People have learned to "domesticate" many tropical plants. One of the most beautiful exotic animals included in the top five amazing trees is considered to be royal delonix. People call this tree differently, the most famous is the fire tree.
How to take care of such an unusual plant at home, what growing conditions does delonix require? We will tell about it in this article.
Delonix is often called the royal tree with a spreading crown. In the people of the plant assigned many names:
- phoenix tail,
- fire tree
- royal fire
- fiery tree.
The top of the phoenix's tail during the flowering period is colored bright red. Delonix is considered a deciduous tree, small leaves, so-called stipules, are formed on the branches of the plant. It should be noted that at night the delonix hides its leaves: the stipules are pressed against each other on the reverse side.
Quite high, individual specimens in height can reach 10-15 meters. The diameter of the crown is sometimes equal to the height of the trunk. The heat-loving and moisture-loving tree, in its homeland, in tropical countries, the delonix is considered evergreen. In inappropriate conditions, such as during drought, the tree sheds foliage.
Delonix refers to the legume, subfamily of the cesalpinia. The view is a tall, sturdy tree with a smooth trunk. In young trees, the bark on the trunk is light, in the elderly it is brown, spotty and rough. With age, the thickness of the trunk and the number of flowers. Crohn fluffy, has the shape of an umbrella. The roots go deep into the ground, so the tree is able to withstand a strong gust of wind. The leaves are large, fern-shaped, about 35–40 cm long.
Flowering occurs in the warm season, mostly in the spring - summer. Flowers are usually scarlet, less often yellow. Delonix fruits ripen in special pods, about 55 cm long. At the beginning of ripening, fruits of the same color as the dark brown bark are black at the time of maturity. There are about 30 fruits in a pod, some of which spill onto the ground in rainy weather.
It is drought resistant, but may suffer from temperature fluctuations. At -1 degrees Celsius, the delonix dies.
Royal delonix propagated by seed, extremely rarely - cuttings.
Places of growth
Madagascar is considered to be the birthplace of the royal representative, but today the fiery tree is extremely rare there. Often found in warm countries, where it is grown as an ornamental tree. Delonix planted in parks and squares, flower beds. It is considered part of landscape design compositions.
In the Russian Federation, delonix is found in areas where the climate is close to tropical. However, in the open ground the tree is not grown, royal delonix can't stand even frost. Grown in winter gardens and greenhouses, in special tubs.
In its natural environment, it is almost completely exterminated due to the fact that wood is considered a valuable hard rock. And also the tree is cut down due to the fact that no other plants grow in the shade of the tree.
Delonix at home
The tail of the Phoenix is quite popular in Russia and Ukraine, it is often grown in greenhouses.
The optimum temperature of the content is the mark. 12-15 degrees Celsius. If the plant is grown in a tub, then in the warm season delonix can be kept in the courtyard, in the cold period the tub is brought into the room. Delonix Royal at home begins to bloom in the 4-5 year. It blooms longer at home than on the street: from May to September. People who have a dog in an apartment or house are not recommended to grow an exotic giant. The plant is poisonous to dogs.
Choosing a landing site
Fire tree perfectly not whimsical to the choice of soil. It will grow well in any loose and light soil. It must be drained. Loving plant feels good when exposed to direct sunlight. It is recommended to put a tub in winter gardens and greenhouses in the south or southwest of the room. In apartments, the tree should grow on the sunny side of the room.
If the windows in the room are located on the north side, it is recommended to install auxiliary lights for the Phoenix tail.
With the onset of heat, the plant is carried out into the air, setting the tub in a sunny place. It is necessary to monitor the temperature, the lower threshold must be at least 15 degrees Celsius.
At home, the plant reproduces only seeds. Problems with the purchase of seeds will not occur, they are commercially available in all specialized stores.
Before planting, seeds need to be prepared. Seeds are immersed in boiling water for a couple of minutes, then the seeds are kept in warm water for 24 hours.
Seeds are planted in a wet sand mixture, covered with film. The mixture is prepared from sand and turf soil, in a 1: 1 ratio. It is necessary to create seeds close to natural conditions, so the temperature of the room where the pot is standing must be at least 28 degrees Celsius.
To accelerate seed germination, it is necessary to remove the hard shell from the seed.
Caring for sprouts and mature trees
The representative of the royal varieties of plants in the period of growth is a very capricious plant, requiring special conditions. After sprouts appear, the most important aspect is to preserve it. Particular attention should be paid to watering. It is important to maintain a certain soil moisture., in any case do not overfill. It is also not possible to fill up, if the plant feels "dry", it will shed its leaves.
Direct sunlight is recommended to avoid, so as not to burn the sprout. It is recommended to keep the plant near a darkened window, thereby maintaining heat and the necessary light.
A regular annual transplant will be required. The plant grows quickly, it must be transplanted to high tubs, as the plant has a well-developed root system.
With older instances there is practically no. Like all plants, delonix needs regular watering, fertilizer and partial replacement of the soil. Watering is recommended moderate, sometimes the soil should dry out a little to avoid swamping. In the cold season watering should be minimized. Excessive hydration of the plant in winter time will ruin the plant.
It is necessary to maintain humidity. It is recommended to spray the plant regularly or keep a container with water next to the pot. During the flowering period, water should not fall on the flowers.
Feed must be selected depending on the time of year. In the period of flowering, from May to September, suitable feeding for ornamental flowering plants, the rest of the time-feeding for decorative hardwood.
Diseases and pests
The most common insect pests in Delonix:
Shield can be collected independently. Spider mite is destroyed by a special tool that is freely available in any veterinary pharmacy or specialty store.
Along with pests, a handsome giant can ache due to improper and untimely care of the tree crown. Delonix can get sick in the absence of timely care. Trim the crown regularly. Krona and excess shoots must be removed weekly.
Truly delonix - royal tree. It has a sprawling crown, and during the flowering period is painted red.
The plant belongs to the family of legumes and the subfamily Caesalpinia. In height reaches 10-20 meters. It grows very quickly: up to 2.5-3 m per year. The trunk is thick, with smooth light bark in young plants and brown spotted in old ones. The older the tree, the thicker the trunk and more flowers. The krone is very sprawling, umbrella-shaped. The roots go very deep, so the tree can withstand strong gusts of wind. It has green fern leaves up to 40 cm. It is considered an evergreen culture. It is interesting that at night the leaves fold and become almost imperceptible. If you light a tree, it seems that it is burning.
It blooms in a warm climate in May-July, the flowers are scarlet (may be yellow in other species of Delonix). Fruit - pods up to 55 cm long. At first they are the color of the bark, then brown, mature black. In the pod - 20-30 fruits, some of which are poured out in wet weather. The plant is drought-resistant, but very gentle with respect to temperature conditions. In a drought, to save moisture, can partially or completely shed the leaves. Maintains temperature not lower than -1 ° С. Otherwise, it perishes.
Propagated by seed, rarely - cuttings.
Motherland of Delonix
Royal Delonix fiery comes from Madagascar, but nowadays it is extremely rare. It grows in warm countries with a tropical climate. It is used for landscaping streets and parks. Today, the “fiery tree” can be more and more often seen in squares, parks, lawns, landscape design compositions and other territories with a suitable climate.
In the wild, it is almost completely destroyed, because other plants do not survive in its shadow at all. The extermination of the species occurred also because its wood belongs to strong valuable species. The cold climate is not an obstacle to the cultivation of the royal Delonix. It perfectly adapts to home conditions in any climate.
Does it grow in Russia and Ukraine
In Russia, royal delonix grows only where the climate is close to tropical. Thus, on the territory of Russia and Ukraine, it cannot grow in open ground, because it does not tolerate not only frost, but even weak frosts. But it is widely distributed as a kadochny plant or tree for greenhouses.
Delonix tolerates pruning. Therefore, you can form a crown no higher than 2-4 m. You can also form a bonsai.
Growing at home
Royal Delonix at home is very well suited for the "winter garden", where the temperature does not fall below 12-15 ° C. In addition, if you choose a tub method of cultivation, this evergreen tree will decorate your yard in the summer and the living room in the winter.
In optimal home conditions, blooms on the 4th year. Moreover, the duration of flowering compared with the "street" option increases. It blooms from May to September.
Choosing a place
Learning how to grow a royal Delonix at home is easy, thanks to amateur flower growers forums. This question is already well studied.
Delonix is not picky about the soil. It will grow on any light and loose soil with good drainage. The plant is very light-loving, loves direct sunlight. Therefore, in the "winter garden" or greenhouse planted on the south or south-west side. The apartment or house must be placed at the south-west or south window. If these sides of the world are not available - additional lighting will be required. When the spring tub with the plant is taken out on the street, it is determined in the sunniest place of the yard. It is possible to take the plant outside when the lower threshold of night temperature reaches 12-15 ° C. Before - it is impossible, it can suffer.
Seed preparation and planting
As already mentioned, the plant most often propagates by seed. At home, cuttings, as a rule, do not germinate. Seeds can be easily purchased in specialized stores or ordered from a reliable seller via the Internet.
Before planting, some seed preparation will be required so that the seedlings appear quickly and are resistant to external negative factors. Before planting, seeds should be dipped in boiling water for 1-2 minutes, then soak in warm water for a day. Should be planted in a wet sand mixture, after - cover with foil. The sand mixture should consist of sand and sod land in a 1: 1 ratio. To create natural conditions of germination, the pot must be in a room with a temperature not lower than + 28 ° C.
To accelerate germination, seeds can be scarified, i.e., a strong shell can be opened so that the sprout can easily come out. Shoots appear within a month.
When the plant has risen, the most difficult thing is to save the sprout. The main thing at this stage - watering. Here it is important and not to pour, and not to make out. Watering should be fairly moderate as the soil dries, but at the same time, the ground should dry out a little. If you miss watering, the plant can throw off the leaves.
In addition, sprouts are still weak and may not be exposed to direct sunlight. Therefore, they must be kept under shaded sunlight: and does not burn, and heat.
Young royal delonixes need to be replanted annually. First, the pot, and then the tub must be of sufficient size, high, since the fiery tree has a strong root system.
Rules for caring for an adult plant
Adult plant unpretentious. Like conventional crops, it requires irrigation, pruning, partial change of land, and fertilization.
Watering moderate. The soil under the tree should periodically dry out well. Perelivov plant does not like. In winter, during the period of rest, watering should be reduced to a minimum. The resumption of moderate watering in spring stimulates the flowering of adult trees. Excessive soil moistening in winter will simply ruin the delonix. Air humidity for a tree is also important. In hot weather, the crown can be sprayed with water, as well as put a container with it near the pot or tub.
Partial replacement of land involves only the annual change of the upper layer. Here you have to choose the land carefully, so as not to damage the roots.
Top dressing is from March to September with usual fertilizer, first for decorative hardwood, then for decorative flowering plants. Feed up better, combining with watering.
Pruning delonix easily transfers any: superficial and deep, crown and root. It is best to cut the plant to form the crown and roots after flowering, when the tree goes into a dormant period. If you need, you can trim an extra branch at any time.
The plant will bloom if you provide it with optimal climatic conditions: temperature, watering, sun.
Diseases, pests and other difficulties
Among the diseases of the royal delonix most common are the sheath and spider mite. To combat them in the gardening shops sold a special tool. They need to spray the ground part of the plant - and the problem is solved.
The shield can even be assembled by hand. If the plant is still small - it is not difficult.
In addition to pests, there is another problem. The tree grows very quickly, so it requires constant monitoring of the crown. If you want the plant to look well-groomed (especially if it is a bonsai), inspect the crown weekly and prune the excess shoots.
The tree is unpretentious, and if your choice fell on him, you will not get much trouble. The plant is beautiful and in flowering form, and at rest. Royal Delonix will not leave indifferent any amateur grower.
Royal Delonix (from the Latin. Delonix Regia) is a deciduous tree. It has a rather interesting structure of leaves - these are “multi-fingered” branches, on which small leaflets are formed - stipules. Such leaflets are called opposite. In addition to all this, the crown of the tree is distinguished by the possibility of folding the foliage for the night, in this case the reverse sides of the stipules approach each other. The folding mechanism of the leaves is very similar to the umbrella cane.
The fire tree reaches a height of 10-15 meters. Crown spreading, in diameter approximately equal to the height of the plant. Under her shadow in hot countries, like Cyprus, or the countries of South America, it is customary to organize gazebos. In general, the Royal Delonix is a plant from the tropics, loves a humid climate and it is evergreen there, but in an unusual habitat, during drought, it drops foliage.
Royal Delonix, where does such an interesting tree grow?
This plant is grown in many countries, the only limitation in cultivation is the presence of negative temperatures. Delonix does not tolerate frosts even one degree below zero, so the answer to the question: “Where does it grow in Russia?” Is, I think, the answer is clear - nowhere under the open sky, unfortunately of course. But do not be upset, if you still want to get such a handsome man, you should try to grow it indoors, there will be no problems with it. About how, read below.
The birthplace of the fire tree is the island of Madagascar. In addition, Delonix can be found in Argentina, Northern Australia, Japan, China, India and Africa.
Why do you think the hero of the article is called royal? This name was given to him by a botanist from Austria, Wenceslas Boer, who in 1822, together with his colleague Hilzenberg, Malagasy prince Rafal and British government spokesman James Hastley traveled to Madagascar, where he discovered the delonix. So royal, he is named in honor of King Radam I, who kindly met them during the journey. And the beauty of the fiery tree pushes it to be called royal.
What does the fiery tree owe its beauty?
Of course, its colors. The colors vary from bright red and red with white patches - “feathers” to rich yellow. В раскрытом состоянии цветы достигают диаметра в 10 см. Цветки пятипалые – четыре лепестка которых чаще всего одного цвета, широко раскрытые, а в непосредственной близости к пятому находятся пестик с десятью бархатистыми тычинками.This fifth petal is different in color from the other four, in various literature it meets such a name as “sail”.
Primary flowers appear from the calyx, revealing the division into five sepals during flowering. Pollination - cross, occurs by insects, thus attracted by the "sail".
By about 10 years old, the tree becomes “mature”. Of course, the tree begins to bloom in 3-4 years, but the buds are not able to tie into the pods at that age. The flowering period lasts about two months and by the fall pods form on the branches. What is remarkable is the beauty of the tree itself, as well as the number and size of flowers in direct proportion to Delonix's age. In addition, the quantity and size of flowers, and consequently the beauty of flowering, is also affected by the previous winter: if it was dry and the temperature was in the range of + 8 ... + 14 degrees Celsius, then flowering will be very abundant.
Oddly enough, the plant belongs to the legume family. They relate to the subfamily Cesalpineus for five-petal flowers with ten stamens in a flower. And they are legumes because upon completion of flowering pods appear on the branches of the tree, about half a meter long, brown or dark purple in color.
After ripening, in each of them about 40 seeds are formed, and here we will try to grow this really beautiful tree. The most favorable time for collecting seeds is from late October to early November, when flowering is fully completed.
The tree propagates in two ways: cuttings and planting seeds in the ground.
- For propagation by cutting, it is necessary to cut a branch from a plant with an already stiff stem, but not too thick. Next, you need to handle the bottom of the cutting, where the root system will develop, with a special solution - growth stimulator. Before planting, it is necessary to prepare the soil: there is nothing special in it - we mix in the ratio of 1: 1 peat soil and sand. After all the preparatory procedures, we plant our future tree in a container with soil, water well, and cover with a transparent film, well, or a can, and place it in a shade with a temperature of about +27 degrees. Further, our participation will be to observe the plant and regularly moisten the soil. As soon as new leaves appear, you can make out our greenhouse, you can congratulate you, now you have your own royal tree!
- The second and most popular breeding method is the cultivation of royal delonix from seeds at home. To get the seeds now is not very difficult, if you are resting in warm countries in the late fall - early winter, you can collect them for free, because delonix is grown a lot in warm countries. If you do not plan to travel abroad, you can buy them in the now popular online stores. To stimulate seed germination, you can go in two different ways:
- pierce the seed with a needle, and then put in warm water for about a day,
- put a seed into boiling water for a couple of minutes, then add cold water to the same capacity, and just wait a day.
During this time, the seeds must gain enough moisture to start growth. For more sustainable germination, you can add growth stimulants to the tank, it doesn’t hurt. Next, plant the seeds in a moist soil at a shallow depth and only sprinkle with earth a little, also create a miniature with the help of an already familiar film and place it in a room with a temperature of +27 degrees. Well, then along the already familiar path: we are moisturizing, we are observing (in no case it is impossible to pour out strongly, possibly rotting) for 2-5 weeks.
How does delonix royal grow at home?
The use of this plant as a home goes in two different directions: it is grown as a kadochno tree or create a work of art - bonsai.
In this article, I will not tell you in detail how to grow bonsai, as this is a separate, big topic, and it requires a separate study, and tell you about what kind of care does the royal delonix require at home. I will give only the image of what beauty you can get.
So, we have sprouts from seeds or germinated cuttings, now it is necessary to choose a suitable tub, for a start not very large in size, we determine the sunniest place in the room and place our newly made tree there.
In a pot or a tub, it is imperative to organize drainage in order to eliminate stagnant water and root decay. The fire tree is growing fast enough, so be prepared for the fact that in a year the Delonix will need a bigger pot. Anyway, it is desirable to replant young plants every spring, and adults in a year or two. When the tree reaches the age of 5-7 years and it will be difficult to replant it, it will be enough to renew the upper third of the soil in the tub. Delonix responds positively to trimming the crown, releasing new shoots and becoming thicker. From spring to autumn, it is necessary to provide abundant watering for the tree, very bright lighting, you can even put it right under the sun, this will only have a positive effect on our hero. Humidity should also be high, it would be better if you spray the foliage of the plant, but try not to fall on the flowers (if you have them, of course). From the onset of spring to autumn, periodic fertilization is required, with breaks of 2 weeks, which will stimulate flowering, because this is what the fire tree should be made of. With the end of flowering and until spring you need to organize rest periods, for this the temperature in the room is reduced to + 10 ... + 12 degrees, or the tree is taken out on the balcony (but the temperature is not allowed to drop to -1 degree - the plant may die) and watering is reduced. You should not be upset if the delonix dried up, such an external effect, such as the absence of watering, will be regarded by the plant as the arrival of autumn, and it will most likely throw off the foliage, stop blooming until the next “in his opinion spring”. A small result: the better our hero will rest in the winter, the more abundant blooms await you in the spring.
Flaming madagascar tree
Royal Delonix is a flowering tree of the family Bean subfamily Caesalpinia. Despite the fact that the homeland of this plant is Madagascar, on this island it almost does not occur. This plant is actively used in gardening and decorating the streets and parks of countries that are in the tropical belt - first of all, it is the Caribbean and Canary Islands, Africa, North Australia, Hong Kong, Thailand, and South Brazil.
Interestingly, Delonix has several names, which he received due to the fact that during the flowering period (in the northern hemisphere it lasts from May to June) it is completely covered with red, yellow flowers that are as good as orchids. The most popular names are the Flaming or Fiery Tree, the Red Flame, the Indians call it the Peacock Flower, the Bengalis the Krishna Crown, the Vietnamese the Phoenix Tail.
What does a flaming tree look like
Royal Delonix, though low (the height of an adult plant ranges from 15 to 20 meters), but wide, while the older the plant, the thicker the trunk. The red flame grows very quickly - it grows three meters in a year. Therefore, a young tree is distinguished from an old tree primarily by bark (at first it is smooth and light, and eventually becomes brown with gray specks) and by flowering - the older the tree, the more intense it blooms.
Delonix is a very stable and hardy tree, because it has very developed roots that go deep into the ground and help it to withstand the strongest storms. This plant very well adapts to different types of soil and climatic conditions.
Despite the fact that the Fire Tree is a tropical plant, it tolerates drought quite well - it only completely drops the leaves at this time (this helps the plant to save moisture), in other regions the leaves fall partially, which is considered an evergreen. But the frost - this plant does not tolerate and is able to withstand temperatures not lower than -1 ° C.
The branches of the Red Flame are arranged so that they give the tree the shape of an umbrella. They contain a huge number of branches with large, fern-like green leaves with a length of 30 to 50 cm. At the same time, the leaf itself has a complex structure, since it consists of 20-40 pairs of smaller sheets, each of which is also divided into 10-20 pairs of leaflets oval shape (interesting fact: at night, these sheets are folded).
Delonix flowers that glorify this plant are really remarkable - each flower has five petals with jagged edges, which sharply taper towards the end.
While the four petals of red or yellow color (depending on the species) do not differ much from each other, the fifth — a wider, rounded, with small white or yellowish lines, performs an important function — attracts insects for cross-pollination.
In the center of the calyx grow long, slightly curved stamens of red-orange color, thanks to which the Flaming Tree got its scientific name: “Onyx” is translated from Greek as “claw”.
Royal Delonix is not accidental in the family of legumes: during the flowering period, small green flat pods appear on it - fruits of the fire tree. They grow very quickly, and as they grow, change their color - first they are woody, then brown, and when mature, they become black. The length of one such pod can easily reach 60 cm, width - 5 cm.
The inner part of the pod has two parallel chambers, in each of which there are solid shiny elongated seeds about 2 cm long and weighing 0.4 g. When the weather is humid, the pods spontaneously open - and from them from 20 to 30 seeds are released, some of which falls to the ground, part remains on seeds.
Tree-flame at home
Since the fiery tree is not demanding on the quality of the soil (the main thing is that the soil is sufficiently loose), is not susceptible to pests (the only exception is termites that live in its wood) and almost does not need fertilizers, Royal Delonix is grown at home as a tub. plant and bonsai (its shape can be very easily corrected with pruning).
Delonix breeds mainly seeds, less often - cuttings.
To do this, after slightly damaging the seed coat, it is necessary to soak the house for 24 hours in warm water, then plant in loose soil, cover with film and germinate at a temperature of 22 to 26 ° C (if done correctly, the seeds will germinate quickly, for 2-3 weeks).
Having planted Delonix at home in loose soil with admixture of sand, it is necessary to take care that it is constantly under the influence of indirect sunlight (otherwise, in case of insufficient lighting, the plant will shed its leaves).
The fire tree needs constant watering. When growing Delonix at home, you need to consider that if you limit watering a few months before flowering and then resume it, then the plant will bloom better.
Delonix royal is from South America. In large quantities, it grows, in particular, in Uruguay and Argentina. Another representative of this exotic flora can be seen on the island of Madagascar. Wild delonixes have a highly decorative appearance and a spreading crown, creating a shadow. They belong to an endangered species, but the “fiery tree”, as people like to call culture, is cultivated all over the world - even here, in Russia, you can buy in the specialized stores, including online, the seeds of a luxurious beauty.
Tropical exotic belongs to the family of legumes. Under natural conditions of growth, it reaches a height of 9-12 m, in the room, of course, several times less. The trunk of the royal delonix is covered with a thin bark of gray. The plant is highly branched, deciduous. Large, twice feathery vegetative organs are colored bright green. Each of them is divided into several dozen pairs of leaves, with the latter the same thing happens. Because of this, the plant resembles acacia. Leaves develop on short petioles. Royal Delonix has an interesting feature: in the evening, as soon as the impenetrable darkness sets in, the vegetative organs of the plant wilt and fold.
The main asset of the “fiery tree” is, strictly speaking, flowers. It is their bright, scarlet tinge that explains the existence of a second name for the Delonix. True, other representatives of the species have not red reproductive organs, but salmon. Flowers in the Delonix royal large forms, bisexual. Develop in racemes axillary or apical inflorescences. 4 petals, as mentioned above, are often red, and one, the fifth - white or yellow, speckled. In place of flowers, long pods appear with many large seeds inside.
Flowering begins in 3-4 years. It lasts from May to mid-autumn. Maturity "fire tree" reaches approximately the age of 10 years. It has a relatively rapid growth. Because of this, tropical exotic can be cultivated in the garden, but only in regions with a very warm climate. At home, Royal Delonix is grown as a tub culture, mainly in greenhouses. It takes up enough space, but this does not interfere with keeping a “fire tree” in a regular apartment. Moreover, you can cultivate decorative culture as bonsai.
Growth and development factors of delonix
- Lighting. Delonix Royal is responsive to plenty of sunshine. However, in order to avoid leaf burns, it is better to place a tub with a plant in the southwestern or southeastern sector of the apartment. If you still chose the southern sector, get ready to shade the exotics from the bright direct rays of the daylight in the summer hot afternoon.
- Thermal mode. In winter, the plant needs a cool content. The optimum air temperature in the cold season for a royal delonix is 10-12ºС. From spring to autumn, and especially in summer, the thermometer should increase to 18-25º for the plant to feel comfortable, but not above 30º. Do not be alarmed if, on the New Year's Eve, your handsome man loses all of his or part of the leaves - this is normal, since during the winter season he will have a period of rest.
- Air humidity. Since royal delonix is a tropical plant, it is clear that he adores water. For this reason, the culture needs to be sprayed frequently in summer. At the same time they use a spray gun, water is used separated, with a temperature slightly warmer than room temperature. Warning: moisture should not get on the reproductive organs of the plant. You can, as an option, next to the culture to put a container of water.
Tropical Delonix should be provided with abundant watering in spring and summer. On the need for another soil moistening, the exotic will “inform” the dried up topsoil in a pot with a plant. With the onset of autumn, irrigation is transferred to a moderate regime, and in winter they limit, the benefit of the “fiery tree” is drought-resistant culture.
From the beginning of autumn, the royal delonix is required to be fed regularly.. For this purpose, ready-made liquid fertilizers are used for flowering plants. They can be purchased at any specialty store. Feedings continue until September at intervals of once every two weeks.
Royal royal transplantation is vital, because as it grows, its root system increases in size. The change of the pot and the soil for young individuals is carried out annually, necessarily only in spring, for adult tropical exotic animals - once every two or three years. The composition of the soil mixture is the same as that used when planting the plant: leaf soil, sod land and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1.
The “fire tree” lends itself well to pruning. That is why it can be grown as a bonsai. Pruning is also used as a way to regulate growth in conditions of fairly limited space.
In our latitudes, especially when growing royal delonix in an apartment setting, the chances that exotic will please its host with flowers of a hue of flame are not too great, but still exist. Cool wintering contributes to more lush and abundant blooms. In the spring, the reproductive organs appear on the "fire tree" before the leaves.
Propagate the Royal Delonix in two ways: seeds, which are easy to purchase, and at a very low price, and semi-lignified cuttings. If you decide to use the first method, please note that the seeds must first be soaked for swelling in warm water. Sowing is carried out in loose soil mixture. Top covered with foil. Seed germination occurs while maintaining the temperature of 22-26ºС. Sprouts usually appear after 2-3 weeks.
Propagation by stem cuttings is a laborious procedure. Semilignified apical shoots cut off in early summer. Rooting they produce in moist vermiculite or water. At the same time you should use a heated pot to 25-28ºС.
Болезни – редкость при выращивании делоникса королевского. Из вредителей растение могут поражать паутинные клещи и щитовки, борьба с которыми не составит особого труда.