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Canadian Fir: Planting and Care

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Unusually beautiful decorative Konika - a dwarf form of gray gray Canadian spruce. It is an attractive appearance that opened this little beauty to the door to the world of gardening, where she was joyfully and unconditionally accepted. Today, this mini-Christmas tree adorns the most different corners of the Earth.

It grows well in the middle lane of our country. Featuring winter hardiness, Canadian Konica spruce can grow wherever ordinary spruce grows. A small growth was a great advantage, allowing the tree to settle even in a small area.

Canadian Konica Spruce Description

Konika - a decorative form. Under favorable conditions, the height can be up to 3 m, but more often it grows up to 1 m.

The krone is narrowly cone-shaped, dense. The needles are gray-green, soft, thin and short. The Konica root system is represented by a compact, weakly pronounced taproot. Most of the roots are close enough to the soil surface, so loosening should be careful.

This tree grows very slowly - only 3-4 cm per year. But some specimens can still add to the growth of 10 cm per year. At the age of five, the height of the Christmas tree reaches only 20 cm, but already at this age it differs in decorativeness from even-aged spruce spruce. By 10 years, the herringbone grows to 80 cm. A good growth is maintained up to 10-15 years, when the plant height is about 1 m. Subsequently, the growth rate decreases and is only 2-3 cm per year. This increase will continue until old age. By the age of 20, the height is 150 cm, the crown in diameter at the base is about a meter.

Spruce Canadian Konica Maygold (Maygold) - a species of gray-fir, which is characterized by yellow growths. In other characteristics, the variety is similar to Konica and Daisy White.

How to care for Conica Canadian spruce

This grade of spruce is convenient because its care is minimal. Konica does not need to care for the crown - she does not need pruning. Quite enough natural soil fertility and natural precipitation. But if the Canadian spruce grows on the plot, care for it, even if minimal, should still be there. This will only enhance its decorative properties.

When excessive drought is beneficial irrigation through the crown. After 1-2 days after that, it is desirable to shallow the soil under the tree shallowly. With the arrival of summer you need to feed the spruce. To do this, you can add 5 kg of decomposed organic matter to the basal zone and mix with the soil. With the arrival of October, it is recommended that the layer of peat compost be 5 cm thick.

So the plant is better wintered. In early spring, mulch is embedded in the soil. To prevent spring browning (burning in the sun), a Christmas tree should be wrapped with sacking or some other material that protects it from the sun without disturbing ventilation.

Spring browning of the needles is not a disease. This is just a reaction of the plant to the spring solar activity against the background of frozen soil. In other words, seasonal vegetation begins near the tree, and the soil that has not melted is not able to provide the necessary nutrition for the roots, so the needles begin to grow brown. But at the beginning of the movement of the juice and with enough food, the color of the needles tends to recover.

Planting Canadian Spruce Konica

Throughout the growing season, Canadian spruce can be transplanted. Konica, the landing of which is not so difficult, still requires compliance with certain requirements. So, in the beginning of spring and in the autumn, a transplant with an open root system is optimal.

In the summer, it is recommended to transfer plants on roots with a clod of earth. Better to do it in cloudy weather. Within 2 weeks after planting, the tree needs protection from direct sunlight and in maintaining the soil at an optimum level of humidity. Transplantation is better tolerated at a young age.

Koniki application

Fir-tree Canadian Sonica is very popular among landscape design. She is good in solo performance on the lawn and in the group. Because of its slow growth, it is practically not used in flower beds, but when it reaches a certain height, the tree looks great in mixborders.

Spruce Canadian dwarf Konica spectacular in a variety of compositions. It can often be found in a container on the roof ("green" roof), terraces, near the houses, when decorating gardens. The decorative form is good in large rock gardens. It looks great in the background of flower arrangements, and also harmoniously with the rest of the low-grade conifers. Particularly beautiful is Konica on a flat lawn.

Spruce Canadian Konica in a pot in the photo

Growing spruce in a pot is not at all difficult, ate to know the technology. To start a “homemade” herringbone, you can buy ready-made in a store, you can grow it from seed, or you can dig up a seedling in the forest. Whatever method is chosen, the sapling must be carefully transplanted into a container. It is important to ensure that the root neck of the plant remains at ground level. You can not overdry the root system. By the way, the tree bought in the store needs to change the ground.

For all types of spruce, the soil should have the following composition: leaf soil, turf ground, sand, peat in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. It is advisable to lay drainage (gravel, coarse sand, expanded clay) in a layer of 10 cm at the bottom of the container or pot. When planting / transplanting, it is advisable to apply fertilizer at the rate of 100 g / m 2. General feedings are made at the rate of 15-20 g per container 2 times per season.

Although spruce and shade-tolerant, but still recommended optimal light mode. In winter, the gray Konica spruce requires sufficient humidity (80-90%) and an optimum temperature of + 5-15 ° C. The tree does not tolerate dry soil, but waterlogging is not recommended. To maintain the optimum level of humidity, you can carry out mulching with peat, a layer of which will be 5-6 cm. Periodically, it is mixed with soil, and mulched on top of new. Spruce Canadian dwarf Konica grows slowly and does not need pruning, you can only remove diseased and dry twigs.

In summer, a pot or container is better to endure under trees or shrubs. Irrigation is recommended drip. Each year, the herringbone needs to be transplanted into a larger pot and special compost.

The advantage of dwarf forms is that, under favorable conditions, they can live long in pots and containers. Plain spruce in a container can live no more than 3-4 years.

Konica in a pot for the New Year

Today it is considered very fashionable to have as a New Year's spruce pot culture.

For such a New Year tree you need to choose a place away from radiator batteries and other heat sources. It is best to place the pot on a cold window, but given the “New Year's” purpose, this is not always possible. In addition, the south window is not an option, as the young plant is afraid of direct sunlight. Wherever the pot stands, it is necessary to periodically turn it towards the light.

When keeping Konica in a heated room, it is necessary to spray the crown. It would be better to try to increase the humidity near the tree itself. To do this, you can place around a pot of water. Another way to increase the humidity: put the edge of the towel in the delivered water container, and hang the second edge on the battery. With this method will have to constantly add water, as the water will evaporate quickly.

After the holidays, the Christmas tree is recommended to move to the loggia or glazed balcony. There a pot with Conic can be covered with a cap that will provide optimum humidity. You can use a 5-liter bottle without bottom. The lid remains and the spruce is completely covered with a bottle. So that the ground in the pot does not freeze, you can wrap it with something warm. It is very important for pottery Konika to provide a more or less cold wintering, because it is, after all, not a tropical plant.

When the root system completely fills the container, it is necessary to transfer the tree, without damaging the earthen room, into a larger container.

At observance of all stated requirements the decorative fir-tree will please for a long time with the beauty and originality.

Culture characteristics

The varieties Konica, Laurin, Alberta and Echiniformis are widely spread. Consider in more detail the first grade.

Konika is resistant to frost and can grow in any conditions familiar to spruce. Since it has small dimensions, it can be planted even in small areas. The height of the spruce of this variety usually does not grow above 95 cm. However, under favorable conditions, the plant can stretch up to 2.5 m. The dwarf spruce has a dense crown in the shape of a cone. The needles of the plant have a bluish-green color. The root system is represented by a small weakly expressed taproot. Most of the roots are located close to the soil surface. When caring for a plant, earthworks should be carried out with great care.

Spruce grows rather slowly. On average, every year it adds only 30-40 mm in height. There are instances that grow over the year and 100 mm. As a rule, these are five-year saplings. The plant maintains a good growth until the age of 11-13 years. Then in the year the tree adds a total of 20-23 mm. At 20 years of age, Canadian Spruce Conica reaches an average height of 1.5 meters. The diameter of the crown in the base area can reach 1 meter.

Home care

How does Canadian Spruce grow up at home? Leaving the plant requires a minimum. Crown pruning for this variety is not carried out. For a tree to grow normally, it has enough fertile soil and precipitation. However, to improve the decorative characteristics of the tree, you need to know something about the care of Canadian spruce.

  1. In hot weather, the crown of spruce must be irrigated with water. After that, two days later, it is recommended to slightly loosen the soil under the tree. It is also useful to feed spruce organic fertilizers.
  2. Before winter, it is advisable to prepare a mixture of soil and peat compost and spread it in a layer of 40-45 mm on the surface. In the spring, this mulch should be poured closer to the base of the tree.
  3. So that Canadian spruce does not burn in the bright sun, you can wrap it with material that does not violate natural ventilation. For this purpose, perfect burlap.

If in the spring the tree has become brown in parts, this is not yet a sign of plant disease. Needles started to lose color? This may be a reaction to sunny color. Until the earth is warm, spruce season begins during seasonal vegetation. Due to the cold soil, the plant can not get enough nutrients, and therefore acquires a brownish tint. When the soil becomes warmer and the sap movement is restored, the normal color of the plant will return.

How to plant Canadian spruce?

During the entire growth time, the plant in question can be transplanted. At the same time it is necessary to comply with a number of important requirements, namely:

  1. Trees are best transplanted at a young age. In the fall and spring, the process is carried out with open roots. In the warm season it is recommended to replant the spruce along with the adjacent land. This procedure is best carried out in rainy cloudy weather.
  2. During the first weeks after transplantation, the plant requires optimal watering. It is also better to protect the tree from the sun.
  3. It should be borne in mind that ornamental conifers do not tolerate waterlogging. This is true for a long drought. In too moist soil, the roots of a plant may begin to die off. Any coniferous trees feel good in soils with low groundwater deposition.
  4. Canadian spruce at home should be provided with high-quality drainage system. The best conditions for growing Konika are high humidity and rare precipitation. It is advisable to plant spruce nearby with garden plants. This will help to improve the color of the needles, as well as reduce the likelihood of its burning out in the sun.
  5. The soil for growing conifers should be sufficiently loose and moisture-consuming. In this case, excessive fertility will be a disadvantage rather than an advantage. Seedlings in such a soil ripen worse and stretch stronger.

Breeding

Canadian spruce can breed in several ways. For this purpose, as a rule, use cuttings, seedlings or seeds. It is clear that the seed from the tree will grow longer. The most difficult method can be called growing from cuttings. For this purpose, a matured branch is usually taken 100-110 mm long. Bottom cuttings need to be treated with growth stimulants. In the ground they land at a depth of 20-30 mm. Normal soil is suitable for growing seedlings. Immediately after planting, the plants need watering.

Growing trees for sale

Today, Christmas trees are often grown for sale. This option of doing business can bring a large enough additional income for gardeners. However, Canadian spruce for this purpose will not work. Breeding this variety is considered to be a disadvantage. It takes a long time to grow. It is also worth remembering that young plants need constant care: watering, fertilizing, loosening. For sale the Christmas tree will be ready only after 3-5 years.

Choosing seedlings

The first thing you should pay attention to when choosing a stalk of Canadian spruce is its shape. It must match the grade. Pay attention also to the color of the needles. It should be uniform and fairly saturated. Often Canadian spruce is already sold in pots with soil. Usually these seedlings have many roots. They should not form a tight lump. In addition, the ground in the tank should not be too dry. Usually the roots of a culture such as Spruce Canadian Konica are wrapped in a mesh or moistened cloth. Transplant must be done very carefully. It depends on how the tree will develop in the future.

Pests and diseases

Conifers are subject to various diseases and pests. Tracheomycosis is very common in Canadian spruce. This fungus infects the roots of a tree, as a result of which they can lose the ability to transport nutrients. The disease usually affects young plants. The first symptoms are redness and dropping of needles. Treating affected trees cannot be cured. To prevent the spread of infection, sick trees must be dug together with the earth and burned. Then the place where they grew up is treated with a solution of copper sulphate. Conifers often suffer from so-called rust. On the tree, as a result of this ailment, orange and yellow growths are formed. Needles may also fall off.

As for pests, the bark beetle is the number one enemy for the Canadian spruce. These small insects can gnaw a whole system of moves under the bark of the tree. They lay eggs in them. The tree struck by this pest cannot be saved.

Growing conditions

On the territory of private households is often found Canadian Spruce Conica. Care at home for this plant can not be called too complicated. One of the most important conditions for the proper development of the tree is the optimal choice of a site for planting. It is best to plant Christmas trees in partial shade, in a place protected from the wind. The tree does not need pruning crown, it already has an optimal shape. During a drought, it is necessary to irrigate the tree through the crown. What other procedures does Canadian spruce require? Home care is required to regularly loosen the soil. This procedure ensures that the soil is saturated with oxygen. To care for Canadian spruce is quite simple, it does not require any serious effort. It is enough to protect it from the sun and maintain a comfortable level of humidity.

Appearance

Many gardeners today grow a plant such as Canadian spruce in their plots. Care at home behind this tree is quite simple. It looks nice and neat. Typically, representatives of green flora are quite large in size, which does not allow them to grow in a private farm. It is for this reason that gardeners and landscape designers prefer dwarf varieties. These include Canadian spruce. Photos of this plant can often be found on the covers of popular magazines on home economics. Distinctive features of this species is a compact low-growing crown and beautiful color of needles. It is thanks to these characteristics that compact spruce is popular among owners of private houses and garden plots.

El Konika: advantages

The main advantage of Canadian spruce is ease of care. For coniferous beauty to grow well, natural soil fertility and natural rainfall are sufficient. You can additionally feed the plant. In the summer, it is recommended to carry organic fertilizer mixed with the ground into the root zone. To make the plant easier to survive the winter, it will be useful to mulch using compost and peat. In the spring mulch close up in the soil. Best of all, the plant tolerates transplantation at a young age. At first, after processing, the Christmas tree must be protected from solar people.

Коника сегодня широко применяется в ландшафтном дизайне. Она может использоваться как в группе с другими растениями, так и в одиночном исполнении. Часто можно увидеть канадскую ель, выращиваемую в домашних условиях, на крыше, террасах и возле домов. Благодаря своей декоративной форме дерево отлично вписывается в крупные растительные композиции. It will look good in combination with stunted evergreens. Also, a beautiful conifer will look great on the background of the lawn.

Conclusion

Canadian Spruce Konica today is very popular among gardeners and landscape designers. This is due to its aesthetic appearance and compact size. Such a beautiful plant will decorate any territory. Breeders managed to bring a huge number of varieties, characterized by the color of needles: from bluish to light green. The advantage of the Canadian spruce is that it can be used as a houseplant. This plant will look elegant in a pot as a New Year tree. In this case, you must periodically spray the spruce. In summer, a container or a spruce pot can be put outside next to other bushes and trees. To make the Christmas tree grow better, it is recommended to replace it every year in a larger tub.

As it turned out, taking care of Canadian spruce at home is a snap. The most important thing is to provide the plant with proper care, and then your yard will always look beautiful and original at any time of the year.

What is canadian conic spruce

This tree is a decorative form of Canadian spruce, which can be differently referred to as “conic gray fir”, “conic fir tree”, “white conic fir tree”. All these names characterize the appearance of the tree with needles, which is characterized by a gray shade. This botanical evergreen ornamental plant belongs to the genus Spruce of the Pine family.

Spruce Canadian Konik is a miniature copy of gray-fir and is great for creating a landscape design site. The first mention of it was recorded in 1904, when this type of evergreen was found in the mountains of Canada. Then the conic quickly spread to many countries of the world. This is due to the decorativeness of such a Christmas tree, which can be entered in any suburban area. Today, it is represented by several varieties of mutants, which include: Dwarf, Alberta Globe, Laurin and Elegance Compact.

Konika belongs to the category of coniferous evergreen trees. Its decorative value is not only the correct form of the crown, but also a relatively small height, due to which it is widely used to decorate gardens and house plots. Detailed description:

  • The height of the conic reaches 1 m, which is considered ideal for home cultivation. Under favorable conditions, it reaches 3 m. The diameter of the tree does not exceed 2 m.
  • Decorative spruce grows at a slow pace. During the first 10 years of life, its growth is only 6–10 cm per year, after which it decreases to 1.3–3 cm.
  • The tree is considered a long-liver. At one place it grows about 300–500 years.
  • The decorative variety of Canadian gray gray spruce has a regular crown shape, which is similar in appearance to a narrow cone. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that the crown practically does not need to be cared for - it takes its form in a natural way.
  • The root system ate superficially, so when loosening the soil around it, you must be extremely careful.
  • Cones on a tree are formed very rarely. They have an oblong conical shape, and their length reaches 6 cm.
  • Konika has a very dense crown with a short needle-like needles of a bluish-green shade, the length of which is about 1 cm. Needles do not prick, therefore the tree is absolutely safe.

Use in landscape design

Canadian plant is considered one of the most popular types of conifers used in the field of landscape design. It looks great in both group and single placement. The young sapling of optimum height becomes an excellent decoration for a mixborder - a kind of flower garden, which is created from multi-layered and multi-row plants. Other uses for landscape design:

  • Often koniku can be found in pots and containers on balconies, terraces, avenues, roofs, etc. At the same time in the winter they can be easily moved to the room. The advantage of growing in pots is the ability to use such a tree on New Year's holidays.
  • Decorative Christmas tree can be planted in different garden compositions like rockeries or rock gardens. It will serve as an excellent background for flowering plants.
  • Decorative spruce looks great as a small hedge in a group planting, especially since its crown does not require care.

Breeding methods

For reproduction of decorative evergreen trees can be used in two ways. In any case, the reproduction of decorative spruce is a long and laborious task. Ways:

This method of propagation of the decorative Christmas tree is used extremely rarely. It is considered unreliable, because A tree grown by this method can lose almost all the decorative features of a mother tree. Only a couple of seeds can inherit them from one cone, but despite this, this method has the right to exist. Seed propagation technology:

  1. First, collect the seeds. Use only well-ripened cones for this. The optimal collection period is autumn-winter.
  2. Then you need to carefully prepare the nutrient soil with a high level of acidity. For this purpose, combine in equal proportions leaf soil, sand, turf soil and peat. Fill the resulting mixture with a suitable container.
  3. To sow prepared planting material is required to a depth of no more than 1 cm.
  4. After sowing, place the container in a cool place that will resemble the natural conditions of growing conic.
  5. In optimal conditions, the first shoots will begin to appear in early spring. If you properly care for seedlings, in just a year they will reach a height of 20 cm.
  6. Young mini spruce can be grown at home or transplanted into the ground after growing. Seed propagation is almost always successful, because This type of evergreen tree has a high level of similarity.

This method of reproduction of ornamental trees is more common. With it, you can achieve high results, because young plants will have all the signs of a mother tree. The process is long - it will take more than one year until you have a sapling suitable for planting in open ground. It is recommended to plant and grow undersized Canadian spruce in the open air, so that the conditions correspond as closely as possible to natural ones. Detailed instructions:

  1. Conduct cuttings in June. This is necessary so that the cut on the cuttings has time to grow over several months and the tree after that has become actively rooted.
  2. Preparing cuttings for reproduction, cut off only the lowest branches. The length of the planting material should not exceed 10–12 cm.
  3. Separate the cuttings from the mother tree correctly: they must have a heel, i.e. separation should be carried out together with part of the bark, otherwise the seedling will die.
  4. After preparing the required number of cuttings, place them in a solution of a growth stimulator, for example, Kornevin. To do this, fill the container with liquid and place the planting material in it for at least a couple of hours.
  5. In the future, you can dilute the remaining solution with water. Use the resulting composition for watering cuttings.
  6. Carefully prepare a fertile substrate for growing conic. To do this, you can mix sand, leaf soil, peat and turf soil.
  7. Dig the cuttings into the soil by 2.5 cm (maximum).
  8. Further care will consist only of moderate watering and maintaining the required humidity.
  9. After 4–5 years, the seedling will need to be planted in a permanent place in the open ground.

How to choose a spruce horse for planting

To get beautiful and healthy evergreens, you need to choose the appropriate seedlings. When you buy them in specialized nurseries, you will be sure that you are buying really good planting material - although the risk of encountering a bad product always exists. For this reason, when choosing a sapling, pay attention to several important points:

  • It is best to purchase a sapling in a pot with a closed root system, because in the future you will be able to land it in open ground at any time from spring to autumn. If you bought a spruce tree with an open root system, you will need to plant it immediately.
  • Be sure to pay attention to the root system, which should be with an earthy ball. In addition, make sure that it is covered with burlap - its presence prevents damage to the roots.
  • Carefully inspect the entire sapling - it should not be dried and damaged branches.
  • Sometimes the plant is healthy looking, but in fact it is no longer viable. In this regard, check the needles. Dead needles turn yellow at the edges, and during pressing - bend to the side. The living needles are elastic, and if they are placed on them, they will simply bend.
  • Age of seedlings also plays an important role. The younger they are, the easier it is to take root in a new place.

Landing Works

It is relatively easy to grow a conic spruce at home in your own garden or on the house plot, but you will have to be patient. Before you start digging a hole of suitable size, you need to choose the best place. Then you need to prepare a soil mixture, and only after that start planting a Canadian decorative Christmas tree. Next, you will need to make dressing, water, loosen and mulch the soil. In gratitude, Konik will be a significant decoration of your site.

Selecting a landing site

In the first stage, find a suitable place for planting an evergreen tree. During the search, follow several rules:

  • The preferred place for the growth and development of conic spruce are open sunny areas with little shading (penumbra), because The plant is susceptible to sunburn. If you plant it only in the shade, then the conifer tree will quickly lose both the color of the needles and its decorative qualities.
  • It is very important that the selected plot of land is protected from exposure to wind and the groundwater does not lie close to the surface - the decorative shape of the Canadian fir does not tolerate stagnant water.
  • Note that there should not be large trees near the landing site. Otherwise, there will be little space for the conic and the probability that it will lose its decorative properties will increase significantly.
  • It is not recommended to plant spruce spruce in the city, because she may die due to intolerance of gas pollution.
  • When choosing the final location, take into account the desired compositional placement or ideas for the landscape of a particular territory.

Soil Mix Preparation and Planting

Canadian spruce is not particularly picky and it will grow on almost any more or less suitable soil. To preserve its decorative features and the bright color of the crown, it is recommended to pick up a fertile land. The selected soil should be light and loose, and have good water and breathability. It will be even better if the prepared soil is enriched with organic matter. Land before planting should be carefully dig. Planting process:

  1. To plant seedlings in the spring and autumn should be with open roots. When landing in the summer, they must be with a lump of earth, because there is a risk of damage to the root system. Conic roots do not tolerate hot dry air.
  2. Landing should start with the preparation of the soil. For conics suitable soil mixture consisting of sand, turf land, leaf soil and peat in equal proportions. Add some organic matter if desired.
  3. Then dig a landing hole. Its size will depend on the size of the seedling and its root system.
  4. At the bottom of the prepared pit, place a drainage layer consisting of rubble or broken brick.
  5. Then add a part of the prepared soil mixture with humus or compost - you can supplement it with a small amount of complex fertilizer.
  6. Place planting material on this soil and sprinkle it with remaining earth.
  7. After planting, be sure to water the seedling. On one tree should be from 10 to 12 liters of water.
  8. At the end, silence the tree circle to retain moisture. Peat is quite suitable for mulch.

Conic Spruce Care

Further care of the Canadian Christmas tree's decorative form does not require much effort or some complicated actions. The main thing is to pay attention to the tree, so that later it will always delight you with the bright color of its needles and amazingly beautiful crown. If timely moistening and protection from the sun rays is required, more important is fertilizing, as well as loosening and mulching the soil.

For normal development, the tree needs a 10-hour daylight - the plant prefers bright but diffused light. It is important to protect young seedlings from the sun, because they can be burned and die. Use burlap and cardboard for protection. Poor quality care provokes the appearance of various diseases and will negatively affect the appearance of the evergreen plant. Restoring the conic will take a long time.

Watering, loosening and soil mulching

It is necessary to water a decorative tree constantly, but moderately. This event is of great importance during the drought period, when young seedlings need to be watered twice a week with 10 liters of water. This tree also loves sprinkling, so it is advisable to sprinkle it with pine needles 1–2 times a week, using a watering can or a hose. Watch to prevent flooding of the root system - a strong excess of moisture will lead to decay of the upper roots.

It is recommended to loosen the barrel periodically - it should be done very carefully, because The root system of the tree is located close to the ground, and therefore it can be easily damaged. After loosening, be sure to gurgle the soil. Compost or peat is suitable as mulch. A layer of such mulch will protect your coniferous beauty from the appearance of a large number of weeds and possible drying.

The history and description of the plant, its maximum height

At the beginning of the last century an interesting dwarf spruce was discovered in Canada. After some research, scientists have concluded that this plant appeared due to the natural mutation of Canadian spruce (Picea glauca).

Konik spruce looks like this:

  • The crown of the tree is very dense, has the shape of a cone.
  • Light green needles (up to 1 cm in length) densely cover the branches.
  • The average diameter of the crown at the bottom of the plant is 80 cm.
  • The roots are not long, are located closer to the surface.

The conic grows very slowly. Young trees add 6-8 cm per year. By 10-12 years the height of the plant reaches about 1 m. After that, the growth rate slows down and only 2-3 cm increases over the year.

At home, in Canada, the maximum height of a conic reaches 3–4 m. In Russian latitudes, this figure is even less — 1.5–2 m. Such a small increase is due to a decrease in the distance between interstices, combined with an increase in branching. This circumstance "flattened" the tree from top to bottom.

The progenitor of a conic, Spruce Canadian, has the same number of internodes and branches, but its height due to the greater distance between them is 25-35 m. Thanks to the beautiful conical crown, this tree is used in the USA as the main decoration for Christmas in the most significant places of the country .

Purchase of seedlings and planting it on the site

A conik spruce, like all its relatives, does not tolerate even the slightest drying of the roots. Therefore, you need to purchase a small tree in a container where a clod of earth is constantly moistened.

Council Buying conic seedlings is best in proven garden centers. Buying spruce in the market from an unknown seller, you can lose time and money.

Landing is considered a very crucial moment. The further growth and development of the tree completely depends on this manipulation. When planting, it is desirable to adhere to the following rules:

  1. It is necessary to disembark a conic in the garden either at the end of April or at the end of August. Just at this time, the roots of the plant grow intensively, which contributes to a good survival rate.
  2. Place to pick the sun. In the shade, the correct crown of a plant may change, and the spruce will become less decorative.
  3. Given the small size of the horse, it can be safely planted near the house.
  4. Landing pit should be prepared in advance. The bottom must be covered with a layer of rubble or broken bricks.
  5. It is also advisable to prepare the soil mixture in advance. For spruce suitable composition of garden land, sand, peat and humus (2: 1: 1: 1, respectively). From mineral fertilizers, you can add nitroammofosku.

Directly landing itself should be done as follows:

  • Above the drainage layer, soil is poured in such a way that a clod of earth from the container fits into the pit. Well watered.
  • Carefully remove the plant from the container and immerse it in the pit.

  • The trunk of the plant is aligned on all sides.
  • Free space is filled with soil mixture.
  • Well watered landing. It requires at least 10 liters of water.
  • In the end, near the stem create a shallow hole for further irrigation and cover it with a 5 cm layer of mulch.

Dwarf Spruce Care

Уход за коникой можно назвать минимальным. Она не требует обрезки и какого-либо другого обслуживания кроны. Удобрения, которое было заложено при посадке, ей достаточно на несколько лет. Если лето не жаркое и не очень сухое, обеспечение растения влагой происходит за счет естественных осадков.

Несмотря на эти качества, правильный уход способен еще сильнее увеличить декоративность ели. For example, in hot periods, you should regularly water the tree while irrigating the crown. The first couple of months after planting, the soil should be moistened weekly. In case of crust formation on the soil around the trunk, be sure to loosen the top layer.

Attention! The roots of spruce are practically on the surface of the earth. Therefore, the plant does not tolerate trampling and significant soil compaction at a distance of 1 m around the crown.

Although the conic spruce tree is winter-hardy, in order to avoid freezing, it is recommended that during the first 2-3 years after planting it is good to mulch the ground in the area of ​​the near-barrel circle for winter. Too small seedlings can be completely covered before the frost spruce branches.

Despite the fact that the horse loves sunny places, in the spring the plant can get significant sunburn. This is manifested by the browning of pine needles. Experienced gardeners recommend wrapping the crown with gauze, sackcloth, etc. in spring. The main thing is that the material does not interfere with the passage of air and was able to disperse the bright rays of the sun.

Place the conic in the garden, as well as diseases that can affect the plant

Designers recommend konik to land on the most prominent places of the site:

  • at the entrance to the house
  • near the arbor,
  • At the playground.

Good dwarf spruce in both single and group plantings. Particularly adorn the site such groups in the offseason. At the foot of the conic, a calm green lawn or contrast antennaria, zhivuchki looks great.

Spruce is especially beautiful during the formation of new shoots - it turns into an emerald green, fabulously beautiful cone. In the middle lane this time falls on May.

Spruce fir can be affected by various fungal infections, the early detection and immediate treatment of which will help save the plant.

  1. Rust - orange growths appear on the branches, the needles turn yellow and crumble. As a treatment, the treatment of the crown and trunk with special preparations for a whole month with an interval of 1 time per week is used.
  2. Coniferous disease Schutte - is caused by a fungus. With the defeat of the needles darkens, then covered with white bloom and fall off. With the timely detection of diseases of the plant can be saved. In advanced cases, it remains only to dig and destroy the spruce.

The small growth of a once-mutated Christmas tree turned for her a considerable dignity. Such a plant will decorate any area, and anyone who wants can plant and care for it.

Landing place

Place for landing should be maximum protected from the wind. Due to the peculiarities of the root system, Konica spruce can die if it is landed in a place with a strong wind. This tree has one feature: over time, the taproot dies off, and the plant is kept in the soil only at the expense of the surface roots. Winds are especially dangerous for old plants, whose age has exceeded 12-15 years.

Also consider the fact that this ornamental plant loves a lot of sunshine. Penumbra may also be suitable for planting. But if you plant a plant in the shade, it can lose all its decorativeness. In addition, the tree will grow more slowly, and over time it can completely wither and die.

The best soil for spruce Konika will be sandy or loamy, which has good water and breathability. Organic matter should be a moderate amount, the acidity of the soil should slightly exceed the norm. Young seedlings react poorly to underground floods, so consider this factor when planting.

Best time to land

This type of ornamental plant can be planted in open soil. almost any time of year. In the southern regions of our country, a tree can be planted even in winter, when it is at rest. But the best time for planting will be the middle - the end of spring, or the beginning - the middle of autumn.

There is a lot of controversy and reasoning about how to plant Konik spruce in summer, and whether it is worth doing it on hot days. In most cases, experts advise against doing this in the middle of summer, but if you do decide to plant a tree in the summer, then it is best to do it in cloudy and cool weather. After planting, the plant should be watered twice a week (8-10 liters of warm water should be poured onto one tree).

Requirements for planting material

When buying a Christmas tree pay attention to color needleswhich should be intense. If in the nursery you buy a sapling that has grown in a container, then turn the container over: if the earth does not get enough sleep, then the planting material is good. The roots of the purchased seedlings should be wrapped in a damp cloth or mesh.

Sometimes a coniferous plant looks healthy, but in fact it is no longer viable. Check needles ate. Dead needles begin to turn yellow at the edges, and when pressed, they lean to the side. Live needles are elastic, and when pressed they bend. And remember: the younger the sapling, the easier it will be for him to take root in the new soil.

Planting Procedure

First you need to dig a planting hole, which should correspond to the size of the root system of the seedling. The optimal fovea size for a 1-2 year old plant: 60 cm deep and 80 cm in diameter. If the seedling is large, then the fossa should be a little more than a coma of root soil. For tall plants, the distance between the pits should be more than 3 meters, and for dwarf spruce trees - from 1 meter.

Before planting spruce fossa need to drain a broken brick. It must be poured into the fossa with a layer, the thickness of which will be at least 15 cm. Then a layer of fertile land is poured out: it can be forest soil or ordinary garden soil, to which humus or compost is added.

A sapling is inserted into the prepared hole along with a clod of earth. The root neck (the junction of the root and the trunk) should remain at ground level and in no case go deeper. Then planting material should be sprinkled with fertile soil and slightly compacted. After pouring it with warm water and fix if necessary (can be tied to two pegs).

After the fir has been planted and fixed, the soil around it can be slightly covered with humus. In this case, the sapling will start growing faster and take root.

Watering and loosening the soil

Adult and rooted spruces normally tolerate two to three weeks of summer drought. But young dwarf trees need watering at least once every 1.5 weeks.

To loosen the soil should be in dry periods, which are often only in summer. Loosening contributes to the fact that the internal soil moisture will evaporate less. At the same time, irrigation and rainwater will be better absorbed into such a soil.

Feeding and mulching

Any adult and young ornamental plant needs feeding once a year complex fertilizers. It is best to use those fertilizers that are designed specifically for coniferous ornamental plants. Freshly planted seedlings are recommended to be watered with growth and root formation stimulants (“Gerbamin”, “Hetero-auxin”, “Epin”). Young seedlings in the first two or three weeks after planting need spraying "Ferravit".

With a strong excess of moisture, the upper roots of spruce can rot. To avoid this, the soil around the tree must be mulched with sawdust or shavings of coniferous trees, pine needles or bark.

Mulch allows you to balance the soil moisture and maintain its normal characteristics. Sometimes the soil around the plant is covered with decorative stones, for example, expanded clay. This way of mulching adds, to everything else, the beauty of any terrace or alley.

Diseases and pests

Spruce Konica may be subject to certain diseases and be damaged by various pests. Timely wrestling will help your plant stay beautiful and healthy. Here is List of major diseases and pests of the Canadian ate:

  1. Coniferous disease Schutte. The disease is fungal in nature. The plant first acquires a black tint, then becomes covered with “frost”, and then all the needles begin to fall off. With the timely detection of the disease, the plant can be sprayed with a 3% solution of copper sulfate, "Alirin-B" or "Trichodermin". When a severely neglected disease, the tree should be cut.
  2. Tracheomycosis is a fungal disease of the root system of conifers. This disease in most cases affects young trees. The needles eventually turn red and fall. This ailment is not treatable. Affected plants are cut and burned, and the soil is treated with copper sulfate solution.
  3. Rust is another type of fungal disease that affects the needles and forms yellow or orange growths on it. Over time, the needles begin to fall off. This disease is treated with "Glyocladium" or "Vectra". Processing should be carried out once a week for a month.
  4. Sometimes the bark of an ornamental plant infects small brown or black bugs, which are called bark beetles. They gnaw the bark, lay eggs there and feed on wood. The chance to save the plant in this case is reduced to almost zero.
  5. The spruce needles may be affected by the larva of the fir spruce guard, which is capable of laying up to 1500 eggs. It feeds on pine needles, causing the latter to fall. To combat this insect use 0.3% solution "BI-58".

Any ailment contributes to the suppression of the ornamentation of spruce. Proper and timely care of the plant will not allow fungi and insects to hit it.

Shelter for the winter

Coniferous trees with extreme ease tolerate even the most severe winter frosts. Only young and recently planted spruces can suffer, the root system of which has not yet fully hardened in the soil. Such plants need wrap with net or twine. This is done carefully so as not to break off the branches.

General information

Most likely, the ancient Roman name ate came from the word pix, which means "resin". And it is not surprising, because this is one of the distinctive features of the breed. Representatives of this family of more than fifty species. America, Asia, Europe, China - in all these countries you can find this magnificent evergreen, attractive by its regular shape in the form of a cone.

In height can reach fifty meters, have an equal, strong trunk. The crown can be wide enough or narrow. The needles are dense and prickly.

Cones are formed at the ends of the branches, where last year's shoots were, most often in the upper part of the tree. Seeds ripen in a year. The color of the bark is gray.

Interestingly, the first decade, the root system develops as a rod, going deep into the ground. However, over time, it grows closer to the surface. And over the years, the main root dies.

Almost all the representatives of this genus have their younger brothers - decorative species ,. An example is the Canadian Conica spruce.

Let's take a closer look at spruce. Range - North America. There it can be found in the forests or on the banks of rivers and lakes. Often this mixed plantings.

This tree has several names: spruce gray, white or Canadian, and is represented by two dozen decorative forms. One of the most popular among domestic gardeners is Spruce Canadian Konica.

If we talk about the general description of the genus, then these are trees, no larger than twenty meters in size. Although there are exceptions that have reached a height of forty.

Its representatives are used for both single and group plantings. On the rocky slopes dwarf forms perfectly take root. The continental and maritime climate is suitable for the tree, but the drought is tolerated quite firmly.

An exceptional feature is the favorable attitude towards different types of soil. It can settle down on poor sandstone, which is not distinguished by the presence of minerals and useful components.

Dwarf form

Increasingly popular among professional gardeners and lovers is gaining a small and therefore such an attractive plant - the Canadian Spruce Konica. This is a dwarf tree shape. Having the appearance of a large and fluffy spruce and at the same time a small toy size, it causes certain feelings of surprise and delight.

In the modern world, the tree has gained immense popularity, and today it can be found in any part of the planet. To acquire such a plant, you do not need to have any special knowledge. Even a novice gardener on the shoulder Canadian Spruce Conic. Planting and maintenance are fairly simple and straightforward.

Due to its small size, it will always find a place even in the most modest garden. Especially since it gets accustomed perfectly in various conditions.

This form of spruce was found back in 1904 in Canada on the shore of Lake Liggan.

What height does Canadian Conica spruce have? The photo later in the article will clearly demonstrate the size of this tree compared to the rest of the forest flora.

It looks almost exactly the same as its large counterparts. In fact, a tree rarely reaches a height of even three meters, and then only under special conditions. Most often, the growth does not exceed one.

The plant has a narrow cone-like crown, rather dense and dense. Due to this, the tree looks magnificent. The branches are covered with soft short needles of a bluish-green color. The root is quite compact, a small rod. It is worth noting that the main part of the life support system is close to the surface of the earth, so you need to be extremely careful when hilling, so as not to damage it.

On average, a tree grows at 3 cm per year. The maximum increase can reach tenths of a meter.

Just imagine that five years after planting the tree reaches only twenty centimeters in height. But at the same time, it already differs in its outwardly attractive decorative appearance.

Care rules

As we have already noted, interest in the tree is not only its unusual appearance and size. Among gardeners and landscape designers, Canadian Spruce Konica, whose care is quite simple, is popular for its unpretentious nature.

Unlike other representatives, it does not need pruning of the crown and special fertilizer of the soil. For a tree, there is enough natural reserve of minerals in the earth and seasonal precipitation. But a good host, ready to put in a little effort, can get a plant that is more attractive with its decorative properties.

For example, in the summer, you can conduct dressing, gently entering into the soil a few kilograms of humus. If you have a long drought, it is worth watering the crown. And after a couple of days a little loosen the soil around.

With the onset of cold weather can be done mulching. This is the process of covering the soil with a special material - mulch (manure or compost). Due to this, the tree will transfer the winter period better. And with the onset of a thaw, they dig up the mulch and mix it with the soil.

Landing features

As noted earlier, Canadian Spruce Conica, planting and care for which are simple and affordable, is quite popular among domestic gardeners. The tree is well adapted to various conditions, but still to achieve the most positive result you should take into account a few tips.

First, transplantation can be carried out throughout the vegetative period. In the autumn-spring period, it is better to exercise it with open roots. In the summer it is advisable to choose the opposite way. Secondly, note that the pit must exceed the size of the root. This will help to better transfer the transplant and avoid various diseases.

Choosing a place, it is better to give preference to a well-lit area. Although in the first months after transplantation you need to protect the tree from the direct rays of the sun.

Spruce Canadian Konica not too much abundance of moisture, so it is desirable that the soil is well drained.

Growing in a pot

To settle such a baby in a pot is quite simple. Knowing a few simple rules, anyone can handle it. Planting Canadian spruce Konica possible from a seedling bought in the store, or seeds. The most important thing is to follow the root process. It should be well covered with earth to avoid drying.

It is advisable to cover the bottom of the pot with sand, expanded clay or gravel to create artificial drainage.

Otherwise, when grown in a container, the rules described above should be taken into account. Cut the crown can be in the case of dry twigs.

Application in design

With your own taste and creative spirit, you can create amazing things with the help of decorative fir. If you do not consider yourself particularly creative, just look at examples from other gardeners.

Spruce Canadian Konica in landscape design can be used quite widely: the decoration of the terrace, the creation of a "green" roof, the design of gardens and adjoining plots.

A very interesting option - modeling a miniature forest. To achieve a more spectacular spectacle, decorative birch species and dwarf flowers can be combined with spruce.

Some use trees to create a hedge, which has an attractive appearance when the trees are still small and when they have reached their maximum size.

Content in the room

Due to its small size, the plant can be kept in a residential area. It is most welcome to the New Year. Dressing "inch", you surprise the guests and diversify your holiday.

The decoration of every home can be spruce Canadian Konica. Описание дерева говорит о его правильной конической форме и стойком характере. Единственное, чего стоит избегать, – слишком сухой воздух и прямые лучи.

Оптимальное место для содержания в помещении – это веранда, балкон или лоджия, защищенная от ветра и влаги окнами.

Когда корневая система полностью заполнит горшок, ель нужно пересадить в более просторный контейнер.

By following the simple rules of care and transplantation, you will receive an excellent evergreen in your home or garden.

Botanical description

Konik's gray fir is a decorative form of the popular Canadian type of fir. This tree has several more names that can often be found in literature: white conic, conic glauka, gray conic. All these names are extremely accurately describe the appearance of the spruce, which has needles of gray-gray.

This Christmas tree is considered a small copy of a gray-gray spruce and great for landscape design. In 1904, the first mention of this conifer was recorded when they found a similar spruce conic in the mountains of Canada.

After that, it rapidly spread throughout the world. And not in vain. After all, it is rather difficult to plant a huge conifer on your plot. Therefore, in this situation, the best solution would be decorative firwhich fits perfectly into absolutely any landscape design.

Description of the Canadian tree:

  1. This species of spruce refers to evergreen conifers.
  2. Decorative Canadian gray-gray tree shape. The decorative value of this tree is considered to be its height and the correct form of the crown.
  3. Konik spruce reaches one meter in height, which is very convenient for home conditions. Under such conditions, cultivation can grow up to three meters.
  4. It can reach two meters in diameter.
  5. It grows rather slowly. During the first 10 years of life it grows only by 6 or 10 centimeters per year. At the end of this period, the increase is significantly reduced - up to 3 centimeters.
  6. Konica is considered a long-liver, since it can grow in one place from 300 to 500 years.
  7. Decorating form of Canadian spruce has the correct original form of the crown, which looks like a narrow cone. The most important feature of the tree is that no crown is needed for the crown, since it takes its shape in a natural way.
  8. The krone is extremely dense, consists of short needle needles, reaching one centimeter in length. Needle color is gray-green. Spruce needles do not prick at all, because it is completely safe for children and pets.
  9. You can rarely see bumps on Canadian spruce. They are characterized by a conical oblong shape, which reaches a length of 6 centimeters.
  10. The root system is superficial, so you need to be careful when loosening the ground around the fir.

Canadian tree has several mutant varieties:

Fir conic: planting and care

Landing technology. To get a beautiful and healthy evergreen conifer tree, you must carefully prepare.

First you need to pick and purchase high quality seedlings or prepare your own grown. It will also be important to find a suitable place for landing.

Selection of seedlings. In most cases, spruce seedlings are purchased in special nurseries, and much less often grown at home. When acquiring it is important to follow some rules:

  1. It is best to buy a seedling in a pot with a closed root system. In this case, you will have the opportunity to plant it at any time from autumn to spring.
  2. If you bought seedlings with an open root system, then they should be planted immediately.
  3. With all this, do not miss out of view of the root system, it must be with a land clod and carefully covered with sacking. This will help prevent root damage.
  4. Look carefully at the seedlings. They should not have dried or damaged branches.
  5. It is recommended to take saplings in special nurseries, so you will be sure that you are buying.

Choosing a landing site

This tree loves to grow in open, well-lit areas with little shading, because it can be sunburned. If you plant a coniferous tree in the shade, it will quickly begin to lose its decorative characteristics and color of the needles.

In addition, it is very important that the chosen place be well protected from the wind, and also under it there was no close occurrence of ground water, because the Canadian Christmas tree is not able to transfer stagnant water.

It should be considered to close huge trees didn't grow. Otherwise, there will be a lack of space and it has the opportunity to lose its decorative characteristics.

The choice of area for planting depends on the desired garden composition and your landscape design. It’s important to remember that you don’t need to plant a Canadian Christmas tree in the city - it’s does not tolerate polluted air and therefore may perish.

Soil preparation and planting process

Konik spruce is an unpretentious tree and will grow virtually anywhere. But in order to preserve its decorative distinguishing features and bright coloring of the crown, you need to choose a zalachny territory.

Soil must be light and loose, excellent to pass air and water. It is very good if the soil is richly enriched with organic matter. In addition, before planting, the territory must be thoroughly dug up.

Canadian tree planted in the open ground can summer, autumn and spring. But you need to know a few rules, as the landing varies with the seasons.

  • In the fall and spring, planting of seedlings is necessary with open roots. In the summer, planting material must be with a clod of earth, because there is a possibility of damage to the roots, since the root system of the spruce does not tolerate arid hot air.
  • It is necessary to start landing with preparation of the earth. For spruce, a soil mixture of leaf and sod land, sand, peat in the same proportions will do. You can also add organics.
  • Next, you need to dig a planting hole, the volume of which will depend on the size of the seedling and its rhizomes.
  • The bottom of the pit can be filled with a drainage layer, which consists of rubble or broken brick.
  • Next, pour out part of the prepared land, which can add complex fertilizer.
  • We put a sapling on this ground and sprinkle it with the ground that remains.
  • After planting, do not forget to water the tree, for one seedling takes about 10−12 liters of water.
  • After this, it is imperative that you need to stop the barrel circle to save water. Peat is used in the form of mulch.

Care features

The upcoming care of spruce does not require much effort and any time-consuming action. But it is necessary to pay attention to the tree so that in the coming time it will amuse you with its luxurious crown and bright coloring of the needles.

Watering rules. Canadian spruce prefers regular moderate watering, especially when the hot season reigns outside. In this case, young trees should be watered 2 times a week, using 10 liters of water for each seedling.

This tree is, among other things, prefers sprinklingtherefore, using a watering can or a hose should be sprayed with needles several times a week. But see do not fill the root system.

Loosening and mulching

Sometimes it is necessary to loosen the trunk circle, but this should be done extremely carefully, since the rhizome of the spruce lies close to the surface and you have the opportunity to damage it.

After loosening, by all means grouch the ground. In the form of mulch used peat or compost. This mulch perfectly protects the tree from the occurrence of a huge number of weeds and drying out.

Young tree seedlings need protection from direct sunlight, because they can get burned and die. In the form of protection used cardboard and burlap. It is necessary to shelter in the fall for the entire period of cold weather, while leaving the lower part of the spruce open.

When complex fertilizers, as well as organic, are added to the ground, the seedlings do not need additional feeding at first. Further, with the arrival of summer, you can feed the tree with various organic fertilizers that are diluted with water.

Canadian Christmas tree is famous for the correct conical shape of the crown, which actually does not require pruning. In the spring and autumn, you can carry out sanitary pruning, during which you can remove all dried, broken and damaged branches.

Canadian Christmas Tree in Landscape Design

Canadian spruce is extremely in demand among landscape designers due to its decorative features, so it is often found on plots. Methods of using wood in landscape design:

  • this ornamental tree looks great as a small hedge and thanks to the correct crown, it doesn’t need any care,
  • You can plant a tree in different garden compositions like rock gardens or rockeries,
  • it will be a good background for flowering plants,
  • Canadian spruce can be grown in containers and pots, the advantage of this method of cultivation is the ability to use an adult tree for Christmas and New Year.

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