In the winter, tender primroses can create a festive atmosphere in the room. Using special methods, you can achieve their flowering at a specific time, for example, on the New Year. Crocuses are just such plants, but planting and caring for them at home require some knowledge and effort.
Crocus or saffron - flower description
Crocus or Saffron - low perennial bulbous plant. The crocus buds are shaped like small tulips. The color of the flowers is varied: white, lilac, purple, yellow. Hybrid varieties can have petals of two colors. When the flower bud opens, inside you can see three yellow or orange stamens. The leaves are very narrow, dark green with a white vein in the center. And on the flowerbed in the garden, and as a homemade flower, crocuses look very beautiful, you just need to find the right variety.
Choosing a crocus pot
To plant crocuses at home, you need to choose the most suitable pot for plants. The bulbs should not come into contact with the walls of the pot and with each other, so its size depends on the planned number of plants (usually from five to ten). The best option is a wide pot in the shape of a bowl with low walls. Especially for the forcing of crocuses there are rounded containers with holes for sprouts.
Selection of soil for saffron
The soil for crocuses must be neutral, light and well drained, because the stagnation of moisture leads to the rotting of the bulbs. The ideal option would be the store floral substrate. You can also prepare an earthy mixture of coarse sand, turf and sheet mixture in equal parts.
What crocus bulbs to choose
For good growth and development of crocus, not only proper cultivation and care are important, but also high-quality planting material. You should choose the bulbs without spots, rot and mechanical damage. If certain defects are still visible, they must be removed and the site damaged by ash or loose coal must be disinfected. You also need to clean the bulbs of scales and roots.
Buying bulbs in the store, you should pay attention to the number of their size. Often, the material is sorted by circumference in centimeters according to the international standard for measuring bulb plants. Crocus bulbs with a circumference of 5 to 10 cm are characterized by the following numbering of bulb sizes (indicating the diameter):
When growing crocuses in a pot, you can expect a single flower from a plant with a size of 7/8, with a size of 8/9 - 2-3 flowers, with a size of 9/10 - 3-4 flowers.
Large Dutch hybrids labeled 10 / + give 5-6 flowers. They are most suitable for home cultivation: they lend themselves to distillation and bloom in large flowers.
Crocus planting and propagation
Bulbs are the most common material for planting, since crocuses by seeds are more difficult to propagate and this method is practically not used in floriculture. Such a plant will bloom only in 4-5 years. Every year the old corm dies, and in its place grow new onions.
Before planting crocuses in a pot, the purchased planting material must be cooled.. Store bulbs are usually already dried, they need only be kept at room temperature for several days and then placed in a refrigerator.
If the bulbs are taken from the plot, the preparation process will be longer. After digging in June, the bulbs are dried and sorted. At first, they should be stored at high temperature, gradually reducing it (from 34 to 20 degrees). After 2 weeks, lowering the temperature, set the mode at 17 degrees. In such conditions, the material is stored until the second half of August, after which the cooling process begins. In a dry and dark room at a temperature of 4-9 degrees or in a refrigerator, bulbs are stored in thick paper for about a month.
Planting is made 70–90 days before the planned flowering date. At the bottom of the pot should lay a drainage layer. The bulbs are placed in the prepared soil completely or leaving a small “tail”. A pot with seedlings clean for 2 months in a dark cool (5-8 degrees) place for germination.
Crocus is a low-growing herbaceous plant about 10 cm high. Underground part: a flattened rounded bulb about 3 cm in diameter, shrouded in scales, a bundle of fibrous roots is attached to the bulb. There is no stem.
Leaflets are linear, narrow, appear before or after flowering. On a leafless peduncle, a single cup-shaped corolla with a diameter of 2-5 cm appears. They can be painted in white, cream, blue, purple, yellow, orange, orange, there are bicolor, decorated with spots, stripes. In general, the flowering period lasts 2-3 weeks.
How to plant crocuses in the garden
How to plant crocuses in the ground photo
- Planting spring crocuses in the open ground is carried out in the fall, and autumn flowering in the summer.
- Plot choose sunny, will normally grow in partial shade, shadows.
- The soil needs a nourishing, loose, light.
- Under digging the area make rotten manure, compost or peat with lime. Add ash to the clay soil.
Crocuses planted with small islands look very beautiful.
- Seal the bulb to a depth of 2 times its size, if the soil is heavy, a depth of 1 is enough.
- Keep the distance between plants of 7-10 cm. Planting do not thicken, because in one place crocuses can grow for 3-5 years, forming a lot of "kids" - the plot will turn into a solid carpet of flowers.
- Water well after planting and grind the soil with small organic residues or humus.
Distilling crocuses at home
Distilling crocuses at home
Crocuses can be planted for distillation. Distillation is a way to make a plant bloom in indoor conditions out of season. Best suited Dutch large-flowered varieties.
- Take the bulbs of about the same size, in the amount of 5-10 pieces, plant in a shallow dish.
- The soil needs a loose, water-, breathable, neutral reaction.
How to plant crocuses in a pot
- Plant the bulbs evenly, lightly pressing into the ground and leaving almost no space between them, sprinkle with earth to the level of the growth point of the aerial part, moderately water.
- Keep in this form in a cool place for 3-4 months at a temperature of +0 to + 10 ° C.
- In advance, a week or two before the desired flowering date, remove the crocuses and place in a warm, bright place, open and water.
- Soon shoots will appear and the plants will bloom.
Crocuses at home
- After forcing the bulbs do not throw away: continue to water, feed complex mineral fertilizers. When the leaves begin to turn yellow, gradually reduce watering until it stops completely. After the leaves have dried out, remove the bulbs, peel off the soil, wrap in a napkin, place in a cardboard box, and store in a dry dark place until planting in open ground.
Caring for crocuses in the garden
Caring for crocuses is very simple.
If the winter was snowless, and spring without rain, there is a need for watering. In general, crocuses are drought-resistant. Periodically loosen the soil, remove the weeds.
- During active growth, apply complex mineral fertilizers, it is not recommended to bring in fresh organic matter.
- Make more potassium and phosphorus, an excess of nitrogen (especially in wet weather) is fraught with fungal diseases.
- Fill the first one before flowering (30-40 g of fertilizer per 1 m²), the second - during flowering.
When spring crocuses ottsvetut and their leaves turn yellow - you can forget about them until next season. For autumnal crocuses look similarly.
After flowering faded inflorescences should be cut. Green leaves for a long time to decorate the garden. When they dry out, scoop out the bulbs.
The rest of the winter for the winter crocuses gurgle peat or dry leaves.
When to dig crocus bulbs?
How to save crocuses in winter
The need for digging bulbs occurs after 3-4 years. During this time, the mother bulb will overgrow with many daughter bulbs that will interfere with each other, the flowers will become small. Digging, transplanting, dividing the bulbs can be more often.
Spring-flowering crocuses can be dug out from July to September, and autumn-flowering from June to August.
Dig out the bulbs, peel off the soil, remove the dead scales, lay them in one layer in a box or cardboard box. Ideal storage: until August, keep the air temperature at 22 ºC, lower from August to 20 ºC, and from the middle of the month lower to 15 ºC. Such conditions are provided in specialized farms. At home, you can store at room temperature in a dark, dry place with good ventilation until planting in open ground.
Crocus reproduction with bulbs
How to plant crocuses photo
Propagation is carried out by the separation of daughter bulbs. Landing is carried out, following the agrotechnics described earlier. Flowering occurs in the 3rd or 4th year of life, depending on the variety, type.
Growing Crocus Seeds
Crocus seeds photo
Spring-flowering crocuses can be propagated by seed. Crocuses grown from seeds will bloom approximately 4-5 years after planting in open ground, so this method of reproduction is not very popular.
- You can carry out sowing before winter (autumn) or in the spring to grow seedlings (sow in mid-March to early April).
- In both cases, the seeds must first be soaked in a growth stimulator for 30-40 minutes, then held in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- For sowing seedlings, seeds must also be stratified.
- Sow the seeds less often in a bowl with wet sand, do not deepen the soil, but simply spread it over the surface. Then cover with foil and place in the vegetable section of the refrigerator for 2-3 weeks or perekopite in the garden and cover with spunbond.
- Then remove the bowl and place in a warm, lit place.
Crocus seed from seedling photos
- With the emergence of shoots, spend the first watering using a fine spray.
- Grown plants are seated in individual pots or in a permanent place in the garden.
Crocus diseases and pests
Penicillous, sclerocylis, gray rot, fusarium - diseases that affect crocuses. This is facilitated by warm wet weather. If you see oblate crocus flowers covered with gray spots - a sign of a viral disease. Affected plants must be excavated and destroyed.
Process the soil with a fungicide. To avoid such problems, inspect the bulbs for damage before planting. If any damage is found - sprinkle this place with ashes or treat with fungicide, dry it.
Bulbs can damage wireworms (larvae of the click beetle). They are yellow, hard to touch. At the end of April and the beginning of May, lay out the last year's intact grass, hay or straw, moisten and cover with boards. It works like a trap. Burn them at the stake along with the larvae.
Manually assemble slugs.
Field mice can eat juicy crocus bulbs. To prevent this from happening, it is better to use different landing zones (several groups in different areas). When invasion, use ultrasonic repelling.
Crocus bicolour Crocus biflorus
Crocus bicolour Crocus biflorus photo
The corolla can be pure white, white with brown-violet stripes, white inside and brown-purple outside, lilac-blue with outer spots of brown color.
Description of room crocus
The stem in height reaches 20-25 cm. At the roots there is a similarity of scales. The flower resembles the shape of a glass. It has 6 petals of various colors. They are narrowish, linear, tucked on the sides. The flowers are monophonic and two-colored (yellow and blue shades).
After flowering Crocus's main bulb dies off, and onions appear instead. They are separated and transplanted. Flowering "kids" occurs one year after transplantation. You can grow flowers from seeds, but this is likely to lead to a loss of varietal properties.
The nuances of growing home in a pot
Plant breeding will not be a difficult task if you follow the principles:
- Providing sufficient lighting
- Maintenance temperature balance - up to 20, and in winter - up to 10 degrees.
- Soil drainage (gravel, river sand),
- Irrigation in small volumes, but regularly,
- Landing in soil consisting of sod, leaves and sand,
- Use loam, fertilize with a mixture of manure and lime,
- Plant out only elastic onions.
The landing is made 3 months before expected flowering.
For the landing you need to use only elastic onion crocus
Varieties for growing at home
For cultivation in the indoor environment is best suited Dutch varieties:
- Joan of Arc - it is distinguished by voluminous white petals and yellow stigmas, a light purple base and a height of 4 cm. Flowering in mid-April.
- Flower Record - a small stem, but a large bud of a purple-blue color with a darkish base. Flowering in late April.
- Cream beauty - possesses large golden buds and yellow-orange stamens. Flowering in early May.
- Blue pier - small blue buds with a yellow base, up to 8 cm high. Flowering in early April.
- Prince claus - it has a snow-white bud with a bright purple back and strong aroma, up to 8 cm in height. It blooms in early April.
Selection of planting material
Buy bulbs better in the fall. When choosing it is worth paying attention to the absence of stains, putrid inclusions and damage to the bulb. They must be removed and treated with ashes.
Further remove scales and roots. In stores, planting material is sold depending on the size of the International Standard for Measuring Bulbous Plants. It is better to choose a large bulb.
Preparing for landing
Before forcing the onion must be placed in a cool place.
- If the flower is taken from the garden, it is necessary to dry, sort and remove in a warm room (20-35 degrees) in June when taking out. Within 15 days lower the temperature to 17 degrees. After mid-August, cool again, transferring in a dark place with a temperature of up to 10 degrees, about 4 weeks.
- If the bulbs are dried, they are left at a temperature of 20-25 degrees for a couple of days. And then put in the fridge.
Tara under the crocus need to take large diameter and shallow height. Be sure the presence or independent manufacture of drainage in it.
It is necessary to decide in advance the number of bulbs planted in one pot - the choice of the pot depends on it. Bulbs can not touch each other and the walls of the container. On sale there are special pots to plant bulbous. They have holes for sprouted flowers.
Crocus snouts are saffron
At the bottom of the pot Spread brick or tile pieces. Under it - a tray for collecting fluid. A sandy or sandy layer is prepared, the ground is filled up from above. In each pot planted bulbs of similar size and one type.
Can be planted in the sand, as well as in a mixture of leaves and sod. Pre-cooled onions are transferred to the pot, placing 10 cm apart and from the walls of the container. You can bury them in the ground, and you can leave on the surface (planting depth of 5-10 cm).
After planting, the pot is cleaned in a dark and cool room (up to +10 degrees). And the rooting process begins.
If all the rules and recommendations are met, be patient and information on the proper care of crocuses.
As the land dries, it requires irrigation of the soil with a small amount of water. Excess liquid harms the bulbs.
Avoid watering the petals and cause brown spots. Abundantly water the plant - with the appearance of the first shoots and before the flowers wither. Then watering is done less and less, and after September they stop completely.
When watering, you should try not to fall on the crocus petals
After disembarking the first time plant aging needed. It is carried out in dark, cool places. If you are going to rearrange the pot to the light, you need to check the sprout. If it is loose, you must wait until the light stage comes.
With a sprout height of 5 cm, it is transferred to a bright cool place (up to 15 degrees). As the flowering period begins, the containers with plants are transferred to a cool, dark place.
Required good drainage to avoid stagnant water. Also friable soil which provides intake of moisture and air for maintenance of level of humidity also approaches. As a dark, cool room you can choose a basement.
It is carried out only in the active phase of growth (in the spring and summer periods). Use mineral or organic fertilizers at least 3 times over the entire period.
To increase the flowering period, apply phosphorus fertilizer. Potassium fertilizers are added to improve the condition of the bulbs and maintain their health during wintering. Avoid Nitrogen Supplementsthey may be due to the appearance of fungus on the plant.
To increase the flowering period, phosphorus-containing fertilizer is used.
When caring for crocuses do not tear the leaves to wilt (not earlier than the end of May). Since this will lead to a weakening of onions.
Usually the same onion do not reuse, но если вы все-таки решили это сделать, то необходимо учесть факты:
- Выбрать питательную почву,
- Apply feeding,
- To irrigate soil through the pallet.
Is it possible to prolong the flowering of crocus - whether it is possible or not, and whether
While tying a bud, the temperature of the house is needed not more than 16 degrees. So you can extend flowering for several weeks.
To increase the duration of flowering is enough to follow the rules:
- At night, move to a cool place.where the temperature is 1-3 degrees
- Reduce illumination
- Remove from direct sunlight.
Crocuses are beautiful and fragrant flowers that, when properly planted and maintained, will easily grow in the home. They can be a wonderful gift for the desired date and holiday. And also will please the eye and create comfort.
These flowers belong to the iris family, they are grown almost all over the world. The bulb of this crop is perfectly adapted for wintering in the open field, so that with the first rays of the sun you can get out of your imprisonment in the form of a beautiful flower. It blooms for a short time, it withers a few days later, the leaves of this early plant are able to last until the middle of the first month of summer, then the dormant period begins. During this period, gardeners dig up bulbs for rejection and planting in a new place.
This culture, in addition to its aesthetic destination, has a culinary value. Flower stigmas are used by cooks as a spice. It is called saffron. How to care for crocuses?
Crocuses: cultivation and care in the open field
To these charming flowers grew lush and beautiful, you need to know how to care for them, multiply, plant. When grown in open ground There are rules for these colors:
- Today there are a huge number of varieties of this culture. Each variety blooms in its time, so you need to know the rules of planting. So, if crocus blooms in spring, it is planted in autumn, if in autumn, then in spring.
- Flowers like fertile and light soil, do not require frequent watering, so if the soil is more clay, you need to dilute it with sand and apply fertilizer.
- Crocuses need good lighting. If grown in appropriate conditions, the plant will thank large flowers. It can bloom in the shade, but it will noticeably give way to the beauty of that flower, which is in more comfortable conditions.
- Before shoots need to monitor the moisture of the earth. When the culture goes into growth and sprout to the surface, the plant should be watered well. Then the plant will not need abundant watering, it will only be necessary to moisten the soil as the ground clot dries.
- If the soil is fertile and the flowers grow in it for the first time, then you do not need to feed them. It is necessary to apply fertilizer when crocuses have been grown on this substrate for more than one year.
- Feed the earth at least 3 times. The first time the plant is fed when the sprouts appear, the second - after the emergence of the ovary of flowers, the last - when the culture fades. In the composition of the fertilizer must be present potassium and phosphorus. The required amount of potassium is required by the plant during the growth and development of the bulbs, phosphorus has a beneficial effect on bud formation and flowering.
- Planted bulbs according to their sizes. Small plants are planted to a depth of 5 cm, large ones are buried in the soil up to 12 cm. There must be a distance of more than 5 cm between the plants, but a smaller interval of 3 cm is allowed if it is not planned to grow in a new place.
Caring for crocuses, as seen from the above, is not very complicated. If you are not planning to transfer to a new place, then after flowering only enough remove dead ground part. If the plant lives in harsh climatic conditions, it is necessary to cover the bulbs for the winter with a layer of leaves or dry grass. Transplantation is carried out as follows: in the middle of summer, plants are dug, sorted and taken for storage in a well-ventilated place with a positive temperature of 18 - 20 degrees, where they are located before disembarking.
Crocuses can be grown together with other bulbous. Tulips, daffodils and other bulbs can coexist in the same flowerbed. As they bloom at different times, your front garden will constantly bloom. To this end, in the fall they are planted in accordance with the layout plan on the site.
Selection of bulbs
For flowers to grow beautiful, you need carefully select the bulbs. It is better if the material for the plant is a specially bred variety, it is sold in flower shops. Among the most adapted to the cold conditions of our country are Dutch hybrids. They endure sharp temperature drops and delight with excellent flowering.
When choosing bulbs, you should be guided by one simple rule: if the planting material is large, then the flowers will form large, from one bush they will turn out a lot. On bags of Dutch hybrids marked 10+, this means bulbs with a circumference of more than ten centimeters. From this material a powerful bush is formedOn which 5-6 big buds will be tied. Bulbs with an indicator of 8-9 cm give 2-3 flowers. Such a selective planting material is able to reproduce flowers with a diameter of up to 7 cm, while the stem will be up to 20 cm long.
Growing in pots
These flowers are widely grown at home due to the fact that the plant is able to bloom for a particular holiday. Prepare flowering for the New Year, Valentine's Day or March 8. Used a special method of distillation of plants.
Crocus growing is required wide and not very deep capacity. Be sure to do at the bottom of a rather large drainage holes to remove excess water. As a drainage the broken brick or the remains of a tile will fit, it lays on a pot bottom. Under the capacity we put a tray to collect moisture. The crocus substrate is sandy or sandy. It is not necessary to fertilize the soil. For the formation of a dense bouquet of bulbs planted close to each other. To prepare the flowers for the appointed time, you need to know when to plant them. Landing commit for 16 weeks before the holiday.
After planting, we send the pot for a few days in a cool and dark place. Crocuses are grown at a temperature of 5 to 9 degrees. Usually for these purposes cellar is used, since it has constant temperature and humidity. You should constantly monitor the sprouts, which should not appear earlier than 10 weeks from the moment of disembarkation. If they appear, it means that the plant does not bloom before the appointed date, the temperature in the room should be lowered.
14 weeks after planting the pot is transferred to the house. In a warm place you can not immediately put the flower to the heat prepare gradually. First we place in the cold room, then warmer, in the last turn we put on the window sill of the warmest room. After a while, flowers will seem that will delight only 10 days with its beauty.
All varieties of culture conditionally divided into several groups:
- Botanical or blooming in early spring.
- Large-flowered or blooming in spring.
- Flowering in the fall.
The first group includes crocuses that can give flowers after the last snow has melted. This period, depending on the region, lies between February and April. The plant is not very tall, reaches 8 cm, the flowers are beautiful. Botanical buds are formed not very large, but there are many of them and the bushes are magnificent. These flowers have a very strong and pleasant aroma.
This group can boast of the following varieties:
- Blue pearl grows to form pale blue flowers. At the base of the inflorescence has a yellow color. This variety blooms early and abundantly.
- Yellow - the most common variety of crocuses. Named so because of its color flowering, which is abundant. However, there are many other names.
- Prince Claus, as many experts believe, is the most flowering variety among the entire plant species. They are distinguished by a white color, which is shaded by a bright purple back. This variety blooms very early and magnificently, has an unprecedented aroma.
- Cream beauty. This variety is abundant and very spectacular blooms, has cream flowers with orange stigmas.
Large-flowered or blooming in spring bloom after the first group 10 days later. They are distinguished larger buds. The widely known large Dutch hybrids were obtained from these varieties by crossing. In our country, these plants bloom somewhere in mid-April, it all depends on the weather. Sometimes it happens that they bloom even in conditions of snow in dark places. This group has an extensive palette of colors - from light white and yellow to dark purple.
This group includes such popular varieties as:
- Jeanna D’Arc. Snow-white crocus with a soft purple base and a height of 4 cm. The buds appear in mid-April.
- Pickwick grows large with the original coloring of white with purple.
- Flower Record has a low stem, but a large purple flower with a dark base. In our country it blooms from late April. It grows well in a group, so it is perfect for rock gardens.
Crocuses blooming in autumn give their beauty in late September or early October. Those that were planted a year earlier in the summer shed their leaves, and in the fall they form buds. Among the most popular varieties of this group is beautiful crocus. It grows unpretentious, reaches 20 cm, disbanded before anyone else - in mid-September. The beautiful crocus has a wide palette of colors - from white to purple.
Not less popular among autumn crocuses are the following varieties:
- Long-flowering blooms from early November.
- Holotsvetkovy different beautiful colors of purple.
- Pale ocher. Forms small cream inflorescences.
If you want to get a beautiful holiday bouquet for the New Year, then plant onions in early October. Then for the winter holidays with good care, you will get excellent crocuses blooming on the windowsill.
Long flowering care
To find out why crocuses stopped blooming, you need to analyze the conditions of their maintenance. Do not forget that saffron is a spring primrose, and it may not like the temperature (20 degrees or more) or the room's light is too bright. To prolong the flowering of homemade crocus, you need to hide it from direct sunlight or bright lamp light and maintain a cool temperature (14–16 degrees, at night - even below 0). In the right conditions, some varieties are decorative for up to three weeks.
Possible problems with growing
In spring-flowering and autumn-flowering crocuses, development cycles and, accordingly, planting time do not coincide: spring should be planted in September, and autumn ones - in summer. When buying planting material, be sure to pay attention to the time of crocus blooming. Spring crocuses are commonly used for forcing.
If you plant in one container bulbs of different varieties and sizes, they will bloom at different times with different flowers, which looks less aesthetic.
Natural crocus varieties in a flowerpot are not very decorative; even with careful care, the flowers will be small. It is better to plant them in the garden, and for pot culture it is recommended to choose large-flowered varieties.
Yellowing leaves is a sign of chlorosis. This disease is a consequence of bulb damage or adverse conditions (poor drainage, malnutrition). You can try to reduce watering a little.
Crocus Pests and Diseases
If the plant has light spots on the buds, and the petals are deformed and do not open - perhaps the crocus is infected with a viral infection. In this case, the plant must be destroyed, and the soil treated with manganese solution.
Flower corms can be affected by a fungus: they become softened, and spotted formations appear under the scales. For the prevention of fungal diseases, the material for planting must be dried and treated with special means.
Growing crocuses in the house is not the easiest, but an exciting experience. If you follow a few rules, these fragile flowers will give you only joy and spring mood.
The best varieties of crocuses
Crocus cultivation begins with the selection of a variety.
Among the spring-flowering crocuses, the large-flowered Dutch hybrids are the most popular: “Jeanne d’Arc” (white), “Pickwick”, “King of the Stripe” “Stripeed Beauty” (all of variegated colors).
Nowadays, crocuses of the purple-blue hue are extremely popular - Flower Record, Grand Maître, Remembrance, Purpureus Grandiflorus and others. In addition to beautiful shades, these varieties attract large flowers 4-5 cm in diameter.
Very beautiful variety "Ladzhest Yellow" - crocuses bright yellow. And if you want to grow large crocuses of a reddish-purple color, pay attention to the Ruby Gaint variety.
A lot of hybrids derived from crocus golden. They are united by breeders in the group Chrysantus. Among them are white with a blue tint “Blue Pearl” and “Prince Claus”, and yellow “Goldilox”, “Dorothy”, “Mamut”, “Saturnus” and “Romance”, and also “Cream Beauty” - cream shade and two-color "Advance". Crocus varieties with contrasting colors of the outer and inner petals: “Blue Bird” and “Gypsi Girl” look very impressive.
What to buy crocus bulbs
For breeding crocuses you need to choose only healthy, intact and, preferably, large corms. Among Dutch hybrids, such planting material has a 10 / + tag on the package. These corms give 5-6 large flowers. Bulbs smaller in size (circumference 9-10cm) 3-4 buds are thrown out, and bulbs 8-9cm in diameter - 2-3 flowers.
The larger the corm, the larger the crocus flowers. For example, selected varietal specimens give crocuses, in which the flowers are about 5-7 cm in diameter, and the growth of the plants themselves is above average - 20 cm and more.
Crocus placement and reproduction
If you grow crocuses in the garden for more than 4 years, then it is time to plant them. During this time, the bulbs have grown, forming the so-called "family" with the children. These crocuses reproduce with these babies. Adult bulbs also require a transplant, as they need space for growth.
In June, the corms of crocuses are dug up and gently divide the nest. In the future, each baby is planted as an independent bulb.
Storage and preparation of crocus bulbs
Between digging and planting, crocuses need to be taken care of - corms require special storage, which will ensure the correct planting of flower buds.
If you grow purchased crocuses, keep in mind that crocuses are already on sale in the middle of summer.
If you decide to seed or transplant your own crocuses, then you need to dig up the corms in June.
And then store purchased corms, and dug store with a gradual decrease in temperature. For example, the first week of crocus bulbs can be stored in the air, so that they are dry and ventilated. Then the temperature should be lowered to 20 ° C. To do this, the bulbs can be placed in a dark, well-closed pantry, cellar or basement - a room that is not heated by sunlight. And then you can put them in the fridge in the box for vegetables.
In September and October, crocuses are planted.
In the cultivation of crocuses, their proper wintering is of paramount importance, since at this time the corms take root and form a bud.
Crocus - the flower is quite frost-resistant, so you can not even cover the place of planting bulbs. But it is better to protect it with spruce branches or branches, since the plant can not survive very severe frosts. In addition, crocus corms are a delicacy for rodents, and even ravens can rake them out of the ground in snowless winters.
In the spring, the plot should be cleared from branches and debris, but the land cannot be loosened until the first sprouts appear. If the soil is good water passes, then you can not loosen it at all, but if it is still necessary, then do it very carefully, trying not to damage the bulbs.
Growing crocuses in a pot
Many flower growers cultivate crocuses for the holiday: New Year, Valentine's Day or March 8. For this there is a method of forcing.
Crocuses of large-flowered varieties are grown in such cases.
Corms of crocuses planted in a pot for 15-16 weeks before the desired date.
Capacity will need a wide and not too deep, with large drainage holes. Under the pot should be a stand for water flow. Soil - sandy or sandy. For the forcing of crocuses does not require fertilized soil.
The bulbs should be placed close to each other, then you will get a vibrant bouquet of crocuses.
After planting crocus bulbs, put the pot in a dark, cool place. It can be a basement or a cellar with a temperature of + 5- + 9 ° С. If by the 10th week you notice sprouts, you can lower the temperature a bit so that the crocuses do not bloom ahead of time.
After planting the bulbs, the pot should be put in a dark, cool place. It can be a basement or a cellar with a temperature of + 5- + 9 ° С. If by the 10th week you notice sprouts, you can lower the temperature a bit so that the crocuses do not bloom ahead of time.
За 2 недели до нужной вам даты вазон вносится в дом, но температуру воздуха повышайте постепенно: первые дни пусть горшок с луковицами постоит в коридоре или другом самом прохладном месте в доме, затем переместите его в самую прохладную комнату и, в конце концов, поставьте крокусы на подоконник к свету и ждите цветов, которые вскоре должны появиться. Цветение крокуса продолжается, как правило, около недели.
Крокус золотистый Crocus chrysanthus
Крокус золотистый Crocus chrysanthus фото
Достигает высоты 20 см. Золотисто-желтые цветы имеют зев оранжевого окраса.
- Blue Bonnet - has large (3 cm in diameter) flowers of pale blue color.
- Nanette - corols of yellow-cream color are decorated on the outside with purple stripes.
- I. Ji. Bowels - a large halo is colored bright yellow inside and brown on the outside.
Crocus beautiful crocus speciosus
Crocus beautiful crocus speciosus photo
The oblong leaves are drawn out by 30 cm. Large flowers with a diameter of up to 7 cm are painted in a lilac-purple hue, there are longitudinal veins of a purple hue. There are forms with white, blue, dark blue, lilac, light purple colors.
Crocus banata crocus banaticus
Crocus banata crocus banaticus photo
The linear leaves of silver-gray color are drawn out to 15 cm in length. Flowers light lilac, large.
Among the autumn-flowering crocuses it should be noted: Sharoyan, Pallas, Gulimi, golotsvetkovy, medium, lattice, yellow-white, Cardukhor, Kochi, Cartwright.
Dutch crocus hybrids
Crocus white photo
Spring blooming crocus with large flowers. They number more than 50. By coloring are divided into groups:
- Pure white flowers or white, having a spot of various shades at the base.
- Purple, purple, lilac flowers.
- Have a striped, lattice color.
Their color starts in May and lasts 10-17 days.
Crocus belongs to the onion perennial herbaceous plants of the iris family. In the wild, it is found in the Mediterranean, the Caucasus, Eastern Europe and Asia. In the genus of crocuses about 80 species and 300 varieties. Half of these species bloom in the fall, and the other half in the spring.
For home cultivation, it is preferable to choose Dutch species of crocuses, they bloom in spring and have large flowers. The height of the plant is on average 10 cm; there are species that reach 25 cm. The leaves of the crocus are narrow, long, dark green, with a cream vein in the center.
Flowers are goblet, six-petal, blue, lilac, pink, yellow, purple, violet and white with yellow stamens inside. There are varieties with two-tone and speckled flowers.
Flowering lasts about 2-3 weeks. Flowers are arranged singly on short pedicels. Under the conditions of a city apartment, it is possible to grow flowers to a certain special date by forcing out the bulbs.
The following large-flowered Dutch varieties are recommended for breeding in urban apartments:
- Joan of Arc. It blooms in April. Petals are large, lilac-white.
- Blue Pearl. It blooms in early April. Yellow-blue petals.
- Flower Record. Dissolving in late April. Petals are large, dark blue in color.
- Cream Beauty. It blooms in early May. Golden, large petals.
- Prince Claus. It blooms in early April. The color of the petals is snow white.
- Albus It blooms in September. Petals are large white.
- Artabyer Blossoms in October. Petals are very large, bright blue.
- Marietta It blooms in spring. Petals are yellow-lemon with brown strokes.
- Grant Mather. It blooms in spring. Petals on the outer side are dark purple, and inside are silvery.
Necessary conditions for growing crocus
In order to grow crocus in a city apartment, it is necessary to create conditions close to natural ones:
- Crocuses require bright but diffused lighting.
- The ambient temperature should be changed depending on the period of plant development. On average, it should not exceed +20 degrees in summer, and also not fall below +10 degrees in winter.
- Increased humidity is not needed by this plant, it will be quite comfortable to feel at normal indicators of humidity.
Choosing a soil mix and crocus pot
A soil mix suitable for crocus planting is made up of sod, fallen leaves and river sand, taken in equal shares. You can use loam, enriching them with a mixture of manure and lime. You can also purchase ready-made flower soil mix at the store.
Pot for planting crocuses is desirable to choose from natural materials, wide and low, with a drainage hole. The diameter of the pot depends on how many bulbs in it are going to plant. It is necessary to calculate it so that the bulbs are not in contact with each other and with the walls of the planting container.
Drainage from gravel or broken bricks mixed with river sand should be laid on the bottom of the pot. Under the pot should certainly put the pan.
Selection of crocus bulbs for planting
When buying bulbs you need to pay attention so that they do not have sprouts, roots, dark and soft spots. It is advisable to choose bulbs of enlarged size. The greater the volume of the bulb, the more flowers it will form and the longer the flowering period will be.
If the storage of bulbs appeared damaged, they must be removed, and sprinkle the place cut wood ashes or activated carbon powder. Dry scales and roots clean before landing.
Planting crocus bulbs at home
The process of planting crocus bulbs is recommended to begin 3 months before the desired flowering date.
- On the eve of planting, the bulbs are cooled by placing them in a dry and cool place with a temperature of + 5- + 9 degrees.
- On the bottom of the pot lay drainage material in the form of pieces of broken brick or small gravel with river sand.
- Over the drainage layer fall asleep soil mixture.
- Bulbs of the same size and the same variety are planted in the pot, keeping a distance of about 10 cm from the walls and from each other.
- The bulbs can be buried 5-10 cm or slightly pressed into the ground so that a small tail protrudes above its surface.
- After planting, the pot is sent to a dark and cool room with a temperature of no more than +10 degrees for 2 months.
- 2 weeks before the scheduled date of celebration, crocus pots are placed on the window sill.
Crocus care at home
- If the bulbs were planted in well-moistened soil, then there is no need for watering after planting. Moderate watering is required during the growing season from April to September. Watering is necessary, trying not to fall on the flowers and leaves, so as not to cause the appearance of brown spots. It is better during the period of active flowering to pour water into the pan, and after half an hour to drain it.
- Top-dressing of crocuses is made three times per season in the spring-summer period with the help of mineral and organic fertilizers. For longer flowering phosphorus is required. Potassium is needed to improve the condition of the bulbs. But with nitrogen supplements do not have to be zealous, they can contribute to the occurrence of fungal diseases.
- If you want to extend the flowering stage, then when the bud's ovary appears, it is recommended to lower the temperature to +16 degrees and move the pot away from direct sunlight.
Crocus care after flowering
At the end of flowering should not break off the leaves of crocus, it can harm the bulbs. You must wait for the leaves to dry naturally.
The same bulb cannot give a flower the next year, it disappears, forming many small onion-bulbs.
After forcing, the bulbs are usually thrown away or, if possible, transplanted into the garden, where they grow up by the next season. Then they are dug out and kept cool.
In September, the young bulbs are replanted into pots with fresh soil mixture, and a second cycle of forcing crocuses begins.
The main conclusions about the rules of growing crocus at home
- Crocuses are quite possible to grow to the required date. For this produce the forcing of the bulbs. Spring crocuses are planted in the first decade of autumn, and autumn crocuses in the summer months. For forcing take large bulbs of spring Dutch varieties.
- Bulbs of the same size and the same variety are planted in one pot. So the flowers will look more beautiful.
- When forcing crocuses, temperature and light conditions are extremely important - diffuse lighting, moderate importance and low temperature.
- To extend the flowering period of crocuses, they should be kept in the shade, avoiding sunlight, and cool - the temperature in the room during the day should not exceed + 14 - + 16 degrees, and at night it is desirable to reduce it to -3 degrees.
- It is recommended to water the crocuses from the pallet, so the soil will not be oversaturated with moisture.
- Top dressings bring in a vegetation season 3 times. They can be mineral and organic.
- Crocus is propagated with the help of bulbs. After the end of flowering, the central bulb forms a lot of children, who themselves produce flowers for the next season. And the cycle of development of the flower is repeated.
To get beautiful flowers to the cherished date is not so difficult. You just have to make a minimum of effort, and the crocus will thank you with delicate, colorful flowers that exude a delightful scent of spring!