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Pine Watereri: description, planting and care

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The main feature of this variety of pine is the shape of its crown, which resembles an open umbrella. Trees are visible from afar, and they harmonize with almost all the plants on the territory.

At the beginning of its life, the plant has a columnar dense crown. With age, it becomes more friable, and the trunk becomes reddish. It can reach a height of 6 m, and the same in width. In one year it grows by 12 cm both in width and in height. The color of the needles is quite unusual, closer to blue, sometimes bluish-steel.

Very often, trees of this unusual shape are mistakenly attributed to shrubs. No exception and pine Vaterri.

In addition to form, this variety differs from others in coniferous in that it does not tolerate air pollution. That is why it is almost impossible to see this tree in the city.

Pine Watereri (reviews of the variety mark its beauty and unusualness) can grow absolutely on any soil, be it alkaline soil or acidic. It tolerates even the most severe frosts.

Pine Watereri: planting and care

As already mentioned, this variety of pine is very unpretentious in the care and selection of the landing site. The pine tree Vateryra feels perfectly (planting and care will not cause you any difficulty) even on the most impoverished soil. Sour and swampy soils also will not interfere with active growth. However, it is better not to plant a Vateri pine on non-humus soils or open white sands.

There are no special rules for planting conifers. The only thing that needs to be considered is the landing time (spring is ideal) and the level of air pollution. You need to prepare a hole, which should be about 1.5 times larger than the plant you have chosen. Water this deepening with water that you should not spare for this purpose. After that, you can have a sapling in this pit, with the roots carefully straighten. Special attention should be paid to ensure that the root neck (the so-called place in which the trunk connects to the root) was on the ground surface. If this is ignored, then you can only achieve that the plant suffocates. At the end of the hole you need to fill the ground and ram.

Do not forget about soil mulching. This procedure will help retain moisture and air in the soil, protect the plant from weeds. In addition, the mulch in the process of rotting enriches the soil with various nutrients, which undoubtedly improves it.

Departure after landing

When planting a pine, the Waters should take into account the level of air pollution in the place you have chosen, as well as prevent soil compaction and salinization.

Pine Waterray is a sun-loving plant, but for the first three years after planting it is best to protect the plant from the effects of the spring sun. To do this, you need to achieve shading of the light, or simply cover the tree with sacking. These security measures will save him from possible burns.

In winter, small saplings feel very well, and they completely retain their vital abilities under the cover of snow. If there is not enough snow in the winter, then you should take care of additional protection.

Crown formation

The trimming procedure is best done in May. At this time, there is a rapid active growth of those buds that were laid a year ago. It is from these buds that new young shoots are formed, which are called “candles”.

As a rule, attention is paid only to resinous "candles" (these are pine shoots, on which are undiscovered needles). If such a procedure is carried out regularly, it is possible to turn even the most unpromising saplings into fluffy compact trees. Thanks to the shortening of young shoots, pine can be given absolutely any shape you wish.

The entire trimming procedure must be done before these “candles” are fully opened.

During the crown formation process, some shoots are removed completely, while others are only slightly shortened. In addition, you can win due to different levels of shortening. However, it is worth remembering that too much shortening can lead to the fact that the growth of pine slowed down a lot. Also, pruning shoots, you risk the fact that on-site cutting can form a so-called prickly "ball."

Pine Waterri is great for forming bonsai or nivaki trees, as well as various geometric shapes, such as a cube or a ball.

When cutting, care must be taken not to damage the pine needles. In no case can pine needles be shortened, only tarry “candles”.

Pine Vateri: Description

This is a low multi-stemmed shrub or tree, which has a wide-conical, and with age and almost spherical shape. The height of the pine tree Waterrey does not exceed four meters. In a year it gives an increase of no more than fifteen centimeters. Pine Vateri has a very thick, often twisted gray-blue needles. Every spring in the spring it forms a growth of a very small length, the branching is strong, therefore the tree is decorative at any age.

Cones are medium in size, resembling a cone with a convex bottom. Male fruits of pink or yellow color, from 0.8 to 1.2 centimeters. A woman - in length from three to seven centimeters, completely symmetrical, often combined into small groups of two or three pieces or grow one by one. At maturity, they are dull, painted in green or light brown.

Fruits ripen in November-December, twenty months after pollination. Starting from the end of winter and up to the middle of spring, cones covered with scales and resembling small diamonds, open and fall off.

The krone is very dense, fluffy, rounded. In old trees, it is more loose, but no less beautiful. Pine Watereri, the photo of which you can see below, is very fond of gardeners in European countries. Discovered a century and a half ago by the British botanist Anthony Vaterer in the UK, the pine progenitor of this species is still growing. Its height today is 7.5 meters.

Pine Vatheri - ideal for the design of any site. It is easily formed and specialists create real works of garden art from it: bonsai, umbrellas, balls, etc.

Today, many gardeners and owners of country houses would like to see on their site an original Vatereri pine. The description of these trees often publish popular publications on gardening and landscape design. Let's look at how to properly plant this beauty.

Usually, pine seedlings are sold in specialized nurseries in containers or with an earthy clod. There are no specific planting dates: they can be planted at any time of the year.

Soil preparation

If you have heavy loamy or chernozem soils on your site, they should be preliminary cultivated by adding sand and peat or coniferous chips, crushed bark. The soil should be light and water- and breathable. It is necessary to create a drainage system before planting conifers, if the site does not even have a small slope.

It is not necessary to make large holes in heavy soils and use drainage. Sandy soils are preferable. In this case, you do not have to do anything extra. In the prepared soil, the hole is dug by the size of an earthy coma and, after it is established in the landing pit, the air gaps are filled with soil.

Pay attention to the location of the root neck of the seedling: it should be just above the soil level. Otherwise, the plant may die. After planting a young pine water abundantly.

Cultivation and care

In the first two or three years after planting, forty grams per square meter of mineral fertilizers (for coniferous plants) are applied to the tree trunk circle. Later, the pines do not need additional feeding. The fact is that deciduous needles, which should not be removed, create a thick carpet in which organic nutrition accumulates. It is quite enough for the normal development of the plant.

Pines Waterray - drought-resistant plants. For this reason, they are often not watered. In addition, pine litter perfectly retains moisture. The only exception is Balkan pine, which loves moisture and needs two or three waterings per season.

Beneficial features

The healing properties of the Vateriu pine have been known since antiquity. Its resin was included in embalming compositions in the times of Ancient Egypt, thanks to its amazing ability to preserve antiseptic properties for thousands of years.

In folk medicine, used kidneys, needles, resin, cones. Pine-based preparations have expectorant, bile and diuretic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory agent. Traditional healers claim that these drugs can cope with such terrible diseases as pulmonary tuberculosis, rheumatism, dropsy, scurvy, neuralgia.

Infusion of pine cones is effective in the complex treatment of diseases of the heart and blood vessels, bleeding. To prepare a healing infusion, you need one hundred and fifty grams of green pine cones, plucked in the spring and pour high-quality vodka (one third liter). The container is removed in a dark place for seven days. Then take a spoon (dining room) three times a day before meals.

Broths are prepared from the kidneys, which can be used in the complex treatment of dropsy, bronchitis, certain liver diseases, gastrointestinal tract, diseases of the mucous membranes in the oral cavity, and also as a disinfectant.

Application in landscape design

This original tree has been used for decoration and decoration of the territory for more than a century and a half. Pine Waterray looks great in a large composition, and in a single planting. Designers are happy to create bonsai with this decorative culture, which give the garden or park a special flavor at any time of the year.

In addition to aesthetic qualities, attract such properties of pine as:

  • dust absorption
  • curb gusting
  • beneficial effect on the microclimate of the site,
  • preventive effects on insect pests,
  • release of phytoncids and oxygen into the air.

Unusual compositions composed of evergreen trees of various sizes and shapes never go out of fashion. At the same time, there are some limitations regarding the Vateri pine: it cannot be planted next to fir, spruce and larch: these plants retard each other’s development.

Creating an ensemble with this decorative pine, remember that the best option is a combination of plants of two heights. You can plant a few Waters at the pond or fountain. This will create unity and originality of design. Typically, designers orient the pine on the western or eastern side. When the tree has enough sunlight, it looks as decorative as possible.

For the garden in the Japanese style is also perfect pine Waterrey. In addition, this beauty will help create a mini-alley, it will look original in the recreation area.

Role in landscape design

Unusual dwarf tree used to decorate the territory of more than a half centuries. Pine Vateriri looks great in large compositions, bringing it color and originality. It is enough to create environmentally friendly conditions for it and it will decorate the garden for more than a dozen years. Planting an ornamental tree on a roller coaster is strictly prohibited. It does not like excessive compaction and salinization of the soil.

Designers do not get tired to create bonsai with decorative pine, which makes the design of a garden or a park luxurious at any time of the year. Given the unpretentiousness of the needles to the type of soil, waterteri harmonizes both solo and in a rich composition. In addition to the aesthetic qualities, experts are attracted to such advantages of pine as:

  1. Absorption of noise and dust.
  2. Curbing wind squalls.
  3. The positive effect on the microclimate of the infield.
  4. Preventive effect on diseases and insect pests.
  5. Emission of large amounts of phytoncides and oxygen.

Bold and unusual compositions of evergreen trees of various shapes and sizes are always fashionable and in demand. But there are a number of limitations applied by designers to the Waterlars. It is not planted next to larch, fir and spruce.

When creating a harmonious and aesthetically correct composition should pay attention to:

  • Shape geometry. Realizing an ensemble of trees of different varieties, it is worth relying on the creation of contrast, combining tall trees with low ones. The pyramidal view of a single plant will ideally be combined with a shrub spherical crown.
  • Combining. An unusual visual effect can be a mixture of color contrasts, shapes, volume and transitions.
  • Symmetry and asymmetry. Decorative pine will help to combine things that are incompatible at first glance. Any ideally symmetrical composition can be successfully diluted with asymmetry elements. And it will create harmony and logical completion of the image.

The spherical spherical shape turns any picturesque ensemble into an unexpected combination, being a perfect solution for an accent. With the help of low-growing variations of plants and pine trees, a spiny lawn can be created. Such atypical compositions dilute the usual everyday solutions for the garden.

Creating with different trees and decorative pine ensemble, it should be remembered that the best combination is a tandem of plants of two heights.

To supplement the exterior of the plot, you can plant several watteri at the lake or fountain. This unity and originality of the image. Creating favorable conditions for the tree, the designers orient the pine to the east or west. When the tree has enough sunlight, its appearance will reach maximum decorative properties.

To transform the space of the suburban area will help exactly watateri. Indeed, most often a component of various compositions are such plants of medium height. The Japanese-style garden is a wonderful composition for pine. Using the northern beauty as a tapeworm, you can create a mini alley.

If it is necessary to divide the territory into zones, experts rarely use thwevereri. The peculiar barrier is functional and impregnable. Ornamental trees are planted in a staggered manner. For the formation of such a fence will have to suffer for a long time, because the pine does not grow fast. But the living fence will delight more than a dozen years.

Combination with other plants

Most often, pine is used as an object of coniferous exposure. It is wonderfully combined with western thuja, berry and golden yew, conic spruce. The inner ensemble of medium-sized representatives of conifers will decorate both a huge park and a small personal plot. It is not bulky and looks great near the walls of the house. This zoning area looks natural and harmonious.

Planted vateri and with creeping hvoynikami. Properly calculating the distance between the participants of the composition, you can grow an unusual prickly lawn. As a backdrop for the sprawling crown of the Mediterranean beauty, they use Lomber spruce, Western Tyuya Tim, Mountain Hampi Pine, and Mini Pug Mountain Pine.

Creating mixborders, planting flowering shrubs can be an unexpected solution. Such as forsythia, Siebold magnolia and Kobus, Spirey Grefshane, henomeles and others. It is important to make sure that the composition is a complete look and looks equally beautiful from different points.

In no case should you plant birch, bird cherry, other deciduous and roses next to pine trees. In such an unfortunate neighborhood only one species survives. The reasons may be increased absorption of nutrients from the soil, the oxidation of the earth, and so on.

The neighborhood of decorative pine with lilies, cereals and weeping coniferous larch can be surprising and original. Such ensembles are best formed by a lake or other body of water. Reflection in the water composition will create beauty.

The noble blue shade of a pine will become a harmonious background for a juniper.

Secrets of creating beautiful compositions of pine needles

  • Timely well-kept lawn is the best environment for a decorative representative of needles,
  • If an ensemble is created near an altanka or an arbor, then for a harmonious and holistic view of the composition, the distance between them should not be less than 2 meters,
  • When planting, pine needles are oriented to the west or east,
  • Be sure to consider the necessary space. Pine grows rapidly in breadth
  • Longline alternation of shades in a coniferous ensemble will be a unique contrast.

Planting, care, illness

Landing is carried out in a deep well, soil subsidence due to the root system is taken into account.. A drainage layer in the ground is essential before this. In this capacity, you can use sand, crushed bricks, etc. Stagnant water is detrimental for coniferous beauties. Decorative pine loves direct sunlight, perhaps the location of the tree in a small shade. Thanks to the sun, watersheri grows better and faster, improving their decorative properties. The compaction of the earth is also unacceptable. To prevent this phenomenon, the soil is loosened, shallow - up to 10 cm. Mulching a circle around the trunk is permissible with bark or peat. К почве сосна не привередлива, но чтобы дерево не теряло свою привлекательность и здоровье, её нужно заранее подготовить. В неё можно добавить почвенную смесь из песка, торфа и садовой земли.

Болезней и вредителей для ватерери, к счастью не много. Но существующие достаточно опасны для дерева. First of all, it is pollution of the environment, gas contamination. Stagnant water in the soil and the lack of sunlight - another enemy needles.

Pests that damage a tree are aphid, bark beetle, sawfly, several types of mites.. A sign of pests is a change in pine needles, the appearance of caterpillars or cobwebs. In this case, the appeal to a specialist is not avoided. Late treatment may not help, the pine will die.

For the prevention of pine treated with chemical agents - fungicide or insecticide. Or a drug that combines both drugs with the addition of mineral fertilizers that stimulate growth.

Characteristics of a coniferous plant

Pine needles are usually gray-green, densely arranged, curved, protruding, and needles are collected in bundles of 2 pieces. Needles no longer than 4-7 cm, slightly pointed, in the middle is a thin longitudinal strip. Its life span is about 3 years, in the autumn period, some of the needles fall off, before that they become yellow, due to which the branches look colorful.

Pine is a coniferous plant that has its own unique ways of preparing for the onset of winter. In order to prevent the emergence of fumes on the needles, which will be disastrous for them, the tree allocates a special wax that falls on the needles: the stomata close and the breathing of the plant stops.

Pine needles are usually gray-green, densely arranged, curved, protruding, and needles are collected in bundles of 2 pieces.

As for the cones (fruits of pine), then in this tree they are located on the legs lowered down individually or with a maximum of 2-3 pieces. The cone in a still immature form has the shape of a cone; it is usually of a dark green color, in rare cases it may be brownish in color. They ripen only in the second year of life. As far as ripening, green buds turn into saturated brown or brown, measuring 3-6 cm by 2-3 cm, they form seeds.

A brief description and description of a pine as a coniferous plant can be different, since there are several different forms that have their own crown structure, shape and color of the cones. The crown can be either pyramid or weeping, and the hue of the needles can be silvery, golden, whitish.

As for the bark, it is scaly or lamellar.

The habitat of Scots pine affects the most different areas in terms of ecology. It is for this reason that this type of plant has an impressive number of ecotypes (scientists after the conducted research revealed more than 30). If you observe pine seedlings of different origin, which grew in identical conditions, you can get an amazing result - they will be different in their abilities to resist diseases, to be resistant to drought and cold, etc. In addition, the morphological characteristics (structure of the trunk, the shape of the crown, the length of the needles) may also be different.

If the plant is in quite unfavorable conditions, for example, in a swampy area, then it cannot reach its normal size, while remaining dwarf. In such cases, even those trees whose age exceeds 100 years can be no higher than 1 m.

Often this plant is resistant to frost and heat, loves the sun. Of those species that grow on sandy soils, pine is the most resistant to drought and constant lack of moisture. Its roots can penetrate the soil even for 6 m. Due to this, even during the drought period, the tree receives the required amount of water.

Needles no longer than 4-7 cm, slightly pointed, in the middle is a thin longitudinal strip

A similar ability of pine caused the development of different types of root systems in various populations. If the tree grows in the arid area, then the root system will be predominantly pivotal, and if the groundwater lies quite shallowly, then the roots will become more branched due to the presence of lateral processes. The tree survives well on sandy and sandy soils; it can rarely be found in the southern regions, where it is often planted in forest shelter belts, in ravines and on the edge of beams. In addition, it grows on peaty, clayey soils. This plant is common in Europe, Siberia, Mongolia, China. It is considered the most popular tree in Eurasia.

Gallery: pine ordinary (25 photos)

Breeding pine

Pine well propagated by seeds. To create favorable conditions, you need high-quality soil and plenty of sun. Grown up saplings are recommended to be transferred to the ground upon reaching 3-7 years of age. The tree reacts badly enough to polluted, polluted city air for the reason that after 2 years the needles with a resinous surface are likely to be covered with soot and dust. This barrier will interfere with normal photosynthesis.

As for the life span of a plant, on average it is 200 years, but individual specimens, if grown under favorable conditions, can live 2 times longer. The annual growth is significant - about 50-70 cm. This indicator is higher only in deciduous trees. At the age of 15 years begins active fruiting, but if the trees are planted very densely, the fruits appear only in 40 years. Abundant harvests can be observed every 5-7 years.

Some mistakenly believe that pine is a dioecious plant (it has flowers of both male and female). But this is a fallacy: this plant is monoecious. This means that either female or male flowers dominate on one tree.

The inflorescences of the female are on the edge of the twigs and have the shape of a small nipple, the male ones are located near the base. Some believe that the presence of cones of a particular type is hereditarily determined. But it was also proved that, depending on the conditions where the tree grows, its “sex” can change drastically.

The flowering period begins when the air is already warm enough; usually it is the end of May. Wind helps pollinate trees, but the actual fertilization will occur only next year. A yellow touch on the needles is an indication that this event has occurred. Excellent pollinability became possible due to the presence of special bags that have pollen. Thus, it can spread over long distances due to wind. The weather also affects the rate of pollination: the best (within 3-4 days) this process occurs on warm, dry days. Rain can slow everything down.

As for the life span of a plant, on average it is 200 years, but individual specimens can live 2 times longer if grown in favorable conditions.

Wood features

This plant has a sufficiently dense, sound, with a lot of resin wood. Young trees have a direct layer of wood, which with age turns into kososloynuyu. Mechanical characteristics and density are important in construction and are determined by several factors, among which an important role is played by soil moisture. If the tree has grown in arid areas, then the wood will be more dense, resistant to various kinds of damage.

Copies that have grown on wet ground will be of little use for construction due to low mechanical characteristics.

Experts recommend pruning the pine, as it develops very quickly and can be ahead of closely located trees of other species, dominating them. Coniferous plants should be cut in order to give them the correct shape, maintain the structure of the tree, promote a long life of the culture. In addition, if the pruning is carried out correctly, it will provide an opportunity to form a crown, which will be minimally exposed to negative weather influences.

Application in various industries

The branches and the trunk of this coniferous plant itself have special passages filled with resin, which is popularly called "turpentine". This substance has a positive effect on the plant itself, helping to repel various pests and heal wounds. The “sap” can be obtained not only from a growing tree, but also from a stump. This resin is used in the production of turpentine and rosin.

In addition, the air in the pine forest is saturated with ozone, which means that microbes are practically absent in it, therefore, rest and walks in such places are assigned to people suffering from various diseases (especially those associated with the respiratory tract).

In medical practice, kidneys are often used. They are recommended to be collected in early spring - before they have managed to blossom. They contain tannins, resins, essential oils, bitter substances, starch. In needles, there is a lot of carotene and ascorbic acid.

Ever since ancient times, people knew about the value of a pine, its beneficial properties. So, it was a medicinal plant, which was considered an important component of ancient Egyptian recipes. Needles were added to poultices and compresses, and pine resin was added to embalming compositions. Russian doctors advised to chew pine resin in order to strengthen the gums, teeth, freshen and disinfect the oral cavity. The Greeks and Romans used the medicinal properties of this coniferous plant to get rid of a cold.

How to grow a tree yourself

Some people want to grow this evergreen tree in their plots. To do this, you can buy a ready seedling, which is at least 5 years old. But if there is patience and the desire to grow on their own, then you can get a tree when there is only a lump, and in it - the seeds.

As a rule, the grains are well tied in cones, having the shape of a cone or egg. From the very beginning, the cones are distinguished by very tight scales, but during the period of ripening they break open, exposing seeds. It takes at least 2 years for the latter to mature and be suitable for reproduction.

To plant a pine, you need to select the most mature seeds, having the correct shape and the same size. Before planting, the seeds must be soaked in water for 3 days, after which, mixed with sand, placed in pots. When spring comes, it will be possible to transfer the germinated seeds to open ground.

Thus, pine is a useful plant both in medical practice and in the construction industry, and for the greening of the plots near the house. It is only necessary to take care of the crown in a timely manner and monitor the soil moisture.

Recommend

Tincture of pine needles

Before proceeding directly to the preparation of raw materials need to grind with the participation of a small amount of cold boiled water.

After adding a three-fold or nine-fold dose of water, boil for about half an hour, forty minutes. To improve the taste, you can add a little citric acid.

You can take the product a few hours after preparation, ½ cup per day

Bath products from pine needles or pine buds

We take half a kilogram - a kilogram of prepared raw material, three liters of boiling water. Fill and insist about four hours.

Treatment of abscesses through the use of pine remedies is a great way to heal quickly. For these purposes, you can use needles, twigs, cones. Pre-boiling and infusing for twelve hours.

In addition to the already known means of pine, there is a pantry of turpentine and tar. The first, obtained as a result of processing wood, treats sciatica, neuralgia, arthritis, myositis, rheumatism, gout, acts as a local irritant and anesthetic. When applied externally, consider the fact that it can provoke the occurrence of redness of the skin, and its overabundance arousal of the central nervous system, and as a result of insomnia, shortness of breath, increased pressure.
Tar is widely known as a means of combating external parasites and a disinfector for scaly deprive, scabies, eczema.

There is another wonderful remedy, called sap, and so, it perfectly heals ulcers, heals unhealed wounds for a long time.

The use of such funds can be dangerous to your health!

All kinds of broths should be taken very carefully considering the presence of allergies or hypersensitivity. It is forbidden to use for people suffering from severe renal diseases. Bath when using pine needles can not take people:

  • Hypertensives,
  • Suffering from cardiovascular diseases,
  • Circulatory disorders,
  • With infectious diseases of the skin,
  • With malignant neoplasms,

In the presence of other acute inflammatory processes.

It would seem that the usual tree that adorns our abode in the new year. And how many properties in itself stores.

Features of appearance

Main feature waterray is an unusual form of crown. Looking at this tree, it seems as if it stands under an umbrella.

The height of dwarf pine varies from 4-15 m. At the peak of its growth, the tree is closer to 30 years of age. The annual increase in width and height is about 11 cm.

Thanks to the pairwise growing needles, the needles of the tree are quite thick. Color throughout the year "pleases the eye" bluish-green tints.

The cones of this plant are cone-shaped. Their size and color depends on the floor:

  • Men's The length is 0-8-1.2 cm, the color can vary from pale pink to yellow.
  • Women's They can grow both individually and in groups. The length of the cones varies from 3 to 7 cm.

Depending on the stage of ripening, the color of the fruit may be:

Cones ripen in late November or early December. The fruits begin to open in February, and by April almost all fall off.

Pineordinarywaterray has a high level of frost resistance. It is unpretentious in the choice of soil, but it is very fastidious to the level of air pollution.

For the first time, people learned about the pine tree over 150 years ago. The pioneer of this unique variety is the English botanist Anthony Vaterer.

The pine tree, which has become the progenitor of a new species, to this day pleases those around with its unusual beauty. Currently, the height of this tree is about 7.5 m.

The most favorable conditions for the growth of this tree in Asia and Europe. Pine Vatheri is popular in England and Spain. In addition, this species can be seen in the vast expanses of Eastern Siberia, in cold Lapland, Mongolia, or in China.

Most common types

Depending on the habitat, scientists have identified several types pinus:

Externally, the plant is more like a creeping shrub. It grows in the Murmansk region of the Russian Federation, Karelia, as well as in Finland, Norway and Sweden.

Unlike other members of the family, this species has shorter, stiff needles. The seeds of sylvestris lapponica are brown in color.

  • Sylvestrishamata

This species can most often be seen in Transcaucasia, northern Turkey or on the Balkan Peninsula. Since this view sylvestris feels most comfortable at an altitude of about 2500 m above sea level, it is usually called the mountain.

Transbaikalia, South Siberia, northwestern part of China, Mongolia - the usual habitat of this representative of the pine family. Sylvestrismongolica prefers sandy soil and usually grows at an altitude of 300 to 2000 m.

More than 30 ecotypes are officially registered by ecologists. sylvestris dwarf species. They grow on different types of soil, but all of them are united by the love of sunlight and clean air.

Soil preparation and planting seedlings

Pine ordinary vatereri considered quite unpretentious species. It will take root easily on swampy, sandy or acidic soil.

To create the most comfortable conditions, experienced gardeners recommend plots with black soil or heavy loamy soil before planting sylvestris to cultivate. To make the soil air and water permeable, it needs to be diluted:

  1. Peat
  2. By sand
  3. Shredded bark
  4. Coniferous chips

On flat areas without a slope before planting, they additionally make a drainage system consisting of gravel or sand with a thickness of 20 cm. But experienced gardeners refuse to use drainage and large holes in heavy soil.

It is believed that the seedlings take root at any time of the year. But spring period is best for landing.

The process of planting a seedling consists of several stages:

  1. First, the seedling must be removed from the pot.
  2. Then you need to dig a hole, the size of which will be 1.5 times the lump of earth left on the roots of the seedling.
  3. The resulting recess should be poured abundantly with water.
  4. The seedling should be carefully placed in a hole while straightening its roots.
  5. During planting it is necessary to ensure that the junction of the trunk with the root was on the surface of the earth. Otherwise, the plant will die due to lack of oxygen.
  6. The final stage of planting is abundant watering of young seedlings.

Care features

Ordinary dwarf pine belongs to the light-loving plants. However, despite this, the first 3 years after planting the seedling in open ground should be protected from bright sunlight. To avoid the appearance of burns on the young needles in the spring, the tree should be covered with burlap. Sapling needs additional feeding. Each m ² of soil around the plant must be applied to 40 g of fertilizer for coniferous trees.

Впоследствии подросший саженец не будет нуждаться в дополнительной подпитке, так как сама природа позаботится о том, чтобы дерево получало ее из почвы. За счет опадающей хвои в приствольном круге растения будет накапливаться достаточное количество органических веществ необходимых для полноценного питания и развития молодой сосны.

Пинус ordinary считается засухоустойчивым растением. The tree does not need frequent watering, as coniferous litter, covering the ground around the trunk, helps to maintain an optimum level of soil moisture.

Crown trimming

In May, an active growth of buds laid in the past year occurs on the tree. That is why during this period it is necessary to trim the crown.

Pruning is a simple procedure, during which young shoots are cut or, as they are often called by the people, “tar candles”. Thanks to this trimming, the crown of a tree can be given almost any shape. For example, you can turn ordinary pinus in the present bonsai tree or give it a cube shape to the crown.

When forming the crown, in no case can the needles be trimmed. You can shorten only the "tarry candles."

Features of application in landscape design

Many gardeners use a dwarf to create an aesthetically correct and harmonious composition on the garden. Pinus. This amazing coniferous plant looks amazing in a single planting, as well as inside a large composition.

Landing pine treeswaterray brings many benefits to the garden:

  1. Absorbs street noise and dust
  2. Keeps wind gusts
  3. Beneficial effect on the microclimate of the dacha
  4. Protects the area from the appearance of some pests.
  5. Cleans the air

Pinus ordinary perfectly adjacent to almost all plants. This dwarf fluffy miracle is easy to get along with the following trees:

But it is worth noting that there are some trees that will slow down the growth of pinus:

Healing properties

Silver dwarf Pinus not only pleases the eye with its unusual appearance and color, but also has many useful properties:

  • Pine-resin embalming compositions have tremendous antiseptic properties.
  • Pine cones, buds, resins and needles are made of anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, expectorant, urinary and choleretic agents.
  • Broths of pine buds help to cure diseases of the mucous membrane in the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, bronchitis, dropsy.

With the help of infusion of cones, you can stop bleeding, as well as cope with a number of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. To prepare the infusion, you need to collect 150 g of green cones in the spring and fill them with vodka - 1/3 l. The resulting mixture should be placed for a week in a dark place. The present composition must be taken 3 times a day before meals, 1 tbsp. l

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