Potted flowers and plants

Home geared pelargonium (seed geranium)

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Reproduction of pelargonium seeds is interesting because it gives the opportunity to grow their own copy, not like the parent plant. This is a fairly time-consuming process, with a number of nuances that you need to know.

In this article, we will describe in detail how to prepare pelargonium seeds for sowing, in which soil and plant, and how to care for the young shoots of the plant in the future. You can also watch a useful video on the topic.

What kind of plant?

Pelargonium - a perennial plant of the family Geraniah. It has branched stems with leaves on long petioles. The flowers of pelargonium are large variegated or monochromatic, saturated pink, purple, white. Most plant varieties were introduced to Europe from the Republic of South Africa in the 16th century. Pelargonium was introduced to our country in the 18th century.

Breeding methods

Pelargonium breeds in two main ways:

  • seeds
  • vegetative cuttings or dividing the bush.

Hybrid varieties of pelargonium grown from its own seeds do not inherit the properties of the parent plant. To preserve the necessary traits, they must be propagated only by vegetative means. 

Many flower growers are interested in independently growing one or another sort of pelargonium from seeds. At the same time, you can use your own seeds as well as purchased ones. Plants obtained from seeds, bloom better and much more abundantthan the pelargonium that was grown from cuttings.

What you need to appear?

When the indoor plants appear flowers, you need to take care of the seeds. You can spend artificial pollination. To do this, you need to take a needle or tweezers to transfer pollen. In the center of the flower are ten stamens and a pestle with a stigma. With the sharp side of the needle, carefully remove the pollen from one flower and transfer it to the pistil stigma from another flower. His flower should bloom a couple of days before this procedure. Polling in this way is possible many times.

How do seeds ripen and when to pick them?

If pollination occurs, after 3-4 days the column begins to grow slowly and lengthen. Formed elongated and pointed fruit-box. When ripe, the box greatly increases in length and thickness. When the seeds are ripe, the fruit bursts. Oblong brown seeds covered with long white fibers hang on thin elastic threads.

How to collect seeds at home? Collect the seeds immediately after ripening. It is advisable to collect the seeds already from the dry cracked bolls, this indicates that they have ripened. Do not wait for the moment when the box opens and the seeds fall off. They can begin to germinate, which will not allow to store them.

What time to sow?

When to sow? Pelargonium sowing at home can be practiced all year round, but only if additional coverage is provided. The most favorable time for sowing seeds is February or March.. If you sow pelargonium later, the plant is strongly drawn out and blooms only after 9 months.

Soil preparation

There are several options:

  1. mix in equal proportions peat, sand, humus and compost,
  2. connect two parts of garden land with one part of peat and sand,
  3. dilute peat with perlite in a 1: 1 ratio.

Before sowing the seeds, the prepared substrate must be disinfected.to avoid further infection of pelargonium. To do this, it is calcined for several minutes in the oven.

For soil treatment, you can use high-quality fungicides or manganese. Then landing should be postponed for one day.

To grow pelargonium quickly and without problems, you need to select and prepare planting material. When selecting seeds, special attention should be paid to the following features:

  • Colour. Quality pelargonium seeds have a pronounced brown color. Slight haze and slight shade is allowed.
  • Form. Developed seeds are oblong, with small depressions visible on either side.
  • The size. Planting material is quite large.
  • Shell. Pelargonium seeds are characterized by a dense leathery shell.

If the planting material has all these qualities, then it can be purchased. You should not choose seeds that have the following characteristics:

  • small,
  • oblate,
  • deformed,
  • covered with spots of different colors.

The seeds of some types of Pelargonium, especially the Ileum, do not germinate for 2–3 months. It is necessary to remember this and not stop caring for crops.

To maximize the time of germination, the procedure of scarification is carried out.. It consists in removing part of the seed coat to provide nutrient access. This requires:

  1. Take a fine-grained or medium-grained sandpaper. It will help to remove the surface layer without traumatic tears.
  2. Slowly rub the seed 2-3 times on sandpaper with a rotating motion.

What you need to plant?

How to plant? For planting seeds and the successful cultivation of seedlings at home will need a greenhouse. This can be a regular box for seedlings, which is covered with a plastic bag, a food tray with a transparent lid, or a plastic bottle cut in the middle. In order to provide air access, small holes must be made in the film or cover.

Sowing at home:

  1. Pelargonium seeds soak in warm water for three hours, which contributes to the emergence of seedlings.
  2. Previously prepared soil at room temperature is poured 5 to 7 cm thick in a hothouse. The soil should be free of lumps and debris. A little tamp the soil.
  3. Lightly sprinkle the surface of the soil with warm water and leave for one day to warm the ground to a temperature of 21–22 ° C.
  4. Spread the seeds on the soil surface at a distance of two centimeters from each other, slightly pressing into the ground. Seeds should be placed rounded side up. The flat side of the seed should fit snugly to the ground. Sprinkle the seeds with a thin layer of loose substrate.
  5. Once again, pour a little seed from a spray bottle.
  6. Cover the greenhouse.

Put the boxes of crops in a warm room in which the temperature stays around 22-24 ° C. Watering the seeds is necessary as the soil dries..

We grow in peat tablets

How to grow out at home in peat tablets? Take pills of medium size. Spread them in a deep container and soak them in warm water so that they increase in size by about 6 times. Place the grain in a special recess and slightly close the peat from the tablet. After that, cover the container with film or glass and put in a warm place. The first shoots will appear after a week and a half.

Watch a video about sowing pelargonium seeds in peat tablets:

Choosing the "right" pot

For the germination of pelargonium small compact pots or trays 3 cm deep are suitable. You can purchase containers in special shops or make them yourself.

For growing use boxes or pots. The pot in which there will be a flower is selected according to the size of the root system. Transplanting is done only when the plant becomes crowded.. It is advisable to use clay pots. They are well breathable and absorb moisture. You can use plastic pots, but they do not allow air to pass through and can lead to stagnation of excess water. This can lead to root rot and plant disease.

If it is possible to prepare the substrate for growing independently, then it should be used. In the purchased soil, seedlings appear later, saplings are weaker, the bush forms thin or excessively thick stems, the flowering of the plant is scanty.

Favorable conditions for the cultivation of pelargonium from seeds:

  • Temperature. It should be within + 18 + 24 ° C. Otherwise, the seedlings will not germinate.
  • Humidity. A high level of humidity accelerates the germination of seeds. Grains and seedlings until the first pair of true leaves appears in the greenhouse. Her air 2 times a day.
  • Backlight. When sprouts appear, the greenhouse is exposed to bright, diffused light. The length of daylight hours is at least 12 hours. It is possible to use a fluorescent lamp for artificial illumination. Without light, pelargonium seedlings are pulled out.

Pelargonium seeds germinate within 2-14 days from planting. Terry varieties with germination can linger up to 1 month.

For the plants to form a beautiful bush, they need to be properly looked after. Pelargonium needs timely watering, dressing, loosening of the soil, warm climate, picking and pinching.

Water properly

Improper watering can cause illness and even death of young plants.

  • Do not excessively moisten the soil.. This leads to blackleg - a disease that is rapidly developing and destroying seedlings. To avoid this, in the tanks for planting it is necessary to make a drainage layer and holes for drainage of excess water.
  • Watering required. Seedlings are watered as the soil dries, trying not to fill them. After picking in separate containers, plants are watered no more than twice a week. In winter, the frequency of watering is reduced to once every seven days.

The first time fed pelargonium two weeks after the picks. To do this, use fertilizers for flowering plants rich in potassium and phosphorus. Periodic feedings - once every two weeks. In winter, feeding is stopped.

Watch a video about watering and feeding seed pelargonium seedlings:

Features of the cultivation of pelargonium

Immediately you should pay attention to the fact that it is possible to grow from seeds only the so-called zonal geranium. Other varieties of pelargonium multiply a little differently. Particular attention should be paid to the selection of pelargonium seeds. In order to avoid possible mistakes, it is necessary to carefully select and prepare planting material. In this case, you should pay attention to the following nuances:

  • Seed color. Good seeds of a plant differ in the saturated brown color. Only slight haze and slight shade is allowed.
  • Seed shape. It is recommended to use seeds of oblong shape; on their sides insignificant depressions should be noticeable.
  • Seed size. Geranium seeds should be quite large.
  • Seed Sheath. This planting material is characterized by a dense leathery shell.

If pelargonium seeds have all the above qualities, they can be used for sowing. You should not buy small, flattened, deformed or stained seeds. Planting such material will not give any good result..

Pre-treatment of seeds before growing

As mentioned earlier, the planting material of geranium has a rather dense shell, which can cause difficulty in their germination. Sometimes the plant seedlings wait quite long and the seeds don't sprout anyway. The reason for this lies in the incorrect processing of planting material or even in the absence.

That is why, before planting, pelargonium seeds must undergo scarification, which involves removing a thick film from the seeds. This procedure can be performed. on your own, this is a fairly simple matter. To do this, you need to take fine sandpaper, with its help from the planting material to remove only the upper dense layer. At the same time on the seeds do not remain deep tears. Processing should take place separately over each seed, rubbing it on the sandpaper several times.

Soil selection

Pelargonium will feel great in the light nutrient mixture, which will well pass water and air to the root system of the plant. For planting seeds You can use ready store primer, but you can also make it yourself. Consider several options:

  • Peat, humus, sand and compost are mixed in equal parts.
  • Connect two parts of garden land with one part of peat and sand.
  • Peat is diluted with perlite in the ratio of one to one.

If you have the opportunity to prepare the soil for planting seeds yourself, then this opportunity is recommended to use. It is worth paying attention to the fact that seedlings will appear in the purchase ground much later, the seedlings will be weaker, and the bush will form thin stems. Flowering in the purchase of the soil will be quite scarce.

Before sowing seeds into the soil, the substrate must be disinfected, in order to avoid contamination of the plant in the future. To this end, it is recommended to roast the substrate for several minutes in the oven. For the processing of the soil, you can also use ready-made fungicides. high quality or solution of potassium permanganate. Planting in this case should be carried out one day after the treatment of the soil.

The most favorable period for sowing seeds is from February to March. If the geranium is planted later, the plant will be strongly drawn out in the future and will blossom only 9 months after sowing.

  • Pelargonium seeds should be sown in shallow containers or bowls, the height of which will not exceed 3 cm. If there are no special containers, any trays from semi-finished products or other hand-made containers may be suitable.
  • Tanks need to be filled with substrate, plenty of water sprinkle it, then leave to warm. The temperature of the prepared soil should be within 22 degrees.
  • After the preliminary preparation, which was described above, the geranium seeds should be soaked in warm water for three hours. This will contribute to the emergence of good shoots.
  • After that, the seeds must be decomposed on the surface of the soil, slightly pressing them into the substrate. Powdered seeds with a thin layer of loose substrate.
  • After this landing, it is necessary to cover with glass or plastic wrap, take out to a well-lit place. The temperature in the room that contains seedlings should not be below 20 degrees.

The first shoots, as a rule, appear a couple of weeks after sowing. After the emergence of seedlings capacity should be gradually opened. From now on, it is also necessary to monitor the soil moisture..

Care after germination

In order for a geranium to grow up a healthy and strong plant, to form a beautiful bush, it is necessary to take good care of it. Caring for geraniums involves:

  • Timely watering.
  • Fertilizer feedings.
  • Regular loosening of the soil.
  • Warm indoor climate.
  • Pick and pinch.

Watering and feeding

  • Very often novice growers make the mistake of over-wetting the soil, which can lead to an insidious disease called blackleg. This disease develops quite quickly and destroys all saplings. In order to avoid this problem, it is necessary to make a drainage layer in the pot for planting, as well as to make holes for drainage of excess water. In addition, it is very important irrigation mode. Geranium seedlings need to be watered only as the soil dries, trying not to fill them. After picking the seedlings into separate pots, it is recommended to water them no more than twice a week. In winter, the frequency of watering is reduced to 1 time per week.
  • As for feeding, the first time it should be carried out 2 weeks after the picking. It is recommended to use fertilizers for flowering houseplants that are rich in phosphorus and potassium. Feeding is usually done every 2 weeks. In winter, feeding is stopped altogether.

Air temperature and lighting

  • When caring for young seedlings, you need to remember that they need light. Pots or containers with seedlings are recommended to be located on the east or west side. If the containers are located on the southern window, then additional shading is required to avoid direct sunlight, which can damage the delicate plant foliage even in the winter. . If at the same time there is not enough natural light for the plant, then in the evening it is necessary to organize additional artificial lighting. In the summer, it is recommended to put the pots with geraniums on the balcony, terrace or garden.
  • In a room that contains pelargonium, it is necessary to maintain an optimum air temperature, which should be at least 20 degrees and not more than 25 degrees. In winter, an already adult plant is able to withstand a short temperature drop to 10 degrees. But you should pay attention to the fact that for young plants such fluctuations in temperature will be disastrous.

Pick and Pinch

  • In order for geranium to have a well-developed root system, it must be kept in separate containers. Pick up young seedlings should be carried out after the appearance of two true leaves. После этого в целях дальнейшего выращивания необходимо подбирать узкие и довольно высокие горшки, диаметр которых будет составлять около 10 см. Если молодые саженцы герани уже немного вытянулись, то и их разрешается немного заглубить в грунт.
  • In order to form a beautiful shape of the bush, and also, so that the plant does not stretch, it is necessary to pinch it regularly. The first pinching of the plant should be carried out after the fifth true leaf. In the future, the geranium flower should be regularly pruned in spring and autumn. During this procedure, all weak and thin shoots are cut. Forming a bush stops, as a rule, six weeks before the beginning of flowering geranium. Pelargonium blooms at home 3 months after disembarkation.

How to transplant in open ground and grow in it?

If you have the desire and opportunity, then pelargonium can be transplanted into your own garden. Of these plants, you can form a wonderful rabatka. In the open ground in a common flower bed in the garden geranium will look very good in combination with other plants and flowers.

Transplanting geraniums in open ground recommended at the end of May. The place at the same time it is necessary to choose with easy penumbra. Thus, geranium flowers will be much larger, and too hot sun will not harm them. As a rule, in the heat, usually the leaves of pelargonium begin to dry out strongly and turn yellow. When planting geraniums in open ground, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that plants should be planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other.

The soil for the geranium in the garden should be satisfied with the nutrient. In it you can add leaf humus, in a well-ripened form. You shouldn't get too carried away with organic stuff., as in this case, pelargonium will receive too many nutrients, which can cause a lack of flowering.

Watering pelargonium in open ground should also be done very carefully. Watering plants should occur only as needed. Once every two weeks pelargonium is recommended to feed complex fertilizer for flowers.

Flowering in the open ground well-groomed geranium is capable of the onset of autumn. But with the onset of cold, the flower must be dug out and transferred to the house.

For this you need to cook pots again., but this time they should be a little larger in diameter, since in the open field the root system of the plant develops well. It is necessary to dig geranium from open ground with a large lump of soil, after which the plant is placed in a pot.

After that, under ambient conditions, pelargonium can bloom for some time, but after this flowering of geranium it is necessary to arrange a so-called respite. This removes all old flower stalks, overgrown shoots are cut off. By the way, cut off shoots can be propagated pelargonium. After this plant must be put in a cool and bright place.

With the onset of winter, as a rule, watering is reduced by 2 times, and feeding is completely excluded. Thus, geranium grown from seed will wait for the onset of a new spring.

In conclusion, it is worth noting that the care and cultivation of pelargonium at home is a fairly simple matter. It is only necessary to provide seedlings necessary care, after which colorful beautiful hats will appear on your windowsill. As mentioned earlier, in May, if you have the desire, pelargonium can be planted in its flowerbed, where it can please you and your guests throughout the summer with its abundant flowering.

Pelargonium zone is a bright and useful pot plant. It can not only beautify your beds, but also scare away various pests.

How to grow a plant from seed

After filling the pots with soil, sprinkle the surface of the soil with warm water and leave for one day to warm the ground to the required temperature (21-22 ° C).

Then with a finger or a suitable tool. make small holes at a distance of two cm from each other. Sprinkle the seeds with a layer of soil one cm thick.

Soil needs to be moistened again a little and cover containers with filmin which small openings are preliminarily made to allow air access.

At home, geraniums need to ensure optimum temperature and light, but in no case put the pots with planted seeds on the windowsill.

When the first soft-green sprouts appear, remove the cover so as not to create conditions of high humidity for the plant. Now it is time to put the pelargonium pallets on the window sill to provide the plant with sunlight, otherwise flower cultivation will take two to three times longer.

In order to obtain a healthy shrub with strong stems, as well as to strengthen the root system, the soil must be periodically loosened. After the appearance of two true leaves, Pelargonium should dive and transplant the bush into a narrow and high container.

Waiting for the fifth leaf to appear in pelargonium - the seedlings should be pinched. This will ensure the growth of the most branched bush, otherwise - you will get a plant with a long thin stem.

Home care for pelargonium from seeds

Pelargonium does not need to create any special conditions for further growth and development, but still requires some care.

  1. Lighting. Proper lighting ensures good geranium development. With a lack of light, the leaves of the plant fall off, the flowers become faded and can also peel off. At the same time hit by direct sunlight is not a threat.
  2. Watering. In the winter, it is necessary to limit the watering of the plant, in the summer - to make it more abundant. But you can not spray the leaves, as well as pour the roots - this can lead to their decay and the death of pelargonium. If you notice that the leaves of the plant have become thin and yellow or brown spots have appeared on them - this is also a sign of excessive watering.
  3. Temperature content The optimum temperature for normal growth and development of geraniums is 18–20 ° C. In winter - not less than 10-15 ° C.
  4. Top dressing. Although pelargonium does not need additional feedings, it is possible to use universal type fertilizers to satisfy its needs. The frequency of feeding is once every 2-4 weeks.
  5. Transfer. If the plant becomes cramped in a pot - it must be transplanted into a more spacious container. This is best done in the spring.
  6. Priming. An important role in ensuring proper growth of pelargonium from seeds is drainage. To do this, with each transplant at the bottom of the tank it is necessary to lay a layer of expanded clay.

Observance of the elementary rules of plant care guarantees its protection from pests and various diseases. In case of excessive wetting of the substrate, the probability of defeating the geranium is fungal diseases.

In addition, too hot and dry air can trigger the appearance of the whitefly. In these cases, to fix the problem special preparations are used.

By following these simple guidelines, you can easily grow pelargonium from seeds on your windowsill. And then a beautiful and at the same time unpretentious flower will delight you for many years.

History and interesting facts

Geranium is a perennial or annual plant belonging to the geranium family, which has more than 400 species and forms. Her homeland is hot South Africa, however, pelargonium grows almost throughout the Northern Hemisphere, in regions with a temperate climate, and in mountain subtropical regions. In Europe, it appeared in the 15-16th century, and immediately came to taste flower lovers. The name "geranium" comes from the Greek word "geranos", which means crane.

It should be noted that this beautiful plant is grown not only for decorative purposes. It has many beneficial properties: it is able to neutralize toxins and harmful substances, relieve headaches, as well as stop bleeding and heal wounds. It is recommended to keep geranium in rooms where hypertensive patients live, as well as people suffering from disorders of the nervous system and insomnia.

In the old days, pelargonium was endowed with not only healing, but also mystical properties. It was believed that this plant scares off snakes, so it was planted around houses in places where reptiles are found in large numbers. In addition, fragrant sachets are often made from the flowers of pink geraniums and placed next to the nasal things - in order to protect themselves from the evil eye, and at the same time scare away the moths. But lovers of cats with this plant should be careful. As you know, cats love to feast on home flowers, and in sheets of pelargonium there are toxic substances that are extremely dangerous for animals.

Red blooming geranium

Geranium is a low herbaceous plant or shrub with an extensive root system (except for the species that grow in the mountains - they have the root in the form of a rod). The structure and color of leaves in different species also differs from each other - they can be green, grayish, bluish or even red, whole, with small or pronounced incisions, and in many varieties the sheets are covered with hairs.

Pelargonium flowers are quite large, have a blue, white, purple or purple hue, are collected in inflorescences, having the appearance of a brush. Fruits in which seeds ripen (this happens at the end of summer and early autumn) are box-shaped, with long leaves - after ripening, they twist, scattering seeds.

Reproduction room geraniums

White geranium

Before growing indoor geranium, you should know a few important rules:

  • the best place for a pot is a well-lit window sill, as the plant is very fond of sunlight,
  • in winter, it is better to keep the flower in a cool room, but the temperature should not be below 10 ° C,
  • in order to increase the number of shoots and inflorescences, the plant should be tipped and the dried flowers removed,
  • almost all types of pelargonium need to be regularly cut,
  • With adequate nutrition and light, the flower can bloom throughout the year.

Growing from seed

Red, white, fragrant, and ampella pelargonium grow best in room conditions. Before embarking on planting, you should make sure that the seeds are cleared of hard leathery shell. Otherwise, they will need to be well treated with sandpaper. Experienced flower growers do not name the exact time for planting, since with sufficient illumination, seedlings can grow in autumn and winter, but the optimal period is the period from November to April.

The surface of the seed must be scratched with a knife or rubbed with emery stone

  1. Before sowing, the seeds should be prepared in a certain way: process with zircon or epinine, and soak for three hours, not more, in room temperature water.

By the way, for the prevention of various diseases, you can first hold the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes, and then, rinse and soak in ordinary water

Prepared pots with soil

The first shoots under the film

Room geranium care

Despite the fact that geranium loves moisture, it should not be in standing water, so a layer of expanded clay should be poured at the bottom of the pot. Watering plants must be using a watering can with a narrow spout. As soon as 6-7 leaves appear on the plant, it should be pinned to stop its growth and “awaken” the lateral buds. On cloudy days, pelargonium needs additional lighting. In the summer, it is better to take it outside and place it in a place protected from direct exposure to ultraviolet rays (the plant likes warm, dry air).

How to care for room geraniums

It is necessary to fertilize a flower once every two weeks, beginning from the end of March until November, using liquid fertilizers. In addition, dressing can be prepared independently: for this purpose, a liter of water is taken, to which a drop of iodine is added. You need to take 50 ml of this solution, and gently pour the plant with it so that the liquid falls not on the roots, but on the walls of the pot. Spraying geranium does not need.

Geranium care

Pelargonium is prone to a number of diseases, so plants should be regularly inspected for the appearance of characteristic signs. These can be yellowed leaves, reddened leaves, gray mold or dropping leaves. Usually, the cause of such phenomena is too low a temperature in the room or an excess of moisture. The most dangerous disease for geraniums (especially young shoots) is called “black leg”. In this case, the base of the stem begins to darken in the plant - unfortunately, radical methods of combating this phenomenon do not exist, therefore, infected specimens will have to be destroyed.

Reproduction garden geraniums

When choosing a place for growing garden geraniums, it is very important to take into account the characteristics of the variety. Most plants prefer sunny or semi-shaded places, but there are some that can only grow close to water bodies. So, red-brown, Georgian and large-color species grow well in dry, sunny places, Balkan pelargonium in the shade, and Himalayan, marsh and meadow in wet and shaded areas. The soil should be slightly acidic or neutral and quite fertile.

It is possible to propagate garden geranium both in seeds and in a vegetative way. The first is rather laborious, moreover, in this case the varietal characteristics of the plant are not always preserved. In addition, collecting seeds is quite difficult, and some species do not form them at all. To prevent the seeds from scattering around the plot, experienced gardeners do the following: they make small canvas bags into which the immature fruits of the plant are placed, and fix them well - if the fruit bursts, the seeds will be trapped. It should also be borne in mind that plants that multiply with the help of seeds bloom only next year.

Garden geranium seeds

To plant a geranium, seedlings can be grown from seedlings in the same way as in the case of room geranium, after which they can be transplanted into open ground, or simply sown in peat-fertilized soil.

Sapling before transplanting into the ground

It is important that the place for planting is quite extensive, since geranium tends to grow strongly. It is also worth considering that the thermophilic varieties of the plant do not like direct sunlight (they can burn the leaves badly), so they are best suited for them lacy shade - for example, under the tops of trees. To plant sprouts or sow seeds is best in spring or late summer.

How to propagate geranium cuttings

Garden geranium care

The rules for the care of garden pelargonium are quite simple, and are as follows:

  • the most important thing is regular watering in accordance with the requirements of a particular variety,
  • in order not to loosen the soil, it is better to plant low-growing garden crops between the bushes of the plant, or to mulch the soil,
  • Pelargonium does not require rejuvenation or transplant for at least ten years,

Caring for geraniums consists of regular watering and fertilizer.

An open and lighted place loves garden geraniums.

Diseases and pests

Pelargonium practically does not undergo damage by pests, as the strong aroma of its leaves repels insects. The only exception is the spider mite, which can be eliminated with a soap solution or an insecticide. As for diseases, they often appear when geranium grows in cold, too wet places. The most common plant diseases include:

    powdery mildew. The first sign - white bloom on the leaves, after which they begin to dry out, and geranium dies. As countermeasures, the infected parts must be removed and the bush treated with Bordeaux mixture,

Gray rot on geranium leaves

Beautiful geranium is an easy-to-care, unpretentious plant that will appeal to both beginner and experienced florist. It can be planted on the balcony, in the garden, in flowerbeds or at home - in any case, its bright flowers and thick leaves will become a real decoration.

Beautiful sunny flower - geranium (pelargonium)

Selection of seeds and preparation

Seed propagation is best suited for zonal pelargonium: it can be varieties of rosaceous, star-shaped, tulip-shaped, carnation, etc. Beginners are advised to start with zonal geranium.

But in order to get quality seedlings from seeds, you first need to correctly select planting material. Inspect the seeds and discard the deformed, too small, flattened - good plants, they will not work.

Choose the largest seeds, their color should be dark brown. The shape of a healthy seed is oblong, small depressions are noticeable on the sides. The peel of such a specimen is very dense.

Sowing time

Flower growers do not have clear and precise recommendations for sowing room geranium seeds. The fact is that this flower is not fastidious and can easily germinate, even planted in winter.

But in order to increase the probability of successful sprouting, spring-summer planting is recommended more. This time is the warmest and brightest, which significantly increases the chances of success. Most gardeners choose early spring sowing: if you plant the seeds in March, by July you can get quite full-fledged young plants.

Есть приверженцы и осеннего посева: эти цветоводы предпочитают высаживать герань в ноябре-декабре. Мотивируют свой выбор они тем, что семена могут хорошо прорастать и под светом искусственным, а вот рассада больше нуждается в обилии естественного освещения. Впрочем, при условии хорошего искусственного света можно заниматься проращиванием семян пеларгонии круглогодично. Note that a medium sized plant, obtained from seeds, reaches in about 3-5 months

Interestingly, seeds of different species germinate at different times. The shoots of zonal geranium appear fastest - it happens a week after planting. The royal geranium grows slowly - after three weeks. And the ivy varieties in general can germinate only 2-3 months after sowing the seeds, thereby causing panic in an inexperienced grower.

Soil and capacity

We find out what the composition of the soil is necessary for the successful germination of seeds, and in what capacity to plant them.

Seeds need loose soil, permeable, not containing too much clay. It is possible to purchase ready-made ready-mix soil in the store. This is the most convenient option, because you do not have to mess with the ground, disinfect it, mix it up.

However, if there is no opportunity to buy ready-made soil, it will be necessary to form it with your own hands. The following components are required:

  • sand - 1 part,
  • turf soil - 2 parts,
  • peat - 1 part.

Instead of sand, you can use perlite. If there is no opportunity to get high-quality sod land, you can eliminate it by taking the remaining two components in equal proportions. But in this case, the care of seedlings will require more thorough.

If the primer is made on its own, disinfect it by spilling with a solution of potassium permanganate or by temporarily placing it in a hot oven. Such tricks are not needed for the purchased substrate: it will be possible to plant the seeds immediately.

Important: acidic soil should not be: a small acidity or neutral is permissible.

You can plant room geranium seeds both in separate small containers and in common ones. If the individual option is chosen, it will be possible to avoid picks - a very traumatic procedure for shoots. As such a container it is convenient to use ordinary plastic cups, having previously made drainage holes in them.

The common container also has its advantages: in this case you will not have to look for a lot of dishes, you will manage to do with just one container. Selecting the size of the total container, note that for successful germination and development of seeds need to be planted at a distance of 5-7 cm from each other. If you sow closer, the roots of the plant under the ground intertwine and swoop down then the seedlings will be very difficult

The tank should not be too small: it should fit not only the soil, but also the drainage layer. Earthen pots are ideal, as they are natural and protect the soil from waterlogging, moisture stagnation.

Make sure that there are drainage holes in the container. If they are not, you have to do it yourself. Place the container on a tray or tray so that dirty water does not spill out of the holes when watering.

Sowing procedure and conditions

Sowing pelargonium seeds is not difficult: the following is a short step-by-step guide.

  1. In the selected container should be poured to the bottom of the drainage layer, on top - soil mixture.
  2. Seeds are laid out on the soil surface, then sprinkled a little with the substrate. The top layer should not be too thick, otherwise the seeds will germinate for a long time.
  3. After sowing, the ground surface needs to be moistened with an atomizer, cover the container with film and put on the window. Seeds germinate at a temperature of about +23 degrees.

Temperature and humidity

Seeds at home successfully and quickly germinate at a warm external temperature at about 23 degrees. Cool and excessively hot conditions in this case are not suitable.

Every day you need to open the container, lifting the film for airing. At the same time, remove condensate from the inner surface of the cover so that the seeds are not too wet.

If all conditions are met correctly, after about a month shoots appear.

Diseases and pests

Pelargonium seedlings at home are mainly threatened by fungus. The disease manifests itself in the form of black dots on the foliage and occurs due to overwetting, sometimes due to hypothermia. If a similar problem is noticed, water the seedlings with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a special phyto-alcohol.

In general, young Pelargonium is unstable to diseases, therefore, seedlings should be inspected regularly. The characteristic symptoms of the disease are the following symptoms:

  • yellowing and russeting of foliage,
  • the appearance of black dots
  • mold,
  • blackening of the stem,
  • leaf fall

Seeing these signs, immediately find out the reason for them, take appropriate action. If the seedlings are sick with a “black leg”, it is already useless to treat it - the affected plants should be removed.

If cultivation occurs in conditions of too dry and hot air, whitefly pests are likely to occur. To get rid of these insects will have with the help of insecticides, which is quite harmful for immature plants.

If the lower leaves have got a yellow border, then the plants do not have enough nutrients. Feed the seedlings until they lose their health and die.

Further care

Let's get acquainted with the peculiarities of care for grown pelargonium.

The plant loves water very much, however, it is impossible to allow the wetting of the substrate. Water your geranium watering can with a narrow spout and only as needed. Spraying this plant is not needed: the fact is that this procedure can lead to decay of the foliage of pelargonium, the appearance of black dots on it, fungus.

After watering, loosen the soil in the container so that the soil is always permeable and light.

During the growing season from March to November, pelargonium is fed regularly with a frequency of once every two weeks. It is recommended to use for this purpose liquid ready-made fertilizers designed specifically for geraniums.

In this procedure, pelargonium needs when its roots no longer fit in the old pot. If the earth com is fully developed, there is no maneuver for further development - it is necessary to repot the flower in a more voluminous pot. We recommend this procedure in the spring.

If brown or yellowish spots appeared on the foliage of pelargonium, and the leaves themselves thinned, the limit of irrigation is probably exceeded. If the plant is re-moistened systematically, it may even die. To fix the problem, stop watering for a while. If waterlogging is already critical, an urgent transplant should be performed.

Do not allow overcooling of the plant: even in winter time, the temperature in the room should not fall below + 10-12 degrees.

Carrying out the next transplant, do not forget about the drainage layer of expanded clay. This is a prerequisite for the well-being of the plant.

Be especially careful when you germinate the seeds of royal geranium - this plant is considered the most capricious of all types of pelargoniums. Ampel varieties, on the other hand, cannot often be germinated; in this case it is more convenient to use cuttings.

We learned how to grow pelargonium from seeds at home. Although seed reproduction is quite long, it brings good results, it is available, including for beginners. Observing simple recommendations, you can successfully germinate seeds and get a full-blooming plant as a result.

Selection and preparation of seeds

Growing pelargonium from seed is easy, knowing the basic rules. Geranium seeds can be bought in the store, and if you multiply the kind that already grows at home, after the flowers have bloomed, they must be left alone to form fruits. Before you collect the seeds of pelargonium, they are given the opportunity to fully ripen. Then we collect the ripe seeds and consider them. Large dark brown specimens are suitable for sowing; some of them may be dull or slightly different shades, but there should be no stains.

Oblong brown seeds with hollows on the sides are covered with a very dense skin. So that it does not delay germination, the planting material is specially prepared. Seeds are scraped with a knife or stroked several times on both sides with fine sandpaper, making it easier for the future to grow. Then they are soaked for several hours with warm water (some flower growers before this stand the seeds for 20-30 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate or Epin), then dried.

Soil requirements

Pelargonium growing from seeds occurs in loose nutrient soil with low acidity. Geranium grows wonderfully in breathable, moist soil that does not trap excess water. It can be purchased at the store or make your own to avoid excessive mineralization. It can consist of turf land and peat with sand, a good mixture is peat with perlite.

Before planting geranium (its seeds), the earth must be disinfected. It’s enough to hold it in a preheated oven for 20 minutes or pour it with a hot solution of potassium permanganate. Some advise the use of fungicides. Plant preferably a day after the procedure.

For the cultivation of geraniums at home with seeds, small (not deeper than 3 cm) wide dishes with drainage holes are used. A layer of expanded clay is placed on the bottom, and the ground is placed on top. Moisten it before planting.

Seeding technology

Planting geraniums with prepared seeds can be carried out all year round, but the best thing to do is from February to April - this is how it turns out rather to wait for flowering. Sowing geraniums need not too often. Between seeds leave from 2 to 4 cm, so that the roots are not intertwined. The seeds are laid out on a damp surface of the ground, they are pressed in slightly with their fingers, sprinkled with loose soil on top (its layer should be no more than 1 cm thick). Then the surface is moistened with an atomizer, covered with a transparent lid, glass or plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect.

The seeds thus planted are placed in a warm room with an air temperature of + 22 ... + 24 ° C. Illumination at this stage does not matter. Care of crops consists in airing and moistening, it is important to monitor the temperature level.

Different types of pelargonium require different time for germination. Zone geraniums can germinate in a week, and royal shoots will have to wait at least 3 weeks. Immediately after the emergence of shoots, the film is removed, and the dishes are exposed to light.

Care of seedlings

Growing geraniums from seeds at home requires quite traditional care: seedlings should be kept in comfortable conditions, watered and fed regularly. For irrigation, use separated (soft and clean) water at room temperature. Watered with a watering can with a long spout, wetting the earth, and not plants - geranium does not like spraying and any contact of leaves with water. This is done approximately 2 times a week, but a more accurate schedule determines the rate of drying of the upper layer of the earth.

Starting with a two-week-old seedling, it is recommended to feed it with mineral fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus. You can sometimes water with iodine solution. Top dressing is carried out in 2-3 weeks simultaneously with watering.

It is important to monitor the looseness of the soil: it must be carefully loosened between irrigations so that the roots receive the right amount of air, and the excess water does not accumulate.

Temperature and lighting

Geranium does not require special conditions of detention, it is satisfied with the air temperature in a wide range from +20 to +30 ° C, in winter it should not fall below + 10 ... + 15 ° C. It is better to keep seedlings grown from seeds on a windowsill on the east or west side. It needs a light day not shorter than 16 hours, but direct sunlight can burn delicate leaves, so on the south side you have to lightly shade the plants.

In spring, young plants are planted outside, but even there, in order for the geranium to flourish, it is desirable to keep it in partial shade.

Video "Growing geraniums from seeds"

From this video you will learn how to independently grow pelargonium from seed.

Pelargonium, or simply geranium - one of the most popular among fans of home and garden plants. And this is not at all surprising, because it is a pleasure to grow it: it has excellent decorative properties and is very unpretentious in its care. Knowing some of the rules and features of the geranium, even an inexperienced florist will cope with its reproduction.

Video - Caring for geraniums at home

It is easiest to propagate the favorite flower grower geranium by cutting. This is the easiest and most reliable method, which in 99% of cases gives positive results. But when it comes to rare varieties that are difficult to find on the shelves of flower shops in adult form, the seed method of cultivation is useful. Selection of seeds is always quite good, and with little effort it is quite possible to obtain a rare variety of geranium.

When can you sow seeds?

Time for sowing geraniums depends on the desires and lighting. If it is possible to provide lighting or enough natural light in the room, it is possible to grow pelargonium at least year-round.

According to the recommendations and observations of experienced flower lovers, the best time for sowing seeds is considered the period from the end of autumn to the middle of spring.

How to speed seed germination?

In order for the seeds to grow faster, it is necessary to scarify, that is, to break the integrity of the shell. This can be done in two ways:

  1. Put the seeds in the pan from the clay pot and lightly rub them with an emery stone.
  2. With a sharp knife, scrape off the brown shell on one side of the seed.

Prepared seeds soak in water for a day.

What soil to choose?

For successful germination of geranium seeds, the substrate must be loose. Ordinary garden land is not suitable here, it is better to use lighter components for this purpose, such as peat and perlite in a 1: 1 ratio.

The best option will also be a soil mixture, which includes:

  • 2 pieces of turf,
  • 1 part peat,
  • 1 part of sand.

How to sow seeds?

Before sowing it is good to spill the soil. Put the seeds, leaving between them a distance of 5 cm and sprinkle lightly on top. To maintain the level of humidity and temperature necessary for germination, the pot should be covered with a film.

Periodically spray the ground in a pot to prevent it from drying out.

After one and a half to two weeks from the moment of sowing, shoots will appear, then the film can be removed. A week later, they can dive into separate tanks. At this stage, each seedling should have at least 2-4 leaflets. Before removing the seedlings, it is necessary to moisten the soil well, so as not to damage the fragile young roots in the process.

Care for young geranium bushes

The first feeding of the geranium should be carried out 2 weeks after transplantation. In the future, it is enough to apply fertilizer twice a month using complex preparations with a low nitrogen content, otherwise geranium will refuse to bloom.

When a young bush grows more than 6 leaves, you have to pinch the top of the shoot - this is how you can form a compact flower and achieve active flowering.

Video about growing geraniums from seeds

Pelargonium or, as it is also called, geranium is an indoor plant that does not require special care. Pelargonium can decorate not only your room, but also a balcony, terrace or flower bed in the garden. Growing geraniums from seeds at home is not such a difficult task. Let's take a closer look at the peculiarities of growing pelargonium from seeds at home, as well as how to grow geranium in the open field in summer.

Features of the cultivation of pelargonium

Immediately you should pay attention to the fact that it is possible to grow from seeds only the so-called zonal geranium. Other varieties of pelargonium multiply a little differently. Particular attention should be paid to the selection of pelargonium seeds. In order to avoid possible mistakes, it is necessary to carefully select and prepare planting material. In this case, you should pay attention to the following nuances:

  • Seed color. Good seeds of a plant differ in the saturated brown color. Only slight haze and slight shade is allowed.
  • Seed shape. It is recommended to use seeds of oblong shape; on their sides insignificant depressions should be noticeable.
  • Seed size. Geranium seeds should be quite large.
  • Seed Sheath. This planting material is characterized by a dense leathery shell.

If pelargonium seeds have all the above qualities, they can be used for sowing. You should not buy small, flattened, deformed or stained seeds. Planting such material will not give any good result..

Pre-treatment of seeds before growing

As mentioned earlier, the planting material of geranium has a rather dense shell, which can cause difficulty in their germination. Sometimes the plant seedlings wait quite long and the seeds don't sprout anyway. The reason for this lies in the incorrect processing of planting material or even in the absence.

That is why, before planting, pelargonium seeds must undergo scarification, which involves removing a thick film from the seeds. This procedure can be performed. on your own, this is a fairly simple matter. Для этого необходимо взять мелкую наждачную бумагу, с ее помощью с посадочного материала убрать только верхний плотный слой. При этом на семенах не остаются глубокие разрывы. Обработка должна проходить отдельно над каждым семенем, потерев его об наждачную бумагу несколько раз.

Pelargonium will feel great in the light nutrient mixture, which will well pass water and air to the root system of the plant. For planting seeds You can use ready store primer, but you can also make it yourself. Consider several options:

  • Peat, humus, sand and compost are mixed in equal parts.
  • Connect two parts of garden land with one part of peat and sand.
  • Peat is diluted with perlite in the ratio of one to one.

If you have the opportunity to prepare the soil for planting seeds yourself, then this opportunity is recommended to use. It is worth paying attention to the fact that seedlings will appear in the purchase ground much later, the seedlings will be weaker, and the bush will form thin stems. Flowering in the purchase of the soil will be quite scarce.

Before sowing the seeds in the ground, the substrate must be disinfected, in order to further avoid plant contamination. To this end, it is recommended to roast the substrate for several minutes in the oven. For the processing of the soil, you can also use ready-made fungicides. high quality or solution of potassium permanganate. Planting in this case should be carried out one day after the treatment of the soil.

The most favorable period for sowing seeds is from February to March. If the geranium is planted later, the plant will be strongly drawn out in the future and will blossom only 9 months after sowing.

  • Pelargonium seeds should be sown in shallow containers or bowls, the height of which will not exceed 3 cm. If there are no special containers, then any trays from semi-finished products or other ready-made containers may be suitable.
  • Tanks need to be filled with substrate, plenty of water sprinkle it, then leave to warm. The temperature of the prepared soil should be within 22 degrees.
  • After the preliminary preparation, which was described above, the geranium seeds should be soaked in warm water for three hours. This will contribute to the emergence of good shoots.
  • After that, the seeds must be decomposed on the surface of the soil, slightly pressing them into the substrate. Powdered seeds with a thin layer of loose substrate.
  • After this landing, it is necessary to cover with glass or plastic wrap, take out to a well-lit place. The temperature in the room that contains seedlings should not be below 20 degrees.

The first shoots, as a rule, appear a couple of weeks after sowing. After the emergence of seedlings capacity needs to be gradually opened. From now on, it is also necessary to monitor the soil moisture..

Care after germination

In order for a geranium to grow up a healthy and strong plant, to form a beautiful bush, it is necessary to take good care of it. Caring for geraniums involves:

  • Timely watering.
  • Fertilizer feedings.
  • Regular loosening of the soil.
  • Warm indoor climate.
  • Pick and pinch.

Watering and feeding

  • Very often novice growers make the mistake of over-wetting the soil, which can lead to an insidious disease called blackleg. This disease develops quite quickly and destroys all saplings. In order to avoid this problem, it is necessary to make a drainage layer in the pot for planting, as well as to make holes for drainage of excess water. In addition, it is very important irrigation mode. Geranium seedlings need to be watered only as the soil dries, trying not to fill them. After picking the seedlings into separate pots, it is recommended to water them no more than twice a week. In winter, the frequency of watering is reduced to 1 time per week.
  • As for feeding, the first time it should be carried out 2 weeks after the picking. It is recommended to use fertilizers for flowering houseplants that are rich in phosphorus and potassium. Feeding is usually done every 2 weeks. In winter, feeding is stopped altogether.

Air temperature and lighting

  • When caring for young seedlings, you need to remember that they need light. Pots or containers with seedlings are recommended to be located on the east or west side. If the containers are located on the southern window, then additional shading is required to avoid direct sunlight, which can damage the delicate plant foliage even in the winter. . If at the same time there is not enough natural light for the plant, then in the evening it is necessary to organize additional artificial lighting. In the summer, it is recommended to put the pots with geraniums on the balcony, terrace or garden.
  • In a room that contains pelargonium, it is necessary to maintain an optimum air temperature, which should be at least 20 degrees and not more than 25 degrees. In winter, an already adult plant is able to withstand a short temperature drop to 10 degrees. But you should pay attention to the fact that for young plants such fluctuations in temperature will be disastrous.

Pick and Pinch

  • In order for geranium to have a well-developed root system, it must be kept in separate containers. Pick up young seedlings should be carried out after the appearance of two true leaves. After that, for the purpose of further cultivation, it is necessary to select narrow and rather high pots, the diameter of which will be about 10 cm. If the young seedlings of geranium are already slightly stretched, then they are allowed to be slightly buried in the ground.
  • In order to form a beautiful shape of the bush, and also, so that the plant does not stretch, it must be regularly pinned. The first pinching of the plant should be carried out after the fifth true leaf. In the future, the geranium flower should be regularly pruned in spring and autumn. During this procedure, all weak and thin shoots are cut. Forming a bush stops, as a rule, six weeks before the beginning of flowering geranium. Pelargonium blooms at home 3 months after disembarkation.

How to transplant in open ground and grow in it?

If you have the desire and opportunity, then pelargonium can be transplanted into your own garden. Of these plants, you can form a wonderful rabatka. In the open ground in a common flower bed in the garden geranium will look very good in combination with other plants and flowers.

Transplanting geraniums in open ground recommended at the end of May. The place at the same time it is necessary to choose with easy penumbra. Thus, geranium flowers will be much larger, and too hot sun will not harm them. As a rule, in the heat, usually the leaves of pelargonium begin to dry out strongly and turn yellow. When planting geraniums in open ground, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that plants should be planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other.

The soil for the geranium in the garden should be satisfied with the nutrient. In it you can add leaf humus, in a well-ripened form. You shouldn't get too carried away with organic stuff., as in this case, pelargonium will receive too many nutrients, which can cause a lack of flowering.

Watering pelargonium in open ground should also be done very carefully. Watering plants should occur only as needed. Once every two weeks pelargonium is recommended to feed complex fertilizer for flowers.

Flowering in the open ground well-groomed geranium is capable of the onset of autumn. But with the onset of cold, the flower must be dug out and transferred to the house.

For this you need to cook pots again., but this time they should be a little larger in diameter, since in the open field the root system of the plant develops well. It is necessary to dig geranium from open ground with a large lump of soil, after which the plant is placed in a pot.

After that, under ambient conditions, pelargonium can bloom for some time, but after this flowering of geranium it is necessary to arrange a so-called respite. This removes all old flower stalks, overgrown shoots are cut off. By the way, cut off shoots can be propagated pelargonium. After this plant must be put in a cool and bright place.

With the onset of winter, as a rule, watering is reduced by 2 times, and feeding is completely excluded. Thus, geranium grown from seed will wait for the onset of a new spring.

In conclusion, it is worth noting that the care and cultivation of pelargonium at home is a fairly simple matter. It is only necessary to provide seedlings necessary care, after which colorful beautiful hats will appear on your windowsill. As mentioned earlier, in May, if you have the desire, pelargonium can be planted in its flowerbed, where it can please you and your guests throughout the summer with its abundant flowering.

Pelargonium zone is a bright and useful pot plant. It can not only beautify your beds, but also scare away various pests.

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