The formation of bushes used gardeners not so long ago. The main objective of this method is to form a bush consisting of the main stem and its shoots.
The main stem in the implementation of this method is attached to the trellis, just as it is carried out with "blindness".
Thus, the whips located on the side can continue to develop until the first ovaries appear.
After the appearance of the ovaries, shoots located sideways by an artificial method are attracted to the main stem. The mustache departing from the main shoot is wrapped around the side using the manual method, it takes 2-3 turns. In the future, it is recommended to periodically conduct such garters. Excess mustache and shoots should be timely cut.
It is best to pinch the shoots, in particular the side shots, until they stretch 20 cm. Cut the top with scissors in order to inflict less trauma on the plant. Also, this removal method is carried out for the whiskers and stepsons from the sinuses.
If proper care with the use of these methods is not carried out, the plant will not bring a good harvest.
Recommendation! Between the main stem and the side shoots, the angle must be greater than 60 degrees, in order not to injure the plant.
Garter cucumbers: materials
For vegetables grown in the greenhouse, a two-meter trellis is used. It is mounted on the profile located on the side, at the top of the greenhouse. Trellis is made of various materials.
- thin branches
- patches of cloth
- jute twine
Watch the video! How and what you can tie cucumbers
Flaps of fabric 2-4 cm wide are used to make a tapestry of the desired length. They are cut from old textiles and sewn with each other. The main disadvantage of such a trellis is that it is short-lived and not durable.
You can make tapestries from tree branches that are easy to find in a garden or forest. Branches must be carefully cleaned from the side shoots. The resulting thin rod is fixed with a wire to the top profile. The lower end is buried in the ground. Stalks of cucumbers tightly wrapped around such supports.
Vertical trellis is best made from natural materials, such as jute. Nylon and nylon twine is not recommended, because this material can easily harm the shoots. Scourge plants, which are under pressure from the weight of ripe fruit and foliage, slide down.
The twine is attached to the upper profile, then it is lowered to the ground. Tied twine for lateral shoots after 0.5 m from the main stem. In the presence of a grid, the whips do not require binding. In this case, the plant clings to the cells with the help of a mustache and rises up without additional supports. The frame for the grid is prepared in advance before the cucumbers are planted in the greenhouse.
For self-production of the frame, 8 pegs with a diameter of 8 cm and a height of about 2.5 m are required. 4 slats of 0.8 cm in length and 4 - with a cross section of 4x4 cm and 2.5 m in length are also needed.
Then they drive in 4 stakes, observing a gap of 1.25 m. Stakes driven into the ground should have a height of 1.8 m. From the top they are tied with slats. On the resulting frame is attached to the grid.
Attention! The ends of the stakes before driving into the ground should be treated with a solution of gasoline and salt, taken in a proportion of 200 grams per 1 liter of gasoline. Other parts of the structure are also recommended to be treated with a solution of copper sulphate of 5%.
Garter cucumbers in the greenhouse
Cucumbers have the ability to form many shoots. If you do not pinch them, the leaves will fill the entire space of the greenhouse. As a result, the consumption of nutrients for the growth of lashes increases, to the detriment of the ripening of the crop.
In greenhouses cucumbers are grown vertically, and, in order for the cucumber bush to grow vertically, you must first tie it up and then direct it upwards.
At the very first stage of development, when the main stem forms 4-5 leaves, cucumbers need to be tied up (plants height about 30 cm). If you are late with the garter and the plant has already fallen on the ground, do not worry, just be careful not to break the stem of the cucumber.
For tying cucumbers Strong ropes (twine) that withstand a moist environment are useful. It is impossible to overtighten the cucumber stem with a rope when tying, it will grow and the diameter will increase - leave a gap.
Make a loop under the second or third real sheet, tie the second end of the twine to the top crossbar or wire in the greenhouse.
Twine should not be stringed, only slightly relaxed. We twist the plant around the twine over each leaf.
Formation of cucumbers in the greenhouse - scheme
In the lower part of the plant, in the axils of 3-4 leaves, it is necessary to remove all ovaries and shoots (this area is called the blinding zone). No matter how much you feel sorry for breaking off, this should be done for the normal development of the root system, which will feed the plant in the future.
At the next stage of formation in the axils of the following 3 leaves, it is necessary to remove all lateral shoots, but leave the ovary. Removal of the shoots as early as possible, not allowing them to outgrow. If this is done later, the plant can become unwell, and even lose the ovary.
It is also necessary to gradually remove all the leaves before the first cucumber, and the leaf in which the ovary develops is not touched.
In the next 3 leaves in addition to the fact that you need to leave the ovary with cucumbers, we give to grow lateral shoots. But when in these side shoots a leaf and one ovary are formed, pinch the shoot.
We also form the next 3 leaves, but on the side shoots we leave 2 leaves and two ovaries on each.
Next, on the following we leave 3 ovaries and 3 leaves on each side shoot. Even higher we leave 4 leaves and 4 ovaries.
As the lower cucumbers ripen, they are removed and at the same time carry out the removal of the lower leaves, on the shoots that have sprouted.
When cucumber lashes fill the entire greenhouse vertically, the main lash will grow to the very top, then you can untie the twine, and lower the plant down. This will free up space for the plant to grow.
How to form cucumbers in a greenhouse in one stem
You will notice that varieties of cucumbers with bouquets, or, as they are also called, puch ovaries, have already been bred - several cucumbers are formed in each bosom of the leaf. For these varieties need a different shaping.
At the initial stage, the forming is similar to the usual varieties - in the axils of 3-5 leaves, remove all ovaries and shoots.
Next, the plant must be kept in one stem, and all side shoots must be removed.
Formation of cucumber with long side shoots
There is another option for forming cucumber, this is when each plant must be provided with a large area of nutrition - at least 1.5 x 1.5 m.
With this option, each side shoot needs to be tied up separately and spread in different directions. Forming plants it is necessary to follow that the upper shoots do not prune lower ones.
At the initial stage, remove all shoots and ovaries on the 5-6 lower sinuses, at least. This is done to ensure that the root system grows well and is able to feed such a huge cucumber bush.
Forming the main stem to reach the top wire
If the main stem reached the top wire in the greenhouse, then there are several options for the formation of cucumber above this level.
The first way. The easiest option is to wrap a couple of times the stem around the crossbar and just lower it down. Pinching of the shoot to make 3-4 leaf, leaving 3-4 ovaries. The growth of lateral shoots is suspended by pinching at a height of about 1 m above the soil surface.
The second way. The main stem is clamped when it grows over the trellis level by 20-30 cm. 1-2 side shoots are allowed to go down from the upper leaf axils, which are pinned every 50 cm. 50 cm. The full height of the shoots is stopped at the level of 1 m from the ground.
What time to carry out the garter
Tie cucumbers in a greenhouse made of polycarbonate should be at 2 weeks, the plant should reach 36 cm. During this period it has 6 full sheets. Timely garter cucumbers in the greenhouse prevents the death of the plant. Young stems of cucumbers are resilient and easier to garter than adult plants. The material required for garter cucumbers in a polycarbonate greenhouse, prepared in advance.
You can also install the support until the planting of plants. After the garter, the plant must activate side shoots. They will focus the largest number of flowers.
How to tie cucumbers so that they do not interfere with each other? At a distance of 35 cm from the ground remove all the leaves and the first inflorescences. As a result, all other side shoots develop in random order. When they reach a certain length, they are tied to a support.
It is necessary to properly tie cucumbers, while respecting the angle between the main stem and the rest of the shoots. It should be 60 °. How to tie cucumbers in protected ground to ensure a good harvest? In greenhouses, various methods of garter are used. It is necessary to take into account the variety of plants.
Today, there are many ways of tying cucumbers. The harvest directly depends on a properly made garter in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
- Horizontal view of the garter. Often used in a greenhouse or low greenhouse. Wooden or concrete poles are driven in from both sides. Between them, pull a wire or a rope. Consider the height of the first stage - it should be about 36 cm from the surface of the earth. Each subsequent should be at 35-37 cm above the next.
- Vertical view. Suitable for high polycarbonate greenhouse construction. As a result of this, the plant receives maximum illumination. The design is presented in the form of a metal or wooden frame. One part is attached to the very greenhouse ceiling, and the other is on the ground. Then pull the wire or ordinary twine, creating steps. For a plant, one stretch is provided. Some gardeners do not use this design. They tie one part of the stretch to the ceiling, and another wrap around a wooden peg and bury in the ground. You can use a wooden or metal rod. After that, the plant is twisted around and tied with a rope.
- Mixed way. How to tie up plants with this option? It's pretty simple. Mainly used circular landing scheme. 6 metal or wooden rods are buried in the soil. They are installed in the form of a cone. From above the cone they stretch the net, in the openings of which the cucumbers tendrils are allowed.
Garter cucumbers in the open ground is performed using the vertical method. Bars of wood or metal are instilled into the soil, between which stretch wire or twine stretches. The distance between the tables should be about 1 m. This will provide the structure with the greatest stability. Plants are tied to each step of stretching fabric ribbons or thin rope.
If you choose the right way to garter, you can greatly simplify the care of the culture. As a result, the plant will grow rapidly and produce a good harvest.
Garter materials in the greenhouse or greenhouse
For each type of tying pick up certain materials. Reinforcing bars of various thickness are used for metal frames. Rarely in modern greenhouses can be found plastic frames. In order to perform steps with a horizontal tie, ordinary rope or wire is suitable.
For vertical garters, fabric tapes are used. The width of each of them should be about 4 cm. For this, an old bed sheet or any other fabric consisting of natural fibers will do. They are not capable of harming a fragile culture. Tying is best with a string, as it has a smooth surface, and the plant with the fruit will not slip down. You can make wooden tapestries from thin branches. It is best to prepare them in advance, while cutting off the side shoots. One edge of such a rod is buried in the ground, thereby giving it stability.
The correct technology of growing cucumbers allows you to get the fruit a month earlier than in the open field. Garter cucumbers - this is the main requirement of this culture. This procedure will simplify watering, feeding and harvesting.
With timely garter increases the amount of products obtained by almost 3 times.
All methods of garter cucumbers in the greenhouse reduce significant yield losses.
Why do we need garter cucumbers
The plant can be grown by placing the lash on the ground or on the trellis, tying with a rope. Cucumber is a vine in nature, therefore it has a tendency to look for supports, clinging to them with antennae. Using this feature, many gardeners in growing choose vertical lash layout. It is considered preferable for the following features:
- It is more convenient to care for plants, they are less sick. It creates excellent conditions for their development.
- The scourge is well lit and ventilated, and greens are better formed, mature and not deformed.
- The fruits become more visible, they are easier to remove and can not be missed when harvesting.
- Zelentsy not dirty soil, are not exposed to rot and disease, they are not available slugs and snails.
- The scourge of cucumbers no longer have to be transferred from the tracks when they grow, you can not be afraid that the stems are inadvertently damaged. By the beds while providing an accessible passage.
- Landing is saved, and the yield is much more.
Garter methods and their use
Tying is usually done with special trellis, which secure the basis for placing the lashes. Suitable fabric, twine, rope, wire, synthetic yarn. The designs of the trellis are in the form of the letter "P", tent, bollards, arcs, pyramids. They are made of wood, rods, metal, PVC.
There are the following ways of tying cucumbers.
When the horizontal method at the ends of the beds set trellis. On them horizontally, the base is stretched in several rows - strong wire, twine or rope. Scourge is placed across it. They are no longer lying on the ground, but raised and at a certain distance from the base.
The horizontal method is applicable for garters of medium- and short-leaf plants in open ground, especially if the area is dominated by winds.
Plants with this method are fixed quite reliably. It is advisable in a low greenhouse and in the greenhouse. The disadvantage is that if the supports are too low, then, reaching the top row of the wire, the lash will not be able to rise above and begin to braid the entire structure.
This method also involves the construction of a trellis above the planted plants. On top of them stretched wire in one row, on which are fixed separate ropes for each plant. Their free lower end is wrapped in a loop around the stem at a height of 10-15 cm from the root collar. In the future, cucumber lash as they grow continue to be twisted with a rope in steps of 1-2 internodes.
A variation on this method is V-shaped vertical tying. At the same time on the trellis place two ropes per plant. On one tie up the main stem, and on the second - side. This is especially true if the formation of bushes left powerful side shoots.
Tying cucumbers with a vertical method is rational for long-varieties in a greenhouse made of polycarbonate or other materials. In this case, the wire can be tied not to the trellis, but to the greenhouse roof structures, if they are reliable and able to withstand the loads.
In the open ground vertical trellis is placed in a place protected from gusts of wind, so that the whips are not broken. For the same reason, they should not be made too high.
If medium- or short-cucumbers are grown in a barrel or planted around the circumference, they can be tied up on a structure made of stakes or twigs. They are driven into the ground and tied up in the form of a tent or pyramid. Ropes can be stretched both horizontally and lowered from the top of the structure, and they can be tied to them.
This method is more suitable for open ground and mobile greenhouse in the form of a wigwam.
Tying to the net
Recently distributed garter cucumbers to the grid. To do this, along the bed with cucumbers, they install supports on which it is stretched, and the bottom is pinned to the ground with braces. The mesh is synthetic, metal, it can be made independently of wire or rope. Plants are tied to the net and soon they are wrapped in a vertical carpet.
Special trellis mesh is made of green nylon, has two canvases and large rectangular cells. It is able to withstand large masses of ripe fruit. The grid is durable, will not rust and will not rot, and after the season it is easy to roll and remove. You can see this perspective view of the garter in the photo.
На сетке можно располагать огурцы и в теплице, и в открытом грунте.
Подвязка к кольям и мобильным конструкциям
Short cucumbers can be tied to long stakes or sticks like tomatoes. Individual supports can be installed to the plants, made in the form of a ladder or the letter “P”.
The method is used in the cultivation of cucumbers in a small area in the open ground or greenhouse.
It is applicable to plants. on the windowsill or balconySince mobile supports are conveniently inserted into boxes, they do not take up much space.
Watch useful videos on the cucumber garter.
There are certain rules, the observance of which will help to avoid mistakes:
- To garter cucumbers is important to start timelywhen the plants haven't grown much yet. It usually starts when 4-5 leaves appear and the stem height is about 30-40 cm.
- For tying plants to the trellis is better to use wide strips of soft fabric or synthetics, they will not crash strongly into the stems. Often the material is plastic strips, the cuts are fastened with a stapler.
- The loop on the plant when tying up form not tightso as not to injure him.
- Twine or rope used in the vertical garter should not be too tight.
When to hold a garter
To properly tie cucumbers, you need to carefully choose the time for the event - about three weeks after planting. During this time, the shoots reach a length of about 30 cm, and 4-5 full leaves appear on them. It does not make sense to perform the procedure earlier, and if you tie them up later, the lashes may grow too much, the risk of their damage will increase significantly. Garter is better to hold in the morning before the sun begins to warm intensely.
It is very important to tie up the plants in a timely manner.
General rules for cucumber garters
In addition to choosing the right time for the garter, during the event you need to follow a number of general rules that will simplify it as much as possible and help you grow a good harvest.
- In order not to miss the time when you need to tie up the plant, as well as to avoid damage to regrown whips, it is better to prepare the structures for the garter in advance, immediately after the first sprouts appear from the ground.
- When using loops to fix the vines on the supports you need in the area of the first or second sheet, without tightening the rope too tight.
- If the plant has grown too much, you need to tie the side processes to a separate support, otherwise they will start to curl over the main stem and constantly injure it.
- Stalks that are longer than 2 m must be pinch off, otherwise the tip will grow too large and prevent the development of lateral processes.
Cucumbers can be "started" on the fence
Tip! If there is a fence of a grid, a picket fence, vertical posts, etc., you can go along the simplest way - plant a plant near it, so that the lash can curl over the fence, but this method has some drawbacks. In autumn, the structure will have to be cleaned of dry leaves and stems, and the fruits will hang outside the garden, and even strangers will be able to collect them.
This method of garter bushes implies attaching each lash to a separate support and is recommended when cultivating varieties that give weak side shoots. It is necessary to install supports on the garden bed, to stretch a wire or a thick rope between them in order to create a construction in the shape of the letter P, and tie ropes to it according to the number of lashes to be tied. Each shoot of the plant is carefully tied to the other end of the rope - cucumbers will grow, gradually weaving it. It is very easy to care for plants tied up vertically, as well as harvesting after its ripening.
Designs are used for plants with long central shoots.
Tip! As a support for cucumbers, you can use special metal structures designed for climbing roses and other plants - they are convenient, do not require the time and labor required for installation, and also look very aesthetic.
Garter on the net
Universal and the most common version of the garter plants, which can be used for the cultivation of any cultivars. To implement it, you need to acquire a special trellis grid with large cells - 15 by 15 cm. The designs differ from each other in the manufacturing material (plastic, wire, rope), each of which has its own characteristics, pros and cons.
The mesh for the fixing structure can be bought or woven by yourself.
Table 1. Design features when tying cucumbers on the net.