Fruit shrubs

Rosehip May (Rosa majalis)

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A low shrub 60–200 cm high with ascending branches, somewhat sagging, brownish-red, covered, as a rule, with paired sickle-like prickles, less often - straight spikes with an admixture of bristly spines. Flowering branches have almost no spines. Spiral leaves, pinnate, with stipules, leaves elongate-ovate or oval, wedge-shaped to base, shortly pointed at apex, bluish-green from above, mostly naked, covered with hairs from below, just toothed without glands along the edge. The flowers are large, pink, correct. Bisexual, solitary. Berry fruits, containing nut fruits, achenes. It blooms in May - June. There are more than 60 species of wild rose.

Application and useful properties

In folk medicine, not only rose hips, but also flower petals and plant roots were widely used. The fruits were treated with scurvy, anemia, diseases of the eyes and liver, stomach, and kidneys. A decoction of the fruit was used to improve immunity in severe and long-term treatment of patients with fractures, injuries, and infectious diseases. A decoction of the roots is useful for patients with paralysis, with weakness in the muscles of the legs, with rheumatism and gout.

Rose hips are effective in the treatment of avitaminosis, liver disease, gallbladder, gastritis, especially with low acidity of gastric juice, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, kidney and urinary tract diseases, colds, and the leaves and juice from them - during periodontal disease, the roots - with gastrointestinal diseases as an astringent.

Rose hips are used for the prevention and treatment of hypo-and avitaminosis C and P, in acute and chronic infectious diseases, atherosclerosis, nephritis, acute and chronic hepatitis, blood and vascular diseases, in thyrotoxicosis and radiation injuries, traumatic shock.

Fruits are traditionally included in the composition of various vitamin teas.

Syrup from the condensed water extract of fruits is known under the name "Cholosas", it is taken in diseases of the liver, gallbladder and kidneys.

General description of cinnamon rosehip

Rosehip Cinnamon (Rosa cinnamomea) or May (Rosa majalis) is a shrub belonging to the Rosaceae family, in which there are more than 400 species of wild rose. From a botanical point of view, wild rose plants are very diverse. Some species are real evergreen trees. An exquisite and beautiful rose flower is not a separate biological species, but a common variety of wild rose.

In Russia, from 45 to 100 species of wild rose grow in various territories, many of them have a limited distribution area. Cinnamon dog rose grows among bushes and in forests, along rivers, lakes and meadows. That cinnamon rosehip is considered the most common type.

Botanical characteristics:

  1. May dogrose - deciduous shrub that reaches a height of 2 meters. Its branches are prutovidnye and thin, covered with red-brown shiny bark. The color of older branches is brown-brown.
  2. Shoots have two types of thorns. The first one is hard, sickle-shaped spines, usually located in pairs at the base of leaf stalks. The second is the numerous, slightly curved or straight thorns, which are located in the lower part of the branches and on the young non-flowering shoots. The least spikes in flowering shoots, sometimes they are missing. Escape viable for 4–5 years.
  3. The leaves of the plant are complex (up to 8 cm long) and have elliptical leaflets in the amount of from 3 to 7 pairs. Along the edge of the leaves are notched. Casting stalks pubescent.
  4. The flowers are large, reaching 4–7 cm in diameter. In all flowers there are 5 petals each. Petals can be from white (pale pink) to dark red color. Rosehip blooms from May to July. Flowering short, only 3-5 days. On the young branches of the first year there are no flowers.
  5. The most valuable fruits are ripening in August - September (depending on climatic conditions). Fruits can be elliptical, spherical or oblate. Their color varies from orange to red. There are seeds inside the fruit.

Useful composition

Fruit pulp contains many beneficial substances:

  • 24% - sugar,
  • 12.5% ​​- fiber,
  • 14% - pectin,
  • vitamins C, K, PP, A, E and vitamins of group B,
  • organic acids (citric, malic, linoleic, oleic and linolenic),
  • flavonoids (lycopene, quercetin, kepferol and others),
  • catechins and tannins,
  • minerals (sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, manganese, copper, phosphorus, iron),
  • anthocyanins.

The composition of fruit seeds include fatty oil, and in the roots and leaves contain a large amount of tannins.

pharmachologic effect

Medicines from may rosehip have a variety of pharmacological activity. Thus, the biological value of fruits mainly depends on the content of vitamin C in them. The fruits have a strong antioxidant and anti-scorching effect. Drugs of them normalizes the amount of adrenaline and catecholamines in the body, and also stimulates the immune system and increases the body's resistance to various external stimuli.

It is ascorbic acid - The main participant in carbohydrate metabolism, the formation of steroid hormones, blood formation. Without it, collagen synthesis in the body is suspended, capillary permeability and fragility increase. Therefore, the hips is recommended to use in the following diseases and conditions:

  • hemorrhagic diathesis,
  • scurvy,
  • hemophilia,
  • atherosclerosis,
  • infectious diseases
  • radiation sickness with hemorrhages,
  • nasal, pulmonary and uterine bleeding,
  • overdose of anticoagulants,
  • long-lasting ulcers and wounds,
  • Addison's disease
  • intoxication of the body,
  • fractures, etc.

However, you should be aware that with an excess of ascorbic acid in the body, immunity may decrease. This is due to leukocyte activity, which leads to anemia.

The fruits of the plant are also actively used as a choleretic agent, so they are recommended for cholecystitis, hepatitis and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. With regular use the level of cholesterol in the blood decreases, which is very important in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis.

Flesh has a weak laxative effect. And the active components contained in it normalize the function of the sex glands, help accelerate the regeneration of soft and bone tissues.

Rosehip infusion

To prepare the infusion will need 20 grams of fruit (1 tbsp. Spoon), which are pre-crushed, then they are poured with two cups of boiling water. The resulting mixture was kept on a water bath for 20 minutes, and then left for a day for infusion. Before use, the infusion must be filtered.

This infusion is recommended to use for anemia., gastrointestinal diseases (including ulcers), hemophilia, nasal and uterine bleeding, in diseases of the liver and kidneys, in case of catarrhal diseases and avitaminosis. Infusion is also a good way to restore vitality after heavy operations or diseases. Take it 2 times a day before meals for ½ cup.

Broth from the roots of wild rose

To prepare the broth, you will need chopped roots (2 tablespoons), which are poured 500 ml of boiling water and cooked for 20 minutes on low heat, and then the broth is drawn for another 2 hours.

Broth taken with malaria, as well as for removing stones from the kidneys. With rheumatism take bath with the addition of root decoction. Use a decoction before meals up to 6 times a day for ½ cup.

Broth from the flowers of wild rose

The recipe of preparation is simple - 100 grams of petals are poured with a glass of boiling water and infused in a tightly closed thermos for 6 hours. Before use, decoction filter. A decoction of the petals are drunk with general malaise, beriberi, with colds.

It is very useful to use rose hips as an active biological additive - compotes, jam, jam.

Preparation for the winter of wild rose May

In herbal medicine uses all parts of the plant - leaves, flowers, roots, fruits, branches. But as you know, rosehip fruits are endowed with the greatest healing properties. Fruits are a storehouse of vitamins that are actively used for the preparation of medicinal decoctions, tinctures, drinks, juices. They are the main source of vitamin C. Next, we consider the collection and preparation of different parts of cinnamon rosehip.

Flowers and leaves

Leaves and flowers are harvested during the flowering period of the plant. Dry them in a well-ventilated and shaded place. Not the whole flower is harvested, but only the petals, which after drying are stored in a glass container in a dark place.

Flower petals can be sugared. To do this, they are placed in jars in layers (2-3 cm) and each layer is covered with sugar. After 3 days, when the petals are compacted, sprinkle them with sugar to the very edges. After another 3 days, the sugar becomes pink and in this form it can be added to various drinks (coffee, tea, compote) as a biological additive.

Fruits can be harvested from late August until the first frost. Harvest only need bright red, softened ripe fruit. Only in ripe fruit vitamin C concentration is very high.

It is necessary to remove the stalks from the collected fruits, then they are washed with water and dried slightly in the oven (about 30 minutes). Dried fruits are laid out in a thin layer on paper and dried at room temperature. It is strictly impossible to dry the fruit in the sun (they can lose useful properties).

The main sign of proper drying - the fruits in the hands easily break apart, but they do not crumble into powder and their natural color is preserved. They are also stored in glass containers.

The roots of the plant begin to harvest in late autumn. Dug roots cleaned of soil and dried in the open air. Store dried roots in a paper bag, cloth bag or wooden container.

The shelf life of fruits and roots - 2 years, and leaves and flowers - 1 year.

Rosehip: plant description

Like any other subspecies, the May rose is a bush that, under favorable conditions, can grow to two and a half meters. It has thin branches - at a young age they are covered with reddish-brown glossy bark. As it ages, it takes on a brownish tint.

If we are talking about such a plant as dogrose, the description must necessarily include the mention of thorns. All rosaceae have them. Cinnamon rosehip is no exception. On the young branches and at the bottom of the bush there are much more of them, they have a straightened form. In the upper half, the spikes are slightly curved, thicker and less spaced.

May rose blooms very beautifully, and even in the uncultured version. The flowers form fairly large, not collected in a brush (single), consisting of five petals. Usually they are painted in pale pink, but there are scarlet. Flowers give rather weighty fruits with a smooth skin, round or egg-like, bright red-orange color.

Therapeutic use

As you know, wild rose is a medicinal plant, and its action is very versatile. Mostly used fruits that contain a significant amount of various vitamins.

In addition to the immunostimulating effect, dog rose drives bile, eliminates constipation, has a diuretic effect. It speeds up the healing of wounds and the growth of bones, eliminates anemia, and helps in the treatment of chronic liver diseases and malaria. Oil, squeezed from the seeds, treats burns, dermatitis of different origin.

Contraindications

Care should be taken when treating and preventing hips with hypertensive patients and people with a tendency to thrombophlebitis and thrombosis. Certain restrictions on reception exist for the kidneys and cores. And, of course, you should not drink decoctions instead of tea: an excess amount (two liters or more) will definitely only bring harm.

Planting May Rose

Despite the fact that it is considered by many wild plants, it is cultivated in private plots often and eagerly, and also for decorative purposes, as wild rose blooms (photos can be seen in the article) luxuriantly and beautifully, and for the preparation of therapeutic fruits. Moreover, if you correctly select the living conditions and provide minimal care, he will give a very rich harvest.

Place for landing should be chosen well and for a long time lit. It is desirable on a hill where the absence of stagnation of both groundwater and sedimentary water is guaranteed. For several years, the root system of the May rose fills all the space around, so you need to protect the bush with slate, dug into the ground a third of a meter in depth. Rose hips sits either around the perimeter of the plot, becoming a natural fence, or in the most inconvenient places for the gardener, such as compost heaps and outbuildings. The main thing is that the wild rose bush should not be alone: ​​the plant belongs to the cross-pollinated, and will not produce any crop without its neighbors.

Care for may rose

Basically, wild rose is an unpretentious plant. But, like any living organism, it responds with gratitude to care. First of all, it should be manifested in pruning. Thinning begins at 3-4 year of life of the May rose. Ideally, a shrub is formed, containing from 15 to 20 branches of different ages, but not older than seven years, when the fruiting practically disappears. Pruning is carried out in the spring - the autumn can kill the bush, because slices hibernate badly.

Rosehip does not require regular watering (photo can be seen above) - it has high drought tolerance. With a long absence of rain, the plant is watered at the rate of 3-5 buckets, depending on maturity and fruiting.

Feed necessarily need a young landing. In the second year of life, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied three times: in the early spring, when the earth is completely thawed, in the first half of summer (during the intensive formation of shoots) and before falling asleep - in September. An adult rose in May is fed once every three years with compost or humus, followed by loosening, watering and mulching.

Dog rose reproduction

May rose can breed by all means available to plants. However, the seed is not very recommended: valuable properties are not always completely transferred, and the fussing with the seeds may be ineffective. The most reliable is sapling reproduction, carried out in the fall. In central Russia, landing takes place from early October to mid-November. Under a sapling the pit of centimeters digs in twenty depth. If the soil in the designated area is sour, liming is performed. Compost mixed with extinguished manure. Saplings themselves before rooting are shortened to 8-10 centimeters. You can make and root slices - so survival rate will significantly improve. Next, the roots are dipped into a clay talker, and the seedling is buried in a hole with a neck deepened 6-8 cm below ground level.

To preserve the characteristics of the maternal shrub, reproduction is selected by rhizomes. Their harvesting is carried out either late in the fall, or in the very early spring. There are two ways:

  1. The selected offspring of at least a quarter of a meter in height is chopped off with a shovel from the main bush and set aside. Such actions are available both in the autumn and in the spring, but not all offsprings survive with them.
  2. The selected baby is not separated, but is knocked out and constantly watered. It stimulates active growth of adventitious roots. The next year, in the fall, the offspring is separated, but not transferred to a new residence, but left next to the mother bush. It settles only in the spring.

This method gives one hundred percent survival rate and a full repetition of all the qualities of the original rose hive.

Harvesting

May Rose is very reluctant to part with its fruits. Therefore, they should be collected only in gloves, and not cloth, and leather or canvas. The berries begin to shoot approximately in the middle - end of August, when they acquire a rich shade. To collect everything at once is not the most competent approach: some will be already overripe, and the other will be still unripe. You need to shoot the fruits as they ripen, and without delaying or delaying: if you do not have time to harvest before the first frost, you will lose a lot in the quality of rose hips.

The harvest is required to immediately send for drying. For her, you can use the oven, heated to 90 degrees. Dry fruits are poured into fabric bags, if they are prepared properly, can be stored for up to two years.

The most promising varieties

May rose due to its healing qualities is widely cultivated, in addition to wild varieties, there are garden varieties of wild rose. There are more than six dozen of them. However, the most successful are the following:

  1. Tambovchanka. Slaboslyslyy bush that facilitates the collection of fruits. Studding is average, with the spikes somewhat bent, in the shape of a hook. The fruits are quite large - up to 4.5 grams each. Productivity is high, up to five kilos from a healthy adult bush. Particularly attractive grade very high winter hardiness. In the flowering is very decorative: the buds are large, bright red hue.
  2. Hedgehog. It blossoms in large raspberry cups. It is a lot of thorns, remind needles. По росту – средний. Плоды крупные, хотя и мельче, чем у предыдущего сорта. Плодоносит тоже более скромно: в среднем можно собрать четыре килограмма за сезон. Тоже весьма зимовынослив, достаточно стоек к болезням и вредителям.
  3. Юбилейный мичуринский. По сельскохозяйственным показателям близок к обоим уже упомянутым сортам. В цветении – белый.
  4. Особняком стоит Бесшипный ВНИВИ. Unlike other varieties, it gives a tall bush, has no thorns, fruits are a bit small (about two grams), fruits earlier - in early August, and in smaller quantities (just over one and a half kilograms). Even blooms in its own way: not individual flowers, and inflorescences of four pieces of pink tone.

Other related species of wild rose

Other species of this genus are quite common on the territory of Russia: Alberta’s rosehip (Rosa alberti Regel), found in the Altai, rosehip (Rosa glabrifolia S.A. Meow. Ex Rupr.), Growing in the Volga region, the Ural regions and Western Siberia, Daursky rosehip (Rosa davurica Pall.), Common in Eastern Siberia and the Far East, the Agriolidae wild rose (Rosa acicularis Lindl.), Found in the eastern parts of the European part, in Siberia and the Far East, loose rose (Rosa laxa Retz.), Growing in the mountains of Altai. Of particular note is the wrinkled wild rose - Rosa rugosa Thunb. Its natural range is limited to the Far East, but it is cultivated for ornamental purposes very widely throughout Russia. This species is attractive because it has the largest hypanthium among Russian wild roses - 2.5-3 cm in diameter, however, the content of ascorbic acid in it is noticeably inferior to many other species.

Economic use of wild rose

Rosehip - medicinal, edible and ornamental plant. Nutritional and medicinal use received hypanthium, commonly called fruits. This is a real natural vitamin concentrate: in some forms it contains up to 20% (on the dry weight of the pulp) of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). In terms of its content, the hips have no equal in the plant world. In addition, they are rich in carotene and carotenoids (provitamin A), they contain B vitamins, as well as K and P, sugars (up to 1 8%), pectin (up to 3.7%), citric, malic and other acids, coloring matter. Rose hips are used in food, jam is made from petals, and dried petals are added to tea.
As a valuable medicinal plant, wild rose is introduced into culture and cultivated in specialized farms and household plots. Varieties with a high yield of fruits, high content of vitamins, low pricklyness and other useful economic traits have been developed.
May rosehip is bred as an ornamental plant in gardens and parks and used as a stock for cultivated roses. Honeybees willingly visit the flowers of wild rose, collecting pollen, many birds love its fruits.

Features billet rose hips

Gather quite mature dog-rose fruit from late August to winter. After frost, the content of ascorbic acid in fruits is somewhat reduced, therefore, harvesting should be carried out before the start of resistant frosts. Gather the fruits by hand, trying not to crush, as if the skin is damaged, they grow moldy. Drying is carried out in ovens or dryers at a temperature of 80-100 ° C. After drying it is useful to sort out the fruit and remove the burnt and blackened raw materials.
You can not dry in the sun, as this significantly decreases the content of vitamin C. Dried fruits must be red or brownish-red. Store dry fruits in tightly closed boxes or jars in a cool dry place.

Medicinal value of wild rose and methods of therapeutic use

In Russia, dogrose in the old days was called svoroborinoy, svoroborinnikom, that is, studded with thorns (from svobob - scab). And still in different localities it is called in different ways: shepherite, shearshina, and others.
Spiked traditional medicine has healed from time immemorial and runny nose, and colds, and toothache, and inflammation of the gums and throat, and heartbeat, and belching, and nausea, and vomiting. Yes, and scientific medicine recognizes its healing properties, especially in the treatment of an inflamed liver and gallbladder.
Fruits, petals and roots have therapeutic use. Vitamins C, B1, B2, K, PP, E, provitamin A, sugars, pectins, organic acids (mainly citric and malic) are in the hips. Rosehip - the most important vitamin plant in Russia. Its fruits contain natural ascorbic acid 10 times more than in black currants, and 50 times more than in lemon. In the dog rose there are salts of cobalt, copper, manganese, iron. You need to know that in the hips, collected in the middle or northern strip of the country, the amount of vitamin C can be 4-5 times more than in fruits collected, for example, in Ukraine. Therefore, when using fruits from the southern regions, their number, taken to prepare the infusion, can be doubled and even tripled.
Rose hips have anti-sclerotic effect, under their influence reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood. The combination of trace elements with a high content of ascorbic acid in the dog rose contributes to the positive effect of the fruits on the hematopoietic system. All this makes it possible to consider rose hips as an effective remedy in the complex treatment of many diseases: pneumonia, anemia, toxicosis, atherosclerosis, hypertension, exhaustion, cold, infectious diseases, cholecystitis, hepatitis, various gastrointestinal diseases, diarrhea, kidney stones, asthma , blood diseases.
Rose hips are used in the form of infusions, extracts, syrups, pills, candy, dragee, jam, jelly. Vitamin C is currently produced synthetically, but rosehips as a multivitamin with hypoavitaminosis have not lost their value and are part of many medicinal forms: they are used to make syrup, vitamin P and C tablets and other drugs.
So, the condensed extract of the hips of the dog (Rosa canina) (the drug holosas) is used for cholecystitis and hepatitis. In Bulgaria, rosopol, which has a choleretic, antiallergic, bacteriostatic and anti-sclerotic effect, has been isolated from the petals of the local wild rose, which is effective in treating inflammation of the gallbladder (sometimes even destroys gallstones), cardiovascular diseases, bronchial asthma, and various allergies. In Romania, the drug aftholizol was created, consisting of an extract of rosehip petals mixed with honey, against internal infections.
Russia produces a fat-soluble drug carotolin, obtained by hot extraction of rosehip pulp with sunflower oil. Karotolin, administered externally in the form of ointment dressings 1-2 times a day, is an effective means in the treatment of chronic, difficult to treat eczema, trophic ulcers, neurodermatitis.
In Ludwig Greber's herbalist there is a recipe (from 1563) for the use of rosehips in the form of tooth powder to strengthen the gums when bleeding.
The great Avicenna more than a thousand years ago wrote about wild rose as a healing plant for a variety of diseases, recommended for noise in the head, toothache, tumors in the throat and inflammation of the tonsils. He believed that wild rose stops vomiting, soothes hiccups.
Written evidence of the therapeutic use of rose hips and flowers in Russia dates back to the 16th century. It was believed that "the water of the color of the spring (that is, the rose water) was ralti при ate to those who were impotent, and that strengthens the heart, and blood glorifies."
In the medical book of the patriarch's cell-mate, the monk Filagria, entitled “The book, verb“ Cool helicopter ”in the section“ On the Trees ”read:
“About the collection tree. ... svoroborina is a medicine in Latin "Midisine Benedict", and in Russian "healing is blessed," because of its strength, it is beneficial to the health of the entire human body and prejudices the harmful nature to the good. "

“About the leaflet. The freshness of the breeze is pounded with sugar, and then the passage (the anal orifice) moves ... the main disease is born from the spirit of the sboroborininago, which is born from Kohler [heroic twist, melancholy], and the same spirit is lost in pain. of grief. "

“On the color of svoroborinny. ... the same color is freshly pounded and applied to hot boils, then the fire will draw out of them ... The same color is boiled in vinegar and the night will stand, and with vinegar we will smear the hot edema (edema, tumor) articular, and taco otoc will become polyaceous ... Juice from kvoroborinnago color boiled with wine fryzhskim and pleasant, the main disease of the stew, as well as ochem (eyes) that health is. With the same mouth rinse, then the disease will lead out of the gums. "

“About the berries of the breeders. The berries are crushed and crushed, and with that we rub the gums and teeth, then the disease will bring them out. The same berries are boiled in water and that pitot, the uterine concludes (holds up) the flow, and the bloody vomit will take away. With the same water, we wash the eyelids for the sick eyes, from which the pus flows, and then we use it.

The “rusoborinnym tree” Rusich called dogrose. “Water, out of the herbs ...” - the usual infusion on boiling water. The usual folk measure: a handful of flowers for 0.5 liters of boiling water. The greatest effect gives the infusion of fresh flowers of wild rose, so you should not miss the moment of flowering and spend at least a two-week course of treatment for those who suffer from cardiovascular diseases. And for the winter, you can stock up on dried flowers: they are dried in a dark place so that daylight does not destroy the color and does not deprive them of healing power. It is better to keep flowers in a tight-fitting birch bark or in a can, lined with porous paper from the inside.

For the treatment of urinary and gallstone disease using hips.
One tablespoon of roots is brewed in a kettle and insisted for 45 minutes. Drink on an empty stomach for 1/3 cup 1 time per day.

Take 2 tablespoons of crushed roots for 1 cup of water, boil for 10–20 minutes, insist, wrapped until it cools, filter. Take a decoction 3 times a day for 1 glass for a week or more.
This broth dissolves stones into small grains of sand in the bladder, the renal pelvis. It has a detrimental effect on malaria parasites.

Russian healers advised our ancestors to make the rosehip drink everyday because of its anti-scorching properties, as well as from kidney and stomach diseases.
Hips root for future use.
In winter, drink the broth and expel the sand.

Two teaspoons with the top of the dried fruit pour 1 cup boiling water. Drink like tea 3 times a day after meals.
Now, many herbalists say: “If you want to be healthy, drink rosehip tincture as a remedy for anemia, scurvy and for a better metabolism.

From the berries you can make an infusion. 20 g of fruits are placed in a closed enamel or glass dish, pour 1 cup boiling water and boil for 10 minutes, then infuse for 24 hours. The resulting liquid is filtered through gauze, folded in 2 layers, and drink 1/4 or 1/2 cup 2 times a day. Children give 1 / 8-1 / 4 cup. If you need to speed up the preparation of the infusion, the fruits are crushed. To increase the shelf life of the infusion, it should be mixed with cooked syrup or boiled with sugar.

Take 1 tablespoon of fruit in 1 cup of boiling water. Boil for 10 minutes. in a sealed container. Insist at least 12 hours, filter. Drink with scurvy 1 / 2– 1 glass 2 — Zraza a day before meals (you can add honey or sugar for taste).

Abrasions, trophic ulcers, bedsores, eczema, dermatitis, psoriasis, nipple cracks in nursing mothers are topically treated with seed oil.
It is possible on the affected areas 1-2 times a day to impose wipes soaked in carotolin or oil extract from the pulp of the fruit.

In ulcerative colitis, seed oil is taken internally by 1 teaspoon 2 times a day and an enema is made with this oil 50 ml daily or every other day for 2-4 weeks.
With ulcerative colitis, you can use rosehip oil for microclysters.
Cooking oil at home: 200 g of crushed seeds, raw and dry fruit pulp boil for 15 minutes. 0,75l vegetable oil, insist on a water bath for 5 hours, cool, squeeze in a juicer, drain. Apply 50 mg in microclyster at night for 10-15 days.

As an important aid in treating the flu or cold, we advise crushing dry berries, pour water (5 tablespoons per 1 liter of cold water), put on the fire, boil for 10 minutes. Insist, wrapped, 8-10 hours, drain. Drink from early morning to 1 glass every 2-3 hours during the day (with honey, jam, sugar).
You can brew thicker, preferably not eat anything on this day. After each use, rinse your mouth with warm water, otherwise the acid eats away your teeth. It is advisable to drink rose hips during the week for a week, gradually reducing the number of doses.

Napar from rosehip leaves as a tea acts very well on the stomach: it improves its motor function, soothes pain in the stomach.
70-80 crushed fruits pour 1 cup boiling water and keep on low heat for 2-3 hours, in no case allowing boiling. The temperature is kept at around 90 ° C. On the surface, as in good broth, oily circles should appear, melted from the seeds. Strain from hairs and take 2 glasses in fractional portions throughout the day.

Folk healers with diseases of the stomach and gall bladder recommend preventive tea from rosehip petals: 10g of fresh or dried flowers to brew as tea with 1 cup boiling water, infuse for 15-30 minutes. Take 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day.

Broth roots take inflammation of the bladder, as well as stimulates the appetite and astringent for gastrointestinal diseases.
Two tablespoons of the crushed roots pour 1 cup boiling water, boil for 15 minutes., Insist 2 hours, drain. Drink 1/2 cup 4 times a day before meals.

A decoction of fruits and roots is used for baths with paralysis, "weakness of the legs", rheumatism.
200 g of fine-grained wild rose roots cook in 3 liters of water for 30–40 min on low heat, without boiling. After removing from the heat, insist 15min., Strain. Add to the bath (temperature should not exceed 38 ° C). Take a bath for 20 minutes. The course of treatment is 8–10 baths, then a substitute for baths with an infusion of fruits and flowers of juniper.

Two tablespoons of chopped fruit in 0.5 liters of water. Boil for 15 min. namol fire, insist, wrapped, all night, strain. Drink honey as tea and instead of water throughout the day. It is used as a tonic, tonic, weakens the development of atherosclerosis, increases the resistance of the aging organism in infectious diseases and as a vitamin remedy. Vitamin C is best preserved if a dry rosehip is poured with boiling water and kept in a thermos for 10-12 hours.

Take 10 crushed fruits, pour 1 cup boiling water, boil for 3-5 minutes., Insist 4-5 hours. After filtering the broth take 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day, with diabetes.

If there are cracks on the heels, we advise you to crush the fresh fruit, put it in a gauze bag and, stepping on it or putting your foot on it with this pulp, wear a sock. You can leave for the night, and in the morning grease with ointment of 3 parts of goose fat and 1.5 parts of Kalanchoe juice.
When eczema applied mashed rosehip leaves.

Ash dogrose stalks - 1 tablespoon, starch and lycopodium - 1 tablespoon.
All components mix well and sprinkle with moist eczema.
Two tablespoons of the crushed roots pour 250 ml of boiling water, boil for 15 minutes in a water bath, and leave for 1 hour. For constipation, drink one meal at a time It is desirable to include in the diet peaches, seeds, plums and prunes, both fresh and dried and canned.
This decoction also has a diuretic effect. Well helps those who suffer from kidney disease.

Folk healers advise:
Watch your belly
As for the face.
How are you getting better
So you cope with life.

Infuse 20 g of ripe fruit in 400ml boiling water for 3 hours. Strain. This infusion is useful to drink with gastritis 50 ml 2 times a day. After ingestion of dogrose infusion, be sure to rinse your mouth with warm water (preferably with baking soda): the acids contained in the infusion corrode the tooth enamel.

One tablespoon of flowers pour 150 ml of boiling water, leave for 20-30 minutes. Use for rinsing with osteomyelitis, periodontal disease.

Cleansing the body
Three tablespoons of fruit brew boiling water overnight (2.5 cups of water). In the morning in a glass of rosehip infusion dilute 3 tablespoons of sorbitol and drink on an empty stomach. After 25 minutes drink a second glass of wild rose, without sorbitol. After 45 minutes eat porridge (rolled oats). During the day you can eat everything. At night, make an enema of 1 liter of water with the juice of one lemon. The procedure is repeated 6 times in 2 days on the 3rd.

To clean the intestines, we can recommend such a healing drink: grind 100 g of rosehip berries in a coffee grinder and pour warm distilled water to the consistency of sour cream. Leave on for 2-3 hours. Then put 1 teaspoon of honey in the resulting gruel. This is a “broom” that perfectly cleans the intestines. And if in the next meal you eat fruits or dried fruits soaked in distilled water, the cleaning effect will increase! Instead of distilled water, you can simply take boiled water, but this gives a smaller effect.

A simple cosmetic for the skin of the face - a handful of petals for 0.5 liters of boiling water. This infusion tones well and refreshes any skin.

Here is what Odo of Men had written about the dog rose in his treatise On Herbs Properties:
“Right, a rose flower is deservedly considered
Everything surpasses the flowers by the scent and beauty.
But not only the scent and charm of a rose can
To please us, and useful abundance of healing qualities,
The strength of her dry and cold - the degree of the first.
Если ее приложить, то священный огонь утихает,
U подреберье с желудком излечит, коль жаром объяты,
Вместе с вином прекратит истеченье желудка и матки.
Множество мазей различных нуждаются в розовом соке,
Розы сухой порошок при болезнях во рту помогает,
Втертый без примесей всяких лишь с медом одним в сочетанье.
Жар унимает любой, если тертой наложена сверху
Свежая роза иль если с медовою пьется водою.
Делают масло из розы, и розовым маслом зовется, —
Help with various diseases, as well as in cases of many
You drink it - the stomach will soften, and will subside immediately in the stomach
The heat is exorbitant, and if you warm it with a diligent poultice,
Headache and fever are healed with this medicine.
But if you add oil to vinegar,
Cleans a dirty wound and replenishes the wound cavity
And excellent it helps even from burns.
Being in the mouth for a long time, it heals the pain of the tooth,
As they say, even their centuries of softness grant them
If it is imposed, the itch that is hidden in the depths will cease,
Help brings it with the different suffering of the uterus.
U because the rose oil is differently prepared,
I will tell you what Palladium told about it:
Ounce exactly take the crimson petals from the rose
U combine them by peeling, with a pound of olive oil,
Means in a glass vessel, clogged tightly under the sun
It is necessary to hang, and so keep in the course of the week,
After it is saved as a tool for different cases. "

Rosehip is curative from roots to fruits, but it is not always possible to use a fresh plant. You can make a tincture of fruit for the winter: 1 cup dried (if fresh) or finely chopped (if dry) rosehip mixed with 1-1.5 cups of granulated sugar, pour 3 cups of 70% alcohol and set for 5 days against the sun , on the 6th day, add another 2-3 glasses of 40% vodka and again put it in the sun for 5 days, filter on the 10th day, squeezing lightly from the fruit. Drink one vodka glass (15g) 2 times a day after meals. This tincture is very popular among the people.
According to Raphael, the dog rose is ruled by Mars and is healing for those born under the sign of Aries or Scorpio.

Characteristic and description

Briar is a perennial deciduous shrub. In height reaches up to 2 meters. The branches are thin rods with a brown-red color. With age they acquire a dark brown shade. The shoots are covered with rare large sickle-shaped thorns. Needles are sharp, markedly widened at the base. Flowering shoots mostly without thorns. Young branches are covered with small needle spines.

The leaves of the May rose are complex, thin, egg-shaped, collected in 5-7 parts. Overall length is up to 7 cm.

The flowers are large, with a diameter of 3 to 7 cm. There are single buds and 2-3 inflorescences in one. Each has 5 petals. Color varies from pale pink to bright shades.

Flowering begins in May and lasts until the end of June. Buds on young branches are formed in the second year.

Fruit ripening takes place in August-September. Fruits of a round form, less often oval meet more often. The surface of the berries is smooth, orange or red. Inside the fruit is fleshy with small nuts.

Rosehip is not demanding of the soil, is drought tolerant and frost resistant.

Planting rose hips

Landing is best done in the fall. Cinnamon rose hip will grow fine on a sunny plot, but it will be quite comfortable in the shade. If the main purpose of planting is to harvest, after all, preference is given to a bright place. It is not recommended to plant a rose in a swampy place. The bush will develop poorly, and the root system risks rotting.

The main stages of landing:

  • a hole dug 50 cm deep, the width and length should be about the same
  • a small amount of humus or peat is poured on the bottom,
  • roots need to gently straighten and sprinkle with earth,
  • after abundantly pour water.

At the initial stage, it is advisable to trim the tops of the shoots. This will allow the root system to gain strength and adapt faster.

If planting is carried out at once in several bushes in the neighborhood, you need to consider that the distance between them should be about 1.5 meters.

Spring planting is carried out before bud break. So the plant will be easier to settle down.

Features care for shrubs

May rose, or rosehip (everyone calls as he likes), does not require reverent care.

In the first year after planting, the bush needs additional watering, especially in hot weather. An adult plant needs very rare watering. Mainly in the period of the appearance of the ovaries.

The rest of the care is pruning and feeding. Again, these actions are optional. But the plant always responds positively and gratefully to care.

Young bushes need additional feeding for the first two years. Three times per season. Nitrogen fertilizers are suitable as top-dressing. The adult bush loves organic mixes - infusion of mullein or chicken manure. Enough to make them once every three years.

Rose propagation

May rose can be propagated by any known method. Each gardener has his own preferences.

Primary and accessible reproduction occurs by:

  • branch escape with part of the root,
  • layering.

In one and in another case there is nothing difficult. If the bush has already grown and diverges to the sides, then a shallow tunnel is carefully made at the root. The edge of the spade is cut off a small part of the root with young shoots. After maternal root need to dig in, and the young bush to plant as an independent plant. If the second option is preferable, then you need to tilt the young shoot to the ground and prikopat it a little at the base. It is better to fix it in this position. Watering is carried out regularly. Next year you can see the formed roots and transplant the escape to a new place.

Many gardeners love to propagate plants by cutting. The method is also quite simple. You need to choose a two-year runaway and make an oblique incision closer to the root. After that, the branch is placed in a container with water for 2-4 weeks. The water level should not be too high. After the formation of the roots, the shoot is buried in loose fertile soil. The first time a young plant requires increased attention and care.

Pruning bushes and decorative properties

For abundant fruiting, it is recommended to remove old branches annually. This will allow the shrub to develop harmoniously and actively produce crops.

Pruning is carried out in order to give the bush decorative. Rose hips thin out in late autumn or early spring before the buds swell.

If to provide regular adequate care for the May rose, to give it the correct forms in a timely manner, then it will create harmony on the site. Shrubs can be given different types: round, rectangular, etc. This particular pruning is relevant when forming a hedge.

A living fence of flowering shrub looks just amazing. You can make plantings around the perimeter of the site or to separate the roadway. Also lively pink fence is suitable for visual division of the site into different zones.

Preparation of raw materials

It is important to have time to harvest before the start of frost, otherwise the fruits of wild rose (May rose) will lose the main percentage of vitamins. Raw materials are thoroughly washed and dried at a temperature of 80-90 degrees. Layer when drying should be thin. As required, the fruit is turned over. The end of the drying is determined by the fragility of the fruit.

The finished raw material is stored in canvas bags in a dry place. Suitability period is 2 years.

Medicinal properties and the use of wild rose

The medicinal properties of the may rosehip, the descriptions of which are a huge amount, find their application in everyday life. This is a kind of natural concentrate of many vitamins.

Rosehip pulp contains:

  • ascorbic acid (vitamin C),
  • riboflavin (vitamin B2),
  • β-carotene (provitamin A),
  • bioflavonoids (vitamin P),
  • vitamins E and K,
  • tannins,
  • eat apple pectin, citric acid, a lot of magnesium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus and iron.

It is used in the form of infusions, teas and syrups in different situations:

  • in order to avoid a lack of vitamin C,
  • with colds and infectious diseases,
  • liver problems,
  • due to frequent fractures,
  • comprehensively used in the fight against malignant tumors,
  • used as a mild choleretic agent
  • fights anemia problems
  • helps with diarrhea.

A decoction of the roots perfectly complements the treatment of patients with diabetes. Also, this decoction will be useful for hypertensive patients and people with heart problems. For rheumatism and arthritis, a decoction is added to the bath.

A decoction of the leaves significantly helps with nocturnal incontinence.

May rose fruits are ideal for making vitamin jam and compote. The leaves and flowers are brewed and used as a full-fledged tea. He is able to relax and calm the nervous system.

Diseases and pests of wild rose

May rose is susceptible to pests and some diseases. 4 types are attributed to frequent diseases: gray and brown rot, rust and powdery mildew. In the fight against disease, it is advisable to carry out timely prevention. Usually sprayed bush before bud swelling and before flowering. For this purpose, special solutions are used.

Insects, such as flies, spider mites and leafworms often cause damage. Pest control is carried out using infusion of garlic or soap solution.

It is necessary to periodically inspect the plant and remove the damaged parts of the branches and leaves. Thus, there will be less chance of infection of the remaining parts of the shrub.

Reviews of gardeners, including novices, are positive. Basically, the simplicity of care. Rapid growth and a high percentage of engraftment of young seedlings is appreciated. Gardeners also speak positively about the quantity and benefits of fruits.

With skillful use and proper care for wild rose, you can get not only the beauty in your garden. You can create whole creative compositions and unique look. But the dignity of the rose is not limited to one beauty, it also strengthens the health of all family members.

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