Tatar Honeysuckle is a beautiful and unpretentious plant, ideal for decorating its summer cottage.
In the wild, honeysuckle is found in China, Kazakhstan, Central Asia, as well as in the territory from western Kazakhstan to the Volga.
And ornamental shrubs spread throughout the world. Popular among gardeners honeysuckle was not by chance.
Due to its resistance to various adverse natural phenomena and the growth rate, the disadvantages include vulnerability to viruses.
Bushes Tatar honeysuckle grow to a height of 4 meters and is framed by lush crowns.
Leaves two-colored ovate-oblong, the outer side is green, the inner side is blue.
Branches gray color has a cavity inside, young saplings of gray-brown color.
Smell Honeysuckle has a sweetish scent of flowers, and the color depends on the variety, they can be white, light pink, bright pink, there are varieties with yellow and brick-red flowers.
Blooms Honeysuckle from May to July.
Fruit have honeysuckle bright red or yellow, can be paired or single berries with a diameter of 0.5 centimeters.
Fruits can not be eaten, they can be poisonous. Fruiting takes place all August.
Tatar Honeysuckle: Rosea variety
Differs pyramidal crown shape, large flowers up to 2 centimeters in diameter, often pink.
The buds appear at the end of May, and honeysuckle blooms for the next 2 weeks. Then on the bush a lot of beautiful round orange-colored berries are formed, not edible, like the fruits of all types of honeysuckle.
Grade Rosea unpretentious care, grows in any soil, easily tolerates pruning and transplanting. Easily propagated by cuttings.
Tatar Honeysuckle: Hack Red variety
A distinctive feature of this variety is bright saturated purple flowers that adorn the bush from late spring to mid-June. Bright flowers are replaced by equally bright fruits, while continuing to decorate your gardens and gardens.
Collect cuttings for planting can be either in summer or autumn.
- In the summer, young shoots are used for this, and in the fall - already stiff, which are added until spring.
- For cuttings choose good shoots of this year, divide them into parts of 10-12 centimeters with two nodes and an internode.
- The cuttings are placed in a nutrient substrate of sand and peat, before planting the cuttings are treated with a means for root growth, and the branches are placed in a box at an angle of 45 degrees.
- Next, the box must be turned into a greenhouse, covered with a thick film and reap the appearance of the first leaves.
- After the appearance of leaves, the boxes are covered with spruce leaves and hibernate until spring.
- In the spring, the cuttings sit down in a permanent place when the temperature is above zero.
For reproduction, the bushes are used for 3-4 years, a part of each layer is excavated in the Summer, the twig is rooted, but it is better to separate it next spring.
Growing bushes and plants from seeds is a rather complicated process and honeysuckle is no exception. And the quality of shrubs from this is lower - the qualities of the parent variety are not preserved, so it is still best to use part of the plants for propagation - cuttings or cuttings.
The soil for honeysuckle should be loose and with good drainage. The deepening in the soil for planting honeysuckle fill a special mixture of sand, peat and turf in a ratio of 1: 1: 3.
5 centimeters of drainage fall asleep to the bottom, honeysuckle will not take root in wet soil.
Useful general care tips
Otherwise, honeysuckle is unpretentious - without much care, an unremarkable shrub can turn a flowering and fragrant shrub into envy for everyone.
But with effort, you can achieve greater effect in less time. Shrub care includes the usual procedures.
Honeysuckle wants feeding, trimming, mulching and prevention of various diseases.
In spring, the plant should be fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers, before flowering it is better to feed with complex fertilizers, and in the autumn to add wood ash.
Honeysuckle requires 2-3 heavy irrigations per season, on hot days each honeysuckle bush requires 10 liters of water.
The soil around the honeysuckle must be loosened periodically.
Honeysuckle trunks need mulching in spring and autumn.
Pruning is best done in late autumn, after leaf fall. To transform the shrub by pruning is necessary in late autumn, when the leaf fall is completed.
For the winter honeysuckle does not require special shelters in our climatic conditions.
Diseases and pests
Dangerous for honeysuckle can also be pincers, scythes, pseudopods, various insects eating leaves (caterpillars, peppered moths and so on.)
The shrub is still subject to fungal attack (spotting and flour dew) and viruses.
The most dangerous for honeysuckle is aphid.
It is possible to fight it only with the help of biological insecticides:
You can also use synthetic:
Tips for choosing seedlings
If you plan to purchase honeysuckle seedlings, then consider the following points when choosing.
Purchase seedlings in specialized stores!
- buy adult seedlings from 2 years, 30-40 centimeters long and 5 millimeters thick at the base.
- carefully evaluate the appearance of the plant for the absence of dried or damaged areas, the presence of buds and the elasticity of the branches.
- choose seedlings with well developed roots.
Thus, the Tatar honeysuckle on your site will be unpretentious decor, creating beauty and elegance for many years, without much effort on your part. It remains only to choose and buy the sort of Tatar honeysuckle you like.
Why precisely Tatar honeysuckle?
It is difficult to name a plant as simple to care as Tatar honeysuckle. Judge for yourself what clear advantages this ornamental bush has:
excellent winter hardiness (does not require covering measures before the onset of cold weather),
the ability to do without watering for a long time (placement in areas with no irrigation, as well as in sandy loams),
resistance to air pollution (use as green fences along highways and at industrial sites),
good growth in saline soils and in areas after fires (use for the development of inconveniences and land reclamation),
quite long and very effective flowering,
neat shape of the bush (can do for a long time without formation).
Well, the list is impressive? And this is not a complete list of all the advantages of Tatar honeysuckle. Let's take a closer look at this wonderful shrub.
Tatar honeysuckle (Lonícera tatárica in Latin) has been cultivated in our gardens since the 18th century. Its natural range is located on the territory of Russia - in the European part, in the Altai and in Siberia, so it is so easy to bear all the difficult climate.
It is interesting! Its name, somewhat transformed, this shrub received for the ability of some types of honeysuckle to evergreen wintering, that is, their foliage is not reset in the winter - "zimolist". However, this concept does not apply to the described honeysuckle, since it is a deciduous shrub and completely loses its foliage in winter.
Tatar honeysuckle, thanks to the decorative and unpretentiousness quickly spread throughout Europe, moved to Japan and America. Now it is an integral element of the landscape compositions of many modern gardens. In Russia, this plant, thanks to the work of breeders, receives, fortunately, its rebirth.
So, what is this wonderful plant? The description of Tatar honeysuckle, in principle, can be divided into several parts: flowering, foliage, berries. Consider these elements in detail.
Tatar honeysuckle is a dense shrub 2-4 m tall and 2 m in diameter (depending on the place of growth and variety). The shape of the crown - funnel due to the fact that the long shoots bend under its own weight, giving the bush the shape of a fountain or funnel.
Shoots at a young age grow very quickly, in the future the growth rate slows down. Due to this property, honeysuckle easily delays various “windows” in decorative leafy compositions.
The branches are yellow-brown in color with dark lentils, with age they begin to become covered with the “tatters” of the old exfoliated bark, which in no way is a sign of illness and an object of concern.
The foliage of the plant is very abundant, dense green with a bluish tinge below. Form - ovoid, from 3 to 6 cm in length with smooth edges. The shrub, as already mentioned, is deciduous, with a very early awakening of the kidneys. New buds are laid in the middle of summer, so the plant easily tolerates autumn transplants. However, in connection with this spring disembarkation should be carried out very early - until mid-April.
The flowers of the Tatar honeysuckle are located in the axils of the leaves, paired, 1.5–2 cm in size, are a two-lipped corolla with different shades of white and pink flowers.
During the flowering period of the bush is not at all visible under the foam of fragrant inflorescences - this, of course, is the peak of the plant's decorative effect. Such a riot lasts about 3-5 weeks - it all depends on the weather and the location of the bush.
Sometimes gardeners complain that the new seedling does not bloom. The fact is that flowering buds are laid from 3-4 years of age, it is worth patience and wait. Honeysuckle bloom will be discussed in more detail when describing the varieties of this modest beauty.
In place of the fragrant charm of flowers comes a bright scattering of carmine-red paired berries. It creates the feeling that the bush is hung with threads of large glossy-shiny beads. The spectacle is magnificent, however, regrettable ... Yes, exactly, because these beautiful fruits are not only bitter in taste, they are also poisonous! Therefore, the question “Edible or not Tatar honeysuckle?” Can be answered with a negative answer. In this regard, its choice as an ornamental plant for families with small children, should be postponed.
Birds, however, with pleasure peck juicy fruits, becoming at the same time voluntary sowers.
Planting and care
It is difficult to find a plant that would be well taken at a very late or very early planting, and the Tatar honeysuckle is so! In addition, after flowering, it can be transplanted throughout the summer, it is well and quickly rooted even with flaws in the landing technology.
A place to plant can be picked up as brightly lit, and with partial shading, the plant in both cases will develop and bloom in full force. In a very deep shade there is a high probability of weak flowering and the defeat of a bush with various diseases.
The soil for planting Tatar honeysuckle is suitable for any, except for very heavy clay with constant stagnation of water or depleted sandstones. Low requirements of the shrub to the soil, however, do not exclude its planting in the soil well-filled with compost and regular fertilizing with complex fertilizers. In this case, the plant will thank very powerful and long flowering and healthy lush foliage.
Important! In addition to top dressing, which the bush should receive in early spring and before flowering in late May, pruning is also required - sanitary and formative. Like all plants with an early flowering period, pruning in Tatar honeysuckle is carried out after flowering. The bush is formed according to the designer's idea - rounded or fountain-shaped. In any case, the plant tolerates such stress well and quickly grows.
You should not be late with the sanitary pruning, it is carried out in the autumn or early spring, the old branches that have broken during the winter are cut, and the bush is thinned. As a rule, such care is necessary for plants after 5-7 years, when the bush "falls" on the ground with age.
Additional watering of the Tatar honeysuckle is not needed, it easily tolerates drought. However, if there is a need to maintain a particular decorativeness of the bush, then during the hot season the plant is watered abundantly (at least 5 buckets under the bush).
Pest and disease control
Unfortunately, caring for honeysuckle Tatar, often includes the fight against disease. Among them, the most common is the scourge of all honeysuckle - powdery mildew and chalcosporosis.
White powdery plaque on leaves and branches or dark brown spots is a clear sign of a fungal disease, which in unfavorable weather (damp and warm) quickly affects a large part of the bush. The tips of the shoots dry out and gradually die off, the plant weakens and in winter it becomes heavily icy. The next year, if nothing is done, the flowering of the bush will be weak, the disease may again flare up with a new force. So over time, you can completely lose a beautiful plant.
Can I fight this scourge? Of course! To do this, remove the damaged shoots (burning them immediately), and the plant itself is treated several times per season, alternating treatments, with drugs such as Abiga-Peak, Tiovit Jet, Topaz, Ordan.
Recently, the number of pests affecting Tatar honeysuckle has increased. Obviously, the deterioration of the environment. If earlier planting of this shrub was trouble-free in this regard, now more and more colonies of various aphid species can be found on the leaves (honeysuckle grass, honeysuckle apical, etc.).
In the fight against them, early-spring (before the awakening of the kidneys) treatment with Actellic is carried out. Then several times a season with an abundance of pests use the systemic insecticide "Aktara" (which acts as a contact, and when the aphids suck poison into the juice).
Varieties of honeysuckle Tatar
The natural delicate pink hue of the honeysuckle blossoms did not satisfy the breeders, and they produced several very spectacular varieties that differed, including the shape of the bush, which is important when composing the compositions.
Perhaps the most popular is the honeysuckle Tatar Rosea. She has a pyramidal bush, the correct form. Flowering from late May to mid-June, this plant resembles a pink cloud or a flowering peach, and invariably delights all guests of the garden. The flowers are large (more than 2 cm in diameter) and fragrant.
The fruits, although inedible, but look very impressive - orange-colored, bright and shiny.
In the variety Elegans, the flowers are rather unusual - on the red background pale pink strokes are struck, and abundant blooms in June.
The Arnold Red variety with carmine-red flowers and an erect bush up to 2 meters is also good.
Note! Recently, the variety of the Tatar honeysuckle Casanova is gaining popularity in Russia. This is a fairly tall plant, reaching 4 m in favorable conditions. It is famous for its abundant flowering in the red-white range, pleasant smell and, most importantly, relative resistance to fungal diseases.
Honeysuckle Tatar in garden design
Honeysuckle attracts designers with its versatility - it looks favorably as a tapeworm against the background of emerald lawn, and in group with other plants. At a time when honeysuckle is blooming, lilacs are also at the peak of decorativeness. In combination, they are just great! Country-style design is the direction where Tatar honeysuckle is particularly relevant.
Due to the rapid growth, honeysuckle is often used in the "construction" of hedges. Her crown is very dense, she holds back the dust and mutes the sound background of the roads.
In landscape design, Tatar honeysuckle is often used by urban landscapers, because few plants can compare with it in terms of resistance to pollution in urban and industrial environments.
It is worth recalling also that honeysuckle is a great honey plant, and it is also used by traditional healers to treat various ailments.
Choosing a landing site
Tatar honeysuckle (lat. Lonícera tatárica) is a deciduous ornamental shrub with a very dense crown. It reaches a height of 1–3 m. It is characterized by rapid growth - up to 35 cm per year.
Its leaves are ovate, 3–6 cm long, dark green in color, sometimes with a blue, bluish tinge. Blossoms fragrant, medium-sized, pale yellow or white flowers. The flowering period is in May-June. The plant is a honey plant. Bright red fruits appear in July-August In total, there are about 250 species of honeysuckle plants. If your goal of planting Tatar honeysuckle is not only its decorative qualities, but also the fruits, and you are interested in the question of whether it is edible or not, then the berries of this type are inedible.
Because of this, the people called them wolf berries. For the preparation of jam, jam, drinks and dessert dishes use different types (Altai, Kamchatka) and edible honeysuckle varieties ("Vitamin", "Blue Bird", "Dessert", "Blue Spindle", etc.), the fruits of which contain vitamin C , carotene, sugars and other beneficial substances.
They taste sour and sour-sweet. Edible fruits are usually blue or black in color. Inedible painted in bright shades of red and orange.
Tatar honeysuckle belongs to undemanding plants - it can grow on any soil and under any conditions: in gas pollution, shade, drought and frost down to –34 ° C. Однако для того чтобы добиться наибольшей декоративности кустарника, следует соблюдать некоторые рекомендации по его посадке и агротехнике.
Лучшим и наиболее пышным цветением можно будет любоваться, если посадить кустарник на хорошо освещенном участке либо в легкой тени. The less light will fall on the plant, the worse and smaller it will bloom.
Honeysuckle prefers to grow in loose fertile soil, which must be well drained beforehand. It can tolerate saline soils, but does not grow on heavy, too wet and poor soils. Also, it should not be planted in the lowlands, where there are frequent water stasis, and in areas where the earth dries out quickly. Groundwater at the landing site should be no closer than 1 m.
The optimum pH level of the soil is 7.5–8.5.
Selection of seedlings when buying
To get a beautiful and healthy honeysuckle Tatar, to carry out its successful planting and care, the first thing you need to choose successful seedlings.
To do this, use these tips.:
- Go shopping at a specialty store.where the consultant can provide you with all the necessary information about the plant you are purchasing.
- Buy for planting two-year seedlingshaving 3-4 branches that have already reached a length of 30-40 cm and a thickness of 5 mm at the base.
- In the store, carefully inspect all parts of the plant.: from top to root. They should not be dried or damaged places. The branches should bend well. They must be with the kidneys.
Planting rules seedlings
If you purchased a sapling with an open root system, then it should be planted in September. It is at this time that the plant falls into a state of rest and will be able to endure winter favorably.
Saplings with a closed root system can be planted during the entire growing season. The transfer method is well suited for this.
Wells need to prepare for 3-5 days before landing. They should be dug 40 cm long, 40 cm wide and 40 cm deep. The optimal distance between plants is 1.5–2 m for varieties with low growth and 2.5–3 m for high varieties. At the bottom of the landing pit to put a 5-centimeter layer of drainage. For him use broken bricks, gravel, expanded clay and other materials.
In the hole make a soil mixture of this composition:
- turf ground (3 parts),
- peat or humus (1 part),
- river sand (1 part).
- compost (2 buckets),
- superphosphate (50 g),
- ash (1 kg).
In the center of the hole make a small earthen mound, which put a sapling. If the root system is open, the roots should be carefully distributed over the pit.
Immediately after watering, the ground in the wheel circle is mulched. To do this, use sawdust, peat, straw or other materials.
Care for shrubs will be minimal: watering, feeding, pruning, if necessary, treatment of diseases and parasites. The more thorough the care, the more decorative the plant will be. Although, again, honeysuckle can grow and with rare signs of attention to it, it will simply be less beautiful.
Watering, loosening, mulching
Only planted a seedling in the first year of his life should be watered regularly. In the future, you will need 2-3 irrigation per season. In the hot period, you must use a bucket of water for each bush. After watering, it is advisable to loosen the soil in a circle at a depth of 20 cm. Every autumn, the bush must be mulched. The mulching procedure will protect the root system from frost and retain moisture in the soil in the spring.
Fertilize honeysuckle recommended three times during the growing season:
- in early spring, before the kidneys advance, with preparations containing nitrogen (20–30 g per 1 sq. m),
- before flowering - with complex preparations (for example, Kemira-Universal, 20 g per 10 l of water),
- after fruiting in the fall - wood ashes (200 g per 1 sq. m for digging).
Pruning shrubs can be in the fall, after the leaves fall, and in the spring, before the buds bloom. As a rule, they follow standard guidelines when pruning - leave 1/3 of the shoots.
Old bushes should be rejuvenated by cutting out dying and weak shoots. This procedure is carried out once every 2-3 years.
Annual sanitary pruning is done on plants over 6 years old. Old, dry, diseased, damaged branches are removed, as well as those that are too close to the soil. Shrubs tolerate a trim haircut well, they retain their shape for quite a long time.
Reproduction features cuttings
Tatar honeysuckle reproduces in 4 ways:
- dividing the bush
Cuttings need to be watered, sprayed and periodically opened. Roots should appear in 2–3 weeks.
In the fall, planting young plants in open ground is not recommended - they may not survive the frost. It is better to cover the box with spruce branches and place it in a protected place.
On the site where the honeysuckle will grow constantly, the young should be planted, already when the weather is warm enough in spring. If reproduction was carried out correctly, then flowering should be expected in a year.
Application in landscape design
The most common use of honeysuckle is planting in hedges. They love to use it for landscaping city streets, parks, alleys, streets.
However, the plant also looks great as a tapeworm. It can be landed at the dacha near the fence or at home, on the background of the lawn. Good plant looks and in the foreground of other ornamental crops, herbaceous, perennial plants.
Biological signs and varieties of plants
Honeysuckle Capricole prefers well-moistened soil and timely care, which begins immediately after planting is completed. It is recommended to grow all varieties in partial shade - it is recommended to bring the plant to sunlight for at least a few hours a day. But it also grows quite well in deep shadow. It is well tolerated as alkaline (although on very alkaline soils it sometimes starts to get sick), and acidic soils. Proper care ensures the perfect appearance of the shrub.
In the autumn, planting honeysuckle is recommended for those who have experience in growing such shrubs. In general, planting bushes of this decorative culture provides for the following rules:
Japanese honeysuckle grows quickly, gives a lot of layering. Blooms magnificently in June. The flowers are white with a purple tinge, very fragrant. In the middle lane can only grow in the sun.
There are varieties of honeysuckle curly:
Varieties and ornamental features of the plant
There are many forms of blue honeysuckle:
- In nature, there are about 200 species of honeysuckle.
- Early varieties of honeysuckle, such as "Number 100", "Blue Bird", "Vitamin", "Early", "Bellflower", ripen in mid-June, medium varieties ripen on June 20-25, late ones at the very end of the month.
- Best of all, honeysuckle grows on slightly acidic and neutral soils, a necessary condition is sufficient moisture, the humus content is at least 2.5%. Does not tolerate excessive moisture, close location of groundwater, strong shading.
- The buds are mixed, generative-vegetative, located in the axils of the leaves, one above the other in two or four pieces. They are narrow, tetrahedral, with two pairs of outer scales.
Among the many plants to create a landscape honeysuckle Tatar takes a worthy place. There are many reasons for this, one of which is the unpretentiousness of the plant and its rapid growth. However, the cultural form is represented by several varieties, different in decorative qualities. Creating a composition depends on the knowledge of these features.
The plant normally grows at a temperature of even - 15 degrees. Growth is moderate. If other flowers and varieties grow alongside, then they can climb and continue their growth and development already on them. Flowers are very fragrant (especially at night), which attracts pollinator butterflies. Actively produce fruits, berries, but, however, bear fruit only after a hot summer. The following are photos of honeysuckle capricole in various angles:
Honeysuckle Tatar planting and care
Plot should choose and prepare in advance. It is better to choose a sunny place where there are no drafts. Honeysuckle will not grow on swampy soils. On clay without good drainage, the results of cultivation will also not please.
- However, even with excellent care will not bloom every year. If desired, Japanese honeysuckle can be grown in indoor conditions.
- ('Belgica') 'Belgica'
- Exquisitely colored
The most successful reproduction of honeysuckle occurs lignified cuttings, layering, slightly worse seeds. The main disadvantage of seed multiplication is that the best qualities of the propagated variety (for example, large-fruited) will inevitably be lost.
Winter hardiness is high: the flowers are not damaged by frost to –5 ... -7 degrees. It has a very short dormant period and with a long fall in December it can bloom or significantly reduce its frost resistance.
Kidney stipules in honeysuckle are spliced between themselves and with petioles, so that they form a kind of circle or disk.
The cuttings are carried out both with young shoots in the summer, and lignified cuttings, cut off at the beginning of winter and stored until spring in the copse. The substrate for the germination of cuttings is a mixture of sand and peat. The cuttings are treated with a root formers, they can be heteroauxin, and placed at an angle of 45 degrees in the seedling box, covering the top with a film to create a microclimate in the greenhouse. After the appearance of the first leaves of the plant should be left to develop in a protected place, covered for the winter with spruce frost. Spring cuttings to land on a permanent place. Honeysuckle should be transplanted when stable heat comes. Under favorable conditions, flowering will come next year.
A tall bush of honeysuckle growing up to 4 meters grows in the wild on sunny slopes and is in places a continuous underbrush. Detached bushes are spreading and represent an umbrella or funnel. Very decorative leaves of the shrub. They are dull, dark green above, and gray below. Even with a slight breeze, the leaf plays and the bush of the Tatar honeysuckle seems to be waving affably, inviting to walk.
For honeysuckle requires constant care, during which you need to follow all care tips, otherwise a beautiful swan will turn into a terrible, untidy lump of something incomprehensible. So that your shoots do not hang as if they were horrible - create for them a good metal or wooden support stretched in the necessary direction. Young shoots are best sent soma, evenly dividing them across the surface. Planting honeysuckle Capricole is carried out after selecting a variety that meets all requirements.
The pit for planting should be 50x50 cm and 70 cm deep. As a drainage layer, the bottom of the pit can be laid out with coarse sand, gravel, and fragments of brick. On top it is worth waking up 50 grams. lime and some earth.
Planting, care and reproduction of honeysuckle
The Japanese honeysuckle has a very elegant form - with delicate leaves in a yellow mesh - 'Aureoreticulata'. This variety is also possible to grow indoors.
- The flowers are white with red stripes, then they turn yellow.- with thin red shoots and oblong leaves, flowers are thinner than those of the main species.Unpretentious, hardy, its flowers are very gentle, and the berries are very spectacular, and some even edible.
If you want to propagate honeysuckle cuttings from annual shoots, then prepare two-node shoots from the most powerful plants, then root at the very end of flowering.
Fungal diseases honeysuckle is not affected. Leaves are affected by leaf-eating and leaf-sucking pests.As a rule, the middle or lower buds are first to bloom, at the base of which 3-10 inflorescences are formed. Lower and middle buds form shoots from 7 to 30 centimeters long.
It is possible to quickly propagate the plant, wearing a part of the bush when it becomes an adult, after three years. Honeysuckle bush propagates by layering, which is instilled into the ground. At the same time, during the summer the twig will take root, but it should be transplanted to a permanent place only next spring.
Within a month, it attracts bees and insects with twin double-lipped flowers on a long tubule. Flowers have all shades from white to deep pink. As a result of pollination by the end of the summer the bush is littered with bright shiny berries. The color of honeysuckle is constantly changing from the game of leaves, the shade of flowers and the gradually reddening and reddening berries.
Another good way to keep your plant tidy at the time of grooming is regular pruning. With it, you can not only keep your bush in order, but also give the desired shape and keep it for a long time. If you understand that the bush is too old - it is better to completely cut off all the stems. Thus, you will awaken old buds from sleep, which in the near future will delight us with new shoots. By the way, after such a pruning during care, the honeysuckle honeysuckle begins to actively bloom.
When starting planting, it should be borne in mind that the root neck of the seedling should be located flush with the ground. Plant roots when diving into the hole should be carefully straightened to prevent the formation of air pockets. Saplings after planting will need special care. It consists in abundant watering of the roots. And also, the fact that the plants will need pruning. As a rule, each branch is cut by 40-50 cm.
How to care for plants
('Graham Thomas') 'Graham Thomas'
Separate attention deserves an edible form. It grows in moist mountain forests, preferring calcareous substrates in the Far East, Eastern Siberia, Korea, China, and Japan.
Under natural conditions, honeysuckle species are unevenly distributed. Most species are concentrated in Southeast Asia. In general, honeysuckle grows in the northern hemisphere, occupying large areas in Europe and Asia.
Lignified cuttings opposite the harvest in the fall, immediately after the leaves fall, and in winter they are stored, tied up in bundles in the basement, placing them in any suitable substrate - peat, sawdust. Their replanting should be carried out at a temperature of 21-24 degrees, and with high humidity (87-90%).
Stem shoots are used to replace skeletal branches.
How to grow honeysuckle seed can be found in the literature, or on the website. But when growing from seeds, the varietal characteristics of the mother plant are not preserved. Therefore, the reproduction of bushes is better to lead vegetatively.
Young shoots from the Tatar honeysuckle hollow. The bark of young branches has a brown color, old - gray, with peeling bands. Bark exfoliation is a common feature of all types of honeysuckle. Tartar honeysuckle blooms in May or June, depending on the habitat. The plant for the winter is exempt from foliage.
Diseases and pests - honeysuckle honeysuckle slope to the attacks of mold and black flies.
After 2-3 days of planting it is recommended to mulch. For this you can use peat or humus, laying the material around the trunks of shrubs.
Honeysuckle shrubs grow to medium size. As a rule, they reach a height of 15, -1.8 meters. The plant itself is representative of the Cross-pollinated. And therefore, planting on one site of several varieties at once is considered an ideal option.
- White flowers, when they bloom, become yellow.
Straight shrub with brown bark. Leaves of various sizes and shapes. The flowers are yellow or yellow-white. Fruits are almost black with a bluish bloom, resemble blueberries in taste. The shrub begins to bloom and bear fruit for 4 years.
It can be found in deciduous, mixed and coniferous forests of temperate climate. Of course, adapting, the shrub can have a different form of growth and require different conditions to moisture, soil, light. In the tropics there are evergreen types of honeysuckle, which temperate climate with its cold winters is not suitable.
Planting honeysuckle seeds can be better, if the seeds are pre-stratified, it is possible under the snow in the substrate. Seed stratification time is 15-20 days.
Blue Spindle, Start, Blue Bird, Azure, Cinderella, Early, Bell, Vitamin, Reliable, Pavlovskaya, Jug, Amateur, Berol, Long Fruit, Bachkarskaya.
Leaves from wide oval to oblate ellipse, small, narrow, oblong, lanceolate, sharp.
Caring for an adult plant is easy to maintain. An unpretentious plant can be quite decorative with minimal attention. Care and trimming of honeysuckle will add decorativeness to it. So, if the bush is thickened, then the branches will deviate and the bush will look running. Spring pruning and formation will add a number of flowers and give the plant the desired shape.It should be noted that the fruits of honeysuckle are not only inedible, but poisonous. Century wisdom is confirmed. If in large quantities poison, in small medicine. The exact dose between small and large know only experts.
Planting this plant involves the formation of a beautiful landscape garden design with shady corners. Для этого нужно выбрать подходящие сорта жимолости каприфоль. В этом помогут описание и фото, которые можно посмотреть далее.
Что касается особенностей посадки сортовых разновидностей, особых требований нет. В основном, как вьющиеся декоративные формы (Каприфоль, Поздняя, Брауна, Вьющаяся), так и не ядовитые сорта (Жимолость Съедобная) имеют корневую систему, разрастающуюся под землей до 70-90 см вокруг основного стебля.
Всего насчитывается более 150 разновидностей жимолости. All of them differ in forms, breeding options and height of adult bushes. Some varieties are especially valued in ornamental floriculture. Usually, these types of honeysuckle are easily grown. And most importantly, they bloom profusely, retaining the decorative effect for a long period, and are also capable of filling the garden with an unforgettable pleasant aroma. Often, these are shrubs that have a lianoid shape (curly honeysuckle).
Hardy, unpretentious. Recommend, as a fruit shrub. Perfectly propagated by cuttings and seeds. Blue honeysuckle is not only beautiful, but also a useful shrub is now familiar to many, because it began to grow in the gardens as a fruit and berry plant.
Unfortunately, not many ornamental honeysuckle species are used in current gardens and parks. In addition to such very famous plants as the Tatar honeysuckle and the honeysuckle, there are a large number of different and resistant honeysuckles worthy of special attention.
Tatarskaya honeysuckle: description of the plant
What first of all pay attention at the sight of the beauty? Right on the exterior.
Even if you plant in the garden the wild Tatarskaya honeysuckle, which grows freely in Russia in the open spaces of the Volga region, Altai, the Urals and Siberia, there will be no disappointment.
In the hierarchical structure of the botanical classification of a plant, the species of honeysuckle Tatarsky is included in the genus Honeysuckle of the family Honeysuckle. Interestingly, the well-known Valerian, Snowberry, Weigel belong to the same family.
We will describe it, but first we will see.
Features of the growth of honeysuckle Tatarskaya
The nature of our beautiful appeasable:
- In your edge harsh winters? Nothing, and not such seen, do not cover, as many varieties of roses.
- Summer drought? Let's kill without watering. Only if absolutely summer without any rain comes out will have to be watered every two to three weeks.
- Near the site passes the road and feel the pollution of the air? It's time to isolate from the road with a green hedge from a bush, honeysuckle to such conditions habitual.
According to some sources, honeysuckle can grow on salty soils. And given the fact that most of the water purification systems of country houses are based on the use of salt solutions and then discharging them through the sewage system into the drainage, the Tatar honeysuckle can act as a land remedy on the drainage sites.
The most common variety in Russia, in 2001 registered in the State Register of Plants. The bush is large, it can reach up to 4 meters in height, and the pyramidal crown is up to 2 meters in diameter. It grows intensively.
Pink May honeysuckle buds turn bright pink bells in early June, and this miracle lasts about three weeks.
Fruit color is orange.
The variety is drought resistant, disease and pest resistance is average. Its salt tolerance is noted.
Given the large size of the bush is recommended for the creation of hedges.
Effective pink rosea bloom
You for some reason do not like shades of red on Hack Red? Then look at the Elegans honeysuckle. She also has a basic color red, but diluted with pink strokes on the flower.
Elegant Elegans Flowers
Gorgeous light burgundy colors of buds and this variety of honeysuckle.
Flowering branch Zabelii
Its fruits are no less spectacular at the end of summer.
Poured berries Zabelii
Sort Arnold Red
One must have a rich imagination and an artist's view in order to correctly describe the variety of colors of honeysuckle varieties. For this variety there is such a description: "bright purple-pink" flowers. And what, it seems.
This variety is easily recognizable by pronounced oval-lanceolate leaves.
The fruits of her paired, red. There are gas and smoke resistance varieties, so the plant grows well in urban environments.
Honeysuckle Care Highlights
Let's start with the fact that a lonely standing bush with the most magnificent characteristics will not be able to please you with a lush flowering. Honeysuckle, like no other plant, loves to grow in the vicinity of other varieties. It doesn’t matter whether it is a decorative species or edible honeysuckle, at least three different varieties are needed for cross-pollination.
Honeysuckle is not demanding to the soil, but it will be best developed in loamy and sandy lands. Swampy and clayey places are not for her. All the splendor of flowering is best manifested in a sunny place, but partial shade will do.
But in the shade the flowers will become shallow and pale, the bush will begin to bare below. It is for this reason that landing is not recommended.
The size of the planting pits is 40x40x40 cm, compost or humus (about a third of the volume) and mineral fertilizers are added to the fertile soil. Such refueling pits enough for at least 10 years of life of the plant, you can forget about feeding for this time.
The most important element of care is trimming the honeysuckle.
In early spring, broken and age branches are cut out. Branches older than 5–7 years old begin to thicken the shrub, moreover, they are more often prone to diseases and pest invasion.
Honeysuckle before (1) and after (2) trimming - old and broken branches are removed
At the same time, molded trimming of honeysuckle, planted as a hedge, is carried out. All varieties Honeysuckle Tatars such pruning tolerate well.
Regular watering of honeysuckle is not needed, it is drought-resistant, but with a steady drought, 3-5 buckets under a bush should be poured.
Pests and diseases
Caring for a plant also means combating its pests and diseases.
Unfortunately, in recent years there have been cases of settlements on the honeysuckle, a bowl on the tops of the shoots, various types of aphids.
Consequences of the aphid invasion
As a measure of control can be used:
- insecticidal drugs Actellik, Spark and others,
- biological products Fitoverm, Green soap, etc.,
- folk remedies using onions, garlic, ash, etc.,
- mechanical destruction of insects.
When using drugs, especially insecticides, it is necessary to strictly follow the instructions on the time of use and their dosage!
Well, do not forget about the fight against garden ants, fans of “milking” aphids.
Of the diseases most often, honeysuckle is affected by chalcosporosis and powdery mildew. Cercosporosis is manifested by the formation of round spots on the leaves, they dry up.
Characteristic spots with cercopiasis
Mealy dew is characterized by the appearance on the leaves of a gray or white plaque.
This coating covered the leaves with powdery mildew.
Since both of these diseases are caused by fungi, their treatment is similar: spraying with fungicides and Bordeaux mixture, removing and burning diseased leaves.
The main methods of reproduction of Tatarskaya honeysuckle are grafting and using cuttings. The advantage of the first method in the possibility of obtaining a large number of seedlings from one bush, the second - in its simplicity. On this topic are two useful videos. They talk about edible honeysuckle, but for the honeysuckle the Tatar reproduction approach is the same.
On the way to the dacha, we once looked at unusual trees with very delicate flowers. It turned out to be Tatar honeysuckle. These copies of honeysuckle, exhausted by the neighborhood with maples and shadow, were kilometers away, and we dug them 12 pieces. They planted almost ghouls in the form of a hedge ... Everybody survived! They have wonderful greens and they bloom amazingly in the beginning of summer.
And the Tatar honeysuckle does not bare bottom? Her love landscapers in the city often occurs. Alas, it does not look quite ... without care because.
It is possible and bare, there is nowhere to see, because in a forest belt she is almost horizontally inclined in a monstrous state, and we don’t have her in the city, but even there she is a princess during the flowering :)) We dragged such snags, and so we fell in love with her indestructible thirst for life. She planted a hedge in such a place, where both the first and the second plan are in front of her, so ...
I now tend to honeysuckle like Tatar. I have varietal - I don’t remember the variety, I need to look at the records, but they are blooming with dark maroon flowers and dark berries.
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Lena, thanks for the answer, apparently also prefer Tatar, Hack’s Red also has dark pink flowers, red berries. Yes, and it smells when it blooms.
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The decorativeness of Tatar honeysuckle and its unpretentious care allow you to create compositions that adorn the garden area with minimal effort. What is especially valuable is that it is not frightened by the costs of urbanization, and therefore the Tatar honeysuckle is worthy of wider use on the streets and parks of our cities.
Honeysuckle - reproduction and care
After stratification, sow them in boxes with earth (on the surface) and sprinkle them with peat, half a centimeter layer. Seed shoots usually appear within a few weeks. For the entire time of planting, the temperature in the room should be in the range of 22-23 degrees Celsius. Autumn planting honeysuckle seeds in the ground gives worse results than spring.
Summer residents and gardeners amateurs often grow edible honeysuckle and Kamchatka honeysuckle. In the last variety, the berries are large, they have a sweet taste, ripen very early - the crop can be taken as early as the second half of June, that is, in most regions of Russia, even before strawberries and strawberries ripen.
Young leaves strongly pubescent with short straight hairs on both sides.
In the spring, the honeysuckle bush can be fed with complex fertilizer before flowering, and in the fall you can add ash to the tree trunk. When honeysuckle is grown, as a decoration of the garden, care for it should consist not only in watering and fertilizer, but also in protection from pests and diseases. With the advent of disease, beauty is lost not only in man.
The bush which is perfectly keeping an attractive form does not demand big leaving. Therefore, the owners of country estates gladly planted honeysuckle bush, as a decorative ornament in the spring, when the flower garden is still poor. But this bush and in the summer pleases the eye, settling there, where others do not grow, on saline soil or in conditions of gas pollution. Mainly widespread varieties of European breeding:
Edible honeysuckle is also called blue honeysuckle. By itself, honeysuckle capricole is inedible - like most of the similar varieties - this is only a decorative variety, which very much resembles a vine. You will get the most edible fruits from the Kamchatka honeysuckle variety, which grows in the Far East. The first berries appear on the plant in the first weeks of May - it turns out about a week earlier than strawberries. It is better to plant this variety in the autumn, since the growing season is very short, and planting closer to the winter time does not harm it at all - the honeysuckle is absolutely frost-resistant. Approximate time of planting varieties - September-October. If you have chosen September - do not forget about constant watering, since the sun still has a noticeable effect on the soil, which often dries out. In October, you can plant these varieties completely calmly, without fear of harm.
Honeysuckle edible, as well as other varieties of this culture (Kaprifol, Brown, Tatar), is not considered to be “frivolous”. Often, the care of plants requires a minimum. With a properly selected area, for the maintenance and cultivation of shrubs will need watering and fertilizing. Honeysuckle is poured on hot days, as the plant is quite drought-resistant. As for fertilizing, complex fertilizers are suitable for all representatives of this crop.
Honeysuckle we can meet in almost any garden. There is not only edible honeysuckle, but also bushes on which poisonous fruits grow.
- inside the flowers are creamy white, purple outside.
Also with her in ornamental gardening, 3 other Far Eastern species of honeysuckle are desirable: Kamchatka, Turchaninov's honeysuckle, Altai honeysuckle. All three species have edible fruits.
At honeysuckle is located close to the surface. The foliage of honeysuckle is opposite. As a rule, they are uniform in shape, entire, or with a wavy edge, elliptical or oval. The top of the leaf is pointed or rounded, less often - sharp-pointed. Honeysuckle flowers are melliferous and have a scent. Honeysuckle species are found with yellow, cream, white, crimson and pink flowers.
Planting honeysuckle is made in early autumn. Planting pattern 1.2x2.5 m. When planting, the root neck is 3-5 cm higher than the soil level. During the summer, watering is done 7-10 times at the rate of 20 liters per plant.
Planting and trimming honeysuckle
The taste of Kamchatka honeysuckle is very similar to ordinary garden blueberries and most importantly not in the berries of that bitterness that is present in all other honeysuckle varieties, while all its beneficial properties are preserved completely.
On the vegetative shoots the leaves have wide stipules.
Of the pests leaves honeysuckle loves aphids. But mites and all sorts of bugs and caterpillars love this shrub. Taking into account the fact that this shrub does not participate in the human food chain, it is worth processing it in a week with such strong preparations as Actellic. The fact is that the pests that have multiplied on the bush will later move to cultivated plants.
In addition, there are four popular varieties of honeysuckle honeysuckle:
For some forms, extra care includes preparing the bushes for wintering. Lianovidnye varieties will need pruning. It should be carried out in the second year after landing. Such a procedure will stimulate branching.
Not so long ago, Tatar honeysuckle ("Wolf berries") was popular, and it can still be found in parks, gardens and wild plantings. These shrubs have a dense upright crown, bloom from May to June. The berries are poisonous and have a bright red color. Usually, the fruits of such a culture grow in pairs, and sometimes even grow together. Planting of such berry bushes pursues exclusively decorative purposes. Especially since the care they need is minimal - they easily tolerate both cold and dry weather. And pruning for this form of shrubs is not required, and can be done at will.('Minister') 'Munster'Honeysuckle is a hybrid of honeysuckle rough and evergreen. Curly shrub with shoots about 2 m long. Brown honeysuckle is very decorative due to its bright color of flowers and their peculiar shape. Blooming profuse, inflorescences appear in early July.
Flowers of climbing species of honeysuckle are collected in capitate inflorescences, usually without pedicels. The inflorescences are surrounded by oval or circular discs formed by the fusion of leaves.
Fruits on the growths of last year, therefore, the annual sanitary pruning is necessary to stimulate plant sprouting in the crown.
Description and variations
In its wild form, it also grows in the most seemingly inappropriate places - on sands, peat, too stony and little-fertilized soil.
The first three years, the apical growth of the primary stem, then 2-4 years - the period of tillering, the formation of shoots at the base of the bush, at the age of 7-12 years, comes full fruiting, the formation of stem shoots in the crown of skeletal branches.
Honeysuckle edible and some other species have blue-black fruit. Most types of honeysuckle have inedible or even poisonous red fruits.
In addition to these, there are varieties with white and yellow peduncles, with different flowering periods and different forms of leaves. Select the desired plant can be guided by the advice of experienced gardeners and specialists.
Also have pale pink flowers, but their border is white.
Description and photo of deocrative honeysuckle capricole on this page perfectly illustrate the magnificence of the plant, planting which is not difficult. And care for this type of shrubs is timely pruning and feeding. Honeysuckle Capricole is an energetic deciduous plant. It can reach a height of up to 8 meters. The shape of the leaves can vary - from ovoid to ellipse. From above it is brilliantly green, and from the bottom they have a bluish-gray tint. The lower leaves are located on short stems with a broad base.
- Among the hybrids, the decorative variety of Brown deserves special attention. Planting it in the garden is to decorate the site. Such honeysuckle grows rather slowly, the weaves curl weakly, the inflorescences of the Brown bush resemble fuchsia flowers in shape. It is better to plant this form of culture in sunny places, in areas with fertile soil. Brown honeysuckle, unlike most varieties, is not frost resistant. Therefore, the care of the plant must necessarily include additional measures for removing the stems from the support and wrapping them with dry leaves for the winter. Pruning this variety of shrubs can also be carried out at will, to maintain the decorativeness of vines.
- Telman's honeysuckle is valued for its lush flowering and dense foliage. Used for vertical gardening. Demanding on soil fertility. It is photophilous, but can also bloom in partial shade. In cold winters it can be damaged by frost. Чтобы этого избежать, необходимо лианы снять с опор и укрыть лапником.
Кустарник быстро растет, поэтому, форма хорошо восстанавливается, после обмерзание в зимний период однолетних побегов, а поскольку цвести жимолость вьющаяся будет на побегах текущего года, ее
Любит небольшое затенение. Прекрасно переносит стрижку. Нетребовательна к почве. Well propagated by seeds. Honeysuckle brilliant thermophilic. Charming bush for edges, borders, bordering groups.
How and when to land
But she will thank you if you plant honeysuckle in a damp place of the site, but with a water table no more than a meter. Soil acidity does not play a special role for honeysuckle either.
The beginning of the growing season with an average daily temperature of 2 to 3 degrees, flowering lasts 7-20 days. The growth of shoots begins with flowering, ends in the period of full ripening berries. Honeysuckle is almost self-infertile and requires cross-pollination of several forms or varieties. The main pollinating insects are bees and bumblebees; in their absence, the fruit sticking is greatly reduced. Ripens simultaneously with strawberries, the difference between early and late varieties - 7-12 days. Maturation stretched to 10-15 days.
- There is a lot of information on how to grow honeysuckle. All forms of this species reproduce:
- And here
- Flowers most often red, cream and yellow shades are collected at the end of branches on three inflorescences. The fruit is made in the form of a juicy coral-colored berries. It will become a real decoration of your garden together with fragrant cream flowers, which in summer acquire a pink hue. Planting a suitable variety will allow you to solve many problems of landscape design.
Curly honeysuckle is known and loved by many gardeners, thanks to its decoration. Its inflorescences are not only beautiful, but also have a pleasant aroma that will decorate the site throughout the summer season. Berries, due to which curly honeysuckle becomes more spectacular, appear in early autumn. Like the Kaprifol variety, the height of the bushes of this variety of honeysuckle can reach 5 meters. Therefore, they also need pruning.
Honeysuckle Gokrota - a hybrid of American and evergreen honeysuckle.
How to care for plants
It has decorative forms: golden - golden leaves at the beginning of development, Belgian - with more plump leaves than the previous form, purple flowers.
It grows in the undergrowth of mountain forests, swamps, along the slopes. Under natural conditions, it is found in the north of the European part of Russia, but it is not used in gardening in the central regions, although it is a remarkable honey-bearing shrub.
(Lonicera x purpusii) does not stand out in any way.
Many gardeners notice that later honeysuckle harvests are highest if they are planted where the cherry grows and bears fruit - this is true or not I cannot say, since recently I replaced all the cherries in the section with cherries.
Description and photos of decorative honeysuckle capricole
Honeysuckle seeds are best sown after they ripen on the windowsill. Before this, you need to store them for about 2 months in a cool place and sow them as quickly as possible. After they grow enough to be processed, you can start planting seedlings in separate pots and continue to grow in the greenhouse during the first winter. A permanent habitat is recommended to replant the plant closer to the end of spring or early summer, after the most recent frosts.
Proper care of honeysuckle capricole
But the late curly honeysuckle deserves special attention - the vine is about 3 m in length. Annual shoots are slightly pubescent or bare, yellowish or red at the top. From above the foliage is dark green, from below it is gray, ovate.
Blue honeysuckle - sprawling shrub with brown-red shoots. The leaves of blue honeysuckle are oblong-lanceolate, rounded at the base, with a blunt tip, about 8 cm long. Honeysuckle blue is valuable with its dense crown. This honeysuckle is a valuable early honey plant.
Planting honeysuckle capricole, disease and pests
But in December, the buds appear on them, and in February, the march, delicate, creamy-white flowers fill the garden with a wonderful fragrance that resembles the scent of jasmine. These sprawling shrubs with long branches reach a height of 1.5-2 meters and are suitable for planting both individually and as a group, as well as in mixed hedges. Both types of honeysuckle are heat-loving winter-flowering shrubs and grow mainly in regions with mild winters, such as the Crimea. However, they can withstand short-term freezing to -15 ° C.
All varieties of honeysuckle are very resistant to frost, for example, the aforementioned Kamchatka variety withstands up to - 50 degrees.
Berries can be used for processing (jam, jam, jam, etc.). But their main value is that when fresh, they are a source of vitamins (P-active compounds up to 1800 mg%, ascorbic acid up to 150 mg per%, there are B vitamins in it, carotenes).
Differs from the rest in light and form - their flowers have an elongated tube, and the petals have an unusual color of white and yellow shades.
- Honeysuckle Capricole can be propagated by cuttings from semi-ripe wood in July-August - their length should be at least 10 centimeters. Scientists have identified a higher percentage of germination of flowers grown in this way. Cuttings of mature wood - up to 20 centimeters, they can be cut in November. The percentage of germination is also very high.Planting honeysuckle bushes can be carried out in the autumn and spring periods. In the latter case, it is better to perform landing work quite early. This is due to the fact that honeysuckle forms the kidneys much earlier than most other cultures.
- It is a very fragrant semi-evergreen vine. The one who was in the Caucasus, probably saw her along the roads, and near the shelter. The homeland of Japanese honeysuckle is - Korea, China or Japan.The flowers of this honeysuckle are two-lipped, dark red outside, then turn pale, inside they are yellow. Curly honeysuckle blooms profusely and for a long time, from June to August. The berries are red. Very like gardeners. In Russia, in the middle lane, it is recommended to remove shoots from supports in the fall and cover with spruce leaves and a dry leaf from above.
- Dark blue berries with eight seeds ripen in July. Blue honeysuckle grows slowly, but forms thick bushes, shade-tolerant, hardy. Sensitive to drought. The fruits of this honeysuckle are considered healing.Honeysuckle fragrant and Purpus honeysuckle - semi-evergreen plants: for the winter they shed a significant part of their dense foliage, but some leaves remain on the branches and in the cold season. These types of honeysuckle are not very demanding for care - they grow quickly both in the sun and in partial shade and develop well on any nutritious garden soil. Pruning is limited to the removal of dried branches.
- Even blooming flowers can withstand frosts down to -7 ... -9 degrees, but the buds can withstand 13-14 degrees. This is very important for Central Russia as the honeysuckle usually blooms in early May, and at this time frosts may still return.Honeysuckle is a good remedy for housing and utilities diseases and for the prevention of atherosclerosis, as well as hypertension. They have a tonic effect on the body, improve the functioning of the liver and stomach, and are useful in skin and eye diseases. A decoction of edible honeysuckle and Altai honeysuckle leaves is used for sore throats (gargling).The crown of the shrub is quite dense, with a diameter of from 1.5 to 3 m, rounded, semicircular, back-conical. The bark on the skeletal branches of brown color with a yellowish or brownish tinge, cracking, peeling, exfoliating narrow longitudinal stripes. On fresh, new shoots, the bark is brown with an anthocyanin tint, undated or densely pubescent throughout the entire shoot.