be decorated with a little forest beauty.
Pumilio mountain pine: planting and care, features of growing and reproduction:
Country plot is a place of rest, relaxation. Therefore, everything should be perfect here, including the environment. It's about landscape design and green areas.
It is very important to properly perform the landing and care. Pumilio mountain pine is a great option for summer cottages in any territory.
This unpretentious, evergreen dwarf plant diversifies your environment, will create an original style.
Thanks to the various shapes, colors and geometry of coniferous trees, with the help of these plants you can create individual attractive compositions.
This dwarf pine perfectly combines with various deciduous and coniferous trees.
Therefore, many gardeners are interested in the proper planting and care of the mountain pine Pumilio.
How to plant a pine on your site
Probably, any owner of a summer house, a country house and a plot of land thought about planting trees.
Someone wants to smooth the view of a sad bare field and neighboring houses (well, if houses, not eternal construction projects or collapsed sheds), someone wants to tick the list “build a house, grow a son, plant a tree”, someone is balance in the design of the environment. There are many reasons, you can choose any for yourself, and we will tell you how to do the practical part of the case.
The selection of trees is also great. The advantage of pines is that they are evergreen and grow quite quickly. In addition, pines, like other coniferous trees, emit phytoncides that purify the air from bacteria and fungi, have a positive effect on the human body and distribute a wonderful aroma.
In this article we will give general recommendations on the transplanting of pines and demonstrate the practical part by example.
Morning in a pine forest
Choosing a landing site
Pines love sunny areas, but young trees should be pruneed for the first time - in natural conditions, trees do not grow from scratch, they are accompanied by shade.
Best of all pines grow on light soils - sandy and sandy. If the soil is heavy (loamy and clayey), additional drainage should be provided. To do this, a 20-cm layer of sand or expanded clay is added to the landing pit (finely broken brick or gravel can be added).
In nature, pine grows in a variety of soil and hydrological conditions, actively adapting to them.
The root system can have a deeply penetrating and well-developed taproot if the groundwater lies deep or can be superficial.
However, the bulk of the roots in any case is located in the upper soil layer, at a depth of 50-60 cm.
We decided to plant a pine in a distant unused corner of the plot.
There our site passes into a rather high hill - we have close groundwater, and the hill provides some margin for root growth, perhaps this is an extra reinsurance, but we would not want the pine to die in a couple of years from root decay.
Apple-wilds growing around will play the role of nursery trees - protect the seedling from the scorching sun. When the pine gets stronger and grows, it will outgrow the surrounding trees and bushes and will receive a lot of sunlight.
Choosing a place to land
Landing pit preparation
If you are going to transplant a pine tree dug in the forest or in other “wild conditions”, then first of all you should prepare a planting pit in order to immediately plant the brought seedling.
The landing pit should correspond approximately to the size and shape of a clod of earth with which the tree will be transplanted. The more this lump will be, the less damage will be received by the root system.
Calculate your strengths - what size you can dig and deliver to the landing site. For seedlings up to 70 cm in height, a pit (and coma) size of at least 60 × 60 cm, height of more than 70 cm is recommended - at least 80 × 80 cm.
The form is a pyramid or a cone (it is unlikely that you will be able to dig a lump of another form).
We dig a landing hole
As already mentioned, additional drainage is required on heavy soils. Taking into account the drainage, we made a landing pit a little deeper and poured about 30 cm of sand mixed with the ground extracted from the pit to the bottom.
Fall asleep drainage layer
Pure sand (taken in a pine forest) we diluted with fertile soil, which will serve as fertilizer for our pine.
For the same reason, we did not add mineral or organic fertilizers to the pit, the land here was good black soil, and the place for planting pine was virgin, so there was enough mineral matter for the pine and so on.
If you wish to fertilize, use mature compost or buy special fertilizer for conifers.
Selection and preparation of seedlings
Choosing a young tree for transplanting, check it for brittleness. If the needles are yellowed and the tips of the branches break easily, the tree may be damaged and start to die.
The dead tree retains its “commodity” look for quite a long time, remember the New Year trees, the needles from which are not showered, even though the tree has absolutely no roots.
Going to dig up a sapling, take with you water and a large enough piece of cloth to wrap a dug clod of earth with its roots.
When exposed, the main root of a pine tree dies in air in 15-20 minutes.
This is another reason why pines should be dug out with a fairly large basal lump.
Choosing a seedling, cut the turf around the perimeter with a shovel, penetrating the shovel as deep as possible into the soil. After that, use the shovel as a lever to tear off and lift a clod of earth with roots.
Put a wet cloth under the spade, straighten it and put a com on it. Wrap the cloth tightly around the coma and, holding it, pull out the pine.
First of all, you can remove the clod of earth without damaging it. Secondly, tightly wrapped and tied fabric will not allow anyone to fall apart during transport.
And, finally, it will avoid the drying of the root.
If you use a thin cotton sheet, then the seedling can be lowered into the planting hole right in it - the fabric will quickly rot and will not interfere with the growth of the roots.
Digged tree ready for transport
Having brought the tree to the landing site, we pour out a half-bucket of water into the landing pit and simply drop the seedling there. If the size of the coma is different from the landing pit, add or remove the required amount of land.
We water a landing hole
Note: the root neck cannot be buried (i.e. the place where the trunk of the tree begins to branch and passes into the roots), it should be at ground level.
Otherwise, it rots, and the tree dies.
If you transplant a tree with a dense, unbroken clod of earth, the problem with determining the depth at which the root neck should be located is automatically eliminated.
After landing, we gurgle the earth around the trunk. Mulch, as you probably know, helps retain moisture, prevents weed germination and, slowly rotting, works as a soft fertilizer. For mulching, we collected fallen pine needles.
We mulch the earth around
Finally, water the seedling, even if the ground is wet. Watering not only provides a reserve of water, but also improves the contact of the roots with the soil, which means that it creates more favorable conditions for feeding and restoring damage. Watering preferably watering with a nozzle, so as not to erode the soil.
If you want to plant several pines, place the following approximately four meters from the first one. If you plant trees too close, they will interfere with each other when they grow up.
Departure after landing
Special care for pine planted on your site is not required.
Warm the tree before winter, if planted in late autumn, close from the bright spring sun, mulch the tree trunk, clean large grass around, water during particularly dry periods (mulch will help fight the drought), clean dried and sick branches.
Properly planted pines will long please you with their evergreen outfit.
Pines in the country: mountain, cedar and ordinary pine. Features of landing, watering, top dressing and covering for the winter
Coniferous trees are able to decorate any landscape, pleasing the eye with a bright crown and fluffy paws, therefore they are very popular among summer residents.
However, planting and caring for these plants contains a number of nuances that you need to be aware of so that the trees successfully take root on your site.
Therefore, in this article we will look at how to plant a pine tree in the country and ensure further care for it.
Pines on the dacha