Young sheets of this herb are used in food in spring (for making salads, borscht). Culture refers to medicinal plants and helps to cope with many diseases. Therefore, small islands of nettle should be left on the outskirts of the site.
If you are engaged in regular thinning of this weed, then several individuals can be left in the frame of vegetable beds and in berry bushes - the smell of plants scares away many pests.
Nutritious nutrition from nettle
It turns out and saturated fertilizer from nettle with an antibacterial effect, if you make an infusion of young leaves of the plant. Hardened stems are better not to apply, and send to the compost heap.
They also make green fertilizer from grass and nettle to feed garden crops, and spray leaves from insects with leaf infusions. Shredded greens mulch the ground in vegetable and berry bushes. Decomposing, nettle attracts earthworms and beneficial microorganisms involved in aerating the soil.
Note! Mulch, laid in the aisle, frees gardeners not only from the frequent loosening of the land, but does not allow the weeds to sprout near the beds.
Overhead part of the autumn buried in the beds, using as a siderat. Some gardeners specially grow nettle for the whole season, so that when digging up it is put up in the soil. In the spring, potatoes are planted on a nitrogen-enriched site.
Sideratnye beds with the same success can be used for carrots and beets. With such agrotechnics, the vegetable garden will produce large yields of root crops.
How to make green fertilizer from nettle
In the composition of this plant there are many useful components that are included in mineral fertilizers, therefore, very nutritious top dressings from nettle for a garden are obtained.
They are easy to prepare, adhering to these recommendations:
- cut only the young leaves of the plant, before the formation of seeds,
- at the same time you need to look to nettle was healthy, not damaged by pests,
- until the greenery poured in with water is infused, it is periodically mixed to prevent the solution from souring,
- fermentation will go faster if you keep nettle in the sun,
- with the same purpose they add a catalyst - industrial “Baikal”, yeast or food leaven,
- To kill an unpleasant odor, valerian root is added to the green manure.
It is necessary to prepare the solution in advance, keeping it for 5-10 days, and only then do fertilizing with infusion of nettle of garden and garden plants with a frequency of 2 times a month, during watering.
Note! The remaining starter can be stored for a long time in the cellar or refrigerator, if kept in a plastic container closed. Then it is used as a fermentation catalyst in the preparation of the following feeding.
After collecting the nettles, it is filled with на any capacity: a barrel, a bucket, etc. Fill with cold water so that it completely covers the grass (but not up to the top of the container). It is recommended to lay the oppression, otherwise the nettle pops up.
In the process of fermentation
For better fermentation, 1 tsp should be added to the water beforehand. humate (10 l) or put pieces of bread, crackers in a container. After 5 days, ash is injected into the solution, after which they insist some more.
The finished fertilizer infusion is filtered and, adding 1 l of solution to 10 liters of water, feed the plants. Strengthen the nutritional effect will help fertilizer "Cinderella" (10 g per bucket). If you cover the container with a roving composition with plastic wrap, the solution will be saturated with nitrogen and methane.
Top dressing from nettle and dandelions
Experienced gardeners do not stop at one weed, preparing a top dressing for cultivated plants. Shepherd's purse, wormwood, chamomile, wheatgrass, etc. are also involved. But more often fertilizer is prepared from dandelions and nettle. These weeds perfectly complement the properties of each other in soil saturation with useful elements.
Preparing herbal composition, as described above. But only when filling the container into account should be taken that in this case, the fermentation will be more rapid. Top dressing with nettle with dandelions is carried out before the beginning of flowering (once in 3 weeks) and after the appearance of fruits (every 15 days).
Important! Introducing under the culture nettle-dandelion infusion, you can not use a concentrated composition, so as not to provoke burns of the roots.
The grass remaining after the used biohumus can be re-poured and applied after a fortnight, but already without diluting it with additional water. Fertilizer based on dandelion and nettle attracts earthworms to the soil. They loosen the ground perfectly, providing access to oxygen to the roots.
How to make nettle compost
Composting is a convenient opportunity to have a sufficient amount of biohumus under your hands. Nettle infusion, in essence, is the same compost, only liquid, instant cooking. But more useful will be nettle composition, fermented for months.
In the compost heap nettle is any, even with the seeds. Overheating, they lose their germination properties.
Composting does not only require weed grass, otherwise the desired effect will not work. Each soft layer should be interspersed with hard (branches, bark, roots, straw). This will ensure good drainage of fermentation materials. Food waste, manure, shredded paper, wood ash are also added here.
A small plot is taken under the compost, slightly away from the vegetable garden. Some summer residents make a hole in the ground and store the raw materials there. Someone for a nettle compost sets a wooden barrel or box, making holes for aeration in it, but an ordinary open pile is also quite suitable.
Forming it, take into account 3 components of efficiency: temperature, humidity and oxygen. The compost should be constantly warming up, so the heap is settled in a sunny place, not under a canopy. In order to maintain a suitable temperature in winter, a mountain of waste is covered with polyethylene, tarpaulin, etc.
So that the raw materials do not dry out and the fermentation proceeded more actively, the compost heap should be periodically watered with a hose, but not poured, otherwise rotting will begin.
Bacteria involved in the processing of raw materials require nitrogen, which they receive from the air. Therefore, it is necessary to periodically “shovel” a bunch of nettle compost, changing layers in some places, allowing microorganisms to breathe.
Conducting regular cleaning of the site from weeds, nettles and other herbs can accumulate over the years in the compost. The longer the processes take place, the more harmful bacteria are destroyed and the beneficial ones develop. At the same time, the nutritional value of fertilizers is only enhanced.
If the nettle is folded with seeds, you should not rush to use the compost, letting it stand for 5-6 months. The fact that the composition is ready for use will be prompted by the changed smell, which has turned from an unpleasant amber into an earthy aroma.
The most matured compost is the one at the bottom. It should be, first of all, taken into use. The pure composition is carried out mulching. To feed the plot, the fertilizer is buried in the soil during its cultivation in early spring or autumn. To well fertilize the land, for each square meter take 5.5 kg of compost.
Plant nutrition infusion of nettle
Beginning summer residents are concerned about the question: for which plants nettle is used as fertilizer. This grass is not universal - for some crops it will be a good feeding, the other may be harmful.
Who is useful nettle tincture:
- gratefully react to dressing seedlings nettle pepper, eggplant and tomato,
- but for adult bushes tomato and other solanaceous it is necessary,
- prefers a nettle in a fertilizer and a cucumber, it is necessary to feed the infusion culture every 2 weeks throughout the season,
- green cabbage fertilizer is useful, but you can’t use an early mash for it - the infusion should be at least 10 days,
- nettle is good for berry crops as well (strawberries are especially fond of it), but here the solution is better to use a combined one with added bread
- feeding the flower plot, it is recommended to add ash to the nettle tincture, but the presence of yeast to plants from the flower bed is harmful.
You should always know that fertilize fertilizer nettle for the garden, so as not to harm the vegetable crops. The described biohumus should not be used in beds with legumes, garlic and onions - nettle inhibits their biological processes.
Organic has always been a good fertilizer for the garden. Top dressing from nettle for plants is a free way to strengthen the immunity of summer crops and increase yields. But one infusion or compost will be small, so you do not need to abandon the use of mineral fertilizers, which alternate with organic matter.
What is the use?
In the nettle there are a lot of elements that are useful and easily absorbed by many plants. Such fertilizer is attributed to nitrogenous ones and is used only in spring and early summer - in the phase of active development of plants. If you use the infusion during fruiting, the harvest will be quite poor - all the forces of the plants will go to the violent growth of greenery.
A significant content of potassium, calcium and magnesium contributes to the full development of plants, their immunity from vitamin K increases and their photosynthesis passes more efficiently, feeding on nettles and microelements.
Due to the complex effect of valuable substances contained in the fertilizer, the resilience of plants is strengthened, resistance to diseases and pests increases, fruits ripen much faster, and ornamental crops begin to bloom better. Such fertilizer also has a beneficial effect on soil fertility.
Attention! Immediately, we note that not only infusion from one nettle is popular, but also with the addition of other weeds, as well as yeast. These components greatly enhance the effect of green fertilizer.
Preparation of infusions
To be precise, it is not an infusion that is prepared from this burning herb, but fermented vegetative mass, which “ripens” much faster if it is standing in the sun. Standard requirements for raw materials:
- dioecious nettles are always harvested before flowering begins,
- it must be harvested in environmentally safe places,
- leaves, branches and shoots are cut off from healthy plants without any defects, the roots are not used,
- the container for the infusion must be plastic or wooden, since when the nettle comes into contact with iron, useful elements are destroyed.
The classic recipe for nettle fertilizer is very simple: chopped leaves and stems fill 2/3 of the container and fill it with warm water, but not to the very top, so that during fermentation the mass does not overflow. Cover the container with a lid and leave to infuse for 2 weeks, stirring regularly. Fermentation will accelerate the sun, the addition of yeast or fertilizer "Baikal".
Determine the readiness of fertilizer can be on two grounds:
- the infusion changed color from brown-green to light green,
- gassing stopped, he stopped foaming.
In a concentrated form, it is not used, but diluted with 1:10 water for irrigation, and for spraying the infusion should be drained and diluted 1:20.
What kind of additives can be enriched with nettle fertilizer? The green mass is mixed with bread, breadcrumbs, the remains of rolls, diluted with yeast, kvass, water and infused for 3-5 days. Nettle is always taken as the main ingredient, and herbs that grow in the garden can become an additive: dandelions, shepherd's bag, wormwood, wheatgrass (even with roots), comfrey, yarrow, tansy, horsetail and chamomile. Almost all weeds are suitable, except for field bindweed (it is toxic) and cereals, which form alcohol-containing substances during decomposition.
How to apply and in what doses?
Although nettle fertilizer differs by its versatility of use, it is categorically contraindicated for some plants. It:
For all other crops, organic green fertilizer will only bring benefits and considerable. They water the plants once a week, and spray them even less often: once a month, more frequent consumption can damage the leaves. Under adult plants pour 1 l of the composition, the seedlings will be enough 0.5 liters.
Thanks to the spraying of the leaves of tomatoes, fruits grow larger and less sick. Cucumbers from such fertilizer significantly increase the number of ovaries, and they ripen much faster. For cucumbers, the best effect is provided by a mixture of nettle with comfrey, in which there is a lot of phosphorus.
After watering nettle infusion garden strawberry becomes much sweeter. The maximum benefit for it will bring the additive in the infusion of bread. For flowers, use an infusion mixed with ashes or with other plants. Yeast is contraindicated.
Fertilizer from fresh nettle does not harm the plants, it is at hand with every summer resident, and comprehensively cares for both the majority of garden crops and the soil.
How to make fertilizer from nettle. Useful properties of nettle
Before you start to use the green “girlfriend” as a highly effective fertilizer, you must carefully study its chemical composition and pay attention to a number of application features.
Among the main macronutrients that nettle is rich in, it is important to highlight the following:
- Calcium. Its in the nettle about 37%. The element is considered key in metabolism and photosynthesis. Its shortage is accompanied by a decrease in growth rates and the death of young shoots. Also a serious sign of deficiency is manifested in the withering of the tops. In the end, you can forget about a good harvest,
- Potassium. Potassium content in nettle is about 34%. It contributes to the activation of enzymes and the normal metabolism of nutrients. Lack of potassium badly affects the strength and elasticity of the trunk. Also, such a deficit violates a comfortable level of moisture, because of what the leaves simply die off one after another, and then completely die,
- Magnesium - content of 6%. Included in the chlorophile and is an essential element for photosynthesis. With a lack of magnesium, the external state of the foliage changes, as a result of which it loses its color and decorative effect,
In addition, nettle is rich in iron and a host of other nutrients, including copper, sulfur, nickel, flint and manganese. The leaves of a weed plant contain a large concentration of vitamin K1, which has a healing and strengthening effect on young plantings.
For these reasons, nettle-based infusions can be extremely effective for successful feeding. Regular supplementation has a positive effect on growth rates and provides abundant flowering and excellent fruiting.
The cultivated areas become more fertile, since they are exposed to the complex influence of valuable elements on the soil, which gets a lot of useful macro and microelements, mineral and nutritious fertilizers. Also, infusions have a positive effect on the soil structure and are a good bait for earthworms loosening the substrate.
Nettle-based green fertilizers are considered to be a universal solution, since they can be used not only for spraying the soil, but also for the green part of garden and garden crops. With this treatment, they receive many additional elements that contribute to productive photosynthesis.
How to make nettle fertilizer
Many years ago, people knew how to prepare good food based on this herb. Many recipes have survived to the present day, while the rest have changed significantly. Currently, some uses of nettle are used. for top dressing and green parts of plants. Preparing them with your own hands is a snap. But to protect yourself from all sorts of problems and incomprehensible situations, you need to pay special attention to the upcoming lesson. As a result, the resulting solution will be very nutritious and beneficial.
Be prepared to learn these subtleties:
- Before you go for nettles, be sure to take care of safety measures. Use closed clothing and shoes, protecting hands with extremely thick gloves. Such simple actions will allow you to protect yourself from burns in the process of collecting sharp herbs,
- For more productive mining nettle should use garden shears. They significantly speed up the collection process. In addition, you need to take a suitable bag or bag, where the finished material will be placed later,
- Do not forget to take into account such a feature as the time of collection. It is known that only nettle that does not have any seeds can be used for fertilizers. at this time the weeds retain all the nutrients necessary for the expected result,
- Give preference healthy plants without signs of pests, putrefactive processes and other problems. Cut off young shoots that are free from any damage.
After successful harvesting of nettle, it remains to find a container for insisting. Here it is necessary to understand that apply metal containers it is strictly forbidden, because metal structures cause a series of chemical reactions that cause the destruction of useful substances.
Очень хорошо, если в вашем распоряжении есть хорошая дубовая бочка. Если же подобное приспособление отсутствует, придётся довольствоваться пластиковыми контейнерами с объёмом от 10 литров. Неплохим решением станет специальный сосуд с краном для слива жидкости.
Самое простое удобрение
Такой рецепт считается самым простым, т.к. изготовить его можно за несколько минут. The composition will be useful in the form of a self-fluid, and in combination with other additives that enhance the beneficial effects.
Before preparing the top dressing, the grass should be chopped thoroughly with a knife and then moved to the prepared container. In the next stage should fill the raw water room temperature. But do not do it to the brim, because this will cause the fermentation process to start, causing the liquid to foam.
During the entire time interval of the infusion, which reaches two weeks, the top dressing should be stirred regularly. This will make the fermentation process uniform, and the grass will be able to isolate all the beneficial substances. Do not worry, if the infusion will emit a very unpleasant smell - this is normal.
Top dressing based on nettle and bread
This decision has become popular among many gardeners. This is due to the particular ease of implementation and high efficiency. The recipe resembles a recipe for homemade kvass.
To chopped weed you need to add bread, rolls or natural yeast, which will be good stimulation of fast fermentation. Next you need to fill the capacity by three quarters, but not more, because during the formation of foam, it can simply spill out.
Such a solution gives excellent results, and after 5 days, the resulting dressing turns into a highly efficient solution for spraying beds, flower beds and trees. It is important to stir the resulting infusion and bring to 10 liters.
If you wish, you can apply with a broth a number of other mineral or organic dressings, observing the correct dosage. It is important that you do not overdo it with their number, otherwise you will not have to wait for anything good.
Top dressing on the basis of dandelions and nettle
Such a “green cocktail” consists of freshly ground nettle, and other weeds that often cover the entire area near the garden plot. These plants contain a lot of nutrients that can improve fertility rates and stimulate the active growth of crops. Among the indispensable supplements - a popular dandelion.
It is necessary to collect such garden inhabitant in time, before the formation of seed pods. Before you put the leaves in the infusion, they must be thoroughly dried and cut into small pieces. Then the dandelion is mixed with nettle and poured into the container so that it takes up one-eighth of the total.
Then it remains to pour water, where potassium humate is also diluted in proportion to one teaspoon per ten liters of water. The the item will become optional and will make the future composition more efficient. Such a plant tincture is aged for 5 days, after which it can be considered ready for further use.
However, not only dandelions have such an amazing impact on garden crops. To the nettle you can add the following ingredients:
- shepherd's bag
- wheat grass
As a result, it can be said that virtually all green spaces that are thrown away after weeding and clearing the area of weeds, can serve as a highly effective additive for nettle. Like green mix will be a very good solution for your garden bed. In the process can not apply those varieties that can have a toxic effect. Among them, the field bindweed or St. John's wort.
It is also better to exclude from the selection of a number of cereals, because during fermentation, they release a lot of compounds with a high alcohol content. Watering such a composition is not recommended, because a positive result is unlikely to be felt.
How to improve the efficiency of feeding from nettle
Experienced gardeners and gardeners will use one secret that allows you to make green dressing more efficient and useful. is he called "methane fermentation" and has a positive effect on the amount of stored nutrients. The technology is quite simple and does not require additional efforts.
To prepare the composition enough to cover the container with plastic wrap, which is used for insulation of the beds. In this case, the film will be able to withstand any deforming changes in methane released during the organic decomposition of nettle and other substances from the infusion. As a result, the process of infusion is carried out much better and without the use of oxygen.
To prepare the composition takes about two weeks in case the additives to accelerate the process have not been applied. The readiness of the final product is tested by smell. If the tincture is ready, it will emit a manure odor.
How to cook and properly use green fertilizer?
To get a nutrient mother liquor, you need to fill the bucket with crushed shears or other garden tools with plants (approximately 0.45 kg), fill the container with water, leaving about 10 cm to the brim, cover with a lid and put in a warm place, for example, in the sun, on 10-15 days.
Weed weeds are laid directly with the roots. Do not shake the earth from them. And if you have EM drugs on hand, you can add them with a small amount of sugar. If not, you can sprinkle the garden compost.
During the decomposition process, a foam cap will form on the surface. Active fermentation processes occurring in the future fertilizer, cause the appearance of a very unpleasant odor, so it is advisable to put the container away from residential buildings. Willingness means determined by the absence of foam on the surface and reduce the intensity of the repulsive aroma.
Next, the composition is filtered, diluted with water 1: 3 and used for watering under the root of tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, eggplants, cabbage, garlic, strawberries, currants, gooseberries, raspberries, apples, pears, roses, clematis and other plants that live in the garden and in the garden, except for leafy greens and herbs. Non-decomposed plant residues are put into compost or used as mulch for any crops. For foliar treatment uterine infusion diluted 1: 4.
The first time the fermented grass solution is applied 2 weeks after the emergence of mass shoots or transplanting to a permanent place. For garden trees and berry bushes, fertilizing is carried out after the soil has warmed to a temperature of + 10 ° C. The interval between fertilization is from 2 to 6 weeks throughout the growing season.
You can speed up the ripening of the vegetable cocktail by adding fresh manure or droppings as in this video of our colleague from the Green Planet:
All flower, pumpkin, solanaceous, onion and cruciferous cultures are most responsive to root fertilizing with green fertilizer. Dispose of mowed grass and weeds using the proposed method. This will allow you to significantly improve the conditions for the growth and development of country plants, as well as to ensure the lush flowering of ornamental and stable yields of all fruit crops. We have been using green nettle and grass fertilizer for many years and are very pleased with the result.
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Nettle and bread fertilizer
The recipe of this infusion resembles kvass. In fact, this is it, only in the plant version. To cook it, you need to take nettle stalks with leaves, the remains of bread, rolls, crackers, kvass, natural yeastand all insist for 3-5 days.
The tank, in which the cooking process will take place, is filled with weeds by за, and it is poured with water with yeast diluted in it only to this level, otherwise during fermentation the liquid will overflow. The remaining grass can be used for the garden, leave to rot between the rows.
The resulting fertilizer from nettle and bread is filtered, and diluted at the rate of 1 liter per 10 liters. water. You can add superphosphate, potash agrochemicals.
Nettle and dandelion fertilizer
The basic recipe of this dressing remains the same - the nettle is taken as a basis. Dandelion ordinary is used as the second ingredient. Plants are harvested before the formation of seeds, slightly dried, crushed. After that, they are placed in a barrel, filling it at 1/8 of the volume. Then the plant mixture is filled with water, with a solution of humate diluted in it (1 hour per 10 liters of water).
The nettle and dandelion fertilizers are allowed to stand for 4-5 days. Then the finished mixture can be improved by adding ash, or ready-made organic fertilizers, for example, the drug "Cinderella" (100 grams per 100 l.).
In addition to dandelions, other vegetable ingredients can be added to liquid fertilizer from nettle:
- Tomato cattle,
- Shepherd's purse,
- Pyrei along with the roots
- Mother and stepmother,
From this list it is clear that almost all garden weeds can be recycled. But there are plants that even for the preparation of extracts from nettle will not work. It is a field bindweed, it is poisonous, and during decomposition it releases toxic substances. Also, various types of cereal crops will not work, which, when decomposed, may form alcohol-containing compounds, which are detrimental to planting.
Apply methane fermentation method
Improve the above recipes nettle dressings, you can, using a simple technique. In the manufacture of this fertilizer, it is necessary to provide conditions for the formation and preservation in it of the maximum possible amount of useful substances (for example, nitrogen). For this container with fermented grass covered with plastic wrap.
It withstands the deforming changes that methane has on it, which is formed during the decomposition reaction, and provides a hermetic process without oxygen.
Methane fermentation takes place within two weeks. The solution can be considered completely ready for use, when it comes from the characteristic smell of fresh manure.
Liquid fertilizer from nettle, obtained by methane fermentation, should be diluted in a ratio of 1: 2 for the root, and 1: 5 for out of horse feeding.
For which plants is this green fertilizer useful?
The tincture of nettle is actively used by summer residents for the garden and garden. It nourishes the soil with nutrients, and drives away pests that are disorienting.
For example, nettle and bread fertilizer is very good for strawberries. This dressing contains easily digestible elements, such as potassium (to increase the sweetness of berries), and nitrogen (for the general nutrition of plants). Another plus is that a large number of earthworms appear in the soil poured with a hood of nettle.
For tomatoes, nitrogen, potassium and calcium are vital in this organic extract.. They help the bush to grow vegetative mass and form high-quality fruits. But nettle feeding for the full development of the nightshade is not enough, it must be alternated and combined with mineral fertilizers.
Bulgarian pepper, cabbage and cucumbers are also big fans of this vegetable organic. They gladly consume it throughout the season, with an interval of two weeks between supplements.
Attention:When using the nettle fertilizer for cabbage, there is one important nuance - the green bra must be aged for at least a week, otherwise it will bring harm to the plant, not good.
This organic fertilizer of plant origin is very useful for flowers. But it must be applied along with the ash, then the effect will be better. By the way, yeast dressing does not tolerate many flowers, therefore it is better for them to use completely vegetable fertilizers.
But not all plants suitable nettle infusion as a source of nutrition. Some he suppresses. These are onions, garlic and all legumes.
Many gardeners try to use on their garden plots top dressing only from natural products. Green fertilizers are the cheapest. Applying herbal extracts based on vegetable organics, in combination with guamates, it is possible to reduce the consumption of mineral fertilizers, and eventually to completely abandon their use.