Pomegranate, not very often can be found in amateur flower growers, especially beginners. It’s not even the case that, for a completely incomprehensible reason, it is extremely rare in sales. Pomegranate, many novice growers completely unjustly consider the plant moody and difficult to maintain. Put it on a par with homemade exotics - pineapple or banana. But this is absolutely not the case!
How to care for indoor pomegranate
Special trouble with accommodation and lighting for the indoor grenade should not arise from you. Give him a maximum of light, and he will be quite pleased. If the sunshine hits him, then in reasonable doses they are even useful to him. But it is reasonable, if in the summer a large amount of midday burning sun hits the place where your grenadic is standing, then at this time it is better to protect the plant from it. But in fact, in the summer the indoor grenade is not the place in a stuffy room, but in the open air.
As it was already written above - in the summer it is desirable to keep an indoor pomegranate in the street (balcony, front garden, at the open window, finally). At this time, the temperature for this indoor plant is not particularly critical. It will easily transfer even very significant daily temperature drops. But it is in the warm season. In winter, the indoor pomegranate leaves for winter rest. Here in this peace some danger lurks. And it's not about the temperature of the content, which is desirable reduced (optimally + 10-12 degrees). But this is the recommended winter temperature. In fact, the garnet can withstand a lower (but not negative!) And a higher temperature. The danger lies elsewhere. The name of this phenomenon is ignorance!
But there are flower growers who successfully grow simple geraniums, chlorophytums and even hydrangeas, when faced with a massive fall of pomegranate foliage in late autumn - early winter, they start to panic and urgently “cure” it. Of course, none of this happens, the plant is written down in the dried, hopelessly lost and sent to the trash. This, alas, not unfounded horror story. Such cases, I know not one. It was from such grief - flower growers that the glory of the capriciousness of the pomegranate went.
Watering and humidity
In warm weather, water the plant often and abundantly. In particular, this applies to young grenades. Adult bushes withstand dry ground more tenaciously. In winter, during the rest period, watering is also necessary, but more rare. This applies especially to those plants that are kept in cool conditions. The lower the temperature - the less watering. An adult bush at an air temperature of + 8-10 can be watered once a month. Younger grenades, about once every 10-12 days.
In the summer, do not forget it and regularly spray, especially if the summer is dry and hot. But spray only after sunset or early in the morning, about an hour before the moment when the sun touches the plant.
This room grenade is a little over 3 years old. Grown from grain. In the photo below, it is in the year of landing.
It is necessary to start fertilizing for room pomegranate from the beginning of spring, when the plant starts to leave the state of rest and the first leaves will appear on it. At this time, the pomegranate should be actively growing foliage, and this is facilitated by fertilizers with a high nitrogen content. From the second decade of June, a pomegranate begins to form buds and bloom. During this period, he needs phosphorus. Feed him during this period the usual fertilizer for flowering plants. And the third, last feeding comes at the end of summer - the beginning of autumn. By this time, the pomegranate is already burdened with fruits and it needs reinforcement with potash fertilizer. However, fertilizers containing an increased amount of potassium will help him to prepare for the rest period and successfully transfer it. These are the three main feeding pomegranates. But besides them, you can feed it monthly with a full mineral complex.
Transplanting a Pomegranate
Up to the age of three, repot the plant annually. After that you can limit your transfers every two to three years. To land preferences for pomegranate no. Ordinary land from a garden or forest may be suitable for transplanting. But if you add to it a little turf and greenhouse (humus) land, it will be very wonderful, especially for young plants. In order to avoid souring the earth from excessive moisture, make good drainage.
Forming and trimming the bush
Pomegranate is perfectly formed. Here it can be compared with pachira, myrtle, Benjamin's ficus and oleander. Bush can be given almost any shape. These are great plants to create bonsai. But young shoots grow fairly quickly, so the young grenade needs to pay more attention and periodically pinch the shoots for better branching. It is most convenient to do the planned trimming of a pomegranate in the fall, when the leaves begin to fall off in the spring, with the appearance of new ones. In addition to the forming trim, obligatory and hygienic. They are combined usually. During such pruning, all dry, fattening and growing in the middle of the bush branches are removed.
This pomegranate was grown from grain in the same year. He is not full 8 months. As you can see - is already going to bloom.
How to propagate indoor pomegranate
This can be done in two ways - by seeds and cuttings. The second method is very unreliable and time consuming. To obtain a positive result, it is better to plant several young, semi-lignified cuttings for rooting and cover them with a transparent cap to create greenhouse conditions.
Somewhat easier is the propagation of pomegranate seed seeds. But be sure to bear in mind that the seeds must be well ripened and fresh.
Important! Plant only need to seed in a soft shell! That is, grains with pulp, not dry bones. In this case, their germination increases many times.
Previously, it is desirable to keep the grains of a pomegranate in the room for 6-8 hours in a solution of any root stimulant or aloe juice. It is possible to plant grains both in pure peat, and a mixture of peat with coarse sand or perlite. Further, everything is like when growing seedlings. Capacity with seeds covered with a film or glass. With the emergence of shoots, the cover is removed, and the container is transferred to a well-lit place. When the seedlings are old enough (up to about 4-5 cm), they can be seated. Young grenades grow very quickly. According to the “science”, a room pomegranate can bloom in the second year of life. But with early spring sowing and proper care, this can happen in the same year, as evidenced by the photo above.
Pomegranate (Punica) feels quite comfortable at home. However, in this case, not the nutritional properties of its fruits, but the decorative qualities of the flowers of the plant come to the fore. Important! In indoor conditions, it is still better to grow a dwarf variety of pomegranate (Punicanana). However, many scientists and gardeners believe that the pomegranate houseplant is just a separate form of the parent plant. Judging by the appearance and features of the vegetative process, it is so.
Brief historical background
Oddly enough, but the pomegranate is known as a houseplant for a long time. This circumstance is mainly connected with the surprising unpretentiousness of this plant. In the subtropics and the tropics, it is grown everywhere in the open field, and in our conditions it is preferable to use ordinary pots on window sills or even room greenhouses. By the way, for the excellent decorative qualities of pomegranate flowers, it has long been awarded the Honorary Diploma of the Royal Horticultural Society of Great Britain.
Ancient legends say that this fruit was once known as the “Punic Apple.” In the legends, the pomegranate was a symbol of loyalty in marriage, in Greece it was used as a symbol of fertility, and the Persians honored it as the personification of ardent and passionate love. However, all this is trivial, since the useful properties of pomegranate have been known since antiquity.
In general, such a useful plant is worthy of decorating any home or garden. Moreover, it (as we already said) is distinguished by its unpretentiousness, it can grow on brackish and arid soils.
Description of pomegranate
It should be noted that the original room grenade was described in 1803. Its height in the maximum case does not exceed 120 centimeters, and in the form of a potted plant it grows only up to 0.9 meters. The leaves are light green, oval-shaped, no larger than three centimeters in diameter. They have short cuttings that have a slightly reddish tint. In spring, the leaves become a beautiful bronze color, in the summer they are light green, and become yellowish by autumn.
Note that the most decorative are special, cultivated varieties of indoor pomegranate. From May to September, these plants are covered with beautiful purple flowers. They are located in a single order, are formed in the first year of cultivation. Characteristically, their size exceeds that for leaves - about four centimeters. Pay attention: only from flowers with long pistils fruits can appear. The percentage of those is very low, since the pomegranate houseplant is purely decorative.
Each flower lives a maximum of three days, but every day new buds are tied and unfolded. Gardeners show that there are no more than three or four ovaries per hundred flowers. The perennial pomegranate has a special uniqueness for the reason that both buds and already ripening fruits can be on the plant at the same time.
Separately about the fruits
The fruits themselves, by the way, can be painted in a variety of colors: from orange to brown-red. Alas, but they are far in taste from the "ordinary" pomegranate, and in diameter make up a maximum of six to seven centimeters. You can try them, starting in November. The fruiting season ends around January.
Since most often pomegranates are grown at home for the sake of flowers, fruits are usually taken to be removed. This is due to the fact that abundant flowering and without that greatly depletes the plant, so that in order to preserve the decorative properties of the pomegranate, it is better to remove the ovaries that have appeared. However, it is still possible to leave one or two fruits on one tree.
And it is worth doing it not so much for culinary purposes, but for getting your own seeds. Note, however, that the varietal quality of plants can not always indulge in this method of reproduction. And only once every three to four years, you can make yourself a gift, leaving all the fruit on the tree. The beauty of a pomegranate that blooms and bears fruit at the same time is simply indescribable.
Which varieties are better to use?
On sale you will surely find only a dwarf grenade (Punicagranatum). Occasionally on the shelves of shops comes across a pomegranate room “Baby” or “Carthage”. The last two varieties are artificially developed, designed specifically for indoor cultivation. Their height rarely exceeds 30 centimeters, while the usual dwarf variety often grows to one meter.
Despite its overall unpretentiousness, the pomegranate houseplant is very demanding of the lighting conditions in the house. That is why for its placement you can choose any windows in the house with the exception of those facing the north side. However, on hot and sunny days it is still necessary to cover the tender leaves of the plant from direct sunlight.
Note that the ideal place for a pomegranate in the summer is a loggia, attic or veranda. Important! To accustom the plant to “sunbathing” should be gradual, since with an excessively sharp course of the process, the formation of sunburn on the leaves is not excluded. As soon as the length of daylight begins to decrease, and the nights become colder, this Southerner should be immediately brought into the house.
As you might have guessed, a grenade needs heat, and for the entire period of flowering and fruiting. In general, its normal development is possible at a temperature of about 20 degrees Celsius. Important! If the temperature in the room exceeds 25 degrees, it must be taken out to a cooler and more ventilated room, otherwise the shoots may dry out. In the case when there is no such possibility, regularly spray the leaves with water at room temperature (settled, of course).
But! In order for normal ripening to occur, a pomegranate requires a temperature of approximately 16-18 degrees Celsius. From November to March, the plant has a dormant period during which it is required to maintain a temperature regime of 10-12 degrees. By the way, these indoor plants can easily withstand frosts to minus six degrees Celsius.
Requirements for the composition and other characteristics of the soil
Although we said that in nature, pomegranate is extremely unpretentious to the soil, at home, to create the most ornamental plant, the characteristics of soil mixtures should be maintained at the proper level. Note that they must be neutral (pH 7). We would recommend these features:
• Half of sod land, ¼ part of good leaf humus, 12% peat, and 13% of sand.
• Half of sand, по of loam and peat (watch for pH!).
• Two parts of clay-sod soil, one volume part of leafy ground, one lobe of sand and humus.
• Especially for young plants: humus, turf, sand and leaf soil are taken in equal proportions.
About watering and air humidity
As you surely understand, competent watering of any plant is a pledge not only of its decorative appearance, but also of its survival. In our case, there are the following irrigation rules:
• At rest (we talked about it above), the amount of watering is reduced as much as possible: no more than once every one and a half to two months!
• When indoor plants go out of hibernation, you can gradually increase the frequency. Gradually move to frequent watering, well soaking the top layer of soil in the pot. It should be moistened as it dries.
• Take into account that during flowering moisture intake should be limited, since in natural conditions this time coincides with a dry and hot period. But be careful! With a lack of moisture and nutrients, you may well remain at the “broken trough”, as the plant simply drops all the buds and ovaries.
• As we already said, in hot weather and in stuffy rooms, it is necessary to spray the leaves of pomegranate with separated water.
• As soon as the bloom is over, the plant must again be watered abundantly, since otherwise abundant bloom next year will be questionable.
• If you need to grow fruits, then the issue of soil moisture should be approached as carefully and carefully as possible. If you overdo it with water, then the fruits can easily crack and even rot.
In need of feeding any pot flowers. Pomegranate is no exception. "Feed" it should be at least two times a month. In the spring, any nitrogenous fertilizers can be widely used. When the pomegranate blooms, phosphate fertilizers are obligatory, and in the autumn period - potassium. However, once (per month) the use of complex fertilizer is quite acceptable. Important! Top dressing should be carried out only in cloudy weather.
Fertilizers should be applied only to moist soil, but all excess water from the flower tray at the same time drained without fail. In the autumn, the frequency of dressing is gradually reduced, preparing the grenades for a rest period. Most often it occurs in December-January, when the last flowers will fade and fully mature all the fruits on the plant.
You can easily learn about its occurrence, because at this moment the plant begins to shed its leaves. As we said, during this period the ambient air temperature should be maintained within ten degrees Celsius. Important! As for young pomegranates, who have not yet reached the age of three years, then the rest period is not necessary for them, but the temperature at this time should still be lowered to approximately 16 degrees Celsius (as when the fruit is ripening).
Of course, it is not always possible to create optimal conditions for “hibernation” in the conditions of a city apartment. A simple measure will help to reduce the temperature sufficiently: move the pot with garnet close to the glass, and then isolate it from the rest of the room with a conventional plastic wrap. It will be enough exposure for three to four weeks. However, the best results can be achieved by pulling the plant at this time in the basement.
Around February, the pomegranate is taken out of a cold room and, while the buds have not yet blossomed, they are pruned. The plant best tolerates just such a pruning procedure. Most of all small young twigs should be removed. To stimulate branching, it is necessary to cut the branches outside the kidney at an acute angle, leaving no more than five internodes on the shoot. Important! Формируя комнатный гранат (фото которого есть в статье), никогда не забывайте оставлять в пределах шести скелетных ветвей, которые образуют основу всего растения.
Если увлечься с обрезкой, можно значительно ослабить деревце. Кстати, именно для формирования древесной формы граната (в том числе и бонсай) нужно нещадно убирать всю молодую поросль в горшке. Forming branches and pruning, you need to be very careful, because the shoots are fragile. Extra shoots formed during the current growing season can be removed in the summer. In this case, it is desirable to close the wound with a garden pitch.
How is the transplant done?
Up to three years it is necessary to replant grenades annually. After reaching three years, the frequency of the procedure is reduced to once every two to three years. It is preferable to do this in the spring. The transplantation itself is simple, as it is done by the usual transfer. To do this, take the soil with the obligatory addition of sand. Of course, the presence of drainage in a pot is extremely important.
Despite the well-developed grubby system, the grenade does not need an exceptionally wide pot. The capacity increase should be carried out at the rate of two to three centimeters per transplant, no more. By the way, the flowering plants are more abundant, the closer the roots in the pot (but do not overdo it!). Here's how to care for a pomegranate.
Propagation of pomegranate seeds
We immediately warn you that in order to successfully grow a plant from seeds, it is extremely important to buy them in specialized stores or from trusted suppliers. However, all flower growers who grow indoor plants will tell you about this. Pomegranate grown from normal seed material will allow you to enjoy flowering in the first year, and you can try your own grenades in about two or three years.
However, no one forbids trying to grow a tree, taking advantage of the seeds from the already ripe fruit. Note that they retain germination for about half a year. It is necessary to choose seeds only from the largest and well ripened pomegranates. After that, they are cleaned of pulp and dried in a warm and dry room. They can be sown in April, to a depth of approximately 0.5 cm. Attention - the pomegranate, the fruit of which appeared on the tree for the first time, is absolutely unsuitable for use for seed purposes, since its seeds may be too weak and will not grow.
The substrate for this is made from equal parts of sand and peat, after which it is moistened to a moderate degree. Germination occurs at a temperature of about 25-27 degrees Celsius, the development of seedlings begins quickly. As soon as two or three true leaves appear, the strongest and healthiest looking seedlings are distributed into pots with a diameter of approximately six centimeters. In order for plants to grow and develop faster, they need heat and moisture during this period. For better tilting you need to pinch. Here's how to get a pomegranate from seed.
Important! If you buy pomegranate on the market or in a store, deciding to use its seeds for sowing, please note that you can wait for it to bloom in seven years at best. In addition, the size of such a plant will be too large (two or three meters) for the average city apartment. Recall that an indoor pomegranate, the cultivation of which does not cause any particular difficulties, rarely grows up to at least a meter.
Reproduction by cutting
Cuttings need to be taken from adults and well-fruiting plants. In the summer, you need to take those of them that are half stiff, and during the winter period (in February), respectively, stiff. You need to cut the branches into pieces with five to six buds. Soil for disembarkation is made from equal parts of sand and peat, landing is carried out at an angle to a depth of approximately three centimeters. This is how the cutting of a pomegranate is made.
Cuttings should be covered with a cut-off plastic bottle or jar, often watered to maintain high humidity of the air and soil, as it is necessary for rooting. It is highly desirable to treat cuttings before planting with some humic fertilizer, since this measure dramatically increases the likelihood of successful rooting. After about two or three months, young plants can already be seated in individual pots. The buds may appear already in the first year, but the first two seasons should be cut off, because the plant has not yet fully strengthened for full flowering.
In a word, pomegranate is a plant that every flora lover must have!
In nature, pomegranate grows up to 10 m in height, at home its height varies between 30-100 cm, so it is easy to grow it in an ordinary apartment or country house.
Among the varieties of plants the most popular:
- "Dwarf Carthage" up to a meter tall,
- miniature type of “baby”, it grows up to 30-50 cm in height.
The shoots of the tree are covered with glossy foliage oval. During the flowering period, which lasts from April-May to August, pomegranate flowers are bright red in size up to 4 cm in length and 2-3 cm in diameter. They have the form of a bell or a jug, differ in self-pollination.
In the autumn, small, round fruits up to 5 cm in diameter are formed, the shade of which can be both light orange and maroon. Fruits with a hard, thin skin are distinguished by a sour taste, contain many small red grains with pits.
The garnet has small oblong leaves, pointed at the ends. The trunk is branched, light brown. The branches are numerous, thin, with spikes.
Pomegranate flower is not like any one you know. It has an unusual shape, with a rigid perianth red color that covers the inner delicate petals: scarlet, white or yellow, depending on the variety.
What varieties of pomegranate are grown at home
In room conditions it is most convenient to grow dwarf forms of pomegranate:
It grows to a height of 1 m. It is like a “reduced copy” of a garden pomegranate, with small leaves, flowers and fruits.
Even more miniature variety. The maximum height of 50 cm, flowers can be collected in bunches of 5-7 pieces. The fruit is orange-brown in color.
Another dwarf variety, up to 70 cm in height. The name received on the bright red color of flowers.
Low-growing variety garden pomegranate. Height up to 2 m. Fruits are bright red, sour-sweet in taste, larger than those of dwarf forms.
As an experiment, you can grow at home and the usual garden pomegranate from the stone of the fruit you bought. He will not give good fruits and will not repeat the parental signs, because hybrids are mainly marketed. Indoors, it grows no more than 1 m tall (in open ground it can reach a height of 5 m).
The essential difference between dwarf pomegranate varieties and garden varieties is that they do not shed their leaves for the winter, therefore, they are more decorative as indoor plants.
Flowering and fruiting
Pomegranate blooms not only beautiful and unusual, but also for a long time - from April to late summer.
Flowers are of two types: pitcher-shaped with long pistils, forming fruits, and bell-shaped with short ones - not forming fruits. The latter are significantly more, 90% and, accordingly, only 10% of fruitful ones. Flowers self-pollinated.
Sterile flowers fall off quickly, fruitful "live" 6-10 days. Flower size up to 2 cm in diameter and up to 4 cm in length.
After flowering, in autumn, charming small round fruits with dense but thin peel, ranging from light orange to maroon-red, are tied in a dwarf pomegranate, they do not exceed 4-5 cm in diameter. The fruits are covered with a firm peel "Wrapped" juicy pulp of dark red color. The fruits are edible, taste sour.
Growing pomegranate from cuttings
The cutting of a pomegranate can be carried out in the middle of summer (half-lignified cuttings) or in February (lignified cuttings).
On each handle 4 internodes are left.
Pomegranate cuttings do not always root well, the percentage of rooting may be less than 50%. For a more reliable result, sections are treated with a root formation stimulator.
Semilignified cuttings root better, but since they are pruned at a time when they are most decorative (in the middle of summer flowers just appear on them), it is a pity that rooting of completely lignified cuttings is often practiced.
Root cuttings can be in water or substrate, consisting of a mixture of peat and sand in equal quantities. You can use peat tablets. Before planting the cuttings, the substrate is well moistened.
The cuttings are placed in the ground at an angle of 45 degrees. Buried by 2-3 buds. The container with the cuttings is covered with a film and placed on a well-lit window sill in a warm room. For rooting, the temperature of the substrate should not be below 23 degrees.
Further care for cuttings comes down to regular watering, the ground should not dry out. Also once a day, a film for airing is removed for a short time.
The first roots appear in 1-2 weeks. Full rooting occurs in a month, this is evidenced by the appearance of new buds on the cutting. Then remove the film and continue to water gently, not over-wetting.
The first grown shoot is shortened. Cut it one third to the tree began to branch.
Growing Pomegranate Seeds
The second method of growing a homemade dwarf pomegranate is seed.
Seeds need to use fresh, because they lose their germination very quickly. Seeds are soaked in water for a day (do not completely fill the seeds with water, otherwise they will “suffocate”). Seeds taken from the fresh fruit, you must first clear of pulp, to prevent their rotting in the ground after planting.
Seeds are sown in the ground, immersed in the ground for 1 centimeter. The best time to sow seeds is in the winter, in January-February, so that in early summer the young plants can be brought to fresh air.
After sowing seeds, you must constantly monitor the moisture of the earth. It should not be overwetted or overdried.
After about 2 weeks, the first shoots appear, they are placed on the bright window sill. After 2 months, real leaflets appear on the seedlings. Poorly developed seedlings are removed. When 3-4 pairs of true leaves grow on the remaining seedlings, they are seated in separate containers. In May, carried out in the garden or on the balcony, set under a canopy or under the trees. Bright sun causes burns on weak seedlings.
In the fall, well-developed seedlings are transplanted into pots and transferred to a cool place until spring. In February-March, they are put on the windowsill, and in May-June they are taken out again to the garden or to the balcony.
A pomegranate can start to bloom in the first year of life, but in this case it is recommended to remove the flowers, because by this age the plant is still not sufficiently strengthened. In the second year, you can leave 1-2 ovaries.
Garden pomegranate will begin to bear fruit in 5-7 years.
Plants grown from cuttings bloom and give fruit earlier than grown from seeds.
In addition, pomegranates obtained from seeds do not preserve the varietal characteristics and the fruits are of inferior quality.
Care for indoor pomegranate
The most important requirement for the care of a pomegranate room - sufficient illumination. A pomegranate needs a lot of light and sun; with their lack, the plant sheds leaves.
It is best to take him a place on the window of the south, south-west or southeast orientation. Pomegranate is one of the few plants that does not need to shade from the sun even during the midday hours.
It is desirable from the end of spring to autumn to contain pomegranate outdoors: in the garden or on the balcony. It should be placed in a warm sunny corner, closed from drafts.
Despite the fact that the pomegranate is not afraid of the direct sun, at first, putting the plant outside, it should be allowed to get used to the new conditions after the winter maintenance in the room. A few days it should be placed in the shade, then gradually accustom to the sun so that the foliage does not burn.
In September and October, the grenade is again taken to the house.
Watering and spraying.
In the period of growth, flowering and fruiting of pomegranates - “waterbib” Water it at this time abundantly, at least 1-2 times a week. But it is also impossible to allow the gulf, when waterlogging on the leaves appear yellow and brown spots. In pots necessarily need drainage.
In winter, watering is significantly reduced, but it should be ensured that the soil does not dry out.
Also, the pomegranate loves spraying with soft warm water, they are carried out from spring to autumn 2 times a week, in hot weather, you can do it more often. Spraying is not required in the winter with cool content.
From spring to autumn, pomegranate needs to be fed with complex mineral fertilizer. Fertilization frequency - 2 times a month. For a rest period, top dressing is stopped and resumed with the start of the growing season.
Organic fertilizers can also be used for top dressing. For example, infusion of mullein, diluted in a concentration of 1:10.
Fertilize also chicken droppings, feeding from it is prepared as follows. First, chicken manure is filled with water in the ratio of 1 part of the litter, 2 parts of water. Tightly closed and left for 2-3 weeks in a warm place for fermentation. Then the resulting infusion is stirred and diluted with water 1:25.
For pomegranate fertilizer, this solution is diluted with water again in a ratio of 3: 4.
Organic fertilizers are applied to the soil after watering.
Pomegranate grows quite quickly, after half a year the plant grown from the cutting already looks like a small tree. To maintain a decorative look, it is necessary to engage in the formation of its crown.
Pomegranate form in the form of bushes or shtambovogo tree, which looks especially impressive.
Several (4-6) skeletal branches are left on the tree and regularly pruned. At the same time on each escape leave no more than 5 internodes. Sections are made above the upper kidney, facing outward from the crown, so that the branches are not intertwined in the future.
In February-March, early pruning of pomegranate is carried out. They remove basal shoots, tops (vertical shoots), dry, thickening the crown, much longer than the main branches of the crown.
When pruning it is important to bear in mind that the pomegranate fruits are formed on the ripe shoots of the past year. Therefore, remove only those branches that have already otplodonosili.
New shoots on the pomegranate grow quickly, periodically carry out additional thinning of the crown and the removal of newly grown basal shoots. In addition, you constantly need to pinch "broken out" beyond the crown of the twigs.
Conduct a transplant in February-March.
Plants are transplanted by transfer. Young, up to 5 years old, annually, then once every 3-5 years, as needed, the pot is chosen in size slightly larger than the previous one.
Pots for growing pomegranate need small. For annual plants with a volume of 100 ml, for 2-3 year olds, not more than 500 ml. The ratio of height and diameter of the pot is 1: 1.
Drainage must be poured into the pot by ¼ of its height.
Pomegranates prefer an earthy mixture with a neutral reaction. The optimal composition of the soil: turf, leaf, humus, peat land in equal proportions. However, the choice of soil is not a decisive condition for the successful development of pomegranate, it is not demanding of soils, you can take almost any soil, for example, ready for citrus or universal.
Roots during handling must be protected from damage. If this could not be avoided, in the place of breakage they should be carefully cut and sprinkled with charcoal.
For large plants, instead of transplanting, they replace the top layer of the soil with a fresh one.
The main disease to which pomegranate is susceptible is powdery mildew. It may appear on the plant in a poorly ventilated room with high humidity or with sudden temperature changes. Infection from other diseased plants can also occur, for example, by watering.
In the initial stage of the disease from powdery mildew, treatment with a solution of soda ash (5 g per 1 liter of water) mixed with soap helps.
If the disease has spread over a large area of the plant, treatment with fungicides is required. For example, such as Skor, Topaz, Hom. They are prepared strictly according to the instructions, not exceeding the concentration.
Another common disease of the pomegranate is branch cancer. The bark on the branches cracks and spongy swellings form along the edges of the cracks. The disease affects the weakened plants, the cause may be mechanical damage.
Fighting disease - removal of affected branches. It is difficult to get rid of this scourge, it is necessary to cut, as a rule, most of the crown. But this does not always help, often the plant dies.
To reduce the risk of disease, you need to protect the branches from damage and frost. Trimming do necessarily sharply honed tool.
Spots on the leaves
If yellow and brown spots appeared on the leaves of pomegranate, most likely this is evidence of overmoistening of the soil. The plant needs to be transplanted into fresh ground, and if you notice rotting roots during transplantation, they need to be cut with a sharp knife to a healthy tissue. Treat slices with crushed charcoal.
Whitefly and aphid
As for pests, most often these plants suffer from whitefly and aphids.
With a small number of pests, manual removal of pests can be effective. Whitefly butterflies can be cleaned with a regular vacuum cleaner, and then the leaves, especially on the inside, can be removed from the laid eggs with a sponge with soapy water. With the help of a soap solution, you can also remove aphids. Earth in a pot before such treatment is protected with polyethylene.
With a large number of insects used chemical preparations. Such as Fitoverm, Aktara, Spark, Karbofos, Aktellik.
Preparation in landing
Комнатный гранат выращивают путем посадки косточек домашнего растения. Прежде чем их сеять, нужно подготовить почву.
Для их посадки понадобится нейтральный, плодородный, рыхлый грунт. Подойдет покупной состав для роз либо бегоний.
Можно сделать смесь самостоятельно, используя для этого в равных пропорциях:
- дерновую и листовую землю.
At the bottom of a wide, shallow pot stack drainage, which is used as a pebble or expanded clay.
To grow a dwarf pomegranate take a solid, cream-colored bones. They are washed, kept in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 12 hours, dried. You can store and use the bones for 6 months.
Planting is carried out in the spring, then the bones will quickly sprout. If you do this at another time, the process will be delayed.
Bones are sown in the soil prepared in advance, deepening by 1 cm, covered with foil and waiting for germination. They appear within 2 weeks under the following conditions:
- good lighting,
- the air temperature in the room is 25-27 degrees,
- wet soil.
After the first leaves appear, the seedlings are picked into separate pots. When the tree reaches 10-15 cm in height, the shoots pinch so that they better bush.
Reproduction by cuttings
This is the best method, because the cuttings rooted and take root without any problems, while maintaining the properties of the mother bush.
To multiply the pomegranate, you need to cut off the young shoots that begin to grow, with 4-5 live buds. You can perform this procedure:
Rooted cuttings in this case faster.
Cut the shoots soaked using a growth stimulator for rhizomes. The lower part of the cuttings are cleared of buds, stuck into the soil prepared in advance. Planting is carried out at an angle, deepening shoots by 3-4 cm.
When the rooting process is completed, new shoots appear. When this moment comes, each seedling is planted in a separate container.
Reproduction by vaccination
This is an effective, albeit time-consuming process. For stock use any young room grenades. You will also need cuttings from a varietal, healthy, fruit-bearing tree.
Inoculation method can use any, for example:
After planting or breeding a pomegranate tree at home, he needs to provide quality care.
Pot dwarf grenade put on the windowsill. If there is a lot of light, it will do:
On cloudy days, a dwarf grenade is provided with illumination with phytolamp.
Pomegranate loves bright light, without which it begins to shed its foliage.
In summer, you can take the plant to the balcony, in a private house - to the street. The first days he needs to adapt, to keep a little under the direct rays of the sun, gradually increasing the duration.
Types, varieties of pomegranate and their photos
The Derbennikovy family includes only two types of deciduous trees and small shrubs.
The most suitable for growing at home is Pomegranate (Punica granatum). Under natural conditions, pomegranate tree grows in southern Europe and Western Asia. This small tree is up to 5-10 m tall, with green foliage and scarlet flowers. Fruits of spherical shape reach from 8 to 18 cm in diameter.
Breeders brought a large variety of garden forms and varieties that differ in taste and degree of fruit.
A photo. Pomegranate
Another form of common pomegranate, representing a natural look, is widespread in indoor floriculture - it is Dwarf Pomegranate (Punica nana). It is small in size, not more than a meter, subject to regular pruning, it can be up to 30 cm in height. It has small leaves and can bear fruit. The fruits of a pomegranate do not exceed three centimeters in diameter. The seeds of this potted plant are sold in the store under the general name "Dwarf Pomegranate" or Punica granatum "NANA".
Important: For indoor cultivation suitable seeds of a dwarf pomegranate of two varieties: "Carthage", "Baby".
Some varieties of the original species that are suitable for growing at home, but exceeding the size of the dwarf species, have received less distribution in gardeners:
- «Flore pleno"- the plant comes from Persia, has an exclusively decorative function, does not bear fruit. The size of the shrub reaches a height of 3-4 m. Terry bright red flowers resemble a carnation in shape,
- «Flore pleno alba"- similar to the previous species, but its flowers are white,
- «Double flower“- another type of terry pomegranate, having multi-colored flowers, where in one inflorescence there are at the same time petals of red, white, pink flowers, they can be single-colored, have stripes or specks.
Another one is known in the natural environment - the second is a plant type, it is Socotransky Pomegranate (Punica protopunica). Its homeland is the island of Socotr. It is a tree or shrub with abundant branching. The height can reach 4.5 meters. Differs in smaller flowers, they have not red, but pink color, smaller fruits and rounded leaves. This species was not accepted by gardeners due to the worst taste.
Home care for pomegranate
Among the huge variety of plant species for home cultivation dwarf pomegranate is the most unpretentious exotic specimen. It perfectly takes root in pots or containers placed in a winter garden, a greenhouse, or just on a window sill.
Reference: Dwarf pomegranate was awarded an honorary diploma of the Royal Society of Gardeners of Great Britain for exceptional decorative properties
To make this beautiful plant, the decorative properties of which received the highest rating and recognition, become a real decoration of the interior, you need to know how to properly care for it.
Required lighting and temperature
Despite the fact that the grenade is not particularly picky about the conditions of detention, however, there are a number of rules that should not be violated.
The main requirement for proper maintenance of the plant is a high level of illumination. To bloom and fruiting was abundant, it is best to ensure the plant direct action of sunlight. It feels great in the fresh air, so it can be transplanted into the garden.
In room conditions, it is best to place the pot on a well-lit south, west or east window.. Northern windows should be avoided. On gloomy and cloudy days include additional phyto-illumination.
The room grenade requires a high level of illumination.
You can shade a little young saplings of the plant in the afternoon when the sun is too bright. In summer, you can put a flower on the balcony, where he will have enough light and air.
In the winter season, when there is a lack of light, pomegranates can begin to partially drop foliage. He can be helped by supplying powerful fitolamps by providing a daylight time of at least 12 hours. Under this condition, flowering and fruiting plants will continue in winter.
Despite the fact that the temperature of the air in the historic homeland of pomegranate is usually quite high, moderate summer warming of air within 20–25 degrees is quite suitable for indoor species. Hot or stuffy air the plant does not like and can lose leaves. At the same time growth is noticeably slowed down. In this case, cool sprays or moving the pot to cooler conditions, such as on a balcony, will help.
Often there is an opinion among gardeners that a flower has a pronounced rest period, which lasts from November to March. On this basis, it is possible to meet recommendations to place a grenade at this time of year in a cooler place.
However, based on practical experience, it should be noted that if the flower is left in winter at normal room temperature, there is no decrease in the intensity of flowering. Also, the content in the heat will not have a negative impact and will not affect the formation of flower buds.
Necessary watering and humidity
Good pomegranate conditions include knowledge of how to water it.
- In winter, the flower should be watered very rarely, not more than once in a half or even two months.
- A gradual increase in watering begins in February, it should saturate the soil in the pot with moisture. Every next watering begins after the top layer dries.
- Slightly reduce watering during flowering. This is exactly what happens in nature, where pomegranate blooms in the hottest and driest season.
Important: Both deficiency and excess moisture can lead to a sharp loss of the flower at once all the buds.
- If the weather is hot and the room is clearly stuffy, it is necessary to spray the room grenade with cool water. But this is not necessary if the air in the room is not very hot.
- Immediately after the end of flowering, pomegranate requires abundant watering, this will ensure the formation of a large number of flowers next year.
- If the task of growing pomegranate fruits is set, then in the autumn period watering is carried out with great care. Excessive moisture leads to cracking of the fruit.
Soil requirement and fertilizer for indoor pomegranate
The ground for the grenade should be loose
Despite the fact that the natural conditions of pomegranate growth are distinguished by the scarcity and dryness of the soil, more comfortable conditions should be provided to develop a decorative look.
For the cultivation of dwarf pomegranate, the soil should be sufficiently loose, nutritious, with rich drainage and neutral reaction.. It is not difficult to prepare a suitable mixture yourself. To do this, you can take on one part a number of components: sod, humus, leaf earth and coarse-grained river sand. Suitable and ready soil recommended for roses, as well as begonias. The drainage layer is formed from pebbles or expanded clay, they will contribute to the drainage of excess water that may occur after too much watering.
If there is any doubt that the reaction of the earth mixture is really neutral, you can prepare the soil according to the following recipe:
Take the components in the following proportions and ratios:
- sod land - 50%,
- leaf humus - 25%,
- peat - 12%.
- sand - 13%.
- clay-sod land - 100%,
- leaf ground - 50%,
- humus - 50%,
- sand - 50%.
Young plants of indoor pomegranate take root well in leafy and humus soil.
Young plants take root best in turf, humus, leaf soil mixed with sand.
It is necessary to feed a plant twice a month, but not more often. In the springtime, nitrogen fertilizer of any kind will do. During flowering fertilizer uses phosphate. Gradually, as the autumn period approaches, they switch to potassium fertilizers.
Once a month a complex fertilizer will have a good effect. It should also be added if the weather is cloudy for a long time.
Fertilizer is applied to the soil, quite wet. A dry earthen clod must first be watered, while draining excess water from the pan.
In the fall, together with a decrease in temperature and a decrease in irrigation, reduce the number of dressings. The beginning of the period that does not require additional feeding begins in December.
Trimming, is it necessary to replant the pomegranate after purchase, transplanting
Pruning of pomegranate begins during the formation of buds on the plant. This usually occurs in February. The pot is transferred from the cooled room to the warm one and the pruning of dry twigs begins, with no extra shoots and no foliage.
Normally pruned plant has a beneficial effect.. At the same time cut off most of the appeared small branches.
Branch stimulation will be facilitated by pruning carried out over the bud of a young sprout looking out. On this shoot leave no more than five internodes.
Important: Four to six skeletal branches should be left during pomegranate formation.
Strong pruning can weaken the plant. Trimming the root growth of pomegranate will help form a plant in the shape of a tree, for example, if you want to get a bonsai. With fragile branches need to be treated carefully, not to break them.
Sometimes, extra shoots that appear are pruned in the summer, when the vegetation of the plant occurs. Pruning contributes to the emergence of a larger number of buds, which, as a rule, are formed only on fairly developed annual shoots.
What ardeiziya sick, this question asks every florist an amateur, having got this plant at home, the answer, but this question can be found here.
Young plants need to be transplanted annually. Pomegranate over the age of three years are transplanted only once every two or three years. The most favorable time is spring. Transplantation carried out by the method of transshipment. Seedlings are planted in turf soil, which add sand and always drainage.
Pot size should be increased during each transplant., while each subsequent diameter should exceed the previous by 2-3 cm, but no more. Although the root system of a dwarf pomegranate is of a surface type, it is not necessary to choose a pot that is too wide, since flowering is more abundant when the roots will experience a small tightness.
Propagation of pomegranate room seeds and cuttings
Pomegranate room can be propagated in two ways.
Pomegranate is propagated in two ways: seeds and cuttings.
To get a pomegranate from the seeds you need to take ready-made, bought in a specialty store. In this case, flowering will occur in the year of planting, and fruiting in a year or two.
Also fit the seeds of fresh fruit, growing dwarf pomegranate. Their germination persists to six months. Seeds fit the largest and ripened fruit. They are washed from the pulp and dried. You can sow them in April, putting in the ground no deeper than half a centimeter. The growth of seeds occurs fairly quickly and then the strongest of the shoots are planted in pots. When growing provide warm and good watering. You can pinch several times.
From fruiting plants can also take cuttings. In the summer, they take semi-woody shoots, and in February - woody shoots. They are cut, leaving 4-6 buds on each and planted in moistened soil at an angle. Each stalk is covered with a bottle or jar, left in a humid environment. Daily airing, spraying and watering are required. Seating cuttings produced after 2-3 months. Flowering will come in a year or two.
Diseases and pests
Indoor pomegranate is susceptible to the pest of the insect; for the struggle they use fitoderms.
Dwarf pomegranate growing in room conditions is prone to disease. The most common diseases of the pomegranate are: powdery mildew, whitefly, scythe. If there are few pests, they can be collected by hand. With significant reproduction using chemicals, fitoverm suitable.
A spider mite may appear in a too dry room. To prevent it, spraying should be done. The treatment of the plant is carried out by the drug Actellic, covering the ground with polyethylene for a while.
Pomegranate can be sick with too much watering. At the same time his leaves turn yellow. In this case, it is transplanted into dry soil, cut rotten roots, sprinkle them with pounded coal.
Decorative pomegranate: description
Pomegranate or Pomegranate - a genus of fruit plants belonging to the Derbennikov family. It is a low deciduous shrub or tree with abundantly branching crown, which consists of short thin uneven shoots covered with light bark of a gray-brown shade.
- Short-leaf leaves, small located against each other or connected by nodes in several pieces. At the same time, in each such whorl the two opposite leaves are necessarily much larger than the others. The surface of the sheet is smooth-cut, wavy. The leaf plate can vary from lanceolate to elliptical. Its upper side is leathery, glossy, the bottom is matte with a pronounced streak in the center.
- Pomegranate flowers funnel, apical, usually solitary, but are collected in small inflorescences. The cup is fleshy, leathery, has 5-7 sepals, fused about 2/3 of its length. The free part arcs to the pedicle, has a triangular-lanceolate form. Corolla six-petal. Petals wrinkled, broadly. Numerous short stamens have bright yellow anthers. Fruiting occurs only in flowers, the shape of the cup of which resembles a jug, that is, with a thickening at the base.
- Himself the fruit is a multi-seed large berry spherical shape with a thick leathery pericarp of red-brown color, divided inside into several chambers (from 6 to 12). The diameter of the fruit depends on the pomegranate variety, in some species it can reach 15 cm.
In nature, pomegranate blooms last year-round, so it is very often possible to find a plant on which flowers and already ripe fruits are present at the same time.
Types and varieties
Only one type of pomegranate is grown at home. Punica granatum (ordinary pomegranate), the birthplace of which is the regions of Western Asia and Southern Europe. This is a small plant with spherical fruits, whose diameter is about 8-18 cm.
Room pomegranate leaves have a length of 2-8 cm and a width of 1-2 cm. The flowers are two to five cm in diameter, the rim and calyx are bright red.
Many different varieties and garden forms of plants are grown in culture, differing in yield and taste of fruits. But in home floriculture dwarf pomegranate is particularly popular - a miniature form of ordinary pomegranate. Размеры куста не превышают 1 м, а при соответствующем уходе и сдерживающей обрезке можно вырастить плодоносящий полноценный гранат, высота которого составляет всего 0,3 м. Листика у такого растения мелкие - до трёх см в длину и 1 см в ширину, диаметр плодов - около 3 см.
В комнатных условиях выращивают и другие сорта этого растения, но они не пользуются популярностью, хотя их размеры значительно превышают карликовый гранат. These may be the following types:
- Sort Flore Pleno. The homeland of the species is Persia. This terry, purely ornamental plant, not bearing fruit. The height of the pomegranate tree reaches 3-4 m. The flowers have the shape of a carnation, with a diameter of 5-6 cm, are painted in bright red color.
- Sort Flore Pleno Alba. It looks like the previous version, only has double flowers of white color.
- Double Flower. This terry pomegranate is distinguished by the fact that in one flower there are petals of white, pink, red hue, both monophonic, and with specks and various stripes.
Pomegranate reproduction at home
A pomegranate can be propagated by seeds or cuttings.
For planting it is better to use the seed material purchased in a specialty store.
In this case, the appearance of the first flowers can already be expected in the first year, and fruiting will begin 2-3 years after planting.
Propagation of pomegranate cuttings
This method of growing indoor pomegranate has several advantages. Firstly, it is characterized by a high rate of survival of seedlings, and secondly, it is much easier to grow a tree with cuttings than from seeds.
In spring or autumn, cuttings are cut from an adult fruit-bearing tree, their length is 10-12 cm, and each of them should have 4-5 living buds. Then the shoots are placed in a solution that stimulates the growth of the plant, and then planted in moist soil at a slight angle. Capacity with cuttings cover the cut plastic bottle or jar, which contributes to better rooting. Plants need to be ventilated daily and monitor soil moisture.
With proper care, a month later, roots grow on the cuttings, and buds grow. After another two months, the bushes can be seated in separate containers. Pomegranate grown in this way begins to fully bloom for 2-3 years. The buds formed in the first year are recommended to be removed.
As you have already seen, planting and growing a room grenade at home is not so difficult. What's next? How to keep this magnificent plant and what are the rules for caring for it?
Decorative pomegranate: home care
If you decide to grow a pomegranate at home, you will certainly appreciate the fact that the plant is very unpretentious and does not require special conditions of planting and care. However, at the same time it is necessary to realize that the indoor grenade has, above all, a decorative function.
If you still want to get tasty and healthy fruits besides aesthetic pleasure, then it is not recommended to grow a bush from a stone.
In such cases, it is better to use ready-made cuttings sold in specialized stores.
The best option for planting is a shank with matured wood and available buds in the amount of 6-8 pieces. in case of independent harvesting of sprouts, the following points should be taken into account: the stalk should have a smooth surface and cut it only at an oblique angle using a scalpel or a sharp blade. Such a process quickly and easily rooted, especially if it is placed in a solution that stimulates root growth for about 6 hours.
From the moment of planting, the plant does not require special measures for the care and maintenance, the only condition is properly prepared fertile soil.
Shrub crown formation
Independent cultivation of pomegranate gives you a unique opportunity to participate in the formation of the crown of a tree, carrying out absolutely any fantasy. To do this, independently grown shrub from the first year is subjected to regular pruning. When shearing a pomegranate, a rather elegant crown is formed, which has many skeletal twigs. It is recommended to prune the plant in February, which will make it possible to receive young shoots capable of flowering and even fruiting in spring. When forming the crown, it is necessary to take into account that weak shoots are subject to complete removal, and the rest are cut off by half.
External parameters and characteristics
Pomegranate is unpretentious, but each grade has its own characteristics. For window sills suitable shrub form plants.
The crown is wide, with numerous erect branches covered with brown bark. The leaves are small, elongated, olive color. The plant is deciduous or evergreen. It all depends on the conditions of detention and care.
Scarlet flowers of two kinds - male and female. Men's more resemble bells. Women's more elongated, they form small fruits. At first they are covered with a thin orange skin. By the time of maturation, the color changes to burgundy with a brown tinge.
Growing and breeding indoor tree
Reproduction and cultivation of indoor pomegranate is not different from planting other ornamental plants. Seeds can be seeds or cuttings. If the goal is to grow an ornamental plant for the sake of beauty, and not fruit, then you can use the bones of an ordinary ripe pomegranate. To get delicious fruit, you should think about how and how to plant a houseplant.
When planting the cutting, all features of the variety are preserved. The plant blooms early and begins to bear fruit. Harvest cuttings in early July or late winter. In the first case, the cuttings take root better. But more often use the latter. The mother plant is less at risk of damage.
Cuttings take a length of about 10 centimeters with five or seven buds. The cut is made with a sharp knife under a slope, from fruit-bearing trees. Sections are treated with a root stimulator, planted in fertile soil at an angle. Cover with foil, kept warm, watered regularly.
In a month, the cuttings will take root, young buds will appear. The film is removed. For better branching, a third of the shoot is cut off.
You can use store seeds. It is better to take the seeds of a ripe pomegranate. They are cleaned of pulp, selected solid bones. Before sowing, soaked in water with a growth stimulator. Sow the seeds should be in November or March, in a wet mixture of peat and sand. Shoots will appear in 2 weeks.
How does garnet grow
When growing pomegranate in comfortable conditions, the leaves are preserved year-round. In the absence of those begins leaf fall. Then it is desirable to rearrange the plant in a cool room until spring, occasionally watering.
In March, the pomegranate wakes up from hibernation. First, leaves bloom, and after a few weeks - flowers. Flowering continues until autumn. In the summer, the pomegranate is carried to a balcony or garden, protecting it from the wind.
Suitable pot and its volume
Initially, pomegranate roots should grow in crush. When transplanting, the diameter of the pot increases by 2 centimeters.
The tree needs a lot of sunshine. Place the pomegranate better on the south side of the window. In the summer, at lunchtime, in order to protect the plant from burns, it must be shaded.
How to take care of the plant properly, not every beginner grower knows. It is not difficult to learn, it is enough to make a little effort. As a result, a healthy pomegranate tree will grow and bear fruit at home.
How to plant pomegranate for fruiting
Without experience, the grafting process cannot always succeed. For grafting, it is necessary to take a stalk grown from seeds, and a bud from a fruiting tree. On the handle to make a shallow incision of the bark, one and a half centimeters long. Insert the cut kidney into the incision, wrap the vaccine with tape. Pomegranate plenty of water.
After eight days, it will be clear whether the vaccination process was successful or not. After the graft, the pomegranate will begin to bear fruit in five years.
The beginning of flowering and fruiting, and especially the care in this period
Flowering begins in late April-early May and lasts until the end of August. The shape of the flowers is different. In the form of a bell - not giving fruit, and if they look like a jug - a pomegranate will gradually be formed from these flowers.
Care should be as follows:
- For greater yields during flowering, watering is reduced, but the soil should not be allowed to dry out.
- Spray the tree should be carefully, it is unacceptable to hit water droplets on the flowers.
- For a flowering tree, a suitable temperature in the room is twenty degrees.
- Fertilize once a month with phosphate fertilizer.
What problems arise when growing
Owners of a room grenade may encounter some problems.
Causes of poor growth pomegranate:
- After transplantation can grow roots.
- The soil in the pot is dense.
- Insufficient lighting.
Blossoms, but does not bear fruit
The plant does not bear fruit for several reasons:
- If the rest period was disturbed.
- Not enough heat.
- Bad light.
- Frequent drying of the soil or excess moisture.
- Lack of nutrients in the soil. Starting from April until September, it is necessary to apply mineral and organic fertilizers once a month, alternately.
- Not regular crown formation.
- A flower with a bell-shaped form is barren. Such flowers are better to tear off.
Frequent illness may indicate improper care. The disease, such as powdery mildew, can strike a tree due to low temperature, high humidity, stuffiness of the room.
With frequent watering, the stagnation of water in the pan to the root system of the plant will begin to rot. Gradually the leaves turn yellow, then fall off. For a short period the tree dies. To avoid this, the plant must be carefully removed from the pot, which began to rot, remove the roots. Wash the root with a solution of potassium permanganate, dry it, sprinkle with cut carbon with activated charcoal. Replant to another soil.
A painful plant in spring and summer may indicate a lack of moisture and nutrients in the soil.
If in the beginning of autumn the leaves began to turn yellow on the tree - it does not matter. Pomegranate is a deciduous plant, and dropping leaves at this time of year is a natural process.
The plant does not tolerate darkened rooms, dry air, drying out of the soil. The habitat for the indoor tree must be selected near the south window. If the grenade was in the shadow for a long time, it is necessary to accustom it to the light gradually.
Late watering is detrimental to the plant. Especially the soil should be monitored during the summer period and the heating season, since the drying of the soil occurs faster. After watering the water from the pallet must be removed.