Among the relatives of the ficus Benjamin stands out medium-sized graceful foliage and sprawling crown. With the advent of new varieties of plants, its popularity is growing, and for many gardeners the question becomes: “How to reproduce Benjamin's ficus?”
All ficuses are hardy and very tenacious. Their shoots, in contact with the soil, form roots and give life to new plants. Aerial roots, going down to the ground, provide additional nutrition to the growing crown. Even the unusual shape of the fruit seems to be designed so that the flesh-eating birds will peck, and then seed them.
But how to propagate the ficus Benjamin at home? Are there any features and pitfalls? Plants of this species reproduce vegetatively without complications. The most common method is grafting. Most plants reproduce in this way. Among them are hibiscus, lemon.
Reproduction of ficus Benjamin cuttings
For young ficuses, it is not at all necessary to take only the apical parts of the shoots. The plant develops when the stem is rooted with kidneys sleeping in the axils of the leaves.
If the planting material for breeding Benjamin Ficus is small, even a single kidney will give life to escape.
Cuttings are cut from an adult plant so that:
- the base of the future seedling was semi-woody, that is, still flexible, but no longer green, like newly formed shoots,
- from 4 to 6 unfolded leaves were present on the stem.
On slices of stems in all varieties of ficus stands out milky juice. Before rooting, it is removed under running water or using a soft cloth. Lower leaves that prevent rooting, cut off:
How to root Ficus Benjamin in the latter case? The base of the cutting is neatly cut with a very sharp knife along the stem. There may be several such cuts. So that parts of the cutting do not touch, they make a match or a toothpick between them. The original technique allows you to stimulate rooting on conventional cuttings, and is also used by bonsai lovers to get miniature plants of the most bizarre forms.
During the reproduction of Benjamin Ficus cuttings root in several ways:
- in water,
- in perlite,
- in a light loose substrate, for example, consisting of peat, crushed charcoal and sand.
When the air temperature is not lower than 20 ° C and high humidity, roots are formed in 2–4 weeks. To speed up the process, use a room greenhouse or cover the container with cuttings by a bulk bag.
The roots formed during the reproduction of the ficus of Benjamin are quite powerful. When they grow a few centimeters. It is time to transfer a sapling to a permanent place of "residence" in soil.
For the young ficus, eagerly and quickly building up the root system, take a ready aerated, moisture-permeable substrate. Sometimes they make a soil mix on their own. An example is soil based on leaf and sod land, peat and perlite. In such a soil ficus receive proper nutrition and securely fastened.
In the first weeks of acclimatization, the seedlings are covered with a package, which is removed when the plant gives the first leaves of its own.
At home, the reproduction of Benjamin Ficus can be done using cuttings with just one leaf and a small section of the stem. The main thing is to have a healthy viable kidney in the sinus.
In this case, the escape through the internodes is cut into separate fragments, which are immediately dried with a napkin and planted in the substrate. The soil should reach the base of the leaf stalk, the sheet plate itself is gently folded and secured in the form of a tube. This will not allow the seedling to evaporate too much moisture for the tiny plant.
Reproduction of ficus benjamina by layering
This method is used:
- if the plant reluctantly gives young shoots, but already woody shoots are already present in abundance,
- bonsai lovers who want to receive from the ficus a lot of aerial roots drawing from the stalks.
How to root Ficus Benjamin using air layering? The method is similar to the reproduction of rubber plant with the help of layers.
On lignified branch or trunk, without affecting the wood, make an annular cut of the bark. The exposed tissue is treated with a growth stimulator and wrapped with a wet sphagnum or a soil mixture based on it. On top of the design is fixed with a film, firmly securing its edges with adhesive tape, wire or thread.
When the formed roots become visible through the film, they are released, and the seedling obtained from the shoot is carefully cut off below the root system. In the future, the planting of such a plant is carried out in the traditional way, and the place of the cut on the parent plant is treated with garden pitch or ground coal.
How does the ficus benjamina multiply yet? Although seed reproduction of culture at home is practically not used because of the complexity, it is indispensable when creating new varieties and hybrids. And to obtain a large number of similar plants, for example, for landscaping or commercial use today resort to cloning. In this case, an industrial reproduction of Ficus Benjamin photo from fragments of leaf tissue is carried out.
How to take a shoot from ficus
Ficus is widely popular in the design of office and residential premises, has an attractive appearance and quite unpretentious. Knowing how to take a shoot from the ficus, you can grow it yourself.
Almost all types of ficus can be easily grown from the appendix.
Preparation of ficus process
Before you grow a ficus from the process, it is necessary to properly prepare the cutting. It is better to plant the plant in the spring, so that by the fall it has time to get stronger. Often take cuttings from the top of young shoots, 10-15 cm long. The cut is made with a sharp knife or blade, just below the leaf or kidney. You can take a segment of the middle part of the shoot, 7-10 cm long. At the same time, the upper cut is made straight, 2 cm above the bud. Lower leaves cut off. On the cuttings of large-leaved species leave no more than 3 sheets. If the leaves are very large, they can be cut in half or twisted into a straw to reduce evaporation.
Next, the cutting is placed in warm water for 1-2 hours, after which the cut is dried and treated with wood resin. If this is not done, the milky juice extracted from the slice will block it, which will make it difficult to form roots. To speed up the process, it is possible to treat the segment with a root formation stimulator (root or other).
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Growing sprout in water
Cuttings are best cut from the tops of young branches.
From the process of ficus can be grown in water. For this, a prepared stalk with two leaves is placed in water poured into glassware. The stalk should be placed in water so that the lower leaves do not touch it. It is desirable to take the water filtered, or drinking from the bottle. If you take a tap, it must be boiled or defended for at least 24 hours. Small pieces of charcoal can be added to the water. Water does not change, you can add fresh, as evaporation.
During the month, the vessel with the appendix is in a warm, illuminated place, but not under direct sunlight. Humidity is maintained high, in the region of 80%. For observance of such conditions it is convenient to use the mini-greenhouse. When the roots appear, cuttings can be planted in the ground. This usually happens after 3-4 weeks.
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Secrets of breeding ficus "Benjamin" at home
For large, tree-like species take large containers, tubs. To prevent the plant from rotting, drainage is placed in a pot for ficus: expanded clay, pebbles, shards. Drainage cover with moss. So excess water will drain into the pan, and drainage will not clog the ground. A loose mixture is used as a soil: peat, vermiculite, perlite, sand. The cutting is planted, deepening the lower knot, and plentifully watered. To support the process, you can put a peg.
Ficus can be propagated by a leaf, although it is more difficult than grafting.
Next, the pot is placed in a warm moist place. Avoid direct sunlight. Well maintain constant conditions using a mini-greenhouse. You can take a glass jar, plastic cup, plastic bag. Periodically, the mini-greenhouse is airing. Control that the earth was wet, but not much.
After 3 weeks, the first leaf appears, the cutting begins to grow. Hence, it rooted. The mini-greenhouse is opened more often so that the young ficus gradually gets used to the conditions of the room.
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Seating ficus leaf
Ficus can be grown just from the leaf. If you cut only a piece of paper, put it in water, it will not become a full-fledged plant, although it may not die and it may have roots. It is necessary to cut the leaf with a piece of the stem. Upper cut make straight, above the kidney. The lower cut is made oblique, in the lower part of the internode located under the cut sheet. Leaves should be cut carefully, avoiding contact with the skin and mucous membranes. The juice that is excreted in the cut is poisonous and can cause burns. Stalk can be washed in running water. The sheet is rolled up with a rubber band or a soft thread. The stem under the leaf is almost completely sprinkled with soil and propped up with a small peg. Then you can grow a ficus at home in a mini-greenhouse.
After the appearance of new leaves, you can begin to open it.
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Caring for a ficus is not difficult. Place the ficus in a warm place.
Lighting should be good, but without direct sunlight. Changing the place, even moving and turning the plant is extremely undesirable.
Water the ficus should be as the soil dries. Water plentifully, after 15 minutes the excess water is drained from the pan. Water is used filtered or tap, which is pre-boiled and defend for at least a day.
Ficus comfortably feels in humid air. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly spray the leaves of the plant with warm water, especially in summer.
Ficus can be fed during active growth - in spring and summer. Apply mineral and organic fertilizers alternately every 2 weeks. Fertilizers for ficus are used the same as for other decorative leafy plants: Rainbow, Palma, Humisol, Ideal, Ficus.
To limit growth in height, the formation of lateral processes it is necessary to pinch the ficus. The top is cut with a sharp knife. This is usually done in spring. Pinching helps reduce plant height. The ficus begins to branch, takes on a more magnificent view.
To give a more interesting look you can braid a ficus. You can braid 1-4 plants planted in one pot. You can braid in different ways: spiral, pigtail, lattice. To braid the stems can be as they grow, starting with a length of 20-25 cm. With the growth of ficus, the trunk thickens, with this in mind, you need to braid freely.
At home, the ficus blooms very rarely, and the flowers have the appearance of small peas and are not of particular interest.
Ficus seeds can be purchased in specialized stores, however, the method of growing it from seeds at home is rarely used.
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How does the ficus rubbery breeding occurs at home?
What are the peculiarities of care, and how does the ficus rubber plant reproduce at home, I would certainly like to know the future owners of this plant. This plant is very common, so knowing how to take care of and multiply it at home is very important for many. Ficus is grown in many homes due to its simplicity and ability to clean the air. Having been a guest and seeing this noble plant, you probably thought about how to get it in your home.
The rubber plant (elastic), belonging to the genus Ficus and the mulberry family, originally grew on the Indonesian islands of Java, Sumatra and in the Indian state of Assam.
The hostess from her bush can propagate the ficus in several ways:
- duplicate sheet
- plant air slips,
- You can try to root a piece of the trunk.
Consider the reproduction of ficus in different parts in more detail.
Cuttings. It does not require special skills. Ficus breeds easily by cutting.
It is better to produce cuttings in spring or summer, when there is enough sun. Select a branch with a few leaves on an adult plant. Well, if she is not the youngest. Use a sharp knife to cut off the cutting you like and place it in a glass with water until the milky juice stops flowing. Then, for a guarantee, keep the cutting in the growth stimulator. Further flower growers come in two ways:
When grafting it is important to remember that young shoots will not work, they are not able to take root.
1 way. Put a sprig in a glass of water in a warm place. Do not forget to change the water! After 2 weeks, roots will appear, and the cutting can be planted in a pot. The soil should be peaty with the addition of sand.
Methods of reproduction of Benjamin Ficus at home
For better rooting, cover the sprout with a plastic bag.
2 way. Plant the stalk in wet sand and cover with polyethylene. Put in a bright place and after 2 weeks it will be seen whether the germ has taken root or not.
Reproduction sheet. Reproduction of ficus with a rubber sheet is used when it is a pity to cut the stalk and spoil the appearance of the plant. This method has its own characteristics. If you cut only a leaf, then even when it takes root, a full-fledged plant will never give. It will just be a leaf on the roots. For normal ficus, cut a leaf with a stalk attachment to the axillary bud. Enough and a very small piece. Further rooting is the same as that of the cutting.
This method at home will give results in about three weeks. During this time, in the place of the incision. new plant roots will appear.
Reproduction by air layouts. Ficus rubbery breeding by air roots is more troublesome. But you have to try and gain experience! To do this, on a long shoot without leaves (if they exist, remove them) make 2 circular cuts at a distance of 3 cm and remove the bark. On the trunk should get a bare plot. Wrap it in wet moss and wrap it in film. In this place should appear aerial roots. Keep the film under wet. When the young roots break through the film, cut the ficus below the roots. You got a full-fledged young plant. Drop him in the pot.
Rooting of a piece of ficus stem proceeds according to the same principle as grafting. It is only important that it has a kidney.
So, with a little effort, you will be able at home to grow a magnificent rubber plant, care for which is not difficult.
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An indicator of proper plant care can be the regular appearance of new leaves.
It is important to know some rules of plant care:
- Lighting. Ficus loves diffused light. Make sure that the leaves do not fall into direct sunlight. If the light will not be enough, then the ficus will lift the leaves. To form a beautiful crown, periodically turn the pot to the light source on different sides.
- Temperature. This plant adapts well to temperature changes. In summer and autumn can be on the street up to +12 degrees. Does not like too dry air.
- Air humidity. Ficus has very dense fleshy leaves with a reserve of moisture. They give him the opportunity to survive a short-term drought. But so that they do not lose their beauty, you should periodically remove dust from them.
- Watering requires regular, as the soil dries. In winter, it is enough to water once a week.
- Ficus transplantation is performed as the plant grows. It is better to do in the spring. For young bushes, it is required every year. This should be done very carefully so as not to damage the roots. Ficus adults need a transplant less often, that is, every 3 years, and the old one every 5 years. If your ficus is huge, transplanting transshipment will fail. Replace topsoil with fresh fertilizer. Keep in mind that the ficus likes cramped pots, so keep this in mind when transplanting.
The growth characteristics of the ficus rubber plant with proper pruning allow beautifully to form a crown. It is better to subject the plant to this procedure when it is about 70 cm. It is necessary to pinch the upper shoots, forcing the ficus to branch. Trimming branches, watch where you direct further growth of the bush. The best time to trim a plant is spring. It is at this time that active growth occurs, and the crown will be especially lush. Pruning in the fall threatens the formation of a scanty bush.
Growing ficus, do not forget that its milky juice is very poisonous.
Be careful not to put children at risk!
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Ficus benjamina - reproduction
This type of ficus is a relative of the more common rubber-bearing ficus. However, the external similarity in these plants, you will not see. Декоративность, разнообразие форм и окраски листьев, непритязательность в уходе – основные факторы, которые обуславливают любовь цветоводов к фикусу Бенджамина. Благодаря гибкости стволов из этого цветка можно создавать настоящие живые шедевры, в том числе и бонсаи.
Ficus Benjamin can multiply as seeds, and layering, grafting.
If we compare the existing methods of reproduction of Benjamin's ficus, the most troublesome and long-lasting is reproduction by seeds. First, you need to buy seed in stores where all the storage conditions of this fastidious product are observed. Sudden temperature changes, excessive humidity in the room can lead to the fact that the seeds will be spoiled. Acquired seeds of Benjamin Ficus should be treated with a growth stimulant to increase germination. After processing, they can immediately sow in the ground. It is better to buy the substrate ready, and before planting it should be thoroughly moistened. Then simply cover the pot or seed box with glass to create the greenhouse effect. Try not to let the temperature in the room below 25 degrees fall.
When the seeds germinate, the greenhouse must be opened from time to time. So the plants will get used to the open space.
Procurement of cuttings
As cuttings should be used still healthy branches perishing plants. This will help get a new plant in return for dying. You can also rejuvenate an old or diseased plant. Even if the flower accidentally fell and a branch broke from the ficus, it can be used to create a new plant.
Cuttings harvested in spring or summer. These months are the most suitable for grafting, at this time the easiest observe the required temperature. But you can try to prepare cuttings in the fall. During this period, the cuttings require more thorough care and germination conditions. Mostly autumn cuttings will need sunlight and heat.
It is worth cutting off the top or middle parts of the branches. Each stalk should be 10-15 centimeters long. Leaves are not cut from cuttings. When cutting, use only sharp tools. A sharp knife will not traumatize the tender bark. And the damaged bark greatly complicates the process of rooting. The cut must be made at an angle. As soon as the cutting is cut from the branch, it begins to secrete juice, which dries out and forms a dense crust.
This crust prevents the formation of roots, so it is recommended to immediately wash the cuttings after formation under warm water.
Rooting can occur in two ways:
- Rooting cuttings in water. Cuttings must be put into the water. So that microorganisms do not breed in water dissolve an activated carbon tablet in itThis is an important condition. Instead of activated carbon, you can use other antibacterial drugs. It is important to remember that the leaves should not touch the water, otherwise rot may form. A vessel with a handle should be placed with a sunny place. But direct sunlight should not fall on the sprout. Periodically, the water in the vessel is changed to a new one; it is better to use soft water. You can soften the water by settling or boiling. After about 3 weeks, white bulging points should form on the cuttings, these are the rudiments of the roots. After another 1-2 weeks, the roots should grow by 2-3 centimeters, during this period they are ready for transplantation into the soil.
- Rooting cuttings in the soil. For rooting is to prepare the substrate. It can be made independently of peat, sand and leafy ground. And you can use a ready-made substrate for ficus, it has a suitable texture and necessary nutrients. The soil is poured into a container, slightly compacted and moistened. Now is the time to plant a stalk in the prepared soil. It is immersed in 2-3 buds, such a depth of planting will help the rooting process. So that rooting occurs correctly and quickly it is worth creating greenhouse conditions. A thick film is put on the container, and the cutting is passed through the slot. Thus, the ground and the place of rooting will be under the film, and the cutting itself on the surface. The container is placed in a sunny place.
Reproduction by layering
Multiply home ficus layering is quite difficult. But if you follow the right conditions, rooting will be quick and easy. The advantage of this method is that thanks to this reproduction, you can immediately get a large plant, because rooting can be carried out on almost any part of the adult plant.
At first it is necessary to choose a place where rooting will take place. This can be any part of the shoot, but from the top to the slips should be no more than 60 centimeters. The selected area is cleaned of leaves. You also need to cut the bark around the entire circumference. The slice thickness is about 1 centimeter. A piece without bark is worth process a special preparation that stimulates the formation of roots. For this fit root or another drug.
Then the cut is wrapped in wet moss. And in order to preserve moisture in the place of root formation, it is necessary to cover the moss with a film. With two ends of the film should fit snugly to the stem. But it should be borne in mind that in the place of the formation of the roots of the film should not fit tight, because the roots need to leave room for growth. It should make a kind of candy with a stem inside.
In about 30-60 days, the formation of roots can be checked. If they are grown and have a length of up to 2-3 centimeters, then you can separate the new plant from the adult. With a sharp knife, the seedling is cut from the mother plant and planted in nutrient soil.
Ficus seed reproduction is quite rare. With the cultivation of seeds a lot of trouble, and you can’t get seed yourself. At home, the seeds of Benjamin Ficus do not ripen, and the plant cannot be propagated. Of course, you can buy in the store the seeds of the ficus Benjamin.
At first ficus seeds soaked in a special preparationwhich stimulates the growth of a new plant. Soaking is carried out for one hour. While the seeds are soaked, prepare a soil mixture. It should consist of leafy ground, peat and sand. Suitable and ready-made soil industrial production, specifically designed for ficuses. The soil is transferred to the tank, watered and tamped. Seeds are laid out on the surface, keeping some distance between them. Seeds are covered with one centimeter of soil, compacted and watered.
The surface of the container is covered with a film or glass. If a film is used, it is glued to the container with tape to create a tight seal. This design will not allow moisture to evaporate quickly.
Periodically, the tank is aired and watered. As soon as the seeds germinate, remove the film. Young ficuses protect from drafts, drying out of the soil and direct sunlight. When the seedlings have grown to 4 centimeters in height, they are transplanted into separate pots. Care and conditions are carried out as for adult plants.
Care of a new plant
After a new plant is received, it is necessary to plant it correctly in a separate pot. Young ficuses are very gentle and should be treated carefully. A drainage layer is poured into the pot; this may be ordinary claydite. Nutritious soil can be further decontaminated and calcined in the oven. The temperature is set at about 200 degrees and the substrate is kept at this temperature for about 30 minutes. The substrate is cooled and used for its intended purpose.
Soil poured into a container, slightly compacted. A recess is made in the ground, the roots and part of the stem of the new ficus are carefully placed in it. The groove is covered with earth and watered. After planting the seedling is not recommended to firmly seal the ground, you can damage the delicate roots. It is possible to condense the soil by means of watering.
Young shoots can not be put on drafts, in rooms with low temperature or its differences. It is important to water the seedlings only with warm water. Water temperature should be at least 25 degrees.
Knowing the rules and secrets of breeding home ficus Benjamin from one plant, you can get a lot of new ones. Important conditions for proper breeding are appropriate temperature, nutrient substrate and moisture.
How to cut cuttings
This variety of ficus quite easily propagated by cuttings. Ficus cutting preferably in the spring or early summer. For successful breeding, the stalk must be half stiff, that is, still flexible, but no longer green (otherwise it will almost certainly rot, and will not give roots). It should contain 4–6 formed leaves, the optimal length of which is 10–15 cm. If you harvest several cuttings at once, this can also serve as shaping trimming for the mother plant.
For cutting off shoots, use a sharp knife or blade, but not scissors - they can “razmochalit” the edge, which greatly slow down rooting.
At the place of the cut at the same time the milky juice appears. Whatever way of rooting you choose, you need to wash this juice with water or wipe it with a napkin, otherwise it will try to heal the cut, and this will make it harder for the roots to grow. Lower leaves before planting must be removed. It is recommended to twist the upper ones and tie them up with a soft thread - this way the process will lose water more slowly.
If you want to plant new ficuses, and all the processes of the mother plant are already quite stiff, you can try to make a few longitudinal cuts from the place of the slice, to get a "broom". So that the parts do not touch, you can push the matches between them.
Rooting in water
If you decide to root the cuttings in water, you should follow certain rules. Capacity should not be transparent, otherwise microscopic algae will multiply in it instantly (this can be understood by the green walls). They dramatically deteriorate the quality of water, and this can lead to decay of rooted ficus.
If you definitely want to watch the process rooting, you can put a small transparent container with a handle in a large opaque. From time to time, you can easily get it to check how the cuttings take root, without disturbing the plant itself. Also, in order to disinfect water, it must be pre-diluted tablet of activated carbon. The leaves should not come into contact with water, otherwise they may rot.
The place should be well lit, but not in direct sunlight. Periodically water needs to be changed. The processes can be considered rooted when the roots grow about 3 cm (this takes about a month). After that, the plant can be planted in the soil.
Rooting in the ground
Often, when propagated by cutting, cuttings are carried out directly into the ground: this is somewhat more difficult, but the cuttings acquire a powerful root system.
Cutting off the cuttings, put them in water for a couple of hours so that the milky juice is washed off. Then, having dried the slices, they should be powdered with crushed activated carbon.
The ground should be loose, well pass air. Those amateurs who rooted sprouts in this way believe that the optimal soil for planting is a mixture of perlite, peat, leaf and sod land, sand. Sometimes vermiculite and sapropel are added. The bottom of the growth should be underground.
Care at home in this case is to maintain high humidity and regular watering. To ficus Benjamin at home when the rooting took place well, it is recommended to make a mini greenhouse. As usual for the care of the ficus light should be bright, but not direct. If you put shoots in a hothouse, they need to be ventilated from time to time.
Ficus Rubber Planting
Ficus Rubber Planting, Perhaps the most famous and common type of home-grown. The plant has leathery leaves with a pronounced central vein. It is somewhat lighter than the basic tone of the color of the leaves and slightly recessed into the leaf plate.
Among the varieties of ficus rubber plants dominated by plants with green leaves, but there are variegated specimens.
Shoots on the rubber-ficus grow quite actively, so at home they need to be trimmed in time. So the ficus will look neat and compact.
Ficus deltoid or variegated
Decorative of this type of ficus is in the form of leaves. They can be oval or spatulate, pyramidal, with a rounded top or rounded, the length is 7 cm, and the width - from 4 to 8 cm.
Diversified ficus likes sufficient moisture and good lighting, but not the scorching sun. East window sill will be an ideal place to grow it at home.
The Ficus Bengal is an evergreen tree and has a spreading crown. On strong branches, many dark green leaves, dense and velvety. They have an oval, pointed shape and a large number of veins. The leaves are large, 15-25 cm in length.
In the pot, at home, the Bengal ficus can grow up to 3 m, it should be foreseen and provide the plant with a spacious room.
Ficus rooting in water
This method is less troublesome and takes little time. The prepared cuttings are placed in a vessel with water, the walls of which should not transmit light, and water should not affect the lower leaves.
Then over the cuttings construct something like a greenhouse from polyethylene or a transparent plastic container.
Creating a microclimate close to the conditions of the natural habitat (high temperature and humidity) will accelerate the formation of roots.
If the grower wants to follow the rooting process and at the same time do not disturb the plants once more, they use the principle of matryoshka. Water is poured into a transparent container, cuttings are placed in it and placed in another container. But already from opaque material.
Minipart care is minimized. It is necessary sometimes to air and monitor the water level.
The cunning way of rooting cuttings in water
A bottle of dark plastic is poured a little water and placed in it a cutting. In the cap, you need to drill 1-2 holes - they will serve for the flow of air - and screw the bottle. The water from such a greenhouse practically does not evaporate and the gardener needs to wait until the roots appear. Then the bottle is cut, and the stem is transplanted into the ground.
Reproduction by air layouts
Reproduction by air layouts is more suitable for home ficus, which give a small number of young shoots, and the possibility of propagation by cuttings disappears. What needs to be done to get a new plant?
- Choose an escape. It should be strong and healthy, and the length can reach 50 cm.
- Outline the place where the roots will grow, and remove a few sheets from it.
- Make 2 circular incisions in the bark at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other.
- Remove the bark on this site.
- To treat a naked place with the preparation "Kornevin".
- Apply sphagnum moss to the whole area (in a circle) and moisten it well.
- Wrap all plastic film and fasten it at both ends of the thread.
- It is necessary to monitor the state of sphagnum, the moss should always be wet. Visually, this can be determined by color - when it dries it brightens.
- After the root system has braided all the moss and begins to break free, the shoot is cut below the place where the roots are formed and planted in a separate container.
The period of rooting during the reproduction of ficus by air layings takes about 2 months, but always gives the desired result.
Ficus reproduction: video
Whatever the method of breeding ficus, planting in a permanent place is similar for all new plants. The soil should be loose, nutritious and have excellent drainage qualities. The flower needs a permanent place away from heating appliances and drafts. Compliance with these rules will help grow the florist the right amount of new plants, which is enough to create a winter composition in your home and bestow friends.
From the top of the shoot a sharp knife is cut off 15-17 centimeters in length. Cut the workpiece to a sharp angle.
The best shoots are semi-woody. Young, not mature, not fit.
Three sheets are left on the blank, the rest are removed. On the handle do shallow cuts to increase the surface of root formation.
Next stage - getting rid of the milky juice. It quickly hardens and clogs the cut, through which the roots do not break through.
To avoid this, the stalk is installed in the water and kept so about 8 o'clock.
Water changes every two to three hours. Then the workpiece is removed and dried.
The slice is treated with a composition to stimulate rooting.
Rooting should be carried out in a container, at the bottom of which a layer of wet cotton wool is laid.
You can do this in warm water, but with this method there is a risk that the cutting will rot. To prevent this, some charcoal can be added to the water.
Keep the planted billet in a lit place, but do not let the sun hit - the cutting will wither in such conditions.
In 10-14 days you will see whipped white roots. Now the shoots of the ficus "Benjamin" can be planted in the soil.
The composition for planting cuttings with roots is as follows: leafy ground, peat, sand in equal parts.
You can root cuttings in the soil substrate. После удаления сока и просушки заготовку погружают в торф или в специальную землю для кактусов на 2 почки, около них появятся корешки.
Для прорастания необходимо создать тепличные условия, накрыв горшок прозрачным колпаком.
Посадку проветривают, чтобы низ заготовки не загнил. Субстрат должен быть теплым, желательно подогревать его искусственно.
Через 1,5-2 месяца на заготовке появятся маленькие листочки. This suggests that the stalk is rooted.
But do not rush to open it. It is necessary to accustom a sprout to air gradually, opening a greenhouse not several hours a day.
The fastest way to get a full copy 50-60 centimeters high in a few months.
Cuttings are grown on the trunk of the ficus "Benjamin". From the site 10-15 centimeters, located below the crown 60-70 centimeters, cut off all the leaves and cut out the ring-shaped bark.
The cleaned area is moistened with a root or heteroauxin, wrapped in moistened sphagnum moss and a polyethylene transparent film.
The design is fixed with wire or tape. To preserve moisture with a syringe, add a little liquid under the film.
After 35-50 days a powerful root system forms on the trunk. The branches are cut from the main stem and planted in a separate pot.
In this case, the growth of lateral shoots begins on the maternal ficus, and it also does not lose its decorative effect.
How to propagate the ficus "Benjamin" at home from seed?
This is the longest and most time-consuming process. But flower growers argue that it will allow him to get the most robust, viable and especially ornamental plant.
Ficus seeds do not ripen at home, as the pollination does not occur indoors. Seeds must be purchased in special stores.
Before you buy, make sure that the conditions of storage of goods are observed in the outlet.
Ficus seeds are sensitive to changes in temperature and humidity. There is a risk to buy material that is not suitable for planting.
Acquired seeds are disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, soaked for an hour in a growth stimulator.
At the bottom of the dishes stack drainage layer 2 cmsoil is poured over it.
The substrate for seeding is steam sterilized for an hour.
Ready land for ficus or a mixture of peat, sand and hardwood turf(1:1:1).
Moisten the soil before planting, you can do it by immersion.
In a flat bowl poured soil layer height of 10-12 centimeters.
The height of the soil should be below the edge of the tank. by 4-5 cm
Lightly tamp the substrate, do not firmly, it will cause stagnant moisture.
Spread the seeds evenly over the surface. They are very small, so use a pair of tweezers or a moistened tip of the wand, to which a seed is glued to transfer it to the ground.
Sprinkle the seeds with a layer of soil of five millimeters and moisten with an atomizer.
The container is covered with glass or film and put in a warm and bright place for germination.
The best time for crops is spring, when there is enough light. If planting ficus in the fall or winter, shoots will stretch from lack of light.
Glass with dishes in the process of germination periodically (approximately twice a day for 10-15 minutes) removed for airing.
As soon as shoots appear, they need to be hardened, removing the glass and leaving it outdoors for a short time first. Gradually increase the time.
About a month and a half later, the first true leaf appears in the seedlings. But do not rush to dive sprouts at once. Do it in 3 months.
Ensure that the seedlings have enough light, otherwise they will become elongated and frail
Ficus sprouts are planted in a separate pot when they are reached. heights of 10-15 cm.
This method is only called leaf.
In fact, for breeding it is necessary to cut off a part of the stem with a single leaf.
Only from such a blank can you get a full-fledged plant with a trunk.
It is a mistake to believe that it is possible to grow a new ficus from a leaf that has fallen off by chance or from drying out.
Leaf stalk is cut with a sharp knife with a piece of shoot about 5-6 cm
The slice must be slightly split, put in a glass with water for a day to let the milky juice flow.
In addition, small cuts need to be made on the handle - the roots will sprout from them. Then another day put the workpiece in a solution of root-forming.
The prepared sheet is rolled up and fixed with an elastic band. The cutting is placed in the prepared substrate to the base of the leaf.
Planting is covered with a transparent cap to create greenhouse conditions and put in a warm, well-lit place.
About a month later, a young leaf of ficus will appear from the ground, which means that rooting has taken place successfully.
Observing the rules of reproduction, you will receive beautiful specimens of ficus "Benjamin" for interior decoration.
The photo captures the process of rooting ficus "Benjamin":
When roots appeared on the cuttings (usually this happens in about a month), it is time to transfer them to a permanent pot (of course, ficuses can grow in houses very large, so after a while the transplant will still be needed). Soil for a young plant should also be light, especially if the process rooted in water before. Drainage should be good, for it can use clay. Some recommend pruning too long roots.
The soil must be moist beforehand. After transplanting the plant, the ground is slightly tamped and watered again. As with the method of rooting cuttings in the soil, for the first time, sprouts may need greenhouse conditions.
The fact that the reproduction of room ficuses was successful, will signal new leaves.
How to multiply air layouts
Ficus multiply well and with the help of aerial roots. This is an especially good way if the room ficus almost ceased to give young shoots and its coarse branches are not suitable for ordinary grafting. In order to multiply by the air process, the plant must be healthy and strong.
Since in this case we have to root the Ficus of Benjamin before separating the cutting from the mother plant, we first need to plan a place for future roots. In this case, the branches can be large.
On the trunk in the chosen place of the home ficus, a circular notch is made or the bark is cut off. The wound should be decontaminated with activated charcoal, and then treated with a growth stimulator. This can be done with a cotton pad. Further, sphagnum moss is applied to the place of the cut or notch - this is an excellent environment for small roots, besides protecting them from rot. It is possible to tie the moss to the branch with the help of polyethylene or cling film. Its edges can be fixed with a wire or thread, but not tightly so that air can flow.
Now we grow roots on home ficus - for this you only need to periodically moisten the moss (as it dries it becomes lighter). After about 2 months, the roots completely cover the moss and become clearly visible under the film. After this, the new process can already be cut (under the root system, of course) and proceed to planting it in a suitable soil for ficus.
In Ficus Benjamin, this breeding usually succeeds even with minimal care and compliance with the rules.
As you can see, the breeding of ficuses is not so difficult to engage. Observe the necessary conditions, do not forget to care for cuttings and layering, and soon you will get the desired number of healthy young plants.