The genus Fittonia belongs to the Akantov family and is a herbaceous perennial plant whose genus is predominantly mountainous Peru. The genus is not numerous and includes, for different data, about ten species, of which less than half are used as ornamental plants.
These plants do not have an outstanding height, their stems are usually creeping and covered with a fluff, yellow flowers form inflorescences, spikelets, foliage has a distinctive feature in the form of bright veins.
Types and varieties of fittonia
Fittonia large tropical plant, fluffy and reddish stem that grows up to 50 cm. The leaves are about 15 cm long, oblong, glossy, with veins of red tone.
Fittonia vershaffelt low plant with creeping, covered with down shoot. Thanks to the creeping form, it is easily independently propagated by layering. The foliage is green with red veins. It has a variety of Perseus.
Fittonia silver and silver This species is distinguished by straight shoots and whitish streaks on the foliage. Some scholars classify this fittonia as a form of vershafetla.
Of these three species, many varieties were bred, including:
- Jossan - having a beautiful light green stripe on the edges of the foliage,
- White Anna - a variety with white veins and a light green stripe on the edge of the leaf,
- Skeleton - the foliage is light green, covered with pink veins,
- White - similar to the White Anna variety, but does not have a light strip on the edge of the sheet, and the veinlets themselves are from Belaya, and
- Mix or gemeng - these are just different plant varieties planted in the same container.
Fittonia home care
Fittonia is grown as a houseplant, and since it comes from tropical lands, it requires special care.
This culture needs bright diffused light, because direct sunlight can cause burns, and the lack of lighting is bad for the color quality of the foliage. In winter, the light needs to be continued for, which is achieved with the help of lamps.
The temperature should be warm throughout the year - in the summer around 25, and in the winter not less than 20 degrees. We can not assume that the temperature has changed dramatically, as well as the flower was in a draft. Fittonia does not belong to those plants that will benefit from summer outdoors - this crop can only be grown in a room.
Hypoestes are also representatives of the Acanta family and have a decorative foliage color. It is grown up at care in house conditions and needs observance of rules of the maintenance. Recommendations for growing you will find in this article.
In irrigation, the main thing is not to allow the soil to completely dry in a pot, but also no stagnation should be allowed, otherwise the soil will sour. That is, in summer, watering should be carried out immediately as the top ball of the soil dries out, and in winter the plant is watered a couple of days after it dries. For irrigation, you can use only soft settled water, which will be slightly above room temperature.
This tropical plant needs high air humidity, which should be about 75%. In order to comply with this care item, daily spraying should be carried out twice a day - in the morning and evening. You can also place a container with a flower in a raw pebble pan. It is better not to touch the foliage or wipe it, as it is done with some plants.
Fertilizer for fittonia
Fittonia need fertilizers all year, but they should be diluted twice as much as indicated in the instructions. It is necessary to introduce a complex mineral dressing, in the summer - once in two weeks, in the winter - once a month.
To improve branching, this culture should be pinned. With growing, the bottom of the shoots gradually loses its foliage, so with the arrival of spring the tops of the shoots are pruned. Cut parts of the stem can be used as cuttings.
Fitotonia at home
Every year in the middle of spring the flower must be replanted. Along with this, you can make and rejuvenating pruning, which has just been said. Capacity for cultivation should be chosen wide, but with a small depth. Immediately put the drainage layer, and then the soil, which can be made from coniferous earth, sand, peat and sod land in the ratio of 2: 1: 1: 2. Also, the mixture can be made from coconut soil, garden soil, pine bark and sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 0.5.
The reaction should be slightly acidic, alkaline is unacceptable, neutral too badly affects the health of the flower. As a container for growing, you can take an aquarium, bottle or other glass container.
Fittonia can be successfully grown in the florarium, although only low species are suitable for this. In this case, the care is greatly facilitated, since there is no need for spraying, because in the florarium there will be high humidity anyway. Growing a plant in this way you will often have to cut and transplant it, because in such conditions, the development occurs much faster.
Fittonia breeding cuttings
As already mentioned, cuttings can be collected cuttings on which there should be at least 3 leaves, and their length should be no more than 7 cm. Root the material in the sand, covering with a container that can create a greenhouse effect, the temperature should not be lower 25 ° C.
From time to time the container should be removed for airing and spraying the cutting. About a month later, the jar can be removed, and later, when the plants get stronger, they are transplanted into the substrate for adult plants.
Reproduction of fittonia by dividing the bush
During transplantation, a large shrub of several plants can be carefully divided and seated individuals in separate pots. At the same time, care should be taken not to damage the roots.
This is not exactly breeding, because the bushes themselves remain as much as they were, but now they occupy separate containers and can grow in different parts of your home.
Fittonia reproduction by layering
Fittonia is easily propagated by layering. Escape only need a little sprinkle with earth and after a while the roots will start cutting through.
When they increase a little, the cut-off can be separated from the parent and transplanted.
Since this is an exotic plant, various problems may arise with it.
With excessive watering, especially in winter, may appear rot, with which the plant fades and perishes. You can try to normalize watering, but if the rot has spread too much, then perhaps nothing can be done. Also, death can occur due to cold temperatures, drafts, or sudden changes in temperature.
Lower leaves on the shoots fall off as a result of aging. But if all the leaves fallthen this indicates violations of the rules of care, and most often this happens when too much watering or low temperature and drafts.
Yellowing foliage indicative of excess moisture.
With a lack of humidity leaves start to wrinkle and dryThis also happens due to placement under the scorching sun.
there is leaves turn brownThis is most likely due to lack of or excess fertilizer.
It may also be attacked by pests such as spider mite, shield and mealybug.
The spider mite feeds on its juices, striking the plant, resulting in leaves start to dry and curlhe also leaves behind thin cobwebs. When a pest is found, it is possible to wash the leaves with soapy water, but while doing this it should be remembered that this procedure can badly affect the foliage. Another method is the use of acaricides.
With the appearance of shitovki small leaves appear on the leaves. brown growths. It is very difficult to remove the shield insects, and if the plant has a tender aboveground part, then it is better to use insecticides, for example, Actellic.
Mealybugs reserve whitish plaque and sticky mass on shoots. If the pests are few, then you can cope with them easily by washing the plant with a solution of soap or calendula. If the defeat has spread, then there can no longer do without chemicals - Aktara, Mospilana, Fitoverma or similar.
Care for fittonia at home
Lighting and location. Fittonia, like other types of decorative leafy plants with variegated leaves, needs good lighting without direct sunlight. With a lack of lighting, the leaves of the flower will turn pale, and he will rise and take on an exhausted and painful look. The required minimum light can be determined by rearranging the plant to different places, and observing its reaction, which manifests itself very quickly. The best place for fittonia are windows from the west or east side. It is worth noting that the northern windows with penumbra may come up, but this is more relevant to subsequent flower generations, that is, grown and raised in this particular house with its conditions. In winter, you need to try to add additional lighting.
Temperature. It should be immediately noted that Fittonia is afraid of drafts and temperature fluctuations. In this regard, such a flower is undesirable to make on the street, even in the warm season. This can confirm my own unpleasant experience ... Just at the beginning of my passion for floriculture before an urgent business trip, I forgot to warn my family about this property of fittonia. Mom brought the plant with "paper" leaves to stand on the street in the air, thinking that I just forgot or did not have enough time for it. Two weeks later, it was too late to save the flower ...
In other instances, Fittonia is simply perfect for growing in a city apartment. It perfectly maintains the “winter heat” familiar to everyone and the temperature of up to +25 degrees, which destroys many indoor plants. For Fittonia, this is a normal temperature level, but a decrease to +17 degrees or even less provokes the disease and the death of a flower. With all this you need to try not to put it near the radiators, which is not easy, especially if its place is on the windowsill. About this next.
Humidity and watering. You can not overdry the ground, because even because of one overdrying the plant will start to lose leaves. At the same time, water stagnation is unacceptable, so can roots rot. You need to choose something average and always monitor the condition of the soil. This room flower is prone to high transpiration - evaporation of moisture through the leaves. Such his ability leads to rapid drying of the soil in the pot, which is necessarily important to consider.
In the summer, the plant should be watered abundantly and frequently, and by the fall, gradually reduce the number of irrigations and leave until spring 1-2 days after the topsoil dries. In this case, everything depends on the temperature in the room, because if it is very hot, the earth will dry out faster and more watering will be needed. The main thing is not to give the ground to dry completely.
Humidity should be increased all year round. This is especially important in the winter when the air in the room is very dry. Once or twice a day you need to spray fittonia. If this is not possible, the pot is placed in a tray filled with wet pebbles, expanded clay or moss. It is necessary to avoid such a common mistake, how to put the pot in the water. Under no circumstances should its bottom come into contact with water.
How to transplant. Fittonia is growing very quickly, so it is better to replace it annually. This is especially important for young plants. For an adult, a transplant in 2-3 years is permissible. For transplantation you need to take the following composition of the earth:
- One piece of humus
- One part peat
- Three pieces of leafy ground
- One piece of sand
An important condition for transplantation is good drainage.
The root system of fittonia is located superficially, so a wide and shallow pot should be chosen. In this dish the flower will look even more catchy.
How to multiply. This can be done in several ways - layering, cuttings or dividing the bush (the simplest of them). The division is carried out in the spring, while during transplantation the roots need to be divided and transplanted into different pots. Uncomplicated and the method of propagation by cuttings. In this case, in spring or summer, the apical stalk is 6–7 cm long, on which 3-5 leaves are transplanted into wet sand. Peat tablets, peat and sphagnum moss can also be used.
Planted plant is covered from above with a cap, which can be a bag, a glass jar and so on. Taken a stalk is also allowed to simply put in the water, not pouring it too much. The water level in the tank should be no more than 1 cm. This is necessary for a good saturation of water with oxygen. The container, in which the cutting is, is also covered with a cap. In any method, the cutting should be periodically opened and sprayed.
Suitable for breeding fittonii and layering. This method is well known to those summer residents who multiplied gooseberries. A long shoot of the plant is taken, from which it is necessary to remove the leaves, and right on the mother plant it is dropped in this or, if desired, in another pot. After the young flower takes root, it is separated from the parent plant. It is worth noting that with time fittonia grows over and loses its attractive appearance. Because of this, it needs to be updated frequently.
How to trim and shape a bush. To bush was lush, be sure to pinch the tops of the shoots. This is most important for young plants. According to observations in 3-4 years due to the growth of fittonia, its lower part is exposed, which does not look very nice. If there is no opportunity or desire to grow a new plant, you can rejuvenate the old. To do this, cut off the old shoots, but not entirely. Fittonia should have leaves, so it is better to cut it in several stages. But it is better to grow a young flower.
Pests. Thrips can cause damage to the plant, scytworm, red bug, and spider mite.
What kind of overseas fruit?
Flower fittonia It is a small bush with brown stems. The plant has oval-shaped leaves with a bright green color and pink or white veins - they give the flower a general view of the exotic.
The flowers are small, have a yellow color. Small flowers are collected in the spikelet inflorescence form.
At first, growers grew this plant in greenhouses, since at home it was impossible to create the wet conditions that a tropical flower requires.
In the genus there are 4 species. Red fittonia with an intense bloody pattern on the leaves looks unusual and exotic. The most popular varieties for home breeding are Verschaffelt, Skeleton and Mix.
This flower is different creeping shoots and branching stems. Fittonia Verschaffelt has large dark green leaves with streaks of various shades. This type of flower reaches 25 cm in height, loves high humidity and warmth. Good for flower arrangements.
Very beautiful plant with creeping shoots. It has small velvety leaves with a matte shade and red, densely applied veins. The leaves have a rich olive color, due to the intensity of color create a luminous effect.
This is a collection of several varieties planted together. Flower growers pick up different varieties, plant them in one pot, selecting a range of colors to fit the plant in the interior design.
The colors of the leaves differ from light green to dark green, decorated with streaks of various shades. Due to the variety of shades, this flower looks organic on any window sill.
The presented plant is thermophilic, so the normal temperature in summer should not be below 22-25 degrees, and in winter should not fall below +20. If the figures fall below 18 degrees, the plant will start dropping leaves.
The flower does not like drafts and temperature drops. This means that in the summer you should not put the pot on the balcony - it is better to stay in the familiar environment. In winter, it is recommended to keep the pot with the plant further from the heating devices, so as not to provoke wilting of the leaves.
Direct sunlight is destructive. Fittonia feels best on the eastern and western window-sills.
The plant tolerates slightly darkened rooms. In winter, due to a lack of light, the leaves change their beautiful saturated color. In this case, it is necessary to create artificial lighting, using both conventional lighting and special lighting to create natural light.
Water for procedures must be filtered or settled, at room temperature or slightly warmer. To increase the humidity of the plant pot is better to put on a tray with wet pebbles or expanded clay.
During the period of activity, from spring to autumn, fittonia should be watered with warm, settled water regularly, so that the soil in the pot does not dry out. During the period of dormancy, from autumn to spring, watering is reduced, but the soil still can not be overdry, otherwise the plant will begin to fall leaves.
Separately about the transplant
Fittonia is a fast-growing plant, so it is recommended to replant it every year, especially for young bushes. Adult flowers should be replanted once every 2-3 years.
Для процедуры необходимо приготовить специальный грунт, для чего берут 3 части листовой земли и по одной части перегноя, песка и торфа. Необходимо сделать в горшке хороший дренаж.
Уход во время цветения
Fittonia in natural conditions blooms in spring, and grown at home on the windowsill in the summer. Peduncles appear directly from the leaves and have a greenish tint.
Bloom Fittonii is of no value, because her flowers are small and inconspicuous. They have a yellowish color, are collected in inflorescences in the form of spikes and have no smell.
Flower growers who have experience in growing an indoor plant, simply cut the flowers to improve the quality of the leaves.
Growing fittonii in the aquarium
The presented plant can be grown in a transparent container of glass or plastic, resembling an aquarium for fish. All plants that require high humidity can be grown in florariums - these are special semi-closed containers for plants.
Most often they have a rounded shape and a wide neck, fit well into the interior of the apartment and flower arrangements.
Planting plants is somewhat different: it is necessary to put a little soil on the bottom of the tank, plant a fittonia bush in it and pour it abundantly. After a few hours, condensation appears on the lid, after which you should open the florarium for several hours for fresh air.
The described procedure should be done within 7-10 days, until the plant is well established. Fittonii in the florarium should not be allowed to grow, as the bush grows, it is thinned.
Diseases and pests
Fittony rarely affects the disease, but often there are errors in the care, which lead to the painful appearance of the plant. If you put the pot in direct sunlight, the flower can get burned. At the same time, its leaves will lose color, become thin, and in the future they will completely wither.
When watering too much, the roots rot and the stems become sluggish.
Insufficient watering leads to curling of the leaves and the appearance of spots on them. The leaves of the plant become yellow-brown with a lack or excess of nutrients in the soil.
In case of problems with the plant, care should be adjusted for it, and it will again become healthy and beautiful.
There are few pests in fittonia, mainly:
1. Shchitovki. The infestation of a plant with shields can be determined by the appearance of brown plaques on the surface of leaves and stems. These pests settle on the leaves of a flower, feed on their cellular sap, so they lose color and dry.
You can fight with the shield with the help of a soap solution, which is used to rub affected leaves and stems. After that, the bush must be treated with a 0.15% solution of actellic.
2. Spider mite. Infection with spider mites is manifested in inconspicuous whitish spots. Immediately under the leaves you can find a cobweb.
As a houseplant, Fittonia is an original, aesthetic and exotic flower. Growing it is easy, but you should take this with all the responsibility.
Even one mistake in the care can cause disease, and even the death of the plant. Do not be afraid to take up the cultivation of tropical plants. By creating conditions for them, one can delight oneself and one’s loved ones with the refined look of a capricious beauty.
Appearance and features
Perennial herbaceous plant. Bright to introduce the family acanthus. All known species are undersized perennials. A characteristic feature - pubescent creeping shoots and graceful leaves. The surface of the leaves is covered with a thin red-violet, white or yellow mesh.
All varieties of fittonia for growing in apartments are valued for the interesting color of the leaves. Flowering is very modest, decorative plants does not increase. Small bush, thin stems, creeping. Flower growers use fittonia as an independent plant, create miniature gardens with it, and plant them in large plants. Often grown in florarium, glass vessels.
The first varieties of fittonia were difficult to grow. The flower requires constant high humidity. Modern varieties are better adapted to dry air. The flower became available not only to flower growers with experience, but also to beginners.
The most beautiful species
The apartments are grown several species. On the basis of each species, breeders deduced a lot of interesting hybrid varieties. Particularly interesting:
- Fittonia Verschaffelt The plants are low with branching. Stems creeping, with pubescence. Dark oval leaves are pierced with bright red veins. Feature - easy rooting in the soil.
- Fittonia is silvery. The network of veins is colored silver. Especially popular is the hybrid variety “Nana”. It easily carries dry air.
- Fittonia is gigantic. Growing area - Peru. The bush is high compared to other varieties. The peculiarity of the structure is upright or slightly sloping shoots. The branch is quite strong. The color of leaves is green with red veins. Very difficult to grow, capricious plant.
Fittonia deserves special attention. The color is dominated by red. The leaves are not large, very decorative and bright. It goes well with varieties of other colors, suitable for making original flower arrangements.
In small florariums create whole compositions made up of fittonium of different colors. They are planted with mosses, ferns, dwarf ivy. Compositions complement the decor elements - colored pebbles, clay figures. The flower will grow well in hydrogel. Be sure to try experimenting!
Features of the cultivation and the basics of care
A naughty flower requires careful attention to yourself. It is not recommended to start it to busy people - for full growth you need to create a favorable microclimate and devote a lot of time to a flower.
- Lighting. The light is intense, but diffused. Sun hitting is not allowed. On the south side put only in winter. In the summer, they prefer west and east. Be sure to pritenyut tulle. From the north side they do not leave for a long time - the flower is drawn out, the leaves lose their bright color, the decorative effect falls.
- Temperature. He likes moderate heat, but not heat. Optimum conditions of maintenance in the summer - 22-25 ° C, in the winter - up to 18 ° C (not below). Next to the heating, heating devices do not put. To the street and the balcony can not stand! Do not keep the windows open - the flower can not stand drafts and temperature drops!
- Watering. In the warm season, water is plentiful, in winter - moderately. The water is warm, defended. It is even better to use rain or melt water. Drying the ground does not allow! Drying the soil (even once) will lead to leaf fall. Overflow fraught with root rot. Maintain the soil in a stable wet state. It is useful to add hydrogel granules to the soil. Hydrogel pre-soak!
- Humidity. Requires high humidity. Spray daily, better - several times a day. Additional measures - the installation of special humidifiers, the hanging of hot batteries with a wet cloth, trays with expanded clay and water.
- Feeding. From March to September with a frequency of 2 weeks make a complex of minerals. The concentration is reduced by 2 times. Do not overfeed the flower. In winter, feeding is stopped.
- The soil. Soil for fittonii - loose, light. The optimal composition is equal amounts of sand, peat, coniferous and hardwood soil. In the store universal soil grows poorly.
- Transfer. Annually at the very beginning of spring. Prefer wide pots. One third of the volume is filled with drainage. Periodically it is recommended to cut and root the cuttings to produce young plants - in the third year of life, fittonia begins to lose its decorative effect.
All breeding methods
Reproduction of fittonii is not very difficult. Depending on the situation, you can use one of three methods:
- The division of the bush. In the spring, simultaneously with the transplant, the bush is divided and planted in separate pots. The first time, before the beginning of active growth, plants are given increased attention.
- Cuttings. Cuttings are cut in spring or summer. Use apical cuttings 6-8 cm long with 3-5 leaves. Root in wet sand, peat tablets or sphagnum. Cuttings rooted faster under cover. After the appearance of signs of growth it is removed.
- Layering. With a long shoot leaves are removed. A small pot is placed next to it, an escape is dropped in it. Cut off only after the formation of roots.
Fittonia is a compact plant with brown stems. Its leaves are oval bright green with pink or white veins. It is because of them that many take the flower for the overseas guest.
Fittonia flowers are medium sized yellow. They are collected in inflorescences, resembling something like an ear.
The height of Fittonia varies depending on the variety and can be 30–60 cm. Considering that in its homeland the climate is wet enoughFittonia feels well only in well-moistened soil. Therefore, in some regions of our country you can quite successfully grow this flower.
It is a set of several varieties growing in one pot. When creating it, growers pay special attention to the range of colors, since it is important that the plant is in harmony with the interior design.
The leaves of plants can have a color palette from light green to dark green. Many of them have streaks different shades. Such a variety of colors allows the flower to look great in any interior.
Fittonia mix: home care
In principle, to care for this flower is not very difficult. The main thing is to follow the recommendations of experienced flower growers. Then you will spend most of your time not caring for this plant, but enjoyment from contemplating its beauty. But in order for Fittonia to be able to please you with her extraordinary appearance, you will have to follow a number of rules and advice from experienced flower growers.
Fittonia is among the heat-loving plants.
- In the summer, the temperature in the room should not fall below 20-25 degrees, and in winter it should stay above + 20. In the case of a fall in temperature below 18 degrees, the bush will throw off all the leaves.
- Fittonia is very sensitive to drafts and temperature fluctuations. From this it follows that in the summer, in no case should one take out the flowerpot on the balcony.
- In winter, you also need to pay more attention to the plant and not put it close to heating devices, otherwise it will soon fade leaves.
Fittonia is not much different from other indoor plants. She can feel comfortable only in a bright room. At the same time, you need to remember that on the south side the light for it can be destructive. Therefore, it is best for her to find a place with a more moderate lighting mode. The most optimal place is the windowsill on the east or west side.
With no other options, you can keep Fittonia indoors with a slight dimming. However, be prepared for the fact that in winter its leaves will lose their bright color, because at this time of year it starts to lack lighting. This problem is solved quite simply - you need to create artificial lighting, for which you can use ordinary lighting devices or purchase special devices designed to create natural lighting.
In order for the flower to feel well, the air in the room must be sufficiently humid. Therefore, you will have to carry out daily spraying. And on particularly hot days, this will have to be done at least twice a day.
For spraying, it is recommended to use filtered or separated water at room temperature. There is also another way to increase humidity. For this pot with Fittonia need to put on a pallet, in which you first need to put a small amount of wet pebbles or expanded clay.
Starting from spring to late autumn, when the plant is in the state of highest activity, it is watered daily at room temperature, preventing the earthen coma from drying out in a pot. When Fittonia will begin a period of peace, watering is reduced, but you need to make sure that the soil in the pot does not dry out. Otherwise, very soon all the leaves will fall from the bush.
Fittonia is a very moisture-loving plant. It absorbs all absorbed moisture leaves, so it has to be watered often. However, watering should be moderate. In no case do not need to flood the root system, otherwise it may lead to its rotting.
Fittonia relative to other indoor plants is growing quite rapidly. Because of this, it is recommended to replant it every year. Firstly This applies to young bushes. It is enough to transplant adult flowers every 2–3 years.
Before proceeding with a transplant, it is necessary to prepare a special soil mixture. For her you will need:
- three pieces of leafy ground,
- one part of humus, sand and peat.
Do not forget to arrange a good drainage pot in a pot.
You should also pay attention to the choice of capacity for the plant. It is recommended to replant Fittonia in a shallow and wide pot. It's connected with plant featureswhose root system is located on the surface. If you go wrong with the choice of a pot, then Fittonia will grow very slowly in it. It is possible that in such conditions it will not even bloom.
Flower Fittonia needs regular pruning. Only under the condition of timely pinching the tops of the shoots, you can get a lush bush. A similar operation is performed with young plants. After 3-4 years, the plant becomes obsolete and begins to change. From below, the flower becomes bare, which makes it look less attractive.
In order to return to the plant, which had time to grow, its former beauty, it can be rejuvenated. For this as part of the care for Fittonia you need to remove old shoots. However, do not immediately cut off all the shoots - leaves must remain on the bush. Removal of old shoots should be carried out consistently, not earlier than young shoots will appear.
After getting acquainted with this amazing plant, many flower growers have a desire to multiply it. Today, there are three main ways:
- bush dividing
- reproduction by cuttings,
- reproduction by layering.
This is the most popular way. It is necessary even in spring, when you will replant a flower, divide the bush. But do it need to be carefulso as not to injure the root system. After you straighten all the branches and select the right one, you can plant it in a prepared container.
Reproduction by cuttings
It is necessary in spring or summer to choose a suitable shoot 6–7 cm long, on which there must be several leaves, and cut it. Thereafter the stalk is placed in the wet sand, and the top is covered with a transparent cap to make a greenhouse. But you can do differently and put the cutting in a container of water.
Do not pour too much water - it is very important that the cutting is provided with sufficient oxygen. Capacity with water also needs to be covered from above with a cap. From time to time you need to spray the cutting, otherwise it soon can change its original look. Constantly watch the flower. Having noticed the roots on it, you can start thinking about transferring it to the pot.
Reproduction by layering
To propagate a flower in this way, you first need to prepare a young shoot, remove excess leaves from it, and then prikopat in the ground in the same pot, or find another for him.
In no case do not immediately separate it from the parent bush. First you must wait until it takes root. Only then can it be separated from the original bush and continue to grow as a separate flower.
Although each of the above methods has its advantages, we still recommend choosing the one that will require a minimum of time. More should take into account the original dimensions of the bush. If the uterine plant has had time to grow to large sizes, then it is more correct to use the first described method.
Flower Fittonia will grow slowly and may not even bloom, if you do not provide it with the necessary trace elements. Therefore, since spring and before the end of the active growth period, fertilizer should be applied every 10–12 days. In winter, this is not necessary.
One of the features of Fittonia is that it is not very demanding on fertilizers. It will be enough half the norm, put any other indoor plant.
The most optimal type of fertilizer for Fittonia is complex mineral and organic fertilizers. With such an opportunity, you can buy ready-made fertilizers in the form of liquid solutions in a gardening shop.
Fittonia: care during flowering
Under natural conditions Fittonia begins to bloom with the arrival of spring. However, do not expect that home plant will delight you with its inflorescences at the same time. This will happen no earlier than summer. When this moment comes, green stalks will appear from the leaves.
Most likely, you will be disappointed with Fittonia when it enters the flowering phase. The fact is that its flowers are rather small and inconspicuous. They themselves are yellowish, represented в виде компактных соцветий, напоминающих собой колосья, и не имеют никакого аромата. Зная об этом, опытные цветоводы без всякой жалости обрывают цветки для улучшения качества листьев.
Вряд ли любители знают о существовании такого растения, как Фиттония. Однако опытные цветоводы с ним хорошо знакомы. This flower has a very extravagant color, thanks to which it is very popular with them. Despite that Fittonia is an overseas plant, it can also be grown in our country. You just need to get to know him better and find out what her main requirements are.
The main one is high humidity. Without it, Fittonia will not only grow slowly, but may not bloom at all. Although her flowers - this is not important. The only thing that Fittonia is valued by flower growers is its leaves, which can be of various shades. But her flowers are not very impressive and very small. Even so, Fittonia is very much appreciated. If you provide her with proper care at home, she will demonstrate all her beauty and bring the spirit of exotic to any room.
General description of the flower
"Fittonia" - a perennial low herbaceous plant. It belongs to the Akkanta family, the birthplace of the flower - Peru.
Probably got its name in honor of the English biologists Elizabeth and Sar Fitton, who in the late 19th century published the work "Conversations about Botany".
Stem creeping, pubescent.
The flowers are small, sessile, collected one by one, the leaves of the plant have a very unusual color.
"Fittonia" is grown for the sake of beautiful foliage of various shades. Variegated varieties with a pattern look very impressive.
Views from the photo
“Fittonia” has several varieties depending on leaf color and veins.
Very gentle and sophisticated look. The leaves are green with silver-white veins, along the edges of the border of emerald hue.
The photo shows the Fittonia White Anna plant with proper care at home:
Outwardly very similar to White Anna, but does not have a border around the edges of the sheet. Her white streaks are thicker than Anna.
The photo shows the plant "Belozhilchataya" with proper care at home:
How to care for the indoor flower "Fittonia"? Quite unpretentious in the care, prefers high humidity, abundant watering and bright diffused light.
She likes the constant spraying and the flow of fresh air, but without drafts.
And the brightness of the leaves and the pattern will give shading from the bright rays of the sun.
Actions after purchase and pruning
After buying Fittoni, it is advised to immediately change the soil.
A pot to take wide, but not tall.
Water a lot, but after drying the soil.
Then it is transplanted in the spring after 2 years.
Do it carefully, without damaging the roots.
Representatives of this species for good growth need pruning. Make it to form a lush crown. It is also advised to cut dry and wilted leaves.
Lateral processes are trimmed as necessary.
Watering "Fittonia" should be extremely warm defended water. In spring and summer, the soil should remain wet, but without drying between waterings.
In winter, watering is done a couple of days after the soil dries out.
For planting soil advised to take fertile, consisting of turf, sand and peat with the addition of coniferous soil.
At the bottom of the pot sprinkle expanded clay, up to 1/3 of the pot, it will be good drainage.
Transplantation is carried out once a year, more often in the spring. Take a pot a little more than it was.
Fitonia is transplanted in the usual way. The pot is taken small - it has a shallow root system.
Lighting and humidity
"Fittonii" suitable bright diffused light. It is better to put it on the sunny side of the apartment, but avoid the direct rays of the sun. Ideal flower fit western and eastern windows. Lack of light leads to the stretching of the stem.
"Fittonia", as a resident of the tropics, prefers conditions with high humidity. This is one of the main points of care for her.
It is recommended to carry out everyday spraying, especially in the dry summer.
Diseases and pests
Caring for a plant on average does not cause much trouble, you should only follow certain rules:
- Lack of moisture should be avoided - the leaves may turn yellow,
- With an excess or lack of minerals, the edges of the leaves turn brown,
- When the air is too dry, the leaves shrivel,
- When overmoistening or overcooling, the stem may begin to fade or even rot,
- The main pests are worms, aphids, scale insects and spider mites.
"Fittonia" - a short, but very decorative plant. She divorced for the sake of beautiful leaves with colored veins. It grows quite quickly, but requires compliance with a sufficient level of humidity and constant pruning.
What is the care for fittonia at home? The article will introduce you to this herbaceous plant. Talk about the appearance of perennial, its use, growing conditions. On the maintenance of fitonii and care in the home. About the factors necessary for the plant: lighting, watering, feeding, reproduction, transplantation, pests and diseases.
Fittonia (Fittonia) is a member of the Acanthaceae family. Fittonia is a very attractive indoor plant due to its beautiful leaves, which are decorated with a grid of white or pink veins. The flower is named after the authors of the book “Conversations about the Botany” of Sarah and Elizabeth Fitton. In 1867, it was imported from the homeland of Peru, where it grows in tropical forests.
The plant is grown only by experienced flower growers. Fittonia goes on sale in pots Ø 8–9 cm, but then grows to a width of 25..30 cm. The gain per year is 8..10 centimeters.
It is difficult for a plant to survive in room conditions, since it constantly needs both high air humidity and high temperature.
Know! A man who achieved fittonia blooms at home deserves the title of Honored Florist.
It is especially difficult to grow in an apartment of two kinds: F. Giant (F.gigantea) and F. Verschafelt (F. verschaffeltii). These types of fittonia can be grown only in mini-greenhouses, terrariums and in the “bottle garden”.
fittonia home care
fittonia home care types
fittonia home care in an aquarium
How fittonia blooms
Fittonia blooms in natural conditions in spring, and in domestic ones - in summer. Heads of flowers of greenish color appear directly from the foliage. Experienced growers containing fittonia cut flowers, which leads to an improvement in leaf quality. Yellowish flowers are small and inconspicuous, inflorescences in the form of spikes. Smell - absent.
The plant must be placed on the bright, but not sunny windowsills. Flower can tolerate shading. In particularly hot weather, flowers may die. To protect the plant from the summer sun you need to pritemn it at noon. Ideal medium penumbra. Fittonia at home does not tolerate even diffused lighting.
This is one of the most important factors for plant well-being. To increase the humidity of the air using spraying, room humidifiers, a tray with gravel or wet moss, peat. Spray the plant every day with lukewarm water.
Water plentifully and regularly in the summer 2..3 times a week. In winter 1 time per week. Stagnant moisture in the pot and overdrying of the substrate is not allowed. You must use soft and water at room temperature, preferably rain.
Apply mineral complex fertilizers, using only half the dose specified in the instructions. Frequency 2 times a month. The period of fertilizer spring-autumn.
Varieties and types of fittonia
Fittonia Verschafelt is a perennial, branching plant with pubescent stems. The leaves are located opposite, oval, large (up to 10 cm in length). The leaves are painted in dark green or olive color, covered with a thick red veined mesh. It has lodging stems, so it is good for use as a ground cover plant. This species is also grown in wide vases or as an ampelous plant.
Fittonia giant reaches sixty centimeters in height. Stems of a plant of a red-violet color, pubescent, rather branched, can be both upright and slightly inclined. The leaves are shiny, large (16 cm in length and up to 10 in width), elliptical in shape. Decorated with red veins.
Fittonia Minima. For the dwarf garden using variety Minima. This type of variety Argironeira.
Fittonia silver-pharynx (F. argyroneura f. Nana), having a dwarf form. The size of the leaves of silver-phyto fit is less than twice. Plant grows well in room conditions with light olive leaves. The leaves decorated with dark pink veins are a grade "Perseus".
- Humidity is high.
- To water - regularly, plentifully, not allowing stagnation of moisture.
- Spraying - daily.
- Illumination is of medium intensity, partial shade, in winter - additional illumination (2-4 hours).
- Temperature - min 18 ° C. Ideally, 20-24 ° C.
- Top-dressing - twice a month with complex fertilizer of low concentration (April-August). Once every 30 days in winter.
- Transplant - annually in a wide flat container. Be sure to have a large layer of drainage.
- Reproduction - apical cuttings, dividing the bush.
- Pests - spider mite, shitovka, thrips, mealybug.
fittonia mix home care
Fittonia mix is not a separate plant species. This planting in one pot of several varieties of plants, which gives the mixture of varieties a special decoration, very exotic, elegant and bright.
Fittonia Josan (Fittonia josan) is a plant with carmine-colored streaks and shades of emerald on the leaves, and an olive border along the edges of the leaf plate. Caring for fittonia josan at home is the basic requirements of plant maintenance.
Attention! Today, special varieties have been developed for indoor floriculture, which are not as painful for apartment conditions as their predecessors.