Fruit trees

Cultivation and application of quince

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In the genus Cidonia oblonga there is only one representative - deciduous shrub or quince tree. Of particular value are the fruits of the tree, which many gardeners call false apple. The shape of the fruit is something between a pear and an apple.

The surface of the fruit is covered with a fleecy gray coating, has a pronounced aroma and contains a large amount of brownish seed.

The size of the fruit can be very different - from a few grams to 2 kg, everything will depend on whether the tree is cultivated or wild. The flesh of the fruit is not very juicy, tart, hard and astringent. The flowering of the tree occurs on the warm days of May and June, and the harvest takes place in the fall (September-October).

Quince tree description

The height of this high-growing plant can be 1.5–5 m. A distinctive feature of the plant are oblique branches growing up. The bark of the trunk on a quince tree scaly structure, painted in brown, gray or brown.

The foliage is medium in length, oval-shaped, dark green in color. The inflorescences are endowed with a simple but correct beautiful shape, painted in white, slightly pinkish color. The diameter of the flower often reaches 5 cm.

As an optimal ground for quince growth, a loamy, heavy composition is considered, but with a high content of sand in the ground, the tree bears fruit more quickly.

Breeding methods:

  • seminal,
  • vertical layers,
  • root growth,
  • cuttings
  • vaccinations.

Quince fruit trees are successfully grown in South and North America, Asia, some European countries and in Australia.

Shrub quinces can be considered an unassuming plant, which when creating good conditions for growth promises high yields. In general, the cultivation of this fruit shrub is no different from the traditional care of apple or pear trees.

Optimum landing conditions

For this deciduous tree, it is necessary to pick up a sunny plot where it will be easy to supply water for irrigation. It is known that this shrub needs abundant moisture, but short periods of drought can also endure.

Start landing in October or in April. The necessary weather conditions come in the middle of the month.

During the selection of planting material, seedlings with a fully developed root system and a good crown are selected. The landing pit should be of sufficient size about 100 cm in diameter. The depth of the pit should be not less than 60 cm. Humus is placed on the bottom of the landing well or mixed with the soil that was removed during digging.

For normal growth of these fruit trees and obtaining a good harvest from them, it is recommended to plant 2-3 trees next to them for pollination.

During growth in those trees that bear fruit for the first year, it is worth cutting annual shoots in spring. And also it is worth paying attention to the quince crown and remove dry branches or those that relate to neighboring trees.

Harvesting

A good harvest can not but rejoice the gardener. Start collecting fruits as they ripen. Do not worry about the safety of these fruits. The fact is that nature has rewarded the fruits with a special fleecy surface, which allows them to last for five months.

But this biological composition does not allow fresh fruit to be consumed.

Despite the rich vitamin composition, quince fruit is eaten only after heat treatment. It is baked in the oven, jam is prepared, get the juice, make candied fruit, marmalade, jelly and other sweets. This fruit is often used in Caucasian cuisine when cooking meat dishes.

There are many recipes for making quince, one of which is candied fruit, for which you need to cut the peeled fruit slices, sprinkle them with sugar, let it draw and sap, then boil for a few minutes and send it to dry in the oven.

What is useful quince

Quince is a very fragrant fruit of yellow color. Each sort of fruit can have a special shape, resembling an apple or a pear. Despite the appetizing appearance, few will dare to use this fresh fruit. It is endowed with a fairly stiff pulp, very dense structure, with a sour and tart taste.

Quince useful properties, which are largely due to a significant amount of iron, are valuable not only fruits.

Not only the fruit pulp is endowed with useful properties, but also seeds, the foliage in which a significant number of tannins are hidden. So, on the basis of seeds make decoctions that help fight constipation. In addition, using a decoction of quince get rid of coughing and some diseases of the respiratory system.

What are the beneficial substances included in the fruit of quince:

  • Apple acid,
  • lemon acid,
  • tartanic acid
  • zinc,
  • iron,
  • copper,
  • phosphorus,
  • pectin,
  • calcium,
  • starch,
  • fructose,
  • gums
  • vitamins B1, E, C, B6, PP, B 2, A.

The list of useful vitamin, compounds and chemical elements explains the use of a useful fruit in traditional medicine, cosmetology and cooking.

Calorie quince fruit is 40 Kcal, where per 100 grams of fruit accounts for 8.9 grams of carbon.

Fruit application

With this fetus, you can reduce the likelihood of viral illness, strengthen the body's immune forces, maintain normal cholesterol levels in the blood, eliminate emetic urges, improve food digestion, fight obesity, nervous conditions and stress.

Nutritious solution based on fruit pulp is used to wipe the skin of the face. And also they should rinse the mouth with periodontal symptoms.

The juice from this fruit is used for lotions during the removal of pain and inflammation in hemorrhoids. A decoction of the foliage of this fruit tree, traditional medicine recommends to fight early gray hair.

The significant content of pectins allows the ingestion of this fruit for those who need to remove heavy metals and toxins from the body. Those suffering from obesity, should be included in the diet quince fruits, which are able to remove excess cholesterol and normalize the bowels. Fruit is endowed with such properties: bactericidal, astringent, anti-inflammatory, immune, hemostatic and diuretic.

Any fruit, even the most useful must be consumed wisely and metered. So quince has contraindications for use in some categories of people. One of the beneficial properties of quince is astringent abilities that do not allow people suffering from gastric ulcers, enterocolitis and irritable bowel to abuse this fruit. If you do not scrape the superficial pile, it can cause irritation of the vocal cords, larynx, and provoke a cough. Those who often speak in public, from drying out of the larynx, it is recommended that half an hour before oratory put 3 quince fruit seeds under the tongue.

Variety of quince tree

Humanity has estimated the beneficial properties of quince a few centuries ago. For a long time, breeders and botanists could not immediately determine which genus this species should be attributed to apple trees, pear trees or rowan trees. Currently, scientists agreed that Quince can be divided into three main groups:

  • japanese
  • Chinese,
  • evergreen or ordinary.

Evergreen quince is a tree on which large fruits grow. Chinese and Japanese A species of quince is shrubs that bear fruit of smaller size. The greatest nutritional value has an ordinary quince. It can be found in the gardens of the North Caucasus, the Lower Volga region, the Volgograd region, Astrakhan, the Crimea, Central Asia, the Baltic states, Belarus and Ukraine.

In turn, common quince is divided into three more types: pear-shaped, Portuguese and apple-shaped. Each individual variety differs in size, shape, color of the fruit, but each of them contains a rich vitamin composition.

Varietal classification involves the division of trees into these types:

Since the cultivation of this fruit tree implies the presence of suitable climatic conditions, then varieties should be selected those that can grow and develop normally in them.

Plant characteristic

Quince is a plant of the family Pink. It is one of the most ancient fruit crops. Its wild variety is widespread in Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Crimea, Dagestan, Moldova and Ukraine.

Dick grows on the edges of forests and slopes. In the cultivated form of the plant can be found in gardens and suburban areas. In the absence of proper care, a domesticated tree quickly becomes wild.

Among all the existing varieties found quince oblong, apple-shaped or pear-shaped. Fruits are the size of a large apple.

The color scale of grades is various. Depending on the type of fruit are bright yellow, yellow-green or dark yellow color.

The skin is dense, firm, covered with down. The fruit contains cream, white or beige pulp. It tastes sour, or slightly sweet, tart, juicy. Its structure is dense and tough. In the area of ​​the core are formed small brown bones, like an apple.

Many are interested, quince is a fruit or berry. Given that the fruit contains flesh and pith and pith, it is a fruit.

Quince is a fruit, not a berry

Appearance

According to the description, the plant has the following characteristics:

  • deciduous tree or shrub reaching 1-5 m in height, depending on the variety,
  • shoots grow at an angle of 60 °
  • bark is thin, burgundy, dark brown or dark gray color covered with scales,
  • leaves are oval, ovate, maple-like at the base, dark green color,
  • the quince tree differs from other fruit plantations in large-fruited (in some varieties, the fruits reach 1.8 kg).

The common quince blooms from May to June. The flowers are large in size up to 5 cm in diameter, white, pale pink or beige. Buds bloom after the development of leaves. Blossom abundant, magnificently covering the crown of the tree. Therefore, quince is a unique decorative ornament in any garden.

During the flowering quince - garden decoration

Due to late flowering, this fruit plant is not afraid of frost and almost always gives good yields.

The aroma of ripe quince resembles a sour apple in combination with a floral, spicy aroma.

Features of growing

It is possible to grow a tree from a purchased seedling, or with the help of a cutting from an adult culture. There are other ways of breeding quince orchard - grafting, layering, seed and root suckers.

Regardless of the method of cultivation for planting this culture is required to find a sunny place with clay soil and low acidity. Quince grows poorly on sandy soil - it begins to produce fruit prematurely with small, tasteless fruits.

The method of cultivation of quince is no different from the characteristics of pear and apple care.

This unpretentious tree in the care is characterized by high yields and utility. He likes frequent moistening, regular feeding, tolerates pruning and rarely gets sick.

Planting of seedlings or sprouted cuttings is carried out in spring or autumn. The advantage of spring planting is that during the summer the plants will have time to take root and get used to the new habitat conditions, so they are not afraid of winter frosts. When autumn planting increases the risk of frostbite of young trees.

Planting dates depend on the cultivation area:

  • in the regions of the middle and northern strip, seedlings are planted in late April,
  • in the south (in the Krasnodar Territory, in Rostov) plants are planted in open ground in the first decade of April.

For seedlings, they dig a deep hole in accordance with the size of the root system (80x80 cm). Nutrient mixture of garden soil, 5 kg of humus, 200 g of wood ash and 40 g of superphosphate are poured into the pit. The roots of the plant are laid up, sprinkled with earth so that the root collar remains flush with the soil level. Saplings plentifully water and mulch with peat.

Saplings must mulch with peat

In the process of growth and development, young seedlings require proper and timely care:

  1. Crop. After landing, the central branch is shortened to a third length. The following year, the center conductor is re-trimmed 20 cm from the top, and the side shoots are also trimmed. Krona is formed from branches of the second, third and fourth order. Every year, in early spring, the strongest shoots are selected (3-4 pieces), while the weaker and thinner ones are cut.
  2. Watering. During the spring and autumn period, the plants should be watered several times. The first moistening is carried out before the onset of bud swelling, the second during the flowering period, the next two weeks after it. Especially important is watering during the formation of ovaries and fruit ripening. The last water recharge irrigation is carried out in the autumn, when foliage will fall from the trees. It is necessary to increase the hardiness of the tree.
  3. Feeding. In the first years of life, the quince is not fed up on the condition that it was planted in a nutritious soil. In the third year, the earth around the tree circle is sprinkled with compost or humus, then it is digged. Equally important are mineral fertilizers, which increase the yield and taste of the fruit. Superphosphate and potassium salt make a complex a month after making organic.
  4. Also, the procedure of loosening the soil around the tree circle is carried out in order to increase its moisture and breathability.
  5. For the winter garden quince needs shelter. The pristvolny circle is mulched with peat or humus, the crown is covered with lutrasil or spruce fir branches.

Ripening and fruit picking

Fruit ripening falls in autumn - September or October, depending on the variety and region of cultivation. This fruit has good and long-term storage. In cold conditions and low air humidity quince fruits can be stored for about 6 months.

An unripe quince is well spiced at home. The fruits that have not yet matured are laid out on paper indoors at room temperature. In such circumstances, quince ripen in 5-7 days.

Portuguese

The fruits of this variety are elongated, more like a pear with a ribbed surface. The species has good winter hardiness and resistance to adverse weather conditions.

There are more than 400 varieties of this plant. The following are the most popular among gardeners:

  1. Anzherskaya.
  2. Aurora.
  3. Golden ball.
  4. Golden
  5. Krasnodar large-fruited.
  6. Kaunchi-10.
  7. Kuban.
  8. Nutmeg.
  9. Rumo
  10. Chinese
  11. Ripe.
  12. Japanese
  13. Teplovskaya.

General characteristics of Quince culture

Quince ordinary - deciduous tree or shrub, the only representative of its kind. This is one of the ancient cultivated crops, whose history goes back 4000 years. The homeland of the plant is considered the countries of the Transcaucasus and Central Asia.here it is found in the wild now. But culture gained its first glory in ancient Greece. Here she was given a name that is used in biology and now - “Cydonia”.

Quince bush with fruits

The books of Pliny (77 AD) “Natural History” and the Armenian scholar Amirdovlat Amasiatsi (XVth century) “Unnecessary for ignoramuses” helped restore the history of culture and its use by different nations. They describe in detail the healing, restorative and restorative properties of quince fruits. Today, these data are confirmed by biochemical studies.

Today, more than 400 varieties of quince are known.. They differ only in the insignificant structure of flowers and the shape of fruits that look like a pear. The fruits of the yellow color culture, in some cases with a one-sided red tint, are dense, tough and crunchy with a slight pubescence. Depending on the variety, they can be round or pear-shaped, reach up to 2 kg. The fruits ripen in September-October.

The flesh of the fruit is sticky and tart. The aroma resembles an apple with a subtle coniferous shade. In fruits of quince is from 50 to 70 brown seedsthat have valuable healing properties.

Fruits are rarely eaten fresh. They are valuable as a raw material for the canning industry and home cooking. Thanks to the persistent aroma and extraordinary taste, they make good jams, jams, jellies, candied fruits and marmalade. In winemaking, the fruit is used to prepare a special brand of wine, and in medicine it is used for flavoring rooms (aromatherapy). Quince firmly entered the cooking of the Central Asian republics, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Useful properties and composition of Quince fruits

With the emergence of other cultures, which are distinguished by a more attractive taste, the use of quince unfairly moved aside. but Quince fruits can be called a real natural pharmacy, therapeutic and beneficial properties, which confirms the biochemical analysis.

Quince contains a high concentration of beneficial vitamins, such as: provitamin of group A, vitamins of group B1, B2, B3, B6, C, E, PP, and a number of other trace elements and macronutrients

100 g of the product contains:

  • carbohydrate 9.6 g,
  • dietary fiber 3.6 g,
  • proteins 0.6 g,
  • fats 0.5 g,
  • organic acids 0.9 g,
  • water 84 g
  • ash 0.8 g

Energy value of 48 kcal .

Отсутствие холестерина, низкое содержание жиров и значимое количество пищевых волокон делают плоды айвы диетическим продуктом. Поэтому они будут полезны при ожирении или низкокалорийной диете. Regular use of the product normalizes the intestinal flora, contributes to the removal of toxins in a natural way..

Pectins (3%) of the fruit, getting into the stomach, form a gel-like substance, enveloping the intestinal mucosa. It becomes a reliable protection from irritation.

Quince fruits contain organic acids, tannins. Essential oils are concentrated in the skin.

Macronutrients (100g):

  • potassium 144 mg,
  • phosphorus 24 mg,
  • calcium 23 mg,
  • magnesium 14 mg,
  • sodium 14 mg.

Also in the fruit contains iron 3 mg .

Potassium dominates in the mineral composition of fruits. It is the main regulator of the acid-base balance of blood, the level of intercellular and cellular fluid, osmotic pressure. These properties of the mineral are valuable in pathologies, accompanied with an increase in the level of fluid in the body.

Quince is recommended to be taken with honey in case of stomach diseases and upset liver

Phosphorus and calcium, essential components of the bone structure, are important for strengthening the skeleton and teeth.. Phosphorus is a carrier of transformed energy in all cells of the body, which provide muscle contraction and brain activity. Magnesium inhibits nervous excitability and regulates the functions of the respiratory center.

Quince is a good source of iron. This is the main component of hemoglobin and myoglobin, oxygen carriers in all cells of the body. When their synthesis is disturbed, anemia develops in the body, which gradually leads to hypoxia (oxygen starvation). Especially prone to iron deficiency anemia, children, pregnant women and the elderly. Iron is an important element for the functioning of the thyroid gland.

Vitamins (100 g):

  • ascorbic acid (C) 23 mg,
  • tocopherol (E) 0.4 mg,
  • nicotinic acid (PP) 0.3 mg
  • riboflavin (B2) 0.04 mg,
  • thiamine (B1) 0.02 mg.

The color of the fruit betrays beta-carotene (0.4 mg), which in the body is converted to vitamin A (167 mcg). A significant amount of vitamin C in the fruit helps to fight colds., increases the protective functions of the body. Beta-carotene is the strongest antioxidant, contributes to the removal of toxins from the body.

Possible harm and contraindications to the use of fruit

With all the positive qualities of the fetus, there are contraindications. The pulp of quince fruit has an astringent and anchoring effect. Therefore they contraindicated in constipation and intestinal obstruction. Organic acids of the fruit can complicate the course of acute gastritis and gastric ulcer diseases. Acids are also harmful to the tooth enamel, so after each use of the fruit is recommended to rinse the mouth.

The positive effect of quince on the nervous system can turn into harm if its rate is exceeded

Felt that covered quince fruits can damage the vocal cords or cause irritation of the upper respiratory tract. This should be taken into account by people whose professions are associated with public speaking (singers, lecturers). They are encouraged to use fruit in a purified form.

Quince fruits are potential allergens, so they should not be consumed if the body is hypersensitive. Entering the product in baby food is possible only at one-year age in a purified form..

The use of leaves, seeds and quince pulp in traditional medicine

In folk medicine, different parts of the plant are used to treat and prevent many pathologies.

Special attention in folk medicine is given to quince seeds. Their shells consist of water-soluble mucus (22%), tannic and mineral substances.. After infusion of seeds in water, a gel-like mass is formed, which has an enveloping, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, emollient and hemostatic effect.

From the quince seeds get mucus, a positive effect on diseases of the respiratory system

These properties of seeds are used to treat:

  • dysentery,
  • bronchopulmonary diseases
  • internal bleeding,
  • pathologies of the digestive tract,
  • viral and bacterial infections
  • hemorrhoids,
  • blepharitis
  • dermatitis, skin irritations, burns,
  • inflammation of the oral cavity.

Quince fruits have cardioprotective, antiemetic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and diuretic properties. Therefore, they are used to treat:

  • hypertension, atherosclerosis, cardiac pathologies,
  • diseases of the urinary system,
  • catarrhal diseases
  • toxin poisoning,
  • anemia.

The leaves and flowers of quince are used to treat diabetes, hypertension and hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating). Used as a diuretic for heart and pulmonary edema.

The best folk recipes

Despite the relative safety of folk remedies from quinces, they can harm people with chronic or acute pathologies. Therefore, before applying it is important to consult a doctor.

When coughing, bronchitis, tracheitis flowers are useful Japanese quince

Recipes and treatments:

  • Sore throat, cough. The average quince fruit is cut into pieces and poured with boiling water (250 ml), insisting 30 minutes. Take 1 tbsp. l 4 times a day.
  • Hypertension, swelling. The sliced ​​fruits of quince (2 pieces) are poured with water (0.5 l), boiled over low heat for 10 minutes and infused for 1 hour. Take 100 ml 3 times a day, separately from meals.
  • Asthma. Crushed dry leaves (1 tsp) are poured with boiling water (250 ml) and steamed in a water bath for 15 minutes. The broth is cooled, filtered and brought to a volume of 250 ml with boiled water. Take 50 ml 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
  • Hyperhidrosis. Crushed leaves (1 tablespoon) are poured with boiling water (250 ml), boiled for 10 minutes and infused for 1 hour. Used for wiping the skin.
  • Colitis, gastroenteritis. Quince seeds (10 g) pour cold water (1 l), insist 1 hour. Strained infusion take 100 ml 4 times a day. This remedy is also used to treat gum inflammation. To do this, infusion of 4 times a day, caress the oral cavity.
  • Burns, dermatitis. In these cases, an infusion of seeds. For this purpose, gauze fabric moistened in the medium is applied to problem areas for 30 minutes. Infusion also wipe eyes inflamed with blepharitis.
  • Dysbacteriosis (diarrhea). Dried fruit partitions (1 tbsp. L.) Are brewed in boiling water (250 ml), insisted in a thermos for 3 hours. Take 2 tbsp. l 4 times a day.
  • Anemia. The sliced ​​quince fruits are poured with water until the surface is completely covered and boiled until softened. After that, squeeze the juice and boil over low heat until it acquires a thick consistency. Take 1 tbsp. l 3-5 times a day.
  • Uterine bleeding. Seeds (10 pcs.) Pour boiling water (200 ml), bring to a boil and incubate for 3 minutes. Strained agent take 100 ml 3 times a day.
  • Diabetes. Crushed leaves (2 tablespoons) are poured with water (250 ml) and boiled for 15 minutes over low heat. Cooled and filtered decoction take 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day.
For the treatment of diabetes and hypertension, traditional healers advise using a decoction of leaves and young quince branches.

If you add potato starch to the mucus quince, thereby increasing the thickness, you get a great remedy for various cracks in the skin. It is used to lubricate the nipples during lactation and the rapid healing of bleeding cracks with hemorrhoids.

The benefits of quince during pregnancy

During pregnancy, various functional changes occur in the body of a woman, which change the need for nutrients from food.

During this period, to supply the uterus and fetus in the body increases the volume of circulating blood, respectively, increases the need for iron. The lack of a stable intake of a substance with food leads to the development of iron deficiency anemia.. Regular consumption of quince fruits will help to prevent this phenomenon.

Literally from the very first days after conception, organs and systems begin to form in the fetus, and this happens in the process of mitosis (growth, division) of cells. Stable intake of phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, and calcium is important for the mitotic activity of cells.

Minerals are also necessary for strengthening the vessels of the mother, the insufficiency of which leads to the appearance of complications - hemorrhoids, gestosis, varicose veins. The attractiveness of the quince as a source of nutrients is separated by its dietary properties.. Excess weight during pregnancy is also a cause of complications.

During pregnancy, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract are recommended to boil the fruits of Quince

Antiemetic properties of quince help cope with unpleasant manifestations of toxicosis. During pregnancy, various gastrointestinal dysfunctions are often noted, accompanied by flatulence.. In this case, will help the puree of boiled fruit, which should be consumed 3 times a day for 3-4 tbsp. l

Quince is also useful for preventing edema. Means according to popular recipes can be used to treat colds.Because many drugs during this period are contraindicated.

Every year the effectiveness of traditional methods of treatment is confirmed by scientific research. Partial replacement of chemical preparations with herbal remedies is attractive and relevant. When used properly, quince can be a good complement to the traditional treatment regimen.that reduces the aggressive effects of pharmacological drugs.

Components of quince.

Quince is considered a dietary product, 100 g of raw fruit contains only 40 kcal. Canned quince has a caloric content of 42 kcal per 100 g. Therefore, it can be included in the diet of people with excess weight. In the quince, there are many pectins, glucose, fructose, there are potassium salts, iron, calcium, copper and phosphorus.

The benefits of quince.

As a remedy, this plant was used in ancient times. Decoction of its fruits was taken in diseases of the stomach and intestines. Quince helps with diarrhea, jaundice and palpitations. Boiled and pureed quince is eaten with liver diseases and vomiting. Juice and fresh fruits of this plant are recommended for eating with anemia and diseases of the cardiovascular system. They are also useful for diarrhea with bleeding.

Quince fruit has astringent, hemostatic, diuretic and antiseptic action. Seeds of this plant have softening, enveloping and bactericidal properties.

Avicenna wrote that the fruits of quince are good to use when upset digestion. He recommended drinking juice with vinegar and honey to strengthen the stomach and liver. Tea made from the leaves of this plant is a good diuretic for sick kidneys. And tea from the fruits of quince is a diuretic for edema from cardiovascular diseases.

There are cases when quince is contraindicated. Its pulp and seeds have astringent properties and fix. Therefore, it is impossible to quince with constipation and pleurisy. The hairs on the surface of the fruit of this culture irritate the vocal cords and larynx. It can start coughing, downy irritation of the throat. Therefore, singers and speakers it is better not to use it.

In its raw form, quince is very hard. But after baking or boiling its fruits are made soft, fragrant, acquire a beautiful amber color. Quince is added to meat, served with cheese or mushrooms. In cooking, desserts with quince, jams, marmalade, candied fruits and preserves are very popular.

Quince - fruit: the benefits and how to eat

Quince is a fruit whose fruits can reach a weight of 4 kg. In antiquity, the quince was considered the fruit of Venus, the goddess of love, and thus the apple of contention, because of which the Trojan War began. This is a fruit that only a big lover can eat in its raw form. We'll tell you about quince more.

Quince: the benefits and contraindications

Quince is used in cooking, medicine and cosmetology.

Among the useful medical properties of quince we call these:

  • Contains vitamin C, which strengthens the immune system and has anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Antioxidants, which are contained in fruits, slow down the aging process, reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
  • Tannins pulp can counteract the occurrence of cancer cells.
  • Pectin and fiber are able to clean the intestines and reduce cholesterol levels in the blood.
  • Vitamins and minerals of the fruit have diuretic properties and are useful for kidney disease.
  • Seed mucus dentists use to treat periodontal disease.
  • The pulp is rich in iron, which improves the formation of blood in the body.

No less known and cosmetic properties of the plant:

  • Broth from leaves strengthen and color the hair.
  • Fruit lotion removes the oily shine of the skin and removes freckles.
  • The mask of the pulp is used to remove acne in adolescents and care for fading skin.
  • Seed mucus is able to relieve inflammation from burned skin.
  • A decoction of the seeds is used to treat dandruff.

With all the beneficial properties of quince also has a number of contraindications to use:

  • Fruit seeds contain toxic substances and can cause severe poisoning.
  • The flesh has a fixing effect, therefore it can cause intestinal blockage.
  • Substances in the fetus can irritate the mucous membrane of the throat, causing coughing and hoarseness.

Quince - fruit: as it is

Quince - quite exotic fruit. Therefore, users of the Network often ask questions: quince - a fruit or vegetable and quince - a fruit or berry. It is the only representative of the quince of the pink family. In this quince easily grafted to the pear, and the tree without problems gives two types of fruit.

Unlike pear, quince in raw form is not edible. Hard, with a sour and astringent taste, it can only please true connoisseurs or very hungry people. But after heat treatment, it becomes a real exquisite delicacy.

In ancient times, quince baked with honey, getting a delicious dish. Today quince is used for cooking:

Quince fruits make tasty and healthy jams, candied fruits, jellies, marmalade, jam and compote.

Quince sauces and marmalades are great for blue mold cheeses.

Quince cut into slices and stewed together with mushrooms and vegetables.

Quince is perfect as a side dish for beef, and in some recipes, instead of apples, it is recommended to stuff a duck instead of apples.

Fresh quince fruits make healthy juice.

Sliced ​​raw quince, sprinkled with sugar, is added to tea to get the original flavor.

Quince is a useful fruit that, when used properly, will not only please with exquisite taste, but also strengthen health.

Useful and healing properties of quince

The composition of this fruit includes an impressive amount of various elements and biologically active substances. It contains various acids (tartronic, citric, malic), tannins, a large number of pectin compounds, catechins. And in the quince skin, scientists discovered enanto-ethyl and pelargon-ethyl esters. That's where the fruit has such a fragrance.

Quince composition

100 gr. Quince accounts for:

  • water - 86.5 g
  • carbohydrate - 9.8 g (fructose, glucose and sucrose)
  • cellulose - 1,9 g
  • organic acids - 0.9 g
  • ash - 0.8 g
  • proteins - 0.6 g
  • fat 0.5 g

Nutritional value - 38 - 47 kcal per 100 g.

Due to the large number of pectin compounds, quince is very useful for workers in hazardous industries and living in areas contaminated with radionuclides. Due to the chemical structure and physicochemical properties, pectins are able to absorb and remove toxic compounds from the human body. It is thanks to pectin quince is considered the best source of gelling products: jams, marmalade, jam. Pectins and tannins in quince have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and hemostatic effects.

Quince fruits contain a large amount of vitamins and minerals, which also leads to a beneficial effect on the human body.

Vitamins (per 100 g):

  • ascorbic acid (C) - 23 mg
  • beta carotene (A) - 0.4 mg
  • Niacin (B3 or PP) - 0.1 mg
  • thiamine (B1) - 0.02 mg
  • Riboflavin (B22) - 0.04 mg

Macronutrients (per 100 g):

  • potassium - 144 mg
  • phosphorus - 24 mg
  • calcium - 23 mg
  • magnesium - 14 mg
  • sodium - 14 mg

It should also take into account varieties of quince. Depending on the grade vary chemical indicators. Here are the averaged data. For example, if we consider the variety "Japanese quince", then it contains vitamin C per 100 g - 124 - 182 mg. Those. if in March you open a jar with canned quince slices (with sugar 1: 1), then the content of vitamin C in them will be practically the same as in imported lemons during this period.

Separately, it should be said about the high concentration of iron in the quince - 3000 mcg per 100 g. This is a double daily rate of a person in the normal state! Moreover, iron is easily digestible. Due to this, and the presence of copper - another blood-forming element, the blood formula improves: the level of hemoglobin is restored, as a result of which anemia disappears. This is a very useful property for pregnant women. Indeed, in this state, there is often an acute iron deficiency. It is also useful property of quince for athletes, breastfeeding women, kids, with large blood loss, with heavy physical work and intense mental activity. In the form of syrup, quince is useful for anemia. Pregnant women should pay attention to another property of this amazing fetus - antiemetic. This is very important when selecting a safe drug in this state. In many countries, to this day, quince compote is used in these cases.

Not only the fruits of quince, but also seeds with leaves of trees have medicinal qualities. Великий врачеватель древности Авиценна в своем трактате «Каноны врачебной медицины» отдельную главу посвятил целебным свойствам этой культуры. Among other things, he considered quince to be an excellent means for strengthening the stomach and restoring the liver, and in his opinion, women gave a beautiful complexion to women. Humanity uses its recipes to this day.

Quince seeds are useful as a folk remedy. When agitating with water, while insisting, with the help of various decoctions, many diseases are treated.

  • enveloping
  • laxative
  • expectorant
  • antitussive
  • emollient
  • antiburn
  • diuretic
  • hemostatic
  • anti-inflammatory

In combination with fruits, leaves, twigs, diseases of various origins can be treated. Due to the high content of pectin compounds, gastrointestinal diseases, accompanied by bleeding and diarrhea, are successfully treated with quince. Lotions from quince juice is one of the most effective hemorrhoids treatments. Lotions of seeds - with eye diseases, rinsing - with angina, throat diseases, in dentistry. Quince alleviates the condition of asthmatics, helps with cardiovascular diseases, uterine bleeding, cystitis, strengthens the heart muscle, is used for hangovers.

Harmful properties of quince

However, it is worth considering that with all its medicinal properties, quince has a number of contraindications. As noted above, the quince pulp and seeds have astringent and anchoring effect. This can cause blockage, irritation of the intestinal mucosa and spasms in patients with enterocolitis, as well as gastric ulcer. It is not recommended to use a quince inside for pleurisy, as well as constipation. It should also be borne in mind that the fluff on the surface of the fetus is harmful to the larynx and vocal cords. It causes coughing and irritation of the throat. Therefore, the use of teachers and singers is not recommended. But people who often give speeches are advised to keep 2-3 quince seeds under the tongue for 30-60 minutes before the performance. This is an excellent prevention of drying of the oral cavity.

Where else use quince fruits

Quince has found its application in the field of cosmetology. As a cosmetic, it has been used for thousands of years.

Cosmetic application of quince:

  • Juice improves complexion, helps to remove freckles, cleanses oily skin, relieves acne, makes skin smooth and silky
  • tincture strengthens the hair, helps with baldness beginning, relieves dandruff and oily hair
  • decoction paints gray hair, gives beautiful tones to the hair of brown-haired women and brunettes

But above all, quince is a fruit! And the fruit is very valuable in cooking. Over the centuries, a huge number of recipes have been accumulated using this fragrant fruit. Indeed, in its raw form, it is virtually inedible, except in tea instead of lemon. Tea then gets a wonderful aroma. Another option to use raw - slices in borscht or cabbage soup to make it slightly sour.

The main part of the recipes with quince are jams, jams, jam, jelly, marmalade. Canned in syrup, it is an ancient dessert, especially favorite in Northern Italy. Oriental cuisine stuffed quince beans, ground beef. It is used for filling in pies, served with game and soft mature cheese. In the Caucasus, it is often used as a garnish and base for sauces like adjika, tkemali, and they produce excellent quince mustard.

It is impossible to pass past a ripe quince. If not the kind, then the flavor will make you turn around. The ripe fruit will be painted in a bright lemon-golden color. And you will remember the fragrance for a long time. Choose and be healthy and beautiful!

General information about Japanese quince

As the name implies, it comes from Japan. Quince is widespread in China and Europe. Its correct name is Japanese henomeles. This genus includes several other species of henomeles. All of them are deciduous or semi-evergreen shrubs or low trees. Young branches of the Japanese quince are bright green, becoming much darker over the years. The flowers are large, pink, orange-red, carmine. Quince fruits regularly, from 5-6 years of age. The main value of the shrub - the fruit - medium-sized yellow apple, ripening in October.

In addition to the fruits of the Japanese quince, its leaves are used in traditional medicine, which are harvested and dried.

What are the beneficial properties of quince

Chhenomeles fruits are rich in vitamins and other useful organic compounds. Ripe fruits contain about 12% of sugars, among which are fructose, glucose and sucrose. In addition, they found a lot of organic acids, bringing great benefits. Among them:

These compounds normalize the acid-base balance, are involved in carbohydrate and fat metabolism, prevent the development of nerve and muscle pathologies and such serious illnesses as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's.

What is useful quince - a high content of ascorbic acid. Therefore, it is often called the northern lemon. This acid gives a strong sour taste to ripe fruit.

In addition to vitamin C, quince fruits contain carotene, vitamins E, PP, B1, B2, B6. Of the trace elements found in them:

Also found in the fruits of quince such useful substances as anthocyanins, tannins, flavonoids and fatty acids. All listed compounds of the Japanese quince have their own beneficial properties and contraindications. When eating fruits they need to be considered.

The fruits of the Japanese quince have on the body anti-inflammatory, tonic and diuretic effect. Regular consumption of them can improve immunity and significantly reduce the body's susceptibility to the most common colds.

What else is useful quince for the body - its properties to normalize the activity of the nervous and muscular systems, improve metabolic processes, cleanse the walls of blood vessels from cholesterol plaques.

The high content of iron and vitamin C can effectively treat and prevent anemia and exhaustion. Quince fruits act as a fixative and antiemetic. They are also known for their hemostatic and antioxidant properties. Quince is useful as a choleretic and diuretic in diseases of the gallbladder and urinary system.

Quince seeds in the form of water decoctions are popular in traditional medicine as enveloping, light laxatives and relieving cough of the drug.

Fruit pulp effectively removes excess fluid in the edema that accompanies kidney and heart failure. Regular use of quince can adjust the work of the gastrointestinal tract.

Japanese quince in cooking

Many people do not like quince because of the pronounced sour taste. Moreover, its fruits are quite solid. How to eat a quince to avoid these shortcomings? Fruits are stored for a long time, and by the spring they become softer and more fragrant. They are also used in the form of compotes, jellies, jams. After adding sugar and cooking, the fruit becomes softer and not sour. Short heating in the process of cooking practically does not destroy the useful substances contained in it. The high content of pectin makes it possible to obtain jelly and marmalades of excellent taste without long boiling. Due to the high acid content, the preforms are stored for a long time.

Chenomeles fruits are dried and then used in compotes together with other dried fruits.

In cooking in Central Asia and the Caucasus, recipes for cooking meat with the addition of quince are popular. Dishes get juiciness, unusual flavor and better digested.

The use of Japanese quince in cosmetology

Cosmetologists are well aware of the beneficial properties of quince leaves and seeds. Harm to health, they do not bring, as they are used only externally. The extract from the leaves has a moisturizing, anti-inflammatory and softening effect. Benefits decoction of leaves and fruits for the treatment of seborrhea, dandruff and increased brittle hair. Preparations based on chhenomeles extracts are used for excessive oily skin and hair.

Water decoction of seeds is effective in the form of lotions against fatigue and discomfort in the eyes. Cotton swabs moistened in broth, wipe problem skin. Derivatives of seeds are present in masks and lotions for skin care.

In which cases the use of quince is contraindicated

In addition to the obvious benefits, the use of Japanese quince can cause harm. To avoid it, you need to know about contraindications. So, a high content of active biological substances can cause allergic reactions. Therefore, it is undesirable to eat a large number of fruits at once.

Also contraindications are constipation, gastric ulcer, inflammatory processes in the small and large intestines, a tendency to allergies, pleurisy. After eating fruits, it is advisable to rinse the mouth immediately with water and baking soda in order to neutralize the action of the acids corroding the tooth enamel.

Before eating quince fruits as food, you must remove the seeds along with the seed bolls, as they are toxic. Also note that the fluff covering the surface of the fruit can irritate the larynx and vocal cords.

How to prepare and use tincture on vodka

For the preparation of tincture of Japanese quince on vodka take the most ripe and fragrant fruit. They are washed, removed the seeds and crushed. The resulting mass is placed in a jar and filled with vodka so that it completely covers the fruit mass. The resulting mixture is tightly capped and left in a dark place for three weeks. Then sugar is added to it and the jar is left for another week, shaking occasionally to dissolve the sugar. After a week, the tincture is filtered and, if desired, a little vanillin is added. The tincture is bottled. Keep it better in a dark cool place.

For 500g of quince fruits take 800 ml of vodka and 150g of sugar.

As we can see, the benefits of Japanese quince are undoubted, and the possible harm can be minimized by competent use.

Fruit composition

The pulp contains the richest nutritional composition. The lion's share is malic, tartronic and citric acid.

In the pulp of quince a lot of nutrients

Of the trace elements in the pulp includes stranded, calcium, zinc, phosphorus, iron and pectins.

Sun-colored fruits are rich in vitamins - A, E, C, PP. Also contain vitamins of group B.

High indicators of the energy value of this product due to the high content of essential oils, sugars, fructose and tannins.

Quince juice contains ascorbic acid, which is beneficial to our body, so quince primarily has an antiviral and tonic effect.

This is a low-calorie product - 100 g of pulp contains 39 calories. The fruit does not contain fats, sodium, therefore it does not contribute to the increase of harmful cholesterol.

Use in cooking

Fresh quince is not very tasty. Usually such a product is baked or boiled. From the healthy fruit they prepare various sweets of jam, jam, marmalade, jam and candied fruits.

Quince is also suitable for making fragrant compotes and juices. Quince fruits are rich in esters, which give this fruit an amazing aroma. Often their boiled pieces are complemented by meat dishes made from beef, pork.

Canned food is an integral part of cuisine in the Caucasus and Central Asia.

Quince fruits make very tasty drying. The flesh cleared of the core together with the skin is cut into slices, sprinkled with sugar, kept for a day in a warm room. Then cutting is boiled in sugar syrup. The finished product is laid out on a baking sheet and dried in the oven.

Classic Quince Dessert

Ripened fruit, wipe off the gun, rinse under running water. Cut in half, cut the core, cut off the skin in damaged areas. Cut into slices, put in a saucepan. To make the fruit platter soft, it is blanched in water for half an hour. Then the water is drained, add sugar to it. Boil the syrup for 10 minutes, then put the pieces into it, add 1/2 tsp. citric acid or 1 tsp. lemon juice. Simmer for another 20 minutes. With this cooking, quince slices do not fall apart, retain their beauty and amazing flavor.

After cooling, the product thickens. It can be served with pancakes, pancakes or just for tea.

Seed benefits

The composition of the seeds include mucous and tanning components. Harvest them by drying at 50 ° C.

Seed decoction has:

  • laxative and enveloping effect
  • anti-inflammatory (helps in the treatment of cough, bronchitis, asthma),
  • compresses based on seed decoction eliminate eye diseases.

Stone decoction is used in cosmetology to clean the skin.

Decoction of the leaves of the plant helps to get rid of gray hair, which appeared at an early age.

Pulp use

The fruits of quince began to be used in the prevention and treatment of various ailments in ancient times:

  • reduces the symptoms of periodontal disease,
  • eliminates pain when hemorrhoids (impose lotions or compresses based on quince juice),
  • fresh and juicy flesh is good to use with reduced hemoglobin,
  • the fruit has a slight diuretic effect, therefore it is indicated for use in edema,
  • quince juice improves immunity, gives strength and energy,
  • eliminates pain and symptoms during flu, cold and respiratory diseases,
  • lowers the level of harmful cholesterol in the blood,
  • has anti-emetic effect
  • fruit pulp helps eliminate indigestion and normalizes the gastrointestinal tract,
  • due to the increased fiber content, fruits contribute to weight loss, therefore they are often included in the dietary menu,
  • it is a powerful antioxidant that helps a person to cope with stress, neurosis, stabilizes the central nervous system,
  • juice-based lotions help get rid of pain and inflammation in the ears,
  • fruits should be eaten with gastroenteritis, flatulence, tracheitis and colitis.

In the form of boiled pulp is recommended to use in case of liver disease and pulmonary tuberculosis.

Recipes of traditional medicine

These quince-based simple medical recipes will help you in the treatment of certain diseases:

  1. In case of burns, pain in the stomach and cough, the following remedy helps: pour a glass of boiling water with 10 g of quince seeds, boil for 20 minutes. Insist half an hour, filter, squeeze the seeds. Take 30 ml. three times a day before meals. In case of burns, make lotions on the basis of decoction.
  2. For colitis, use the following composition: pour 10 g of seeds with a liter of boiled water. After 10 hours of infusion, strain and drink 1/4 cup 50 ml three times a day on an empty stomach.
  3. With increased sweating of the feet should be made decoction of the leaves of the plant. A handful of crushed raw materials pour a glass of boiling water, boil, insist hour. Rinse your feet daily with broth.
  4. For an upset stomach, the following recipe will help: chop two fruits, fill with water, boil for 15 minutes over low heat, leave for an hour. Drink 1/2 cup three times a day before meals.
  5. Quince juice is very good for iron deficiency anemia. Take two fruits, cut in half, remove the core, cut the pulp into pieces. Fill the fruit sliced ​​with water, boil until soft. Filter through the gauze juice, flush the cake to the side. Thick, rich syrup with pulp should be taken three times a day, 15 ml.

Contraindications

Quince fruits can not be used for gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer and enterocolitis. Fluff that is contained on the skin should be carefully removed, otherwise if it enters the body it can provoke a cough.

When enterocolitis eat quince can not be

Excessive consumption of fruits causes intestinal blockage, pain and irritation of its mucosa.

Application in cosmetology

The pulp contains a large amount of fruit acids, so it is used in the manufacture of various means to care for the skin of the face and body.

Cosmetics based on quince have a regenerating, drying and antiseptic effect of action. The ground meat is mixed with various vegetable oils, ground cereals, egg yolk and starch.

At home, you can apply the following mask recipes based on this fruit:

  1. For fading, oily and problem skin with acne, a simple remedy based on crushed quince pulp is suitable. Gruel is applied to the face, bypassing the area around the eyes, and after a few minutes, wash off with warm water.
  2. For a normal and combined epidermis, the following composition will do: mix the pulp of one fruit, grated on a fine grater, with the yolk, add a couple of tablespoons of hercules flour. It can be used for face and décolleté. After a quarter of an hour, rinse your face with cool water.
  3. For all types of epidermis suitable universal mask. A handful of grated pulp mixed with 10 g of buckwheat or rice flour, add the same amount of starch. Stir and apply on the skin. After a quarter of an hour, rinse with warm water.

Cleansers

Apply the fruits of quince in the manufacture of scrubs and peeling. They are well peeled keratinized cells, restore the damaged epidermis and improve blood circulation.

To prepare the scrub, you need a fully chopped fruit with a core and seeds. Mix fruit pulp with 10 g of coarse-grained salt. Mix both components, apply on the skin with circular massaging movements. Через несколько минут средство смыть проточной водой. Применять такое очищающее средство разрешается не чаще одного раза в 7 дней.

For oily skin is perfect lotion based on quince and raw chicken yolk. Squeeze the juice of one fruit, add to it 100 ml of medical alcohol and the same amount of camphor oil. Beat the chicken yolk on the foam, introduce a thin stream into the resulting mass. Store such a product should be in the refrigerator.

Quince lotion removes fat from the skin, making it velvety and supple.

Hand antiseptic

On the basis of quince juice, you can make an antiseptic for hands. Cut a small fruit in half to cut the core. Cut the pulp into slices, cover with vodka, close tightly with a lid and insist in a dark place for two weeks.

From quince juice, you can make excellent antiseptic for hands

Add 20 g of glycerin to the filtered product.

Conclusion

Due to the rich vitamin-mineral composition, quince fruits are widely used in cooking, medicine and cosmetology. All the above recipes should be used with extreme caution and taking into account contraindications. With moderate and regular consumption of this product will show the maximum benefit for your body.

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