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Features of planting forsythia and shrub care

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Forsythia is a sprawling and tall shrub from the Maslin family. Plant height can reach three meters. East Asia is considered the birthplace of this culture, but for a long time, forsythia can grow freely in the European part of Russia, in the Urals, and also in Siberia itself. It attracts gardeners for its landscape properties and decoration, as well as being valued for its spectacular and early flowering.

With the onset of spring and the establishment of warm weather the first bell-shaped flowers of a golden hue develop when the first leaves do not grow on the shoots. Against the background of a gray and bare garden plot, densely covered with sunflowers look incredible.

But it is worth remembering that, regardless of the beauty of the plant, it is also necessary to carry out proper and complete care for it. For successful cultivation and flowering plants need to understand what features planting and maintenance of forsythia in open ground in different areas of our country.

Features of planting and growing flowers

Forsythia, which is known in Europe as Porsatia, has become a real queen of city parks and neighborhoods, with the help of her unpretentious qualities, as well as environmentally friendly plasticity. But in order to get the plants abundant flowering process and bright flowers, you should try to create the best flowering conditions for it.

When choosing a landing site Plants should give their preference to sunny places, but in the partial shade the culture will grow well. It will be better if there is any protection from winds and drafts near the plant. The soil for planting should have a large number of beneficial trace elements. At the same time it should be light and completely breathable, without much stagnation of moisture inside. Heavy and acidic varieties of soil should be prepared in advance. The plant can grow well on calcareous soils.

Forsythia is considered a drought-resistant plant. and therefore needs frequent watering, as a rule, the flower lacks natural precipitation, which falls with rain. Overmoistening, stagnation of melt water, as well as a poor level of aeration of the rhizomes of a plant can affect the plant negatively.

Wintering plants

Forsythia shows a high rate of winter-hardiness, but when it grows in Siberia and the Urals, it needs shelter during the winter period of time. In these areas it is worth choosing a landing site for those areas that come out on the south side and will warm up well throughout the winter period.

For the European part of Russia are divided three main varieties of forsythia: hanging (drooping), ovoid and hybrid (differently intermediate). In the southern part of Russia forzitsy is grown European, as well as dark green. With all this, it is worthwhile to carefully review the characteristics and characteristics of planting some varieties of plants.

Appearance

Forsythia is a shrub or small tree of the Olive family. A plant with a light brown bark usually grows to 1–3 meters. In most species of forsythia, simple oval leaves of green color with jagged edges, from 2 to 15 cm long. There are varieties with triple leaflets. Bright yellow flowers are the card of forsythia. They cover the plant in early spring with a solid carpet. Flowering lasts about three weeks, and then gradually form a seed-box.

Types of forsythia

There are several most popular types of forsythia and many different varieties and hybrids.

  • The most common is European forsythia. The bush is slightly less than 2 m in height, the leaves are entire, oblong, up to 7 cm long, the flowers are blue bells.
  • Forsythia Giralda does not tolerate low temperatures. The leaves are elliptical in green color, up to 10 cm long. In May, it is covered with bright yellow large flowers.
  • Hanging (drooping) forsythia is a shrub with a spreading crown, up to 3 m high, with red-brown or olive tetrahedral branches. Yellow flowers with a diameter of 2.5 cm, in a bundle, usually several of them. The foliage is green, but there are varieties with variegated yellowish leaves.
  • Drought-resistant dark green forsythia grows to three meters. The bush has large toothed leaflets of oblong shape up to 15 cm long and up to 4 cm wide. The flowers are yellow, with a greenish tinge, joined in small bunches.
  • Intermediate forzition - a hybrid form of drooping and dark green, resistant to cold and drought. Some of its varieties can be grown in the suburbs and in Siberia. Grows rapidly, height - up to 3 m. In April-May bright yellow inflorescences appear. There are varieties with flowers of a pale yellow shade and varieties with dark yellow stripes at the base of the flower. The plant until late autumn retains the rich dark green color of its toothed and oblong leaves.
  • Forsythia snowy growth up to 2 m, leaves up to 8 cm, white flowers with a yellow throat.
  • Forsythia ovoid - medium-sized shrub (up to 2 m) with yellow-gray sprawling branches. Flowers are single, up to 2 cm in diameter, and bright green leaves change their color to purple by autumn. Winter-hardy and drought-resistant variety.

Due to the variety of species, varieties and hybrids, it is possible to purchase a plant with unique external data and suitable indicators of drought and frost resistance.

Breeding

There are several main ways to get new copies of a beautiful shrub. Forsythia is fairly easy to propagate vegetatively at home. It is more difficult to cultivate a plant seed, usually specialists do it.

In June, the apical green branches are cut about 15 cm long. The bottom sheets are cut off on them. The resulting cuttings are treated with "root" or "Appin" to stimulate root growth. Sand is used as soil. The blanks are planted in a greenhouse and covered with plastic wrap. Regularly watered, aired, loosened. Cuttings root well. With the onset of cold weather, they are covered with spruce leaves or dry leaves, and next spring, young forsythia specimens can be transplanted to a permanent place. The plant blooms in the 2-3rd year.

The second option is to plant lignified branches directly into open ground in October. 2-3 buds are left above the ground, and young plants carefully cover the winter with dry leaves. The next spring, the plants open. By the autumn strong young forsythia bushes grow, which are transferred to the place of permanent cultivation.

Easy way which does not take a lot of time. In the fall or summer, branches located near the surface of the earth are tilted, the bark is slightly incised at the point of contact with the ground, and the shoot is fixed with wire. In the spring process with roots can be separated from the mother liquor.

This method helps to get a large number of young individuals at once, but it takes longer than the vegetative one. In autumn, in October, ripe seeds are harvested. They are stratified: they are kept for about 2 months at a temperature of +2 to +5 degrees. Sowing is done in spring, in March or April. As the soil is used humus and sand in a ratio of 2: 1. The containers are covered with plastic wrap, regularly moistened and kept at room temperature.

The first shoots begin to appear about a month, gradually the film is removed. For 12 months, they grow to a maximum of 8 cm, at this time the seedlings dive. The height in the second year of life reaches 12-30 cm, and in the third, some specimens grow up to 90 cm. In winter, young plantings must be warmed with a thick layer of leaves or needles. Care is regular watering, loosening and weed control. Planted in a permanent place they can be in 3-4 years. The first time a young plant blooms around the 5th year of life.

Breeding with green and lignified shoots, layering is a quick way to get a strong young plant. The seed method is more durable, however, it makes it possible to experiment, for example, by cross-pollinating different types of forsythia.

Planting and transplanting a beautiful plant is carried out in early spring. You can perform work in the fall, in this case, the term is chosen so that the plant has time to take root before the frost.

For the bush, they prepare a hole 50x50 in size, 60 cm deep. After planting, the roots should be at a depth of about 35 cm. The distance between adjacent bushes is about 1.5 m.

A drainage layer of broken brick or crushed stone about 15 cm high is placed at the bottom of the pit, then 10 cm of sand, and a mixture of sand, peat and leaf earth is placed at the top in a ratio of 1: 1: 2, adding 200 g of wood ash. The seedlings are carefully placed in a hole, then a layer of earth is placed on them, they are watered well, and the soil is compacted.

Features of growing

Undemanding plant will surely please with its appearance, for this you do not need to put special effort.

  • Forsythia prefers bright, protected from the wind and drafts places. It can grow in partial shade, but in this case it blooms worse.
  • Loves calcareous soil, badly transfers heavy soil. Dislikes areas where water stagnates. Charcoal or lime is introduced into the land with high acidity.
  • The plant is drought-resistant, feels better in dry land than in a wet substrate. During the rainy season, additional moisture will not be required. In dry and hot weather, watering is carried out twice a month, each bush needs about 12 liters of water. By autumn, the number of irrigation gradually reduced.
  • Part of the care - timely removal of weeds and loosening. They dig up a near-stem circle deep into the depth of a shovel. After loosening the planting is mulched with earth or compost.

Forsythia blooms poorly if flower buds are damaged by frost in winter or the plant lacks nutrients. Frequent and too extreme pruning can also impair flowering.

On young plants only sanitary pruning is carried out - dry, frozen or damaged branches are removed. It is appropriate to remove too thin shoots and those that grow inside the crown and thickens it.

In adult bushes, dead, damaged, diseased, too old and thick shoots are completely removed. Faded branches are shortened by one third. On too thick bushes clean weak and improperly growing branches.

In adult specimens, you can additionally carry out anti-aging pruning, no more than once every 3-4 years. All branches are shortened by no less than 2/3. If such haircuts are abused, the forsythia will become lush, but it will bloom worse.

Preparing for the winter

The plant winters well without shelter under a thick layer of snow. Usually, forsythia is warmed before the onset of frost, because it is impossible to predict the amount of winter precipitation.

Pristvolny circle covered with a layer of dry leaves with a height of about 10 cm, the branches are bent to the ground and secured. Young plants are completely covered with spruce branches.

Early in the spring, a layer of rotted manure is placed near the tree circle, and then the plant is watered abundantly. In April, mineral dressing is carried out, about 65 g per square meter of planting. After flowering, a universal fertilizer is applied, for example, Kemira, at the rate of 110 g per square meter.

Diseases and pests

Forsythia can suffer from moniliasis, downy mildew, bacteriosis or wilt.

  • If moniliasis occurs, brown spots appear on the leaves. To stop the spread of the fungus will mechanically remove all damaged branches. The affected areas are trimmed to healthy tissue. The fight against fading is carried out using a 2–5% solution of Fundazol.
  • In the case of bacteriosis, the affected specimens must be completely dug up and burned. The place where the infected forsiah grew was disinfected, for example, with a solution of potassium permanganate.
  • On bushes infected with downy mildew, leaves are deformed, a grayish bloom appears on them. The damaged parts of the plant are removed, they are treated with Bordeaux mixture.

Nematodes are small worms that pose a serious danger. They most often damage the roots of the plant. Forsythia grows worse, weakens, in the affected places turns yellow. When these pests attack, the damaged areas and the soil under the bush are treated with "Carbation" or "Nemafos" according to the instructions.

Another dangerous pest is aphid. It feeds on the sap of the plant, weakening it. With a small number of insects, forsythia can be treated with a solution of soap or powdered with ash. If a colony of pests has settled on the shrub, spray it with an insecticide, for example, Aktar.

Forsythia forcing

You can get a blooming yellow twig not only in spring. To this end, prior to the onset of frost, apical annual shoots of about 50 cm in length are cut off. They are packed in polyethylene and placed in a refrigerator. In winter, you can "wake up" twigs. They are first kept for 5 hours in water with a temperature of about 30-35 degrees. Then add sugar at the rate of 50 g per liter of water in a vase with room temperature water. Forsythia twigs are placed in the prepared container. Flowers on it bloom in about 9-11 days.

Use in landscape design

Because of the simplicity in the cultivation of forsythia in the open field is often used for landscaping gardens, parks and home flower beds. It is used both for a single landing, and in groups, form borders, decorate its slopes.

Spring attracts early flowering plants. In autumn, the foliage of the bush acquires purple, golden and purple hues, some varieties retain a rich green color until frost. This allows you to create motley multicolored areas on which you can combine different types and varieties of forsythia. The plant looks very attractive against the background of coniferous trees of dark green color, harmonizes well with roses.

It is easy to grow forsythia, it will be an excellent decoration of a flower garden. It is a solar plant, with its flowering spring comes. Forsythia will help to wake up from hibernation, and its bright flowers elevate mood and give warmth.

Forsythia - an early-flowering Asian in the garden

Forsythia is a sprawling, rather tall (up to 3 m) shrub of the Olive family.

Its homeland is East Asia, but forsythia has long been successfully adapted in the European part of Russia, as well as in Siberia and the Urals. She is appreciated by landscape designers and loved by gardeners for their spectacular and very early flowering.

With the first warm days, bell-shaped flowers of golden color appear, when the leaves have not yet blossomed on the shoots. Against the background of a gray naked fruit garden, the sun-blooms densely covered with flowering look fabulous.

But let's leave poetry, because in order for the garden to be beautiful, you need to take care of it, and work in the garden is very prosaic. For successful cultivation, you need to know what features are planting and caring for forsythia in open ground in different regions.

Requirements for growing conditions

Forsythia, called Forsythia in Europe, became the queen of city squares and alleys, thanks to its unpretentiousness and ecological plasticity. But in order to get a rich and bright flowering, you need to try to create the best conditions for it.

When choosing a place, it is better to give preference to sunny areas, but in the penumbra, the forsythia feels comfortable. It is desirable that there is protection from the prevailing winds. Soils should be nutritious, light, breathable, without stagnant water. Heavy and acidic soils need preparation. It grows well on calcareous soils.

Forsythia is quite drought-resistant and does not need frequent watering, as a rule, it costs atmospheric precipitation. A dehumidification, stagnation of melt water and poor aeration of the root system affects the shrub.

Forsythia shows good winter hardiness, but in the conditions of the Urals and Siberia needs shelter for the winter period. In these regions, it is necessary to select southern well-warmed areas for planting.

For the European part of Russia, three types of varieties are recommended: hanging (drooping), ovoid and hybrid (intermediate). In southern Russia, forsythia is grown European and dark green. In Siberia and the Urals, it is better to plant the most winter-hardy species: ovoid and intermediate. At the same time, it is necessary to carefully study the characteristics of specific varieties.

Winter plant care, forsythia diseases

If a harsh winter is expected, it is advisable to bend the branches to the ground and overlap with spruce branches. If you wish, you can short-cut the branches, they grow almost instantly, forming again a magnificent crown. Forsythia is a fairly resistant plant to pests and diseases. Occasionally, for the prevention of disease, the plant can be sprayed with foundationol. It rarely suffers from bacteriosis - such a plant must be completely removed from the site and the soil treated. A plant nematode is also rarely found - as a treatment, soil treatment with carbations is needed.

Forsythia is an exceptionally beautiful ornamental shrub plant that looks great in single and group plantings.

Хорошо согласуется с другими растениями, особенно весной, на фоне хвойных кустарников или деревьев, амфоры.

Используется в качестве живой изгороди, так как неплохо переносит стрижку и сохраняет при этом способность обильно цвести.

Как размножать форзицию?

  1. The breeding process is carried out mainly in the autumn. Immediately it should be noted that the seed method of reproduction, of course, can be used, but it is not worth the efforts of the grower. This method of reproduction should be left to breeders.
  2. Like other types of shrubs in private gardening, forsythia most often reproduces with the help of vegetation: cuttings, as well as layers. To multiply culture by layering is the easiest way out of all the rest. In this way, you can easily and quickly get a new seedling. In the autumn period, the plastic and falling branches bend down to the soil itself, you need to make a small cut in the area of ​​the bark prikopa, for reliable fixation of the branch is prikopat wet, loose, fertile earth.
  3. Already with the coming of the next spring, the grower will have a new seedling, which should be separated from the main mother plant. During the summer season, the plant will create powerful rhizomes, and by the fall it can already be transplanted to a permanent area of ​​growth. With this method of cultivation, flowering of a bush will occur as early as 2-3 years of its existence.
  4. Also in the autumn time (September - October), the plant should be propagated using lignified cuttings. For this process, it is worth collecting mature shoots from the new year and cutting them into cuttings 15 centimeters long, and then planting them in open ground or in a special greenhouse, deepening the cutting into the soil to a depth of 10 centimeters, so that there is still room for the development of two or three buds. . For the winter, the cuttings should be filled with dry leaves, creating a layer of protection, and covered with snow throughout the winter.

Features of landing and subtleties of care

Despite the fact that the forsythia can be planted both in the fall and spring, it is preferable to hold this event in the fall time (at the beginning of leaf fall), since in the spring you can simply not have time before the start of sap flow.

Forsythia awakens from winter dormancy early, and in early spring and without ornamental plants, there is enough trouble. If you still need to plant in the spring, then it is better to use seedlings with a closed root system. They are not so painful tolerate transplant and adapt faster.

Planting pits are prepared with a length and width of 60 cm, their depth should be about 70 cm for the device at the bottom of the drainage layer of rubble or broken brick. Soil mixture for sleeping pits consists of humus, rotted leaves, garden soil and sand. Adding lime, wood ash or chalk is welcome. Autumn plantings in the first year, regardless of the region and variety of forsythia, must be covered for the winter. The trunk of the trunk is mulched with dry leaves, and the aerial part is protected with a covering material.

Forsythia does not require close attention and feels even better when people forget about it. In the spring, you can make lower doses of complex fertilizer and organic matter (in the form of mulch from compost or humus). In the autumn on poor soils it is recommended to apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Reasonable fertilizing with universal complex fertilizers improves flowering, but an oversupply reduces winter hardiness and adversely affects decoration.

In its natural habitat, forsythia conquers the rocky slopes of the mountains, therefore, tolerates the drying out of the soil. Much worse on her condition affects the excess moisture. In the summer it is watered only during a long drought, but not abundant and no more than once a week. In this case, it is necessary to loosen the upper layer to restore air chambers.

An important spring event is phytosanitary pruning of bushes, during which frozen, dry and broken shoots are removed. Old bushes can be rejuvenated by cutting up to half the entire length of the shoot. Formative pruning is carried out after flowering, giving the shape of a ball to the bush or making out an even hedge.

When pruning can not touch the young growth, as it laid the flower buds for the new season. Remove old lignified shoots, and the young only slightly shortened to stimulate branching. Forsythia grows quickly and tolerates pruning, but you should not overdo it, so as not to get rampant growth of shoots with poor flowering.

With the right selection of varieties, forsythia in the Moscow region is well experienced in winters with minimal shelter (mulching of tree trunks with dry leaves and spruce branches). Even in the case of a harsh snow-free winter, only the young growth will die, but the bush itself will quickly recover. But for the Urals and Siberia, full cover is recommended. In young plants, shoots are pressed to the ground and covered with spruce branches or agrofibre. Protecting the crown will help and winding appropriate covering material.

Forsythia in the garden: where and with whom to plant

Forsythia blooms in April (for the Moscow region and the middle belt) or May (for the Urals and Siberia). Duration of flowering is up to 3 weeks, and then light yellow or dark green leaves replace the yellow bells. Decorative shrub does not lose in the fall, when the leaves are painted in purple or golden color.

In European gardens forsythia in landscape design is very popular and in Russia it is becoming more common. It is perfect for creating a hedge, as it has a rapid growth and tolerates pruning.

It also goes well with evergreen conifers, especially the bright picture will be in the flowering period.

A single landing, with a spherical form of the crown on the background of a well-groomed green lawn, will give the garden a special grace.

Forsythia blends well with spirea and spindle tree. Varieties of hanging (willowed) forsythia are used for trellis cultivation along the walls of houses or for decoration of an arbor.

In late autumn, finishing the season in the garden, cut off some young shoots of forsythia, wrap them in plastic and place them in a cool place (cellar, loggia or refrigerator). In winter, it is enough to lower the shoots into the water with diluted honey and in a few days the room will be filled with the bright yellow color of the blossoming forsythia.

Description of species and popular varieties

The most universal and common species is the forsythia intermediate. It has good winter hardiness and is very decorative. However, other varieties deserve attention.

  • Forsythia ovoid - the most winter-hardy and drought-resistant species with the earliest flowering of average duration. Shrub reaches a height of not more than 2 meters, small flowers, sprawling crown. The varieties of this species are very decorative in the fall when the leaves turn purple.

Tetragold is a meter-long shrub with dark yellow flowers.

Spring Glory is a real giant in its group (up to 3 meters high) with large flowers and powerful shoots. In autumn, the bush is full of pale yellow and purple leaves.

  • Forsythia hybrid (intermediate), or the average is allocated with a powerful high bush up to 3 meters and dark green coloring of large leaves. Bright yellow flowers are collected in simple inflorescences of several pieces.

Spectabilis - one of the most decorative varieties. Reaches a height of more than two meters and forms a broad crown with falling shoots. Blooming later, large flowers (more than 4 cm in diameter). In the autumn the bush is painted in yellow and violet shades.

Linwood - medium shrub (2 - 3 meters) with golden flowers. In autumn, the leaves acquire a bright decorative color.

Minigold - dwarfish slowly growing grade with a compact crown and small flowers.

Goldzauber is a popular variety with golden flowers, often grown in Siberia and the Urals.

  • Forsythia hanging (drooping) it is characterized by a sprawling crown and drooping branches covered with olive-colored bark, which, in combination with yellow, looks very impressive.

Forzition Forchuna forms flowers with an orange tinge. In the first years of life, the bush forms upright shoots, and after 2-3 years there are long drooping branches. Has abundant flowering.

The forsythia motley is distinguished by the unusual color of the xiphoid leaves: a dark green middle and a lighter yellowish border.

Siebold Forsythia is a winter-hardy, undersized variety for Central Russia, which nevertheless requires shelter (shoots are removed from the trellis and covered with leaves or spruce branches).

  • European forsythia - a more thermophilic species, which, with careful shelter, can winter in the Moscow region. A bush 2 meters high is covered with large lemon flowers. Leaves oblong, light green color.

  • Forsythia dark green (green) - tall, strongly leafy shrub. The flowers have a greenish tint, dark green bark of the shoots. The species is drought-resistant, but has low winter hardiness, therefore, it is grown only in regions with a mild climate.

Separately, I would like to note low-growing, with drooping branches of the hybrid variety Kumson. It differs in its leaves with a milky net of veins. Its flowers are pale yellow. When grown in the suburbs, flower buds can freeze out, therefore shelter is required.

Forzition will decorate any garden and will not cause trouble with the right choice of variety. It quickly gains strength and pleases with steadily abundant early flowering in the season, scarce in color.

Description of Forsythia intermediate

The plant received its name from the royal gardener and botanist Forsyth, who brought the first seedlings from China to England. That is why in some sources the shrub is called Forsythia.

In natural conditions, the plant is found in Japan, China, Korea. Of the 11 species in the Russian gardens there are only 3. Shrubs in one place can grow up to 70 years.

Forsythia intermediate refers to deciduous shrubs. These are hybrid plants, reaching 3 m in height, depending on the species. Crohn of medium branching is about 3 m in diameter. Forsythia sprawling grows quickly, grows up to 25 cm in a year.

Foliage lanceolate form. At the beginning of the growing season - green, closer to the autumn yellow. Flowers - large bells, in diameter - 3.5 cm.

The bush is especially loved by designers, because it looks decorative at any time of the year.

Forsythia intermediate in landscape design

Forsythia begins its bloom in early spring, almost at the same time as crocuses, primrose, hyacinths and daffodils. That is why these plants are taken as companions to the lower level of various flower arrangements.

How can you use in landscape design:

  • in single and group landings,
  • when creating a bright spot against the background of conifers,
  • when creating a trellis or hedge,
  • for registration of borders,
  • as decorations for balconies, terraces,
  • for growing in pots,
  • to create bouquets.

Forzition intermediate varieties

Forsythia intermediate is a hybrid variety created by crossing 2 types: Forsythia is wilted and greenest.

Breeders have created several varieties of this shrub, the most popular are:

  • Spectabilis,
  • Lynwood Gold,
  • Goldzauber,
  • Weekend weekend
  • Golden Time
  • Malukh.

In the varieties, parental signs dominate to some extent, but new species are undemanding to the soil, capable of tolerating low temperatures.

In landscape design most often use Forzition intermediate Spectabilitis.

Forsythia intermediate Spectabilis

Forsythia Intermediate Spectabilis P9 is a low shrub (not higher than 1 m) with dark green leaves. This color will persist during the summer. In the autumn the shrub looks amazingly beautiful: leaf blades are painted in all shades of purple.

Sprawling shoots hanging down. Flowers appear on them in the second half of April, when the foliage does not yet exist. Golden flowers, collected in large bunches, so thickly stick over the shoots that they are almost invisible.

Forsythia Intermediate Linwood

In Forsythia Intermediate Lynwood shoots are upright, spreading. The bushes are quite high - about 3 m. Flowering begins long before the leaves bloom. Shoots become light green from blooming large flowers.

The foliage is bright green in summer, changes color to autumn. Leaf blades can be yellow or purple.

For the winter, the shoots of the shrub bow down to the ground and cover, because the frost resistance of the Forsythia is average.

Forsythia intermediate Goldzauber

Forzition intermediate variety Goldzauber created by German breeders. Plants can be planted in almost all Russian regions, as they are cold-resistant.

Crohn in shrub sprawling, drooping shoots. The height of an adult Forsythia in this class is 1.7 m.

Plants are planted in sunny areas. Decorative look bush during the vegetative season:

  1. In mid-April, bright yellow inflorescences appear, attracting insects with their scent.
  2. By autumn, the color of the green leaves becomes bronze-red.

Forsythia Interim Weekend

Forsythia intermediate Weekend is represented by a low bush. Erect shoots grow to a height of 2 m. The crown diameter of an adult plant is within 3 m.

The shape of the leaf plates resembles an egg. Bright green leaves (leaf length - 5-10 cm) bloom after flowers. In the autumn the bushes become yellow-red.

Forsythia blooms early, as a rule, the inflorescences appear in late April - early May. Buds in the form of a bell with bright yellow petals. Flowers are large - up to 3.5 cm in length. The bloom is so abundant that the shoots from under the flowers are not visible.

Forsythia intermediate Golden Time

This variety is represented by a low deciduous shrub. Shoots slightly wilted, up to 2 m. For a year, the stems grow by 20 cm.

Leaf blades with notches. The most interesting thing is that since the moment of their appearance they have a variegated color. On the bush at the same time can be leaves of dark green and light green color with a golden-yellow rim.

The forsythia Golden Time blooms early and abundantly in April-May. Buds golden yellow completely cover the stems. In place of the flowers formed solid boxes with seeds.

Forsythia intermediate Malukh

The Malukh variety is an early-flowering deciduous shrub 1.2–1.5 m high. It blooms early, abundantly, when there are no leaves on the plants. Buds rich yellow color.

When planting for shrubs choose a place where there is no wind. Prefers moist, drained soil. To spring the plant was pleased with abundant flowering, in the fall shoots need to bend down to the ground and covered with snow until it began to freeze.

Planting and caring for the forzition intermediate

All varieties of culture, including Forzition intermediate Spectabilitis, are widely used in landscape design. Novice gardeners are wary of a plant with amazing flowers, they believe that it will require a lot of effort.

In fact, the hybrid is unpretentious, does not require any special agrotechnical knowledge.

Planting is better to plan for the fall, until it was cold:

  1. Forzition seedlings are planted in pre-prepared pits, 60x60x70 cm in size at a distance of at least 1.5 m, since the crown of all varieties is spreading.
  2. The bottom of the pit is drained with rubble, broken with bricks; from the top it is filled with nutrient composition of humus, sheet soil and sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 2. In each well, it is desirable to make wood ash.
  3. The pit is poured with water, a recess is made in the center, a Forzition is planted in it. Strongly deepen the plant is not necessary.
  4. Sprinkle the roots of the soil, which must be slightly trampled and poured abundantly.
  5. Mulch pristvolny circle peat or humus.
  6. Bend down shoots, fix them and cover for the winter.

When grown in open field does not need to worry about lighting and watering. The plant is drought-resistant, so it does not require a large amount of water, except in the absence of precipitation. It pleases gardeners who can not often visit the country.

  1. The first food plants give as soon as the snow melts. It is best to bring rotted manure into the near-stem circle and loosen the soil.
  2. The second dressing is timed to the moment of bud formation. In early April, mineral fertilizers are applied under the Forzitz bushes.
  3. For the third time, complex supplements are applied again immediately after flowering has ended.
  4. The last feed is given in the fall before shelter for the winter.

Wintering forsythia intermediate

Flower buds of the following year are formed after the plant has faded. Their development will continue in winter. To the bushes in the spring pleased lush buds, you need to take care of plants in the fall. Despite winter hardiness, Forsythia needs shelter in regions where the thermometer falls below -5 degrees.

Shoots need to bend down to the ground and firmly secure, so that they do not rise in the winter. You can cover planting with pine spruce branches, humus, foliage or dry grass. Top lay non-woven material. In the conditions of Siberia and the Urals, it is recommended to cover the bushes with soil, if a snowy winter is expected.

Conclusion

Forsythia intermediate - unpretentious plant of the Maslin family. Grow it easy, unpretentious - the main quality of the culture. Flowering bushes will always delight with beautiful flowers in early spring and bright leaves in autumn.

Flower rooting, care

The rooting process, as well as the growth of planting material will take place throughout the entire growing season of the plant, and only by the autumn can the grown seedlings be transplanted into the territory of permanent growth. Процесс цветения произойдёт несколько позже, чем при первом методе размножения, но процедура черенкования помогает получить большее количество материала для посадки. Такой приём удобен и комфортен при особом желании посадить живую изгородь на своём дачном участке, а также создать определённую аллейку.

В летний сезон, в июне you can make forsythia breeding more green cuttings. They should be cut from the young growth, the bottom sheets should be completely removed, and the top should be reduced several times. At this time, it will be necessary to process the cuttings with special growth stimulants and cover the plantings in the greenhouse, and in the open ground with film or glass. Shelter is made to save the desired plant moisture. Also, you can increase the number of works on care: watering, spraying and airing the room.

Features planting plants and the implementation of care

  1. Despite the fact that the forsythia can be planted in the ground both in spring and spring, it is best to carry out such a procedure in the autumn period (at the beginning of the process of leaf fall from trees), since in spring you can simply not have time before the start of active sap flow in plants.
  2. The forsythia should be awakened from the winter dormant period rather early, as in the beginning of spring and without ornamental crops there are still quite a lot of garden work. If, after all, the plant is extremely necessary to plant it in the spring, then, it is best to use seedlings with a closed type of root system. They are not so negatively tolerated transplant and can quickly adapt to changing around the environment.
  3. The pit for planting the crop should be prepared with a length and width of 60 centimeters, its depth should be 70 centimeters, for the device at the bottom of the pit of the drainage layer it is necessary to use crushed stone or broken bricks. Soil mixture for quality sleep pits should include rotted leaves from trees, garden soil, humus, as well as fine sand. You can also use lime, chalk and sod ash in small quantities for this. Planting in the autumn in the first year of planting, regardless of the area of ​​growth and varieties of forsythia, should be additionally covered for the winter. Pristvolny circle of culture should be mulched with dry leaves, protect the above-ground area with specialized material for high-quality shelter from frost and moisture.

Forzition does not need strong attention, care and even feels much better when they forget about it for a while. In springtime, you can make a specific fertilizing culture with a low dose of complex fertilizer, as well as additional organic matter in the form of humus mulch, as well as compost. In the autumn, on soils poor in organic composition, it is necessary to produce phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Optimal fertilizing with universal complex forms of fertilizer can positively affect the flowering process, but an excess of fertilizer can reduce the rate of winter-hardiness, as well as adversely affect the decorativeness of the flower.

In the natural growth environment, forsythia most often grows on mountain slopes, therefore, it is able to withstand dry ground. Much more negatively on the condition of the plant is affected by excessive moisture in the soil. In the summer, it is worth watering only at the moment when long droughts occur, but not too much and not more than once a week. With all this, it is imperative to loosen the upper soil layer to restore the air chambers of the plant.

The main procedure, which should occur in spring time, is considered plant phytosanitary pruningduring which all dead, dried, and also broken or diseased parts of the shoots are removed. Old shrubs should be rejuvenated regularly, cutting off about half of the entire length of the shoot. The process of forming pruning should be carried out immediately after the flowering of the plant, giving the shrub the shape of a ball or creating a smooth fence of living nature.

In the process of pruning a flower, it is not necessary to touch a young shrub, since it is on it that the buds bloom for the new spring season. All old woody shoots should be completely eliminated, and the young ones should be shortened only slightly in length to further stimulate the branching process. Forsythia can grow at a fairly fast pace and tolerate the pruning process well, but at this time it is not necessary to overdo it so that the runaway growth of the shoots will not occur, which will be accompanied by a poor culture flowering process.

Forzition on the territory of Moscow region with proper care and selection of high-quality varieties, it is able to survive the winter period perfectly with minimal shelters created for this purpose (mulching of the tree trunks of the plant with dry leaves or a separate leaf splint). Even if the winter is given off very harsh and little snow, only a young growth can die, but the shrub itself can recover to the initial level in a short period of time.

But for the territory of Siberia and the Urals it is necessary to create a complete shelter of culture. In young plants, shoots begin to actively cling to the ground and cover themselves with spruce or agrofiber. It is possible to protect the roots by winding the appropriate cover material.

Forsythia in the garden: with what plants and where to plant?

  1. Forsythia blooms in mid-April (for Moscow region and the whole of central Russia) or in May (for Siberia and the Urals). The period of flowering reaches only three weeks, and after the yellow bells are replaced by light or dark green leaves. The plant does not lose its decorative effect even with the coming of autumn, when the leaves are painted in purple or golden hue.
  2. On the territory of European gardens, forsythia is very common in landscape design; it is more and more common on the territory of Russia.
  3. Also, the plant can be combined well with the evergreen varieties of conifers, especially complex, they will look at the time of the joint flowering of plants.

Single planting cultureIf the shape of the plant is spherical and formed on a well-groomed background of a green lawn, it will help to give the garden an unusual and attractive appearance.

Hanging-type (wilted) forsythia varieties are used for the trellis process, growing near house walls or designing additional gazebos.

With the arrival of late autumnWhen completing the flowering season of the garden, several shoots from forsythia should be cut, wrap them with a special film and put in a cool place (in the refrigerator in the house or in the cellar). In winter, the shoots can be placed in water with diluted honey, so the room immediately after a couple of days will be filled with bright yellow blooming forsythia.

The most common and versatile type of forsythia considered intermediate. It has a good indicator of winter hardiness and is very decorative. In this case, all other varieties of plants also deserve the attention of gardeners.

Conditions for planting forsythia in open ground

Forsythia is an amazing plant that changes its appearance every season. In the spring - it is devoid of leaves, but densely covered with flowers branches. In summer, the bush covers the greens, which in the fall changes color to golden or purple. Looking for a place for Forsythia, you should pay attention to areas where the shrub will be clearly visible and lit.

Although Forsythia tolerate staying in the shade, in the sun the bush forms more dense and even. The plant is undemanding to soil fertility, but it develops better on the soil with an alkaline reaction, good drainage. Culture:

  • it is undemanding to leaving
  • has excellent frost resistance, simplifying the wintering of forsythia in the open field,
  • tolerates drought well
  • responds well to a haircut and can be used for growing hedges.

There are two options for planting forsythia in the ground: in spring and autumn. In the first case, the young shrubs immediately begin to grow after acclimatization, giving new shoots. Shrubs transferred to the garden in the fall only take root, and come into growth after wintering.

Terms of planting forsythia in the ground

Time for transfer of seedlings to the garden is chosen depending on the region and the quality of planting material. Many nurseries today offer young plants with a closed root system. Saplings grown in containers are transplanted along with an earthy clod, so the roots do not suffer, the shrub easily and quickly adapts to the new place of residence. And the summer resident is guaranteed easy maintenance of forsythia in the open field after planting, whenever it happens: in spring, summer or autumn.

For seedlings with an open root system, planting is better in the spring months, when the threat of sudden frosts is gone, or in the fall, about a month before the onset of seasonal cold weather. During this period, the shrub is acclimatized and will be able to prepare for the winter.

Since the climatic conditions in the regions of the country are seriously different, there is a significant difference in the time of planting and caring for Forsythia in the open field, in the Moscow region and, for example, in central and northern Siberia, where the heat comes later and the summer is much shorter:

  1. If you delay with the planting of plants in the garden, their adaptation and rooting will be delayed, and the shoots devoted to the summer will not have time to get stronger before the onset of frost.
  2. Early spring planting threatens to freeze the buds, the tops of the shoots, and in case of severe frosts on the ground - the defeat of growth points and roots.

In the fall, planting forsythia in the ground also depends on weather and climatic conditions and can vary even within one region, for example, as large as the Urals. If in the south gardeners live according to a calendar similar to that used by summer residents of the middle lane, in the north the weather is much more severe and changeable.

Planting forsythia in open ground

Forsythias prefer dry, drained soil and do not tolerate stagnant moisture in the soil. Therefore, at the bottom of the planting pits with a depth of 60 and a width of 50 cm, powerful drainage is made of broken brick, expanded clay or gravel. It is especially important not to neglect this measure in areas with dense, water-retaining soil and where groundwater is too close. An example would be the landing and care of forsythia in the Leningrad region.

On top of the drainage layer poured sand and pre-prepared soil mixture based on:

  • 2 pieces of leafy ground
  • 1 part peat,
  • 1 part sand.

200 grams of sifted wood ash are mixed into each hole in the ground. Substrate poured a mound, which sides straighten the roots of the shrub. After filling the pit, the soil is compacted and watered abundantly at the rate of 10–15 liters per plant. In the autumn after planting forsythia, care for the shrub is in the thick mulching of the trunk circle. This will help save water in the soil and protect the roots from overcooling.

Mulch will help in the spring, especially where summer is coming rapidly, and the soil dries quickly, becoming covered with a dense impermeable crust.

Forsythia care after planting in the open field

An important advantage of forzition is the lack of standard and the absence of any special care. In the warm season shrubs, rapidly growing with minimal care, need:

  • in irrigation, if there is no natural precipitation, and the soil under the plants is completely dry,
  • in maintaining the cleanliness and looseness of pristvolny circles,
  • in triple feeding,
  • in a haircut that helps maintain the health and shape of the crown.

In hot, dry time, the plants are watered once or twice a month, which is loosened, weeded and mulched. Low-lying peat mixed with humus and wood ash can be used as mulch. This composition is the protection of the roots from overheating and an excellent fertilizer of prolonged action. In addition, shrubs respond well to the introduction of full mineral fertilizers before and after flowering.

In the second half of the summer, shrubs should not be fertilized with nitrogen. It will cause active growth of young shoots, which even with proper planting and care for forzition in the Urals, in Siberia and in the middle lane do not have time to mature and die with the onset of frost.

An important part of the care of forsythia is trimming of the bush. For sanitary purposes, the removal of dead, old or damaged branches is carried out in the spring, and the haircut to maintain shape - in early summer, when the mass flowering is completed. More recently, shoots yellow from flowers can be shortened to half the length, and old branches are cut above the ground so that several buds remain at the base.

Once in 3 - 4 years forzition rejuvenate, evenly cutting all the shoots in half or two-thirds of the length. Over the summer, the plant will restore the crown, which will be thick, uniform and young, so that next spring to please the friendly bright blooms.

In most regions, the plant winters excellently without shelter. If winters are not snowy, before wintering, forsythia in the open ground is gently inclined to the ground, secured and covered with spruce leaves or dense nonwoven fabric. At the earliest opportunity shrubs throw snow.

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