On the question of why the Kalanchoe does not bloom, but only stretches upwards, it is difficult to give an unequivocal answer. Plant problems can occur for various reasons: improper care, illness, pests, or just unexpected stress. Kalanchoe can be made to bloom, but this should be done carefully, following step-by-step instructions.
Possible reasons for the lack of colors
Under normal conditions, Kalanchoe releases buds once a year. The flowering period falls in winter, approximately at the end of January-beginning of February. Most of the associated problems are associated with this specific time of bud ripening.
Most often, Kalanchoe does not bloom at home due to improper care. Also, problems with the plant occur after transplantation, due to the stress caused by this procedure.. In case of violation of the rules of care, the succulent either does not bloom at all, or produces buds that soon fall down.
Lack of light
The most common reason why Kalanchoe does not bloom and grows up is the lack of sunlight. This plant is quite sun-loving, and does not always manage to get enough energy in the temperate zone.
This problem is especially acute in winter, when the plant usually blooms. Due to the fact that the branches appear buds, it requires more and more solar energy. At the same time, daylight hours are constantly decreasing.
If before the beginning of the flowering period, the Kalanchoe grows up and actively releases new shoots, then it is looking for the sun. To avoid this, in the winter you need to additionally illuminate the plant with lamps. They can be purchased at a specialty store.
Due to the fact that the Kalanchoe does not hibernate during the cold season, low temperatures can prevent it from blooming. Exotic indoor plants feel most comfortable with a mercury column in the range from 15 to 18 degrees. Kalanchoe is no exception.
If it becomes colder before the flowering period or during it, the plants stop blooming in order not to waste extra energy on the buds.
Also, a gardener must ensure that there are no sudden temperature fluctuations in the room. A normal fluctuation of mercury within a day is considered to be a difference of 3-4 degrees. If the temperature has changed to 6 or more divisions, the succulent may discard buds that have already appeared or not release them at all.
Lack of power
The flower is absolutely not picky about fertilizers, but if you do not add them to the water for irrigation at all, over time, the succulent will deplete the soil. It will be impossible to restore the nutritional value of the soil in the future, and only a transplant can solve the problem. If there are few useful microelements in the soil, only leaves grow in Kalanchoe, and the buds are not even tied
In order for the plant to bloom in time, you need to take care of feeding not only before the beginning of the period, but the entire calendar year before it. Fertilize the soil should be constantly and according to a predetermined schedule.
- In summer and spring, top dressing is mixed into water for irrigation 1 time in 7-10 days.
- In autumn it is necessary to fertilize the soil at least once every two weeks.
- In winter, despite the fact that the plant does not hibernate, it is rarely fed - once a month, but it is still extremely important. One missed fertilizer during the cold season can lead to the fact that the plant will not release any buds this season.
To succulent bloom in a timely manner, you need to use only special dressing. Best suited for fertilizer Kalanchoe. If it is not on sale, you can use a universal nutrient mixture for succulents, but it is better to still look for a specialized composition.
Do not water the soil with clean fertilizer. It is always mixed in water for irrigation strictly according to the instructions on the package.
When Kalanchoe does not bloom and is drawn out, this may be due to improper watering. The lack of moisture is as devastating as its excess. Due to improper irrigation, the plant becomes ill, and a weakened immunity prevents the kidneys from blooming.
If the Kalanchoe was actively growing before the start of flowering, it is possible that it has been watered too much in the last 2-3 weeks. Excess moisture stimulates the growth and development of the plant, but does not contribute to flowering. Due to the fact that the succulent is busy with new shoots, it does not waste energy on the formation of buds.
The reason for the lack of flowers can also be a lack of fluid in the soil. In this case, the situation is absolutely the opposite - for some time before the beginning of the flowering period, any growth and development will slow down. At a time when the Kalanchoe must release buds, it will fight for the life of already existing shoots. If the flowers still start to tie, the leaves will quickly turn yellow and fade.
To avoid the above problems, the plant should be watered as follows:
- In the spring - at least once a week, when the first snow has already fallen on the street, or 1 time in 10 days at a low temperature outside the window.
- In the summer - once every 5 days or less, depending on the characteristics of the soil. Check whether you need to water the succulent, can be in place, simply dropping a little finger into the soil. If the top layer of the substrate (3 centimeters) is already dry, then it is time to moisten it.
- The recommended frequency of autumn watering is 1 time in 10 days or more often if the weather is hot for a long time. The interval between irrigations should be at least 7 days.
- In winter, Kalanchoe is watered once every 2 weeks. During the flowering period, the soil does not need to be irrigated more often. Excessive watering can harm the plant.
Certain requirements also exist for the water itself, which is watered. The liquid must be warm, preferably at room temperature.
You can use both drinking and running water. If the succulent is poured with water from the tap, it must first be allowed to settle for 12 hours.
How to make Kalanchoe blossom
There are some features of agrotechnology that can trigger the onset of flowering. This procedure brings the plant a lot of stress, but in some situations this risk is justified. For example, flowering stimulation is used in case the succulent is sick and it is necessary to urgently get seeds for sowing so that in case of the death of the plant, the gardener will have his seedlings.
To achieve flowering Kalanchoe can be in several ways:
- Creating a stressful situationin which the plant will bud out to spread its seeds before dying. You can not reduce the amount of lighting. You can experiment only with watering and fertilizing. If 2 weeks before the beginning of the flowering period, water and feed the succulent, and then stop caring about it, then it will surely bloom a little bit later than the expected time. After collecting the seeds, you can continue to care for the plant in the usual way.
- To help Kalanchoe to bloom, you can use stimulantswhich are sold in specialized stores. In order not to harm the succulent, you can not buy a mixture of general purpose. You need to choose a special stimulator of flowering for Kalanchoe, otherwise the plant may get sick, or for a long time to lose its medicinal properties. The substance interferes with the water for irrigation immediately before the start of the flowering period.
- Additional feeding. This method helps not to provoke the appearance of flowers, but to help the succulent to contain them. If Kalanchoe experienced a disease or other harmful stress before flowering (due to lack of light or temperature), then at the time of budding its soil should be additionally fertilized.
- The flowering process can be stimulated by pinching side runs. The less vitality and energy a succulent spends on them, the more he will be able to give his flowers. You can only prune young shoots that are actively growing and require special attention. Removing the main branches or old leaves can only delay the appearance of buds.
Kalanchoe, like many ornamental plants, is valued for its flowers. The plant produces buds in the winter, which is quite rare even for exotic room succulents. If, for some reason, the flowering period is skipped, this leads not only to the disappointment of the gardener, but also to weakening the immunity of the Kalanchoe. To avoid this, you must follow the rules of care and maintenance, as well as know a few tricks that can artificially provoke the process of the appearance of buds.
What species of plants to expect flowers
Far from all representatives of succulent plants belong to the flowering plants. Most often, suppliers of flowers offer Kalanchoe Blossfeld and its subspecies.
This is a small plant, up to 20-30 cm in height, in rare cases it can grow up to 40-45 cm. Also miniature forms, not exceeding 15 cm in height, are bred.
Large leaves with wavy edges of dark green color, form a compact squat rosette. During flowering forms a lush "cap" of umbrella inflorescences located on high peduncles. The color of the flowers can be very diverse - pink, orange, white, red.
Flowering of all varieties of Kalanchoe Blossfeld is continuous - when some flowers in the inflorescence wither, in their place others open. With the right approach, the cycle lasts from 1.5 to 3-6 months.
Due to the great potential for selection, many ornamental varieties have been derived from Kalanchoe Blossfeld. The most popular ones are:
- Calandiva (Kalandiva) - view with small double and double flowers of various colors and short peduncles,
- Grandiva (Grandiva) - varietal with large flowers up to 2 cm in diameter,
- Rosalina (Rosalina) - is characterized by a compact bush, terry flowers with many petals.
To the note: flower shops offer Kalanchoe Blossfield with an addition to the name “mix” or “mini”. This is not the name of the variety, but its quality characteristics.
"Mix" - offers a choice of plants of the same species, but of different varieties and shades. "Mini" means the compactness of the bush - height within 15 cm.
Another ornamental flowering species is Kalanchoe Mangina or Mangini. The plant belongs to the ampelous plant - suitable for growing in hanging pots, high pots, and flowerpots. It grows a bush with thin falling shoots up to 30-40 cm in width and height.
The leaves are dense, oval-shaped. Differs spectacular flowering - red, orange, yellow flowers, bells are collected in bulk clusters on high peduncles.
Why Kalanchoe does not bloom, but grows up: 8 main reasons
Most often we get the plant with lush flowers, framed by a compact rosette of leaves. But after 1.2-2 months, the succulent is drawn out and loses all the decoration. The following factors predispose to this:
- Lack of knowledge about the care - the seller said that the flower is unpretentious and does not require attention.
- Lack of light - to get more light shoots stretched.
- Excess moisture - with too diligent watering the roots easily rot.
- Untimely transplant - for example, in the midst of flowering.
- Too oily soil - in nature, Kalanchoe is used to poor stony soils with good drainage.
- Long daylight hours - flowering buds are laid when daylight is reduced.
- The room is too warm - the succulent blooms during the period of tropical winter.
- Lack of haircut - the plant does not have enough resources for the formation of new flower stalks.
Please note: in nature, all types of Kalanchoe have distinct periods of rest and vegetation. In this case, temperature conditions are very different.
How to stimulate flowering at home
To see the flowering bush again, you need to help the plant and create conditions close to natural ones. All types of Kalanchoe bloom in the aftermath of the tropical winter, which is characterized by:
- cool air
- scant precipitation
- short light day.
Do not forget about the soil - in places where succulent grows, it is scanty and stony, not rich in black soil.
Of course, in order to create a tropical winter, you do not need to take out the Kalanchoe to frost. It is enough to lower the ambient temperature to + 13 / + 16º C. At higher rates, the formation of buds is delayed. To do this, you can keep the plant on the insulated loggia or in the coldest room.
To the note: if there is no other way out than to place the Kalanchoe on the windowsill, close the battery with a dense blanket, and place bottles with frozen water next to the pot.
Winter in tropical areas is considered the driest period, so at home you also need to create the illusion of drought. Excessive pity for the flower in this case is inappropriate, since its fleshy stems and leaves have enough moisture to endure difficult times.
From October to February, water Kalanchoe only if the soil in the pot is almost completely dry. This happens about once every 3-4 weeks. Irrigation of the leaves from the spray should not be, the flower easily tolerates dry air, just wipe them from dust with a soft cloth.
For laying the first buds, limit the daylight hours to 8-9, maximum 10 hours per day.
To the note: for the flowering to be complete, reduce only the duration, but not the intensity of insolation.
If necessary, cover the bush with a box or a black bag, with a lack of light in the winter - light up with a fluorescent lamp.
Why does Kalanchoe grow up but not bloom?
And yet you should not throw away a faded bush or grow unattractive thickets on the window in the hope that the plant will come to its senses and give buds. What to do if Kalanchoe does not bloom? There are several reasons why there are few flowers from Kalanchoe:
- First of all, it is the lack of information about the plant and the assurances of the sellers that no special care for the pot culture is required.
- The plant may lack of light, which leads to the stretching of shoots and lack of strength for the formation of inflorescences.
- Kalanchoe cannot lay flower buds because it is exposed to light for more than 12 hours a day.
Indeed, Kalanchoe is one of the most unassuming plants. But in order to achieve flowering at home, care for Kalanchoe does not require the most ordinary.
Since you can always see flowering bushes in stores, an impression is created about the eternal flowering of culture. In fact, the suppliers of flowers before they are sent to the trading networks of the appearance of buds are sought by forcing. A rather small plant with a modest root system is planted in a transporting pot, the soil in which contains nutrients and fertilizers for only a couple of months. Then Kalanchoe from 14 to 42 days, depending on the type and variety, is in a short, about 10 hours, daylight hours, which forces the bushes to plant flower buds.
Getting into the home conditions, such a plant with moderate watering, good lighting and a suitable temperature, giving all its strength, blooms due to the remaining nutrients in the pot. Therefore, buying a flowering bush and wanting to see its spectacular inflorescences again, you will have to help him accumulate strength, and then again make Kalanchoe blossom at home.
Care Kalanchoe at home after flowering
When withered flower stalks appear on the Kalanchoe bush, they are removed. And in the spring, after complete cessation of flowering, the frequency and amount of watering is slightly reduced, since root rotting due to the increased soil moisture is the most common cause of kalanchoe death at home. When watering is better to focus on the slightly dried up topsoil, and in the warm season - on the condition and elasticity of the leaves.
If necessary, at the same time, Kalanchoe can be transplanted. A signal that the pot is insufficient for the plant is an earthy lump completely covered with roots. It should be remembered that Kalanchoe feels better in ceramic dishes with a diameter of 12 to 18 cm and does not relate very well to the neighborhood with other cultures, except for succulents. If desired, you can plant two or three related kalanchoe with different shades of a flower in one container, which will only increase the decorative composition, but not complicate the care of it.
To get Kalanchoe home to start, you can organize a short daylight hours for several plants in one pot.
For transplanting Kalanchoe, both ready-made soil for succulents and soil for flowering ornamental crops with the addition of a small amount of sand will be suitable. If desired, the soil mixture can be made independently of:
- 2 pieces of humus,
- 2 pieces of turf land,
- 2 pieces of coarse sand
- 1 part crushed charcoal,
- 1 part crushed brick chips.
To reduce the acidity of the soil in it add lime powder. The rest period, when the Kalanchoe does not bloom and grows up, restoring strength, continues from spring to mid-autumn.
How to make bloom?
The basic rules of how to care for Kalanchoe to bloom. Соблюдая эти условия Вы непременно добьетесь цветения:
- если Каланхоэ не цветет, то причиной может быть отсутствие яркого рассеянного света. Если за окном пасмурно, вашему любимцу можно обеспечить электрический день при помощи лампы,
- как добиться цветения Каланхоэ? To do this, it is necessary to maintain the optimum temperature: not lower than 10 degrees and not higher than 25.
The plant is not afraid of such drops, but you shouldn’t put Kalanchoe near heating devices, heat fluxes are harmful to a flower, produce watering with soft water. Do not water very often.
Look, if the ground is completely dry, pour in some water so that it covers the ground and very quickly absorbed, you can not spray,
Those who leave complain that Kalanchoe does not bloom anymore. In fact bloom can provoke.
Care for flowering Kalanchoe: pruning after flowering
Why does not bloom?
What to do, if Kalanchoe decorative stop blooming at home?
- if a Kalanchoe blooming does not bloom, but grows upwards, then you need to radically cut, remove all the upper leaves so that the plant goes wide, be sure to cut off the sprouts on the leaves, if the roots began to appear
- to Kalanchoe blossomed it is possible to provide him with a minimum temperature during the rest period with a short daylight hours,
- it is worth trying to rearrange the plant on a window overlooking the other side of the horizon, but not on the north,
- what to do to bloomed Kalanchoe? It is covered with a dark thick paper cap and left for 20-21 days without water.
After the sunlight is returned to him, it is worth feeding fertilizer, how to make bloom Kalanchoe at home and in winter? To do this, you need to organize for him a short light day, which lasts 8 hours.
After a month of living in this mode Kalanchoe begins to bloom.
But flowering kalanchoe at home, throughout the year, it is peculiar mainly to young plants that bloom in the first year.
What to do after flowering? Care Kalanchoe after flowering:
- if a the flower is already "tired", it is necessary to cut off the old wilted leaves,
- flowers with flower stalks, put it in a cold place,
- when new shoots appear, it is best to pinch them, no more than three rows of leaves from the root, otherwise the plant will look “disheveled”, and this should be done until about the end of November.
Kalanchoe after flowering needs to be updated. It is very easy to make - by cutting in the spring.
And already on new, very young plants, buds will appear, which will soon become flowers than old ones.
What to do with the faded flowers of Kalanchoe is to cut and let the plant rest.Kalanchoe is not the most capricious flower. With proper care, a beginner florist can handle it, and he will answer you with a delightful long flowering and will decorate your home.
Kalanchoe: causes of lack of flowering and how to fix it
The reasons why Kalanchoe does not produce flower stalks:
- irregular lighting
- illiterate or late feedings,
- lack of formation of a bush,
- unsuitable primer
- excessive or insufficient watering,
- wrong temperature conditions
- no rest period.
Flower shops sell specially bred single-flowered hybrid varieties. Such plants produce many flower stalks with bright large flowers, but they do it only once.
Kalanchoe likes bright light. It can be safely placed on the south, southeast and southwest windowsills. With a lack of lighting, it is necessary to provide additional lighting with fluorescent or phytolamps, especially in the autumn-winter period. However, the day length should not exceed 9–10 hours, so the plant will have to be covered (with a box, thick cloth, paper cone, etc.) or stored in a dark cabinet.
Kalanchoe should be fertilized very carefully, because in its homeland it feeds very poorly. In the spring and summer, this is done no more than once every 15–20 days, using specialized supplements for succulents or any half-dose mineral complex. In autumn and winter, the flower is not fertilized at all.
On sale you can find specialized fertilizer for cacti and succulents.
Overfed and fattening plant will not bloom.
Video: how to feed the Kalanchoe
Flower buds are formed only at the ends of young shoots, so old and old tops should be cut regularly to stimulate branching. In the period of winter dormancy the plant is not touched.
After the end of flowering Kalanchoe must be cut
Video: the importance of pruning Kalanchoe
Since Kalanchoe is a succulent, it must grow in light and permeable soils. Such a soil mixture can be purchased at the store by selecting the prepared soil for succulents and cacti, or you can prepare it yourself from:
- humus - 2 parts,
- large river sand - 1 part,
- brick chips or small pebbles - 1 part,
- crushed charcoal - 1 part,
- sod fertile land - 2 parts.
The pot should not be too spacious. It is necessary to change it only when the roots appear from the drainage hole to a slightly larger container.
You can replant Kalanchoe only after flowering
Kalanchoe can not be poured, an excess of moisture is deadly for him. The culture does not need frequent watering. Humidification is carried out with separated water at room temperature only after complete drying of the top layer of earth in the pot:
- in the summer - 2-3 times a week,
- in winter - no more than 1 time in 2-3 weeks.
Spray Kalanchoe only on very hot days. Culture easily carries dry air.
When keeping kalanchoe at home, special attention is paid to the temperature regime. In the warm season, the temperature is maintained within + 23 ... + 27 ° C. In the autumn and winter period, the temperature indices need to be lowered to + 13 ... + 16 ° C, creating artificial conditions for a tropical winter.
Thermal loving Kalanchoe can not tolerate cold drafts, as well as the close finding of working heating devices.
Kalanchoe necessarily need a period of rest, it is at this time that buds are laid. In the fall, reduce watering as much as possible, lower the temperature and stop all additional feeding. The plant can be taken out on the glazed loggia or the warmed balcony. Then the flower, being in the conditions of a ten-hour day for 14–42 days (depending on the type and variety), forms flower buds.
Under all conditions at the end of the rest period, buds will appear on Kalanchoe
It is possible to force the flowering of Kalanchoe with the help of shock therapy. For this, a flower pot is wrapped in a dense opaque fabric and placed in a dark cool place for three weeks (without watering). Then the plant is returned to the old place, watered and fertilized.
Some hybrid varieties of Kalanchoe bloom only once.
Kalanchoe gave me a girlfriend for the New Year. The plant was thickly covered with bright pink flowers and looked extremely elegant. It bloomed for a long time, the last buds wilted only by the summer. Then two ugly shoots with small leaves stretched out and the plant lost its appeal. All my attempts to reanimate it were not crowned with success, there were no more flowers on it.
Why does Kalanchoe start growing up and stop blooming?
There are several reasons, because of which the plant does not give flowers. The main ones are:
- Ignorance of the owner of the flower plant growing technology. Indeed, in the store the seller said that this potted culture does not need special care.
- For flowering lacking lighting. As a result, the shoots begin to stretch, they simply do not have enough strength to begin to form inflorescences.
- Very often, when we come to the store, we see flowering bushes. It seems to us that this culture blooms constantly. But this impression is deceptive. To get this look, the suppliers of flowers, before sending them to the store, seek out the appearance of buds, by ordinary distillation.
- A small plant with a small root system is planted in a transported pot. The soil contains special fertilizers that are valid only for two months. This Kalanchoe is aged for several days in a short light day, usually 10 hours. Bushes begin to lay flower buds.
- When such a plant turns out to be in a good home environment, where it creates normal lighting and temperature, it continues to bloom, thanks to the nutrients left in the pot.
To see the blooming bush again, need to help the plant, it should gain strength and begin to bloom in good home conditions.
How to care for Kalanchoe after flowering
Home conditions allow you to create an optimal situation for the flower. After the flowering period ends, the remaining old flower stalks must be removed.
To keep the appearance of Kalanchoe attractive, it is necessary to remove excess shoots. Having created the structure of the plant you need, you will need to constantly monitor the Kalanchoe, and time to pinch off unwanted shoots.
With the onset of spring, when flowering stops completely, watering should be done much less often. The fact is that the roots of Kalanchoe begin to rot due to the high soil moisture. This is the most common reason when the Kalanchoe begins to wilt, once in excellent home conditions. The plant requires watering when the top layer of soil dries out. In the summer months, you need to water the Kalanchoe depending on the elasticity of the leaves.
If necessary, in the summer, the plant can be transplanted. This is necessary when the pot becomes small. The signal is an earthy clotted with roots.
For Kalanchoe, it is better to select ceramic dishes with a maximum diameter of 18 cm. The plant does not like side by side with other home cultures, exceptions are succulents.
To get a decorative composition, Kalanchoe with different colors can be planted in several pots. Moreover, the care of the plant does not change.
Kalanchoe can be transplanted into the ground intended for succulents, adding a little finely sifted sand.
How to achieve flowering Kalanchoe in good conditions?
When the inflorescences wither completely, the whole summer period, Kalanchoe needs feeding.It should be done twice a month, using for this purpose ready-made mixtures used for feeding succulents.
- After 30 days, after full flowering, the plant must be cut,
- If these are young bushes, pinch the strongest points of growth,
- In an adult plant, lignified shoots are cut, seeking the desired height of the crown.
As a result, Kalanchoe will not be drawn out. Before flowering, the number of shoots will increase, the tops of which will be decorated with buds that have appeared. They begin to form only when the duration of the light day begins to decrease. For the middle band, this period begins in October and lasts until the middle of March.
For plants in this period need to create a comfortable temperature:
And if at night the temperature is above 20 degrees, there will be a delay in the appearance of buds.
Kalanchoe does not like drafts, afraid of the cold. For this reason, the plant does not need to be placed close to heating devices, as well as near the doors leading to the balcony, or near the window leaf.
What should be the lighting Kalanchoe
In order to achieve flowering of a home plant, it is very important to create appropriate lighting for Kalanchoe.
When the plant is at rest, from March until September, in the morning and after lunch, there must be the most intense lighting. In the hottest noon time, so that the plant does not get burned, it must be put in the shade.
In the autumn and winter, natural lighting is always not enough, so do not need additional shading. If it is overcast or Kalanchoe on the street on the north side, it is necessary to install additional lighting.
Sufficient light level can be determined as the leaves of the plant and its shoots:
- If there is enough light output, the leaves look healthy and brightly colored.
- With insufficient light, the leaves begin to turn pale. Appeared new stems become smaller. Old shoots begin to stretch. The plant does not bloom, even a long daylight does not help.
- With a large amount of light and heat, the leaves get burned. This can be determined by dried whitish spots. Strong lighting stops the growth of shoots.
- In order for Kalanchoe to start blooming at home, it is necessary to reduce daylight hours to 8 hours.
- With longer lighting, in autumn and winter, buds will not form. Affects the process and artificial lighting. That is why, in order to force Kalanchoe to bloom, you need to cover the plant with a cap from the evening until the morning. You can clean the plant in a closet or other dark place.
Varieties of plants affect the formation of buds. When light is limited, the plant needs a maximum of 24 daysto lay a new kidney.
With all the rules, at the very beginning of winter, the flowering of the plant will begin and will delight the eye for 11 weeks.
If you take care of the plant and withstand the technology described above, you can achieve constant flowering of Kalanchoe. It will constantly grow and please the eye.
Most species of Kalanchoe grow in mountainous terrain with scanty rocky ground. The root system in such conditions has nowhere to grow, so the pot should be small - 1 cm wider than the diameter of the roots.
The optimal soil mixture is prepared from equal parts:
If there is an excess of nutrient black soil, Kalanchoe will be fat all year round and then you will have to forget about flowering.
Note: poor soil makes it possible to adjust the subcortex and make it in strictly certain periods.
The end of February – the beginning of March is the end of the artificial winter. Begin gradually raising the temperature of the ambient air, resume constant watering with warm, settled water. Twice a month, introduce complex feeding, designed for succulents.
Temperature conditions during budding and flowering: up to + 27º C during the day and not higher than + 20º C at night. If the night is hotter, the development of buds will slow down.
Lighting should be intense, but diffused, without direct sunlight. The best option - the western and eastern window sills. Water more often than during the rest period, but carefully, avoiding stagnant moisture.
After a difficult period of deprivation, the Kalanchoe quickly responds to active care - it will begin to form buds and bloom magnificently. With a properly executed distillation, flowering can last continuously until the end of summer.
Care Kalanchoe after flowering
When all flowers wither, be sure to cut off all flower stalks under the stem. During the period after wintering, the branches can be drawn out and grow upwards. To bush looked neat, all protruding shoots pinch.
To the note: pruning is needed not only for aesthetics - developing branches take food from flower-bearing buds.
Pinching is carried out as follows: three leaves are left on the shoot, the developing fourth, together with a piece of the cutting, is removed.
The period after flowering is the best time to transplant. Until the beginning of November, continue to feed the plant to add strength to it for the upcoming rest period.
How to make Kalanchoe blossom at home?
After the inflorescences wither and until the end of August, the Kalanchoe requires additional feedings, which are best carried out twice a month, using ready-made mixtures for succulents.
Before starting a set of flower buds, it is important to reduce the amount of nitrogen in the fertilizer in order to limit the growth of shoots and foliage, redirecting forces to the formation of buds.
A month after completion of flowering, Kalanchoe is subjected to pruning:
- on young, not having time to grow bushes, pinching the most active points of growth,
- on adult plants with lignified shoots, cutting them to the required height to obtain a compact crown.
This measure will allow not only to prevent the Kalanchoe from being pulled out, but before blooming to increase the number of shoots, at the tops of which buds are formed. The natural formation of buds in Kalanchoe starts when the length of the day begins to decrease. In the middle lane, this happens from October to mid-March.
At the same time, during the dormant period, when the plant gives new shoots, builds up green mass and lays buds for future flowering, Kalanchoe will be comfortable at the temperature:
- 18–20 ° C at night,
- 22–27 ° C in the afternoon.
Если ночью температура опускается ниже минимальных значений или в комнате становится жарче 24 °C, не миновать задержки в образовании бутонов.
Крайне негативно на растении сказываются сквозняки и пребывание на холоде. Therefore, you should not put Kalanchoe, as close to the heating devices, and near the window or balcony door.
Duration and intensity of illumination for Kalanchoe
One of the most important factors in the care of Kalanchoe at home before flowering is sufficient lighting:
- During the rest period, that is, from March to September, in the morning and afternoon hours, the plants are provided with the maximum possible illumination, and in the midday hours, when the risk of burns is great, the bushes shade.
- In the autumn and winter there is little natural lighting, so shading is not required, and in case of cloudy weather or a stay of Kalanchoe on the north windows it is better to arrange additional lighting.
The level of illumination and comfort of Kalanchoe can be judged by the leaves and shoots of the plant:
- With plenty of light, platinum leaves have a rich color, good size and healthy appearance.
- If the light is not enough, the foliage turns pale, and new stems and leaves thin out, shrink. The old shoots are drawn out; the Kalanchoe does not bloom even when keeping the length of the daylight.
- Too much light and heat leads to burns on the leaves, which look like dried up whitish spots. And the growth of shoots in excessive light is suspended.
In order to program the flowering of Kalanchoe, home care must necessarily include limiting daylight hours to 8–10 hours.
If the plants will be lit longer, the budding process will not start in autumn and winter. And here you need to take into account the sources of artificial lighting. Therefore, the easiest way is to make a plant in Kalanchoe blossom, at home in the evening and until the morning, cover the plants with a dark cloth cap or put the pot in a cupboard or pantry.
Depending on the Kalanchoe variety, it takes 10 to 24 days for the plant to plant the kidneys to observe such a restriction of light. If everything is done correctly, then at the beginning of winter the plants will be pleased with opening buds, and flowering will last from 4 to 11 weeks.
How to determine the state of Kalanchoe "by eye"
- Leaf color fades and brightens - the plant is too hot.
- Light dried spots appeared on the leaf plates - sunburn through water drops after spraying.
- The leaves are shallow, shoots are rapidly stretched upwards - lack of sunlight.
- The growth of peduncles and leaves has slowed down - an excessive amount of heat and light.
- Leaves sluggish, drooping - you may have flooded the flower. Check if the soil is moisture-permeable, if there is any stagnation in the pan. If necessary, transplant Kalanchoe, removing rotted roots.
Is it always possible to control flowering
As a rule, after completing all the recommendations, the plant blooms and up to 3 months pleases with its beauty. The most unpretentious are considered varieties with yellow flowers, they often bloom without stressful conditions. According to many flower growers, it is most difficult to get succulents to bloom with light pink inflorescences.
The main rule for the appearance of flowers - do not overdo it with care. Teach yourself not to be afraid that the Kalanchoe will wither, freeze, receive less light, because shock therapy stimulates reproduction, and therefore the flowering of the plant.