Pumpkin Seedlings: Usually in the southern and central regions there is no particular need to grow pumpkins through seedlings. Its seeds sprout well when planted in open ground, grow well and give good yields. If you are a resident of a colder region or want to get a pumpkin crop ahead of the deadline stated by the manufacturer (as a rule, this period is 120-140 days from sowing to harvesting), then it is advisable to first grow pumpkin seedlings and plant it in the open ground. We will talk today about the proper cultivation of pumpkin seedlings.
Selection of pumpkin seeds for seedlings
The first thing you need to select the "correct" seeds for planting pumpkins for seedlings. If you collect the seeds yourself, which is most often the case, then you should be sure that it is the variety that is grown, not the hybrid. Among such seedlings will grow as a result of plants, radically different from those that grew on your site last year.
If you are sure that it is the variety that grows in you, and not the F1 hybrid, then it is both possible and possible to collect seeds and there is a lot to choose from within the pumpkin. Try to choose whole seeds, without damage, without signs of rot, fully ripe. You can check them out elementary by slightly pressing your finger on the sides: the completed (ripened) seeds do not prod, the seeds of the pacifier prod, and you will feel that this is not a seed, but in fact only a shell from it.
Further, after choosing healthy, whole, completed seeds, and you can do it in advance - specify how much these seeds you already have stored. Pumpkin seed germination usually lasts for quite a long time, from six to eight years; in large retail chains, old seeds are usually culled, at home you can forget about the “bag” with seeds, and since the years fly fast, they will also quickly lose germination and seeds. To avoid this, always write the date on the seed package when you select it and put it in storage.
When buying seeds in the store, try to choose varieties of well-known manufacturers, they sell reliable and proven seed, and on the package with their seeds, the date of packing them in a bag is always written or stamped with a stamp, not a typographic print.
Try to take fresh seeds if you have a year or a year and a half before the expiration date, even with a discount, it is better not to take such seeds.
Pumpkin Seedlings: Preparing Pumpkin Seeds for Sowing
After you have selected the seeds, you need to sort them into fractions. Fractions can simply be made on the basis of the size of the seeds — large, medium and small — purely by the eye, and thus spread out in small groups.
Each fraction of seeds, regardless of their size, must first be “woken up”; for this, it is advisable to place the seeds in water (preferably thawed or rained), warmed to 40-43 degrees above zero for about an hour. After this time, the seeds must be removed and, without rinsing with cold water, wrapped in a damp cloth or gauze and placed in a regular room in a shaded place for a couple of days before the seeds hatch. All this time you need to monitor the humidity of the cloth or gauze, keeping it in a slightly damp state (sprinkling periodically with water). If you plan to plant a large amount of seeds, then you should not put all of them in one big rag or gauze, but rather divide it into several small, say, ten pieces.
By the way, gardeners note that when grown through seedlings, the pumpkin is less sick and is affected by pests, apparently, it better retains immunity, without wasting it on fighting with adverse environmental factors at the initial stage of growth when sown in open ground.
If you are a resident of a region where night frosts are frequent, temperature drops, cold returns, then apart from soaking seeds and dividing them into fractions, it is worthwhile to harden pumpkin seeds. Such a simple process will increase or strengthen the immunity of seedlings, increase the cold resistance of plants and slightly increase their resistance to pests and diseases.
In order to quench the pumpkin seeds, it is necessary to gently seed the seeds already, so as not to damage the sprouts, without removing them from the rag or gauze, simply unfold it and put the seeds right on it at the bottom shelves of a regular domestic refrigerator and hold them there for 24 hours.
Also, to increase growth activity, seeds are often sprinkled with Appin, Heteroauxin, or the like.
For the purpose of additional hardening, the already numbered seeds are placed on the lower shelves of a domestic refrigerator for two days. As an additional feeding them in a damp rag, it is permissible to cover with wood soot - a teaspoonful of 25-30 seeds.
Sprouting pumpkin seeds sown in seedlings.
Preparation of tanks for growing pumpkin seedlings
While you are preparing the seeds, it is permissible to do the preparation of containers for growing seedlings. It can be ordinary rassadnye wooden boxes, preferably new and dry, preferably pretreated with a 2% solution of potassium permanganate and well dried thereafter, as well as plastic containers with mandatory holes in the base for draining excess moisture that can be easily and easily done with a red-hot awl , or individual plastic cups, also with a hole in the base, also made by a hot awl.
If you do not want to risk, transplanting seedlings, and you want to immediately plant it in open ground without injuring the roots, then you can sow the seeds in peat cups. In such a cup, you can sow a pair of seeds, then choose the best plant, the second one can be removed or carefully transplanted, and then the cup can be planted in the soil without touching the seedling roots. The peat cup serves as food, the seedlings will not receive additional stress due to the restoration of the root system after its damage.
When choosing peat cups, their size for a pumpkin is better to take from 7x7 cm, a little more, but not less.
Pumpkin seedling: preparing the soil for cultivation
When the tanks are ready, and the seeds are soaked, you can start preparing the soil for growing pumpkin seedlings. Of course, you can buy soil in the store - read carefully about its composition, and if everything is in order, the soil is not sour and not alkaline, then sow seeds into it, but you can always prepare the soil yourself. Usually, the ideal soil for growing pumpkin seedlings is a mixture of two parts of transitional peat, one part of well-rotted sawdust and one part of humus. The resulting mixture is preferably enriched with a teaspoon of nitroammofoski in terms of five kilograms of soil.
When the ground is ready, they need to fill the existing containers tightly, after which it is good to shed with thawed or rain water at room temperature and you can start sowing seeds. Typically, pumpkin seeds close up to a depth of 3-4 cm, no more.
When growing pumpkin seedlings, not in separate containers, but in large boxes, vegetable growers advise, before laying the soil in the boxes, pour down a little bit of claydite for drainage with a thickness of literally one or two centimeters.
The optimal period for sowing, by the way, is about 18-22 days before planting the seedlings into the soil. It really depends a lot on the weather outside the window and on the region where you live - you need to calculate the period based on the climate.
If you take the middle lane of Russia, then it is best to plant the seedlings in mid-May, of course, it is impossible to exclude return frost, but by that time the soil and air will be sufficiently heated to receive pumpkin seedlings.
Pumpkin Seed Care
But we ran a little ahead, before the planting of seedlings in open ground is still quite a long time, because we have sown only the seeds so far. Before the shoots appear on the surface of the soil, it is necessary to cover the containers with cling film or glass to create a greenhouse effect. If you sow pumpkin seeds in separate cups, then it is desirable to make them into one large container with high sides and also cover it with food film or glass. It is important before the emergence of shoots at least once a day to slightly open the film for a couple of minutes in order to let in fresh air and keep the soil slightly moist by spraying it out of a spray bottle.
As for the optimal temperature, during the day it is very desirable to maintain it at the level of 19-24 degrees above zero, and at night to lower it to 14-16 degrees.
As soon as the seedlings appear above the soil surface, the film should be removed, and the seedlings should be put on the southern sill and every three days turn it with another side to the light so that it does not develop with a bias to one side.
Also, gardeners note that pumpkin seedlings are often drawn out. To reduce this unpleasant phenomenon to a minimum, it is necessary immediately after the emergence of shoots for about a week to lower the temperature to 16-17 degrees above zero in the daytime and to 11-14 degrees above zero - during the night hours. After the specified time, the temperature must be returned to the standard for pumpkin seedlings.
Young shoots of pumpkin seedlings
Watering pumpkin seedlings
You should be very careful with watering, in no case should you over-wet the earthen room, but you shouldn’t dry it too. It is not advisable when watering fall on the leaves of a pumpkin. Watering should be carried out strictly as the earthen coma dries, so much depends on the humidity in the apartment or house. It is noted that in rooms where there are large aquariums, the humidity is higher, the earthen room dries more slowly and can be watered less often, and vice versa. Spray gun is the safest method of watering, but using it you should try not to moisten only the surface of the soil, but to soak it 3-4 cm deep. Regularity and small doses of water - this is the best recommendation when watering pumpkin seedlings.
Feeding pumpkin seedlings
In addition to irrigation, fertilizing is needed, before they are carried out, the soil needs to be loosened slightly (you can literally use a toothpick), then pour the soil, after which it usually happens a week after germination on the surface of the soil, the seedlings can be fed. The best option in this case is nitrophoska, it needs 7-8 g per bucket of water, this amount is enough for a square meter of the nursery, and if the seedlings grow in separate containers, then you can add a teaspoon of solution to each plant.
If you are against chemistry, you can use a mullein solution, you need to fill it with water with a temperature of 45 degrees, diluting in a concentration of one to ten, and let stand overnight, then dilute five times and you can feed the plants. Under each of them will be enough a tablespoon of solution or liter per square meter of the nursery.
The optimal location of seedlings pumpkin
Keep the containers with seedlings need on the southern windowsill, where there is the most good lighting. In the midday hours from about half past eleven until the first half of the first seedlings can pritenyat from the burning rays of the sun newspapers.
As soon as the seedlings reach a height of 18-22 cm, they will get stronger, acquire two or more of these sheets of bright green color, they can be safely transplanted into the soil, if both it and the temperature outside the window are sufficiently heated.
Planting pumpkin seedlings in open ground.
Planting pumpkin seedlings in open ground
First, prepare the soil well, dig it into a full spade bayonet, remove the weeds, put a tablespoon of nitroammofoski per square meter, pour the soil, spending a bucket per square meter of soil, let it "rest" a couple of days, and you can start planting seedlings in advance making holes, in which it is desirable to pour on the bottom of a couple of tablespoons of wood ash.
For planting pumpkin seedlings, select the area where the progenitor-friendly precursors grew, that is, potatoes, legumes that have enriched the soil with available nitrogen, various root crops, and onions. Bad predecessors are zucchini, cucumbers and melons, that is, "relatives".
The beds for planting seedlings should be made so that they are leveled, so that no melt water or irrigation water runs over them, making washouts, and so that you can move freely between the beds without stepping on the stick.
Before planting, seedlings need to be hardened, first take it out for a couple of hours to an open balcony, leave for 10-12 hours the next day, then leave for the night, and after that you can land in the ground.
The landing pattern between holes is about a meter, between rows you can also make a meter, but you can increase it to one and a half meters.
When transplanting from large containers, try to moisten the soil first, and then try to literally “spoon” seedlings with a maximum amount of roots with a tablespoon so as not to damage them, that is, replanting it with a clod of earth. The soil in the hole can also be watered, enough 0.5 liters of water per well.
After planting, the soil needs to be pressed with fingers, so that there are no voids between the roots, and we can say that the pumpkin seedlings have been planted on this.
If you want the burning rays of the sun not to damage the sensitive leaflets of the seedlings in the first days, then a couple of days in the afternoon you can shade them with a newspaper.
That's all the subtleties of growing pumpkin seedlings.
Planting pumpkins for seedlings
For an earlier harvest pumpkin is recommended to grow it seedling way. Planting pumpkins in seedlings is a crucial process. For a healthy and high-quality planting material is very important to choose and prepare the seeds. Special attention should be paid to growing tanks and cultivation terms. Seeds can be purchased at the store, and you can prepare yourself.
How to select pumpkin seeds
Planting pumpkins for seedlings
Initially, you need a pumpkin, from which you plan to collect the seeds, to plant separately from other plants. Do not strongly fertilize the soil under it. This is to allow the seeds to mature properly. The fruit from which the seeds will be taken should not be too large. It is worth choosing a medium-sized pumpkin with a uniform color and regular shape. It is necessary to carefully examine the whole plant and the fruit in particular for the presence of pests, diseases and injuries.
Important! You need to collect the seeds before frost.
Cut the pumpkin in a warm place for about a month. After this time, you can extract the seeds.
It is necessary to cut the fruit. This should be done slightly to the side, and not in the center, this will reduce the risk of damage to the seeds. Then you need to get all the seeds from the cavity of the pumpkin. Thoroughly rinse and rinse well in cool water.
Then the seeds must be sorted, leaving only the large and healthy. After the procedure, the seeds must be dried.
Store seeds in a dry, dark and cool place. The temperature in the room should not be above 16 degrees, otherwise the seeds may begin to germinate.
Important! The ideal storage container would be a paper bag. In such conditions, the seeds will be able to breathe and not die.
The kitchen is not suitable for storing seeds, because it is too high humidity. The best place would be a basement or storeroom. If there are no such rooms in the house, a closet in the room will be a good option.
Preparation of tanks and planting seeds
A distinctive feature of the pumpkin is that it does not like transplanting. This is especially true of young plants. Therefore, it is recommended to plant the seeds in peat pots, which then together with the seedlings will be placed in the ground,
- The size of the seedling box should be at least 7 cm wide and 6 cm high. It is better to use cups larger,
- For sowing seeds in containers ideal universal vegetable soil, which can be purchased at a specialty store. If you can not buy the soil, you can prepare it yourself. It is necessary to mix peat, sawdust and humus in a ratio of 2: 1: 1,
- The soil is tamped in the tank and watered. Seeds are planted in wells to a depth of 4-5 cm,
- It is possible to plant seedlings on a bed when it has 2-3 true leaves.
- It is desirable that in the area where the pumpkin planting is planned, such crops as peas, tomatoes, beans, potatoes or cabbage should be pre-grown. They will saturate the soil with minerals. As well as this measure will prevent infection of young seedlings.
Features of planting seeds in the Urals
A characteristic feature of the climate in the Urals - night frosts until mid-June. Therefore, when choosing a pumpkin variety, it is necessary to give preference to early ripe and early ripe hybrids.
Features in the preparation of seeds in the Urals.
But when the first shoots appear, it is very important to lower the temperature in the room where they grow to 17-18 degrees (or transfer the seedlings to another place with suitable conditions).
At this temperature, seedlings should stand for about a week. This prevents stretching. After 7 days, the temperature can be raised again.
pumpkins in the garden
To plant seeds or seedlings in open ground need on a sunny plot.
How to prepare seeds for planting seedlings at home
Preparation of pumpkin seeds for sowing in seedlings includes the following steps:
- Перед посадкой необходимо перебрать семена. Важно удалить мелкие и поврежденные семечки,
- Для выращивания можно использовать как покупные семена, так и заготовленные с прошлого урожая,
- После отбора необходимо замочить семена. Это ускорит процесс прорастания. Завернуть семечки во влажную ткань и оставить в теплом месте дня на 2, до появления проростков.
Important! Семена нужно замачивать в горячей воде примерно на 1-2 часа. Water should not be boiling water, it will destroy the planting material. The optimum water temperature is 45 degrees.
How to dive pumpkin seedlings
As the plant develops, the spread and density increase. This provokes a struggle for nutrients between sprouts and, accordingly, a reduction in the quality and quantity of the crop. To prevent this problem, use a pick. In crop production, picking is understood as a transplant of plants in order to expand the area of their nutrition.
Pumpkin does not like transplantation and intrusions into the root system. Therefore, planting plants should be very careful when forming the first true leaves.
Important! If even a slight shedding of even a cotyledon leaf is damaged during the picking, the plant will lag behind in development.
Diving pumpkin, should pay special attention to the depth of planting. Optimally, cotyledon leaves protrude above the substrate to a height of 0.5 cm. Otherwise, the growth point can be damaged and the seedling will die.
swoop down pumpkin seedlings
- In the ground make a groove with a special cola,
- Take the plant below the leaves with the thumb and index finger of your left hand. Dig and carefully transfer it to a hole in the ground. Take into account the depth of plant embedding when picking,
- Holding the plant, fill the hole with soil. Only after the plant is fixed can it be released,
- The soil is compacted. Water the plant, trying to keep moisture out of the leaves,
- After moisture is absorbed, sprinkle dry soil around the plant.
After the picking, it is impossible for the plants to get direct sunlight. The site must be darkened. In the shade, seedlings should be located until it takes root.
A pick significantly increases the yield of a pumpkin.
Tips and tricks gardeners
Pumpkin - Mexican descent. Therefore, she will like everything that remotely resembles the sultry Mexican climate. The sun, a large area and fertile soil - this is the guarantee of a great harvest. Sow the pumpkin seeds in open ground immediately or seedlings first need to be decided on the basis of the conditions in which the crop will grow. In the southern regions, you can use the seed planting method. In the Urals, in Siberia and the North-West regions, breeding is recommended. The optimal cultivars for cultivation will be Gribovskaya Bush and Mozolevskaya 49. They belong to the group of early ripening, so the crop will have time to ripen. For the Leningrad and Moscow regions, the Muskatnaya, Pumpkin Large-fruited and Pumpkin Hard Wheat varieties are excellent. Pumpkin is unpretentious in terms of care.
Important! Water the seedlings need warm water, be sure to fertilize every 2-3 months.
Pumpkin is such a familiar and easy-to-grow crop. Among gardeners and gardeners there is an opinion that the cultivation of pumpkins does not require special knowledge. But with this approach, often the result does not meet expectations. The fruits are completely sweet, small and poorly stored. Therefore, if it was decided to grow the largest and sweetest pumpkin, you need to stock up on knowledge and patience. Phased implementation of all recommendations will help to grow a great harvest.
The timing of planting pumpkin seeds in seedlings
Pumpkin is a heat-loving plant, very common in southern climatic zones, here its seeds can be planted in open ground. But to grow a ripe pumpkin in the middle lane is more difficult, so first prepare the seedlings.
When should plant a pumpkin for seedlings so that the fruits have time to ripen?
Do it in the last decade of April or the beginning of May. The seedling is completely ready for planting in the ground a month after sowing. You can not overdo the plant, because the stronger the root in the pot develops, the harder it will be to get used to the ground. The plant in this case will be sick for a long time instead of continuing to grow and bear fruit.
In order for the crop to meet expectations, you need to take care of the quality of planting material:
- select the largest seeds,
- make sure that the seeds are not affected by disease,
- process the seeds with a weak solution of manganese for disinfection,
- process seeds with natural plant growth stimulants,
- temper the seed,
- soak in a solution of wood ash,
- achieve seed swelling.
Given all these points, you can not worry about poor germination or the lack of further fruit of the vegetable.
Tanks for seedlings should be comfortable for the care of young shoots. It is better to choose individual cups or pots.
If you plan to grow in a box or container, it is worth considering that the pumpkin loves space. The plant has fairly wide leaves, so too close placement may worsen the development of the correct stem.
It is necessary to adhere to planting seeds at a distance of 15 - 20 cm, in a square-cluster way.
Placement of containers should be considered in relation to illumination. Since the pumpkin loves the heat and the sun, seedlings will feel better on the windowsills facing the south side.
- It is very important to prepare the ground for planting pumpkins. Here it is necessary to take into account the quality of the soil. The ideal is ready to soil for melons, which can be easily purchased in the store.
- If you prepare fertile soil yourself, then you can limit rotted sawdust, leaves and peat mixture. Before filling containers you need to mix all the ingredients in a proportion - 1: 1: 2.
- It should be borne in mind that the root system of the pumpkin is one main strong root and several root processes. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the optimal depth of the tank and the volume of the soil.
- The pot or glass should be at least 15 cm in height, and it should be filled with 2/3 of the soil in order for the seedlings to be filled with soil as they grow.
- Pumpkin loves warm and moderately moist soil. Therefore, before placing seeds into the soil, it is necessary to make sure that its temperature is at room temperature. In this case, you can expect speedy shoots.
- In order to prevent excess moisture from stagnating in the soil and preventing rot and mold from developing, the reservoir should be provided with drainage. Holes are provided for this in special containers.
Planting pumpkin seeds for seedlings
After the preparatory procedures, you can proceed to the immediate planting of pumpkins for seedlings.
It is necessary to immerse the seeds in the watered soil to a depth of 3-4 cm. After planting the seeds, the soil is slightly watered again.
If you have followed all the preparatory activities and taken into account advice on the preparation of the soil, the seeds should germinate at 4 - 5 days.
How to care for pumpkin seedlings
After the shoots appeared, the pumpkin begins to actively develop the stem and root system.
At this stage it is important to consider:
- soil moisture
- temperature conditions
- soil saturation with fertilizers
- sprout distance from each other.
The most important rule of successful seedlings is regular watering of the plant. It is worth remembering that the pumpkin does not like excessively wet soil, but dry soil will not work for it.
The temperature of the room in which the seedlings are located should not be below 18 degrees; the most optimal temperature for a plant is room temperature - 20 to 22 degrees.
Sufficient illumination is an important factor for the development of good strong seedlings. Containers with seedlings should be placed in a place where the sun illuminates their maximum time.
Strong and resistant to climatic changes seedlings can be grown, if properly fertilize the soil with shoots. This should be done 7 to 8 days after germination of seeds on the soil surface. Then for 20 - 21 days after the first application of fertilizer.
You can fertilize the soil with compost, which you must first dilute in proportion 1 part of compost to 10 parts of water.
Among the important points - the distance between shoots. Too tight fit will shade one plant by another.
The appearance of the seedlings, subject to all the listed conditions, is a plant with a strong stem, large leaves, squat weaving.
Elongated thin stems, rotted or blackened root shoots, pale leaves are signs of diseased plants that lack heat or light. This can be caused by improper watering or fertilizer-burned soil.
Preparing for planting seedlings in open ground
Before you move the seedlings to the garden, you should also carry out some preparatory activities.
In order for the seedlings to start well and get used to temperature changes, it is hardened. 2 weeks before disembarking, seedlings are taken out onto the street, daily for 12 hours.
By this time they begin to prepare the ground for planting young pumpkin bushes. At this stage it is important to determinethat grew in this place last year and with what to plant a pumpkin in the neighborhood. Well this vegetable bears fruit in the place where any tubers were planted, as well as legumes. Planting a pumpkin in a place where others were located, related cultures should not be.
The soil should be fertile, loose, moist, and the area should be well lit by sunlight.
Experienced gardeners recommend preparing the soil in advance. It is best to fertilize and dig up the bed before winter, because during this time the soil should be properly moistened and the fertilizer will rot, saturating the soil with nutrients.
Adjacent to the pumpkin plants can be representatives of various spicy crops: parsley, dill, basil. This vegetables is well combined with cabbage and salads of any variety.
Seedlings have already given the second leaves. May frost is not planned. The soil for planting is ready. Now you should start transplanting young plants.
It should be done carefully, without damaging the rhizome. It is better to extract along with the former ground with the help of a scapula.
They transplant the plants into the wells at a distance of at least 40 cm. It is recommended to use the square-nesting method of planting, so that each plant will be able to sit comfortably in relation to the sun.
By placing a young plant in the open ground, it is instilled in the first real leaves, which contributes to the strengthening of the root system and the development of the stem.
In the first days of the seedlings stay in the open ground, it is recommended to cover it with a film, creating the effect of a greenhouse. And only when the weather sets, and the night temperature will not decrease, you can remove the film and expect pumpkin to bloom and fruiting.
Like seedlings, adult plants need to be watered and fertilized regularly, in addition, it is useful to periodically loosen the bed. Before the final ripening of the fruit should stop watering, otherwise the pumpkin will be watery and savory.
Advantages and disadvantages of the seedling method of growing pumpkins
Of course, growing seedlings is unnecessary worries, but often they are fully justified. The advantages are as follows:
- seed savings (in comfort conditions, germination rises),
- earlier harvest
- guaranteed ripening of late-ripe pumpkin fruits.
However, there are also disadvantages to this approach:
- extra labor and time costs
- cluttering up the windowsills with seedlings
- risk of seedlings becoming overgrown, if the weather has not stabilized by the expected time.
Because of this, not every gardener is taken to plant a pumpkin at home.
The timing of planting pumpkins for seedlings
When sowing pumpkin for seedlings, it is easy to calculate, but it must be borne in mind that the current weather, and not only the long-term climate of the region, can make adjustments. The pumpkin variety also has some significance.
Calculation of planting dates, depending on the type and maturation
Pumpkin varieties are divided by ripening into early, late and mid-ripening, but even this is not the main thing. First of all, there are three main types of pumpkin:
These species differ significantly from each other both in terms of ripening and thermophilicity. So, in the middle lane they grow mainly large-fruited and hard-bodied pumpkin, since most varieties of the most delicious nutmeg are distinguished by long periods of vegetation and are demanding on the number of warm days. The earliest varieties are in the pumpkin. Large-fruited is characterized by the greatest cold resistance, it is more productive.
In this regard, even in the central regions, and, in particular, in the suburbs of Moscow, the hard-working pumpkin is being grown to be grown by direct sowing in the ground. Muscat requires special care, wishing to get the crop should plant seedlings as early as possible, namely in May, under temporary shelter. Large-fruited varieties occupy an intermediate position. They should be sown three weeks before planting in open ground.
Ready seedlings can be planted in the garden at about the same time as tomatoes, that is, after the threat of frost has passed. Therefore, it turns out that the sowing of seeds of large-fruited (and also hard-rooted) varieties for seedlings at home falls in the middle lane at the very end of April, and the nutmeg pumpkin occurs a couple of weeks earlier.
The optimum age of seedlings for planting in open ground
Pumpkin seedlings grown on a windowsill are usually planted in the unprotected soil at the age of 20-30 days. More than 35 days to keep it at home do not need: outgrow. The main thing is that by the time of landing the ground has time to warm up: the minimum temperature at a depth of 10-15 cm should be 16-18 ° C.
Therefore, the approximate dates when we plant pumpkins for open ground on seedlings are stretched for about two weeks and begin, for the middle lane, from April 20.
Determination of dates of sowing according to the lunar calendar
Some gardeners compare their work with the phases of the movement of the heavenly bodies, carefully studying the lunar calendars. However, in different sources there are very different dates in which certain works are allowed or prohibited.
A careful analysis of several publications allows us to conclude that in 2018, it is best to plant pumpkin seeds on seedlings on 19-21, 23, 27-29 April or 1, 2, 5, 7-11, 14, 16-18 May.
Sowing dates in different regions
In which month it is easy to settle pumpkin seedlings in open ground. In the south it is the end of April or the beginning of May, in the middle lane - the first days of summer, in Siberia - the middle of June (similarly in the Urals). Based on this, the time is calculated when it is necessary to sow seeds for seedlings in a particular region. In the south it is approximately April 15-20, in the center of Russia on April 25-30, and in the north after May 9.
General rules for sowing and caring for seedlings
Planting pumpkin seeds and caring for plants is not difficult for an experienced gardener. Seeds are sown in large (not less than a liter) pots, placing them with a sharp end down to a depth of 3-4 cm. To increase the probability of success, 2-3 seeds are laid out in each pot. The soil should be fertile, light, moisture-absorbing and breathable. Peat, humus and sawdust are optimal at a ratio of 2: 1: 1. The seed pots are covered with glass and held until germination at a temperature of 20 ° C to 30 ° C.
When sprouts appear, it is necessary to urgently place the pots on a lighted cool window sill: for the first 3-4 days, be sure to lower the temperature to 16-18 ° C. After a few days, the worst shoots are removed in each pot, leaving one sprout. For growing seedlings, a daily temperature of about 22 ° C is desirable, and at night it is slightly lower. It is necessary to water moderately and only with warm water (25-30 ° C), excess moisture is unacceptable.
Top dressing bring twice. The first time is a week and a half after the emergence of shoots, the second - a week before planting in the ground. The easiest way to do this is with special fertilizers for melons and gourds. But if you do not have them, use nitrophoska (about 2 g per liter of water). Pick a pumpkin is not carried out. Pumpkin seedlings ready for planting in open ground should be at least 22 cm high and have at least two large leaves on a powerful, but short stem.
Planting seedlings in open ground
A pumpkin is planted when a steady heat attack occurs in a previously prepared, well-fertilized garden bed. Holes are prepared where pumpkin whips will cling to, or make special supports. Otherwise, the plants will take up too much space in the garden.
Between the bushes should be at least a meter, the optimal scheme for most varieties - 2 × 1 m.
The landing technique is as follows:
- Large wells are dug in the designated places, placed in them by a bucket of humus and a handful of wood ash, filled with the extracted soil, mixed and poured a bucket of warm water.
- Along the edges of the hole build rollers of turf or peat height of 15-20 cm.
- Cover the wells with a film and allow them to warm for several days.
- Then, in the center of each hole, a hole is cut out in the film, a small hole is dug out by volume in a pot with seedlings, another pail of warm water is poured.
- Seedlings are planted "in the mud" and well watered, overgrown or stretched out at the same time, they are buried on the cotyledon leaves.
The film is left in the garden before the onset of this summer. While the young plant does not take root in a new place does not go to growth, it is watered every two days.
The success of its further cultivation depends on the correctly chosen pumpkin planting dates. The vegetative period of this culture is long, so sow the seeds as soon as possible. Но переросший материал трудно правильно высадить в грядку, да и делать это надо только при наступлении тёплой погоды. Верно определившись со сроками, можно начинать посев, само же выращивание рассады в домашних условиях не представляет особого труда.
Выращивание тыквы в открытом грунте Подмосковья
Подкормку лучше выполнить за весь период роста рассады 2 раза. The first feeding is needed after 8-10 days, as shoots of pumpkin seedlings appear. For this suitable organic mixture. The seedling is ready when 2-3 developed leaves of dark color appear on it.
Therefore, no matter how the summer resident would take care of the pumpkin in the open ground, in time of first doubt it is better to remove the unripe fruits from the garden bed. Frost can cause serious damage to even mature fruits, reducing their quality and ability to be stored.
With proper care for pumpkins in the open field, in the middle lane, early and middle-ripening varieties that produce not very large fruits ripen well.
How and when to plant a pumpkin for seedlings?
Development of lateral whips from the sinuses,
Diluted manure in a ratio of 1: 6
By the time the seedlings of pumpkins grown for open ground in the Moscow region, fall into the soil, it has several true leaves of a rich green color and a strong, upright stem. It is time when pumpkin seedlings are planted in open ground, comes with the departure of spring frosts from the Moscow region.
But for pumpkins of late ripening varieties and seedlings that risk to fall under the spring frosts, it would be better to stratify the seeds beforehand. Why naklyunuschiesya seeds, in the same humid environment, placed in the refrigerator. Here, at a temperature of 2 to 5 ° C, planting material hardens and spends 3-4 days.
Pumpkin is very easy to grow. A pumpkin is a plant of a short day, with a daylight of less than 12 hours, the pumpkin starts to bear fruit earlier and gives high yields.
I know for sure that in the Tula region everyone is imprisoned around the 9th of May.
- We also plant at the same time as the potatoes. Soaked seeds immediately into the ground, previously spilled with water. From above I put halves from bottles with an open neck for ventilation. When they ascend, I take off the bottles.
- I'm late too. The end of February - the beginning of March.
- In the end of February. View by region.
Pumpkins intended for storage are cut off, leaving the stem of at least 4–6 cm in length, sorted and left to dry. For 8–10 days of stay in a dry warm room or on the street, under a canopy, if the weather permits, the fruits ripen, the bark hardens, the cut on the handle dries out. If nights are cold, as is the case when a pumpkin ripens in the Moscow region in September or early October, the fruits are covered with hay or nonwoven material. Unmerged pumpkins are brought to the room under ambient conditions, which may take from 10 days to 1.5 months.
Horticulturists, who make every effort to grow large-fruited varieties and nutmeg pumpkins, famous for their delicious taste and aroma, it is important not to miss the moment of gathering and know exactly how to determine that the pumpkin is ripe.
An increase in the number of flowers, ovaries and ripe fruits.
1:10 of herbal infusion, such as nettle,
Care for pumpkin in the open field
Between plants of bush varieties, gaps of 70–100 cm are left, to ensure the nutrition of large plants forming powerful lashes, it is better to leave 1.5 meters each.
It is optimal to plant a pumpkin for seedlings for three weeks before the moment when young plants fall into the ground. That is, the use of this method of growing for at least 10–15 days approximates the time of pumpkin harvest in the Moscow region.
When to plant a pumpkin on seedlings? Pumpkin should be planted in May. Pumpkin is sown quite late, after the end of spring frosts. The pumpkin makes a shadow, so you can plant it near arbors, houses, fences, thus making a decorative element. For fruits, you can make props, as well as hang them on the nets.
20 days before sowing,
Matters Region. where you will land. Go
Over the moon On the young - tops, and on the old - roots. (If not the other way around - I always confuse). But on the moon - checked since ancient times.
- In regions with a cold climate, zucchini is grown on steam beds, ridges, or using film covers. Seeds for seedlings are sown from the first decade of April and throughout the first decade of May. Squashes can be sown immediately in the ground or grown in seedlings. The seeds are put in a damp cloth and after the sprout appears, they stay there for another day - two. Then the seeds are planted in peat pots to a depth of 4-5 cm.
- Pumpkin grow easy. But it should be borne in mind that the period from sowing to ripening pumpkin is great. To get the fruit in a timely manner, you can apply the method of growing through seedlings.
- There are several signs of fetal readiness:
- This formation of the plant does not end. When the number of ovaries with a diameter of about 12–15 cm reaches 3–5, depending on the variety, the growth point of this whip is removed, leaving 3 to 5 leaves above the ovary. So that all the forces of the plant go to the already formed fruits, from this moment remove all lateral shoots and flowers. At the end of the article in the detailed video about the formation of pumpkins in the open field the whole sequence of actions is considered.
Containing nitrogen fertilizer in the proportion indicated on the tool.
If you want to get an early harvest, as well as the danger of flooding the site under the pumpkin using high ridges.
But it should be borne in mind that the vegetable seedlings are difficult to tolerate the transplant and the entire gain in time can evaporate due to the long acclimatization of the plants. Therefore, sowing is carried out in peat 10-centimeter pots filled with peat-humus mixture with the addition of sand and garden soil.
When to plant a pumpkin on seedlings? In different climatic regions, the timing of planting pumpkins vary. In the northern areas, pumpkins are cultivated in pits and steam heaps using potted seedlings. For faster fruiting, shorten the first shoot after the appearance of five leaves, weak shoots are also harvested until the fruits are fastened. On large-fruited plants leave three or four fruits. If the pumpkin is well lit by sunlight, then it turns out tastier.
Formation of pumpkin in the open field
Planting pumpkins on seedlings is done solely in order to protect themselves if suddenly what does not rise and there will be just a hole in the garden. In soft soils, you can make seeds at once calmly. everything will grow no worse.
What seedlings? Pouring seeds in the hole and grown! Yes, be blessed Kuban!
- In the spring they should be planted, veeesnoy =)
- In late May - early June, depending on the weather, seedlings at the age of 25-30 days are planted in open ground. Shake out of the pots zucchini is not necessary. They are simply lowered into the wells 2-3 cm below the soil surface, so that the seedlings are recessed to the cotyledon leaves.
To achieve early ripening of any vegetable is possible only through seedlings. Pumpkin requires 120-140 days from the time of sowing, until a ripe fruit.
By the time of ripening, the pumpkins become coarse and the fruit stem looks like a dry cork.
Along the way, with the formation of pumpkins in the open ground, you can provide additional nutrition to the plant with the help of a simple technique. As the lashes grow, they are evenly laid out on the site designated for pumpkins, and the stems are sprinkled with soil and watered at a distance of 50–60 cm from the root. As a result, the formation of additional roots at these places helps feed the ripening pumpkins.
- As they grow, mineral additives are introduced, and nitrogen harvesting is practically eliminated by harvesting and the proportion of potassium in fertilizers is increased. Such a measure will not allow fruits to accumulate nitrates, but it will give an opportunity to form well and bring the moment closer when pumpkins are ripe in the Moscow region. Pumpkin responds well to foliar feeding, for which you can take ready means of universal action.
- The simplest way is to plant a pumpkin on an embankment about 10–15 cm in height. In this case, the soil warms better and faster, and the plant that turned out to be in new conditions is easier to tolerate transplanting. The soil should be wet, nutritious and loose, and the pumpkin seedlings planted must be watered and covered with film or nonwoven material.
- This will be enough for the development of the root system of seedlings. If the seeds are buried in large seed tanks, at their bottom it is better to make a 3-centimeric layer of seasoned sawdust:
Before sowing, the seeds are heated at a temperature of 60 degrees for two hours. Seeds are sown two or three to a depth of eight centimeters. Seedlings need to be grown at temperatures above 18 degrees during the day and 15 degrees at night. Twice it needs to be fed with complex fertilizer. If the plant is too stretched out, then the sub-knee knee can be carefully laid on the soil with a ring, and then sprinkled with soil. Pumpkin is planted at a distance of 50 centimeters, therefore, complex fertilizers should be applied directly to the hole. The best temperature for the development and growth of the fetus is 25 degrees.
When the pumpkin ripens in the suburbs?
To say that just 20 days is the optimal time for pumpkin seedlings, I would not. pumpkin can and 10 days no signs of life. I think optimally last week of April. By itself, landing on the fact.
In Moscow. in the first decade of May I plant zucchini and pumpkins in large bowls and put them in a greenhouse with tomatoes. After three weeks of planting soot on a permanent place.
Never in the sense of not sowing them in seedlings, immediately into the ground. anyway, the ground ones will catch up with the seedlings very quickly - tested by their own experimental way. Good luck!
- Squashes are short day plants. The vegetation period is 45-60 days.
- It is better to sow pumpkin seeds in peat cups with a diameter of 10-15 cm. Well-lit places are necessary for the growth of high-grade seedlings.
- Scourge and leaves begin to turn yellow and dry.
- The number of fruits on pumpkins grown in the open field of the Moscow region, is determined by:
Care for pumpkin in the open field can not be effective if the plant will be limited in obtaining moisture. Watering, especially at first, until the pumpkin has increased its green mass, is extremely important. They may be rare, but not superficial. Roots located at a depth of 40 cm should receive so much moisture to ensure the development of a large and abundantly fruiting plant. In this case, the water for irrigation is taken to stand and warm.
Care for pumpkin in the open field begins from the moment of planting and does not stop until harvesting. So that the moisture from the soil surface evaporated more slowly, the weeds did not grow, and the soil was warm, the beds around the sprouts were mulched with straw. In the summer months, if the weather turns out to be rainy, such protection will not allow the ovaries and already ripening fruits to rot.
Until the shoots appeared, the pots are covered with a film and kept at a daytime temperature of 18–25 ° C. At night, the air can be 5–7 ° C cooler.
It is difficult to imagine garden beds of Russian household farms without such a crop as pumpkin. And in the Moscow suburbs in the fall, among the withered foliage, bright spots of these fruits of very different shapes and colors are clearly visible.
Adding an article to a new collection
In the southern regions of the pumpkin sown in the spring in the open ground. However, in our area it is better to pre-grow pumpkin seedlings at home. This case is simple and usually does not cause problems. However, beginners will be useful instruction.
Planting pumpkin seeds for seedlings begins with the actual selection and preparation of seeds.
You can either buy varietal pumpkin seeds at a trusted specialty store, or grow and collect them yourself. How to do this, we have already described in detail.
Preparation of tanks and soil for growing pumpkin seedlings
Young pumpkin plants do not tolerate transplantation very well, therefore seeds are advised to be planted immediately in individual peat pots of at least 6 × 6 cm in size (preferably more). You can also make such a pot yourself out of paper - it will be easy to remove it later without damaging the roots in the earthy coma. In a pinch, you can also use ordinary wooden seed boxes for seedlings.
Soil mixture to fill these containers should be either a specialized soil from the store (universal vegetable or one that is recommended for cucumbers), or a self-prepared mixture (2 parts of peat, 1 part of rotted sawdust, 1 part of humus). On 1 kg of the prepared substrate it is worth adding 1 tsp. nitrofoski.
The ground is filled with containers tightly, then they are plentifully watered and pumpkin seeds are sown to a depth of 4-6 cm. If the seedlings are grown in boxes, before filling the soil, sawdust is poured on the bottom in a layer of 3-4 cm.
If you follow the recommendations of the Lunar Calendar, then in 2018 the best dates for sowing pumpkin seeds for seedlings will be April 8, 18, 26, 27 and 28, as well as May 3, 4, 14, 15 and 24.
Sowing pumpkin seeds for seedlings is recommended approximately 20 days before the planned transplantation of seedlings into open ground. In our latitudes, this is usually not earlier than mid-May, when the soil and air are already warm enough.
Care for pumpkin seedlings at home
Before the emergence of seedlings, it is recommended to cover the crops with glass or film, arranging an improvised greenhouse with a daytime temperature in the range of 18-25 ° С and nighttime 15-18 ° С. After the emergence of shoots to prevent excessive stretching of pumpkin seedlings, the temperature on days 5-7 is slightly reduced (15-18 ° C during the day and 12-13 ° C at night). After that, the temperature is raised again, but not as intensively as at first, and they do not forget to lower it at night.
When watering seedlings need to observe moderation: you can not allow overdrying of the soil, but watering will also harm the plants. Watering the pumpkin should be regular, but not too plentiful.
After 7-10 days after germination, they should be fed. To do this, use all the same nitrophoska (15 g per 10 l of water) or a solution of mullein (poured with hot water in a ratio of 1:10, insist 3-4 hours, then bred again in a ratio of 1: 5 and watered young plants).
All the time of growing containers with seedlings kept on a well-lit (preferably southern) sill. Pumpkin seedlings stay at home until they reach a height of 15-20 cm. By this time, the plants already have enough time to get stronger and have at least two true leaves of bright green color.
Transplanting pumpkin seedlings in open ground
As we have already mentioned, when the pumpkin seedlings are sufficiently strengthened, and the air and the ground in the area are completely warmed up, you can begin to transfer the plants to the open ground.
The best place for planting pumpkins will be areas where potatoes, legumes, root vegetables, cabbage, and onions have grown before (in any case, not its “relatives” such as zucchini, cucumbers and melons). The beds should be dug up and fertilized since the fall (1 sq.m - 3-5 kg of humus, 200 g of lime and 30-40 complex mineral fertilizers).
Young plants with low strong stems, short internodes and 2-3 well-developed dark green leaves are planted according to the 1x1 m scheme. If the seedlings were originally in peat pots, first destroy their dense outer walls. If the pumpkin seedlings were in seedboxes, try to load them with a clod of earth without damaging the delicate roots.
Landing is traditionally made in cloudy weather or in the evening when the sun is inactive. Pumpkin seedlings planted abundantly watered with warm water and pritenyat first time.
We told you how to prepare the soil for pumping seedlings, how to sort its seeds before planting and how to properly care for seedlings. You see for yourself - this culture is quite unpretentious, and difficulties should not arise. Have a nice harvest "suns".
The best option for pumpkin - plant seeds for seedlings
Today, even Southerners complain about the delay of spring and the quickness of autumn. The cold suddenly returns, and the garden melted in the sun mercilessly presses the frost. That is why the gardeners began to plant in the beds not the seeds, but the seedlings cultivated in the warmth of the home, waiting for the time of frosts to pass.
Pumpkin - a plant useful, tasty, but very thermophilic. The optimal average daily temperature for plant well-being is 20–23 ° С, the lower limit is 16 ° С. If the thermometer drops to 14 ° C, the pumpkin will stop growing. So transplanting for her is the best option.
Pumpkin - a vegetable is very beautiful and, most importantly, useful
In addition to those intended for food purposes, there is a large squad of ornamental pumpkins. In shape, they are warty, pear-shaped with a two-tone color, chalmopodnye with a red cap, there are gourds, tangerine copying form and color. Especially good nature has worked on the coloring of two-colored species: various fringe, stripes, droplets, lines, very well in tune with each other. The fruits of an ornamental pumpkin are not edible, but they are very beautiful and diverse, they are grown in beds with pleasure.
The varieties of ornamental gourd are characterized by extremely diverse shapes, colors and textures, the spectacularity of which is emphasized by miniature sizes.
How to calculate sowing time
Pumpkin seedlings, whose age has passed for 30 days, take root in the garden hard, so the germinated seeds are placed in the soil about 25 days before planting in the ground. In the middle and central zone, favorable weather for this is usually established in mid-May, in Siberia - not earlier than the end of the first decade of June.
Tanks and soil for planting seedlings
Если рассада будет выращиваться в почве, купленной в магазине, то рекомендуется отдать предпочтение грунту для бахчевых культур, который подойдёт тыкве намного лучше, чем универсальный. Можно приготовить смесь самостоятельно, соединив по одной части перегнивших опилок и листового перегноя с двумя частями торфа.
Если семена на рассаду высаживают в общий ящик, то часто опилки просто выкладывают четырехсантиметровой толщиной прямо на дно, а сверху насыпают слой в 8 см из оставшихся ингредиентов. Соответственно глубина рассадного ящика должна быть не менее 14–16 см.
It is not bad to leave a reserve for spiking stems that grow very intensively and often stretch out, but the padding allows them to get stronger.
Pumpkin seedlings do not like transplanting very much, therefore they never dive, and when sowing seeds it is necessary to take into account that it is in this capacity and in this soil that shoots will develop within four weeks.
Peat pots - ideal capacity for growing pumpkin seedlings
Of course, it is best to sow pumpkin seeds immediately in separate cups, peat tablets or pots. The volume of the tank should be about 10 cm 3. When placing the seedlings in a common box, it is necessary to adhere to the sowing scheme about 15x15 cm so that the grown plants do not crowd each other.
How to prepare and plant seeds
- Before planting seeds, carry out a procedure called calibration and helps determine their quality. Planting material collected from the previous crop, place in 3% saline solution, mix thoroughly and leave for 5-10 minutes. Remove the seeds that have surfaced, and wash the remaining at the bottom, place on a paper towel and dry at a temperature of 20-25 ° C.
Seeds to be planted must be calibrated.
The solution of potassium permanganate reliably disinfect the seeds
Epin - a reliable assistant gardeners and gardeners
Sprouted seeds go to the ground
Lower shelf of the fridge - suitable for hardening swollen seeds
Planting pumpkin seeds on seedlings should be done in separate pots, as it has very vulnerable roots
The plants have grown, now their development will depend on how good the care will be
It is important to maintain the correct temperature in the place where the landing is located. After sowing, the air temperature should be maintained within 18–25 o C. As soon as the first shoots appear, it will be reduced by 3–5 degrees for 4–5 days. In the apartment this can be achieved by airing.
Lowering the temperature protects the seedlings from draining.
After that, pumpkin seedlings are grown at a daily temperature of 20–22 ° C, nighttime - 15–18 ° C. Heat can provoke wilting, direct sunlight causes burns, and cold will lead to the fading of the seedlings - a temporary cessation of development or complete cessation of life activity.
If the seedlings are still stretched out, on the eighth or tenth day after the emergence of shoots, it is necessary to carefully roll the subfamily knee into a ring, lay it on the soil and sprinkle it on the ground to the cotyledon leaves.
Water crops need to be regularly, but carefully. It is impossible to allow both the drying of the soil and its excessive waterlogging. Watering small pumpkin plants should be moderate, but regularly, so as not to provoke a detrimental waterlogging of the substrate and fungal diseases as a consequence. With an excess of moisture, seedlings will very quickly stretch out, but remain weak, thinned. Watering is better at the end of the day with the expectation that before the onset of coolness the plants will absorb the resulting moisture, and the excess will evaporate without harm to the shoots.
After the first week of seedling development, fertilizers are applied. Experienced gardeners recommend fertilizing pumpkin sprouts with a weak extract of a liquid mullein, diluted 10 times with water or with a 1.5% aqueous solution of Nitrophoska. A glass of any of the infusions consumed 20 cm 2 of land.
Before planting in the ground you can feed the seedlings twice. For the second time, the easiest way to use universal dressing for melons and gourds. You can make your own fertilizer by mixing half a liter of liquid mullein, a teaspoon with a hill of ammonium sulfate, the same amount of potassium sulfate and half a tablespoon of superphosphate in 5 liters of water. The resulting solution is enough for about 10 seedlings. Stalks of seedlings should be short and strong, with a small distance in the internodes. By the time the seedlings are transplanted into the ground, 3–4 true leaves should form at the shoots.
Such seedlings can already be sent to the beds
Pumpkin seedlings prefer intense lighting. The lack of light provokes starvation of plants, they stretch out and weaken. It is best to place the landing on the window overlooking the south side, then it is not necessary to finish the seedlings. Otherwise, it does not hurt to turn on fluorescent lamps for several hours a day. As plants grow, the pots should be moved apart so that they do not cover the sun with their leaves.
Young shoots need bright light and a complete lack of drafts.
The most common problem that can occur with seedlings when growing it on a windowsill is stretching. At the very beginning of development, when the shoots just made their way through the earth and, as if escaping to freedom, they actively went up, a slight stretching of the shoots happens, which is easy to eliminate. The stretched seedlings are poured at the base with earth and, having taken out side roots, they suspend excessive growth and grow stronger due to the development of the root system.
Sprouted pumpkin sprouts are common
The seedlings can be stretched for other reasons, for example, when it has little light, but enough moisture and nutrition. In the search for sunlight, shoots spend all accumulated nutrients on vertical development and become weak and thin, like blades of grass. Such can not take root in the ground, so the lighting should be intense. And if natural light is not enough, you need to provide artificial lighting.
Pumpkin seedlings will begin to aspire upwards even when the plantings are thickened or receive too much moisture. To prevent this from happening, you must initially follow the recommended plan of planting seeds and closely monitor the proper soil moisture.
It is especially important to observe the watering schedule also because their excess causes the consequences to be much more serious than ordinary stretching - we are talking about the black leg. If a sprung escape can be carefully folded into a ring, prikopat earth, so he took the side roots and came back to normal, then the problem with a black leg so quickly fix will not work.
Black leg is able to destroy all the work of the gardener at the very beginning of the path
The root neck of a plant becomes brown when infected, plant tissue rots and seedlings die, and it is almost impossible to stop this process. But not only an excess of moisture in the soil provokes this trouble, often infected soil becomes the cause of the disease. To avoid this, you can only disinfect the soil. Most often it is frozen on the balcony or calcined in the oven..
Putting the soil mixture on a baking sheet, set the temperature in the oven at 200 degrees and ignite the soil for two to three hours
If it is enough to heat the earth for two hours, then you need to freeze for about two months, then you will have to take care of this in advance. It thaws the soil after freezing at room temperature for about a week, then on the day of planting it is spilled with a hot solution of potassium permanganate solution.
When planted in open ground
Planting pumpkin seedlings in open ground should be planted only when the threat of late May frosts has passed.
Pumpkin grows very well on the ground, where cabbage, carrots, onions, beets, legumes or siderats were located before, not the most successful predecessors for pumpkin are related melons, as well as potatoes and sunflower.
It is recommended to plant a pumpkin in an open ground according to the scheme 50x50 cm
Pumpkin will grow on any soil, but it will become large and sweet only on nutritious. Prepare the ground for a pumpkin can be in the fall. To do this, they dig up a bed and add 4–5 kg of compost or manure per 1 m 2 of land per square meter. If the soil is heavy and sour, then a glass of lime or wood ash is added to the future pumpkin bed in the same area.
Wood ash - a great helper in increasing yields
Phosphate and potash fertilizers of 30 and 20 g per 1 m 2, respectively, can be added to any soil to increase fertility. If the ground has not been prepared since autumn, then before planting itself, in each well spilled with warm water, you can add half a bucket of humus, a tablespoon of superphosphate and a half-liter jar of ash.
Each pumpkin sprout should be, tossed out of a seedling cup, or separated with an earthy clod with a spatula from a box, put into a hole, cover with earth and ram a little. ATPlanted seedlings a little deeper than she sat in a pot, sprinkling with earth to the cotyledon leaves. This will help the formation of additional roots.. But it should be borne in mind that when planting pumpkin seedlings, its root system should be placed no deeper than 10 cm, therefore, if the plants are too overgrown, they should be planted obliquely, directing the tops in one direction.
Seedlings planted in the ground watered abundantly. This will provide better contact with the soil, increase the flow of water to the leaves. Next, planting is mulched with straw, peat or dry ground to avoid the appearance of a soil crust, which pumpkin does not like.
Wells in the open field, where the seedlings are transplanted, are first shed with warm water.
I sow about a month before planting in the garden. It all depends on the spring - early or late this year. On average, we sow pumpkin and zucchini seeds in vegetable gardens in late May or early June, and I plant soot for seedlings at the end of April or at May holidays.
I now never plant pumpkins, zucchini and cucumber seedlings, nothing good comes out of it, there are few fruits, some plants are weak ... as if they had not received anything in their “childhood”, although the seedlings did not outgrow, there was a maximum of one true a leaf ... I germinate seeds before sticking and immediately plant them in open ground, they have enough time to bear fruit in full force.
It is necessary for the cultivation of seedlings to choose exactly peat or paper pots to plant with the pot. This culture does not tolerate the exposure of the roots. For example, tomatoes can be planted with bare roots - they will rise, and here only with an intact clod of earth.
A beautiful, tasty and very useful pumpkin is considered a treasury of vitamins, and if it is grown with its own hands directly from a seed, its value increases many times over. Having thoroughly studied the whole process of cultivation of pumpkin seedlings from sowing to planting in the ground, you can successfully grow a pumpkin in your own garden and please your family and friends with a wonderful harvest.
- Both cucumbers and pumpkins squeeze 35- to 45-day-old seedlings. But it is necessary to sow the seeds in peat cubes, some gardeners even cut marsh hummocks, then to plant them directly in the ground without damaging the roots. This, of course, is a big trouble. And it is better to plant the beds immediately. We plant a pumpkin in last year's heaps of tops, in the middle of the manure, then the ground. She is warm and well. Dear gardeners, if possible, use the verb to plant - I plant. The fact is that you can plant a mat, and plants are planted. I'm sorry.
- Oh well in February. schA can! In the middle lane, it is possible to plant current in the ground; greenhouses should be put in order to freeze the shoots.
- Despite the fact that the zucchini is a cold-resistant culture, it is still afraid of frost. Although lowering the temperature to +6 degrees tolerates. But the best temperature for a zucchini is heat - + 20-25 degrees.
- The soil can be used cooked by yourself, or buy in the store. At the time of sowing, fill containers filled with peat soil with warm water.
- The bark changes shade, on it the characteristic for a grade drawing is shown. Although there are plants that produce gray, green and cream pumpkins, most varieties produce orange or yellow-colored fruits.
- Maximum allowable for a grade load:
- A month before the pumpkins in the open ground ripen or are cut due to the onset of cold weather, watering is gradually reduced, and then stopped altogether.
Equally important for obtaining early harvest is the choice of land for planting. Not only does the culture require nutritious, rich organic soil and loose soil, the ridges should be well lit and protected from the cold wind. For varieties that form a powerful scourge, fences and walls of buildings become such protection and a kind of trellis.
When sprouts are shown above the ground, pumpkin seedlings for additional hardening and prevent stretching further lower the temperature of the content, now to 15–18 ° C during the day and 12–13 ° C at night. In such conditions, the plants are about a week.
It would seem that growing a pumpkin in the open ground in the Moscow region is not difficult, and many gardeners after planting are limited to minimal attention and care for the vegetable. Indeed, early ripening, but not the sweetest and long-stored pumpkins can be removed already in the last days of August and in September. But orange large-fruited beauties and fragrant nutmeg pumpkins with a dismissive attitude to agricultural technology do not always ripen.
Hello neighbor pumpkin and zucchini seedlings do not recommend planting. how carefully you do not plant them, you will still disturb the roots anyway. and they will perebalivat just the same time for which the seed plants will catch up with them. and start to overtake. to speed them up, it's better to just soak it until it's gone. can be in a special fertilizer.
I fully agree with Lyudmila. And about the "plant" - too. =)
Plant your seeds boldly! all you have time! Well, you will have zucchini a couple of weeks later than the neighbors so it's not scary
Pumpkin need to be planted in May. The pumpkin is sown rather late, when the threat of frost has passed. Pumpkin is shade-tolerant, so it can be planted near houses, gazebos, fences, combining and decorative purposes. For fruits in such cases, it is necessary to make supports or hang them on the nets. Sow 2 - 3 summer seeds, closing up to a depth of 7 - 8 cm.
In the center of each cup, make a depression 2-3 cm. Place a pumpkin seed in the hole, cover it with a primer. Seeds before sowing should be prepared in the same way as in open soil. Seed should be germinated only if it is sown at a later date.
Changes not only the color of the skin, but also its hardness. If the bark of the ovary can be easily damaged with a fingernail or coarse lash, then the bark that has matured in the suburbs of the gourd becomes extremely durable.
Under conditions of artificial drought, the plant will determine that it is time for the pumpkins to ripen. And to harvest, the bark of the fruit will be harder, the fruit stem will wither and lumber, the flesh will become dense, with a high sugar content.
For the active and rapid growth of pumpkin grown in the open field of the Moscow region, can not do without regular dressings. Moreover, fertilizer is better not under the root, and at some distance from the plant, in the annular gutter. Its depth increases from 8 to 12 cm, as the bush develops. When the plant is still small, for the first feeding at the stage of several true leaves, such a recess is made at a distance of 15–20 cm from the stem. Then the well is made at a distance of 40 cm. This is how all subsequent feeding is carried out at intervals of 7–10 days.
With the beginning of the development of true leaves, the temperature is raised by 3-5 ° C in the daytime, and at night the air can warm up to 15 ° C.
Olesya and Pavel Yakovlev
In order not to be left without the desired harvest, it is important to know how to bring the harvest time closer, properly care for the pumpkin in the open field and determine the ripeness of the fruit.
Besides, all these cultures are very thermophilic. March promise not hot. and in April the land for such crops may not warm up. so it’s better to plant these crops no earlier than the second half of May. but the first cucumber grow seedlings well. but at such times only in the greenhouse. and later in the FG. in June. I plant cucumber seedlings at 3 weeks of age. and then it outgrows. and will perebalivat too long
They write on packs with zucchini seeds: if you want seedlings, if you want - right into the ground. It seems to me that zucchini, like cucumbers, should be planted in a seedling manner. And now it's not too late - I just put them in pots the other day. At the end of May, you can plant it out - either under the film, or on last year's compost pile (in our case they used this method themselves and without the film).
Tatyana Savchenko SIBERIA
If you plant in a greenhouse now and cover up by the time of disembarkation there will be beautiful seedlings
Pumpkin in the northern regions is often cultivated in steam heaps and pits through potted seedlings.
Cover the seedlings with covered plastic wrap, place in a warm place until the seedlings emerge.
And although the most delicious fruits are those that have ripened in the sun, it is important to harvest before the onset of cold weather.
When growing pumpkins in the open ground of the Moscow region, it is difficult to get a decent, early harvest, if you do not form and restrict the plants in growth. If the bush varieties can be limited to removing female flowers in the period when a sufficient number of ovaries have already formed on the plant, then you will have to do differently with the pumpkin, which gives long powerful lashes.
При внесении удобрений нужно стараться, чтобы раствор не попал на цветы, листья и другие зеленые части растения, поскольку этого грозит ожогами. По окончании процедуры желоб присыпают почвой. На начальных стадиях развития тыквы в открытом грунте в уход включаются подкормки органикой, провоцирующей бурный рост зелени. Через неделю после высадки рассаду поливают раствором:
Рассада тыквы для выращивания в Подмосковном открытом грунте нуждается в умеренных, но регулярных поливах и хорошем освещении. If natural lighting is not enough, arrange additional lighting, which also will not give the sprouts excessively stretch and weaken.
To obtain a friendly and maximum early harvest, which is very important when growing pumpkins of mid-season and late varieties in the Moscow countryside, it is better to plant the seedlings. To do this, large filled seeds are dipped in warm water for a couple of days before sowing and kept for about three hours at a temperature of 45–50 ° C. Then the seed is removed and, at room temperature, waiting for the seeds to be sown between the layers of wet tissue. It is important to ensure that the moisture has not evaporated, because the dried germ of the germ can quickly die.
Best in December and under the ground heating pad
Do not need them through seedlings, they do not like it. Fine soot immediately into the ground in the second decade of May (Novosibirsk). I soak the seeds before spitting, plant 1 seed per well, cover the landing site on top with inverted plastic cups. In the middle of July I’m already with zucchini, pumpkin –– the end of August – beginning of September. Varieties kaachkov - Gribovsky and zucchini Squash, bush highly productive. Pumpkin - Lena walnut (medium-sized) and an unidentified variety of me, the seeds were given by the neighbor - huge yellow.
Open the sunflower seeds, place the cups on the windowsill, the temperature during the growth period should be no higher than 18 degrees so that the seedlings do not stretch out. Watering moderate to not pamper the plants.
Do not forget that autumn in the Moscow region is treacherous by the fact that during the daytime the sun is shining and the temperature is quite comfortable for pumpkins, and at night on the ground September air is cooled to very low levels.
Therefore, it is not recommended to leave more than 2–3 fruits on large-fruited varieties.
At the time when on the main pumpkin sprouts 5–6 true leaves are opened, the stem is pinched, which stimulates:
Chicken litter at the rate of 1:16,