Rooster flowers are perennial plants of the iris genus. Grow almost everywhere and account for almost 700 types of different shapes and colors. They have been known for over 2 thousand years. Because of its beauty, this flower is considered to be loved by gardeners. They are an ornament of any garden plot. In addition, the essence obtained from these flowers is widely used in the perfume industry. They were called irises thanks to Hippocrates, who named them so in honor of the goddess Iris.
Cock has a large creeping rhizome and a branch branched at the top. Leaves, basal and linear, grow like a fan in groups of up to 9 in each. The leaves on the stem are practically absent. Usually, the flower of this plant is single, rarely located in the inflorescence. The cock has an intricate shape and has a strong aroma. It contains six petals, three of which are turned downwards. Flowers are painted in different color schemes, which gives them unforgettable beauty. They bloom from late spring to mid-summer. Then, the fruits appear in the form of boxes. By coloring, they are divided:
- Monochrome. Petals have the same color.
- Two-tone. Petals of the same color, but different shades.
- Two-tone. The lower petals differ from the upper petals in color.
- Variegata. The lower petals are red-brown in color, and the upper ones are yellow.
- Amena. Top petals are white.
- Plikat. Petals have a color border that is different from the general color.
- Iridescent. One color of the petals smoothly into another.
There are many varieties and types of these flowers.
Types and types of cockerels
- Bearded. According to the shape of the flower, these plants are divided into bearded and beardless. Because of the presence of hairs on the petals, experts call them bearded. Meanwhile, the flowers are divided into many classifications.
- German Cockerel. There are hundreds of varieties of bearded cockerels, which are also called Germanic iris. Especially popular: Baltic Sea, Acoma, Bewilderbest, etc.
- Siberian Iris. One of the varieties of beardless irises. The color of these flowers is blue, turning into purple. The only drawback is the lack of smell.
For a long time, you can list the varieties of iris, but we turn to the question of planting this plant.
Any landing begins with a choice of place and time.. As for irises, they can be planted in spring, summer after flowering and autumn. Landing time is selected depending on the climatic conditions in which you live. Another condition that should not be forgotten, the iris should be transplanted every 3-4 years. If this is not done, the plant will grow too much and stop blooming.
Before planting iris, you need to evaluate your site in order to choose the right type of plant. Some species like moist soil, and some, on the contrary, need a minimum of moisture. The place on the site should be chosen such that the sun and shadow alternated and wind blowing was minimal. At the site of planting it is desirable to enrich the soil. To do this, it is necessary to make compost and potash phosphate fertilizer. If the earth is too acid, you have to add lime or ash. And also to disinfect the place of planting the soil can be shed with a fungicide. So, we have prepared the place, now we will consider the features of planting in spring and in winter.
In the spring, before planting our plant, it must be treated with a growth stimulator. Ecogel or Zircon. Too long roots will need to cut and remove rotten places. It is recommended to hold the planting material in a solution of potassium permanganate, for disinfection. Then, when everything is ready proceed directly to the landing.
In the hole we pour a hill of sand. On it we lay out horizontally the rhizome of a bearded iris. We cover it with soil in such a way that the upper part of the rhizome peeks out a little and is plentiful. A beardless look, on the contrary, should be planted a little deeper and covered with mulch to preserve moisture. Holes must be made at a distance of at least 50 centimeters from each other.
Planting or transplanting after flowering is not much different from spring. In order for plants to take root before the onset of cold weather, it is advisable to perform the landing no later than the end of September. First of all, it will be necessary to extract the toffee bush and divide it into planting material. Then, make a revision rhizome, removing rotten places and shortening the roots. After processing the solution of potassium permanganate, leave the rhizome for 5-6 hours to dry. Next, perform the same steps as when planting in the spring.
When caring for flowers, it is necessary to take into account the fact that they are very thermophilic and for their growth a lot of light is needed. Watering the plant is also part of the care, especially during the formation of buds. Experienced gardeners recommend watering flowers when the ground at their base is completely dry. Feed the rooster during growth is not necessary. They will be enough fertilizer applied in the spring before planting.
Weed control is included in the care. It is very important that the weeds around the flowers are removed only by hand. Otherwise, you can damage the rhizome and the flower will eventually disappear. Therefore, loosening should be carried out with great care. Do not forget to remove the missing flowers so that pests and diseases do not start.
Fight against diseases and pests
These flowers have a lot of pests and a high probability of being exposed to the disease. Therefore, a major role is played by preventive work in the prevention of diseases. If any instance struck Fusarium, then you must immediately remove the diseased flower. And the rest of the flowers must be treated with a solution of "Fundazol." By the way, it will be nice if you treat the rhizomes with this solution before planting. Then you reduce the likelihood of flowers getting sick.
Small insects thrips are very harmful to flowers. Their diet is plant sap. To combat them, flowers should be treated with karbofos solution. Small nematode worms also cause harm. They are terrible that they can survive the winter, settling in the plant. They fall on the flowers through weeds, so regular weeding is very important.
The flowers of the cockerel, or as they are called - iris, belong to the genus of perennial plants Iris or Iris. More than 700 varieties of these beautiful flowers are known, which amaze with amazing forms of buds and a variety of colors.
Irises are rhizomatous and bulbous. Also, the plants differ in the form of buds, there are bearded ones, which are commonly called cockerels because of the characteristic tuft, and non-bearded: marsh, Siberian, iris spuria.
The leaves most often have a xiphoid shape, thin, elastic, covered with a waxy bloom; leaves of a linear shape are less common. They gather in bunches around the peduncle.
Large single buds can be of various shapes and various colors, some have a light pleasant honey aroma. Flowering begins in late spring and continues until July, and some varieties bloom again in September.
Light and place
A large amount of light - the key to success in growing scallops, with good lighting, you get the maximum size and duration of flowering.
On shaded areas, the plant feels uncomfortable and may not bloom at all. It is necessary to take into account the fact that excessive moisture is undesirable for these flowers, therefore, the best flower beds for planting are high beds, areas on slopes and hills. At the same time, plants should be protected from strong winds and drafts, since, if present, the stems can break off.
Irises prefer a neutral or slightly alkaline soil; when planting in acidic soils, it is necessary to add lime, chalk or ash to neutralize acidity.
For planting bearded species, it is necessary to make good drainage, since stagnation of water can greatly harm the plant. Before planting the land should be well loosened and remove all weeds. Fertile, rich soils are ideal for planting.
There is no specific guidance on when to plant irises, this can be done both in spring and in autumn, given certain nuances.
Do not neglect pre-preparation. You should carefully inspect the tuber and, if necessary, remove areas on which rot has formed, and cut too long roots.
Then it will not be superfluous to disinfect it in a solution of potassium permanganate; to do this, mix the preparation with water to a pale pink color and hold the planting material in it for 30-40 minutes.
This is not a complicated procedure to help avoid further problems with the development of the plant. Another secret of a successful planting is that the root can be kept for 30 minutes in the solution of “Karbofos”, due to this, the plant will create a stable immunity to pests. The depth of the landing hole for bearded species should be proportional to the tuber, it should not be dredged too much, the tip should rise above the ground.
When planting unbordered irises, the root should be carefully covered with soil. If you plan to plant several plants next to each other, you must keep a distance of not less than 60 cm between them.
In fact, the autumn planting is not much different from the spring. Roots are also recommended to sanitize and remove rotting areas. Call it hygienic procedures that will protect the plant in the future.
As for the depth and interval of planting irises, then almost everything coincides with the spring. The only thing to consider is that the tubers should be planted mainly at the end of summer and a maximum in the first week of September, so the plant will root well before the cold, and we will get the desired result.
How to care for flowers
It seems impossible, looking at the enchanting flowers of the rooster in the photo, that planting and caring for them is not difficult, but it really is.
Regular watering is necessary for plants only in very dry weather during the formation of buds. In the further vegetation process, you can enjoy the decorative leaves and not to carry out water treatments. Regarding feeding the plant is not very demanding. You can make phosphorus-potassium fertilizers in the spring, if the soil, in your opinion, is not sufficiently saturated.
It will not be superfluous to make a complex mineral fertilizer in the fall. But in the period of flowering irises are absolutely not recommended any feeding.
Plant Diseases and Pests
Chickens are strong and stable enough, but it happens that they can be damaged by diseases or insects. Problems may occur due to excessive moisture, the root may start to rot.
In this case, you should immediately dig up the plant and use a knife to remove the rotten parts, disinfect and dry the root in the sun. Often gardeners are faced with such a disease irises, like spotting.
In order for the leaves to remain healthy and they are not overtaken by this disease, it is advisable to spray them with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture.
If foliage and flowers wilted and turned yellow, this can be a symptom of the appearance of scoops. These pests affect peduncles, eating them from the inside.
In order to avoid their appearance in your flower bed, experts advise to carry out preventive spraying with “Karbofos” every 2-3 weeks during the growing season. Another uninvited guests that can harm your iris are gladiolus trips.which most often attack flowers in arid weather. They disrupt the metabolic processes of the plant, after which the foliage turns yellow, and the buds fade and die. Spraying “Karbofos” is also effective to combat these pests. Slugs can cause significant damage to males. To combat them use "metaldehyde" in the granules.
The procedure is carried out in the absence of precipitation in the early morning. The drug should be scattered between plants, approximately 40 g per 10 square meters.
With the observance of the simple rules of agricultural engineering and the implementation of a number of necessary procedures, it is possible to achieve an amazing result - the irises will bloom abundantly and delight you with their elegant beauty for many years. Interestingly, these perennials need transplantation no more than once every 4-5 years. So experiment with shapes and colors and easily create incredible flower beds with the help of these unpretentious plants.
Irises - flowers cockerel in the country, with photos
The plant is very widespread throughout our country. Irises are very fond of both Ukraine and Moldova, our southern neighbors. It seems there is not a single village site where they would not grow these amazing flowers. Any summer resident respects cockerels for a huge variety of colors, which undoubtedly allows you to make different floral arrangements, thereby diversifying the landscape design of the site.
A flower garden with irises can exist in one place for many years, without requiring much hassle. Plants love bright open spaces, or some penumbra. We completely gave them two flowerbeds before the fence next to the mountain ash. However, growing in one place for more than one year, the flowers of the rooster give a big increase, since these are rhizomatous plants, therefore it is necessary to periodically separate part of the plant.
We do this by defining a part on the alpine hill, for its early decoration, where they are side by side with the begonia planted on the second tier of this structure, part of the flower beds on the flower beds. The rest of them are seated at the dacha, having the irises of different colors planted far away from each other, so that they do not over-dust and lose their original color.
Very nice cockerel look interspersed with marigolds. Begin to bloom first, and then pass them the baton. It turns out a sort of mixed crops in the country. Respond well to fertilizing with phosphate, potash fertilizers. In our practice, we use ash dressing and sand filling in curtains.
This procedure allows to obtain larger flower stalks, and flowering is much longer. The males are probably an indispensable plant for decorating decorative ponds, alpine slides. We should not forget only that they react negatively to the stagnation of water (with the exception of Siberian varieties), so the soil in which the flowers are planted should be well drained.
No wonder the second name of cockerels is “irises”: in Greek, this word means “rainbow”. And the flowers of the rooster justify their Greek name, what colors, shades, you will not find! And here they are called very affectionately - "iris". How much love and tenderness in this name that people have long given to these flowers! Because they are always welcome and loved, they decorate parks and squares, flower beds, coloring them into all the colors of the rainbow.
And for the love of them, the cockerels give us their loyalty, meeting each new season of warmth and sun with their colorful bright tufts. By the way, the plants are perfectly in the vase after cutting for two weeks, which adds another plus in the decision to grow these "killer women". Choose a small plot in the country, which is lit by the sun, and plant flowers cockerel, you will not regret! They will bring true enjoyment. Success!
Celosia - cock colorful comb: growing, planting, care
Celosia is an unpretentious flower from the Amaranthee family, a perennial plant grown as an annual. Celosia silver - the best decoration for flower beds and rabatok your garden. Celesium is also grown in pots and vases at home.
The birthplace of silver celosia is hot Africa, Asia and South America. More than 60 types of celosia are known, but in gardens, greenhouses and indoor gardens, silver comb and celesium (Hutton's celosia) are most often grown.
Hundreds of celosia varieties bred by breeders around the world will not let you get bored of the monotony. In this article I will give examples of only a few types of celosia that most often sell stores. You can try exotic varieties of celosia on your own if you like to grow it.
By the way, people don’t know the scientific name of silver celosia - they simply say: cockscomb or cockerel. A rare gardener asks in the store celosia, and sellers know that the cockerel or scallop is celosia. Therefore, it is enough to remember for yourself the “flower cockerel” and the trick is in the hat - you can go for the seeds.
Yellow inflorescences of celosia look spectacular in any environment. In the photo Celosia cristata. Source: Wikipedia
The cockerel blooms from the beginning of July until the first frost, it abundantly sets seeds, but the seeds of celosia do not fully ripen.
Facts about celosia
- Since ancient times, celosia has been used as a food plant in Indonesia, India, Nigeria, and Central America. Do celosia edible young leaves and shoots of plants.
- Tseziyevy oil is extracted from the seeds of celosia.
- In folk medicine, celosia is used to expel worms, to treat blood diseases, oral ulcers, and vision problems.
- Silver celosia (lat. Celosia argentea), is actively grown as a garden ornamental plant (usually as an annual, used for organizing borders), as a plant for cutting, and also as a pot plant.
- Целозия серебристая была введена в культуру в эпоху Возрождения, поэтому давно стала обычным растением для европейских садов.
- Cellosia silver varieties are divided into two groups: Plumosa group includes varieties with inflorescences in the form of a plume from small deformed flowers of various colors (plants of this group are grown for cutting), Cristata group - varieties with inflorescences in the form of wavy crests from accrete shoots.
Growing celosia in the garden
Due to its African origin, celosia is unpretentious and resistant to irregular care.
To enjoy the flowering of celosia as early as possible, the cockerel is grown in a seedling manner. In March-April, seeds of celosia are sown in separate cups, covered with film or glass and set in a bright place, protecting from the scorching sun. The germination temperature of celosia seeds is + 17–20 ° C. Rooster seeds germinate within 7 days. Choose cups sizes so as not to dive off the seedlings of celosia - they don’t tolerate picks.
Cellosia seeds with a size of just over 1 mm. Photo: Design Green India
Cellosia seedlings are watered gently, so that the soil does not dry out. Pouring young plants is harmful. Tseloziyu planted in open ground when the threat of spring frosts disappears - the plant loves warmly, remember of African descent.
Seedlings of celosia poorly tolerate a pick. Photo: Green Jean
When planting, the distance between the plants of celosia depends on the height of the stems:
- for low-growing varieties - 10 to 15 cm,
- for tall varieties - 30 cm.
Celosia loves sunny, windless, places and soil without signs of waterlogging. Photo: The Gardener's Workshop
Before planting celosia in the garden, you must choose the right place. The place for celosia should be sunny, sublime with fertile and light soil. There is evidence that celosia grows well in acidic soil, but you should not acidify the soil specifically because of celosia. On clay soil it is necessary to loosen the soil and add river sand to improve water permeability.
Celosia does not like strong wind due to high growth, so you will need to solve a difficult task - to find a sunny, but windless place. Some gardeners recommend growing a rooster in a lighted place, but not under the direct rays of the sun, which makes it more difficult to find a suitable place. I grow a cockerel flower in the sun without undue hesitation - there is hardly a place in Africa’s nature for doubts about sunbathing.
Celosia is necessary water only if the plants have faded: the leaves fell down, the flowering stopped and in general the view became unpresentable. Regular watering and over-wetting will not benefit celosia, so we will assume the rooster flower is drought-resistant, not tolerating an excess of moisture.
Tselesiyu feed up every 2 weeks - complex mineral fertilizer dissolved in water. Any fertilizer for the Amaranth family will do.
Cellosia can be propagated over seeds, when propagated by cuttings, the varietal qualities of the parent plant can be lost.
Celosia in landscape garden design
Celosia is just a gift for landscape designers - wherever it is not planted, it will decorate the garden. The cock looks good on flower beds and rabatka in mixed plantings.
Low-growing celosia varieties can be used to decorate balconies. In this case, designers will appreciate the brilliance of bright inflorescences and decorative leaves of celosia. In addition, celosia looks great in vases and containers.
Even in winter, you can admire the flowering Tselozii - it’s enough to make a rooster for a dry bouquet. Dried celosia does not lose the brightness of the inflorescences and long retains a fresh look. To make a dry bouquet of celosia, it is necessary to dry the cut plants, hanging the inflorescences down.
Types and types of celosia
Celosia silver comb. Celosia silver comb (Latin Celosia argentea f. Cristata) - a beautiful perennial plant, reaching a height of 65 cm, mostly grown as an annual.
Small bright flowers of cellosia comb delicately gathered into massive inflorescences with a series of convolutions along the upper edge. Due to the fact that the shape of the inflorescence is similar to the crest of a rooster, the plant is called - cock comb.
The flowers of cellosia are amazing with a comb not so much with an unusual shape as with an incredibly diverse color: they can be yellow, scarlet, purple-red, orange, bright pink. None of the plants can boast such an unusual bright outfit, so the flower bed with a comb comb always attracts admiring glances of passersby.
Cultivators of cellosia are valued for combing both for an exotic bright look and for long flowering that lasts from the beginning of July until October. And even after its completion, it does not lose its decorativeness: the leaves shine (depending on the variety) in bright green, red, burgundy, purple, bronze and even golden.
Celosia variety "Impress". In the middle lane most often grown cellosia variety "Impress". The flowers are varieties of bright burgundy inflorescence and dark purple leaves.
Celosia Imperialis variety. Stunted, reaching only 25 cm in height. The plants of this variety have bright purple leaves, which seem to be divided into parts by thin red veins, and beautiful maroon shoots with purple inflorescences.
Celosia Atropurpurea variety. Another popular cellosia variety is Atropurpurea. The plants are distinguished by very large purple-red buds, pale pink stalks and unusually beautiful light green leaves with dark pink veins.
Celosia is silver plumose. Celosia silvery feathery (lat. Celosia argentea f. Plumosa) is the second popular species. Annual Lush bloom lasts several months - until the first frost. Various varieties of Cellosia pentae form a small shrub with many bright paniculate inflorescences, the length of which is usually equal to one third of the total height of the plant.
Among the many varieties of celesia peristatum are:
- tall - reaching up to 1 m in height,
- medium height - the height of which varies within 0.5 m,
- dwarf - their height does not exceed 30 cm.
Celosia feathery variety "Golden Flitz". One of the most popular varieties of celosia is cirrus. Reaches 80 cm in height. Golden-orange inflorescences.
Celosia feathery variety "Feuerfeder". The “Feuerfeper” variety is also popular - the plant reaches a height of 35 cm. The inflorescences are bright red, the leaves are light green, with pink veins.
Celosia colosiform. Cellosia colosiform, the inflorescences of which resemble wheat, are the least popular among gardeners.
Bright slender inflorescences can reach a height of 1.3 m and be different in color: from pale yellow to bright red.
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