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Miscanthus planting and care in the open field Photo in landscape design Species and varieties with a description

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Miscanthus is a powerful perennial cereal with a short rhizome. The height of its bushes is from 60 to 200 cm. They have rigid erect stems, the lower part of which is covered with long leaves. Their hard surface has a variety of colors. To the touch leaves, the width of which is about 2 cm, very rough.

Chinese miscanthus has one-flowered spikelets. Their location - loose, short, fan panicles.

In the world there are more than 100 varieties of miscanthus. Not many of them got accustomed to the territory of our state. Many species of this plant, despite careful care and shelter, freeze in the winter.

Use of miscanthus

In ornamental gardening miscanthus most often used to decorate the banks of reservoirs. It also looks very good in mixborders. However, it can be used both separately and in group plantings.

Almost all varieties of miscanthus have a rather long decorative period, which begins in early spring and lasts until the onset of cold weather. In the fall, the leaves of this ornamental plant turn yellow, red and brown.

Inflorescences of cereals in the cut use when they are fully ripe and become fluffy. Also with the help of this plant create scenes.

The big advantage in using the miscanthus of Chinese is its ability to keep its shape. Most of its species have the appearance of a solemn upright shrub that grows rather slowly. Other varieties are more aggressive - quickly grow in breadth and clog the neighboring plants.

Chinese miscanthus: landing and care

Miscanthus is not very picky about the soil. But during its planting it is necessary to avoid places with sandy or heavy clay soil.

Caring for this plant is relatively uncomplicated. In order to prevent undesirable intensive growth, during planting it is necessary to limit the plant in an artificial way. The restriction should be placed around the perimeter of the planting and have a depth of at least 10 cm. But it is not necessary to deepen it too much, since the plant has a superficial root system. The upper edges of the restraint should be placed approximately 5 cm above the soil level. This is due to sufficiently strong roots, able to bypass the low barrier.

If the Chinese miscanthus has formed a dense kut, it can begin to die off in the center. The main reason for this - the delay in timely division. This decorative grass should be periodically divided and planted.

Feeding should be carried out only minor. If there is an excess of nitrogenous fertilizers, the plant will grow very quickly and will go to the ground.

Pruning Chinese miscanthus should be in early spring, because its shoots have a decorative appearance even in the autumn and winter season. It should regularly carry out the removal of shoots that are not as decorative as the bush itself. This plant does not like transplants very much - therefore the best option would be to provide him a permanent place in the garden.

Breeding

There are two ways of breeding miscanthus:

It is necessary to divide a bush in the early spring. It is necessary to carry out this work very carefully and carefully, as the miscanthus does not like the manipulations associated with the transplant.

For propagation by seeds, it is necessary to conduct their sub-winter seeding. They do not require pre-treatment. If you prefer this method of reproduction - be patient. This bush will acquire its natural beauty only in 3-4 years.

In order to minimally injure the roots of the plant, the seeds are first germinated in pots. And only after the onset of spring and the complete thawing of the soil they are transplanted into open ground.

During the cultivation of miscanthus from seed, the preservation of varietal traits is absent. Therefore, a more popular is another type of reproduction - division.

Miscanthus groups

Chinese miscanthus are in most cases divided into three groups, depending on their height.

  • Low-growing - elegant bushes with thin leaves, reaching 150 cm in height. Most often they are placed in the front rows of a flower bed or flower garden. There is also their landing in the rock garden.
  • Sredneroslye - the most common varieties, reaching 180 cm in the garden, they are in most cases are neat groups or separate hummocks.
  • Tall - their height is more than 200 cm. They are placed in the background. Most of the representatives of this group bloom only in warm climatic conditions.

Varieties of miscanthus

Today, Chinese miscanthus is very common. There are over 100 varieties of it. They can be distinguished from each other by the shape and color of the inflorescences. It is pure white, pink, brown, with a burgundy shade. Also varieties differ in color, shape and size of the leaves. There are graceful thin, curved and upright leaves, painted in a variety of shades.

Among the main differences one of the main places belongs to the size and shape of the bush. Also important role played by adaptability to a variety of growing conditions and weather-climatic zones.

Midland conditions are ideal for growing such varieties.

  • "Blondo" - the height of the bush of this cold-resistant plant reaches 2 meters.
  • Flamingo is a tall miscanthus with large inflorescences and beautiful spreading leaves of pink shades.
  • "Grosse Fontane" - also belongs to the group of tall plants, has green lush leaves and densely standing bush in the form of a fountain,
  • “Hinjo” is a decorative variegated bush with leaves colored with horizontal yellow stripes.
  • "Variegatus" - has leaves with bright white longitudinal stripes.
  • “Kleine Fontane” is a representative of a group of undersized miscanthus, which has a deep red-brown color and a very lush bloom.
  • Miscanthus Chinese "Morning Light" is most suitable for growing in containers. Its main feature is narrow leaves whitened on the edges and a reddish inflorescence.
  • Miskrantus Chinese "Zebrinus" refers to tall plants, since the height of its bushes reaches 250 cm, cream-colored stripes are placed across its leaves.
  • The Chinese miscantus “Strictus” is a very tall plant (up to 270 cm), having a kolonovidnuyu form, on the leaves are transverse white stripes, and inflorescences have a reddish color.

Miscanthus Chinese "Purpurascens"

Chinese Miscantus "Purpurescens" at the peak of its beauty becomes bright crimson color. And during the flowering period, the bush is covered with inflorescences of a silvery shade. The long leaves of this plant resemble brown needles in their appearance.

This variety of miscanthus can be seated in small, spiny islands in a chaotic manner. Also, they will look good along the curb. They are used to designate the boundaries of the flower beds.

When planning the placement of this miscanthus variety, its meter height must be taken into account. And in order for the plant to have the appearance of a frame, higher flowers should be placed in the flowerbed.

Breeding it is so simple that even a beginner can handle it. During the care of miscanthus Chinese Purpurescens should not forget about frequent watering.

Miscanthus "Strictus"

Miscanthus Chinese "Strictus" has a relative frost resistance. It is a powerful short-leaf grass plant with upright stems, leafy at the bottom. The height of the bushes reaches 180-270 cm, and the width is 45 cm. The leaves have a linear shape. In the middle there is a thick rib on them, and on the surface - a large number of transverse white stripes.

Flowers have the appearance of single-flowered spikelets of a reddish color. These are loose panicles whose length is 0.7 cm. They bloom in early autumn.

With regard to the cultivation and care - miscanthus "Strictus" ideal wet spots. But it can be grown in relatively dry places. Although in this case it does not grow so much.

This type of cereals is not demanding of the soil, but prefers a more fresh. It grows poorly in clay and sandy areas.

Growing miscanthus in the garden

It is not so easy to breed Chinese miscanthus in your garden. Growing it involves compliance with certain mandatory rules.

  • During the selection and purchase of seedlings should be given preference to adult planting material. This is due to the peculiarities of our climate, unusual for miscanthus. Therefore, he needs more time to go through the growing season. In the opposite case, a small sapling just does not have time to get stronger and will not suffer a cold winter.
  • Landing should be sunny and protected from the winds.
  • A pit is needed for planting with fertile, fairly moist soil.
  • Organization of regular watering.
  • Mulching the root zone of the bush, as the plant does not tolerate drying.
  • Providing annual fertilizing with organic fertilizers in the spring season.

Care for miscanthus in winter

It is desirable to cover miscanthus for winter. In particular, non-resistant varieties and those that were planted in cold areas need this. This grass gradually adapts to a slight decrease in temperature. But sharp drops in it can provoke his death.

You can cover it with garden tape. It should not be forgotten to leave space on the sides for ventilation.

The climatic zone of the middle zone is characterized by the fact that here only in spring or in the beginning of summer Chinese miscanthus can be divided. Planting and care suggests that after this process it takes several years for this plant to reach its maximum decoration.

Botanical description

Creeping rhizomes can penetrate deep into the soil to 6 m. Sprawling shrubs. Upright stems range from 80 cm to 2 m. The leafy plates are leathery, scaly, long, only 0.5-1.8 cm wide. The juicy green color changes to yellow, brown, bronze, burgundy shades in autumn. Fanlike panicles are 10–30 cm long. At the beginning of flowering, they have a pinkish tint, then become silvery. The flowering period begins in the middle of July and the beginning of August, if the summer is cool - even later.

The plant is hardy, unpretentious in the care. Even a beginner gardener will cope with this; in response, the grass will be a wonderful addition to your plot.

Benefit and harm

In addition to decorative properties, miscanthus is of practical importance. It is used as fuel for power plants. The moisture concentration in the raw material is low, so when burning, a large amount of energy is released, and little ash is produced.

It should be remembered that miscanthus is an aggressive plant, displacing other garden crops and rapidly expanding in breadth. In order to limit the growth of cereal, limiters of root growth must be dug around the perimeter: up to 30 cm in depth, it is desirable to create an obstacle to a height of 5-10 cm above the ground.

Growing seed miscanthus

Miscanthus seeds photo

To plant miscanthus seedlings should begin in the fall. Seeds do not need pre-treatment.

  • In individual containers (peat pots or plastic cups), place 1-2 seeds, lightly press them into the ground.
  • Moisten crops, maintain optimum soil moisture, provide diffused lighting.
  • To speed seed germination, crops can be covered with cling film or plastic bag.
  • When shoots appear, the film is removed.

Miscanthus seed growing seedlings photos

  • In order for the seedlings not to stretch, especially in the first 2 weeks, it is desirable to provide an air temperature of 18-20 ° C, on short light days it is necessary to illuminate the fitolamps.
  • Grow seedlings until spring, providing moderate watering and diffuse bright lighting.
  • Planting in open ground should be carried out with the establishment of real heat without night frost, this is approximately the middle-end of May.
  • Before planting in the ground teach the seedlings to sunlight and wind, taking out into a place protected from drafts. First endure for a couple of hours, each day increasing the length of stay on the street. At the end of the seedlings should spend the night on the street.

Hardened seedlings without any problems transfer transplant into the ground and immediately go to growth. Try to plant without disturbing the earth bed. And so that the pots can be easily removed from the roots, it is necessary a day before planting to moderately water the plants and let them dampen the ground.

Choosing a place

A heat-loving culture needs the creation of appropriate conditions. Land in sunny areas protected from cold wind and draft. When planting in the shade you are unlikely to see flowering.

There are no special requirements for the composition of the soil. Feels best in nutrient, moisture-absorbing primer. Can grow in moist soils (land in lowlands, along water). The reaction is allowed to neutral or weakly acidic. In the sand and heavy loam develops poorly.

Ideally, the site should be prepared in the fall or at least a couple of weeks before planting. Dig to the depth of the spade bayonet, in a depleted soil, add a little humus. Immediately during planting, loosen it again.

How to plant

  • Dig landing pits for the volume of the root system.
  • Place a sapling, pour on the ground, slightly compact each layer so that there are no voids left.
  • Liberally pour.
  • The culture can grow aggressively, so limiters should be installed (at a depth of 30 cm, dig in pieces of metal, slate, and they should protrude 10-12 cm above the soil surface).
  • Between individual plants keep a distance of 1 m.

Garden care in miscanthus

How to care for miscanthus in the open field

Young plants need strength to root - they should be watered plentifully and often. In the future also watering should be regular. Pay special attention to the period of drought. At this time, use a hose to not only shed the soil abundantly, but also to spray the greens.

Soil loosening

After watering, loosen the soil. Remove weeds - it not only spoils the view, but is able to stifle the young, in the future, the culture copes on its own. To make the task easier, the trunk circle should be covered with a layer of peat about 3 cm thick.

In the first year after planting, the plant does not need any additional feedings, start fertilizing from the second year of growth. Top dressing should be regular, but moderate. For example, an excess of nitrogen will cause lodging of the bushes.

Three feedings per season are enough:

  • Bring the first one in the middle of May (use urea solution),
  • At the beginning of the summer, pour on humates,
  • After about 1.5 months, add potassium phosphate granules to the soil.

Tall varieties need a garter.

Shelter Miscanthus for the winter

Frost-resistant varieties successfully hibernate in the open field even in the most severe conditions.

Do this before the onset of frost, as the bushes may die from a sharp temperature drop. It is necessary to pile up bushes, pristvolny circle pristvolny circle with fallen leaves or peat. Build something like a hut: cover it with a film, leaving openings for air circulation on the sides, install wooden boards from above. Shelter remove the onset of spring heat. Cut brown leaves and stalks.

Varieties and types

Miscanthus giant breeders say that, apparently, this is a hybrid plant, which was formed a long time ago, but it was not possible to find out his parents.

Erect shoots of this culture can grow up to 3 meters, foliage up to 30 cm long has a white line in the middle. It blooms in areas with warm summer, the color of light panicles of scarlet. Most often planted on the backs of flower beds, as over time, the lower foliage dies off and bare stems do not create a good impression.

Miscanthus chinese also has a tall bush of more than two meters. Its root is short, foliage is hard, not very wide.

This species is the most popular of the cultivated, despite not the best winter hardiness. Many varieties have been obtained from it:

  • Flamingo - variety with a height of up to two meters, large flowers, pink.

  • Klein Fountain - a little above the meter, panicle inflorescences are cast in brown.

  • Maleparthus - a variety with early flowering, height under 2 meters, maroon flowers, redden by autumn.

  • Rotsilber - foliage and inflorescences of red tone, by the autumn get an orange shade.

  • Zebrina - grows above two meters, the foliage is covered with cream-colored lines.

  • Variegata - this variety has very expressive white lines on the foliage.

Sugarflower miscanthus reaches two meters in height, the shoots are bare, the foliage is long, reaching 50 cm. The inflorescences are large, white or with a pinkish tint. It withstands the cold well, and since the fan likes warmth, it therefore begins to develop late.

Miscanthus outdoor planting and care

To plant miscanthus in open soil begins in the spring from the beginning of April. This plant is thermophilic, therefore the area for planting should be well lit and not blown by drafts.

Also a very important factor is humidity. Эти растения нуждаются в большом количестве воды и хорошо растут на влажных участках возле берегов водоемов. Но излишек воды в грунте также неблагоприятен, поскольку плохо влияет на прорастание весной.

Пеннисетум лисохвостный также является представителем злаковых, ознакомиться с рекомендациями по выращиванию этого растения можно по ссылке.

Почва для мискантуса

In general, the composition of the soil is not so important, but it is better not to plant the plant on heavy clay substrates. In terms of acidity, neutral or slightly acidic soil is best.

Deciding to plant this plant in your garden, it is better to buy an adult, since young plants simply can not manage to settle down due to their warmth of affection.

Land for planting with autumn digging up and fertilized with organic matter. In the spring, they dig a hole, a little larger than the rootstock of the seedling, and gently lower the plant into it, tamping down the substrate a little. Following the landing should be a strong watering.

The main care for miscanthus is abundant watering, which are particularly important in the heat.

Fertilizer for miscanthus

Also, this plant will not mind dressing. In the first year, fertilizer is not required, and then this procedure is carried out a couple of times a season.

At the beginning of spring, liquid nitrogen fertilizer is applied, but do not overdo it, since its excess leads to the fact that the shoots land on the ground.

With the arrival of summer, they feed the humate with fertilizing, and in the second half of the season they fertilize with potassium and phosphorus feeding.

You also need to constantly remove weeds at the site, at least until the bushes grow and squeeze them out.

It should be noted that miscanthus grows very strongly and can capture the entire flowerbed, therefore, the place of its cultivation needs to be fenced with something, digging in, say, iron at 20-30 cm depth.

Miscanthus winter hardiness

Cold-resistant species of miscanthus will suffice for the usual shelter of dry foliage, but for poorly tolerant cold additional insulation should be built, which consists of mulch, oilcloth, placed so that air and pair of wooden shields fall over it.

Miscanthus reproduction by dividing the bush

This is a perennial plant, and it does not like transplants, but since the stalks of miscanthus die off over time, it must be transplanted, while at the same time performing reproduction by dividing the bush.

This is a very easy way, which is the separation of large bushes in the spring. Cut the rhizome should be carefully, so as not to cause unnecessary damage, because this procedure is quite painful for the plant.

You can also use generative propagation by seed. But this method is extremely time-consuming, and individual varieties obtained from seeds do not retain the varietal characteristics.

Miscanthus - planting and care in the open field

When breeding such a plant as a fan, you should first familiarize yourself with its features. So, to the gardener, it is necessary to remember that a miscanthus is quite thermophilic and a plant that loves high humidity. Therefore, it is best to take him a place where most of the world and near the reservoir.

As already mentioned, allowed to plant fan in the open field. Caring for him is quite simple.. Initially, you need to purchase adult seedlings. The vegetation period is long enough for them, and the growth of the plant begins altogether when the air temperature warms up to 25 degrees Celsius. After planting, the plant should be watered abundantly.

Miscanthus will also like fertile soils. And in spring, the soil under the miscanthus is best fertilized. For a positive impact, one top dressing per year will be enough, since an overabundance is harmful. Miscanthus does not like dry soil, so it needs to be watered often. It is not necessary to shelter the plant for the winter, unless it is only very thermophilic species. It is best to mulch the soil.

Fan care is quite simple, no special skills and abilities are required. Need only desire. Should be consideredthat the roots can grow not only in the ground, but also above the soil. In winter, the leaves and shoots will disappear, and in the spring you will need to pruning. Cut the plant in March, almost to ground level.

Miscanthus stems are not inferior to needles or straw. Therefore, mulch the soil can be dried and chopped stems fan.

Watering Wernicke is better to implement the hose, the more often watering the better. In the first few years, it is necessary to fight weeds. But after the plant gets stronger, weeds will not break through the thick fan.

It is best to put a restriction on the growth of a fan after planting, since it can grow throughout the garden. You can limit the scope of the fan with iron or slate. Limiters need to be buried in the ground to a depth of about 20 cm and no less than 10 cm should remain on the surface. Only under this condition will the fan allow other plants to grow calmly and its roots cannot penetrate through the iron.

Next to the miscanthus, it is more rational to plant the host, which, when wet, will grow well and reach up to 60 cm in length. This is necessary in order to mask loss of the lower leaves of the fan. Since by the end of the summer he is able to lose his leaves.

There are very delicate varieties of this plant that need to be sheltered for the winter, since unexpected frosts can destroy the plant. It is recommended to cover with a film, while from the sides it is necessary to ensure the passage of air. Before sheltering you should promulgate the soil under the miscanthus. Having done such activities, miscanthus continue to delight its owner the following year.

Any gardenerwho decided to breed a fan in himself, he wonders what kind of flowers or plants are best planted in the neighborhood. It can be:

Sugarflower miscanthus

It grows mainly in China, Japan and Korea. It prefers wet meadows and rocky slopes. The plant is able to reach up to 200 cm in length. And leaves of a linear form up to 60 cm. Inflorescences 25 cm. Their color can be white or pink.. Sacchariferous fan is quite thermophilic plant and its shoots begin to grow in May.

Already in July, the plant begins to bloom and until October retains its decorative effect. Stems from the plant naked. Able to nickname without shelter, but mulching is a mandatory procedure.

In Russia, the sugar-colored fan grows mainly in the coastal region, and therefore the name has a corresponding - Amur silver grass. And the most popular type of this plant is Robusta. This species is found in the wild on the shores of lakes and rivers..

Miscanthus giant

This species was obtained by crossing sugar-colored and Chinese fans. He has been familiar to gardeners for a long time and is perhaps the most difficult hybrid. In length, it can grow up to 300 cm, less often up to 400 cm. It has the so-called weeping foliage. Stems reach up to 25 cm. The color of flowering of giant pinkish-silver miscanthus.

Bloom begins late summer. And in the cold summer and can not bloom at all. This type should not be used in landscape design as an independent plant. It is better to focus on this plant in the background, since in July the lower leaves begin to die off. The color of the leaves is usually dark.

Miscanthus zebrinus

Zebraine miscanthus is a rather unique and elegant fan.

In height, this plant reaches 200 cm. The shape of the bush is quite wide. The leaves are hard and have a yellow stripe. Hence the name, similar to the name of the striped animal - zebra.

Zebrinius bloom begins at the end of summer. Inflorescences have a lilac shade. The plant is quite hardy and easily tolerates drought and snowfall.

It is necessary to plant out in the spring, on a warm and damp site. Initially, it should be a long and painful fight with weeds. But not for long. When the plant gets stronger, the weeds will not bother. For years, this plant can live only on one site. Afraid of transplants.

Plant description

Miscanthus is a perennial cereal with a short rhizome, straight stems, the bottom are covered with long, rough leaves 2 cm wide. The height of the plant, depending on the species, can be different and reach a height of more than 2 meters. The hard surface of the grass is varied in color. The peculiarity of Chinese reeds are monochrome spikelets placed on loose and shortened fan panicles. Around the world, a huge number of varieties of miscanthus are growing, but not many have taken root in Russia, as they cannot withstand frost.

Choosing a site for growing

Grass grows well in the open sun. Determining a place for disembarkation, you need to pay attention to the fact that the grass has a lot of space for growth. Even a small bush requires a large area. Excellent neighbors for miscanthus will be - sunflower, dahlia, hibiscus.

Planting and maintenance in the open field

The grass should be planted in spring, but only when the ground is well heated, otherwise the grass will not take root. It is better to plant it when there is sunny weather outside for several days. Miscanthus is very fond of heat, so the place must be chosen warmed up and protected from cold wind gusts. A plant cannot grow well if it is not provided with moisture. Therefore, it is preferable for cereal to be nutrient moist soil.

Important! If Chinese miscanthus is planted on clay or sand, then the plant will grow poorly and develop.

It is better to plant an adult seedling, as it will be hard for the young to settle down and prepare for the cold weather. An adult perfectly tolerates cold, but it must be well covered, providing him plenty of heat. For landing in the ground dug hole. It should be slightly larger than the size of the root system of the plant. After the pit is made, it is necessary to fill up the nutrient soil and only then the seedling is placed. The hole is filled up so that there are no voids, everything should be tightly covered. The next step is abundant watering of the plant.

In order for Chinese miscanthus to grow beautifully, it is necessary to ensure its proper fit and care.

Miscanthus is a moisture-loving cereal plant, so it needs timely watering so that it does not wither. If the weather is hot and rainy, miscanthus is poured from a hose with good pressure. Like any plant, miscanthus requires additional feeding, but it must be moderate so that the plant does not die.

Tip! After the plant is planted for 12 months it does not feed, so as not to destroy it.


After the May holidays, you can feed nitrogen-containing fertilizer. After the first half of June, cereal is watered with humates, in August it needs to be fed with phosphate-potassium fertilizers. In order for the plant to grow strong and grow well, then in the first two years it is necessary to devote enough time for weeding. In loosening the soil is not required.

Important! If during two years it is good to weed the plant, the weeds will stop growing.

Miscanthus is able to destroy plants that grow in the neighborhood. Therefore, to prevent this from happening, it is necessary to protect it. Fencing devices are driven into the depth of 20 cm, they must be 10 cm in height above the ground. Other methods can also be used.

For Moscow region

The most proven variety for the Moscow region is the miscanthus Silberfeder (photo). The plant has two centimeter green leaves. Flowers of a pinkish shade can be compared with feathers. In August, green arrows begin to appear.

The following varieties will also grow beautifully in the Moscow region:

  • Blondeau,
  • Flamingo
  • Gracilimus
  • Grosse Fontane
  • Hinjo
  • Kleine Fontane,
  • Maleparthus,
  • Morning light
  • Nippon, Rotsilber,
  • Silberfeder,
  • Strictus,
  • Variegatus,
  • Zebrinus.

Morning light

This is an amazingly beautiful variety of Chinese miscanthus, in the photo you can see its feature - the leaf plates have white fields. If you look at the plant at the moment when the rays of the sun hit it, you might think that it is covered with frost. In appearance, the reed resembles a lush boulder. When infertile inflorescences bloom, they become an amazing crimson-red hue, and when ripe - brown, but this does not lose its beauty and uniqueness.

Morning light blooms from late summer to late autumn. It can be planted in a large area or in a separate container. Plant height reaches 1.5 meters. Morning light loves moisture and the sun, is not pretentious to the soil.

Conclusion

Most miscanthus varieties delight with their beauty from spring to late winter. In autumn, the color of the plant becomes beautiful, as it is painted in all autumn shades. If you need to decorate the shore of the reservoir - miscanthus is ideal for decoration. No other species can be a competitor in its beauty and variety of varieties.

Miscanthus Chinese Miscanthus sinensis

Miscanthus Chinese Miscanthus sinensis ‘Nippon’ photo

The most popular species in culture since 1875. The height of the bush reaches 3 m, the shoots are upright. The sheet plates are oblong, 1.5 cm wide, rigid, rough to the touch, the central vein is coarse, ribbed. During flowering period, loose paniculate inflorescences about 7 cm long appear.

Shelter for the winter necessarily.

About a hundred varieties are derived from this species, we consider the most popular ones.

Miscanthus Chinese Blondeau Miscanthus sinensis blondo photo

Blondo - the height is about 2 m. It is frost-resistant (capable of withstanding temperatures down to -34 ° C).

Miscanthus Chinese Variegatus Miscanthus sinensis Variegatus photo

Variegatus - limited to a height of 1.5 m. The sheet plates are decorated with white stripes. Inflorescences are reddish.

Miscanthus Chinese Zebrina Miscanthus sinensis ‘Zebrinus’ photo

Zebrinus (Zebrina) is a variegated variety (it has yellow stripes located transversely). The height of the bush is 2.5 m.

Miscanthus Chinese Ferner Osten Miscanthus sinensis ‘Ferner Osten’ photo

Ferner Austin - bushes up to 1.5 m. Narrow leafy plates of green color are decorated with a longitudinal white stripe, which becomes red-red in autumn. In August, fan-shaped paniculate inflorescences of a fiery red color appear, and as they bloom they become a bronze-silver shade.

Miscanths chinese morning light miscanthus morning light photo

Morning Light - compact bushes. Leafy plates are green with a white border. It does not bloom every year.

Miscanthus Chinese Miscanthus sinensis ри Strictus ’photo

Strictus - the height of the bush is about 2.7 m. The leaves are no more than 15 mm wide, decorated with alternately arranged strips of white and green.

Miscanthus Chinese Flamingo Miscanthus sinensis Flamingo photo

The flamingo is notable for pink-tinted panicles. Resistance to low.

Miscanthus in landscape design photo selection

Miscanthus giant in landscape design photo

Miscanthus is one of the most popular decorative cereals. He is beautiful throughout the season: from early spring to the onset of winter cold. It is used for framing ponds, decorating lawns. Large bushes look spectacular among the boulders.

Miscanthus Chinese in landscape design photo

Perfectly perform the role of hedge, will be the backdrop for flowering plants.

Miscanthus in mixborder photo

In some species by the end of the summer period leaf plates fall from the bottom. The exposed part can be covered by planting a tall host (from a height of 0.5 m) near it.

Miscanthus and Rudbeckia in a mixborder photo

Dried flowers are used in floristics.

Miscanthus at the cottage photo autumn

Miscanthus in flowerbed with other colors photo

Miscanthus in the garden photo

Miscanthus in urban landscape photo

Miscanthus in garden design photo

Miscanthus Chinese planting and care in the open field photo varieties

Features of appearance

The height of perennial ranges from 80-200 cm. However, there are varieties that can be higher. The plant branches strongly on the ground and has a creeping rhizome. The leaves of the miscanthus are rigid and reach a width of about 2 cm. The inflorescence resembles a fan-shaped whisk about 30 cm long. The spikelets are represented by 1 flower that is surrounded by hairs.

As soon as it becomes warm on the street, the fan grows in different directions, trying to fill the entire free territory. Therefore, so that it does not spread, you need to take good care of it and build a special hedge that will restrain the shoots of this plant.

Around the middle of summer, most perennial species flourish, and in the fall they show their beauty to the maximum. The life cycle of miscanthus reaches about 30 years.

The most popular varieties of fan are:

  • Miscanthus Chinese. This is a very common type. On its basis, about 100 varieties are bred. In nature, it grows in China, Japan, and is also found in the Far East.
  • Miscanthus Zebrinus. It differs from other species in its striped coloring, which is similar to the color of a zebra. The downside of this variety is that it needs support.
  • Miscanthus Strictus. Attracts with its unusual motley appearance. Perennial picky in choosing the soil, more resistant to drought and gusts of wind.
  • Miscanthus Variegata. On its leaves are clear white stripes that give the plant originality. This species is frost resistant, can withstand temperatures of −230.

How to plant miscanthus

The plant propagates by dividing the adult bush. At the same time it is necessary to act very carefully in order not to cause irreparable harm to the fan. You can buy in the nursery already adult miscanthus in a container. A more formed plant develops better and tolerates winter well. In addition, in order to get accustomed to miscanthus, it is necessary to follow certain rules:

  • It is possible to plant a fan in the soil only when the air temperature is not lower than 20 °. Otherwise, the bush grows slowly.
  • When planting in the hole rhizome fall asleep about 5 cm layer of earth. Утрамбовывать почву не нужно, пускай грунт будет воздушным.
  • После посадки многолетник поливают и следят за тем, чтобы земля не пересыхала. Уже в июле растение приживётся и начнёт полноценно развиваться.

Болезни и вредители

Miscanthus is resistant to pests and diseases, but still, if you do not make timely treatment of the plant with special insecticides in spring and summer, problems can arise.

How to plant miscanthus

The most common pests that do not mind eating a fan are:

  • Spider mite This parasite feeds on plant cells. It is very dangerous because it multiplies rapidly and moves. In addition, the spider mite can infect cereal crops with gray rot, as it is a carrier of its dispute. The appearance of the tick is signaled by a thin web. Because as soon as it appears on the plants, they must immediately be treated with special means. For example, it can be Akarin, Kleschevit, Vartimek and others.
  • Shchitovka. It is a very dangerous pest, as it can destroy a plant if it is not taken for its treatment at the time. Shchitovka drinks juice, the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall away. Over time, miscanthus can dry out altogether.
  • Chafer. It is not the insect itself that is dangerous, but its larvae that eat rhizomes of plants. Several of these insects are quite capable of destroying the fan.
  • Scoop. Most of the time this caterpillar spends in the soil and eats the roots of the plant. However, there are cases when she eats and the aboveground part, which is located near the soil.

As for diseases, miscanthus is exposed to root rot infection.

Additional Information! Such preparations as Aktelik, Aktara, Angio can help protect the plant from the above parasites. To protect the plant from diseases and fungal infections it is treated with fungicides: Scor, Maxim, Radomil Gold and others.

Use in garden decoration

The varieties of miscanthus are so diverse that they simply have no equal. These plants are a worthy competition in beauty and form among perennials.

Such decorative cereals look very impressive against the background of ponds, in rocky gardens or flower beds. They are used both in group and lonely plantings on a grassy lawn.

Variety fan

A large number of varieties of Chinese miscanthus were bred. All of them differ in size, appearance and requirements for growing conditions. The most popular are:

  • Miscanthus giant - a complex hybrid with a height of 3 meters. Dark green leafy plates with white color of the midrib. From the shoot, leaves diverge in different directions, which looks very much like a fountain. In late summer, the plant blooms with light pink panicles. It fits perfectly into the landscape design background.
  • An attractive view is Miscanthus Zebrinus. It has narrow linear leaves, rough, up to 10 cm wide. At the beginning of the season they have a juicy green color, but then it changes to yellow and burgundy. The foliage is very tough, with a characteristic light yellow stripe. Inflorescences are purple hues. Variety miscanthus Zebrinus has proven itself in different conditions, tolerates winds and dry weather.
  • A similar form is different Gracilimus, which loves to grow in areas in partial shade. Silvery flowers resembling scallops appear only in September. It is a thermophilic plant, so it is recommended to grow it in the southern regions.
  • Sugar is a very attractive plant. Such ornamental grass is especially good in planting near coastal areas and near water bodies. This is due to the fact that the variety loves to grow in wet soils. People call it Amur silver grass. In height grows 1,5−3 m and begins to bloom in July, silver, white and pink inflorescences. For our climatic conditions, it needs insulation for the winter in the form of soil mulching.

All these and other types are widely used in the creation of landscape design. They are used in group, single plantings and flower compositions. High decorative properties are achieved due to the unusual and original color, form of miscanthus.

Watering and feeding

Young saplings in particular need good and regular watering. It is advisable to fill with water on warm and sunny days, directing the hose directly under the bush. And you should avoid moisture on the leaves of the plant during watering. You can not water directly from the well with cold water.

Veernik needs moderate supplements, for example, an excess of nitrogen often leads to the fact that the branches of the plant fall to the ground, losing their upright position. It is best to apply fertilizer in the fall, in September to prepare the ground for planting in advance. It is imperative to remove all the weeds from there, as they will attack the young miscanthus. He will be able to get stronger in about 2 years. After planting it in spring, miscanthus can no longer be fertilized throughout the year.

In subsequent years, it is recommended to feed three times a year. This is done in May in the form of nitrogenous fertilizers, for example, urea. Then, in the middle of summer, compost is applied and by the end of the summer season they are fertilized with potash-phosphorus composition.

Preparing for the winter

Miscanthus - fairly resistant plant to various pests and diseases. By the end of the summer, many species lose the lower parts of the foliage, which is why its decorative effect is significantly reduced. Veernik is considered a winter-hardy crop, but there are varieties that need shelter for the winter. They are afraid of frost and strong cold winds, sudden changes in temperature.

It is recommended to make a cover of the film in the form of a hut. On the side, the plant will receive a stream of air, and from above you need to add a few wooden boards. They will help protect against precipitation. The roots of miscanthus should be covered with a thick layer of loose soil, so that they do not freeze over the winter. Such measures are very important because a sharp cooling will have a detrimental effect on the plant.

Breeding methods

Adult miscanthus propagated by seed and division of rhizome. The most popular method among gardeners is planting by dividing a bush. This procedure requires accuracy and is carried out in the spring. If the root system is damaged, it will recover for a very long time. The temperature at this time should not be below 20 o Cso that the seedling can begin to grow.

The pit size should be so deep that the roots are covered with a layer of soil at least 5 cm. It is not recommended to tamper the soil tightly. In about two months, the growth process will begin.

The seed propagation method is not popular. After such a planting, you will have to wait several years until the plant acquires decorative properties. Seeds to get from his miscanthus will not work, because in our climatic conditions it is impossible. You can buy them in the store, but this method of breeding takes too much time.

Miscanthus are highly decorative, which allows them to be used in the design of lawns, rockeries, banks of reservoirs. They do not lose their attractive appearance from spring to winter. Even dry inflorescences are used in the creation of flower compositions for decorating the premises.

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