Tradescantia refers precisely to the circle of plants that can always be found somewhere: in kindergarten, in the parental home, at school. The plant, even with the smallest care, looks healthy and attractive. Currently, unfortunately, this plant has pressed more modern and spectacular. The flower belongs to the family kommelinovyh. This plant has some healing properties and serves to promote the health of all households.
Indoor Tradescantia is quite simple in its reproduction. The plant grows rapidly, and also has a number of nutrients and drugs. Often this flower is used as food for domestic birds, turtles and cats.
Tradescantia is a perennial herb. It has long and brittle stems that are covered with foliage. In addition, the plant has small inconspicuous flowers. These flowers are collected in axillary and apical inflorescences.
Tradescantia received its name in honor of gardener D. Tradescant.
Currently, more than a hundred plant species are known. The flower is native to tropical and subtropical North and South America. The people of the plant is called "woman's gossip" because of its long and clinging to each other stems.
Tradescantia has an amazing vitality, because it is recommended to start for beginners and inexperienced flower growers. The color, shape and length of the leaves of the plant depend on the type of tradescantia. The color of the leaves can be either monotonous green or have stripes of light color. In addition, the flower of its kind has such species, the color of the leaves of which has reddish hues.
Unfortunately the plant does not have beautiful flowersthat can boast. Some types of Tradescantia rarely bloom, some more often. Flowers have three-petal plants. Most often white or lilac shade. Tradescantia has long and creeping stems that will hang very nicely if the plant is planted in a hanging pot. Therefore, the flower is often used for decorating windows and walls. The plant can be used as a ground cover. Tradescantia well forms a lush carpet, if it is planted in a large container. In addition, the flower takes root in the neighborhood with other indoor plants.
Tradescantia, which is usually grown in the form of indoor plants, are of the following types:
- Tradescantia white flowers. White flowers tradescantia is often called "Tradscantia tricolor" or "Uridis tradescantia". The homeland of this species is South America. The plant has pretty creeping stems. The leaves are oblong in shape, wide, pointed in the upper part, the leaf plate is smooth on all sides. The length of the leaves reaches 6 cm, and the width - 3 cm. The color of the leaves can be green or silver, with a glossy shine. The flowers of the Tradescantia white flowers are small, white, the bracts are also white.
- Tradescantia Blossfeld. Homeland of this species is Argentina. The species is distinguished by its creeping and ascending stems. The leaves, as in the previous species, are oblong, elliptical, pointed at the upper part, and the lower part of the leaf plate is covered with white hairs. The length of one leaf reaches 8 cm, and the width is 3 cm. The leaf color is greenish-red from above, and purple from below, so this species is often called “Tradescantia violet”. The flowers of the Tradescantia Blossfeld are rather small, pink in color.
- Striped Tradescantia. Often popularly, this species is called "hanging tradescantia" or "hanging zebrina". The stems of this plant are fairly smooth, creeping or hanging down. Very often you can find stalks of a reddish color. Leaf plates are elongated, egg-shaped. The length of one sheet reaches 8 cm, and the width is 5 cm, the color of the leaves may be green, with silver stripes on top and red at the bottom. The flowers of the plant are small, purple hue.
- River Tradescantia. In the people, this species is often called the "Tradescantia myratolist". Brazil is the birthplace of this flower. The stems of this plant are distinguished by their red color, covered with green spots, creep. The leaves are egg-shaped, smooth. Their length reaches 2.5 cm, as well as width. The color of the sheet plate is usually green above and red below.
Of course, the Tradescantia is better known as a home indoor plant, but despite this, a species was still bred that can survive the winter outdoors even under cold conditions. This type of tradescantia Anderson. This name combines varieties that were bred on the basis of the virgin tradescantia. The shoots of this type of flower are straight and branched. The leaves of the plant are lanceolate, green or purple. Flowers at a plant gather in inflorescences in the form of an umbrella, can be blue, violet, pink or white color.
Tradescantia: home care
As for the care, this flower is a non-refractory plant. It does not require much effort for care and maintenance at home. Most often, this indoor plant is grown in pots or in pots, which are hung on the windows or in other parts of the room.
Tradescantia is a rather light-loving plant. It is recommended that the light is diffused, although the flower can withstand bright sunlight and lack of light. A pot with a flower is recommended to be placed on the western or eastern windowsill. In the northern part of the apartment, the plant may also feel comfortable, but on the southern windowsill, additional shading may be required.
If we talk about the variegated plant species, they need more light. If the light is not enough, they begin to turn green and pale. In time of excess of sunlight on these plants the leaves begin to burn.
With the arrival of summer, a flower can be taken out on a balcony or terrace, if such places are protected from wind and direct sunlight. In addition, plants can be planted in summer in open ground in the country or in the garden.
Regarding temperature care, tradescantia is an unpretentious plant. The flower will suit the average temperature, which are in the range of 20-24 degrees. The plant can also tolerate low temperatures up to 10 degrees.
Speaking about the care of this flower, you need to remember that the plant needs abundant watering. In addition, it is necessary to ensure that water does not accumulate in the tank or pot in which the flower grows. Watering is recommended to be carried out 2 days after the ground from above has become dry. In winter, it is necessary to ensure that the substrate is moderately wet. At this time, the plant must be watered after 3 days after the ground dries.
It is also very important to ensure that the moisture is not going to stand in the pot. After some time after the irrigation procedure, it is advisable to drain all the excess water that is collected in the stand, then wipe it dry. Watering is recommended to be carried out with settled water.
If the flower is kept in cool conditions, where the air temperature does not reach above 15 degrees, it is recommended to water the flower less often, after the soil has completely dried.
You should also pay attention to the fact that the flower can be quite a long time in the absence of watering, but this can adversely affect the health of the plant.
Regarding the humidity of the air, this flower does not require special care. In this case, the flower likes to be sprayed with water, especially in the hot period.
Tradescantia is a fairly undemanding plant against the soil. The flower will feel great in a simple ground, which can be purchased at specialized flower shops.
Top dressing and fertilizer
In summer and spring, the flower needs to be fed about 2 times during the month. Integrated organic and mineral fertilizers, which can be purchased at a specialty store, are perfect as top dressing.
In the autumn and winter, Tradescantia is not necessary to feed. If we talk about the types of Tradescantia with a variegated color, they are not advised to feed them with fertilizers of organic origin, since this may cause a loss of the original color.
Transplant and pruning
Tradescantia does not need frequent transplantation, as this flower grows very quickly. But if such a need nevertheless arose, the transplantation is recommended in the spring, combining with pruning.
Tradescantia can be propagated by planting seeds, grafting, or by dividing a bush.
- If we talk about reproduction using seeds, then this procedure is recommended in the spring. At the same time, seeds are sown in small greenhouses, in which it is necessary to maintain a temperature of about 20 degrees after sowing. In addition, in such greenhouses it is recommended to conduct regular airing and spraying of seedlings. The first flowers of the plant after sowing will appear after 3 years.
- As for breeding by cutting, it can be done at any time of the year. This breeding method involves cutting the stem into cuttings, approximately 15 cm in length. The resulting cuttings are planted in pots of several pieces. The first roots of the cuttings are allowed, as a rule, several days after disembarkation.
- Propagation by dividing the bush is recommended in the spring, when young stems begin to grow abundantly near the plant.
Possible diseases and pests
The most frequent pests of this flower are the aphid, scarab and spider mite. As a rule, these pests settle on two sides of leaflets. The leaves at the same time lose their color and gradually die. Aphids most often affect young stems and leaves.
To avoid this problem, it is recommended to regularly inspect the plant for the presence of pests. If you see that the leaves of Tradescantia are not badly damaged, then they are recommended to be washed with a soap solution. If this method did not help, then it is necessary to apply an insecticide.
- If there are few leaves on the plant, this indicates a lack of light, water, or top dressing.
- If the variegated types of Tradescantia have all the leaves of the same color, this indicates a lack of light.
- If the leaves of the plant have become sluggish, yellow, with spots, then this indicates a lack of moisture.
- If the tips of the leaves began to dry and turn brown, this indicates that the air in the room is too dry.
Tradescantia flower has been known for its beneficial properties for a long time. More Buddhist monks grew this plant for medicinal purposes. Leaves of the flower contribute to the rapid healing of wounds. In some countries, the flower was even ingested, for example, in Cuba, this plant was used for disorders of the digestive system, in Jamaica it was taken for the treatment of tuberculosis, and in Venezuela the tradescantia was used for the treatment of diabetes.
Healing properties of the flower, apparently, are known to cats, as they love to gnaw the leaves of this plant. That is why, if a cat lives in your home, it is recommended to remove the flower higher.
Currently, Tradescantia is used in medicine for the treatment of boils, purulent wounds, hematomas, and periodontal disease.
Walking through the winter garden, the mysterious halls of greenhouses, spacious halls of modern buildings, you can tirelessly admire the beautiful plants. Many of them are not found in the local climate. But among the riot of flowers, greenery, familiar bright spots stand out the leaves, the flowers of the usual ampelous tradescantia. Despite the fact that North America is considered to be the birthplace of the plant, an unpretentious plant has long and well mastered our window sills, country cottages.
The magnificent cascade of beautiful foliage, resembling a magical waterfall, is decorated with flowers, shades of which, like the colors of the rainbow, can be any.
Beautiful, useful plant, numbering about 100 species, is used in the design of the premises, personal dwelling, helping to realize the most tempting design proposals.
The optimum temperature required for comfortable growth of Tradescantia is 24-26 °, in winter 10-12 ° С. At lower winter temperatures, stretching of shoots often begins, the bush loses its decorative advantages. To restore them, it is necessary to cut, root the tops, updating the fit. Tradescantia does not apply to plants that require strict compliance with light. May develop in partial shade, if it is not a variegated form that will not look so impressive.
Watering, feeding, air humidity
The plant loves wet soil without excessive moisture. In the summer, it is watered and sprayed regularly to maintain a humid atmosphere, reminiscent of wildlife conditions. The optimal value is 60% humidity. To prevent rotting of the roots, the soil in the planting tank is periodically loosened. Together with irrigation, fertilizing twice a month with fertilizers for indoor plants. To do this, use soft, distilled water at room temperature.
For the cultivation of tradescantia, it is recommended to use nutrient, well-drained neutral or slightly acidic soil. It is better to buy in the store ready soil mixture designed for these flowers. At the bottom of the pot to make a layer of drainage. Reproduction is simple due to the good survival of stem cuttings. You can do this at any time of the year, putting cut cuttings in the water. After 10 days, they will appear roots. When their size is about five cm, the plant is ready for planting in a pot. Usually, several rooted cuttings are planted in one pot. To increase the size of the bush can be due to shortening the stems, which strengthens branching.
Plant transplantation is recommended in the spring every two years. The rapid growth of shoots often leads to a loss of ornamental plants. To maintain a spectacular, beautiful pot, you need to regularly update the flower. Moreover, this is done easily by cuttings. You can use the division of the bush.
Despite the resistance of Tradescantia to many diseases, the effects of pests, it is necessary to regularly inspect the plant, providing necessary assistance in time. Aphids, spider mites, thrips most often settle on the lower parts of young leaves. The first help is the treatment of affected areas with soapy water, infusion of garlic. With a large number of pests need to use an insecticide.
The appearance of brown tips on the leaves indicates too dry air surrounding the plant. Sluggish stems, leaves, flowers are reminiscent of forgotten watering. If they are soft, a brown tint is present in excess water. Long, elongated stems with small leaves are formed when there is a lack of light.
Observing the simple rules of care for Tradescantia, you can not only admire a beautiful plant, but also use its healing properties. A scientifically proven set of pharmacological qualities of a beloved plant can, at the time of arrival, help the host in the common cold, sore throat and other diseases.
Types of Tradescantia
The main decoration of the plant are its amazing leaves. They grow on straight, lodging shoots of great length, with numerous branches, forming a lush bush. Leaf color can be green, silver, with a violet shade. Some varieties of Tradescantia have original striped leaves. The flowers are small, different shades. Effectively look due to a large number, presented in the form of small bouquets. The most common types of plants grown are:
Conditions of detention
Tradescantia home care requires special. This plant loves light. Therefore, it is necessary in a room with maximum illumination with solar and artificial lighting.
The variegated varieties are especially demanding to the conditions of illumination. From the lack of light the leaves turn pale and turn green.
But at the same time, the plant must be protected from direct sunlight. From this they can turn yellow. In summer, it is advisable to keep Tradescantia on the balcony, shading from the sun and protecting it from drafts and gusts of wind. It is also possible to plant a plant in a shaded place in a flower bed.
The temperature of indoor flowers Tradescantia prefer moderate, from 10 to 22 degrees (in winter not higher than 15). Also, they need a fairly high humidity. If the room is too dry air, the plant must be sprayed.
Tradescantia loves moisture at home, so water it needs abundant and regular. Ком земли должен быть постоянно влажным, но не мокрым. Застоя воды растение не переносит, это спровоцирует гниение корней. Пересыхание почвы в горшке для этого цветка губительно. Зимой частоту полива резко сокращают.
Пересадка и обрезка
Каждые два-три года традесканцию нужно пересаживать в новую почву и в ёмкость большего размера. Older stems are removed while rooting young shoots.
You should also cut too long shoots, which stimulates the appearance of lateral processes and increases the decorativeness of the plant.
To preserve the decorative effect, it is necessary to regularly remove all dried leaves and stems, extended shoots, on which bare areas appeared. Cropped tops of long shoots root in the same pot, then the bush becomes lush and beautiful.
Like most indoor plants, tradescantia reproduces in various ways:
- Cuttings. This method is applicable year-round. The shoots of plants rooted easily both directly in the soil and in the water, followed by planting in pots. In one container for greater decorativeness, 5-6 cuttings of 10-15 cm long are placed immediately. Rooting takes place in 6-7 days.
- The division of the bush. The fastest method of reproduction, allowing you to get immediately a separate adult plant. The bush is divided when transplanting in spring. Before dividing the roots watered well, then the bush is carefully divided into two parts and seated.
- Sowing seeds. It is held in the spring in the mini-greenhouses. The substrate for sowing is prepared from a mixture of peat and sand. Peat tablets are very convenient for sowing, in which seeds are placed and are covered with sand from above. For germination, it is necessary to provide a temperature of at least 20 degrees. The substrate is regularly moistened and periodically ventilated.
Learn more about the characteristics of home care for Tradescantia further in the video:
Diseases and pests
Why do tradescantia leaves dry, their number decreases, and the stems wither and turn yellow? These plant diseases are associated primarily with violation of the rules of maintenance. If you notice any signs of ill health, then you need to fix the problem of care:
- Reducing the number of leaves or staining them in one solid color indicates a lack of light,
- Drowsiness, yellowness of stems and leaves - a signal of a lack of moisture in the soil,
- Tradescantia leaves dry with insufficient air humidity,
Houseplants Tradescantia is affected by aphids, spider mites, and shields. These insects breed first on the underside of the leaves, gradually covering the entire plate. The plant begins to wither and may eventually die.
Contributes to the appearance of pests, as well as the development of diseases, violation of conditions of detention. For example, spider mite multiplies in the presence of dried air.
Get this interesting plant for your collection of home flowers. With minimal care, Tradescantia will decorate the interior of your home and have a beneficial effect on its atmosphere.
Temperature features, lighting, humidity
The optimum temperature for the development of Tradescantia is 20-24 degrees. In winter, she does not need a cold wintering, but if she can keep her cool around 16-18 degrees, she will thank for a powerful wave of growth in early March.
Tradescantia grows well in any illumination: from direct sunlight to diffused light on the northern windows. But specimens that receive more light look more decorative, especially terry and striped varieties. It is not worth it, perhaps, to place pots in the depths of rooms where light is catastrophically low for any plants.
The additional moistening of the air has a positive effect on the growth of Tradescantia. Many people prefer to spray green pets with a spray gun, but this measure gives a weak effect, as the moisture evaporates quickly. Other flower growers place containers with water around the plants, but in order for the evaporation to at least somehow affect the growth of the flower, they need to be forced into most of the window sill. The best solution is to place the tradescantia among other plants: green leaves emit a lot of water during the growing season. Additionally, in shallow bowls you can sow moss, the spores of which are in any flower shop, just do not forget to water it abundantly.
Tradescantia can adapt to any substrate, except for too heavy and waterproof soil. It grows best in a mixture composed of 2 parts of humus soil, 2 parts - sheet and 1 part of coarse sand. You can also buy universal soil for indoor plants, which should be diluted with ordinary soil from a garden, garden or forest. If the substrate does not seem to be airy enough, you can fill it with a small amount of vermiculite, perlite, river sand or sawdust.
Watering and feeding
The plant likes abundant watering. Florists often get the impression that she is insatiable to the water. For safety net, plant it in pots with a drainage hole and a layer of pebbles, stones, or broken pottery at the bottom. Convenient to use pots hanging on the window. It is possible to reduce watering slightly in winter, but the top layer of the earth should not dry out anyway.
Respond positively to dressing during the period of active growth. Fertilization significantly accelerates the growth of green mass, increases the chances of flowering. You can water it with solutions of universal fertilizers for houseplants or tinctures of bird droppings. The response is observed when applying mineral fertilizers, which are diluted according to the instructions on the package. The ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the preparation of the solution should be approximately the same. In the spring you can fill up a little more nitrogen.
Important! Do not overfill a plant, as it has an increased tendency to rotting!
With good care, the plant almost always blooms in the open field and in half of the cases - at home. Flowers can be white, purple, blue, pink. In order for the plant to give buds, it needs enough light and application of top-dressings every 1-2 months.
What does a plant look like?
Tradescantia, home care for which we will consider in detail today, looks very beautiful. Long, bright green colored stems can grow up to one meter in length. And if the pot with the plant is placed on a high shelf, then the resulting waterfall of greenery will be the highlight of the room's interior.
The leaves of the plant grow to 15 centimeters in length. They are very thin and are arranged alternately on the stem. Foliage can be as pure green, and have a variegated color. Quite a few species can boast of reddish, white and yellow stripes on their leaves.
But the plant blooms unobtrusively. Tradescantia flowers are very small and may have white, pink or purple hues. They reveal early, while the sun has not yet begun to shine in full force. In the afternoon the buds are closed. True, on an overcast day, the tradescantia leaves the buds blossoming before the evening comes.
Tradescantia - a flower that belongs to the ampelous plants, has very fragile graceful stalks hanging from a beautiful waterfall. Although the plant belongs to perennials, it is recommended to rejuvenate it about once every 2 years, and sometimes this period is reduced to one year. The fact is that as they grow, the lower leaves dry out and the stem is completely bare. It looks not too beautiful, so the plant needs a transplant. We will talk about how to propagate tradescantia a little later.
Tradescantia flower, care for which is not too complicated, is also undemanding and the ambient temperature. It feels great in cool and warm rooms. Of course, the plant will not tolerate excessive hypothermia, so the lower temperature bar is +10 degrees. But the white flowers tradescantia also grows well at +7. In addition, the flower loves fresh air and is not afraid of drafts at all.
Tradescantia is a flower, though unpretentious in its care, but it grows best in good light. If the bulk of house flowers needs shading, then this green cascade prefers to receive direct sunlight. The penumbra also does not prevent the plant from fully displaying its decorative properties. But there are some nuances. Tradescantia's variegated varieties become brighter in a well-lit room, while monochromatic leaves of the plant become faded under the constant rays of the sun. And the plants placed in a penumbra again get a juicy green shade.
Tradescantia, home care for which we are now considering, is very fond of water. During the entire active growing season, which lasts from spring to autumn, it requires constant watering. Pour it is simply impossible. The only “but” is that the earthen room should always be wet, but stagnation of water should not be allowed.
In the winter months, the plant is watered less, but still the land should always remain slightly damp. The water that will be used for this purpose must be defended.
Top dressing tradescantia
During the spring and summer, the plant must be fertilized, observing the frequency of two weeks. With the onset of winter feeding is carried out once within one and a half months. As a fertilizer, you can use any complex or organic compounds. But for variegated varieties should be purchased specialized fertilizers. Top dressing needs to be combined with watering.
Landing: some subtleties
Tradescantia, planting and caring for which is the topic of our conversation is an undemanding plant. But if the goal is to get a really great specimen, then you need to follow some rules. As a planting substrate, you can take the usual land, but then the plant is completely insured against various unpleasant situations. Indeed, various pests can live in the earth. Sometimes Tradescantia is literally occupied by black mosquitoes. You can cope with this only by using chemical preparations. And in order not to complicate the care of the plant, it is best to use ready-made floral mixture. If you can not buy one, then you can create the soil yourself. It is necessary to take leaf humus, turf and sand in a proportion of 2: 1: 1. Before each component must be thoroughly calcined in the oven.
Spraying Tradescantia is not always necessary, but from periodic spraying will not be worse. This is especially true in winter when the heating season begins. Irrigate the flower with settled water several times a day. As you can see, very unpretentious Tradescantia. Home care is completely simple. Now it's time to get acquainted with the breeding options of the plant.
Description and origin
Plant of the Kommelin family. It is brought to us from America, where it grows everywhere in the form of a weed. As a indoor flower, tradescantia is unpretentious, does not require the creation of special conditions. Grown as an ampelous culture. Stems are long, knotty, juicy green color, in length reach meter and more.
Leaves from 5 to 15 cm, a different form. In most species, they are expanded at the base of the stem and covered with down. The coloring is green, motley - with strips of a white, yellow or reddish shade. Decorative value is foliage. Flowers small, inconspicuous. Bloom early in the morning, with the advent of the bright sun closes.
At least 30 plant species are known. Many are grown in apartments. The most popular are several species.
- Tradescantia Blossfeld. In the wild, it is found in Argentina. Perennial with reddish-green creeping stems. The leaves are large - up to 8 cm with whitish pubescence. The shape is elliptical, pointed to the tip. On the trunk are arranged alternately. At the tips of the shoots, in the axils of the leaves appear abundantly pubescent elongated pedicels. The flowers consist of three petals, sepal, two bracts of different sizes.
- Tradescantia white flowers. Another name is tricolor. Brought from the tropics of South America. Long creeping shoots covered with elongated ovate leaves. Color - monophonic or motley with a silver tint. Leaves without pubescence, smooth, glossy. At the top of the whip, less often from the axils of the leaves bloom inflorescences with small white flowers.
- Tradescantia river. Another name is mytolist. Brought to us from Brazil. The species is characterized by long creeping shoots of purple-red color with green spots. Small ovoid leaves are attached to the stems with short petioles. The surface of the leaves is smooth, without pubescence.
- Zebrin tradescantia. The second name is striped. The natural area of growth - deciduous forests of Mexico. Creeping shoots up to 80 cm long are covered with alternate oval leaves with a pointed point. Bottom leaves and stems are colored with a purple hue. On the upper side, the leaves are two-colored - silver and green stripes alternate. An interesting feature of the species is the silky shine of the leaves. Flowers purple, consist of three petals.
- Tradescantia colorful. Until recognition by one of the types of Tradescantia, biologists considered it a separate genus - Reo. The second name is the bedspread. In appearance it resembles a miniature dragon flower. Stem is erect, not more than 40 cm. Leaves are xiphoid, green or yellow above, violet, purple or red below. As the plant grows, the lower leaves wither and fall. A characteristic palm rosette is formed at the top.
Subtleties of care
It is easy to organize care for Tradescantia at home. It adapts well to the microclimate of the apartment. Compliance with the basic rules of cultivation stimulates rapid growth and increases the decorative plants.
- Temperature. In summer, the temperature is not monitored - the flower easily adapts to real weather conditions. In winter, it can remain at room temperature. But the rest period at 8-12 ° C stimulates active growth in the spring.
- Lighting. Heliophilous flower. Variegated views provide high-grade lighting throughout the day. Varieties with solid leaves calmly endure partial shade.
- Watering. In warm weather, the flower is watered abundantly, but do not allow stagnation of water in the pot. In winter, the frequency of watering is reduced. The soil should remain slightly wet. Drying the soil can not stand.
- Humidity. It develops well in conditions of high humidity. Systematic spraying with warm water is beneficial.
- The soil. The land for the Tradescantia is neutral. The rest unpretentious to the composition of the soil. The only required component is sand.
- Feeding. Feed frequency is twice a month during the period of active growth. They make complex mineral and organic fertilizers. For variegated species, organics are not used.
- Transfer. Transplanted in the spring every 2 or 3 years. Bared shoots are pruned, gradually replacing them with new rooted cuttings.
Tradescantia's reproduction is possible even for beginner gardeners. Seeds easily germinate, cuttings take root quickly. Use three methods of reproduction:
- Seeds. Sowing begins in spring. Soil is used easy, moderately wet. The temperature is maintained not lower than 20 ° C. To accelerate germination capacity cover film. Dive seedlings as real leaves appear.
- Cuttings. Cuttings are cut at any time of the year. Choose young stems, cut them into segments of 10-15 cm. Planted in a moist light soil for several pieces. Rooting occurs quickly - in a few days.
- By division. Divide the bushes in the spring time simultaneously with transplanting.
Tradescantia is resistant to infection by diseases and pests. In case of gross violation, agrotechnicians face the following problems.
- Yellowing leaves. Lack of moisture, irregular irrigation, complete drying of the ground.
- Dry leaf edges. Over-dried indoor air. It is recommended to spray the plant with warm water.
- Bare shoots. With poor lighting, shoots are drawn, become thin, the leaves are rarely located on them.
- Lack of flowering. Possible reasons - too spacious pot, no rest period, exceeding the recommended dose of organic fertilizers.
- Pests. Home sick rarely. A flower brought to the street can be damaged by slugs and aphids. Conduct treatment with insecticides.
- Blackening of leaves and stems. Speaks of defeat rot. Reduce the intensity of irrigation, are treated with fungicides.
The flower has many advantages - the variety of species, ease of cultivation, resistance to diseases and pests.
Description of the Tradescantia
Tradescantia is a member of the genus of evergreen herbaceous perennials, belonging to the Kommelin family.
The name "Tradescantia" comes from the surnames of the English natural scientists John Tradescant Jr. and John Tradescant Sr. The shape of the leaves of Tradescantia is lanceolate, elliptical or ovoid. Stems can be straight or creeping. The homeland of the Tradescantia is a tropical and moderate part of the American continent. Most Tradescantia are grown as indoor plants, but they can also grow in greenhouses and winter gardens.
- The genus Tradescantia (Tradescantia) consists of about 60 species of perennial herbaceous plants, originating from humid tropics and subtropical forests.
- Some of them grow in arid areas. Основным украшением считаются удивительные листочки, растущие на длинных стебельках, имеющих множественные ответвления.
- Цвет их колеблется от салатового до черничного и зависит от освещения, температуры.
- Отдельные сорта имеют оригинальные полосы на листочках. В нашем климате они выращиваются как в доме, так и в цветниках.
Due to the peculiarity of branches for lodging, it is used as an ampel culture. At first, young stems grow straight up, but soon they wilt, unable to bear their own gravity. Therefore, they look more respectable in wall pots, on the upper shelves of furniture. Under natural conditions, kommelinovye grow on the ground, with the help of sprawling, rooting branches, seize uninhabited places.
Kommelinovye known for hanging stems with alternate leaves, which completely embrace the trunk at the junction. To get outside the side shoots often have to tear cover leaf. Streaks on the leaves diverge in parallel lines. But the main distinguishing features associated with the flower. Three petals of white, pink, lilac or purple hue are enclosed in greenish, loose sepals and live for only a couple of days.
Flowering is unattractive, so it is recommended to cut off the buds. They are also characterized by continuous growth, which depends on food, watering and temperature. The internal rhythm of the Tradescantia does not exist. On the hanging branches there are barely noticeable rudiments of the roots, which, in contact with a moist soil substrate, immediately increase in size and cling to the ground, which is successfully used for breeding.
Sizes of an adult plant
Tradescantia is a plant from a variety of hanging shoots with a length of 20-50 cm. The leaves do not exceed a length of 8 cm, but often less. Pots with a flower attached to the wall on hangers. They look like small lush bushes measuring 50x50 cm or less.
The plant should be updated periodically, even if it continues to grow and does not die. In nature, this plant creeps along the ground, feeding roots and forming new shoots. In room conditions, shoots eventually shed their leaves, becoming bare and ugly. Therefore, in room culture, tradescantia should be renewed every 3-4 years, growing new plants from cuttings.
Accommodation in the apartment
- The plant feels best on the southwestern, southeastern and eastern windows.
- The pots are hung so that the stems hang beautifully down and plant the window.
- You can also hang the plant or set on the shelves for flowers on the walls of bright rooms.
- Located near the window on the wall, Tradescantia will become a beautiful decorative element in the interior of the room.
Now you have seen how the flower Tradescantia looks in the photo and you can find the right look for you.
Tradescantia, of course, is better known as a home plant, but a species of this plant has been developed that can survive the winter in open field in cold conditions.
This is the Anderson tradescantia, this name combines varieties bred on the basis of the Virginia tradescantia. Shoots straight, branched. The leaves are lanceolate, purple and green. The flowers are collected in inflorescence in the form of an umbrella, can be white, pink, blue or purple.
The best varieties:
- Leonora - flowers blue or purple.
- Osprey - flowers of white color, the middle is blue.
- Iris - bright blue flowers.
- Innocence - white flowers.
- Sweet Kate - dark blue flowers.
- Red Grape - crimson flowers.
How to take care of the plant selaginella at home can be found here. See interesting and beautiful photos of indoor plants Fatsia.
What other varieties of Tradescantia are known?
In addition to the varieties of indoor tradescantia described above, the following are also found:
- Rainbow hill - leaves lilac from above, green with white stripes below, flowers lilac or white,
- Gold wing - leaves are yellow-green,
- Maiden’s Blush - new leaves are white or pink, old leaves are pink-white, with green ends,
- Yellow hill - leaves are green with beige, white or yellow stripes on top, green below.
In many homes growing tradeskantsiya, types of which are different. Most often, white-flowered Tradescantia is grown at home. It has a large and fleshy dark green stem with dense foliage at the top. At the base of the shoot often exposed. The stem quickly spreads the roots in the nodes and is fixed in the ground.
Numerous leaves have small sizes (length 5 cm, width 2.5 cm) and a pointed tip. They have a delicate light green or silver shade with gloss. Leaf plates at the base pubescent. Small three-petal flowers look like asterisks. They are painted in white, light pink or light purple.
There are several varieties of this type of tradescantia:
Albovittata - strips on the leaves only white.
Tricolor - stripes on the leaves of lilac-pink and white.
Aurea - green stripes, yellow leaves.
Aureovittata - longitudinal golden stripes on the leaves.
- Tradescantia albovittata white-green variety is decorated with longitudinal white stripes of different widths.
- Variety Aurea is characterized by golden color of foliage and green stripes.
- The foliage of the Aureovittata variety is covered with longitudinal golden yellow stripes.
- Lush varietal plant Laekenensisi from a distance like a foam.
- Abundant small foliage painted in large pink and green stripes. Some leaves are separated by color strictly in half.
- Variety Tricolor surprise tricolor color. The upper side of the leaves is covered with alternating white and green stripes, and the bottom is painted in a saturated purple color.
Tradescantia scaphoid has an exotic look. It got its name because of the peculiar shape of the leaves and the peculiarities of their attachment to the stem. The similarity is especially noticeable if you look at the top of the stem from above. Close-set fleshy leaves look like scales. They are densely dotted with purple dots. The leaves grow up to 2-4 cm in length and up to 1 cm in width. They are pointed and keeled below. Dense stem rarely grows longer than 40 cm.
If the room is well lit, the color of the foliage becomes saturated purple. Under conditions of lack of light, a succulent plant can lose its brightness and change the color to a green tint. Flowers appear at the top of the stem. They have a soft pink color.
Scaphoid Tradescantia will feel good on the south side of the house. It needs to be watered a little less than other types of plants. Do not water the flower until the clod of earth dries out.
Tradescantia has a scaphoid weak root system, so the plant should be cut regularly.
Zebra tradescantia will not leave anyone indifferent. Large, pointed foliage attracts attention with its unusual coloring. Green leaves have 2 large longitudinal stripes of silver color. Between them there is a wide streak of dark green hue. The same strip outlines the leaf along the contour. The underside of the leaves is blue-violet.
Young foliage is decorated with purple-maroon strokes. They are scattered at the base of the sheet and around its edges. Shoots of plants have a reddish tint. They quickly grow, reaching 40 cm in length. A year after disembarkation, a large silver-green foliage hat with a purple tint is formed.
During flowering, the plant is covered with gorgeous three-petal scarlet flowers. Zebra-like tradescantia will decorate any interior.
The most famous variety of Tradescantia zebrovidnoy - Purpusii. The foliage of a plant of this variety is colored on both sides in a violet-purple color. To enjoy the decorative qualities of the variety in winter, the plant should be provided with additional lighting.
Tradescantia purple (violet) has a rich purple color. But if you direct the rays of light on it, the plant will acquire a bright purple hue. Such a transformation makes an indelible impression.
- Creeping stems of plants reach a length of 1 m. For 1 year, they can stretch by 30 cm.
- To avoid the shoots breaking under their own weight, you need to regularly prune.
Sheet plate grows up to 10 cm in length and 3 cm in width.
- Its upper surface has a dark green tint. The underside is painted in a juicy violet-purple tone.
- Tradescantia flowers have large purple-pink petals and fluffy corolla. They are collected in small inflorescences.
In order for the Tradescantia violet to retain its decorative qualities, direct sunlight must fall on it for 2-3 hours a day. It is desirable that it was morning or evening. The midday sun can burn delicate leaves. If the Tradescantia receives not enough light, its foliage turns green and loses its pomp.
The Tradescantia brio is called multicolored. Its leaves are painted on top in olive color, and the bottom - in dark purple. Dense glossy leaves have a xiphoid shape. They reach a length of 30-40 cm. The stem of a indoor flower is short - 10-20 cm. Small white flowers bloom on the top of the stem in the bract of a purple color. The bract is formed from several nearby leaves.
Tratanscantia variety Vittata grows well in the premises. The light green leaves of a varietal plant are decorated with longitudinal golden stripes. Its shoots curl strongly, forming a lush ball of foliage. Another popular tradescantia briquette is called Stripe in pink. The silver leaves of the flower are streaked with white and pink longitudinal stripes. The reverse side of the sheet is lilac-pink.
Home care for Tradescantia
Tradescantia is very easy to maintain.: it is absolutely not demanding to the conditions of detention, it is very easy to reproduce, and also thanks to the decorative foliage continues to be popular, both among experienced and novice florist.
Tradescantia has knobby succulent bright green stems reaching up to a meter in length, succulent leaves and fibrous, tuberous roots. The stalks of Tradescantia are very weak to climb up, so they creep. But if you suspend the Tradescantia, the waterfall of stems and leaves will become the center of attention for a long time.
- Tradescantia leaves grow from 5 to 15 cm in length. They are thin as a blade, arranged alternately on the stems.
- The leaves of the tradescantia are flat or grooved, with parallel or arcuate veins.
- In most species of tradescantia, the leaves at the base of the stem are slightly enlarged and pubescent with small glandular hairs.
- Tradescantia leaves can be not only pure bright green color.
- Also there are many types of variegated tradescantia with white, reddish or yellow stripes on the leaves.
Tradescantia flowers are dull and inconspicuous: they are very small, can be white, pink or purple. In the garden species of Tradescantia, the flowers are most often bright blue, with three petals. They bloom early in the morning, while there is no bright sun, and close during the day. However, on cloudy days, the flowers of Tradescantia may remain open until the evening.
The tradescantia belotsvetkovaya, which is popularly called "woman's gossip" for its indefatigable growth, is most common in our homes. Also, in the indoor environment, Tradescantia riverine, Tradescantia fatty, Tradescantia Blossfeld, have proven themselves well.
Choice of room
Tradescantia grows very well and develops in warm or slightly cool, but always bright rooms. With a lack of light in Tradescantia, the stems begin to stretch strongly, the leaves on such stems are located very far from each other. Also, with a lack of light, the leaves of Tradescantia begin to lose color, become faded.
And, of course, the variegated types of Tradescantia especially need light. If they do not have enough sunlight, the motley leaves of such Tradescantia become just green. Leaf color is restored when the plant receives sufficient light.
Tradescantia will feel great and look good in pots, baskets or pots, hanging on the window. Then, even in winter, you can watch her fast irrepressible growth.
By the way, Tradescantia can be grown even in bottles. In winter, the tradescantia can withstand a temperature drop of up to +12 +14 ° C. But watering in this case will have to be reduced to a minimum. Because at too low air temperature and excessive moisture, root rot can develop.
Also, root rot can develop in a warm room, if the pot is too heavy substrate, there is no drainage and there is overflow. And in the first and in the second case, the plant will have to immediately replant. If the roots of Tradescantia are badly damaged, then the plant must be thrown out. Do not worry, cut new cuttings from healthy shoots.
And before you put these cuttings in a new pot, correct all your previous mistakes. Do not take the land for flowers from the garden. Although the tradescantia is undemanding to the soil, it is still better to use a ready-made floral substrate from the store.
There are many pests in the garden soil, for example, small black mosquitoes that constantly hover over plants. Their appearance speaks of too heavy soil, stagnation of water, and in order to get rid of mosquitoes, sometimes it is necessary to resort to chemical preparations.
The substrate can be made by yourself, taking a sheet of humus, sod land and sand in the ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1, before freezing or calcined in the oven.
Tradescantia requires uniform watering, the soil in the pot should be slightly wet. If the room is cool in winter, watering is not more than 1-2 times a week, if the room is hot and dry air, a bright window, then watering is needed more often. Also, if the room is dry and hot, spraying can be recommended to increase the humidity around the plant. In case of insufficient moisture, the tips of the leaves may dry out.
- In summer, when the sun shines brightly and the heat of the air is high, it is often necessary to water the Tradescantia, frequent spraying is recommended.
- Also, tradescantia from bright sunlight is best applied, otherwise it is possible to burn the leaves.
- In spring and summer, for better growth and decorativeness of Tradescantia, once every two weeks, apply complex fertilizer for decorative leafy plants.
- In winter, fertilizing can be avoided; otherwise, with a lack of light and excess fertilizer, the death of the plant is possible.
- In the summer, the Tradescantia can be carried out to fresh air and successfully used for the decoration of balconies and terraces.
As I said earlier, tradescantia is very easy to propagate by cuttings, sliced from stems, in coarse sand, water, or plain ground, even root stimulants can be dispensed with. To the plant subsequently looked magnificently in a pot or planter, plant a few cuttings of tradescantia around the entire circumference of the tank.
Tradescantia should be replanted as needed in spring. No matter how well we cared for Tradescantia, over time, the plant stems strongly drawn out. Some flower growers constantly pinch shoots so that Tradescantia doesn’t stretch much and bush better, others allow their Tradescantia to grow to its full height without pinching shoots, and then take cuttings for the third year and replace the plant completely.
Flower Tradescantia, which can be installed at flower growers in our country, grows exclusively at home and is not just an apartment decoration, but a real treasure in a medicine chest, because the tradescantia flower exhibits various medicinal properties in the flower, leaves, stalks and root . They are expressed by antimicrobial, wound-healing, anti-inflammatory actions and were discovered several centuries ago in the countries of Asia and America, where they used tradescantia leaves to treat wounds, as in us, plantain.
In folk medicine, this plant is popular and occupies a worthy place among other medicinal herbs.
- Tradescantia is used to treat such serious infectious diseases as, for example, tuberculosis.
- Fresh wounds and scratches are treated with Tradescantia leaves as follows: wash the leaves and dry them with the underside attach to the affected skin area fix with a bandage, change the dressing as it becomes dirty or dry
- Ulcers for thrombophlebitis: knead the prepared leaves of Tradescantia and cover them with wound with gauze and fix them with a bandage and change the dressing at least twice a day
- Furuncle. In the initial stage of development of a boil: with mashed leaves or tradescantia juice, treat the focus to be covered with polyethylene.
- At the stage of maturation or after opening: wash the boil with fresh juice and apply a sterile dressing
- For bruises, hemorrhages, hematomas, apply fresh, not crushed leaves to the affected area and fix with a bandage.
Flatulence with colitis can be cured by regularly using an infusion of fresh leaves of Tradescantia on the third part of the glass several times a day. Flatulence - a sign of intestinal dysbiosis, therefore, for the effectiveness of the treatment should be limited in the diet of sweetness.
The medicinal properties of the plant Tradescantia are used in diabetes of the second type. Fresh shoots brewed with boiling water, insist and take filtered infusion daily for two weeks.
При лечении туберкулеза легких как дополнительное средство рекомендуют приготовить смесь из пропущенных через мясорубку побегов. Дозировка – по столовой ложке три раза в день перед едой. Курс лечения – месяц, через неделю перерыва курс повторить.
Кроме таких серьезных заболеваний, традесканцию применяют при ангине, насморке, стоматите, мозолях. To use plants for medicinal purposes, they should be planted in a specially prepared land and not apply fertilizer.
Tradescantation Care Tips
Often on the plant there are disturbing signs of a different nature, the causes of which we sometimes can not understand.
These recommendations will help to understand what this or that reason is hidden in and take timely measures to save the beloved flower.
- If the leaves began to fall, it means that Tradescantia lacks fertilizer or water.
- If the plant stems have the same color, then the flower is deficient in light.
- If the leaves have faded or spots appear on them, then more watering is needed.
- If the stems turned brown, it means there is little humidity in the room.
It is important to know: do you have a cat in your house? Remove tradescantia higher from its field of view, since the leaves of this plant are a real treat for cats. Pets love to gnaw the leaves of Tradescantia, so the flower is best removed away from the pet.
Use in feng shui
In addition to donors and vampires, there are neutral plants that do not give energy and do not take it away. Such is the Tradescantia, so familiar to the eye in various institutions. It is very good to have her at home as an adviser, since the tradescantia works like litmus paper, accurately determining the energy imbalance.
If you notice that your Tradescantia is sad, you start to turn yellow and lose leaves - for good reason. Most likely, you placed it in the geomagnetic fault zone, or in some other pathogenic zone, or ... in a vampire room. Alas, people are also divided into vampires and donors, and human vampires are far from as harmless as plant vampires.
Modern masters of the European version of Feng Shui - the art of living in harmony with the world and with oneself - must listen to the advice of the Tradescantia.
There are several types of zebrin:
- Zebrina hanging or hanging most often found on home window sills. It has healing properties, it is used along with aloe and kalanchoe for colds. It has large, naked, ciliated leaves at the edges. From the bottom side they are purple-red, on the upper surface are two silver stripes on a red-green background.
- Zebrina purpuza does not have clear bands on the leaf plate. The underside of the leaf is purple, the top is reddish-green, slightly pubescent.
- Zebrina flocculosis has fuzzy, whitish, soft leaves.
Now all these species belong to the hanging tradescantia.
Zebrina is unpretentious, so even a beginner grower can handle it. The plant perfectly cleans the air, and its leaves have antibacterial properties.
Zebrine needs a place with good lighting to preserve the diversity.
Choosing a place
- Zebrine fit a well-lit place. Ideal placement on the eastern and western windowsills. In bright ambient light, leaf color is best manifested.
- In the morning and in the evening, exposure to direct sunlight is permissible.
- In spring and summer, the plant is actively growing foliage, the stems begin to hang down. Because of this, the flower is often grown in hanging pots and flowerpots.
- In the summer, the temperature of the content should reach 17-25 degrees, but not exceeding the range is not critical.
- In winter, with the onset of short daylight hours, it is desirable to provide cooler conditions in order to contain the growth of young shoots. Thereby it is possible to prevent their extrusion and loss of the decorativeness of the flower.
Humidity and watering
The soil in the pot should always be slightly damp, but not wet. To adjust the frequency of irrigation, you should focus on the state of the top layer of soil. When it has dried up by 1-2 cm, you can water the tradescantia. In the summer the plant is watered more abundant, in the winter - less often.
The root system of the plant is weak, so a strong overdrying causes damage to it. And abundant frequent irrigation can lead to rotting of the roots and stems. Humidity for zebraine is not critical, but you can periodically wash the leaves under a warm shower.
Zebraine leaves can be washed periodically.
Zebraine tradescantia blooms with small pink or purple flowers, although this occurs rarely at home. They are radially symmetric, with three petals. The calyx and the corolla of the tradescantia are foliated. Flowers open in spring and summer at the top of the stem, leaf sinuses. The flowering period does not provoke the development of an allergic reaction.
Difficulties in growing
The plant is resistant to diseases and pests. Occasionally you can find spider mite, shield, aphids. Affected leaves turn pale quickly, and pests can be found on both sides when viewed in detail.
When infected with a spider mite, a spider web appears in the interstices. Aphids love to attack young shoots. To control pests, tradescantia is washed with soapy water. If the damage is severe, use appropriate insecticidal drugs.
The remaining problems are associated with errors in the care:
- Shoots are bare, the lack of leaves - due to lack of light, feeding, water.
- Leaves lost variegation - Tradescantia is not enough light.
- Leaves are drooping, turn yellow, become covered with spots - lack of moisture.
- The tips of the leaves dry and turn brown - the air in the room is too dry.
- Leaves drooped, thinned, became translucent, watery - this is a sign of problems with the root system. The soil was either flooded or over-dry. If the soil is dry, water the flower, it will help to revive the Tradescantia. If the plant does not get better, you can cut the best cuttings and root them.
- For rooting, cut off the apical parts of the shoots with 3-4 pairs of leaves.
- To get a lush bush, it is better to root a few cuttings.
- They are rooted in soil or water.
- There is no need to build a greenhouse from above - the cuttings of Tradescantia take root in about a week and a half.
- When they start growing, they can be transplanted into a separate pot.
- Rooting cuttings in water with wet clay.
Growing from seed
The method is the most time consuming. Seeds are sown in spring in a container with the soil, not too deep. After sowing, the soil is moistened and the container is covered with a transparent film or glass. Container contain in a warm bright place with a temperature of about 20 degrees.
The greenhouse is periodically ventilated so that condensate does not accumulate. When shoots appear, the shelter is removed completely. Saplings moisten as needed, and when they grow a little, transplanted into separate pots.