In the last decade, new varieties of very tall lilies, called tree-lily, have appeared in garden stores. Since then, disputes about this plant have not subsided: some call it a myth, others recommend it as a new original hybrid variety. Let us try to understand what the lilies-trees are, planting and caring for which interest not only florists, but also all gardeners.
What does a tree look like?
Although many distrustful gardeners believe that a lily is still a flower, a tree with such a name exists and amazes with its size and beauty of flowers. With proper care, it can become taller than its owners (some specimens reach a height of 2.5 m). And its flowers have a large gamut and fireworks of shades, and some resemble the size and shape of children's panama girls. On one plant can be up to 20 flowers tubular shape, similar to a turban or cup.
Such a huge plant exudes a gentle and lasting aroma, which, combined with external beauty, gives it not only an exotic, but also an aristocratic look.
Trees such plants are called only conditionally for their high growth (up to 2.5 m), and in fact they are varieties of very large and tall flowers, bred not only by natural means, but also with the help of plant breeders growing with active gardeners on the plots.
Those varieties that are now sold in stores are lily-trees, varieties of which are of two types:
- species of lilies (or cardiocrinum), growing in nature in the wild,
- FROM hybrids, which are obtained by biologists by crossing tubular and eastern varieties of lilies.
These types of lilies are completely different in terms of growing conditions, requirements for soil and agricultural technology. They slowly multiply and bloom only 2-3 years after planting.
This plant in science is called cardiocrinum ("heart-shaped lily" - Greek), the name was given to it by the shape of the leaves. In the world there are only 4 species of such plants growing on Sakhalin Island, the Japanese Islands, in the Himalayas and in China.
Cardiocrinum is a bulbous plant (a white bulb in the shape of a cone), its stems are hollow inside, have a diameter of 5 cm near the ground.
The leaves, similar in shape to hearts, are with mesh venation, alternate, attached to the stalk by long petioles. Flowers, most often white or pale green, tubular, usually deflected horizontally or appear drooping, are arranged on short pedicels.
Cardiocrinum blooms only for 4-5 years after planting in very large flowers, after which the bulb dies off, forming little babies that are suitable for later reproduction.
On gardening plots in the open ground only 2 varieties of lily trees are grown: giant and Chinese. Lily-tree, the photo of which is presented in the article, is impressive even for experienced gardeners.
Cardiocrinum gigantic at home (in the Himalayas) grows on mountain slopes and has a height of up to 3 m. It usually blooms in August, the inflorescences have up to 20 large greenish flowers, each up to 15 cm long, emitting a very pleasant smell.
Chinese Cardiocrinum grows at home in the mountains near the rivers and in the forests of the Center and East of China. Plant height reaches 1.5 m with leaves located at the top of the stems. Flowers are only up to 5 pieces in size about 10 cm, pale green in color with small red spots on the top.
How to plant and care
Cardiocrinum prefers very warm fertile places, located a little in the shade (does not like direct sunlight). In order for such lilies-trees, planting and caring for which will require some experience from gardeners, it is necessary to carefully prepare the soil before planting: make drainage (the bulb can rot because of high humidity), add leafy ground. The optimal landing time is the beginning of autumn.
The hole is made large, 60 cm in size, by adding sand and soil. When planting, the tip of the bulb should peek out of the soil. The distance between adjacent bulbs is at least 1 m.
For the winter period, a special air shelter is constructed from the twigs, covering the whole plant. This shelter should not be removed in the spring immediately, but you need to wait until the spring frosts pass (for this time, sprinkle with snow). After opening the plant must be protected from the sun.
It is important that the tree develops correctly. Lilies do not require specific care, you need a few supplements with the help of complex mineral (in spring) and organic fertilizers (in summer). To reduce the acidity of the soil is recommended to make wood ash (the plant does not like acidic soil) or add bone meal.
Water cardiocrinum should be 1-2 times a week (in rainy weather less often). When watering, you can add growth promoters directly to the water. High stems need support so that the plant does not fall and is not broken by the wind or its weight. Every winter, lily tree should be pruned and sheltered from frost and cold.
For reproduction, the daughter buds should be separated from the dead and dried mother-bulbs in time (and better before their germination and the appearance of young roots). If the children in the beam are left to spend the winter in the ground, then they most often die from the cold.
Also, cardiocrinum can be propagated with the help of seeds, which are usually harvested in the spring before the beginning of the growing season, and then sown in the prepared soil.
OT hybrids - what is it?
Another breeding variety of giant lilies was created by scientists in Canada, who bred lily-trees - OT class hybrids. In scientific circles they were given the name Oriental X - tubular. These lilies make an indelible impression with their beauty and unusual.
The first offer for the sale of lily-trees appeared in Holland in the catalog of flowers, in which trees with a height of up to 2.5 m with an unimaginable number of flowers (50-60) were promised to customers. Since then, discussions of the reality of the existence of such plants occur regularly in scientific circles and in the open spaces of the worldwide network.
Then the question of the legitimacy of the name "trees" remained open. Already in 2009, one of the Canadian firms registered the Lily Tree trademark, and this name was assigned to them.
Another name given to such lilies by foreign breeders - Goliath - is due, of course, to their size. In recent years, these mighty beauties, with the help of experienced gardeners, began to be grown in the middle latitudes of Russia. However, to get flowers on such a miracle tree, you need to wait 2-3 years.
Over the past few years, many varieties of hybrid plants have been developed. Lily-tree, the photo of which you can see in the article, may have different degrees of frost resistance. Also different may be the height of the stem, flower color, duration of flowering, the requirements for care.
Lily-tree - varieties (photo and colors):
- Aventino (pink with a yellow star),
- Anastasia (pink-crimson with white border flowers, very tall stem)
- Big Brother (vanilla yellow flowers),
- Donato (hot pink),
- Carboner (dark cherry or red with a yellow middle),
- Corsini (pink with yellow-green middle),
- Gold Class (yellow-red with dots),
- Holland Beauty (raspberry with cream border),
- Honeymoon (honey yellow),
- Miss Patchwork (dark maroon with dabs of chocolate color in the middle and white border),
- Holland Beauty (raspberry with cream edging),
- Mr. Jobe (brown-maroon with a green asterisk in the middle and a cream stripe along the edge),
- Pionon Moon (cream with purple in the middle and yellow dust)
- Pret Vumen (white)
- Pearl Prince (burgundy-purple)
- Robin (crimson with white center),
- Zelmir (salmon) and many others.
The highest grades: Friso, Donato, Anastasia, Robin.
Very popular now are varieties such as Purple Prince, lily-tree, Pret Vumen, planting and caring for which require more attention than low varieties.
First of all, it is necessary to clarify that such hybrids do not reach their maximum growth and flowering before 3 years of age: in the first year such a lily grows by about 30 cm, in the second - by 50-60 cm, and only in the third its height reaches not less than 1.5 meters. All hybrid varieties bloom for 2-3 years.
The most popular variety now is the Preti Vumen lily-tree, in which the flowers (25 cm in diameter) have a soft creamy white shade with a slight pink tint; after flowering, the buds become completely white.
Such a lily is obtained by crossing oriental and tubular lilies. In the inflorescence usually has up to 30 flowers funnel-shaped or cupped, with a pleasant aroma. Flowers, as a rule, are directed upwards or slightly to the side, there are several shades of color: yellowish, pink, light orange and multicolor. Flowering time - the second half of summer.
The stem of such a lily tree is strong and durable, up to 180 cm high, and under very favorable conditions the plants can grow up to 2.5 m in 3 years. This variety has good winter hardiness and increased disease resistance.
Also very popular is such a variety as the lily-tree "Honeymoon", featuring a high winter hardiness (does not freeze out even during hard frosts down to -35ºС). The tree grows up to 2 meters and is capable of releasing more than 18 beautiful buds, which then bloom in an unusual moon-honey color (with a darker middle) with a rich aroma.
Lily-trees: planting and care
Such plants have some specific features of agrotechnics when landing in the ground, during the period of growth and flowering. Some varieties like sour soil, some - alkaline.
Consider as an example such a now popular hybrid variety as the Preti Vumen lily-tree, which is planted and cared for similarly to other plants of OT-hybrids.
For such a lily tree, the soil is needed slightly acidic, with a high content of fertilizers (but not fresh organic matter). This plant does not like the close location of groundwater, so the optimal place where a lily (tree) can be planted is planting on raised little beds, provided with good drainage. For drainage use crushed stone and river sand, poured in a layer up to 20 cm.
It is better to place the planting of lilies in slightly shaded places, for example, located under the canopy of fruit trees, giving a diffused shadow.
The time of growth and flowering of such lily trees is 4-5 years, because in the 5th year the bulb is depleted, which leads to a decrease in the growth of the peduncle, a decrease in the number of buds, possible diseases and even death of the tree.
Planting of bulbs is carried out either at the beginning of autumn, or in April-May. The soil is prepared in advance, when planting the bulbs under the bottom and around it pour sand, the planting depth is 15-20 cm from the roots to the surface. After that, the soil must be mulched.
Watering lilies should be done 1-2 times a week all summer, and especially during the flowering period. For these plants it is very important to do top dressing, especially when forming buds. The last dressing of the season should be carried out until mid-August with a predominance of potash fertilizers, which will help the bulb to recover faster after flowering.
And so, a cold autumn came, a lily (tree) planted in spring grew over the summer. “How do they winter?” - this question is most often asked by gardeners when preparing the plant for winter frosts. Although there are varieties with high resistance to cold, it is necessary to carry out the insulation of lily trees.
In late autumn, the trunk of the plant is cut, plantings are warmed using dry mulching and covered for the winter with a layer of 5-10 cm (for example, rotted compost or pine litter). This helps the remaining bulbs in the ground not to get sick and survive the winter frosts.
In the spring, such a shelter becomes mulch, which rescues from frost first, and then serves to maintain soil moisture. It is very important in the spring not to loosen the place of planting of the lily tree, because it gives a lot of shoots that can be broken.
Reproduction of lily trees
Garden lilies are usually propagated with the help of seeds, babies, cuttings and bulbs.
Liliaceans (for example, the lily-tree of Pret Vumen) are most often propagated with the help of bulbs, although the number and rate of their growth in hybrid varieties are small. The breeding process is rather laborious and slow, because the bulbs are very sensitive to moisture and can deteriorate in the autumn.
In addition, babies can be obtained only a few years later, when the plant begins to bloom in full force. The oldest tree (4-5 years old) forms a whole nest with bulbs suitable for planting.
Also, lily trees can be propagated with the help of seeds that are in boxes at the top of the stems (late autumn). Before the onset of cold weather, they are cut off (together with a part of the stem) and placed in a warm place for ripening. Sowing ripe seeds is best done immediately because of the high probability of losing their germination.
Lily pyramids exist?
Pyramids or spray lilies do not exist in nature, despite assurances from some private sellers or firms selling various flower varieties. The number of buds on such pyramids is advertised for more than 40 pieces, which is completely unrealistic.
The explanation for this may be the phenomenon of fasciation, when there is an accidental splicing of several stems at once for some reason:
- adverse conditions or failure during plant growth, when damage to the bulb or shoots is possible,
- bacterial infection, effects of pesticides or radiation,
- excessive use of bioregulators and growth stimulants or mineral fertilizers,
- mutations associated with changes in temperature or lighting and humidity.
In this case, the curvature or deformation of the shoots that become flatter is possible. There are some varieties of lilies (for example, Marlene) that are prone to fasciation.
Variety Marlene belongs to the species of Asian hybrid lilies, the advantage of which are winter hardiness, previously flowering, very strong spawn formation. The height of the stem - up to 1 m. The flowers are quite large, pink at the ends and white in the middle. The flowering period lasts up to 2 months. One of the unusual differences is that they absolutely have no smell.
Lilies varieties Marlene with the phenomenon of fascia peduncle can form from 40 to 100 flowers. But this phenomenon is completely spontaneous and is not regulated by man. This is also explained by the ability of plants to release several shoots from a single bulb, which can grow together under the influence of fasciation, forming a single thick peduncle.
Although the advertised bush and pyramidal species of lilies do not exist, it is the Marlene variety that is not issued for. This type of hybrid lily itself is worth separate words of admiration.
Lilies-trees in the design of the garden plot
Lilies-trees, planting and caring for which are very simple, suitable for decorating any garden plot. Many cultivated hybrid varieties have a wide variety of colors and are perfectly adapted to grow between fruit trees in the garden or around the house.
When creating flowerbeds with such tall plants, it is necessary to calculate in advance the possibility of planting other flower plants and arrange them between lilies (different types of asters, delphiniums, gladioli or chamomile will do).
On the edge of such a flower bed you can plant onion varieties of tulips, crocuses, daffodils and hyacinths. As a background, stunted species of marigolds, garden carnations, perennial iberis and others are planted.
As neighbors for lilies fit juniper, thuja, cypress or ferns. Using planting several varieties of lilies at once, you can pick them up at the time of flowering to ensure long alternate flowering of plants.
In our country, such a plant is engaged in so far a small number of gardeners. Many are either not familiar with these kinds of flowers, or do not trust sites that advertise a lily-tree. Reviews of those professionals who have acquired lily trees, were able to grow them and wait for flowering (3 years of waiting - still a considerable time) indicate the extraordinary beauty of such flower trees and the originality of their size.
The lily-tree is an OT-hybrid, sometimes growing up to 2.5 meters in height. The flowers of the plant are large, the leaves also differ fairly massive. In general, the appearance of such a lily is somewhat exotic and unusual. However, in care, OT hybrids are unpretentious and will not cause any particular problems when grown by a gardener.
The tree lily is also called “Goliath” because of its impressive size (see photo). The American breeders brought these giants, however, the quality characteristics of varieties are “brought to mind” by many other scientists around the world.
- flower stalks of plants are very powerful, developed,
- высота лилий внушает почтение, достигая 2-2,5 метров,
- на одном цветоносном стебле распускаться одновременно может 30-40 бутонов,
- in addition to the magnificent appearance of the flowers can boast a wonderful pleasant aroma,
- the shape of the buds can be traditional cup-shaped, sometimes wilted, hanging,
- bloom plants start early
- If you take one bleaching stem of a tree lily, this stem will look like a full-fledged lush bouquet,
- flowers feel wonderful on acidic soil, unlike most other garden plants,
- Plants look great in compositions in other garden flowers, shrubs and trees. Due to the unusual shape and appearance of the tree lily, such rare visual effects as a cascade, a waterfall and others can be achieved.
By themselves, these luxurious flowers are already a real decoration of the garden plot. Their large buds are visible from a distance, they look very impressive against the background of plain green foliage and coniferous trees.
You can use lilies as a hedge by planting several flowers in a row. Such a fence will turn out to be an impressive height, reliably hiding from prying eyes a house or a recreation area. And if you plant lilies along the fence, you can make the site more picturesque and beautiful, while at the same time providing the plants with reliable support.
Often, florists choose this type of design lily landings as a cascade. For the cascade, tree lilies and ordinary lilies are used - the height of the plant should be different. The construction is stepped, very picturesque and original.
As for combinations, the lily-tree will be advantageous to look with luxurious peonies, as well as anemones, phloxes, decorative barberries. Excellent combination is obtained with lush hydrangeas.
Today, breeders deduced a lot of noteworthy varieties of tree lilies. Let's get acquainted with the most spectacular of them.
Remarkable ornamental plant, obtained by crossing tubular and eastern lilies. The buds, though relatively small in size (17 cm), however, are very bright and picturesque. Petals are painted in golden color, smoothly flowing into the red core.
This lily-tree in height can reach two meters, and the diameter of its buds is simply huge - about 30 cm. All the most positive qualities of OT-hybrids are collected in this variety.
Lilia Anastasia is great for cutting, it tolerates transportation even for long distances. Often the variety is used for cultivation for commercial purposes, for sale in bouquets. However, as a decoration of the site, the lily of this variety is very good. Its buds have a delicious aroma, refined and delicate.
Elegant variety of tree lily. The plant boasts amazingly beautiful and large buds: burgundy-red deep shade with a shiny satin texture. To pass by such beauty is simply impossible, and growing a flower is not too complicated.
A tree lily that has petals of a subtle shade: pale yellow, creamy. Surprisingly, such delicate buds are combined with a rather strong and massive stem of a plant. Under very good conditions, the Avocado lily may blow up to 2.5 meters.
The variety of purple-red color is majestic and solemn, it can reach two meters with proper care. An interesting feature: the purple color of the petals on the neck of the bud turns into a yellowish tint.
Very unusual variety even among tree lilies. A variety was obtained by purposefully crossing tubular and oriental varieties. With appropriate care reaches the height of a person, the buds at the same time grow to 20-25 cm in diameter.
The variety is especially appreciated by gardeners because of the variety of its shades. Thus, the petals of the Scheherezad lily can be white, orange, yellow, red and even pink.
How to choose planting material, training
When buying a new variety of tree lilies, contact a nursery or a trusted store. It is important that the manufacturer is known in the "flower" circles and can guarantee the quality of planting material. Inspect the bulbs before planting: they must be undamaged, intact, not rotten. All dry scales need to be removed in advance.
In the ground lily-tree planted in spring and in autumn. If we are talking about spring, landing is done at the end of April-May, and if it is about autumn, then at the beginning of September.
When planting in autumn, it is important to have time before frost: it is necessary that the bulb could root before the ground freezes. Otherwise, it will just rot in the ground. It is recommended to cover plantings with spruce or dry foliage before the onset of cold weather in order to protect the bulbs hibernating in the ground from freezing.
Location and lighting
OT-lily hybrids are sun-loving plants, however, partial shade is also quite suitable for them. It is not worth planting flowers in full shade, as in such conditions lilies can start to hurt, they will not bloom well. Optimal plant the flower under the canopy of massive trees, providing sparse shadow.
The groundwater in the selected area should lie pretty deep. In the marshy, lowland areas prone to stagnation in the ground to plant a lily is absolutely impossible.
It is better to choose a sour soil for this plant: an alkaline environment for a tree lily is not suitable too. In addition, the soil should be loose in structure, have good permeable qualities. It is important that the soil was fertile, nutritious.
If the place is selected in accordance with the preferences of the plant, the bulbs are purchased and prepared, the time is right - you can proceed directly to planting.
Plant the bulbs immediately to a permanent place: the lily transports a transplant poorly. The fossa is dug 15-20 cm deep. Coarse sand should be poured at the bottom of the recess, which will act as a drain. The bulb is planted, after which it is carefully sprinkled from all sides with earth. After planting, water the onion and grumble around the ground to provide moisture for a longer period of time.
The flowering tree-grown lily will start blooming 2-3 years after planting.
How to care
Planting is completed, the tree bulb is gaining growth. How now to care for the plant, so that it quickly and actively developed, well and richly bloomed.
Plants need regular and mandatory hydration. Special attention should be paid to watering during the period of budding, flowering lilies. The optimal frequency of moisturizing treatments - twice a week. However, if the weather is too hot, the frequency of watering is recommended to increase.
After flowering is completed, it is necessary to minimize watering, and then completely stop.
For the first time make additional food during the formation of flower buds. As the first top-dressing suitable nitrogen compounds with superphosphate. You can also use complexes, the components of which are selected in a manner suitable for lilies. When flowering, fertilizing is not made, as fertilizers stimulate the rapid flowering of the buds.
Until mid-August, you need to re-apply fertilizing, so that the depleted bulb recovers faster. It is recommended to use this time potash compounds.
Important: these plants, like all lily plants, do not feed with fresh organic matter. The best choice is minerals.
Care should imply mandatory protection of the root system of lilies from drying out. It is easiest to do this in the first stages by mulching the land after watering. As the tree lily grows, it is more convenient to use green grass growing on the garden bed as mulch, other living plants covering the ground from too fast evaporation of moisture.
Lilia is pruned in the fall, leaving only a small stump height from the plant. Make sure that the stump was 8-19 cm, no less. You shouldn’t cut too much, as this may negatively affect the flowering of lilies next year.
Growing up, the tree lily becomes rather high. So that the wind does not break the plant and the flower does not bend under the weight of its buds, it is recommended to tie its stalks to the support. Looking this way and feeling lily will be much better.
It is better to cover the tree lily for the winter: you can ignore this recommendation only if the winter in this region is warm and quite mild.
If the winters are snowy, you can restrict yourself to dusting the basal circle with fallen leaves and spruce branches. Under the snowdrifts of bulbs thus safely winter. But if winters have little snow, it is recommended to make a layer of spruce leaves / leaves thicker, and on top of them still throw agrofibre.
The best and easiest way to reproduce a lily-tree is with the help of bulbs. Seed propagation is impossible, since this variety is hybrid. In addition to bulbs, you can use the reproduction of scales: but the process of removing scales should be carried out very carefully, so as not to cause damage to the parent bulb.
Botrytis (gray rot)
One of the most common diseases that lily trees suffer from. The disease has a fungal origin, usually occurs due to waterlogging: excessive watering or heavy rain.
A symptom of gray mold are dark spots on the foliage and flower buds. The disease is dangerous and if measures are not taken, it can destroy the plant completely in a matter of days. Get rid of this pathology by spraying copper-containing drugs: Oxy, HOM optimally.
This pathology affects the bulbs of the tree lily when they are stored improperly. The rot looks like a whitish-blue mold with a green tint covering the planting material. If you find rot, be sure to process the bulbs in a solution of Fundazol. If you find the same disease, when the lilies are already planted, farm the ground in the root circle with colloidal sulfur (0.4%).
It is also a fungal disease that manifests as red spots on the buds, leaves of a flower. Get rid of this pathology by spraying the appropriate fungicides or Bordeaux mixture (1%). All vegetative parts of the lilies affected by the fungus should be removed and burned: this measure will stop the further spread of the disease.
Viral diseases that are not treated at all are also dangerous for lilies. This is, first of all, mosaics: tobacco and cucumber. Fighting diseases can only be preventive measures.
Of insects, bulb flies and mites bring the most harm to lilies. The fly strikes the bulb: its larvae feed on juicy pulp. The mite is able to completely destroy the lily, also gnawing a bulb. Get rid of these pests by spraying the plant with the preparations Basudin (from a fly) and Actellic (from a tick). Neon spraying is carried out as a preventive measure.
We met with amazing plants - tree lilies. These representatives of the flora are indeed difficult to call flowers, as they are tall and powerful. However, to decorate the garden, make it brighter, more luxurious and luxurious, tree lilies are capable of like no one. Fortunately, despite their external exoticism, growing flowers is not so difficult: the tips from the article will help you with this.
The lily tree: reality or myth
So does a tree really exist? Those who know all about daylilies will say no. On numerous pictures and among all descriptions there is information only about the variety of lilies. True, this lily gives high, on average, one and a half meters shoots topped with large flowers. Sometimes these shoots are so dense that they resemble the trunk of a young tree. But, nevertheless, the plant in its essence still remains a flower.
In order to roughly understand what a lily tree is, we give a brief description of the plant. This perennial bulbous plant with hollow stems, heart-shaped leaves, which are located on the long petioles alternately. Long-tubular, turbid-shaped or cup-shaped, inclined flowers adhere to powerful pedicels and reach 30 cm in diameter. They appear in July and last for about a month. The number of lilies on one stem can be different, but they always look very impressive.
Selection of land for landing
Growing a lily tree in the garden requires careful selection of a place to plant. This should be a sunny area, but not open to the sun and wind. Direct rays desiccate the plant, and winds can break tall stems. In addition, the plant does not tolerate drafts. If a lily tree is planted in the southern regions, for planting it is better to choose a place that is lit for 4-5 hours in the morning.
The lily tree loves moisture. Without it, good growth and lush flowering is not achieved. To do this, the lower outlet of the plant and the roots, it is desirable to cover. Usually, for this purpose, low-growing plants are planted, which with their leaves protect the lower part of the tree from direct sunlight and help retain moisture. In this case, an excess of moisture for the plant is also destructive. Therefore, for planting it is necessary to choose the area where the groundwater is not too close to the surface.
Proper planting of the lily tree bulbs
The lily tree as a whole is not very capricious, therefore planting, as well as caring for the plant, is relatively simple. You can focus on the rules of cultivation of lilies, but with a few nuances. First consider the question of how to plant a lily tree.
For landing it is necessary to prepare the holes at 50 cm in depth and width. The distance between them must be at least a meter, otherwise the plants will argue for moisture, light, and will not be able to give all the power to develop. The bottom of the pits is filled with a drainage layer of about 20 cm. It can be broken bricks, crushed stone or sand. Top of them sprinkled with a mixture of earth and humus (or compost). The prepared wells are left for about 7 days to allow the earth to settle a little. Then you can plant the bulbs. In this case, the rules of planting onion crops do not apply. That is, it is not necessary to deepen the bulb by 2/3 of its height, simply sprinkle it with earth, so that at the beginning of the growing season the bulb protrudes slightly above the surface.
An interesting question is when to plant a lily tree in open ground. Do it in late September or early October, so that the bulb overwintered in the ground. At the first frost planting mulch needles or fallen leaves. If the winter is given out with little snow, it is advisable to put snow on future beds - this helps the plant to winter without unpleasant consequences. In the spring, the first rosettes of leaves should be protected from the dangerous spring sun and return frost.
Although the plant itself is very impressive, it looks great in combination with other flowers in the garden, especially with grassy perennials. Therefore, deciding what to plant with a lily tree in a flower bed, choose something from low-growing plants. They are planted in mixborders, along fences and as a hedge.
Garter to the support
The plant grows high, and when buds form on it, its balance is disturbed.
The heavy top easily slopes downwards under strong gusts of wind, it can break or glance. Therefore, it is recommended to tie the plant to the support.
How to prepare for winter
How to care for a lily tree in winter depends on how old it is. If this is the first planting, the beds with bulbs are covered with a special cover, for example, plastic wrap.
The plant that has the stems should also be closed for the winter, but a little differently. Some gardeners leave stalks that have shed their leaves so that you can comfortably bind them and close the plant for a period of cold weather. Another easier to pre-cut the stems.
Reliable wintering ensures proper care of the lily tree during the growing season. It is especially important to monitor the proper level of soil moisture in the fall. If you follow the above rules, then already in the 2-3rd year, the lily tree will delight you with the first flowers that will be densely littered with a long stem.
The main groups and popular varieties of lilies
According to the international classification, these flowering perennial bulbous plants are divided into 9 groups:
- Asian - include 5 thousand varieties. Differ unpretentiousness and winter hardiness, the flowers do not smell.
- Curly - There are 200 varieties. The name received thanks to the inflorescences resembling a candlestick with drooping heads.
- Snow white - include 30 varieties. Differ marvelous aroma, may have a pale yellow color. Very capricious.
- American - total 140 varieties. The flowers are very original bright exotic colors, often decorated with two-tone black specks. Pretty picky.
- Long-flowered - have an elongated shape of a bud with a direction to the side or down, Unusually fragrant. In garden conditions often suffer from viral diseases, more grown as greenhouse crops.
- Tubular - have a characteristic flower shape, resembling an elongated gramophone, assembled from dense wax petals. Capricious, need shelter for the winter.
- Oriental (Oriental) - A large group has 1,300 varieties. Capricious, demanding to heat, often affected by disease.
- Interspecific hybrids - combine the best qualities of individual groups. Extremely beautiful and exotic. Среди сортов, полученных в результате скрещивания наибольшей популярностью пользуются ЛА-гибриды,ОТ-гибриды и ЛО-гибриты с крупными цветками диаметром до 25 см для выгонки.
- Природные виды – играют ключевую роль в создании новых сортов.
Under natural conditions, these herbaceous plants are ubiquitous in temperate latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere: in the Mediterranean, southeastern part of Central America, Japan, and China. The most common in middle latitudes received Asian lily hybrids.
Lilies are among the most beautiful members of the bulbous genus. They belong to the daylily family and are relatives of onions, grouse, tulips
Asians come from natural species of Siberian lilies, such as Daurskaya and Tigrovaya, and therefore are most winter-hardy and adapted to less favorable climatic conditions. The remaining groups of lilies, such as Oriental, tubular or curly, require more careful care.
Among Asian hybrids, varieties are the most decorative:
- "Marlene" - petals gently pink hue. It is famous for abundant flowering.
- Landini is a spectacular maroon beauty more than a meter high.
- "Aphrodite" - a terry flower with pink petals.
Of the old and time-tested varieties, it is also worth highlighting: “Inchantation” with flowers of a rich red-orange shade, “Destin” with delicate lemon-yellow petals, “Pripeke” with bright red flowers.
Worthy representatives of the Orientali group can be considered: “Mona Liza” with graceful gently pink flowers, “Tiber” with lilac flowers, framed by a white border, snow-white beauty “Siberia”
Tree lily - what is it
Gardeners who have experience in growing daylilies are convinced that the tree lily simply does not exist. Numerous descriptions and photographs show that there is only a certain kind of lily, distinguished by tall and dense shoots, which have rather large inflorescences. Sometimes these shoots vaguely resemble a young tree, but still are a flower.
The origin of the lily is rooted in Canada, where breeders obtained a hybrid variety of tree plant. Because of its rather big growth, tree lilies here are called Goliaths, like a giant from an ancient Greek myth or legend. Thanks to its growth, stunning aroma and magnificent inflorescences, the culture is popular in the circles of gardeners.
The tree lily was the result of crossing. And the hard work that the breeders did led to the production of gigantic plants, which are distinguished by their height (up to 2.5 m) and large flowers. Inflorescences attract a diverse palette of shades and delicate aroma. But it is worth noting that the tree lily in most cases blooms only once every 5 years. A brief description of the lily tree can be represented by the following characteristics:
- perennial bulbous plant has hollow stems,
- heart-shaped leaves alternately decorate long petioles,
- The flowers have a stalk-like, cup-shaped or long-tubular form, located on a powerful pedicle, and their diameter is at least 30 cm.
The period of active flowering of tree lily begins in mid-July and lasts for one month.
Note! Do not be afraid if there is a different number of buds on one pedicel, as this is the norm.
Characteristics of species and varieties of culture
One of the popular varieties of tree lily is Cardiocrinum, better known as the heart-shaped lily. The plant is bulbous, the diameter of the hollow stems is 5 cm. At first glance, the foliage resembles the shape of a heart, it has a net venation, and it is attached to the plant's stem with long petioles. Inflorescences have a pale green or white shade and tubular structure.
Note! Flowering heart-shaped lilies begins after 4-5 years after the plant has been planted in the ground. Then on the dead bulb babies are formed, which can be used with further reproduction of lilies.
The giant heart-shaped lily prefers to grow on the mountain slopes, its natural habitat is the Himalayas. The plant reaches a height of 3 m, and begins to bloom in mid-August. The inflorescences consist of large flowers of pink color, usually their number is 20 pcs.
A popular hybrid variety of tree plant is Honeymoon lily. Culture characteristics include:
- high rates of winter hardiness (lilies are not afraid of even extreme cold to −30 degrees below zero),
- the height of an adult tree is 2 m,
- beautiful buds have an unusual moon-honey color and rich aroma.
When planting hybrid varieties of tree lily, it is necessary to take into account the fact that they all differ in stem height, flowering duration, hints of inflorescences and care requirements.
Another common variety of hybrid tree lily is Preti Vumen, which is distinguished by the colors of a soft creamy white shade. The Preti Vumen lily tree was obtained by crossing the eastern and tubular lilies Regale. The inflorescence consists of 30 small flowers, having a cupped or funnel-shaped form and a pleasant aroma.
Lily Preti Vumen
This variety begins to bloom in the second half of summer. The stem is durable, and it reaches a height of 2 m. If favorable conditions were created during the growing process, the crop grows to 2.7 m in 3 years. The variety has increased immunity to diseases, as well as good winter hardiness.
Lily tree: planting and care in the open field
Care and cultivation of a tree lily in the open field is distinguished by some features throughout the flowering and active growth. Using the example of growing the Prince Prince variety, a step-by-step algorithm for planting a tree lily can be made; it will be similar in relation to other varieties of daylilies.
The lily tree prefers a slightly acidic soil in which the level of mineral fertilizers is elevated (excluding fresh organic matter). In no case should the culture be located close to the groundwater, the best place for planting the plants are the flowerbeds at higher elevations. With the help of river sand and gravel, you need to create a drainage and cover them with a preliminary landing site.
Note! For planting lilies, it is recommended to choose shaded areas that are under fruit trees, creating a scattered shadow.
Plant water lilies should be planted in the first half of autumn or in spring - in late April or early May. Sand should be poured into the landing pit, and the planting depth should be no more than 20 cm from the root system to the top layer of soil. The final step is the mulching of the soil. Caring for a planted plant consists of several key points:
- regular watering
- fertilizing with potash fertilizers,
- preparing the plant for wintering.
You can propagate a tree lily by the seed method, as well as by bulbs, children or cuttings. If you take, for example, the lily of Prety Vumen, it multiplies with bulbs, but it is worth noting that this method is very slow and laborious. And all because the bulbs are sensitive to excessive moisture and with the onset of autumn can deteriorate or completely rot.
On a note! All varieties of experienced growers are divided into lovers of alkaline and acidic soil. It is necessary to clarify the requirements for a particular grade of soil when buying.
Lily babies can be harvested only after several years, when the culture grows well and begins to bloom. The most mature trees can be arranged whole nests, consisting of bulbs, which can be safely planted.
The seed method of propagation of tree lilies is a collection from plants of those seeds that are at the top of the stem, in a special box (it is recommended to collect planting material in the fall). Until the first cold weather comes, a part of the stalks with bolls must be cut and placed in a warm place for final ripening. It is necessary to plant ripe seeds immediately, they are able to quickly lose their germination.
Major diseases and pests of culture
When growing lilies, you may encounter the fact that their bulbs are affected by various diseases, small pests and rodents. Succulent stems and fleshy foliage can be significantly damaged due to fungal and viral diseases. These negative factors can worsen the condition of flowers and even lead to their death.
Gray decay in lily
Fungal diseases of the tree lily:
- gray rot
- blue mold
The most dangerous disease is gray mold. It spreads from the bottom leaves, gradually striking the whole flower. It is possible to determine the disease of a plant by brown round spots, which increase in size and over time become brown mucous tissue covered with gray bloom.
It is very difficult to fight gray mold, it is much easier to prevent its occurrence. To do this, before planting the bulbs, they need to be treated in a solution of disinfectant or Fundazole. By spraying the bulbs, you can prevent other fungal diseases of the tree lily.
Experts advise to fight spider mites using a soap solution or an acaricide (for example, Actofit). In the unpainted bud can live lily fly, which eats stamens anthers and pistils. With the help of karbofos or any other insecticide, it is necessary to destroy those buds that have been damaged.
Lily tree is a lush, tall and spectacular plant, which must be looked after. You must also make sure that the culture does not fall into direct sunlight. Subject to the care recommendations after three years, the lily will delight its owner with its color.
Tree lily that represents planting and care
Almost every florist grows lilies in the garden. They all belong to perennial bulbous plants. family lily.
In nature, there are several species, on the basis of which many hybrids and new varieties are derived.
This flower grows everywhere, it can be found in Asia, Europe, North America. Translated from the ancient Gals, means white flower, however, in natural conditions there are other shades of flowers of this perennial plant.
Many legends are associated with this flower, it is often used in heraldry, verses are written about it and composed. For Christians, the lily is white, meaning the symbol of the Virgin.
Lily refers to onion varieties, they can be in diameter from one centimeter to several tens of cm; these are the largest inflorescences. The bulb consists of many scales that are attached to the bottom plate, forming a spherical or ovoid shape.
The stem reaches height sometimes two and a half metersThe smallest is only about 15 centimeters, and it mainly depends on the type of plant. The stem itself is covered with leaves and has no branches.
Some tall varieties of lilies form a rosette, in others leaves twist the stem in a spiral. The inflorescences of lilies are collected on 6-18 flowers, thus forming different forms. They can be conical, umbrella-shaped or cylindrical. The duration of flowering, may take several days, they bloom gradually starting from the lowest inflorescences.
The form of lilies can be of various types:
The size of each inflorescence mainly depends on the shape of the flower, and can reach up to more than two dozen centimeters in diameter. The color range is so diverse that it is even difficult to imagine all the colors, the only ones that are not lilies, so these are blue. At the end of flowering, they form fruits, which are long boxes, with seeds located in them.
Varieties of lilies
Currently, there are a huge number of lilies in nature and hybrids obtained as a result of breeding.
- Asian The lily and its varieties generally have a small height reaching about half a meter, mostly white, but there are tall hybrids reaching one and a half meters in height. But there are also other edemas and colors, even two and three-color. These varieties are unpretentious in the care and place of growth, frost-resistant, multiply by children and scales, begin to bloom before other varieties of this species. The flower itself is most often cup-shaped or turbid-shaped, there are also terry varieties.
- Curly hybrids or as they call marchagon. The number of varieties of this species is within a hundred, they are distinguished by their high growth with chalmous buds of various delicate color shades. Not demanding in the care and to the soil, frost-resistant, tolerate a slight shading, durable, resistant to various viruses.
Candid hybrids are garden flowers, the honeycomb of which is quite small, but they all have a pleasant aroma, color range from white to all shades of yellow. The disadvantage of these lilies is their susceptibility to fungal diseases, and the difficulty of obtaining seeds.
Varieties and hybrids can be listed long enough, there are other more well-known American, long-flowered, tubular, oriental. OT-hybrids that growers grow in farms only for cutting.
Lily planting rules
Since the tree lily does not like transplants, it can be grown in one place for several years. For its landing it is recommended to choose a sunny place, well protected from drafts. As for the choice of soil, and the lilies are very demanding for it, it should be loose, with good drainage and quite loose. For each hybrid, a certain acidity of the soil is required, some prefer acidic, others alkaline, and many species prefer neutral soil, so when choosing a variety, you need to know this.
After selecting the site should dig up the ground, to drain the soil. Dig a deep hole, depending on the type of plant, it should be a little more than half a meter, it will add sand and fertile soil. As a drainage, you can use small bricks, rubble, a prepared place for planting must be left for several days, so that the soil is slightly compacted, then proceed to plant the bulb, so that its upper part is on the ground surface.
Lilies can be planted in spring and autumn, but when they are planted before winter, when the first frost occurs, the plant should be mulched with fallen leaves or covered with spruce leaves, so they will best endure wintering.
The lily tree requires proper care, firstly, the root system must be located in the grass located next to the plants, which will prevent the soil from drying out.
With proper planting and care for the tree lily, in two or three years, you can enjoy the beautiful view and the smell of its flowers.
Tree lily: does it exist in reality?
Recently, on the Internet, you can see a huge number of ads that offer stunningly beautiful bulbs of lilies with huge flowers. But as soon as the acquired onion germinates, it turns out that the flower is a little more than usual. Therefore, today we will tell you a little about lilies and their varieties.
Myth or reality?
First, let's clarify the question: does a tree lily exist in nature? The fact is that in gardening the concept of "tree" is most often applied to the peony. It is for this reason that the notion of a tree lily itself does not confuse anyone. But the peony got its name because of its powerful root structure, but any kind of lily is a bulbous plant. Confusion also occurs because the aroma of this tree-like peony resembles the smell of a lily.
As for the very fact of the existence of a tree lily, then opinions differ. Some breeders argue that this is only a myth, invented by fraudsters in order to earn more money on the most common varieties.
And stunningly beautiful flowers in the photos - this is just the result of working in Photoshop.
Other experts argue that the appearance of this type is quite possible, because when crossing two different varieties of a hybrid can get sick. In this case, several branches may merge into one, which looks like a “tree lily”. Но появление такого растения – это отклонение от нормы, поэтому встретить в реальности такое растение вам, скорее всего, не придётся.
Кроме того, есть ещё одна разновидность такого растения, которое можно выдать за древовидное – кардиокринум. Цветёт этот сорт потрясающе красиво, но только один раз в семь лет. Удивительным является и запах цветов. Но, к сожалению, после цветения растение отмирает. As for the cultivation of such a tree lily, in this case, you can use the recommendations for the care of ordinary lilies.
Rules for the care of lilies: landing
As you understand, you will not be able to grow a real tree lily, because it does not exist in nature. But you can buy onion cardiokrinuma or ordinary lily.
And how to care for such a beautiful flower, we now tell you:
- Pay special attention to the landing site. Remember that this plant does not like transplants, so you need to immediately choose a place where it will be comfortable. Lily fertile soil is ideal for lilies, preferably with good drainage. Attention! In order for the plant to stick well in two - three weeks you need to dig up the earth,
- Before you buy onions, be sure to find out the exact name of this variety of lilies. On this may depend on the characteristics of planting and caring for the plant,
- Before you plant a bulb, clean it from rotten scales and too long roots. Then soak the bulb in a 0.2% solution of foundationol,
- The best time for planting is autumn and spring. Landing in the spring will allow you to save the bulbs from freezing and soaking. But if you plant a plant in the fall, then over the winter the lily root system will be able to fully strengthen, and the spring temperature drop will be much easier for the plant to transfer.
The most common problems in growing hybrid lilies
In order to admire the lily strewn with flowers every year, you need to try to eliminate all possible dangers. First and foremost, these dangers include pests. The lily beetle most often settles on a lily beetle, which loves to feast on its leaves and flowers. In principle, if these pests have not had time to multiply, then you can simply collect them manually.
To find them on the plant is very simple, since such a pest has a bright orange back. And if you see that there are too many individuals of the beetle, then you will have to process the flower with the help of special means. This option is the worst way out, because after treatment with insecticides, the leaves and flower buds are covered with brown spots and lose their appearance.
Another danger is the mouse. It turns out that these small rodents love to feast on her bulbs. And as you know, after the invasion of mice on the bed with your plants, it is almost impossible to save them. Therefore, you can immediately sprinkle the earth around the flower with a special sulfur. Or, plant a daffodil next to this plant, the smell of which repels small rodents.
As you can see, growing and caring for lily bulbs is rather difficult.
You must consider the future location of the flower, soil moisture, and many other factors.
But if you do everything right, you will be able to admire these amazing flowers for several years. Good luck to you!
Cultivation and combination of different varieties of lily tree in open ground
The lily tree is nothing more than an OT-hybrid of lilies. Breeders brought several varieties of OT-hybrids. Grow a plant better in the open field. Landing is carried out in spring and autumn. Caring for a lily tree is quite simple.
Liliaceae tree: description, varietal variety
A lily tree can become a truly royal decoration of any site. This flower has received this name for the height of the stem from 1 to 2.5 m. In fact, of course, this is not a tree, but hybrid varieties of lilies, which breeders in Canada bred. The correct name is "Oriental X Tubular Lilies."
The lily tree or “Goliath”, with proper planting and maintenance, can form large inflorescences consisting of 30-40 flowers with a diameter of more than 10 cm. If you want to purchase such a tree, purchase bulbs in specialized stores. On the package should be written "Lily. OT is a hybrid. ”
Market traders often resort to deception, give the usual lily for the tree, showing fake photos. There are several varieties of hybrid, which differ in stem height and flower color. The photo shows the most popular ones.
The variety of "Black Beauty" is distinguished by a stalk-like flower. Cherry petals with a bright border.
Fertilizer types and dressing
The amount and frequency of fertilization depends on the type of soil. If in autumn the soil was prepared, a sufficient amount of fertilizer was added, the following feeding is carried out at the beginning of flower budding. If the soil is not fertile enough, fertilize before planting.
Attention! Do not make fresh manure and compost before planting. It is better to use mineral fertilizers.
For the entire growing season, mineral complex fertilizers are applied 3-4 times. When the first leaves appear, treat the lily tree with Épinay, this will protect the plant from diseases and give strength for growth.
Diseases of the lily tree, methods of control and prevention
Thanks to the work of breeders, hybrids are less susceptible to disease than ordinary lilies. However, watch carefully for your pets. Types of lily diseases:
- Botrytis is a common disease. A more common name is gray rot. The most vulnerable plants are rainy spring, when the soil is over-moistened. Detect the disease can be on brown spots on the leaves, which look like scalded with boiling water. Gray rot can destroy a plant in a few days. Spraying with Hom and Oxy drugs can stop the disease.
- When transplanting or loosening the soil can damage the bulb. A fungus settles on the damaged areas, which leads to the death of the plant. In this case, the escape can continue to grow and even bloom. This disease is called fusarium. Before planting, carefully inspect the bulb for damage, place for half an hour in a 2% solution of foundationol.
- If the bulbs are not properly stored, they can be affected by blue rot. Discover it just on a greenish tinge. For prophylaxis and if a blue rot is detected, pickle the onion in the foundationol solution, and pour the soil around the planting with a 0.4% solution of colloidal sulfur.
- Waterlogging of the soil, the introduction of a large amount of nitrogen fertilizers can lead to the defeat of bacterial rot. With this disease on the bulb are formed smelly spots. To determine the disease can be on brown spots on the leaves. The next stage is the yellowing and falling off of the leaves and buds. This disease is easier to prevent. To do this, disinfect the bulbs and storage sites, as well as the soil before planting. Treatment consists of spraying the plant with fungicides.
- A similar disease is root rot, but it does not affect the bulbs, but the roots. The treatment is the same as with bacterial rot. Symptoms can be identified by yellowing tips of the leaves.
- Prone to lilies and rust. It is easy to identify a diseased plant, brown spots appear on it. To be treated by spraying spraying Bordeaux liquid (1%) or fungicides. To prevent the transmission of the disease, the affected leaves and shoots are destroyed.
- The most dangerous diseases of lilies are viral:
- tobacco mosaic,
- cucumber mosaic,
- virus variegation.
These diseases can not be cured, so the affected plants are destroyed. Further reproduction of the diseased plant is undesirable, the disease can be transmitted to the next generations of the hybrid. Aphid is a carrier of viruses. The only method of control is aphid prevention.
Lily tree insects and preparations against them
Pests too much. Since the plant is propagated by the bulb, some pests are similar to pests of the onion.
Linea tree in landscape design and combination with other plants
From-lilies themselves are a decoration of the garden or the site. Large flowers stand out brightly against a green background. The lily tree can serve as a decorative fence if you plant them in a row. With their help, you can select functional areas on the site. The lilies planted in a row along the fence can become a practical solution, the more the issue of support for the shoots will be solved.
Lily cascade - another design decision. You can plant lilies according to their height, we get a cascade of flowers.
Next to hybrids you can plant peonies, then the flowerbed will delight with its flowering for a long time. The tree lily looks good in combination with phloxes, anemones, barberries. Lilies are planted in front of the trees. It is better to plant in the center on the bed of “Goliath”, then low-growing flowers along the circumference. The perfect combination of lily "Goliath" and hydrangea. You can select a long flower bed on the plot and plant OT-lilies of different varieties.
Properly planted lilia tree with good care will decorate the garden or the plot. The plant is little susceptible to diseases and pests. It is easy to grow it: timely watering and a few dressings - that's the whole care. But this “royal tree” will ennoble your garden, make it elegant and bright.
"Lilies-trees" and "pot" lilies
author Teslenko L.V., photo Teslenko G.N.
Lilies are among the favorite plants of many growers. Virtually every garden grows a variety of lilies, and the range of hybrids is steadily increasing.
In pursuit of new products, many growers are ready to give big money, just to buy "something". And the sellers are pleased to offer us all the "exotic".
Today, the so-called "lily-trees" is in fashion. What is common between lilies and a tree?
In the gardens of our region grows a tree hydrangea. While unsuccessfully, but still our gardeners are trying to acclimatize tree peonies. However, in local climatic conditions, even the most experienced flower growers are still unable to grow a tree peony.
But still, the tree hydrangea and the tree peony have something in common with the tree. In these plants, the woody trunk does not die off for the winter, and the new growth and flowering continues from the buds located on the overwintered shoots.
Have you ever seen that a lily does not die off a stalk for the winter?
Well, we do not call a sunflower tree that grows up to three meters!
However, sellers of planting material assure us that “lily trees” is a novelty plant, and their varieties are estimated at up to 500 rubles per bulb.
For over twenty years I have been growing and breeding lilies. I want to say that “lily trees” is the most common deception designed for an incompetent person.
Under the guise of this "new plant" are sold or tall species of lilies (ie, growing in the wild), or powerful varieties of OT-hybrids.
Potted lilies, or “pot” lilies
Another advertised “novelty” among the planting material of lilies is “pot” lilies, i.e., pot plants.
These lilies are recommended to grow as a pot culture. At the same time it is stated that they bloom "all summer."
In the photo: lily from the group OT-hybrids grown in a pot on the windowsill. Its flower spike is slightly elongated and weakened - compared to plants of the same variety that grow in the garden.
In the group of lilies, conditionally called "potted", just attributed low-growing lilies.
Basically, compact varieties from the groups of Asian hybrids and Eastern hybrids (Oriental) are ranked as “pot” -lilies. Low-growing varieties of lilies from these groups, planted in a pot, do not stretch out and form a beautiful “bouquet”. This is due to the fact that both of these groups are less demanding of light.
Flowering pot lilies at room temperature does not last long. The flowering period of the “pot” lily is no more than two weeks for Asian hybrids, and a little longer for Eastern hybrids. But if several lily bulbs with different blooming time were planted in the pot, then their total flowering may be longer (some plants wither and others bloom).
After the flowering of the lilies in the pots, their green stems will stand for another two months, and then turn yellow safely. Finished growth bulbs will go on vacation until next spring.
In winter, “pot” lilies are stored in the same pot, slightly watered, and kept at a temperature of + 2 ... + 1.5 degrees. In a city apartment it is difficult to create such cold conditions and maintain an optimal irrigation regime. Therefore, the bulbs of potted lilies in anticipation of spring often disappear: they rot from excessive moisture or dry out due to lack of moisture.
Once again I want to emphasize that the so-called “pot” lilies are ordinary lilies for the garden, differing from their fellows only by their relatively small growth.
Both high and low lilies are beautiful in their own way. They remarkably decorate the garden, planted in a suitable place depending on the height of the shoots inherent in the variety and size of the bulb.
So, “lilies-trees” and “potted” lilies are not new plants, but only a trick of businessmen, allowing them to increase sales and their revenue.
It is a pity that the sellers of planting material are less likely to get true information about the product.
Lyubov Vasilievna Teslenko (Udmurtia, Votkinsk)
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Selection of planting material
Choosing planting material, it is important to take into account the climatic features of the area, since not all lilies are able to tolerate temperature fluctuations without serious consequences.
When purchasing planting material, carefully inspect the bulb: there are no spots and traces of rot on it. These signs indicate plant disease diseases. The bulb should be evenly colored, scales should fit tightly to each other.
To determine the variety of the plant will help marking:
- The first Roman numeral denotes a group of lilies,
- The second number indicates the position of the flower (“a” - pointing up, “b” - to the side, “c” - down),
- The letter through the fraction indicates the shape of the flower ("a" - tubular, "b" - cupped, "c" - flat, "d" - majestic).
Before planting, the bulbs should be stored in a cool place, sprinkled with sand, sawdust or wet moss. Some fit for this purpose the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.
For spring planting, select the bulbs, which have already sprouted sprouts and set off in growth short white roots
In the case when the bulb prematurely begins to germinate, it is desirable to plant it in a flower pot, leaving it in a warm room. It is necessary to replant in an open ground already after frosts.
Choosing a place for landing
When planning where to place an exotic beauty on the site, you should focus on her group affiliation. Tubular, Asian and Oriental lines show the greatest decorativeness only in well-lit areas.
Comfortably feel in the penumbra lilies, which are located on the underground part of the stem adventitious roots. These include varieties of curly lilies. It is desirable to place them in such a way that the basal part is shaded, and the inflorescence is illuminated by sunlight.
Lily - a heat-loving plant, preferring well-lit areas, securely closed by the “screen” of green foliage from gusts of wind
Lilies with large flowers look spectacular in solo performance. При высадке мелкоцветковых лилий для получения выразительного эстетического эффекта лучше формировать небольшие группы, размещая их на расстоянии в 10-15 см друг от друга. На фоне сочной листвы других многолетников яркие изящные цветы будут выгодно выделяться, создавая великолепную картину.
Для высадки цветов идеально походят участки, расположенные на небольшом возвышении. This helps to prevent stagnation of rainwater, which often serves as a cause of plant damage by pathogens. Swampy soils are destructive for fastidious beauties. It is possible to improve the conditions on clay and heavy loamy soils by arranging drainage. To do this, lay the ditch, placing them at a slight slope. The bottom of the ditches is lined with a layer of crushed brick or fine rubble, sprinkling with river sand on top and covering it with earth.
So that the soil near the basal area of the flower is in the shade and does not overheat under the sunlight, it is better to plant daylilies, bells and hosts in close proximity. Their spreading foliage will cover the surface of the earth, creating optimal conditions for the development of fastidious beauties.
Proper soil preparation
The right soil is 80% success in growing lilies. Regardless of the group affiliation bulbous they all prefer to grow on rich soils.
On peaty enriched and well-drained soils, the varieties of the American group and oriental hybrids develop well.
The best fertilizer for lilies is humus. But it is worth making it with caution: when there is an excess of food, the plants begin to “fatten”. This provokes their slower development, reduced disease resistance and decreased frost resistance. The optimum ratio of applied humus is 7-8 kg per 1 sq.m.
The introduction of slightly decomposed manure containing pathogenic microflora with pathogenic plants can adversely affect plants.
Soil for these flowering herbaceous plants must contain a sufficient amount of nutrients, because in one place the plant can live from 3 to 5 years. When digging the soil it is filled with mineral fertilizers, which include nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. They are made at the rate of 100 grams per one square meter.
Since the roots of the plants go quite deep, they dig up the soil before planting, digging 30-40 cm deep. For draining heavy clay soil, sand is added to its composition.
Most members of the daylily family do not tolerate acidic soils, preferring slightly alkaline and slightly acidic soil compositions. Only varieties of the eastern group feel comfortable on acidic well-drained soil. Asians and LA hybrids prefer neutral and humus soils, and tubular lilies show the greatest decorative effect on poor alkaline earth with impurities of ash and sand.
Help reduce soil acidity:
- Wood ash - it is paid at the rate of 150-200 grams per 1 sq. M,
- Chalk - make when digging per meter area of 300-500 grams.
The bulbs are inspected before planting, discarding diseased specimens: they remove damaged tissue, cut off rotted scales and dead roots.
The examined material is washed under pressure for 20-30 minutes. Then, in order to prevent the development of fungal diseases, they are first kept in a solution of potassium permanganate, prepared in a proportion of 5 g per 10 liters of water, and then in a solution of the preparation, foundationol. If necessary, they can be etched in an insecticidal solution based on chlorophos and one-percent phosphamide.
The root system of these plants dries quickly enough. Therefore, there is no need to dry them after soaking.
Choose a planting time
The optimum planting time - after the flowering of plants. This is the period from late summer to mid-autumn. In the case of the purchase of bulbs in early spring, planting can be made as soon as the soil thaws and dries. Late spring planting is risky in that young shoots can be damaged.
Spring planting is also more suitable for late-flowering varieties, the bulbs of which are slowly forming. These include LO hybrids and varieties of the eastern group: Rio Negro, White Haven, Rialto, Marco Polo.
When planting plants should be guided by the rule that large bulbs with a diameter of 8-12 cm are planted to a depth of 25 cm, and small ones to a depth of three times the size of the bulb
The only exceptions are Halncedon, Snow White and Testaceum. They form a ground rosette of leaves, and therefore the layer of soil above them should not exceed 2-3 cm.
Planting bulbs in heavy soil types, the bottom of the planting pads are covered with 5 cm layer of sand. To protect them from voles, on the inner walls of the landing pit lay a wire mesh.
The bulb is laid on the bottom of the pit, setting on an improvised sand "pillow", and straighten the roots. They can not wring and bend up. The landing site is marked with a peg and sprinkled with earth, slightly tamping. The well is plentifully watered with settled water and covered with bark mulch.
Lilies are very sensitive to drying out the roots. In order for the bulbs not to become cloudy while the hole is being prepared, it is better to wrap them in a wet napkin or hide them in a box with wet peat. Tender young shoots are afraid of temperature changes
To protect the young shoots, planted bulbs are covered with plastic bottles with carved bottoms. For this purpose it is better to use bottles with wide walls with a volume of 2-3 liters.
Subtleties in the care of exotic beauty
How to care for lilies? To minimize the care of these flowering plants, you must follow a number of recommendations:
- During the season, feed the plants with complex fertilizers and ash at the rate of 50 grams per square meter. Top dressing is carried out in three stages: in early spring, at the stage of bud formation and after flowering. For spring root dressing are suitable: ammonium nitrate (40 g per 10 l), nitroammophosphate (50 g per 10 l), the solution of fermented mullein in a ratio of 1:10.
- Provide timely watering. Although the lily does not like excessive moisture, but particularly dry days need frequent watering. Watering should be at the root, trying not to moisten the leaves. Accidentally dropped water droplets can serve as peculiar lenses, causing sunburn.
- Soil mulching. Very harmful to bulbous plants and overheating of the soil, which disrupts the flow of biological processes. This can be prevented by mulching the soil with natural materials of light shades (mowed grass, straw, sawdust).
- Pest control. Dangerous for the aerial parts of plants are the lily beetle and the lily fly. It is possible to get rid of pests by collecting the larvae by hand and spraying the stems with preparations like Thunder, Grizzly, and the Flyer.
- Garter stalks. High varieties with thin stems must be tied to supports, thereby preventing them breaking off and lodging.
- To faded inflorescences after flowering did not spoil the picture, they should be promptly removed. Flower stalks are removed at the end of the season.
- After the end of the growing season, the stems of plants should be cut and burned so that in winter they do not serve as a guide for the cold to the bulb.
- For the winter, garden lilies should preferably be covered with leaf earth, sawdust or spruce pine trees. Do not need shelter only Asian and LA hybrids.
Lilies are planted, separating the daughter bulbs, once every three years and a half months after the end of flowering. By this period, they have increased the mass and gained the most power.
Lilies are planted, separating the daughter bulbs, once every three years and a half months after the end of flowering. By this period, they have increased the mass and gained the most power.
Slowly growing varieties of Caucasian origin are best seated only after 5-6 years. Asian varieties can be transplanted even in summer. The main thing is to dig out the plants with garden forks along with a clod of earth, preserving the root system.
When transplanting onion-kids gently separated from the stem and planted in seedling beds for rearing. Immediately after planting, they are sprinkled with compost or manure, forming a layer 3-4 cm thick. They will form full-fledged bulbs in the second or third year.
Daylily - lily for lazy
It is not for nothing that breeders of these unpretentious and disease-resistant perennials have been called “lilies for the lazy.” And the statement that the more beautiful the flower, the more capricious it is, does not apply to this plant. Daylily grows well in any garden soil, feeling comfortable both in bright sun and in partial shade.
Gardening lilies are not inferior in beauty to their closest “relatives” - daylilies, but unlike fastidious beauties, they are very easy to care for.
Planting and caring for daylilies takes a minimum of time and effort. And the plant begins to delight with flowering in the first year of planting. These perennial plants prefer a neutral or slightly acidic soil. Able to grow on depleted soils, but the most decorative show on organic-rich loose loam. They are tolerant of infrequent watering, but, like lilies, do not tolerate stagnant water.
Perfectly combined with ornamental herbs and flowering annuals, they perfectly mask the slow care of spring-flowering bulbous
Daylilies can become a bright decoration of any flower garden. With proper selection of species with different flowering period, daylily blooms will not be difficult to stretch for the entire season.