Under the name "larch" united a whole genus of conifers from the Pine family. In total, it has about 20 species distributed in the Northern Hemisphere.
Species of larches are fast-growing, powerful trees with a transparent crown. Due to their very large size, they are rarely used in gardens. But varietal larches - this is the most suitable option. They are neat, variable in size, color of needles, etc. The ancestors of varieties are Siberian and Japanese larch (Kempfera).
In decorative terms, the latter species surpasses the rest both in its long needles of the original color and in the beautiful storey crown. Unpretentiousness and rapid growth made Japanese larch a desirable plant for many gardeners. In the article we will tell you about its features, the most popular varieties and rules of cultivation.
Japanese larch (Kempfer): habitat
The name of this species speaks for itself. The homeland of Japanese larch is the island of Honshu. It is endemic, that is, a plant that is found only in this region, and nowhere else in the world. However, we note that the tree was naturalized on Sakhalin.
It grows at an altitude of 1600-2700 m above sea level, in the upper mountain belt, by large mono-plantations or singly in forests of densely flowered pine, spruce of Sayan, varicolite spike, Wich fir, Birch Hermann fir. You can find Japanese larch at lower altitudes in the company with beech, oak and hornbeam. It develops well in cold and dry climates and is resistant to late spring frosts. Unlike other larches, the Japanese view tolerates shading better. It is successfully cultivated on chernozem and podzolic soils, but it develops best on fresh sandy and clay substrates.
Description of the species
Japanese larch reaches a height of 30 to 35 m and a trunk diameter of 50 to 100 cm. It has a relatively thin crust, peeled and longitudinally fissured. Young shoots are painted at the beginning of winter in a brown-yellow color with a bluish bloom, biennials are red-brown. From other species, it is distinguished by branches slightly twisted in a spiral.
The needles of the Japanese larch are of medium length: from 15 to 50 mm, dull, gray-gray or gray-green. The cones are round-oval in shape, 20-35 mm long, consisting, as a rule, of 45-50 scales located in 5-6 rows.
The tree is developing rapidly, the annual growth is 10-15 cm wide and 25 cm in height. Like other larches, the Japanese variety is characterized by durable and rot-resistant wood that is easily processed. In this regard, it is widely used in the furniture industry and construction.
At home, Japanese larch (photo by text) has been used in culture for a very long time. It is appreciated for high decorative properties and resistance to diseases and pests. It is grown in bonsai. In Europe, the plant came in the 18th century, from 1861, it was actively used in gardens, forest plantations and parks. In Russia, Japanese larch spread in 1880-1885.
We draw your attention to the most popular tree cultivars in the horticultural environment. They differ in size, shape of the crown, characteristics of the needles. Among the modern variety of varieties you can always pick up something for your garden.
It is grown on the trunk of another tree Japanese larch (trunk, in other words). The shoots of a plant of this variety are creeping, hanging. Depending on how high the vaccination is done, the weeping shape can reach up to 1.5-2 m in height and 1 m in diameter. Needles Stif Viper has a bluish-green shade, falls in late autumn. Cones of the standard size, female red color, man's - yellowish. The crown of a tree is neat with a small number of lateral processes. Japanese larch Stiff Weeper can be used in the most pretentious and elegant compositions, surrounded by perennial and annual plants, in a single planting.
Of the special requirements of the variety, sensitivity to drought and moisture stagnation should be noted. In this regard, it is recommended in the first case to water it often enough, and in the second - to provide good drainage.
The low-growing Japanese larch Pendula is a weeping form growing to a height of 6-10 m. The tree develops slowly, but this is more of a plus than a minus, because this way you can keep the original look of the composition longer. The branches of the larch are heavily hanging, after reaching the ground, they begin to crawl along it by an even carpet.
This grade has soft needles of bluish-green color. High decorative appearance gives the effect of fluffiness. Reproduction is possible only by vaccination. The Pendula variety is not particularly picky about the environmental conditions, but it will still develop better on fertile and well-drained soils. Does not tolerate waterlogging.
If you are looking for an unusual coniferous plant for your garden that will surprise everyone, then let it be Japanese Diana larch. Luxurious variety with spectacularly twisted shoots. The shape of the tree is weeping. The needles in the spring-summer period has a pale green color, in the fall - yellow. Decorations add beautiful bright pink cones.
Diana reaches a height of 8-10 m, while the hemispherical crown grows to 5 m in diameter. The bark of the tree is red-brown. In the early years, the larch develops quite quickly, then growth slows down. This weeping form prefers alkaline moist soils.
It can be used as a tapeworm surrounded by green lawn or in group plantings with other coniferous and deciduous species, or grassy plants.
The blue rabbit is a tall variety with a pyramidal crown. Adult specimens reach a height of up to 10-15 m. Young trees are characterized by a slightly narrowed crown. This Japanese larch has a characteristic blue color of needles, which in the autumn period becomes golden-red. Decorative tree preserves throughout life. The variety will suit the regions with cold winters, so it has high frost resistance. In addition, it is growing rapidly, resistant to air pollution, and therefore can be used in urban areas.
Like other varieties of Japanese larch, the Blue Rabbit prefers moderately moist and breathable soils, a bright place and moderate watering.
Dwarf Japanese larch Wolterdingen is able to decorate any garden. Due to its size, it can be used on alpine slides, next to artificial ponds, in heather compositions. The tree develops very slowly and by the age of ten reaches only 0.5 m in height and 70 cm wide. The crown is dense, dome-shaped. The needles of a beautiful bluish-green shade, slightly curled, 3.5 mm long, in autumn turn yellow. Short shoots are arranged radially.
Wolterdingen prefers fertile and moist soils, as well as good lighting with access to direct sunlight.
Growing from seed
As you have probably managed to understand, not all varietal larches can be grown from seeds. Moreover, sometimes this process is simply not rational, and it is better to buy seedlings in the store. If you decided to grow Japanese larch from seeds, then some recommendations will be useful to you.
Before planting, be sure to soak the seeds for 1-2 days in water, the container with them can be put in the refrigerator. Sowing can be done on seedlings or in the ground, when it is warm enough. Between the plants planted in one row, it is enough to leave a distance of a couple of centimeters. Sowing depth - 3-5 mm (depending on soil structure). Shoots usually appear after 2 weeks. Next year, in the spring, seedlings can be planted away from each other. For a permanent place, experts recommend determining them upon reaching the age of 1.5-2 years.
Japanese larch: planting and care
If you have become the owner of a Japanese larch sapling, then remember that the most optimal time for planting is the beginning of autumn or early spring. The pit should be prepared on the basis of the size of the root system. As a rule, the width, height and depth are the same - 50 cm. Cover the plant with excavated soil, mixing it in equal proportions with peat. If the soil is heavy, clayey, it is recommended to also add coarse river sand.
Larch trees are perhaps the most unpretentious conifers in the conditions of northern latitudes. Tree care is the proper watering, loosening, mulching the soil, pruning and treatment from pests.
- It is necessary to water a larch only in the conditions of a drought. A large tree requires about 20 liters of water. Frequency - 1-2 times a week.
- Loosening is necessary for young plants. At the same time, carry out weeding so that the weeds do not choke it.
- Mulching is necessary for all - it helps to improve the properties of the soil, prevents the evaporation of moisture from it and prevents the roots from overheating. Use sawdust, wood chips or peat.
- Trimming is carried out only when necessary (sanitary) and very carefully.
- Treatment with fungicidal and insecticidal preparations is necessary for prophylaxis. In general, the Japanese larch has excellent immunity.
It has many garden forms: weeping, round, golden, etc.
Japanese larch cultivars:
Aureovariegata (“Aureovariegata”) - needles with yellow spots, unevenly distributed on the plant. The form was highlighted in 1899 in the Netherlands, in the nursery B.V. Dirken (Oudenbosch).
Blue Rabbit (“Blue Rabbit’) - a narrow conical crown, bluish needles, beautiful. Growing fast. Received in the I960 in the nursery L. Koniyan Rayvyuk (France).
Diana (“Diamt’). Tree height of 8 - 10 m, diameter of the crown 3 - 5 m. The branches are slightly twisted in a spiral. The bark is reddish-brown, fissured. Needles needles, tender, green, in the fall - golden yellow. The annual increase in height is 25 cm, width is 15 cm. At a young age it grows slowly, then faster. Light-requiring It is demanding to soils, it grows better on well-drained, fertile sandy loams and loams, does not tolerate stagnant moisture and drought. Hardy, but may suffer from late spring frosts.
Application: single landings, groups, alleys.
Nana (“Nana”) is a dwarf form, the crown is very thick, conical, annual growth of 5 cm. The needles are bluish-green. Found in 1976 by botanist X. Neumann among the “witch brooms” and reproduced in the nursery of Eddloha in Germany.
Pendula (“Pendula”) is a weeping form, a tree with a height of 6 - 10 m, grows slowly, drooping ends of shoots. The needles are bluish-green, soft. Very decorative form, appeared in 1896 in the nursery of Hess. Propagated by grafting.
Belem (“Wehlen”) is a dwarf form, the growth is uneven-dimensional, the crown is wide, very compact. Appeared from the “witch brooms” in 1972 by G. Horstmann.
Volterdingen (“Wolterdingeif) - dwarf, very beautiful form, diameter of the crown more than the height of the plants. At 10 years, height 50 cm, crown width 70 cm. Shoots on the trunk are evenly distributed. The needles are bluish-green, slightly curled, 35 mm long. The form was found by G. Horstmann in 1970 in Germany and at the same time introduced into culture.
Japanese larch stif wiferstiff weeper
Japanese Camp larch
Japanese Dwarf Larch
Japanese larch larix kaempferi
Japanese larch kaempferi, tree description
Most often in Russia you can see larix kaempferi. Its official botanical name in Latin is spelled “larix kaempheri”. “Larix” is a specific name, translated from Latin, it means “larch”. Kempfer is the name of the botanist who discovered this type of tree. Thus, “larix kaempferi” in Russian means “Kempfer Larch”. However, in everyday life, it is better known as Japanese larch. Therefore, choosing saplings for planting in a specialized nursery, it is better to use this name.
- the structure and location of the needles this tree resembles a pine,
- the trunk is solid, elastic, has a pronounced brown color,
- the needles are light green, in the fall it changes its color to yellow,
- different varieties of branches are located at different angles. There are varieties with shoots that hang down like weeping willow shoots. The shape of the crown is largely dependent on care, in order to change the shape of the crown, landscape designers are actively using pruning wood.
Place of growth
Landing can be carried out both in the Central zone, and in more northern regions. In nature, this plant grows in highlands. You can meet a tree:
- in the mountainous regions of Japan,
- in the Far East,
- in the highlands of China,
- in the Russian Siberian taiga.
Wild varieties differ from the cultural size and shape of the crown. Typically, wild varieties have a long, elongated trunk and a magnificent crown, resembling a hat. From a distance, this plant can be confused with pine. Cultivars are lower than wild growing, and the shape of the crown can be very diverse.
This is due to the peculiarities of selection: domestic and foreign breeders specially deduced varieties with an unusual crown shape, so that they can be used in landscape design. In wild larch needles usually have a rich green color. In cultivated varieties, needles can be light green, gray-gray, and even bluish. One of the most popular cultivated varieties is called the Blue Rabbit.
Use in industry
Larch wood is widely used in the woodworking industry due to its unique properties. It is very elastic and easy to handle. Traditionally made from it:
- home and office furniture,
- souvenirs and other products of national crafts (matryoshka, wooden spoons, whistles, toys),
- parts for industrial equipment,
- window frames,
- door leaves.
Wood is also widely used in the construction of rural log houses, especially in those regions where this tree is common in the wild-growing form: taiga and mountains. It is believed that due to the bactericidal properties of wood, in such houses there is always fresh air, and also there are no pests and parasites. In large areas of wild larch growth there are often plants of the woodworking industry.
Use in medicine
Larch planting is a great way to stock up on valuable natural remedies: tar (sap) and young shoots.
It is believed that the sap of the tree has a healing effect, tightens heavy wounds, promotes healing from boils, boils, ulcers. Resin is applied externally: it is applied to a wound or an inflamed area. And for internal use folk healers recommend the use of tea, decoctions and infusions of young shoots. Young green shoots are harvested in the spring when they just appear on a tree. Young needles are very soft and tender. It is collected, dried in the sun or using an automatic dryer, and then used for the preparation of drugs.
In the old days, scurvy was treated with the help of young shoots - a dangerous disease caused by a deficiency of certain vital vitamins. Prisoners exiled to Siberia suffered most often with scurvy. Also, the young needles of larch are used to strengthen the immune system and prevent acute respiratory diseases. Regular use of infusion of young needles soothes pain in the joints with gout, arthritis and arthrosis. A decoction of the shoots used in the treatment of bronchitis and pneumonia.
How to grow bonsai of Japanese larch
In Japan, larch trees are often made from young trees. A bonsai is a tree in miniature: a small tree growing in a flower pot. At the same time, it differs from a large tree only in size, everything else (trunk, crown) is exactly the same. In Russia, traditionally it is customary to make a bonsai tree from a bollard (this plant is also called krasula, or a money tree), but if you wish, you can make bonsai from a conifer tree. Pine or larch - perfect.
To make a bonsai tree from larch, you need to purchase a tree sapling from a specialized store and plant it in a spacious pot of any shape containing land and peat. Normal garden land should not be used. It is often enriched with mineral fertilizers, and for bonsai, on the contrary, poor soil is needed.
The main task of a gardener in growing a bonsai tree is to restrain the growth of a young plant as much as possible so that it remains forever a small copy of a large tree. To do this, periodically cut the roots and cut the crown, restraining the growth of new shoots. If you hold these events regularly, the young sapling will soon turn into a miniature tree and become a real decoration of any interior.
How to choose seedlings for planting
Посадка лиственницы японской из семян, конечно возможно, но дело это довольно хлопотное. Лучше всего осуществлять посадку растения с помощью саженцев.
Приобретать саженцы для посадки лучше всего в питомнике. При покупке следует обратить на внешний вид молодых растений. A healthy seedling should have a developed root system, an elastic flexible trunk, and tender young needles. If the needles of a young plant have a brown or dark brown color, the plant is on the verge of death, and you should not acquire such seedlings.
It must be borne in mind that during the first time after planting the tree grows rather slowly. This is in the order of things, and you should not panic. With proper care, the plant is gradually pulled upward and turns into an elegant young tree. It is best to plant it on high ground, since in its homeland the plant is accustomed to mountainous terrain. However, it should be noted that in a lowland this tree also grows well, the main thing is to prevent the soil from bogging.
Larch can be planted separately, but group planting or joint planting of larch with other coniferous trees (spruce, pine, fir) looks most effective.
The list of the main activities for the care of Japanese larch include watering, loosening, mulching and pruning crown. Pruning crown is not only an effective way to get rid of dead shoots, but also an event that helps give the crown the desired shape. If pruned correctly, after this event, larch will grow better and look more beautiful. Where larch grows in nature (in the mountains and in the taiga), the soil is rather poor, so an excess of top dressing can only harm the proper development of the plant.
Japanese larch is often used in landscape design. Most often it is planted in parks. This tree looks very beautiful in autumn, when the green needles change color to yellow and gradually begin to fall.
Planting Japanese larch in the country, certainly worth it. This plant will certainly be in the spotlight. It is best to choose decorative varieties of Japanese larch, characterized by a fancy crown shape.
What to look for when buying seedlings
How to grow larch? There are two ways - saplings or seeds. Seedlings need to choose two to four years. It is better to purchase plants in containers. When buying, pay attention to the tips of the needles - they should not be dry. The branches should bend and not bend to the sides.
However, sometimes to buy larch seedlings is quite difficult. Therefore, it is often sown with seeds, which are extracted independently from cones at the end of October or purchased in specialized stores. Before planting, they must be stored in a paper bag. Germination seeds retain for two to three years.
Choosing a landing site
It is necessary to approach the choice of a place for planting larch with full responsibility, since the tree categorically refuses to grow in the shade. For it is necessary to choose a sunny corner.
If you dream of planting this beauty, but in the country there is no room for such a large and sprawling plant, you can form a small tree for yourself by pruning. Fortunately, the larch tolerates this procedure well and is restored very quickly after it. Therefore, before you land this cone, you have to look for information about how to cut it and, perhaps, to get acquainted with the art of bonsai. Also for planting, you can pick up decorative varieties of small sizes. Larch is demanding on the composition of the soil. It does not suit acidic soils, therefore, if on the plot planned for it is acidic earth, it should be leached before planting. With difficulty, the tree takes root on poor and sandy soils. In addition, it will not be superfluous to know that the root system of larch does not tolerate close occurrence of groundwater. In order for the tree to settle down quickly and successfully, it must be planted in a well-drained soil rich in humus. Larch tolerates the conditions of the city well, so it can be planted in city parks, squares, and courtyards. Very resistant to frost.
For planting seedlings pre-prepare a hole with dimensions of 50 by 50 cm. If a tree is planted from a container, the pit should be twice as wide and deeper than the container. The plant is neatly placed in it, trying not to damage the clod of earth with the root system. Top sleep with a mixture of sod land with peat in equal proportions. At the same time, the root neck should remain on the surface. If the soil is heavy, sand (one part) can be added to the mixture, and drainage should be placed at the bottom of the planting pit. After planting, the tree is watered abundantly, using at least a bucket of water. Possible to make compost or humus. Young planting must be sheltered from direct sunlight and cold weather.
More time consuming is the seed planting process. For better germination, larch seeds must be stratified (however, this procedure is optional). To do this, a month before planting, soak them in water at room temperature for 48 hours. Next, you need to carry out their culling: remove the seeds that surfaced. After that, in any container they must be mixed with moistened sand (1: 3) and put in a refrigerator, on the lower shelf, adjusting the temperature from 0 to +5 ° С. The duration of stratification is 20-30 days.
Sowing is done at the end of April - at the beginning of May. Seeds deepen into the soil by 0.5-1 cm. The distance between the rows is 10-12 cm. From above, seeds are sprinkled with sand and peat substrate (3: 1). Crops mulch. After the sprouts appear, after about two weeks, the mulch layer is removed. Caring for larch seedlings involves regular watering, treatment with fungicides against diseases and pests of conifers, thinning and weeding. When young plants reach two years of age, they are transplanted to a permanent place.
Larch tolerates planting difficult and long. However, when it takes root, it will please with fast growth rates - from 1.5 to 3.5 cm per year for the first 20 years. In four to five years, reaches a height of 1.5 m. At the age of 10, under favorable growing conditions, it begins to bear fruit.
Watering, weeding and loosening the soil
Larch has such a feature as drought intolerance. Therefore, watering of young plants (up to two years), as well as adult specimens during dry periods, must be mandatory. Approximate water consumption - 20 liters per one mature tree once or twice a week.
As for loosening and weeding, only youngsters require it. Adult plants can easily do without this procedure. To make some species of coniferous beauty attractive, its branches can be cut off, giving interesting forms to crowns (openwork hedges, crowns, balls, etc.) and holding back growth. Only young larches are pruned.
In the first year after planting, in May, a young plant can be fertilized with complex fertilizer - Kemira Universal (20 g / 1 sq. M) will be suitable or supplements containing potassium and magnesium. In early summer, to improve the decorative qualities of the needles, the crown is poured over with a watering can with a solution of urea (10 g / 10 l of water). In the future, it is possible annually in early spring, before the beginning of the growth of shoots, to apply fertilizer for conifers.
The soil is mulched with a layer of 5-6 cm immediately after planting, using straw, peat, sawdust, pine needles. Even the most severe winters larch tolerates very well and does not require additional measures to prepare for the cold. However, young plants, especially on the trunk, it is better to wrap sacking. Some species will also need a garter of the branches so that they do not break off under the weight of the snow cover.
Larch on a trunk and in landscape design
Larch is widely used in landscape design. Due to the fact that it is represented not only by large trees, but also by miniature varieties, its area of application is very extensive. It is planted in group and soliternyh plantings, as hedges, in rocky gardens and rock gardens. The tree tolerates the neighborhood with other plants. The best partners for it may be conifers, rhododendrons, linden, birch, maple, mountain ash, juniper, viburnum, barberry.
The compact larch on the trunk is beautiful and unusual. Usually for cultivation in this way using varieties of European larch Kornik, Repens, Japanese: Blue Dwarf, Stiff Weeper. They can have different types of crowns: weeping, creeping, in the form of a pillow, as well as various colors of needles: dark green, gray-blue. Very nicely the standard varieties look near the places of rest, on the lawn, at the entrance to the buildings, in the alpine hills, openwork hedges.
There are dwarf varieties of larch (for example, Wolterdingen), which are great for planting in containers and found use in the design of Japanese gardens.
Diseases and pests of larch, methods of dealing with them
Like all conifers, larch has a number of enemies in the form of pests, fungi and bacteria. The most dangerous disease for a tree is larch cancer, which affects the leaves and trunk. They form smooth shiny spots, cracks appear in the cortex, and gum bleeding. The most vulnerable for this disease are plants from 3 to 40 years old, European and Siberian varieties. Seedlings can catch fusarium. To prevent this disease, the soil and seed are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, preparations containing copper, "Fundazole". It affects larch and shyutte. Symptoms of the disease are red spots on the leaves, needles in May. Later, the needles turn yellow and fall off. For the prevention of this disease using spring spraying "Zinebom" Bordeaux liquid, a solution of colloidal sulfur.
Against tinder, root sponge used treatment "Nitrofen", copper sulphate. Among the pests, the moth moth, whose caterpillars feed on needles, causes very great harm to the decorative effect of larch. To exterminate them, apply treatment with insecticides. The affected branches are removed.
Pine needles are also harmed by striped deciduous sawflies, deciduous spider moths. The juice of the plant feeds on brown aphids and greenish hermes. The needles become yellow and curved. Insecticides, in particular Fozalon, Chlorofos, are used to fight.
Also, the tree is amenable to attacks of coniferous worms. The bark and crown are damaged by bark beetles, barbs, and beetles. To combat them, effective spring spraying "Karbofos", "Nitrofen". Cones and seeds eat the caterpillars of the cone-shaped moth. Here infusions and decoctions of insecticidal plants can help. Larch – a tree with character, however, if you satisfy all its requirements, then it will for a long time please you with its beautiful lush crown and soft leaves, needles that cannot be broken.
Today, several varieties of Japanese larch have been developed, differing in appearance, requirements to the content. The most popular of them are:
- Pendula. Variety, including all weeping varieties of Japanese larch. The tree is able to grow up to 10 m, it is formed volumetric and compact. The branches of the falling type, without forming, can reach the ground and move along it with a green carpet. The needles are very soft, painted in gray color,
- Stiff Weeper. Stamb variety represented by a low-growing tree. The maximum height is 2 m, the diameter of the crown rarely exceeds 1 m. It forms a large number of side shoots, tolerates shaping. It is used as part of single or group landscape compositions,
- Diana. In comfortable conditions can grow up to 10 m in height. The shoots twist in a spiral as they grow, the buds are colored pink. Lime needles are very soft and tender. Grows slowly and prefers wet areas
- Blue Dwarf. Dwarfish and rather compact variety, the maximum tree height is 60 cm. It grows on a trunk, forming a spherical crown. The soft needles are colored blue, turn yellow in the fall, and then almost completely crumble.
When choosing varieties of Japanese larch, it is important to consider the height and shape of the tree, which directly affects the future of decorative planting. In addition, content requirements, frost resistance and disease resistance should be assessed.
The planting procedure is usually carried out in the spring after the end of winter frosts. It is advisable to wait until the air and the soil warms up to a stable temperature of 8-12 o C. The work can be carried out both in cloudy and sunny weather. Step-by-step landing algorithm:
- Mark a place for planting in such a way that the interval between trees is 2-4 m, depending on the varieties of larch.
- Dig up the planting pits with a depth of 70-80 cm. Lay claydite or broken brick with a layer of up to 15 cm in the bottom as a drainage system.
- Carefully straighten the roots of the plant, place it in an upright position in the planting hole, leaving 5-7 cm of the root collar. Fill with a mixture of fertile soil, sand and peat in a ratio of 3: 2: 1.
- Ramming the area of the circle of pristvolnuyu circle, so there was no void. Abundantly water the plant at the rate of 10 liters per tree.
When choosing seedlings, it is important to pay attention to the state of the root system. It should not be a trace of damage, infection by diseases or pests. It is recommended to use seedlings aged 2-3 years to the adaptation process was as comfortable as possible.
Description of Japanese larch with photo
Japanese larch (Latin Larix leptolepis) belongs to the genus of deciduous conifers of the Pine family. This light-loving tree in nature grows on sunny, dry slopes at an altitude of 1600 to 2700 m above sea level. Most often, trees form pure or mixed forest plantations.
The long, thick, almost horizontally located branches of this beautiful, fast-growing plant create a wide pyramidal crown.
Most often, Japanese larch, as seen in the photo, has a multi-stem trunk, covered with a not too thick bark of a red-brown color. Young shoots of a reddish tint covered with a bluish bloom.
Buds are dark brown, shiny, blue-green needles reach 5 cm in length.
With the onset of autumn, the needles of Japanese larch are painted in bright yellow tones much later than the needles of other trees, due to this, these plants look bright in the landscape compositions, attracting attention.
Japanese larch cones are spherical, yellowish-green, with leathery, thin scales, bent like rose petals. On the branches, cones persist up to 3 years, forming small, light brown seeds.
Trees of this species are resistant to low temperatures, but rather demanding on soil conditions. Rather well developed in urban environments. The reproductive state is reached at the age of 15-20 years.
The speed of growth and frost resistance make it possible to widely use Japanese larch in the compilation of landscape compositions, as well as in single plantings.
Its decorative properties are well combined in plantings with pines, spruces, junipers, as well as with lindens, ash trees, oaks, and many other plants. We can rightly say that these trees are universal. Weeping Japanese larch in its dwarf forms is widely cultivated in Japan in the form of bonsai.
Japanese larch "Stiff Weeper" (Stiff weeper)
Japanese larch "Stiff Weeper" (Stiff Weeper) is a plant on a trunk with shoots spreading along the ground. Depending on the vaccination site, the weeping Stif Viper form reaches 1.5-2 m in height with a diameter of up to 1 m. A beautiful crown with a small number of lateral processes on the hanging branches makes it possible to use Japanese larch Stiff weeper in the most sophisticated compositions. It looks great on sunny lawns as a single tree or in mixed plantings.
The needles of Stif Viper trees are bluish-green, falling in late autumn. Female cones are almost always red, male cones have a yellowish tint. Japanese larch "Stiff Weeper" (Stiff weeper) is very demanding on humidity. Like all stunted trees, does not tolerate drought and moisture stagnation. If summer is dry, additional evening watering is recommended.
Japanese larch "Pendula"
Japanese larch "Pendula" (Pendula) - weeping form, reaching a height of 6-10 m.
The trees of this variety grow slowly, which makes it possible to maintain the original appearance of the landscape composition for a long time.
Pendula is a very picturesque plant. Its branches can grow to the ground and crawl along it, creating fancy, decorative patterns.
The needles larch varieties "Pendula" soft, bluish-green color.
These trees propagate by grafting; they are undemanding to soil conditions, but they grow best on well-drained, fertile soils. Pendula form does not tolerate waterlogging.
Japanese larch "Diana" (Diana)
Japanese larch “Diana” (Diana) is a very beautiful variety with unusual twisted, spiral-shaped shoots. During the flowering period, this weeping form has bright pink buds.
The height of trees reaches 8-10 m with a crown width of up to 5 m. The bark of adult plants is red-brown, the crown is hemispherical.
The color of the needles in spring and summer is pale green, with the onset of autumn the needles turn yellow.
Young trees grow quickly, growth slows down with age. Most preferable for this varieties of Japanese larch weeping are moist, alkaline soils.
Используется сорт «Диана» в качестве солитера на газонах, также применяется в стилизованных группах с другими деревьями и кустарниками.