Trees

Fir-tree prickly (Picea pungens Hoopsii) Hoopsie

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One of the best ways to decorate the land around your house or estate is to use coniferous trees for decoration. They are able not only to create comfort, but will also diligently clean the surrounding air, spreading their magnificent aroma.

Especially popular among coniferous trees used for decoration, became Hoopsi spruce. This variety was bred in America back in 1922. Since then, Hoopsie has become a worthy adornment of many landscapes in Europe.

General information

Hoopsie is the name of one of the varieties of blue, or barbed, spruce. It can rightly be considered one of the best for decoration. This tree has the appearance of a wide cone, the diameter of which reaches 4-5 m. Spruce Blue Hoopsie has an intense color and is considered the most blue representative of its species. When beautiful red bumps appear on the needles - a delightful sight appears before your eyes.

Hoopsie belongs to the slow-growing varieties. And when the tree is 30 years old, it will have a height of 12-15 m. The tree has a very thick crown, which increases by 12-20 cm annually. Hoopsi spruce is covered with tough, thick and sharp needles, 2-3 cm long. Shoots are attached to trunk horizontally, but because of their inherent strength, they do not break under the weight of snow.

The best places for landing

Nothing decorates the main street of the city like Spruce Hoopsie. The description of the requirements for its growth is very small: it is resistant to severe frosts, tolerates pollution of urban air and grows on almost any soil.

If a tree is grown in a small garden, park or square, it can be regularly cut. It is important that this be done very delicately. Then this garden beauty will be able to please the eye with its delicate blue needles and elegant form.

How to plant Hoopsie in his garden

If you liked the Hoopsi prickly spruce and you want to have the same in your garden, then the first thing to do is to cut the cutting. To do this, you should choose a branch with a length of 6-10 cm in the middle of the crown and better on the north side. This should be done in April or May, choosing an overcast day. The tree from which the cutting is taken must be at least 5 years old.

Cut off your favorite branch with the "heel", that is, capturing a small amount of older wood and bark. Before planting, the cutting “heel” is a little cleaned, but without touching the bark. Then the cutting should be kept for a day in the growth regulator solution. And only after that it can be planted for rooting, immersing in the soil by 5-6 cm and maintaining a degree of inclination, which is equal to 30. The appearance of the roots can be expected in a few months, and sometimes a whole year.

How to ensure the rapid growth of the tree

In order for the Hupsie blue spruce to feel well and successfully develop, it is important to observe the following conditions:

  • Summer watering should be carried out at the rate of 12 liters per sapling. If you overdo it with water, the roots will begin to rot, and the needles crumble. Water should be warm and pour it better on the crown of the watering can tree.
  • Spruce trees should not be allowed to grow in dry ground for a long time, since only in the presence of moisture the fungi in the soil create a nutrient medium for it.
  • It is necessary to regularly flush the ground at the trunk of a tree, but so as not to touch the roots.
  • It is necessary to closely monitor the appearance of the young sapling in order to notice the appearance of the disease in time. If a reddish tinge has formed on it, this indicates infection by a fungus.
  • From too large frosts or scorching sun, young trees should be covered with a nonwoven material that is capable of passing air stretched over the frame. You can simply build a branch house around the Christmas tree. The main thing is that the shelter is not located too tightly to the tree, which in this case can be damp.
  • It is very important to immediately cut out dried and maroon shoots.
  • To accelerate the growth of sprouts in the spring, spruce is treated with special solutions. For example, “Epin-Extra” or “Epin” + “Cercon” in the ratio 2: 1.

Spruce Khupsi is a beautiful tree that can be a wonderful decoration of city streets and squares, as well as an element of decor in a small private garden. Planting and growing with your own hands will not create a lot of red tape. The tree is not demanding on the quality of the soil and air. True, it does not like excess moisture, so you should take care of good drainage of the soil. But the long-term drought does not make him particularly happy, since it loses its nutrient medium during this period.

Plant description

What is so attractive this fir. Why do people like to grow it so much? First of all, its appearance. The peculiarity of the spruce is the shape in the form of a wide cone, whose diameter can reach up to 5 meters. Spruce can grow very high. Spruce is especially high after thirty years. Sometimes it reaches a height of over 12 meters. This is the height of a five-story building.

Spruce Hoopsi due to the prickly needles, has a peculiar color - blue. Blue needles on a spiny spruce usually grows up to 3 centimeters. It feels barbed to the touch precisely because spruce has thick, stiff blue needles, which makes it look fluffy. Since the prickly fir Hoopsi belongs to the coniferous class of trees, it does not shed its leaves. Therefore, does not lose its appearance in all seasons. It is beautiful, as in winter, when on its fluffy paws lies white snow sparkling in the sun as well as in summer, unusually beautiful cones of red are visible in the thorny blue needles.

Location

Spruce loves light. Her soil with moderate moisture and fertile layer is necessaryMost often spruce is planted in light or medium loamy soil. The top layer of the ground beneath the spruce tree must be so permeable that the soil under the spruce has the possibility of air supply. In no case should a tree be allowed to allow strong moisture and sharp compaction; if the soil under the spruce is not soft, the tree may die. Spruce easily tolerates drought and pollution of the urban environment, such as soot, smoke and dirt.

In order to plant a spruce in your backyard, you can use three methods.

The first method, the most common, is purchase of seedlings in specialized nurseriesin the trade network. Naturally, this method will require you to certain material costs. When purchasing a tree, you need to remember that seedlings should be small no more than 60 centimeters.

The second method is through grafting. It is done this way, first you need to find a spruce tree, which is over 5 years old. Then, with a sharp knife, cut from this spruce a branch from 6 to 10 cm long. The branch should be found in the middle of the tree crown and preferably from the north side. In order for the stalk to take root, it must be cut with the bark of a tree. In common people, this is called “heel-cut” since the cut bark resembles a heel in appearance.

After that, the finished cutting must be processed. In order for the cutting to later take root in the ground, it must be kept for 24 hours in solution, with the addition of a growth regulator. Then you need to pull the stalk out of the solution and plant it in the prepared earthen hole, deepening the stalk no more than 5-6 cm and always at an angle of 30 degrees. After the cutting is planted, it must be watered several times.

When planting you need to remember that spruce should be planted in areas that are well lit by the sun. When landing in an earthen hole it is necessary to add peat, sand and leaf earth, which can be taken in the forest. All these components must be mixed to moisten and only then begin to plant. The cuttings take root in the soil better when they are planted in spring or early summer.

The duration of rooting in spruce, sometimes lasting more than 4 months. The third way is with the help of seeds. Seeds can be obtained from ripe cones. For this you need to peel a lump. In order for the seeds to grow better they should be soaked in water. It is necessary to plant the seeds in spring or autumn. After sowing shoots usually appear after 2 weeks.

In his departure, spruce unpretentious. Tree need weed as needed and loosening for better air penetration and moisture to the root system of spruce. Since the blue spruce likes moderate moisture, it is necessary to water the tree more often during the drought, especially in summer. So that on the branches of spruce remained thick beautiful blue needles in the summer, it is washed with water. For the best growth of the tree, it is recommended to feed both mineral and organic fertilizers. To spruce looked beautiful, her hair cut.

Diseases and pests ate, and their prevention

Spruce Hupsie, like other spruces, is susceptible to fungal diseases and insect-induced lesions. Diseases such as shyutte, snowy shyutte, necrosis of the bark, fusarium, ulcerative cancer can lead to a bad state of blue needles, and further to the death of the tree. All of the above diseases mainly occur in young firs. Their first sign is a change in the state of blue needles and bark on a tree.

So that your spruce is not susceptible to fungal disease It is necessary to carry out the following prevention: adhere to the rules of planting, cut the tree, remove diseased shoots and needles from the site, disinfect the trunk with Bordeaux fluid, and with the slightest alteration of the blue color of the needles, detect growths on the branches, deteriorate the color of the bark, treat with fungicidal preparations. It must be remembered that spruce is prone to diseases that cause insects, which can be divided into the following classes:

  1. sucking: scytworm and false guard, aphid, hermes, spider mite, leafworm, coniferous scarlet,
  2. pine needles: spruce moth, spruce sawfly, peppered moth,
  3. stem pests: spruce bark beetle, spruce bark beetle, spruce barbel, spruce woodcutter,
  4. pest bumps: shushkovaya fire.

You need to know that the above insect parasites are very dangerous for the tree and can lead to death. It is important to remember that parasites are very dangerous during breeding, as some of them lay a large number of eggs, others reproduce in colonies, the larvae of which then caterpillars grow. So that the tree does not die from parasites, it must be treated with intextidal and biological preparations of different types.

So, to completely get rid of sucking parasites use inteksidy such as:

To destroy the needles of parasites and stem parasites, drugs such as Chlorofos, Karbofos or Kinmiks are used. Spraying with these drugs must be done several times, avoiding a large period of time. After processing, it is necessary to dig the ground under the tree to get rid of pest pupae. From pests of cones spruce sprayed "Lepotsidom P".

Picea pungens 'Hoopsii'

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Fir-tree prickly "Hoopsie"

Picea pungens 'Hoopsii'

Decorative bluish-silver needles, conical, dense form of the crown.

A tree with a wide conical crown, slightly non-symmetrical at a young age. The maximum height is up to 10 - 15 meters, the diameter of the crown is 3-4.5 meters. The crown is evenly branching, very thick, powerful, straight. The branches are horizontally spaced from the trunk and rather far apart. Shoots are light red-brown, buds are small, dark brown. Growth rate is low. Needles - silver-blue, sometimes saturated blue, dense, prickly, radially located, without shine. The tip of the needles pointed.

Optimum growing conditions:

Demanding on soil fertility. Prefers fresh. fertile loamy or sandy soils. Drought-resistant, but develops better on soils with sufficient moisture. Does not tolerate waterlogging, soil compaction and salinization.

It tolerates urban conditions.

When grown in polluted areas, it is recommended to wash the needles with water at least 3 times a month.

It responds well to top dressing, but when overfeeding it is damaged by fungal diseases.

It tolerates pruning.

It is recommended to avoid drying the roots during transportation and planting.

It is used for single and group plantings, for gardening ceremonial and memorial places, as well as for creating alleys, hedges, ordinary plantings, tree-shrub groups, compositions with coniferous and herbaceous plants, in organizing heather gardens. Recommended for urban gardening squares, gardens at the exhibition halls. museums, medical facilities, city courtyards, school gardens.

Trees, shrubs:

Norway spruce Gold Dust (Picea abies Gold Dust) p9

Fir-tree prickly Hoopsi (Picea pungens Hoopsii), height 120-150 cm, com

Norway spruce Little Jam (Picea abies Little Gem) P9 20-30

Fir-tree prickly Fat Albert (Picea pungens Fat Albert), C10 60-80 cm

Fir-tree Canadian Ekhiniformis (Picea glauca Echiniformis) con.40 l, 40-45 cm.

Fir-tree prickly Glauka Globoza (Picea pungens Glauca Globosa) shtamb 80-100 cm

Norway spruce Inversa (Picea abies Inversa) shtamb 120 C30

Norway spruce Tompa (Picea abies Tompa), P9 15-20

Spruce Sitkhinskaya Sugar Loaf (Picea sitchensis Sugar Loaf) p9

Fir-tree prickly Waldbrunn (Picea pungens Waldbrunn) C10 50-60cm

Fir-tree prickly Glauka Globoza (Picea pungens Glauca Globosa) C8 40-60cm

Norway spruce (Picea abies) height 160-180 cm com

Norway spruce Inversa (Picea abies Inversa) p9

Fir-tree prickly Belobok (Picea pungens Bialobok) 40-60cm, C5

Fir-tree prickly glauka Maygold (Picea pungens Maigold) C3 20 cm

Norway spruce Pumila Glauk (Picea abies Pumila Glauca) р9

Fir-tree prickly Waldbrun (Picea pungens Waldbrunn) P9 10-12CM

Spruce Canadian Alberta Globe (Picea glauca Alberta Globe) com, 50-60cm.

Fir-tree prickly glauka "Misty Blue" (Misty Blue) C7,5 60-80 cm

Fir-tree prickly Fat Albert (Picea pungens Fat Albert), C10 50-70 cm

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