Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Reproduction of edible honeysuckle, features of planting and care


Planted variety Karina. Near already growing decorative honeysuckle. Will pollination occur?

Planted variety Karina. Will there be pollination from decorative honeysuckle?

Thanks for the info and nice clean site.

Hello, dear.
Last year I purchased 3 honeysuckle bushes. Two had to give this year's harvest, they woke up in the spring perfectly, started to pick up the leaves, and then some kind of leaf drying began, now on the leaves, or rust, or something else. Good your site, but I would like to read about diseases and methods of struggle in honeysuckle. Sprayed the drug from spider mites, because there was a cobweb.

Tell me, please, if you had to plant bushes in the following way: honeysuckle-currants-honeysuckle, will this affect the yield? Between the bushes of honeysuckle distance 2.8 m.

at this distance - no

What will please honeysuckle
In the last 10-15 years, edible honeysuckle bushes have appeared on many dachas. They bloom beautifully and stably supply the owners with very useful and tasty fruits, and moreover before many other berries. Honeysuckle gardeners happy and unpretentious.
It is possible to grow up culture on slightly shaded sites. If the soil is acidic there, at least one month before planting it, it is necessary to sprinkle it with lime or chalk: 500-600 g per 1 square meter. m
Planting material is easiest to get by dividing an overgrown bush. This method provides high
survival rate of seedlings. For plants to bear fruit, they must be at least 2-3. It is better to plant honeysuckle according to the 1 × 1.5 m scheme. The pits should be 0.5 m deep and about 60 cm in diameter. It is advisable to fill not very large stones at the bottom, but 8 soil, which the roots will be filled with, add some organic fertilizer. Formative pruning can be done only 1 time in 2-3 years.
Already 3-4-year-old bush of honeysuckle gives 1.5-3 kg of berries. They are quite useful in any form. Only 1-2 tsp. per day significantly improve well-being.

Useful but demanding
I love honeysuckle! This is a very valuable berry, which improves the strength and permeability of blood vessels. Its berries are beneficial to those suffering from cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis and hypertension.
Young branches of honeysuckle brew, pour the broth into the bath, it is very helpful in the treatment of articular rheumatism.
But the main thing is that the honeysuckle is a very fast-growing and early-growing berry, with high winter hardiness. And very early, I gather the harvest in early June. It is completely indifferent to returnable spring frosts, but to the conditions it is demanding. Dry and too wet places are not for honeysuckle. She loves the sun and wind protection.
If you decide to plant this plant, it is better to do it in the fall. Planting in the spring is less desirable - in this case, the honeysuckle is very sick. Bushes planted at a distance of one and a half meters from each other. The base of the stem when planting a little bit deep. I propagate the plant with lignified and green cuttings and layering.
Easy care - loosening, destruction of weeds. Watering in the ring grooves at a distance of half a meter from the bush. Then - mulching. Top dressing-spring and early summer.

The berry season at summer houses each year opens blue honeysuckle. Strawberries have not ripened yet, currants are green, prickly and inhospitable gooseberries. And on the lush honeysuckle bushes, oblong ripe berries, soaked with a gray-haze, are already visible ...
This plant in our gardens came from the Far East - it was the local inhabitants who in the 19th century began to transplant this prolific berry shrub from the taiga closer to the house. In the XX century professional gardeners became interested in honeysuckle. Today we are attracted to these berries by their healing power. They support the energy of the heart and the strength of the circulatory system. The pectins contained in the berries bind harmful substances in the human body, radionuclides and remove them naturally, with benefits for our health. There are monosaccharides here, there is ascorbine, which strengthens the immune system, and, most importantly, it is perhaps the active phenolic compounds that keep the thinnest blood vessels in operation - capillaries, including those that feed the brain. So, those who regularly eat honeysuckle berries are not afraid of sclerosis!
The best varieties of garden honeysuckle were left in our memory by Professor Maria Nikolaevna Plekhanova from All-Russian
Institute of Plant Industry. N.I. Vavilova. She visited all corners of Russia, where honeysuckle grows in a wild form, and successfully carried out its cultivation.
The taste of these berries is different - sour, sweet, juicy or dryish, according to their consistency they are tender, dense, leathery ... Each honeysuckle variety is characteristic
fruit shape. There are some varieties whose berries resemble ancient Greek amphoras! One of them is called - Amphora. M.N. Plekhanova led him along with colleague A.V. Kondrikova near Petersburg, at Pavlovskaya VIR station.
Professional fruit growers of the Leningrad region in collaboration with scientists and lecturers for many years conducted a variety test of this important garden crop, so that amateurs know which berries are the most productive, unpretentious in the conditions of country life. When grown in the Luga district of the Leningrad Region, the Morena variety was in the first place in terms of yield: on average per year it produced 39 centners of berries per hectare. In the second place in terms of yield, the Pavlovskaya variety is 29 centners per hectare. On the third - the Amphora / l Blue Spindle varieties (24 centners per hectare). The maximum yield for the years of testing - 85 centners per hectare - was obtained again on the berries of the Morena variety.
And how big are the honeysuckle berries? The largest in the Amphora variety - 1.6 g. V variety Morena - 1.4 g. According to the tasters, the most delicious berries are Honeysuckle Violet.
In the dacha garden, four bushes are enough for us for berries - a couple of different varieties.

Beautifully write you would write books!

A few years ago, I became interested in sowing honeysuckle seeds. When, after 3-4 years, the seedlings had the first berries, they tasted them, selected one with the best berries, sowed again, and picked them again. The last selection was made from 150 seedlings - singled out one with sweet fruits. My wife, Valentina Sergeyevna, first tasted it and immediately offered to expand the planting by removing old varieties. Then on
the tasting was attended by familiar gardeners, they also liked sweet berries very much. I share the green cuttings, I hope the variety will not disappear. And I named it in honor of the first taster - my wife - Valentine.

Bullfinches birds are very beautiful, but, alas, and harm is harmful.
They got into our hands to pluck the kidneys from the honeysuckle. One bush was almost ruined. Now, in late autumn, above the bushes, we install lightweight structures from bars and a simple fishing net. Now the bushes for the birds out of reach!

Honeysuckle Features

To find a convenient place for a shrub and to provide it with proper care, you need to know the structure and characteristics of the development of honeysuckle. The bush can reach a height of 1.8 m; it gives many shoots that form a lush crown with a diameter of up to 2 m. In order to taste juicy fruits at the end of next spring, in the middle of summer the plant begins to form flower buds in the axils of the upper leaves.

The root system of honeysuckle grows strongly in width and in depth. Powerful rods go into the ground and at a distance of about 70 cm from the surface they develop a dense network of root processes. They sprout in different directions, going beyond the perimeter of the crown for half a meter. When carrying out planting it is necessary to consider this quality of a plant.

Honeysuckle wood is very durable; reproduction by dividing a bush or removing unnecessary branches must be carried out with a saw. At about the fourth year, the bark of the plant cracks and peels off in long strips from the shoots. Do not try to determine what kind of disease or pest attacked the bush, it is healthy and very soon after that it will increase the new coverage.

Choosing a place for shrubs

If you make a mistake with the place of planting berry bushes, nothing terrible will happen. Honeysuckle can grow in one place up to 20 years, but it easily tolerates transplants both in young and in adulthood. And yet, in order not to disturb the plant in vain, consider planning the garden in advance. Very bad immediately after planting to move the bush to another place.

Honeysuckle loves fertile loam and sun. In the shade the bushes are developing well, but the crop, despite good care, becomes smaller. The soil reaction should be neutral, the plant develops poorly on acid soils and bears little fruit. Honeysuckle likes moist air, but does not tolerate wet soil and groundwater. From the dampness in the ground, her roots begin to rot. If your site is located on a marshland, make good drainage.

The plant is cross-pollinated, alone it will give a very poor harvest. The more neighbors have a bush, the more berries it will give. Do not rely on reproduction from a single copy, it will not give results. Plant at least 3 copies, and it is desirable that all varieties are different. If you take planting material from friends, separate it from different bushes. When buying in a nursery, give preference to zoned varieties.

Depending on the climate, these varieties of honeysuckle have proven themselves well:

When and how to plant

Honeysuckle wakes up very early, the buds begin to produce leaves in late March. Bushes fall into a state of rest at the end of July, when other plants are at the height of the growing season. From August to November, you can safely carry out planting, the next year the plants will wake up and begin to develop. Spring planting is undesirable: when the soil thaws, the bushes are already actively developing, no need to disturb them. If there is such a need, dig the whole bush with a large lump of earth to minimize damage to the root system.

You can plant bushes in a row or group, in any case, they need space. The distance between the bushes do not less than 1.5 m, then the honeysuckle will be comfortable, and it will be easy to take care of it. Well live plant with black currants, you can settle them in one corner of the garden.

Pits for planting bushes should be a diameter and a depth of at least 40 cm. The honeysuckle loves organic matter, put 2 buckets of compost under each bush and a liter jar of ash under it. With mineral fertilizers you need to be careful, the plant does not really like them. Three tablespoons of superphosphate will be sufficient.

Pit well spill water, plant bushes, straightening the roots evenly in all directions. The root neck should be 5-6 cm deep, then it will give additional processes. Water the hole so that the earth is compacted and there are no air cavities left. Circle the circle with a layer of compost not less than 5 cm thick, this procedure will help preserve moisture and make it easier to take care of the plants.

After landing, do not shorten the branches. Pruning will slow the growth of the bush and reduce the yield.

Plant Care

Honeysuckle - unpretentious culture, care for it is not difficult. In September, cut off the diseased, broken and dry shoots. Leave no more than 18 skeletal branches on the bush, remove the rest. Hardest plant fructifies in the 7th year. After 20 years, the bushes become old, give little fruit. If each season cut branches that do not give berries, the productive period can be increased. Proper care will also help increase fruit picking. Honeysuckle breeding is carried out with the help of adult bushes, the plant can be divided only at the age of 8 years.

Honeysuckle does not tolerate stagnant water, but it needs moisture. Watering should be abundant, especially when ripe fruit. Pour at least a bucket of water under each bush. If the summer is dry, then 2 buckets of liquid will not interfere.

At first, the plants will have enough nutrition that you brought during planting. In the third year in the spring, add a bucket of organic fertilizers for each bush. If the soil is low in nitrogen, feed the honeysuckle with a tablespoon of urea diluted in a bucket of water in early spring. In September, pour 0.5 liters of ash into the ground, with the beginning of the growing season, it will supply the plant with the necessary components.

Honeysuckle breeding

Seeds of plants germinate well, but may not preserve the quality of the parent specimen. What bush grows from grains, you will know only when you try the fruit: in the 3rd year. If Blue Bird has been chosen, do not expect that the berries will grow the same variety. If you like to experiment, you can try this breeding, but usually it is used only for selection or landscape design.

Crush ripe fruits and let the seeds dry. In late October, sow them in the ground. Spring begins to appear overgrown. When the seedlings form 2 pairs of leaves, copy them into the breeding ground. The following year, you can plant bushes in a permanent place. Plant need to be 20 cm apart, then copies with tasteless fruits transfer for the device hedge.

There is a reproduction of honeysuckle by dividing the bush. The plant must be well developed at the age of at least 8 years. Arm yourself with an ax, saw or other durable tool and separate the fragment with 3 skeletal branches and a root of at least 20 cm in length. Plant the fragment immediately.

At the end of March, you can prepare cuttings. The diameter of the branches should be at least 7 mm, length - about 17 cm. Stick the lower section to a depth of 10 cm. In thawed earth. At least 2 buds should remain above the surface. The roots will begin to develop in about a month. If you are late, you can prepare shoots after flowering. Take one-year-old twig, on which there is a fresh sprout. Dip it in 5 cm in the ground. After 2 weeks, new leaves will appear on the young shoot. Green cuttings can be cut at the end of June. Stick them into the soil by 10 cm and keep the soil moist.

Propagation by cuttings will be better if we treat the lower section with a root growth stimulator. There are many drugs, how to use them correctly, read the instructions.

Diseases and pests of bushes

Honeysuckle berries like not only people, but also insects. Carefully monitor the condition of their pets every year.

  • If, when young shoots and leaflets appear, the tops are gnawed, the caterpillars of the leafworms try.
  • Yellow leaves - traces of aphids.
  • On the cortex of the convexity, a willow shield is left in the form of commas.

From the drivers process bushes with special preparations. Honeysuckle is resistant to diseases, sometimes powdery mildew can appear. For example, the Bluebird variety is almost never sick. Treat plants with "Fitosporin", it is not poisonous and will not harm the crop. Do not forget that good care makes plants strong, able to cope with all problems on their own.

Do not forget about biological plant protection products. Calendula and marigolds planted nearby will protect the planting from diseases and pests. Spray the bushes with extract of wormwood and other herbs that insects are afraid of. Hang out birdhouses and feeders to attract birds to the garden.

Why grow honeysuckle in the garden

There are a lot of berry cultures, so why not cultivating semi bitter honeysuckle? This plant has many benefits. First of all, it bears fruit every year very early, and it does not require complicated care. Children do not want to go to the cottage? Tell them that delicious berries have already appeared on the bushes, and the little ones, pushing each other, will rush into the car.

Honeysuckle is not afraid of frost, it can be grown where strawberries and currants do not produce crops. Residents of the northern regions also need vitamins. Unpretentious shrubs will help them survive the long polar winter. The only problem: the flowers can survive frosts no lower than -8⁰. If the bushes bloom early, watch the weather forecast. When threatened with severe frosts, wrap them with non-woven material to preserve the crop.

Honeysuckle - the earliest berry, it can be grown even in areas of the far north. In the spring, the body requires vitamins, a person is ready to eat any blade of grass. Sour-bitter fruits will saturate you with vitamins, the first compotes will be a good help after a long winter.

Caring for the bushes is simple, but to get a good harvest every year, you need to grow several bushes of different varieties. If you take planting material from friends, cut cuttings from different bushes. When buying in the nursery, ask what combination of species will be optimal.

From the berries you can make jam, prepare compotes and jelly. When choosing a recipe, give preference to where the heat treatment will be minimal. Berries are rich in vitamins and other beneficial ingredients, do not let the heat destroy them. The earliest blue berries can grow in any terrain, provide the plants with proper care, and a rich harvest is guaranteed.

What is valuable honeysuckle

In a season when there are so few vitamins, blue droplets begin to appear on a beautiful bush with pale tender greens that melt in the mouth. The organism yearned for natural berries almost does not notice the slight bitterness of the healing fruits. Vitamin C, which is known to be vital, is contained in the berry just as much as in lemon. Potassium in honeysuckle is more only in lingonberries, and in all other elements and vitamins it surpasses all known berries grown in Russian gardens. И содержат плоды все нужные человеку витамины и минералы в оптимальном для усвоения сочетании.

Ягоды всех сортов съедобной жимолости являются полезным витаминным продуктом.

Как вырастить жимолость в саду

The bush loves a well-lit place without close standing of groundwater and with light soil. A plant with cross-pollination, so you should plant several plants of different varieties. Then the ovaries of the berries will be much larger. Fertilizing with organic fertilizer will add yield. Honeysuckle loves ash dripping, but does not like chemistry. Only light dressing with urea in the spring, even before bud break, is accepted favorably by the plant. Therefore, the cultivation of honeysuckle edible pleasant experience, with consistently good results.

Planting and care for edible honeysuckle

The biological cycle of the bush begins early awakening. But the termination of growth and lignification occurs in August. Question, when to replace edible honeysuckle is decided on the basis of circumstances. So, for a good survival of a bush with bare roots, only autumn planting is suitable. In the spring you can plant a sapling, obtained by the container method of cultivation.

Plant propagation is carried out in several ways:

Seed method often used in nurseries. In the process of growing, the bushes dive at a distance of 20 cm, grow them up and sell them at the age of three.

A more common breeding method is rooting cuttings. Growing edible honeysuckle from cuttings is a quick way to get a crop. To obtain rooting, you should bend an escape from the uterine bush and pin it to the ground. At the place of contact with the soil, a trench is created or a mound of earth is poured on top. There will develop roots. A new plant with well-developed roots is separated from the uterine bush only the next year.

Anti-aging care and planting edible honeysuckle can occur by dividing the bush. This will require a saw and an ax, because the bush wood is very dense. A plant is considered to have taken root if shoots from the root have gone from it in a year.

Green cutting begins at the end of June, when growth has already ended, and lignification has not come. Harvest tops of branches with three pairs of leaves. The upper pair of leaves is left, and the cuttings are planted obliquely in a hotbed with a wet layer of sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 1, 20 cm in height of the layer. Inclined deepened cuttings should root after 2 weeks. They are planted in a permanent place only next year in the fall.

The cutting with lignified material begins in winter. Harvested in the beginning of winter long cuttings stored in the snow or in the basement. They are planted in the ridge only in May, at an angle, leaving the upper kidney above the ground. Rooted cuttings 2-3 years, then they are transferred to a permanent place.

Planting and maintenance of honeysuckle in a permanent place

The most crucial moment for getting a healthy productive bush is its proper planting.

The plant should have loose soil, filled with the necessary nutrition, which will allow the root system to develop rapidly. Edible honeysuckle planting and caring which was duly carried out, will quickly enter into fruiting.

An important step will be the pre-filling of the entire area of ​​the plantation with mineral fertilizers, as in the future fertilizing with tukam is undesirable. Therefore, under the continuous digging, you need to make 2 matchboxes of superphosphate, one potassium salt and a bucket of organics per square meter of strip. Place for planting begin to prepare two weeks before the onset of the period when to transplant edible honeysuckle to a permanent place.

Pits are dug at a distance of one and a half meters, 40 cm deep and up to half a meter wide. Two-thirds of the pit is filled with the upper fertile layer, the plant is set on a mound, the roots are spread, the stem is buried to three centimeters, watered and mulched on top of the hole to prevent the formation of a crust.

Caring for planting edible honeysuckle consists of spring one-time hilling of bushes and adding mulch. In early spring, you can feed urea for a rapid increase in green mass.

Promising varieties of edible honeysuckle

Honeysuckle edible has more than 200 varieties. They are divided by different indicators:

  • in terms of ripening,
  • by shedding,
  • taste,
  • yield,
  • the size of the berries.

A successful example of numerous varieties are the well-known Cinderella, Blue Spindle, Bakcharskaya. Their properties are described in detail not because they are the best, but these plants are carriers of the defining characteristics that gardeners are looking for.

The honeysuckle edible Blue Spindle berries begin to ripen in mid-June, a week earlier than strawberries. The weight of a berry is about a gram. The variety is self-infertile, it is pollinated by any shrub, simultaneously flowering Berries do not ripen at the same time, allowing you to feast on the bush for a long period.

Honeysuckle Blue spindle has a weak attachment of the stem and crumbles, so for the time of fruiting it is better to put non-woven material under the bush, which allows the plant to breathe, but is an excellent bedding for fallen berries. Berries are sweet, with a barely noticeable bitterness in the aftertaste. The first harvest of summer the body accepts with gratitude.

Honeysuckle Cinderella has passed a varietal test and is registered in the registry in 1983.

The bush is distinguished by early fruiting, in the third year.

Low bush only 0.7 meters, propagated by seedlings, and very decorative. Productivity is impressive, 20 kg / ha, up to three kilograms from a bush. The berries are large, black with a bluish bloom. The taste of the berries has a strawberry shade, the skin is soft, the surface is smooth. The bush is resistant to frost and is not susceptible to numerous pests. He likes if his neighbors choose "Amphora" or "Leningrad giant."

Bakcharskaya honeysuckle is famous for its shatter-resistant and very fruitful variety. With beautiful large up to 1.4 grams, sourish and sweet berries. This variety matures later, but it is resistant to diseases and pests, drought-resistant. Spreading bush does not thicken, he regulates the growth of green mass.

Description of edible honeysuckle

In the world there are more than 200 species of honeysuckle. On the territory of our country grows 50 species of this shrub, most of which are poisonous. Honeysuckle inedible yellow or orange berries. This is different from edible varieties that have blue or purple fruits covered with a light patina.

Edible honeysuckle is a shrub 1.8-2 m high. It forms many shoots, which eventually turn into a magnificent crown. The trunk is covered with brown flaky bark.

Shrub pubescent oblong leaves. Its flowering begins in early May and lasts almost a whole month. The plant is covered with beautiful yellow flowers, the scent of which attracts bees. Due to long flowering, most flowers avoid spring frosts, which ensures a good harvest. So that next year the fruits appear, in the middle of summer flower buds are laid in the leaf axils.

Edible honeysuckle gives purple oblong-shaped berries with dark coloring juice. They taste sweet and sour with a slight bitterness. With one adult bush can collect up to two and a half pounds of berries. Honeysuckle fruits are consumed fresh, and also used for blanks: jam, jelly, compotes.

Honeysuckle is a cross-pollinated plant that cannot be planted alone. Otherwise, you will not be able to get a good harvest. The site must be at least three plants, preferably different varieties. If seedlings are bought in the nursery, zoned species should be purchased.

Honeysuckle has a powerful root system, which is wide spread and goes deep down. At a depth of about one meter from the surface, the root processes form a dense network that extends beyond the crown at least

half a meter. This feature of the plant should be considered during planting.

Honeysuckle has a very strong wood, which does not take pruner. Pruning plants produced with a saw.

A few years after landing, the old bark begins to flake off and fall to the ground in long stripes. We should not think that the plant is sick, is a natural way to update the outer tissues.

The main advantage of honeysuckle is high frost resistance. It blooms and bears fruit in the northern regions, even in the Far North, where other berries cannot grow. The plant successfully resists frosts up to -50 C, only sometimes the tips of the shoots are frozen. Flowers tolerate frosts down to -8 C. If lower temperatures are expected, the bushes should be covered so as not to lose the crop.

Planting bushes and care

Honeysuckle grows well and bears fruit on fertile loamy soils, which should give a neutral reaction - the plant does not tolerate acidic soils. For growing honeysuckle edible choose a sunny, protected from drafts place: in the shade the plant grows well, but gives a low yield.

Honeysuckle should not be planted on swampy soils and in areas with nearby groundwater. Increased humidity leads to rotting of the roots. If the place is swamped, then drainage should be arranged.

Young and adult plants tolerate transplantation well, but it is better to plant them at a permanent place at once, so as not to disturb further. Bushes can be propagated and replanted from early August to November - the plants will begin to grow and develop as early as next spring. It is not recommended to transplant honeysuckle in the spring: when the soil thaws, the plant is already growing season. If at this time it is urgently needed to transplant the plant to another place, then they dig it out and carry it along with a large lump of earth.

Honeysuckle grows well next to the black currant, they can be planted together. Plants are planted alone or in groups at a distance of at least one and a half meters from each other. So they will receive enough light and heat, it will be easier to care for them. To ensure cross-pollination, it is necessary that bushes of two or three different varieties, blooming at the same time, should grow on one site.

Suitable for planting two-three-year seedlings of the following form:

  • aboveground part — four to five skeletal branches 25–30 cm long and at least five millimeters thick,
  • roots from 25 cm long with four to five branches.

Planting honeysuckle

A greater chance to get acclimatized in the new bed from those seedlings that are purchased with closed roots, therefore, such planting material is acquired in plastic bag or container. When selling in open form, there is a danger of drying and death of individual branches of the root system.

For the purchase, the height of the sold rooted cutting is important, its height should not be less than 30 cm, such underdeveloped cuttings can die off due to their unsuitability to the altered conditions of the bed. But there is no point in acquiring saplings with a height of about one meter, as the plants will take a long time to take root in a new place and the fruits will have to wait too long.

For the purchase of suitable bushes with the specified variety of edible honeysuckle redand if the variety is not specified, it is not recommended to buy such material for planting. Take those varieties that are typical for planting on the ground in specific conditions. When choosing several varieties should be asked about their compatibility, this factor determines the fruiting.

Landing time

Planting time is determined by the period of vegetation. Those varieties in which the vegetative period comes late, are planted in the spring. If a variety has early vegetation, for example, like blue honeysuckle in April, the transplant in the spring during the flowering period will have a negative impact on the health of the bush. Such early-flowering varieties are transplanted in August, until October.

Honeysuckle is different frost resistance, and in early varieties, the development of shoots ceases in mid-summer, so planting in an autumn garden bed does not harm the bushes that bloom in April and May. For those copies that are purchased with the root system, closed in a package or container, the period from spring to autumn is considered a convenient landing time.

Determination of the place in the garden

Be sure to choose sunny open place, at the same time it is necessary to take into account the prevailing wind direction and shelter bushes behind trees or buildings from it, sometimes using improvised hedges. But the growth in the penumbra conditions can not give a good growth and yield, as the plant is constantly in a depressed state due to the lack of sunlight and the buds are laid poorly.

If by mistake the bushes were in a poorly lit place, then they are transplanted to increase the number of fruits. This is easy to do, since the honeysuckle edible red has a rather compact root system. Sometimes you can hear the recommendations for planting density of two plants at two meters, this is an inconvenient scheme, the bushes will close with the neighboring in two or three years, which does not increase the yield.

Sparse placement on the beds makes it easier to care for and pick berries:

  • the optimum spacing in a row is 1.5 or 2.0 m,
  • the rows are 2–2.5 m apart.

This distance allows you to grow a bush in one place for 22-25 years. In the summer right in organized watering, honeysuckle will develop new roots and sprout, and the second year will be marked by the appearance of the first few berries.

The third year is marked by the growth of many branches and an increase in the number of berries. It is not recommended to pinch the ends of the branches, since the main amount of berries ripens on the tops. The plant against the soil is quite unpretentious and grows on any soil, in mountainous and lowlands, it can exist even without irrigation, but for good harvest requires some care.

Preparing holes for proper seating

Honeysuckle with all its unpretentiousness and the ability to develop on any soil, prefers breathable and fertile soil. If such conditions cannot be created in the whole garden, then they can be made at least under the conditions of a certain pit for planting. The dimensions of the in-depth seat take 0.5 x 0.6 m, and they dig 0.4 m deep.

It is recommended to moisten the earth to make it friable, while stagnant fluids should not be observed. If volcanic soil is chosen, then the lack of nutrients is compensated the introduction of organic and mineral components for the development of the bush in the next 4 years after planting. Hypoxia and peat compost contribute at least 30 kg per well, potassium and superphosphate salts lay about 170–200 gg. All this is thoroughly mixed in the upper soil layer.

You can use a complex drug Nitrophoska or Ammophos at the rate of 300 years per one honeysuckle bush, Ammophos is introduced in the amount of 170–200 years in one hole. 1.5–2 buckets of high-quality humus mixed with a liter jar of ash and 50 years of AVA fertilizer and a couple of handfuls of mineral and organic fertilizer, containing useful microorganisms for the destruction of pathogenic microflora in the soil and accelerated overheating of organic components are placed here.

Soil fertilizer contributes to its improvement, improves the quality and quantity of the crop, in addition, it is recommended to add about 4–5 l to the soil vermiculite to increase the ability of the earth to absorb moisture and its structured composition. Such processing of planting sites is typical for all berry crops, for a variety dolomite flour, peat and sand can be applied to the soil.

Plant sprouts so that the root neck is covered with earth for 5 centimeters, for watering each hole with a sprout, two buckets of water are enough. Be sure to rumble the surface of the earth with peat, dry grass or a layer of humus. When making a seat, it is mandatory to apply a layer of drainage, including small pieces of brick fights, gravel, expanded clay, crushed stone of small fraction, the thickness of the drainage layer is 6–8 cm. The best composition soil is considered:

  • sod land - 3 parts,
  • peat or humus - 1 part,
  • sand - 1 part.

Improvement survival rate

Honeysuckle can tolerate a transplant without the particular danger of stalling. Pollinating plants occurs in a cross way, if you plant a lonely standing bush, it can not yield a crop. The condition of a good survival rate and fruiting serves placement on one site of several varietal varieties of plants.

TO agrotechnical techniques This includes a preliminary inspection before planting with the obligatory release of the bush from broken branches and diseased damaged roots. Pre-treatment consists of wetting the root system with an earthen chaff. When planting in the ground gently straighten the roots, all work is carried out carefully, after planting the bush is not cut.

Watering plants

High or low harvest depends on the bush plant age and weather conditions in the period of ripening berries. This period from May to June requires watering 5–6 times, while up to 5 buckets of liquid are poured under each bush. Mulching of the surface layer of soil under the bush is done after each watering.

In addition to watering, during this period the spraying of the bushes is done by means of Baikal. The easiest way to do this is from a watering can, on which there is a net with small holes. For watering 5 plants enough one watering can. A rather time-consuming operation is also performed using the tool. HB-101 в жидкой консистенции или гранулированном виде.

Омоложение устаревших растений съедобной жимолости

Некоторые садоводы имеют хорошие сорта жимолости, но их старость не позволяет рассчитывать на большой урожай, поэтому такие растения следует омолодить. Do it in the cold, after the fall of all the foliage.

Chainsaw or other cutting tools cut down the surface of the bush flush with the ground. A fresh saw cut is covered with fallen leaves and, stepping back from hemp for half a meter, they apply fertilizer for autumn, but such feeding is not mandatory.

You can pour fresh stump, but also optional. With the arrival of spring, new growth will grow on it, which in the summer period will rise to one meter. These green sprouts fertilize ash, humus, compost or herbal infusion (choose one of the means) twice in the summer, watering is also done twice. The harvest will delight the owners for the next summer.

This method is more effective than if you purchase a new stalk or organize its formation from the existing shoots of the old bush.

Finding full-fledged growth in old plants is problematic, sometimes it does not exist at all, and the layers from the bush do not develop very quickly. Honeysuckle red is used to organize colorful and live fencing in the garden plot.

When using honeysuckle in the form of a living fence, it should be remembered that the foliage of the plant is dense, it will not be possible to grow other plants under it, even weeds will not develop. From the usual colors around the perimeter of the yard will have to be abandoned.

In addition to the beautiful view, the bushes give healthy and tasty berries, the benefits of which are obvious to the body of children and adults. The content of vitamin C, iron, B vitamins, antioxidants puts it in a number of valuable foods and enriches the human body with all useful substances. To maintain normal health, it is enough to eat about 100–150 gg per day and apply this amount during the ripening and berry filling period. For such prophylaxis, varieties are selected in which the fruiting period is shifted so that the berries become available over a long period.

Crown density

Honeysuckle refers to plants that are very abundantly growing branches and the crown becomes thick and impenetrable. Every spring in the early period is necessary thin out the crown with pruning. Such measures are needed to increase yields. Bumblebees with a dense arrangement of branches can not sneak inside the bush and pollinate the flowers, so often in uncircumcised trees berries grow only on the outer side of the crown.

But it is recommended to trim the honeysuckle in the spring for 4–6 years of bush development, and at the first time of cultivation, each year they produce sanitary treatment and remove broken shoots, dry shoots.

Common varieties of edible honeysuckle

Under natural conditions, many varieties of wild-growing honeysuckle develop, but cultivation of cultivated varieties is particularly popular, some of which are included in State Register of Breeding Achievements in 2013:

  • Early ripening is different variety Sweet toothThese frost-resistant bushes have a slightly spreading crown, differing in medium height. With one bush, with good care, more than 2 kilograms of berries are obtained, each weighing about 1.5–1.7 years. Oval-shaped elongated fruits have a special taste, their wax surface is blue with a bluish tinge. Fruits from the bush are not showered, but the harvest is easy.
  • Early grade Atlas gives berries together and in one period. The bush grows compactly, of small size and diameter, with it each year they receive up to 1.8 kilograms of berries. The berries of this variety of edible honeysuckle weigh from 1.3 to 2.2 years old, have a dessert taste. The bluish-blue fruits are distinguished by a wax shine on the surface with small tubercles, their shape is oval. Under the thin skin hides the tender flesh. From branches the fruits come off easily, dry.
  • Resistance to winter climate conditions Rival GoryankaThis plant is a late-ripening honeysuckle edible plant. A tall and large shrub looks strong, the branches form a crown of medium thickness. Small berries weigh 0.75–0.95 years of oval shape and a large length, smooth surface without hillocks. When harvesting, the fruits are badly detached from the bush, and the skin is torn. Excellent sweet-bitter taste of fruits makes this variety popular.
  • Honeysuckle edible Darinka average loading time tolerates winter well, grows medium in size, and is characterized by a medium-crown. Small berries (1.2 g) have a sweet dessert taste, with an audible sour taste, refreshing the mouth when used. The bush begins to bear fruit after 7 years of growth, the yield reaches about 1.2 kilograms per bush.
  • Middle maturity is characterized by the variety Milkovchanka; this edible honeysuckle tolerates the winter cold, grows at an average height and is distinguished by a slightly spreading crown. Berries weighing 1 g have an oval shape, are elongated, the skin is smooth, dessert taste. It is easy to tear off a bush, but it does not crumble from branches. The first harvest after 6 years of cultivation.

Secrets of growing and caring for honeysuckle

To grow a good crop you need to follow certain the rules:

  • When choosing varieties for the next location, you need to choose exactly different varieties, and not just two nameless bushes, as is customary to sell in market conditions. These specimens may be single-sorted and pollination will not occur. In such conditions, the number of berries is set by the number of berries, so inexperienced gardeners are disappointed and honeysuckle is not planted further.
  • Good care suggests that watering the bushes will be carried out in a timely manner, otherwise the drying of the ground will have a negative impact on the process of the formation of berries and their pouring. The plant is prudently released from a certain number of ovaries (drops them), in the absence of moisture, the remaining fruits turn out to be small and substandard. Watering affects the number and length of the shoots that serve as the basis for the location of the fruit.
  • Permanent soil mulching after planting and each watering plays a role. This is necessary to ensure the natural conditions of honeysuckle growth, under which it grows in the loose, moist soil of the underbrush covered with wet bedding. To loosen the soil is necessary, but you should do it carefully so as not to destroy the root system. Mulching retains moisture and does not allow the earth to dry out.
  • Mulching also helps against the growth of weeds that honeysuckle does not like, it is especially bad at tolerating neighborhood with wheat grass. In addition to mulching, regular weeding of the circle around the trunk is recommended.
  • It is necessary to deal with pests that began to spread in recent years, since honeysuckle was cultivated relatively recently and it does not have a set of “its own” pests. But the zlatka appeared and the plant began to wither leaves or individual shoots at the end of the branches. After the start, the branches gradually begin to dry completely, the process moves to the stems.
  • Golden brown beetles for their natural color are called goldfish, they lay eggs directly into the stems, worm larvae develop, spoiling the inside of the shoots, when viewed on the surface of the branch a small hole is visible. Since the beetles fly perfectly, it is impossible to fight spraying with them. The only way is to inspect the stems and shoots with cutting of damaged specimens.