Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Planting and care, use in landscaping of the dacha site of the western Brabant thuja


Thuja trees and shrubs are very popular among gardeners due to the lush greenery and lush crown shape. Having planted Tui Brabant and having provided the necessary care for these fast-growing cultures, it is possible to create amazing garden compositions on the plot very soon. This popular unpretentious plant is used to form fairly dense green hedges that delight the eye throughout the year.

Growing conditions

Spring work on planting a representative of the cypress family are carried out when the soil is fully warmed. In autumn, the cage needs at least a month for the seedling to take root before the first frost. A plant planted in August in open ground will require less watering. This is due to cool sun and frequent autumn rains.

Thuja Brabant prefers a fairly bright lighting, but may be in partial shade for some time. Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight leads to increased evaporation of moisture from the needles, which affects the decorativeness of the plant. Dehydrated wood is harder to survive the winter. The ephedra placed in the shade will not be able to build a thick and lush crown. Care must also be taken to protect plants from strong winds.

Young plants that have not reached a height of one and a half meters, it is desirable to hide under the awning from the hot sun, and in the winter it is useful to cover from frost breathing covering material.

Soil preparation and planting

Thuja Brabant is undemanding to the soil composition, but carefully prepared substrate for planting will positively affect its rooting. Receiving nutrients in sufficient quantities, the tree will grow a gorgeous green crown.

To obtain a fertile earthy mixture, each seedling will need:

  • turfy or leafy ground (2 parts),
  • peat (1 part),
  • humus (1 part),
  • sand (1 part)
  • nitroammofosk (up to 500 g).

Most often, thuja western Brabant is used by gardeners and designers to create a hedge. Therefore, to obtain a rather dense decorative wall, it is necessary to observe the distance between plants from 0.5 to 1 meter. To create an alley, the interval between trees is kept from 5 to 8 m.

The size of the planting pit depends on the size of the earthen clod of the seedling, which should fit in it freely. Depth can reach 70–75 cm, width - about a meter. When placing the hjohnikov on heavy soil with high humidity, take care of drainage. At the bottom of the pit a layer of up to 20 cm can be filled with expanded clay or pebbles, it is allowed to use broken bricks. Before planting, the western western komui is recommended to be dried, without violating its integrity.

The process of planting a decorative conifer is not complicated.

  1. Part of the prepared substrate is laid on the drainage layer.
  2. The seedling goes deep into the pit so that the root collar remains at ground level.
  3. On the sides and top of the rhizome sprinkled with a ready fertile mixture.
  4. The soil around the plant is compacted and shed water.

Reproduction at home

When the seed cap is bred, the plant loses its ornamental properties. Thuja Brabant is quite easily divorced by cutting. Cut lignified branches with a length of at least 40 cm will quickly take root if you put them in a container of water for a while. Cuttings with roots are planted in a pot. The young seedling is not recommended to be transferred to the open ground in the fall. It is better to wait until the plant is stronger, and transplanted in the spring to the main place of growth.

Plant Care

During the first month, the conifer needs weekly watering. Each plant consumes at least 10 liters of water. In the case of prolonged drought, the volume of irrigation increases to 20 liters per week.

The needles of a thuja evaporates a large amount of moisture therefore regular sprinkling will have a beneficial effect on the richness of the green mass.

  • Thuja Brabant has a shallow root system, so loosening after watering should be done carefully.
  • Mulching the soil with peat or compost will not only save the roots and add the necessary amount of nutrients, but also prevent excessive evaporation of water.
  • In the spring, during the first two years after planting, the plants are fed with combined fertilizers, which must necessarily contain magnesium. During the summer, top dressing can be repeated in June and July.
  • With the onset of spring, dried and diseased shoots are removed from the thuja.

Under the weight of snow, the branches of a plant can break, so it is recommended to tie them with a rope for the winter. It is advisable to cover the roots of the ephedra with spruce leaves.

Does not present difficulties and care for the plant at home. For western thuja, grown in a pot, it is recommended to maintain a temperature range from 10 ° C to 15 ° C. Brabant prefers diffuse lighting or partial shade. Requires timely watering, spraying conifer needles and plant nutrition. In the summer, it is advisable to take the pot with a thuja to a street in a cool shade.

The change in color of the needles and the fall of damaged shoots indicate diseases that can be caused by fungi or pests. To prevent fungal diseases, you must adhere to the basic rules of planting and plant care. At the first signs of diseases characteristic of coniferous trees, it is necessary to process thuja Brabant with special preparations. Spraying preparations "Fufanon" or "Aktellik" produced in May.

For the formation of hedges and garden compositions, the plant must be regularly cut. To create a dense green wall, it is enough to adjust the shape of the epheds twice a year: in early June and in late August. Regularly shortening the top and cutting side shoots, you can maintain the necessary height and shape of the ornamental plant.

Tui Brabant remarkably tolerates pruning, which is carried out since the third year of life. Powerful shears should cut the tops of the branches evenly, without unduly injuring them. Only a third of the shoot is cut, so that the plant does not weaken.

The trimming procedure is recommended on a cloudy day so that the needles do not turn yellow from sunburn. At the end of the haircut the plant must be watered.

Among landscape designers, thuja western Brabant is deservedly very popular. The fast-growing, frost-resistant and unpretentious in the care of conifers is increasingly an ornament of private gardens. The lush, dense crown, having a pyramidal shape, is very decorative. It looks spectacular in the combined compositions and in the alleys and hedges.

Using this representative of the cypress family to create a stylish, cozy garden will limit the space, giving it a decent frame.

Main characteristics

In the wild nature, western thuja, which is not without reason called the "life tree", grows in the eastern regions of Canada and in the north of the USA. The evergreen introduced to Europe in the middle of the 16th century was used to decorate parks. In Russia, the thuja of this species has a wide area of ​​distribution. It is cultivated in many areas, including the Far East and Siberia.

Acquainted with the description of Tui Brabant, we see that this variety is winter-hardy, withstands temperatures down to 30-35 ° C. The plant is great for the harsh Russian climate. Brabant is one of the fastest growing varieties of western thuja, for a year it can grow by 30-35 cm.

In the Russian climate, the height of the thuja Brabant does not exceed 3.5-4 meters. The shape of the crown is columnar, compact. Branches can lean to the ground. The bark on the trunk is reddish-brown, sometimes it exfoliates. The green needles turn brown in the winter. In April-May, the thuja blooms; after flowering, small oblong brown cones form.

Thuja Brabant and Smaragd varieties are very often used to form hedges. Their characteristics are very similar. Among the differences Tui Brabant and Smaragd can be identified.

Variety Brabant:

  • the needles turn brown in the winter,
  • crown columnar shape,
  • annual growth is 35-40 cm,
  • hedge quickly grows dense green wall.

Variety Smaragd:

  • needles in the winter does not lose color,
  • pyramidal crown shape,
  • annual growth - 10-20 cm
  • It has less branching and does not require frequent haircuts.

Both varieties of Tui have varieties with golden needles - Golden Brabant and Golden Smaragd. For thuja Golden Brabant is characterized by a golden yellow color, which persists in winter.

Young trees have a dense cone-shaped crown; in older trees, it becomes more friable.

How to care for thuja Brabant

Although thuja western Brabant is unpretentious in care, it still has its own preferences for soil type, moisture, sunlight, temperature. If you ignore the basic rules for its cultivation, decorative functions may be lost. In particular, the main care is to periodically trim the shoots to form a beautiful crown shape.

When cutting a thuja, you can select the cuttings to use them for reproduction. Placed in a container with water, they will give the roots. Rooted seedlings can be planted in the ground.

Place and type of soil

Thuja belongs to the light-loving plants. It does not tolerate round-the-clock shadow, losing the brightness of the color of the needles. At the same time, constant heat is also harmful to her. The best option when choosing a place to land will be partial shade. In country areas it is advisable to plant trees on the west or east side of the buildings.

The most favorable soil for cultivating thuja in western Brabant is loam, although it can grow on any soil. On light soil, the plant develops better and looks more decorative. It is preferable to plant a thuja in spring or autumn, but it is also possible in summer.

A planting pit is dug 60-80 cm deep, wide for the size of the root system. The pit is filled with water and allowed to soak in moisture. If the ground is heavy, it is necessary to lay at least 15 cm of the drainage layer. The root collar is placed at ground level and the seedling is filled up with a prepared soil mixture. It is desirable that its composition included peat, sand and leaf earth in the ratio of 1: 1: 2. To improve growth, a nitroammofosk is added to the mixture. After that, water the plant.

After planting, regular watering is needed, about once a week. When landing in a hot time, the frequency of irrigation increases. The plant responds well to sprinkling. For this you can use a hose with a spray. In dry soil, thuja develops poorly, the needles turn yellow and fall off.

The soil should be loosened to a small depth, since the plant root system is superficial. To protect the roots from drying out and overheating, it is advisable to cover the soil with mulch - peat, compost, sawdust, bark.

Thuja does not suffer from winter frosts, but in the spring it can get sunburn. Especially it is necessary to protect young trees, sheltering them from the sun with material that allows sunlight to pass through well. In an evergreen, the process of photosynthesis occurs even in winter. In places where heavy snowfalls occur, the crowns of trees for the winter are tightly tightened with a rope.

In the first year, while the roots are not strong enough, feeding is carried out up to three times per season. One year after planting, every spring is made fertilizing with complex fertilizer. Pruning is best done 2-3 years after disembarkation. This procedure is preferable to do twice - in early summer and late August. Minor crown adjustments are made all season. As you can see, planting and caring for the thuja Brabant (photo) are not particularly difficult.

The use of Tui Brabant in garden design

The advantage of the variety is that it is very fast growing. This property of Tui Brabant in landscape design has been successfully used. Thuja is a universal element for creating a single ball, a neat cone, a pyramid. Non-standard single pieces of wood can be planted in any surface relief. But if beautiful geometry from Tui Brabant or Smaragd is planned, then the landing area should have a perfectly flat plane.

Thuja western Brabant is best used for haircut on cloudy days. This will prevent young shoots from burning in the sun, which before the haircut were hidden under long branches.

Planted in a row of Tui will replace the fence. If you cut a fence under a rectangular shape, it looks completely different. When planning to grow a hedge from thuja Brabant, seedlings should be driven in at a distance of about 1 m from each other, because at the base of the crown will be quite wide. Over time, the crowns of the trees will close, and such a fence will cover the site from prying eyes with a dense green curtain and serve as a wonderful decoration.

To form a plant begin when it has reached the desired height. Pruning tui Brabant - the most time-consuming part in the care of the plant. The haircut is carried out with a sharp pruner, which will not be able to dent in the place of the cut. To prevent the tree from weakening, one-third of the shoot should be sheared off.

Thuja Brabant, like all conifers, will delight the whole year with lush greenery, purify the air, enriching it with oxygen. Another advantage - decorative. Combining with each other different types of thuja with other bushes and flowers, you can give the site a unique, unique shape.

Common varieties of Tui

There are several species of this plant, but there are several varieties that are most popular in landscape design:

  • Tui Danika - spherical bush. It grows very slowly and reaches 80 cm in height. It should be used for decoration of small gardens or patios.
  • Smaragd is a cypress tree family with a broadly conical crown shape. Plant height reaches 5 m. The tree grows slowly, but it is wind-resistant enough. It is used by landscape designers for decorating park zones and personal plots.

  • Thuja Brabant, the description of the hollow qualities of which will go below, is a fast-growing tree with lush needles, the most popular among the population.
  • Thuja Golden Brabant is another variety of thuja, with yellow-green needles and thick branches.

Popular evergreen tree

This plant is quite common in our latitudes and is known for the tart aroma of seaside boulevards and parks. Thuja Brabant is a frost-resistant tree, reaching a height of about 4 m. The plant grows quickly enough, and its growth is about 15 cm in diameter and 40 cm high. The growth rate makes this plant the most preferable for planting hedges in park areas or summer cottages, because with this property you can create a beautiful evergreen living fence in a relatively short time.

The crown is branchy, but at the same time compact and can reach the ground. The color of the needles is light green, sometimes acquiring a golden hue at the ends. A special advantage of this variety of Tui is that the color of the needles does not change during the winter period.

Dignity coniferous beauties

Tui Brabant has received the deserved respect of many gardeners and landscape designers, due to the many advantages of this coniferous plant. The main advantage is rapid growth. Also this tree can grow in very wet or dry soil. But the most lush and bright green crown is obtained if you plant a plant in the fertile land and do not forget about watering.

Another advantage of the Tui is that it does not have to be planted in the shade or in the light. But this plant still prefers the sunny side, on which its growth and pomp of the crown increase. The frost resistance of the plant allows you to create a hedge of coniferous trees, even in the northern regions, while such a fence will delight with lush flowers in winter weather. The healing properties of this plant have long been known. Thuja Brabant releases phytoncides that disinfect the air by killing germs.

Hedge - decoration area

With this decorative tree, you can quickly and easily hide an ordinary fence behind a wall from a group of plants, which is especially suitable for impatient gardeners. Thuja western Brabant perfectly tolerates pruning, so you can create a flat wall or trim trees at your discretion.

A hedge can surround the lawn or garden pavilion. The playground, surrounded by decorative coniferous trees, will create a unique comfort and will please the eye. A special advantage of living fences from ornamental plants is that you can make them with your own hands, and a thick and impassable wall will reliably hide the courtyard from prying eyes.

Creating a hedge in the garden

Thuja Brabant will delight you with beautiful and rich green color all year round. A hedge from this plant can create even a beginner in gardening. First of all, you should correctly calculate the distance between the trees. Для создания плотной живой изгороди рекомендуется высаживать растения в ряд с расстоянием не меньше 80 см. Если почва достаточно плодородна, то между деревьями следует отступать до 1 м. Высаживая аллею, можно допустить интервал между деревьями 5-8 м. Для создания изгороди в два ряда необходимо соблюдать интервал между ними 50-70 см.

Высаживать тую лучше осенью. За это время она успеет укорениться до морозов, и дождливая пора избавит от лишнего полива, а весной дерево начнет расти с новой силой. In the first few years, young plants should be covered with an awning from the scorching sun, and in the winter they should be covered with a breathable material from frost. After the fence reaches 1.5 m in height, it will become sun-and frost-resistant.

Morphological features, reproduction, planting technology

Thuja Brabant grows relatively quickly, the height of an adult tree is about 20 m, it has a conical shape, high density, which caused the widespread use of plants in landscape design. The leaves are bright green in the form of scales, in winter they do not fall off.

Methods of reproduction like all gymnosperms: seeds and cuttings. Reproduction by seeds will take longer and more troublesome.

After cutting the thuja, the cuttings can be collected, disinfected and placed in a container with water. After the appearance of the first roots, the cuttings are planted in the greenhouse. Soil should consist of land, peat, sand in equal amounts.

Attention! The cuttings should be from a tree not younger than 2 years old, their length is about 40 cm, with a wooden heel. The cutting is carried out in spring or autumn.

After 2-3 years, the seedlings are ready for “adult life”. Planting technology is not complicated. The pit for planting should be 80 cm deep. At the bottom we place pebbles for drainage, the remaining space is filled with a mixture of earth, peat and sand, slightly compacted. Ensure that the soil is at the level of the root collar, so that the soil does not dry out. You can buy ready-made seedlings.

Care features

Thanks to its unpretentiousness, Thuja Brabant is so popular. Care rules are simple:

  1. Watering moderate. The main thing is that the soil does not dry out. "Pour" thuyu also not worth it. Improper watering can lead to rotting or drying of the roots, the leaves will turn yellow, lose brightness.
  2. In the spring, apply nitrogen-containing fertilizers, in the fall - phosphate fertilizers. Nitrogen fertilizers contribute to the growth of green mass, phosphate strengthen the root system.

Mulch protects the tree from freezing the roots in winter, and in the summer from overheating, does not allow the soil to thicken, does not allow weeds to grow. The rotted mulch is an additional source of fertilizer.

Protection against pests and diseases.

Like any plant, thuja has its pests and is prone to disease. Moreover, the southern plant in temperate climates is most vulnerable. It is necessary to periodically inspect the leaves and trunks of trees. A color change signals a "malfunction." The appearance of brown spots on thuja shoots indicates the onset of fungal disease. The affected shoots must be removed.

Attention! Fungi-infected shoots are burned to prevent fungus from transferring to healthy seedlings.

Subsequently, the treatment is carried out with a 0.2% Fundazol solution every two weeks. For the prevention of fungal diseases, the soil in the near-stem circle is lime.

The yellow color of the shoots appears when a false guard appears. From this "misfortune" will help spraying drugs karbofos and Rogor. The brown color of the shoots may appear when a plant is damaged by a thuja moth. Moth moths are particularly active in May. If you notice a pest, treat the seedling with Cypermetrin. Karbofos helps to get rid of aphids - brown bugs that live on the bottom of the shoots.

Ways to use thuya in the landscape of the site or cottage

On the site you can make the following design decisions:

  • green hedge,
  • alley
  • separately planted trees.

Depending on your choice is planting seedlings. To form an alley of thuja, you need to draw a flat line, plant seedlings along the line. Plants should be planted at a distance of 3-4 m from each other. For the formation of a hedge, seedlings are placed more often (0.5-1 m). Along the border of the site leave a great height. Inside it is possible to form green borders. Detached trees are planted depending on the design. By trimming the tree can be given any shape:

  • spherical
  • helical,
  • the shape of a bird or animal.

With the help of Tui, you can arrange a secluded green corner, a gazebo, protect the playground. If the plot area allows, a green labyrinth can be organized in which children can play. To make the site extravagance, you can combine two varieties of thuja: Brabant and Golden Brabant, whose leaves have a lighter color with a golden hue. Alternating two varieties, you can get a motley fence, planting two rows of trees. Different varieties can be distinguished zones on the site. It all depends on your imagination.

Tui Brabant is suitable for any design decisions, unpretentious to weather conditions, requires simple care, propagated by cuttings. It can be a highlight of your site. Thuja leaves have healing properties, as it releases phytoncides that are beneficial to the body.

Description and features of Tui Brabant

The most important quality for which the Western Brabant variety of thuja has earned the love of landscapers is its rapid growth. To compete in this plan with it can only larch. Possible Tui Brabant Sizes impressive. Over the years of its life, the tree reaches 20 meters in height. However, in Russia, four-meter specimens are most common. In a year, a tree adds 30 cm to its height, and 10 cm to its width.

Thick branches, growing from the very base of the tree, form the canonical form of the plant. The bark of the tree is slightly grayish and flakes off. The needles are very thick green or light green. Thanks to these features, you can often come across live on private courtyards and city streets. Tui Brabant hedge.

In spring, small brown bumps appear on the tree. They have an oblong shape, and no longer than 1 cm in length.

Tuya Brabant can often be found in the northern part of our country. This sort of thuja is one of the most picky. This also applies to the temperature regime (it tolerates frosts) and the type of soil.

Thuja Brabant pictured looks as impressive as live. This grade of a thuja perfectly gives in to a hairstyle. The tree can take almost any of the forms you choose. Thuja Brabant looks great both in the composition of landscape composition, and alone.

"Living fence" from this plant does not shine through and create a dense shadow. In addition, unlike many of his “brethren,” the thuja Brabant does not turn yellow in winter. Its color tree crown retains all year round.

Types of Tui Brabant

Relatively recently, gardeners turned their attention to one of the species of thuja West Brabant - Golden (Thuja occidentalis Golden Brabant). Lovers of landscape design attracted golden-yellow color of the needles of this plant. The color of the crown of the tree does not change in winter. Golden thuja looks great in combination with white snow. If you want the color of the needles to be more pronounced, thuja golden Brabant should be planted in a sunny place.

Tuya Brabant "Golden"

Planting and caring for thuja western Brabant

There are three ways to get a thuja Brabant in your backyard:

  • Purchase ready seedlings
  • Cuttings
  • Planting seeds

Let's start with transplanting ready seedlings. To start, select a suitable place for your plant on the site. Tuya Brabant loves sunshine. But if the hot rays fall on the plant for too long, the needles can burn out. If, on the contrary, the tree does not have enough light, its crown will become more friable. So look for partial shade.

Tui Brabant has a closed root system. So you can replant it all year round. But in order to reduce the number of risks, it is better to do this spring. If the plant is older than 2-3 years, then it should be transplanted only with a lump of earth. Otherwise, you risk damaging the roots of the thuja. In addition, you can harm the fungus called mycorrhiza. It develops on the roots of conifers and is simply necessary for their vital activity.

Scheme landing thuya Brabant

The hole for your seedling should be about a meter in diameter. Consider the size of the root system. The depth of the pit is calculated based on the length of the roots, and should be 20-30 cm more.

The plant is not picky about soil type. However if Tui Brabant landing will be implemented in fertile soil, "gratitude" will not take long. The crown of the tree will be more fluffy and bright.

At the bottom of the hole it is necessary to lay drainage. This may be pebbles, small stones, broken bricks, etc. Then pour into the hole a mixture of leafy soil, peat and sand. (proportions 2/1/1). We place the seedling in such a way that the root neck does not deepen, but does not rise above the ground.

After that, plenty of water the plant. So that the soil does not quickly lose all moisture, it must be mulched with fallen leaves. The roots of the plant will develop faster if you feed them with nitroammophoska. One tree needs about 300-500 g.

If you plan to grow a “hedge”, then the distance between the seedlings should be at least a meter. In order to comply with the geometry, you can pull along the alleged green fence rope. And do not hope that in the first year of disembarkation your “fence” will grow significantly.

It is worth noting that the hedge obtained by transplanting Brabant seedlings is not a cheap pleasure. After all Tui Brabant price considerable. To acquire one tree in height in meter, you will have to lay out about one and a half thousand rubles.

The distance from the house must be at least one meter.

The most economical way to breed Tui Brabant is grafting. Thuya shoots should be harvested in the spring. It is at this time of year that the plant is actively developing. Harvested shoots should be no older than 2-3 years. The length of the branches can range from 20 - 40 cm.

Tear off the cutting so that the bark of the “parent” tree (heels) remains at its base. The shoot needs to be torn off, but not cut off. Then at the base of the cutting we remove all the needles, and immerse it in a growth stimulator. There a twig should stand for a day.

Thuya seedlings are placed in boxes filled with wet sand. What is important is that holes should be made in these tanks so that the earth “breathes” and water does not stagnate. Cuttings are driven in at an angle of 45 degrees, 3 cm deep. Seedlings covered with foil and put in the shade.

To make the cuttings rooted easily, they need an ambient temperature of about 20 degrees. Seedlings need to be watered and sprayed daily. If it gets too hot, the film must be replaced with gauze. Early is very - time to land your seedlings in open ground. The first winter of a young tue is best spent in a greenhouse.

You can multiply thuy brabant with the help of seeds. This is a way for the patient. However, it is believed that trees grown in this way are stronger. The algorithm of actions is as follows: collect the cones from the tree and put them in a warm place. After the buds crack, extract the seeds from them.

They need a couple of days to send in the wet sand. Then we prepare a mixture of turf land, peat and sand (3/1/1), and plant seeds in it. After the sprouts appear, we begin to accustom them to street conditions. To do this, periodically take out the box with the seedlings on the street.

Tui Brabant landing

Now let's discuss caring for thuja brabant. As mentioned above, the tree is very picky. It can easily tolerate short-term drought and dampness. Young plants should be watered at least once a week. Enough buckets of water. If it is very hot outside, then it is worth increasing the number of waterings to two times a week, and add spraying.

In order for the roots of the tree to get more nutrients, and the soil to be more enriched with oxygen, the earth must be constantly loosened. Young thuja is prone to spring burns. Therefore, it should be covered with light material. Also in the spring you can start feeding with special fertilizers for conifers.

Brabant is a frost resistant variety. However, if we talk about young trees, then thuja brabant in autumn needs shelter. This will guarantee that the tree will safely endure the winter. To do this, can serve as a light material of light, from which you can sew special covers. If you do not want to spend your time on it, you can buy ready-made, they are sold in stores for gardeners.

Tui haircut and trimming

After 2-3 years after landing thuy Brabant can be cut. Sanitary pruning is carried out in the spring. Broken and dried branches are removed from the tree during the winter. At the beginning of summer, after the appearance of the kidneys, and at the end of August, a molding haircut is carried out. Haircut contributes to the formation of a dense green crown.

Tui Brabant's original haircut

If you grow a hedge, this is especially important. Shorten shoots should be a third. Less is possible, more is not recommended, because the plant may become weaker. To thuja took the shape you need. Equal crown can be a little throughout the summer. All this work is best done on a cloudy day. Then the tree will not actively lose moisture in the cut areas.

Possible tree diseases and treatment methods

If the thug Brabant is improperly cared for, the tree is prone to attack by pests and diseases. Let's start with the last and tell you what they are fraught with.

Diseases of thuja western Brabant:

In this fungal disease, the root system of the tree is completely destroyed. The needles turn gray and wither, and the trunk rots at the base. All this can happen with thuja as a result of lack of drainage. As a result, water stagnates at the roots of the tree. Save the affected plant is no longer possible. Such thuja should be dug out, and in the place of its landing should be replaced with an earthy ball. The only salvation from phytophthora can be prevention. Periodically thuja Brabant should be watered with fungicides.

If in the early spring you saw yellowed scales on your thuja, this may be a sign of another disease - the brown fungus. The cause of the disease is a lack of minerals in the soil. Simply put, you “gave” the tree less fertilizer than it needed. We need to take urgent measures, otherwise the plant will die. First, cut off all the affected shoots. After that, do not forget to feed the fertilizer with fertilizer, as well as once every 2 weeks, spray the plant with a 2% solution of "Fundozol".

Most often this fungus infects young thujas. The needles darken, and then completely fall off. In order to avoid such consequences, every spring should be treated thuja Brabant "Bordeaux fluid". If you forgot to do this, and the tree began to fade, process it with "Fundozol."

Often the result of a faded plant species is an attack of parasites. Attacking your evergreen tree can:

It is very easy to recognize it - yellow-brown "ulcers" appear on the bark of the tree. Gradually, this insect spreads throughout the trunk and corrodes the bark. If you notice signs of a parasite on your Tara Brabant, act immediately. To get started, try to get rid of the pest mechanically. Just brush the scab with a knife or brush. Then treat the plant with insecticides. There is a folk remedy - soap-alcohol solution.

This small butterfly strikes with the needles of the thuja; it starts to grow brown. Insects gnaw through the scales. The shoots of the tree die. If you notice these signs of illness on a thuja, treat the wood with pyrethroids.

These small insects are covered with gray dust. They live in colonies and suck all the juices out of the tree. To get rid of the pest, spray the tree with Korbafos.

This pest gnaws the bark of the tree and lays eggs under it. Luboed can destroy your tree in a month. How to deal with it, gardeners do not know. It is known only about preventive measures - this treatment with insecticides.

Tui Price West Brabant

Tui Brabant price will depend on the form in which you want to purchase it. If we are talking about seeds, it is about 700 rubles per pack. If you plan to purchase an adult tree 3 meters high, you will have to fork out 10 thousand rubles. The best option is a sapling, a meter high. Its cost is in the region of 1000-1500 thousand rubles.

How to plant a thuja

Before planting plants should take into account the main rule - the roots must be dried, but not to disturb the earthy lump on them. Tui Brabant, the landing of which requires some rules, would be grateful if an auxiliary train was prepared in advance. To do this, mix two parts of leaf or sod land, as well as one part of peat, sand and humus. To improve the effect, you can add 0.5 kg of nitroammofoski under each tree.

The landing pit should be 70 cm deep and 1 m in diameter. Before planting, it is necessary to put drainage and prepared soil into it. Next, the seedling is deepened to the required depth, trying to ensure that the root neck is completely covered with soil, and the roots and trunk do not change their location. If the soil is sufficiently dense, then the amount of drainage layer should be increased to 20 cm, because stagnant moisture can lead to plant diseases.

Mandatory plant care

The tree must be abundantly and constantly watered in the first months after planting. An adult plant almost does not need watering if there is a sufficient amount of groundwater. In the spring, trees are better to feed with organic matter and minerals in the calculation of 100-120 g / m 2. In the spring it is necessary to loosen the soil and remove dry shoots.

Cutting plants is best done in the spring, as well as in mid-August. It is better to choose cloudy days for this in order to avoid burns of the shoots hidden under the crown. You should not prune the plant to the bark, because of this it takes a long time to grow.

The 1/3 length of the shoots will be optimal. That's all the attention that Thuja Brabant needs. Уход за растениями, которые выращиваются в домашних условиях, более требовательный.

Прежде всего, растение требует тени и температуры от 10 до 15 °С. Летом можно выставлять горшок с саженцем на улицу в прохладное и затененное место. Обязательным должен стать регулярный, но умеренный полив, а также подкормка минералами. Если воздух в помещении сухой, то хвою необходимо опрыскивать теплой водой.

Tree reproduction at home

Thuja western Brabant breeds not only from the seeds, but also by cuttings. At the same time, the grafting process is more preferable, because this is the only way to save time and features of the variety. It is necessary to use lignified shoots aged 2-3 years, not less than 40 cm long, or semi-lignant growth, cut off in June of this year, whose length has reached 20 cm. Cuttings should be done in such a way that a piece of old wood remains at the base.

Next, it is necessary to process the shoots with a solution of heteroauxin and plant it in a greenhouse with a previously prepared soil composition consisting of equal parts of peat, river sand and sod land, the planting depth should be 1.5-2.5 cm. Plants should be sprayed and ventilated. At the end of autumn, the rooted cuttings need to be insulated with sawdust or foliage, and wrapped in foil in the cold.

Diseases coniferous beauties

Like many conifers, thuja Brabant is prone to certain types of disease, and should be examined more often than deciduous plants. Diseases can be caused by pests such as aphids, leafworms, scale insects, spider mites, speckled moths, or tuevy bark beetles. It is easy to notice the pests, because from their activities the tops of the shoots start to grow and fade. The treatment of the plant at the beginning of May will help to cope with parasites with special preparations, such as "Fufanon" or "Aktellik".

Yellowing and dropping of needles can be caused by insufficient watering, burns from the direct rays of the sun or severe winter frosts. In this case, do not panic, but if the plant continues to be covered with brown specks, then it is possible that it fell ill with Fomopsis or churcosporus. Then it is necessary to prune diseased shoots and increase the watering of the plant.

Thuja Brabant is a great choice for landscape design. It can be used to create not only a hedge, but also to cut trees to an unusual geometric shape, such as balls, spirals or animal figures. A particular advantage of this plant is simplicity in its care and a fairly affordable price that families can afford even with a modest budget.

Appearance and features

Thuja Brabant (thuja occidentalis brabant) is found both in the form of a shrub and a tree. The most popular form for growing is a bush. The life span of this plant is 150 years. Its height rarely exceeds 5 meters, although in the southern strip there are real giants up to 20 meters.

Tree description

This tree has a wide range. Tui Brabant is considered the birthplace of North America and Canada. In Europe, this tree fell only in the XVI century. Outwardly, it is somewhat different from other representatives of conifers:

  • The crown of a thuja Brabant has a columnar shape. It is rather compact and thick.
  • The lower branches lie on the ground.
  • The needles are directed upwards.
  • The bark of this thuja is red and has a tendency to flake off.
  • In winter, the needles become brown in color.
  • At the end of spring, oblong brown cones form.

The color of the needles can range from a golden hue to a rich dark green, and its structure resembles scales. The branches grow extremely tight, completely covering the trunk.

Character traits

It perfectly tolerates frosts below 35 degrees. Its growth increases annually by 40 cm, and in width it adds up to 20 cm per year. Western thuja Brabant tolerates drought well, but is intolerant to extreme heat. Thuja wood is poisonous, but very strong and with a pleasant aroma. It is completely not subject to rotting and does not have resin ducts. Every three years, needles showered with branches. This plant loves the sun, but prefers to grow on the south side of the plot. It is not confused by the proximity of groundwater and wetlands.

Tui Brabant has a very good survival rate under any conditions. It feels great in urban environments and often becomes a material for landscape designers. For decoration of parks in European countries, thuja western Brabant has long been used.

Soil selection

This tree is unpretentious and can grow on any soil. The most favorable option would be loam. The soil should not be too drained and dry. When planting seedlings, they fertilize the ground, and lay fertilizer in the pit. Saplings are planted at a distance of at least 60 cm. In a single planting, it is enough to dig a large hole, and a trench is being dug for a hedge. Tuyu Brabant is very often used as a hedge. The rapid growth and lush greenery allow for two years to create a magnificent and fragrant fencing.

The pit for planting thuja should contain the following components:

All components are taken in equal quantities, except for leafy ground. And also in the mixture must add 0.5 kg of granules of nitroammofoski. For good growth and disease resistance to conifers, phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium are necessary, which are part of the popular fertilizer.

Watering and feeding

During the first half of the year, the plants need weekly watering.. In the summer, the amount of water is increased twice. Thuja likes rain watering. In summer, thuja needles evaporate a large amount of moisture, so rain irrigation will be extremely useful for it. It does not tolerate summer heat, during which it becomes faded and yellow.

In the first two years after planting, thuja is fed with fertilizers, which should contain magnesium and nitrogen. During the spring and summer, peat and compost are brought under the root. Care should be taken as the thuja has a shallow root system that is easily damaged.

Breeding methods

There are two ways of thuja breeding: grafting and using seeds. Seeds often do not guarantee the presence of characteristics inherent in this variety. Therefore, in order to obtain a plant identical to the parent, one should use the method of grafting. To do this, need lignified shoots, whose age is at least 3 years. The length of the cutting should be in the range of 40-50 cm.

Before planting, the cuttings are treated with indole acetic acid. A special soil mix is ​​being prepared, consisting of parkland, peat and sand. The cuttings are covered with film and aired daily. Water them as needed.

Many gardeners prefer to use the seed method for breeding thuja. The seeds of this plant have excellent germination. Sprouts, as a rule, turn out strong and strong. Seeds are sown in the fall in open ground, and after 3 years you can get a sufficient number of young seedlings. In the first year of life, their size barely reaches 7 cm, but after 15–20 months they grow to 60 cm.

Seeds are harvested in September, using unopened cones. As soon as the buds dry out, the seeds easily and freely spill out. Seed germination is gradually lost, therefore, it is recommended to plant seeds no later than six weeks after harvest. For seeds, prepare a bed or use a box. For the box they prepare a soil mixture consisting of park land, sand and peat. The distance between the grooves should be at least 6 centimeters. Every 10 days the seeds are fed with mineral fertilizers.

Seedlings use

When buying should carefully inspect the seedlings. As a rule, they are purchased in late spring or early summer. Each seedling should be in a separate pot so that when planting it was convenient to dump it without damaging the roots. Seedlings should be green, without yellow spots. Brown color and dried branches indicate the presence of the disease. The roots should be dense, white, and their thickness should be at least 1 mm. The best months for planting are April and May.

For damp and heavy soil, good drainage is simply necessary. It can be made with broken bricks or pebbles. Peat, sand and 300 grams of mineral fertilizers must be placed in the pit for planting. A pit is dug a depth of at least 60 centimeters, provided that about 20 cm will be occupied by drainage.

The distance between seedlings is at least 2 meters. If the seedlings were grown in a container, then they can be planted in the fall until November 1. When autumn planting fertilizer in a hole is not put. In winter, the seedlings are insulated with sawdust.

Diseases and pests

Most often the thuja has phytophtora, tuyeva podzhashchitovkoy and rust

  • Rust is a fungal disease in which the needles are covered with brown bloom. In order to cure a plant, use the drug HOM. It is diluted in a ratio of 50 grams per 10 liters of water. The resulting solution is sprayed on the branches once every three months. In the absence of effect, you can use the drug Topsin or Fundazole.
  • With a tuyevo pseudo shield on the cortex, ulcers are formed, which gradually increase and seize the entire trunk. If time does not begin treatment, the tree will die. To get rid of this disease, use a soap solution or drugs Aktellik and Karbofos.
  • The most unpleasant and dangerous disease of thuja is phytophtora. The fungus infects the roots of the plant, gradually moving to the ground parts. The cause of the disease is poor soil drainage and stagnant water. To save thuyu phytophthora, it is poured over a solution of fungicide. With a strong lesion, the bush is dug up and burned. Thus, the rest of the thuja Brabant is preserved.