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Platanus tree: a description of how many years live

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One of the most amazing plants on our planet is the Chinar, or Oriental sycamore. This type of tree belongs to one of the most ancient on our planet. The culture of plane trees dates back several millennia. The culture of the spread of this tree began after the development of new territories by the Romans, Persians and Greeks. These peoples considered the plane tree to be one of the most beautiful plants in the East. Planting of these trees, wild, formed huge groves and became an integral part of the landscape. Because of this, it is almost impossible to determine the initial range of harvesting a plane tree. There are no wild-growing plane trees on the territory of our country.

Oriental plane: description

The tree is a favorite shadow plant in the Balkan Peninsula, as well as in the countries of the Far and Near East. The plane tree is planted near houses, temples, wells and springs.

You can clasp this plant with your hands only if their reach reaches 18 meters. Oriental plane tree possesses greenish-gray bark, and the shape of its trunk is cylindrical. Alternately on sufficiently long cuttings are palmate-lobed leaves. The fruits of the eastern sycamore - polygons - overwinter, and in the spring they break up into separate nuts, which are carried by the wind over considerable distances. These trees are long-lived: they can live up to two thousand years.

Sycamore in culture

In Turkey, growing the most ancient plane tree. Its age is more than 2,300 years old, its height is 50 meters, its circumference is 42 meters, and its diameter is 13.4 meters.

In Persian and Turkish, the Oriental sycamore tree was called Chinara. These mighty plants were given names, legends were made about them. Oriental poets glorified slender and elegant trees.

In the south of Europe, a large number of love signs and beliefs were associated with oriental plane trees.

It was considered a sacred tree in the Caucasus. In Islamic countries, Chinar can be found on many mosaics in mosques, as well as Iranian miniatures.

Platan was revered in Azerbaijan. To date, this country has more than 1,000 long-lived plants.

Greek mythology also considers platan sacred. Elena - an ancient deity of vegetation and fertility - had this tree.

In Christianity, the plane tree also left its mark.

Readers are probably wondering how to care for a giant. Well, even a child can take care of such a tree as an oriental plane tree.

The first thing to take care of is humidity. Eastern sycamore a priori needs watering. Rational watering Chinaru helps to stand out against the background of other inhabitants of your garden.

Humidity and light are the main requirements in agricultural technology. Durable Oriental sycamore tree is no exception.

Oriental plane tree is not as in need of feeding as indoor plants. It is needed unless at the beginning of the life of the tree. However, if the soil is fertile initially, then fertilizer is not required at all.

Wet substrates rich in mineral and organic elements are required.

If you decide to feed an oriental sycamore tree, which grows slowly or is ill, then initially you should determine what it lacks. A healthy plant will suit any complex universal fertilizer. The most important thing is not to overdo it. Follow the instructions.

The seeds of the eastern sycamore have the opportunity to germinate even after a long time: 6-12 months. The most important thing is to keep them right. Seeds need a dry and cool place. Planting is made in accordance with the instructions. In the spring they are planted in heavy soils, but in the fall they can be planted in light soils. Before planting, do not forget to soak the seeds in water.

Further transplantation does not have any features.

Vegetative reproduction

A tree of the plane tree - oriental plane tree - breeds fairly standardly. At a shallow depth - 50 centimeters - seeds are laid in the substrate. As the oriental plane tree grows very quickly, very soon you will be able to enjoy its beauty.

You will not be able to confuse this plant with other examples of wildlife. It has a striking feature: exfoliating bark. However, this is only one of the many distinguishing features of the plane tree.

As you know, majestic trees are less attacked by various parasites. Care must be taken to ensure that the integrity of the crust of the eastern sycamore is not disturbed, since parasites and diseases will penetrate through these wounds.

In addition to seeds, you can use cuttings and cuttings. The method of sowing depends on the preference of the grower, as well as on the time of sowing. It is better to use the method that you can do.

Long-lived tree

Sycamore is distributed in the countries of North America, East Asia and Europe. It is considered to be one of the long-lived plants. It is known that more than one thousand of the oldest trees grow on the territory of Azerbaijan. You can see how the oldest trees look in Turkey, where a specimen grows, whose age is more than two thousand years.

This tree has long been revered as sacred. In ancient Egypt, it served as a symbol of the sky and was dedicated to the goddess Nut.

This tree was composed of songs and poems, its image is preserved in mosaics on the walls of ancient mosques. The plane tree was considered sacred, since no one knew how many years the plane tree lived.

Plant description

The plane tree belongs to deciduous plants. The species is distinguished by a wide spreading crown and a high trunk, up to 45–60 m. The circumference of an adult tree can be 18–20 m. There are evergreen varieties, including platanus kerrii.

The trunk of the tree is covered with greenish bark, which eventually peels off large layers, resulting in a fancy pattern on the surface. The leaves of the plane tree are large. The length of the sheet is up to 20 cm. There are up to seven blades on one sheet. Outwardly, they resemble maple leaves. Young plants leaves densely pubescent

Plane belongs to dioecious plants. Small flowers are collected in many-headed inflorescences. Male flowers are colored yellow, collected in large globular inflorescences, female flowers have a bright red color. Flowers bloom simultaneously with the leaves in late April - early May.

The period of fruiting comes in six years. The fruits of plane trees are nuts, gathered in the round fruit of greenish-brown color. The ripening period is at the beginning of autumn. They are stored on the branches almost all winter.

Seeds of plane tree are small. Near the base of each seed there is a small tuft of rigid outgrowths. After aging, seeds are carried by wind over long distances.

Chinara species

Widespread plane trees received in the countries of America, East Asia, the Mediterranean. Wild specimens grow along the banks of rivers and reservoirs, forming small groves. Currently, there are about 10 species of tree chinara. Wild species and hybrid varieties are known.

The main difference between the species of plane tree is the appearance of leaves and fruits. There are several types of this plant:

  1. Sycamore ordinary. The tree reaches a height of 35−40 m, forming a round crown. The plant grows very quickly. Widely distributed in the countries of North America since the end of the 18th century.
  2. American plane treeor western. This is the largest variety. The height of individual specimens can reach a height of up to 50 m. The leaves are 3−5-lobed. Single-headed inflorescences. This species is most common in Western European countries, Belarus, Stavropol, Dagestan, Adygea.
  3. East planeor Chinara. Leaves have narrow lobes. The edges of the sheet plate are slightly serrated. Flowers are collected in complex multi-headed inflorescences. Chinara grows in the Crimea, Ukraine, Central Asia, Moldova.
  4. Sycamore londonor maple leaf. This is a hybrid variety of the western and eastern species, which is distinguished by long five-lobed leaves, reaching a length of 20 cm and having a heart-shaped base. This species is resistant to low temperatures and tolerates winter frosts. It is grown in the Caucasus, in Armenia, Crimea.

Planting and care

In open ground, young plants are planted in spring or early autumn. The tree is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, but the plane tree will grow faster in loose, well-drained, fertile soil. Usually the plant is planted along the reservoirs. Chinara prefers sunny, protected from drafts and strong wind areas.

During the period of active growth, the tree should be watered regularly. In the hot season, the number of irrigations should be increased. Chinara needs periodic pruning, during which crown is formed and infected and dry branches are removed. Some types of wood do not tolerate the winter temperature drop. To prevent freezing, in the fall the plant roots are mulched with spruce branches, sawdust and fallen leaves.

The plant is not subject to disease and damage by pests. Special fertilizing with mineral fertilizers is not required. Adding feed can accelerate the growth of young shoots.

Propagation of sycamore

The plane tree is propagated by layering, cuttings, seeds and root suckers. In the wild, the plant propagates by self-sowing when ripe seeds are carried by wind or birds. The most common plant propagated by cuttings and seeds:

  1. Reproduction by seeds. At home, in order to obtain young shoots, fruits are collected in the fall, placed in a bag and instilled. The temperature should not be below 10 degrees. This procedure will help harden the seed and prepare it for planting. After that, the seeds are planted in small containers filled with nutrient soil. Seeds germinate very quickly. It should be remembered about watering, which should be moderate.
  2. Reproduction by cuttings. Shoots harvested in the fall and placed in containers with water, which is stored in a cool place. With the onset of spring they are planted in open ground at a permanent place.

Botanical description and species

Sycamore - tall tree with a luxurious spreading crown, with a powerful trunk with a circumference of up to 18 m and a height of up to 50 m. The evergreen tree (Platanus kerrii) is an exceptional view. Bark of emerald gray color, exfoliated, spotty. In the autumn, a tree can only be recognized by its speckled bark, which is gradually showered with visible plates, creating an original pattern. Every year, and at a fast pace enough, the tops of young shoots fall off, preserving the darkish scar above the kidney. Depending on the position on the tree and the age, the leaves vary greatly in shape and size.

Fruits are polygreens (green-brown), remaining on the tree all winter and breaking up into spring in separate nuts, carried by the wind or birds. Seeds are small, with endosperm. The fruits ripen with the onset of autumn, they are edible and are called "Chinarians." The plant is a long-lived and begins to bear fruit from the age of six. It is worth noting the fact that in the territory of the Turkish Republic an enormous plane tree grows with a trunk diameter of 42 meters and ages over 2300 years! As to today it is considered a landmark of the country.

Breeds breed with cuttings, seeds and grafts. Species and genus are recognized by the hairiness of the leaves, dissection and the shape of the fruit.

  • Platanus occidentalis (American, Western) is a kind of deciduous tree, whose height is about 50 meters, and the crown diameter is about 30 cm. It has three or five-lobed foliage, up to 15 cm long, and single-headed baskets. By the way, one should not lose sight of the fact that the variety got acclimatized well even in Western Europe.
  • Platanus orientalis (Oriental plane tree) differs from other types in its numerous baskets and jagged foliage lobes. These huge trees grow in Central Asia and Moldova, and in the Crimea, and in Ukraine.
  • Platanus acerifolia (Platanus of London) is a popular, one might say, mixture between western and eastern. It is distinguished by rather large five-lobed foliage with a heart-shaped base. The view is more resistant to cold than the other plane trees. It also grows in the city of Kaliningrad (especially valued in public gardens).

Habitat

Habitat - United States (USA), Europe, Asia and the Mediterranean. In addition to a large variety, there are wild and cultural types, hybrids. Non-cultivated plane trees grow in America: Platanus mexicana, Platanus chiapensis, Platanus rzedowskii, Platanus wrightii. The evergreen Kerr tree grows only in Vietnam and Laos. Other types of deciduous trees are adapted and cultivated in culture: these are settlements, squares and parks. Western plane (Platanus occidentalis) is acclimatized in Europe. Occurs in the Caucasus, Ukraine, Belarus, in the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, in Dagestan and Adygea.

East plane tree is a relic (tertiary), which today is considered an endangered species. It is sometimes found in Asia, in the Crimea, Armenia (for example, in Tsavsky reserve there is even a grove with an area of ​​more than 50 hectares). Wild species grow on the coast of rivers, on the plains, among the mountain ranges of forests, preferring moist alluvial soil. They are found both in groups and in a single copy, while creating a special beauty of the groves.

Raw material preparation process

For medicinal purposes, use the roots, leaves and bark:

  • The leaves are harvested in the springtime, and then dried in the shade, gritted and folded into cotton bags. Period of storage no more than 2 years.
  • Rhizomes harvested in spring, before the beginning of the growing season, or late autumn. Small roots are released from the soil and other impurities and dried for two days. Further, crushed into a dusty mass and stored no more than two years.
  • Separated bark is suitable for supplies, which has already disappeared, but the best option would be to release the record with your own hands, that is, with a pointed knife from the tree trunk. Dry the bark in a dryer or in the attic. Store in cloth bags (no more than 2 years).

History and application

Plane is one of the largest trees in our world. About plane trees, it is written in legends and stories. By the way, before they were associated with the worship of such gods as Hercules, Apollo and Dionysus. Indeed, these images for understanding the culture of the turn of the century will be extremely relevant. Even the ancient Romans and Greeks, who used healing properties to heal various ailments, admired these amazing trees. The indigenous people wore lotus wreaths on the branches of the tree.

Cyclopean species guarantee darkened freshness, thanks to its own sweeping branching. In particular, the centuries-old plane trees have a hollow in the trunk, where several people can hide from the sultry heat or rain. In Greece, about. Kos grows a mighty plane tree. The diameter of the trunk - 14−15 meters, the age of the tree is more than 2000 years. In ancient times, it was nicknamed the "Oriental maple", since there was a similarity with the Norway maple, and nowadays it is called the Hippocratic sycamore.

Oriental sycamore is an expensive tree species (with a well-pronounced texture) for breeding in foothill, lowland and steppe regions with a dense irrigation network, as well as for gardening oases and aryks. Wood is used in shipbuilding, for the manufacture of furniture, plywood, parquet and small ornamental work.

Platan: main characteristics

Plane belongs to the plane tree family, in the genus there are 10 species. These are hybrids spread from Indochina to the Eastern Mediterranean, as well as in North America.

All plane trees are large trees that can live up to 2 thousand years. Characterized by a wide dense crown, high - up to 50 meters, and wide - up to 17 meters in circumference - the trunk. The barrel is marked by the fact that the bark on it exfoliates to a height of up to 25 meters, and the trunk itself has a cylindrical shape.

The leaves of the plane tree look like maple - palmate-lobed, growing on long petioles. The fruit of the tree is a multi-spot.

In our latitudes, plane trees are not so common. This is a poorly frost-resistant plant that is subject to the influence of biological factors - rotting, pests. Nevertheless, in areas with a favorable climate, plane trees are widely used as pioneer trees, for recultivation, planting, protection from smoke and gas. And, of course, for decoration - few people will leave indifferent the stately knobby body of the plane tree.

Sycamore wood: physical and mechanical characteristics

Sycamore wood is comparable to beech or oak wood. This is a core rock, the sapwood is grayish, the core is reddish-brown, there is no contrast transition between the sapwood and the core. Annual layers are almost not noticeable. The texture of the sycamore wood is formed by wide false rays that are clearly visible on the cut. Стоит отметить, что текстура и цвет могут сильно отличаться даже в пределе одного ствола, не говоря уже о платанах, выросших в разных климатических условиях.

Плотность древесины платана составляет 650-700 кг/кубометр. Это умеренно легкая и твердая порода, с густо, но равномерно, расположенными волокнами. Прочность по Бринелю составляет 3,9. Fibers of a darker color are visible on the saw than the rest of the wood. The sycamore wood is granular, speckled, and sometimes the so-called “spectacled sycamore” gives an incredibly beautiful texture due to the zones of nodes located along the cut surface.

Another property of sycamore wood is shine.

Sycamore wood processing

The plane wood is well polished and polished, after which the surface shines brilliantly. The wood of the plane tree is well cut, without chipping, but bends not very well.

Drying of sycamore wood is carried out under less “capricious” conditions than other hardwood, it does not crack. But there is a probability of warping (especially for veneer). This is a medium-drying breed.

After steam treatment, sycamore wood acquires a maroon color.

Articles made of plane tree are capable of stably retaining the shape and size - if the drying was carried out correctly. However, it is not necessary to place planan wood products in the open air or in a room with a high level of humidity - as already mentioned, this material has low biostability.

Sycamore wood: application

The use of sycamore wood is determined by its rich, variegated texture. This is, first of all, all kinds of crafts.

In woodwork and furniture production, the use of sycamore wood is extensive due to the rarity of the breed and the high cost of raw materials. Not only the trunk and branches of the tree are used, but also roots with a yellowish-white or reddish color. Working with the roots of the plane tree requires a certain skill.

Platan veneer is very much appreciated - under a snake skin. Such veneer is quite impressive, and you can meet it infrequently.

Plane wood serves as material for exclusive parquets, panel skins, inlays, mosaics, marquetry, used in modeling.

But do not forget that the plane tree is a red-book plant, so its beauty should be admired only in unique things and interior items, but not in solid furniture.

Tatyana Kuzmenko, member of the editorial board Sobkor of the online publication "AtmWood. Wood-Industrial Gazette"

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Gallery: plane tree (25 photos)

Main varieties

It is worth more to consider some varieties of wood.

  • Platanus orientalis (eastern). The most famous eastern sycamore. In addition to Central Asia, it grows in the south of Ukraine, in the Crimea, Moldova. The tree grows fast. Young trunks gain height to 2 m per year. Seeds remain viable throughout the year. The plane tree adapts well, including to modern urban conditions. Leaves have 5-7 lobes.
  • Platanus occidentalis (western). Western plane tree is resistant to frost and unpretentious. The tree is large and massive, poorly tolerated by lack of moisture. Its height often reaches 45–50 m. In North America, only sequoia is larger than this species. The leaf has dimensions of equal length and width, fruits are single, less often 2–3 times each.
  • Platanus hispanica (hybrid). A maple leaf sycamore is common in Europe - a hybrid of eastern and western. This forty-meter tree with a wide crown has been cultivated in the Old World since the 17th century. In terms of endurance and frost resistance, it exceeds both parent species and grows even in the British Isles, reaching Scotland. The leaves are 15–17 cm long and have mostly 5 lobes.

How to grow a plane tree from seed

Oriental maple can be grown by cuttings or layering (for cultivated plantings) or used year-round germination, which gave nature. The seed sprouts directly from the previously prepared soil: the earth must be loosened and fertilized to allow the tree to multiply in more comfortable conditions. A description of how to grow a plane tree from seeds can be found on sites dedicated to landscape design.

When choosing a place where the eastern plane tree will grow, it is necessary to provide for the necessary distance from buildings and structures. The powerful root system of this gigantic tree can damage even a strong foundation.

Use in economic activities

Oriental maple has a lush, beautiful crown, so that this species is used in the decoration of garden and park plantings. With skillful kronirovaniyu tree Chinara can give the garden or park the desired look for the landscape or make its basis. The original color of wood allows you to use the plane for the needs of the woodworking industry. The basic color of wood is red, from pinkish-white to coffee. The unique texture allows you to use valuable wood in the manufacture of artistic and decorative products, for decoration of halls and classrooms, the manufacture of exclusive furniture.

Physico-mechanical properties of Oriental maple wood are ideal for processing. It is light, has sufficient density and hardness. The material is well cut, polished and ground. Veneer is in great demand. However, with many positive properties, this wood is prone to rotting and warping, which makes it difficult to prepare.

For medical purposes, applied maple bark, its roots and leaves. Pharmacological properties of a tree are caused by a special chemical composition.

  • Decoction of the roots is used as a hemostatic agent.
  • The bark has anti-inflammatory properties, helps with viral infections and gastric diseases.
  • Infusion of leaves helps with conjunctivitis.
  • Also known in folk medicine are the healing properties of an ointment made from the ash left after burning bark. External use of this ointment is indicated for burns.

The fast-growing, unpretentious tree Chinara among many peoples of Central Asia and the Caucasus is an indispensable attribute of folklore. Chinara, as a symbol of longevity and majesty, is found in songs, legends and folk tales, occupying a worthy place among the ancient religious symbols.

Types and features of the tree

West Platan, native of which is North America, is considered to be a frost-resistant species, but does not grow above 30 m. Unlike others, this one can withstand frosts down to -35 ° С.

Eastern, or Chinara - the most picturesque of all, it is found in Central Asia, in the Caucasus, in the Crimea, belongs to rare relict tree species. Individual representatives are able to reach 26 m in girth.

Common and maple leaves are hybrids of eastern and western, these are mighty trees with branching trunks, they can grow up to 40 m, they are well tolerated by frost, able to live in a temperate climate zone.

Planes are not demanding on the nutritional value of the soil, rarely get sick and are not affected by pests, but they do not tolerate drought very well. The ideal conditions for them are high humidity and warmth.. The spreading crown of giants is capable of covering up to several hundred people in its shadow, but they themselves need a lot of sunlight.

The tree is able to reach up to 60 m, the trunks of large specimens reach more than 6 m in diameter, at a height of several meters they begin to branch out. Individual representatives are over 2000 years old. A unique feature is considered a partial exfoliation of the bark. In adult trees, it periodically cracks and falls off in small pieces, forming a beautiful greenish-yellow mosaic surface on the trunk. This property protects plane trees from exposure to urban soot and harmful chemicals, allowing them to survive even in adverse environmental conditions.

Bogatyr growth and increase the width of the trunks contributes to the synthesis and deposition in the cells of lignin. Plane continues to gain volume throughout life - even the oldest specimens grow.

The bogatyrs' leaves are also wide, lobed in size up to 18 cm, arranged on long cuttings. Outwardly, they resemble maple leaves and are slightly different in shape in different species. Young shoots are usually covered with light down, which clumps together and flies through the air like a poplar tree. Fluff in the eyes or respiratory tract can cause severe irritation of the mucous membranes..

In the spring, at the same time with the leaves or several days later, the tree throws out the flowers collected in large brushes. Plane belongs to dioecious plants. At Chinara female inflorescences have a bright red shade, and male - yellow. They remain only a few days, then fall off. Platanus fruits - small complex nuts, or chinaris, are edible. In the autumn, after the leaves fall, the nuts remain hanging on the branches all winter. With the onset of heat, their outer shell collapses and the wind spreads poured sleepy light-covered seeds from which the germination of the ovary is possible.

In the hot deserts of Chinar, growing near water sources, since antiquity created a kind of oasis in which tired travelers rested. In the settlements in the hollows of old plane trees several people could freely accommodate. Sometimes in such natural "rooms" they organized tea or schools. Many tales, legends and traditions are associated with this tree in Eastern culture.

Use of plane trees

Since antiquity, the leaves and bark of plane trees have been used in folk medicine as a remedy for the bites of stinging insects and snakes, for fever, for stopping bleeding, for getting rid of diseases of the stomach and intestines. Dried bark was added to the smoking mixture.

Plane wood is considered an expensive practical material, has a beautiful granular texture, resembling snake skin, high strength, but easy to process. According to its characteristics, it is similar to oak or beech. The color of the material even within one log varies and can be pale pink or wine red. They trim the salons of top-class cars, produce cases and boxes for cigars and jewelry, furniture, trim panels, piece parquet. In China, there is a kind of painting on sheets of sycamore wood, when a relief pattern is cut on the surface with a thin blade.

Reproduction and care

The tree propagates both by seed and grafting. If it is possible to provide the necessary space and conditions of care, it is planted on its own personal plot.

For the middle band, it is optimal to choose a maple leaf or a western plane tree. Chinara tree, more sensitive to cold, in temperate climates may die due to frost.

When choosing a method of sprouting a tree from seed, you will have to be patient:

  1. To accelerate germination, it is advisable to soak the seed for 2 days in a weak light pink solution of potassium permanganate or pure water. During this time they will have time to slip.
  2. Seeds are planted in spacious containers in a well-moistened loose soil. Depth required about 2 cm.
  3. During the period of germination it is necessary to monitor the light and water the soil in a timely manner. The ambient temperature should be at least + 25 ° C.
  4. Grown up seedlings are transferred to the open ground in spring or autumn. The root system of trees is powerful, growing in breadth by several meters, for this reason it is not recommended to plant them near the walls of buildings or where communications are located. Watering plane trees is often required, in the dry period - daily.

Mineral or organic dressing make only young plants. It is also necessary if the soil is not very nutritious. Fertilize plane tree in spring and summer. It grows very quickly. Overgrown, twisted branches and shoots are cut to give the crown neatness and shape.

It is useful to warm the tree for the winter. mulch - put a thick layer of sawdust, thin broken branches, foliage around the trunk, spruce or pine needles

Cuttings for planting cut in the fall, when the sycamore dropped foliage. Future seedlings should be at least 40 cm wide and 2 cm thick. For their successful rooting, preliminary preparation is required: before the spring, they are placed in sections in water and sent to storage at a temperature of about + 10 ° C. By the time of landing on the cuttings will have buds.

Planted in a moist outdoor ground. For successful growth it is necessary to add sand. The cuttings are placed in the soil for 2/3 of the length and watered daily. If the seedlings take root, they will grow. When it is not planned to break an oak-tree, it is enough to plant only one or two trees on the plot.

Grown up with his own hands, a plane tree is a beautiful decoration of the landscape and an opportunity to feel like a fairy tale.

Chinara reproduction


Chinara reproduction is carried out in several ways:

  • self seeding
  • growing from seed,
  • grafting,
  • planting root shoots
  • pegs.

Samosev - This is a natural process that has already been described above. The man does not take any part in it. The wind takes the seeds of the tree, where they themselves germinate.

Among the ways in which a person is directly involved, grafting and growing a tree from seeds are most common.

Growing sycamore seed carried out in several stages:

  1. In the fall, the nuts are collected and placed in a fabric bag.
  2. The bag is buried in the ground and kept there until spring comes (this is necessary for hardening and disinfecting the seeds).
  3. The resulting seeds are planted in a separate container.

With grafting Chinara cuttings are placed in water. Then the vessel with the cuttings left in a cool place. The optimum temperature of the room should be 3-6 degrees. As soon as the buds of the plane tree swell, the plant is transplanted into the open ground.

The remaining two methods of reproduction of planera are not effective enough, therefore people use them extremely rarely.

Eastern sycamore: meaning and application


As mentioned above, many people appreciate the plane tree for its wide and spreading crown, creating a large shadow around the tree. Therefore, it is often planted in gardens, parks and squares. Chinara trees are usually planted alone.

However, this application of the plane is not limited. This plant is often used in therapeutic purposes. Healing properties have roots, bark and leaves. Decoction of root of Chinara is used as a styptic. Often, it is prescribed to patients who have suffered from a snake bite. The bark of the trunks is widely used as an anti-cancer agent. Chinara leaf infusion is also used to treat cancer.

Sycamore wood is of great value in construction. From it make furniture, flooring, plywood. In addition, plane wood is widely used in shipbuilding.

Chinese masters have found Chinara leaves another application: they use the leaves as a canvas for their paintings. The drawing is applied to the sheet by cutting out fragments or cutting off the top layer. This is a very hard work that requires high precision from the master. However, the output is a true work of art.

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