Rose Austin David made the meaning of his life. Today, a small family-owned company David Austin Roses, established in 1969, is known far beyond the borders of not only England, but also the European continent. David Austin's roses are already pleased with their beauty by more than one generation of amateur gardeners. A variety of colors allows you to choose varieties that are ideally suitable for almost any requirements of buyers.
The impetus for the creation of amazing plants was the breeder's desire to revive the old luxurious English roses. Austin has set himself the task of creating varieties with the charm and aroma of old species. However, they had to withstand adverse weather conditions, to be resistant to diseases and bloom throughout the season.
The author placed particular emphasis on the shape of the rose flower. Austin considered this the most important characteristic of the variety, and the color faded into the background. Painstaking work has borne fruit. His varieties can not be confused with any other. Their uniqueness is amazing at first sight - the shape of the bud, the number of petals and their location, the color palette, the enchanting strong aroma.
For the first time, David Austin's roses as a new group appeared in the seventies. The breeder brought them in his nursery. It is located 300 km from London, in the central part of England. A well-organized scientific enterprise is engaged in systematic selection work. Up to 800 varieties are grown on the territory. Every year the author presents the world 6-7 new varieties.
On the square of just 0.8 hectares in the small town of Albrighton (this is the birthplace of Austin), a magnificent rose garden was created. It is a garden, divided into several sections with their own names:
- Victorian - the central part. The long “corridor” is filled with samples of modern and old English roses. A specially constructed wall of a hundred meters long serves as a support for amazing climbing grades. The arches are decorated with climbing shrub roses.
- In the second section, the Renaissance, a collection of only new plant varieties is collected. Flowering begins in it in early spring and ends with the first frost. It is believed that this is the most beautiful island of the whole rose garden.
- Garden Lviv provided for roses of other breeders. Here you can meet roses from groups of miniature, English, tea-hybrid, floribunda. The variety for this site is selected by David Austin himself.
- During the rose garden, a huge area is planted with roses for sale or for cutting. Consultants help visitors navigate in an infinite variety of varieties.
For more than half a century of history, the company David Austin Roses has presented the world with more than 200 new unique varieties of English roses. David’s whole family works in this business: his wife, daughter, son, grandson.
Austin’s designs are not only famous for their beauty and stamina. The breeder has achieved his masterpieces in the field of fragrances. The strong and steady smell of flowers is felt not only near the bush, it widely diverges throughout the district.
It is customary to distinguish five main types of fragrances:
- typical aroma of vintage English roses,
- classic aroma of myrrh,
- a combination of tea aromas, floral notes and tender lemon,
- complex aroma of musk, withered rose and myrrh.
All of them are unique in their own way, strong and perfectly balanced. Another feature that Austin roses have. Varieties change their odor depending on humidity, time of day and air temperature. The aroma is enhanced in the direction of a particular shade. It seems that not one plant variety has been planted on the plot.
In 1961, David was the first grade Constance Spray. He is rightfully referred to Austin's best roses. The bush reaches a height of 180 cm, blooms profusely once in mid-summer. Buds round shape delicate pink hue. When blooming, cupped terry flowers reach 15 cm in diameter. Have a strong aroma of myrrh.
Another famous cultivar named for the Austin consort is Pat Austin. The spectacular flowers of bright copper tone after full blooming turn yellow. Stunning beauty bush up to 120 cm exudes the strongest aroma of hybrid tea rose. A distinctive feature of the variety is its repeated flowering.
In 2002, the Jubilee Celebration rose was presented with rich pink buds and a delicate golden shade on the reverse side of the petals. The height of the bush can reach 120 cm. It blooms very abundantly and continuously, fragrant with a unique blend of fruit aroma, fresh strawberries and lemons.
A description of rose varieties would be incomplete without mentioning Claire Austin (2007). The name of the variety was in honor of the breeder's daughter - Claire Austin. The white color of the buds is a rarity among hybrid tea and English roses. The height of the bush is up to 1.5 m. The rose can be grown as a climbing line, the support allows the shoots to stretch up to 2.5 m in length.
Cup-shaped flowers change the shade of pale lemon at the very beginning of flowering, then it acquires a dazzling white color, and by the end surprises with a beige-pink shade.
Selection of seedlings
Buy real English varieties today is not difficult. The main thing is to contact verified vendors and select samples adapted to local climatic conditions.
The success of growing and cultivating roses largely depends on the choice of planting material. The label must have a brief information about the sapling: nursery, breeder, variety and its brief description. The icons indicate which type of rose it belongs to:
- for landing near the support - climbing,
- for low and mixed flower beds - flower beds,
- for creating a hedge or planting with other bushes - bush,
- for growing in vases or pots - pot.
Seedlings should be alive, strong with no signs of wilting or any external damage.
Choosing a shrub for planting and determining his place in the garden, you need to consider what values the plant can reach.
Very many amateur gardeners around the world grow Austin roses. Landing begins with the preparatory work. First of all, fertilize the soil. Compost or manure (rotted) is great for this. Moreover, it is preferable horse manure. He does not take nitrogen from the earth. Fertilizer layer must be at least 2 cm.
Under the bush they dig a deep (up to half a meter) and a wide (about one meter in diameter) pit. This is necessary for the normal development of the root system of the bush. Bottom of the pit need to dig up and add quality compost.
Roots are treated with a special preparation to stimulate plant growth. Deepen Austin rose seedlings should be 10 cm to protect from possible frost.
The planting scheme for peony varieties is a triangle with a distance of 0.5 meters. It will ensure the formation of dense thickets, and with further pruning it will be possible to form a magnificent dome. With such a planting scheme, it is recommended to take saplings of one variety or at least of the same type in height. They should bloom profusely and do not grow much.
Care is the timely introduction of appropriate fertilizers:
- in the spring - a special dressing,
- in June - nitric,
- in the formation of buds - phosphorus-calcium.
If strict proportions are not observed (oversaturation with fertilizers), pion-like varieties turn yellow and shed their leaves. At the end of the summer, the plants stop feeding.
Watering is done as needed (looking at the condition of the soil) at the rate of 5 liters per plant, and for climbing roses, up to 15 liters per bush. Watered in the evening when there is no strong evaporation.
After a heavy or prolonged rain, the bushes are shaken to release the delicate petals of the buds from the water. Otherwise, the stagnation of water can lead to rotting flowers.
In the autumn, pruning is carried out, the leaves are removed, the bushes are covered for the winter. Climbing plants are bent to the soil and fixed, then sprinkled with soil, leaves, sawdust. Top stack straw or spruce branches. The film is unacceptable as protection from the cold. Under it the bushes are thrown out and die.
Caring for plants includes such a procedure as pruning a rose bush. Austin recommends:
- pruning in the spring, before waking up,
- repeat it at the moment when the roses fade away,
- in the summer months to prevent the pasture of high powerful shoots, to do this, pinch the tip of a young escape (it begins to bush and bloom),
- shoots, overgrowths just cut.
You can give the bush any shape, usually a hemisphere. It should be remembered that a tall bush will give a larger number of smaller flowers. A low cut rose will replace a small amount of buds with their size.
No wonder all over the world love and appreciate the roses of Austin. Reviews of admired gardeners - the best rating of the company. The following benefits of the English rose are noted:
- unpretentiousness, roses can withstand temperatures from -10 o C to +40 o C,
- high durability and resistance to adverse conditions
- disease resistance
- bloom repeatedly during the season
- have a diverse color palette,
- have a rich and lasting aroma,
- fit perfectly in any landscape.
In the gardens and gardens, landscape designers are happy to plant Austin roses. Varieties are selected depending on the purpose of the use of bushes. Of these, create a composition, and it can be separately planted plants or in the vicinity of other flowers. It is necessary to observe the permissible distances between them, to ensure free access to the bushes (for convenient processing).
Low-growing varieties are planted along the borders, creating a magnificent low hedge. Ground cover roses, besides aesthetic pleasure, will “work” to strengthen the soil, saving it from leaching and erosion.
Climbing plants can act as decoration arbors, fences. A hedge by itself can be a garden decoration.
David Austin's roses - or how it started
If you talk about the history of the appearance of roses Austinthen it consists of many fascinating facts and interesting moments. First you need to pay attention to the fact that the famous botanist gave his whole life, strength and knowledge to create such an elegant variety. The first efforts in favor of the appearance of flowers were made in the early 50s of the last century. After traveling to European countries, a young novice gardener named David Austin decided to work hard on creating bright varieties of roses, which would soon be called David Austin roses, enter the Plant Encyclopedia and become incredibly popular.
The young botanist greatly admired the incredible beauty of roses, however, the understanding that many of them can bloom for a short time only once in an entire season has greatly upset him. On this basis, David began to carefully study all the advantages and disadvantages of specific varieties in order to bring versatile variety with unpretentious character and long flowering. The enthusiast had many obstacles and problems on the way to the goal, but they did not break it, and he continued to work.
Austin Roses: Constance Spry
In his selection work, David applied lesser-known varieties, including hybrid tea, Damascus, French, and Floribunda. By crossing tea-hybrid, large-flowered, re-flowering and old fine specimens, the hero managed to create an original rose named Constance spry . This hybrid was the beginning of a very long way for an English botanist breeder. And although the variety is already 50 years old, it still does not lose its popularity and is interested in a large circle of gardeners, moreover, as amateurs, as well as experienced experts.
For the first time, representatives of the variety were presented to the public in 1961, and the presentation was held by a close friend of Austin Graham Thomas. David Austin's Roses Constance Spry belong to the climbing group, but they are often created by beautiful shrubs, through complex cutting measures. As a result, it is possible to create a unique garden shrub that quickly grows up to two meters in height. Most of the available varieties of Austin roses are characterized by a unique aroma and the presence of large inflorescences. For example, the diameter of Constance Spry flowers often reaches 15 centimeters, and the buds form colorful, neat brushes.
The shoots have very prickly thorns, and flowering is seen only once per season - in July. It was this feature that made the grower not stop there and continue to work hard. In addition, the variety needed enhanced protection against diseases and pests, so Austin was forced to work further. The experiments continued, the scientist studied new approaches and followed the trends in floriculture of those times. As a result of the third back-crossing of one variety with a hybrid, almost all representatives of Austin rose varieties received increased flowering time.
The Mayflower variety
Also, the English breeder was very worried about the nature of the new plants and their endurance. During the 60s, it was not possible to create a decent variety, and only in the early 70s of the last century did he manage to bring out disease-resistant flowers.
The very first of these were roses The Mayflower . They became universal plants, which quickly gained incredible demand and became truly resistant to any diseases and pests. As a result, they were quickly awarded a royal award, which meant a quality mark from the British Royal Horticultural Society. In addition, this sign has been awarded to other hybrid varieties of David Austin roses, including:
And many others.
Foundation of the company "David Austin Roses"
In the late 70s of the last century, namely, in 1969, the official opening of the new company took place. "David Austin's Roses", in honor of which the florist produced a whole line of elegant scrubs based on hybrid roses. Their characteristic difference was terry petals. The title of the best scrub from Austin received a grade of Wife of Bath.
While the new organization was becoming popular, the quality properties of the flowers were constantly improving. 1983 was very important for the company, when a flower exhibition was held in the suburb of London called Chelsea with a presentation of the best varieties of Austin roses. The list includes Roses Mary and Graham Thomas. Soon they became popular not only in the United Kingdom, but also far beyond. Flowers began to learn in different countries of the world, due to which they quickly found incredible demand.
In the 21st century the management of the company of the legendary breeder was transferred into the hands of his son. All nurseries with roses are located in the open space and are a luxurious complex museum where you can forget about everything and simply immerse yourself in the heavenly beauty of the most elegant, rare and unique varieties of roses. Currently, in such places there are about 200 different hybrids and varieties of David Austin roses, including terry scrubs and other rare specimens.
It is very easy to buy seedlings of David Austin brand roses. They are sold on the shelves of many flower shops, including on the Internet. Every year, new flower hybrids appear in the nurseries of the breeder. Representative offices are located in all parts of the world. The total number of seedlings reaches 4.5 million units, while this indicator is rapidly expanding.
Interesting information about David Austin roses
In the official floriculture flowers do not belong to a separate group. However, they are often referred to as the calling card of British floriculture, and this is not surprising at all. A significant proportion of Austin-released varieties are bush plants (scrubs). As for climbing varieties, the following names should be included:
- Graham Thomas,
- Benjamin Britten,
Representatives of these varieties are often used as a compelling addition to the landscape design of summer cottages or private houses.
The Lender and Charles Austin varieties deserve special attention. They belong to the list of the best flowers ever presented by Austin kennels.
Among the peony roses can be distinguished:
- Dark Lady,
- Alan Titchmarsh,
- Glemis Castle,
- Golden Celebration,
What is the difference between the sabry (shrubs)? First, they can grow up to one and a half meters in height, and on one brush there are often about eight bright flowers with a diameter of up to 14 centimeters. Incredible color and pleasant aroma will not leave indifferent a single buyer.
If you consider list of the best varieties of Austin nurserieswhich are great for pottery or container maintenance at home, among them you need to highlight:
In addition, in the catalog of Austin roses there are also varieties that have excellent frost resistance and unpretentious character. Among them rose Snow goose , которая располагает крохотными белыми цветками, образующими крупные кисти. Лепестки могут располагать различной длиной и расти слоями. Представители сорта относятся к плетистым, обильно цветущим сортам, хотя при желании из них можно создать красочный куст.
Новые сорта от питомников Дэвида Остина
As already mentioned, every year in the nursery of the legendary breeder work experienced experts who develop new varieties and varieties of world famous roses. The products they produce is rapidly acquiring great demand and becoming world famous. Among the newest varieties of David Austin, we highlight the following:
- Desdemona It belongs to the group of park plants, which is characterized by a unique, pink and peach color and rounded flowers, capable of growing up to 1.2 meters in height. It has a fragrant, heady smell that quickly spreads throughout the garden and conquers others. The flowers have a relatively large diameter and are initially represented by a white shade, and then a peach tone. The foliage is painted in glossy green, rich colors. The plant is characterized by continuity of flowering, because it goes on almost non-stop. Bouquets of roses from the variety Desdemona look very graceful and colorful. The plant deserves special attention from flower growers,
- Ze Albrighton Rambler. It belongs to the Austin climbing group of varieties and has an incredibly elegant appearance. Also for such a rose characteristic nutmeg and a long flowering period, which lasts until frost. The rose is very resistant to many diseases, including the most dangerous,
- Olivia Rose Austin. Almost all varieties of Austin roses are named after some famous personalities who played a part in the life of a famous breeder. Among these names is the Olivia Rose Austin variety, the botany granddaughter. Flowers are characterized by large size and special elegance, bushes - the correct form and ergonomics. The unique aroma quickly spread throughout the garden and literally fascinates people passing by. Fruit notes are noted in his notes. The flowering of the rose Olivia Rose Austin begins very early, but lasts long enough. Summer residents claim that the variety is completely frost-resistant and suitable for growing in our conditions,
Other famous varieties
- Zee Poets Weif. From the English language translated as "the poet's wife." Refers to the new varieties that were introduced in 2016. Representatives of the species have a yellowish tinge and a complex rosette of flowers. Flowering - continuous and very long. The size of the shoots is quite impressive, and the bushes - thick, up to a meter in height. These roses have a very pleasant aroma, in which the notes of lemon and peach are beautifully combined. In flowerbeds, the plant is grown in the foreground. The rose looks great as a landscape design and inspires many creative people to great works of art. If you intend to transform the design of your backyard territory - be sure to look at this plant,
- Ze Ansiente Mariner. Refers to the newest Shabram, introduced in 2017. The main difference from other varieties is the mass of subtleties of flowering. The blooming of large-sized large flowers occurs very slowly, while in the process of opening the florist is provided with an incredibly beautiful inner part of the rose. This bicolor rose initially has a gentle lilac petals, which soon acquire more saturated colors. The bush is able to grow to a height of 0.5 meters. The variety is considered to be continuously flowering. It often serves as a spectacular decoration for park areas and suburban areas.
How to choose seedlings
There are several types of rose seedlings - with an open root system, with bare roots and a closed root system. Saplings with an open root system are sold in spring or autumn. The root neck of the seedling should be from 8 to 10 cm. The stems are healthy, without damage. Traces of fungal and viral diseases should not be.
Roses with bare roots are sold in the main planting season. Such seedlings should be packed in wet sawdust or special paper that protects the roots from drying out.
The most reliable option for purchase is roses with a closed rhizome. The packaging in this case is a large lump of soil, a special material or moss. The roots of such seedlings are not injured and do not dry out. Before buying you need to make sure that the rhizome is not dry. Planted plants on a permanent place with the packaging in which it was sold.
On the market there are David Austin roses in containers. As a rule, these are already flowering bushes that are planted at any warm season. The advantage of such seedlings is that you can immediately assess the condition of the roses, the shade of the petals, the shape of the buds and the scent. But roses in containers are more expensive than previous versions.
Features of planting Austin roses
The Austin rose planting scheme should be based on the characteristics of the plants. Austin's roses belong to English varieties, and sunny days are not so common on the territory of England, therefore it is better to arrange a rose garden in the shade. The soil should be loose with good drainage. A favorable period for planting English roses is the end of September - the beginning of October. But planting roses Austin can be made in the spring.
Preparing the soil for spring planting should be in autumn. They dig up the soil to a depth of at least 50 cm. Simultaneously with the digging, fertilizers are applied (humus, compost). For 1 m 2, 30 kg of fertilizer is required. In the spring, roses are planted from mid-April to the second half of May.
Planting English roses in the spring is not much different from the autumn planting. The pit for roses should be deep and wide so that the roots can be freely located and have enough space. The optimal scheme of planting English roses 55x55x55. At the bottom of the dug hole black earth, fertilizer and sand fall asleep. Take the seedling out of the water, gently put it in a hole and straighten the roots. Fill the shrub with soil, ram it and pour abundantly with warm water.
The planting depth of the seedling should be no more than 10 cm from the level of vaccination. If not one bush is planted on a flower bed, then the distance between them should be 50 cm and more. When planting climbing varieties, it should be increased to 0.7–1 m.
Bushes planting schemes
If you follow all the rules, then the classic Austin rose planting pattern is a triangle. The essence of the scheme lies in the fact that there are three rose bushes of different varieties on the flowerbed. On the flowerbed, you need to draw a triangle and, at each of the corners, dig a hole for the seedling. The distance between each hole from 50 cm. Two bushes, which will be located behind, should be higher than the front bush. Triangle landing is suitable for small areas.
Photo of the Austin rose planting scheme.
When choosing the layout of rose bushes, it is important not to forget about the color scheme. Shades of inflorescences should be in harmony with each other and not spoil the overall picture of the rose garden. Gamma can be monochrome (when different shades of the same color range are used), two-tone (two primary colors are used in harmony with each other) and variegated (the rosary consists of inflorescences of different shades). It is easiest to use a monochrome or two-color scheme.
What is included in the care
Caring for David Austin roses in the spring and summer does not take much time. It is only necessary to adhere to the minimum care complex, which includes:
- introduction of mineral and organic fertilizers,
- prevention of diseases and insects,
- preparing for winter.
Watering depends on the variety, climate and soil condition. The optimal time for watering the rose garden is evening. Moisture is absorbed into the soil, and does not evaporate. On shrub roses need 5 liters of water to 1 bush. Climbing varieties need up to 15 liters per bush. Water should not be cold. Several times in two weeks before watering you need to plow the soil and remove all weeds.
Planting and care for English roses should be carried out according to all the rules of agricultural engineering, so that the rose garden blossoms more than once during the season. And to achieve this, special attention must be paid to pruning. The first pruning is carried out after planting. It is very important, because the subsequent shape of the bush depends on the correctness of the execution.
Next, trimming the bush is carried out three times per season. The first pruning in the spring before the appearance of leaves. The second - throughout the summer. The tops of the young shoots pinch to the rose garden was lavish. And the last - before preparing roses for the winter. Cut dry, diseased and weak branches, withered buds and dried leaves.
High bushes can not be left. The higher the bush, the less it buds are formed. Conversely, the most lush roses bloom on low plants. After planting English roses care in the form of pruning can be seen in the photo.
Pruning pruners should be well ground. When the stems get stronger after the winter they need to thin out. Leave should be no more than 4 shoots. In the subsequent pruning of the spray roses, the stalks are shortened by ¼ length, and in climbing roses - by 15 cm.
Fertilization is an integral part of care. During the season is carried out at least three feeding. Every 3-4 weeks the rosary needs fertilization. The latter should be until mid-August.
The first feeding is made before flowering. Use need nitrogenous fertilizers. The second - with the beginning of the appearance of inflorescences. Organic and complex fertilizers are best suited. The last dressing is needed to prepare the bushes for the winter. Phosphorus and potash supplements are introduced into the soil.
In the second year, the rose garden can be fertilized with bird droppings or mullein infusion. Only fresh organic solution is suitable for fertilizer. Mulching will improve the structure of the soil. Peat is used as mulch. Its thickness should be at least 8.5 cm.
David Austin's rose care includes disease prevention. In favorable conditions and with the right growing roses can grow in one place up to 20 years. But to achieve this, the rose garden needs to be monitored closely.
Such factors as excessive moisture, excess heat and sunlight, lack of dressings or their excess, improper trimming of bushes can contribute to the appearance of fungal and viral diseases.
While planting and caring for Austin roses, these factors should be prevented.
Common Rose Diseases:
- Mealy dew.
- Gray rot.
- Virus mosaic.
- Black spot.
At the first signs of the disease you need to take action. And in order to preserve the health of the bushes, you need to adhere to the following tips for the care of Austin roses:
- do not thicken the rose garden, the bushes should be located at a distance of 50 cm from each other,
- organize watering, spray plants only in dry weather and prevent the soil from drying out,
- immediately cut dry, damaged branches,
- after the onset of heat as soon as possible to remove the shelter from the winter frosts,
- Do not make nitrogenous fertilizers in large quantities.
If a brown spot or white bloom appeared on the leaves, then the rosary should be processed as quickly as possible. For spraying suitable Bordeaux liquid or soap solution.
Preparing for the winter
Planting roses David Austin does not depend on climatic conditions. Roses tolerate low temperatures and are able to withstand even extreme cold in winter. But, naturally, for plants to survive the winter and not freeze, they need to be prepared for cold weather.
For winter shelter used sawdust and earth. Resort to the use of organic matter is not desirable. This can attract rodents that will bite through all the roots of the plants. Before covering the rosary, you need to make small depressions in the soil and establish poison in them for small rodents.
The height of the shelter above the roots should be at least 15 cm. Climbing rose varieties are carefully removed from the support before winter preparation, laid out on the ground, and then covered.
Preparations for the cold begin in October, when the night temperature is close to zero. Before the main shelter of roses covered with non-woven material or cellophane. Along the edges of his pressed stones to the wind did not blow away the shelter.
For shelter you can make a frame. The stems of roses are tied so as not to break them and slightly bend to the soil. When the frosts begin, all the leaves and buds are removed from the plants. After that put the frames. On top of the frame fix cellophane or agrofabric.
History of the variety
The English rose got its distribution not so long ago, a variety of a little over fifty years. But the popularity of growing can give odds to many other relatives.
The author of the variety is a farmer from England, David Austin. He wanted to get new varieties that can give their beauty and fragrance not once a year, but the whole summer. He also dreamed of the multicolor of his roses and large sizes of flowers, lashes, developed the rules of planting and care.
For the first grade he used old English varieties. Then he crossed the resulting rose with new selection varieties. David Austin did not want to stop at the achieved results, he continued the selection work. The result is a new variety of English roses of different colors.
The very first variety that brought fame to the farmer was Constance Spry, its popularity is not decreasing even today.
Together with his friend Graham Thomas Austin continued to work. Soon, English daisies appeared with yellow, orange, maroon and other shades. There are collection and climbing roses in the collection.
Today, the Austrian David Empire is the most famous in the world. In his nursery there are more than 4 million tavern saplings of different varieties. He opened branches in many countries. English roses confidently “walk” around the planet, “conquer” the hearts of new fans.
There is nothing surprising here, because David Austin managed to create varieties of roses, in which, together with the novelty, the charm and splendor of old English species remained. Modern avatki able to survive in adverse conditions, bloom continuously throughout the warm season. One has only once to look at the photo of David's terry roses, as soon as you fall in love with them.
Here is what David Austin tells about his favorite roses:
Advantages and disadvantages
David Austin's roses attract:
- unusual strong aroma
- the ability of the plant to survive in severe frosts,
- the presence of flowering buds along the entire length of the stem,
- unusual terry petals,
- bright colors
- the ability to create all sorts of floral arrangements.
Of the negative points flower growers say:
- poor “well-being” of English roses during rainfall,
- a large number of buds leads to a drooping of the whips,
- David Austin's roses are not resistant to black leaf blotch.
Aroma of ostinok
David Austin's English roses are valued for beauty and endurance, but even more for their fragrance. Unique aromas can be felt at a great distance from a blooming rose bush. It is impossible to confuse.
Ostinki is famous for its five flavors:
- the smell of the old roses of England
- as a classic - myrrh scent,
- tea and floral notes of lemon,
- aroma of musk, fading rose.
David Austin works carefully on the scents of his roses. The most interesting thing is that the saturation of the range of smells depends on the temperature and humidity of the air, the time of day.
If the English rose is planted correctly and it is provided with proper care, then it is the very first that it begins to bloom, and pleases with multi-colored buds until the end of June. After that, it grows new shoots, after a while, secondary flowering begins. And again, fragrant buds do not disappear from the rose bush until early September.
Features of growing
Planting roses is an important step in creating a rose garden. It is necessary to take into account that there is no special preference for the place of growth at the spines.
Settlement seedlings before planting put in the water. The pit is prepared in advance. It should be sufficiently deep and wide so that the roots in it can be located freely, approximately 50x50.
At the bottom of the pits poured sand, black soil and fertilizer. The seedling is removed from the water and set in the hole. The roots straighten. Most often, varietal roses are grafted on dogrose. So that he with his wild shoots does not drown out the bone, we plant roots deeper during planting so that the dog rose could not make it upwards.
Add the soil into the hole, lightly press the soil, pour. When planting English roses you need to take into account a certain pattern. According to the rules, they are planted with a triangle. In the first year, the flowers are only watered, you do not need to feed.
Rules for landing English beauties video:
The first pruning of roses by David Austin is carried out after planting. The formation of a rosebush will depend on its correctness. The second time pruned whips in front of the shelter for the winter.
The following year, spring shoots are cut almost half the length. It is necessary that the main runaway grows faster, and lateral shoots appear.
Care for English roses is carried out all year round. If in the summer some escape or twig broke, they should be cut immediately. Work on pruning is carried out with a decontaminated sharp shears. Cut sections are pollinated with wood or activated carbon.
All subsequent pruning is done according to the rules. Shrub roses are shortened to 1/4 of the length of the shoot, climbing up to 15 cm. Remember, good pruning stimulates the growth of buds. Insufficient pruning has a negative effect on the formation of a rose bush: there will be few twigs, they can bend and bend down to the ground. The rules for cropping are shown in the photo.
Once planted, care is the main task in growing a healthy plant. С первых дней нужно следить за влажностью почвы, рыхлить ее по мере необходимости. Рыхление необходимо для подачи кислорода к корневой системе и лучшего впитывания воды.
Подкормки дают саженцам, которым больше одного года.Для питания растений необходимы комплексные удобрения. Подкармливают остинки через каждые 3-4 неделю. Завершающая подкормка – конец августа.
If the newly planted English rose buds appear, they must be removed.
Ostinki negatively react to excess moisture. On them, as a rule, about 120 flowers can bloom simultaneously. If it rains, we can assume that some of the buds will not be able to open up and die.
What else is caring for English roses? Twice a week, inspect the bushes for infection. At the slightest sign, the ostinok is treated with special preparations.
Ostinki grow in any climate, in the winter can withstand low temperatures. But with the plants that were planted 2-3 years ago, it is not worth the risk. In the spring, the roses of David Austin should be well-grown and not sore, they need to be sheltered for the winter.
As shelter, you can use the land and sawdust. The height of the mound above the root system of bush roses should be at least 15 centimeters. Weaved varieties are removed from the support, neatly placed with a whip and also sprinkled with a protective layer.
Shelter engaged in the second half of October. When the air temperature drops below zero, the top of the bottle is covered with cellophane or a special non-woven material. So that the wind does not pull off the light covering, it is pressed down with boards or a piece of slate.
Catalog of varieties ostinok
- Golden Celebration
- Septe d’ail
- Al Dee Braithate
- Mary Rose
- Claire Austin
- Graham Thomas
- Gertrude Jekyll
- Pat Austin
- Abreham Darby
- English Garden
- William Shakespeare
Ostinki in Russian gardens
The Russians began planting pits only 12 years ago. David Austin himself believes that the cultivation of his rose bushes can be practiced in any country.
In Russia there is no branch of the author of a unique collection. Russian flower growers determine whether a particular variety will take root in a harsh climate, according to Canadians. But flower lovers do not want to be content with a limited number of English roses suitable for our climate. After all, proper planting, care, shelter of seedlings for the winter, work wonders. Ostinki take root in Russia, and this is not necessary to argue!