Canadian roses have proven themselves and are very popular.
Characterized by versatility, supported by frost-resistant properties.which provides flower growers and lovers with incredible beauty throughout the season.
The variety attracts with the beauty of its flowers, painted in a delicate pink color, having a pronounced aroma. Shrub up to 2.5 m, covered with lush green foliage.
Inflorescences are collected in clusters of 10-15. It pleases with its bloom from the beginning of June and throughout the summer until the start of frost.
John Davis Roses
An unusual feature is the bright red terry flowers with pointed petals. Erect bushes up to 1.5 m in height, the crown of which is about 1 m in diameter.
Decorate the plant dark shiny leaves of a rounded shape. Flowers form in the hands of 3-7 pieces. With sufficient sunshine, the rose blooms almost all summer.
Roses varieties John Franklin
Climbing roses are characterized by flexible branches that allow you to create fabulous living fences using supports, as well as original flower beds and stylish lawns near the house or in the park. The best varieties in this series include:
The culture has a delicate, with a delicate aroma, a flower of a pale pink color with the presence of a violet hue.
Elegant shrub up to 8 m. The leaves are painted in a rich green color, oval-shaped with pronounced veins. Shoots without thorns, and the flowers are collected in racemes. There is a long and abundant flowering.
Martin Frobisher Roses
The bush is sprawling, 1,8 m high, 1,0 m wide. The flower has bright red color and easy fruit aroma.
A plant with brilliant foliage, upright, slightly curved shoots. Form in brushes by 1-4 pcs. All warm season blooms.
Rose variety Quadra
Canadian rose is exactly that option among the variety of varieties that will decorate the local area and will delight chic flowers throughout the season.
Because it is well adapted to the harsh, cold climate, high humidity and resistant to diseases and attacks of pests.
Biological characteristics and characteristics of the plant
The roses came about thanks to a selection and the Government of Canada, which commissioned local breeders to bring out resistant and not needing shelter blooming roses to decorate the parks of the city.
As a result, the Ottawa and Morden research stations developed a group of unpretentious, hardy and winter-hardy plants that are able to live and blossom in harsh, cold weather conditions.
Canadian rose can be grown in a cold climate
The main advantages of canadas include:
- beautiful appearance, thanks to the dense juicy foliage and large inflorescences, having a diverse palette of colors,
- the duration and abundance of flowering throughout the season, even with minimal care,
- good resistance to frost, as they are able to withstand the maximum temperature of -40 degrees,
- rapid adaptation to extreme temperatures,
- the ability to actively recover after the freezing of the above-ground buds,
- high immunity of roses to various diseases of fungal and infectious origin,
- easy portability of shaded areas and the absence of diseases from the lack of lighting,
- good survival rate in any climatic zones,
- unpretentious care.
Planting technology and basic care
Autumn is considered a favorable time for planting., because during the winter the roots of the plant will get stronger and will spring with strong branches.
Choosing a place for disembarkation should be given preference sufficiently ventilated illuminated areas. Do not place bushes under the burning rays of the sun.
Planting material to speed up the rooting process before planting place for several hours in a solution that stimulates root growth.
Stages of planting seedlings:
- Pre-prepare the hole, which dig up the size of 70x70.
- Pour loose, non-acidic soil into the landing pit, fertilized with a complex of mineral and organic substances.
- For the normal development of the root system, the seedling should be 5–10 cm deep above the grafting and previously remove the leaves from the shoots, leaving a pair of upper ones.
- After completing the process, young bushes should be watered well.
- In the first winter, it is necessary to spud at the base of the bush to a height of 20 cm, using a mixture of earth and sand in equal proportions.
Further care for Canadian roses is to hold the following events:
- Compliance with the conditions of soil moisture.
- Top dressing with a special complex of mineral fertilizers.
- Pruning and shaping the bush.
- Removing weed crops and mulching with peat, humus or ground tree bark.
- Shelter bushes for the winter, depending on the age of roses and climatic conditions.
Basic rules for growing Canadian park roses
The plant is very unpretentious and adapts quite easily. to adverse weather conditions, but even for landing it is necessary to comply with a number of requirements:
- the terrain of the site should be characterized by flat terrain without stagnation of water, which can lead to the death of the seedling,
- It is not recommended to choose a place for planting near the southern wall of buildings, since in winter this area may thaw and freeze several times, which will have a detrimental effect on roses,
- dressing of roses at the end of summer should be excluded, otherwise the tops may be frozen in the plants,
- in the first year after planting, insulate the plant for the winter, helping to adapt to extreme climatic conditions,
- pruning, remove weak inner, old and frozen branches, and for continuous flowering regularly remove wilted inflorescences.
For those who want to grow roses in adverse conditions, winter-hardy Canadian roses were bred, while retaining their decorative effect. Due to the fact that they differ from other varieties of roses with high resistance to common diseases, frost resistance and unpretentiousness, they are often used to decorate parks. To get bright roses saturated color twice a year, you should know certain rules for caring for rose Canadian selection.
In this article we consider the most popular varieties of Canadian rose park, how to plant it and care for it.
Planting and caring for the Canadian rose
For successful cultivation, you must purchase a grafted seedling, and then be sure to prepare a place for planting. You can plant in the sun and in partial shade on any soil, the rose will grow the same. To do this, you need to dig a planting hole 70x70x70 cm in size and fertilize it (humus, wood ash, peat, compost, and complex fertilizer, taken in equal shares). When planting, it is recommended to deepen the rose by 5-10 cm. In order for the young bush to form a sufficiently powerful root system, it is necessary to protect it in the first year of life, especially in winter. For a successful first wintering, it is necessary to make a hill around the base, 15-20 cm high, of earth and sand.
Further, the Canadian rose requires minimal care:
- After winter, you need to prune broken branches.
- In the summer, at high temperatures, watering, although these roses grow well in drought.
- Top dressing is carried out seasonally: with nitrogen - in the spring, phosphorus and potassium - in the summer. This contributes to more lush flowering, but not necessarily.
- In preparation for the wintering branches, which spikes break off, cut out.
- Reproduction is carried out very easily by cutting.
- Most varieties do not need pruning for decorative bush.
Canadian Rose Varieties
Roses of Canadian selection are divided into two groups:
- parkland ("Parkland Roses") - there are various colors, flowers of a more subtle form, but do not have a fragrant smell, among them there are no wobbling varieties. These are “Cuthbert Grant”, “Hope for Humanity”, “Morden Belle”, “Morden Blush”, “Morden Centennial”, “Morden Ruby, Prairie Joy, Winnipeg Parks, Cape Diamond,
- explorer ("The Explorer Roses") - these include mostly fragrant and strutting varieties, 1-3 m high. These are - Alexander MacKenzie, John Cabot, Lambert Closse, Quadra, Louis Jolliet and Marie-Victorin.
In Canada, a new group of roses is being developed - Canadian Artist, which is notable for its very high frost resistance (up to -45 ° С).
If you plant Canadian winter-hardy roses in your flower garden, you will not regret it, as they are beautiful both during the flowering period and the fruits left on the flowering branches.
Brugmansia - growing from seed
A beautiful tropical plant Brugmansia has long deserved the love of flower growers, who studied the growing conditions and features of caring for them. In our article we will share tips on growing brugmansia from seeds.
Torenia - growing from seed
Today in our gardens you can find exotic flowers brought from different parts of the world, including Vietnam. For example, a beautiful flowering torrenia looks very good in flowerpots and flowerpots. In our article we will talk about growing torenii from seeds.
Sulpiglossis - seed growing
If you want to add bright colors to the garden, lush flowered salpiglossis is the best solution. Buying his seeds is no problem. And we will tell you how to grow salpiglossis from seed.
Lobelia - growing from seed
Beautiful and long-blooming lobelia is of considerable interest among growers. If you want to decorate your plot with this plant, it will be useful for you to know how to grow lobelia from seeds.
Each grower knows that with the arrival of winter, most species of roses need shelter, because they are not adapted to the harsh weather conditions. This does not apply to Canadian roses, which do not require any cover. These flowers grow beautifully even in the most frosty corners of our planet and have a wide variety of varieties, so everyone can choose a suitable rose for their summer cottage. How does it look canadian rose? Consider her varieties, photos and description.
Park roses - preparation for winter
Park roses are called all types and varieties of cultivated wild rose. This name they received due to their landscape decorative appearance and use in landscaping parks and squares.
With proper care, park roses form strong, strong bushes that bloom and bear fruit. They can be planted singly, in groups, in the form of hedges and borders.
How to prepare park roses for winter?
Another important property of park roses, in addition to their high ornamentation, is the ability to winter without much shelter. In general, of all varieties of roses, park ones are the most winter-hardy. Most of them do not require shelter at all, or it may be minimal.
If you are not sure what exactly the variety of park roses grows on your site, it is better to prepare them for the winter. Shelter will at least save their roots from excess moisture and create a favorable microclimate for the trunk. A protective layer of kraft paper, burlap or lutrasil will protect the plant from temperature extremes that cause branches to freeze.
Do park roses pruned for winter?
In principle, park roses are excellent without annual pruning, but over time the flowers become smaller and flowering becomes less spectacular. In order to stimulate the formation of new basal growths and the renewal of old and sick shoots, in the fall, park roses are subjected to small formative pruning.
How to cut park roses for the winter: before wintering, all strong gains shorten centimeters by 5-10. Rather, it resembles pinching, which is intended to stimulate the formation of next-year flowering shoots next year. At the same time, when pruning, sources of infection are removed on the tops of the shoots, often affected by powdery mildew.
How to cover park roses for the winter?
Preparation of park roses for winter begins in August. You need to stop loosening the soil and water the bushes. Before the onset of the first frosts, it is necessary to pile up bushes by 15-20 cm with peat or loose earth.
A good option for sheltering park roses is fir fir branches, which should be covered with foil and sprinkled with peat or earth on top.
But the most reliable way to shelter - dry. To do this, you need to install wooden stops or boxes along the bushes, on top of which boards or shields fit closely together, and to protect them from snow, they are additionally covered with roofing boards. The ends of the beds first leave open, but with the onset of frost, and close them. Boards and roofing keep the soil at the bushes dry.
Preparing gladioli for winter
Bright arrows of royal gladioli decorate our flower beds and gardens from mid-summer until autumn.
The more magnificent the better?
In the botanical classification, roses are divided into three types, according to the number of petals in a flower. So simple roses have a maximum of seven petals in a flower and look unusual for ordinary people, but, nevertheless, they are very beautiful and elegant. Semi-double roses have from 8 to 20 petals, and terry roses more than 20 representing the height of magnificence and velvety, these two types of roses are more often presented. Of course, the more petals, the more luxurious and refined the flower, but the significance of the flower of a rose depends largely on the color, which is often symbolic.
The language of color is short but eloquent.
White roses are considered to be a symbol of purity and innocence, for this reason they are often presented at a wedding, as opposed to red, which express insane passion and fervent feelings. It is a symbol of admiration, admiration and eternal love. If the white rose testifies more about platonic feelings, then the red one expresses passion and passionate desires that are burning with desire, being a constant symbol of love. In varying degrees, she can also express affection or appreciation, since at all times red roses were given as a sign of respect and admiration. By combining white and red roses in one bouquet, you can express harmonious love, i.e. the unity of not only two bodies, but also a shower. Burgundy roses, like scarlet, mean an ardent feeling of love and are considered a traditional gift on Valentine's Day.
Pink color, being a noble symbol of elegance and sophistication, testifies to gratitude and pride, and also informs about tender emotions and a sense of admiration of the donor. So a bouquet of pink roses can hint at a feeling that may flare up in the near future.
Features of Canadian varieties of roses, the rules of care and planting
Yellow roses personify care, friendship, recognition and admiration, therefore they often present the hero of the occasion to congratulate and express pride in their achievements. They also indicate a desire for reconciliation among the quarreling lovers. Giving orange roses you can express the best wishes, warm feelings and enthusiasm, and by giving peach roses you can celebrate the successful completion of business, emphasizing a warm attitude, the joy of meeting, and also gratitude.
The meaning of the colors of roses with green petals is interpreted as a desire for abundance and fecundity, since this color indicates generosity, balance and stability. The black color is elegant, but in the language of roses it serves as an emblem of sadness and a symbol of death. Blue or blue roses talk about mystery, and tea roses traditionally report about the upcoming parting.
Varieties of Roses
Canadian roses are sometimes very difficult to classify, as they are grown using many hybrid and specific forms. The main task of growing these types of flowers was to obtain hardy and hardy rosestherefore, it is the hybrids of Rugoz and Cordes that were taken as the mother variety and crossed with the local Canadian species.
Currently, you can find a large number of varieties of Canadian roses of foreign origin, for example, American. But, purely Canadian, only two groups are considered - Explorer and Parkland.
The Explorer series combines a variety of varieties, numbering more than twenty species with completely different characteristics. I especially want to highlight the most prominent representatives of this series:
- Champlain - this variety strikes the eye with its abundant flowering. The bush of this rose, from the very beginning of the summer period to late autumn, is covered with bright red flowers, sometimes it even seems that there are more of them than leaves on a branch. The bush is quite high (150 cm), appeared in the flower market in 1990.
- Quadra - this rose has been on the market since 1994. The plant is winter-hardy, shoots reach two meters in height and decorated with terry carmine-red flowers. The buds exude a fruity, very pleasant aroma, shaped like vintage varieties of roses. Under the bright sun, the saturated colors of the petals fade slightly, but do not lose their attractiveness due to the slightly grayish appearance.
- Charles - a variety that is most often found in the suburban areas. Bush undersized (75 cm), very compact, Flowers - strongly smelling, with a touch of fuchsia. Flexible shoots, can create a dense cover, which makes it possible to use the rose as a cover plant for the soil.
Park Canadian rose
Среди парковых роз хочется отметить:
- Джон Дэвис — сорт очень популярный среди цветоводов-любителей. Цветки имеют нежно-розовый окрас и благоухающий аромат. Куст растения, высотой два метра, усыпан многочисленной зелёной листвой. Соцветия розы (по 10−15 штук) образуют кисти. Цветение происходит с начала июня и до поздней осени.
- John Franklin - terry red flowers of this variety have pointed petals. The bushes are erect, with a crown with a diameter of up to one meter and a height of up to 1.5 m. Brilliant dark round leaves adorn the rose. If there is enough sunlight, the bush blooms almost all summer.
- Morden blush - This variety, bred in 1988, is the most popular and blooming. Terry flowers, medium size (5−6 cm), collected in several pieces in inflorescences. The bush is compact, up to one meter in size, both in height and in width. Petals have a pale pink or cream color, with a light pleasant aroma. The buds of this plant for a long time retain their shape in the cold and heat. This variety is resistant to various diseases.
- Morden Amorette - this variety is the smallest of the park group. Growing in a warm climate, their height can reach 90 cm, but in the cold only up to 30-40 cm. The bush is compact, with large, strongly smelling flowers. Buds are painted in deep pink or purple, with slight spotting. Bred in 1977 variety.
Most recently, a new group of roses - “Great Artists” - was provided by breeders from Canada. Currently, it includes two roses with a raspberry shade: spray Emily Car and climbing Felix Leclerc. In Russia, these roses appeared in 2010 and, according to flower growers, have very good indicators of resistance to adverse weather conditions.
Planting technology and care for the Canadian park rose
In order for the roots to grow stronger during the winter and in the spring to please the owner of the dacha plot with strong roots, it is necessary to plant the plant in autumn. When choosing a landing site, you need Special attention to give to rather lit and aired sites on which direct rays of the sun do not fall.
Reproduction "canadian" is produced by cuttings, which are pre-cut from fully formed young shoots in the middle of the summer period. It is desirable that the length of the workpieces reached 25−30 cm, they are rooted faster, because those buried in the ground better absorb substances useful for growth.
To make it easier to deepen the cutting, its lower section is carried out at an angle. Canadian varieties are pretty viable plants, therefore, unlike ordinary garden roses, they can be safely planted at a permanent place of further cultivation, while not particularly taking care of temperature and humidity.
With the exception of the two uppermost leaves, all the leaves are removed from the cutting, and then the planting material itself is dipped into the solution, which stimulates the growth of the roots.
The stages of planting seedlings "Canadian":
- Pre-dig a hole measuring 70 × 70 cm.
- Fill the hole for planting is not sour, loose soil, mixed with a complex of organic and mineral substances.
- Root the seedling system to bury 5−10 cm above the grafting.
- Gently, in order not to damage the roots, hand tamp the soil.
- Then planted seedlings need to pour abundantly.
- A mixture of sand and earth, in the first winter, it is necessary to spud the bushes to a height of 20 cm.
Canadian roses can grow almost in any conditionstherefore, for their comfortable growth, many labor-intensive care operations are not required. Further care of the plant, after planting, is the need for the following actions:
- Mandatory fulfillment of conditions for the required level of soil moisture.
- Regular, good and timely feeding of the plant root system with a special complex of mineral fertilizers.
- The formation of the correct form of the bush and regular pruning, especially for park culture.
- Soil mulching with peat, crushed tree bark or humus. Removing weed crops.
- Good shelter plants for the winter period based on climatic conditions and the age of the rose.
Basic rules for growing park roses
- The relief of the place where the plant is grown should be even, excluding the possibility of stagnant moisture, which can have a detrimental effect on the healthy state of the seedling.
- It is not recommended to plant a rose on the south side of the building, since during the winter period the land in this area freezes and thaws several times, which can adversely affect the condition of the plant.
- In order for plants not to freeze over the tops, fertilizing at the end of summer should be excluded.
- Adaptation to climatic extreme conditions, in the first year after planting, is carried out by insulating the plant.
- Regularly trim old, weak and frozen branches. And to improve flowering need to remove wilted inflorescences.
Remember that the main advantages of Canadian roses are unpretentiousness, high winter hardiness, as well as good resistance to various diseases. The beauty and duration of flowering can be achieved even with minimal effort to care for this plant.
Morden Blush, the most abundantly blooming. Small bush, compact - upright 75 cm, perfect for flowerbeds. The exception is the southern regions - it grows up to 2 m. Externally, the flower resembles a hybrid tea rose with dark green leaves and soft white and pink petals. A harsh winter can freeze slightly, but quickly recovers. The disease is black spot.
From the reviews of the variety: “It bloomed beautifully in the first vegetative year. Winter has not suffered. I had to part and root out. ”
Cuthbert Grant. Belongs to the class of srub. It is a straight-growing shrub with powerful stems. The top is framed by red semi-double buds. Height 1, 2 m, width - 1.2. The leaves have a cold dark green shade and slightly cast a reddish color. When the flower is fully open, yellow stamens are visible. Fragrant. Flowering continues throughout the summer season. Bush, during the growth of shoots and flowering need support. The Botanical Garden in Montreal recognized it to be an extremely stable variety. This is due to its origin from the species of R. Arkansan and the rose Assinibens. Another distinctive feature is early flowering, but it takes a long time to rest. After the rest of the flowers appear more purple than they were at the beginning of the first stage.
Martin Frobisher. Roses with almost no thorns, have excellent survival in various climatic zones. Fabulous hedges are constructed from this class. If the flower is from the inside of a milky color, its outer side is pure white. Foliage gray-green. Inflorescences with long stems, they can be cut for bouquets. Before the buds fade, the petals turn brown. Abundant flowering. Shrub upright. The disease is black spot.
Champlain. Unusual variety, blooms profusely all the time, stops it only frost. Saturated bright red color of buds with bright red stamen. Semi-double. If a cold region is resistant to diseases, a humid climate contributes to powdery mildew. Flowers are successfully used for cutting, central beds, mixborders.
Nicolas. Description of the variety: semi-double flowers delight gardeners with abundant flowering - June-September. The variety is propagated by cutting. There is one drawback - sensitivity to the climate. Adverse conditions contribute to the development of powdery mildew, black spot. The bush is compact, upright - 75x75 cm. Aroma with a citrus note. If zone 3 - the shelter is not needed.
Canadian Roses are not capricious and do not require careful maintenance, but in order for the pet to bloom beautifully and fluffy, it is advisable to follow these steps:
- remove dead, frozen, diseased shoots in early spring and late autumn,
- feed with nitrogen fertilizers in the spring, summer - with phosphorus-potassium. When the first abundant bloom ends,
- during the hot and dry season it is abundantly watered, as well as during the application of top dressing. The rest of the time irrigation is moderate, strictly under the root,
- make sure the soil is wet,
- Spring rejuvenating pruning done once every few years.
Shelter roses for the winter
Many are worried about the warming of the bushes before winter. It all depends on the region.
In central Russia, young saplings are covered with a layer of earth by 15–20 cm. Subsequent years, the foundation of a bush is spud, if there is a 4–5 climate zone, 2.3 - without a shelter.
In the Trans-Urals and the Urals (zone 3), young landings are protected by non-woven material. Subsequent years in the snowy winters do not harbor. If zone 2 - ground cover.
In Siberia (zone 2.3), when the snow falls to frost, shelter is not necessary. If there is no snow cover - ground cover or non-woven material.
Sunny space is an excellent place for landing of canadas, partial shade is acceptable. The site should be well ventilated and bright. Roses perfectly take root with other flowering plants. Composition depends on your imagination.
Pruning Canadian Ground Cover Roses
Shoots usually grow in the center of the bush, reaching up to 2 m. At the top of the head caps of buds are formed. Old branches bow down above the ground. Of course, you can do without pruning. But only the top will blossom. To achieve flowering of the entire stem, it is necessary to form a bush by pinching or on a horizontal support.
Pinching in the fall:
- after planting the seedling weak shoots are removed,
- the next year (October) all flowering shoots are removed. You should leave only strong branches that grew during the first growing season and shortened. Cuts are made at an angle of 45 degrees. Treat the secateurs with alcohol before work. Sick and weak shoots are cut. Lateral branches shorten by 2 buds, and tilt the main stems and pin to the ground,
- in the second year of life, in the deep autumn, when the roses ottsvetut, the process repeats. Pinned stems form new branches, it is necessary to defuse the bush approximately twice. Young shoots from the middle are pinned again. Side shoots are shortened by 2-3 buds,
- in the third year of life and subsequent years, the procedure is repeated.
Pruning will balance the growth and provide a lush bloom of buds along the entire length of the shoots.
On a note! A flowering shrub is good, but in this rush do not get carried away with excessive shortening of the shoots. You can easily destroy the favorite garden.
From amateur gardeners
Some more reviews on grades. Hope (Nadezhda) - Gardeners reviews about this variety only positive. It is believed that this variety is a godsend, as it takes root in any conditions and is not capricious in care. The only caveat - late flowering compared with other varieties.
A resident from the city of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Yurga, grows the following varieties: Moden Blanche, Morden Sunrise, Winniper Park, Hope for Humanity. Winters are harsh, but snowy. It covers bushes with spruce branches and potato tops. For two years, roses are beautifully winter.
The virtues of Canadian roses
Canadian roses can withstand temperatures as low as –40 ° C. Even if in the winter their shoots freeze slightly (as a rule, to the level of snow), then in spring they quickly recover. This is the most important advantage of these attractive colors.
With proper care, Canadian roses bloom (even in the shade!) From early summer until frost. Plants less often than other species suffer from powdery mildew and black spot. And even an inexperienced florist can multiply the “canadian” cuttings. They take root quickly and take root well.
Classification and description of varieties of Canadian roses
Canadian selection roses are divided into 2 series of varieties:
- Parkland (park). The buds of these erect roses come in a variety of colors, they have an exquisite shape, but no fragrance. Among plants of this series there are no climbing specimens.
- Explorer. The word "explorer" translates as "explorer," so the varieties of roses in this series are named after the discoverers and researchers of Canada (for example, John Davis roses). These roses are branchy and climbing bushes, and their buds exude a pleasant rich aroma.
Also, Canadian roses can be divided into 3 groups:
- wrinkled rose hybrids,
- hybrids of species of roses and modern varieties.
Wrinkled rose hybrids (rugosa)
For representatives of this series is characterized by a beautiful shape of the bush and leafy lower part of the plant. These roses are suitable for creating borders, hedges, round and oval flower beds, as well as the background part of the mixborder. For continuous flowering and maintaining the decorativeness of the bush throughout the season, it is necessary to trim the flowering inflorescences in time.
Care for Canadian roses
Planting and caring for the "Canadians" are almost the same as those of other roses. In the lighted area, a planting pit is dug up to a depth of 70 cm and filled with light fertile soil. After planting the seedling soil is regularly watered and mulched.
When growing Canadian roses in harsh weather conditions, it is recommended to cover young plants for the winter, and in preparation for the winter you need to cut non-woody shoots. Otherwise, the frost will destroy them and thereby weaken the plant.
In the spring, before bud breaks, sanitary pruning is carried out: the frozen and weak internal shoots are removed, as well as dry hemp left after the last pruning. Once a few years old shoots are cut to the stump to rejuvenate the bush.
To achieve lush flowering, in the spring it is recommended to apply nitrogen fertilizers (20-30 g of urea), and in the middle of summer to feed bushes with phosphorus (30 g of superphosphate) and potassium (20 g of calmagnezia).
Despite the excellent frost resistance, in the fall in the northern regions, Canadian roses are better to pile up peat or compost (2-3 buckets), and during the winter to throw snow on the bushes. In climbing roses shoots desirable to bend to the ground.
At all times, the most beautiful decoration of the gardens were roses. There are many varieties of this plant, but the cultivation of each of them has its own subtleties. Roses Canadian varieties have gained popularity due to their simplicity. They became the decoration of parks, gardens, home plots. It is these flowers that are recommended for growing beginner growers. To understand where to start the process, you need to study in more detail the description and nuances associated with growing this flower.
What is the peculiarity of Canadian roses?
Canadian park rose grade Alexander Mackenzie
The first varieties of "canadas" appeared in the last century in Canada, and a little later in Europe. Unlike many other varieties, they are famous for their cold resistance (from -30 to -45ºС), they do not require shelter for the winter. This is a great option for growing in cold climates.
Canadian roses are wide, widely branched bushes, which can be from 3 to 30 small flowers at a time. Aroma from weak to strongly pronounced, depending on the variety. The shape of the flower is terry and with one row of petals. Another feature of them is their quick regeneration after freezing. Flowering continues from early summer to late autumn.
Although the Canadian rose is a plant that is fairly easy to grow, but there are a number of rules that should be followed in order to achieve a stable and rich flowering. This includes dressing, pruning, powdering the root system for the winter with compost.
In early spring, cuttings for planting should be about 20–25 cm in size, and they should not have spotting, defects and signs of disease. They can immediately be placed in the ground in a permanent place, but do not get too deep. Leaves are removed all but the top pair. Before planting, a small amount of compost is added to the soil (from it a young plant will receive all the necessary microelements for growth and the formation of new shoots). The distance between them should be at least 1 meter for tall shrubs, which include Canadian park roses, for medium - 50x60 cm and low 35-40 cm. After that, they need to be watered and sheltered from glass jars or plastic containers. Shelter is removed for the next spring, during which time the cuttings manage to root well.
Best of all these beauties feel in sunny areas. Feed them periodically need liquid mixtures of mineral fertilizers, mullein or solution of ash. If the summer is too hot, they need watering.
Pruning should be done in early spring, before the first buds appear. Old buds, dried, old branches are to be removed.
Prophylactic treatments are rarely required, for the reason that the roses of this selection are rarely affected by fungal diseases and parasites.
Park Canadian roses
The best varieties include:
Canadian rose Henry Hudson grade
Henry Hudson - 1976, compact bush up to 1 m. The flowers are white, sometimes with a pinkish tinge, about 7 cm in diameter. Have one row of petals. The flowering period first summer until autumn, feels great in shaded areas. Due to this, it found its use in the landscape, when decorating sites with a lot of shadow.
Canadian park rose grade Therese Bugnet
Therese Bugnet - bred back in 1950. It features high shoots, up to 200 cm and fragrant crimson flowers (8 cm). The width of the bush reaches 1 meter. A feature of this species is the almost absence of thorns. If you choose the best varieties of Canadian roses for the Moscow region, which is characterized by temperature drops and colder regions in early spring, then Terez Bünier is ideal. It is able to withstand temperatures up to -40 ºС. Цветение продолжатся с последнего весеннего месяца, до самих заморозков.
Канадская роза сорт Martin-Frobisher
Мартин Фробишер – прекрасный представитель парковых роз. Высота 100-175 см, ширина до 1 м. Цветки имеют светло-кремовый цвет. Отлично смотрятся в нераскрывшихся бутонах. Растения этого сорта зимостойкие, выдерживают до -45º. Practically, they do not need to be sheltered in the cold season, like tea hybrids.
Roses Canadian varieties Charles Albanel
Charles Albanel is a neat shrub of small size, up to 75 cm. The flowers have a pink color and a very strong fragrance. Very often it is used as a groundcover rose, for the reason that its branches are capable of creating a dense shelter above the ground.
Canadian park roses undersized variety Morden Amorette
Morden Amorette - is one of the lowest growing plants. Its height reaches only 40 cm and only in warm regions can it grow to 75 cm.
Varietal features of Canadian selection roses
Canadian roses are genetically adapted for survival in harsh climates. The main advantages of these varieties:
- excellent winter hardiness - most varieties withstand temperatures down to -40 ° C with minimal or no shelter,
- the ability to adapt to sudden temperature changes,
- fast regeneration in case of freezing,
- high immunity to diseases typical of roses,
- undemanding of soil composition
- esthetic appearance of a bush,
- abundant long flowering,
- portability of shaded places
- drought tolerance,
- unpretentious care.
The disadvantages of many Canadian varieties include the presence of sharp thorns and the insufficient resistance of buds to prolonged rains.
author: Dr. D.G. Hessyon
The nuances of agricultural engineering
Cultivation of unpretentious and cold-resistant varieties does not cancel the general principles of agricultural engineering. As well as representatives of other species, these roses need to be sanitized, periodically fertilized with organic matter and mineral fertilizers, weeding, mulching, shaping and rejuvenating pruning. It is also necessary to monitor the soil moisture. In winter, the bushes of Canadian roses, it is desirable to bend down so that the shoots are completely covered with snow.
Tip # 1: A seedling of even the most winter-hardy varieties should be insulated in the first winter to help adapt to frost and rapid temperature changes.
Expert advice: “Here are a few conditions for the successful cultivation of roses:
Unlike most Canadian varieties, Lambert Coss buds look more like hybrid tea roses.
- Purchase seedlings only from trusted, trustworthy sellers.
- Try to plant roses exclusively in spring.
- Store planting material in a cool place close to 0 ° C.
- Fill the landing hole with humus.
- Choose an open, sunny, ventilated, but draft-free place for roses. ”
Bulatkina Nina Aleksandrovna - The author of the article “Roses in the cold”, the nursery holder, has been selling decorative perennials, trees and shrubs for more than 10 years.
Council number 2: It is not recommended to plant roses near the southern wall of the building. During the winter, this area thaws several times and freezes again, which negatively affects the state of the roses.
Gardeners' Comments on Canadian Park Roses
Tatyana: Robusta is a rose for the laziest gardeners. Perhaps the only thing to do with it for the winter is not to cut off the foliage, not to cut off, nor to prepare shelter. It winters under snow perfectly well. It grows well even on poor soils. Practically not affected by the diseases typical of roses, although the aphid loves her very much. It blooms all summer. Because of the abundance of sharp thorns, the bush is very prickly, but this is even a plus - it turns out to be an almost impassable hedge.
Olga: “Lambert Kloss” has been a great winter for 12 years. Dissolves one of the first in the garden. Blooms profusely with tassels until the end of June, then single buds appear. The shape of the flowers are more like a hybrid tea rose. The petals are dark pink at first, on the periphery brighten to pale pink with time, which creates a curious effect when the flower is completely open. Easily rooted cuttings. Although get
the cutting is difficult - there are more flowers on the shoots than leaves.
Catherine: I consider Prairie Joy the most trouble-free rose - you just plant and forget.
Unlike other Canadian varieties, "Alexander Mackenzie" practically does not react to rain.
It blooms brightly, continuously and very copiously. In the north of the Leningrad region winters under light cover. No problem growing in partial shade. Bush lush, symmetrical, during the flowering period is a fabulous sight. Apple flavor, light, pleasant. A small minus - opening up, the buds immediately crumble. True, to replace them, new ones form immediately, but the ground under the bush is constantly covered with petals. Another drawback - does not tolerate prolonged rains.
Hope: My favorite rose "Alexander Mackenzie" blooms all summer until frost. True,
after the first wave is less plentiful, but without flowers it never stands. Unlike other "canadas" this variety tolerates the rainy season. It hibernates under the general shelter with other roses (a sheet of lutrasil thrown on top in one layer). In the spring I cut out single dry branches and slightly adjust the shape of the bush.
Egor: The main surprise of the Nevada variety is the change in color as it blooms. Pink or apricot buds gradually bloom into pearl-white flowers. In early June, the entire bush is already covered with roses, resistant to bad weather. It blooms until late autumn, it happens that under the snow leaves in bloom. Hibernates without shelter - everything that freezes is quickly restored. In wet weather, prevention is needed against black spot.
Answers to questions florist
Question number 1: Can I plant Canadian roses in the shade?
Most Canadian varieties develop and bloom in the shade without damage, but only under certain conditions.
- For normal life, roses need at least 5 sunny hours during the day.
- There should be no competition with the root system of trees.
- It is necessary to remember about the prevention of fungal diseases.
In addition, in a cool wet shade, exemplary conditions are created for the reproduction of slugs and snails, which also have to be destroyed.
Question number 2: Is it true that Canadian roses endure the winter completely without shelter?
- spud or sprinkle the base of the bush with light compost soil (from 1 to 3 buckets, depending on the size of the bush),
- bend down to the height of the expected snow cover and fix the stems with tree slingshots,
- throw a covering material over the bush, securing it with a load from below,
- in the little snowy winter to sketch on the bushes more loose snow.
So that the shoots are not supported, it is not worth to tighten in the spring with the exit from the shelter. Open bushes should be no later than March.
Climbing Canadian Roses
Among this species can be distinguished:
Climbing Roses Quagra Grade
Quadra - very easy to maintain. Even with improper pruning, she lays flower stalks for the summer. It produces shoots up to 180 cm long. It is very easily wound on arches, hedges or attached to a support.
Felix Leclerc Rose is a relatively new variety, bred in 2007 in the Canadian nursery. This is one of the first roses, whose shoots reach 3 meters. Like many other Canadians, they are frost-resistant, tolerate cold to -30ºС. For this variety, special pruning is not required, it is enough just to remove dry branches.
The main characteristics of park roses
The main advantage of Canadian breeding products is high frost resistance. Due to its ability to survive at temperatures of -35-40ºС, it is suitable for both the Moscow region and the northern regions of Russia. Growing any varieties of Canadian roses successfully carried out in conditions of abundant lighting and penumbra without changing the stated characteristics of the variety. But it is necessary to take into account that certain varieties of culture develop better in a warm environment with a mild winter (“Champlain”), others - in a dry cool climate (“Remi Martin”).
Due to the good "immunity" park Canadian roses rarely infect infections. To protect them from disease is sufficient compliance with the correct mode of watering and proper use of fertilizing. Some varieties of roses require preventive treatment with fungicides. To prevent the appearance of aphids, it is necessary to spray flowers with insecticides in early spring.
Other features of Canadian park roses are:
- variety of varieties, allowing you to choose a culture with the necessary size of inflorescences and tones,
- low need of a flower for intensive care - in order to maintain its beauty and health, moderate watering is enough and timely removal of faded buds,
- the ability to grow in shaded areas without constant access to sunlight,
- fast adaptation in any climatic conditions
- high resistance to infections and pests.
Popular Canadian Rose Varieties
The first Canadian park culture derived is the Martin Frobisher. In addition to the best characteristics among all varieties of frost-resistant roses, it is valued for its delicate aroma and delicate pale pink tint of inflorescences. Differs in oval dark green leaves and almost smooth stems without thorns. When you create the necessary conditions, you can observe a long and abundant flowering, continuing until the cold weather.
The Moden Blash park roses are the most blooming. They are low bushes with a height of not more than 75 cm. They have upright stems with dark green leaves, above which pale pink inflorescences rise. When grown in the southern regions, Moden Blush can reach a height of 2 m. Unlike most Canadian park varieties, it can freeze slightly, and therefore requires compulsory warming during the winter period.
When creating hedges, it is recommended to use the Prai Joy park variety, which is a shrub up to 1.5 m high and up to 1.2 m wide. It features large inflorescences of a rich pink tone with sparse or thick terry petals. Up to 6 buds are formed on each stalk of “Prai Joy”, which, when opened, tend shoots to the ground. Under the influence of low temperatures, you can observe a less intensive development of the bush and a decrease in height to 1 m. To protect the plant from frost, it is necessary to spud and insulate it before the onset of cold weather.
The original representative of Canadian park breeding is the John Franklin variety. Differs thick pink-red buds with pointed petals, located on the stems up to 1.5 m. Similar to the previous variety, it is often used to create living walls. In order for “John Franklin” to decorate the site with flowers throughout the summer, it should be planted on the grounds abundantly watered by sunlight.
The “Alexander Mackenzie” roses are distinguished by the greatest height, the stems of which can reach 2 m. They are distinguished by dense inflorescences of a rich red color with a delicate aroma similar to strawberries. Flowering occurs in waves, between which you can observe a single formation of buds. "Alexander MacKenzie" is often exposed to powdery mildew and black spot. To prevent damage to the plant, prophylactic treatment of the shoots with fungicides or copper sulfate should be carried out.
To create stunted beds use park roses "Moden Fearglow." Have the appearance of lush bushes with dark green leaves and orange-red inflorescences. Characterized by a single abundant flowering, after which you can observe only a few appearance of buds. The Canadian variety "Moden Fearglow" differs in light-loving and ability to grow in sandy soil. Similar to the previous variety, the flower is at high risk of powdery mildew, and therefore requires preventive treatment with sanitizing preparations.
To create a flowering garden throughout the warm period of the year, the Canadian variety Champlain is used. The formation and opening of the buds of these flowers stops only with the onset of cold weather. In the period of abundant flowering branches of the plant tend to the ground. In the hot period, flower petals open, showing yellow stamens. When grown in conditions of excessive humidity and low average annual temperature, Champlain is often exposed to black spot, which requires prophylactic treatment with drugs.
Unlike most garden crops, Canadian park roses are most often planted in the fall. This rule is due to the best adaptation of the seedling and the development of a strong root system. Autumn roses are already well developed next spring and will become a decoration of the garden. Some experts recommend to deviate from this rule when growing rare varieties in local latitudes. It is necessary to plant selected varieties of Canadian park roses in the spring, to enable them to better get stronger in unusual conditions before the onset of cold weather.
Choosing a place
With the aim of the best development of the seedling should be careful about the issue of its placement. Despite unpretentiousness, Canadian park roses do not tolerate excessive moisture. For this reason, they are not planted near moisture-loving crops, artificial ponds.
It is recommended to locate the plants on flat areas, away from the slopes.
Video "Roses, how to lay a rose garden"
Creating the necessary conditions for the development of culture
Planting and caring for park roses does not require complex events. Without the need for regular fertilizer and abundant lighting, they do not lose their appearance even when these conditions are insufficient. To maintain the beauty and health of the plant, it is enough to observe moderate soil moisture, timely removal of withered shoots, and, if necessary, protection from frost.
How to water park roses
The mode of irrigation of the bush depends on climatic conditions. As a general rule, the procedure is carried out only in spring and summer. This measure is due to the need to prepare the plant for wintering and prevent the formation of new buds. This rule should be abandoned in the southern regions and periodically watered in September.
Regardless of the region of growth of Canadian roses, it is important to adhere to the moderation of watering and avoid over-wetting the soil. Abuse of this rule can cause rotting of the root system or damage to the ground part of the bush by pests. For the same reason, spraying leaves from a spray bottle is unacceptable. Canadian park roses are watered only at the root several times a week in the morning or evening. During periods of drought or rain, irrigation regime is adjusted based on the soil moisture.
Use of feedings
Featuring a high resistance to the action of the environment, Canadian park roses do not require the mandatory introduction of growth-stimulating additives. It is recommended to carry out the first top dressing only the next year after planting flowers. Nitrogen fertilizers should be applied in the spring and potash-phosphorus additives immediately after the end of abundant flowering. Liquid fertilizers are applied separately after abundant irrigation of the soil. It is necessary to pour the ingredients into the grooves around the root until completely absorbed.
Formation of park roses
For the harmonious development of the bush should periodically remove its shoots. It is necessary to timely cut off flowering buds and dry branches. In order to find an attractive species with a bush, they annually carry out formative pruning, leaving only the main stems. In order to avoid infection of the flower, the tools are rubbed with alcohol before use, and the cut points are treated with wax or pounded charcoal.
Video "Pruning Park Roses in Spring"
Despite the high frost resistance of the crop, it may be threatened with death when grown in northern latitudes. Preparing for the winter is in its shelter craft paper or the construction of floors. Additionally, you should spud the bushes before wintering. In addition to preventing the freezing of park roses, these measures make it possible to shelter flowers from the piercing cold winds in the spring.
Video "How to cover roses for the winter"
Canadian roses are among the most unpretentious garden crops. Due to varietal diversity, they are used with the same frequency both as elements of ground compositions and hedges. For all varieties of flowers, the most abundant bloom is characteristic in late spring. To extend this period, it is necessary to follow simple rules of care: moderate watering and fertilizing, timely removal of wilted inflorescences, carrying out formative pruning.
Canadian hybrid varieties
In creating these varieties, varieties of roses have been used that grow exclusively in cold climates. It is typical for them to tolerate very cold (-45º), some of them can grow in Alaska.
The best representatives of this group are:
Canadian roses Adelaide Hoodless
Adelaide Hoodless - 150-200 cm tall, wide spreading shrub. It has semi double flowers up to 8 cm in diameter, collected in large inflorescences of 10 - 35 pieces. Under such a large weight, the branches practically bend down to the ground. The leaves are glossy, dark green in color, the branches have many spines. Needs a prop. Sometimes the stems can freeze slightly, but they recover very quickly and bloom in the same year. Easily tolerates heat and dryness. Flowering lasts from June to mid-September.
Emily Carr is a new member of the rose family. Was withdrawn in 2007. The flowers are like a hybrid tea rose.
grade Alexander Mackenzie
Alexander MacKenzie – высокий куст до 2 метров высотой и шириной до 150 см, бутоны имеют яркого красного, иногда малинового цвета. Обладают легким клубничным ароматом. Цветение происходит в две волны. Легко переносит затяжные дожди и жару.
Канадские розы сорт Morden Blush
Morden Blush – обладает красивой окраской цветов. Их края почти белые, ближе к середине окрашены в нежно-розовый цвет. И по центру, имеет более темный оттенок. Flowers stick on a bush for up to 2 weeks. The disadvantages of this variety include only a faint aroma. But the other advantages that it possesses completely compensate for this. Feels good in combination with other plants.
Canadian roses Champlain
Champlain is one of the most beautiful representatives of the Canadians. In the flowering period, which lasts until the first frost, the foliage is almost invisible from under a huge number of buds, red. The disadvantage is the periodic freezing of shoots.
Prairie Joy - as the previous variety, differs in plentiful flowering that begins from the end of spring and lasts until late autumn. The shape of the buds is a classic, reminiscent of vintage varieties of roses. Collected flowers in inflorescences of 5-6 pieces. The height of the shrub is up to 100 cm. In the middle of summer there may be a short break in flowering. Another feature of the rose is the presence of both terry and semi-double flowers on the bush. The foliage is dark green with almost no spines. It grows fast enough, not afraid of cold weather.
Morden Centennial - characterized by bright large flowers, pink color, collected on 5-6 pieces. When they begin to bloom, the petals look as if with a light touch, gradually fading, to a bright tone. It produces shoots up to 1 meter in height and similarly in width. The leaves of the plant are thick, bright green. Flowering occurs in two waves (their abundant appearance is characteristic for the end of spring and the beginning of autumn), but even during the break, buds will appear on it. The smell is weak.
How to create a hedge of Canadian roses
Growing a queen of flowers, you can not only create magnificent garden compositions, but also decorate the garden of a flourishing and spreading pleasant scent with a living fence.
To create it you can use purchased two summer shrubs of roses, but there is a more economical way - pruning and planting cuttings:
- The first step is pruning healthy powerful shoots up to 30 cm in length. They should be annuals, never old. As with the breeding of these plants, it is necessary to remove all the leaves except the top two.
- Preparing a recess for landing. It is excavated along the line of a planned trench intake (if adult bushes sit down, its depth should be up to about 70 cm), to which good earth is added, mixed with sand and peat.
- Cuttings deepen to 1 leaf plate, sit down at an angle. Unlike conventional planting, the distance between them is made up to 40 cm, it is more dependent on the variety, how much it can give growth, the width of the bush and its height.
- Shelter is made of plastic containers and spud is additionally dried with straw or hay. This is necessary to protect young shoots from the sun and cold that are not yet sufficiently rooted in the winter.
Next year the hedge is almost ready. Young bushes produce fairly long and strong shoots, and should already begin their final formation. The fence will acquire its proper appearance in the second year after planting the cuttings.
How to avoid freezing shoots
“Canadian” is a series of the most winter-hardy varieties. But, sometimes even the most adapted hybrids are able to freeze.
In order to protect Canadian roses from the cold, you should take some measures:
- Make a mulch bush. For this, loose compost earth is well suited. On 1 bush - about 10-15 liters.
- Shoots bend down to the ground and covered with a film or a special agrofibre. As soon as the first frosts appeared, all unblown buds are removed.
- If the winter was snowy, you can throw snow on top of the shelter. This will provide additional protection from the cold.
- Remove the shelter from the bushes is necessary in the middle of March. If you do not do it in time, there is a risk of vypryvaniya plants.
By following simple instructions, you can achieve good results in growing roses. And such hybrids, like the Canadian rose, are capable of growing even in the coldest regions where, it would seem, this is impossible. Moreover, there are many varieties of Canadian roses, and breeders continue to work on the breeding of new ones. These beautiful flowers will delight with their fragrance and impeccable views, everyone who decided to devote their free time to them, responding to care with a scattering of buds.
A bit of history
Canadian selection roses were bred by gardener William Anderson.which, at the end of the 19th century, received frost-resistant varieties through interspecific hybridization. The basis for the creation of these varieties were local wild roses, which are able to withstand dry winters without snow and sharp spring temperature drops.
Already in the twentieth century, Canadian flower growers based on local species brought out dozens of varieties that differed in the shape and color of their buds, the duration of flowering and the characteristics of agricultural technology. Subsequently, these unpretentious varieties in care began to be popular with gardeners in various countries of the world, who appreciated the excellent decorative effect, frost resistance and ease of care.
Creation of new pionorosis was carried out at two scientific stations. In the city of Ottawa, there was a group headed by Dr. Felicia Sweesy. These biologists were engaged in the crossing of rugosa with the German Cardoso roses. As a result of their many years of work, the category of rose varieties was derived, which received the general name of a group of researchers. The peculiarity of this group of flowers is their frost resistance, unpretentiousness in care and long flowering.
In the city of Morden in southern Manitoba, on the basis of Anderson’s rose, numerous Parkland species were bred. The peculiarity of these varieties are compact sizes, as well as dense flowers, the diameter of which can reach up to 8 centimeters.
Description of varieties
In many respects, the popularity of pionorosis varieties is explained by the simplicity of care for plantings, excellent decorative effect and unpretentiousness in care. Each gardener, having provided the plants with even minimal care, will be able to equip a magnificent flower garden on the garden, which will delight with its bright colors from June to the end of September.
The landscape design is widely used so-called park Canadian roses, which are distinguished by their increased size, abundant and decorative flowering. These park roses include:
- Henry Hudson. This variety was bred in 1976, it is compact in size, the height of the bush is not more than 1 meter. The buds of Henry Hudson are white, in rare cases with a pink shade. The beginning of flowering occurs in June and lasts until mid-autumn. Unpretentious variety that feels great in sunny and shaded areas. It is used by gardeners and professionals in the design of landscape design.
- Therese Bugnet Bred this variety in 1950. It differs in height to 200 centimeters, large fragrant escapes of crimson coloring. In favorable conditions, the width of the bush can reach 1 meter. One of the features of this variety is the complete absence of thorns, which simplifies the care of plantings. Due to the excellent winter hardiness such roses can be grown in the open field in the Moscow region.
- Martin Frobisher. One of the most popular park canadian varieties of roses, which has decorative flowers of a light cream color. This variety has excellent winter hardiness, so gardeners do not need additional insulation in the winter, even when growing roses in the northern regions.
Climbing varieties of Canadian roses were especially loved by gardeners who plant such plants in small flower gardens. Climbing roses at the same time unpretentious in the care and differ decorative flowering. Gardeners can pick up both compact varieties and large-size varieties that will become the basis of the house flower garden.
- Quadra. Unpretentious in the care of a variety that can be recommended to all novice gardeners. Quadra Climbing Roses have long shoots, are characterized by active growth rates and can be grown with a support, as well as planted as a hedge.
- Felix Leclerc Rose. This variety was bred in a Canadian nursery in 2007. A special feature of Felix Leclerc is the length of the shoots, which can reach three meters. Plants are extremely frost-resistant, so they will not require any shelter at temperatures up to minus 30 degrees. This grade does not require any complicated special pruning, and all that a gardener needs to do is to remove dry, improperly growing branches.
Hybrid varieties can be successfully used for arranging a hedge or various landscape elements, as well as for making bright flower beds.
Such hybrid varieties include the following:
- Prairie Joy. This hybrid has a rich flowering, has the classical form of buds, and flowers are collected in inflorescences of five or six buds in each. The height of the shrub can reach one meter. Flowering begins in late spring and lasts until October-November. One of the features of this variety is the simultaneous presence of semi-double and terry buds on a bush. The Canadian rose of this variety grows extremely quickly, it is unpretentious in the care and is frost resistant.
- Champlain. This is one of the most popular varieties of Canadian rose among gardeners, which is characterized by abundant and long flowering. The buds of red in the middle of summer literally strew the shrub, which is distinguished by its magnificent decorative effect. The gardener will only need to insulate the planting for the winter; this hybrid variety will not require more complex care.
- Morden Centennial. A hybrid type of Canadian roses, which is characterized by large bright flowers with buds of pink color, collected in small sockets of five or six pieces. Shoots can reach a length of one meter, abundantly covered with leaves and buds. Flowering occurs with two pronounced peaks and a break in the middle of summer. With this variety, you can equip the original flower garden or a small hedge.
The variety of varieties of roses of the Canadian selection will allow you to choose a variety of flowers that will be an excellent decoration for each private plot. Such plants will require minimal maintenance, so they can be recommended for beginner gardeners.