Vegetables

Cultivation of radish in open ground - preparation of seeds and soil, planting rules and pest control

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Radish belongs to the popular spring vegetables. Its value is due to simplicity, ease of maintenance, precocity, the possibility of early planting in open ground, utility and taste characteristics. While other vegetable crops are at the seedling stage, its succulent root crops already supply the human body with beneficial substances, making it possible to compensate for the deficiency of vitamins after a long winter.

The optimal time for planting vegetables

Planting radish in open ground occurs before other vegetable crops because of its ability to withstand cold and even withstand night frosts with ease. You can start sowing in late March or early April. To speed up the germination process, crops should be covered using film material. Early ripening varieties of radishes allow you to harvest the first crop within three to four weeks after germination.

Early varieties should be planted in early June, and middle-ripening - in July, only when using seedling methods. It is also possible to sow late ripening varieties in open ground at the end of August or September.
And brave gardeners sow a vegetable before winter before the onset of the first frost. The podzimny sowing allows to get a crop earlier than any early variety planted in spring has ripened.

Preparing to work on sowing radishes

Planting radish is a simple procedure. Common problems that may arise in the process of growing a culture are the looseness of root crops, bitterness, and the formation of peduncles before harvest. But all these difficulties are resolved by competent choice of the variety and the observance of the methods of cultivation. therefore for a rich harvest, it is important to pre-select high-quality material for planting and prepare the soil.

Selection and preparation of seeds that are going to plant

The best option is to buy seeds in special stores. First you need to sort them out, sorting by size. The pledge of a friendly germination and development of the largest root crops are considered seeds of a length of 3 cm. Seed before planting seeds in water or a damp cloth for 24 hours. And before sowing, soak for 20 minutes in hot water to protect against the development of various diseases. After warming up, cool, enrich them with useful trace elements, by treatment with growth stimulants, and dry thoroughly.

Preparation of the soil in the spring, we will provide good early shoots

For the full growth and development of radish you need to prepare a fertile soil. Culture prefers loose, nutritious, well-drained soil with an optimum acidity of 5.5-7.0.
Choosing a site to give preference to a warm, protected from strong winds. What matters is how much sunlight per day falls on the landing site. In accordance with the norms of crop rotation, tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, cucumbers and legumes are considered the best precursors.

The ideal solution to plant radishes every year in the new garden, which will help improve the crop rotation of the garden.

The soil should be prepared in autumn. To do this, clean the plot of plant residues, dig and enrich with compost or humus. With the onset of spring, as soon as the earth thaws under the warm rays of the sun, before planting a vegetable, it must be dug up again, adding mineral substances.

The right landing technology, we plant at the right depth

Growing radish in the open field provides a well-carried out planting, which includes the following operations:

  1. Align the prepared bed, mark the grooves for planting, keeping a distance of 10 cm between them. Acceptable embedding depth is 1 cm. Deep embedding of seeds will lead to a change in the shape of the roots.
  2. Planting material to plant in the grooves, pre-watered with hot water. It is necessary to sow seeds at a distance of 5 cm between plants. Thicker is not worth it, otherwise you will have to spend the energy to get them seated.
  3. Sprinkle with soil and compact well to achieve maximum adhesion of the earth to the seed plane, which will accelerate germination.
  4. After sowing the beds, water and fertilize with wood ash.
    When the weather conditions are comfortable, shoots will appear for 3-4 days.

Planting vegetables in egg cells

You can plant radishes in the cells from under the eggs. This method has been tested and tested by many gardeners and is recognized as the best. As a result of this approach, ripe radish has an even and neat shape. BUT in the process of standard care, thinning is not required.
For this you need:

  1. Prepare a bed by digging and loosening the traditional method. After that, the ground must be leveled.
  2. In the cells, cut the bottom with a knife and lay it on the ground, pressing it down slightly with the holes to the ground. Fill the cells with soil and put one seed in each well.
  3. Top crops to fill with soil and water carefully.
    When sown in egg trays, radishes will sprout with the same activity as with the conventional method. In addition, this will automatically follow a certain landing pattern.

Planting radish in egg cells

Caring for a freshly planted plant, watering mode

Further care for crops includes the following activities:

  1. Maintain a certain moisture regime.
    An important care operation is considered to be watering, since growth, development and yield of a vegetable crop depend on it. Therefore, after planting, it is necessary to irrigate every day, preventing the topsoil from drying out, otherwise the taste qualities of the roots will deteriorate, they will become bitter and also decrease in size. Morning and evening are favorable times for watering.
  2. Thinning of frequent shoots.
    The procedure should be carried out on the fifth day after germination, while leaving stronger plants. For a good ripening and high-quality fruiting of the vegetable seedlings should be located at a distance of 5 cm from one another.
  3. Loosening the soil.
    Excessive moisture and its stagnation can lead to cracking of root crops or the appearance of diseases such as keel, black rot. To prevent this from happening, after watering you need to loosen the ground. Do it carefully, without damaging the root and growing root crop.
  4. Top dressing by a complex of fertilizers.
    Culture responds well to organic and mineral nutrition. After each application of fertilizer, mulching should be carried out using a mixture of peat and rotted manure. This will promote the absorption of fertilizers, as well as protect the plant from weed growth and keep a moist environment.
  5. Timely measures to protect against diseases and pests.
    It is necessary to constantly inspect the plants in order to identify the lesions of its diseases and pests and, if a problem is detected, to correctly prescribe treatment using proven protective equipment.

Means for tillage and fertilizing

Secrets of outdoor cultivation, thinning and fertilizing

There are some secrets that allow to grow high-quality root crops in the conditions of open ground.

  1. Each vegetable grower can face such a problem when the plant goes to the arrow and then blooms. In order to avoid this, one should avoid sowing density, dryness of the soil and low temperature indices.
  2. You can not make in the soil fresh manure, from this radish will be hollow inside. Top dressing should be carried out using rotted organic matter.
  3. When planting, it is advisable to sow one seed at a time, since thinning damages the root system of the main plant, resulting in poor growth and the formation of arrows.
  4. When growing can not use chemicals, because of the high probability of falling into food. Therefore, radishes need to be sprayed, only using folk remedies, which can be infusions of garlic, wormwood, celandine, tobacco chips.

The first feeding radish seedlings

Terms of sowing radish

Planting of this culture is carried out before other vegetables, due to the ability of the plant to easily tolerate cold and frost. Sowing radish in open ground can begin as early as late March or early April (for the southern regions this is the beginning of March). To speed up the germination process, the bed is covered with film material. Friendly seedlings give the seeds at a temperature of 15 degrees. Early ripe radishes give a crop already 3-4 weeks after germination.

The time of sowing of crops varies depending on the variety, the time of its ripening and the time of harvest. Early ripening types of radish should be planted in early April. Early varieties sown from late May to early June. July is the optimum time for mid-season varieties. Sow late-ripe radishes better closer to the fall (in early September or late August). With the right choice of seeds, you can eat juicy root crops throughout the season, harvesting 4 times.

Variety selection

There are many varieties of radish, and every year breeders supply the market with new hybrids of this root crop. The early ripening varieties have a number of advantages over the others, since they give a quick harvest and are immune to viruses and fungal pathologies. Mid-season varieties grow more slowly than early ones, but they can be sown into the soil with seeds 2-3 times per season. Late cultures are planted once a year. Their fruits are large, thick-skinned, but there are many later varieties with excellent, delicate flavor. The best types of culture include:

  1. Heat. A high-yielding variety with one square meter gives up to 3 kg of fruits weighing 15-30 g. Growing of this species is allowed not only in the middle lane, but also in Siberia, the northern regions of the country. Root crop has a rounded shape, bright red color, crispy and juicy white flesh. The fruits of the Heat ripen amicably. This ultra early variety gives yield 16-25 days after planting. Cultivation of radish in open ground can begin as soon as the garden melts snow.
  2. French breakfast. This variety is very popular in the middle lane. Oblong, cylindrical fruits have a pink color in the upper part and white on top. The weight of each root crop reaches 45 g. The crop is harvested from the bushes for 25-27 days after sowing the seeds. The flesh of the French breakfast without pronounced bitterness and sharpness.
  3. Autumn giant. Growing radish in the open field takes 30-35 days. The culture grows to 1.4-1.7 m in height. The vegetable has excellent taste, and thanks to its thick skin, it can be stored for a long time in a cool place. The shape of the roots is elongated, conical, slightly tapering at the tip. The color of the pulp and rind of the Autumn giant is white. The vegetable flavor is medium hot, tart, reminiscent of radish.
  4. Red giant. Considered one of the best mid-season varieties, it is grown on farmer fields and household plots. This culture is mid-season; it is stored in a refrigerator or cellar for several months. Depending on the time of sowing and the region of cultivation, radish produces fruit 35-50 days after planting. The vegetable has a cylindrical shape, red or pink color, juicy flesh with a slight bitterness. The weight of one root reaches 80 to 300 g.
  5. Carmen Early ripe variety, with a growing season of 20-22 days. The fruits are round-oval, red with white juicy flesh and light sharpness. Carmen gives up to 2 kg from 1 square. m. The widespread cultivation of a variety is due to resistance to tsvetushnosti, stalking, other diseases of the crop. In addition, Carmen provides a long collection of fruits with high taste.
  6. Octave. High-yielding radish with a friendly fruit. The vegetation period of the plant is 31-35 days. Root crop rounded, smooth, white. The mass of one - 25 g, diameter - up to 4.5 cm. The flesh of the Octave is medium-sharp, dense, with excellent taste characteristics. Variety resistant to tsvetushnosti.
  7. Cardinal The hybrid belongs to the category of early ripe. Gives a harvest for 23 day of growth. Each fruit weighs 22-26 g. The flesh of the vegetable is pleasant to the taste, slightly spicy. Even with a long stay on the bush root does not lose taste. When growing a hybrid, a crop of up to 4 kg per square meter of bed is obtained.

Seed preparation

Planting radish in open ground requires preliminary preparatory work. To avoid the problems typical for the cultivation of radish (the looseness of the fruit, the formation of flower stalks before harvest, the appearance of bitterness), certain methods of cultivation are used. To obtain a rich harvest, it is important to pre-select high-quality sowing material and prepare it.

First, the seeds are sorted, sorted by size. For a friendly germination and development of fruits, seeds from 3 cm in length are ideal. Before planting in the ground, the seeds must be soaked in water or covered with a damp cloth for 24 hours. Immediately before planting, the material is soaked in hot water for 20 minutes - this helps prevent the development of radish diseases. After warming up the seeds are cooled and treated with growth stimulants. When the seed dries, it can be applied to the soil.

Soil preparation

In order for the growth and development of culture to take place quickly, it is necessary to prepare a favorable soil. For the cultivation of radish is ideal nutrient (rich in fertilizers), loose, well-drained soil with an acidity of 5.5-7 pH. When choosing a site, give preference to a warm place protected from gusts of wind. The predecessors of the root are legumes, potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers.

It is better not to grow a root vegetable in the same place for more than 3 seasons in a row, because it depletes the soil. The ideal solution is to experience a new crop every year, which will improve the crop rotation of the garden. Soil preparation is carried out in the autumn. To this end, the site is cleaned of plant residues, after it should be digged and enriched with humus or compost. Upon the arrival of spring, the garden is again dug up, adding minerals to the soil.

Content

  • 1. Listen to the article (soon)
  • 2. Description
  • 3. Landing
    • 3.1. When to plant
    • 3.2. The soil
    • 3.3. How to plant
    • 3.4. Landing in the winter
  • 4. Care
    • 4.1. How to grow
    • 4.2. Watering
    • 4.3. Top dressing
  • 5. Pests and Diseases
  • 6. Cleaning and storage
  • 7. Types and varieties

Planting and caring for radish (in short)

  • Landing: Sowing seeds in the ground - in the winter or in spring, from late March to mid-April.
  • Lighting: bright sunshine.
  • The soil: loose, light soil neutral or slightly alkaline reaction (5.5-7.0 pH).
  • Predecessors: undesirable - any cruciferous crops. Good - potatoes, cucumbers, legumes. After the radish is best to grow tomatoes on the site.
  • Watering: frequent and plentiful: in usual spring with rains and thunderstorms - once a day, in the morning or after 17.00, but in abnormally hot and dry weather - both in the morning and in the evening. The soil on the plot should be slightly wet all the time.
  • Top dressing: when grown on scanty soils, fertilizing is applied twice, on rich ones - one. Apply complex mineral fertilizers.
  • Breeding: seed.
  • Pests: cruciferous flea and medvedka.
  • Diseases: bacteriosis, kila, black leg.

Vegetable radish - description

The radish plant is grown in many countries. It is a root crop with a diameter of 2.5 cm, covered with a thin skin of red, pink or white-pink color with a spicy taste due to the mustard oil contained in its pulp. Vegetable radish is a plant of a long day, it needs 13-hour daylight hours for normal development. But his growing season is short, so you can grow a radish root crop throughout the season, planting it literally every week.

When to plant radishes in the ground.

Radish seeds germinate at a temperature of 1-2 ºC, for normal development the plant needs a temperature of 15-18 ºC, but no more, because too warm air with a lack of lighting (and at this time of the year the day is still short) only leads to the growth of tops, while the root crop does not grow and grows coarse. As soon as the soil thaws and warms up, the radish is planted in the ground. This usually occurs in mid-April, although in warm areas early-radishes are sown at the end of March.

The soil for radishes.

The cultivation of radish from seeds begins with the preparation of the soil. The site on which you sow radishes should be sunny at least the first half of the day and closed from the wind. The optimal soil for radish is a loose, light soil of a neutral or slightly acidic reaction, the pH of which is within 5.5-7.0 units. Too acidic soil before planting radishes, you must lime.

It is good to sow radish at a site intended for the further cultivation of tomatoes: you can sow radishes on it every week until the twentieth of May, collect a good crop of root crops and at the same time prepare the soil at the site for growing tomatoes. Heavy and cold soils or poor sandy loams, if you want to grow radishes in them, you will have to dig up with humus at the rate of 2-3 kg per m². Fresh manure does not fertilize soil for radish.

You can plant radishes on a plot where potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes, beans were previously grown, and on a plot where turnips, radishes, turnips, daikon, watercress, cabbage and horseradish did not grow a good crop of radishes. It is advisable to change the place for the radish annually, so that each time he has predecessors from another family.

Под весенний посев участок готовят с осени: перекапывают почву на глубину штыка лопаты с компостом или перегноем – тогда весной, непосредственно перед посевом, глубина перекопки с одновременным внесением фосфорно-калийных удобрений может быть не более 20 см.

How to plant radishes in open ground.

Radish seeds are sown heavily in pre-spilled water grooves to a depth of 2 cm, keeping the distance between rows of 15-20 cm. The grooves are covered with loose soil, then the surface is compacted, but not watered, and cover the area with a layer of peat or humus 2 cm thick. At night, after five o'clock in the evening and until the morning, the bed before the germination of the seeds is covered with a film. The timing of emergence depends on the weather. With good, dry and sunny weather, seeds can germinate already for 3-4 days.

At the developmental stage of the seedlings of the first leaf, they are thinned, leaving a distance of 3-5 cm between specimens. If you are a patient person, sow the seeds immediately at a specified distance so that you do not have to break through the seedlings later, because this procedure can damage the roots of the main seedlings, and they it will be worse to develop, and as a result they can be broken. With proper care, the cultivation of radish in the open ground before harvesting lasts 20-30 days.

Planting radish for the winter.

We told you about the dates of spring sowing, and the planting of a winter radish, a two-year-old, is carried out at the end of autumn. Planting radishes in the fall is carried out after the start of frost - in the middle or end of November. Not all varieties of radish are suitable for under-winter sowing, but varieties such as Jubilee, Spartak, Mercado, Lighthouse, Carmen are able to germinate even at low temperatures. Preparation of the site for sowing is carried out at the end of the summer: the soil is dug up and fertilized, bringing in 1 m² of half a bucket of humus or rotten compost, 1 tablespoon of double superphosphate and potassium sulphate. After fertilization, the bed is covered with foil, crushing its edges with stones or bricks so that the shelter is not blown away by the wind.

The order of autumn sowing differs from the spring procedure in that in the fall the seeds are thrown into dry ground, and after planting the seeds, the garden necessarily mulch with dry earth or peat, compact the surface and cover the area with snow if it has already fallen. What is the advantage of under-winter sowing? The fact that the crop of radish sown in the fall, you next year will receive two weeks earlier than the crop of radish sown next spring.

Watering radish.

Radish culture is moisture-loving, the optimum soil moisture for the normal development of its root crops should be about 80%, so it will be necessary to water the site often, especially at first, otherwise the radish will be bitter. With insufficient watering, the plant is arrow, and the roots do not develop. If watering is too frequent or plentiful, the roots are cracked. How to water radishes, to achieve a good and high-quality harvest? If spring is normal, with rains and thunderstorms, watering of a radish is carried out every day in the morning or after 5:00 pm, but if the spring is dry, then it will be necessary to moisten the soil on the site every day, both in the morning and in the evening. It is especially strictly necessary to monitor the condition of the soil after the emergence of the first true leaf shoots. Only under the condition that the soil in the beds with radish will always be in a slightly wet state, you can grow juicy, tasty root crops.

Feed radish.

On poor soils, it is necessary to feed radishes twice during the growing season; radishes growing on rich soils need only one additional feeding. Try not to overdo it with the nitrogen component, because in this case, all the vital forces of radishes will be spent on the cultivation of tops, and the roots will be elongated and supersaturated with nitrates. What to fertilize radish, what fertilizer can be applied to the soil without the risk of nourishing roots with substances hazardous to human health? Here is a recipe for a balanced mixture of fertilizers that will help radish to form a healthy and juicy root: compost and humus, in the amount needed for your soil, 10 g of potash and superphosphate, 10-15 g of nitrate, half a liter of ash. In the fertile soil is enough to make only mineral fertilizers.

Radish Pests and Diseases

The main enemies of radishes are the cruciferous flea and Medvedka, the remaining pests of the gardens (aphids, wireworms, caterpillars) do not have time to greatly harm the radish due to its rapid growth. Cruciferous flea is dangerous for radish at the early stage of its development, because it is capable of destroying barely opened up defenseless seedlings in the whole area in a few days. When the seedlings are stronger, they are no longer afraid of the flea. What to process radishes, to cruciflo flea did not annoy him? To scare away insects from young green leaves, the tops are sprayed with a solution of wood ash: 2 glasses of fresh ash and 50 g of grated laundry soap are dissolved in 10 liters of water. You can just scatter the ashes on the site. It must be said that both of these methods are ineffective, and the most reliable protection against fleas is the construction of a shelter: metal arcuate supports on which spunbond are thrown are placed along the whole bed. Under this shelter radish normally breathes, the tops do not burn under the scorching rays of the sun, and the main thing is that the harmful insect cruciferous flea does not penetrate under the spunbond, destroying the crops of radish. After the tops grow, the shelter can be removed.

Medvedka often harms early varieties of radish in the greenhouse, where it creeps in the spring to warm up. If you grow radishes in the open field, it is unlikely that this terrible enemy will have time to cause great damage to your harvest. And to fight with Medvedka is very hard.

What is sick radish? Among the diseases that bacteriosis is dangerous for radish, manifested by premature yellowing of leaves, dew and rotting of root crops, a keel, also determined primarily by yellow leaves, as well as growths and swellings on root crops, and a black leg, affecting plants as early as seedlings, why they turn yellow and curl the leaves and blacken at the base of the stems. To avoid these problems, choose for growing varieties that are resistant to diseases, and comply with the conditions of agricultural engineering, and most importantly, remove diseased plants from the site in time. You can fight the quillet by treating the soil around the plants with lime milk (2 cups of lime-fluff per 10 liters of water), consumption - 1 liter of milk per plant. The specimens affected by the black leg are treated 2-3 times with an interval of weekly infusion of onion peel (20 g of husk pour a liter of water and leave for 24 hours).

Radish processing.

Readers often ask questions about how to treat radishes for pests or how to treat radishes for diseases. It is undesirable to use toxic chemicals in the fight against diseases and pests of quickly ripening root crops, if you are concerned about your health and the health of those who eat this radish, therefore the best protection is compliance with all rules of cultivation and care. If the recommendations we have described have not yielded results, and urgent radical measures need to be taken, then the radish from the black leg will have to be treated with copper sulphate solution (1 tablespoon of the preparation, 50 g of laundry soap per 10 liters of water), and the bacteriosis can be treated by treating the plants with a one-percent solution. Bordeaux fluid. But we repeat: everything that you process radishes you will eat later.

Harvesting and storing radish

The radish does not ripen at the same time, therefore we answer the question when to dig up the radish: you need to remove it selectively, as it ripens. Harvesting radish is best done in the morning, the night before abundantly watering the beds. Pulling out the roots, shake off the remnants of the soil with them, cut the tops not to the root itself, but at a distance of 2-3 cm from it, and do not cut the roots at all. How much and how to store radishes? Long-term storage, even in the best conditions, radishes become bitter and flabby, so give up the plans to harvest this root crop, such as carrots or beets, especially since you can grow fresh juicy radishes at any time - not in the garden, so greenhouse. Shot in the manner described above, the harvest of radish is stored in plastic bags in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator for about a week.

Ultra early, or early ripening varieties of radish

ripen in 18-20 days. The most famous of them are:

  • 18 days - the maturity of the roots of this variety reaches precisely for this period, they have a juicy, tender flesh, a cylindrical shape, rich pink color,
  • Firstborn - ultra early high-yielding hybrid ripening in 16-18 days. Large, rounded dark red roots of this variety are resistant to rifle and cracking, their flesh is sweet and juicy.

Planting and caring for radishes in the garden cottages

Radish is the earliest root crop that acquires a marketable appearance in 20-40 days, depending on the varietal terms of production. Planting and caring for radishes does not cause difficulties even in the absence of experience in gardening. To have a root vegetable on the table all summer, you should use some special techniques.

Agrotechnika radishes

When growing radish you need to know the following features:

  • cold-resistant culture with possible podzimny sowing,
  • the soil under the crop should be fertile, but without fresh organic matter,
  • a long day of light creates conditions for bracing, to the detriment of loading,

For planting and caring for radish in the open field choose the illuminated area. Before sowing, the soil is filled with rotted manure, complex mineral fertilizers and well digged. It is better to cook the garden in the fall, and to sow under-winter or in early spring. It should be noted that the seeds are placed in the grooves to a depth of 1 cm and the earth is compacted above them.

For solid planting, it is better to use a marker with teeth 5x5 cm. Then the seeds are stacked at the same distance with a uniform depth and compaction. Shoots appear simultaneously, thinning is not required. How to plant a radish every gardener chooses. You can sow a separate bed, make markers from sprouts for tug-like crops or stumble along the edges of the beds with other crops.

Sowing seeds with different maturity can produce products from one bed during the month. For example, radish French breakfast will delight you with tender crunchy pulp 20 days after germination, and the icicle will have marketability in 45 days. Thus, it is possible to have fresh radish on the table from one sowing period within a month.

How to get a crop of early radishes

To have a favorite root vegetable in May, you need to take care of this in advance. An open spot is selected on the site for early landing. Later here it will be possible to land heat-loving cultures. There are several ways to grow radishes of the first crop in the open field. For sowing, you need to choose fresh large seeds of early ripening varieties. The seeding rate is 2-3 g / m 2. Sowing of seeds, depending on the region, is carried out at different times - sub-winter or in early spring under temporary shelter.

Subwinter seeding is performed with a steady onset of cold weather in the prepared furrows. From above sowing harbor thawed soil prepared in advance. In spring, the seeds will hatch early, since the seedlings appear at 2-3 degrees and withstand return frosts up to 6 degrees. Another method is winter sowing. In the middle of winter snow is removed from the bed, seeds are laid out in the furrows and covered with peat in a layer of 2 cm.

Sowing radish for winter and winter allows you to get the first crop a decade earlier than with the spring method of planting. An area with early sprouts is covered at low temperatures, but more often a temporary shelter of arcs is installed above such a bed.

If an early radish is grown as a business, sowing seeds using a marker and the distance between ribbons with a continuous sowing of 40-50 cm will be the best way. Such placement of the crop will provide care for the plants. The whole area is covered with a film frame with ventilation. Early sowing on the prepared soil is done when the earth has thawed by 2-3 cm. If the morning frost on the soil was stronger than three degrees, the plants water and shade before the sun's rays touch the plant. Radish grows quickly if it has enough moisture and sunlight. Sampling of root crops produced gradually, as they mature.

Sowing radishes during the summer

Most often used for sowing early varieties in several terms, every summer month. How to grow radishes in the midst of summer, when the light day is longer than 12 hours? Radishes should go to the arrow at the height of summer precisely because of the lighting regime. Therefore, in the summer they artificially shorten the day, covering the garden bed with radish with dark geotextile along arcs. The film can not be covered, because the sun will create an unbearable heat under cover. It is necessary to illuminate the bed for 10-12 hours, only then you can get the roots, and not the arrow with the seeds.

The summer heat interferes with pouring, overdries the ground, contributes to the appearance of pests that eat up the leaves, gnaws the roots.

In summer, the bed should be damp, loose and constantly sprinkled with wood ash or tobacco dust. No insecticides on early-ripening crops should be used.

When planting a radish a second time depends on the willingness of the owners to maintain a light regime for it daily. If it is possible to provide watering and light day, in the midst of summer, the root crop can be grown using non-streamer varieties. But on hot days the filling is slow. In the shade radish will release a lot of greens to the detriment of the size of the head. Sowing radish seeds in June is irrational.

Planting radish in July more meets its biology. In the second half of the month, the heat is already subsiding, a shorter sunny day and colder than night. Therefore, in August, get a new wave of tasty root. Planting and caring for radish in the open field ends at the end of September, when large root crops of late varieties are harvested for winter storage.

In order to get radishes in September, the radish should be planted in early August. The beds that are freed from the onions on the turnip will be the best fit. They are well seasoned with fertilizer, loose and enough time before the onset of cold weather is enough to produce marketable radish. Planting radish in August and early September is practiced in areas with warm climates. It ensures the favorable development of root crops even in early October. The Urals should end the growing season in the first half of September. From these climatic conditions proceed, planning the timing of sowing radish seeds for storage.

Greenhouse cultivation of radish

The Siberian climate does not allow to make the first crops before May. Therefore, the greenhouse method of spring cultivation of radish in this area is common. Radish is a precursor of tomatoes and peppers in stationary greenhouses. Sowing it is done in April in order to get the first root vegetables by mid-May.

When cultivating radish in a greenhouse, it is important:

  • choose the greenhouse varieties that are not willing to bolting,
  • provide plants with light,
  • in time to thin out radish seedlings,
  • airing, irrigation, loosening required.

If you do not observe the conditions for planting and caring for radishes, a lot of greenery will grow to the detriment of the root crop, but the greenhouse radish leaves are gentle and suitable for making salads.

In Japan, radish leaves are considered the most valuable vitamin greens and they are used as food.

Getting radish seeds

Radish is an annual crop, so you can get the seeds yourself. To do this, grow seedlings through seedlings. Grown in containers, testes are transplanted into open ground rarely, after 30 cm and between rows in 70. Plants are fed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers and protect against insects pests.

The pods obtained on the bush turn yellow in September. These stems are cut, rooted and dried for two weeks and threshed. In Siberia, the testicle is grown in a container, in September they are placed in a greenhouse and grown in closed ground. Threshed seeds are calibrated, leaving only large ones.

Features of soil preparation

In order for radish to fully grow and develop, it needs to prepare a fertile soil. When planting radish, you must remember that its soil should be as loose as possible. If such a soil is not provided to this plant, then cracks will form on its fruits. That is why, before planting radishes, the soil is dug up and appropriate fertilizers are added to it.

The ideal option for planting this plant is super-sandy weak acid soil.

  • In order for the radish to properly form roots, it needs to provide the optimal amount of mineral fertilizers. These fertilizers include potassium salt and superphosphate.
  • Soil fertilizer directly depends on the planting period of this plant. When fertilizing, you need to know that radish is adversely affected by fresh manure. That is why using it as a fertilizer is by no means worth it.
  • Soil fertilizer should be made in advance. For example, if radish planting is planned for spring, the soil is fertilized in autumn.
  • At the square meter of the area allocated for the radish it is necessary to deposit at least one bucket of manure that is overdone.

The choice of location for planting this plant also plays an important role. This culture is very fond of lighting and therefore must be planted in very well-lit places. Также место высадки данного растения должно надежно защищаться от ветра.

Методы посадки редиса

Выращивать редис в открытом грунте можно тремя способами:

Подзимний способ высадки данного растения заключается в высевании семян в ноябре месяце. В том случае, если на этот момент земля мерзлая, то в грунт необходимо сеять сухие семена. После высевания семян редиса их накрывают перегноем. Этот метод высадки данного растения требует выбора южного или южно-восточного участка. Also, when planting radish in the sub-winter period, it is necessary to pay attention to the place not to be flooded with industrial waters in the autumn period.

In order to get radish shoots not two weeks earlier than during spring planting, it is planted in winter.

When using this method, planting beds are prepared since autumn. To do this, cut the grooves, the width of which is five centimeters. During the snowy winter before planting the radish snow is removed from the beds. Seeds are sown in the prepared grooves, and on top they are covered with peat.

The spring method is most often used when planting this plant:

  • Produced planting radish after the retreat of the winter cold.
  • Radishes are planted directly in open ground.
  • The time of planting radish in the spring depends on the characteristics of the region.
  • The most common planting of radish is from late April to early May.
  • Radishes are planted only when the continuous temperature is set at +15 degrees. At the same time the night temperature should not be below +5 degrees.
  • Before planting seeds, the beds are dug up and grooves are made in them.
  • The distance between the grooves should be at least twenty centimeters.
  • Planting seeds can be done in handfuls. Crops are dug and richly moistened.

When a need arises for emergence a few days earlier, the planting of this plant is covered with a film. The first shoots of radish appear after five days. Most often, a large number of seeds are used for planting radishes, so the first seedlings appear crowded.

In order to radish is not a "stack", it must be weeded. For this, the strongest plants are selected. 2-3 saplings left in 5-6 centimeters. After a few days, the strongest are selected from these seedlings, and the rest are pulled out.

Features care for radishes

In order for the fruits of radish to be large and juicy, it needs to provide regular weeding. This not only removes weeds, but also loosens the ground, which charity affects the size of the fruit. Also, this plant needs watering. When the soil is very dry, radish fruits will be small and bitter in taste, and its ground part will begin to emit arrows. Thinning this plant should begin only when the seeds in most germinate. This action takes place approximately 5-7 days after sowing, when the rows are clearly visible.

After the final thinning of radishes must be watered from the watering can for rooting.

This is necessary because during the thinning the radish root system can be broken, which can not become stronger without water. It is necessary to water a radish from a watering can. On average, one square meter of beds must be poured two liters of water.

Also, after planting radish, he needs to ensure timely fertilization. Urea and mullein are used as fertilizers. Urea must take one teaspoon, and mullein one glass. Five liters of the resulting solution can be processed 1 square meter beds. Thanks to the introduction of these fertilizers, the development of radish is significantly accelerated. In order to limit radishes from being attacked by a pest, it is necessary to pour ground pepper or dried mustard in the amount of 1 teaspoon per 1 square meter before weeding the beds.

Harvesting is done as it ripens. If the fruits have reached normal size, they must be collected. To do this, you just need to gently pull the plant by the stem.

Features of vegetable culture

Radish is a root crop with a size of 2.4 cm. Depending on the variety, its skin can be red or white and pink. Radish has an original taste, it contains mustard oil, which gives sharpness. For full-fledged growth in open ground vegetable needs light.

Radish has a short growing season, for this reason it is planted almost every week. The seedlings “hatch” at a temperature of + 1 to + 3 degrees.

Saplings grow well at a temperature of + 16 - + 18 degrees. If the plant is warm, but lacks light, it actively grows foliage, and does not waste strength on the roots (as a result, they become very hard). Garden radish is planted in the 15th of April, some varieties - in the 20th of May.

Before planting the crop in open ground, you need to prepare the soil. Radishes take root in an open, sunny area. The soil should be loose, fertile, neutral or slightly acidic.

Correct fit

I do not advise planting radishes in acidified soil, as diseases may occur. Vegetable culture is often grown in the garden, which is designed for tomatoes. If the soil in your area is poor, dilute it with humus. Add 2.5 kg per 1 square. m under the digging to a depth of 25 cm. Remember that radishes can not tolerate fresh manure. Good predecessors:

Undesirable prior cultures:

Those who are going to sow radishes in the spring, I advise you to prepare the site in the fall. Dig it to 20-30 cm, put in the compost (instead of this fertilizer you can use humus). In the spring, enrich the soil with potassium and phosphorus.

Seeds need to be sown thickly, pre-moistened wells (size 1 pc. Should be 2 cm). Forming the holes, keep a distance of between 15-20 cm between rows. In each fill in soil, compacted crops.

Do not make water! I, as an experienced gardener, advise mulch planting: use peat or humus. The size of the layer should be no more than 2 cm.

Radish seeds should be covered overnight with plastic wrap. If the weather is relatively dry, sprouts appear faster: approximately on the fourth day.

When the mini-seedlings form 2 loose leaves, it will be necessary to thin them and plant them at a distance of 3 cm. Inaccurate thinning can lead to root damage or marksmanship!

Growing "for the winter"

Radishes are planted in winter at the end of autumn. Seeds are sown before frosts begin: around the 15th of November. The best varieties are Spartak and Yubileiny. Radish of these varieties can withstand freezing and temperature changes. Soil is better to cook in the summer.

In the morning, in dry weather, dig the area, add organic matter and mineral resources. On 1 square. m. requires 5 kg of humus, 15 g of superphosphate and 12 g of potassium sulfate.

After you fertilize, cover the area with a film. So that it is not carried away by the wind, press down the corners with stones. Autumn planting is different from spring: in this case, the seeds are not thrown into wet, but dry soil.

Be sure to perform mulching using peat or dried soil. Autumn planting has an important advantage: it allows you to get a harvest 15 days earlier!

Open field maintenance

It is easy to care for radishes: you need to make water in time, weed the beds, loosen the soil between the rows. If after planting you bricked up the plants, the care will not take much time!

My friend asked how often you need to water the radishes. Vegetable is moisture-loving, so that it fully grows in the open field, you need to make water 1 time per day.

If it is not enough to water the radish, it will be very bitter or begin to shoot. Abundant watering - the cause of cracks in the roots. It is necessary regularly but moderately to make water.

In rainy weather, you should water the plant more often: 2 times a day. If the soil on the site is poor, it is necessary to feed the radish during the growing season (the number of dressings - 2).

Bulb culture growing in rich soil requires one feeding during the growing season. I do not advise abusing nitrogenous compounds, otherwise radishes will spend forces on foliage formation, fruits will only accumulate nitrates.

Radish fertilized with organic matter. Compost is mixed with humus in a 1: 1 ratio. On 1 square. m requires 3 kg of each of the ingredients. 7 g of potassium salt and superphosphate, 10 g of ammonium nitrate and 1 kg of wood ash are added to the mixture.

Growing problems

The plant can attack pests:

  • cruciferous flea,
  • aphid,
  • wireworm
  • Medvedka.

Cruciferous flea is dangerous because it can destroy sprouts. Insect does not attack the grown seedlings. To avoid the invasion of cruciferous flea, it is necessary to apply the agent with wood ash: 250 g of the product and 25 g of soap should be dissolved in 5 liters of water.

I advise you to install metal arcs, pulling on them spunbond. Under this material, crops normally breathe and get enough sunlight. If you install a shelter, cruciferous flea will not penetrate to the crops. When you see the tops, remove the spunbond.

The insect "Medvedka" often affects the early varieties of radish. A large number of bears in the garden leads to a loss of harvest.

Possible diseases

Consider other problems when growing.

  1. Radish can become infected with bacteriosis. When this disease leaves yellow, roots rot.
  2. Quila manifests growths on the fruit. The first sign of the disease is yellowed leaves.
  3. Black leg saplings fall ill. Their leaves turn yellow, curl, stems turn black below.

In order for the disease not to overtake the vegetable, choose the appropriate varieties and follow the agrotechnical rules.

Immediately remove affected specimens from the site! In the fight against the disease "Kila" effectively remedy based on lime. To prepare take 200 g of the product and pour 5 liters of water. One liter is designed for one adult plant.

If the radish has a black leg, treat it with medicine with onion peel. To prepare, take 10 g of raw material and pour water in the amount of 500 ml. The tool can be used after 24 hours. Ripening radish is better not to handle chemistry.

But if these funds did not help you, you will have to use a solution of copper sulfate mixed with soap and water. Take 20 g of the drug, 40 g of grated soap (preferably household) and diluted in 9 liters of water. Bacteriosis can lead to loss of crop, to cure a plant, use a weakly concentrated (1%) bordeaux liquid.

Fruit picking

I advise you to pick radishes from 6:00 to 8:00 in the morning. Before 6: 7 pm, pour a flower bed. Carefully remove the roots, shaking off the remnants of the earth.

Do not cut the roots! Radish itself is not suitable for long storage. If kept in the refrigerator for longer than a week, it will become bitter and not at all tasty. Those who wish to have radishes all year round should think about greenhouse cultivation!

Early ripe varieties of radish

ripen in 20-30 days from the moment of emergence, the best of them include:

  • Ilka - the yield of this variety is quite high, the roots of scarlet shade, rounded, weighing from 15 to 25 g, dense, juicy, white and pink-white flesh, medium-spicy taste, without bitterness. The variety is resistant to lowering temperature, bolting, the formation of porosity or the hardening of the flesh,
  • French Breakfast - is also a popular crop with a long cylindrical dark red fruit weighing up to 45 g with a rounded white tip. The flesh is juicy, without bitterness. Disadvantage: with strong heat, the arrow
  • Sachs - this variety ripens in 23-27 days, the shape of the root is round, the color is bright red, the flesh is white, juicy, with a mild taste. The average root weight is 22 g. The variety is resistant to tsvetushnosti, retains freshness for a long time,
  • White Fang - conical root crops of this variety original for white radish ripen in 33-40 days, reaching a length of 12 cm and gaining a mass of up to 60 g. The pulp is juicy, the taste is slightly hot,
  • Heat - high-yielding variety ripening in three weeks. Root crops are small, dark red, rounded, weighing up to 25 g. The flesh is white or white-pink, the taste is slightly hot. The variety, despite the name, does not like heat, so when grown in hot weather, it should be covered with a canopy.

Mid season radish

ripens in 30-35 days. The best varieties of this group are:

  • Vera - stalk-resistant, high-yield variety with bright red root vegetables of almost the same size, resistant to cracking,
  • Helios - variety with yellow round root vegetables with juicy pulp of pleasant taste,
  • Quantum - ripening for 30 days, productive variety with pink and raspberry root crops of delicate taste. When stored for a long time keeps elasticity,
  • Zlata - ripens a maximum of 35 days from the moment of emergence of shoots. Yellow round root vegetable with dense, tender and juicy pulp reaches 18 g in weight,
  • Duro - one of the most popular and fruitful varieties with very large (up to 10 cm in diameter), round red roots weighing up to 40 g, which requires more spacious planting in rows: the distance between specimens must be at least 10 cm. The variety is resistant to stalking, fruit and cracking fruits, well kept.

For late-ripening varieties of radish,

which need for ripening 36-45 days include:

  • Red Giant - productive variety with large cylindrical bright red fruits up to 14 cm in length with juicy pulp of white-pink color and slightly hot taste. It is resistant to cruciferous flea and Medvedka, it is perfectly stored: in the tank with sand it can be kept fresh for up to 4 months,
  • Icicle - variety, almost identical to the Red Giant, but only with white roots,
  • Champion - this high-yielding variety ripens in 40 days. The roots of it are crimson-red, large, elongated-rounded, weighing up to 20 g, the pulp is juicy, tender, but dense, pinkish-white in color, tastes are good. Root crops do not form voids, do not become flabby and soft for a long time,
  • Dungan - root crops of this cold-resistant variety have an elongated shape up to 15 cm long, they reach a mass of 45 to 80 g. The flesh is juicy, white, the taste qualities are excellent,
  • Wuerzburg-59 - a variety with large rounded raspberry root vegetables with dense juicy flesh, long preserving elasticity,
  • Rampouch - ripening period of this variety is 35-45 days. Its roots are elongated, fusiform, the skin, like the pulp, is white. The taste is medium hot without bitterness. Variety resistant to bolting.

Late-ripening varieties are usually sown in the first decade of August.

How to plant radish seeds correctly

It’s impossible to feel that spring has finally come after a long winter, and the long-awaited summer is approaching more inexorably, until a radish appears on the table. Tasty and very useful, on a table in a salad bowl or even just scattering on a dish, it seems to be saying with all its appearance - I have come, and wait for the summer with it. But how to plant radishes?

A little bit about radish

Crispy, slightly sharp and bright radish tubers are a real repository of many mineral salts - magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, vitamins - C, B5, AT2, AT1, enzymes and organic acids. And isn't it because a person is so positive about the first spring radish that appears on the table at the moment when the body is all very necessary for them? This article will tell you how to plant radish seeds.

There are two types of this plant - annual and biennial. The first consists of European varieties and brings seeds with roots for one year, the second is made up of Asian winter varieties, which produce seeds only in the second year. This material discusses the rules for planting radish seeds of European varieties.

Radish - a ripening, cold-resistant, loving light and moisture plant belonging to the class of cruciferous or cabbage. Depending on the region of cultivation, it can bear fruit from 2 to 5 times a year. To get a good and multiple harvest you need to know how and when to plant radishes.

Some features of plant compatibility

When planting radish seeds, it is important to remember that all garden plants obey a certain law of compatibility, breaking which can be left without a crop. How to plant radishes, considering all this?

In this regard, a crop such as radish should be planted next to the lettuce, which will not allow the earthy fleas to harm the plant. And if the radish is surrounded by beans, then its tubers grow larger and have a more delicate flavor. In general, radishes are friendly with potatoes and spinach, as well as onions, garlic, beets and cabbage. But it’s not recommended to plant radishes with cucumbers.

Radish on open ground under the film

How to plant a radish under the film? When planting seeds in the ground must comply with the "rule of three matches." The seeds are planted at a depth corresponding to the length of the match, the bed from the bed is at the distance of the match, and the seed from the seed is planted in a row for the length of the match.

Land for radish is desirable loose, and after planting radish it is recommended to mulch it - sprinkled with river sand, sawdust or peat on top. Considering the fact that there is still snow when planting a radish, it is possible to plant more rows on the rows of planted seeds, but not too much. The next step will be the installation of shelter material over the beds of the spandbod.

The first shoots appear at the time of thawing of the last snow. At this point, it is important to pay attention to the density of seedlings and, if necessary, thin out the rows or sow the seeds. With a warm spring, be sure to do airing, raising the spandbod for a while. The first radish on the table can be collected in three weeks, if a good spring allows.

Radishes in greenhouses

How to plant radish in a greenhouse? Getting earlier from

рожая редиса возможно при высадке его в теплице. Грунт в теплицах готовится несколько иначе, потому что в них редис не является лидирующей культурой. Он, так сказать, подсаживается к тому, что уже планируется посадить в теплице. Поэтому высаживаются семена не на грядках теплицы, а между ними, и на неделю-две раньше, чем основная культура.

Как сажать семена редиски в теплицах, можно прочитать на многих сайтах. Basically, the seeds are planted to a depth of half a centimeter and sprinkled with earth. Gusting seeds should not be, and when a very elongated seedlings appear, it is desirable to sprinkle them with earth, otherwise you can remain without root crops. Fertilizers should be applied twice - at the very beginning, after planting of seeds, and a week later.

Radish in greenhouses

Radish is also planted in greenhouses according to slightly different rules. Since here it is the leading crop - all the others land after it - the earth is prepared a little differently, and the landing dates are determined by the weather and the construction of the greenhouses. Since radishes love heat and sunlight, suitable conditions can be achieved in greenhouses sometime after the first decade of April.

Greenhouse soil should be carefully leveled. If it is too dry, it should be watered just before sowing, and when the ground is excessively wet, dig the ground to the depth of the bayonet and ventilate the greenhouse by opening a little frame.

How best to plant radishes? To accelerate the emergence of seedlings, seeds intended for sowing in a greenhouse, it is desirable to germinate. They are soaked for two hours, and then poured evenly on gauze in plates, covered with coarse calico and kept warm. Barely sprouts begin to spit - it's time to plant them into the ground. The optimum temperature in a greenhouse when sowing radish is from 15 to 20 degrees.

Radish on the windowsill

If you really want radishes, but there is no country house or garden, then those who are interested can try to grow this plant on their windowsill. And it can be done without waiting for spring - albeit in December. It is enough to have a soil mix, a box where radishes are planted, and knowledge - how to plant radish seeds when growing it at home. Requires excellent light and cool place. It may well be a window sill. It is worth noting - despite the fact that radish is a short day plant, the winter day is still too short, so additional lighting does not hurt the radish.

Radish seeds are planted in boxes to a depth of 1 centimeter, at a distance of 5-7 centimeters from each other and necessarily rolled down. The main feature of the cultivation of radish on the windowsill is the temperature regime that must be observed.

After the first sprouts appear at room temperature, the plant should be cooled, keeping it at a temperature of about 7 ° C for about 4 days, and then set the mode to 17 ° C for good sunny weather and 15 ° C for cloudy. At night, keep the temperature around 13⁰С. This can be achieved by adjusting the flow of cold air with the help of the vents.

Of the fertilizers, cow manure is used in an aqueous solution with the addition of 10 g of potassium salt and 15 g of superphosphate per 10 liters of water. The growth of radish root crops occurs within one and a half to three months, so the harvest is selectively removed.

Features care and pest control

Watering for radish is a necessary thing, so it should be carried out two or three times a day. But if the radish in the open ground gets a lot of moisture - in the rainy spring, it can over-ripen - glaze, crack and rot.

The main pest for radish is the cruciferous flea, which is controlled by “clean” solutions that do not have chemistry. This is done because the radish quickly ripens, and the roots do not have time to get rid of it.

These can be tobacco dust or ash. This tool not only has a protective effect, but also is an additional feeding for radish.

Radish is a good root vegetable

If we hear "radish", then we immediately recall "Gentlemen of luck." But in this article we will talk not about the “bad man”, but about the tasty and healthy plant that every third gardener has in his country house. In early spring it is one of the first sources of vitamins, besides radish has antimicrobial properties.

Radish belongs to the cruciferous family (like cabbage). Most common are its annual (European) varieties, which produce a root crop and seeds in the first year of planting. But there are two-year-old radishes (Chinese varieties), in which the root crop appears in the first year after planting, and the seeds appear in the second year. We will consider only the first, one-year version, as the most popular in our area.

The roots of this radish can be round, flat-round or have a cylindrical shape. The color can be saturated red, pink, white, purple and even yellow.

I admit, I am a lover of round heads and varieties with a minimum amount of bitterness. For the most part, I use radishes to make salads and to eat fresh, sometimes I add slightly light leaves to the salad.

Planting radishes

I sow radish seeds immediately in the soil, I can do it all summer to get a young and tasty crop. In early spring, radish is one of the first vegetables on our table.

Highlight a radish sunny, isolated from the winds place, with light soils. My radish grows in a sunny place, but on one side it seems to close the garden. Therefore, a little more than half a day on the plot for radish is the sun, and this is good for it, the roots are juicy, with tender pulp. In the area where I grow radishes, I have weakly acidic soil, I have never had any problems with growth. But already on neutral soils radish will definitely grow well. This culture loves light, loose soil (sandy).

Radish is responsive to organic fertilizers in the soil. I plant radishes every year at a different place so that the predecessors of the radish were vegetables from another family. It is not recommended to sow radishes after cabbage, horseradish, watercress and other cruciferous, as microorganisms are accumulated in the soil that can cause diseases characteristic of this family.

Cooking soil for radishes

Under the autumn digging make humus or compost. Usually I dig up to a depth of about 30 cm. When spring comes and I again dig up the soil already to form small ridges to a depth of about 20 cm, I will definitely bring phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.

Sow radishes

I grow radishes in the open field in a seedless way always, and even several times over the summer. I do the first sowing at the end of March, when the ground is still frozen. I plant the next batch at the end of April or in the first week of May. But I can plant in the 20th of May. If I decide that I also want radish in the fall, I sow it in late July.

Radish can germinate already at 5 ° C, but it will take an extremely long time. If the temperature rises to 15 ° С, then the seedlings will appear within a week, and at 23 ° С, the seedlings can make happy already on day 4. The optimum temperature for growth is 20 ° C.

Under the radish, I make grooves with a distance of about 20 cm from each other. First, I sow radishes thickly, but after shoots I break through it, so that the root crops do not interfere with each other, at a distance of about 5 cm. I groove the grooves with strong dryness of the ground and seal the seeds to a depth of about 3 cm.

Radish care

Planted radishes in the dry summer water every day. If the weather is not very hot, I can reduce the amount of watering to 1 time in 2 days. Moisture is very important to radish, but if it arrives unevenly, the roots can crack. With an excess of moisture, radish becomes tasteless and has a watery structure of pulp tissue. If water is not enough, then the bitterness, elongation, hardness of the crust can not be avoided.

On poor soils for early varieties, one mineral dressing can be done; for later varieties, two supplements can be done, but no more. My first experience in feeding radish was unsuccessful, because I fed my radish with large doses of nitrogen fertilizers, this caused a huge growth of foliage and pulling of root crops. At the same time they were born very small and gained a lot of nitrates. Do not repeat my mistakes.

Radish varieties

Radish, like many vegetables, is divided into varieties that ripen early, with an average period and late.

Radish "Zarya"

This early variety is good for both open and protected ground. From grown seedlings to harvest will take 20-30 days.

Radish "Early Red"

From full germination to full maturity will also take about 30 days. The color of the root is dark red, the variety is attractive for its resistance to bolting. The flesh is tender, dense, white, very juicy. Good for soil and greenhouse conditions.

Garden radish "French breakfast"

The cylindrical shape of the fruit of this variety is loved by many gardeners. The color of the fruit is bright scarlet with a white tip. The flesh is tender, juicy, without a drop of stinginess. Ripens this variety somewhere for 23 days. The mass of the fruits about 20 g.

Garden radish "Helios"

From germination to harvest with this variety will be 30 days. The grade of yellow color, a roundish root crop differs in gentle taste and gentle pulp. According to maturity, it can be attributed to the medium early.

Radish "Viola"

Medium early, fruits purple, rounded, juicy.

Radish watermelon

Suddenly, inside the greenish-white fruit is found bright crimson flesh, it looks very unusual and beautiful. Radishes are large, with a diameter of 7-8 cm, the flesh is thick, not very juicy and crispy, inside is sweeter than the outside. The saturation of taste decreases as aging.

Svetlana, Russia

Oh, Faith! Naveyla longing for spring! I always plant red or pink varieties with a white tip - always round. The fruits of this radish cause me aesthetic pleasure))) But you know, strangely, I want to eat radish only in the spring, although I really like the taste! Somehow we quickly gorge on them, so I never sow much. And the post is super, as always, from the photo of saliva flowed))) ++!

Light, you imagine, I also love him until the second half of summer and in the winter something sticks to December, okroshka or turey will blow and radish hovers in the air)))))

Marina, Nekrasovskoye

So I have the same: in the spring of radish, I want to go straight to the shiver - do not wait for it to ripen, and pick up the ohotku - and no longer need, it seems. Well, except in okroshka. But once I replaced the crops of radish with radish (Ladushka variety) - it looks like radish to its taste, but it does not turn out so fast. And we gladly ate this radish all season. And from varieties of radish, I like Sachs - he has a short tops, and the roots are round, large and strong. This year I sowed a multicolored mixture (I wanted beauty :)) - only yellow radish rose (and (there was also (if you believe the photos on the bag) both white and raspberry and lilac ...)

Lyudmila Uleyskaya, Yalta

Interestingly, radishes came to Europe thanks to Marco Polo. As a vegetable delicacy, it quickly spread, especially in France, where it remains today a national food. That is why it is still often called French radish. Radish was introduced to Russia by decree of Peter I, who was interested in this root crop while staying in Holland. By the order of the king, radishes were grown in vegetable gardens laid out near the Summer Garden. He daily included in the menu of the royal family. After the death of Peter I, the cultivation of radish almost ceased and rejoiced a century later.

Alla Lankova, Milkovo

As a child, I loved radishes, which my grandmother squeezed: a long one, the size of a large carrot. We cleaned it from the skin, rubbed on a grater and refilled with sour cream. Sort I do not know. Now, how many have not tried, I can not find the seeds of such a radish. Does anyone know what kind of brand?

Marina, Nekrasovskoye

Alla, this description reminds me of “Ladushka” radish. This is a summer radish, in which the roots are similar in shape to a carrot, and in color and taste - to radish. At one time I grew it instead of radish, which in summer, in the heat, can be bad. “Ladushka” is deprived of this deficiency, so it can be grown all season without interruption. And then in our stores its seeds disappeared somewhere, and I gradually forgot about it. Thank you for reminding me! We must look to sow in the summer

Lyudmila Orlova (Abramova), Yekaterinburg

Alla, and maybe it was not radish, but daikon? Size - with a large carrot, taste - like a radish, even a little softer, if not overgrown.

Tatiana, Sudislavl

I have been sowing Red Giant radish for two years in a row, it is bright red, the flesh is white, juicy, purely radish. Sowed 2 times per season, the latter turned out not very red and more sharp to taste, watered intermittently. But kept in the basement until the New Year. The length of the largest was 18 cm. I saw seeds in stores this year.

Elena Efremova

And I sow radishes only in the spring, not because I only want to. I tried to sow both in summer and in autumn. useless! In the summer, the arrow immediately, in the fall, if the arrows are early again, if later it does not have time to mature. It may be necessary to use some other varieties, or maybe because of our too hot and dry summer (Stavropol region, KMV region). We must try to find the “radish” ladus. Anyway, in the fall, you want to eat okroshka and gnaw. And it’s scary to buy in stores and even on the market.

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