What gardener does not grow pears? Its tasty fruits contain organic acids, cellulose, pectic substances, vitamins, and therefore are very useful. Among the huge diversity of species and varieties of pear Talgar beauty - one of the most popular.
Description of the pear variety Talgar beauty
Let's start with the description of the pear variety. Talgar beauty bred by AN. Katseiko, in the Kazakh Research Institute of Horticulture and Viticulture. The variety was obtained as a result of pollination of the “Forest Beauty” seeds. Breeding number 1-20 / 13. Since 1960, the variety has been in the state testing trials, and since 1991, the state register in the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic in the North Caucasus region is included. Today the plant is cultivated in Krasnodar and Stavropol Territory and in Ukraine.
Variety srednerosly, in height reaches about three meters. The crown is wide, dense, in the shape of a pyramid. The main branches grow almost perpendicular to the trunk, the fruits are tied mainly on annular branches. The bark is rough, gray. The shoots are medium thick, straight, brown. Buds are large in the form of a cone.
Leaves ellipsoid, with a pointed tip, rich green color, grow on long petioles. Fruits are large, with a bottle-shape characteristic of a pear and a smooth, dense skin. The average weight is 160 g, the largest ones reach 250 g. The color is pale yellow with a red blush. The flesh is juicy, fine-grained, crispy, with good taste.
The fruits ripen in early autumn, in late September and early October, you can store up to two months to extend the shelf life, you need to collect them ahead of time, so that the fruits were a little unripe.
The variety is early ripening, the first fruits are bearing for 4-5 years, the fruit bearing is annual and very abundant. Talgar beauty is resistant to drought and frost, able to withstand temperatures up to -30 degrees. Even if it freezes, it recovers pretty quickly.
Ripe pear fruit Talgar beauty
Due to this quality, it is suitable for growing in central Russia and Moscow region, but it grows best and bears fruit in the southern regions. In the northern regions is not cultivated.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantages of the variety are:
- resistance to fungal diseases
- winter hardiness and drought resistance,
- large-yielding and high yield (up to 20 tons per 1 hectare),
- very good taste,
- fruits are well stored and tolerate transportation.
The disadvantages of the variety are minorThese include coarse fruit pulp, which is not suitable for lovers of soft pears and darkening of the pulp, if the fruit in time did not have time to remove.
For successful survival, it is best to acquire one-year-old seedlings, the height of their trunk from the root collar to the first branches should not exceed 60 cm, the length of the main branches should be about 5-10 cm, and the diameter of the trunk should be about 1 cm. The trunk should be healthy, without damage and disruption integrity of the cortex.
The root system should be well developed, a tree with a small amount of fibrous roots and branches will be poorly acclimated. Before planting, the roots of the plant are immersed in water for a day, during which time they will gain moisture.
Pear loves fertile loose soil with a neutral or minimal acidity. Does not tolerate sandy, clay and marshy soil. If the groundwater lies above 2 m, then for planting trees need to make a mound.
Blossoming pear variety Talgar beauty
- Preparation of the pit. A pit is dug a depth of at least 60 cm and a width of about half a meter. The soil is removed in layers: fertile top layer separately in one direction, and the bottom - in another.
- Fertilization. 3-4 buckets of humus or compost are added to the soil removed from the upper fertile layer; if the soil is acidic, 150-200 g of mineral-phosphate fertilizers are applied.
- Part of the fertile soil with fertilizers poured into the center of the pit slide.
- A peg is driven into the center of the embankment, which will serve as a support for the tree and help it to properly form the trunk.
- Landing. The prepared tree is lowered into a hole, gently straightening the roots along the hill and covered with fertile soil, so that the root neck is 4-5 cm above ground level. The ground is pounded with hands.
- Planted seedling tied with a rope to a peg.
After planting, the tree is watered with two or three buckets of water in an annular groove. To preserve moisture, the groove is milled with hay, sawdust, or dry grass.
Planting seedlings is best in early April, when the weather is already warm, but the buds have not yet blossomed. In the southern, warm regions, planting is carried out in the autumn, when the leaves have fallen from the tree, but it is still far from frost. Also in the fall can be planted pear Augustovskaya dew.
The main activities in the cultivation of pear trees:
Ripe pears of the Talgar beauty variety, ready to be harvested
- Watering. As the soil dries around the seedling, it is watered at the rate of 2-3 buckets per tree. Adult plants are watered in June, during the period of active growth and in August, during the loading of the fruit. Water consumption per tree 25-30 buckets. Watering trees is best from the sprinkler.
- Mulching. Pristvolnuyu area each year covered with wood ash, peat or sawdust. In the summer, mulch prevents evaporation of moisture, and in winter serves as a heating pad.
- Top dressing. In the spring, in the second year of planting, seedlings are fed with saltpeter (15 g per 1 m 2). In the fall, a mixture of humus (5 kg), superphosphate (50g) and potassium salt (40 g) is introduced. For this, a trench is made around the trunk and fertilizer is mixed into it along with the ground. Regardless of the stage of development of the tree, such dressings are conducted annually.
- Crop. From the second year of life the plant forms a crown. First, select the most developed side branches that grow perpendicular to the stem, leave four of them, and the rest are cut. The branches are cut so that their ends are flush, and the center conductor towers over them by 20-30 cm. After cutting, the cuts are treated with garden pitch. Trees pruned in early spring, before the movement of the juice.
- Harboring. Before frosts, the trunk of a young tree is treated with lime or special paint and insulated with agrofibre, cotton cloth or paper. This will protect the trunk from cold and rodents. In the spring, the whitewash is repeated to protect the plant from sunburn and parasites.
- Protection. For the prevention of disease and repelling pests, a pear is sprayed every year with a 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture or iron vitriol.
This variety is distinguished by unpretentiousness, endurance and very abundant fruiting, which grows every year as the tree grows older. Mature fruits are not showered and are able to stay on the branches even with strong wind.
For stable yield Talgan beauty requires cross-pollination. As pollinators, it will be suitable for the Goverla, Conference and Pet Klapp varieties.
Harvest from the Talgar beauty
For better resistance to frost, this variety can be grafted on a forest pear, in addition, it has very good compatibility with quince rootstocks.
Diseases and pests
Despite the fact that the variety is very resistant to diseases, in order to prevent it, every year the tree is sprayed with fungicides and insecticides to protect against the suckling, pear gall mite and goldfish. With the same purpose using infusions of nettle, calendula and chamomile.
When infected with fruit rot, the affected fruits are removed and destroyed, and the tree is treated with 1% Bordeaux liquid or 4% solution of copper oxychloride.
For 10 liters of water, 25 g of the drug are taken and the resulting solution is sprayed on the tree until it is completely cured once a week.
Talgar beauty is a unique variety, the advantages of which largely prevail over disadvantages. It will be a worthy addition and even decoration of any garden!
The Talgar beauty tree is medium thick (about 2.5 m tall) with a beautiful spreading crown. Branches - hanging, strong, with oval dark green, large size, serrated leaves at the edges. The flowers are white in medium size. The trees are blooming in the last days of May.
The variety is not self-pollinating, it is pollinated with:
Pears grow large in size to 200 g in weight. The shape of the fruit - elongated, beautiful, like a bottle. The color is light green with red cheeks and numerous subcutaneous points. The flesh of the pears is light creamy, dense, juicy, fragrant, crunchy, with small seeds, sweet in taste, without any flavor.
100 g of pulp contains:
- sugars - 0.9%,
- acid - 0.4%,
- Vitamin C - 7.0 mg,
- dry matter - 15.0%,
- water - 85%.
Tastes of Talgar beauty on a five-point scale are estimated at 4.5 points.
Terms of harvesting and storage
The fruits of the variety ripen in September, and they need to be collected a week before full maturity. And you shouldn’t drag it down because the fruits that hang on trees longer than they should be are spoiled - their flesh darkens, their taste and presentation are lost.
Fruit storage also depends on when they were harvested. If they are removed a little earlier than when they are fully ripe, then the harvest in the cellar will be easily stored until the new year, and even longer in the refrigerator.
Tastes during storage will reach its apogee by November.
Talgar beauty - table variety. The fruits are used mostly fresh. Also they make desserts, adding as stuffing.
From these pears you can make jam, jams, jam, make compotes, squeeze juice, roll in sugar syrup, and which one is liqueur! Just a symphony!
The southern regions are the most suitable for cultivating the Talgar beauty, the North Caucasus District, the Krasnodar Territory and the Stavropol Territory, Ukraine and Moldova, however, the variety is winter-hardy and drought-resistant, therefore, it is successfully cultivated in the more northern regions - Central Black Earth, Central and South conditions of Central Russia.
Cultivation and care
First you need to choose the right site for planting seedlings. Pear Talgar beauty prefers well-lit dry areas, protected from drafts.
Pear does not like too wet soil. Also grade does not tolerate sand and loam. The tree does not take root on them. Groundwater should not be less than 2 m from the surface.
Further, 14 days prior to the landing of the cutting, they dig a hole, the dimensions of which should be 1.5 mx 60 cm. The ground taken from the top is mixed with rotted cow manure or humus in an amount of 4 buckets, and a small amount of potassium salt and superphosphate, all it is located in the pit so that a mound is formed.
A sapling is installed on this hillock, the roots are straightened, a peg is driven in next to which the tree is then tied, and covered with the remaining soil, which is tamped and poured with 2-3 buckets of water.
While the tree takes root, it must be watered three times a week. As the seedling is rooted, watering is done as the soil dries, but at least 4 times a month.
Variety Talgar beauty - quite unpretentious. Special care is not required. Care rules - standard:
- top dressing
- weeding and loosening
- preparation for wintering.
As it was said above, they water the pear as needed - without letting the soil dry out, but it is also not necessary to pour the tree so that there is no stagnation of moisture, otherwise it will die.
With a hot and dry summer watering increases.
Fruit trees of this variety are fed in the fall and spring. In the spring make organic matter - humus (20 kg) or rotted mullein (25 kg). Spring dressings are carried out twice 2 years before leafing.
Autumn trees are fed annually. As a fertilizer, a mixture is used - wood ash (2 cups), superphosphate (50 g), urea (20 g) and potassium chloride (25 g). Fertilize trees after harvest.
Pruning is carried out to form a crown, starting at two years of age. The upper part of the trunk is cut by 20 cm, and the shoots of the first tier - by one third.
In a three-year-old tree, the trunk is shortened by 15 cm. The second tier is formed from three branches located above the branches of the first tier.
The trunk of four-year-olds should be shortened by 20 cm, and the shoots of the third tier - in the third part.
Preparing for the winter
Preparing for wintering is:
- garbage collection around pear trees,
- digging the soil,
- whitewashing trunks,
- mulching to prevent freezing of the roots. Mulch, as a rule, with needles, manure, humus or peat, which are laid out so that they do not come into contact with the trunk. The thickness of the protective layer must be at least 7 cm.
Pros and cons of Talgar beauty variety
Description of the variety allows you to see all its advantages and disadvantages. The advantages are:
- decent harvest
- excellent taste and aroma,
- excellent transportability and presentation,
- long shelf life
- invulnerability to a number of diseases
- high frost resistance and drought resistance,
- the ability to recover from frostbite,
- rapid growth of seedlings.
The disadvantages include the fact that the flesh of the fruit darkens when the harvest is overdue, as well as the need for the presence of other varieties of pear trees next to Talgarka, which will serve as pollinators.
Talgarka pear has established itself as an unpretentious variety with magnificent fruits on the surface and taste that will serve as an excellent decoration for any table, as can be seen from the reviews of gardeners.
Irina, 45 years old
“A sapling of the Talgar beauty, planted in October, was acquired in the nursery. And in the spring, the tree already gave three flowers, from which the ovaries appeared. One of them fell, and from two pears grew excellent taste. In the fourth year I have already collected 50 kg of fruit! Grade - unpretentious care, the tree never hurt anything. Very happy to purchase! "
Natalia, 56 years old
“My Talgar beauty is already 30 years old, and it has been bearing fruits all the years. There were never any illnesses, only a couple of times the aphid came running, from which they sprained themselves. Pears grow large, beautiful, on the roar diverge to "cheers". I don’t like my beauty! ”
Excellent trouble-free grade of the Talgar beauty perfectly proved on domestic garden sites. Its fragrant juicy fruit relished both adults and children. Try it and you! You will not regret!
What kind of pears refers?
First of all, you need to decide when you want to harvest these wonderful fruits.
Pears are of autumn, winter or early appearance.
In our case, the pear Talgar beauty poured late September - early October, fruit ripening occurs in the fall.
The variety is widely distributed in the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, Ukraine, and has been zoned in the North Caucasus region.
Description varieties Talgar beauty
Consider separately the appearance of the tree and fruit.
The tree grows to medium height. Krone has wide pyramidal shape and medium thickness. The branches of the tree hang almost at right angles. The bark has a gray color and a flaky structure. The shoots are average in thickness, straight in shape.
Unlike the branches, they are not omitted. Possess brown color. The leaves are large, shaped like a chicken egg. They have a rich dark green color, unusual smoothness and brilliance of the surface. Leaf petiole long.
The fruits are quite large. Mass can be 150-200 grams. Average one pear weighs 170 grams. Sometimes giant pears grow 250 grams in weight.
The form itself pear-shaped, but slightly elongated, at the top is sloping. The peel has a smooth and shiny.
The structure is oily. The color is light yellow, on the cloudless side there is a beautiful “blush”.
The pink part takes up more than half of the pear. A lot of subcutaneous spots are observed on the fetus, which are white on the pinkish edge and green on the yellow.
The Talgar beauty pear rests on a stem of medium length and thickness, having a slightly curved shape. The funnel is of a small size, not found in individual fruits. Calyx open.
The flesh is creamy or white. It has an average density. Its structure is fine-grained. The pulp can be characterized as crispy, but rather juicy. It tastes pleasant, pretty sweet.
Talgar Beauty - pear variety with high yields. Gona Fruits every year very abundantly. Stability to cold weather is also high. The variety is different and strong drought tolerance.
Tree starts bear fruit after 4-5 years after landing, pretty quickly.
Sometimes in the first 2-3 years of plant growth appear about three fruits. The ripening period comes in late September or early October.
But it is better to harvest a little earlier, and the taste and transportability are better. The blown pear does not tear, they hold fast to the branches.
Store in the refrigerator or cellar without dark spots fruits can until the end of winter.
Good yields are shown by the following varieties: Tonkowetka, Bere Bosk, Chizhovskaya, Bere Russkaya and Fairy.
Planting and care
Although Talgar beauty does not require special care, it does not mean that she does not need to be looked after. The most important thing is to choose The right place for landing.
«Талгарочка» любит хорошо освещенную местность, лучше на каких-нибудь откосах. Конечно, почва должна быть хорошей, плодородной. Но все равно ее необходимо удобрять и питать.
Care is the following simple manipulations:
- In the spring to carry out prevention against various pests and diseases.
- In early spring, loosen the soil around the tree and add manure / compost / humus.
- In the summer you should feed the plant with complex fertilizers.
- Requires abundant watering four times per season.
If you have a desire to get a Talgar beauty of small stature, then you can graft a dwarf stock on it. It will not affect the quantity and quality of the crop.
The history of the variety Talgar beauty
Pear Talgar beauty appeared in the Kazakh Research Institute of fruit growing and viticulture. Scientist Arkady Nikolaevich Katseyko, who created a significant number of varieties of fruit crops, conducted free pollination of the Forest beauty of Belgian origin. Parent variety is winter hardiness, yield, as well as an excellent dessert taste of fruit.
Since 1960, the pear began to undergo variety testing, in 1991 it was allowed to grow in the North Caucasus region. Currently, the variety is absent in the State Register. The sources do not have information when and for what reason the pear was excluded from it. Talgar beauty grows successfully in the Stavropol and Krasnodar Territories, in fruit zones of Kazakhstan, as well as in Ukraine.
Description and characteristics of pear Talgar beauty
A tree of medium size, not more than three meters. The medium-dense crown is formed in the form of an extended pyramid, the shoots hang down. Frame branches grow almost horizontally from the trunk. Flower buds are formed mainly on kolchatka. The tree does not bloom very early. Grafting a quince on a quince gives good results, and it is also possible to combine it with a pear tree - in this case, winter hardiness will increase.
Pear tree Talgar beauty has a wide crown shape of medium density
Medium-sized pears, their weight can be from 150 to 200 g, sometimes up to 250 g. The fruits have a beautiful elongated pear shape in the form of a graceful bottle, but almost all of them are asymmetric: their top is beveled. The peel is not very thick, glossy, oily with shine, has no rust, it is colored in a light yellow color. Almost the entire fruit is covered with a bright red-carmine blush. There are numerous small dots: green under a light yellow skin, under a blush - white.
Talgar beauty is difficult to confuse with another variety, the peculiar easily recognizable shape of the fruit is one of its features.
Fruits of a pear Talgar beauty have the original "bottle" form
Cream-colored pulp is medium dense, fine-grained, crunchy, incredibly juicy and sweet, with a light pear aroma. The sugar content of the fruits grown in the Kuban is 9.0%, and the titratable acid is 0.37%. The predominance of sugars over acids, which determines the taste of an exceptionally sweet, practically without acid of fruits, and also the crunchy flesh, which is not typical for pears, are characteristics of the variety. Professional tasters rated the taste at 4.6 points. Consumer opinions are divided. Those who like crispy flesh and sweetness without acid leave rave reviews about the variety. Fans of oily pulp and sweet-sour taste criticize it. The variety is considered to be table, but the fruit can also be used for processing.
The crop ripens in the fall, at the end of September it is ready for removal. Fruits keep well on the branches even during a strong gusty wind. In timely pearls removed lezhkost good. If you are late with cleaning, the pulp may turn brown during storage. Consume products during October - November. In artificially cooled storages, the fruits removed in time can be stored until December without the formation of stains. Transportability is good.
To avoid the appearance of brown spots during storage, the fruit of the pear Talgar beauty is better to collect in a timely manner.
At 4-5 year trees begin to bear fruit. Sometimes isolated fruits may appear on a two or three year old tree. Productivity is high and stable, increasing from year to year. The official description does not mention the ability of plants to self-pollination, in some sources the variety is characterized as self-productive.
The variety Talgar beauty bears fruit regularly and abundantly, pears on the branches hang in clusters
Winter hardiness and drought resistance are estimated at a rather high level. Plants are resistant to fungal diseases, especially scab. There is no data on the possibility of pest damage.
The variety has numerous advantages: endurance to low temperatures and drought, immunity to scab, precociousness, productivity, presentation of fruits and good keeping quality. The disadvantages are much smaller: the crunchy properties of the pulp and its tendency to brown when lately taken.
How a variety is pollinated
Pear rarely has the ability to self-pollination, in this described variety is a typical representative of the culture. Self-infertile Talgar beauty will not bear fruit without pollinators, the most suitable sources of pollen for it are Pears Conference, Goverla and Kucheryanka. And also they can be other varieties that bloom in average terms, the main thing is that the flowering period overlaps for at least 5–7 days.
For a start, it is worth looking for a pollinator among growing pears, perhaps within a radius of 50 meters there are already trees blossoming in similar time frames.
The closer the pollen source is, the better the pollination conditions. Experts say that the work of bees is most effective at a distance not exceeding 40–50 m.
If there are no suitable plants in the immediate vicinity, and there is a catastrophic shortage of space on the plot, you can plant the desired variety in the crown of the Talgar beauty.
Grafting a pollinator variety into the crown of the self-fruitless Talgar beauty will increase its yield and at the same time save space on the site
Features growing "Talgarki"
For the cultivation of unpretentious varieties used standard agricultural techniques. The pear has not so many features considered at cultivation.
The tree is most often planted in spring. In the southern latitudes (the main regions of cultivation of the variety), autumn planting is also quite acceptable, but you will need to take care of the seedling shelter for the winter. The distance between srednerosly trees of the Talgar beauty should be not less than four meters with five-meter spacing. There are no more features of growing conditions and planting process.
In the implementation of the care of the crown should take into account the following nuances:
- The natural form of the crown is prone to spreading, so forming a bowl with a notch of the center conductor will be the most logical solution.
The Krona of the Talgar Beauty is best shaped as a bowl.
The wood of Talgar beauty is fragile, therefore, in the harvest years, it is worthwhile to install supports under the branches
Do not forget to carry out standard types of pruning: sanitary, regulating (thinning) and supporting fruiting (shortening).
Young plants are watered for 10–12 times during a season for 3-4 years. As they grow older, the trees acquire a drought tolerance characteristic of the variety, so the amount of watering is reduced to two or three per season, depending on the rate of rainfall. During a long drought, it is not necessary to allow the soil to dry out, it is better to water the plants once more. If all the necessary nutrients have been added to the planting pit, they begin feeding in the standard way 3-4 years after planting.
Talgar beauty must be watered and fed like any other pear
The high degree of resistance to fungal diseases allows for the protection of plants cost prophylactic measures. If during the rainy season it was not possible to avoid diseases, fungicides are traditionally used to combat them.
Protective sanitary and preventive works are also the most effective against possible pest damage. To avoid having to deal with huge colonies of malicious insects, it is better to prevent their occurrence.
From reviews about the variety
Re: Talgar Beauty
From myself I want to note that this is one of the most reliable varieties that does not require efforts to grow it. High frost resistance allows to grow it not only in all regions of Ukraine, but also far beyond its borders. Grade is a hard worker. The fruits taken at the first frost (which is not desirable for long-term storage), admire the juiciness and taste. Low score taste due to lack of acid for harmonious combination. The fruits are simply very sweet due to the prevalence of sugar. Even over-ripe fruits firmly hold on the tree. Almost all owners of this variety, especially the sweet tooth, speak of it with admiration.
Re: Talgar Beauty
Well, in our conditions, the fruits are also sweet and beautiful. But the taste is not harmonious, although pleasant! I cannot say that such an undemanding and problem-free - for some reason, my bark cracked and lagged behind, although other varieties grow nearby and this is not observed. I decided to let the variety on re-grafting! Mainly due to the fact that the pulp is not oily, but I love just such a consistency!
lus, Kiev region
Re: Talgar Beauty
Pear trouble-free, very fruitful. During her life - and she was already more than 30 years old, only 1 year was not a harvest. I don’t remember the reason, but that year there was no fruit on all the trees. In late August, already become edible. On the market for sale in the fly. At the tops of the pears grow huge, beautiful. Sores were not noticed. Only at the beginning of the season on the young tops of aphid appears. But this is quickly corrected by spraying. On feeding already does not respond. Apparently at that age she doesn't need them anymore. The neighbors Talgar beauty planted with me at the same time, growing without care - no one waters it, does not fertilize, and the amount of harvest and the size of pears from mine does not differ.
Re: Talgar Beauty
All undoubtedly the advantages of this variety are broken for me about one minus - for me it is completely tasteless. Yes sweetie! But only. It is bad that it is fresh-sweet and absolutely not fragrant. Besides, I don’t like crispy flesh in pears.
Re: Talgar Beauty
Yes, she has an average growth force, even in the stock wilderness, but I really like this pear, firstly problem-free, neither the leaf, nor the fruit, nor the trunk is affected by anything, from the practice of trading I will say that it is the most favorite pear in children, probably because of the crisply-skalyvayusche-juicy-dense pulp, and the beauty of the fruit is not enough, I call them light bulbs.
Re: Talgar Beauty
An excellent variety, I do not process it at all, several families feed from one tree and still remain, this year I bought an electric dryer and began to make an excellent dessert out of it. Problems only with the formation of the crown, under the weight of the fruit branches strongly bent.
migalka, Ternopil region
Re: Talgar Beauty
Pros: growth up to 3.5 m, every year bears fruit, very fruitful, I like the taste very much (very juicy, despite the crisp flesh chews easily), does not require a pollinator (I just don’t have it), beautiful large fruits, does not require a special care, ripening in mid-September, when the spring varieties are gone, and the winter ones are still green, the market goes off with a bang, the jam is a bomb. Minuses: my wife does not like it (she says that astringency is present and grainy), when overloaded, the fruits become shallow, thin branches bend right up to the ground, the aphids do not pass by, there is no shelf life, it darkens from the inside when overripe (does not affect the taste). Total - one tree is enough with its head for itself and for the market (surplus). I do not regret that planted. Beginning fruit on the 5th year.
K-ya, Donetsk region
Here is my Talgar beauty VA - 2 stock.
Pear Talgar beauty on stock VA-29
_Mixa_, North of Krasnodar Region
Pear is practically not affected by diseases and winter-hardy, drought-resistant, annual and abundant fruiting, this is one of the advantages. Fruits taste so-so, fresh-sweet taste, without raisin (true, very juicy), crisp (I personally prefer oily), not stored for a long time and not timely removing from the tree threatens the loss of juiciness and taste, this is from minuses. If for yourself and family, then one such pear in the garden with your head, even a lot. I noticed that children like her, though they don’t argue about tastes, but I described my opinion.
The unpretentiousness of the variety, productivity and good quality make it attractive for cultivation. Talgar beauty is not perfect, not everyone likes the specific taste of the fruit, but lovers of sweet pears will not be disappointed. And she is also very fond of children, it is worth considering when choosing a variety for planting.
Description and characteristics of the variety with a photo
Pear Talgar beauty was bred in the middle of the last century in the Research Institute of Horticulture and Viticulture of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The author and originator of this variety is the famous breeder A.N.Katseiko. For the breeding of this pear was taken grade "Forest Beauty", bred by experts from Belgium. As a result of free pollination, the Talgar beauty was obtained. Tests of this variety began to be made in 1961, and a new variety was included in the State Register in 1991. The Talgar beauty was zoned for the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic and other regions of Russia with a similar climate.
At the moment, these fruit trees can be found on the dacha plots in the North Caucasus region, Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, as well as in Ukraine.
Talgar beauty does not differ in large size - the height of the tree reaches 2.8-3.0 m. The wide pyramidal crown is of sufficient thickness, with the main branches growing at an angle of 90 ° to the trunk, the ovaries are formed mainly on the branches of the annulate type. The bark of the trunk - rough, gray color. And the main branches have a standard thickness, slightly more than medium size, straight, brown in color. Large conical buds, brown.
The form of foliage is ellipsoid, oblong, with sharp tips. The color of the leaf blades is bright emerald, growing on long petioles. Large ripened fruits have a bottle shape characteristic of pear varieties, the skin is rather dense and smooth. Its color is light yellow, with a red tint on the sides. The mass of ripe pears can reach 160-180g, but the largest ones can weigh 240-260g. The flesh can be quite dense, but juicy and fine-grained. The taste of ripe fruit is excellent.
This variety belongs to late ripening, fruit ripening and harvesting take place in the last decade of September - early October. You can store collected pears for up to 55-60 days. To increase the shelf life, gardeners harvest some unripe pears, in which case their keeping quality increases by a month and a half.
Important! Over-ripe pears are usually not harvested, because their skin is darkening, as well as their flesh, as a result their taste deteriorates.
The first harvest can be collected already in the fourth season after planting seedlings in a permanent place. Talgar beauty can bear fruit annually, and its productivity is rather high. Another difference of this pear is that ripe fruits stick tightly on the branches and do not crumble even with strong gusts of wind.
The resistance of this variety to frost and diseases is above average, this fruit tree can withstand cold temperatures up to -28-29 ° C. But even if this pear froze, it will quickly recover.
Therefore, Talgar beauty grows well in the Moscow region and the middle zone. But it is still better fruits in warmer regions. But in the conditions of the Urals and various regions of Siberia, this variety has not taken root.
Features of planting and care
It is better to plant this pear in the open ground in the spring - in this case, the seedlings will have time to take root well in the new place, they will grow well.
If these young trees were purchased with an open root system, they should first be placed in a bucket of water for at least a day. Also, such seedlings should be carefully examined when buying - in a healthy plant, the root system must be strong (not dry!), Free from damage and cracks.
Seedlings sent from nurseries are often sold with a closed root system, and such trees tolerate the process of acclimatization better, take root faster and feel better in a new place.
Planting and further care for this variety of pears are normal, as for other fruit trees. It should be noted that even the introduction (or absence) of dressings practically does not affect the yield and size of ripe fruits of the Talgar beauty, which is also noted by experts.
Below are reviews of gardeners who grow this variety on their plots:
Crucian (place of registration - Lugansk region, Ukraine):
I grow this variety not for the first year, I am pleased with the rapid entry of seedlings into the fruiting season (the first harvest was made at 4 years after planting this pear), and the crops are harvested annually. As they grow, the yield of this variety increases markedly. Вкусовые качества отменные, правда, на мой взгляд, спелым плодам не хватает достаточного количества кислоты – плоды слишком сладкие, но очень сочные.
Старожил (Киевская обл., хутор Черкас):
Растет эта красавица в саду уже более 7 лет, но почему-то у нее начала трескаться и отходить кора на стволе. Хотя у других грушевых деревьев, произрастающих рядом, подобное не наблюдается. Хочется отметить, что спелым плодам не хватает кислинки и масленистости – мои домашние предпочитают именно такие груши.
Виталий Ермасов (г. Voronezh):
He planted seedlings of this pear on the stock VA-29, but both trees "did not go" - the bark on the main trunk began to burst after the winter in 2010. As a result, both pears slowed down their development, they did not wait for the harvest. I had to uproot this pear. Apparently, our climate is not suitable for the cultivation of this beauty. Moreover, the Talgar beauty also didn’t take hold of the summer cottage neighbors.
Pear variety Talgar beauty: video
As a result, it can be said that the cultivation of this pear is better to be produced in those regions that are indicated as the main breeders-originators from Kazakhstan. And as a result, with minimal care, gardeners can receive annual high yields of fruits from Talgarka, which can be stored for up to 3 months. And the taste of ripe fruit will be enjoyed by the true “sweet teeth”.
Agrotechnika pear varieties Talgar beauty
The care of the fruit tree and the seedling is different. An adult tree endures temporary hardships more patiently. The young seedling for 5 years should lay the foundation for future fruiting. But some operations for planting and caring for pears Talgar beauty require special attention:
Despite the unpretentiousness of an adult tree, the seedling needs to be surrounded by care. A healthy two-year-old with a developed root system is immersed in water for a day or 36 hours.
A pit is being dug on a sunny slope; on the north side, the nova should be protected with a screen. A pit with a depth of 1 m is equipped with a drainage layer of stones, broken bricks, covered with sand, driven in a supporting stake. From the fertile land piled mound on it straighten the roots. Sprinkle the roots with fertile soil for a few centimeters, then you can pour the mixture with superphosphate and potassium salt. Roots should not get a chemical burn from contact with fertilizer when watering. The soil on the roots compacted, trampled so that the site of the graft was above the ground. Bowl for watering mulch.
To support a young seedling, a stake is driven into the ground. It should not be an iron bar or a pipe - it is cold in winter. To keep the wooden stake from rotting longer, you can lightly burn the end on the stake, choose larch. When mulching, around the trunk should be free space - from diaper rash.
Watering is carried out throughout the season. To do this, dig circular grooves. On one tree pours up to 2 buckets of water. The soil should be wet, but not wet. Saplings are watered 3 times a week, trees - 4 times a month. In the first year, seedlings do not fertilize. Later in the spring, dry urea or ammonium nitrate is embedded in the grooves into the soil, to a small depth. When watering fertilizer will feed the soil. After harvesting the tree is fed with compost, give phosphate and potash fertilizers.
In the winter, pears in the perilous gardening zone are insulated with pre-cleaned and whitewashed trees. A good nonwoven fabric serves as a good covering material. It allows the tree to breathe while protecting it.
The formation of the tree begins in the second year, leaving a single central shoot. When pruning, remove the internal branches, so as not to thicken the crown.
Protective measures include the mandatory processing of fungicides and the green cone, trapping belts on the tree and traps with the smell of fermented fruit for hawk moth.
If you take care of a pear Talgar beauty according to the description, the photo will show something like this:
All works will pay off handsomely, with the joy of abundant annual pear harvest Talgar beauty.