Everyone who loves walks in the forest, in the early spring is watching the motley and unforgettable flowering of coltsfoot. After the snow melts, thawed patches, glades, secluded open corners of thickets and forest edges are covered with islands of bright yellow pointed, reed flowers, pleasing the eye and creating a spring joyful mood after long cold weather.
Did you know that this flower-complex culture of the Astrovye family is a natural healer? The medicinal plant is a mother and stepmother, whose medicinal properties and contraindications are determined by the biologically active phytonutrients present in it, has a complex effect on the foci of inflammation and the whole organism.
Water infusions of herbs make bronchial mucus more fluid, facilitating sputum discharge, strengthens the female body, helps in the treatment of diseases of the genitourinary area, makes it easier to treat patients with dermatological diseases and skin injuries, and mouth rinsing alleviates the manifestation of dental problems.
How to collect, dry and store the grass?
By the way, the plant belongs to one of the very first and most valuable spring honey plants, providing bees with nectar and pollen. Collette leaves are produced in early spring. The collected raw materials are dried under a canopy, in the attic, in a shed or in electric dryers at a temperature not exceeding 50 ° C.
They keep the coltsfoot, as well as the other medicinal herbs, in paper, cardboard or linen packs, as well as in glass jars in a dark place with good ventilation. The healing properties of raw materials remain unchanged for 2 years. Mother and stepmother is sold in the pharmacy chain, in the markets, in eco-and fitolavkah.
Healing properties of mother and stepmother
In the composition of fresh and dried leaves, the mother and stepmothers contain mucus, tannin, bitter glycosides, tannins, essential oil, volatile, sterols, organic acids (malic, gallic and tartaric) polysaccharides, alkaloids, vitamins (carotenoids, C, B), mineral salts.
Internal reception of extracts, due to the high concentration of mucus, manifests a pronounced coating effect on the walls of the oral cavity, larynx, throat, esophagus, stomach and intestinal mucosa.
The main properties of a medicinal plant include: diaphoretic, sanitizing, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, regenerating, enveloping, bronchodilator, immunomodulatory and antioxidant.
This perennial flower is widely known in folk medicine for a long time. It is used for many diseases, including the human respiratory system. Traditionally, dried grass is part of the nursing and emollient fees, it helps to get rid of all types of cough, liquefying sputum, especially with whooping cough, pneumonia, laryngitis, asthma, tubercle and bronchitis.
Local baths of infusion and decoction of coltsfoot prescribed in complex therapy for hemorrhoids and cystitis. Procedures lasting 15 minutes are performed by sitting in a basin with warm liquid 1-2 times a day. When bleeding in the colon, microclysters with decoction are additionally used.
Cosmetologists, trichologists and dermatologists advise to pay close attention to the unique mother and stepmother plant. Medicinal properties for women consist in the ability of water extracts to stop hair loss, improve the condition of the curls, clean the skin from acne and acne, rejuvenate the face and smooth wrinkles. And poultices with dried plant powder heal mastitis.
Recipes for medicinal purposes
For colds accompanied by coughing, prolonged bronchitis, whooping cough, tracheitis, a decoction of herbs is used by the mother and stepmothers, prepared by steaming a tablespoon of dried raw materials with a glass of hot water and a ten-minute languor of the liquid on the steam bath. After cooling the broth is filtered and taken 15 ml three times a day before meals.
From alopecia, experts advise applying the method of washing the head with a concentrated decoction of the plant. 15 tablespoons of raw material is poured with 1 liter of hot water and boiled on the lowest heat for about 10 minutes. The filtered liquid is washed with curls without shampoo, massaging the skin with fingertips, rinsing is carried out with the same tool.
Instead of decoction for oral administration and local application, you can use the infusion. It is prepared by steaming for 2-3 hours in a thermos tablespoon of dry grass in 0.25 liters of boiling water. Reception is carried out up to 5 times a day, 30 ml before meals. The infusion is useful for gargling with laryngitis and sore throat and for rinsing the mouth with gingivitis, stomatitis, toothache, and halitosis.
Tea from mother and stepmother for cough (wet and dry) is prepared as usual black tea, in a teapot, at the rate of 1 teaspoon of a plant per cup of boiling water. Infuse 5-8 minutes, add to enhance the healing properties of natural bee honey, for example, lime, alpine, raspberry or forest, drink in the form of heat.
Fresh juice of the aerial parts of the plant is a unique remedy against rhinitis. It is instilled 1-2 drops in each nasal passage up to 6 times per day. The only drawback of the product is that it can only be consumed in spring and early summer, when the plant is at the beginning of the growing season. A runny nose goes away after 1-2 days, but the treatment is continued for up to 5 days.
Coltsfoot: combination with other plants
According to the recommendations of experienced herbalists, a mixture of coltsfoot and thyme works well against coughing. At 1 teaspoon of each plant pour 0.3 liters of boiling water, insist 45 minutes, filter and give the patient 1-2 sips every 30 minutes during the day. Babies drug mixture can be given from 2 years of age.
Works well on strengthening hair with a composition of coltsfoot and stinging nettle. A tablespoon of each herb is filled with ½ liter of boiling water, boiled for 5 minutes under a lid, infused for 1 hour and filtered. The healing elixir is rubbed into the scalp every evening and rinsed with curls after each wash.
A mixture of mother and stepmother, lime blossom, blood gore (elecampane), comfrey roots, wheatgrass rhizomes in proportion (1: 1: 1: 1: 1) is poured with boiling water at the rate of 1 tsp. 0.3 liters of water. The broth is boiled for 5 minutes, cooled and filtered through calico fabric. Take 30-40 ml 3-4 times a day for complications of respiratory diseases and to accelerate the process of rehabilitation after injuries.
For a poultice on the diseased part of the mammary gland, the dough is prepared in sour milk, to which add 1-2 tablespoons of the collection of chopped grass to the mother and stepmother, leaves of mistletoe and celandine (2: 2: 1).
Contraindications and precautions
The coltsfoot herb contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids and glycosides, the toxicity of which is not fully understood. Therefore, experts do not advise to continue the internal intake of drugs based on the plant for more than six weeks.
Infusion and tea from the leaves of a mother and stepmother can be given to a child from 2–3 years old. Extracts are contraindicated for pregnant and lactating moms, patients with renal insufficiency.
With care and only in agreement with the attending physician, they use plant-based preparations for the following pathologies: delayed menstruation (it is necessary to exclude possible pregnancy), eczema, alcoholism.
Good health with time-tested herbal medicine recipes!
Biological plant description
Coltsfoot (Asteraceae family) is a perennial herb.
It has a creeping rhizome, fluffy stems covered with pink scales depart from it.
They are decorated with baskets of bright yellow flowers.
The Latin name is Tussilago farfara L., which translates as "eliminating cough."
The Russian name is explained by the particular structure of the leaves of the plant - the underside is soft (“mother”), and the top is smooth and cold (“stepmother”).
They are rounded, with notches along the edges, dark green in color, up to 20 cm in diameter.
It grows everywhere - on ravines, embankments, river banks, prefers lighted places. The flowers appear first, in March - April, then the leaves make their way.
Leaves and flowers are somewhat different in the set of elements:
Such a rich composition explains the beneficial properties and widespread use of coltsfoot.
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Medicinal properties and indications
This herb, as part of drugs and home remedies, has a complex therapeutic effect:
- emollient (the action is similar to buckthorn bark or castorque, the instructions for use of which are here) and expectorant,
- disinfectant and anti-inflammatory,
The mucus covers the airways, which prevents their irritation, saponins and organic acids liquefy dry discharge and facilitate expectoration.
Tannins inhibit the development of pathogenic bacteria and promote the rapid healing of tissues. Essential oils tone up, glycosides normalize the work of the heart.
A coltsfoot is prescribed for a number of diseases for external and internal use as an adjuvant. Main indications:
- "Dry" and "wet" cough,
- throat inflammations, tuberculosis, bronchitis, influenza, pleurisy,
- toothache, stomatitis, gingivitis,
- diseases of the digestive tract, bladder, kidney (the benefits of lingonberry leaves are written in this article),
- skin diseases, purulent infections, burns and wounds,
- hair loss and dandruff,
- heart diseases, hypertensive disorders, atherosclerosis,
- nervous disorders and epilepsy (for its treatment can be used clover medicinal),
- fatigue and reduced immunity,
Harm and contraindications
If you do not comply with the recommended dosage and neglect the restrictions on the use of coltsfoot, you can, instead of use, significantly harm your body.
It is necessary to use only high-quality raw materials for the preparation of home remedies, and when buying ready-made - to check the shelf life.
There is also evidence of the carcinogenic effect of alkaloids, so in some countries the coltsfoot is not commercially available. It can not be taken:
- Pregnant and lactating women can interfere with the development of the fetus or provoke miscarriage.
- Women suffering from delayed menstrual cycle.
- People with liver disease (cirrhosis, hepatitis). Alkoloids contained in a plant destroy its cells.
- Children under 2 years old.
- While taking antipyretics, some dietary supplements and vitamins.
- In case of individual intolerance of the plant.
Consult with your doctor before adding a coltsfoot to your medications, because you may not be aware of these contraindications.
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Read about the beneficial properties of honey with mummy here.
Ways to use coltsfoot
All aboveground parts of this herb have healing properties. Previously, the roots were used for treatment, but now it is not practiced.
Yellow baskets of inflorescences are harvested in early spring, leaves - in the first months of summer. It is necessary to collect strong, intact parts of the plant and only in clear weather.
Dry the raw materials in the open air or in a special oven at a temperature of 50-60 ° C, so all the useful substances are stored.
Then they are separated, because the flowers are stored for 2 years, and the leaves - 3.
Store in a closed container or linen bags.
On the basis of herbal preparation, infusions, tinctures, decoctions, teas, fresh gruel and juice, medicinal “cigarettes”, powder, tablets, medicines and syrups are prepared.
Decoction of leaves
- collecting leaves mother and stepmother - 1 tsp,
- boiling water - 1 cup.
Raw materials brew in an enamel pot, close the lid. Place in a water bath or low heat, heat for 15 minutes, stirring constantly.
Take 1/3 cup, 3 times a day before meals. Duration - 2 days. Useful decoction for inflammation of the throat and lungs, bronchitis.
It is an effective expectorant, helps soften and release sputum.
It is also prescribed for inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and heart disease, dosage - 1 tbsp. spoon 6 times a day, before meals.
External - for strengthening hair (rinsing) and treatment of wounds (washing and compresses).
- dried flowers - 20 g,
- boiling water - 1 liter.
Pour the baskets and leave to infuse for 1 hour.
Strained infusion, take 100 ml 3 times a day for stomach ailments.
It normalizes the acidity of the stomach (about the treatment of gastritis folk remedies written here), soothes irritated mucous membranes and promotes its healing.
Outwardly it is used for gargling. Widely used in the treatment of laryngitis in children folk remedies.
Fresh plant juice
To get it, use young leaves, which are doused with boiling water and scrolled in a meat grinder.
Squash squeeze and add an equal amount of water, heat, boil for 2 minutes. Take 1 tbsp. spoon, three times a day (after meals).
Juice is useful in vitamin deficiency. To get rid of a cold, 2 to 3 drops are instilled into the nose.
Tincture on vodka
- raw materials from dried flowers of the plant,
Take the components in equal volume, mixed in a glass bottle. Put in a dark place for a week.
The dosage is 30 - 40 drops, once a day. Tincture stimulates the metabolism, strengthens the immune system.
Despite the curative composition, coltsfoot is used only as an additional means of treatment.
In order not to be mistaken with the dosage and not to harm yourself, consult with your doctor.,
How and when to collect, from which diseases folk recipes from coltsfoot will help - look in the offered video.
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Perennial herbaceous plant. In folk and traditional medicine is appreciated expectorant, astringent, antiseptic, enveloping, diaphoretic, emollient action. It is applied internally and externally - in the form of decoctions, tinctures, fresh juice, powder.
Medicinal properties and contraindications of coltsfoot were known to the ancient Greeks and Romans. This plant was mentioned by Hippocrates, Pliny and Dioscorides. The herb was famous for expectorant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic action. Most often it was used in two cases - when coughing inwards and purulent boils outwardly. Today it is one of the first medicinal plants for coughing. Herb is often included in pharmacy expectorant fees.
Features of the herb coltsfoot
What does a coltsfoot look like and where can it be collected? What nutrients does it contain? How is grass used in traditional and traditional medicine? Are there any side effects and contraindications?
Coltsfoot is a widespread medicinal plant of the Eurasian continent. It can be found in Europe, in the Urals, in Siberia, Central and Asia Minor, in the Caucasus and even in the arctic zone. In addition to Eurasia, the grass grows in North America and North Africa, but it is much less common here and is considered to be a listed species. He loves clayey soils, but also gets well acclimatized on sandy soils and river banks. Grass can be found near rivers, lakes, ponds, streams, along precipices, railway and construction embankments, quarries, damp ravines and slopes.
What is the biological description of the coltsfoot plant? This is a perennial grass. It blooms in early spring, hence the popular name - “rannik”. The flowers are bright yellow, with the smell of honey. Creeping rhizome first throws out flowering shoots with reddish scales. Later, petiolate heart-shaped leaves appear. From above they are smooth, cool due to evaporation, dark green ("stepmother"), and from below - whitish, pubescent, soft, warm ("mother").
Collecting and harvesting
Healing properties found in the leaves, flowers, roots of coltsfoot. They are harvested at different times.
Coltsfoot. Botanical illustration from the book “Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen”, 1887.
Collection The flowers of the coltsfoot try to collect them before opening the baskets, they are torn down along with the peduncles. Usually, harvesting takes place in March or April, depending on climatic conditions. Leaves can be plucked in June-July. You need to choose small leaves, still bare from the outside. It is not recommended to collect the first pubescent leaves, you should also not take brown, old leaves. Roots dig in the fall or early spring.
Чаще всего заготавливают листья растения.
Grass healing effect
Medicinal properties of coltsfoot:
- wound healing
What is the chemical composition?
- Coltsfoot leaves: polysaccharides (inulin, dextrin), lots of mucus, vitamin C and A, tannin binder, essential oil, tannins, saponins, glycosides, plant sterols, organic acids, pyrrolizidine alkaloids.
- Coltsfoot flowers: flavonoids, phytosterols, organic compounds (faradiol, anidiol), glycosides, tannins, vegetable mucus and bitterness, yellow pigment.
List of indications
Under which symptoms and diagnoses will the coltsfoot treatment be helpful?
- Respiratory system . Coltsfoot coughing is one of the most popular and effective folk remedies. It helps with bronchitis, obsessive whooping cough, tracheitis, laryngitis, inflammation, abscess, pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchial asthma. The herb tends to thin the sputum and remove excess mucus from the bronchi, well softens dry cough, makes it productive. It is recommended to take decoctions and herbal infusions with ARVI and flu to lower the temperature.
- Digestive system. Useful properties of coltsfoot for digestion - choleretic, astringent, stimulating appetite, anti-inflammatory. The herb is used for diarrhea, gastritis and colitis. From decoctions make therapeutic enemas for inflammation of the intestine.
- Urinary system . Grass take with puffiness, inflammation of the kidneys and bladder.
- Nervous system . Relieves tension and nervous excitement, helps with insomnia. Some herbalists say that the herb can stop epilepsy.
- The cardiovascular system . Glycosides have a beneficial effect on the work of the heart and blood vessels. It is useful to drink coltsfoot with atherosclerosis, it prevents the formation of atheromatous plaques, stimulates lipid metabolism. This medicinal plant normalizes blood pressure, helps relieve headaches.
- Outdoor use. Outwardly, you can use broths, dry grass powder, fresh leaves and juice. They are used for rinsing the throat and mouth. The herb heals ulcers with stomatitis well, relieves inflammation of the gums. It treats purulent wounds, boils, skin ulcers, burns, inflamed veins with varicose dilatation, tumors, frostbite.
- Cosmetology. Decoctions, infusions, fresh juice are used as tonics, lotions, face masks and hair. The herb has a tonic, refreshing, antiseptic effect. Apply to all skin types, well disinfects acne and acne. It is useful for strengthening hair, restores their structure, eliminates dandruff. For hair care it is used together with burdock root and nettle.
- For weight loss. Normalizes metabolism due to its glycosides and phytosterols. These substances are involved in the biosynthesis of hormones, enzymes, cholesterol, bile acids, vitamins.
What is the use of coltsfoot grass at home? Teas, broths, infusions, fresh juice, powder are made from it. Raw materials can be procured independently or purchased at a pharmacy. The instructions for use indicate the main pharmacological action of the raw materials - expectorant, anti-inflammatory, enveloping. Recommended when coughing with sputum difficult to separate.
How to brew a coltsfoot to maximize its useful properties?
- Take 1 tbsp. l dry grass.
- Pour a glass of boiling water.
- Boil 1 minute.
- Insist on 30 minutes.
Most often for broth take the leaves, but you can also mix them with flower baskets. Take 3 times a day for ½ cup before meals. When coughing in such a decoction is recommended to add honey or raspberry jam. When digestive disorders are advised to drink unsweetened broth.
The method of preparation of the infusion is different from the broth - it is not boiled, but only steamed. Steeper infusions (take 2 tablespoons of raw materials per glass of water) are used externally or inwards in a smaller dosage - 2 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day.
- Take 1 tbsp. l raw materials.
- Pour a glass of boiling water.
- Insist 1-2 hours.
Accept inside in the same dosage, as broths. Infusions are often used for rinsing in otolaryngology and dentistry. Also of these drugs make lotions, compresses, baths and baths for skin diseases. There are positive reviews that decoctions and infusions relieve erysipelas, itching, and suppuration with thrombophlebitis.
Recipe for milk
- Take 1 tbsp. l dry grass.
- Pour a glass of boiled milk.
- Insist 1 hour.
Proven cough remedy. Take in the form of heat for ¼ cup, you can add honey.
Fresh juice and leaves
How can I use the juice and leaves of the plant?
- Juice is recommended to take as an expectorant for inflammation of the respiratory system.
- It is especially useful to drink it with pulmonary tuberculosis, mixing with honey or sugar. Dosage - 3-5 spoons per day (diluted with honey or sugar).
- Fresh leaves are applied to calluses, purulent wounds with thrombophlebitis, varicose veins.
- Divorced juice can be instilled into the nose with a cold and sinusitis.
- Juice relieves asthma, strong cough in bronchial asthma.
- Leaves and fresh juice are valuable because it is possible to use them in field conditions when it is not possible to brew grass.
- The warm side (bottom) leaves are applied to the affected areas of the skin, and the cold side (top) - with a headache to the temple, the back of the head or forehead.
- It is also a valuable vitamin remedy, primarily replenishing the supply of vitamins C and A; you can make salads from the leaves.
- Juice is useful to take with nervous disorders, atherosclerosis, for weight loss.
- juice can be treated for no more than 7 days,
- do not violate the dosage - adults do not take more than 3 tbsp. l in a day,
- before use in children need a mandatory medical consultation,
- when side effects in the form of digestive disorders and allergies immediately stop taking,
- the juice contains many alkaloids that can cause poisoning and negatively affect the liver,
- Before taking the juice you need to consult a doctor if there are any chronic diseases.
The use in folk medicine of dry grass powder is effective in the following cases:
- the powder is mixed with honey and washed down with water in case of tuberculosis,
- with sinusitis and a bad cold, you can sniff it to cause sneezing,
- when coughing during ARVI, flu, bronchitis, pneumonia, whooping cough, take ½ teaspoon of powder, washing it down with water or warm milk,
- it is useful to take with diarrhea as an astringent,
- powdered wounds, ulcers, burns, skin inflammation.
Features of use for women
How can grass be useful for women?
- Most often it is used in home cosmetology - for hair and skin care.
- In gynecology, grass is used externally - for douching for inflammation of the urogenital area.
- Pregnancy is a strict contraindication for internal use due to the abortive properties of the herb.
- Pregnant women can use decoctions and infusions outwardly - for gargling, mouth, skin treatment.
- During lactation, it is also forbidden to drink grass, however compresses from its juice and decoctions are good for mastopathy.
Features of use in children
In some sources it is indicated that the grass should not be given to children under 2 years old, in others - up to 6 years. The issue of age restrictions and safe use must be addressed with a pediatrician. Coltsfoot cough for children - a frequent appointment of doctors. Often, grass is included in breast gathering. It is important to comply with the dosage, do not exceed the course of treatment, remember that allergy to medicinal herbs in children is much more common than in adults.
How safe is the grass for babies? In rare cases, pediatricians prescribe her weak teas to babies up to one year old when they cough. Some mothers refuse to give medicine even if prescribed by a doctor because of the age limit specified in the official instructions. What can be dangerous coltsfoot for crumbs?
- Bitterness and mucus can act on the digestive system and cause either constipation or diarrhea.
- Alkaloids can negatively affect the liver.
- Biologically active substances can cause an allergic reaction in the form of urticaria and itching.
The coltsfoot plant is a valuable medicinal raw material. Its main use is cough for colds, ARVI, flu, bronchitis, tracheitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, tuberculosis, whooping cough. Also, the herb has pronounced anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. Outwardly, it is used in dentistry, otolaryngology, dermatology, cosmetology.
The mucus in the composition of coltsfoot is the source of the most important properties of the plant - anti-inflammatory and softening. Once inside the shell of the respiratory tract, the medicinal leaves form a special mucous layer that protects against the negative effects of bacteria, viruses and cold.
Women use coltsfoot when creating cosmetics. Poultices and compresses based on inflorescences and leaves of the plant help to get rid of acne and eliminate skin defects. Adding dry raw materials inside shampoos helps to strengthen the hair structure. Medicinal tinctures from the grass coltsfoot help regulate the menstruation cycle with abundant blood loss.
Use in traditional medicine
The coltsfoot has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese and Russian medicine. The plant helps in the treatment of bronchitis, rheumatism, tuberculosis, relieves swelling and inflammation, and is also an effective means of preventing cancer.
The curative properties of coltsfoot are concentrated in the leaves and inflorescences. It is these parts of the plant that are dried to create therapeutic fees and extracts that are sold in pharmacies.
Before using traditional medicine based on coltsfoot, it is very important to consult with your doctor. Extremely cautious should be pregnant women and nursing mothers, as well as people with serious liver diseases.
With respiratory diseases
In the case of dry and persistent cough, the coltsfoot has a softening effect. The mucous part of the plant creates a special film inside the throat that suppresses irritation.
To prepare expectorant to eliminate dry cough, Pour one tablespoon of dried grass coltsfoot with half a liter of boiled water. Put the mixture on the fire and leave under the lid for five minutes, then strain and let cool. Take a decoction twice a day, a glass and preferably before meals.
The following recipe is suitable if a small child is bothered by a dry cough during exacerbated bronchitis. Prepare a large amount of medication is not worth it. The process does not take much time, so it is better to make frequent portions of small size.
For cooking decoction for the treatment of bronchitis You will need the following herbs (proportions are equal):
- Melissa officinalis,
Insist ingredients poured boiling water for three hours, then strain. Add natural honey to enhance the taste. Ready medicinal decoction take a few tablespoons three times a day before meals.
In cardiovascular diseases
In case of mild heart ailments, decoctions based on coltsfoot base help. For cooking blood pressure lowering tincture, take two tablespoons of dry mother-and-stepmother and one glass of boiled water. Fill the collection with boiling water and leave to infuse for half an hour. Strain and take twice a day, one glass, preferably before meals.
With heart pains and nervous excitement recommend infusion of leaves coltsfoot. To prepare the medicine, take one spoonful of dried leaves and fill them with boiling water. Insist half or half an hour. Drink a quarter glass three times a day, preferably before meals.
For diseases of the urinary tract
Pharmacies are often found medicinal fees on the basis of coltsfoot, intended for the prevention of diseases of the urinary tract. When edema and sick kidney herbal decoctions have a diuretic effect. Folk remedies also help get rid of liver colic.
For bladder disease prevention You can mix the dry leaves of coltsfoot, lingonberries and bearberry (a tablespoon of each herb). The resulting mixture is brewed for half an hour, and then drink like regular tea.
To prepare decoction to remove edemathat accompany diseases of the urinary tract, you should pour one tablespoonful of a coltsfoot collection with a glass of water, boil the solution for a minute, leave for about an hour, and then strain. Take half a glass of medicinal decoction three times a day, preferably before meals.
Healing properties of mother and stepmother
- Anti-inflammatory effect
- Expectorant and thinning action
- Sweating effect to reduce body temperature
- Antispasmodic effect - relieves spasm of smooth muscles of internal organs
- Enveloping and regenerating effect
- Antihypertensive effect
- Lipid-lowering effect
- Antiseptic and antibacterial action.
Indications for use
The raw and grass of coltsfoot, whose properties have been studied for a long time, are used as auxiliary therapeutic agents in the treatment of the following groups of diseases:
- Inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system: bronchitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma.
- Acute viral respiratory infections, including influenza.
- Diseases of the gallbladder, liver and biliary tract, gastrointestinal tract pathology, urinary system, stomatitis.
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system: ischemic heart disease, hypertension 1-2 st, atherosclerosis, inflammation of the superficial veins of the lower extremities.
- Diseases of the skin and its derivatives: burns, boils, purulent wounds, inflammatory rash, erysipelas, diathesis, scrofula, alopecia (hair loss).
For one tsp. dry flowers to take 250 ml of boiling water, pour the raw materials and cover, let it brew for 10 minutes. It helps to cough, and also helps to dilute the sputum and its excretion. Take twice a day for 100 ml.
- It helps to restore the body during the period of illness,
- Reduces high blood pressure
- Reduces cholesterol formation,
- Helps to relieve muscle spasm of internal organs with cholecystitis, gastritis,
- Used as a soft expectorant,
- Helps with sweating feet, armpits, faces,
- Effective in inflammation of veins, wounds, boils, ulcers, shingles,
- Helps to cure inflammatory processes in the throat and intestines.
1 tbsp. dry, pre-crushed leaves brew 250 ml of boiling water, leave for about 40 minutes, strain. Inside: take three tbsp. before meals four times a day. Outwardly wipe the affected areas or make compresses with infusion. In the treatment of the throat rinsing is effective, and for the treatment of the intestines make enemas with infusion.
1 tbsp. dry raw materials (leaves) pour 250-300 ml of boiling water and boil over low heat for about 10 minutes, cover and leave for half an hour. It helps with diseases of the respiratory system and ENT pathology, scrofula, general weakness. Drink one tbsp. before meals three times a day.
A fresh leaf of the plant is ground to a mushy state and applied to a problem area on a sterile gauze (calluses, erysipelas, inflammatory lesions on the skin, inflamed veins).
1 tbsp. mix dry leaves and flowers with 200 ml boiling water, cover with a towel and breathe over the infusion. Accelerates recovery from bronchopulmonary pathology. Do not inhale at elevated body temperature.
Broth coltsfoot diluted with vodka in the ratio of 4: 1. Rub the infusion of the skin 3-5 times a day. It is indicated for the treatment of pustular skin lesions, boils, acne (see how to get rid of acne).
Dry leaves of the plant are ground into powder, which is used:
- for ingestion, 1 g three times a day, drink hot milk. It helps in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system,
- externally: sprinkle the inflamed areas 2-3 times a day. Effective in getting rid of diathesis, sweating feet, erysipelas, furunculosis.
Fresh leaves of the plant are poured with hot cream and make the raw materials soften.
- It helps to prevent mastitis at the first signs of it (in the form of heat applied to the mammary gland).
- Reduces the severity of cough (warm leaves are laid on the chest, covered with a towel on top).
Healthy people should not take a coltsfoot for more than 4-6 weeks in a row. The medicinal properties of coltsfoot are known to all, and few know the contraindications. The plant contains pyrrolizidinovye alkaloids (toxicity is not fully understood), therefore, is contraindicated in:
- Severe liver disease,
- Individual intolerance.
In Germany, restrictions have been imposed on the sale of a mother and stepmother after one case of misuse of this plant. Nursing mother used tea with her mother and stepmother, which led to the death of the baby from liver damage.
Сегодня многие обращаются к народным методам лечения без предварительного обращения к врачу, обследования, установки точного диагноза и считают, если если принимать лекарственное растение, то это безопасно и оно не обладает побочными действиями. Это заблуждение. Folk remedies are not subjected to modern research, there is no reliable information about the dangers and benefits of mother and stepmothers and other medicinal herbs.
Any medicinal plant has a complex composition, and most of them contain microdoses of toxic, toxic compounds that affect the liver and have carcinogenic properties (see carcinogens and oncology). With an overdose or prolonged use of such funds may develop slow poisoning of the body.
Thus, the coltsfoot is considered a relatively safe plant, but it can only be used in small quantities, in a short course, since the cumulative effect can provoke the growth of malignant tumors. In case of overdose or prolonged use, the following symptoms and side effects are possible:
What is a coltsfoot
Coltsfoot (from Latin - tussilago farfara) is a perennial grass. Feature - yellow small flowers that look like tongues. They are collected in baskets. Leaves scale-like, large. Top sheet is smooth, bottom - pubescent, white-colored. The plant reaches up to 20 cm in height. Radical leaflets from afar look like a burdock. Flowering begins in early spring, sometimes it can grow between unmelted snow.
Dry leaves of coltsfoot have expectorant, anti-inflammatory effects. Mucus and acids help to thin the viscous secretion that is secreted in the upper respiratory tract, improves sputum secretion. Flowers with leaves of a plant:
- have a diaphoretic effect,
- provide a mucolytic effect
- eliminate inflammatory processes
- accelerate recovery.
Fresh leaves are used as plantain - applied to suppurating ulcers, purulent wounds and boils. The effects of plants include:
Diseases of the respiratory system and viral infections
A person and a child can get sick with various respiratory infections throughout the year, and sometimes several times. These are acute infectious diseases that occur after the penetration of viruses into the human respiratory system. Inside, pathogens multiply, causing an inflammatory process. Coltsfoot - its healing properties and contraindications will help to cure such diseases as:
- bronchitis / pharyngitis,
- Chronical bronchitis,
- whooping cough,
- lung abscess
Diseases of the gallbladder and urinary tract
Kidneys are necessary for the normal functioning of the human body systems. Organs perform excretory, metabolic, osmoregulatory and other functions. If a person has a disease of the urinary tract or gallbladder, it adversely affects the functions of the whole organism. Coltsfoot helps to cope with many problems of these organs and systems:
- chronic prostatitis,
- prostatic hyperplasia,
- prostate adenoma,
- kidney cyst
Medicinal properties for cardiovascular diseases
Thanks to the systemic circulation, functions of the heart are performed, vascular tone is maintained, and blood circulation throughout the body is maintained. In diseases of the cardiovascular system in folk medicine is used for the treatment of water burdock. If the functions of the heart, vascular tone are impaired, it can lead to the fact that the necessary amount of blood and oxygen will not flow to the organs and tissues, will arise:
- myocardial infarction,
- peripheral vascular disease
- disorders of the nervous system.
The skin is an integral part of our body: it shows the "consequences" of nutrition, lifestyle of a person. The skin is also vulnerable, like our other organs, to various pathogenic microbes. Subsequently, the skin may suffer from psoriasis, dermatosis, dermatitis. In folk medicine, coltsfoot deals with various diseases of the skin:
Medicinal plant can be not only a panacea for all diseases, but also a means for losing weight. Coltsfoot can be used to eliminate excess fat - it has a good effect on the gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract). But this impact can be obtained only in combination with sports and proper nutrition. The plant is used as a stimulant to help the stomach and intestines.
Features of use for children
Children under two years of age are not allowed to use medication based on waterbug inside without consulting their pediatrician. Sometimes mothers simply add decoctions of plants in the bath when bathing. Dry leaves and flowers of burdock can not brew children during prolonged cough, diathesis or at high body temperature, it is better to consult a doctor. Fresh leaves can be applied as a plantain, with minor injuries.
You can treat various problems related to gynecology with a waterbug. The plant and its composition can have anti-inflammatory effects on the female reproductive system. During pregnancy, you can do enemas for douching or wash with decoction. In oncology, ammonia solution is used based on the root of elecampane. Coltsfoot during lactation does not apply.
Coltsfoot herb– application
Water burdock is used to treat various diseases, but not everyone knows when, in what form and what dosage is needed for various ailments. Coltsfoot - medicinal properties and contraindications, described earlier in the article, the following are recipes for the preparation of infusions, decoctions, fresh juice and other uses of the botanical plant, the dosage for various diseases.
Infusion of leaves
With poor digestion, cholecystitis, inflammation of the intestinal mucous membranes, you need to prepare the following infusion:
- 20 g of plants need to chop, pour a glass of boiling water, insist half an hour, strain through the cloth.
- Reception - 1-2 tablespoons 4 times a day.
When coughing, acute or chronic bronchitis, pharyngitis, bronchial asthma, hoarse voice, gastrointestinal diseases, a plant leaf infusion is prepared:
- 4 tsp. leaves are crushed, brewed in a glass of boiling water, insist half an hour.
- Then infusion ceed, drink a quarter cup three times a day.
When bronchitis is prepared, a decoction of milk. To do this, take a tablespoon of chopped herbs, pour 500 ml of milk, add fresh lard (at the tip of the knife), cook in a sealed container for about 10 minutes. Then the remedy is applied and taken overnight at 50 ml. When dyspnea take 15 grams of crushed dried leaves, they need to brew with boiling water (0.2 l), insist to cool, strain. Take a tablespoon every 3 hours.
When pneumonia is necessary to take 3 tablespoons of chopped herbs, pour a liter of boiling water in an enamel saucepan. Then the infusion should be boiled in a water bath in a sealed container for about 15 minutes, leave to cool. After - the mixture is pressed and tsedyat. In the infusion of boiled water is added, add a tablespoon of honey, take half a glass three times a day.
In case of bronchial asthma, a glass of dry leaves is poured with a glass of boiling water, infused for half an hour and filtered. Take need to нимать cup four times a day. When colpitis need to prepare everything for douching. To do this, take a tablespoon of crushed leaves, pour a glass of boiling water, insist for half an hour, strain, add boiled water again. Douching is carried out with warm broth twice a day.
For skin diseases
In addition to the use of medicinal herbs internally, the coltsfoot can be used to create external remedies for skin diseases and defects.
Options external use coltsfoot:
- Chronic ulcer
- Dandruff and hair strengthening.
For the manufacture of remedies for minor burns from coltsfoot you will need to prepare a special medicinal decoction. Take a teaspoon of dry herbs of the plant, cover with two glasses of water and boil the resulting solution for half an hour. Allow the tincture to cool, and then soak a piece of soft cloth in it. Put the finished compress on the damaged area for about five minutes. Do compresses several times a day until the burns go away.
To cook homemade ointment for the prevention of inflammation of the skin, take the following ingredients (in equal parts):
Mix all the ingredients, fill them with hot water and leave for five minutes. Then add some sunflower oil and knead the mixture. Lubricate the problem area of the skin with the ointment and leave for twenty minutes, then rinse with warm water.
With hair loss
A coltsfoot is not for nothing added to shampoos and hair conditioners. Vegetable proteins, acids, essential oils and mucus, working together, help to restore the structure of the roots, normalize the natural growth of damaged hair, add shine and elasticity to it.
To cook natural hair rinse, you will need dry burdock and coltsfoot fees. Mix herbs in equal amounts, cover with water and boil in a water bath for half an hour. Use the resulting decoction as a conditioner after regular washing of hair with shampoo.
Mask for balding can be made from nettle leaves, coltsfoot and milk. Take two tablespoons of each plant, cover with a glass of hot milk and leave to infuse for about half an hour. Apply the obtained product to dry hair, hold the mixture on the head for 10-15 minutes, and then rinse with warm water.
Application for weight loss
On sale there are many tools and herbal for weight loss, but not all of them correspond to the individual requirements of each organism. The choice of the best means sometimes delivers great difficulty. The surest way to lose weight is to create your own daily regimen, go in for sports and pick up natural aids.
To prepare weight loss remedy and normalizing metabolism, you will need:
- 10 grams coltsfoot,
- 80 grams of blackberry leaves,
- 10 grams of birch leaves.
Stir all of the above ingredients, cover with a liter of water and boil the mixture for ten minutes. Take a glass of broth twice a day before meals. Tincture helps reduce appetite and normalize metabolism. However, remember that this is an additional aid to weight loss, in addition to its use, you should follow the diet and exercise regularly.
Features of use during pregnancy
Unfortunately, internal remedies based on coltsfoot are not recommended for pregnant women and nursing mothers. The plant contains alkaloids. These substances change the composition of mother's milk and negatively affect the health of the child. Also alkaloids can terminate a pregnancy. They penetrate the placenta and destroy the fetus.
Do not take any decoctions based on this plant during pregnancy. The use of coltsfoot grass during pregnancy causes miscarriage or premature birth with a dead baby.
Due to serious harm during pregnancy, her mother and stepmother is prohibited for free sale in some countries, for example, in Germany and Australia. Only in rare cases and under the supervision of a physician is the external use of the plant permissible. These points include the treatment of skin defects, burns and acne. Also, pregnant women can use grass to strengthen hair and eliminate dandruff.
Contraindications and harm
The healing properties of the plant are praised by many, but not everyone knows about the side effects of coltsfoot. The most dangerous component of the colors - alkaloids. They are especially worth avoiding pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Do not use decoctions based on coltsfoot in the following cases:
- Serious liver disease,
- The age of the child up to two years,
- Any problems with the gallbladder,
- Sick kidneys,
- Allergic reaction,
- Special cases of individual intolerance.
You also need to carefully treat the dosage of medicinal drugs. It depends on several factors, such as age, state of health and the presence of chronic diseases. To date, there are no scientifically proven data that would establish the maximum effective amount of coltsfoot in each specific case.
Description of the plant with a photo
A coltsfoot is difficult to confuse with another plant due to the characteristic shape of the leaves - a rounded-heart-shaped, framed at the edges of the toothed-notch border. Bottom leaves (which are just used in traditional medicine) are leathery from above and have a dark green color; the bottom is covered with white felt.
At the top on flowering stems, reaching a height of 25 cm, the leaves are smaller, scaly, reddish. Tubular-reed flowers of yellow color are appearing on the top of the stem in early spring. By the beginning of June, the plant produces a fruit - an oblong ribbed achene.
The medicinal value of basal leaves is caused, first of all, by bitter glycosides - there are about 2.6% of them. The coltsfoot is rich in organic acids - ascorbic, tartaric, malic, gallic. Herb is widely used in folk medicine and thanks to polysaccharides - dextrin and inulin.
Vitamins, mineral compounds, carotenoids, saponins, tannins, mucus, coumarin derivatives and traces of essential oil contained in the leaves of mother and stepmother are also indispensable components, providing the plant with beneficial properties. Sometimes flowers are used for treatment because of their high content of rutin.
Before using this plant, you should find out if there is an allergy to any of the components that make up the leaves or flowers.
For pregnant women (especially in the first trimester), it is contraindicated to use a coltsfoot inside.
And others should not get too carried away with traditional medicine - long-term use of the herb will negatively affect the condition of the liver.
Recipes of traditional medicine
- For respiratory diseases several recipes of nursing collections are recommended, in which there is a mother-stepmother. Here is the simplest of them: 3 parts of the plantain and the same licorice root are taken on 4 parts of the leaves of the plant. Pour 1 tbsp. collect half a liter of boiling water, insist 5-8 hours, and then take every 3 hours to 2 tablespoons, beforehand.
- Leaves of mother-stepmother, oregano, raspberry berries - a good diaphoretic with colds. The collection is brewed as usual tea, and drink hot at night.
- Gargle recommended by this composition - leaves, coltsfoot, flowers, mullein and mallow, Althea root (all in equal shares). Infusion is prepared from 1 tsp. mixture, filled with a glass of boiling water. Throat rinse with warm solution.
- In the treatment of hypertension should be drunk in the morning diuretic tea (half a cup), made from the leaves of coltsfoot, birch (1 part), blackberry leaves or raspberries, as well as heather flowers (4 parts). The collection of 4 tablespoons, poured with a liter of boiling water, steamed in a thermos for 4-5 hours, then filtered.
- Having added raspberry berries, linden flowers, aniseed seeds and willow bark to the mother and stepmother, they prepare a healing tea in the treatment of rheumatism.
- If present GI inflammation, it is necessary to take before a meal for a third cup of decoction of dry leaves (3 tablespoons per half liter of boiling water).
- To cope with leg vein inflammation, It is recommended to make warm lotions from the decoction of mother and stepmother leaves (1:10 ratio).
- A decoction of nettle leaves and mother-stepmother can be used for washing the head with hair loss.
- Preparing the herb infusion in any convenient way, it is moistened with a cotton swab, which is inserted into the vagina overnight with thrush.
To list all the recipes used by traditional medicine is not realistic - there are a great many of them. Will provide invaluable benefit and that small part that is resulted here.
Rules for use in field conditions
A coltsfoot can be found everywhere, therefore, going to nature, you should get acquainted with this plant in advance. Being in the country away from civilization or on a camping trip, you can get hurt and catch a cold. Here this plant is just useful:
- The leaves of the mother-stepmother can, like the plantain, impose on wounds,
- the fresh sap of the plant will help to relieve the itching caused by mosquito bites,
- Herbal tea will help to cope with the indisposition and will not allow developing the beginning cold.
Before using the leaves of the plant, they are recommended to be doused with boiling water (or simply washed), cleansing from accumulated dust and dirt. You should not use the grass that grows near the roads or near industrial facilities - the plant can absorb heavy metals.
Collection and storage of medicinal raw materials
Collect useful raw materials after the plant fades, i.e. early summer, if you need radical leaves. Do it manually, tearing off the plate with a part of the stem 4-5 cm long. Если необходимы еще и цветки, их собирают еще в конце апреля – начале мая, пока не начали образовываться плоды.
Собранное сырье аккуратно раскладывают одним слоем на чистой бумаге. Летом просушивают листья на свежем воздухе под навесом. The flowers are dried in spring in a ventilated room at a temperature not lower than + 22 ° C.
While the grass dries, it is periodically reviewed, removing mottled and brownish leaves. Dried normal raw materials are packed in glass jars or boxes, which are then hermetically sealed. The best storage place is storage rooms and storage rooms, i.e. where it is dry and there is no light.
In the apartment it can be a mezzanine or kitchen cabinets. Under the right conditions of storage, the dried coltsfoot does not lose its properties for 3 years, and then it is better to get rid of the excess.
Properties of coltsfoot: video
“Very proud of my hair. Previously, they horribly slipped from me and fell out abundantly. Then a friend advised to wash her head with decoction of herbs - nettle, coltsfoot, chamomile and hop cones. Now my strands are fluffy and they cast a surprisingly beautiful glitter. ”
“In the spring I was with the children at the dacha, the younger son was caught in the rain and had a cold. They coped with the cough quickly, but had to fight with a cold. She remembered how my grandmother treated me as a child. She was squeezing juice from the leaves of the mother-stepmother and buried my nose. I did the same thing to my son (although the juice was diluted slightly with water). After 2 days there was no cold. ”
“Influenza does not let anyone pass, so our family has collapsed almost all. Wife bought herbal to treat us. And I remembered that the house has an air ionizer. So I began to fill it with the decoction of a coltsfoot and turn it on for the night - so to speak, collective inhalation in a dream. Even he was surprised that the tool was effective. Now I recommend to everyone I know this method of dealing with colds. ”
Natalia, 32 years old
“Somewhere I caught the strongest sore throat, and decided to be treated with folk remedies. If we were to gargle, then only with a thermonuclear compound - she brewed her stepmother, added garlic juice (from 1 tooth) to a glass of herbal tea, squeezed out a little lemon juice and put 1 tsp. honey I rinsed my throat every 2 hours, distributing 1 cup for 2 runs (warmed up in a microwave). Two weekends of intensified therapy - and on Monday I am at work, “like a cucumber”. ”