Arabis, better known to the philistines as rezuha, is a fragrant flowering plant with an unpretentious character. The shrub has about 200 varieties and pleases gardeners with long lush and abundant flowering. It grows very quickly. In our latitudes, only a few species are common. Although hybrids arabis alpine adapted to survive in almost any conditions.
Arabis: description, types
It is a cruciferous plant, its flowers are in the shape of a cross. The leaves are small. Arabis can be both plain green and variegated. In nature, the plant most often grows in mountainous and rocky areas. The height of arabis is about 25 cm. Its stems spread along the ground and weave. The plant requires systematic pruning to improve flowering. Some species tolerate low temperatures well, while others still require at least minimal shelter in the form of, for example, brushwood or spruce branches.
More than a hundred varieties are hybrid. Arabis Caucasian and Alpine Arabis are considered the most popular among them. Growing from seed is the most acceptable option for them. Now we will tell about each species in more detail.
This plant has white and pink crucifixes. They are small and densely located. It blooms from May to June. It has a nice, pleasant sweet aroma. The maximum height of the bush is 30 cm. The color of the leaves is grayish-green. Roots and grows very quickly, and this has earned its popularity.
This is a stunted cut. The flowers have a wide range of colors: pink, yellow, white and yellow, white. The plant is very fond of sunny places, where it develops faster and blooms more abundantly than in partial shade. This mountain view does not really like moisture. In winter, it should be covered with insulation. For this, a small construction of metal arcs is constructed around the plant and covered with agrofibre. You should not take shelter at the first rays of spring, it will be necessary to give arabis a little to get used to the sun. Flowering begins in May.
Propagate the plant in several ways:
The division of the bush rezuhi can be carried out in March, April or August, September. A single four year old plant can produce up to 25 new bushes. In order to divide the bush, it is not necessary to dig it out. It will be necessary to separate only part of the already established plant. The resulting shoots are planted directly in the soil at a distance of 30 cm from each other.
The cutting is made from the end of spring - the beginning of summer. To do this, remove the apical cuttings approximately 7-9 cm long. It is necessary to plant the cutting in the greenhouse, under the film, directly into the soil, after removing the lower foliage. Rooting will take several weeks. All this time, cuttings should be hidden from the sun and watered as needed. Replace to a permanent place at the end of summer.
Arabis: seed growing, planting and care
Seed multiply all kinds of rezuhi, except terry forms. For them, the division of the bush and cutting is acceptable. Seed propagation allows you to get beautiful hybrid varieties. Arabis from seeds how to propagate? The material is often purchased at flower shows or in special flower shops. It should be pre-acquired containers. Having bought Alpine arabis, cultivation from seeds can be started either in October or in April-May. Frost seeds not terrible. Sowing soil should be loose and breathable. If garden soil is used, then it should be added sand, small pebbles or needles, all this will very well affect the seedlings of a plant like arabis. Growing from seed means planting at a room temperature substrate. Therefore, if the soil is taken from the street, it should be allowed to warm up.
Deep in the ground seeds do not land. It will be enough just to sprinkle them on the ground. It is desirable to cover the soil from above with a special covering material for the garden and vegetable garden, which promotes the uniform distribution of moisture during the irrigation process, preventing the erosion of the soil and the stagnation of water. This creates the most favorable conditions for alpine arabis to rise well. Growing from seed will allow you to see the first shoots after 10-12 days. During this period, it is necessary to monitor watering, excessive moisture can lead to mold growth or the death of seedlings.
Seedlings can be planted in the ground after the appearance of at least three leaves. To grow individual lush bushes, they are seated freely, at a distance of 35-40 centimeters from each other. If you plant several seedlings in one hole, then next year you will see a dense flowering carpet.
Care of arabis. Soil features
Resuha unpretentious to the conditions of growth. Preference should still be given to sunny places with sandy, loose soil and good breathability. The plant responds very well to soil loosening and weed removal. But the latter must be dealt with only at an early stage of plant development. In the future, it will itself push out the weeds.
In nature, arabis grows on mountain slopes; therefore, it does not tolerate overflow in the garden area. The plant will be quite enough natural moisture. It can be supplemented only in a long dry period.
A sunny and windless location will provide abundant flowering, inflorescences will be more compact and lush, and a pleasant sweet aroma will spread throughout the dacha.
Abundant flowering next year will ensure pruning of faded stems this year. They should be cut, leaving a maximum of four centimeters, and be sure to sprinkle with earth.
Pests and diseases with proper cultivation and planned care are not terrible plant arabis alpine. Growing from seed, cutting or dividing the rezuha into the bushes for reproduction will not cause any difficulties for experienced or novice gardeners.
Varieties and types of Arabis
Alpine arabis This is a perennial plant that can reach 35 cm tall. Stems have very high branching, some branches adjacent to the ground as curtains. The foliage on the shoots of the heart shape, and closer to the root is rounded. The flowers are simple, up to 1 cm in size, white in color, clustered in brush clusters. Flowering begins in the middle of spring and lasts about a month.
- there is terry uniform with larger flowers.
Arabis is bruiform it is low - up to 10 cm, rezuha. Its small fluffy foliage forms rosettes, the flowers are white, gathered in friable shields.
Arabis Caucasian part of the scientists is considered a form of alpine arabis. A perennial plant that grows up to 30 cm tall. Foliage grayish shade due to small hairs. Flowers are white, clustered in clusters-brush. Flowering begins in early summer and lasts about a month.
- Rosabella with pink flowers
- Flora-pleno - flowers terry,
- Variegata - variegated form with yellow spots on the edges of foliage.
Arabis ciliate dwarf alpine plant, its height is below 10 cm. The foliage is grayish, and the flowers are pink.
- Sort Route Sensation has a more saturated color of the petals.
Arabis Ferdinand very low view, the height of its representatives up to 5 cm. With such a height of a bush, it is valued for its attractive green with white edges foliage and long flowering. The flowers are small, white or pinkish.
- Sort Old gold - higher than the specific form, foliage is decorated with yellowish spots, white flowers. Sometimes it blooms twice a year.
Arabis grandiflora forms low curtains up to 20 cm tall. Flowers pink, up to 2 cm, placed in racemes.
Arabis Zunderman dwarf - up to 5 cm - perennial. The foliage is small, dark green, shiny. Flowers are 1 cm in size, white in color. Flowering begins in late spring - early summer.
Arabis Arendsa also a groundcover with rounded leaves and pink petals.
On sale sometimes you can find the name Arabis Persian Rug - It is a mixture of multi-colored forms of Alpine Arabis.
Arabis seed growing
Resin bushes can be easily obtained by sowing seeds. Sowing is carried out directly into the soil before winter or on seedlings in April. Sow the material in the usual garden soil with the addition of sand in the ratio of 3 to 1.
Deepen the seeds should be no more than half a centimeter, for germination you need a temperature of 20 ° C and watering so that the soil is slightly damp. In order to have more shoots, the container is covered with non-woven material.
Three weeks after the emergence of shoots shelter removed. Seedlings need bright diffused light and heat, as well as watering as the soil dries.
If you want to get a separate plant, not a ground cover, then you need to dive when a real leaf appears on the seedlings. If you want a ground cover plant, then this procedure is not needed.
Transplantation is carried out when the threat of night frosts passes, but the most important thing is that by this time the seedlings have three true leaves. Three weeks before planting in open ground, hardening of young plants should be started, bringing them to the fresh air for a couple of hours.
Iberis is also a representative of the Cruciferous family, grown during planting and care in the open field without much hassle, observing a few nuances. All the necessary recommendations for the cultivation and care of this plant can be found in this article.
Arabis planting and care in the open field
Soil for cultivation should be nutritious, loose and sandy, before planting or sowing it is desirable to carry out mineral or organic fertilizer fertilizer.
If the ground is too dense, you should add sand to it. In general, this plant is unpretentious and can grow on poor soils, but then flowering will be poorer.
Bushes are seated at a distance of 40 cm from each other. Sow several seedlings together. After that, watering is carried out and, if the site has not been pre-fertilized, after a couple of days they apply complex mineral fertilizer.
The flowering of the seed obtained from the seed begins in the second year of life. Please note that the seed method reproduces mainly the species of the flower, since the varietal characteristics are lost during generative reproduction.
Caring for this culture is not burdensome. The main necessary procedures are weeding and loosening the soil. Watering is needed only in long heat, and even in this case it is better not to be zealous, since the rezuha is resistant to dryness and easier to survive than the bay. Faded flowers should be cut for longer flowering.
Fertilizers are applied once a year before flowering. Complex fertilizer or humus will be suitable as top dressing.
Transplants are carried out once every 4 years. Also at this time you can spend and the division of the bush.
If you grow rezuhu as a ground cover and do not want to transplant, you can make a rejuvenation by pouring sand mixed with humus on the bare parts of the plant. Repotting and division are performed after flowering.
Arabis seed collection
Seed collection is carried out after the first frost. Do it in dry weather, otherwise the seeds will have low germination. The inflorescence is cut with a part of the shoot and dried in the room.
After the flowers have dried, the seeds are husked and stored in a paper bag, in dryness and darkness.
Diseases and pests
Arabis may suffer from virus mosaic. Unfortunately, in this case, the plant can not be saved. If you notice increasing dark spots on foliage, gradually merging into one, then it is probably a virus and the sick individuals need to be burned, and the site should be shed by potassium permanganate.
Among pests can annoy cabbage flea. In the case of vegetable crops, they often resort to wood ash treatment, but since it is a flower, it will be easier to use insecticides, such as Actellic, Karbofos or Aktaru.
Planting and care of arabis (briefly)
- Landing: sowing seeds in the ground - in October, sowing seeds for seedlings - in April, planting seedlings in the garden - in late May or early June.
- Bloom: May-June.
- Lighting: bright sunlight or partial shade.
- The soil: loose, sandy, moderately moist, previously fertilized.
- Watering: moderate and only in severe drought.
- Top dressing: one per season: in early spring, before the start of flowering, a complex mineral fertilizer is applied. Plot mulch humus.
- Reproduction: cuttings, layering, dividing the bush and seeds.
- Pests: cruciferous flea.
- Diseases: viral mosaic.
Arabis flowers - description
Arabis flowers are grown as annuals and perennial ground cover plants with rooting creeping stems. In height arabis can reach 30 cm. The leaves of the breech are green, densely pubescent, whole, heart-shaped, sometimes jagged at the edges. Pink, white, purple or yellowish flowers, simple or terry, up to 1.5 cm in diameter, are collected in small, but dense racemes. The lush and long flowering of arabis, starting in the second half of spring, is accompanied by a pleasant aroma, which bees flock to. Resin fruit is a pod with flat seeds, in some species, winged. Relatives of arabis are such plants as alissum, horseradish, colza, cabbage, mustard, iberis, radish and other cruciferous cultures. In addition to the strong flavor, rezuha is undemanding to growing conditions, therefore, planting and caring for arabis in the open field is easy and enjoyable.
Rezuha reproduces beautifully with seeds, which can be purchased at garden centers, shops, or at flower exhibitions. Sow the seeds directly into the soil before winter in October or in early spring (April) for seedlings in boxes or containers with garden soil with the addition of sand or small stones in a ratio of 3: 1. Close the seeds shallowly - 5 mm - and germinated at a temperature of 20 ºC. To increase the germination capacity, the container is covered with non-woven material, for example, agrospan.
Care for arabis seedlings.
After 20-25 days, when the Arabis seedlings appear, the cover can be removed, watering a little cut and transfer the tank with crops to a bright warm place. Caring for arabis seedlings, as well as for any other: water as necessary and carefully loosen the substrate.
In the development phase of the first true leaflet, if you want to grow arabis as a separate plant, the seedlings dive at least 30 cm from each other, and it is even better to plant them in separate containers. If you want to grow arabis as a soil cover, you can not pick it up. Before planting in the open ground, the seedlings are quenched for 10-12 days, daily for some time taking them to the open air and gradually increasing the duration of the sessions. During hardening, make sure that the seedlings are not in a draft. Once the seedlings adapt to the conditions of the garden, they can be planted in open ground.
When to plant arabis in the ground.
Planting arabis, or planting a cut into the ground is carried out at the beginning of June or at the end of May, but not earlier than the seedlings develop three true leaves. They choose sunny, well-blown areas for arabis, although it grows well in partial shade, but it does not bloom so much and does not grow so much.
How to plant arabis.
The soil on the site for arabis should be loose, sandy, not too wet, well-treated, cleaned of weeds and fertilized with mineral and organic fertilizers. To increase the moisture and air permeability, you can add sand, small pebbles and turf to garden soil. But if you land a vent in calcified or poor acidic soil, it will also grow, although not so violently. Planting arabis 40x40 cm. It is possible to plant 3-4 seedlings in one hole. Immediately after planting, the site is watered, and if fertilizers are not applied to the ground before planting, then literally a day or two after the landing of the arabis feed it with complex mineral fertilizer. Arabis blooms from seed in the second year after planting.
How to grow arabis.
Growing arabis includes simple and familiar procedures — watering, feeding, weeding, pruning, loosening the soil, and protection from pests and diseases if such a threat arises. Resuha is drought-resistant and tolerates the absence of moisture more easily than its surplus, therefore it should be watered only during periods of prolonged drought and heat, but even then it should be done while observing the measure.
Caring for arabis involves its frequent weeding, in any case, until the rezuhn is so strong that the weeds have no chance to develop near it. It is necessary to regularly cut the rapidly growing shoots of arabis, keeping the shape of the bush. To prolong the flowering period of arabis, you need to remove faded flowers.
Pests and diseases of arabis.
Достаточно устойчивый к вредным насекомым и заболеваниям арабис иногда страдает от вирусной мозаики и вечного вредителя капустных культур крестоцветной блошки. Симптомы вирусной мозаики выглядят, как мелкие бурые пятна на листьях, постепенно увеличивающиеся в размерах и в конце концов сливающиеся друг с другом. The mosaic is incurable, therefore the patient specimen must be immediately removed and burned, and the soil in which it grows should be shed with a strong solution of potassium permanganate and not grown on this place for at least a year.
As for the cruciferous flea, it is not worth spending time on laborious dusting of arabis with tree ash; it is better to immediately treat the site with Aktellik, Aktar, Biotlin, Karbofos or Iskra.
How and when to collect arabis seeds.
Choose the most beautiful arabis blossoms during blooming and tag them. It is necessary to collect the seeds after the first frost, on a dry fine day, since the seeds collected in wet weather have low germination. Cut the inflorescences with a part of the stem and dry them in a dry, well-ventilated room suspended, then peel off the seeds and store them in a cardboard box in a dark dry place.
comes from the subalpine and alpine belt of the mountainous regions of Albania, Greece and Bulgaria. This is a pillow-shaped perennial up to 10 cm in height with small, oval, ciliate, felt-covered leaves, collected in rosettes, and white flowers, which in an amount of from 3 to 6 pieces form loose corymbose inflorescences,
Arabis procuring (Arabis procurrens)
found in the wild in the Balkans. This groundcover is up to 12 cm tall with small rosettes of leaves and faded flowers. Most often, the plant is used to fix the sliding slopes. Arabis running out is unpretentious and frost-resistant, but it is still desirable to cover him for the winter. The most famous variety is Variegata, with green leaves with a wide white border and a bunch of purple flowers that gradually become white,
Arabis is short (Arabis pumila)
in nature it grows in the Apennines and the Alps. It grows up to 15 cm. Its white, inconspicuous flowers that have no decorative value are revealed in May or June. Attractive are the fruits of arabis undersized - because of them it is grown in culture,
Arabis cinnamon (Arabis blepharophylla),
growing in the Californian mountains at an altitude of 500 m, is a ground-cover perennial up to 8 cm in height with a bush diameter of about 25 cm. Its leaves are gray-green and the flowers are a dark pink shade. In the culture most cultivated varieties:
- – Route Sensation - a plant with elongated leaves and bright pink flowers,
- – Frühlingshaber - variety with small leaves and pink flowers.
Arabis Ferdinand Coburg Variegata (Arabis ferdinandi-coburgii "Variegata")
- semi-evergreen plant with a height of not more than 5 cm and a bush diameter of about 30 cm. This arabis is valued for its abundant and prolonged flowering. It has attractive leaves of light green color with white, yellow or pinkish edging and white flowers. Wide cushions of leaf sockets look impressive. With good drainage, this plant can tolerate lower temperatures.
Arabis: varieties and varieties
A low ground cover plant up to 30 cm in height is an ideal solution for decorating a garden plot, arboretum, rock aquarium and rock garden. The uniqueness of arabis lies in the composition of brightly emerald greenery and pinkish, creamy, lilac or completely white inflorescences, with which the plant is abundantly strewn. Neither the climate features, nor the temperature drops affect the evergreen color, and the snow cover reliably protects the bushes in extreme frosts.
The culture is obliged by its extraordinary name to unique natural properties: the leaves of some varieties of arabis are covered with stiff hairs, from touching which you can accidentally injure your hands. Today this mountain plant is called the sun bunny. You must admit that this name not only sounds more pleasant, but also fully corresponds to the fragrant flower carpet.
Breeders deduced about 200 varieties of culture, of which more than 100 are unusual in terms of picturesque hybrids, which are very popular among gardeners. Among them it is impossible not to mention the leaders - Caucasian Arabis and Alpine.
Mountain culture Caucasian Arabis possesses a super-powerful root system: it is able to penetrate inside the crevices in the mountains and quickly take root in them. Emerald bushes reach a height of only 15 cm, but in length they can “sprawl” up to 30-40 cm. Arabis blossoms intensively under the warm May rays of the sun, giving gardeners the most delicate aroma and small scattering of pink and white flowers. Perfectly grows both in a wild look, and on personal plots and greenhouses.
Alpine arabis - This is an unusually fragrant shrub, covered with many brushes of white and pinkish color. The time of active flowering falls on mid-April. Modestly looking out from under the mountain cracks and between the stones, the plant reaches a height of only 18-20 cm.
In addition to these varieties, there is also the macrofiber arabis, which runs out (grows in the Balkans), ciliated, prolomnikovy and other equally colorful mountain plants.
Bushes bloom most often in May, very plentiful and very long - 20-30 days. Charming racemes unite many simple and terry flowers of lemon, purple and pinkish color. The plant bears pods, inside which are collected brown seeds.
Gardeners are most often stocked with seed in flower shops and stores. Choosing seeds for planting, you need to know that the best time to grow falls in the fall (mid-October) and the height of spring. By this time, you should worry about the tanks for landing. The optimum temperature of the soil is 20ºС.
It is not necessary to plant seeds deeply; it is enough to immerse them to a depth of 5 mm from the soil surface. Covering material that is laid on top of a sown piece of land will help to achieve high germination. This inexpensive, but very effective method will significantly simplify the process of growing arabis, including watering it, and will create optimal drainage. All this guarantees not only the best conditions for seed germination, but also rapid growth and early flowering of an adult plant.
Attention! Proper seed sowing, weeding and timely watering are the main components of the success of growing beautiful and healthy garden plants.
Transplantation of arabis in open ground is made after the appearance of the first 2-3 leaves. In order for individual bushes to grow well, without interfering with and not displacing each other, follow the appropriate layout of seedlings - 40 x 40 cm. If you want to achieve the effect of a flower carpet, plant 3 or even 4 plants in one hole.
Bloom wait for next year. The truth is often found varieties and varieties of Arabis, which delight luxurious flowering by the end of the summer period.
Culture can be propagated by cutting. Therefore, do not rush to get rid of cut branches!
It is necessary to water a plant moderately: only periodically and only in a long dry period. Arabis is very unpretentious to the soil composition, and yet he loves loose soil. That is why special attention is paid to loosening the land and weeding. Mixing the soil with sand, you will provide the plant with rapid growth and growth, and after a few months arabis will please the gardener with stormy expressive flowering and breathtaking fragrance.
Since the plant grows beautifully both in the garden and in the mountain crevices, this gives us the opportunity to talk about the insensitivity of the arabis to diseases and pests.
Fertilizer and feeding arabis
This mountain plant is very unpretentious and does not require painstaking care. But if you use arabis in landscape design and want to achieve lush flowering, we recommend feeding the plant throughout the growing season with special mineral fertilizers. You can start feeding arabis immediately after landing in the ground.
Arabis: combination with other plants
The perennial arabis perfectly fits into any floral arrangements and greenhouses, perfectly complements the terraces and modern architectural solutions made of stone. Unpretentious bushes look very impressive next to the scarlet tulips, noble irises, extraordinary alissum and other onion cultures of early flowering. Low-growing varieties are commonly used to create a picturesque background in a rose garden.
Rock gardens and rock arias most often decorate with lush mountain plants, they are decorated with any stony walls and structures. Perfectly suitable for arranging mixborders and curbing, strengthening the slopes and creating bright accents on the garden plot.
The work of growing is not so laborious. The best results in this reach on well-treated loose sandy soils. Even a poor sour soil is appropriate, which, however, is not too wet.
In a sunny place, alpine arabis blooms much more abundantly and acquires a more compact appearance. Care needs are limited to traditional weeding, loosening and sensible watering only when the soil dries out.
In order to prolong flowering, it is recommended to immediately remove the flowering flowers, and in order to have a stronger aroma, it is better to plant the culture in a windless place.
It will not be superfluous to shelter in a snowless winter, although some new forms have been developed with absolute frost resistance. In the spring, it is important to ensure sufficient soil drainage, since otherwise the plant may die from stagnant winter waters. If the snow melts too early, it is useful to cover the bushes, protecting the shoots from drying out.
Growing rezuhu on your site, it is important to take into account the high rate of its growth, which can drown out the neighboring plants. The solution to this problem is pruning the bush, preserving its limits.
At one place can grow in succession for several years. If over time the shoots stretch out, and the flowers and leaf plates shred, it is better to replace the shrub, or at least cut the branches strongly.
In the garden, alpine arabis can be planted between paved plates, along the paths, on alpine hills, flower beds and mixborders.
It strengthens the slopes well, and early flowering is actively used for tamping tulips, daffodils, crocuses and other ornamental bulbous.
Together with alissum and obrieta, he is able to create a beautiful background for rose bushes, shrubs, dwarf and young trees. Such a company will create beautiful combinations of large and small colors, especially spectacular with contrast shades.
After flowering, the cutlet is cut off along with other spring crops, and in their place planted crops covering a large area, for example, petunia.
- Bruiform arabis.
It is the last kind of arabis. cultivated as a garden and decorative culture for 200 years. In landscape design, the plant is used in flowerbeds and mixborders - it perfectly adorns rock gardens and curbs along the paths.
General description of the alpine arabis
This is a ground covering plant that can be both annual and perennial. Despite the fact that the stalks of rezuhi are spreading on the ground, it is capable of reaching a height of 30 cm. The leaves of Arabis are green and have a thick down. As a rule, they are solid, sometimes have wavy edges.
The plant most often has white, pink or yellow flowers, which are gathered in dense tassels. Violent flowering begins in mid-April. At this time, the rezuha produces a pleasant scent.on which a lot of bees fly. Flower seeds are flat, they are collected in a pod. The closest relatives of the alpine arabis are cabbage, colza, horseradish, mustard and radish. Growing rezuha extremely simple - it is undemanding to care.
Planting in open ground
Terry seedlings Caucasian or Alpine arabis planted in open ground in late May - early June. It is important that at the time of planting the plants already have three true leaves. Rezuha likes well-blown places with lots of light. In the shade the flower also grows, but it does not grow so luxuriantly and blooms.
The soil on the flowerbed should be high in sand, loose, not overmoistened, cleaned of weeds, richly fertilized with humus and mineral fertilizers. To saturate the soil with airYou can add gravel or sod to it. On the poor and sour soil, the plant of rezuh will also grow, but it will not be so violent and beautiful.
Planting of seedlings is done every 40 cm. Up to four seedlings can be put in one hole. As soon as the territory is planted, it is plentifully watered. If the site was not fertilized before planting, then a couple of days after planting, fertilize it with a mineral complex. With proper care arabisgrown from seed, bloom in the second year.
In addition to seeds, arabis are propagated by dividing the bush into pieces and grafting. Layers multiply terry and some other varieties of arabis. A leaflet is taken as a cutting with a part of the cambium layer, from which the roots will later grow. To get the cutting, the leaf is not cut off, but pulled out. It is important to do this only after the plant has faded..
The top of the plant, cut by 8-10 cm, is also suitable as a cutting. Leaves are removed in its lower part. The prepared material is planted at an angle into the substrate and covered with plastic wrap. Put a pot in a bright place, but avoid direct sunlight. Substrate should be slightly wet.. Every day the film is removed, giving a young plant to breathe. In about two to three weeks, the upper leaves will restore elasticity. This is a sign that plants can be planted in open ground.
It is easy to get the bursts of the rezuha - bend the stem to the ground in the area of the leaf rosette, pinching the top of the plant. When the branches grow, it can be separated from the shoot and planted elsewhere. To the division of the bush resorted when it is necessary to propagate a valuable variety, for example, terry. To do this, dig a bush, divide it into several parts and seated. Doing division after arabis blooms.
How to plant arabis in the ground
For arabis, you need to choose the right place for the plant to enjoy flowering and grow well.
Best of all, arabis develops in open sunny areas that are well blown by the wind. You can, of course, plant a plant in a shady area, but then the bush will not be so lush, and the flowering will be scarce and short.
The soil for planting arabis on the site should be dry, loose and light. It is first digged with organic and mineral fertilizers, cleaned of weeds. Sand is added to the soils with a heavy composition when digging.
At the time of planting between the plants leave about 40 cm. To get a dense carpet in one hole, 2-3 seedlings are planted. After planting arabis well watered.
Important!If fertilizer was not used for digging, then after a few days the seedlings can be fed.
Grown from seeds arabis bloom only in the second year.
Care of arabis in the open field
It is easy to grow arabis from seeds, the plant is very hardy and tolerates drought well, but excessive watering is harmful. Therefore, in the rainy season, the plant is watered extremely rarely, so as not to provoke illness.
The only drawback in the cultivation can be called frequent weeding. The plant does not tolerate the neighborhood with weeds, they can muffle the growth of shoots. Regular loosening of the soil and removal of weeds is essential for normal growth of the bush. As soon as young saplings will get stronger, weeds will not be able to break through the dense carpet.
The arabis has a well-developed root system, which can extract moisture deep in the soil. Therefore, it is resistant to drought. Excessive hydration can lead to root decay. Optimally water adult specimens once a week, and young plants more often.
The plant is resistant to frost down to -5 ° C. In more severe winters, he needs shelter. With the onset of autumn, when the arabis has faded, its shoots are cut, leaving no more than 2-3 cm of soil. Then they are warmed with spruce leaves, covering material or dry leaves. You can build a small frame and cover it with agrofibre.
Fertilizers are usually applied in the spring before flowering. Adult copies of arabis need only one feeding per season. Suitable complex mineral composition, and from organic matter you can use humus.
Arabis blooms during the month in spring or summer, depending on the species. The Alpine variety blooms in April, and the Caucasian in June, but individual flowers may appear on it all season.
Arabis is growing fast and it needs pruning. When it removes heavily overgrown branches. So it will look compact and not drown out the plants planted nearby. In addition, it will improve flowering next season.
Repot the plant every 4 years. The procedure can be combined with division. If arabis grows, you can simply rejuvenate it as a groundcover. To do this, use a mixture of sand, humus and loosening additives. She fall asleep on the exposed areas of the carpet.
Preparing for the winter
If you decide to prepare arabis planting material for the future season, during the flowering period, select some of the most beautiful inflorescences and mark them in any convenient way. После первых заморозков нужные кисти срезают с частью стебля и сушат в тёплом, проветриваемом помещении. Стручки лущат, фасуют готовый материал по бумажным пакетикам и убирают на хранение в прохладное, тёмное место.
Note! Собирать стручки следует только в ясную погоду, поскольку сырость снижает процент всхожести семян.
Морозоустойчивость арабиса весьма относительна. Lowering the temperature to -5 ... -7 ° C is not a problem for plants, but they cannot survive a harsh, snow-free winter without additional shelter. Therefore, at the end of November, cut off the crop sprouts at a height of 2–4 cm and warm the plants with a spruce, dry leaves or nonwoven material.
Types and varieties
The genus Arabis has about 120 herbaceous perennials, but the most beautiful of them are grown in culture:
- The Alpine Arabis is a native inhabitant of the high-mountainous regions of Western Europe and North America, it also grows in the Far East and the Urals. Tall (about 35 cm) plant with branchy, prone to the ground, shoots. As the bushes grow, they form dense cushion pillows, covered with small (up to 1 cm in diameter) flowers of white or pink color from April to June. Popular in floriculture forms: Schneehaube, pink, terry. Grades: Lapland, Pink Tops, White Tops, Meeting.
- The Caucasian Arabis (whitish) - according to some scientists, is a subspecies of the Alpine Arabis. In nature, it grows in the mountains of Central and Asia Minor, in the Caucasus, in the Crimea and on the Mediterranean coast. Medium-growth perennial plant up to 30 cm in height with white oblong leaves and rather large (about 1.5 cm in diameter) white flowers. The species is characterized by rapid growth and abundant flowering. Varieties: Flora Pleno, Snowfix, Rosabella, Variyegata.
- Bruiform arabis is a miniature pillow-shaped plant with a height of not more than 10–12 cm, growing in the mountains of Greece, Albania and Bulgaria with small, oval-dense leaves. White flowers are collected in loose corymbose inflorescences.
- Arabis running out (protruding, towering) - grows in the natural environment in the Balkans. Cute ground-cover perennial about 10–12 cm high with small leaf rosettes and pale small flowers. Ideal for strengthening the crumbling slopes.
- Arabis ciliated - native to the highlands of California. Compact undersized (about 8 cm) plant with bluish-green leaves and dark pink flowers. Grades: Frulingshaber, Rose Delight, Route Sensation.
- Arabis Ferdinand Coburg - dwarf groundcover 5 cm tall with very beautiful bright green or pigmented leaves and small white flowers.
In addition to the above, for gardeners of interest are such species of Arabis as the tower, short, Arends, prolomnikovy.