Most garden flowers like an abundance of light and a negative attitude towards stagnant moisture. But in the garden, where there are many shrubs and trees, it is sometimes difficult to find open areas for flower beds that will be sunlit throughout the day. To the delight of amateur gardeners, there is a category of shade-loving flowers, perfectly developing in the shadow zone.
Shade-tolerant plants for the garden like sunlight, but it will be enough for them six hours in the first or in the afternoon. From such greens do not expect prolonged flowering.
Shade plants grow beautifully in secluded corners where there is virtually no sunlight. Their distinguishing feature is the rich green color of the leaves.
Zones by degree of decoration
Depending on the importance of the flower bed, on its location and the degree of decoration, decoration Groups of plants are divided into three categories:
- natural compositions
- classical compositions,
- accent flower beds.
In places with an open perspective, that is, on small edges, along fences and paths, most often classical compositions are placed. These are shade-tolerant garden flowers, which have been developing and picking up color over several years, and grassy varieties with decorative foliage.
On the periphery are natural areas, the main purpose of which is to fill empty places and prevent the emergence of weeds. Ideal for natural growth will be plants such as:
- Siberian Brunner,
- May lily of the valley.
Recreation areas and central areas of the garden are often located in shady areas. Accent plants can be selected for them., different decorative foliage and beautiful flowering:
- Japanese anemones,
- black cohosh
Perennial plants by seasons
The very first at the beginning of spring appear modest, delicate primroses, pleasing throughout the month with their beauty. Such shade-tolerant plants include various varieties of snowdrops, European candies, and pruneski. A little later, a liverwort, jeffersonium, dubious, anemone nemorosa, appear.
At the end of spring, flowerbeds are decorated with small flowers of soldanella and ruby corollas of the common lumbago. Spring celandine creates a magnificent yellow carpet, alternating with a fern. The brightness of the composition is given, creating a dense flower cover, saxifrage, phlox, primrose hybrid.
In early summer, begin to bloom curly lilies and martagon. In the first year, the lily does not differ in luxurious buds, but in the following years it will look all great. There are varieties of lilies, which reach a height of one and a half meters. This nuance should be considered when landing. For these purposes are not suitable areas with low-lying crowns of trees. The neighbors of the lilies are excellent: the crested crest and the pointed bells.
Perennial shade-loving plants do not like the first cold, so few of them open their buds in the fall. Late garden flowers include Kirengheshom palmate with flowers - bells and large decorative leaves.
Perennial flowers for shady areas of the garden
Few plants can grow in the shade of trees.. In these conditions, only species that are resistant to root pressure get along, therefore they must have a superficial root system.
Most shade-tolerant plants bloom in spring, when there are no leaves on the trees and they have enough sunny color. You should not expect abundant flowering and terry, large flowers from shade-tolerant plants. Decorative plants in such plants mainly attached foliage.
Option number 1 - combined flower bed
This is a composition of a non-standard sample, for which plants of various colors and heights are used. You will need a flower bed of 2m x 3m. Plants planted on it, will reach full development and maximize the color in 2-3 years, then the flower bed and take the final look. For such a bed you can pick up the following flowers:
- Anemone oakwood,
- lily of the valley,
- geranium versicolor,
- beautiful geraniums
Planted shade-tolerant plants, depending on size: in the foreground coverslips and border, in the background - higher flowers.
Plants bloom at different times, one after the other. Thanks to this, the flowerbed looks presentable throughout the season. A special role is played by plants such as shrub and host. They decorate the flowerbed with leaf plates. Thistle leafy leaves are distinguished by a scaly surface, and the decorative unique foliage of the host is a “wafer” structure.
Option number 2 -lukovichnye plants with perennials
Bulb varieties of plants - tulips, daffodils, hyacinths - in the natural area of shade-loving plants can be used as a bright accent. They will decorate the site at a time when perennials have not yet bloomed. In the future, so that the faded bulbous ones do not spoil the view of the flowerbed, they should be dug out and planted again in the fall for wintering.
Tulips and blue forget-me-nots get along well with perennials. Using several varieties of these flowers against the backdrop of shade-loving decorative perennials, you can create a multi-tiered magnificent composition. Shadow is also well tolerated and has a phycidal protective aura useful for tulips, marigolds. They feel great in the shade and in the open area, so they are loved by gardeners. They are used for decorating borders and shaded areas.
Option number 3 - grass lawn
Grass for lawns mainly likes abundant watering and sunlight, so not any mixture is suitable for shaded areas. The most suitable for such beds will be numerous varieties of fescue. For each region, their own, more appropriate types are recommended.
For example, red tough fescue perfectly tolerates the deficit of sunlight, but does not like drought, even short. Therefore, such a plant should be grown only if there is frequent watering. In addition, it long restores the damaged root system and is susceptible to fungal diseases.
Another representative of this species - long-leaf fescueon the contrary, it is not afraid of diseases and easily treats droughts. Therefore, it is excellent for sowing in hard-to-reach, requiring minimal maintenance places.
In the summer, the leaves on the trees completely bloom and the illumination under the trees decreases. However, it is sufficient for flowering plants such as the host, aquilegia, periwinkle.
Hosta or Funkia belongs to the genus of herbaceous perennial plants of the family Asparagus. Due to its many faces, this plant fits easily into any garden composition. The main decoration of the flower are large leaves, which differ depending on the variety and type.
Hosta is unpretentious, drought-resistant and cold-resistant. It grows well in the shade, being an excellent background for other plants. Peak beauty plant reaches the fifth year of growth.
Numerous types of hosts are stemless herbaceous plants. The roots of the flower are compact, thickened, shortly branched, with a lot of cord-like roots with which it is firmly fixed in the ground.
White, bluish, purple and pink flowers are terry plants and simple, effectively raised with tassels on tall, almost leafless, peduncles above a leaf rosette. This plant, unlike other shade-loving representatives, has really beautiful flowers. They are funnel-shaped or funnel-bell-shaped, gathered in racemes of one-sided inflorescences.
Aquilegia is also called catchment or orlik.. This plant belongs to the genus of perennials, herbaceous plants of the buttercup family. Aquilegia flowers have a two-year development cycle. In the year of planting, a renewal point is born at the base of the shoot. From it after flowering at the end of summer a basal rosette is formed. In the spring, the leaves of this rosette die off and the next generation of leaves appears, forming a new rosette, from which the stems with stem leaves and flowers then emerge.
Aquilegia flowers are single. They differ in color and size depending on the variety and type, they are crimson, white, yellow, blue, purple and even combining several shades. On the flowers of many species there are spurs - hollow outgrowths of the sepals or petals, in which nectar accumulates. Spur species of aquilegia:
Periwinkle - a magnificent groundcoverused as decorative leafy in shady squares and parks. It is able to form a uniform dense carpet, and once, having captured the “bridgehead,” it will not yield to anyone.
Periwinkle perfectly coexists with shrubs, wraps around dense needles and can act as an ampelous plant, hanging from the supporting wall.
Variegated forms of this flower can become colorful spots in the foreground of the flower garden, soloing together with perennial beautiful flowering shrubs and creating a background thicket at the foot of tall plants.
Perennial Flower Compatibility Factors
Before you take a flower you need to think about how compatible it will be with old-timers of a flower bed. Some shade-loving plants for the garden cannot grow next door, they oppress each other and, as a result, illness, lethargy and even death.
When choosing flowers, it is important to take into account the ability of plants to adapt to the climate of a particular region. The best option would be local plants. Long-term relatives need more careful care and their productivity may be minimal.
It is necessary to form flower arrangements in accordance with the general style of the plotso that the result is pleased, you should plan, considering all the details:
- determine the number of high, medium and undersized flowers
- correctly position the flowers next door, adhering to the desired distance between the seedlings,
- choose a color scheme. It can be a projection of a rainbow on a flower bed, a wave transition from tones to semitones, tenderness in pastel colors or a bright contrast,
- the creation of a psychological zone: a background for activity, recreation, self-immersion,
- study the timing of flowering plants to enjoy a rich palette from spring to late autumn.
It is necessary to choose varieties in such a way that they replace each other, while supporting the basic strategy. If the garden is multi-tiered, the plants should be planted in alternating stripes from early blooming to late. If this is a “living” drawing, then it must be “painted” at the same time. Then the effect will be sustained throughout the season.
Planting is a crucial step.. It depends on how active the plants will be and how long they will bloom and multiply.
Prepare the soil in the fall. It is loosened, fertilized and saturated with moisture. A favorable date for planting flowers with an open root system is the end of April - beginning of May.
Shallow perennials unpretentious, bloom beautifully and easily multiply. These are their main advantages. They admire the variety of shades, forms of foliage and inflorescences, options for filling buds. In the photo of garden flowers you can often see exactly perennials.
Choosing for planting seeds of shade-loving flowers for the garden, you should focus on a reliable manufacturer, carefully read the characteristics of the plant on the package: flowering period, planting time, size, seed storage period and requirements for care.
When choosing seedlings should be considered: the stronger the leaves, the thicker the light will be. Yellow sprout can speak about the lack of nutrients, and drying - to indicate chlorosis. It is important to fully examine the seedlings for the presence of insect pests. Seedlings should be supple and fresh. A dry substrate is a signal that the root system could suffer.
In order for the flower to be easily taken and pleased with its beauty for many years, it is very important to choose a healthy, strong plant.
Shade Flowers For The Garden
There are many varieties of shade-loving flowers that can be safely planted in a shady area of a garden or vegetable garden. In hot weather, it will be very pleasant to relax in the shade, where the shade-loving flowers bloom.
For nature, any weather is a manifestation of love for the land, and therefore there are many colors, including shade-loving and shade-tolerant. Thanks to these colors, the garden area can be decorated under any tree, near the house on the north side or under the crown of a large tree.
Shade Flowers - Species
Several types popular shade flowers for garden:
- Anemone oakwood (anemone) - "herald of spring." It blooms for 20 days - from April to the end of May (depends on planting it in the ground),
- lily of the valley (perfectly combined in planting with anemones),
- a large astrantia is a perennial plant (its height is from 40 cm to 1 m, a flower is up to 5 cm),
- crested hollow - flowering occurs from the beginning of spring,
- Dicentra - reach a height of 1 m, flowering begins in May and ends in early June,
- foxglove is a two-year-old flower, beautiful from June to August, the height of the plant reaches one and a half meters,
- geranium (geranium blooms from one to one and a half months),
- the liver - a low plant (from 5 cm to 15 cm), in the form of flowering resembles a human liver, hence the name,
- host - long-lived in the garden, can grow up to 25 years, grows slowly, and blooms in August,
Also in any shade they bloom perfectly and for a long time. all primroses grow. They can be sown immediately under the tree, and if there is a seedling, plant bushes immediately.
Shade Tolerant Colors
Love the shadow of Ifalki. Violet is a low fragrant flower, it blooms twice a year (April-May) and in autumn.
Shade-tolerant beauty — kupena (fragrant, graceful) is a very rare plant in our gardens and vegetable gardens, but she did not deserve it. This is a very beautiful flower that blooms in the first half of summer with white bells. And no flower can smash it. Its advantage: can grow and multiply in full shade. Reproduction occurs by seeds or roots. Moisture-loving plant. Propagated in spring root cuttings. As soon as the flower fades - the aerial part dies off.
Astilba is suitable for shady corners. It blooms first and until the end of summer with small inflorescences of different colors - cream, white, pink and all red shades. The moisture-loving plant, in dry weather, requires abundant watering. In winter, the stems are cut and the roots are covered with dry leaves. Its growth buds are located close to the soil surface, and therefore it should be protected from frost.
Daylilies and hemerokalis maintain a slight shadow. They love fertile soil and moisture. Currently, hybrids are bred with their multi-colored color - from white to almost black.
Annual shade-tolerant plants
Of the annual shade plants, they fully feel themselves - fragrant tobacco, nasturtium, lobelia.
Greens and herbs
- Fern. The most shade-tolerant plant. More than 50 species of this most ancient plant grow on the territory of Russia. They grew back in the days of dinosaurs. In the garden, gardeners usually use ferns, in which leaves resembling feathers can reach up to 1.5 m in height. They do not tolerate drought, so they should be watered more often.
- Shade tolerant. This is actinidia — colomikta, schisandra, and Chinese. They always have good flowering, even with a lot of shading. Also very popular with gardeners enjoys girlish grapes (triovenaceous and pyatilistochkovaya decorative culture). An excellent climbing annual plant is the impomea, which has large bell-shaped flowers of various colors.
Ephedra and shrubs
A lot of shrubs, including conifers, are adapted to the lack of sun. The most popular of this type are rhododendrons. In the wild, they grow on forest edges. In the shade, you can plant a creeping form of evergreen boxwood - they will add shine to the shade. The holly-headed mahonia will look very beautiful in the shade and will bloom beautifully and bear blue berries.
Feels great in the shade hydrangea. it the most luxurious shrubwho can spend the winter here.
With northern exposure feels very good yew berry. Its colors can be from yellow to almost black. There are quite a few varieties of this plant, even there are those that do not grow large.
There are still a lot of shade-tolerant conifers - this larch, fir and a huge number of juniper varieties.
When in a garden fruit trees grow large - do not neglect the flowers and shrubs. Nowadays there are a lot of them: shade-loving and shade-tolerant. And this is just a salvation from a sad desolation. And you should never bury your dream of blooming flower beds.
Shadow Perennial Types
In relation to the illumination of the growing area, all plants, including perennial ones, can be divided into light-requiring, shade-loving and shade-tolerant.
Растения светолюбивые предпочитают хорошо освещенные в течение дня места, в других условиях они могут сильно вытягиваться и не будут цвести. Теневыносливые — любят солнечные участки, но хорошо переносят легкое затенение, правда, могут цвести менее интенсивно. А тенелюбивые хорошо себя чувствуют именно в тени. Такие растения на солнце могут получить ожоги и засохнуть.
Чтобы правильно выбрать для каждого из них место, необходимо также разобраться, какими бывают затененные участки.
– Тенью call places where sunlight falls less than three hours during the day. Regardless of the time of day (morning, afternoon or evening).
– Penumbra - This is when the sun hits the site more than three hours a day (most often only in the morning or in the evening).
– Sparse shadow it is formed under a loose crown of trees, when sunlight penetrates between the foliage.
– Deep shadow - These are places where sunlight does not penetrate almost completely or for a very short time.
In nature, for each of these places there are suitable plants. In order to select them correctly and form a flower garden that will look decorative for the whole season, it is necessary to determine also the time of flowering of certain shady perennials.
It will be useful to read:
Although the spring sun is not very active, but while the leaves on the trees have not yet appeared, in the shade of the branches spring primroses feel well. The snowdrop (Galanthus) and the scilla (Scilla) are forest dwellers and therefore it is natural and comfortable for them to grow in the shade. Muscari (Muscari), narcissus (Narcissus), frost-resistant varieties of Kandyk or Eritronium (Erythrónium), beautiful Pushkinia (Puschkinia), gentle liver (Hepatica), as well as “broken hearts” (Dicentra)
Suitable perennials for planting even in tight shade are lilies of the valley (Convallaria). Beautifully look kutinki of lilies of the valley in a shady corner of the garden.
In areas where the sun appears only in the morning, you will feel perfect Brunnera. For small blue flowers, forming miniature clouds from inflorescences, it is also called a forget-me-not. It starts flowering in May and ends by July. But not only flowers are good for brunner, after flowering it is also decorative due to large, beautifully colored leaves. Brunner is indispensable for rockeries, mixborders. This plant will help flower growers in filling shady and over-wet places.
No wonder cute groundcover ayuga got the second name - zhiruchka. It can grow in almost any conditions. And what is important - shade tolerant. In a short period of time it creates a dense beautiful carpet. After all, its leaves can be burgundy, green and chocolate hue. May ayuga blooms. On a low (10-15 cm) peduncle forms a false spikelet of a dozen small blue-violet flowers. The bloom is long lasting, and therefore the zhivuchki carpet finds a bluish tint. Wonderful for shady stone gardens. She can arrange slopes and slopes.
An example of the design of a spring flower bed you can see on the proposed scheme. The upper tier of the mixborder is represented by shade-loving shrubs.
Mahonia aquifōlium - evergreen shrub, yellow flowers in the garden bloom in spring, have a spicy scent. It grows from 30 to 100 cm. It is amenable to shearing. Leathery leaves are very decorative. Reddish in the spring, they become dark green and shining in the summer, and in the fall acquire a bronze tint. Shade-tolerant plant.
Rhododendron Atlantic (Rhododendron atlanticum) - deciduous shrub growing up to 60 cm. Winter-hardy and shade-tolerant. Leaves appear simultaneously with flowers in May. Flowers - fragrant white with a pinkish tint asterisks, collected in a brush. Leaves become bright yellow in autumn.
Garden Azalea (Azalia, Azalea) - very beautiful flowering shrubs. It will not grow in the sun and in thick shade. She needs partial shade. Azalea is quite demanding to care, but when it blooms in May, the flowers cover the whole shrub so that even the leaves are not visible. It looks amazingly beautiful!
Middle tier filled plants with beautiful leaves.
Female ferry (Athyrium filix-femma) - fern with delicate beautifully dissected foliage about a meter high. Shade-loving plant. Frost-resistant Unpretentious.
Bergadan (Bergénia crassifólia) - evergreen perennial. Its dark green leaves, thick and round, do not die in winter. In the spring, his brownish-green leaflets begin to look out from under the snow. In autumn, they acquire a bright red color. Large panicle inflorescences consist of pink flowers that open in May. Shade-tolerant and unpretentious in the care.
Hosta plantain (Nosta plantaginea) - has large bright green heart-shaped leaves. The leaf shape and pronounced veinlets resemble the plantain leaf. On a high pedicle there are large white star flowers that have a delicate scent of lilies. Blossoms in August. But all kinds of hosts are valued primarily for large and beautiful leaves. Very shade-tolerant, survives in places where other plants may die.
Hosta white-haired (Hosta albo-marginata) - A plant with very beautiful oval-pointed white-green leaves. Purple bell-like flowers are collected in the inflorescence-brush. It blooms in July. Like other types of hosts, shade-tolerant plant.
The decoration of the lower tier is fragrant violet (Viola odorata). This is a gentle forest guest, and therefore shade-tolerant and unpretentious. Everyone knows her tiny purple butterfly flowers with wonderful aroma. It blooms in May, and then again at the end of summer. There are decorative varieties with large flowers of white, dark purple and reddish-purple color.
Summer is a sunny time. But even at this time of year there are shade-loving garden flowers and shrubs. On the example of the design of the letnerescent shadow mixborder, we will get acquainted with such plants.
We are already familiar with thick-leaf bergen and host in spring flower beds. These plants are decorative throughout the warm season, so they are often used in landscape design.
In our composition took center stage digitalis - biennial unpretentious plant. She feels quite well both in the sun and in the shade. High (more than one and a half meters) flower spike crowns one-sided spike of large bells. Their color is very diverse. It can be pink, white, yellow, purple, red, as well as with a pattern in the form of blurred spots and dark dots. It blooms almost all summer. Very beautiful, but poisonous plant.
The background is the lush bushes of two types of hydrangeas: tree hydrangeas (Hydrangea arborescens) and large-leaved or garden hydrangeas (Hydrángea macrophýlla). This type of shrub loves a loose shadow. Blooms in summer. Beautiful hats of pink, blue and white colors cover almost the entire bush and look incredibly beautiful.
Also the top tier occupies and phlox paniculata - perennial, with many varieties. Their color is very diverse, there are two-color. The height varies from 60 cm to 1.3 m. The flowers are collected in fairly dense inflorescences of various forms. All summer bloom and some varieties even fall. Shade-tolerant and unpretentious plant, but sensitive to drought.
The middle tier, along with hosts and badan, are occupied by perennial shade-loving flowers - Astilbe (Astilbe) and aquilegia. Astilbe can be called a universal plant, it can grow almost everywhere. But the ideal place for her is the partial shade. It is appreciated by designers for beautiful paniculate inflorescences of small flowers of various colors. It blooms in summer. (More about this elegant plant can be found here). Aquilegia is also a penumbra lover. The charm of it gives the unusual shape of a flower with a spur. Coloring of flowers is various - both one-color, and two-color. For her ability to collect water droplets in flowers, she was given a second name, the catchment.
The lower tier is decorated with a soft cuff (Alchemilla mollis), geykhera (Heuchera) and garden primrose (Primula).
Cuff - creeping perennial with unremarkable greenish-yellow flowers. The main advantage of this plant is rounded fan-shaped leaves, with pubescent, slightly concave lobes, on which droplets of dew miraculously linger, giving the plant additional charm. Practically does not suffer from the illumination area. Feels good everywhere.
Geicher - a very popular plant due to its decorative leaves and a small (up to 50 cm) height. Rounded-lobed pubescent leaves collected in the outlet. Their color is varied: green, red, yellow, silver-gray. Flowers, like bells, are collected in small loose panicles of white and reddish-pink shades. Loves the shaded places.
Primula or primrose - a beautiful flower, a variety of its types allows to ensure the flowering of flowerbeds from spring to autumn. In our case, represented primrose, blooming in the summer. Primroses are mostly undersized, rounded leaves form a rosette. The flowers are grouped (bunch) and have a variety of colors, both monophonic and bicolor. They do not like direct sunlight, prefer to grow in partial shade.
We can also recall such summer shade-loving garden flowers as periwinkle (Vinca), gelenium (Helenium), bluebells (Campanula), forget-me-not (Myosotis), kupena (Polygonatum multiflorum), Rodgers (Rodgersia) and others.
In autumn, the sun gradually loses its activity, the flowering of plants is declining, but nevertheless it is possible to create an attractive shadow flower garden at this time. Refer to the scheme.
As you can see, the autumn composition does not spoil us with flowering. Now come to the aid of plants with beautiful leaves. Among them are various varieties of hosts, namely Siebold (Hosta sieboldii), bloated (Hosta ventricosa) and wavy (Hosta undulata). Rescues us and hybrid astilbe (Astilbe)blooming in early fall with pretty panicles. Pleases flowering and black cohosh (Cimicifuga rasemosa)that grows up to 2 m. Its flowers are small, white, collected in a pyramidal inflorescence, have a specific medicinal smell. The stem and leaves of this species of black-and-violet black cohosh, which is also decorative. Since black cohosh is a forest plant, it grows remarkably in the shade.
Like all ferns, ostrich fish (Matteuccia) - shade-loving plant. It has two kinds of leaves: long pinnate, forming a beautiful funnel, and spore-bearing, similar to ostrich feathers, located in the middle of the bush.
Complements our composition Tiarella cordifolia (Tiarella cordifolia) - groundcover winter-hardy plant, blooming in spring. In the autumn, its green leaves with bronze streaks acquire a reddish-brown hue; therefore, it decorates an autumn flower garden with a decorative leaf carpet. Shy of love May winter with snow.
Of the autumn-flowering shade-tolerant plants, we can also call the goldenrod (Сompositae), Kirengeshoma palmate (Kirengeshoma palmata), the bell is twisted or assembled (Campanula glomerata L.).
Separately, I want to mention some more shade-loving perennials. It is a creeping plant with rounded glossy leaflets (Asarum), it can grow even in the densest shade. Shade-tolerant ivy (Hedera) is also sufficient. Loves the shady areas and representative cereal lush molinia (Molinia). Evergreen and coniferous shrubs tolerate a loose shadow. Barberry, hibiscus, irga, jasmine, viburnum and others may grow in the penumbra.
At the end of the review, we offer several more schemes of floral arrangements for shady places. They will help you choose the right plants and beautifully place them.
Nature took care of the great diversity of plants. Among them, you can choose those that will decorate even the most shady part of your garden. And it will turn from the sad and the inconspicuous into the beautiful and cozy, which will become your favorite place to rest on a hot sunny day.
Perennials for the seasons with a description
Perennial ornamental plants, flowering or pleasing the eye only with their foliage, are the basis of most garden flower beds. The main purpose of the cottage and the garden is to grow fruits, so the majority of the owners are engaged in this, there is not enough time and place for flowers or ornamental shrubs. Therefore, it is better to plant plants that grow more and more from year to year, and they should be planted every three or five years.
Once planted them in a flower bed, you can not worry about the annual registration of flower beds, planting new plants. If you have time and desire, you can always revive the annual flower garden, but if there was no time, it will still look beautiful thanks to overwintered perennials. And they often spend the winter without problems, without efforts on the part of the owners.
To decorate the cottage, most often use unpretentious herbs, vines, flowers, bushes. All flowering plants can be divided into large groups by flowering time. There are early flowering plants that start the garden bloom season in May. Pick up the baton plants, flowering in June and July, continue to others that delight the eye from August to the cold. But the most beloved of the summer residents are those that bloom throughout the warm season. Among them it is necessary to name phlox, growing almost in every garden.
There is an opinion that even if all the flowers suddenly disappear, and only phloxes remain, they can provide the garden with bright colors and wonderful aroma from June to September. Phlox love sunny areas, but can grow in partial shade. On shaded flower beds bloom longer, but not as magnificent as the sun.
They are undemanding to the soil, but prefer a light, loose, nutritious. They love moisture, but do not tolerate stagnant water at the level of their roots, and this is a depth of up to 15 cm. Perennial phloxes are propagated by seeds, cuttings, autumn (summer, too) shoots, by dividing the bush. Most often they are seated, dividing the bush, in early spring or autumn, after autumn planting the stalks are shortened by a third. Bushes winter well under a snow cover, if there is no snow, then it is necessary to cover, otherwise roots can freeze out.
Garden roses bloom all summer. People usually love roses, but those who grow them already know that they take time and trouble. Young roses can freeze in winter, they are prone to disease, capricious. There are few shade-tolerant varieties among them. But you can choose zoned varieties that will grow in your area without any particular difficulties. Park roses are often planted near fences or buildings, modern Dutch varieties are unpretentious, they hibernate well.
Those who want to see flowering plants in the spring grow tulips, daffodils, primroses, crocuses, irises in their gardens. Tulips grow well on neutral or weakly alkaline sandy soil; it is better to prepare heavy soil by adding sawdust or river sand. Planted in the fall, when the temperature at a depth of 10 - 12 cm drops to + 10, it will be around the middle of September. In 3-4 weeks the plant will take root, after that frosts will not be able to affect its growth next spring. Most varieties are light-requiring, but can grow in the shade.
But the crocuses are quite shade tolerant, they grow beautifully in the shade of trees and shrubs. White, blue, yellow, purple - they can bloom in April. These bulbous perennials are not capricious, they tolerate the winter well, they do not cause concern to gardeners.
Primroses do not like direct sunlight, bloom in early spring, prefer a temperature not higher than + 12, when the temperature rises, they drop flowers. Many varieties bloom again when the temperature drops again. Very fond of moisture.
Irises are considered sun-loving plants, but they bloom wonderfully in the shade. Unpretentious, hardy, tolerate cold and drought well - ideal for busy gardeners. There are low and high with large or elegant flowers, after spring flowering all summer there is a lush green bush. The most common - blue, purple, yellow, rarely white terry, brick and two-tone.
Video "Shade-tolerant flowers for the garden"
Video selection of names of decorative shade-tolerant flowers for cultivation in the garden.
June - July delight us with the greatest variety of colors in the garden, when most flowers bloom. Chamomiles, cornflowers, calendula, multicolored delphiniums - the eyes diverge. Majestic delphiniums are able to decorate any flower bed, they grow beautifully in the sun and in partial shade. Propagated by cuttings, buds, division of the root. The best time for planting garden beds is August-September, so that plants can take root before the frosts. Shrub the bush, breaking out weak or just extra shoots, so that the remaining 3 - 4 gave a luxurious flowering.
Peonies difficult to surprise someone. This is a convenient combination of a luxurious flower and a completely unpretentious plant like all summer residents. Red, pink, white flowers with a drunk sweet aroma of peonies can not stand the shade and lowlands flooded with water, do not like peat. Everything else does not affect their resilience.
Bells, too, do not like stagnant water, they should be planted in elevated areas, well lit or slightly shaded, and they will delight in their flowering from June to August. Lilies bloom in July, some varieties later. This perennial plant belongs to shade-tolerant plants, it is not capricious, does not require special care. They love a lot of water during flowering, do not like overheating of the soil around their roots. If there is little snow in winter, lilies are best covered.
Last month of summer brings flowering of dahlias and gladioli. Gladioli love a lot of sunshine and a long light day. They need moisture and air temperature from 10 to 25 degrees. Dahlias also love the sun, they are planted on light beds sheltered from the wind with humus-rich soils with good drainage. Высокое растение (до 2,5 м) с немыслимо разнообразной палитрой цветения и без запаха может стать украшением сада, если выращивать его на светлых или слегка притененных участках.
Изысканные хризантемы тоже любят освещенные места. Они зацветают не раньше сентября, хозяйки часто пересаживают цветущие хризантемы в помещение, чтобы дать им доцвести. На грядке они выдерживают понижение температуры до -7 градусов, прекрасно зимуют даже в Сибири (там корни с укороченными стеблями укрывают торфом и лапником).
Идеи для тенистого цветника
Plants that easily adapt to lack of sunlight are considered to be shade tolerant. They, along with the shade-loving should make flower beds in the shady corners of the garden plot. Among them, hosts occupy a special place. They look great from the spring and develop with a small amount of sunlight, and bloom until mid-autumn. But they are valued not even for flowers, but for the decorativeness of the bush.
Bright astilbe, blooming almost all summer and autumn, perfectly revive any flower garden in a shaded corner of the garden. Ferns, of which there are a huge number of species, will become an indispensable basic background, highlighting the bright flowers of periwinkle, begonia, frost-resistant petunias, which can bloom in the shade. Shade-tolerant plants do not give a long luxurious flowering, but they look great all season, decorating the garden with their foliage and embossed shrubs.
The more precious flowers seem to be the beautiful flowers of lily of the valley, thick-headed bergamous, saxifrage, melluna, foxglove and noble liverwort, violet and thyroid podofill. Doronicum (Yellow Chamomile) blooms even longer in the shade, the iris and daylily will long and luxuriously bloom in partial shade, replacing each other. Creating a flower bed on a shaded place, you can plant snowdrops, hyacinths, primroses. They will bloom before the leaves shade their trees. Ivy and wild grapes, if there is a lot to curl nearby, will give lush greenery in the summer and inconceivable brightness in the autumn.