To destroy insects that harm agriculture, you can with the help of other insects that eat garden pests and free the plants without interference from the outside. These include the well-known ladybugs, golden-eyed and predatory mites - the worst enemies of aphids, spider mites and shield insects. So, predatory mites harass spider mites at any stage of their development. Usually they are attracted to the gardens with the help of dill, mustard, phacelia and other nectar plants.
It is possible to buy small insects like trichograms in laboratory conditions and release them into the garden.
Ladybug (especially its larvae) will help in the destruction of insects, spider mites and aphids. With the mass reproduction of the garden aphid, it is able to devour up to 40 aphids in one day, whereas its larva will destroy 70 individuals. During its life, this beautiful bug usually eats about 800 units of aphids.
The gilded eye, or fleurge lays its eggs near the colony of aphids and spider mites. The golden-eyed larvae are extremely voracious and have a strong gnawing-sucking mouth apparatus, which allows them to destroy a huge number of garden pests.
Hotshot and earwig
No less effectively deal with harmful insects, hoverflies and earwigs. So, hoverfly, resembling wasps or bees, are absolutely harmless to humans and extremely dangerous for pests. From their eggs, an army of larvae hatches, which exterminate the aphids with whole colonies. It is possible to attract hops to the territory of the garden by sowing cumin, parsley, cilantro and plantain yellow flowers.
In addition to insects, garden pests can be fought with the help of toads, birds, hedgehogs, frogs, lizards and bats.
Earworms are found in gardens quite often - at night this insect eats spider mites, aphids, laying their eggs and even spores of fungi that provoke plant diseases. In addition, earwigs eat dead insects, moss, fruits and petals. For all the gardening assistants listed above, you can create an artificial dwelling in the form of a flower pot with a straw suspended from a branch. In the spring, the contents of the pot should be changed to fresh straw.
In addition to these natural enemies of harmful insects, a large number of other invisible warriors are also working in the garden - spiders, parasite flies, ground beetles, carnivorous bugs, and so on. They need to be known and protected so that they clean the garden of voracious pests.
Another insect, which often falls from gardeners - gold-eyed. “Is the pest or protector in front of me?” - the person thinks and drives away the poor thing just in case.
But an experienced gardener knows that this light green dragonfly-like insect is one of the most important enemies of aphids. But this handsome man does not harm the garden, does not eat the fruit, does not grind the wood, does not feed on “colleagues”. Why are they offending her? Most likely, this comes from ordinary ignorance. And the appearance of the larva affects - those who are afraid of insects, they all seem the same. In fact, it is the larval form that eats most of the aphids. Adult insects often feed not on the pests themselves, but on the sweetish substance they produce.
Who is such a golden eye? Pest? Or a defender after all? Do not hesitate, this insect will only benefit your garden by eliminating the enemy aphid colonies.
These insects are so omnipresent that, perhaps, each of us has a couple of childhood memories associated with them. Someone calls them firefighters or firefighters, someone soldiers. The kids invent many tales, the hero of which often becomes this useful insect. And love stories with ladybugs are attributed to them, and participation in the protection of cities from fires, peacekeeping missions. Well, when delusions spread in this direction. But often even adults say that this insect is a malicious pest.
But it is worth knowing what the firefighter beetles eat, how everything becomes clear. Their diet includes aphids, leaf beetles, fruit caterpillars. If these insects have settled in you, you should know: the garden is under reliable protection. The garrison of soldiers will reliably protect the trees. But if they get divorced too much, they may periodically attempt on your sweet cherry or the leaves of the berry bushes. Yet the benefits of a population are much greater than some damage in the form of bitten berries.
By the way, if there are cockroaches in the house at the dacha, invite some red-winged firefighters to visit. They will quickly solve the problem, having dealt with the intruders. Just do not try to take them in hand - these insects can stand up for themselves and bite hard. If this happens, do not worry - their bites are painful, but not poisonous.
This insect is simply bathed in glory. Everyone knows that the beneficial insect bees are human helpers. They are not only actively involved in the process of pollination, but also give a lot of useful products: honey, wax, propolis and much more.
Many combine gardening and beekeeping. Hives can be installed right in the garden or nearby. Apple trees, pears, plums, gooseberries and some other garden crops could not bear fruit without the help of bees.
It is difficult to overestimate the merits of this insect. They do most of the work of pollinating plants.
In addition to home there are wild bee breeds. They settle in shady forests and plantings and sometimes fly into the gardens in search of nectar. It is difficult to domesticate them, and there is no sense in it - it is easier to breed domestic ones.
Close relative - spider
In fact, this creature belongs to arachnids, but many gardeners still perceive it as a useful insect. Spiders catch into the web not only annoying flies, but also some garden pests.
If we are talking about spiders, perhaps you can honor the attention and earthworms, which also are not insects, but steadfastly associated with them. They loosen and saturate the soil with organic matter.
Another tireless aphid exterminator is a relative of the gilded eyes. The lion and its larvae feed exclusively on aphids, so that their populations do not grow to gigantic sizes. These insects are used not only by summer residents, but also by professional farms. In specialized stores you can even buy eggs from this insect, which can later be placed in greenhouses and in the open field.
This microscopic parasitic insect is of great benefit precisely because of its way of life. Trichogram larvae can live only at the expense of other organisms - eggs and larvae of other insects.
It is noteworthy that for parasitism Trichogram chooses only clutches of pests. This useful insect is dangerous for more than 90 species of harmful butterflies that feed on leaves and fruits.
Knowledge of the laws of nature helps to greatly facilitate life and significantly reduce the costs of housekeeping. Try to make friends with the little garden assistants, do not drive them away from the plot and do not exterminate, and thanks to them you will be able to get an excellent harvest without using chemistry.
How to settle a ladybird in the garden
If you intend to use a ladybug in your garden as a useful insect from various parasites, consider the following features:
- It is important to pay attention to the different development cycles of a ladybug,
- for productive wintering should provide insect shelter, in which you can use foliage, stones, tree bark or other materials,
It is known that adult members of the species are able to winter in the open field, choosing places under the foliage or dry grass. In springtime, ladybugs lay 10 to 20 eggs, placing them in an upright position on the branches or the inner side of the leaf near the pest colonies. In the process of development, the larva pass through four stages. In most cases, they have a dark gray body with a yellow or red pattern. When the last is completed, the fourth stage ladybirds begin to pupate and turn yellow. When the beetle emerges from the pupa, it is necessary to wait 2-3 days until the insect has its final color.
An interesting feature: even the larvae of ladybirds are predatory insects that are able to devour colonies of pests in the form of aphids. The species that inhabit our gardens can destroy up to 150 aphids a day. Representatives of small species eat about 60 parasites. As for the larvae, during all the stages of their life they manage to exterminate about 800 aphids, while the adult female is able to rid the plant of 4 thousand adult pests.
In the list of beneficial insects there are separate species of the family of gall midges, although some novice gardeners include the larvae of these inhabitants as pests, which is explained by the ability of some species to cause the formation of galls in plant tissues. Among the dangerous representatives of the group - pear gall midge. Depending on the conditions and habitat, the insect grows to five millimeters in length.
As for the useful species, they are capable of massively destroying large colonies of aphid larvae. A particularly valuable insect is a variety of Aphidoletes aphidimyza, the female of which lays a large number of eggs close to aphid colonies. When young individuals are born, they begin to bite the aphids by the legs, injecting paralyzing liquid into it.
Infection occurs instantly, with the result that the bitten pest quickly turns into a food source for the larva. 2 weeks after hatching of larvae from eggs, they fall to the ground and turn into cocoons. Already in the third week the second brood hatch. Larvae are able to spend the winter on the ground, falling asleep there until spring.
Settling in the garden:
- There are no particular difficulties in breeding gall midges. One important feature is the need to protect insects from contact with chemicals, which are often used to spray garden crops,
Ground beetles larvae
One more useful insect is a ground beetle, or rather, its larvae. Such creatures are capable destroy eggs of vegetable flies and eat small insects, worms or slugs. Meet the inhabitant in the daytime is problematic, because they prefer nightlife and often hide in shelters. Ground beetle grows up to four centimeters in length and is distinguished by increased mobility.
Most species lack the ability to fly, due to which they begin to actively act at night. Body color is the most diverse, but most often in nature there are black and yellow individuals. Hibernation of adult individuals takes place in secluded sheltered shelters, which can be sheltered under a house or woodpile.
Large representatives of the species are able to lay from 40 to 60 eggs in shallow recesses in the ground. In a few days the larvae hatch from them, and then the pupae. Depending on the type, such a process can take about 2–3 years, while adult mature ground beetles are born only 2 weeks after the final stage. Together with ground ground beetles, there are both flying and woody species in nature. They prefer small insects and worms, due to which they can most often be found in substances of organic origin, including compost.
Features of the settlement in the garden are as follows:
- First you need to equip the ground beetle suitable shelter, which can be used as foliage, sawdust and shavings. Also small piles of stones, capable of forming a reliable shelter for beneficial insects, also perform well. It is known that bugs give preference to outdoor lifestyle. Sometimes they create houses in earthy crevices,
- The most important enemy for all beetles are pesticides.
Hoverflies play a very large role for home gardening, because they are capable of destroying large colonies of aphid cobwebs. The larvae of these insects develop freely in a wide variety of conditions, including slurry, plant leaves, or open soil. Externally, the hoverfly strongly resembles a wasp and grows up to 8-15 millimeters. The name is explained by the characteristic feature of the behavior: being in flight, the insect periodically freezes and creates a characteristic sound that strongly resembles the murmur of a streamlet.
Females lay 1mm eggs directly among numerous aphid colonies. Eggs are white and slightly oblong. Hatching eggs from the larvae do not have legs and move like snails. They are distinguished by a white or yellow color and a mass of external similarities with flies.
To destroy aphids, the hover-cat uses her strong hooked jaws, with which she reliably holds her prey and sucks it out. For the development of larvae to the pupal stage, it takes about two weeks. During this period, she manages to eat about 700 aphids. The larvae become active during the nighttime and begin to hunt before dusk.
On the pupal stage is in a special shellresembling a droplet, which lies near the colonies of aphids or on the ground. Some species are capable of breeding up to five generations in one year. As for wintering, females sometimes hibernate as larvae or pupae. Hopes give preference to food in the form of flower and honey dew. They also feed on aphid secretions.
Among the features of the settlement should be such:
- Such beneficial insects like to live in places with flowering plants, with the exception of well-groomed lawns that can be treated with pesticides. Of particular value for hoverwomen are flowers with a yellow color,
- In order for the wintering of insects to be successful, it is advisable to put small boxes in the garden area in which dry grass or chips are placed. In this case, even the worst frost will not be dangerous for the hover-woman.
Insect pests of cultivated plants and how to combat them
Among the most dangerous insect pests of cultivated plants include melon aphids, whiteflies and haws.
This is a multi-species aphid, belonging to the family of real aphids. This insect has a body of oval shape, yellow, green or dark green.
The body length on average is 1.5-2 mm. The tubules of the aphids are dark, the tail is usually lighter than the tubules, but darker than the body. On the first and seventh abdominal tergites there are marginal tubercles.
Aphids form colonies (usually on the underside of the leaf). Often they are quite dense. There is a pest on flowers, young fruits, stems.
Sometimes there is a deformation of the leaves. Adult females and larvae overwinter on the leaves of various plants, as well as under rosettes of basal leaves of weeds. Reproduction begins in the spring.
Shattering temperature on melon aphids has a detrimental effect. To combat this pest of the garden and vegetable garden, the crops are sprayed with decoction or infusion of tobacco dust. To do this, 1 kg of raw material is poured 8-10 liters of warm water, then insist for 2 days or boil for 10 minutes, filter. Removing weeds from the plot also reduces pest numbers.
This insect pest of the garden belongs to the Hemiptera family. The body of an adult individual usually reaches a length of 1.5-2 mm. Externally, insects resemble moths of lepidoptera. Their body is white or yellowish red, dark spots are barely visible on it.
As can be seen in the photo, each individual of this pest of the garden and garden has four wings, covered with a bloom of white:
The larvae feed on plant sap, causing the latter to die.
The larvae are usually found on the lower surface of the leaves. The sticky substance secreted by them is a nutrient medium for the sooty fungus, so the leaves become black in color.
One of the most effective ways to protect plants from pests is spraying the crops with water, followed by loosening the soil and fertilizing it with humus. This procedure is carried out regularly. In addition, you can use traps, and use tobacco as bait - the smell of this plant attracts whiteflies.
This pest of garden crops is a large, light-colored butterfly from the moth family. It has white wings with black veins, whose span is on average 5-6 cm. The caterpillars cause the greatest harm to fruit trees because they devour the leaves. The pest wraps them with cobwebs, making nests in which it winters. In spring, when the apple buds are just starting to bloom, the caterpillars leave their shelter and are taken, as they say, for the cause: they gnaw the buds, then damage the leaves, leaving only thick veins.
A significant role in reducing the number of caterpillars haws play hymenoptera parasitic insects.
Garden pests: photos and processing plants
Considerable damage to landings is done by garden pests such as flies, bugs and sawflies.
This dipterous insect belongs to the pteroptera family. The body length of the pest is 3-5 mm, it is brilliant, dark brown in color.
Посмотрите на фото – глаза этого садового вредителя фасеточные, голова и ноги — желтого цвета, на прозрачных крыльях имеется рисунок из 3-4 поперечных темных полос:
Cherry fly damages the fruits of not only cherries and plums, but also cherries, apricots, barberries, honeysuckle, snowberry and bird cherry. Pest females lay an egg in the flesh of the fetus, which feed on the legless white larvae that have emerged from the eggs, 3-6 mm long. Damaged fruits darken, but do not fall. After the larva leaves the fruit, it pupates in the soil.
This pest is a danger to many fruit trees, and the pear is no exception, since not only the larvae, but also adult insects feed on the sap of the leaves. The body of an adult insect is rounded.
On transparent membranous elytra two brown strips are noticeable. One of them is located in the middle, and the other - on the front of the wing. The eyes of the bug are red, and the antennae and legs are yellowish-black. The damage done by the pear bug is sometimes so great that the leaves of the plant can completely discolour and become rough as a result of being contaminated by the sticky excrement of the pest, after which they dry out and fall off.
As measures to combat this pest, thorough soil tillage of the pristvolny circles is recommended (digging, harrowing), which should be carried out in the autumn, as well as the destruction of fallen leaves, because adult bugs hibernate in cracks in the bark, under fallen leaves and other plant residues. To protect the garden and the garden against these pests is also recommended spraying infusions of insecticidal plants. Especially carefully it is necessary to process the lower surface of the leaves, where adult individuals and their larvae are located.
Yellow gooseberry sawfly
Caterpillars (insect larvae) in a short time cause significant damage to plants. They destroy the leaves of red currants and gooseberries, completely eating them. As a result, only thick veins remain, and the bushes can be completely devoid of leaves. In addition, the growth and development of fruits stops - the berries remain small, wither and fall. The plants themselves affected by the pest do not tolerate the winter and may die.
During the period of pupation of sawflies, it is necessary to carry out autumn soil digging and loosening.
To protect plants from these garden pests, infusions and decoctions of insecticidal plants (garlic, bitter wormwood, tobacco) are also used and sprayed with ash infusion. In addition, they carry out a manual collection of insects, as well as shaking them off from the bushes to newspapers or cloth.
Pests of garden crops: description and how to protect plants
When describing insect pests, special attention should be paid to nematodes, moths and cabbage aphids.
The body of this small worm is elongated, white, 0.5-1 mm in length. After settling in the buds and sinuses of the leaves, the strawberry nematode lays its eggs inside the plant tissues, of which after about 1 week larvae appear.
Young plants are particularly affected. After 2 weeks, the larvae become sexually mature individuals. Infected and damaged crops can be seen during the formation of new leaves, flowering and fruiting, as well as in the fall.
Plants damaged by nematode, squat, have short and thick peduncles. In addition, the leaf stalks redden and thin, and the leaf blades become darker, bent, and often covered with red spots. Strawberries can be heavily infected with a nematode, which leads to the absence of fruits, or they are small and acquire a curved shape.
Good results in the fight against these garden pests gives landing only healthy seedlings on the site. Its disinfection before planting by heat treatment with heated water (not higher than 45 ° C) for 10-15 minutes, followed by washing in cold, contributes not only to the rapid growth and development of plants, but also increases the resistance to damage. In the autumn, during the post-harvest period, they remove the infected bushes and then destroy them. An important protective measure is compliance with the rules of crop rotation, as well as the timely removal of plant residues and weeds from the site.
Cabbage and turnip moths.
Common everywhere. Butterflies lay eggs on the underside of plant leaves. The caterpillars that emerge from the eggs feed on these leaves, and then crawl away to other plants. The caterpillars eat most of the leaves, only the central veins remain on the plants.
Cultures are stunted, stop developing, with a strong defeat, cabbages do not make heads.
To reduce the number of whites, entomophages (parasites and predators) should be attracted by planting dill and carrots along the plot with cabbage.
During the entire period of growth and development of cabbage, it is necessary to inspect the leaves and destroy eggs and caterpillars of butterflies-butterflies. For the treatment of the garden and vegetable garden from these pests is used wormwood infusion.
It is distributed everywhere, it feeds on plant sap. Leaves affected by aphids discolor, deform and curl. Plants are stunted, heads are not formed. On the testes, shoots, buds and flowers are deformed, acquire a bluish-pink hue, no seeds are formed.
To combat these pests of the garden and vegetable garden, deep soil digging, destruction of stumps, weeds and plant debris, on which eggs hibernate, are used.
Planting near carrot cabbage helps to attract beneficial insects. When aphids appear, you can treat the cabbage with a solution of soap.
This photo shows pests of the garden and vegetable garden, the names of which are given above:
Garden and garden pests: photos and processing methods
A lot of damage to plants in the garden and in the garden is caused by such insect pests as Colorado beetles, silkworms and crustaceous flea.
It is the most common and most resistant pest. This insect and its larvae devour the leaves and damage the young shoots of potatoes, as well as tomato, eggplant and other solanaceous. The Colorado potato beetle can produce up to three generations per year.
Pest control measures: plant potatoes early, preferably using resistant varieties and healthy intact tubers. With the emergence of the first shoots, it is necessary to carefully observe the site, systematically collect beetles and egg clutches, which are usually located on the lower surface of the leaves and have a bright orange color. Eggs appear from orange eggs, they gradually creep onto the upper surface of the leaves and spread throughout the bush.
Beetles, leaves with clutches of eggs and larvae are collected in jars filled with kerosene (for this purpose you can use a strong solution of table salt). For the treatment of plants from these garden pests are used infusions and decoctions of tansy.
The pest is a large, light-brown butterfly with a pubescent body from the cocoon-spinning family.
As seen in the photo, this pest of plants on the front wings has a pattern of light yellow and dark brown transverse bands:
The rear wings of the silkworm are lighter than the front ones. The wingspan of the insect is 3-4 cm. The female of the pest lays gray cylindrical eggs of 100-400 pieces around the shoots in the form of spiral rings.
The tracks of the ringed silkworm are rather large - up to 5.5 cm long, have a dark color and a pattern of bluish-gray and yellowish-brown stripes along the body. They damage the leaves of fruit trees, eating them from the edges. As a result, only thick veins remain. After budding eggs from the caterpillars appear, which begin to damage the young leaves of the trees. Usually caterpillars live in colonies.
Attracting entomophagous insects such as Afion, apanteles and telenomus to the site can reduce the number of this pest.
There are several types of fleas, and they are found everywhere. These are small bugs that gnaw on the top layer of cruciferous plants, as a result of which ulcers and small holes appear on them. Seedlings and young plants are particularly affected, if they are damaged by the growth point of bugs, they may die.
Planting seedlings in the early stages contributes to faster growth as well as plant development. In addition, it increases resistance to damage. Also during the period of the mass appearance of the pest, it is possible to treat the plants with tobacco dust mixed with ashes 2-3 times with an interval of several days. To protect plants from these pests, it is necessary to regularly weed, remove post-harvest removal of plant residues. Also autumn cultivation significantly reduces the number of pests.
Adding an article to a new collection
Having barely noticed the insect on the plot, we immediately rush to use all known means of pest control to get rid of the uninvited guest. Do you need to do this in all cases? Let's see.
To begin with, if you look at things objectively, the guests here are we, not insects. The order established by nature existed long before people came and began to break up gardens and gardens, rearranging the local flora and fauna to fit their needs. Each creature plays its role in maintaining the natural balance, so it is important to stop mindlessly destroying insects on the site, and learn to distinguish between harmful and beneficial beetles.
These insects are familiar to us from early childhood. "Ladybird, fly to the sky, there your children eat candy" - surely every child at least once uttered these words, referring to a cute beetle with a bright spotted back.
Ladybug - a symbol of good luck in many cultures. The favorite delicacy of this beetle is aphid. From spring to late autumn, ladybugs are engaged in the extermination of this pest, destroying up to 150 individuals per day, and then going to wintering, hiding under stones, in the bark of trees and foliage.
Garden ground beetles and their larvae
This beetle is a real long-liver (by the standards of insects), lives for 3-5 years, hiding in the cracks of foundations and in the walls of outbuildings for the winter. The diet of garden ground beetles and their larvae includes slugs, worms, eggs of vegetable flies, as well as adult individuals of various small insects.
Consider that there is also a dangerous for harvest crop of ground beetles - ground beetle grain, or humpbacked foot. This insect is smaller in size (up to 1.5 cm in length), it has a rich black color and short red antennae.
To attract useful bugs to the site, provide them with a "shelter": heaps of sawdust and small stones, pieces of wood bark. It is worth noting that ground beetles are able to protect themselves from birds: when the danger approaches, the insect emits a repellent.
The cinderkiller, better known as the fire beetle, is also a reliable helper in pest control. These predators attack the prey, mercilessly biting into it with their teeth, and literally izhevyvayut prey, until it dies. In the larval stage, the softness injects a special enzyme into the victim's body, and then sucks the fluid out of the prey.
Fire beetles feed on insects that are smaller in size and also have a soft body (individuals with a dense chitinous cover are too tough for them). Various caterpillars, worms, centipedes, aphids, leaf beetles, etc. are included in the diet. In order not to destroy useful softness in your portion, discard the use of toxic chemicals.
With a large accumulation, the firefighter beetles can begin to eat vegetable food, damaging the leaves, buds and petals. In this case, insects from the defenders of the garden and vegetable garden turn into pests.
The unusual appearance of this insect is disgusting for many. And all because of the tail of the earwig are pincer appendages, which makes it look like a space alien from science fiction films. And in a protective pose, this insect becomes altogether like a scorpion, raising its tail and pulling it forward. Because of this feature, the earwig is also known as the dvuvostok.
At night, these predators go hunting, successfully helping gardeners cope with the invasion of aphids, ticks and other pests. Also earwig eats spores of disease-causing fungi. This beneficial insect has one drawback: in pursuit of prey (for example, dahlia), it can damage young shoots of the shrub.
In order to draw the earwig's attention to a tree that needs to be protected, hang a pot filled with sawdust or shavings on a branch of such a tree - a dvuvostok will like such a dwelling.
Even bedbugs can be useful, at least for some species. Thus, the predatory bug Antocoris is a “thunderstorm” of the sawfly beetle, since it destroys the egg-laying of this pest by sucking the contents of the eggs. Do not hesitate to bug and aphids, as well as small caterpillars.
Antocoris' brother - the perillus bug - is not averse to eating the Colorado potato beetle, which greatly helps in the fight against this harmful insect. A distinctive feature of most useful bugs is an elongated body, long limbs and great mobility compared to herbivorous, and therefore harmful to the garden species.
How to deal with pests in the garden?
As you already understood, the use of pesticides can destroy not only harmful, but also beneficial insects. How to be? Do not shift such a responsible business on the "shoulders" of insect helpers? There are various ways to control pests without the use of chemicals:
- collection of wintering larvae by hand,
- whitewashing tree trunks,
- plant shelter protective material
- digging the soil
- cleaning fallen leaves.
Get more information about each of these methods, as well as find out how and where to find wintering pests of the garden, by reading our material on this topic:
How to attract beneficial insects to the site?
You can increase the population of insect-helpers on your plot by planting plants in the garden and kitchen garden that will be enjoyed by useful insects. It:
Despite the fact that most beneficial insects are predators, some of them also feed on the nectar of these plants.
We offer you to familiarize yourself with the detailed dossier on harmful insects that can destroy the crop and destroy the plants in the garden, if you do not recognize the danger in time and do not take measures:
Garden Pests and Fighting
Dangerous pests of lawn and garden plants are also moths, moths, weevils and raspberry beetles.
It belongs to one of the most common pests of gooseberry and currant. During the formation of berries appear larvae, the development of which lasts 25-30 days. These pests of garden crops entangle the fruits of cobwebs, bite into the berries - so the insects feed. Until the larva reaches puberty, it manages to damage up to 8-16 berries.
In the fight against the pest agrotechnical measures help well: autumn digging of the soil in order to destroy the pupae of the moth, prepared for wintering. With a small number of pests they collect and destroy web-entangled berries. For the prevention of mass damage to crops, before their flowering, spraying the extract with dry tobacco leaves is carried out.
Distinguish leafworms from other insects by the following features: the wings are elongated, mostly triangular in shape, with veins on them. As a protective measure against these pests, the garden is treated with infusions and decoctions of yarrow and chamomile.
Raspberry strawberry weevil.
Insect damages not only raspberries, but also strawberries and strawberries: females lay eggs directly into unopened buds, nibbling on a pedicle. Therefore, the old beds are often found bushes with "cut" pedicels. After some time, the larvae, which gnaw the contents of the buds. The larva pupates in the flower. Beetles hibernate in the soil, under fallen leaves.
Measures to combat these plant pests are the following: it is necessary to spray the bushes with infusions of tansy, bitter peppers and wormwood. The treatment is carried out in the period of budding. In addition, the autumn digging of the soil, as well as burning dry leaves and tops with the remaining beetles to hibernate are effective. In the autumn it is necessary to dig up the soil under the bushes, loosen it. In the morning you can shake the pest on the fabric or newspaper spread under the crops. It should be noted that growing raspberries and strawberries near undesirable because these plants have a common pest.
You can scare away a raspberry-strawberry weevil by planting onions or garlic between the beds of strawberries. In addition, plants can be treated with infusion of garlic arrows. Often, to protect against the weevil, plants are sprayed with a solution of potassium permanganate: 5 g of the substance is diluted in 10 liters of water. The treatment is carried out early in the morning or in the evening after sunset.
Refers to the type of raspberry beetles. The length of the body of adult insects reaches 3.5-4 mm. It is grayish-black, with a reddish tinge, the apex of the abdomen and pronotum margins are reddish in most cases. Жуки забираются в цветки и на завязи малины обыкновенной, выгрызая их. Кроме того, малинный жук повреждает также бутоны и листья растения, которые спустя непродолжительное время засыхают. Внутри ягод развиваются личинки. Это желто-белые гусеницы с поперечными коричневыми полосами на спинке. Личинки в конце плодоношения малины, когда большая часть ягод повреждена, падают на землю. Зимуют они в почве до весны следующего года.
To combat these pests in the early spring, as soon as the snow melts, you should spray the plants with infusions of insecticidal plants. Effective manual collection of beetles in the period of raspberry budding. Mandatory preventive measures in the fight against pests are autumn digging of the soil and the destruction of the larvae after removing them from the damaged berries.
Garden pests and site protection measures
This section of the article contains photos and descriptions of garden pests such as creepers, leaf panes, moths and ticks.
These are small jumping insects, whose body length is only 2.5-3 mm.
Look at the photo - these insect pests of plants have a greenish color:
Medyanitsy damage blooming buds, leaves, sucking the juice of the plant. As a result, the surface of the leaves is reduced, inflorescences and leaf rosettes dry up. A distinctive feature of these insect pests of plants are wings, folded along the body. Adults overwinter in fallen leaves and pear bark.
As measures of protection of the site, infusions and decoctions of insecticidal plants are used: chamomile, garlic, yarrow, medicinal dandelion, etc. Another effective means of controlling the hemp is fumigation of the garden with smoke produced by burning tobacco. To do this, place small stacks of slightly moistened hay, each of which is sprinkled with previously shredded dry grass of tobacco. Each stack consumes an average of 1-1.5 kg of tobacco raw materials. Haystacks set fire in the evening. Fumigation should be carried out in calm weather for 1-2 hours.
These are small insects of the butterfly family, whose wingspan usually reaches 5-15 mm. The head is rounded, smooth, on it there is a tuft of hairlike scales, antennae filiform. The back of these pests of cultivated plants is covered with adjacent scales that have a different shape. The wings of the moths are narrow, lanceolate, with a pattern of clearly defined light stripes and spots on a dark background. The caterpillars of the moths moths harm the apple tree, since they damage its leaves by eating passages in the green tissues of the plants. Often, they hide under the sheet, wrapping it up and thus forming a cap, tube or pocket.
Insect entomophages - golden-eyed and predatory bugs help to reduce the number of moth-moths. Insect horsemen parasitize in pest larvae.
The measures to protect plants from these pests include the organization of the following activities: digging up and destroying infected bushes, attracting insect entomophages to the site that feed on aphids and mites, timely processing of crops with infusions and decoctions of insecticidal plants that frighten disease carriers. To avoid reinfection, use only healthy planting material.
Both larvae and adult insects that suck sap from leaf stalks cause damage. As a result, the latter dry up.
Since the carrot listoblushka falls on the garden beds from coniferous plantations, it is necessary from the very beginning to place the plantings of carrots in the most favorable way. If this is not possible, then after the emergence of shoots should be covered with a special material. In addition, these pests of garden plants can be scared away by treating the seedlings with an infusion of orange peels or a mixture of tobacco dust and needles.
The greatest activity of the pest is observed in hot, dry weather. These insects mainly damage the leaves of plants: adult individuals and their larvae are located on the lower side of the leaf. The pest sucks the sap of the plant by weaving a leaf with web. As a result, bright spots appear on the leaves, and after a while they increase in size, acquiring the appearance of yellowish spots. Then the leaves brighten and eventually dry out.
To protect plants from this pest during hot weather, regular spraying and drenching of crops with water is carried out. The systematic destruction of weeds and plant debris is also effective for controlling spider mites, since the fallen leaves and plant debris are the refuge of the pest.
The most dangerous are adult individuals and larvae of fruit mites, which feed on the juice of buds and leaves of fruit trees. The leaves, having smoked, are prematurely showered. In addition, the development process of inflorescences is disturbed. Special protection of the garden against pests is not undertaken, since predatory insects keep their numbers at a relatively low level.
This pest sucks juices from plant cells. The affected buds grow strongly, become enlarged, in shape become similar to a head of cabbage. Both adult mites and their larvae harm plants. It should be remembered that the affected kidneys are the wintering ground for the female pest, and therefore the need arises for the early detection of the shelters of these insects and their destruction.
Predatory insects are known to keep tick numbers low.
Such fruit crops as currants and gooseberries are harmed by the caterpillars of the bud moth. In the spring, after wintering, they begin to feed on kidney tissue. Damaged buds look burned, dry out. In addition, after blooming leaves, damaged shoots are noticeable.
To protect plants from moths, pruning and burning of affected shoots, collecting fallen leaves and cocoons should be carried out. In the fight against caterpillars spraying plants with tobacco herb decoction helps.
Here you can see photos of the pests described above:
How to protect the garden and the garden from other pests
This section of the article describes how to protect a garden and vegetable garden from pests such as moths, slugs and bean aphids.
In the people moths called moths. These are insects belonging to the butterfly family, which numbers 2,000 genera and more than 23,000 species.
As seen in the photo, these garden pests have a weak thin body and wide wings, whose span reaches an average of 15-40 mm:
Butterflies fly out mostly at night, but some fly during the day. The pest caterpillars have a color similar to the color of the bark and leaves, which makes it possible for them to disguise themselves as petioles and broken branches. They feed on leaves and buds of pears and apples. In addition, the caterpillars have false legs, so that when moving insects, it seems that they measure the distance traveled by a span. Hence the name of this pest.
Measures to combat these pests in the garden include digging up the soil, loosening it, spraying trees with tobacco or yarrow herb decoction, and using special paper belts to catch pest butterflies.
These pests cause significant harm to strawberries, as they affect the berries, eating the flesh. The greatest activity of the pest is observed during rainy summer, when there is a high probability of the formation of damp shaded places on the site. Slugs live under various shelters - clumps of earth, old boards. There they lay their eggs. The pest is afraid of light, therefore leaves the shelter at night.
The main methods of dealing with slugs are agrotechnical. To protect the garden from these pests, it is first necessary to carefully cultivate the soil, removing weeds that create a favorable microclimate for the development of the pest. In addition, small grooves next to the landings with ash, lime, ground bitter pepper or tobacco dust poured on their bottom can be a good help for the gardener. On the way to the plants, slugs will climb into these grooves, but they will not be able to get out of them.
Aphids - These are pests living in colonies. They belong to the order of hemiptera. A total of about 4,000 species of aphids are known. Aphids cause serious damage to cultivated plants, sucking the juice from the shoots and leaves. As a result, young shoots develop incorrectly, are deformed.
Pay attention to the photo - the leaves affected by these pests of the garden and the vegetable garden change color, then fade and shower:
In addition, aphids are also dangerous because they can be carriers and distributors of various viral diseases.
Bringing predatory insects into the garden (in particular, ladybirds, predatory bugs and gold-eyed insects) is one of the most effective methods to combat aphids.
Aphids bean and pea
It is found everywhere, where legumes are cultivated. Warm and wet weather creates favorable conditions for the spread of the pest. Aphids overwinter in basal areas and in plant residues of perennial legumes. From these eggs, the founding female is derived, which forms a colony of aphids. Then the female settlers appear, who fly over to plant vegetable beans. Aphid colonies grow rapidly, insects feed on young shoots and leaves of plants.
Aphids can migrate to perennial legumes, where they lay eggs that hibernate. In this regard, it is necessary to place the crops of beans in such a way that spatial isolation from the crops of perennial legumes is observed. Hymenoptera parasites, as well as predatory insects, such as the larvae and beetles of the coccinellid, the larvae of flies, golden-eyed insects, and anthocornidae, destroy the aphid.
The red and black beetle is also striking and is known for its appearance. True, its usefulness is quite relative - when there are not enough insects in the area, it is fully capable of switching to vegetable food and starting to nibble at the buds and ovaries.
But rarely any cottage can boast a lack of pests, so the fire beetle easily finds protein food. By the way, it is interesting and the division of its priorities in nutrition, depending on age. Adults are fed by adult pests, and the larvae prefer to eat eggs, larvae and pupae.
The golden-eyed eyes, which are sometimes mistakenly called golden-wings for their delicate yellow-green wings, are not in themselves important in protecting the site from insects, but their larvae are the real heroes of this harvest war. Each larva kills up to one and a half hundred aphids, cherries, small ticks, etc. per day. And over the summer, 2 generations of gold-eyed eyes are displayed, each of which is actively seeking food for 3 weeks.
The golden-eyed larvae are quite cunning - they hide from ants, which pose a danger to them, disguised as aphids.
Active predator bugs, among which the most famous are anthokoris, Orius, nabis and perillus make up their diet of thrips, Colorado beetles, sawflies, small caterpillars, spider mites and other unpleasant insects, which gardeners used to fight for life to death. During the day, one predatory bug can kill up to hundreds of pest eggs (i.e., large laying) or a similar number of insects themselves.
Fluffy and big-eyed ezhumuha (more precisely an adult) interests you exclusively as a potential parent for the generation of larvae. But already they are able to lime in the garden and in the garden of such pests as moths, sawflies, moths, silkworms, moths, bugs, Colorado beetles, etc.
Depending on the type of fly, the larvae can hunt in different ways. Some of them dig themselves into prey themselves, others the adult fly lays in the victim's body, the third quietly lie in the egg and wait until the naive caterpillar eats the “surprise”.
Insects themselves feed on floral nectar and juice of fruits, but their uterus and larvae need protein food, so adult individuals have to hunt a lot. Perhaps the wasp is the most dangerous winged predator on our list today. Some of the species, for example, Larra, the burrowing wasp, are capable of destroying even a medvedka, and those that live in our area, calmly cope with flies, wormweeds, bedbugs, and of course mosquitoes, leafworms and aphids.
Some species of wasps, such as Tifia, paralyze the victim with their poison, and then lay an egg in her body. The action of the poison lasts for several hours, then the larva continues to move, and inside it develops a new insect that feeds on it. In order to carry out this procedure with a crush, wasps can pierce passages in the ground to a depth of 10 cm.
A simple mechanism for hunting and egg-riding riders. The insects themselves feed on nectar and look quite decently, but their larvae parasitize in the eggs of other insects. Trichograms leave without an offspring a cabbage tree, an apple codling, a meadow moth, an winter shovel, a gooseberry sawfly and other lepidoptera.
The main charm of the trichogram is that you can buy them. Of course, not in the garden store, but in special laboratories, but the efforts are worth it. Each individual released to the site will produce so many offspring that at least a thousand pest eggs will be damaged.
Unpleasant appearance earwig often leads to the fact that it is unknowingly considered pest and destroy. In principle, it is difficult to call it the most useful insect in the country. It can climb into the hive and harm the bees, and with active breeding, spoil the fruits on the trees and berries on the bushes. But, if you do not have an apiary, then a small number of earwigs will do an excellent job with colonies of aphids and spider mites.
Another insect with dubious benefits - hoverflies. Outwardly, they look like wasps or bees, however, they move differently and, when hovering in the air, make a characteristic sound for which they got their name. Adults feed on nectar, but the larvae may prefer both plant food and insect pests.
It is the second species that is a predator and is necessary in the fight against aphids and leaflets. Tumultor larvae reach 12 mm in length and actively grow, and therefore they eat a lot. During the day, such a baby can destroy up to two hundred copies of aphids.
And of course, remember that the treatment of the site with toxic chemicals destroys not only insect pests, but also your little helpers, so resort to it only if absolutely necessary.