Fruit shrubs

Black elderberry


The shrub from the family Honeysuckle (Caprifoliaceae) - elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) - has long been known to people for its healing properties: fragments of a plant were found during excavations of sites of ancient people. With the purpose of treatment used bark, flowers, fruits, leaves and elderberry roots. The pharmacological action of different parts of the plant differs due to the different content of active substances, only the diuretic effect is common in some kidney diseases.

Biological description

Black elderberry is a branched shrub with a rounded crown, from two to six meters high, the trunk is covered with light brown bark with longitudinal cracks. The shoots are green at first, becoming brownish black with age. The core of the branches is soft and white. The leaves are opposite, petiolate, unpaired, pinta-complex, from 20 to 30 cm long, have 5-7 pointed ovoid leaves with jagged edges.

Small fragrant flowers of creamy-white color are collected in flat corymbose-paniculate inflorescences. The diameter of the inflorescences does not exceed 20 cm.

The fruit is a juicy drupe of violet-black color, inside of which there are 2-4 stones.

The elder blossoms from May to July, the fruits begin to ripen in August and remain on the bushes until the end of September.

Distributed throughout the plant in the Caucasus, Ukraine, in the European part of Russia. It grows more often on the edges of broad-leaved forests, on abandoned logging sites, less often - in the undergrowth of coniferous forests.

Collection and harvesting of black elderberry

The inflorescences are cut off intact during the flowering of the shrub, until the halos began to crumble. Flowers scattered on paper and dried in air or in dryers, not exceeding a temperature of 40 degrees. After drying, the flowers are separated from the shields. Store raw materials in dry rooms for 2 years.

The elder bark is harvested in spring, the fruits - after full ripening, the leaves - during the flowering shrub. The roots are dug up after full ripening.

When harvesting leaves, flowers and fruits can not break off the branches of elderberry, as this leads to the destruction of thickets.

Chemical composition

Each part of the plant contains various biologically active substances:

  • In the leaves - essential oil, carotene, tar, ascorbic acid, alkaloids sanguinarine and konyin.
  • In flowers - flavonoids, ursolic and oleanolic acids, sambunigrin glycoside, essential oil, chlorogenic, malic, valeric acids, mucus, rutin.
  • In the fruit - sugars, citric, acetic, tartaric acids, vitamins C and A, rutin, tannins, tyrosine, dyes, traces of essential oils.
  • In the bark - tannins, choline, phytosterol, pectic substances, organic acids.
  • In the roots - tannic, bitter substances, saponins.

Healing properties of the elderberry black

The therapeutic effect of elderberry preparations on the human body depends on the part of the plant that is used.

  • Elderberry flowers they have diuretic, laxative, diaphoretic, expectorant and antifebrile effects. Medicines prepared from flowers, regulate carbohydrate metabolism, reduce blood sugar levels, have disinfecting and astringent properties. Due to the content of rutin, they reduce the permeability of the walls of blood vessels.
  • Leaves and bark plants have a laxative, choleretic action, improve metabolism and are used in the treatment of obesity. Also, their use is effective in various skin diseases, diseases of the joints, reduced hemoglobin.
  • The bark is used to treat diabetes and various renal pathologies.
  • Elderberry fruits Beneficial effect on the work of the digestive system, stimulating bile and bowel movement. Also, the use of fresh berries is recommended for diseases of the joints and salt deposits.

Use in official medicine

In regular pharmacies you can only purchase elderberry flowers (Flores Sambuci), which serve as the basis for the preparation of infusions and decoctions, the use of the rest of the plant is in the custody of traditional medicine.

Infusion of flowers Elderberries are taken for colds to reduce body temperature and relieve airway inflammation. When tracheitis and bronchitis infusion has an expectorant effect. It is used for abnormalities in the bladder and kidneys as a diuretic and inflammatory agent.

In gynecology, the infusion is used for douching in inflammatory diseases.

Decoction of flowers used externally to rinse with angina, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth, inside - with influenza and acute respiratory infections, rheumatism, liver and kidney diseases, edema, bronchial asthma, spasms of the gastrointestinal tract.

Elderberry flowers are part of laxatives, hypoglycemic, antirheumatic and choleretic fees, used to treat psoriasis.

Flower extract Included in the complex preparations Sinupret and Novo-Passit. Sinupret (tablets, syrup, drops) is used to treat acute and chronic diseases of the paranasal sinuses. Novo-passit (syrup and tablets) is a sedative.

Use in traditional medicine

Traditional medicine along with flowers uses other parts of elderberry:

  • Broth bark used in inflammatory processes in the respiratory tract, hemorrhoids, constipation, liver disease, anemia, obesity, edema. External decoction is used to treat burns, boils, diaper rash, chronic skin diseases (eczema, psoriasis). Powder dry bark sprinkled weeping wounds.
  • Eating fresh berries is useful for rheumatism and neuralgia. From dried fruits cook jelly, which is taken as a laxative and diuretic, they contribute to increased bile secretion. Recommended use of berries with mastopathy, prostate adenoma, colds. Fruits are able to excrete toxic substances from the body.
  • The leaves are used externally in the form of applications for joint pain, diaper rash, boils. Cooked in milk, they are used to treat hemorrhoids. Inside, the elderberry leaf decoction is taken to treat gout, rheumatism, and diabetes.
  • Decoction of the roots of the plant is prescribed for the treatment of diabetes and kidney disease. With skin rashes, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, take a bath with a decoction of elder root.

Harm and contraindications

Black elderberry belongs to moderately poisonous plants: when consuming a large amount of drugs from any part of it, poisoning occurs, accompanied by diarrhea, vomiting, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines.

Contraindications to the use of elderberry medicines:

  • Children's age up to 12 years.
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  • Diabetes insipidus.
  • Ulcerative colitis and enterocolitis.
  • Chronic diseases of the stomach.
  • Individual intolerance.

An unacceptable impurity in the preparation of flowers of elder black is the flowers of red elderberry and elderberry herbaceous. If there is no certainty that the harvested raw materials are collected from black elderberry, it is better to refrain from treatment.

Application in other industries

Elderberry fruits are used in cooking to make jelly, syrups, jam jams. Juice of fruits and young inflorescences are added to wine to improve its aroma.

Ripe fruits - a source of red and purple food dyes.

Elderberry is grown in parks for their decorative design. Planted near barns, it repels rats and mice. Elderberry branches serve as protection against barn beetles.

A decoction of flowers is used to treat colds and rheumatic diseases in horses and cattle.

Fruit juice is used to dye fabrics.

Growing up

Elderberry black is a sun-loving plant that grows well on moist fertile soils. It is easily propagated by seeds or cuttings, it can be planted in spring and autumn. Young plants are recommended to be plentifully watered and fed with fertilizers. Elderberries are practically not affected by pests and diseases, so its cultivation in the garden is not difficult.

Interesting Facts

The attitude towards black elderberry in different nations is quite the opposite. In Europe, the plant was considered sacred, it was planted in front of the house to protect against evil forces.

In Slavic culture, an elder is a dangerous tree, “planted in hell,” so there were many beliefs and prohibitions: you could not sleep under a tree, because you must get sick, you can not break branches - you can twist your arms and legs, you can’t build a house or stable - people and cattle will be sick and die.

Because of the properties attributed to elder, it was widely used in conspiracies and magical rites. Under an elder-tree, they poured out water in which they bathed the sick: it was believed that this was the way the tree took over all the diseases.

The healers of the Russian tsars recognized the healing properties of elderberry and used it not only as a medicine, but also as a basis for making jam and marmalade.

Black elderberry medicinal properties and contraindications

The tree, often a shrub, whose height is 2 -10 m - the elder's healing properties and contraindications of which became known during the times of ancient Russia. In the present, its special qualities are undeservedly forgotten by most people. The healing properties of this plant are recognized even by experts of classical medicine and are worthy of attention of all who strive to maintain their health with natural remedies.

Black elderberry photo description

There are about 40 species of this plant, the most common is black elderberry (sambucus nigra l). It belongs to the honeysuckle species.

Most often, sambucus is found shrubs that have a dense, wide crown. The branches have a complex color: first, green, then brownish-gray with the inclusion of yellowish lentils. The leaves are on short petioles, the base is widely wedge-shaped, slightly oval-shaped, oval, long-pointed, rich-green shade.

Fragrant flowers form umbellate inflorescences, creamy yellow or yellowish, often have a pleasant aroma. Fruits are berry-like drupes, purple, almost black in color, 2-3 bones on average. They are oval, up to 6 mm long. Sambucus will bloom in May, early June, fruiting by the end of August.

Plant height depends on the region of growth. In the central black earth and southern areas, the tree reaches 8-10 m. In the northern terrain, it is less common, it is dominated by shrubs, whose height varies from 2 to 6 m.

Important! Elderberry is poisonous! It has a similar description, but when ripe, the berries become red. They are very dangerous to health!

Nutritional value and calorie berries

Elderberry fruits - this is almost 80% of water, which has a very useful composition plus, the energy value of which is -73 kcal ,. Ingredients: proteins - 0.66 grams, fats - 0.5 grams, carbohydrates - 11.4 grams, dietary fiber - 7 grams, ash-0.64 grams, water-79.8 grams, saturated fatty acids-0.023 grams, vitamins, minerals.

Vitamins and minerals

Name Number% of days. Norms Name Quantity% of days norms

  • PP (NE) (PP) 0.5 mg 4 Selenium (Se) 0.6 µg 1
  • C (C) 36 mg 35-40 Copper (Cu) 61 mg 6
  • B9 (B9) 6 mcg 2 Zinc (Zn) 0.11 mg 1
  • B6 (B6) 0.23 mg 12 Iron (Fe) 1.6 mg 9
  • B5 (B5) 0.14 mg 3 Phosphorus (P) 9 mg 5
  • B2 (B2) 0.06 mg 3 Potassium (K) 280 mg 11
  • B1 (B1) 0.07 mg 5 Sodium (Na) 6 mg 0
  • A (RE) (A (RE)) 30 mcg 3 Magnesium (Mg) 5 mg 1
  • Calcium (Ca) 38 mg 4

Useful and healing properties

This plant has a wide variety of properties that have been noticed for quite some time. These qualities quickly found their application in all spheres of life. For example:

  1. Juice is a natural dye. It was used for dyeing fabrics. For example, to get black, it was mixed with green vitriol. Currently, they tint various drinks.
  2. To preserve the harvest of apples fragrant for a long time, they are laid, wrapping leaves of sambucus.
  3. Fresh leaves rich in vitamin C - a useful component of salads.
  4. Anti-inflammatory properties are highly sought after by cosmetologists. Flowers are most often used, but the leaves with berries also have regular use.
  5. The high content of beneficial substances of the shrub provides a wide range of healing properties. Among which:
    sedative, tonic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, expectorant, diaphoretic, diuretic, laxative.

Note! Sambucus berries are the most valuable part of the plant!

Use in official and traditional medicine

Medical specialists recognize the therapeutic qualities of Sambucus nigra. Classical medicine practices the use of inflorescences only. Physicians recommend their infusions for acute respiratory infections, influenza virus, as a diaphoretic, fortifying agent. Not so often, but practiced use during treatment: pharyngitis, bronchitis, kidney disease, bladder, neuralgia.

Folk recipes provide for much more use cases. In addition to berries and flowers, for medicinal purposes they use: roots, bark, young branches, leaves. They make broths, lotions, various infusions and teas. The list of diseases for the treatment of which it is recommended to use such remedies is huge. Here are some options when different parts of the plant are applied according to popular recipes.

Berries . Their use is extremely diverse.

  • fresh juice, useful in the treatment of varicose veins, and constipation,
  • fruit decoction is effective against hepatitis, chronic pancreatitis, diabetes and metabolic disorders,
  • seed oil is a good antipyretic, besides, an effective medicine against rheumatism.
  • the infusion of berries improves metabolism, contributes to a better biliary excretion, an increase in diuresis.
  • wine extract, for external use in oncological diseases
  • boiling or jam, used additionally for cancer of the stomach.

Note! Elderberry fruits can be applied equally effectively both fresh and dried! Berries do not lose their healing properties.

Flowers : used as anti-inflammatory decoctions or internal use is prescribed for the treatment of:

  • flu
  • colds
  • cough
  • bladder inflammation, etc.

Outdoor use with:

  • acne,
  • furunculosis,
  • arthritis or arthrosis (lotion),
  • sore throat, pharyngitis or laryngitis (rinses)

Leaves have good hemostatic, as well as analgesic properties, the effect is most pronounced in young leaves. A decoction in milk treats hemorrhoids, as well as skin lesions, for example: burns, diaper rash.

Bark and young twigs . They are advised to take when there are the following diseases:

  • disruption of the urinary system or intestines,
  • atherosclerosis
  • skin diseases.

To prepare the decoctions, dried bark and twigs are crushed.

Healing folk recipes

Traditional recipes, rarely recognized by traditional medicine experts as safe, especially effective. But, they are productive, it is a fact. The foundation for most recipes are centuries of observation, knowledge, wisdom, and many people. Although folk recipes have already proven their effectiveness, before starting their use, you should consult with a specialist in order not to cause unnecessary damage to your health.

Important! Elderberry is a strong immune stimulator. As a result, it neutralizes the properties of certain drugs aimed at the treatment of autoimmune diseases. In addition, it blocks the action of corticosteroids.

Cancer drugs

Of course, one cannot hope that cancer can be cured by drinking one course of a medicinal plant. Drugs which became the basis of the elder are very useful, they help the body to maintain strength and fight directly with the disease. But, only complex application gives the opportunity to recover. The healing properties of sambucus are very pronounced in the treatment of such oncological diseases as:

  • stomach cancer,
  • prostate cancer
  • adenoma.

Cancer Drug Syrup Recipe

  1. Fruits sambucus spread 1.5 cm layer on the bottom of the glassware.
  2. A layer of sugar is filled up so that it hides the berries. Further, the process of laying out is repeated to the top of the container. Last should be a layer of sugar.
  3. Cover with gauze so insist for a month.
  4. After 4 weeks, strain the syrup and then store it in the refrigerator.

Application : Take the syrup after meals on 1 st. Of the spoon. It is advisable to drink a glass of pure water for 10 minutes before eating. The course of admission is 1.5 months, the break between courses should be 1 month.

Elderberry recipe

This medicine is recommended for use in cancer of the stomach. It is simple to prepare: 1 part of the berries is rubbed with 3 parts of sugar, stored in the refrigerator.

Syrup, jam, sambucus jam is an excellent prevention of oncology.

Elderberry diabetes

Elderberry - well regulates the production of insulin and glucose by the body. Therefore, it is recommended for the prevention or treatment of diabetes. When diagnosing diabetes or its complications, it is advised to take a decoction of the roots. Also desirable baths from any available raw materials sambucus. They have a general, very positive effect.

Important! In diabetes, you can not take Sambucus and drugs that reduce the level of sugar, at the same time, because sharing can cause hypoglycemia!

Infusions and decoctions for pain in the joints

Remarkable preventive agents for diseases of the joints - decoctions or infusions of inflorescences. If the disease is overtaken, you should use one of the following recipes:

Therapeutic infusion of gout.

Pour 4 - 5 tbsp. l Flowers 1 liter of hot water, insist 4 hours. Then the resulting solution must be filtered. Take should be 0.5 cups 2 times a day before meals. It is desirable that the infusion was warm. Store this medicine is allowed up to 4 days in the refrigerator. The same recipe is suitable for relieving rheumatism symptoms.

To the raw elderberry you want to add nettle, as well as parsley root, all in equal proportions. 2 tbsp. spoons of the resulting collection brew in 0.5 liters of boiling water for 15 - 20 minutes. Per day you need to drink 400ml of infusion in equal parts. The pain of the joints helps compresses, made according to the proportion of 50% elder - 50% chamomile, applied for approximately 1.5-2 hours.

Women's Health Benefits

For women, the raw elderberry is a real find. This plant will help restore and maintain women's health. Infusion inflorescences used for douching, an excellent remedy for many gynecological diseases. Puree fresh sambucus fruit will help get rid of acne. A decoction of flowers well displays pigment spots, if you regularly wipe his face.

Note! 100 ml of broth inflorescences of black elderberry contains the daily rate of vitamin C! Since it is a natural and not synthesized vitamin, there can be no overdose of it, the surplus will simply be removed from the body!

How to collect and store medical raw materials

Virtually all parts of the elderberry can be used as medicinal. In order for the raw materials to be of high quality, not losing their healing properties, it is important to collect them in time and properly dry them.

Inflorescence baskets should be collected when they are fully dissolved, but before the moment of shedding. To dry the flowers, you need to cover from the sun, the temperature is desirable to about 30 C. After drying, wipe through a sieve.

Fruit , their collection for harvesting begins after full maturation - in September. The berries are dried in the air, and then dried, keeping the temperature: 60-65 C.

The roots This part of the plant is harvested at the end of autumn. Dry thoroughly, then grind to a powder.

Bark . Its preparation occurs before the start of sap flow. Optimum temperature of drying: 65-70С.

  • dried flowers - 2 years
  • dried fruits - 6 months,
  • root powder - 5 years,
  • crushed bark - 3 years.

Important! Store the dried raw materials in a dry room with the possibility of airing. With dampness, it loses its healing qualities and deteriorates. Storage periods exceed - PROHIBITED!

Black elderberry jam

Even a sweet delicacy made from the fruits of this plant is distinguished by its benefits and excellent taste. There are many variants of sweet desserts, for example:

  • honey - made from flowers,
  • marshmallow - from squeezed fruit,
  • jam - from chopped fresh fruits,
  • syrup - from berries,
  • Kissel - from dried berries,
  • Jam - from ripe berries, the most common option.

There are several cooking methods for cooking: without water, with water, with the addition of lemon juice, thick cooking, etc. They are all simple, but still, the simplest is with water.

  1. Slowly stir the syrup, according to the calculation: 800 g of sugar - 200 ml of water.
  2. Run ripe fruit in boiling syrup, be careful not to burn yourself.
  3. Cook over medium heat until ready.

All delicious jam is ready. You can eat as soon as it cools, or you can arrange it in jars, leaving it for the winter. Such boiling during the winter period will support immunity well, and in case of cold it will help reduce the temperature.

Consumer reviews

A lot of testimonies testifying to the high efficiency of elderberry-based drugs. In particular, there is evidence that people taking elderberry more quickly cope with such a serious illness like cancer. No wonder the Bulgarians made it part of compulsory therapy during cancer treatment.

Often people write about a fairly fast anti-inflammatory effect. Women share the recipes of elderberry infusions, which helped them to defeat gynecological diseases. There are really a lot of reviews, they all talk about the benefits of elderberry for the body.

How to cook broths, infusions at home

Prepare the infusion, decoction or other means at home is easy. The main thing is that the raw materials should be well prepared. You should always observe the proportions recommended for a particular prescription, in order to avoid negative results. Then, black elderberry medicinal properties and contraindications, which were discussed in this article, will surely help you safely cope with many diseases, preserving health for many years.

Characteristic features of the black elderberry

Black elderberry is perhaps one of the most common plants growing in wild nature in Ukraine and central Russia. Despite the richness of the chemical composition of the plant, a rather paradoxical situation has arisen regarding it, since the plant has not yet been fully studied. Thus, it is worth noting that the advantages and disadvantages of black elderberry are not fully studied and formulated.

The overwhelming majority of the local population believes that the black elderberry is a representative of poisonous plants, as a result of which the planting of the wild plant is deliberately destroyed. Erroneous ideas about the plant entail a decrease in the population of culture in human habitats.

Features and Description

The shrub culture is directly related to the group of elderberry crops, which include herbs and compact trees. In the course of numerous studies, the culture along with another twenty such cultures attributed to the family of flowering plants Adoxaceae.

Visually, culture is like miniature a tree or shrub whose height reaches no more than seven meters, but, as a rule, is limited to two to three meters. The plant is characterized by a neat rounded crown, which is formed due to large oblong leaves. They are painted in dark green shades on the front side, with regard to the reverse, there it can look brighter. The bark has ash-brown tones, on the old representatives of the black elderberry there are multiple deep cracks.

The flowering period begins in May and lasts at least two subsequent ones. Flowering is accompanied by the formation of numerous inflorescences in the form of flat tassels, which are formed from a variety of miniature flowers of rounded shapes. Flowers can be painted in yellow or beige shades, under their own weight they hang down and have a rich sweet aroma.

Beginning in August and ending in September, the bushes are actively are formed in place of flowers - three-stem berries. Fruits in the process of ripening acquire a purple-black shade, the pulp is poured with juice, the diameter of the ripened berry reaches ten millimeters.

Distribution and geography

"Tree of Destiny" has an attractive external view, so it is often planted in parks and gardens as a decorative segment. It grows everywhere, does not need special care, calmly suffers a deficit of sunlight. In the wild, the plant grows actively in the lower tiers of the forest, enjoying the scant light that penetrates the crowns of powerful trees. With plenty of sunshine, the culture grows more intensively, quickly reaches its maximum height.

The largest population of black elderberry is observed on Ukraine. On the territory of the Russian Federation, their population is registered in the southern and middle lane, and is also quite common in the Caucasus and the Crimean Peninsula. The favorite place of culture are deciduous forests located near natural reservoirs. It is quite tolerant of shrubs, in fact, it forms them themselves.

Black elderberry berries: medicinal properties and composition

The healing properties of black elderberry are due to the type of raw material. The composition of each plant segment differs not only visually, but also its composition, as well as in different ways. affects on the human body:

  • Flowers include no more than 0.03% mucus, rutin and essential oils. The first is characterized by an enveloping effect, covering the mucous organs digestive system and respiratory system. And also, it is worth noting that tannins that have an astringent effect in the intestines are part of the colors. The presence of sambunigrin glycoside causes controversy with regards to the use of the product for medicinal purposes. Once in the body, the segment is synthesized for glucose and acid, therefore, there is a perception that the toxicity of plant flowers. However, there is no scientific substantiation of these arguments.
  • The composition of the leaves includes a considerable spectrum of glycosides, including alkaloids and sambunigrin. The composition also includes toxic konyin and sanguinar, the first is one of the powerful poisons of neuroparalytic action. However, taking in small doses has an excellent anti-inflammatory effect, which allows the use of cooked decoctions of the leaves as lotions for the treatment of the skin.
  • Berries have extremely attractive vitamin composition: rutin, carotene, a high concentration of ascorbic acid, organic acids and sugars. The first segment has a high activity, affecting the tone of the capillaries, preventing their fragility and increasing the elasticity of red blood cells. With an integrated approach, the berries have anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effect. The berries contain tannins.
  • Bark and the root system is rich in saponins - substances that have expectorant and diuretic effects on the body. The bark contains a high concentration of cholinam - an extremely important substance that participates in the fat metabolism of tissues. In addition, tannins and pectins were found in the cortex, which are characterized by anti-inflammatory and astringent activity.

In folk medicine, not only fresh, but also dry parts of the plant are used, which have not lost their beneficial properties. Useful The plant's actions are displayed on the human body as follows:

  1. laxative effect, which is especially important for people suffering from chronic constipation,
  2. improving biliary excretion
  3. normalization in the body of metabolic processes,
  4. regular receiving decoctions of plants enriches the composition of blood,
  5. excellent cosmetic effect - contributes to the disappearance of acne, tones the skin,
  6. sedative, astringent and diuretic effect,
  7. relieving the symptoms of gout, arthritis and rheumatism,
  8. adjuvant for the treatment of viral and colds,
  9. anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that
  10. antipyretic and diaphoretic action,
  11. Excellent preventive manipulation against the formation of malignant tumors,
  12. treatment of disorders of the central nervous system, neurotic and neuralgic processes,
  13. treatment diseases affecting the liver, as well as hepatitis,
  14. prevention of the development of ulcers.

Black elderberry fruits and flowers: application

Useful properties of berries and flowers have already been proven, so they are used in traditional medicine as a medicinal raw material. As for use in traditional medicine, all parts of the plant are readily used. The beneficial properties of berries, flowers and black elderberry bark are known.

In the course of medical practice, the following types of effects were established during the use of medicinal plants:

  • Analgesic. When preparing flowers, a similar effect is characteristic; therefore, their use in the treatment of catarrhal and viral diseases associated with inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract is well founded.
  • Laxative. When taking a good black elderberry syrup from the berries, there will be no problems with the chair. Juice should be used in small quantities. The reception of cooked bark or roots has a similar effect on the human body. It is used extremely rarely as a laxative.
  • Because of the diaphoretic and anti-inflammatory properties in medicine, juices and recipes from bark, leaves and flowers are actively used in the fight against infectious and inflammatory diseases. Beneficial fruits of the plant have a tonic effect, greatly enhancing the immune system.
  • Diuretic effect all organs of elder black without exception. Therefore, recipes for juices, decoctions and infusions are actively used in the treatment of the spectrum of ailments, which are associated with a violation of the production of urine and as a stimulation of its discharge.

The diverse effects on the human body makes it possible to use medicinal juices, decoctions and tinctures for the treatment of a large number of diseases: for the treatment of chronic constipation, in gynecology, with neuralgia, during inflammatory processes of the urogenital system and kidneys, and respiratory organs.

The recipe for making an infusion of flowers for drinking

Cooking prescription according to a strictly prescribed algorithm, will allow to have an enveloping and anti-inflammatory effect. It can be used from the first days of a viral or catarrhal disease, which is accompanied by fever and general physical ailment. Infusion effectively helps in the treatment of tonsillitis, bronchitis and other diseases of the upper respiratory tract, which are complicated by sputum discharge.

  • 2 tablespoons of flowers placed in a container
  • Pour hot boiled water of 0.5 liters,
  • there is no need to cook the flowers, just let them stand for forty minutes.

As we know, boiling contributes to the loss of nutrients, so you should follow all the points of the recipe. Drink, cooked medicinal drink, necessary during the day. It is recommended to drink it in small sips with short breaks, strictly observing bed rest so that the ailment quickly retreats.

The same drink is used as a diuretic when therapies bladder or kidney. It is indicated for use even for people with chronic renal failure. The prepared volume of the drink must be divided into two days. Drink it must be in the form of heat, half a glass before a meal three times a day.

Infusion of flowers for outdoor use

This medicinal infusion is quite often used in gynecological practice externally. It has an anti-inflammatory effect and is used to treat the vagina when diagnosing vaginitis or colpitis.


  • 4 tablespoons of flowers placed in a jar,
  • pour boiling water of at least 0.5 liters,
  • let us brew for twenty minutes, there is no need for cooking,
  • we filter the received broth.

As we said earlier, in the process of boiling the plants lose some of the nutrients, so it is enough to pour flowers. The prepared solution, it is recommended to use for trays and douching. On the eve of the menstrual cycle, it is recommended to refrain from such procedures for several days. You can continue therapy after 2 - 3 days after the end of menstruation.

Summing up, I would like to hope that our article has become useful for you and you have learned new knowledge. Take care of your health and do not self-medicate!

Elderberry Breeding Methods

Propagated by seeds, stems, rhizomes, processes, layering, by scion, brown, oblate seeds sprout a year after sowing. For spring sowing, they need stratification for 2-4 months on the lower shelf of the refrigerator at a temperature of 2-30 C.

The most effective way to breed black elderberry is to graft its green parts. Prepared in June from the upper parts of the stems and leaves. The leaves at the top are preserved, the lower ones are cut off, and the petioles are also removed. Roots sprinkled with sand and peat. The latter are taken in equal proportion. The formation of the roots of green elderberry cuttings at a humidity of 80% takes between 20 and 30 days. The care for cuttings is usual: loosening, weeding, watering, feeding. Elderberry is a very tender plant, when extracting the roots from the soil of the inflorescence, it withers quickly. It is better to choose a sapling with a woody shoot (bole) and fresh root dipped in a clay mash or planted in a peat pot (autumn), and with green buds (spring).

Historical information

From time immemorial, people began to use black elderberry sprouts along with other herbs, such as nettle, as food. It is these parts of the plant that are endowed with a diuretic and anti-dyspeptic effect. Apparently the latter allowed the use of these properties in the interests of medicine.

Elderberry berries insisted for several months. The resulting juice served as raw materials for the manufacture of strong alcoholic beverages (wine, vodka). Then in the wine and vodka industry began to use other parts of the plant. The juice of the berries was a dye and natural flavoring.

Black elderberry coloring pigments have learned how to apply in the textile industry. Mixing elderberry fruits with copper, they dyed cotton and silk products. This combination gave the fabric a black color. Elderberry was a good material for ink (alum was added to the latter). The depth of the eyes, the oval of the face, was emphasized by tinting the brows with the elder.

Также бузину использовали для приготовления прохладительных напитков (чай, компот), что не утратило своего значения и в наше время. So, in the Saransk region, the village old-timers still brew tea with elderberries when signs of cold appear.

Elderberry berries used in the fight against insects - pests of agriculture. They put in the cellars, as protection from "intruders".

Black elderberry properties

It has long been known about the phytoncidal properties of black elderberry. Where it grows next to fruit and berry trees and shrubs, there are not many garden pests (stalks, moths, weevils, moth caterpillars, aphids, bud mites, etc.), because the specific elder smell repels insects.

Sambucus nigra is a unique plant, a storehouse of nutrients, a powerful source of healing properties. The blossoms and buds of the elderberry are rich in essential oils, acids (valeric, acetic, malic). The green parts of the plant and bark contain tar, the latter cause a laxative effect. Therefore, they are used for chronic obstipatsii (constipation).

Berries - a component of anti-inflammatory fillings and infusions. This plant is suitable for the treatment of headaches, colds and infectious diseases, diseases of the joints, asthma, certain diseases of the respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract due to diaphoretic, laxative, emetic effect. Often used as a preventive measure.

In the old days in Russia, with the help of water tincture of elderberry they got rid of pigmentation, small scars, and superficial skin defects. Broth flowers washed eyes for inflammation of the conjunctiva.

Products containing black elder, strengthen the immune system, increase the body's defenses. They have a positive effect on the skin, improve turgor (elasticity), even out skin color, give a healthy tone, which is an indicator of harmony and balance of the body.

The main substances present in the elderberry

All the features of the black elderberry are associated with the rich content of nutrients in the fruits, which are necessary for normal life activity. These include:

  • Saponins,
  • Vitamin C,
  • Vitamin A,
  • Lemon acid,
  • Acetic acid,
  • Glucose,
  • Tannins,
  • Rutin,
  • Essential oils,
  • Choline.

The most useful of the above components are:

  1. In the roots - saponins, which have expectorant (dilute sputum and contribute to its removal from the lungs), diuretic (increase diuresis), tonic (increase the level of active work of the body), sedative (to work the brain) properties.
  2. In inflorescences - terpenes, giving a fragrant aroma. Also, carotene, which causes the yellow shade of flowers and is a cofactor A. Vitamin A (retinal) participates in the work of the visual analyzer, neutralizes antioxidant from active oxygen forms.
  3. In fruits - anthocyanins provide resistance to inflammatory processes, normalize the work of the intestine. Tyrosine contributes to the production of melanin, which is necessary for the functioning of the endocrine glands, which produce hormones and other secrets.
  4. The roots, fruits, bark are rich in tanning substances, endowed with anti-diarrheal, anti-hemorrhoidal effects.

The positive effect of the substances described is realized precisely in the complex, that is, provitamin A is necessary for the manifestation of the potentiating action of vitamin A, and for the participation of choline in reactions aimed at the transmission of nerve impulses, tyrosine is needed.

The effect of black elderberry on the body is comparable to the effects of the parasympathetic system:

  • Stimulation of the glands of the stomach,
  • Decrease in excitability, myocardial conductivity (cardiac muscle),
  • Negative inotropic effect (decrease in heart rate).


The use of black elderberry should be approached deliberately, since the use of low-quality raw materials can lead to serious consequences and even death. Because the immature forms of the plant contain sambunigrin - a highly toxic compound, the decomposition of which splits off cyanide, which inhibits the work of the central nervous system.

Black elderberry preparations are not permissible for benign tumor diseases (benign prostatic hyperplasia). Berries, inflorescences, less often roots, leaves, working with other diseases, are powerless here. You should not use the plant and with suspected cancer, since the toxic effect on the central nervous system may increase.

The use of black elderberry is justified only as an additional treatment of the underlying disease (for example, inflammation of the hair follicle - furuncle, etc.) and the prevention of colds. Independent, uncontrolled use of the constituent parts of this plant is associated with negative effects, such as:

  • nausea, vomiting,
  • increased sugar levels
  • lowering blood pressure
  • possible development of shortness of breath, changes in the blood picture in general and biochemical analyzes.

The absolute contraindication to the appointment and / or use of extracts containing elderberry is diabetes, any form of chronic diseases. When using Sambucus nigra, it is important to consult a specialist.

  1. Drugs based on Sambucus nigra are effective for acute respiratory viral infections, as they increase sweating and have an antipyretic effect. To combat colds at home apply extract of inflorescences (20 grams). Last pour 200 ml of hot water, bring to a boil. Cook for 25 minutes on low heat. After removing the broth from the stove, it is cooled, filtered. Use twice a day for ten minutes before meals.
  2. For the treatment of suitable and extract of elderberry. 20 grams of flowers pour 200 ml of boiling water for 10 minutes. Before use, add honey. And so on 100 ml twice a day.
  3. Dried ingredients (shoots and fruits) are crushed, steamed in 200 ml of water for 20 minutes. Strain and take 40 ml (preheated) every four hours, shortly before eating. Infusion has a choleretic effect.
  4. 5 g of dried elderberry pour 150 ml of water (pre-boiled and cooled), insist all day or all night, filter. The resulting infusion is warmed up before use. Take once a day. Elderberry extract is endowed with a laxative effect.
  5. In inflammatory diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (hemorrhoids, boils, diaper rash, burns - stage I) used poultices of elderberry leaves. To do this, young leaves (40 grams) are boiled in milk. The resulting mass is put in a rag napkin and brought to the site of injury. For gouty arthritis and rheumatism, treatment can be supplemented with a pith of elderberry flowers.
  6. 20 grams of dried flowers are poured with a glass of water, sent to the stove to a boil, boiled for about 25 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes. Then filtered, squeezed and bring cold boiled water to the volume of the glass. Drink 60-120 ml of the contents 2-3 times a day before meals.

Caution! Black elderberry poisoning is accompanied by the development of dyspeptic syndrome. Immature, unprocessed shoots are generally poisonous and unsuitable for use. Women in the period of lactation, children under sixteen years old, people with pathology of the gastrointestinal tract (enterocolitis, malabsorption syndrome, all types of gastritis, etc.) - the use of funds based on flowers, the roots of the shoots of this plant is absolutely contraindicated.

Elderberry is a medicine, medicinal properties of the plant

The plant contains great value, as it includes a large number of medicinal properties. So, for healing use different recipes, buds, berries, leaves, bark, and in some cases even rhizomes.

But before you begin the process of treating such a crop, you need to carefully consider all the beneficial properties and contraindications of the fruits of the plant.

Medicinal features of the elderberry plant

Useful properties of elderberry (black and also red) are known to gardeners for a long time. For example, the flowers and fruits of a plant are able to render strong sweating effect, and diuretic, astringent and disinfectant actions. The plant can be used to create various tinctures and blends that able to help a person during the defeat of colds. If there are problems with the liver, their worth drinking for high quality bile discharge.

Berry tinctures should also be used. for getting rid of puffiness in kidney diseases (diuretic medicine). Kissels can be used at the time when a person is tormented by frequent constipation. If there are special inflammations in the throat or mouth, then you can take a course of rinsing, as well as install special compresses.

The above folk components are considered useful. for the treatment of rheumatism, goutas well as special joint inflammation. They are able to qualitatively eliminate inflammation during furunculosis, skin lesions, which were caused by diaper rash, after burns, and also plants alleviate the general condition during hemorrhoids.

What varieties of elderberry can be found?

At present, scientists know a large number of elderberry varieties, but the most widely used are red, black, and grassy.

  1. For red (simple elderberry) characterized by a sharp and heavy smell, which is capable of scaring flies and other nasty insects. This plant is most often located close to the toilet, as well as near the compost heaps. In addition, the red color of the fruit is able to qualitatively deal with the invasion of mice, and rodents can not tolerate it at all.
  2. Grassy - This is a wild-type shrub. Medicinal properties of this plant are enclosed in roots, fruits and inflorescences. So, the decoction of the fruit should be used in the presence of neuralgia (to relieve pain), as a laxative drug. Roots and leaves of the plant have one feature - heal wounds, abrasions and other injuries on the surface of the patient's skin.

Elderberry, both black and red, contains a huge range of healing properties, but there are also contraindications. That is why it is worth recalling once again the importance of consulting a doctor before using this culture.

Black elderberry

Phototherapy with the help of folk recipes for a long time helps a person to successfully eliminate cancers, as evidenced by reviews of healed people. Treatment with the help of extracts of beneficial plants is considered very effective and not so harmful, if we compare this process with chemotherapy.

Elderberry black, use of an agent during cancer

Poisonous substances that are contained in the plant, can not provoke strong adverse reactions of the patient. Together with cyanides (salts of hydrocyanic acid), a large number of vitamins and natural stimulants are found in the plant, which help to alleviate the condition of the patient during the body intoxication process.

Preparations based on this plant can produce a targeted damaging effect on oncological formations in the patient’s body, but without touching the healthy tissues in the body. Toxic substances in plants have their toxicity class I-II. Whereas antineoplastic agents are class VI.

Red elderberry

Elderberry red type and to our time has not been fully studied. It contains useful tanning components, fructose, glucose, flavonoids. Vitamins, glycoside rutin, organic acids, fatty oil, essential oil, triterpenoids.

In medicine, the use of this plant is not practiced. His therapeutic actions have found application only in the popular field of medicine, which also knows about some of the contraindications of the plant.

The plant can be successfully used to treat a large number of diseases:

  1. Bronchitis.
  2. Cold.
  3. Migraine.
  4. Ulcer.
  5. Climax.
  6. Ascites
  7. Psoriasis
  8. Ulcer
  9. Osteochondrosis
  10. Bronchitis
  11. Bronchial asthma.

Folk tinctures of red elderberry blossoms have laxative, expectorant, diaphoretic, antipyretic, antibacterial, diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties.

The use of black elderberry in medicine

If we consider the fruits of black elderberry and their healing actions, they are recognized in official medicine, in the national application, the whole plant can be used completely (bark, leaves, and inflorescences).

Elderberry syrup

Syrup from the berries of the plant, which should be collected in early August, is prepared by pouring the berries with sugar in layers. After a few months, the liquid should be drained, and then put in storage in a cold and poorly lit place.

Such a syrup is capable of qualitatively purifying the patient’s blood, and is also indispensable for those who have regular sore throats; the syrup can improve the patient’s immunity and restores the structure of vision. Also, the syrup can be used as an auxiliary folk drug for the treatment of certain blood diseases, mastopathy, nodular goiter, it is worth using plants after the investment procedure, and is able to normalize the level of hemoglobin in the body.

But, despite the large number of positive and therapeutic properties, the elderberry syrup bears in itself and contraindications - it is diabetes. In this case, it is necessary to make infusions from elderberry fruits, steaming them with boiling water.

Elderberry jam

The jam from the fruit of the plant is considered to be quite tasty, fragrant, and besides it contains great benefits for the human body. Making jam is very simple. Such a prescription drug can be used as various fillings for rolls, pies, or just to use with tea.

Medicinal properties of black elderberry fruits:

  1. Increases the overall tone of the body.
  2. It is considered a real elixir of longevity.
  3. Good antipyretic.
  4. Able to qualitatively eliminate blood vessels within the blood.
  5. Improves the general condition of the patient during varicose veins.

Elderberry Wine

To make a palatable wine, as well as a good healing tool, you should use a fairly simple recipe. It is worth squeezing out the ripe fruit, and then placing it in a glass bottle. At 1.5 liters of juice is to pour about 200 ml of honey. After all this, you should firmly close the plug, where a special hole for the hose is cut. One end of such a hose should be put inside the bottle, and the second in a container with liquid.

During the fermentation of wine, the bottle should be placed in a dark place. After this process, the tool should be bottled, and stored for another two months in a secluded place where there will not be much light and heat.

Drink wine is 50 ml before the process of eating.

Black elderberry: the process of planting and caring for the crop

Planting and caring for black elderberry is almost no different from the care and cultivation of any other type of medicinal plant. Shrub loves to settle in sunny areas. Plant the plant is spring or autumn. From various soils it adores to grow in wet loam, fertile or podzolic soil.

In springtime, standard pruning of the prophylactic type is carried out on the crop; At this time, it is also necessary to carry out the first watering of the culture. The second spraying should be done after flowering plants.

Throughout the summer season, it is worth maintaining the optimum level of humidity in tree trunks, mulching them, and also eliminating young growth in time.

After assembling the fruit under the shrub is to make a special fertilizer, and then make another watering. To avoid the development of sunburn in winter, the branches should be necessarily lime. From frost the plant will help to save the weatherage of pristvolnyh circles with dry grass and leaves.

Harvesting plants

So, we realized that an elder is a medicinal plant, now it is worth understanding how it is harvested for later use. Flowers, young branches, leaves, fruits, roots, as well as the bark on the culture should be used in traditional medicine. Blooming flowers on a plant should be cut in dry weather in May by large inflorescences (before sprinkling during flowering), placed loosely inside the basket, since soft inflorescences of a plant can quickly darken during the drying process.

With all this inside the plastic bag flowers begin to grow brown, and also acquire a rather unpleasant smell. This raw material should not be used in the drying process. After the inflorescence of the plant is folded branches up on a layer of plain paper or cloth. In some cases, the blanks are hung above the paper or cloth (where the flowers will begin to fall off) in a ventilated place in the shade.

When harvesting, black elderberry fruits should be cut with large tassels that ripen in August. Unripe fruits are considered poisonous, while fully ripe fruits are edible and relatively safe, although they can only be used after heat treatment or drying. Dried plants, pre-hanging in a well-ventilated place.

For the manufacture of elderberry juice or jam, black elderberry should be cut off right before the processing of the culture. Wash it is worth the whole groups of inflorescences. Fruits cannot be stored for more than two days, not processed, as they can mold within a short period of time. Сок лучше всего будет готовить внутри соковарки, семена растения при всём это должны оставаться целыми. После получения сока остатки плодов стоит протереть, используя для этого сито, таким образом удаляются все многочисленные косточки.

С двухлетних веток стоит в весеннее время снимать кору до начала процесса сокодвижения. After it must be thoroughly cleaned from the glands, separated from the core, and then dried inside the oven or dryer. Keep costs no more than three years. In the spring time is to collect sheets. The rhizomes of the plant are harvested in November, they are dried, and then crushed to powder.

Description of black elderberry:

1. Mature shrub branches have ash-brown bark, young shoots are covered with green skin.
2. Complicated pinnate leaves consist of 5 - 7 large oval leaf plates with a pointed tip and small teeth on the edge.
3. Large corymbose inflorescences bloom in May, exude a bittersweet scent.
4. The fruits have a shiny black skin, dark red juice and two to four small seeds inside.
Flowers contain glycosides, essential oil with terpenes, vitamins. Berries are rich in anthocyanins and ascorbic acid. Also found carotene, amino acids, mucus, tanning substances and trace elements.
From May to June, elder flowers are harvested, freeing them from coarse petioles and spreading them to dry in the shade. The finished raw material in the form of yellowish-white petals has a faint almond smell. Young leaves are cut in spring and bark in summer. Leaves rich in tannins can be added to salads. Black elderberry berries begin to gather from the end of August, and after harvesting, dry, freeze or process to obtain juice.

Blooming elderberry is a natural insecticide that repels flies and mosquitoes with its smell.

It should be noted that there are other types of elderberry, not related to medicinal plants.
• Stems from elderberry grassy green, the leaves resemble parsley. All parts of this plant are poisonous.
• Fruits of elderberry have red skin and contain toxic components.

Features of black elderberry

A shrub plant is included in a large group of elderberry crops, including compact trees and herbs. Previously, the elderberry herb, black, variegated, belonged to the selected group of elderberry family of Honeysuckle. In recent years, the scientific classification of cultures has changed. Black, grassy and red elderberry, along with about twenty other similar plants, belong to the Adoxis family of flowering plants.

Elderberry black. Botanical illustration from the book “Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen”, 1887.

Black elderberry is a small tree or shrub, reaching a height of no more than seven meters, but more often it grows up to two or three meters. It has a neat rounded crown, formed by large, elongated leaves. Their surface is dark green, the reverse side may look lighter. Bark of ash-brown shade, on old trees covered with deep cracks.

The flowering period begins in May and lasts for two months. At this time, the shrub is covered with numerous inflorescences in the form of flat brushes, collected from small flowers of rounded shape. They are beige or yellowish, hang down under their own weight and smell rich sweet aroma.

From August to September, fruits appear in the place of flowers - three-acricious berries. As they mature, they acquire a violet-black tint, become juicy, grow up to ten millimeters in diameter.

Geography and distribution

The plant has attractive decorative qualities, so it is often planted in gardens and parks. It is unpretentious, grows almost everywhere, including in conditions of lack of sunlight. In its natural environment, it grows in the lower tier of the forest, being satisfied with poor lighting penetrating through the crowns of large trees. But with the access of the sun grows more magnificently, actively, grows to the maximum height.

The largest population of black elderberry is represented in Ukraine. In Russia, it grows in the middle and southern strip, often found in the Caucasus, in the Crimea. Its favorite habitat is deciduous forests near natural water bodies. She is tolerant of shrubs and forms them herself.

Find out where the black elder grows, you can carefully review the vegetation of forest-park and wooded areas, especially on the banks of rivers, in old parks. As an ornamental and unpretentious plant, it is planted in gardens and cemeteries.

Composition and properties

The medicinal properties of the elderberry black are determined by the type of raw material. The composition of all plant organs is very different, as is the effect on the body.

  • Flowers Contains up to 0.03 percent of essential oils, rutin and mucus. The latter has an enveloping effect, covering the mucous membranes of the respiratory and digestive organs. Also in the composition of the flowers are tannins, which have an astringent effect in the intestine. The presence of sambunigrin glycoside is a controversial point in the use of raw materials in therapeutic practice. In the body, it breaks down to prussic acid and glucose, so there is an opinion about the toxicity of raw materials. However, practical evidence of danger or, conversely, the safety of flowers has not been received to date.
  • Leaves. They contain a spectrum of glycosides, including sambunigrin, and alkaloids. The composition contains toxic sanguinar and konyin, the latter belongs to the list of strong poisons of neuroparalytic action. But in small doses, it demonstrates an anti-inflammatory effect, which makes it possible to use medicinal preparations from the leaves in the form of external lotions for skin treatment.
  • Fruit. Attractive vitamin composition. Along with sugars and organic acids, they contain up to fifteen milligrams of ascorbic acid per hundred grams of product, carotene and rutin. The latter substance has vitamin activity, has an effect on the capillary tone, reducing their fragility, increases the elasticity of red blood cells. In a complex action, rutin preparations have hemostatic, anti-inflammatory activity. Also in the fruit contains tannins.
  • Roots and bark. The first are rich in saponins - substances with a diuretic, expectorant effect, and bitterness. The bark is saturated with choline - an indispensable substance involved in fat metabolism in tissues. It also found pectins and tannins with astringent and anti-inflammatory activity.

Application of elderberry

In official medicine, flowers and fruits of the medicinal plant are used. In folk apply all parts of the culture. The medicinal properties of black elderberry flowers, leaves, and bark are known.

The following types of effects of medicinal raw materials are manifested.

  • Diuretic. Possess all the elder organs, so infusions are used in the treatment of a spectrum of diseases associated with impaired production of urine and to stimulate its discharge.
  • Anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic. In the treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases, flowers, leaves and bark are used. Fruits have a tonic effect, strengthen the immune system.
  • Laxative. Black elderberry syrup from the fruit - a well-known folk remedy for constipation. Used in small dosages. The same effect, but in a much larger dose, is demonstrated by the roots and bark. As a laxative used rarely.
  • Painkiller The action is typical for flowers, so their use in the treatment of colds and the associated infectious, inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract is justified.

The diverse effects on the body allows the use of medicinal raw materials for the treatment of a number of diseases: with inflammation of the respiratory organs, urinary system and kidneys, with neuralgia, in gynecological practice, for the treatment of chronic constipation.

Infusion of flowers for drinking

The composition has anti-inflammatory and enveloping effect. It can be used from the first days of a cold or viral illness with fever and general malaise. Will help in the treatment of bronchitis, tonsillitis and other diseases of the upper respiratory tract, complicated by difficult passage of sputum.

  1. Pour the flowers in a thermos. Use two tablespoons.
  2. Pour boiling water volume of five hundred milliliters.
  3. Leave it for forty minutes.

Drink therapeutic infusion should be during the day. Sip it as often as possible and stick to bed rest so that the disease quickly recedes.

The same infusion is used as a diuretic in the treatment of diseases of the kidneys, bladder. It can be used by patients with renal insufficiency. The resulting amount of medicinal infusion should be used within two days. Drink it warm in half a glass before meals three times a day.

Infusion of flowers for external treatments

Medicinal infusion of flowers used in gynecological practice externally. It has an anti-inflammatory effect, is used for treatment of the vagina with colpitis, vaginitis.

  1. Put the flowers in the jar. Use four tablespoons.
  2. Pour boiling water volume of five hundred milliliters.
  3. Leave it for twenty minutes.
  4. Strain.

Use the infusion for douching and baths. Before the onset of menstruation should stop the course for two days. You can continue treatment after menstruation in two or three days.

Laxative infusion of fruit

The use of black elderberry berries as a laxative agent will help with chronic constipation. You can prepare the tool on the water or with the addition of honey.

  1. Pour the dried berries into a container. Use three tablespoons.
  2. Fill with boiling water of two hundred milliliters.
  3. Cover with a lid, leave to brew for twelve hours.
  4. Add honey before consumption.

Accept means on a glass in the morning, on an empty stomach. Medicinal infusion stimulates defecation and support immunity.

Poultice leaves

The leaves of the plant have anti-inflammatory effect, stimulate the healing of wounds of different origin, clean and complicated by bacterial infection.

  1. Crush the dried leaves. Use 3 tablespoons of raw materials.
  2. Fill with two hundred milliliters of milk.
  3. Protome on low heat for ten minutes.
  4. Cool it down.

Lay the boiled leaves on the gauze and apply the compress to the affected skin. The tool is effective for various injuries, including cuts and burns, boils, diaper skin. It will help relieve swelling and pain in hemorrhoids with drop-down nodes.

Infusion of the cortex with edema

According to Vladimir Makhlayuk, the author of a collection of medicinal plants and their use in traditional medicine, it is the black elderberry bark that has pronounced anti-edematous activity in various kidney diseases. In this case, the drug acts selectively, without affecting the activity of the heart and without affecting the level of blood pressure.

  1. Crush bark into powder, use a full teaspoon.
  2. Fill with boiling water of four hundred milliliters.
  3. Leave it for three hours.
  4. Strain.

Take the infusion should be up to four times a day for half a glass. It removes well the swelling, including those associated with insufficient kidney activity and caused by impaired cardiac activity.

The medicinal properties of elderberry black are recognized as official medicine. The flowers and fruits of the plant are used to maintain immunity for colds, as an expectorant for diseases of the upper respiratory tract. In folk medicine, other parts of the plant are also in demand: bark, roots, leaves. They are used in inflammatory processes in the kidneys as a diuretic, and the leaves stimulate the healing of wounds and burns.