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How to care for the dragon seed at home

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Many flower growers love dragon flower for its attractiveness and simplicity, for leaves that are elongated and gathered in rosettes, it looks like a palm tree and reminds of a hot south.

"Indoor palm" adorns many homes and apartments, as well as popular in offices. It is important to know how to care for the dragon tree at home.

Plant description

Dracaena flower is an evergreen plant, belongs to the Asparagaceae family. Africa is considered its birthplace, but it can also be found on the Canary Islands. Translated from the Latin name means "female dragon". In appearance, it looks like a bush or tree. The stems are straight and dense, resembling a tree trunk, and the oblong leaves are gathered at the top of the trunk into a rosette.

Life expectancy with good care can reach 5-15 years. There are more than 150 species and varieties of dracaena.

Types of dracaena with photo and name

Up to 40 plant varieties are grown under room conditions. They differ in a type of a bush, a coloring and a form of leaves, the size of a plant. The most popular with florists are the following types of dragon:

  • Dracaena Bordered. Tree-like plant with narrow long leaves, located so that it looks like a disheveled hairstyle. The leaves are centered at the top, when they fall, an unusual pattern forms on the central trunk. This type of plant is drawn up to 3 m.
  • Dracaena Derimskaya. It differs from other species in the color and shape of the leaves: they are wider and have white stripes. This makes the plant more attractive and unusual.
  • Dracaena Sander. This type of dracaena resembles bamboo in appearance. Its leaves are long, green with yellow stripes. For greater decorativeness, the plant stems are artificially twisted into a spiral. Stalks are intertwined in a basket, trellis and other elements. As usual, they are simple, erect stems.
  • Dracaena Scented. This plant species has a thick but unstable trunk, sometimes requiring support. The leaves are green and large, attached directly to the trunk. The plant produces a great aroma, even without releasing a flower stalk. The flower itself appears rarely and reaches one meter. Grown in the house, it practically does not bloom.
  • Dragon tree In nature, it grows up to 20 m, but indoors reaches 1.5 m. It has a stem-stem that is as hard as a tree. The leaves have a sword-shaped form, green with red edging.
  • Dracaena Marginata. The most common type in our homes. It has a tree-like smooth trunk and a rosette of green with a red edging of leaves at the top. It grows up to two meters.

Each of the species has its own peculiarities of care, so before their landing, you should learn the nuances.

Room drapes care

Although the dracaena plant is unpretentious and does not require much time for itself, but everybody knows how to care for the dragon tree at home. The main advantage of the plant is considered to be an unusual coloring of leaves collected on the top of the trunk. So that they are juicy, bright, without dried or yellowed areas, you need to properly take care of the plant.

Flower pot

For planting a height of 50-80 cm, a pot size is needed: diameter - 20 cm, height - 25 cm. He must be steady, a tall plant can easily be knocked over, but the pot is obliged to prevent it. At the bottom of the pot be sure to pour a layer of expanded clay or other drainage material. Dracaena roots need air supply.

Soil for dracaena

For good growth and development of dracaena requires a neutral substrate with a pH of about 6. The finished soil is usually sold with an indication of pH, but if you prepare it yourself, then you need to check it later with the help of indicator strips. Prepare the substrate can be in two versions.

  1. 3 parts of land, 2 parts of peat and one sand.
  2. 2 parts of peat, one humus and one part of sand.

Room temperature

Since the plant’s homeland is a warm continent, it means that it loves heat. In warm weather, it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the room not lower than 19-25 ° C. At lower temperatures, the plant grows poorly and may even die. Also, she does not like too dry air, it should be at least 50% humidity.

How to water dracaena?

In the summer, during the hot season, it needs to be watered once every two days. It is impossible to bring to the complete drying of the soil in the pot. The soil should be constantly wet, but not wet. It is often necessary to spray the leaves of the plant with soft water. Watering dracaena, you should ensure that the water in the pan does not stagnate. If every day to spray the plants, then on the leaves appears limescale. Therefore, it is often necessary to wipe the leaves from dust and bloom with a damp cloth.

How to transplant dracaena at home?

Plant transplantation is important for the decorativeness of the adult dracaena. Transplantation is usually carried out in a larger and higher pot. At the bottom of the new dwelling it is necessary to put drainage material, it can be ceramic fragments, expanded clay, pieces of foam plastic, pebbles. Remove the plant from the old pot must be carefully, so as not to damage the root system.

Draft transplants at home are as follows:

  1. Pour a layer of sand and some soil into the drainage material in a new pot.
  2. Put the plant in a pot, placing an earthen ball in the middle, fill it with soil on either side.
  3. Pour the potted soil.
  4. Dissolve the substrate, leaving 1.5 cm to the edge of the pot.
  5. Seal the soil with your hands and sprinkle with peat on top.

Up to three years, the plant is required to replant annually. In subsequent years, do it as it grows. But every year it is necessary to change the top layer of the soil to a fresh one in a pot. Care and transplantation give the plant the strength to grow and develop further.

How to trim a dragon fruit for branching?

To get an attractive crown home plants, it must be timely and properly cut. Also, the procedure is required for sanitary purposes to remove old shoots. That the room palm did not reach a ceiling and did not break a stalk, primary cutting of a plant is required. It is produced when the barrel dracaena reaches 30-40 cm. Here you need to trim the stem at a certain height in order to maintain the compactness and beautiful appearance of the palm tree.

To dracaena gave new shoots, planned pruning should be carried out during active growth. Then the movement of vegetable juice occurs most favorable for the plant, it will not hurt.

In order for a room palm tree to branch better, it is necessary to carry out a standard pruning technique. Primary pruning is done when the height of the trunk is 30-40 cm. The tip of the trunk is cut off with a sharp knife, this place is treated with paraffin. Place the cut dragon flower in a shaded place at a temperature of 24-25 ° C.

Side shoots will appear at the top of the trunk 3 months after the procedure. All deformed shoots should also be cut. To obtain a special decoration it is necessary to cut off all the shoots at different heights. Also process them with paraffin and a special tool to improve the branching "Zircon".

Breeding dracaena at home

After dracaena reaches a huge size, you need to do her breeding, otherwise it will lose its appeal. At home, the easiest way to reproduce these types of dracaena: Deremskaya, Bordered and Sander. This should be done in March-April, when plant growth processes are activated. In the question of how to propagate dracaena at home, there are two main ways: cutting the top of the plant and the stems.

Breeding method of the apical cuttings

Cut the apical stalk 10 cm long and place it in a dish with water, putting pieces of charcoal on the bottom. Process the cut on the plant with ashes or the same coal, new shoots will flow from it. Cover the dishes with a handle with a foil and place them in a place with a temperature not lower than 20-22 ° C.

It is required to open the film daily so that the cutting is aired. It is necessary to frequently change the water, adding wood or activated charcoal to it. The stalk takes root for a long time - 3-4 weeks, and after 2 months several shoots are formed, they need to be transplanted to different pots.

Reproduction stem cuttings

If the top of the stem has withered with age, then reproduction is performed by stem cuttings. A healthy stem of a plant is cut, its diameter must be at least 2 cm. Cuttings are formed at least 20 cm long. Cutting off the cuttings is required with a sharp knife in places where the leaves are attached to the stem. Then the cuttings can be rooted in two ways:

  • Vertical. Dig the bottom of the cutting into a suitable soil for 3 cm, and sprinkle 6 cm thick sand on top. Water and fertilize the cutting, you do not need to replant it into a new pot. First, the stalk will take root in the sand, and then in the ground.
  • Horizontal. Put the cutting in a cooked pot with a suitable substrate. Slightly push it into the ground and leave to germinate at high humidity and a temperature of about 24 ° C. At the stem, in contrast to the apical cutting, not only the roots, but also the shoots begin to form. As the shoots grow, the stem breaks down, as they feed on its nutrients. When the shoots begin to receive food using the root system, they need to be transplanted into separate pots.

Reproduction by seeds is done only by experts. If you can find the seeds, they must first be soaked in warm water. After 5 days, sow them in a suitable container in a moist soil. Seedlings grow in greenhouse conditions, that is, with a closed film of the container. Carry out as usual seedlings. The seeds of the plant germinate for a very long time.

Dracaeni diseases with photos and their treatment

Dracaena can fall ill for two reasons: physiological and infectious. The first is the wrong care and the possible consequences. The second reason may be infectious lesions and pests. The plant can get sick due to improper care:

Against the background of poor care and there are physiological diseases dracaena:

  • Why do dracaena leaves dry? If it concerns the lower part of the foliage, then it comes from the natural aging of the plant. First, the tips dry up, and then the whole leaf. To make the flower look healthy, you need to carefully cut off the dried parts of the leaf, it is not necessary to remove the whole.
  • Why do dracaena leaves turn yellow? If the healthy leaves turn yellow and dry, then this indicates a plant disease. It develops due to excessive or insufficient watering. You need to adjust the watering mode, and everything will be restored.
  • The leaves become brown in color. This is due to the presence of drafts or insufficient air humidity. Also, brown spots are on burns. In this case, you need pritenyat plant. Do not forget about regular spraying plants with water.
  • Blackening and drying of the tips of young leaves. This problem arises due to poor soil: salt has accumulated in it (need to transplant a plant in a new ground), in the feeding a lot of fluorine (change fertilizer), light or too clay substrate (change the soil, put more peat).
  • Leaf rot The leaves of the plant begin to rot due to lack of heat and light. If the lesion is non-infectious, then a water-brown patch appears on the sheet, separated by a green stripe. You can change the position, you do not need to overflow the plant, change the soil to a lighter one and adjust the temperature in the room.

If the flower was for a long time at a temperature below 10 degrees, then its leaves wither and fall. At the same time, the root system also rots. This attitude to the plant is unacceptable.

Infectious diseases of the plant are: Alternaria, heterosporiosis, phyllostikosis, bacteriosis. The first three fungal diseases are treated by fungicide treatment. But bacteriosis dracaena treatment can not be. The affected flower should be destroyed immediately.

Pests can significantly damage the plant. The most dangerous are the mealybug, the false scab, the tick. It is necessary to fight the first two pests in this way: you should remove insects with soapy water and cotton wool, wash the plant under the shower and treat it with insecticide until they are completely destroyed. Spider mite can be lime with the insecticide "Aktellik".

For any home plant need care. For dracaena it is also necessary. But do not think that caring for her is so difficult. Just need to make an effort, and your home will decorate a beautiful and unusual flower.

Transplant features

Which pot to take? The size of the pot is very easy to determine. For every 15 cm stem should be 5 cm diameter capacity. That is, if your dracaena is 60 cm high, then the diameter of the pot should be at least 20 cm. The material does not matter. Dracaena feels great in plastic and ceramics. Again, clay is still preferable. It has enough weight so that the flower does not tumble.

When transplanted dracaena

You can repot the plant all year round. But we recommend doing it around the end of winter. With the onset of spring, the dracaena begins an active phase of growth, and it is better not to disturb her at this time.

Young plants need to be transplanted once a year, adults - less. Oriented to the roots. As soon as they become visible above the surface of the soil, then it is time.

The least traumatic root system is the transshipment of a fully earthen coma. If your flower is already too large for transplanting, then just replace the top 7 cm of the earth with fresh one once a year. Just be careful not to damage the roots.

We water dracaena

This plant is very fond of water. But does not like to swim in it. Therefore, the drainage need such a thickness. Proper planting ensures a good outflow of excess fluid from the root system.

The best thing is to put a pot of dragon fruit in a wide pan. Peat, moss or expanded clay are put into it. All liquid that drains from the pot will be absorbed into these materials. Then it will gradually evaporate, creating the necessary level of moisture around the flower.

In general, it is advisable to spray the plant more often right on the crown of lukewarm distilled water. This will prevent the tips of the leaves from drying out.

When and how much water dracaena? In winter, rarely, in the summer more often. The exact schedule is difficult to make. It all depends on the conditions and size of the plant. Usually decided to focus on the dryness of the earthy coma. As soon as the top 2-2.5 cm dry up, it is necessary to water it. It is strictly forbidden to overdry the soil. Dracaena can not stand it and die. It is better to pour a little more and after 15 minutes to drain the excess liquid from the pan, than underfill and destroy the flower.

Water for irrigation should be at room temperature. If it is poured from the tap, then it is recommended to let it stand at least 12 hours. Then boil and cool. Instead of boiling, you can freeze the liquid in the freezer.

Only without fail, after each preparatory procedure, water is drained from the sediment. If this is not done, then very soon a white patina will appear on the surface of the soil in the pot. These are deposits of hard salts, which are not at all beneficial for the dracaena.

Air temperature

Dracaena loves warmth, but does not tolerate heat at all. The most optimal conditions of maintenance vary in the temperature range from +18 to + 26 ° С during the period of active growth. This is approximately from the second decade of March to the second decade of October.

During a distinct rest period, the plant requires different temperatures. It is from +14 to + 16 ° С. If you do not provide such conditions, then neotdnakhnaya dracaena can not fully grow and develop in the summer. She just does not have enough strength.

By the way, if the temperature of the content drops below + 11 ° C, the probability of disease outbreaks is high at any time. Perhaps even the appearance of rot and dropping leaves. This feature should be considered.

A lot of light for dracaena - this is very good. But only scattered. Direct sunlight literally burns spots on the leaves. And when there is a lack of lighting, the shoots grow stunted and thin, the leaves turn pale and hang rags.

If the plant is on the windowsill, then pritenuyut his light blinds, white paper, light curtain. If on the table or nightstand next to the window, then additional shadowing is not required. At the same time, good lighting should be year round. That is, during the winter holidays too.

When artificially illuminated dracaena feels great. Only this should be special fitolampy for plants. They give the right amount of ultraviolet light without burning the crown with a high temperature glow.

Shaping

Often dracenum is grown in winter gardens or offices. Because it grows up to 3.5 meters in height. But if you do not engage in the formation of the plant, the spectacle will bring few aesthetically pleasant moments. A long, bare trunk with a tuft of leaves at the crown.

Much more beautiful looks like a small trunk with several shoots. In this case, it turns out very lush crown that always looks great.

How to achieve such a result, if dracaena pulls up? By itself, she will not release side shoots. We'll have to sacrifice a smart hat. For this you will need:

  • sharp sterile knife
  • садовый вар или растолченная таблетка активированного угля

Срез делают на уровне примерно 6-7 см ниже первого листа. То есть, в руках должна остаться макушка с коротким черенком. А в горшке — один ствол без листьев. Не жалеют, так будет лучше. Just look strictly to make the cut perfectly smooth. Even the tiniest tinkers provoke decay. Wound sprinkled with coal or covered with a pitch.

After some time, buds will swell on the trunk and young shoots will appear. By the way, the top is not thrown away. It can try to root under cover in the soil or even just in the water. Only be sure to cut the dip in the root stimulator. So the process will go much faster.

The danger of forming is that a new escape may appear only one. Then the shaping procedure will have to be carried out again after some time. By the way, if young shoots cut off the tops, then in the end you can get a beautiful tree with a lush crown. Only be sure to give the plant to move away from the previous injury. For some time they even help: they water it with a solution of any adaptogen. This may be epin, zircon and other biological agents.

Council Begin to form a plant when the height of the main stem reaches at least 28 cm.

In the Russian climate, there are no insects that love the dragon plant. But there are a couple of omnivorous pests that even cacti are capable of. It is a spider mite and a scythe. They often settle on the plant, if the microclimate around the dry and hot. Under normal humidity, they do not appear. But, if such an attack overpowered the plant, then he would have to arrange an alkaline or potassium shower for him.

To do this, tightly wrap the pot with polyethylene, cling film, foil. Put it in a basin or bath. Then generously washed crown with a solution of household or potash soap. After 15 minutes, rinse with warm weak stream of clean water.

If such a procedure did not bring improvement, then you will have to use any systemic insecticide.

In general, dracaena is not particularly susceptible to disease. Often, they occur only when coincident provocative factors. It can be:

  • excessively high or low air temperature
  • stagnant water in the pan or pot
  • constant drafts
  • low humidity microclimate around the pot

If these problems are eliminated, diseases can be avoided. The first sign is most often the appearance of the leaves. They begin to dry up the tips, there are yellow, brown spots, which then turn black. Bulk opade foliage signals a strong defeat dracaena. It is urgent to identify the cause and save the plant.

At the same time, periodic yellowing of 2-3 lower leaflets is a natural norm. The old ones are dying off, the young ones are growing up, everything, as was introduced by nature. In general, the average life of a leaf in good conditions is about 2.5 years. If yellowness is disgusting, you can simply cut the leaf to a healthy tissue. Anyway, he will gradually die and fall off.

During the period of active growth, the flower must be regularly fed. It can be any mineral or organic fertilizer. Dracaena is omnivorous, and gratefully responds to any treats.

It is important not to overdo it. Once every 3 weeks will be quite enough. And do not exceed the dosage specified by the manufacturer. More benefit from this will not work. But the burning of small feeding roots - easily.

Useful tips

  1. In the summer you can make dracaena breathe on the street or balcony. Only cover from strong winds and drafts. She feels great in the garden, under a slight shading.
  2. Over time, a lot of dust and dirt accumulate on the leaves. Young plant is easy to wipe with a damp soft cloth. Well, an adult tree perfectly tolerates a regular warm shower. And do not have to rub each leaf.
  3. Adopted for greater beauty, sprinkle the top layer of soil in a pot with small pebbles or gravel. We do not recommend this, because the root system must breathe freely. And the pebbles partially interfere with the evaporation of excess moisture.

How to care for the dragon plant at home? As can be seen from the text, it is not difficult at all. Simple observance of elementary rules, a little bit competent care and more love. Dracaena will appreciate the efforts and will delight you with a beautiful exotic look.

Requirements for soil and pot

For a plant to enjoy its well-groomed appearance for a long time, it initially needs to create good conditions. The substrate should be neutral (pH about 6). You can check the acidity of existing soil with the help of indicator strips or buy soil with the specified pH value. Prepare the substrate for planting from three parts of ordinary garden soil, two parts of peat, one part of sand. Or use a mixture of peat, humus soil and sand (2: 1: 1).

The pot or container must be stable. The height of the container for planting drapesy 50–80 cm tall is 25 cm, diameter is 20 cm. A drainage layer is absolutely necessary at the bottom of the pot, because the roots need good ventilation.

Temperature, humidity and lighting

Dracaena is a heat-loving plant. The temperature in the room in summer should be in the range of 19–25 ° C. If the room is cold, the dracaena does not grow and may die. Dry air is also harmful, it is necessary to create humidity above 50%.

Important! Dragonflies, as a rule, develop well in partial shade, but grow more slowly in such conditions. There are some differences in the requirements for light in varieties with green and variegated leaves.

If a flower pot is placed far from a window or a lamp, then the drapes have a curve in their tops. The variegated forms require more light, windows of east and west orientation are needed. The plant on the south window should be protected from direct sunlight at noon.

What kind of hydration is required dratzen?

  • regular watering without water stagnation in the pan,
  • frequent spraying with soft, settled water,
  • constantly wet, but not wet soil.

Proper care for the dracaena at home provides for the daily spraying of leaves in the summer. Often dust remains even after regular washing. Then you have to wipe the leaves with a soft damp cloth or cotton pad.

Top dressing and fertilizer

It is recommended to feed dracaena in the summer once every two weeks. It is advisable to alternate between mineral and organic fertilizers, dissolve and add to water for irrigation. Drafts are sensitive to the content of fluorine and chlorine, so you need to choose fertilizers without these elements. Also, do not use chlorinated or fluorinated water for irrigation.

This is a very important procedure, on the success of which depends on the decorative appearance of the adult dracaena. It is necessary to carefully remove the plant with the root ball from the old pot. At the bottom of a new, higher capacity, suitable drainage material should be laid (ceramic shards, gravel, expanded clay or foam pieces).

How to perform transplant and transshipment dratsy:

  1. On top of the drainage layer poured washed sand and part of the prepared soil.
  2. Install the root ball and fill the soil on the sides.
  3. Water the land in a pot.
  4. Add substrate, leaving 1.5 cm to the top edge.
  5. Condense the soil, sprinkle with a thin layer of peat on top.

Dratsenu transplanted annually to the age of three. In the future, the procedure can be performed less frequently, and once a year, only change the top layer in the pot to fresh soil.

Winter care

The requirements for conditions in winter in a warm room are almost the same as in summer. However, a room with a temperature of 15 ° C is more suitable. At the same time, the number of irrigations and sprays is reduced to once a week. If the room is warm and dry, the dragon flower is watered twice a week. In the fall and winter, the plant does not need additional feeding.

Breeding dragon

If several branches depart from the central stem, then one shoot can be used as a cutting material. Separate the top with a length of 12 cm, the rest of the stem is cut into sections of a length of 7 cm. The cut on the mother plant is sprinkled with crushed charcoal or ash. At this place, under favorable conditions, new shoots appear.

Cuttings root in a pot with wet sand or in a glass of water. The leaves on the cut top need to be shortened, leaving 5–7 cm. The temperature in the room should not be below 20–22 ° C. From above, the cuttings are covered with a plastic bag, which is removed daily for venting and spraying the substrate. Rooting occurs within 3-4 weeks. After 1-2 months, several shoots grow, which can be divided and planted in different pots.

Seed propagation is mainly used by specialists. If you can buy seeds, they are first soaked in warm water. After 5 days, they are sown in moist soil in mini-greenhouses or plastic boxes with a transparent lid. Dracaena seeds germinate for a long time.

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