Pests and plant diseases

Weed control in the garden in a modern way: methods, tips and tricks

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The damage that weeds to the garden is known to everyone who is engaged in farming. They take vegetables, berries and spicy greens from the gardener who are fostered by the gardener: water, important nutrients and sunlight. In addition, weeds often become a refuge for a variety of pests, microorganisms and diseases. For example, wild onions can be a carrier of viral diseases that are dangerous for onions, and quinoa contributes to the spread of such a dangerous disease as phytophthora. How to reduce the harm caused by weeds? How to deal with weeds in the area? Are there any secrets of experienced gardeners to help cope with the scourge?

Methods of weed control in the garden

  1. Mechanical - weeding the vegetable garden, beds and inter-rows with a hoe or cultivator,
  2. use of herbicides,
  3. mulching.

Important! Never feed weeds removed from the vegetable garden, because the seeds of some weeds are very tenacious and can germinate even after they are eaten by livestock, passing through the digestive tract and going out with waste products.

Weeding gives the best results after rain or watering. This is due to the fact that it is much easier to remove weeds from moist soil without damaging cultivated plants.

There are several fundamental rules for effective weeding:

  • The depth of mechanical tillage in the fight against weeds in the garden, depends on the location of the radical neck (ground or underground) and the shape of the root system of the weed. For example, plants with roots that go to great depths, such as swine, bindweed, horse sorrel, plantain are recommended to be dug up by the root, this procedure is performed with a shovel or a handler. Grasses that crawl along the ground, as a rule, have branched, shallow roots that can be removed by deepening the chopper into the soil by 2–3 cm.
  • All cut and dug weeds should be immediately removed from the garden because some of them are able to take root again - garden purslane, starlets, etc.
  • Weed control in the garden should be carried out systematically and regularly, and not occasionally.
  • Not only beds should be weeded, but also areas near hedges, paths and agricultural structures.

How to deal with weeds on the site using herbicides?

Tip! Before starting treatment, check with the lunar calendar. Sprayed on the aboveground part of the plant preparations, it is better to apply on a waning moon. At this time, the sap of the plant moves from top to bottom, from the leaves to the roots, which contributes to the best distribution of the remedy.

Herbicides are versatile, highly effective chemicals used to kill weeds. Today, manufacturers offer a variety of products with different properties and methods of application.

  • Roundup.
    A common drug of continuous action, systemic herbicide. Influences young shoots and leaves, has weak soil activity.
  • Tornado.
    A drug with a wide spectrum of action. The soil surface of the plant is processed by them, then after entering through the stems and leaves, it spreads and enters the root system, while the weed dies completely. Treatment with this drug gives excellent results for combating even such malicious aggressors as wheatgrass, pig grass, bindweed, reed.
  • Hurricane Forte.
    Post-harvest, non-selective herbicide. It is used for the complete elimination of perennial and annual weeds.
  • Glyphos.
    Aqueous solution, the main component of which is glyphosate. It blocks the synthesis of amino acids in the plant, thereby preventing it from developing.

Mulching

A simple and effective way to control weeds in the garden, this method allows, with minimal physical costs, not only to restrain the growth of unwanted plants, but also to significantly improve the land, as well as retain moisture.

Means for mulching:

Important! The mulch film should not let light through, otherwise weeds under it will feel wonderful, like in a greenhouse.

Operating principle

The selected type of mulch is distributed over the plot, preventing the passage of sunlight to the soil. In film and non-woven coatings for cultivated plants, cross-shaped slits are left. Thus, even perennial, with a strong root system, weeds are gradually being destroyed.

Video on the use of weeds in the garden

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My garden is very clogged with all kinds of herbs. The fact is that for the autumn warming of the roots of tomatoes and cucumbers in the greenhouse, we bring the old hay of last year from the farm, and there are a lot of seeds in it. On the beds from the spring have to sit, the field manually. Every week I pass a row of Fokin flat-cutters and leave the grass to dry, the mulch is obtained. Malignant weed threshing sows are destroyed by Roundup, and the grass after the plot I process Tornadoes. Very good helpers, effectively destroy all weeds. If they fall on cultivated plants, the effect will be the same.

thanks for the information

Please advise how to get rid of such a weed on the lawn (I think this is a wild onion) the lawn is very large and by digging it is laborious work. Little babies bulbs flooded the entire area. Teaching weed what to do. Maybe there are some chemicals for use, there are no cultivated plants. Please wait for an answer. Thank.

Click but PHOTO:

And why get rid of him? Many specifically buy and plant this plant, because this is a relative of the hyacinth - ornithohalum or poultry. After all, the bushes bloom in the late spring with white flowers, asterisks? For their unusual shape, the plant is also called the Bethlehem or Milk Star. And if you treat it with a preparation, then the lawn will no longer be there - the flower and all the grass will disappear, bare ground will remain.

Traditionally. Digging

Digging the garden is a fairly common method of getting rid of unwanted vegetation. Thanks to him, the rhizomes of grass are on the surface, which facilitates its complete removal from the garden.

However, not all gardeners welcome this method. Firstly, it requires a lot of effort and cost. Secondly, it can adversely affect the condition and fertility of the soil.

And yet, quickly and efficiently get rid of weeds mechanically is only possible with the help of autumn or spring digging the soil.

Weeding beds is one of the important stages of weed control in the garden. In a modern way, this process can be carried out not with the chopper, which is familiar to everyone, which cuts the plant into fragments, leaving part of the root underground, but with the help of a fork. If you carefully penetrate them under the weeds, trying to raise it and pull it out of the soil, then the weeds do not decay and do not germinate in a few days.

It is desirable that weeding the soil was accompanied by the absolute removal of unwanted vegetation from the garden plot. Then it will be less likely that the rhizomes or seeds of weeds will give new shoots.

Manual removal

Pulling out weeds with your hands is a very effective, but painstaking method. It is good because during the manipulations you yourself control the situation - tearing up the grass so that there is not a single root in the ground.

Always wear gloves before hand removal. This will help protect your fingers from cuts, irritation and caustic stains from plant sap.

And remember: to remove weeds is important not only in the beds, but in the whole garden. Vegetation along fences and paths, around fruit trees and shrubs - all this needs to be removed and destroyed, since many weeds are able to multiply by seeds distributed in the wind.

Modern reception. Shelter

Now let's discuss the means of weed control in the garden in a modern way. Photos of new methods we will provide below.

So, hiding. This method is known for a long time, but only recently it was appreciated. The essence of the method lies in the fact that the ground around the garden crops is covered with some material. For these purposes, mulch can be used (from sawdust, hay, dry foliage, bark, sand), cardboard, boards, polyethylene, agrofibre, or even linoleum. The first three are considered to be the most harmless materials, as they are natural products that do not cause any harm to the earth.

Why is this technique so effective? The fact is that the growth of any plant, including weeds, requires sunlight. Therefore, covering the ground around the garden crop contributes to the inhibition of the growth of weeds and their death.

When is it necessary to begin the implementation of this method of weed control in a modern garden? In the spring.

In early March, you should cover the garden with mulch (the height of the layer is not less than five to ten centimeters) or any other covering material, leaving it on the ground for a whole month. After this, the layer to be laid must be removed, the dead weeds should be removed and the beds slightly loosened.

After planting, the soil can again be covered with mulch or black film (with pre-cut holes in it for seedling or seedling). Thus, the sunlight will be inaccessible to weeds, but it will have a positive effect on the cultivated plant.

Another way to control weeds in the garden in a modern way is called the "Swedish garden".

This method involves the use of herbicides, which are the most effective newest means of destroying unwanted vegetation.

When is it best to carry out such a struggle with weeds in the garden in a modern way? Before planting a vegetable garden.

However, there are different opinions on this issue. Some gardeners completely abandon the use of pesticides, considering them harmful to cultivated plants and not wanting to risk. Others are not afraid to use herbicides even in the summer, carefully applying them to unwanted weeds.

Kinds of chemicals

Chemical weed control in the garden in a modern way includes the use of the latest developments in the field of herbicides and the exact following of their instructions. The following are some of the chemical products presented in stores.

Roundup. The properties of this herbicide are based on the active substance glyphosate, which affects directly on the plant. That is, this tool does not have a negative impact on the soil, since getting into it, it does not accumulate, but acts only on the root system. The result will be visible within a few weeks after spraying. However, it should be remembered that the pesticide destroys only the plants, without affecting its seeds in the soil, which can germinate within a month after processing.

"Tornado". This drug is used for spraying potato fields, roadsides, garden trees, vineyards. The effect of the treatment will be noticeable after a few weeks. Does not affect the soil.

"Hurricane". It copes not only with perennial weeds, but also with homemade weeds. The final result is expected in ten to twelve days. The consumption of the drug is economical, does not adversely affect the soil.

Ammonium nitratebut. The positive properties of this tool lie in the fact that it burns the weed until complete destruction and settles in the ground, after which it acts on garden crops as a mineral fertilizer.

"Lapis lazuli". It is applied from weeds on potato and tomato beds. The active substance of the drug is metribuzin, which acts both through the soil and through the root system, after which it quickly splits into harmless particles. It is low toxic and inexpensive.

"Lontrel". Used on strawberry beds and lawns. The active element is clopyralid. It does not accumulate in the ground, as it quickly collapses under the sunlight and the action of oxygen.

"Propolol". It has two active substances (dicamba and chlorsulfuron), therefore, the spectrum of the drug also has two stages - the destruction of the plant and blocking their biosynthesis. It is used for lawns and destroys more than one hundred types of weeds, starting to act within ten days after treatment.

How can these and many other herbicidal agents be used to kill specific types of weeds? This will be discussed below.

Chemistry against weeds

First, we learn what can be removed from the garden horsetail. The fight against weeds in the garden in a modern way consists in the use of such advanced, potent drugs as:

  • Roundup Max. This tool penetrates the rhizome through the stem of a harmful plant. The result will be lightning fast, and the landing work can be done within three days after spraying.
  • "Glyphos". This drug is best used for weed control in the garden in the modern autumn or early spring, since the absolute destruction of pests will come only a month later. After achieving the result, the herbicide breaks down into harmless elements.
  • Totril 225 What is the effect of this drug on horsetail? Weed control in the garden in a modern way with the help of Totril is carried out through the leaves of a weed plant and will be completed in two weeks.

Is it possible, thanks to the use of herbicides, to save a vegetable garden from such a harmful plant as spurge? Weed control in the garden in a modern way is capable of clearing the soil for even a long time from this strong plant with a long root system. This can help such chemicals as "Lazurite", "Dicamba", "Roundup." However, it is important to remember that the processing of weeds is best carried out in June, combined with thorough weeding.

Is it possible with the help of pesticides to remove the harmful plants from the beds with carrots? Of course, if you choose the right active ingredient.

Weed control in the garden in a modern way for carrots involves, above all, the use of such a herbicide as "Zenkor", which, according to the instructions, can be used even during crop growth. However, this should be done with extreme caution. Many experienced gardeners recommend using this tool before the first shoots.

So, we found out what are the chemical means and methods of weed control in the garden in a modern way. And now let's briefly review the basic rules for their use.

How to apply herbicides?

Before you use one or another type of pesticides, you should carefully read the instructions for its use. Although some prescriptions may vary (in the first place, this refers to the dosage of the preparation), there are specific general rules that should be followed when killing weeds with herbicides.

Here are some of them:

  1. Before using pesticides, protect the skin from the ingress of active ingredients. For this it is recommended to wear mittens, protective mask, glasses.
  2. In no case can you sniff herbicidal agents.
  3. It is necessary to take strict measures to protect the growing garden crops. They must be tightly covered with a waterproof film. It is best to spray before planting or after harvesting.
  4. To carry out the treatment should be in warm and calm weather. It is also recommended to wait until the dew comes down.

In relation to the destruction of weeds, there are many other proven methods of farmers and effective advice of summer residents. Weed control in the garden in a modern way includes several ways. We will talk about them below.

This tool was very popular in the United States several decades ago. Its essence lies in the fact that a month and a half before planting seedlings or sowing seeds, the allotted area should be poured abundantly with a 6% alcohol solution (one hundred fifty grams of vodka per bucket of water). Alcohol will stimulate the rapid growth of weed seeds, after which it can be pulled out of the soil and destroyed.

Also one of the unusual ways, rarely used by novice gardeners. However, if you acquire skills, the result will not be long in coming.

In this way weeds are destroyed with the help of fire from a blowtorch or a building dryer. However, it is important not to overdo it, so as not to burn the soil and grown garden crops.

Logical conclusion

As you can see, to save the garden from weeds is not easy and time consuming. However, it is important. Бурьяны могут заглушать рост и развитие культурных растений, понижая их жизнеспособность и урожайность.

Как же бороться с зелеными вредителями? Это можно делать с помощью старинных проверенных способов (прополки, перекопки и других), а также посредством использования гербицидов, алкоголя, огня и "шведских грядок".

Не все сорные травы запросто поддаются удалению и уничтожению. Therefore, it is not always necessary to use simple and ordinary methods for the expected result. Why not try something new and enjoy the high-speed effect?

Moreover, the stories about the terrible harm caused by herbicides, already in the past. Now there are many products created in accordance with the latest technologies and developments. Thanks to them, toxic chemicals no longer have disastrous contraindications. On the contrary, some of them can self-split, thereby exerting a positive influence on garden crops.

Of course, all herbicides should be applied prudently and only in extreme cases, while not forgetting to use protective devices for themselves and for cultivated plants.

And, of course, we must not forget about other modern methods of dealing with weeds - mulching and covering up free soil, treating the soil with alcohol, and so on.

If during the mass growth of weeds you resort to a variety of methods of dealing with them and strictly follow the instructions, then in a few weeks your garden will become immaculately clean and harmless in relation to toxic chemicals.

Herbicides from weeds, what are, what to use

By the nature of the action, herbicides are divided into preparations of continuous and selective action. Herbicides of continuous action affect all types of weeds, and selective action (certain doses) are dangerous for some, but relatively safe for others.

According to the effects of herbicides are contact and systemic.

Contact affects plants by direct contact with leaves, stems or roots, causing burns, necrosis, and then the death of ground organs or their young seedlings.

Systemic, getting inside the weed through ground organs or roots, are able to move around the plant, exerting a toxic effect on it.

In terms of use, herbicides are: preseeding, pre-emergence, post-emergence. Almost all modern drugs gardeners contribute by spraying the leaves of weeds.

If you follow the basic rules for the use of drugs, chemicals should not pollute the soil, have a harmful effect. However, introducing increased doses, or using them for a long time, you can still pollute the soil - who knows how our health will react.

Agronomist scientists advise to combine chemical means of weed control + agronomic methods.

Pyrey creeping

In the autumn, after the harvest, when only the weed was left, I used a systemic action herbicide, for example, Roundup, to fight against it. It was quite effective against sow thistle, sworoya, couch grass, field bindweed (birch trees), shchiritsy, ambrosia, and others. (New warning information about the preparation Roundup read below).

By the way, my experience confirms that it is best to use drugs of systemic action in the fall. It is difficult for me to explain why in the fall, but I noticed that in the spring it is sometimes necessary to reprocess weeds, and in the fall one treatment is enough. In addition, if you are going to fight against weeds with herbicides, turn over the lunar calendar: the best thing to do is when the moon wanes, because at this time sap flow goes from leaves to roots, so the drug will reach the roots faster, and you will see the result faster.

Pyrey creeping - malicious weed

Pyrei, I refer to those weeds, from which it is necessary to get rid of. After all, wheatgrass roots are the main shelter of the wireworm. Especially carefully it is necessary to clean it where you are going to plant potatoes. About three years ago I set myself the following task: to get rid of wheat grass, because weeding, pulling out with the roots did not bring success. After harvesting, she walked through a potato field (3 acres) with a sprayer filled with a Tornado solution. Two weeks later, I noticed a partial yellowing of the leaves of weeds, and a week later, the whole field was white and yellow. This color suggests that the roots began to die. By the way, such an operation with a Tornado almost completely produced wheatgrass.

By the way, experienced gardeners advise for a successful fight against wheat grass in the fall, after harvesting, sow rapeseed: sow in the fall, and bury it in the spring or stock it. Canola will help you get rid of the wheat grass. In addition, it is a great siderat. He will play the role of green manure: fertilize, heal your soil. Thus, the benefit will be twofold: get rid of weeds - ennoble the soil.

Weed birch, which is difficult to get rid of

The following spring was much smaller than birch trees. But she still was.

I explain this by the fact that before digging up potatoes, I cleaned the potato patch from weeds so that it was easier to dig, more convenient. Pyrei is almost impossible to pull out of the ground, especially from dry ground - I did not touch it. But whip birch I cleaned. Apparently, before spraying the Tornado, many of the roots of the birch tree were too deep; the Tornado was not enough.

Below I will give practical advice experienced gardeners how to get rid of birch (bindweed).

This weed prefers heavy, clayey, low structural acidic soils; therefore, in the fall, it is necessary to add any deoxidizing material, for example, lime fluff (faceted glass per 1 m 2). But remember that the same area may have unequal acidity in different places. If there is no litmus test on hand, check it like this: pour boiling water (one glass is enough) on a handful of fresh currant leaves or cherries, soak for a while, strain, add 2 tablespoons of soil from the area to be tested, mix. When the earth settles, the infusion will change its color. If he gets a reddish tint, then you take a sample where the soil is acidic. And if it is bluish or greenish, then the reaction of the soil is alkaline or neutral.

And in order to make it more loose, in the area overgrown with weed birch (bindweed), make a couple of buckets of compost or manure, always rotting, in the fall. Try to distribute these quantities on the site of 1 sq. M. m. Dig the soil, so that the compost or manure to deepen by 10-12 cm, no more. Such a small embedment will stimulate the development of beneficial soil microorganisms, earthworms, the soil will become more loose, structural, better permeable to air, water, that is, one that the bindweed does not like. And in the spring, when the first sprouts of the loach begin to appear, immediately treat them with herbicides: Roundup, Glyphosate, Hurricane Forte.

There is another way to deal with such a malicious weed, like birch (field bindweed). You can get rid of it even in one year. But only on some limited area. To do this, do not put anything there until the end of May. Give bindweed to ascend, good to develop. And then treat this area Roundup. Weeks after three shoots, the birches will turn yellow, which means that the roots have died. Free the plot from the dead weed: you can plant anything there.

Pig Weed - Photo

Swine is also very difficult to destroy. Propagated by pieces of rhizomes, which are formed when weeding out with chopper or when digging, plowing. Drought does not take it, because the roots can go deep into the earth more than 1.5 m. That is, it is almost impossible to destroy it mechanically. I, for example, left a part of my plot not planted, where I was particularly upset by a pig, and I was treated by a Tornado. It helped where the weed was processed.

But, nevertheless, I couldn’t manage to remove it with swine everywhere. The task is complicated by the fact that he gets out of the ground after the emergence of garden shoots. Herbicide treatment is dangerous - you can accidentally hurt the shoots of the garden. It remains only to wait for the harvest ... And all summer I walk around the site after the rain, digging with a pig, or rather, trying to wrest, since the main part of the root still remains underground. I dig it out where it grows too close to, for example, a pumpkin bush or a zucchini. And if I see a swine between garden plants, then I just cut off the spikelets that are beginning to form, in order to somehow prevent its seed reproduction.

He is familiar with one gardener who destroyed with a pig (he has 8 acres of land) - his land has been free from this weed for several years. For many years in a row after autumn plowing, he walked around his field with a trident hand cultivator, pulling them out of the freshly plowed land, cut by a plow, the roots of a pig.

Roots of swin

Of course, it’s not possible to choose all the roots at once - only a small part of them can be collected in this way - the main root still remains deep under the ground, but by doing this every year we weaken the weeds - sooner or later we will defeat it. It is necessary to choose everything from the earth, even small parts of the pig root. The smallest piece, less than 1 cm long, will germinate in spring. In the spring, we must once again go through the plowed field — we will surely find the roots that we accidentally went around in the fall. Mechanical control of the weed swigor should be combined with the treatment of drugs.

The third year has gone since the first treatment of weeds in the fall by chemical means. Recently, I prefer to use Tornado. Weeds where I plant potatoes, corn, sunflower, pumpkins, zucchini are much less. Pyreya is almost there. But there are others after all ... After the harvest, it is still easier to fight them.

But the areas planted with strawberries, raspberries, other perennial crops, free from weeds in whole or in part are very laborious, almost daily work ... All I dream is to plant black strawberries on a spunbond that covers the whole earth, preventing the grass from sprouting. But for now I’m only dreaming ... Although there is a positive experience with weed control in this way.

Thistle thickets Here is such a thistle height of 1.5 meters - freedom! So bloom thistle Birch (bindweed) plaited everything - even the land is not visible Birch in spring - the main part under the ground

I use herbicides only on large plots of land that I have for growing potatoes, corn, sunflower, pumpkins. Small areas, which are located between fruit trees, shrubs, between platforms, planted with strawberries, raspberries, I try not to process chemistry.

Garden portulak, photos and how to get rid

This year there was a lot of gardening portulaca. It has fleshy dense leaves, reddish thick stalks, grows, as it were, with a rosette. Sometimes a single weed can cover a large area of ​​land with its shoots. He emerged from the ground after the potatoes had risen. It was impossible to spray poisons. I had to spend the whole summer working chopper. This weed is unpleasant because after weeding it must be removed away, left, it can take root again if left on wet, for example, after rain, soil. Chaplet for purslane is not always dangerous - its basal neck is under the ground, if cut above it, new shoots will soon appear. It is best to pull it out of the soil with the root or chop off the root at a depth of at least 2 centimeters.

Woodlouse Weed - photo how to fight

Mokritsa or starfish is a weed that spreads particularly quickly where carrots grow.

Mokritsa can take a huge area

This uninvited "neighbor" thickens planting, prevents the normal development of plants. How to deal with such a weed as wood lice?

Successful will struggle with kerosene. Refill the sprayer with a small amount of kerosene - 100 grams will be enough. Spray the crops of carrots, capturing at the same time between the rows, where the wood louse grows. Only this should be done when shoots of wood lice will be in the phase of three leaves, only in dry sunny weather. After two or three days the wood louse will wither and then wither. Do not worry, carrots will grow. From my own experience I can say that after such treatment it grows even better.

Lamium purple - weed

In my garden there is another weed, which is very difficult to get rid of. It is a clear purple. When the tree is in bloom, bees always swarm around its small flowers. After all, this is a great melliferous plant. There is even evidence that bees can collect 56 kg of honey nectar from one hectare of planting a tree. By the way, sometimes landscape designers use claret tree to fill empty, semi-shady places, creating their landscapes, although in this case they plant more decorative varieties. Lamination well "spreads" in the nearby area, so its reproduction must be controlled.

Chistoc forest (dead nettle)

It is also called deaf nettle, red nettle, false nettle, gill, snake grass, shandra. And we called it a dog's nettle or a “dog” as children - the flowers with a form resemble an open canine mouth. This is a perennial. No digging, weeding does not help. April-May blooms in the Kuban. Breeds from nodules that are located at the ends of the roots are deep underground. Seeds also multiply, but they have a thick shell, so it is difficult to germinate. The only advantage of this weed is that if it is thrown away in the spring, then this year it will not appear anymore, it will rise only next spring.

Watch a video that offers a very effective way to get rid of weeds forever.

If the grass grows from cracks along a concrete path, or from any other hard surface, prepare the following mixture: 2 cups vinegar (9%), 1/4 cup salt, a few drops of dishwashing liquid. Place the mixture in a jar or bottle, tighten the cap, shake well. If the cracks are narrow, then dial the mixture with a syringe, bring it inside the crack along the entire length. And if the cracks are wide, then pour the crack with the mixture through the narrow neck of the bottle or the tip of the old kettle. A simple alternative to this method is to pour boiling salted water into cracks. But it is desirable that the water does not fall not harm the garden plants.

Ambrosia is very harmful for vegetable gardens and people with allergies. Chamomile - beautiful, useful, but only outside the garden

I tried here to describe the main weeds, the names of which I know that grow in my garden. But there are those whose names I don’t know ... I’ll try to gradually upload photos of weeds unknown to me, and from you, dear readers of my blog, I’m waiting for comments in the comments - suddenly someone knows, will write his name, distinctive features that will help quickly get rid of it.

By the way, you can take a picture of your weed grass, attach a picture to the comment. Perhaps, by common efforts we “recognize her face” - weeds will become harder to live with us.

Mechanical

Hoe by and large weeds do not remove. It can be used when the ground is soft enough (or wet). After all, cutting the top, even at ground level, does not mean that the territory is forever free from this “instance” of the plant. The root remains in the ground, and after a while it will be necessary to start everything all over again, on the second, fifth, tenth and so on circle.

This technique is effective in small areas, such as beds, around fruit trees and shrubs. By the way, it is a pleasure for many to pull out weeds one by one after some time after abundant watering, when the soil softens. So if you like it, then there is nothing to think about, whether it is modern or not - the main thing is to have a result.

But “shaving” with a hoe has a destructive effect on some plants. After all, they have to literally “strain” in order for the new sprout to come into effect. Consequently, regular pruning of weeds can also be considered an integral part of the struggle for the harvest.

As a rule, the thickness of the layer in which the root system of the overwhelming number of weeds is located does not exceed 12 cm. From this point of view, it is advisable to walk around the site with a cultivator. The diameter of the cutters, even the cheapest units allows you to open the soil to such a depth. A large range of various attachments greatly facilitates the processing of even the most complex segments of the territory. Well, after that there is manual labor - the more carefully all the weed-up weeds are collected, the less the risk of their reappearance in this place.

Naturally, during the summer season no one will be engaged in this, because the plot has already been planted. But in the fall and in early spring (when the first blades of grass are hatching) it is worth making such a cultivation. This is one of the stages of integrated weed control.

If it is not possible to use such technical means, one can acquire the so-called “universal hoe”. For example, at one end - a cutting tool, at the other - a kind of "fork". Such products are available in various versions, differing in size, material production, configuration of nozzles. But in any case, such a tool will greatly facilitate manual labor. And the cost is small - in the range of 250 - 350 rubles.

With the help of materials

For this, the future beds (separate segments of the territory or large areas) are covered with special canvases. Lack of light destroys weeds. Но этот метод имеет временное ограничение – он используется только весной, в период от начала плюсовых температур до высадки рассады или семян, то есть параллельно с другими подготовительными мероприятиями (обрезкой, побелкой и тому подобное).

Химический

Для тех, кто не слишком хорошо разобрался с нюансами такой обработки территории – самый простой способ. Но на поверку это не совсем так. С реагентами необходимо обращаться очень осторожно, и выбирать их особо тщательно. Дело в том, что все химикаты подразделяются по принципу действия. Some destroy vegetation selectively (only certain species), while others can turn any territory into a lifeless desert. The latter, as a rule, are used for the newly inhabited areas, virgin soil. And for the cottages, they are definitely not suitable.

What to consider when choosing

  • Application technology. Powder or solution? Regular processing - is it enough 1 time, or will you have to hold a whole “series” of events? What employee protection tools will be needed?
  • Limitations. For example, how deep the drug penetrates into the ground. After all, after rain or watering it will inevitably happen. On the basis of this, it is calculated which is closer than the distance from the well is not recommended.
  • Side effects. At this, few gardeners sharpen their attention, and advertisers and sellers are often deliberately silent. All information on this chemical should be examined. For example, it is completely harmless to all vegetable crops and can be used without restrictions. And how will the gooseberry, apple or strawberry "react" to its presence? That is why it is noted that the choice of chemicals should be meaningful, taking into account all the nuances. General recommendations are not a guarantee that if it is better in one place, it will not get worse in another.

What tools to recommend

  • “Tornado” - according to many gardeners, is a very effective remedy for many weeds (for example, swinera, wheat grass, bindweed, cattail, cane). The price is 11 rubles for an ampoule of 5 ml. This is enough for processing about 100 m².
  • Ground Bio, Roundup are positioned by manufacturers as universal remedies. The price is 70 rubles / 50 ml and 9 rubles / 5 ml respectively.

These are the most common, but far from the only preparations for weed control.

Planting decorative perennials

These plants grow well and simply do not leave room for weeds. They should be selected depending on the characteristics of the soil and the climatic features, so it is enough just to indicate the most common types - aquilegia, mullein, giant onions. Who is interested in this question, there is enough information on the Internet. You can pick up and flowering period, and height - a lot of options. With the help of such plants, 2 tasks are solved at once - weed control and garden decoration.

Reasons for Weed Control

First, weeds pick nutrients and minerals, as well as beneficial trace elements and water from cultivated plants. Each owner of the suburban area is working hard to make his garden more fertile, the owner waters, fertilizes the plants, and as a result, all this goes to the weeds.

Secondly, not only theft useful items weed is dangerous, it also takes sunlight away from cultivated plants, as it creates shade and thickens plantings. These harmful plants also create an unhealthy atmosphere in the garden. And also they infest various pests that can move to other plants. That is why it is necessary to use various modern methods of combating harmful grass.

Weeding plot

This method is traditional. Every dacha owner knows about him. And without it, it will be difficult to get rid of unnecessary grass.

But the problem is that if the area is quite large, then manual weeding may not help, you will have to use various chemical means or mechanical devices to embrace the entire territory.

A large plot is best treated with a cultivator.

There are a few ways to make hand weeding easierusing special devices:

For weeding the territory, it is best to buy tools of good quality, then it will be possible to quickly and without problems destroy the grass. Experienced gardeners also buy special rubber mats under their knees to sit on them and not hurt their feet. And you can also use a special bench, so as not to get tired during work.

It should be noted that those harmful plants that have been removed from the site, in any case can not be used as livestock feed. This is due to the fact that weed seeds are very tenacious and will be able to maintain their livelihoods even after the digestive tract of the animal.

Weeding is best done after watering or the last rain. The soil will be hydrated and it will be easier to pull the grass out of the ground without affecting the plants you need.

Modern science has created a lot of good tools to combat garden pests. This is the struggle with weeds in the garden in a modern way. There are many insecticides that allow you to very high quality destroy pests. The use of chemicals is very effective remedybut some precautions must be taken.

If too many chemicals are used, this can affect not only grass that is not needed, but also cultivated plants. The most safe chemical agent is glyphosate, as well as solutions prepared on its basis. It is necessary to apply such means in the event that the site is very much overgrown, and nearby plants need to be carefully rolled up with a film before processing.

Before applying the product to the area need to study the lunar calendar. It is very important that the soil is treated on a waning moon, since the sap of the plants during this period moves from above to the roots. In this way, the tool is distributed much more efficiently, and will destroy the weed most quickly.

Some gardeners do not want to use chemical methods to combat harmful grass, because they believe that this may affect the crop. But the development of science has allowed to create drugs that have become much safer, as well as high tech. That is why all concerns about the safety of such methods will soon become irrelevant.

Herbicides are modern and high-tech drugs that effectively destroy unwanted grass. At the moment, in all garden shops there is a very wide choice of such useful preparations.

  1. Round This hydroxide of continuous action, which is very effectively used for the destruction of young weeds. It is better to spray this drug, because if it gets into the soil, it will not be as effective.
  2. Tornado. This is also a very popular tool that has a fairly wide range. It differs from the previous one in that it affects the weeds better through the root system. If you treat the plant with this solution, you can quickly get rid of unwanted grass, which has greatly grown in the area.
  3. Lapis lazuli. This substance is used specifically for those weeds that have spread along potato and tomato beds. The substance is very effective and for several weeks of use it is able to destroy the most corrosive weeds.
  4. Glyphos. This type of herbicide is one of the safest on the modern market. The principle of operation is to block the synthesis of amino acids inside the weed. This ensures the quick death of the waste plant. After processing and destroying the weed, no harmful chemicals will remain in the garden, since the preparation is very environmentally friendly.

Swedish garden bed

This method is the most modern of all. This option of getting rid of weeds is very progressive and safe. The method is often used in Europe, and now the Swedish garden effectively is being introduced into the Russian open spaces. This method is very biological, because it is at the biological level that does not allow the weed to grow.

The essence of the method lies in the fact that the cultivated plants that were planted on the site, covered with a special black material. In this material there are special holes designed for seedlings. Cultivated plants are equipped with special openings for access to the surface, but weeds do not have such an opportunity.

It is thanks to this that unnecessary grass cannot reach the surface from under the material. In addition to the Swedish beds, you can use another method. It consists in growing seedlings on special peat boxes. This method allows plants to grow without fear that pests will lodge with them.

The plant also does not need to be fed, because peat itself contains nutrients. The fixture can be bought at most gardening stores.

Best Weed Controls

  1. Constant weeding

If you constantly live in the country, then the manual method for you is the best possible option.

“The constant oppression of herbs sometimes seems to be the struggle of Hercules with the Lernean hydra — you tore out one head, and two grow in its place,” says Mikhail Vorobiev. “But it’s still more efficient and, most importantly, much safer than using chemicals.” I persistent weeding even managed to get rid of the field bindweed. Every three days, he pulled out new shoots, thereby methodically weakening the root system and depriving the energy that the leaves received from the sun. Many weeds have a vital force reserve - in the roots (wheat grass, sow thistles). But this power is not infinite, but patience and work will grind everything.

We use chemicals wisely

There are many poisonous chemicals that are effective in controlling weeds - Roundup, Tornado, Killer, Glyphosate, Hurricane, etc. But this is not a panacea. Yes, they kill weeds, but they are also able to kill even berry bushes. Not to mention the tender seedlings. More or less harmless are these weed control agents only for trees. Therefore, you should not use chemicals where you have something growing. But if you got neglected land, completely overgrown with weeds, then chemical agents will do.

- Chemistry is also good to use where it is difficult to weed by hand, - says Mikhail Vorobiev. - For example, at the fence, on the border with the neighbor's plot (as a rule, many have a chain-link there, through which weeds, including stinging nettles, willingly germinate, along the front of the house or outbuildings. But this should be done very carefully.
"Chemical attack" is best done on a sunny, windless day, and ideally in the morning. Carefully read the instructions of the drug. As a rule, it says that it is possible to enter the treated area only after 4 days, when the chemical becomes safe for people and animals. In general, all the "deadly" chemicals decompose in the soil within a month. Therefore, be very careful near the berry bushes.

We mulch the earth

This method is the most ideal for summer vacationers. The benefit now in any garden center you can buy a very beautiful mulch - from bark, often tinted, wood chips or small pebbles. Firstly, it is beautiful. And secondly, having filled with pre-weeded flower beds or mulch with beds of strawberries, you will save yourself from weeds for the whole summer.

“You can cover the beds with freshly cut grass,” explains Mikhail Vorobyev. - It will be free. Just remember, if you mow the lawn mower, the layer of freshly cut grass should be thin so that it dries out normally. Otherwise, the grass decays intensively and releases ammonia. It is for plants - as nitrogen fertilizer or fresh manure, accelerating growth. If in the spring and in the beginning of summer such feeding is only for the benefit, then in the second half of the summer it is completely useless. However, an excessive amount of nitrogen compounds is harmful at any time - the roots can get a chemical burn. With grass, oblique conventional oblique, such problems do not arise.

Method 1 - traditional

With the fact that the soil needs to be dug, today many are arguing. We will not argue - not about that now, not about how to cultivate the land. For those who are interested in this issue, I recommend reading the article Dig or Not Dig? That is the question ... and numerous comments on it. And to combat perennial rhizome weeds, digging and plowing remain one of the most effective methods.

Yes, this is quite a laborious process, and it has its drawbacks. But now, let's say, I have a plot where two years ago nothing grew except wheat grass, nettle and sleep. How can one quickly recapture the land from them without digging, if its entire upper layer consists entirely of roots alone? I have not found the answer to this question yet. Therefore, digging, carefully selecting the roots by hand.


Digging - a way to control weeds. Photo author

Here exist different variants. For example, digging with a shovel, not with a pitchfork, is so much less likely to damage the rhizome, to cut it into pieces, from which new weeds will later grow.

You can plow virgin soil with a cultivator, motoblock or tractor (if any). In this case, it will be more difficult to choose the roots, but I will say from experience: such processing helps to get rid of wormwood, burdock and similar plants with a very powerful and deep root system in just a year or two - you will torment them with a spade.

Method 2 - chemical

I myself do not like this method and never use it. But it is possible that for some situations it turns out to be the only acceptable one, although in the garden I would not recommend using it under any conditions - the poison, which are herbicides, is poison. In addition, on some plants (for example, the same hogweed Sosnovsky), these drugs have virtually no effect.


Sosnovsky's hogweed is a weed resistant even to herbicides. Photo author

They say, however, that a new generation of herbicide has appeared - Agrokiller, capable of destroying even such “monsters”. But I am always tormented by the question: what will happen to the soil in which the drug falls? with insects or other living things that may accidentally stumble upon a treated plant.

Method 3 - Biological

In order to live and develop, plants (both cultural and weedy) need light. In the dark, life processes in plant tissues slow down or even completely stop. Over time, this can destroy not only the shoots, but also the root system, which does not receive the nutrition it needs.

Cover the ground with any dense opaque material (black film or mulching agrofibre, cardboard, roofing felt, boards and so on), we deprive the weeds of the conditions they need for life, and they die. However, it is necessary to have patience: one season is sometimes not enough for this. In addition, a layer of earth gradually accumulates on the surface of a similar cover (especially nonwoven fabric), into which the seeds fall - and everything begins anew.


Covering the soil with dense opaque material, we make life difficult for weeds. Photo author

However, the choice of material for soil mulching should be taken very carefully. So, under the black film, the earth can overheat, the ruberoid is able to release resins, the harmlessness of which is a big question - and so on. These nuances are important to understand and take into account.

A good alternative to synthetic shelter is organic mulch. Only need to fill it with a thick layer (5-10 cm minimum). Sawdust, mowed grass, and tree bark will do - we have already talked about different types of mulch, more details about its use are described in the articles Successful types of mulch for the garden and vegetable garden and 6 popular variants of autumn mulch for every taste. And in the next video you will see how you can combine materials: in this case it's cardboard plus wood bark.

Method 4 - replacing

Where do weeds appear? That's right - where there is a free, empty land. On the soil occupied by plantings, weeds are usually few, and it is more often annuals, which are much easier to handle. What is the conclusion? Empty areas should not be!

Part of the problem solves the mulch, which was mentioned just above. But there are other options. For example: a bed has been freed after early greens or onions harvesting - we sow it with green mans or carry out repeated summer crops of fast-growing vegetables.


Phacelia - an excellent siderats and weed remedies. Photo author

Sealed landings are also a solution. Of course, it is necessary to condense wisely, so that the plants are not crowded, and the harvest does not suffer. But with the right approach, you can get beautiful beds and get rid of weeds - they simply will have nowhere to grow.

The details of this method and its visual demonstration can be found in our publication Weeds: a video about a substitute method of struggle.

Method 5 - alcohol

The birthplace of this method is America, where it was first tested in the 1930s. Its essence is very simple: about a month before the start of the sowing season, it is treated with a 6% solution of ethyl alcohol (in our conditions it is 150 g of ordinary vodka per bucket of water). Alcohol stimulates the germination of seeds, and the weeds sprout together, after which they gently weed out. Claim that the effect of such processing is maintained even more than one season! I don't know, I haven't tried it myself yet. Maybe someone checked? Tell us about the impressions!

Method 6 - Fiery

Another exotic way is a domestic invention. Many have noticed that in the beds, where tug-like crops are planted (parsley, carrots, or dill, for example), weeds appear much earlier than cultural crops sprout. Наши дачники придумали, как быстро истребить эти ростки: берут паяльную лампу и проходят вдоль грядки, обрабатывая ее скользящим пламенем. Самое главное здесь — не задерживаться на одном месте, иначе можно спалить все, включая посеянные овощи. После обработки почву нужно охладить, полив ее водой. Я паяльной лампой пользоваться не умею, поэтому испытывать на практике подобный способ не планирую.

Способ 7 — истощающий

In a plant, as we know, the root system and the above-ground part are interdependent: if one is damaged, the other may suffer. So, if we carefully cut off all the leaves and shoots at the very surface of the soil, then in order to grow new ones, the plant will have to expend a supply of vitality and nutrients from its roots. And what happens if we carry out this procedure regularly? Most likely, one day there will come a time when stocks just run out, and the plant will die.

Agree, it sounds very convincing. And for many types of weeds, this method is effective. But not for everyone - that should also be understood. However, there is probably no universal way to control weeds at all. Meanwhile, such processing takes much less time and effort than digging, and therefore it deserves attention.

According to my observations, it will not be possible to completely remove the weeds with a "shave" - ​​the place of those who cannot withstand execution is simply taken by more enduring species. But if sodding suits you perfectly between rows or under trees in a garden, this method is suitable, perhaps, better than others.


From the omnipresent slyti not so easy to get rid of. Photo author

I was able to noticeably reduce the number of discharges at the old cottage by this method. Regularly cut off her shoots by hand (it was not possible to use the tool - the weed lived in the thickets of viburnum) and used the torn grass as mulch. Perhaps two more years - and it would be over with dreams ... But I left, and the experiment was interrupted. But with the Hogweed, already mentioned in this article, this method is completely useless to fight - it grows even after repeated mowing.

For those species that can be depleted by mowing, the most important thing is not to touch the roots. Therefore, it is desirable to use a flat cutter or sickle (hoe) here will be less convenient.

Method 8 - Preventive

We often sow weeds in the garden with our own hands. This happens if you use fresh manure (it often contains a lot of seeds of malicious weeds). This happens when composting mature grasses with seeds and then applying unripe fertilizer. In the correct compost heap, the temperature is usually high, and the seeds that fall into it “burn out”, lose their germination. But on the surface and on the edges of the raw material may not be warmed enough.

Output - avoid all that is capable of causing a problem. Use only rotted manure, form the compost correctly and mow the grass in time, not allowing it to set seeds.

Method 9 - psychological

Finally - partly as a joke, but partly and seriously - one little advice. Many have heard, probably, the popular phrase: “You can’t make a difference — change your attitude towards it.” So with the weeds about the same. No, I do not call to put up with the "jungle" in the garden. But I think, in the struggle for the cleanliness of the garden, we sometimes get too carried away, trying to achieve the ideal. And if you allow yourself and your dacha some imperfection, stop killing about the fact that “there, the grass came out again at the fence,” you can save a lot of strength and nerves.

For example, I have a friend, who is not allowed to live in peace, weeds in between the rows and on the sides of the beds. She spends a lot of time and effort to get rid of them - and they grow again and again ... How else - nature does not tolerate emptiness ... There is no end to this confrontation, because you will not be able to get rid of grass completely anyway. Do you need such persistence, is it worth the result of the effort and nerves? I'm not sure…


The cuff is a weed, but how beautiful ... Photo by the author

By the way, many weeds (which are often “politically correct” called wild plants) have very valuable properties: they can be used to control pests of a garden and vegetable garden, be used as a healing raw material, and even a food product. And some are just beautiful. But this, however, is already a topic of a completely different conversation - if you are interested in it, have a look at our publications:

  • What benefits can weeds bring
  • Spring vitamins to the country table and for the future
  • "Praise song" to weeds.

Tell us how do you manage to get rid of weeds in beds and flowerbeds? What methods do you use? Which tried, but rejected, and why? I really look forward to your comments and opinions on this burning topic.

Alcohol method

This method of eliminating weeds came up american farmerswho successfully applied it in the thirties of the XX century. This method consists of treating the area with a six percent solution of ethyl alcohol. Processing must be done a month before landing on the site. In Russia, instead of alcohol, sometimes vodka is used, which does not contain additives and various dyes.

The result will be similar, but only if all the proportions are exactly met. Those people who have tried this method say that it is very effective. And its positive impact will last more than one year.

Fire method

Extreme and exotic way to get rid of weeds, which was invented by domestic gardeners. Surely, many people noticed that in the places where parsley, dill or carrot grows, weeds appear much earlier than the cultivated plants themselves. That is why gardeners came up with a method that allows you to very quickly and efficiently destroy such shoots.

Processing process:

  1. Need to take a blowtorch.
  2. With it you need to walk along the beds, treating the land with a sliding flame.
  3. Cool the ground with water.

The whole process should be done carefully, you should not linger in one place for a long time, otherwise you can burn the plant with a flame, this is not the safest way, because you can destroy not only weeds, but also vegetables. When the area is cultivated, the soil should be cooled with cold water. Those people who have never used a blowtorch should not try this method on their site, because they can do much more harm than good.

Weeds usually appear in the place where there is free space. On the soil that will be fully occupied by planting, weeds usually appear very little. And if they come out, they are more likely annuals, which they can handle much easier. That is why it is necessary to prevent empty areas on your site. To apply this method, you must constantly sow their plots with cultivated plants.

For example, if the bed is freed after harvesting the onions or early greens, then it is necessary to immediately seed it with green manure or re-plant the fast-growing plants. As well as problems with weeds can solve compacted planting. But you need to condense, not at random, but with the mind. In no case should plants be uncomfortable and cramped, otherwise the harvest will suffer. If you correctly approach this issue, you can get rid of weeds and get beautiful beds, where there is simply no room for grass to grow.

Debilitating method

Each plant has a root system and an aerial part connected. That is, if you damage one, then the other will suffer. If the leaves and shoots are carefully cut off at the surface of the soil, then in order for them to grow back, the plant will consume a supply of vitality and nutrients from the roots. If you carry out such a procedure regularly, then the moment will come when stocks will expire and the plant will simply die.

Everything sounds pretty convincing. That is why this method of weed control is quite effective. But not for all plants it is suitable. It is worth noting that this method of weed control takes much less time and effort than, for example, digging. So this the method already deserves the attention of the gardener. But this method is fraught with the fact that not all weeds can not be destroyed, the strongest individuals will survive, from which it will be even harder to get rid of in the future. But, undoubtedly, the method deserves attention, since it significantly reduces the number of weeds in the area.

Were introduced the most effective modern ways combat unnecessary grass. Now everyone should be clear how to deal with weeds in the garden at the cottage or private plot. There are currently a lot of simple methods that will deal with this problem. You only need to choose the one that is right for you, as well as follow the tips when using.

And do not show excessive meticulousness in the destruction of weeds. This does not mean at all that you don’t need to fight them at all. It is very difficult to get rid of weeds, and therefore it is necessary to show some psychological firmness and not to strive for absolute destruction. If you set such a task in front of you, then in case of failure, your mood will deteriorate and your desire to engage in your section will disappear. Several weed bushes are quite acceptable on the plot and there is no need to be killed if it was not possible to destroy them all. A vegetable garden can look very well-groomed, even if several weeds grow on it.

Having chosen the method, it will be possible to destroy the weeds on your plot without much hassle and grow a rich and rich harvest.

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