Vegetables

Planting corn in the open ground in the Moscow region

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


There are many sufficiently heat-loving plants that grow well in the southern territories. They are quite difficult to grow in a more severe climate, but, nevertheless, in some cases, such efforts are fully justified. This also applies to corn - a representative of the bluegrass family. Many gardeners confidently say that with proper organization of planting and care in the middle lane, it can give a remarkable harvest: delicate, tasty and very sweet ears. So, the topic of our conversation today will be planting in the open field and care for corn in the Moscow region.

Corn is a classic short daylight plant. In other words, in the period of a long daylight, such a culture actively grows green mass (tops) and begins to bloom only after daylight becomes shorter. With all this, this plant is quite demanding for excellent lighting, does not tolerate excessive moisture and remarkably fruits on the southern slopes. Corn in open field is demanding on the quality characteristics of the soil. It is advisable for readers of Popular Health to grow it on loose rich soil that will warm up well. The earth should be sufficiently water and breathable. Corn cannot grow and develop normally in any soil. So, it is contraindicated soils prone to waterlogging and characterized by high acidity.

On corn, dioecious flowers form, stepchildren form at the bottom of the stems. The root system of such a culture is powerful, hilling stimulates the formation of adventitious roots.

Planting corn in the suburbs

Sowing such a culture is desirable to carry out from the tenth to the twentieth of May. Such a manipulation is carried out by nests, sowing three or four seeds at once with an interval of seventy by seventy centimeters. Planting material is buried six to eight centimeters.

In Moscow soil when planting should take into account susceptibility wireworm. Its larvae are capable of very quickly destroying seedlings, therefore, when growing maize on soil contaminated with pests, it is necessary to put the drug from the wireworm, for example, Barguzin or Pochin, together with the seeds.

Many who sow corn seeds with beans, as such crops grow well together.

Best of all, corn develops at temperatures ranging from twenty to twenty-three degrees. But at ten to twelve degrees the seeds begin to germinate, so sowing can be done after the ground warms up to eight degrees to a depth of ten centimeters. This is usually indicated by blooming leaves on a birch tree. To get the seedlings early, readers of "Popular about Health" should soak the seeds for 24 hours in ordinary clean water, and then germinate them at a daily temperature of twenty degrees and at night temperature of sixteen degrees. After detection of seedlings, the seeds need to be planted.

Also, many gardeners grow corn through seedlings. This allows you to get a harvest early when planting in the suburbs.

Features care for corn

After three or four leaves appear on the seedlings, it is necessary to thin them out, leaving a pair of plants in each nest. The rest should be eliminated. Having noticed panicle sprouts, it is necessary to thoroughly plow between rows and spud plants eight to ten centimeters in height.

At this stage of growing corn especially needs sufficient moisture, therefore it needs to organize abundant watering in drought. Appearing stepchildren (side shoots) must be removed by cutting with a sharp knife, after they grow four to five centimeters in length. Experienced gardeners also recommend that if the weather is dry during flowering, periodically shake the plants. So pollen will be easy to get from male flowers to female. To determine the time of flowering, you need to pay attention to the upper panicles - they appear loose pollen, which can be easily seen.

So that in the Moscow region after planting the corn grows and develops well, it is possible to arrange one or two supplements for it during the whole growing season. So, the first time such manipulation is carried out approximately two weeks after the emergence of shoots, after the warm weather has been established.

The second feeding is desirable to carry out at the stage of nomination of panicles. It is allowed to use any granulated mineral fertilizer, which contains nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. It should be used about five to seven grams of such funds for each culture.

If you grow corn of early or mid-early varieties, then the crop can be harvested from it already seventy days after the appearance of the first shoots (on average). Cobs can be considered ready for harvesting when brownish stigmas are visible. Experienced gardeners recommend cutting them off in the early morning or a little late in the evening. It is not necessary to leave the cobs in the sun, it is also not recommended to keep them in the apartment (at normal room temperature) because in such conditions they will quickly lose sugar. Send the harvest to the refrigerator for a couple of days or freeze to save for a long period of time.

Thus, in the Moscow region care of this culture is not such a difficult task.

Popular varieties

There are three types of sweet corn:

In each form there is a different content of sucrose, which changes the taste and texture of the grains.

Early varieties planted without seedlings can produce good yields in the Moscow region and the Non-Black Earth region. But it is better to grow with seedlings.

Spirit - This is a hybrid that is capable of producing great harvests. The plant, which belongs to the early ripening, produces large sweet cobs with large grains. Ripening begins within two months after the third leaf appears at the seedlings.

Spirit variety is recommended to be planted in a seedling way, because if you use the seed method, seedlings will have to wait a very long time. The plants are quite fastidious and require maximum care.

Triple joy - This variety belongs to the super-sweet and ripen in the middle of summer. Often used for canning and fresh consumption. It is also suitable for making a special delicacy - popcorn, which both adults and children adore.

Hybrid variety Anava - It gives a bountiful harvest three months after planting seedlings in open ground. The cobs grow flat and large, wrapped with thin leaves. This variety is able to be stored for a long time in the cool.

Gourmand Belogorye - This is the most powerful hybrid variety. It is highly resistant to various diseases and pest attacks. This sweet corn begins to ripen within seventy or eighty days after planting. You can collect the cobs without waiting for their full ripening. The milk cobs are very tasty and sweet.

An important feature of this variety is that it does not tolerate the seedling method of planting and has to plant seeds in the ground.

Growing corn by seed

Corn is a very demanding plant, it is necessary to carefully consider the choice of the place of its planting and the composition of the soil that will be there. Before sowing sweet corn, it is necessary to plant a large amount of manure into the ground before planting or in late autumn.

It is important to pay attention to the fact that it is necessary to plant corn two weeks after the morning frosts pass.

Soil temperature should be at the level of 12 degrees, in this case shoots can appear. If the air temperature does not allow the earth to warm up, you can cover it with a special black film that will create a greenhouse effect and slightly warmed the landing holes.

Seeds are sown directly under the film, making small holes for seeds in it. When the plant begins to germinate, shoots will appear right through these holes. Grains must be sown in shallow grooves, the depth should be no more than four centimeters. The distance between the grooves should be about thirty centimeters. You can sow grain in groups of three or five in one well.

Sweet corn should grow in groups, as these plants are pollinated with the help of wind.

Rules for the cultivation of sweet corn

For growing corn, it is best to place the seeds in small containers. As a container, you can use small pots or cups of yogurt.

As substrates, you can use special seedlings or peat mixed in half with humus.

It is necessary to sow corn grains into the ground four weeks before the intended planting of seedlings in the beds. To plant seedlings on the site is necessary only when the spring frosts.

Seeds needed sow in groups, three or five grains in each. After that, they need to sprinkle with earth and wait for germination. After planting, the soil should be slightly compacted and watered with a small amount of water.

First shoots will start to appear a week after sowing. Growing corn need to constantly water, as she will need a lot of strength.

All immature plants need to be removed and left in each well on one run. This is done in order to select the best representatives of the sweet corn variety.

For the placement of containers with seedlings, it is best to choose the window sills on which sun rays fall within six hours a day. When the bushes have a third leaf, they must begin to replant in open ground.

It is very important to be careful with the roots during transplanting. Corn seedlings, in which the roots will be damaged, will begin to disappear.

Corn Pollination

In order to get a good harvest of corn, it is necessary to carry out artificial pollination.

It is best to work in calm weather so that pollen gets past the designated target.

Pollination is carried out as follows: shake the panicles so that the pollen falls on tying cobs. You can take a soft brush and alternately touch it to the female and male flowers.

Corn ripens in late August or early September. Cobs are harvested by breaking out from under the leaf.

Collected fruits of corn are not recommended to leave in the sun, it is best to put them in the refrigerator or in the shade. You can freeze the cob with wrapping leaves, it will help to preserve the taste of corn kernels.

Corn, as well as other plants, can be affected by pests and various diseases.

Corn can hit:

  • Smut,
  • Moth
  • Rust,
  • Root rot,
  • American and meadow moth.

In order to get rid of pests, you can use special substances, such as Triticonazole, Thiram, Tebuconazole. All this can be purchased in specialized stores for gardeners.

Pests can be deterred and destroyed with Deltamethrin. This composition is sprayed on the plants, after which they are not watered for some time.

I have always grown corn with seedlings. My mother also taught me that you should not sow seeds in open ground, and it is better to put them in pots. If you germinate seed in the apartment and plant it into the soil only with well-established warm weather, the plants will be much stronger.

Growing crops is a very interesting process, during which you can get a lot of tasty and healthy fruits.

Growing corn in the Moscow region is my dream. When I retired, my husband and I bought a small cottage and decided to plant this culture after all. Of course, at first it was difficult, we did not know all the rules of care and cultivation. But having familiarized with the special literature in which the main details and properties of corn were described, we decided to cope with this.

In the first year of the fruit was not enough, but we did not despair. After a few years, we began to easily get a good harvest of tasty and sweet sweet corn.

I have always loved corn very much and when I get to the south, I try to eat these wonderful fruits. For a long time I wanted to plant this culture on my plot and now I decided. First she raised the seedlings, later planted her in open ground and started to take care. Very soon, the bushes of corn grew and began to fasten the cob. I waited impatiently for the corn to ripen, and she did not disappoint me. Now I will always plant this culture in the country and I advise all friends and acquaintances to do the same.

Planting corn in the open ground in the suburbs

Immediately it should be noted that the cultivation of sweet corn through seedlings in the suburbs is more common than the seed method. But most novice gardeners are interested in different ways of agrotechnology, including how and when to plant your favorite corn in open ground in the Moscow region.

Corn is a demanding plant. The gardener must carefully select the landing site, as well as analyze the composition of the land. It is advisable to start preparing the site in the fall, for this you will need to bring into the soil an impressive amount of rotted manure. The most suitable precursors of corn: cucumber, cabbage, zucchini.

Important! Corn crops can be planted only after two weeks after the last frost.

Soil temperature should be at least 12 degrees Celsius. Otherwise, it is necessary to cover the bed with agrofibre, which will warm the soil, creating a greenhouse effect.

Planting corn in the open ground in the suburbs

Seeds are sown, making holes for planting material in the film or agrofibre. In the course of its development, culture will begin to grow through them. Sowing material is sown to a small depth (no more than 4 cm). The intervals between rows are about 30 cm. From 3 to 5 seeds can be placed in one well.

Corn is pollinated by gusts of wind. Consequently, when planting sweet corn, spatial isolation between different species should be observed.

Cultivation of corn in the Moscow region: the best varieties

Today, there are three types of sweet corn:

On a note! Each variety contains a different concentration of sucrose, which affects the structure of the heads and their taste. In the Moscow region, it is recommended to grow corn from seedlings, but early varieties can provide a good harvest even when planting seeds.

Consider varieties suitable for cultivation in the Moscow region:

  • Spirit - a hybrid, which is characteristic of abundant fruiting. Early ripening culture provides with large sweet heads of cabbage with grains of large size. Matures within two months after planting. The variety is recommended to grow seedlings, because, using direct seed planting, it will take much longer to wait for the harvest at the dacha. These plants can not be attributed to unpretentious, they are very capricious and in need of careful care.
  • Triple joy - the cultivation of this variety is also not an easy task; it is one of the super-sweet varieties; the time limit for harvesting is mid-summer. Triple joy often consumed fresh, as well as canned. Culture is known for its peculiarity - the ability to cook popcorn that kids love to feast on.

Variety Corn Triple Joy

Crop cultivation in Moscow region

For the cultivation of corn through seedlings, planting material is recommended to be placed in small containers. As containers, you can use plastic cups or miniature pots.

Important! Substrates can be special soil for seedlings with peat or soils mixed with humus. Seeds should be sown in the small group. After that, they are powdered with earth and plentifully filled with warm water. It is important not to forget to compact the soil a little.

As a rule, the first shoots are shown at the expiration of a week after sowing. A growing culture needs plenty of drink and additional nutrition, as a growing plant needs strength. In each recess must be left to escape, the strongest. All others are deleted. Thinning is done to obtain a better and more abundant crop.

Pollination culture

To obtain a rich harvest it is necessary to produce artificial pollination. It is recommended to carry out the procedure when there is no wind outside, so that the pollen falls on a specific target, and not past.

Pollination is carried out according to this algorithm: panicles must be shaken in such a way that the pollen falls onto knotted cabbages. You can use a soft brush, which should alternately touch the flowers.

Harvest can be in late August or early autumn. Crop harvested by breaking out of the head from under the foliage.

It is interesting! Very often cucumbers are placed on the next bed and let them whip along the stalks and branches of the corn.

Diseases and pests

Corn, like other horticultural crops, is prone to diseases and attacks of pests.

Подвержена следующим заболеваниям:

  • луговой и американский мотылек,
  • гниль корневища,
  • головня, ржавчина,
  • моль.

Для борьбы с вредителями рекомендуется использовать препараты, которые можно приобрести на рынке или специализированном магазине. Before purchasing, it is necessary to become familiar with the composition; it is important that the chemicals do not adversely affect the composition of the heads and they are suitable for consumption.

The harvest cannot be left in the sun, the cobs should be harvested and placed in a dark and cool place. Together with the heads of cabbage you can freeze and wrapping leaves, thanks to this simple manipulation, it will be possible to preserve not only more useful properties, but also taste qualities.

How to grow corn in the country

There are three types of sweet corn: normal, high sugar and super sweet. Each of them contains a different level of sucrose, changing the taste and texture of corn.

And the early varieties, even without seedlings, will be able to bestow any summer cottage of the Non-Black Earth Region with tasty cobs.
The best varieties and hybrids and varieties for the Non-Black Earth Region and the Moscow Region

  1. Constantly great harvest, in every region of the Black Earth region, will give a hybrid "Spirit"! Very early, "super sweet" cob with large grains. Grains ripen on the 60th day from the appearance of the third leaf. It is advised to grow it through the seedling method. Sow it to seedlings well from April 15 to 30. Planting, seedlings in the ground, at the end of May.
  2. “Triple sweetness” is a super sweet type of corn, a variety that will allow you to enjoy the amazingly tasty boiled ears on the hundredth day from shoots. He is good in conservation and in freezing.
  3. Hybrid "Anava" will give a rich collection in three months, from planting seedlings. The cobs are smooth and beautiful, the grains are tasty, the wrappers are stored for almost 12 days, in a cool place.
  4. "Gourmand Belogorye" - the most disease-resistant, unpretentious and at the same time delicious corn variety. This is sweet corn, in which, on the 80th day from sowing, it is possible to collect the ears of milky ripeness. The bad thing is that it does not tolerate the seedling method, but this is not a problem if it is possible to make an agrofiber shelter.

Growing seeds in the ground

Corn demanding to the ground. It requires a lot of compost in the soil before planting, or before winter it is necessary to bring manure into the soil.

Water, during the entire period of maize growth, is also required.

Plant seeds in the open air, that is, in the open field sown two weeks after the last spring matinee.

The soil temperature, for the successful germination of corn seeds, should be above + 12 ° C, and +15 C for super sweet varieties. In colder areas, the earth can be warmed with black plastic film, if necessary. Plant seeds are sown under the holes in it, and plants appear through holes.

Plant seeds are sown in grooves with a depth of 4 cm and 22-28 cm groove from the groove. Rows of 3 pcs. grooves a meter apart. You can sow groups of seeds of 3-5 pieces. at one point, and a point from a point, 35-45 cm.

Sweetcorn forms grain only with the help of pollination by the wind, so it should be planted in blocks, not in separate lines.

Growing seedlings

  • Best for growing seedlings will be to put corn seeds in small containers, or in cups from children's yogurt or in small pots.
  • Standard “seedling” soils, or peat in half with humus, work normally as substrates.

  • If initially they are going to produce seedlings from seed indoors, then they sow 4 weeks before planting in the ridge. Seedlings should be planted in the dacha soil only when the danger of frost is a thing of the past.
  • Corn seeds are sown to a depth of 3 cm in groups, from three to four seeds, at a distance of 3 cm from each other. Next, the corn kernels are covered with soil and they need to be slightly smoothed over the ground with a hand, not tight, compacting the backfill.
  • Then water the soil until the soil is completely wet.
  • And corn shoots appear in the interval from 7 to 14 days.
  • Water will be needed corn sprouts daily, in hot weather, or when the soil begins to feel dry to the touch.
  • All frail, except for one of the strongest plants in each group of seedlings, are removed by cutting with scissors, at ground level.
  • That window sill is used to transform from seedling into seedling, which receives from 6 hours of direct sunlight per day, during the whole growing time.
  • When the bushes will have a third leaf, they must be transplanted.
  • In order for the plants to develop perfectly, for every 10 liters you need 6-7 grams of “Kemira-Lux”. After dissolution, this solution is used instead of irrigation water. So the roots do not "burn" and the plants from hunger will not stretch.
  • Be careful not to damage the roots when transplanting!
  • Corn plants, in the open air, are planted in spring when the soil temperature is at least + 12C.

Growing conditions

What to do with corn in the garden before it fructifies?

Cultivation of corn in the country is that the corn must be provided with water, food and space, as well as provide protection from parasites and diseases. Then the harvest will be big and tasty.

The soil should be well drained and not acidic!

To get enough pollination, you need to plan a landing. Do not plant all the seedlings in two long rows, and preferably four rows, but twice as short.

Rows should be located at a distance of 70-90 cm from each other, and the sprout from the sprout 20-33 cm. Otherwise, flower seeds will remain sterile, and the cobs will not become a reality.

In hot and dry summers, corn must be well watered, due to the abundance of small roots. Water - 5 liters per square meter.

Mulch helps reduce evaporation. It should be applied a layer of mulch, up to 7 cm thick, around the plants, after the first month of growth in the garden.

Use compost, sawdust or cutting straw. Mulch will suppress most weeds, but those that grow will have to be pulled out manually during the whole growing season.

Weeding, which appear around the corn plants in the first month, is imperative.

Feeding good on the sheet. And the most complete blend fit for apple or berry. Feed them at least three times. Three weeks from planting seedlings, at the beginning of flowering and immediately after it. It is possible and when planting plants in a hole to pour a teaspoon of nitroamofoski.

How to grow watermelons in the country, read here.

Pests and diseases

Here are the most significant pests and diseases in corn plantings:

  1. Smut
  2. Meadow and American moth
  3. Moth
  4. Rust
  5. Root rot

Triticonazole or Thiram + Tebuconazole should be used against diseases. They are the least dangerous for nature and humans, especially if there is a lot of corn sowing.

But against the pests insects apply Deltamethrin ("Decis").

Harvesting and storage

The crop is ripe when the corn-hair tassels start to grow brown and the ears begin to swell. Grains must be full and contain a lot of milky liquid.

Take off their sharp jerk down.

Store on the cob from +10 C to +15 C from 2 to 13 days, without removing the foliage. Or cooked canned beans for the winter.

Subtleties and tricks:

  1. Sweet corn varieties lose their sweetness soon after harvest, super sweet.
  2. Preservation long after collecting, perhaps on the cob and in the cool.
  3. Sweetcorn freezes well, especially if you remove its kernels from the cobs before freezing.
  4. Corn silk can also be collected - for the purposes of traditional medicine.

Corn cobs left on the seeds are harvested as late as possible, but they do not subject them to freezing. The seeds are peeled from them only when they finally, on the very ear of corn, dry out!

Here is the cultivation of corn in the country can work. Have you tried to grow corn on your plot? Share your experience. I wish you good harvests and great mood.

Biological features of the species

Before you start growing on your site a new crop, it is worth exploring its biological features in order to better understand the preferences of the plant. Corn is a tall cereal crop that forms a deeply penetrating root system. It belongs to the heat and light-loving plants.

Sowing should be carried out in the soil heated to 10-12 ºC. The growing season from germination to milky-wax ripeness, depending on the variety, is 70-120 days. In private gardening grow early maturing varieties.

The collection of cobs is carried out when the upper fibers darken. If you deploy such a cob, the grains will be yellow and poured, but still soft enough, and when pressed with a fingernail, the juice will be released. Harvesting is best done in several stages to prevent over-ripening of the grains. Overripe cobs remain hard after cooking and lose taste. Plucked cobs are not subject to long-term storage (no more than 2 days at room temperature and no more than 20 at zero), but they can be preserved and frozen.

Corn for crop formation and a powerful vegetative mass consumes a lot of nutrients and thus depletes the soil, therefore, when it is grown, it is necessary to apply organic matter and mineral fertilizers.

Modern hybrids with a short growing season and high cold resistance can be successfully grown in the northern regions. But, if fertile and moisture-intensive loam is preferable for corn in the south, then in the north it is more suitable for quickly warmed sandy loam soils.

When to plant corn in open ground?

The timing of planting corn directly into the ground with a non-seedling method is determined by the growing region and the prevailing weather conditions. Since this plant is sensitive even to low positive temperatures (seeds will not germinate at temperatures below 10 ºC, and young plants will stop growing during cooling), you should not rush to plantings.

In the south of Russia, seeding is recommended in early May. For Central Russia and the Moscow region, the dates are shifted by 2-3 weeks. As a rule, gardeners adhere to the general rule for all thermophilic vegetable crops. Modern cold-resistant hybrids can be sown before, but in such cases, young shoots may require a temporary shelter (film stretched over the arc or covering material). In the suburbs for planting often use a two-week seedlings, which are planted after returning frosts and quickly start to grow.

Vegetable corn can be grown in Siberia. Here, conditions allow you to get a crop of milky-wax ripeness, but the ripening of the ears does not occur. Sowing is carried out in late May or early June. At the same time, experts do not recommend the use of germinated or swollen seeds. It is enough to sow high-quality seeds on the ridge of a well-heated area. To speed up the warming of the soil will help black agrofibre, which attracts the sun's rays.

In the Urals and the Far East, summer residents practice greenhouse cultivation of corn, highlighting for it narrow lanes around the perimeter. Sowing in the greenhouse can be carried out in early May. If it is possible to use additional lighting, the seeds are sown in April for seedlings at home.

Corn planting rules

Corn is a specific plant. On the one hand, it is drought-resistant and unpretentious, and on the other hand, its agricultural technology has many subtleties. Many problems with growing can be avoided if you know how to plant corn in the summer cottage.

First of all, it is necessary to follow the recommended landing pattern. Firstly, because corn is a cross-pollinated plant and for a full tying of the cobs a certain arrangement in several rows is required. Secondly, because corn is very light-requiring and does not tolerate even the slightest shading from its fellows. Thirdly, because at the first stage of growth, corn gives a small increase and unnecessarily rare plantings may suffer from drying out the row spacing.

In private horticulture, the following planting scheme is used: ordinary sowing in wells of two seeds with an interval of 35 cm, in 2-3 rows with a distance between rows of 40-50 cm, or square-nesting sowing with a distance between plants of 45 cm ( 1 square meter should accommodate approximately 9 plants).

The seeding depth is determined by two factors: soil moisture and seed condition (germinated or dry). If you plant swollen seeds with sprouts in a warm and moist soil, it is enough to deepen them by 3-4 cm. Dry seeds need to be deepened more (by 5-6 cm).

For giving actual joint planting of corn with other vegetables. It coexists well with cucumbers, pumpkin, beans and beans. At the same time, if optimal conditions are created for the growth of two crops, then an increase in their productivity is noted.

Negative growing experiences can be related to the failure to follow two important rules:

  • it is necessary to preserve the required food area for each plant (if you plant corn as a compactor, then there is no one enough food and sun and you risk to be left without a crop at all),
  • top dressing with liquid organic fertilizers and mineral complexes is obligatory, as joint plantings increase the load on the soil.

Corn serves as a good support for cucumber whips, so the holes for them can be made on both sides of the row at a distance of 40 cm. But heavy pumpkin vines can injure the shoots of corn, so it is better to place the corn around the perimeter of a pumpkin bed at a distance of 50 cm and follow the direction whips.

Beans and beans can be sown with corn, but subject to mandatory thinning, so that one representative of the species remains in one well. It is noted that during joint planting, the probability of developing diseases decreases.

And the last moment - do not plant corn along the fence or in the shadow of the house. This culture is very demanding of lighting. If you want to pamper your relatives with sweet cobs, then select a place for it on the sunniest side of the plot.

Variety Selection and Care Recommendations

For sowing, it is necessary to use zoned varieties in a particular region or, ideally, varieties of local selection. For Siberia, the Urals and the Far East only cold-resistant early ripe hybrids with high yields are suitable. In the suburbs, you can grow mid-season varieties and even get your own seeds for planting next year. You can also experiment with unusual varieties that are considered decorative.

A group of cold-resistant and early ripe hybrids and varieties of sweet corn: Gourmet 121, Golden Fleece, Spirit and Dobrynya. In Central Russia, one can grow varieties and hybrids with an average maturity (80-90 days): Early Gold 401 and Sundance. A variety of Ice Nectar with a late ripening period in the Moscow region gives a good crop of sweet ears of milky ripeness, and the production of seeds is quite possible in good years.

Care for vegetable corn has some special features. Despite the fact that it is a drought-resistant species, during a long drought and during the flowering and formation of the crop, it needs abundant watering with subsequent loosening between the rows.

Vegetable variety is prone to the formation of numerous stepsons, which take away some of the nutrients and do not allow the plant to form a full cob. Therefore, it is recommended to remove all side branches, leaving only 2-4 main cob.

During the season it is necessary to spud the corn twice and carry out 2-3 supplements. The first dressing is carried out at the beginning of active growth with organic fertilizer (an infusion of mullein or bird droppings), during the flowering period, the plants are fed with mineral fertilizers. If, after planting or emergence of seedlings, there is a threat of cooling, foliar feeding with phosphorus will reduce stress and will not allow plants to stop growing.

Corn is not necessary to plant in the vegetable garden, it can be placed in the recreation area. It will become an exotic design element and will take only a few square meters.

Sugar or grain?

On bags with many imported corn seeds and some domestic, you can see the label, which is worth paying attention to. Let's see what it means.

1. The most delicious corn - super sweet("Sh 2" - type). She is also called wrinkledbecause her seeds are really wrinkled. Grains are high in sugar, which is very slowly transformed into starch. If you grow this type of corn alongside others, the quality of the cobs will deteriorate due to over-pollination. Corn on the cob will be tough, not juicy and crispy. The best qualities of wrinkled corn are preserved only in purchased seeds, since This is a hybrid (F1). It is worth paying attention to the variety of coloring grains. In the cob there can be not only yellow, light yellow or cream grains, but also blotches of a different color. It is worth looking for in the sale of seeds of supersweet early ripe hybrids "Honey nectar», «Cream nectar», «Trophy», «Madonna», «Gamma».

2. On sale more often there are seeds of less tasty sweet corn, which has only 25% of the “sh 2” grains - type and 75% of the “se” grains - type. Cobs are harvested fully ripe, because when harvested early, they will be unsweetened and watery.

3. Sweet Corn "Se" and "Se +"- type also quite sweet and sweet only when fully ripe.

4. Old varieties of sweetcorn ("Su" - type) lose modern, because have a lower sugar content that quickly turns into starch.

В последнее время появилось много новых гибридов и сортов. Среди них есть с чёрными (лекарственными) и бронзовыми зернами, с початками, в которых собраны разноцветные зёрна. У меня росла даже невысокая декоративная кукуруза. А вот кукуруза для приготовления попкорна мне не понравилась. Все хвалят «Тройную сладость», я эту кукурузу пока не выращивала.

Початки декоративной кукурузы оказались вкусными и нежными. Их можно замораживать

Seedless method of growing sweet corn

When sowing seeds in cool ground (below 10 ° C), seeds rot and do not germinate. Therefore, you should not hurry, it is better to wait for warming, when the temperature of the soil will be plus 13 ° С. It usually gets warm by mid-May. The subsequent cooling of the air is less critical for shoots. Seeds are sown according to the scheme 70 x 30 cm. Sowing depth - 4 cm. On the sandy soil deeper.

A place for corn should be sunny, protected from the wind. This crop is more fruitful if you feed and feed regularly.

Corn is an excellent compaction plant that allows not only to maximize the area of ​​the beds, but also to become a backstage, support or fence. Corn can be planted with cucumbers, zucchini and pumpkins. I get along well with beans and peas. Experienced gardeners of the Rostov region did not advise me to plant corn with sunflower.

Seedling method of growing sweet corn

Growing through seedlings allows you to get an earlier harvest of mature ears. Some later varieties and hybrids ("Andrea") Ripen only after 95 days, so they are planted seedlings.

For this, seeds are sown 17 to 20 days before planting time in open ground. They sprout on 4 - 6 day. Several times I was convinced that we should not keep the seedlings longer, because she begins to dry the ends of the leaves, seedlings stretched out and become less strong. Overgrown seedlings planted in the soil, less resistant. It often breaks in strong wind or rain. I even had to tie it to a support.

Seeds are sown in individual containers with a diameter of about 8 cm. Another option is sowing a bag of seeds in a box with wet sawdust, which are scalded with boiling water and cooled. During the extraction of seedlings from the loose layer of sawdust, the root system is not injured. Beautiful seedlings are obtained in "snails" and "diapers" filled with soil or several layers of toilet paper. This method is good because it saves space on window sills, which is always lacking in the spring.

Seedlings can not be fed if the soil mixture is fertile and loose. Complex fertilizers or wood ash are applied to the poor land. Substrate must be hydrated.

It is desirable to plant seedlings at a permanent place after the end of frosts, or you need to consider a temporary shelter option with a sharp cooling of the air. Landing layout 70 x 30 cm.

Features of growing super sweet corn

Supersweet corn springs up worse if the soil temperature is below plus 12 ° C. Its seeds are smaller than those of other types of vegetable corn, so they are not buried when sown (2.5 - 3.5 cm). They germinate in the high humidity of the earth. These hybrids need regular watering not only during the growth of seedlings. Mulching (grass, hay, etc.) helps to maintain soil moisture in the event of a water shortage in the area. When choosing a place for super sweet corn, look for other types of sweet corn to be no closer than 5 m from it.

Harvest

To increase the yield and fill the cobs with seeds, you need to shake the panicles in calm weather. Requires regular watering. Sweet corn - moisture-loving culture.

The most delicious cobs are in the stage of milky ripeness. It is easy to determine if you look at the painting stigmas. They should turn brown and begin to dry out. This occurs about 18 to 24 days after they appear in half of the plants. In cold and rainy summer, the ripening time of the ears may increase. In the dry hot summer corn ripens a little earlier. The approximate harvest time in the Moscow Region strongly depends not only on the type of sweet corn, but also on the weather. This is usually August. In bad summer - the end of August - the beginning of September. If you harvest ahead of time, the grains will be watery, because they do not have enough time to accumulate sugar.

In order for the cobs to retain their taste as long as possible, they must be cooled immediately after collection. I prefer corn, which leaves part of the spatula wrapper when cooking.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send