Stone rose (rejuvenated) has a reputation as a very tenacious and unpretentious plant. Even its Latin name Sempervivumtranslated as "always alive". Basically, this reputation is based on the fact that, regardless of the conditions and season, the stone rose always remains green, easily tolerates frosts, and gives rise to numerous offspring. And if to these features add all the properties of succulents, which is young, then we can assume that this reputation is fully justified.
Little about the plant
Stone rose has been cultivated as a cultivated plant for a very, very long time. The range of its application is also very wide. It was used as a roofing material, considering that it was molodilo protects against lightning strikes. How effective was this protection is unknown, but this “tile” protected from rain and other precipitation perfectly. One of the names was young - Bunny cabbage. And this "cabbage" was eaten. Moreover, it was believed that it has unique properties that return youth (hence the name "Rejuvenated"). The plant may not return to its youth, but the healing properties of the stone rose are undoubted. In ancient times, the ointment from molodil was used to heal wounds, and in folk and official medicine preparations are made from it for the treatment of heart failure and epilepsy. And, of course, the young grew and grown for decorative purposes. It can be planted as a ground-covering plant, which will create a dense bright carpet on the site. You can plant as a border plant, decorate a flower bed or rock garden, or you can create an original sculpture or a sculptural group. Grow young and at home as a houseplant.
According to the botanical classification, the stone rose belongs to the family of Crassulaceae and has about 50 species. But to distinguish them without deep knowledge of the subject is quite difficult. Even plants of the same species can differ dramatically in both shape and color. For cultivation in the open ground of the middle band is most suitable type - Young Russian.
Planting and care of stone rose in open field
Rejuvenated can grow in almost any place and on any soil. But it should not be planted in shady and lowland places. In the first case, the young will develop extremely poorly and look unattractive, and in the second, it may suffer from moisture accumulation and excessive moisture. The ideal place for planting a stone rose is an open, sunny plot with light sandy soil. If you plant young in a group with other plants in a flower bed or rock garden, then in the sector of land allocated for its planting, add additional sand, small crumbs of red brick, small gravel.
Given that the stone rose grows quickly, the distance between adjacent plants should be at least 15 centimeters, but if the sockets are small, then we can limit ourselves to five centimeters.
Before planting the young, be sure to remove all the weeds from the plot, since at the initial stage of growth and survival they can “strangle” the plant. This is further, when it grows, it will itself crush all the weeds.
After planting, water the plants well. It is advisable to pour a layer of fine gravel around them. It is not only useful for the plant, but also beautiful, especially if the stones are colored.
Care for the young outdoors
It will only be needed if the summer is very dry. Normally enough natural watering. Waterlogging for the young is dangerous! Also, the danger to him is the ingress of water into the outlet. Naturally, this applies to artificial irrigation.
Feed the young should be only if you want it to quickly and intensively multiply. But mostly it does not feed. Since in a flower bed or rock gardens, a stone rose will very quickly take a dominant position and survive the rest of the plants. If supplements are applied, it is extremely rare - once every 4-5 years.
In most cases, the plant does not need additional shelter in the winter. Stone rose, even during the frost period, remains vibrant and green. Natural snow cover is enough to protect the young from frost. The only exceptions are young landings that have not yet had enough time to take root and adapt to the conditions of the open ground. Such plants should be covered in any way. Fir branches, sawdust, fallen leaves or special covering material can be used.
At home, for molodil is not required to create special temperature conditions. He is not afraid of any heat or coolness, but the presence of fresh air is necessary. In stagnant, stale air, a stone rose will feel bad and wither. With the onset of the warm season, it is desirable to take it to fresh air.
Watering and humidity
Watering should be young like all succulents and cacti. That is moderate, avoiding the overwetting of the earth. In between watering ground in a pot should dry out. In winter, especially if the plant is left on a cool windowsill or is kept in other cool conditions, watering is reduced to a minimum. It will be enough one - two irrigations per season.
Humidity for the young is not important. This flower can successfully grow in very dry air. For hygienic reasons, to remove dust from the leaves, you can periodically arrange him a warm shower.
Transplant was young
If you have just bought a plant, then it should be replanted immediately after a week-long quarantine. Later transplants are performed as they grow or, if necessary, in case of emergency (waterlogging, for example). On average, a stone rose is transplanted after two to three years.
A pot for transplanting a plant should not be much different in size from the previous one. Only a couple of centimeters more in diameter. In order not to disturb the sensitive root system of the young, it is better not to carry out the transplant with complete cleaning of the roots from the ground, and restrict transshipment.
The soil for transplanting reed is used the same as for growing cacti. You can use it in its pure form, but you can also improve it by adding a bit of red brick crumbs, coal crumbs and small gravel.
Particular attention should be paid to the device quality drainage. The pot must have good drainage holes, and the layer of drainage material should be at least 2 centimeters.
With the reproduction of stone rose problems should arise. It multiplies in two ways: seeds and daughter rosettes. Propagation of young seeds is used quite rarely and it is no different from the reproduction of cacti seeds. The easiest way to propagate it, separating the young outlet from the parent plant. If these sockets are old enough, then nothing will be necessary to separate, they will be independent plants growing independently of the mother outlet. The beauty of vegetative propagation of young people lies in the fact that it is easy to root even a young outlet that does not have its own roots. To do this, simply separate it, and put on the surface of wet soil. Pretty quickly, she grows her own roots. To maintain moisture and create a greenhouse effect, the container with rooting outlet can be covered with a transparent cap.
Diseases and pests
It does not affect young diseases. The most serious danger that may threaten a stone rose is waterlogging. As a result, the roots begin to rot, which ultimately leads to the death of the plant. The first sign of waterlogging is the withering and dying off of the lower leaves of the plant. At this stage, it can still be saved by transplanting into another land. In this case, remove all rotten parts of the flower. The next sign - spots of uncharacteristic dark color. In this case, if the threat is not launched, then you can also save the young by transplanting it. Otherwise, the process is irreversible.
Of the pests on the young attack mainly aphid. To deal with it is quite simple. There are many ways to deal with aphids on both garden plants and indoor plants.
Rejuvenated is an evergreen frost-resistant perennial with fleshy leaves of various colors, assembled in spherical rosettes. Above the rosettes rise high thick flower stalks.
Rejuvenated blooms in June and July. The flowers are star white, pink or yellowish, have a pleasant aroma. The flowering of a stone rose begins with the transformation of the center of a leaf rosette into a flower stalk that moves upward.
At the same time, leaves from the basal are transformed into sessile, stem. Then from the top of the stem a scaly inflorescence of star-shaped flowers is formed. Faded outlets dry out and are replaced by side child outlets.
The main decoration was young - sockets of fleshy elongated leaves with sharp tips. The rosette is a very short stem, completely seated with thick, succulent leaves arranged in a spiral.
The leaves, in most species of plants, are completely covered with a waxy coating or pubescent. When the temperature drops on the hairs, the dew absorbed by plants condenses. The leaves tend to store moisture, so these plants are not afraid of drought.
Before flowering sockets live for several years. However, after flowering, they die off, making room for a large number of small emerging daughter outlets.
Stone roses are perfectly adapted to the unstable, cold climate. Plants stand in culture, but require good drainage. All types are drought resistant. Shading, including weeds or fallen leaves, is contraindicated. Of course, they do not immediately die when overgrown, but stretch out, lose their compact form and bright color.
The root system of the young consists of a rhizome, in some species powerful enough, in others - almost imperceptible, and dense compact lobes of the suction roots. The roots of the young are easily restored, so the transplantation of the plants is tolerated without problems. Good survival rate contributes to a large amount of nutrients accumulated in the leaves.
Stone roses thrive on any soil, except wet soils. Dry, poor, sandy soils are preferred. Soils that contain a lot of nutrients, give plants with large rosettes with a pale color, unstable to wintering.
Stone roses grow well among stones, preferring limestone. For loosening the soil using coarse sand, expanded clay, granite screenings.
The youngsters are planted in such a way that the distance between the plants of large species is 10–15 cm, the small ones — 3-5 cm. In a year, the daughter rosettes completely cover the soil surface.
Reproduction and care
Care for the young consists in the timely removal of weeds and flowering inflorescences, along with dead rosette of leaves. If the soil is damp, then the lower leaves in the outlet begin to rot. The rotting of the lower leaves of the stone rose is the first sign of excessive moisture.
Young plants begin to multiply in the first year. From the sinuses of the lower leaves sprout stalks grow, taking out at the ends of the bud, from which young plants develop. In some species, the stems grow from the sinuses of the upper leaves.
At first, young sockets feed and develop at the expense of the mother plant. Later, they grow their own roots and go on an autonomous existence, although the stalks may persist for a long time. But until the young socket reaches the ground, it does not have roots.
Once every 3-5 years, if the groups become too crowded and the sockets begin to shrink, they rejuvenate. The young people are not very drought-resistant, especially if they grow on poor soils. They do not die, but they twist the sockets and lose their decorative effect.
During reproduction, it was young seeds, seeds sown in February-March to a depth of no more than 1 mm. Seeds are first germinated at a temperature of + 20 ° C. Shoots appear in 3-5 days. Seedlings are kept in the light, protecting them from the hot sun. On a permanent place planted in late June - early July.
It is possible to replant young during the whole growing season, except for late autumn. Before the frost, the plants will not be able to root well, which means they will be pushed out of the ground in spring. The plants will not die, but they will have to be corrected by re-deepening the roots. In general, young with an undeveloped rhizome are just slightly pressed against the loosened soil, and they will quickly take root.
When planting, try to take only young sockets that have not reached the final size. Otherwise, there is a risk that the young will bloom, and then dry, without giving offspring. Pruning the peduncle is meaningless, if the young is ready to bloom, then it will bloom anyway.
Separate plants should be planted at a distance of 10–15 cm from each other in large species and 3-5 cm in small ones, because by the autumn each outlet will give a whole family of children. The distance at planting depends on the size of the sockets and the length of the stalks on which the offspring will grow.
If it is necessary to transfer the overgrown curtain to a different place, then it is not necessary to transplant each plant separately. Simply enough, having cut a curtain with a shovel with a layer of earth 5–7 cm thick, move and lay it on a new place.
Molodil amazes flower growers with its vitality. Even being forgotten in the sun, the plant can lie for a very long time and remain alive and capable of further development if it is planted.
Covering plants for the winter is not only not required, but even harmful, because they can thaw out during thaw and early spring.
Dying off the stems is better to gently pull out, holding the child sockets growing around it. To "mend the hole" in the carpet of the young, you can put a young plant on the empty seat. However, the fossa itself quickly closes developing outlets.
Young in the garden
Rejuvenated superb looks like a rocky hill of solar rock arias or in rock gardens and in a small stone vase.
A spectacular composition is obtained if a boulder sticking out of the ground is ringed with youngsters. The impression will increase, if you pick up the color and shape of the boulder, as well as the variety rejuvenated on the principle of contrasting combinations.
In addition to the high decorativeness of the young people, their useful qualities are also appreciated: where the young rugs were spread with thick mats, weeds are not the place.
Rejuvenated can be grown in room conditions, planted in separate pots like cacti or creating intricate compositions from them. Do not forget about good drainage and remember that their lower leaves should almost touch the soil surface.
Room young does not tolerate freezing temperatures and dies. It is advisable to ensure not less than 10 ° C. With that in the hot heat the plant does not experience any inconvenience.
That is why it is worthwhile to place a pot with a stone rose in the place where it will not freeze.
Molodil loves light. Being in the penumbra, the plant forms large rosettes with pale leaves. BUT when exposed to bright sunlight rejuvenates and grows green.
If the sun in the room is not enough, you need to build additional lighting!
Given the habitats of stone roses in nature, soil preparation will not be too burdensome.
- The land can be quite scarce, mixed in half with sand and enriched with charcoal.
- Oily soil does not bloom.
- The earth must be periodically weeded.
Read more about planting young and subsequent care for him at home, read here.
"Dwelling" molodil should be spacious. This is necessary for better root development.
Also an excellent option would be to lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot in order to create conditions for draining excess moisture.
This stone rose procedure is not required. Rejuvenated - a plant consisting only of fleshy leaves. He has no branches and long shoots to be pruned.
By the onset of cold weather, it is only necessary to save the plant from leaves that have an unsightly appearance.. This procedure will be enough for the plant to feel well and delight you.
How to water?
Watering room molodil - the process is not easy. In the open ground, the excess water quickly goes away (about planting and caring for the plant in the open field, read here). A potted plant is threatened with root rot. To prevent this, it is necessary to moisten the stone rose carefully.
Frequent moistening of the soil has not been tolerated. In the hot season, you need to water once a week, and in the winter it will be quite enough to “drink” the plant twice a month.
It is important to direct the stream of water not at the very root, but retreating a short distance from the outlet. The plant itself will produce the required amount of water..
The ingress of moisture on the sheets is unacceptable, they spoil it. If the leaves rot, it is worth reducing the number of waterings. To protect the desired parts of the flower from water, some flower growers protect them by covering them with a cut off plastic bottle. Subsequently, the protection is removed.
Stone rose growing in pots does not need fertilizer at all. Скорее наоборот, дополнительное подкармливание принесёт обратный результат. Лишние питательные вещества заставят растение побледнеть и обмякнуть.
Только с наступлением тёплого времени года возможно добавление небольшого количества гумуса, подсыпанного сверху. Also, when planting young in a new pot, the plant will take all the necessary nutrients from the new soil.
What to do to plant flowered?
By provoking a young room for flowering, you can dramatically change the conditions of existence of the succulent. In the cold season, stop watering and allow the plant to "cool" slightly at a temperature of about 2-3 ° C. After some time, provide the rose with a large amount of bright sunny color and resume watering.
Also, do not be superfluous frequent airing plants. Young sockets should be immediately removed from the "mother", if the goal is to achieve the flowering of a stone rose. In gratitude, the young woman will be pleasantly surprised by beautiful flowers.
View photos of stone roses.
Treatment and prevention of diseases
Fetching leaves should be removed more often to make life easier for the rose.. And in the case of rotting of the roots, it is better to get rid of the whole plant, eliminating the risk of spreading "infection" to the roots of neighbors. If the defeat process has not affected the entire root system, then a possible way out of the situation can serve as a transplant into another vessel with a new soil.
The types and varieties of plants
Today, about five hundred species of this plant are used as part of gardening, but in Russia only fifty of them have gained particular popularity. Most often in the areas of our compatriots can be seen such stone flower species:
- Reassured roofing.
- Rejuvenated mountain.
- Young Caucasian.
- Rejuvenated undersized or dwarf.
- Rejuvenated marble.
- Spider web rejuvenated.
- Rejuvenate shooter.
- Young Russian.
Consider these eight plants and their care in more detail.
Roofing molodilo (Sempervivum tectorum)
Considered the most popular species in all of Europe. Its leaf sockets have the shape of a slightly flattened ball and can be up to seven to fifteen centimeters in diameter. It has dense thick leaves with sharp tips, painted in red or bronze-brown shades. The inflorescences of this flower consist of red-pink flowers.
Sempervivum montanum rejuvenated
A perennial flowering plant with small rosettes of strong fleshy green leaves. The color is quite large pink flowers, which are located on thick peduncles.
Brown rose is a hybrid plant of the montanum species. Its distinguishing feature is creamy yellow flowers. This color is not typical for this species.
Young Caucasian (Sempervivum caucasicum)
Sockets consist of green leaves with a rim of rigid bristles. Inflorescences can be painted in violet or red-purple shades. Plants of the caucasicum species live well on stony soils. Periodically required to make a high-calcium dietary supplement.
Rejuvenated marble (Sempervivum marmoreum)
Herbaceous perennial with motley red-green leaves. Some varieties of this species with the approach of winter acquire the red color of almost all foliage.
The young foliage is covered with a light edge, but with age it disappears. Flowers of marble rose are made of pale red petals with a white border along the outer edge.
Sempervite (Sempervivum arachnoideum)
Herbaceous perennial, grows in the form of bushes with erect stems five to twenty centimeters high. It is considered the most exotic type of stone rose. Its sockets look like neat little "bumps" consisting of dense and fleshy leaves. The color of the inflorescences is purple.
A characteristic feature of this species is that all the foliage and buds are covered with silky thin cobweb.
In order for such a plant to grow well and develop, it requires lime soil and a good drainage system. These succulents are very sensitive to rapid temperature changes, frost and cold, so they are not able to survive the winter in the open field. Flower growers engaged in the cultivation of cobwebby marble roses, closer to the autumn, they transplant flowers into pots and take them to winter quarters.
Young Russian (Sempervivum ruthenicum)
Perennial herb succulent. In the natural environment can be found on the stony, sandy soils of the forest-steppe of Russia and Romania. It is considered medicinal. It has large dense sockets about six centimeters wide. They consist of succulent fleshy leaves. Inflorescences are corymbose, yellow colored.
Plant Stone Flower - Care and Planting
It was a whimsical succulent that didn’t make it at all, but still it’s worth getting acquainted with the elementary rules of care and flower needs.
The plant is able to adapt to different climatic conditions. In its natural environment, it most often chooses open rocky areas, where there is no protection from the scorching sun or severe frosts.
The young woman calmly experiences low temperatures up to thirty degrees below zero and hot summer days without any threat to their condition and health.
When grown in gardening conditions, choose a place in your plot, where the sun's rays have access to almost the entire daylight hours - then it is worth breaking a flowerbed with such plants. In the shade and penumbra, the flower will lack coverage, which will lead to the pulling of shoots and leaves, as well as loss of color. In the end, the plant will simply lose its decorative properties and beautiful appearance. Therefore, you should not plant young near trees and bushes, with their crown they can block the sun's rays, so necessary for the successful growth and development of the plant.
When planting roses should take into account the fact that in its natural environment, it prefers to grow on stony soils rich in clay and sand. Therefore, when making flower beds in the garden, be sure to use light sandy soil and good drainage material. As a drainage perfectly fit:
- Small crushed stone.
- Clay shards.
- Small pebbles.
- Expanded clay.
- Broken brick
Consider that soil acidity is too highnourishes the growth and development of the flower. Landing is not required before planting.
Landing young in the open ground are engaged in from March to September. It is better not to postpone the autumn planting for the last moment, since by the arrival of the first frosts the flower should have time to settle in a new place. If initially it is growth in a pot, then it should be moved to the well by transferring it along with the old earthen clod. If the root system of a flower is cleared of the earth, then they need to be pressed into the soil and sprinkled with a thin layer of earth.
Such plants can be safely grown in artificial pedestals with a not very thick layer of soil, as their root system is quite compact. When planting outlets, leave between them ten to fifteen centimeters, the “kids” of the plant will occupy this space after the breeding season.
Watering, transplanting and wintering plants
This succulent does not require frequent watering. Plant can feel good even in dry soil, but it is too wet for him not to like, because it can provoke rotting of the root system. When watering, do not direct water directly to the outlet, shed only the earth around them, then the plant itself will take the required amount of moisture.
Do not allow water to directly fall into the leaf outlet, if the sun can not dry them, then the foliage will rot.
Vegetative period of the plant accounts in the spring - autumn. At such times, increase the frequency of watering, but still make sure that the soil is not too wet.
If you do not plan to ever replant a stone rose, then fertilize the garden once every four years, this will be enough for the plant. No pruning required. In autumn, you can free the flower from old and withered leaves.
With wintering plants usually do not have any problems. These flowers adopted from wild ancestors the ability to adapt to different climatic conditions. With the arrival of autumn should rid plants from inflorescences and yellowed, old lower foliage. Then remove all weeds and cover with stone flowers with spruce branches to avoid excessive moisture. Lapnik can be replaced by cropped plastic bottles.
It is possible to propagate a plant every year, for this there are two ways:
In France, the young are often called "chicken-hen“Because in spring and summer the plant independently grows young rosettes between the leaves. This process occurs so rapidly that the space remaining after planting is filled very quickly, forming a dense green carpet. For vegetative propagation the flower does not require the participation of a grower. To organize a new flower bed, young flowers can be planted from the mother plant. They will quickly take root in the new place and will grow.
Seed propagation of a flower takes time. Flowering young begins closer to the middle of summer. To get the seeds, do not cut the buds from the rosettes and at the end of August you will be able to collect planting material. It should be noted that the plant can bloom only once in a lifetime, after that it dies. However, new copies obtained in this way more than compensate for the loss. Stone rose shoots are very small, but by the fall they grow and grow to the size of adult plants. In the second year of life, young flowers can already boast the first "kids».
What is this plant
What is this plant? Molodil often called stone rose. It is in fact very similar to a frozen rose. It grows in the garden and on the windowsill. It is a succulent of the colossae family, numbering forty species, which includes several thousand varieties. So the variety of forms of this plant can only be surprised.
As in the wild, and in the garden the young grow quickly, creating literally whole carpetsIt is possible to create magnificent compositions from it, including on the windowsill, in this capacity it was used already in the 18th century.
Molodilo (sempervivum) meets mainly in Europeincluding in Russia. But each species has its own growing area.
Young plants bloom in third year, almost all species die after flowering, but they manage to give life to a large number of young plants (this explains its Latin name, which translates as "Always living").
- Flowering begins in mid-summer and lasts just over a month.
- At home, the young ones rarely bloom, therefore quite old specimens are also found.
- How blooms young? The photo of the plant was young.
- Rejuvenated roofing (Sempervivum tektorum) - so named because they literally flooded the roofs of houses in England to strengthen the roof, the size of spherical sockets reaches 15 centimeters in diameter, the leaves have a reddish upper part, they are fleshy, large.
By the end of July and the beginning of August red flowers gathered in inflorescences, often reaching a height of 60 centimeters, flourish, spread throughout Europe, in Asia Minor, on high hills along the banks of rivers, and can be seen in Africa.
- Rejuvenated or shooter (Sempervivum soboliverum) - this type of rosette in the form of a ball with bright green leaves, on the tops of red, blooms for about a month in the summertime with pale flowers,
- Spiderweb (Sempervivum arachnoideum) - it is found in large quantities in the mountains of Europe, has the shape of a ball pressed somewhat from above, the oblong leaves are slightly bent at the tips, in the summer light green, by the autumn they become brown-red, trimmed, becoming similar to felt balls.
On peduncles, up to 30 cm in size, reddish flowers appear in mid-summer, has several cultivated varieties, is widely used to create garden compositions,
- Young Russian (Sempervivum ruthenicum) - can be seen in Asia Minor, in the European part of Russia and in the Balkans, produces egg-shaped leaves in rosettes with a diameter of about 6 centimeters and pubescent peduncles up to 35 centimeters in length, blooms in the summer during the month with yellow flowers,
- Rejuvenated spherical (Sempervivum globiferum) - it can be found in the Caucasus Mountains and in Turkey, the plant has an oblong spatulate shape, leaves are green, with red tops, collected in five-centimeter rosettes, flowering begins in July with yellow umbrella-shaped inflorescences,
- Rejuvenated mountain (Sempervivum montanum) - large clumps of this plant are found in the forests of Western Europe, it has pubescent green, medium-sized, up to 3 centimeters in diameter, sockets, blooms with small pink flowers,
- Rejuvenated undersized or dwarf (Sempervivum pumelum) - grows on the crumbling and stony slopes of the Caucasus Mountains and in the Alps, the rosette is dark green, with cilia along the edge, purple flowers with a purple tinge.
Care and reproduction at home
The basic rules for the care and cultivation of a flower are stone rose or young.
How to plant young? A pot prepared for planting is young drain one thirdto protect the plant from waterlogging. The remaining space is enough for him, the plant has a small root system. Small roots gently straighten and sprinkle with earth.
Molodil successfully grows in the sun and in partial shade. But under different illumination he has a different color. In the bright sun, it is saturated and bright, but not large, and in the shade it reaches a large size, but loses its brightness in color. In the spring, as soon as the snow melts in the garden, it may have a very bright color, but over time will take the usual form.
In the room it is better to put it on the south window, although it will successfully grow on any one, but it may lose its brightness.
Rejuvenated not demanding on temperature, it is only important for it that it does not go below 0 degrees, otherwise the room young may die.
Watering exercise seldomin the summer once a week, in the winter no more than once or twice a month. This must be done very carefully, so as not to get into the outlet, the young may rot.
Air humidity not important for the development and growth of young.
It did not need additional feeding, but it responds well to organic fertilizers. You can pour in the spring in the top pot humus.
Poor soils consisting mainly of sand that are neutral in acidity are suitable for rejuvenating. More nutrients in the soil, the rosette of the plant will be larger, but in color it will become unattractive. It is good to add wood chips and coal to the pots. You can buy soil for cacti in the store.
In winter, it is better to keep young at temperatures close to zero.
Pruning plants not produced.
The young woman does not need a transplant, but it has to be transplanted as you fill the pot with young plants, at the big crowding, the sockets become small and lose their decorative effect.
Pests and diseases
Molodil often amaze different types of rot. When the first signs appear, the plant should be transplanted into another pot or to another place in the garden, cut the affected part and sprinkle with coal. If the roots are affected, it is better to simply destroy the diseased plant in order to avoid the possible spread of the disease.
Of pests garden plants infect May beetles, which can fly long strokes in the pulp of the young. Plants must be carefully inspected, removed damaged and transplanted to another place, and the old process to destroy the beetle larvae.
The young one growing on the windowsill has two enemies: aphid and a bug. Chemicals should be used to destroy them: Inta-vir is good for aphids, and Aktelik worm helps.
In pots you can plant young of different species, to get a multi-colored carpet. Looks good and the combination of young and stonecrop.
The young flower has not only an interesting decorative appearance, but also useful (healing) properties. It serves as an anti-inflammatory agent (medicine), treats stomatitis, stomach ulcers, diarrhea. Relieves corns, warts and hemorrhoids. It removes age spots and freckles.
Rejuvenated loves the sun very much, if you decide to grow it in the open field, then plant it in the most open area for the sun, practically under the hot sun. In shady places, the stone rose will be drawn out and will quickly lose its decorative effect.
In the flat version of the content you need to choose the southern window or use additional lighting.
It tolerates heat, in our climate, you can safely take out the plant on the balcony as soon as the frosts subside, if you grow it in a pot. In winter, it can calmly survive frosts if it is contained in open ground. Just cover it with burdock leaves or a thin layer of fallen leaves. The stone rose needs fresh air, so even when you keep it in the apartment in the spring, send it to the balcony, in the winter air the room.
The young woman belongs to succulents, which means that they are rarely watered. In the cold season it will be enough 1 - 2 times a month. In the warm, dry season, watering is increased to 1 time in 2 weeks.
Water carefully, so that the water does not fall on the leaves, otherwise they will rot.
SOIL AND FEEDING
Wherever you grow young soil for it should be loose, sandy, not sour, with a thick layer of drainage, it should take at least a third of the pot. It responds well to the presence of humus in the soil. You can use the mixture for cacti, but then add crushed charcoal to the soil. Prikormom should not get involved in, as fertilizers stimulate the growth of the outlet, it is drawn out, the color of the leaves dims and frost decreases. Взрослому растению, которому уже 3 — 4 года можно вносить половинные дозы.
В квартирном содержании молодило пересаживают редко. Растение имеет поверхностную корневую систему, поэтому и горшок будет заполняться долго. Usually, the stone rose is planted with other, higher plants, or it is composed of several varieties. When transplanting a young from a pot to an open ground, it is moved along with a clod of earth in which it grew. The distance between the adult sockets and other plants should be 15 cm.
For the divorce of stone roses use daughter processes, which are formed in the sinuses of an adult plant or seeds.
- For reproduction, the processes are separated from the plant when they are old enough and will be drawn to the ground.
- Planted next to or in a separate pot.
- Seeds are sown at the end of winter or early spring.
- Cover the seeds with earth only 1 mm. Germination occurs at a temperature of 20 degrees. The stone rose itself grows perfectly forming a whole carpet of daughter processes, or sowing seeds from ripe fruit, without requiring additional effort on your part.
PESTS AND DISEASES
Of the pests, the most dangerous thing for the young is the weeds. They take away nutrients from the ground and, growing, close it from the sun.
This wonderful plant does not require any care from you. It is just enough for him to be warm and in the bright sun, it calmly tolerates drought, it can be transported over long distances. And at the same time, it will perfectly decorate even the most minimally furnished apartment or office.
Rejuvenated - succulent plant, perfect for decorating alpine slides and rockeries
Rejuvenated - succulent plant from the family of Crassulaceae, which has excellent decorative qualities. In the young people called "stone rose" because of the similarity with a delicate flower and "zhivuchku" due to high endurance. In Latin, the young is called "sempervivum", which means in translation "always alive."
General description and the birthplace of plant growth
Under natural conditions, it grows young in the Caucasus, Asia, Eastern and Southern Europe. Basically it can be found among the mountains, in stony areas and pine forests on the sand. In Russia they grow in the east, reaching the Volga.
Rejuvenated is a perennial plant with fleshy leaves, forming rosettes ranging in size from one to fifteen centimeters. Succulent whole leaves are arranged alternately, usually elongated with a sharp end and short cilia along the edges. Quickly dying off elongated side shoots carry small rosettes of leaves. Stems do not branch, stand straight and are usually covered with short glandular hairs.
- Bisexual flowers of the correct form are gathered in inflorescences of corymbose or paniculate type.
- The fleshy sepals fused at the base usually grow into hairs, rarely bare.
- Petals, tapering upwards, star-shaped and longer than the sepals.
- The colors of flowers are very different: red, white, purple, yellow and greenish.
- Petals are two times smaller than stamens: from sixteen to forty pieces, stamens located opposite the petals are attached to them at the base, and the next petals are loose.
- The flat filaments of the stamens are usually pubescent or bare, which is less common, anthers are elongated, resembling an egg in shape.
The fruit consists of eight to twenty multi-seeded leaflets, elongated, with sharp tips, covered with glandular hairs.
Popular types and varieties of stone rose plants and their photos
About fifty varieties of stone rose are known.
Rejuvenated roofing - the most widespread variety, growing in natural conditions in Eastern and Western Europe. The name was given because of the long-term use of this type to cover the roof. Sockets of the plant are flat and spherical, ranging in size from four to fifteen centimeters. Large leaves have sharp red tops. It blooms in mid and late summer.
A photo. Rejuvenated roofing
Rejuvenated wulfena - in the wild, it is found in the Alps at an altitude of up to two thousand seven hundred meters. It grows on non-limestone rocks. Sockets reach four to five centimeters in diameter. Shiny green leaves often have a reddish base and cilia on the edge. Shoots supporting child sockets, rigid and elongated. Peduncles reach twenty-five centimeters and carry bright yellow flowers with a burgundy spot at the base.
A photo. Rejuvenated wulfena
Rejuvenated lime - one of the most beautiful varieties. It has thinner leaves, unlike other species. Eight centimeter sockets of bluish-green or gray-green color with black or brown sharp ends. Flowers appear a little, they all have a pinkish color.
A photo. Rejuvenated lime
Spawn - a species found in the wild in the European part of the continent. Has sockets in the form of a ball in the size up to five centimeters. Yellowish and greenish flowers, collected in inflorescences, perfectly shade light green leaves. Flowering lasts from July to August.
Young Russian - grows in the Balkans, in Asia Minor and the European part of Russia. The outlet diameter is six centimeters. The leaves on the rosettes are elongated, pointed, on the peduncles - covered on both sides. Peduncles reach a height of thirty-five centimeters, yellow flowers are collected in shchitkoobraznye inflorescences. Flowering continues from July to August.
Spiderweb - a kind, called because of the gun on the sockets, resembling a web. The species is common in the Caucasus. Sockets are very small, with a diameter of up to three centimeters. Flowers plant reddish hue.
Renegade shooter - A plant with a small bright green rosette and a red border. The leaves are elongated with sharp edges and cilia, the spherical rosettes are attached to the main flower with thin threads. Blooms large yellow inflorescences.
Growing young seed
You can sow seeds of young in the end of February.
- As a container, you can use plastic bowls, pots, packaging from the cake. In the tank for planting it is necessary to make holes for water.
- The soil is used sandy, if later the plant will grow in the open air, and not in room conditions.
- Sprinkle the substrate, sparsely put the seeds on the surface, press literally one millimeter.
- The container is placed on a bright sunny place with a temperature of eighteen to twenty degrees.
- In about five days, it will be possible to observe the appearance of the first sprouts.
Like any succulent, young does not need abundant and frequent watering. Water it gently, moderately, avoiding excessive moisture of the soil. The plant must be supplied with water after planting and during drought.
Fertilizers for stone roses should not be applied, since a large amount of nutrients provokes the formation of young rosettes, which in turn leads to deterioration of color and difficult survival during frosts. If the soil in the place of growth has grown poor, it can be fertilized only after four years.
Weeds pose a serious threat to stone roses. Very soon, they begin to occupy the space between the sockets, from where they are removed manually and very delicately, so as not to damage the very young. On the vacant spot, the stone rose babies soon appear, turning the soil into a green carpet.
The plant is frost resistant. In winter, it remains green, does not freeze at all, and does not need additional cover, except for snow. However, the plant should be covered if it is too young, it was planted in the middle of autumn and did not have enough time to get stronger. Then it can be covered with fir branches.
Diseases, pests and care for the plant was young during this period.
For the young, the most dangerous pest is the Maybot larvae.
Rejuvenated quite resistant to diseases and pests. However, gardeners often face plant decay. To avoid this, you need to have a stone rose is not in a wet ground. It happens that sockets become transparent or brown: they should be dug out, because it looks ugly.
Dangerous for the plant weeds, larvae of the May beetle and birds. Weeds do not allow to grow well, the larvae gnaw the stems and leaves, and the birds feed on them.
Methods of breeding stone roses
Propagated molodilom mainly in two ways: seeds and daughter rosettes. If a stone rose is already growing on the plot, then there is no point in sowing seeds, you can use young plants.
Separating babies from mother plants for breeding is better in early spring, but you can do this in the summer. Large specimens can be planted immediately in open ground.
Medicinal properties are young
The miraculous qualities of stone roses were noticed in the Middle Ages. Even then, it was used to make lotions that soothe pain and healing wounds.
Pounded leaves can be applied to wounds, calluses, warts, bruises, burns and sore joints.
The freshest leaves of the plant heal abrasions, cuts. Juice removes age spots and freckles.
A decoction of the leaves is used to rinse with stomatitis, sore throat and gingivitis.
The use of stone roses in landscape design
Stone rose perfectly adjacent to ground-cover plants: saxifrage, stonecrop. If you correctly position them, you can create a chic carpet with different patterns. Well, the stone rose is set off by bright flowers, such as phloxes, but lush plants should not be planted next to the reed because they cover the sun.
It is well suited for decorating alpine hills and not only
Successfully young are used to decorate rockeries and alpine slides. Along the tracks, the plant also looks great. Now the fashion for decorating stone rose roofs has reappeared.
Stone rose personifies the frozen cold beauty from which it is very difficult to look away, so it will be a wonderful decoration of any garden.
Rejuvenated (stone rose)
Rejuvenated - this is an unusually interesting plant, translated from Latin, it means "always alive." Probably the most accurate name describing all its beauty is “stone rose”, although for some reason people called it “hare cabbage”.
Back in the times of the Roman Empire, young people enjoyed great interest, it was believed that this plant was able to protect the house from lightning strikes, and even there is a legend that Charlemagne ordered to plant all this file on the roofs of their houses this unusual plant. Hence the name of its most common form - "roofing young", but it is worth noting that now almost no one will plant this plant on their roofs.
It is better to use garden figures, considering that now, their assortment in stores justifies everything, even the most sophisticated desires of customers.
The “stone rose” fell in love with gardeners for their ability to maintain leafy sockets throughout almost the entire season, with their “indifference” to frost, quality and quantity of soil. After all, this plant can grow in almost any soil, especially with a large amount of humus and compost, and it looks great, with a diameter of 10, and sometimes 15 cm "And" Commander Hay ").
It must be said that the original shape of the sheet rosettes and their color are incredibly beautiful and perfectly complement the interior with decorative effect. There are about 50 types of "stone roses", they are all of a wide variety of colors, and their combinations.
"Stone Rose" can be grown as an independent indoor plant, only for this you need a special and proper care.
- First, for planting, you need to use only a mixture of soil for cacti, preferably adding to it additional clay and wood chips.
- The pot in which you plan to plant must be one-third filled with drainage, it will protect the plant from excessive moisture.
- Watering is rarely carried out, in the winter no more than two or three times a month, and in the warm seasons, once a week, in no case do not get water into the sockets.
- In spring and summer it is advisable to put the plant on the balcony, or on the sunniest place.
Now let's talk about the nuances of care and breeding in the country:
- "Stone rose", as mentioned earlier, is not quite a capricious plant and does not ask for special requirements.
- However, care for it includes one very important factor, you have to plant it on the sunniest place in the garden, almost under the "scorching" sun.
- The problem is that in a shady place, young just lose their brightest color, and manifests itself, exactly, as the people called it, “hare cabbage”.
- As for the indoor look of this plant, the ideal place is the window sill on the south side of the apartment.
Owners of rare and valuable varieties of “stone rose”, in winter they will have to protect the flower outlet from moisture ingress and further accumulation, because these processes lead to its rapid decay. We advise you to do this with an ordinary plastic bottle, previously cut to shape.
Please note that in the spring, when the snow had just melted, the color of the young was much brighter than it was already at the end of spring, do not worry, it is quite normal, in the autumn everything will return to its place.
Reproduction "stone rose" can be done in two ways: vegetative and seed. Seed method is good only for those who decided to bring some new species of this plant, otherwise this method simply does not actually have any meaning. It is better to reproduce vegetatively (with the help of kiddies), but only in case you need to organize in your garden another flowerbed using this plant.
"Stone Rose" is able to multiply very well, remember its name in Latin! Therefore, after a while you yourself will pay attention to the number of small youngsters around the plant. It blooms only in the third year of the month 1,5-2, after which, unfortunately, dies. But at the place of the deceased young one or several babies always grow up.
Favorable conditions for a stone flower
Rejuvenated grows in any conditions, without requiring special care. Let's name his modest preferences:
- All types of soil. Worst of all, the flower belongs to clayey heavy soils.
- Moderate humidity, overmoistening does not like young.
- Open places, sunny beds, partial shade. In the shadow of a stone flower stops growing.
- Minimal care. Feeding and transplanting rejuvenate are not needed.
Where better to plant young?
Rejuvenated successfully grows on well-drained soils with the addition of sand. Stone rose is widely used in landscape design due to its simplicity, primitive care, vitality and decoration. In the design of the garden plot it was used:
- On the garden beds, slides, rabatkah and flower beds.
- For registration of borders and zoning suburban area.
- In the decoration of garden sculptures, fountains and ponds.
- As decoration for porches, balconies, window sills, windows or porch.
The inhabitants of ancient Europe traditionally planted young on the roofs of houses. The owners believed that this plant would protect their homes from lightning and fire. Today, you can also plant a stone rose on the roof of a gazebo or unsightly barn. It will look unusual and very beautiful.
Reindeer: the most popular species
Stone rose belongs to the genus of bollard, the family of succulents. All its types, and there are about thirty of them, are compact and unusually decorative. The flower grows rosettes semicircular shape with fleshy leaves of different shades. In appearance the plant itself looks like a bud of a blooming rose. Hence the name - stone rose. Why stone? The flower itself, as if carved from a precious green stone, and grows best on rocky soils.
In our area such varieties are popular:
- Roofing young. This variety has large rosettes with oblong leaves, which have a burgundy color on the tips. The most popular varieties are shown in the photo.
- Wulfena The plant is compact and suitable for any place in your garden. Variety is valued for the delicate green leaves and beautiful lemon flowers.
- Young Russian. It can be found in forests, fields and on the slopes of hills. The leaves of the rosettes are thin, dark green, and the flower itself has a flat shape. It is very easy to settle it in your garden. Just bring a plant from the forest with a small lump of earth and dig in your flower bed. This variety does not require any care.
- Pitton reassured. There are several varieties of this rejuvenated. Russian growers have fallen in love with this variety for an unusually beautiful shade of leaves - from light green to dark plum.
- Marble was young. The leaves of this plant have several shades, shimmering like marble. This gorgeous flower will decorate any garden. See the photo.
Planting young is easy. This “grateful” careless perennial always dutifully takes root in any places.
Step 1: Choosing planting material
Stone rose sockets can stay for a few months without land and water in a dark, cool place, and then be easily taken in your flower garden. Поэтому, проблем с материалом для посадки у вас возникнуть не должно – практически все саженцы приживаются без особого ухода.
Хуже приняться или вовсе не ожить после посадки могут:
- Растения с высохшими листьями.
- Розетки с запахом и внешними признаками гниения.
- Больные молодила с белыми, коричневыми или желтыми пятнами.
- Сильно поврежденные или измятые саженцы.
If you buy these flowers in a nursery, pay attention to the brightness of the color, the freshness of the leaves and the presence of roots. Molodili without root will be taken longer. Such plants do not plant in the winter, otherwise they can freeze out, not having had time to develop the root system.
Propagated young in two alternative ways: vegetatively (division of rosettes) and seeds. Child rosettes are genetically identical to the parent plants. They appear from the sinuses of the leaves of young adults. The connection between them is maintained by a thin stalk, which soon weakens and ends completely. So, in favorable conditions, a whole colony of new plants is formed on your flowerbed around one healthy seedling.
Stone roses bloom once in a lifetime and then die off. Flowering begins with a gradual stretching of the center of a leaf rosette, at the end of which buds form and blossom, as seen in the photo. It is problematic for seeds to germinate through their own adult plants, and this method of reproduction is successful only in artificial conditions. If you had seeds of seedlings, plant them at home for seedlings, and then determine already grown plants for the soil.
Step 2: Soil Preparation
The place chosen for planting should be well digged, cleaned from the roots of the grass and loosened. You will prepare an excellent soil mix for a stone flower if you mix sand with humus or peat in a ratio of 3: 1. This substrate can be simply poured onto a ready-made planting site with a layer of 5 cm. Even if you do not have prepared soil, the young will easily get accustomed to the clean river sand poured onto the garden soil of 3-5 cm.
Step 3: Landing rejuvenated
For a stone rose in the ground, you need to make small depressions (no more than 2 cm deep). If the plant has a mother stem, it must be buried in the ground to the base of the outlet. The landing site should be well shed with water with the addition of soda or potassium permanganate (10 liters of water per 1 gram of soda or manganese). Simply put the zhivuchku on wet, loose soil, and she took roots. But if you want to do everything according to the rules, then put on gloves and lightly touch up each landing socket with your fingers.
Care for a stone rose: need it or not?
A bright place, the right soil substrate and the necessary climatic conditions practically cancel the care of this unpretentious perennial. The plant can not be watered or fertilized. There remains only a light weeding and removal of dead sockets. These are the minimum care measures that will allow the flower to grow and develop on your site without any problems.
I. Forever green carpet
Molodil - the best ground cover perennial. The stone rose grows very quickly, covering the soil thickly and evenly. This carpet is not afraid of heat, frost, does not require watering and protects the soil from weeds. How it looks can be seen in the photo.
Ii. Garden illusion
For many years, various figures, figurines, flowerpots, vases and other interesting objects have been popular in the garden. Consider your garden decorations carefully. In them there will certainly be depressions or cracks where you can pour a little earth. Just a handful of soil will allow you to grow young for the whole season. You can decorate any garden figures with rosettes of stone roses. It looks original and unusual. It creates the illusion that the sculptures themselves decorated themselves with fresh stone flowers.
Iii. Stylish compositions
Molodil gets on with any neighbors. The plant does not impoverish the soil and well retains moisture near the roots. Near it grow any perennials and annuals. This allows you to show imagination and create unique floral arrangements: a miniature garden with flowerpots, a lively curb, stylish rabatku and many other interesting options.
Doesn't a stone rose grow in your garden? It's time to fix it! Plant several varieties of young on your favorite flower bed, and you will definitely become a fan of this amazing plant.