Celery did not appear yesterday. Even the Egyptians prepared from it healing preparations and beauty masks, which were designed to preserve beauty. In India and Tibet, in China, celery was assigned a large role everywhere. But we have this culture is only now gaining popularity. And not everyone loves celery for its harsh taste. And in vain, because about the benefits of this plant, you can say a lot.
Growing celery in central Russia and especially in Siberia is not an easy job. This is a rather capricious guest in your garden. But the result builds effort. Celery feed and heal. Therefore, if you have a plot of land, then be sure to select the ridge for it.
- The cultivation of stalked celery is very popular. It is boiled and stewed, pickled and salted. Its fiber is absorbed slowly, which contributes to the long-term preservation of satiety.
- It would seem that today there are so many drugs that you can do without this spice. But growing celery on your plot may allow you to use less medicine or do without them. The plant has antiseptic, wound healing and laxative, as well as a diuretic effect. It is an ideal source of vitamins and mineral salts.
In general, if you do not like this plant, then it's time to change the attitude towards it. Growing celery at your summer cottage will greatly save on vitamin complexes, as it is an excellent alternative.
Stalked and root
There are two main forms of the plant. One forms a juicy and fleshy stems, and the second - the roots. We will talk about the technology of growing each of them. Many gardeners planted the beds of both, since the one and the other have their advantages.
Growing celery begins with planting seedlings. A heat-loving plant does not tolerate frosts poorly, so it is recommended to sow plants in boxes in boxes in the spring, and then transplant them to the ground. So you do not lose time and get a harvest for sure.
This is a "tug-like" vegetable with capricious seeds. They ascend for a long time, slowly grow, and some of them refuse to leave the ground altogether. Therefore, if you wait for steady heat and sow them in open ground, you risk remaining without a crop at all. Since it is desirable to grow celery by mid-summer, you should start planting it in containers in February or wait until March.
Practice shows the amazing property of seeds. Their germination improves with time. Therefore, if you managed to find in the store a pack of seeds of three or four years old, you can expect friendly and strong shoots.
We select the soil
For seedlings need to prepare boxes with a light, nutritious mixture. To do this, mix in different parts of the garden soil and humus, as well as sand. Substrate needs to be moistened a little, and on top it should be covered with a thick layer of snow. Seeds germinate best when they are immersed in snow. Gradually, together with the melt water, they fall into the soil and germinate. Returning to when to sow celery seedlings, we can say that before the end of winter. Of course, in each region is different, but you need to focus on the second half of February.
The seeding depth is not important, so it is better to take containers not deep, but wide. Wait for the first shoots will have quite a long time. If you have not processed the seed, the wait can be delayed for three weeks. Therefore, experienced gardeners recommend pre-soaking them in a stimulator solution. This culture is very demanding on the content of nutrients. Therefore, it is best to buy fertile soil in the store.
If you have never grown this vegetable, you may be unpleasantly surprised. Weak, thin shoots do not look convincing at all. Therefore, before planting is required to learn how to grow celery. Now shoots need special care. They are watered by spraying, and try not to overwet the soil, so as not to destroy them.
Up to the appearance of the first true leaflets, one should observe the greenhouse growing regime. That is, be sure to close the landing with film or glass for the night and open it during the day. It is necessary to care for the seedlings according to the standard scheme, that is, maintaining the correct temperature and watering conditions and airing regularly. Seedlings grow slowly, but most often this is the only problem faced by the gardener.
We grow strong seedlings
It is in the first week that there is a danger that the seedlings will stretch. To prevent this, it is recommended to organize the illumination with phytolamps. In addition, it is recommended to reduce the temperature. To do this, you can take the box with the seedlings in the hallway or put it on the balcony. Every day, the earth must be moistened with an atomizer.
As soon as the plants rise above the ground, you need to fully open the box. Regularly perform thinning. So you provide strong seedlings more likely to become full-fledged plants.
Seedlings of stalked celery need a procedure after the first full leaves appear. It is best to choose cups with a retractable bottom, so as not to damage the root system during transplantation into the ground. When picking celery, you need to pin the main root a few centimeters. After that, it is transferred to a separate cup. It can be a special, peat, or pre-used jar of yogurt or sour cream. It is necessary to bury the plant down to the first leaves.
Transplant in the garden
The transfer of celery to open ground is carried out only in late May or early June. More precisely, based on the analysis of the climatic features of the region. By this time, the sprouts are already mature. Planting stalked celery should be carried out according to the scheme of 25 * 25 cm. In order to keep the bed from becoming crusted, it is recommended to use mulch. For this, sawdust and straw are used. For weaker sprouts, you can build a coating in the form of plastic cups without a bottom.
Sowing directly into the ground
Immediately after planting, celery needs to be fed using liquid fertilizers. Today there are varieties that can be sown immediately in the ground. This is an early golden feather and Utah. This method has its pros and cons. On the one hand, less work for the gardener. On the other hand, further thinning of the seedlings will be required. The seeds are very small, even with the help of the tape you will not be able to distribute them evenly across the rows. But your goal - to get lush bushes, which means they must have room for growth.
Soil preparation for planting is performed using standard technology. It is necessary to dig up the ground in autumn and remove all weeds. After this, carry out the appropriate soil fertilization. Humus is excellent, but not fresh manure. Its introduction will lead to the development of spotting in plants, which is very difficult to cope with. With the onset of warm days, it is recommended to feed the earth with phosphorus and potassium.
Optimum acidity is 7 ph. If necessary, lime or dolomite must be added to normalize these figures. The beds are slightly tamped and leveled. It is necessary to arrange a good drainage of the beds, for which special grooves for the removal of moisture are equipped.
Growing stalked celery
Focusing on the climatic conditions of the region, it is possible to decide when to sow celery on seedlings. But today we take the average date. That is, in February, you need to sow the seeds, and in May carry them into the ground. Growing plants from seedlings is not difficult at all. Care is reduced to the following rules:
- It is necessary to carry out regular watering, but at the same time focus on weather conditions and soil conditions. Watering celery is very important, the ground should be constantly wet, but do not let the water stagnate.
- The plant requires organic fertilizer at intervals of 1 time in 10 days.
- Hilling. Applies to all grades, except those that are able to whiten themselves. They need to spud with a frequency of 1 time in 3 weeks.
Features and difficulties
Radix celery is a capricious culture, so the gardener must be prepared for certain difficulties. Most often, the main problem is the calculation of the right amount of moisture. If there is little watering, the middle part of the stem becomes inedible. At the same time, outwardly, this can not be determined; the plant looks healthy.
If you plant weak seedlings or one that has already outgrown, then you can achieve the formation of peduncles. This will also make the plants unfit for food.
If putrefactive bacteria penetrate into the trunk, this can cause pathological processes in the core.
If watering is insufficient, it can affect the development of petioles. In such conditions, they crack.
For the cultivation of root vegetables
Celery root is considered less whimsical. It is most often grown in seedlings. In mid-May, you can plant plants in open ground. And even in this case, it is required to monitor the weather forecast and cover the beds in case of frosts. When supercooling, the plant throws out a flower spike, now the root crop will not form. You get a bed of panicles that are not useful even to collect a bouquet.
If the danger of freezing still persists, but you decide to plant celery, then it is recommended to build a small greenhouse directly above the garden bed. Reasons to rush there. The fact is that the late planting of celery has a negative effect on the growth and development of this culture.
Yields are directly dependent on the quality of care provided. Celery root should not be submerged deep in the ground. The growth point is always above the surface. This will allow to get a quality crop.
It is necessary to plant a root crop in such a way that the distance between plants is at least 30 cm. Now we need to water the plants regularly and remove weeds. Make sure that the pests do not attack juicy greens. Especially love her slugs. At the first appearance of damaged leaves, it is required to start fighting gastropods before they destroy the planting. Dark spots and drying leaves can talk about viral or bacterial diseases.
Secrets of a great harvest
Unlike petiolate, celery root can be perfectly preserved throughout the winter. Therefore, it is better to grow it more and put it in the cellar, in a box of sand. There are fairly simple rules that will allow you to get excellent results:
- It is not recommended to cut the foliage. This will weaken the bushes, and they will not be able to form a root crop.
- Hilling of plants in this case will only bring harm. This procedure provokes the release of lateral roots.
- As soon as the active growth of the spine begins, it is necessary to scoop up the soil from the top of the root. The processes on the sides are trimmed with a knife for the same purpose.
- The soil must be kept constantly wet. This is a key point that will allow you to get excellent harvest. It is important not to fill the bed. Watering should be maintained until the collection of fruits. This will allow you to grow fragrant and tasty celery. Watering is done exclusively under the root.
Feeding celery should be made as needed. Unlike a petiole plant, in this case you should not get carried away with this procedure. To increase the yield, it is recommended to feed plants with herbal extract and mullein. With the appearance of signs of weakening of the culture, monophosphate and nitrogen-containing substances should be introduced. A large number of them leads to the appearance of scab and other diseases. Once the foliage begins to dry, you can harvest.
Instead of conclusion
Celery is one of the most healthy vegetables that should be on your table all year round. In the summer it can be juicy petioles, and in the winter - root vegetables. They can be added to soups and salads. Nutritionists emphasize that regular consumption of celery allows not only to compensate for the deficiency of nutrients in the body, but also to lose weight. This becomes possible due to the content of a large amount of fiber in it, which is digested for a long time and gives a feeling of satiety.
Planting and care for celery (briefly)
- Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings of root celery - at the end of February, leaf - two weeks later. Planting seedlings in the garden - in early May.
- Lighting: bright sunshine.
- The soil: friable, light and fertile loamy or sandy soils of weakly alkaline or neutral reaction.
- Watering: once a week at a consumption of 20-25 l of water for each m² of land.
- Top dressing: 4 times per season: in the seedling period one week after picking - with Nitrophoska solution, one week after planting seedlings in the ground - with grass extract, after another 2 weeks - with mullein solution or chicken manure, at the end of July - with superphosphate solution.
- Breeding: seed.
- Pests: celery (borsch) flies, carrot flies, bean aphids.
- Diseases: rust, septoriosis (late burn, or white spot), chalcosporosis (early burn), peronospora, and cucumber mosaic virus.
Celery Plant - Description
What does celery look like? Vegetable celery is a two-year herbaceous plant up to 1 m high with a thickened root. In the first year of life, it forms a root crop and a rosette of pinnately disseminated, glossy, dark green leaves, and only in the second year the stalk of celery forms, and by mid-July the plant blooms with greenish-white flowers, collected in umbrella inflorescences. Celery is a cold-resistant and moisture-loving plant, the seeds of which germinate at 3 ºC, although the optimum temperature for germinating celery seeds is 15 ºC. Emerged shoots are able to transfer frosts to -5 ºC. The fruit of celery has a rounded shape, it is almost twofold, with filiform ribs in each half. Three celery varieties are grown in culture - root, leaf and petiole, or stem. Today, dill, celery and parsley are the most popular green crops in the garden and on the table.
We will tell you all about growing and caring for celery: how to plant celery, how to grow celery, how root celery is cultivated, how leaf celery is different from growing petiolate and how to protect all types of celery from diseases and pests. We hope that the information collected in our article will be useful to you.
When to plant celery seedlings.
Since the growing season of celery is from 120 to 170 days, it has to be grown in seedlings. Planting of root celery for seedlings is carried out 70-75 days before planting seedlings into open ground - that is, at the end of February, and leaf seeds of celery are sown two weeks later. Celery planting is anticipated by preparing its seeds. The fact is that the presence of essential oil prevents the rapid swelling and germination of celery seeds - sometimes germination has to wait up to 3-4 weeks. To speed up the germination of celery seeds, they need to be bubbled - hold the day in water saturated with oxygen, then pickled for 45 minutes in a one-percent solution of potassium permanganate, then rinse in clean water and dry. There is another way of pre-sowing treatment: first, the seeds are etched for 45 minutes in a one-percent solution of potassium permanganate, washed and soaked for 2 hours in a solution of 2 drops of Appin in half a glass of water.
After processing, celery seeds are spread in a thin layer on a damp cloth for germination at a temperature of 20-22 ºC, and only when they are nestled, they are sown in boxes with nutritious soil mixture consisting of one part of turf ground, three parts of lowland peat, and one part of humus with the addition of coarse sand. In a bucket of the substrate to make a teaspoon of urea and a glass of wood ash.
As soon as some of the seeds begin to peck, mix all the seeds with sand and sow them in boxes with a wet substrate into the grooves made 3-4 cm apart from each other, sprinkle them through a sieve with a thin layer of wet sand, cover the sowing with a film or glass and put them in a warm place.
Care for celery seedlings.
Shoots begin to appear in about a week. If necessary, moisten the soil in boxes of fine spray with warm water. The temperature in anticipation of germination should be 22-25 ºC, but as soon as the seeds begin to germinate, the coating is removed, and the box is transferred as close as possible to light, and the temperature is lowered to 16 ºC.
The first month and a half celery seedlings grow very slowly. In the development phase of one or two true leaves, the seedlings of stalked and leaf celery should be thinned, so that the distance between them is 4-5 cm, or dive them into a more spacious container. Рассада корневого сельдерея пикируется по отдельным торфо-перегнойным горшочкам, при этом центральный корень укорачивают на треть. При пересадке в горшочки сеянцы погружают в грунт до половины подсемядольного колена. После пикировки сеянцы несколько дней защищают от прямых солнечных лучей влажной бумагой. В это время для рассады устанавливают такой температурный режим: днем 15-16 ºC, ночью – 11-12 ºC.
Growing and caring for root celery in the seedling period is no different from caring for the seedlings of leaf or stem varieties: seedlings must be watered and fed, and the soil around them loosened. The first dressing of seedlings is carried out a week and a half after picking or thinning a teaspoon of Nitrophoska with a nutrient solution in a bucket of water at the rate of 2-3 tablespoons per plant. If it seems to you that the seedlings look too pale, spend 2-3 additional feeding on seedlings with urea at an interval of 10-12 days. To prevent seedlings from getting burned, after feeding, wash the nutrient solution with clean water through a sieve. For a week and a half before transplanting seedlings to the garden, begin to harden it: for a while every day, take out seedlings to fresh air, gradually increasing the duration of the procedure until the seedling can be outside all day and night.
How to grow celery at home.
Planting and caring for celery grown from seeds at home is not much different from the cultivation of celery seedlings just described by us. At home, you can grow celery and from the root - this method is much easier to perform and gives a faster result, but celery grown from seeds will serve you longer. Every 2-3 months you can plant a new root crop or be patient and grow celery from seeds, which will feed you with fresh greens for more than a year.
For the cultivation of celery from the root you need a pot about 20 cm high, which is planted depending on the size of the planting material from one to three root crops, the upper part of which, after planting, must remain above the ground. The soil in the pot, consisting of one part of biohumus and two parts of coconut fiber, compacted and watered. The composition of the soil for celery may be different. Where to get a root crop for planting? Dig in the country or buy in the market from grandmothers. The first green will appear in two weeks.
Celery seed, planted as described in the previous section, will give the first greens for cutting only in a month and a half, but you will receive a growth of greens a year, or even more. For sowing, it is better to take seeds of early varieties of root celery. After the presowing treatment, they are sown in a moist soil to a depth of 5 mm and covered with glass or film.
Celery is moisture-loving, therefore, in the summer period it needs frequent and abundant watering. Winter irrigation should be more rare and modest. For moistening the soil, tap water at room temperature at least for a day is used. Keep a bowl of celery on a pan so that you can drain excess water from it.
To home-grown celery fed you fresh herbs for as long as possible, do not forget to feed it. Once every 2-3 weeks, add a teaspoon of Agrolife to the top layer of soil or dilute the cap of the medium Growth in 2 liters of water and pour celery once a week with this solution. With proper care, celery from the root will serve you three or four months, and from seeds - more than a year.
When planting celery in open ground.
Planting celery in open ground is carried out at the stage of development in seedlings of 4-5 leaves with growth of 12-15 cm, when 50-60 days pass from the moment of emergence of shoots. 2-3 hours before transplanting seedlings to a bed of them watered abundantly. The best time to transplant seedlings to the site is the middle of the first decade of May. Do not overstay seedlings of root celery, otherwise it will be difficult to expect high-quality root crops from it. Before planting, seedlings are watered abundantly so that it is easier to remove it along with a clod of earth from a pot or box.
Soil for celery.
Growing celery and care in the open field begins with the preparation of the site. Celery likes friable, light, fertile sandy soils of neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. A bed for celery is placed in an open, sunny place. The best precursors for celery are legumes, cabbage, tomatoes and cucumbers, but after crops such as dill, parsley, parsnips and carrots, celery is best not to grow.
The land for celery needs to be prepared in the fall: the soil is dug up by the shovel depth of the bayonet, distributing 3.5-4 kg of humus or compost and 20 g of double superphosphate per square meter. In the spring, soil is loosened at the site, at the same time introducing 35-40 g of complex mineral fertilizer for each m².
Planting celery in the ground.
How to plant celery in open ground? Seedlings of root celery are planted on a bed at a distance of 40-50 cm in a row with interrow spans of the same width, and celery and leaf celery are placed 15-20 cm apart, keeping the distance between rows about 30 cm. You can plant celery between beds of crops such as garlic , potatoes, onions. Add handfuls of humus and ashes to each well, mix them with the ground and deepen each seedling to the cotyledons during planting, then compact the soil around the seedlings and pour the area. After planting, the seedlings for a few days shade with a bright sun paper.
Growing celery in the ground.
Growing and care for stalked celery is in some ways different from growing root or leaf celery. In general, you have to perform well-known procedures - mulching, watering, weeding, loosening the soil, and, if necessary, treatment from pests and diseases. In order to prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture from the soil and the formation of crusts on it, the area with celery immediately after planting is covered with a layer of peat, sawdust or mowed grass.
Three weeks before the petiole or stem celery is harvested, its bushes are highly roughened, which helps to bleach the petioles, reduce the bitter taste and content of essential oils with a pungent smell.
If you grow celery root, release its upper part from the soil in mid-summer, cutting off the lateral roots, and pressing the leaves of the celery root to the ground. Do not worry about the fact that they break - it will not hurt the plant, on the contrary, this technique contributes to the formation of the largest root crop.
When it is time to harvest, the stalked celery, as well as the root, is completely harvested, and the leaf celery can be used for home distillation in winter: dig up plants with a clod of earth before the first cold weather occurs and plant them in pots.
Celery in the open field can be ill with such diseases:
Rust - it is manifested in the beginning of summer by the appearance of red-brown pads on the underside of the petioles, leaves and stalks of celery. With the development of the disease, the affected parts of the plant turn yellow and dry out, losing taste. To combat rust, treatment of the Fitosporin-M plant is used, diluting 4-5 ml of the preparation in a liter of water - this amount of solution is enough for processing 10 m²,
Septoria, or white spot, or late burn inflamed celery at the end of summer: numerous yellow specks appear on the leaves, oblong depressed brown-brown spots appear on the petioles. Cold rainy weather stimulates the development of the disease. For the treatment of celery from septoria, the plant is sprayed with solutions of Fundazole or Topsina-M. The last treatment session should be carried out no later than 3 weeks before cleaning,
Cercospora or early burn manifests itself in a damp, cold pore with sharp temperature changes: on leaves in large numbers there are roundish spots with a diameter of up to 5 mm with a brown rim and a light middle. On the petioles, the spots have an oblong shape, and if the humidity of the air rises, the spots become covered with a violet bloom. As a result of the development of the disease, the affected petioles and leaves dry. To combat the disease using the same methods as in the treatment of septoria,
Downy mildew affects the above-ground part of the plant, settling on it with a whitish web-like bloom, which eventually turns into a felt film with black dots. The disease progresses with cold dews and sudden changes in humidity and air temperature. The best folk remedy for powdery mildew is an infusion of field sow thistle, 300 g of which in crushed form needs to be poured over 5 liters of water and infused for about 8 hours,
Cucumber Mosaic - viral disease. Depending on which virus strain struck celery, it appears as large rings on the tops of the plants causing their deformation, or small rings, slowing the growth of celery. Sick plants should be removed from the garden immediately. Since viral diseases are incurable, the fight against insects that carry viruses - aphids and mites.
The best protection of celery against diseases is their prevention. In order not to resort to the treatment of plants with chemicals, it will be sufficient to process the seeds before planting, observe crop rotation and agricultural technology of the crop, not plant the plants too close to each other, remove all plant residues from the site after harvest, and carry out deep soil digging.
Of insects most often celery is harmed by the following:
Celery (borsch) fly, which at the end of May flies from a cowberry and lays eggs under the peel of celery leaves, from which bumps form on them. Fly larvae eat away leaf tissue, leaving long strokes. Celery stalks acquire a bitter taste from this, and the crop yield is generally reduced. So that this insect does not appear in your garden, remove the weeds in time, and plant a bow next to the celery that frightens the celery fly,
Carrot fly flies out in spring and lays eggs under plants, and the larvae that appear from them damage the roots, stems and leaves of celery. For a season this pest gives two generations. To get rid of carrot flies, sprinkle the soil between the rows of celery with a mixture of dry mustard, sand and tobacco dust in equal parts several times at weekly intervals,
Bean aphid - the largest form of aphids. Each generation of it develops in just two weeks. Aphids are sucking pests, biting through celery leaves and feeding on their juice. In addition, the aphid is a carrier of dangerous and incurable diseases, so the fight against it must be waged mercilessly: at the first signs of its appearance, spray celery with decoction or infusion of tops of tomatoes, potatoes or dandelion. You can use a water extract of citrus peels: 1 part of the crusts pour 10 parts of water and insist 3-5 days.
As a preventive measure, weeds should be removed from the garden in a timely manner, crop residues removed after harvesting and deep digging should be carried out.
grown primarily for its root, the healing properties of which are comparable to the ginseng root. Celery roots range in weight from 500 to 900 g. Since the celery season is at least 120 days, we don’t have to talk about early varieties of the crop, so we offer you an introduction to the best mid-season, middle-ripening and late varieties of celery. The most popular srednerannymi celery varieties include:
- – Prague giant - from the emergence of seedlings to ripening of celery root crops of this variety, 120 days pass. The roots of the Prague giant are large, repovid, their flesh is light, tender, fragrant, of excellent taste,
- – Apple - depending on weather conditions, this fruitful and disease resistant variety is ripening from 90 to 160 days. Its roots are round, weighing from 80 to 140 g, with white flesh rich in sugars. The fruits of this variety are beautifully stored,
- – Gribovsky - the growing season of this variety is 120-150 days, the weight of rounded root crops is from 65 to 135 g, their flesh is fragrant, light with yellow spots. Roots of this variety are consumed both fresh and dried,
- – globe - a variety with large rounded root vegetables weighing from 150 to 300 g with white, juicy, dense flesh with insignificant voids,
- – Diamond - The growing season of this varietal resistant variety is about 150 days. Smooth, rounded root vegetables reach an average weight of 200 g. The flesh remains white even after heat treatment.
Middle-ripening celery root varieties include:
- – Albin - this high-yielding variety ripens within 120 days. It has rounded root vegetables about 12 cm in diameter with white, juicy pulp without voids,
- – Egor - ripens in 170 days. Root crops are large, round, smooth, weighing up to 500 g, yellowish-gray with green. The pulp is aromatic, white and sweet,
- – Esaul - large, weighing up to 300 g, roundish grayish-white roots of this variety ripen in 150-160 days. Root roots of this variety are concentrated in the lower part,
- – Strong man - it takes about 170 days for ripening of round root crops of this variety. They weigh up to 400 g, white with a yellow tinge. The pulp is fragrant, white, sweet,
- – Giant - light beige roots of this highly productive variety reach a mass of 700 g. Their flesh is white, dense, sweet and juicy.
Of the later varieties of root celery, the most popular are:
- – Anita - ripening time 160 days. This fruitful variety is resistant to chafing, round or oval root vegetables weighing about 400 g of light beige color are distinguished by a snow-white flesh that does not lose color even after heat treatment,
- – Maksim - rounded root crops of this variety are weighed up to 500 g for about 200 days. They have creamy flesh of tender savory taste.
grown in order to throughout the summer to get fragrant leaves with a high content of vitamins. This variety of celery root vegetables does not form. The most popular celery varieties of this variety are:
- – Kartuli - mid-early Georgian variety, resistant to drought and low temperatures, with fragrant leaves on dark green petioles, growing several times over the summer period. Use leaves of this variety in both fresh and dried,
- – Gentle - also sredneranny variety, technical ripeness of which occurs within 105-110 days after germination. The leaves of this variety are also consumed fresh and dried,
- – Sail - the fruitful early ripe grade ripening in 85-90 days. The leaves have a strong aroma and good taste,
- – Zahar - mid-season high-yielding variety, giving greens two to three times more than other leafy varieties. The leaves are tender and fragrant,
- – Cheerfulness - mid-season universal variety resistant to drought and low temperatures and ripening for 65-70 days. The leaves are highly dissected, glossy and fragrant,
- – Samurai - one of the most popular middle-ripened celery leaf varieties with strongly corrugated fragrant leafy plates similar to curly parsley. This variety matures in 80-85 days,
- – Spartan - variety with large dark green fragrant leaves, ripening in 80-85 days.
Celery stalked (stem).
The value of stem celery in fleshy petioles, the thickness of which reaches 4-5 cm. Like the leaf celery, the stalked celery does not form. Known celery celery varieties include:
- – Malachite - to obtain thick, juicy and fleshy petioles of this medium early variety, it will take about 80 days. The leaves of this variety are dark green,
- – Gold - also a medium early variety, ripening in 150 days. The stalks of this variety not only have excellent taste, but also bleach on their own,
- – Tango - middle stem stem, ripening in 170-180 days, with bluish-green, strongly curved long petioles without coarse fibers,
- – Triumph - medium late variety, giving juicy and fleshy petioles of dark green color with a length of 25-30 cm.
In addition to the described celery varieties, such varieties as Yudinka, Snowball, Pascal, Odzhansky, Non Plus Ultra, Cascade, Zvindra, Delicacy and others are cultivated in the culture.
Brief description of cultivation
- Sowing. Root celery is sown on seedlings in the last days of February, and leaf celery - a fortnight later. Seedlings are planted in open ground in the first days of May.
- Illumination. Well lit area.
- Priming. A suitable soil should be light, friable and nutritious; sandy or loamy soil, which should be neutral or slightly alkaline, is best suited.
- Watering. Water 1 time in 7 days, at the same time 2–2.5 buckets of water are spent for 1 square meter.
- Fertilizer. During the season, it will be necessary to conduct 4 dressings: seedlings are fed with a solution of Nitrophos 7 days after picking, grass infusion 7 days after transplanting seedlings into open soil, half a month later fertilized with a solution of mullein or chicken manure, superphosphate solution in the last days of July.
- Breeding. Generative (seed) method.
- Harmful insects. Celery (borsch) flies, carrot flies, bean aphids.
- Diseases. Rust, septoriosis (late burn, or white spot), chalcosporosis (early burn), peronospora, and cucumber mosaic virus.
The herb celery is a biennial, it reaches a height of about 100 centimeters, its root is thickened. В течение первого года роста у кустов формируется корнеплод, а также розетка, состоящая из блестящих перисто-рассеченных листовых пластин темно-зеленого окраса. А на второй год роста происходит формирование побегов, цветение начинается в середине июля. Формирующиеся зонтики состоят из цветков зеленовато-белого окраса.
Такая культура является влаголюбивой и морозоустойчивой, прорастание семян наблюдается уже при 3 градусах, при этом дружные всходы появляются при температуре 15 градусов. Young seedlings can withstand frost to minus 5 degrees. Rounded, almost double fruit has filiform ribs on each of the halves. Today, 3 types of celery are cultivated: leaf, root and stem (petiolate). The most popular are the following green crops: celery, dill and parsley.
What time to plant
Since the duration of the growing season of celery is 120-170 days, this crop should be grown through seedlings. Seeding seeds of root celery on seedlings is carried out 70–75 days prior to transplanting in open soil, for example, in the last days of February. In this case, the sowing of leaf celery on seedlings is carried out a fortnight later.
Seeds need mandatory pre-sowing preparation, as they contain essential oils that greatly inhibit the swelling and the appearance of sprouts, in some cases the first seedlings appear after 20-30 days. In order for the sprouts of the seeds to appear as soon as possible, they must be bubbled: the seed is kept in water saturated with oxygen for 24 hours, then it is pickled, immersed for 45 minutes for this. in a solution of manganese potassium (1%), then it should be thoroughly washed using clean water and dried. There is also another method of preparing seeds for sowing: for the beginning they are pickled, for this, plunging for 45 minutes. into a solution of manganese potassium (1%), then they are washed, and then immersed for 18 hours in a solution of Appin (2 drops per 100 ml of water).
The treated seed should be sprinkled with a thin layer on a moistened cloth, where they will germinate at a temperature of 20 to 22 degrees. The tilted seeds are sown in a box that is pre-filled with fertile substrate, it contains lowland peat, turfy ground and humus (3: 1: 1), and coarse sand is also added to it. In 10 liters of substrate should be added 1 tbsp. wood ash and 1 tsp. urea. After a portion of the seeds are folded, they are combined with a small amount of sand and sown in a container with a moistened soil mixture, in which grooves are made, and the distance between them should be from 30 to 40 mm. Seeds should be filled with a thin layer of sand, using a sieve for this, then cover the box on top with glass or film and clean in a warm place.
If done correctly, the first seedlings should appear 7 days after sowing. When it is necessary, crops are watered with lukewarm water using a fine spray. Before the seedlings seem, the boxes must be kept warm (22 to 25 degrees). After seed germination, the shelter must be removed, and the containers are transferred to a well-lit place where it should be cool (about 16 degrees).
During the first 4–6 weeks, young shoots are characterized by rather slow growth. When growing leaf and stalked celery, when the seedlings grow 1–2 true leaf plates, they are thinned, and the distance between them should be from 40 to 50 mm or they can be stripped into a large container. At the root celery seedlings dive into individual peat-humus pots, while shortening the central root by 1/3. During the picking, the seedlings are planted in the soil in pots only up to half of the semi-cleaved knee. When the seedlings will be stripped, for the first time they will need protection from the direct rays of the sun, for this they use moistened paper sheets. During this period, the seedlings will need the following temperature regime: in the daytime - from 15 to 16 degrees, and at night - 11-12 degrees.
Regardless of what kind of celery is grown, the seedlings will need to provide good care, which consists of timely watering and feeding, as well as loosening the surface of the substrate. The first time the seedlings are fed 7–10 days after they are thinned or spiked, for this purpose they use Nitrophoska solution (for 10 liters of water 1 tsp), for 2 bush taken 2-3 tbsp. l nutritional mixture. If the plant is excessively pale, they will need to be fed 2 or 3 times with a solution of urea with an interval of 10-12 days. In order for the shoots not to burn, when they are fed, they will need to wash off the remnants of the nutrient mixture, for this use clean water and a sieve.
When 7–10 days remain before planting the seedlings in open soil, it should be quenched. To do this, it is transferred every day to the street, while the duration of the procedure should be increased gradually, until the seedlings can not be in the fresh air all the time.
Growing celery on the windowsill
Sowing celery seeds and growing seedlings in room conditions should be exactly the same as described above. Such a plant on a windowsill can be grown from a root crop, in the end you will be able to get a result much faster and easier. But it should be noted that the plant that was grown from the seed, will be able to serve a little longer. If desired, a new root crop can be planted 1 time every 2-3 months, or you can wait a little and grow this plant from the seed, such a bush can provide you with fragrant herbs for over 1 year.
To grow such a plant from the root, it is necessary to take a pot, the height of which should be about 20 centimeters. Depending on the size of the root crop, 1–3 pieces can be planted in it, while after planting their upper part should rise above the surface of the substrate. The pot is filled with the substrate, which includes coconut fiber and biohumus (2: 1), it should be compacted and watered. For the cultivation of celery, you can take a different soil mixture.
Where to take the root crop for planting? It can be purchased on the market or dig on your site. The collection of the first fragrant greens can be carried out within a fortnight. If the bush is grown from seed, the first cut of greens can be carried out only after about 6 weeks, but its growth will be observed throughout the year, and maybe even longer. It is recommended to sow the seeds of early ripening varieties of root celery. When the seeds are processed before sowing, as described above, they should be sown in a moist substrate, deepening half a centimeter into it, then the container is covered with a film or glass.
How to water
Such a culture is moisture-loving; in connection with this summer, it is necessary to water the bushes often and abundantly. In winter, they are watered less frequently and using less water. Tap water before irrigation should stand for 24 hours, while it should be at room temperature. The pot with the plant should be put on the pan, while after watering it is necessary to drain the excess liquid.
To collect greens as long as possible, the bushes must be timely fed. 1 time in 15–20 days in the upper layer of the substrate must be made 1 tsp. Agrolife or 1 time in 7 days the bushes are watered with a solution of the drug Growth (1 cap for 2 liters of water).
If celery is provided with good care, then a bush grown from a root crop will give greens for 3-4 months, and from seed - more than a year.
Before planting seedlings in open ground, be sure to carefully prepare the site. Such a culture requires light, friable, nutrient sandy sand, which should be either slightly alkaline or neutral. The site should be open and well lit. For such plants are great plots where previously grown such crops as cabbage, cucumbers, legumes and tomatoes. And bad precursors are parsley, carrots, dill and parsnips.
Preparation of the site should be addressed in the autumn. To do this, carry out digging the soil to the depth of the spade bayonet, while it is necessary to make 20 grams of double superphosphate and 3.5–4 kilograms of compost or humus per 1 square meter of land into it. In the springtime, the soil in the garden bed should be loosened, and 35–40 grams of complex mineral fertilizer per 1 square meter should be added to it.
When transplanting root celery between the bushes should observe a distance of 0.4 to 0.5 m, while the distance between the rows should be the same. And when planting leaf and stem celery, the distance between the bushes should be from 15 to 20 centimeters, and the row spacing - about 30 centimeters. If desired, celery bushes can be planted between the beds of potatoes, garlic or onions.
It is necessary to pour 1 handfuls of wood ash and humus into each of the landing pits, and the fertilizers are combined with the soil. The plant during planting is buried in the ground to the cotyledonary knee. Then, the soil around the seedlings is well compacted, and the planted plants themselves are watered abundantly. Transplanted seedlings for the first few days must be protected from the direct rays of the sun with paper sheets.
To grow and care for stalked celery should be different than the leaf or root. Any of the varieties of such plants should ensure timely watering, weeding, feeding, mulching and loosening of the soil surface, and still need, if necessary, treat the bushes from diseases and harmful insects.
In order to keep the moisture longer in the ground, and no crust appears on its surface, the bed with celery must be filled with a mulch layer (sawdust, peat or mowed grass). When there are 20 days left before the harvesting of the stem (stalked) celery, the bushes will need to be highly spud, this will allow you to whiten the scapes, as well as reduce the bitter taste and reduce the amount of essential oils that have a sharp aroma. If the root celery grows on the bed, then in the middle of the summer period, it is necessary to remove the soil from its upper part, while also removing the side roots and pressing the foliage to the surface of the plot. If the leaves break in this case, it will not harm the bush at all, but will contribute to the formation of a larger root crop. The stalked celery and root celery are harvested during harvest. And when harvesting a leaf variety, bushes can be used for forcing in indoor conditions in winter. For this, the bush is taken together with the earthy lump before the first frosts come, after which it is planted in a pot.
Diseases and pests of celery photo and names
When grown in open soil, celery can infect the following diseases:
Signs of this disease can be detected at the beginning of the summer period. Brown-red pads appear on the surface of the underside of the foliage, stalks and shoots. Over time, the affected parts of the bush become yellow and dry up, while they lose their taste. To get rid of the disease, the bushes must be sprayed with Fitosporin-M solution (4–5 milligrams per liter of water), while 100 ml of the mixture will be sufficient for processing 1 square meter.
White spot (septoria, or late burn)
Shrubs usually get sick in the last weeks of the summer period. In the affected plants, a lot of yellow spots form on the foliage, and on the petioles - hollow brownish brown spots of oblong form. The disease most actively develops in wet cold weather. Sick bushes need treatment solution Topsina-M or Fundazola. When the harvest lasts 20 days, all treatments should be stopped.
Early burn or chalcosporosis
The development of such a disease contributes to cold rainy weather with sharp fluctuations in temperature. In the affected plants, on the surface of the foliage, a multitude of round-shaped specks form, which reach half a centimeter across, have a pale middle and a brown border. Elongated spots appear on the surface of the petioles, and when the air humidity is high, they form a patina of violet color. Over time, the affected foliage and petioles dry up. They fight with this disease in the same way as with septoria.
It affects the aboveground part of the bush, while on it appears a cobwebby patina of whitish color, as the disease progresses, it becomes a felt film, on the surface of which there are black dots. The disease is actively developing with abrupt changes in temperature and humidity, and even with cold dews. Best of all with such a disease is an infusion of field thistle. For its preparation it is necessary to combine half a bucket of water with 0.3 kg of ground sludge, the mixture should be infused for 8 hours.
This disease is viral. The symptoms of this disease directly depend on the type of strain that struck the shrub: large rings may appear on the top of the celery, which contribute to its deformation, and very small ringlets may appear that slow down the growth of the plant. All diseased bushes need to dig up as soon as possible and destroy. Since this disease is not treatable, in order to prevent the need to protect the culture from its main carriers: ticks and aphids.
In order not to use harmful chemicals for spraying diseased plants, you should follow the rules of prevention:
- be sure to pre-sowing seed preparation,
- adhere to the rules of crop rotation and agrotechnology of this culture,
- prevent thickening landings
- in the autumn, when the entire crop will be harvested, it is necessary to remove all plant residues from the site, as well as carry out deep digging of the soil.
Most often on the celery bushes settle such pests:
Borscht (celery) fly
In the last days of May, this pest arrives at celery from the Hogweed to make egg-laying under the peel of the leaf plates, as a result of which hillocks appear on their surface. The newly emerged larvae gnaw through the foliage tissue, and long strokes remain after them. Because of this, the scapes become bitter to the taste, while one cannot count on a good yield of celery. In order for such pests not to appear on your site, you must always pull out the weed grass in a timely manner, and you also need to plant a bow near the celery bed, which is able to scare away such a fly.
Celery: plant description
Celery is an aromatic herb of the umbrella family. There are three types:
In the first two, the root system does not form a root, therefore, only tops are used in food - petioles and leaves. Leaf celery does not increase such succulent fleshy stems, like petiolate, but no less valuable. Unlike the counterparts, the tops and the roots go to the root celery, but the main value is the root crop. Celery leaves have all the power in the leaves.
Open celery leaves look like parsley, but their flavor is completely different. Leaf and petiolate varieties can be grown as biennial crops. If you cut the greens in the fall without removing the roots, then the next spring the plants will delight the owners with large, powerful bushes. Celery blooms and forms seeds also in the 2nd year.
The seeds sprout for quite a long time, so they grow the crop through seedlings. Seed germination improves over the years - seeds that have been sown 3 years after harvest will grow better than last year.
In Russia since ancient times it was believed that celery brings happiness to the house. Therefore, dried plants are often hung in rooms next to onions and garlic. In ancient Greece, celery revered no less - from it made wreaths for the winners in various competitions and decorated the tombs.
Celery is recognized as one of the most valuable vegetables grown in our country:
- all parts of the plant are rich in potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium and other beneficial elements,
- high content of valuable amino acids, vitamins B, A, E, C cause its healing properties,
- celery is prescribed for cardiovascular and gastrointestinal diseases,
- the presence in the plant of folic acid determines its therapeutic effect in blood diseases,
- sedative properties are used in the treatment of nervous diseases,
- Celery is rich in fiber and vegetable proteins, thanks to which it has become the number one product in the treatment of obesity and diabetes.
Removing fatigue, normalizing blood pressure, improving immunity, removing excess fluid from the body and improving digestion - the list of useful properties does not end there. Thanks to hypoallergenicity, celery can be taken by anyone who monitors their health. The hormone contained in this plant androsterone prolongs youth and increases masculinity. For women with hormonal disruptions and menopause, doctors recommend drinking fresh juice and an infusion of celery seeds. They help to cope with many disorders in the female body, significantly improve the condition of the skin, hair and nails. The constant use of celery in food returns health and flourishing appearance. Celery juice is good for both men and women.
In the absence of severe disease, there are no contraindications for moderate celery use. Людям с варикозным расширением вен и любыми кровотечениями нельзя увлекаться соком, так как он способствует расширению сосудов. Также стоит воздержаться от чрезмерного употребления сельдерея беременным женщинам, людям с камнями в почках, а также страдающим холециститом, панкреатитом и эпилепсией.
В кулинарии сельдерей используют не только в свежем виде, добавляя в салаты. Все части растения подходят и как составляющие мясных и овощных блюд, и в качестве самостоятельного гарнира.
В тушёном и жареном виде часть витаминов и питательных веществ теряются, тем не менее ценность таких блюд остаётся высокой.
Celery leaves will not only add exquisite taste, but also decorate the dish
In the dietary diet they use juice from all parts of celery, but many do not like its peculiar taste. In such cases, you can add it to any other juice. Dried leaves and roots are used as a spicy flavor additive to various dishes.
Popular celery leaf varieties
Seed producers today offer quite a lot of different varieties of leaf celery. The most popular ones are:
- Sail - mid-season celery leaf. The technical ripeness of the variety begins on the 73–80th day from the beginning of shoots. Green leaves on long hollow petioles are collected in a half-raised rosette. The variety is valuable with excellent taste and aroma of greenery, color fastness, long-term storage and high yield, which is 3.2–4.7 kg with 1 m 2,
- Openwork - an early ripe sheet grade for use in a fresh and dried look. Large vertical rosettes of dark green leaves and petioles are ready for collection on the 75–80th day of sprouting. The weight of one plant is about 85 g, and the yield per square meter is 2.6–2.8 kg. The variety has a very good taste and aroma, as well as the ability to quickly grow after cutting,
- Athena - mid-season leaf variety. Harvesting of greenery begins on the 78–80th day from the beginning of shoots. Rosettes of bright green leaves are of medium size and have excellent taste and aroma. From 1 m 2 of area you can collect 1.8–2.1 kg of greenery,
- Zakhar - mid-season leaf variety is used for fresh consumption and all methods of processing. Cut the greens begin within 150-160 days after germination. Leaves with strongly dissected edges on narrow petioles are collected in semi-raised sockets of average size. The value of the variety is excellent taste and aroma, as well as high yield - from 1 m 2 collect up to 2.4 kg of greens,
- Samurai is a high-yielding mid-season variety. Greens with excellent taste are recommended for all types of use. The large vertical rosette of leaves reaches a height of 65 cm and weighs 640 g. By harvesting, you can start on the 75–82th day from the beginning of shoots. The yield is 3.8–4 kg of greenery with 1 m 2. This is one of the most unpretentious varieties - it can withstand a sharp drop in temperature and a small drought,
- The eccentric - mid-season leaf variety can be harvested 105–110 days after full germination. A rosette of leaves of medium size consists of corrugated leaves with thin petioles. The weight of the plant does not exceed 120 g, and the yield per square meter is about 2.5 kg. The taste and aroma of the variety are very good.
All varieties underwent experimental checks by the State Commission of the Russian Federation on Testing and Protecting Breeding Achievements and were approved for production.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
Celery seeds germinate for a long time, and the plant itself develops slowly. Even in early ripening varieties, the cut-off period is, at best, 2.5 months after germination. To reduce the time of cultivation in the open field (or for early harvest), celery is grown through seedlings. The best time for sowing seeds is the end of February or the beginning of March.
Seed and soil preparation
Celery seeds intended for sowing are soaked for 2–3 days in water at room temperature. Before soaking, it is advisable to pickle them in a strong solution of potassium permanganate:
- Seeds are wrapped in a cotton napkin, placed on a saucer and poured with a solution.
- Then the napkin is washed in clean water and left wet for several days.
- It is desirable to cover the saucer with a plastic bag so that the water does not evaporate. When soaking the seeds, it is important not to allow the evaporation of moisture, therefore it is better to cover the container with polyethylene.
Before sowing the seeds must be well dried. For convenience, they are mixed with dry river sand.
The soil can be prepared independently or buy ready-made soil for seedlings. It is important to take into account that celery does not like an acidic medium, and the prepared soil often contains peat, that is, an acidic component. Therefore, it is advisable to add a deoxidizing agent to the store and homemade mixes — dolomite flour or ash in the amount of 20–30 g per 1 kg. When preparing the soil for 3 parts of the garden soil, take 1 part of the compost and sand, add 0.5 parts of vermiculite or coconut substrate - for looseness.
Subtleties of sowing
Celery seeds can be sown for seedlings in any plastic containers. It is important not to forget to make drainage holes in the bottom of the tank so that the excess water does not accumulate and does not turn sour.
Step by step sowing process:
- Fill the container with prepared soil.
- Seeds mixed with sand, sow in rows at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other.
- Sprinkle them with a thin layer of soil and spray with water from a spray bottle.
- Cover the container with a plastic bag and place in a warm, bright place.
After 2-3 weeks, the first shoots will appear, and the package can be removed. So that the seedlings do not stretch, it is rearranged to a cooler place (with a temperature not higher than 18–20 o C). Growing plants should be sprayed on time, preventing the soil from drying out. After emergence of shoots containers rearranged to a bright cool place.
Planting seedlings in the ground
Celery seedlings can be planted in open ground after relatively warm weather has been established. In most parts of our country, the best time for a transplant is mid-May. The bed should be in an open, sunny place. 2 weeks before planting, 250 g of dolomite flour and 40 g of nitroammophoska per (1 m 2) are added to the soil and dug over. In the absence of rain, the bed must be watered so that the fertilizer is dissolved.
The holes are dug at a distance of 35 cm from each other, 40 cm is left between the rows. Seedlings are planted, squeezing the ground around the seedlings, watered and mulch the soil. It is very important not to bury the plants. The point of growth (the center of the socket) must be above the ground, otherwise the young leaves will not be able to break through to the light, and the plant will die. To plant celery seedlings on the garden bed is better in cloudy weather or in the evening
There are no plants in our gardens that could inhibit celery or have a negative effect on it. Onions, beans, cabbage, or tomatoes planted nearby can improve its growth, and celery, in turn, will frighten off the strong aroma of some harmful insects that bother their neighbors. Undesirable predecessors - carrots and beets.
Growing greens on the windowsill
Celery can be grown all year round at home on the windowsill. Seed preparation and sowing are the same as for open ground, and the application of top dressing - as for seedlings. To get greenery for cutting it is necessary that the window or balcony faces the sunny side. In winter, landing will have dosachivyvat fitolampa.
The optimum temperature for indoor celery growing is 15–18 ° C. If it is warmer and the lighting is insufficient, the seedlings will stretch and be thin and frail. Water the plants must be separated by water at room temperature. Celery and other representatives of spicy greens feel well in pots on the bright windowsill
Table: Celery fungal diseases - methods of control and prevention
- crop rotation,
- mandatory seed treatment and steaming of soil for seedlings,
- pest control,
- destruction of weeds and removal of plant residues from the garden,
- if there were cases of fungal or viral diseases at the site, it is necessary to shed it with a solution of Fitosporin when preparing the bed for planting.
Photo gallery: signs of fungal diseases
Of the viral diseases for celery is the most dangerous cucumber mosaic. If the socket slowed down or stopped growing, and various bulging rings appeared on the leaves, you should immediately remove the damaged plants. This disease is not treated. To avoid it, it is necessary to fight ticks and aphids, since they are the carriers of viruses. Celery leaves, affected by cucumber mosaic, covered with convex rings
Celery outdoors may be threatened by:
- spider mite,
- carrot listobloshka
- celery fly.
Insects gnaw leaves and stems, draw out the juice, thereby weakening the plant. If any pests occur, treat the plants as early as possible with an insecticide. It is best to use Bioferm or Iskra-Bio for this purpose. These insecticides are quite safe and do not cause strong harm to the surrounding nature. In addition, greens can be consumed 2 days after treatment. The instructions attached to the preparations indicate the dosages and methods of use (depending on the pest).
For natural protection, you can plant onions and garlic on celery beds. These plants are able to repel many harmful insects by their smell.
Photo Gallery: celery pests
To combat various diseases and pests, you can use traditional methods:
- 1 tbsp. l apple cider vinegar, diluted in 1 liter of water, will banish aphid and also protect plants from fungal diseases,
- decoction of onion peel (50 g per 1 l of water) scares off ticks,
- kefir, diluted in half with water, will protect not only celery, but also other plants from powdery mildew,
- ground red and black pepper will scare the carrot leaf and celery flies, if you scatter the powder in the aisle.
Harvesting and storage of the crop
Celery is cut 2-3 times per summer with an interval of about 40 days. Last harvest is important to hold before the first frost - in late September or early October. The leaves are cut off, leaving petioles about 5 cm long. This will keep the weak central leaves of the rosette, which will grow again and gain strength, and also protect the roots from rotting during the winter-spring period.
You can save celery greens in different ways:
- drying. Cut greens sorted, removing damaged leaves. It is washed with running water and dried on paper towels, laid out in a well-ventilated place, away from sunlight,
- freezing. Washed and dried greens are put in the freezer, pre-packed in plastic bags,
- pickling. Dried celery leaves are cut and mixed with salt (200 g of salt are added per 1 kg of greens). Mix well the mass, put it in sterilized jars, compacted and stored under capron lids in the refrigerator or in the cellar.
In our family, everyone loves spicy herbs. And dill, and parsley, and Kindza, and basil - only with the appearance of their aromas, does summer really come to us. I grow greens in the form of a flowerbed - I plant different types on the same bed, and I make grooves not with straight lines, but with zigzags, rings and other figures - that’s enough fantasy. When the plants grow up, my flowerbed is transformed - the openwork leaves of dill and curly parsley against the background of burgundy and pale green lettuce look pretty nice. The center of the composition, as a rule, is a powerful celery bush. He's just a favorite with us, and he grows everywhere - under apple trees, and on a garden with tomatoes, single bushes, and among other greens, and on a separate garden bed. I tried several times to grow the root and stalked ones - it does not work. The leaves are, and very good, but with the other parts - the problem. But the sheet pleases, especially in the second year. I plant different varieties - Samurai, Zakhar and Kook. All are very good, slightly different in flavor, and Oddball, thanks to the delicate leaves, you can’t confuse with any other. In the autumn I cut off all the greens, leaving small hemp, I don’t harbor anything during the winter, and in the spring, in May the first shoots appear. The second-year rosettes develop faster than the young ones from the seedlings, and by June, as a rule, we tear off the first leaves for the salad. I grow up seedlings in a year, and I do it without picks. I arm myself with tweezers, a magnifying glass and spread the seeds immediately in cups. I put 3-4 seeds in each, then remove the extra seeds. I noticed that the seedlings grown in this way tolerate transplantation to the open ground better than picking. For a long time before that I grew it in the usual way - I sowed it in a row, then I tried to swoop down this darkness. The lesson is not the most pleasant, so I chose a method without a picking for myself. I plant on the garden next to tomatoes and onions - everyone feels great and no one bothers anyone. Greens collected for the winter dry land and stored in glass jars.
In the middle lane it is necessary to plant its seedlings. Plant the seeds at home and water, then sprouts will grow, then transplant them to the garden bed. Some sprouts have now grown in my house, but they are still thin, weak.
Celery is a real find. There are so many useful things in it that it's hard to imagine. This useful plant works wonders. It can be used in cosmetology. Celery face masks refresh the face, prevent aging and relieve acne.
Celery is one of the favorite seasonings in our family. It has a specific taste, not everyone likes it, but sensible use will help correct this deficiency and turn it into dignity. I use celery in my dishes as a flavor enhancer.
I have known about the beneficial properties of celery for 15 years, not exhausting myself with diets in just 1 week I lost 3 kg. I do not like fresh celery, but in combination with other vegetables in broth the taste of the dish does not spoil, and the result exceeds all expectations!
Celery - the perfect product for weight loss. It helps not only in the fight against extra pounds, but also has medicinal value, due to the content in the stems and roots of vitamin A, vitamin K and E, vitamins of group B (thiamine and riboflavin), nicotinic acid, amino acids, essential oils.
Celery is a rather unpretentious plant - it grows on almost any soil, withstands cooling and tolerates lack of moisture. The only difficulty is to grow and plant seedlings, otherwise the care of them is minimal. A lot of vitamins and beneficial properties, three cuts per season, as well as a two-year growing cycle make this plant valuable in every sense of the word.
Celery - contraindications.
People with high acidity of gastric juice, gastric ulcer or gastritis eat celery is not recommended because it has a stimulating effect on the digestive system. Celery is not indicated for thrombophlebitis and varicose veins. Contraindication to eating celery is pregnancy. Nursing mothers are also not recommended to eat celery because of the essential oils that can get into the milk.
It appears in springtime and arranges egg-laying under celery bushes, and the larvae of such a pest injure their shoots, roots and leafy plates. During the season, this fly gives 2 generations. In order to destroy such a pest, it is necessary to carry out several treatments with a break of 7 days, for this aisle is filled with a layer of a mixture consisting of sand, dry mustard and tobacco dust (1: 1: 1).
This species of aphid is the largest of all. The development of one generation of such a pest takes only half a month. Aphid is a sucking insect that can penetrate the surface of the leaf plate and suck the juice out of it. It should also be remembered that such a pest is the main carrier of dangerous diseases for which effective drugs have not yet been found. In this regard, as soon as the aphid will be seen on the site, you need to immediately begin to combat it. For example, bushes can be treated with infusion or a decoction prepared on the basis of potato, tomato or dandelion tops. Also for this purpose, an infusion of citrus peels is suitable, for its preparation it is necessary to combine water (10 parts) with crusts (1 part), everything is well mixed and left to infuse for 3-5 days. In order to be prevented, it is necessary to carry out weeding the site in time, and after the harvest has been harvested, the plot is cleared of plant residues, and then deep digging of the soil is carried out.
Such celery, as a rule, is cultivated in order to produce a root that has medicinal properties similar to those of the ginseng root. The mass of root crops varies from 0.5 to 0.9 kilograms. The minimum length of the growing season for this plant is 120 days, so it produces only medium early, medium and late varieties. The most popular sredneranny grades are the most popular:
- Prague giant. From the moment the seedlings appear and until the root has fully ripened, about 120 days pass. Large root vegetables are shaped like a root. Their fragrant tender flesh has a light color and high taste.
- Apple. This variety is characterized by yield and disease resistance. The time of ripening of root crops completely depends on weather conditions and it can be 90–160 days. The mass of rounded root crops is 80–140 grams. Насыщенная сахарами мякоть окрашена в снежнобелый цвет. Корнеплоды отличаются хорошей лежкостью.
- Грибовский. Продолжительность периода вегетации у такого сельдерея от 120 до 150 суток. Форма корнеплодов округлая, их масса варьируется от 65 до 135 грамм. Светлая душистая мякоть имеет пятнышки желтого цвета. В пищу такие корнеплоды употребляют свежими, а еще сушеными.
- Глобус. Large root crops have a rounded shape, their mass varies from 150 to 300 grams. Dense and juicy flesh of white color has rather small voids.
- Diamond. The variety is resistant to chafing, the duration of its growing season is about 150 days. Smooth, round-shaped roots have an average weight of about 200 grams. After heat treatment, the pulp retains its white color.
Popular varieties of medium ripening:
- Albin. This variety has a high yield, its roots ripen in 120 days. Root crops of round shape in diameter reach 12 centimeters. Juicy flesh has no voids and is painted white.
- Egor. Fruit ripening lasts 170 days. Rounded large and smooth roots weigh about 0.5 kilogram, they are painted in gray-yellow color with green. The white flesh is sweet and fragrant.
- Esaul. The whitish-gray, large, round-shaped roots weigh about 300 grams, and their maturation lasts 150–160 days. Root roots are in the lower part of them.
- Strong man. In this variety, the roots have a rounded shape, and they ripen in about 170 days. They are painted in a yellowish-white color and weigh about 0.4 kg. The white flesh is fragrant and sweet.
- Giant. In this high-yielding variety, roots are painted in a pale beige color, and they weigh about 0.7 kilograms.
The following late-ripening varieties are popular with gardeners:
- Anita. The variety is characterized by yield and resistance to bolting. Root crops completely ripen in 160 days, they are painted in a pale beige color and have an oval or rounded shape, and their weight is about 0.4 kilogram. After heat treatment, the snow-white flesh does not lose its color.
- Maksim. Ripening of round-shaped root crops lasts about 200 days, their weight can reach 0.5 kg. The flesh has a cream color and spicy delicate flavor.
Leaf celery is cultivated in order to produce fragrant foliage containing a lot of vitamins, which is harvested throughout the summer. This variety does not form root crops. The most popular are the following varieties:
- Kartuli. The mid-early variety of Georgian breeding is drought-resistant and cold-resistant. On the petioles of dark green are fragrant leafy plates that grow over the summer several times. The foliage is eaten fresh and dried.
- Gentle. In this mid-early variety, the onset of technical ripeness occurs within 105–110 days from the moment the seedlings appeared. Foliage can be eaten fresh or dried.
- Sail. This early variety, distinguished by its yield, ripens in just 85–90 days. The foliage is tasty and very fragrant.
- Zahar. The average maturity of the variety has a very high yield. During the growing season, it gives greenery 2–3 times more in comparison with other types of leaf celery. Tender foliage rather fragrant.
- Cheerfulness. Versatile medium ripening variety is drought-resistant and cold-resistant. It ripens in 65–70 days. Brilliant strongly dissected leaf plates are quite fragrant.
- Samurai. This average term of ripening is the most popular among gardeners among all varieties of leaf celery. The leaves of the bush are strongly corrugated and fragrant, they are similar to curly parsley. This variety reaches maturity in 80–85 days.
- Spartan. The variety matures in 80–85 days, large fragrant leafy plates are painted in dark green.
Celery stem (stalked)
Celery celery is valued for fleshy petioles, their thickness reaches 40-50 mm. This variety does not form roots. Popular varieties of stalked celery:
- Malachite. In this medium early variety, juicy, thick and fleshy petioles grow in 80 days. The color of the foliage is dark green.
- Gold. This medium early variety ripens 150 days. The peculiarity of the very tasty petioles is that they can be bleached on their own.
- Tango. The ripening of this medium-late variety lasts 170–180 days. Strongly curved green-blue long petioles are special in that they do not have coarse fibers.
- Triumph. In such a mid-grade variety, fleshy and juicy petioles of a dark green color grow, in length they can reach 25-30 centimeters.
In addition to those celery varieties that were described above, gardeners still grow such as: Yudinka, Snowball, Pascal, Ojanjsky, Non Plus Ultra, Cascade, Zvindra, Delicacy, etc.
Celery helps stimulate the digestive system, so it is not recommended to use it with a stomach ulcer, hyperacidity of gastric juice or gastritis. Also, it can not be used for varicose veins and thrombophlebitis. Also, it can not be eaten pregnant. It is also not recommended to eat during breastfeeding, as essential oils can get into the milk.
Varieties for different regions of the country
On the plots of our country most often you can meet the root celery. But other species also began to arouse the interest of lovers of various vegetables that are not typical of our region.
In the first year of planting seedlings you can collect green parts of the plant, the root crop. In the second year, celery blooms and forms seeds.
In the cold regions of Russia (the Urals, Siberia) it is advised to grow the following varieties:
- sheet - Vigor, Sheet, Kartuli
- stalked - Pascal, Utah, Malachite
- root - Anita, Egor, Apple, Esaul, Gribovsky, Strongman, Russian size
In the middle part of the country, the following varieties have proven themselves:
- sheet - Spartan, Samurai
- stalked - Jack, Atlant
- root - Root Gribovsky, Apple, Golden Feather, Alabaster, Anita
The duration of the growing season of this vegetable depends not only on the variety, but also on the climatic conditions
The following varieties are plants with early ripening of root crops:
- Prague giant
For their technical ripeness it takes about 150 days, but they are not suitable for long storage.
“Albin”, “Strong”, “Egor”, “Gigant” give a crop in average terms - up to 170 days. They spend a good winter.
If you want to get the green parts of celery as early as possible, you should plant the varieties Golden, Sail, Malachite. Varieties with medium terms - Samurai, Tango, Spartan, Cheerfulness, Gentle.
Late vegetables tolerate cold and are suitable for long-term storage, but they need about 200 days to grow. These include the root celery Maxim, Atlant. Among petioles, leaf varieties gardeners distinguish "Zahara", "Triumph".
Preparation of soil for sowing seeds for seedlings
Celery sown in loose, moist soil
Root, stalked celery sown in late winter, early spring. But if later varieties were chosen, they are sown even earlier.
The soil for the plant can be purchased at the store, but if you decide to prepare the soil mixture yourself, for this you need to take in equal quantities:
- leaf ground
The second version of soil mixture - biohumus, sand in the ratio 1: 1.
Some gardeners from autumn prepare the land for seedlings from their site. During sowing, it is recommended to add humus, sand to this soil.
As in the case of any other crop, the ground for celery should be disinfected using one of the known methods:
- calcination in the oven, microwave
- boiling water
- a solution of potassium permanganate, etc.
These preventive measures reduce the risk of plant infection by diseases and damage by pests.
To 10 kg of finished, treated soil, you can add 100 g of wood ash, 20 g of urea.
The soil is filled in the tank before reaching the edge of 2 cm. Moisten the soil before sowing.
Seed preparation and sowing
Given the climatic conditions of our country, it is best to take seeds of early varieties for sowing, which ripen in 3-4 months.
If the seeds were collected at home, you need to remember that the longer they have lain, the better they will grow. Seed material prepared this year will produce fewer sprouts than seeds collected several years ago.
For planting celera, you can choose any convenient container - a wooden box, cassettes, cups, plastic containers
Before planting seeds produce the following activities:
Disinfect the seeds - placed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for several hours. Be sure to wash them with clean water.
Take a small piece of gauze, cloth. Moisturize and wrap planting material in it. Stand at room temperature for 1 week, then in a cool place (lower shelf of the refrigerator) - 10-12 days.
Fabric as it dries moisturize.
Celery seeds are very small (no larger than 1 mm), so they are sown to a shallow depth - no more than 0.5 cm in the furrows, at a distance of 3 cm from each other. Top sleep with a thin layer of peat. The earth is not compacted, and left loose.
Sometimes growers use other planting methods:
In the prepared soil make furrows, 5-7 mm wide. Fill them with snow and seeds fall asleep from above. Covering the film, glass. Transfer to a warm place
Sown by the method of the cochlea, the essence of which is to sow the seeds in the ground, twisted with the help of any material in a spiral. In this case, the seeds should be separated by 0.5-1.5 cm from each other.
The first method allows you to put the seed with the best distance for good growth of seedlings. The second - saves space, makes it possible to transplant plants without hurting them.
If the seeds are not stratified, they are sown on the surface of the earth and covered with a small amount of earth.
Planting seedlings in open ground
The time of transplanting plants to a permanent place depends on the region. By the time celery is planted, the ground should warm up to at least 8 C. In the middle part of Russia, this does not happen before mid-May.
Sapling by this time should grow stronger: form a few true leaves, have a good root system.
Seasoned celery seedlings take root in a new place.
Over time, the period of stay in the air gradually needs to be increased. In this way, they can be hardened and more easily tolerate change. If you can not make seedlings in the garden, they can be tempered on the balcony, loggia, windowsill with an open window.
Preparation of soil for sowing in open ground
At the end of the season in advance prepare the ground for planting. To do this, remove all weeds and their roots. The earth is thoroughly dug up with the addition of organic, mineral fertilizers. Since autumn it is recommended to enrich the earth with potassium, phosphorus preparations.
Land for planting selery prepared in the fall
Dosage can be viewed on the package to the substances. For example, 20-30 g of double superphosphate, 15-20 g of potassium chloride. Organics contribute in the amount of 1 bucket per 1 m2.
If the area under the celery sour soil, it is necessary to reduce its acidity by making 700-900 g of dolomite flour.
In the spring, fresh manure should not be used, as there may be pathogens, pest larvae.
Choosing a landing site
The soil should be loose, contain enough nutrients. Sour soil should be lime. Celery predecessors can be any vegetable crops, except for umbrella crops (carrots, beets, etc.).
To get more fragrant greens, the seler can be planted in a darkened area.
This is due to the fact that these vegetables may have the same diseases, pests.
It can also be planted between beds with other plants:
Features celery leaf
This species is one of the most cold-resistant. Young plants are not afraid of night frosts, adult celery can safely overwinter. This kind of vegetable culture is planted to produce juicy greens rich in nutrients.
In the autumn, leaf celery can be dug up and put in a pot.
It is best to grow leafy celery, sowing it at the end of winter for seedlings. But you can plant immediately in the open ground in early spring, or before the winter - in the fall.
Features care for stalked celery
Caring for a plant is almost no different from other species. But when planting seedlings in a permanent place they are planted in furrows, 10 cm deep. The optimum temperature for the growth of this species is 20 C.
Stalked celery is planted to produce succulent stems.
Varieties with red petioles are considered the most cold-resistant. In addition to all the above procedures, typical for all types of culture, stalked celery must also be spud. The procedure is carried out in the middle of summer.
When the petioles are almost ready to be harvested, they are tucked again, and wrapped in light paper. Thus, they become more juicy and familiar to us white.
Features care root celery
Celery root grows the longest. Its growing season takes about 4-5 months. Therefore, it should be sown in the first half of February.
Celery root need to be cared for the longest
In order to get a root vegetable, there are different rules for planting and caring for it:
- plant is planted on the ridges
- part of the root must be on the surface of the earth, that is, it cannot be fully buried in the ground
- after root formation, leaves should remain in the celery root only in the middle part
It is believed that during the seedling period, the pickling process is very important for the root celery. It is recommended to pinch the tip of the main root, remove the side roots. This has a positive effect on the formation of root vegetables.
The side leaves of the vegetable are cut off only a couple of weeks before harvest. This is done so that the plant gives all its strength to the growth of the root, and not tops.
The root variety of a vegetable does not require hilling, but rather the opposite - it loves the bare upper part of the roots. Vegetable prefers a slightly wet ground. Root crops are harvested around mid-autumn.
Leaf celery can be harvested several times per season. Leaves can be cut as soon as they grow a little and until late autumn. After each harvest, the plant must be watered, fed.
The stalked, celery root is also harvested as it grows.
But the last harvest needs to be removed before the nightly lowering of temperature below zero begins.
Petioles usually become salable by the end of summer. If the entire crop can not be used immediately, you can try to save vegetables as long as possible.
- The stems are washed with running water and wrapped in foil. Store in the refrigerator
- cut the stalks of the desired length. Fall asleep with salt - 250 g / 1 kg of stalks. Impose in banks. As soon as the vegetables start making juice, clean in a cool place.
- cut into small pieces and dried for 1 month. Used as a spice
Fresh green parts of a plant can be stored in a refrigerator for 3-7 days.
Before you start digging them out of the ground, the plant must first be watered. Celery has a tender root bark, which can be easily damaged during harvesting. Therefore, it is best to dig it not with a shovel, but with a pitchfork.
A short period of time they can be stored on the shelf of the refrigerator. But if celery needs to be preserved until winter, spring, it must be placed in a colder room. The cellar or cellar is best for this. At the same time, root crops should be put in wooden boxes and covered with a few cm of sand.
Another option for celery preservation is pickling.
Roots harvested as follows:
- prepare a boiling solution of 1 liter of water, 1 tbsp. salts, 3 g of citric acid
- place the vegetables for a few minutes in a boiling liquid. Taken out and dried
- sterilized jars. Fill them with root vegetables
- prepare the marinade: for 1 liter of water add 1 tbsp. vinegar, 3-4 pieces black pepper, cloves
- marinade is brought to a boil and poured into jars, sterilized in boiling water for 20 minutes
Celery is widely used in French cuisine
You can pickle and green plants. To do this, prepare a marinade of 2 liters of water, 1 tbsp. vinegar, about 3 tbsp. salt, 4 tbsp sugar. Put greens, a few cloves of garlic, and bay leaves into the jars. Products pour marinade and tightly closed.
To taste, its vegetative parts are sweet-bitter. Possess a pleasant aroma. Depending on the variety, the taste may differ. Roots, vegetable seeds can be dried, applied fresh. Leaves - freeze.
Salmon can be consumed fresh, dried, pickled
Dried parts are part of the spice mixture. Celery stalks are stewed, fried, and salads are made from it.
It is believed that celery is best added to vegetable dishes from:
Vegetables are often combined with meat, mushrooms, fish. Root can improve the taste of sauces, soups, egg dishes, salads.
Celery - low-calorie product. 100 g of stems, leaves contain only 12-16 kcal, roots - 32 kcal. Therefore, it is often used in the diet.
How to peel celery root (fast way)
Celery: description, cultivation and care, useful properties and contraindications (Photo & Video) + Reviews
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Сельдерей является двухгодичным растением. В первую половину жизни он обзаводится корнеплодом, а перистые, рассечённые листья тёмно-зелёного цвета образуют розетку. The following year, the stem develops, and in the middle of summer, pale green-white flowers appear on the plant, forming umbrella inflorescences. The fruits of celery are round, double, each half contains filiform ribs. The main are three types of plants:
- leaf - fragrant greens, enriched with vitamins, used as a seasoning to dishes from spring to autumn,
- petiolate - large, succulent stems are used as food for preparing salads and other dishes,
- root - casting is used for food, as well as tubers, reaching 8–10 cm in diameter, weighing 500–600 g.
Features of planting and cultivation of celery
The vegetation period of this crop, depending on the climate, ranges from 125 to 165 days, therefore it is necessary to grow the plant from seedlings. Moreover, the period of sowing seeds varies in different types of celery. So root plant type it is necessary to sow 70–75 days before landing on the beds, and leaf one 15 days later. But before you start planting seedlings, you should first prepare the seed.
The essential oils present in the celery seed material slow down the germination (seeds do not swell and do not germinate for 3-4 weeks). Sparging is used to accelerate the process (mixing the liquid with air bubbles).
To do this, celery seeds are placed in a tank with oxygen-rich water (bubbled). Then the seeds are recommended to be etched with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate for 40–50 minutes, soaked in clean water and dried.
After this treatment, the seed must be placed on a moistened cloth at a temperature of about 20 degrees. In this position seeds are left until they begin to germinate. By that time, the soil mix should be prepared in the following composition:
- turf ground (part 1),
- peat (3 parts),
- humus, with a small amount of coarse sand (1 part).
Fertilizers should be added to the resulting substrate: on 1 bucket (10 l) of the mixture - 5 g of urea and 200 g of wood ash.
The seeds that have been hounded are mixed with sand and sown in boxes with the prepared moist, nutritious mixture, into furrows located 3–4 cm apart. It remains to powder them with wet sand (through a sieve), cover the crops with a transparent film or glass sheet, and leave them in a bright warm (22–24 ºC) room.
The first shoots usually appear after 6–8 days. The soil in the boxes must be periodically moistened with warm water using a fine spray. With the advent of seedlings, the boxes should be opened and moved closer to the light, and the air temperature should be lowered to 16 ºC.
During the first 30–45 days, seedlings develop very slowly. When seedlings throw out the first 1–2 true leaves, plants should be thinned. If we are talking about cuttings or leaf celery, the distance between the sprouts should be 4–5 cm, in the case of the root plant, it is recommended to transplant it into separate peat pots, after cutting off a third of the central root.
After carrying out the described procedure it is not recommended that the seedlings are exposed to direct sunlight. At this time, the optimum temperature will be 11–12 ºC at night and 15–16 ºC - during the day. The following procedure does not depend on the type of celery, and is suitable for all crops. It is necessary not to forget about watering and feeding seedlings, as well as loosening the soil near them.
Initially, fertilization may be required 7–10 days after thinning. A solution of Nitrophoska is well suited for this purpose, at the rate of 5 mg per 10 liters of water. Each plant will require about 30 ml of the resulting solution. If outwardly the seedlings look pale and weak, you can carry out 2–3 urea supplements, with a frequency of 10–12 days.
Two weeks before disembarking, you should begin to make seedlings on the street (temper), gradually increasing the period of being in natural conditions. By the end of this period, the seedlings should be in the fresh air for the whole day.
Landing time in open ground
When the sprouts reach a size of 12–14 cm and acquire 4–5 leaves, it is time to plant them on the beds. As a rule, such time comes, after about two months, from the moment of sowing of seeds. Do not overload planting material. in boxes, because in this case you can not wait for celery rich harvest. Two hours before planting, seedlings should be watered abundantly, after which it will be easier to get the plants along with the clumps of earth.
In temperate latitudes, it is better to plant celery in open ground in early May, which means that it is necessary to expect that the seedlings should be ready for planting by this time.
Soil preparation for celery
Celery is well suited for loose, light and fertile soil, illuminated by sunlight. It is great if this land was previously occupied by beans, cabbage, cucumbers or tomatoes. But after dill, parsley and carrots celery will grow poorly.
Preparation of the site for planting should begin in the fall. To do this, they dig up the earth to the depth that makes up the shovel bayonet, and add humus or compost at the rate of 3-4 kg per 1 m² of surface. In addition, 20 g of superphosphate is added to the same area of soil.
In the spring, the land should be pierced, and complex fertilizers should be applied (35 g per m²).
Landing in the ground
If planting of celery root occurs, then it should be noted that the distance between adjacent plants should be about 50 cm and about the same gap between rows. Cherenkovy and leaf celery can be planted closer: the distance between plants - 20 cm and 30 cm between the rows.
Having prepared the wells for planting, it is necessary to pour humus and ashes (handful) in them and mix with the soil. The reference point for the deepening will be the cotyledon knee, which should be located at ground level.
At the final stage of celery planting, the soil should be compacted around the plants and the area should be watered. For several days, it is necessary to protect the shoots from the scorching sun, shading the seedlings with paper.