Any gardener wants to get a rich harvest. For this it is necessary to carry out preparatory work in spring. Fertilizer and plant nutrition will help the soil and horticultural crops to obtain nutrients. Among the large variety of tools is biohumus. What is it, features of a biohumus, and its application in gardening.
Biohumus is a biologically active substance., 100% organic fertilizer without any chemical additives. The product is a concentrated extract from natural humus. Biohumus can be called the best option for feeding planting material. Due to its natural composition, it does not harm the plant, human health and the environment.
This substance contains the full nutritional nutritional composition. In appearance it resembles fertile soil. It is formed as a result of the processing by earthworms of all organic waste. Due to the rich content in the tool of necessary nutrients after its introduction, active growth and development of plants occurs. When red worms process organic residues, they release coprolites into the ground. This form of organic matter is considered the best for absorption by plants.
This tool has a positive effect on all crops:
- fruit trees and shrubs.
It stimulates their growth and provides an opportunity to get a richer harvest. Biohumus fertilizer also improves the structure and fertility of the soil, contributing to recovery after depletion.
Composition and properties
Organic fertilizer in liquid form was developed specifically for summer residents. She is very effective and easy to use. Liquid fertilizer incorporates all components of natural biohumus. In liquid form, all components are dissolved, which contributes to their maximum absorption by plants.
Up to 1/3 of the composition is potassium and sodium salts of humic acids and fulvic acids. More than half of the composition contains organic substances, including natural growth regulators, amino acids, spores of soil microorganisms and strains of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. As part of biohumus, there are also all the main micro and macro elements for plant life. After applying such a fertilizer to the soil, the yield is increased by 30%.
Liquid biohumus fertilizer quickly gets into the soil and freely brings all the useful substances to the roots of plants, penetrating deep into. In a liquid product, the concentration is much higher than in the dry matter. After applying it:
- germination and seed germination rate,
- the expansion and formation of the root system is activated,
- immunity of saplings is strengthened,
- accelerates the growth and development of plants,
- reduces the ripening period of the crop,
- the home and garden flowers increase the abundance of flowering,
- less nitrates accumulate in fruits.
This natural and environmentally friendly fertilizer allows you to grow a healthy crop. In addition, the tool helps to preserve the harvest as much as possible, increase its shelf life.
Biohumus liquid: instructions for use
This tool is a universal natural and organic fertilizer.. It is recommended to use for any kind of garden and garden crops and all flowers. However, it is best applied only to open ground. For indoor plants, it cannot be used in its pure form, since after its use in the room, midges begin to actively reproduce. For this reason, it is advisable to use the tool in the house no more than 1 time 2 months.
Biohumus fertilizer should be used from spring to autumn. It is very convenient to make it when digging the soil or add it to the wells when planting, under trees and shrubs. A solution is prepared from the concentrate of liquid biohumus and then it is used. When using it is necessary to strictly observe the norms of deposit It is recommended to apply 10% solution, in other words, 1 part of fertilizer per 10 parts of water. Sometimes the ratio may vary depending on the requirements of the cultivated crops and the individual characteristics, age and phase of plant growth.
In liquid form, the concentrate is used more economically.than dry. Experts also recommend using liquid biohumus for soaking seeds before planting. This will improve seed germination and increase the endurance of future plants, and enhance their growth. To prepare the solution it is necessary to dilute the fertilizer in the ratio of 1:20. Soaking time will depend on the type of plant. For example, for legumes, the time should not exceed 6 hours. Potatoes and onions are best soaked just before planting 40 minutes.
Liquid biohumus is great for strengthening seedlings, making it easier to move the change of conditions. The treatment will also contribute to the active growth and development, protection from diseases and the penetration of fungi. For seedlings apply a solution in a ratio of 1:50. which is then poured into the wells when planting seedlings.
Concentrate is also used. during flowering and fruit formation. This method of fertilizer allows to obtain larger fruits and a bountiful harvest. Due to the properties of vermicompost also improves the taste of ripe fruit. To do this, prepare a solution of 1: 200 using pure water. Ready solution is used for spraying plants.
Maximum efficiency of liquid fertilizer is manifested when introduced from early spring to June. During this period, all plants do not bear fruit yet and are in the vegetative phase.
After preparing the solution for seedlings, it should be left in a warm place and stir occasionally. Warm water will accelerate the process of transition to the finished solution of all the useful substances of biohumus. The finished product is watered, using no more than 10 liters per 1 m 2.
The finished solution has no unpleasant smell and is easy to use.. Any gardener can easily prepare it, since complex calculations and special skills are not needed. According to experienced gardeners who have repeatedly used biohumus, it is especially effective for growing cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplant and peppers. However, despite the positive properties of biohumus, it should be used according to the instructions.
Adding an article to a new collection
With constant cultivation of crops in the same place, the soil is depleted, so fertilization is necessary. At the same time for the improvement of soil is best to use organic matter. We will tell you what is biohumus and how to use it.
Biohumus is a biologically active, environmentally friendly and natural organic fertilizer. It is formed during the processing of organic matter in the soil by red Californian worms. When digesting organic residues, worms release coprolites into the soil, which are organic forms most suitable for absorption by plants.
The composition and beneficial properties of vermicompost
This fertilizer contains a complex of nutrients, macro- and microelements, enzymes, soil antibiotics, vitamins and growth hormones, which are necessary for the proper development of plants. So, fertilizer based on biohumus is 4-8 times better than manure and rotted compost in terms of nutrient organic content. At the same time, in biohumus there are no pathogenic microflora, helminth eggs and weed seeds.
This natural fertilizer perfectly heals the soil and has a pleasant smell of the earth. Biohumus is also similar in color to the soil. It is well combined with any other organic substances and improves the taste of the crop, and also relieves stress from plants and increases their immunity.
Effect of vermicompost on plants:
- stimulates the growth and development of the root system
- accelerates seed germination
- improves plant immunity to various diseases,
- stimulates flowering
- accelerates the ripening of fruits, increases their taste and yield,
- prevents the accumulation of nitrates in plants.
Biohumus cannot overpower the soil. A large amount of fertilizer only positively affects the condition of the soil and any crops. The plant itself takes as many nutrients as needed.
Pure biohumus is most effective, but it is difficult to find it on store shelves. They often sell soil mixture based on compost and peat with the addition of biohumus. And for the most useful fertilizer is better to go to the livestock farm: a large number of worms live in rotted manure.
And biohumus is easy to get at home. You just need to buy Californian worms and provide them with a suitable habitat (it is enough to settle in a compost box).
How to apply biohumus
This universal organic fertilizer can be used for seedlings, all flowers and any garden and garden crops. In its application, there is only one caveat: it is still better to use it in open ground. Pure biohumus is not very suitable for indoor plants, as fertilized soil is an ideal place for habitats and reproduction of midges, from which it is quite difficult to get rid of in an apartment. If you really need to improve the soil in pots with potted flowers, then biohumus (preferably in liquid form) is applied no more than once every two months.
Fertilizer is used at any time from spring to autumn. Biohumus is most convenient to make when digging the soil or add to each well when planting seedlings or saplings of trees and shrubs in the ground.
In the garden and the garden, you can use dry (in granules) and liquid biohumus. Granules dry biohumus just buried in the ground, and from a special concentrate liquid biohumus prepare the solution.
Liquid biohumus is best suited for seedlings and indoor plants, it is used mainly in the period from early spring until the end of June.
The composition of liquid biohumus
Liquid fertilizer biohumus is a concentrated solution containing all the "ingredients" of natural biohumus.
The basis of biohumus is compost processed by worms. Outwardly, it is very similar to the usual fertile land, which by and large is. However, in addition to compost, the fertilizer contains additional useful components necessary for plants to grow and develop. In liquid biohumus, all these components are in a state that is already dissolved and maximally prepared for absorption by plants.
From one-fourth to one-third of the composition of biohumus belongs to sodium and potassium salts of humic acids, humic acids and fulvic acids themselves, half and more are organic substances — amino acids, natural growth regulators, soil microorganism spores, strains of nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
In addition, biohumus contains all the major micro and macro elements needed by plants: nitrogen - from 1 to 2%, phosphorus - from 1.5 to 3%, potassium - from 1.2 to 2% (the composition of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium component in liquid biohumus should be not less than 3 grams per 1 liter of fertilizer), as well as calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese and in a smaller amount - boron, zinc and copper (however, the proportion of heavy metals in biohumus does not exceed the maximum permissible concentrations for soil).
Biohumus contains a large amount of vitamins.
The biological indicator of biohumus is not more than 7.5, humidity is from 40% to 45%, ash content is from 35% to 45%.
The manufacturer guarantees the absence of weed seeds, helminth eggs and other harmful microflora for plants in biohumus.
All nutrients in liquid biohumus are correctly and correctly balanced, which ensures maximum efficiency in the use of this fertilizer.
What is liquid biohumus used for? Properties of matter
By itself, biohumus strengthens plants, accelerates the growth and processes of photosynthesis and metabolism. As a result, the decorative qualities of crops and their productivity increase. But liquid fertilizer adapted in the form of a concentrated extract. In addition, it has a strong antimicrobial effect on seeds and seedlings, increasing their protection against pests and diseases.
Biohumus contains all the mentioned waste products of the worm and the microflora released by it, which determines the beneficial effect of this fertilizer.
In particular, biohumus:
- structures and heals the soil, returns fertility to it and inhibits the activity of pathogenic microorganisms in it,
- stimulates the development of plants, helps them to better break down and quickly assimilate minerals that are insoluble or difficult to reach for the root system in depleted soil,
- It increases the resistance of plants to pathogenic microbes and diseases, such as, for example, powdery mildew, decay and ascochytosis (fertilizer is especially effective for greenhouse vegetables and houseplants), the harmful effects of pests, as well as to weather cataclysms and other negative factors,
- helps seeds to germinate faster (sometimes twice), and seedlings and tree seedlings - better to take root,
- contributes to the correct development of flowers, increases their number and life expectancy, which is useful for any plants, but takes on particular importance for indoor decorative flowers,
- accelerates the ripening of fruits (up to two weeks), increases their quantity, taste and useful qualities (due to an increase in the content of plant sugars, proteins and vitamins), and this effect has nothing to do with chemical stabilizers and growth accelerators,
- It prevents the accumulation of nitrates in plants by binding heavy metals in the soil and radioactive substances.
An important quality of biohumus is that its action begins almost instantly after application and lasts for decades. Unlike some other fertilizers (for example, containing chlorine harmful to plants), biohumus can be applied to the soil at any time of the year, and it is suitable for all types of soil.
Thanks to all these properties, the Biohumus Liquid fertilizer has found wide application in a wide variety of forms (from soil application to spraying and seed soaking).
Instructions for use of liquid biohumus
So, the main method of application of biohumus is fertilization into the soil (in open ground or in flower pots - for indoor plants). As with any other fertilizer, the use of biohumus implies strict adherence to the rate of application, which, as a general rule, involves the use of a 10% solution (one part of liquid fertilizer per ten parts of water), but can vary greatly depending on the individual requirements of the cultivated crops, and also their age and growth phase.
So, for greens, spinach, lettuce, onions and garlic, weekly supplementation with a solution of biohumus liquid prepared at the rate of 0.2 l per a bucket of water is optimal, the use of fertilizer for vegetables requires the use of twice less concentrated solution, and for strawberries and other berries Only 60 ml of liquid humus is sufficient for a bucket of water.
Garden flowers are fed twice a month with a solution of 10-15 ml of liquid fertilizer per 1 liter of water, citrus fruits and grapes - with the same periodicity with a solution of 0.25 l per bucket of water. Biohumus liquid is effective when used for feeding houseplants. They should be watered during the growing season no more than once every two months.
Soaking seeds in biohumus is the second way to use fertilizer. Half a liter of fertilizer is used to germinate 1 kg of seeds. The solution should be prepared two times weaker than for root dressing (0.05 ml per 1 l of water). Soaking time is different for different cultures.
Vegetable seeds, melons, parsley, dill and ornamental plants can be soaked for 24 hours, radishes, lettuce, spinach, onions and garlic (seeds) - 12 hours or a little longer, legumes - about six hours, grapes, pomegranate and citrus - no more than an hour , and tubers - and even less: a maximum of half an hour.
Liquid biohumus is also used to care for seedlings. Immediately before planting it in open ground, prepared weak fertilizer solution is poured into the harvested hole; as a result, the seedlings take root much better and are less sick.
Liquid biohumus is also useful to spray the leaves of plants, but here the concentration should be quite weak - about 0.005 ml of fertilizer per 1 liter of water. The procedure should not be carried out during flowering, but during the period of fruit ripening - just necessary.
The use of liquid biohumus does not require adherence to any special precautions, because the substance is not toxic. So that fertilizer does not get into the stomach or mucous membranes, and also the microcracks do not penetrate into the skin, it is enough to put on rubber gloves before work, and after its completion - to wash your hands well with soap and water.
Liquid is packaged in plastic bottles that are completely safe from the point of view of fire regulations.
Useful properties of liquid biohumus persist for one and a half years from the production date indicated on the package. At the same time, it is advisable to store the fertilizer in a dark place, but in any case not in direct sunlight.If the container with fertilizer left at the dacha is frozen - do not rush to throw it away: after returning to the liquid state, biohumus can be used for its intended purpose and does not lose its properties.
The sediment is also not an indicator of the unsuitability of fertilizer, but before using the bottle should be well shaken.
So, liquid biohumus is an absolutely safe, environmentally friendly and convenient to use organic fertilizer, useful both in the country or in the garden, and for improving the room greenhouse, provided you know how to use it.
Biohumus or vermicompost: properties as fertilizers
Normal compost is an organic mass processed by saprophyte bacteria and soil fungi. If the earthworms are connected to the process, it turns out vermicompost, it is biohumus. Thus, biohumus is a product of organic waste processing by worms and microorganisms. (⊕ how to make a compost pile in the garden - step by step).
Vermicompost in agriculture is valued much higher than normal compost. The fact is that passing through the intestinal tract of worms, organic matter is enriched with amino acids, enzymes and takes the form of granular granular mass. These granules are called coprolites. In essence, earthworm coprolites are the basis of soil formation.
Properties of vermicompost today are well studied:
- a significant increase in soil fertility due to an increase in the content of humic and fulvic acids in it,
- decrease in soil acidity to values close to 7.0,
- inhibitory effect on pathogenic soil flora,
- stimulating effect on the development of plants due to the high content of growth regulators.
High biological activity of vermicompost is expressed in its immunostimulating properties. Plants become more resistant to phytopathogens, as well as to radionuclides and heavy metal salts.
Soil fertilization with vermicompost favorably affects its structure, the condition of the plants improves, and their overall yield increases significantly.
Biohumus nutrients contribute to the active growth and development of plants, improve all metabolic processes and photosynthesis, thereby increasing yield. Liquid concentrate, in addition to the above properties, also has a bactericidal effect on planting material (it occurs due to the entry into the composition of the substance of all components of the worm's tissues, as well as antibiotics from microorganisms that lived in its intestines). It helps to enhance the immunity of seedlings to various diseases, thereby reducing the possibility of its death.
Biohumus has a number of features characteristic of just such a fertilizer. He is able to:
- stimulate the growth and development of the root system
- accelerate the germination of planted seed,
- strengthen the immunity of seedlings to various diseases,
- protect the plant from penetration of heavy metals and radionuclides,
- intensify flowering
- improve yield
- reduce the level of nitrates in the fruit.
Important! 500 ml of the finished concentrate is designed to handle 1 kg of planting material (seed).
Experts recommend using a water extract of biohumus not only for feeding plants, but also for soaking the seed itself before planting. The active components of the substance contribute to the early spitting of young sprouts, their rapid germination, accelerating the similarity and increasing yields in the future.
Before soaking the seeds in biohumus, a concentrated substance must be placed with water (the recommended ratio of ingredients is 1:20). Soaking of planting material has its own characteristics, since the seed of each plant species must be processed over a certain period of time (according to the instructions):
- legumes - no more than 6 hours,
- radish seeds and green salad - no more than 12 hours,
- onions and potatoes are soaked for 30-40 minutes before planting,
- vegetable and melon seeds - day,
- parsley and dill - no more than 24 hours.
Foliar fertilizer and spraying of deciduous parts of plants
In addition to seed treatment and fertilizing seedlings, diluted concentrate is also used for spraying the deciduous parts of plants and their foliar nourishment. For these purposes, experts advise to use biohumus, but in the lowest concentration (the recommended ratio with water is 1: 200).
Spraying and feeding should be carried out during the period when there is an active growth and development of the plant, as well as during the formation of its fruits.
Reviews and recommendations
Gardeners who constantly use liquid biohumus note:
- Water extract helps to protect plants from diseases (especially those vegetables that grow in greenhouse conditions).
- Its use leads to an active reduction in the possibility of damage by ascochitis, rot and powdery mildew.
- Improving the quality of grown vegetables, which is achieved through regular use of the substance.
- Improving the vitamin composition of grown products.
- Reducing the level of nitrates in the composition of vegetables, herbs and fruits.
Liquid biohumus helps not only to improve the yields of planted plants, but to grow high-quality, tasty and healthy products!
What is biohumus
Biohumus is a completely natural organic fertilizer, created on the basis of the waste products of red Californian worms. Red Californian worms - The closest relatives of ordinary earthworms that live in the soil on all the backyards of summer residents. When the earthworm passes the soil through itself, it consumes organic residues from it. As a result of this processing, organic matter becomes readily available for plant absorption.
Plants can consume organic residues from the soil only in the form of humus. Humus - this is the product that is obtained as a result of the work of earthworms, as well as a variety of beneficial microorganisms. Passing the soil through its stomach, the earthworm fills it with enzymes, natural antibiotics, and amino acids. These substances are extremely important for plants, because they strengthen the immune system, make it more resistant to diseases.
Humus is a universal fertilizer that can be used both for absolutely all plants and for all types of soil. The effect of the use of humus persists for a very long time. Humus is not washed out and does not disappear in the soil, but only improves its performance. Improves soil fertility and permeability. Plant nutrition becomes better and more complete.
Biohumus dry in packages
Biohumus is a universal plant food. Its use in a dry form is diverse, but most often fertilizer is added to the soil mixture when planting. It is most convenient to add fertilizer from the packages when digging the soil or dosed into each well during transplantation of seedlings, as well as adult plants, shrubs and trees. Fertilizer packs can be applied throughout the summer season, from spring to autumn.
To feed vegetables, garden flowers, shrubs and trees, on 1 square. m you need to make 500 g of dry biohumus. It should be mixed well with the soil and plenty of water.
When planting potatoes, tomatoes, about 200 g of dry biohumus are added to the well. Under winter crops add 700 g of fertilizer per 1 square. m and mixed with the top layer of soil.
In stores you can find a wide range of fertilizers for planting a lawn. But it is better to use a proven method - introducing into the soil of this biohumus. It is environmentally clean, safe, and most importantly, useful for microflora. Consumption rate for a lawn: 800 g of top dressing on 1 sq. M. m of soil.
In natural fertilizer, a full range of useful natural substances is presented that ensure the full development and healthy growth of plants both in the household plot and at home.
The use of biohumus allows to increase the yield, the amount of vitamins and sugars in fruits and vegetables, to reduce the content of nitrates in grown foods.
Application for indoor plants
House flowers really need timely fertilization, as they grow in closed ground and they simply have no place to take food, except from the soil that is in the pot. For dressing indoor plants most often use liquid soluble fertilizers, as this is a more convenient way. If plants fertilizing with organic fertilizer required, for example, biohumus, it is necessary to use only dressing in liquid form. The fact is that organic matter in its pure form, added to a pot with indoor plants, contributes to the appearance and reproduction of indoor blackflies, which later will be very difficult to get rid of at home.
For feeding home flowers, it is better to use a water extract of biohumus - the so-called vermicompost tea. You can prepare it in this way: add one cup of dry biohumus to a container with 5 liters of cool water. Stir the mixture well and let it brew for 24 hours. The resulting tincture will contain all the nutrients of biohumus, necessary for the full development of indoor plants.
Biohumus in liquid form for supplements of indoor plants is introduced twice a month, by root or foliar treatments, depending on the state of the plant. Feed indoor plants with biohumus during the period from early spring to the end of June.
Production of fertilizer at home
The person in the process of life leaves behind a lot of organic waste. Basically it is the remnants of food used in the kitchen when cooking. This may be a cleaning of vegetables, eggshells and more. Such organic waste of food or plant origin can be processed into compost, for the benefit of the environment. Compost, in turn, is food for red earthworm. The worm, by processing plant and food debris, cooks thanks to the enzymes contained in its stomach, natural organic fertilizer - biohumus. You can make a mini-farm for the production of vermicompost with their own hands at home.
In order to start making biohumus, you need to prepare the following components and inventory:
- tops of plants in dried or fermented form,
- chicken droppings and rotted cattle dung,
- food residues, as well as vegetable peeling,
- rotted tree leaves, sawdust,
- red earthworms,
- boxes of plates,
California worms for the preparation of biohumus is preferable, but the usual rain will do, but the process will go a little slower.
In the box, made of wooden planks, you need to put a mixture of ripe compost, rotted manure, food waste, as well as rotten plant residues. For ripening the substrate, it must be kept for some time, stirring and moistening with water. The temperature of the mixture under the influence of processes should rise to 50 degrees. When the fermentation process is over, the temperature of the mixture in the box will drop significantly.
When the mix is ready, it launches earthworms. The rate is about 1 thousand individuals per cubic meter of mixture. No need to hurry, launching all the worms into the substrate at once. First, its readiness must be checked by running about 50 individuals. If all goes well and the worms settle down, they launch the rest of the brethren. Caring for a box of worms is simple: careful loosening and watering with warm water is necessary.
After some time, after the worms adapt to the new environment, they will begin to actively multiply and process the substrate into biohumus. At this stage, every 10 days, it is necessary to feed for worms, a nutrient substrate.
According to the results of about 4 months, the number of worms is estimated and if there is a significant increase, you can separate a number of them, as well as separate the finished fertilizer. To do this, the substrate must be sifted through a sieve, and the worms transferred to another container.
Dry biohumus should be packaged in polyethylene bags. Thus, it will be best kept for quite some time.
Storage and safety regulations
For proper storage of biohumus, it must be kept in a dark place, protected from sunlight. In case of freezing and subsequent defrosting beneficial propertieskindness is not lost.
It is not necessary to observe special safety rules when working with fertilizer, but it is necessary to adhere to certain hygienic standards, for example, to use gloves when working with fertilizer, as well as to wash hands after the work.