Mimulus popularly known as "Sponge". Sometimes some of its species are unknowingly mistaken for snapdragons. Indeed, there are some similarities. Also find similarities with the face of a monkey. Unfortunately, this flower is rarely found on the flower gardens lovers. It is not clear why, because mimulus is very easy to grow, and caring for it is no more difficult than for other flower beds.
Little about the plant
Mimulus in nature is a perennial plant. But this is where it grows in natural, habitual conditions for itself - North America, Australia, New Zealand. In our country, it is mainly grown as an annual. But among the 150 species of mimulus there are those that are quite resistant to our frosts and can be grown as perennials. On average, mimulyus reaches a height of 70 centimeters. But there are more stunted flowers. For example "Mimulyus leopard", Which height does not reach also 25 centimeters. This flower looks great in group planting, and in combination with other garden flowers. Mimulius can be safely grown in a flower bed, planted on rock gardens or included in the composition for hanging pots or containers.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
Sow the seeds of mimulyus must be no later than the beginning of April. These seeds are very small and even mixing them with dry sand will not give much effect, thickening cannot be avoided. Therefore, you should prepare for the subsequent picks. Due to the fact that the seeds of mimulus are very small, they are not embedded in the ground, but are distributed as evenly as possible over the surface of the ground, which should be light and loose. Before planting it should be slightly moistened. Seeds of mimulyus, after they are distributed on the surface of the soil, are also moistened with a spray bottle. Then the container with crops is covered with any transparent material to create greenhouse conditions. They should be kept in a bright place with a moderate (+ 16-18 degrees) temperature.
It does not take long to germinate. On average - a week. Often the first shoots appear on the third day.
If the shoots have grown too thick, then after a week you need to thin them so that they do not interfere with each other’s growth. To avoid stretching the sprouts of mimulyus, place them in a bright and cool place. When the seedling will give 4 true leaves, they can be smashed into separate containers. It makes sense not to allocate to each seedling a separate container, but to plant them in groups of 4-5 pieces. When the seedlings of mimulyus get stronger and take root after a dive, it can also be fed with weak potassium fertilizer.
Planting mimulyusa in open ground
Planted mimulyus seedlings in mid-May. But first you can (and it is highly desirable) to temper it, gradually accustomed to street conditions. In principle, the term of planting mimulus in open ground will depend on how quickly stable warm weather is established in your region. Therefore, the landing period may be shifted.
Place for planting mimulyus can be selected both in the sun and in partial shade. Ideally, the soil in the area under planting of this flower will be slightly acid, loamy with humus content.
Landing is carried out by the method of transshipment into prepared landing pits. The distance between them mainly depends on the size of the adult plant, but on average it is 20 - 30 centimeters. Before planting the soil in the pits is moistened. It is also well moistened and the land in containers with mimulyus seedlings, which at the same time and facilitate its removal for transshipment.
In regions with a mild climate and in early spring, the mimulus can be planted, bypassing the stage of growing seedlings - immediately in open ground. To do this, should establish a warm day weather (+ 16-18 degrees). Seeds of mimulyus, as when sown on seedlings, are distributed over the surface of the soil, moistened and covered with a film. With the advent of germs covering is removed. After a couple of weeks, when the sprouts get stronger, they can already be thinned out.
Care of mimulyus
He will not give you much trouble. The mimulus flower is unpretentious. Care of it will mainly consist in regularly maintaining soil moisture. It should be constantly wet. Mimulus poorly tolerates drought, but excessive waterlogging is undesirable to him, it is fraught with the appearance of various rot and pests. A sign of excess moisture - small holes on the leaves of mimulyus. You should also periodically plow up the land around it and fight weeds.
During the season mimulyus blooms twice - in spring and autumn. After the first flowering is over, the ground part of the flower is shortened, and complex fertilizer is applied under the plant. Pretty soon, mimulyus builds up young shoots, which will be even thicker and more magnificent than the previous ones.
Perennial types of mimulyusa can be saved until next spring. Even if there are harsh winters in your places, it can be cut off in the fall, dig up and, together with a clod of earth, be transplanted into a flower pot. You can keep it on the windowsill at a low temperature. In the spring, with the onset of heat, mimulyus can be taken out and planted in open ground.
Description, types and photos of mimulyus
Plant name in translation means a magician, artist. Apparently, this is due to the spotty, highly variable color of flowers. They resemble the face of a monkey with their shape, therefore in their homeland they are called monkey flowers. In our country, mimulyusy known as gubastik.
These herbaceous perennials or annuals grow in moist, swampy areas of the western part of North America. Some species are found in New Zealand, Australia, East Asia, Chile. They bloom from April to July, experiencing drought in a state of rest. With the onset of the rainy season, the Gubas come to life again.
On average, mimulyusy high reach from 10 to 60 cm. Some members of the genus are subshrub, growing to two meters. On their creeping or upright stems grow broadly lanceolate, opposite leaves with sharp notches. Loose racemes consist of original flowers of various colors. Corolla tubular at base divided into two lips. The lower three-cavity lip is bulged forward, and the upper lip consists of two lobes. The fruit of the gabastik is a dvuhdolnuyu seed box.
Types of mimulyus
For flower growers of greatest interest The following types of gubastik:
- The brindle mimulus is a low plant and is the most popular annual species. Bushes up to 25 cm in height differ in racemes with variegated flowers of various colors. Blooming hybrid species from late May to late July.
- The tricolor sponge is a herbaceous plant 14 cm high. Its slightly pubescent opposite leaves are oval in shape and up to 4.5 cm long. The pharynx of the flower has a pink color and yellow and white spots in the throat. On each petal at the base of maroon spots.
- Mimulus nutmeg is a herbaceous plant that secretes mucus with a nutmeg odor. All its parts have a fuzzy structure. A bush with erect or creeping stems grows up to 30 cm. Yellow flowers reach 2.5 cm in diameter.
- Copper-red sponge is grown as an annual. The plant with creeping stems 15 cm long is distinguished by flowers of copper shades. They may have a yellow, orange or red color.
- Mimulius orange is a very thermophilic plant. In length, its upright stems can reach 1.2 m. They have the ability to beautifully sag, which gives the plant a very decorative look. Tubular flowers consist of five wide petals, the color of which can be from white to red. However, the most common light orange color. Flowering begins in May, and lasts until mid-September.
- Mottled sponge can be both annual and perennial. It differs by creeping or straight stems, the length of which can be from 10-80 cm. The oval or rounded leaves of the plant are roughly lobed or toothed. Inflorescences consist of disproportionately large tubular flowers of bright yellow color. The lower lip of each flower is stained from red to brown. In garden plots, the plant is grown as an annual.
Growing mimulyus from seeds
Seeds of different types of this amazing flower can be bought in a store or on your own. to harvest after full ripening. When growing sponge seed, the following recommendations should be observed:
- At home, sowing is done from late February to early April.
- The seedling boxes are filled with slightly acidic soil, on the surface of which seeds are sown.
- From above, the soil and seeds from the sprayer are moistened with water at room temperature and covered with polyethylene or glass. It turns out mini greenhouse, which must be placed in a warm place with air temperature not below + 18C.
- Care of the planted seeds is to keep the soil moist.
- So that the soil under the film does not begin to mold, it is recommended to air it for half an hour every day, removing the shelter for this.
- As soon as the first seedlings appear (in 3-4 days), the containers with seedlings are put up in a well-lit and cooler place. Air temperature should be within 10-12С.
- With the appearance of 2-3 true leaves of the seedlings sparking in separate containers. The use of peat pots is recommended, from which transplanting into open ground for plants is less painful.
- Unleashed young plants should be kept moist in a room with a low stable temperature.
- Young plants need two times to feed a weak solution of potassium fertilizer.
Subject to all recommendations, mature and grown mimulus bushes in mid-May will ready to land in open ground.
Home grown from seeds, gubastik will bloom at the end of May, and will delight with their flowers until the frost, resting in the hot summer months.
Growing mimulyusa in open ground
It is possible to plant a sponge on well-lit areas and in partial shade. It should be borne in mind that direct sunlight and heat slow down the growth and flowering of the plant.
Mimulyus like loamy soil with the addition of peat and humus. Digging is performed immediately before planting seedlings. The distance between the bushes should be from 20 to 30 cm.
If gubastikami will be issued a balcony, then planting should be done in boxes or pots, filled with specially prepared earth mixture. To do this is mixed:
- leaf ground - 2 parts,
- peat - 1 part,
- humus - 3 parts
- some turf and sand.
Planted plants are well watered and pinched. In this case, the bushes will become more magnificent.
Mimulyusy need abundant watering. Especially you need to carefully monitor the soil moisture in the hot summer months. However, the constant overmoistening of the soil can provoke the development of various diseases. To do this, it is recommended to monitor the condition of the bushes, and when small holes appear on the leaves, reduce the intensity of watering.
Approximately two weeks after the landing, the sponge should start feed with special mineral fertilizers for blooming flowers. The solution is prepared in accordance with the instructions attached to them. Top dressing is done every three weeks.
When caring for mimulyus between flowering pruning bushes needed. Gubastik bloom twice a season - in spring and autumn, and in the hottest summer months they rest. It is during this period that the bushes are cut short and watered with a solution of complex mineral fertilizers. Plants will recover and re-bloom rather quickly. While caring for mimulyas, one should not forget about regular removal of weeds and periodic loosening of the soil around the plant.
The mimulys grown in containers should be carefully transplanted as soon as the roots fill the entire container. To do this, choose a more spacious pot or box in which the plants are transported along with the earthy clod on the roots.
To make the bushes look beautiful and bloom for a long time, it takes a while to care for them. periodically cut dried stalks and remove faded blossoms.
Annual gubastik good winter in cool rooms with good lighting. To do this, in the fall they are dug, planted in small containers and cut.
Diseases and pests
The positive quality of mimulyusov is that they are very resistant to various pests and diseases. However, gubastik can be attacked by the whitefly or aphids. When these pests are found on the leaves or stems, the plants must be treated with insecticidal agents.
In the hot period of time a bush may be affected by gray mold. Any methods of dealing with this disease are practically ineffective, so the plant is immediately destroyed. Otherwise, the viral disease will spread and destroy other plants.
Often young shrubs suffer from powdery mildew and blackleg. Get rid of them with systemic fungicides.
In order for the gubastik not to get sick, during the care you need to try not to overwet the soil, and their leaves and stems should be inspected periodically. Soil around plants it is recommended to cover with mulch.
Similar to orchids, mimulyas can originally decorate a small flower bed or rabatku. With the help of planted boxes, tubs or hanging pots Gubastik originally designed balconies, loggias and terraces. Water-loving plants are decorated with ponds and swampy areas.
Mimulius is a perennial, but in culture it is grown as a one-year plant, although some species can withstand temperatures down to -20ºC. The height of grassy species can reach 70cm, and semi-shrub - 1.5m. The flower has branched stems, creeping or erect, pubescent or bare. The leaves are opposite, often ovoid. The flowers themselves have an irregular shape, spotty or monochromatic, up to 5 cm in diameter, in loose tassels. The corolla of flowers is tubular, with the upper dicotyled lip bent backwards, and the three-lobed lower lip is pushed forward. The fruit is a box with small brown seeds that ripen in two when ripe.
Mimulyus looks good on a bed, in rock gardens, containers and hanging structures. It is also used as a ground cover plant.
Planting sponge in the garden
- When to plant in the soil . In early May, you can already begin hardening. Procedures for two weeks should gradually prepare the mimulus for life in the open air. Seedlings are planted in open ground in mid-May, when there is no longer any threat of frost returning. Gubastik feels well in an open sunny place, and in partial shade. Do not forget about care. Preferably loamy, humus soil, with the addition of peat, that is, slightly acidic soil. Before planting the plot is dug up, leveled and watered. Seedlings in the cups are well moistened.
- How to plant . For seedlings dig holes dug, allowing you to fit the root system of seedlings with a clod of earth. Between the holes leave 20-30cm. Landing is carried out by transshipment. In an area with a warm spring, a sponge may be sown in the second half of April immediately into open ground, if the average daytime temperature is 15-18ºC. After sowing, the seeds are not buried in the ground, but are covered with a transparent film, which is not removed until shoots appear. After the seedlings grow and mature, they thin out.
Growing in the garden . Planting and care will not cause problems, as the mimulus is an unpretentious flower. Growing gubastik involves pinching young plants to enhance tillering.
Since the plant is moisture-loving it needs frequent watering, especially in summer: the soil around the flower should always be moist. If holes appear on the leaves, watering stops. After moistening the soil, it is desirable to loosen the soil around the bushes and remove weeds.
Feed the plant once a month 15 ml solution of complex mineral fertilizer in a bucket of water.
During the growing season, the sponge blooms twice in spring and autumn. The first stage of flowering lasts several weeks. At the end of it, the plant is cut as short as possible, and the soil is fertilized: new shoots will soon grow, and the sponge will bloom more than ever. During flowering faded inflorescences and flowers are removed for decoration.
Types and varieties
In culture, few species of mimulus are grown.
Mimulus aurantiacus . Homeland plants - Southwest USA. Heat-loving flower, whose shoots grow to 1 m. Salmon pink or orange flowers with corollas have a diameter of up to 4 cm and stand out against the background of shiny dark green leaves. The shoots of this type need support, otherwise they bend down and creep along the ground. Mimulus orange is extremely attractive, so it is often used for growing in containers and hanging baskets. Overwinter can in a cool room.
Mimulus puniceus . Homeland - the south of California and the border areas of the United States and Mexico. Переливающиеся цветки растения имеют темный оттенок красного. Внутренняя часть венчика оранжевая.
Mimulus luteus . Пришел из Чили. Был открыт в начале XVIII столетия французским священником, который путешествовал по Южной Америке – отцом Фейе. В 1763 г. описание цветка сделал Карл Линней.Perennial is grown as an annual plant, has upright branched stems up to 60 cm high, pubescent or bare. Leaves are heart-shaped or ovoid with sharp teeth on the edges. Yellow flowers are collected in axillary or solar inflorescences. In culture, species from 1812, but rarely grown.
Mimulus guttatus . Discovered in 1808 by G.I. Langsdorf. Initially, it grew in the west of America, but due to plasticity and polymorphism it quickly spread to the east and north of the mainland, to New Zealand and even in the temperate region of Europe. Length mottled speckled reaches 80cm. Stems branched and erect, yellow flowers with dark red specks in the throat. There is a variegated form of Richard Bisch, which has gray-green leaves with a white rim.
Mimulus cardinalis . Red or purple sponge. Homeland - North America. Perennial with branched and pubescent stems. Grown as an annual crop. Compact bushes grow to 40-60cm in height. The leaves are serrated on the edges, opposite, ovate, veins convex. Fragrant tubular flowers with double-lip limb scarlet-red hue, located in the axils of the leaves on long pedicels. In flower culture since 1835. The best varieties of the species are:
- Aurantikus with orange-red flowers.
- Rose Queen with large pink flowers in a dark speck.
- Cardinal with scarlet-red flowers and yellow specks.
- Red Dragon with red flowers.
Mimulus cupreus. Homeland - Chile. A perennial plant with a height of 12–15 cm, with shoots slightly elevated from the ground and copper-red or copper-orange axillary flowers that open on short peduncles up to 3 cm in diameter, gradually becoming golden-yellow. View in culture since 1861. It has the following garden forms:
- Andean Nymph with cream flowers and light purple specks.
- Red Imperer with fiery red halo.
- Rother Kaiser with red flowers.
Mimulus primuloides . Perennial and grown as perennial. A large number of thin shoots up to 15 cm in height, oblong and ovate leaves in a rosette, and yellow flowers on long peduncles.
Mimulus moschatus . North American endemic. Herbaceous perennial plant with a fleecy stem and leaves that secrete mucus with a musky scent. Creeping or erect stems reach a length of 30 centimeters. The leaves are oval, opposite, up to 6 cm long, yellow flowers up to 2.5 cm in diameter.
Mimulus ringens . Type species, perennial, 20-100 cm in height, with branched stem, opposite oval leaves, small lavender flowers.
Mimulus x tigrinus . Group name of varieties and forms obtained by crossing speckled and yellow sponge. Hybrids with spotty flowers. Usually do not grow more than 25cm in height. The leaves are ovate, serrated along the edge, variegated flowers are collected in axillary racemes or terminal inflorescences. The most demanded in the culture is mimulus. Among its grades the most popular:
- The sun in the shade.
- Magic Spotts.
- Magic mix
- Twinkle Mixed
- Brass Mankiz.
The creeping mimulyus as well as possible is suitable for cultivation on small beds and decoration of balconies. The virtues of a flower are its long blooming and original bright flowers. Unusual flowers resemble orchids. Growing plants is a rather laborious process, but the result will be beautiful flower beds and well decorated balconies.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Growing from seed
- 3.1. Sowing
- 3.2. Seedling care
- 4. Landing
- 4.1. When to plant
- 4.2. How to plant
- 5. Care
- 5.1. How to grow
- 5.2. Pests and diseases
- 5.3. Mimulius after flowering
- 6. Types and varieties
Planting and care of mimulyus (briefly)
- Bloom: twice a season.
- Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings at the end of March or at the beginning of April, planting seedlings in open ground in mid-May.
- Lighting: bright sunlight or partial shade.
- The soil: humus loam weakly acid reaction, that is, with the addition of peat.
- Watering: frequent, especially in heat: the soil in the area should be slightly wet all the time.
- Top dressing: once a month with a solution of 15 g of complex mineral fertilizers.
- Trimming: after the first flowering, which lasts several weeks, the shoots of the plant are cut. The second bloom occurs on the newly grown shoots.
- Reproduction: seed.
- Pests: aphid, whitefly, slugs.
- Diseases: black leg, powdery mildew, gray mold.
Flower mimulyus (gubastik) - description
Although the peasant flower is a perennial flower, it is cultivated as an annual plant, although some species can withstand temperatures down to -20 ºC. The height of the grassy species of mimulyus reaches 70 cm, and semi-shrubs grow up to one and a half meters. Stems are branched, erect or creeping, bare or hairy. The leaves are opposite, most often ovoid. Irregularly shaped monophonic or spotty flowers with a diameter of up to 5 cm are collected in loose brushes. The corolla in the flowers is tubular, with a bilobed upper lip bent back, and the lower three-lobed lip is pushed forward. The fruit of the plant is a box with small brown seeds, which ripens in two when ripe.
Perfectly looks mimulyus on a bed, in rock gardens, suspended structures and containers. Use it as a groundcover.
When to sow mimulyus at home? To sow seeds of mimulyus seedlings need in late March or early April. Because of their small size, you cannot evenly distribute them over the surface of the substrate, so it is impossible to grow sponge seedlings without picking. As a substrate for seedlings, you can use a universal soil with coconut fiber and perlite, adding some clean sand to it: the main thing is that the substrate should be light and loose. The seeds are not buried in the soil: they are moistened with a spray bottle, covered with transparent film or glass and kept in a bright place at a temperature of 15-18 ºC. Under these conditions, the mimulus from the seeds will begin to germinate within 2-3 days.
Description of the appearance of the flower
Mimulius or sponge is a perennial plant. However, in regions with a cold climate, the flower is grown as an annual. With proper care, the culture grows to 1.5 m tall. Shoots can be both straight and creeping. Often they are smooth, but there are species in which the twigs are covered with small fibers.
The most famous varieties:
- Mimulus Winter sunset. This species is distinguished by pink flowers with white inserts. It is possible to observe flowering in 6-7 weeks after sowing in open ground.
- Mimulius Luteus Tigrinus mix. The most common type. The plant is characterized by strong branching. Shoots grow up to 25 cm tall. Hardwood plates with small teeth. Buds bright with a variety of patches. All of them form inflorescences that have long stalks. In loose form, the buds produce a pleasant aroma, similar to the smell of musk. You can watch flowering from June to July.
- Mimulius Vaudeville. Flower has small sizes. The maximum height of the bush is within 30 cm. The flowers are large, yellow. Brown or red blotches are abundantly located on each petal. Deciduous egg-shaped plates. Their diameter reaches 3 cm.
- Mimulyus Luteus. The homeland of this plant species is the land of Chile. In nature, the bush is considered a perennial, and in our regions, it is grown as an annual. And all due to the fact that mimulyus luteus does not tolerate low air temperatures. Height of an adult plant reaches 60 cm.
Mimulus grandiflora is most often used to create unusual landscape designs.
All of the above types are used to decorate rock gardens and flower beds. Also, flowers are grown in containers and hanging pot.
The blooming sponge plant is perennial, but it is cultivated in mid-latitudes as an annual. But there are quite cold-resistant species that are not afraid of cold to minus 20 degrees. The height of dwarf shrubs reaches 1.5 meters, while grassy plants do not grow higher than 0.7 m. Branched creeping or upright shoots can be bare or have pubescent on their surface. Opposite leaf plates are often ovoid. Loose racemes consist of spotted or monochromatic flowers, having an irregular shape and reaching 50 mm in diameter. They have a tubular corolla with a bichromatic upper lip bent back, with a three-lobed lower lip pushed forward. The fruit is a box, inside which there are small seeds of brown color. The ripened box cracks into 2 parts.
This plant is decorated with rock gardens, flower beds, and it is also grown in containers and suspended structures. Also mimulyus can be used as a ground cover plant.
When to plant mimulyus in a ground.
At the beginning of May, tempering procedures can be started, which in two weeks should gradually prepare the plants for life in the open air. Sponge seedlings are planted in open ground in mid-May, when the threat of recurrent frosts is past. The sponge grows well both in open sunny areas and in partial shade. The soil of the plant prefers loamy, humus, with the addition of peat, that is, slightly acidic. Before planting, the plot is dug, leveled and watered. Seedlings in cups also need to be well moistened.
How to plant mimulyus.
For the seedlings dig holes so deep that they fit the root system of seedlings with earthen ball. The distance between the holes - 20-30 cm. Landing is carried out by the method of transshipment.
By the way, if you live in an area with warm springs, you can sow a sponge in the second half of April right into the open ground, provided that the average daily temperature will stay at 15-18 ºC. Seeds after sowing are not buried in the soil, but covered with a transparent film, which they do not remove until shoots begin to appear. When the seedlings grow and get stronger, they are thinned.
How to grow mimulyus in the garden.
Planting and caring for mimulyu you will not get problems, because the plant is unpretentious. Growing mimulyu involves pinching young plants to enhance their tillering.
The sponge is moisture-loving, therefore it needs frequent watering, especially in summer: the soil around the plant should be slightly damp all the time. If you find small holes on the leaves of the sponge, you should reduce watering. After moistening the soil, it is advisable to loosen the soil around the bushes and remove weeds.
Feed the mimulus once a month with a solution of 15 ml of mineral complex fertilizer in a bucket of water.
During the growing season, the mimulus undergoes two flowering periods - spring and autumn. The first stage of flowering sponge lasts several weeks. As soon as it ends, you need to cut the plant as short as possible and apply fertilizer to the soil: very soon new shoots will grow on Mumulus, and he will bloom more than ever. During flowering, wilted flowers and buds must be removed so that the plant does not look sloppy.
Pests and diseases of mimulyus.
The mimulus in the garden shows an enviable resistance to diseases and harmful insects, but in the seedling stage it can be affected by black leg or powdery mildew, and in these cases you cannot do without the treatment of seedlings with a fungicide solution. In hot weather, there is a risk of gray mold for the sponge; there is no effective way to get rid of it: diseased plants will have to be removed and burned.
In case of excessive irrigation, gastropod mollusks show interest in mimulus. To protect the plant from their dangerous attention, reduce watering and gurgle the soil around the bushes with sawdust.
They can settle on the mimulus of aphid and whitefly, which can be removed by the solution of acaricide - Aktellika or Aktar.
Orange mimulus (Mimulus aurantiacus),
which hails from the southwestern United States. It is a thermophilic plant with shoots up to 1 m high. Orange or salmon-pink flowers with corollas up to 4 cm in diameter stand out against the background of its dark green shiny leaves. The shoots of this species need support, otherwise they will bend down to the ground and spread along it. Mimulyus orange is a very attractive plant, often used for growing in hanging baskets and containers. He can spend the winter in a cool room.
Yellow sponge (Mimulus luteus)
comes from chile. It was discovered at the beginning of the 18th century by a French priest, Father Faye, traveling in South America, and in 1763 the plant was described by Karl Linna. It is a perennial, grown as an annual, with upright branched stems up to 60 cm tall, bare or pubescent, and ovate or heart-shaped leaves with sharp teeth along the edges. Yellow flowers of plants of this species are collected in the final or axillary inflorescences. Cultivated species since 1812, but rarely grown.
Mimulyus speckled (Mimulus guttatus)
was opened in 1808 by G.I. Langsdorf. Initially, plants of this species grew in the western regions of North America, however, due to their polymorphism and plasticity, they quickly spread to the north and east of the continent, as well as to New Zealand and even to the temperate zone of Europe. Mottled spongers reach a height of 80 cm. It has branched erect stems and yellow flowers with dark red specks in the rim of the corolla. The plant has a variegated form of Richard Bish with gray-green leaves with a white rim.
Red sponge (Mimulus cardinalis),
or purple sponge also comes from North America. It is a perennial stemmed with a pubescent and branched from the very base, which is grown in annual crops. Compact bushes of this plant reach a height of 40-60 cm. Its leaves are opposite, serrated along the edge, ovate, with convex veins. Fragrant tubular flowers with a double-lipped bend are painted in scarlet-red hue and are located on long pedicels in the leaf axils. The plant has been cultivated since 1835. The best varieties of the species are:
- – Auranticus - a plant with orange-red flowers,
- – Cardinal - variety with scarlet-red flowers with yellow specks,
- – Rose queen - variety with large pink flowers in dark specks,
- – Red Dragon - A plant with red flowers.
Copper Red Mimulus (Mimulus cupreus)
from Chile - a perennial only 12–15 cm in height with bare shoots rising from the ground and axillary copper-red or copper-orange flowers opening on short peduncles up to 3 cm in diameter, gradually lightening to golden-yellow color. In culture, the view from 1861. The plant has such garden forms:
- – Red Imperer - a plant with a fiery red halo,
- – Andean Nymph - variety with cream flowers with specks of light purple hue,
- – Roter kaiser - A plant with red flowers.
Primrose spongy (Mimulus primuloides)
differs from other species in that it is actually a perennial mimulus, that is, a plant that is grown in a perennial crop. He has many thin shoots up to 15 cm in height, ovate or oblong leaves, collected in a rosette, and yellow flowers on long peduncles,
Musky Mimulus (Mimulus moschatus)
is North American endemic. It is a herbaceous perennial with fleecy stems and leaves that produce mucus with a musky scent. Erect or creeping stems reach a length of 30 cm. The leaves of this species are opposite, oval, up to 6 cm long, the flowers are yellow with a diameter of up to 2.5 cm.
Open-ended mimulus (Mimulus ringens),
or mimulus opened - a type species of the genus, a perennial herbaceous plant with a height of 20 to 100 cm with a branched stem, oval leaves and small lavender flowers.
Mimulus tiger (Mimulus x tigrinus),
he mimulyus leopard, he mimulyus tigrinus, he Hybastik hybrid (Mimulus x hybridus), he is a grandiflora mimulyus, he is maximus mimulyus - the group name of the forms and varieties obtained by crossing the speckled sponge and yellow sponge. These are hybrids with spotty color of flowers. Usually they do not reach a height of more than 25 cm. Their leaves are ovate, serrated on the edge, flowers of variegated colors are collected in the final or axillary racemes. This is the most popular type of mimulus in culture. Among its grades the most popular are:
- – Fankings - a form with red flowers in a brown dot and a yellow throat,
- – Sun in the shade - a plant up to 25 cm high with motley flowers,
- – Viva - a plant up to 25 cm high with yellow flowers covered with large dark red spots,
- – Magic Spotts - a variety 15-20 cm tall with creamy white flowers with patches of red crimson hue,
- – Magic mix - a series of varieties up to 20 cm in height with two-color or monochromatic pastel-colored flowers,
- – Tvinkle mix - a series of varieties with a height of 20-30 cm with flowers of various colors: from white to deep red, from monochromatic to spotty,
- – Brass Mankiz - Abundantly blooming ampelous hybrid variety with bright orange speckled flowers.
Where did the mover come to us
In the wild, this flower can be found on different continents. True, it mainly lives in North America.
It is curious that the damp mimulyusu and damp lowlands, and deserts, and even mountains (certain types of flower were found at an altitude of 2.5 thousand kilometers above sea level) are to the liking
The genus of mimulyus is very extensive, it includes more than 150 species. The names of these species are very uncomplicated (mimulyus red, yellow, brindle). Every popular species has many varieties (for example, the Red Dragon, the Cardinal, the Rose Queen can be red).
Где его выращивают у нас
В основном на открытом грунте. These can be flowerbeds, rock gardens, and even hanging pots.
Some people also successfully grow flowers in balcony boxes. In this case, it can be grown in splendid isolation or combined with such colors as mattiola, verbena, lobelia.
"In the wild" is a perennial, but in our climate, the sponge lives only one year. There are several frost-resistant species that are not afraid of lowering the temperature to -20 degrees, but this is rather an exception to the general rule.
A short characteristic of such a flower
- Depending on the species, it is either a grassy plant (up to 70 cm) or a half meter shrub.
- Its branches can be both pubescent and bare, they can move along the ground (ground cover species) or grow straight.
- The leaves of the flower are ovate, grow in pairs, one opposite the other.
- Flowers of medium size (up to 5 cm), have an irregular shape. Their petals can be either spotty or completely monophonic. The inflorescence really resembles a sponge, while the top one is bichromatic, and the bottom one is tripartite.
- The plant blooms profusely, delighting with its flowers 2 times per season. Flowering duration: a few weeks.
How to grow this flower from seed
It is necessary to buy and sow seeds at the end of March or the beginning of April.
The seeds of this flower (at least collected in a bed of seed boxes, even though purchased) are very small, so don't take them with your hands - put them on a leaf and spread them over the ground, using this piece of paper, like a spatula.
Soil take light, but nutritious. A good example: universal soil, which includes perlite and coconut fiber. But nevertheless, it is better to “fluff up” it even more by adding coarse sand.
The seeds scattered on the ground are sprayed from a fine-dispensing sprinkler. They are germinated in a greenhouse (that is, the pot can be covered with a piece of clear glass, I also like food film - it adheres well to the walls of the pot, tightly “sealing” it). From time to time shoots need to be aired.
Seeds will be bent for 2-3 days. But - only if the pot is in moderate heat (at least 16 degrees) and in the light.
You can see the very process of sowing seeds and hear many useful comments in this video:
And shoots mimulyusa show in this video:
Subtleties of care for the flower
- Priming. It is good if there is a slightly acidic humus loam in the flowerbed (to make the soil better, it must be dug up with peat).
- Lighting. Mimulus equally well and in well-lit areas, and in partial shade.
- Watering. The hotter it is on the street, the more often you need to get a watering can / hose. Make sure that the soil in the flower bed was a little wet all the time.
- Nutrition. Even if there is peat in the ground, you can buy a complex mineral fertilizer. For sponge it is diluted every 2 weeks and applied after watering. Rate: 15 g of powder in a bucket of water.
- Disease. Mimulyus is afraid of gray decay, mealy dew and a black leg. All these diseases arise from overflow. Therefore, it is better to water the flowerbed from the hose, it will help to irrigate the land evenly and without excesses. Also, from time to time (especially after long rains), the landing can be treated with a preventive solution of fungicides.
- Pests. Flowers are afraid of insects (whiteflies, aphids), as well as snails and slugs. To prevent the last from getting on the flowerbed, it should be mulled with sawdust (this will help save moisture, and will not give life to weeds). Well, insecticides will help from insects!
Flowering is over: your actions
As soon as the mimulus disappeared for the first time, cut off all the shoots of this plant. During the summer, the gubastik will have time to grow new branches - the flowers of the “second generation” will bloom on them.
Also in the summer, do not forget to cut off sluggish flowers and dry leaves - they will ruin the flower bed, even with the best varietal jastik.
You got the flower as a gift, and you are afraid that next year you will not find its seeds? At the end of the season, dig up the plant, shortly cutting off all the stems. Transplant the stumps of the bushes with whole roots into separate pots. They can spend the winter in the apartment (in a lighted but cool room), and in the spring return them to the flower bed.
By the way! Mimulius (as well as petunia, and other decorative street crops) from seeds grows, probably, 90% of gardeners. Meanwhile, many of these flowers reproduce well by cutting.
For this you will need a well-preserved bush, a little bit of land ... and this video, in which an experienced florist will teach you how to make your favorite varietal sponge almost eternal:
After the majority of seedlings appear, the seedlings can begin to stretch. To prevent this, it is necessary to rearrange the container to the maximum lit and cooler (10 to 12 degrees) place. Water the seedlings need daily and do it in the afternoon. Also, seedlings are recommended to be regularly sprayed from a fine spray. After the fourth true leaf begins to form in the plants, they will need to dive into individual cups. At the same time in each cup should be planted on 3 or 4 plants. When the seedlings take root in the new place, they will need to be fed, for this they use potash fertilizer of weak concentration. The second time the plants are fed after 1-1.5 weeks.
What time to land
Seedlings should begin to harden in the first days of May. As a rule, within half a month of such procedures, the seedlings have time to fully adapt to street conditions. Planting in open soil should be carried out after warm weather has established, and there will be no threat of night frost, as a rule, this time is in the middle of May. Grow mimulyus possible in partial shade and in well-lit areas. The soil is necessary humus, loamy, slightly acidic (with the introduction of peat). The site needs to be prepared, for this purpose it is digging, leveling the surface and watering. Seedlings before planting also need to water.
To begin with, prepare the wells. Their size and depth should be such that a plant lump of soil together with the root system can freely fit. Between the bushes should observe a distance of 0.2-0.3 m. Seedling should be carefully transferred to the holes.
In the event that in the region where the mimulus is grown, the spring is rather warm, then the sowing of seeds can be carried out directly into the open soil from the middle to the end of April. However, it should be noted that the average daytime temperature should stay at around 15–18 degrees. The seeds are simply spread over the surface of the plot and, without being embedded in the soil, are covered with a transparent film. Shelter should be removed only after the appearance of the first seedlings. Strengthened and grown seedlings must be thinned out.
Diseases and pests
The garden sponge is distinguished by a very high resistance to diseases and pests. However, the seedlings of such a plant can become sick with powdery mildew or blackleg. Infected seedlings must be sprayed with a fungicide solution. In hot weather, there is a high probability of infection of the plant with gray mold. The affected specimens will have to be excavated and burned, because the disease has not yet been learned to effectively treat.
If you water the bushes very plentifully, then gastropods may settle on them. In order to prevent, the regime and abundance of irrigation should be reviewed, and the surface of the site should be covered with a layer of mulch (sawdust). Also, these flowers can choose whiteflies and aphids, in this case they will need to be treated with a solution of acaricide, for example, Aktar or Aktellik.
When is it better to sow the seedlings for seedlings
Sowing seeds for seedlings carried out in special cassettes. After the procedure, they are put on a well-lit place: a window sill, a greenhouse, if it is heated, a balcony. The sowing period is determined by the climatic zone: in the southern territories, gubastic seeds are sown at the very end of winter, and if the climate is colder, then it is necessary to wait until mid-spring (early April). It is impossible to plant the grains too early, otherwise the seedlings will stretch until the planting in the open ground.
For the cultivation of mimulus most suitable is a soil mixture prepared from such ingredients:
If you take the components in such quantities and mix, you get a soft, loose mixture, well breathable. It is also necessary to take care that there is a good drainage layer in the seedling growing tanks.
How to sow miniature sponge seeds
The tiny dimensions of the gubastic seeds determine the peculiarities of sowing. When the grains are in the soil, the cassettes must be covered with a transparent material so that the soil mixture does not dry out. For these purposes, glass, plastic film or disposable plastic food glasses are perfect.
Leopard mimulyus: growing from seed, sprouting
If the grains were planted according to all the rules, the sponge gives the first shoots in about 7-8 days. In cool conditions, at a temperature of about +18 0 С, sprouts will appear later.
The first watering can be carried out only after the emergence of shoots. Even minimal pressure from a jet of water can damage the smallest and delicate flower seeds. To moisten the soil is best to use a spray.
After the first shoots appear out of the ground, you should carefully watch the condition of the earth, its moisture. Young flowers for good growth requires a soft and moist soil, but if it is too wet, it will lead to rotting seedlings.
When the first seedbed leaves are formed on young plants, the seedlings are removed to a cooler room. The air temperature in the room should be between 12-15 ° C. This will help to suspend the growth of seedlings a little. In this case, the seedlings are watered less, because excessive moisture can destroy the flowers.
Dive seedlings in separate tanks
Due to the fact that the seeds are dark and too small, it is impossible to sow them evenly. As a result, seedlings are close to each other and poorly developed. Therefore, with the appearance of 2-3 full-fledged leaves, it is about 2 weeks after sowing, the seedlings must be dived. To do this, use special small pots with holes in the bottom.
When young roots begin to appear from the bottom of the containers, the flowers should be transplanted into larger containers. Then the plant will have enough space for the full development of the root system. A perfect option for mimulyus would be single cups of 150 or 200 ml of plastic, paper, peat. It is recommended to plant sponge seedlings in open ground no earlier than 1.5 months after diving. During this time, the plants will be able to gain strength and take root much faster on the site.
In each container with a capacity of 150 - 200 mm, 4 specimens can be planted simultaneously.
Before you begin to dive the seedlings of mimulyus, it is necessary to water it well and wait a few hours so that the whole earthen room is evenly soaked with moisture. To take each sprout out of the ground is best with a miniature spatula; you can try to do it with a pencil, a wooden stick. The main thing is not to take a young plant by the leg, it is better to hold the cotyledon leaves.
After the sprout is removed from the ground, they pinch the main root. This simple procedure stimulates the flower to form new roots. Copies are planted in new containers with prepared soil. Deepen plants need a little below the point of its growth. It also contributes to good rooting of seedlings and makes it easier to transplant in the future.
Planting of the grown seedling mimulyus on a flower bed
The seedling gubastika, though gentle, is easy to damage, but it has one big plus over other cultures: with proper planting and caring for young plants, they grow incredibly quickly. Due to this specificity, the mimulus blooms as early as 2-3 decade of May. Therefore, in order to enjoy long flowering, it is necessary to have time to transplant the young specimens into the open ground.
When to transplant seedlings mimulyusa
If the weather is favorable, and the grains for seedlings were sown early enough, the seedlings are transplanted into flowerbeds without conducting a preliminary dive. With a prolonged winter and low air temperatures, the planting of plants in open ground is carried out in the second half of May. Up to this point, young flowers should grow, grow strong, form good roots. The optimal age of seedlings for transplanting it on the street is 6-8 weeks.
Planting plantation seedlings
For planting seedlings sponge choose not too lighted beds, because direct sunlight leads to burns of the plant and his death. Copies are not placed very close to each other, leaving gaps of about 20-25 cm.
When reproduction of mimulus seedlings, the first buds can be observed in the second half of May. The duration of flowering of such plants ranges from 3 to 4 weeks.
Mimulius can transform any garden, add to it a lot of bright colors. If you properly prepare the seedlings and do not violate the conditions of care, the plant will appreciate the lush flowering.
Mimuluses are perennial plants, but they are thermophilic. If desired, the bushes can be saved if they are cut off in the autumn, carefully removed from the ground and planted in pots that need to be brought into the house. For planting choose not very large capacity. These flowers are put on the windowsill in a fairly cool room. With the onset of springtime, the bushes should be planted in open soil.
Garnastik garnet (Mimulus puniceus)
Its homeland is southern California, as well as its border areas of Mexico and the United States. Color flowers iridescent. They can be painted in various shades of dark red. At the corolla, the interior has an orange color.