Australia is the birthplace of 22 botanical species used in floriculture. Among them is the dried flower Helichrizum (immortelle), which is known even to beginners. Florists call him an immortal, which in French means "immortal."
Helichrisum belongs to the Compositae or Aster family (Asteraceae). All plants of this group of inflorescences are baskets. The botanical reference book is covered with the name Cimmin.
Solariums bloom continuously - from mid-summer to frost. At the end of the season, seeds form in the baskets. The fruit is a small achene, supplied with a tuft like that of a dandelion and able to fly under the action of the wind. The gram contains 1500 pieces. Germination lasts no more than 3 years.
Among immortelles there are species with different lifespans. Perennial in our climate are grown as annuals.
The most popular type of tsmina is large or bract. It is a perennial, but gardeners grow it as a letnik. The plant can be dug out in the fall with a lump of earth, transplanted into a pot and stored in the room. In the spring, the overgrown bush is divided and planted again in a flower bed.
- leaves are arranged alternately, sometimes oppositely, edges without cuts,
- baskets with one or two rows of stipules,
- extreme pistillate flowers, central staminate,
- inflorescences grow on the tops of the shoots, one by one or several,
- rhizome horizontally extends near the soil surface.
The main feature of helihrizum - dry, brightly colored, arranged in several rows wrapping leaves on the inflorescence. After flowering, they can arch out or remain in the closed state.
Helichrizum flowers in the photo:
Medical properties of immortelle and application in traditional medicine
One type of helihrizum Italicum - Angustifolia Tall Curry (Tall Curry angustifolia) - Italian immortelle has a strong spicy smell, which is why it is called a curry plant. Oil obtained from its colors by steam distillation is used for medical purposes. It has anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal and astringent effects, soothes itching, promotes healing of cracks and burns. It is added to perfume compositions to impart a spicy flavor. Dried leaves of this species are used as a spice.
Although Italicum is called a curry plant, it has nothing to do with real curry and is not added to Indian dishes. Its resinous, bitter aroma resembles rather a wormwood. In the Mediterranean (in the homeland of the species), young leaves and shoots of Italicum are stewed together with vegetables, meat or fish.
Cmin sandy has medicinal properties. It is harvested at the beginning of flowering, when the side baskets have not yet dissolved. Raw materials are dried at a temperature of 40 degrees.
In folk medicine, the plant is used in the treatment of diseases of the liver, pancreas, intestines and other organs of the digestive tract. It is impossible to use preparations of miners to people with bile stasis in the liver The plant is able to increase pressure, so hypertensive patients can not be treated for more than 3 months in a row.
Medical properties of immortelle:
Varieties and types
In the wild, there are about 500 species of immortelles, no more than 30 plants have been introduced into the culture. Tsminy are suitable for garden decoration. They are planted in flowerbeds, in rock gardens and rockeries.
Breeders pay most attention to helihrizum bract (Helichrysum bracteatum f. Monstrosum).
Several of his garden forms and varieties with baskets of various colors were derived:
- all shades of yellow and red.
Petals single row or multi row. In the latter case, the inflorescence looks like terry.
Basket diameter is 4-5 cm. Tetraploid varieties with larger baskets (up to 7 cm) are obtained.
Most varieties have long stems and many branches. Plant height reaches 0.8 m. There are cultivars of dwarf size. So, at the garden Bikini group the height of the bush is only 25 cm.
Helihrizum pritsvetnikovy, popular varieties:
Helichrysum angustifolium or Cmin narrow-leaved is very different from the rest of the immortelles. It is planted not for cutting flowers, but for the sake of openwork grayish greens.
Helichrisum is petiolate or licorice from South Africa. Height is 150 cm, diameter of a bush is up to 150 cm. It is an evergreen plant weaving on the ground with fluffy greyish leaves and small white flowers. Foliage smells of licorice.
On the Alpine hills grow stunted rymin blossoms:
- subulate (Subulifolium) - height up to 40 cm with bright yellow inflorescences with a diameter of 2 cm,
- helmet-shaped (Casssianum) - height up to 40 cm, inflorescence width 1 cm, baskets are collected in scutes with a diameter of up to 7 cm, pink bracts,
- Milford (Milfordiae) is an evergreen perennial creeping plant for an alpine garden up to 10 cm high and 50 cm wide with chamomile-like white flowers, decorated with a yellow center.
Cmin Milford's flowers bloom from May to July. In the southern climate can winter, if covered with glass. Over the years, plants form a low, dense rug, repeating the outlines of relief and stones, giving a multitude of flowers.
Low-growing species look great in low bouquets and rocky gardens. Their full-blown baskets do not lose brightness for several weeks.
Not all immortelles are from Australia. In our country also grows several species.
Sandy (Arenarium) - a representative of the flora of the European part of Russia, the Caucasus and Siberia. This is a perennial plant with very small, yellow or orange flowers of the correct form. The inflorescences are large and thick. It blooms from mid-summer to frost, without requiring any care. Height of shoots is 10-50 cm.
Tianshansky (Thianshanicum) - beautifully winters in central Russia without any shelters. In June-July it becomes covered with yellow inflorescences. The plants look like cmin sandy, but the leaves are more gray.
Any immortelles can be used in winter bouquets. The flowers are cut off in the un-dispersed state and hung down with their heads under a canopy.
Drying in silica gel allows you to handle flowers with large heads. Gel-dried gels withstand moist air, and are therefore suitable for decorating bathrooms.
After drying in the gel, helihrizums are placed on the wire, bending its upper edge with a hook. This frame supports heavy flower head in an upright position.
Planting and care for helihrizum in open ground
Immortelle diluted with seeds, which can be purchased at the store or collect yourself. Growing a helihrizum from seeds allows breeding the most capricious species at home.
In order for plants to enjoy blooming longer, they are sown early. In room conditions, seedlings can be kept for about 30 days without the risk of dying from a black leg and a lack of lighting.
Sowing is carried out in late March or early April in a warmed greenhouse, covered with glass. Seeds germinate at a temperature of 15-17 degrees. Stalk loops will appear in one or two weeks. Seedlings, with the appearance of this leaf, are seated in separate pots or thinned directly in the greenhouse.
When frosts are no longer threatened (usually at the end of May), you can plant helihrizum seedlings on a flower bed, leaving intervals of 25-30 cm. In regions with a long summer, seeds are sown immediately to a permanent place, and then thinned seedlings. For sowing choose well-lit areas with loose, nutritious soil moderate moisture capacity.
Seeds are small, it is better to sow them shallowly. So that all seeds are at the same depth, they are laid out on a slightly compacted soil, sprinkled with water from a spray bottle, making sure that the substrate is wetted by 1-2 cm, and covered with an agrovermiculite.
There is an interesting way of sowing seeds in the "snail":
- Make up a mixture of humus, sand and earth 1: 1: 2, the earth must be fertile.
- The substrate is sprinkled with a layer of 2 cm onto a polyethylene tape with a width of 15 cm of arbitrary length and rolled into a roll. The result is a "snail" in which the layers of soil are arranged spirally.
- Seeds are laid out on the surface and buried with a finger, sprinkled on top with water from a spray bottle.
Good seedlings have branched roots, covering a lump of land the size of a hen's egg, and two pairs of true leaves. The height of the above-ground part is not less than 5 cm.
It is convenient to grow seedlings on a windowsill in 2x2 cm cassettes. Such plants are easy to replant. They are taken from a box with intact roots, so they take root instantly.
Cassette plants are not placed in the holes, and in the grooves made pegs. The roots, along with a lump of earth, are simply inserted into the hole, sprinkled with earth a little and watered. Under each seedling should get at least a glass of moisture.
The care is normal, consists of watering, fertilizing and weeding. Plants can not feed, if they were originally planted in a little soil fertilized with humus. When planting seedlings, it is enough to add a tablespoon of organic matter to each well and mix with the ground.
Cmin easily withstands the hottest summer with a lack of watering. The short but powerful root system well fastens the plant in the soil, making it windproof.
Seeds ripen in early September. They can be safely collected for planting. From one bush a good handful of seeds is obtained.
Video from the series "Channel for gardeners":
Diseases and pests
The plant is rarely sick. But insects do not bypass it. On the bushes settle caterpillars and aphids.
Inseminated plants are treated with insecticides:
White rust can appear on a plant in damp years and completely destroy the plantings. They fight with fungus on helihrizum as it does on chrysanthemum, spraying with the drug Scor (5 ml per bucket of water). Especially carefully you need to handle the underside of the leaves. Outbreaks of the disease are facilitated by thickening of the landings and rainy summer.
Signs of white rust:
- small pale yellow spots appear on the leaves, covering the upper and lower sides,
- over time, the marks grow and turn yellow, the center turns brown,
- on the underside of the plate, a bulge develops in place of the spot, which eventually becomes white and convex,
- affected leaves die off, the plant has a burnt appearance,
- at the beginning of the disease, the plates are twisted downwards, which affects the appearance of the whole bush.
Spores of the fungus remain on plant debris and in the soil, so the helihrisum is better planted annually to a new location.
The genus of helihrizum is very diverse and includes annual and perennial herbaceous creeping or erect plants, semi-shrubs and shrubs.
The root system in plants is branched, fibrous, not very pronounced.
Stems ribbed, erect or creeping, spreading. Their height ranges from 8 to 120 centimeters. The stem and leaves are covered with a white edge.
The arrangement of the leaves alternately. Their form is lanceolate, narrow, 3-7 centimeters long. Color depending on the type of dark green, yellow or bluish.
Inflorescences in the form of baskets or broom-pots with dry petals, reaching a diameter of 7 centimeters. Their color is various, it can be white, pink, crimson, all shades of red and yellow, except blue. After flowering in place of the bud, a seed-seed is formed with a tuft.
This is a perennial herbaceous tall plant. The stem is erect, branched, up to 80 centimeters high. Leaves lanceolate, sessile, dark green. The flowering period is July - October. Inflorescences in the form of baskets. The peduncles are 6 tubular flowers, surrounded by white, red, orange bracts.
This type is appreciated because of the decorative foliage. Stems are long, branching, up to 1 meter. For flowers growing in hanging baskets, the stalks fall down. In the presence of support, they rush up. The shoots are densely covered with rosettes of rounded or oval leaves. Their color is bluish, bright green or yellow. The upper part of the leaves is covered with silvery fluff.
In the northern regions, the plant does not bloom, but in the south it appears inconspicuous small, gray-yellow flowers.
Plants are best planted in hanging pots, tubs. When cold weather they are transferred to a warm room.
Chico Red Dwarf
A small annual bush, 40 centimeters high. Foliage is dark green. Inflorescence baskets are bright red and burgundy. The middle of them is yellow. Petals slightly curved. Flowering lasts from May to September. The plant looks beautiful in small baskets, small pots and as living borders.
Bush height 115 centimeters. Stems erect. Leaves are linear. The flowering period is July - August. Inflorescences convex in diameter 5-6 centimeters, surrounded by a multi-row wrapper. Flaky scales, brownish red.
Erect bush in height 75-80 centimeters. The buds are iridescent shades of pink, purple and cream. Abundant flowering, cold weather. The variety is suitable for planting in flowerbeds, rock gardens, suitable for cutting.
Height - 70-90 centimeters. Flowers are large. Coloring inflorescences - pearl, white and pink. Flowers look very beautiful on any types of flower beds and in bouquets.
A bush in height of 110 centimeters. The flowering period is July - September. Inflorescence in diameter of 6.5 centimeters. Wrap scales are film-like, white.
The flowers are medium, pink, coral or beige. Leaves are light green, lanceolate. Flowering July - October. Often grown on cut for bouquets.
A bush in height of 110 centimeters. The flowering period is July - September. Inflorescence with a diameter of 4-6 centimeters. Scales wrapper purple-red.
The plant is tall, reaching 1 meter. The inflorescences are painted in shades of salmon, salmon-red and salmon-pink flowers.
A bush in height of 105 centimeters. Blossoming lasts from the 20th of June to the beginning of September. Inflorescence in diameter b centimeters. Scales wrappers golden yellow, filmy.
Bush height 35-45 centimeters. Terry inflorescences. The diameter is 3 centimeters. The color of flowers varied, pastel colors.
When to plant
Seeds, mostly tall varieties for seedlings, are sown in March.
Sowing seeds in open ground is carried out in April. Most often in the open field grown stunted varieties.
Cuttings of flowers are planted in August - September or in the spring, after wintering indoors.
Divided bushes are seated in the spring.
Annual varieties propagate by seed, and perennial most often by dividing the bush and grafting.
In order to independently collect the seeds of the helihrizum, the inflorescences remain on the stems until full maturity (about a crescent after withering). Then you can collect the seeds. They are stored in a tissue (paper) bag or glass container in a dry, cool place for 2 years.
Growing from seed
High varieties are more often grown by seedlings, and low varieties are planted directly in open ground.
Reproduction by rassadnym way allows to accelerate flowering of plants.
For sowing seeds, a sand and peat mixture is taken. It is placed in a container or box with drainage holes. Before planting, the soil mixture is watered with a hot solution of potassium pemarganate. After draining excess water, the seeds are buried 0.5-1 centimeter into the ground, irrigated from a spray bottle and covered with film or glass.
The first shoots germinate in 9-12 days. After that, you can begin to harden the plants. Glass (film) must be removed every day, increasing the ventilation time from 1 hour to a whole day. Strengthened sprouts for 14-16 days spikes in separate pots. In May, the strengthened plants are transplanted into the open ground.
When sowing seeds in open ground, wells are prepared in advance at a distance of 10 centimeters from each other. 3-4 seeds are placed in each well. Crops are covered with a film. Shelter is removed when the air temperature warms up to +15 degrees. After germination of all seeds, weak sprouts are removed.
Perennial species breed by cuttings and dividing the bush. Cuttings are made in July - August. To do this, cut the apical shoots with a length of 15 centimeters.
For quick rooting, the cuttings are placed in Kornevin's solution. Then they land under the film in a mixture of earth, sand and peat in a ratio of 1: 2: 1. After fresh leaves appear on them, they can be transplanted to a permanent place of growth.
The division of the bush is carried out in the spring. For breeding helihrizum selected adult, strong plants. The roots are cut with a sharp knife. The cut is processed with crushed activated carbon. Divided bushes are planted in the prepared pits at a permanent place of growth and watered with warm water.
Planting and maintenance in the open field
Land for planting flowers should be well lit. Stony and sandy soils are best for plants.
Flowers are planted in May at a distance of 16-20 centimeters from each other. Fertilizers are applied to the soil for planting. Each fossa is loosened. A drainage layer of small pebbles, coarse sand or expanded clay is poured on the bottom (it protects the roots from soaking in winter). Растения пересаживаются вместе с земляным комом.
Уход за цветами не сложный, но требует некоторых тонкостей.
In tall varieties, the central shoot is pinned above the 6 leaf. This allows you to increase the number of buds and helps to strengthen the plant.
For abundant flowering helihrizum need to fertilize the land with a special fertilizer for flowers or compost, infusion of mullein.
The first feeding is carried out during planting, then it is repeated twice a month.
Watering should be moderate. In hot weather, the amount of watering increases.
Helihrizum in landscape design
In landscape design most often used helihrizum Pritsvetnikovy. It is combined with cereals and other dried flowers, as well as with antirrinum, orebeckia.
Helimerisums ampelous are suitable for planting in hanging pots and tubs.
Compact varieties are used for flower beds, borders, rabatok, rock gardens, rakarii. They land between rubble and stones. They are combined with breech, undersized iberis, lobelia, groundcover, shave, and stonecrop.
In one flowerbed, flowers are combined with lavender, thyme, hopper-like hunters, rosemary, pharmaceutical chamomile, sage.
Cut inflorescences at the beginning of flowering. Dried flowers in a dark, ventilated, dry room. Before drying for 12 hours, the inflorescences are fumigated with sulfur. After that, they fade a little, but after drying they acquire the original color and become bright. The collected bouquets of 12-15 pieces are hung inflorescences down. Dried flowers are used for bouquets, panels.
We grow a bouquet of gems: video
Helichrisum due to the variety of species is able to decorate a flower beds, tubs, hanging pots and baskets. This beautiful plant looks great, both in flowerbeds and in vases in the form of fresh and dry bouquets.
Having provided the plants with the necessary care, they delight in their flowering before the first autumn colds.
What is helihrizum
After the immortelle hit the European continent, gardeners immediately fell in love with it, because the plant has the following characteristics:
- There are one-year and perennial, erect and creeping,
- Stem with a ribbed surface height from 30 to 120 cm,
- Whole narrow leaves of a dark green shade, fleecy on both sides, grow from 3 to 7 cm,
- Branching the top of the plant,
- Inflorescences, the size can reach up to 7 cm in diameter in the form of a panicle or shield, a bit like chamomile,
- Flowering lasts an average of 3 months, from June to August, and may last until October,
- Around inflorescences dry curving petals,
- Varied color.
After flowering is completed, the fruits are formed as seeds. Their size is about 1.5 mm.
Cmin often grown for floristics. Of them make up winter bouquets, make dried flowers, used in flower arrangements. Fresh flowers will look good on flowerbeds, alpine and rocky hills, mixborders. A beautiful combination will be next to rosemary, thyme, chamomile, sage or lavender.
Helichrizum is often used for medicinal purposes. Immortelle flowers are part of several drugs. Widely used in traditional medicine recipes. The main therapeutic properties of the plant is considered choleretic effect. In addition to it, it has an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect. Essential oils from helihrizum apply perfumers to create fragrances.
In preliminary preparation for sowing is not necessary. Only groundcover varieties are suitable for this method, as they are the most resistant to cold and temperature extremes. Sow them in the first decade of May. After the sprouts get stronger, it is worth thinning out, leaving a distance between them of more than 15 cm.
In such conditions, flowers will begin to bloom in late July - early August. If there are frosts, then the plant should be covered with a film or other covering material.
By the end of March and the beginning of April, seeds for seedlings should be sown. To do this, prepare a light ground. For this, a ready-made substrate from the store will be suitable or prepare it yourself by mixing:
You need to plant the seeds at a distance of 4 cm, and after planting, sprinkle the soil with water from a spray bottle. Then the container with the planted seeds must be covered with a film or glass, put into a room with a temperature not lower than 25 o C. The sprouts will sprout after about 10 days, but you should not forget to air and water them. Drying the soil can not be allowed.
After 2 weeks, the sprouts should already get stronger, and they can be seated in separate containers. At this time, the root system and the plant itself are already quite strong and will quickly adapt to new conditions. The main thing - do not forget to water in time. This seedling can be placed in the greenhouse before the time of landing in the ground.
Landing will depend on the region and weather conditions. This is usually no earlier than mid-May. In the southern regions of the country it may be earlier. It is important that there is no frost. When planting, the distance between the bushes is about 25 cm. Florists recommend adding a little peat to the planting holes.
If you choose this method of reproduction and planting immortelle, then it will begin to bloom in July.
Division and grafting
Perennial varieties of helihrizum multiply differently. It is necessary to divide the bush or cutting it.
- The division process should be carried out in the spring. To do this, the bush should be dug and divided with a sharp knife into parts depending on the size. The root, in the place where the cut was, is processed with charcoal. This will allow to dry the root and prevent rotting and disease. After planting, split shrubs require daily watering and loosening until fully adapted to the soil.
- Cutting should be carried out in the second half of summer. Cuttings about 10 cm long are cut from the bush. They should be placed in a prepared mixture of soil, sand and peat and watered regularly. After the plant has taken root, it can be transplanted in open ground or in a pot.
The immortelle is an unpretentious plant. It does not require special rules of care, although if you pay more attention to it, then its appearance will be more beautiful and brighter.
Water the helihrizum should be in moderation. On hot days, watering is best done more often, but with a small amount of water. Too much water can damage the plant.
For fertilizing immortelle, you can use organic or mineral fertilizers.
Dry twigs and flowering flowers need to be cut in a timely manner. Also, the plant does not interfere with periodic loosening and weeding.
Solar caps - a good option for garden beds. It is a bright, beautiful and at the same time unpretentious plant. Having landed it in your garden, you can admire its flowering for almost the entire season, and then decorate your house with a beautiful composition of dried flowers.
Varieties and varieties
Of the 30 types of helihrizum that are cultivated, the following are the most popular:
- Helichrizum bract. This is a plant with a straight stem, about 80 cm tall and narrow leaves. It blooms with small flowers, tubular and reed, which are combined in a head covered with multi-row scales. It is characterized by a long flowering - from July to the first frost. Color depending on the variety of different. The most interesting are the varieties "Feuerball" (with red-brown flowers), "Violet" (dark red with a purple hue), "White" (white), "Yellow" (yellow) and others.
- Helihrizum coral. Groundcover variety with stems up to 25 cm. The leaves and flowers are very small. It blooms yellow. It can withstand low temperatures.
- Helihrizum is margaritkovidny. Ground-cover plant growing to 8 cm, with small leaves and white inflorescences, very similar to chamomile.
- Helichrizum albicans. Tall variety with stems up to 1.5 m in length. The leaves are large - up to 10 cm in length and up to 9 cm in width. The inflorescences are yellow in the center, surrounded by white or yellow bracts.
- Helichrizum Italian. It has medium sized stems - up to 60 cm in height. Its leaves have a strong odor, vaguely reminiscent of curry seasoning. It blooms yellow. This variety is used in medicine, perfumery and even cooking.
- Helichrizum Arenarium, or immortelle sandy. Plant with a simple and straight stem 30-40 cm tall. The leaves are small, about 2-6 cm. Blooms buds in the form of spherical baskets with a diameter of 4-6 mm. Each inflorescence consists of 10-30 tubular yellow or orange flowers. Used for decorative purposes, in medicine and as an insecticide.
- Helihrizum mifovidovy. Beautiful undersized plant, forming a solid carpet. The flowers consist of tongue petals, pink on the outside and white on the inside. It is characterized by long flowering - from late spring to mid-autumn.
Place and light
The immortelle is light-requiring. The area where he will comfortably grow should be well open to the sun's rays. However, it is not scary if a light shadow falls on it. Drought flower is not terrible.
The immortelle prefers fertile and light soil. Although it can grow in poorer soil, but not heavy clay. Optimal soils: black soil, loam, sandy loam. The main condition is the presence of good drainage, since the plant does not tolerate stagnant moisture. The soil should be neutral in acidity.
Care for helihdrum
Care for immortelle is minimal. You can even do without it. However, it goes without saying that if you follow the plant, it will look better and blossom more abundantly and brighter.
Watering for immortelle recommended medium - the abundance of moisture, he does not accept. In hot weather, it is advisable to do this more often - it is better daily in small portions.
During the growing season, the plant will need to be fertilized once every two weeks. For feeding you can use any complex mineral or organic fertilizers. If possible, you can feed with water extract mullein.
Tall varieties will need to pinch. The procedure is carried out on the central shoot over its fifth or sixth leaf. Ground cover species do not need pinching.
An important condition for the care of helihrizum is timely cutting of faded blossoms and dry stems. Periodic weeding and loosening of the soil are also desirable.
Greater care will require perennials. In addition to all the above procedures, they will also need a shelter for the winter (sawdust, lapnik, peat, dry foliage), since they are generally less cold-resistant than annuals. Usually they are dug up before winter, transplanted into pots and put into a room. Spring return to its original place. They need to water and feed more often. But they do not require pinching.
Other breeding methods
Perennial crops are propagated by vegetative means - dividing the bush and grafting. The division produced in the spring. Shrub should be dug and divided into parts with a sharp knife. The place where the knife remains is to be treated with charcoal, which will dry it well and will not let rot and infection develop. Directly after the separation, the bushes are planted in a permanent place. They are watered and loosened daily before they adapt well to the soil.
Cutting is also suitable for shrub forms. The procedure is carried out in summer (end of July - beginning of August). Carefully cut cuttings of 10 cm in length are planted in a previously prepared substrate of two parts of sand, one part of the ground and one part of peat. Landings require regular watering. After the appearance of the roots of young plants are transplanted in pots or in open ground.
Solar caps are beautiful and unpretentious plants that can decorate any flower bed, garden, summer cottage. Low-growing varieties also do an excellent job with the task of hiding the errors of the relief. Having planted such plants, you can always admire their long flowering, and after it is over, place a beautiful bouquet of dried flowers in the house and continue to enjoy the riot of colors in the winter.
Immortelle - the wealth of varieties and species
Family Astrovye (Asteraceae) includes lovely flowers. One of its representatives is Cmin. Otherwise, this plant is called helixhrizum or immortelle.
On the African continent and in Australia grow natural species of helihrizum, which has more than 500 species. The genus is represented by annual and perennial plants that are grown in culture as letniki.
Culture grows well and develops in conditions of extreme heat and lack of moisture. Rhizome, short and strong, firmly holding a strongly branched straight stalk.
Elongated lanceolate leaves are very narrow, pubescent or with a silver coating, which helps in the heat to evaporate less moisture.
Even in the photo you can see that the petals of tsmina are very hard and caustic. Inflorescences can have bright colored petals that do not lose color for a long time. The flower looks very attractive in bouquets and compositions of dried flowers.
Florists grow about 30 species of helihrizum, which include annual and perennial varieties:
- helihrizum pritsvetnikovy,
- helihrizum coral,
- helihrizum is margaritkovidny,
- helihrizum Italian,
- helihrizum stalked.
Unpretentious plant is able to put up with a lack of moisture and rare watering, so tsmin often planted on an alpine slide.
During flowering helihrizum baskets, painted in different bright colors, catch the eye. The photo shows that the petals of the baskets seem to be made of silk, despite the fact that the flower is classified as a dried flower. Cut helihrizum flowers do not lose their petal color and shape.
Modern varieties of helihrizum affect the variety of shapes and colors. Shear varieties have high, durable stems (up to 80 cm) and bright bracts. Flower forms are also distinguished by their diversity: there are helihrizuma similar to daisies and lotus, terry and anemone.
Planting and caring for immortelle
The right place, the least amount of care and success is guaranteed. The immortelle loves heat and the sun very much, these are habitual conditions for the plant.
The plant is not particularly demanding on soils, it can grow well on fertile soils with rare watering.
Tip! In the hottest summer months, it is necessary to provide the plant with regular watering, but it is worth remembering that the immortelle does not tolerate excesses: for it stagnant water at the roots is destructive.
One-year varieties of tsmina more unpretentious than the perennial. It takes several times over the summer to weed the beds and loosen the soil. Perennial varieties do not tolerate winter frost: you must carefully cover the bushes or keep the dug bushes in a warmer place.
Immortelle: reproduction by seeds or division of the bush
Annual varieties of immortelle propagated by seeds, which ripen in large numbers after flowering bushes. Seeds can be sown on seedlings in greenhouses. Planted in the ground grown young plants take root well and bloom before. Seedlings are planted with the onset of warm days when the threat of morning frost is over. Pits for planting are prepared in advance, filling them with fresh earth with the addition of peat and sand. Perennial varieties of tsmina propagated by dividing the bush.
Immortelle in combination with other plants in landscape design
The device beds of medicinal herbs can not be imagined without planting immortelle. These resistant plants bloom from May to September, have many bright attractive flowers. And most importantly - these flowers do not wither.
Cmin perfectly gets on with the chemist's camomile, sage, hunter, lavender, rosemary and thyme.
A special attraction of immortelle varieties are to create an alpine slide. For this purpose, using stunted, pillow-shaped varieties, creating clumps. The plant is in harmony with stunted obrieta, lobelia, iberis, rezuhoy, ground-cover stonecrop, escholtsii.
Helichrisum is successfully used for planting in mixed flower beds and rabatki. It is appropriate to position the landing of the solarium in the framing tracks. Hard flowers are not damaged by animals and perfectly endure the summer heat. On a green lawn the curtain from a helihrizum of various colors ideally looks.
Growing helihrizum: photo
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Having bought once a seed package of several assorted immortelle varieties, I have been enjoying their flowering for several years. I like their simplicity, resistance to not very favorable conditions, like their hard flowers. I keep a bunch of immortelle in the kitchen (although this is not considered a very good omen), I update it every summer, although the flowers barely fade over the winter. I also provide flowers to my neighbor, who works in elementary school: she does crafts with these flowers with her children.
Helihrizum swiss giant
Immortelle has a straight stem, reaching a length of 40 centimeters. Terry basket-shaped flowers of red, white, lemon, brown, pale pink, orange and yellow shades. Cmin of this variety is suitable for decorating flower gardens and mixborders. При высыхании цветы не утрачивают своей яркой и насыщенной окраски.
Гелихризум серебристый – растение обладает стелющимися побегами с нежно-зеленым опушенными листьями. При попадании на цмин солнечного цвета он отливает серебром. Благодаря такому эффекту он и получил свое название. In the northern latitudes, the plant does not bloom, but in the south it is covered with pale yellow, pleasantly smelling small inflorescences.
Helihrizum perennial - stalks of a plant reach lengths from 40 to 60 centimeters. Sheet plate has a lanceolate shape from 3 to 7 centimeters in length. Inflorescences are basket-shaped with dry petals of white, yellow, horn, red or crimson hue. There are varieties and blue flowers. The flowering time of the cmin falls on the beginning of summer and lasts until mid-autumn.
Helichrizum Italian - immortelle has stems of medium size up to 60 centimeters tall. The leaves have a strong pleasant aroma, reminiscent of Indian curry seasoning. Flowers have a bright yellow tint. This type of cmin is used in cooking, medicine and the perfume industry.
Immortelle sandy - is the only plant species that grows in our steppes and has a height of about 15 centimeters. Stems from tsmina differ in thickness, and the leaves resemble spines. Flowers in helihrizum, small bright yellow with a spicy scent. To grow it in gardening conditions is extremely simple, as the plant does not need thorough care.
Helichrizum planting and care in the open field
The immortelle is an unpretentious crop, but in order for it to bloom for a long time and abundantly, it is necessary for it to not only choose the right soil, but also the plot for planting.
Cmin is very fond of the sun, so when looking for a place to disembark it, you should choose a bed that warms up well and is lit by the sun's rays.
By the way, the plant tolerates drought very well, but at the same time its watering takes an important role in the growth and development of the flower.
Planting of young plants grown from seeds is carried out in mid-May. This time is chosen for the reason that the young did not get frost and was not destroyed.
When planting, between them should be left at least 25 centimeters of free space. Drainage and peat should be added to the wells for planting. Planted plants begin to bloom around mid-summer.
Bodyak is also a representative of the Astrovie family. Grown when planting and care in the open field. Though the plant is considered weedy, it still has healing properties. All the necessary recommendations on the cultivation and use of this plant, as well as measures to combat it in the garden, can be found in this article.
Watering a helihrizum
Despite the fact that the plant tolerates drought well, in the heat it should be watered systematically.
However, it should be borne in mind that the Cmin does not like waterlogging. If the water at the roots of the helihrizum stagnates, the plant will die.
Soil for helihrizum
The soil for cmin should be fertile and light, despite the fact that in the wild it grows in poor soil. The best option for planting will be sandy, black earth or loam.
The main thing is to provide the plant with a good drainage layer, so as not to allow moisture to stagnate at the roots. As for the acidity of the soil, it should be neutral.
One-year old cmin does not need frequent dressing, as it is fertilized when planted in the ground. In order for the plant to bloom until mid-autumn, it should be fertilized at the end of August with compost or fertilizer for flowering plants.
Perennial plants should be fed more often. The first feeding is carried out in the spring, then several times in the summer and once in the autumn. Compost or universal fertilizer can be used as a fertilizer. During the entire flowering period, the ground around the bushes must be loosened and weeded.
Young plants grown from seeds begin to bloom in early summer. If the seeds were planted immediately in open ground, then they bloom only in August. The duration of flowering immortelle from June to late autumn.
The flower retains its decorative properties even after the end of the growing season. This amazing feature is provided by its dry petals.
Winter of helihrizum
In the preparation of the winter need only perennials. Before wintering the bushes should be cut and covered with sawdust or dry leaves to protect them from frost.
But most often the bushes are dug, transplanted into pots and put into the room, and in the spring they are transplanted into open ground.
Immortelle medicinal properties and contraindications
Due to the large number of nutrients contained in the immortelle it is actively used in traditional medicine and herbal medicine. The plant is rich in flavonoids, vitamins, mineral salts, fatty acids, tannins, carotenes, glycosides and ether.
Essential oil helps with stress, nervous disorders. It is also an excellent natural antidepressant.
In cosmetology, immortelle oil is used to relieve inflammation, regenerate the skin and fight acne. The oil is suitable for people suffering from psoriasis and eczema. It reduces the scars and pigmentation of the skin.
Immortelle is an effective antispasmodic. It is used to treat intestines and stomach. It helps to get rid of diseases of the biliary system and the liver. Also, the plant is a natural immunomodulator, so its infusions and decoctions are often used for colds.
It is not recommended to take an immortelle in case of intolerance of its components, high acidity and obstructive jaundice. With extreme caution it should be used for hypertension and atherosclerosis.
Immortelle use in folk medicine
Infusions and decoctions on the basis of immortelle are used in the treatment of many ailments. Most often they are used in skin diseases, hypotension, as a choleretic agent and for the prevention of liver diseases. Below are a few effective recipes to deal with these ailments.
Immortelle tincture from eczema and psoriasis
To prepare the tincture should take 1 tbsp. a spoonful of dried flowers or 2 tbsp. spoons fresh. Then put them in a jar and pour half a glass of alcohol there, then cover the container with a lid and put it in a dark place.
After a week, the tincture needs to be taken out, drained and taken 20 drops 4 times a day for a month with eczema and psoriasis.
Choleretic immortelle decoction
To prepare you should take 3 tbsp. spoons of dried flowers tsmina, pour them into the pot and pour a glass of boiling water. Then boil the mixture in a water bath for half an hour.
Ready broth must be cooled and brought to the original volume with boiled water, then filtered. Take it should be warm for half a glass three times a day for two weeks.
Immortelle tincture with hypotension
In order to increase the pressure to the norm, it is necessary to take 30 milliliters of this infusion three times a day during the month.
You can prepare it as follows: take 10 grams of dry immortelle raw materials, pour 200 ml of boiling water and insist for about an hour. After which the infusion can be taken.
Prophylactic immortelle decoction for the liver
To prepare the broth should take 1 tbsp. l dry immortelle and pour 200 ml of boiling water over it, then boil it in a water bath for half an hour.
When the broth has cooled it should be drained and diluted with boiled water to its original volume. Take the broth should be 125 grams three times a day for two weeks.
Before taking any of the above means, in order to avoid undesirable consequences, you should consult with your doctor.
Helichrizum: photo and description of the flower
The immortelle was brought to Europe from Australia and immediately loved by local gardeners. Helichrizum is different:
- ribbed stem up to 120 cm high
- branched top,
- narrow leaves of dark green with edges on both sides,
- baskets inflorescences with a diameter of 7 cm,
- dry petals with curved edges around the inflorescences,
- porous or smooth with a fringed base of the flower head,
- inflorescences in the form of flat shields or panicles,
- varied color except blue.
You can describe the beauty of the Cmin flower for a long time, but its various variants are best to look at the photo in our gallery.
Varieties of helihrizum
In Australia and on the African continent more than 500 immortelle species grow. Some of them grow like grass, others form a shrub. About 30 species are used in gardening. The most popular are:
- Immortelle Pritsvetnikovy. Plant with tubular flowers of red, orange and white. On the inflorescences, they are arranged in 6 pieces in the form of a basket. It has a straight stem and lanceolate leaves. It blooms from July to October.
- Helichrizum Coral. The plant is originally from New Zealand and has a height of only 24 cm. It is used for growing in rockeries and rock gardens. On the branches protruding in different directions there are grayish small leaves with pubescence and small yellow or white inflorescences.
- Cmin Milfovidovy. The miniature plant of the original look is one of the most beautiful of its kind. Its flowers consist of reed petals, which are bright pink on the outside and white on the inside. When flowering, the immortelle Moffovidny forms a free-flowing low carpet, with which you can decorate any relief. Flowering continues from late spring to autumn.
- Helihrizum margaritkotsvetkovy. The shrub of diameters up to 50 cm has a height of only 8 cm. On its short peduncles there are dry white inflorescences and small pubescent gray leaves. After landing, it instantly expands, forming a mat. Flowering begins in June.
- Cmin Sandy. Pretty unpretentious plant with small yellow flowers. It grows up to 10 cm. It blooms from mid-summer to the very cold.
- Immortelle The shrub 30 cm tall is distinguished by its whitish-silver narrow leaves. Used as a border plant.
- Helichrizum Selago. A small unusual creeping shrub densely covered with floury, dark green shiny leaves. White baskets with yellow flowers are located at the end of each stalk.
Helihrizum: growing from seed
Seeds are sown in late March - early April. For this, the landing tanks are filled with light soil, which should consist of peat and sand (1: 1). Special seedling soil mix can be purchased at any flower shop.
From above, the soil with seeds planted in it is sprayed with a spray bottle and covered with glass or polyethylene. In such a mini greenhouse sprouts together will ascend after about 9-11 days. These days the soil should be aired and checked for moisture. It should not dry out.
Two weeks after germination, when the seedlings become stronger and grow, it dives into larger containers or individual pots. The immortelle root system is very strong, so after planting it takes root well and quickly. Care for young plants is timely watering. Sown and seedlings obtained from seeds can be placed in a greenhouse.
In the open ground helihrizum planted in the last month of spring. Depending on the region, landing can be done at the beginning, middle or end of May, when will the last frost. The distance between young plants should be from 15 to 25 cm. When growing chmin from seed, it will begin to bloom in mid-July.
Low-growing varieties of plants can be grown in a seedless way, sowing seeds in the first week of May, directly into open ground. After the sprouts grow and get stronger, they will need to be thinned so that the distance between the plants is at least 15 cm. However, with this method of growing, the helihrisum will start to bloom only in August.
Watering and feeding
Solar caps can do without water for a long time, but they need to be watered regularly. The land should not dry out. In dry weather, it is best to water a little every day.
Annual plants often do not need to feed, since fertilizers are already being applied to the soil. For longer flowering helihrizuma can be fed at the end of summer with compost or liquid fertilizer for flowering plants.
Perennials need more frequent feeding. The first time fertilizer is applied at the beginning of the growing season in spring. Then two more times in the summer and closer to the fall. You can use universal fertilizer for flowers or compost.
During the summer, it is necessary to weed regularly and loosen the soil around the bushes. To bloom longer bloomed, wilted buds need to be removed.
In our regions in the open ground immortelle does not hibernate. To preserve perennial plants, they need to dig, plant in pots and bring to the room.
Helihrizuma in landscape design
Immortal beloved by many gardeners can to use for high beds, dividing garden space into zones or in the background of mixboxers.
Low-growing varieties make out rock gardens and rockeries, planting them between stones and rubble. Here they look very good with low-growing Iberis, lobelia, rezuhoy, obrietoy and groundcover sasholtsii and stonecrop.
They are widely used for landscaping robati, flower beds and borders. On one flowerbed, the cumin perfectly coexists and looks beautiful with thyme, rosemary, lavender, hocktail hunter, sage, pharmacy chamomile.
In the autumn cold season, when almost all the flowers have bloomed on the site, a bright flower bed from the gilichrizum will please the eye. And even after frost, cutting off the immortelle and putting it in a vase at home, you can admire its beautiful flowers for a long time.